Potatoes - one of the most popular vegetables used throughout the world. Potatoes - a component of a huge number of various dishes. Today, a large variety of potato varieties is grown. One of the most popular and worthy varieties is Adretta.. This potato has a high yield, and its tubers have good taste. Adretta is an unpretentious variety and can be grown throughout Russia.
Description and characteristics of the variety
Adretta refers to the yellow potato varieties. Earlier, yellow potatoes were considered only as fodder crops, but now they are actively consumed.
If you plant potatoes in mid-late spring, but in the middle of summer you can savor delicious tubers.
According to the description, this potato boasts a rich harvest. From one hectare it is quite possible to collect about 40 tons of tubers of different sizes. With one bush you can get about a dozen medium and large tubers.
Tubers are mainly medium and large sizes.. The average weight of a tuber reaches 140 grams. But this does not mean that in the fall you will not dig up tubers with a weight of about 400 grams.
According to the characteristics, this a kind of unpretentious, resistant to dry weather conditions, sudden changes in temperature, as well as to many diseases.
It is characterized by high yield, you can get about a dozen medium and large tubers from one bush.
The composition of the soil is not significant for Adrett, however if you apply fertilizer, you can get a richer crop.
Bushes are upright, their height can reach 100 cm. Spreading plant. The leaves are quite large. The color of the leaf plate is pale green. Blossoms in white inflorescences.
Tuber shape - oval. The peel has a yellow color. The flesh is also pale yellow. The peel is quite thin.
Tubers have good taste.. In the process of heat treatment, the pulp does not change its cream color, and the potato itself boils well.
Tubers are not only tasty, but they also have a mass of nutrients - protein, vitamin B, carbohydrates (easily digestible carbohydrates).
Potatoes of this variety advised to boil in uniform and use with skin, because it also contains a large number of elements necessary for the human body, especially for the heart and blood vessels.
Suitable for boiling, frying, stewing, starch content of about 17%
The history of potato selection Adretta
Adretta was launched in 1975 in the GDR. At that time, yellow potato varieties were considered fodder and went only to pet food.
But Adretta surprised everyone with his excellent taste and became one of the best varieties. To date Adretta is one of the most popular varieties., including in Russia.
Advantages and disadvantages of potatoes
The advantages of the variety Adretta include:
- High yield.
- Early maturation of tubers.
- Tubers are neat and rather large, most of them have a presentation.
- Well stored and transports transport.
- Unpretentious to the composition of the soil and weather conditions.
- Adretta is resistant to many diseases.
This species is representative of the family Solanaceae almost no flaws. Among them is only low resistance to viral diseases.
Advantages of the variety: high yield, early ripening, well stored
Features of planting and growing
Adretta - unpretentious variety. Even beginners in vegetable growing can cope with growing this crop.
However, Adretta, like any other variety, has its own characteristics. If you take into account all the rules of care, you can get a very good and tasty harvest.
A few tips on handling tubers before planting:
- Before planting, the tubers are recommended to be treated in a solution of copper sulfate or potassium permanganate. Also suitable solution of boric acid,
- For rapid germination, it is also recommended to treat with such agents as Epin, Prestige,
- It is also desirable to process it with ammonium nitrate or superphosphate solution. This will increase yields.
Seed tubers dig in to a depth of about 5 cm. The distance between them should be about 40 cm, because the tops are very spreading.
Before planting, process tubers in potassium permanganate, germinate, plant at a distance of 40 cm from each other
General care tips
To get a good harvest, it is recommended to follow the rules of care:
- fertilization several times per season,
- treatment with drugs and pests,
- timely weeding, loosening and hilling.
Basic rules for care:
- it is very important to periodically loosen the soil. Loosening helps not only to prevent the growth of weed plants, but also saturates the soil with oxygen,
- spuding is recommended once a week. Hilling helps protect potatoes from pests. Once a week it is recommended to remove weeds,
- watering is recommended at least 2 times per season. Especially important is watering in dry periods after the height of the bushes reaches 15 cm.
It is also important to comply with the proper technique of planting potatoes Adretta.
It is important to periodically loosen the soil, spud once a week, water it at least 2 times per season.
Diseases and pests
Variety resistant to many diseases: late blight, golden nematode, potato cancer.
For the prevention and control of these diseases, it is recommended to process potato-fungicidal preparations.
Among the pests most common Colorado potato beetle. To combat it, insecticides are used.
Three times per season it is recommended to apply fertilizer according to the following scheme:
- When the tops begin to grow, it is advised to add humus under each bush.
- During the formation of buds, the introduction of wood ash under each bush is recommended.
- During the flowering period it is required to feed it with superphosphate.
Harvesting and storage
You can enjoy the taste of fresh potatoes in the middle of summer. but harvest is recommended to produce closer to the fallwhen the tubers gain their maximum weight and fully mature.
The grade differs in good keeping quality at storage. Tubers are not subject to deterioration and rotting during long-term storage.
In the room where the tubers are stored, there must be good air ventilation. Perfect cellar or underground. Even freezing will not lead to loss of taste.
Potato Adretta unpretentious and can be grown on almost any soil. Weather conditions also have little effect on potato yields.
Adretta - medium early, high-yielding variety. Even inexperienced gardeners can cope with growing potatoes. The variety has good taste and nutrients contained in tubers and yellow peel.
Potato Adretta: description of the variety and photos
- peel - yellow, slightly rough,
- eyes - small, located on the surface,
- the flesh - hue varies from pale yellow to yellow,
- the shape of the root is round-oval,
- starch content - 13-18%,
- average weight - 120-150 g
You can compare these mass of tubers and starch content with other varieties in the table below:
Adretta bush is compact, upright. Sheets from medium to large, light green. Corollas are sprawling, white, thick. Adretta attributed to mid-season varieties. The first harvest can be harvested early enough for 60 days. Full ripening of tuber crops occurs at 75-80 day. How to grow early potatoes, read here.
Adretta enough resistant to dry conditions.
One of the most important characteristics of potatoes is its high yielding. So, from 1 ha of land it is possible to get a harvest in 45 tons.
It tolerates sudden changes in temperature, indifferent to excessive humidity.
Potatoes of this variety unpretentious to the composition of the soil, however, with additional fertilizer, as well as with proper care (periodic loosening of the earth and the elimination of weeds) can give higher yields.
Assessing the quality of taste on a 5-point scale, Adrette can deservedly be given the highest mark in 5 points. The flesh is soft, a bit loose. After heat treatment slightly crumbly. Perfect for cooking mashed potatoes, chips.
As for yield, then compare this figure with other varieties can be in the table below:
For example, the pulp of this root is rich in B vitamins and carbohydrates - carbohydrates, which are easily absorbed by the body and are used by it for energy.
Adretta rind is rich in substances that positively affect the work of the cardiovascular system.
Adretta's resistance to damage can be rated as “good.” After harvesting, 80-87% of the tubers retain their presentation and are well stored. About how long the storage time of the potato is, how to keep the harvest in boxes correctly, and what conditions are required for this in the winter, see the individual materials of our website.
Adretta - highly resistant to cancer and stem nematode variety. The average resistance is noted for late blight and viruses.
Pictorial photos of potato varieties Adretta:
Before planting seeds that are best purchased in special stores, it is recommended to soak in water for 2 days. A 10-day hardening temperature is also effective: the soaked seeds are placed in conditions of +1 temperature (in a refrigerated chamber) at night, and during the day they are kept at a temperature of + 22 + 25 degrees.
Sowing seeds in boxes made in early April. The containers are filled with a mixture of earth and peat (1: 4) and fertilized. Sprouted seeds have rows: 5 cm between the seeds and 9-10 cm between rows. Next, the seeds are sprinkled with a thin layer of sand.
Boxes must be covered with a layer of film and placed in heat. After 1-2 weeks, the first shoots appear, and when at least 2 leaves appear on them, they need to be dived into small plastic containers.
Agricultural potato can be very different. We have prepared for you several useful articles about different methods: Dutch technology, as well as the cultivation of potatoes in barrels and bags.
Highly regular watering is important seedlings and plant nutrition during planting and rooting. Adretta is a variety that can be planted in open ground at the end of April. Planting is done in the wells with a depth of 9-11 cm in the same way, so that a stem with three upper leaflets remains on the surface.
Adretta potato varieties can also be grown by tubers. For this, seed potatoes are germinated for 20-30 days in a dry, bright room. Seed material must be periodically turned over - this helps to achieve an earlier harvest. Temperature conditions should be within 7-9 degrees at night and 15-17 degrees during the day.
When sprouts form in potatoes, the tubers can be sprinkled with water and covered with polyethylene to form roots. Further, in late April-early May, the seed can be planted into the soil to a depth of 6-8 cm. The distance between the holes is 30 cm, and between rows - 80 cm.
Adretta - potatoes, which can be stored for a long timewithout worrying that tubers can deteriorate or rot. Like other varieties, Adretta should be kept indoors with good ventilation.
The cellar is ideal for these purposes, and, in the case of Adretta, you should not worry about the possible freezing of root crops - even frozen potatoes do not lose their high taste and do not acquire the characteristic sweet taste.
To learn how to properly store peeled roots and whether it is possible to keep the benefits of this product in the refrigerator, read the individual articles of our website.
History varieties Adretta
Potato Adretta appeared in 1975 in the GDR. Initially, he, like all varieties of yellow, was considered only as a feed crop for animals.
But the unexpectedly excellent taste properties of its tubers attracted the attention of gourmets and changed the target audience of its consumers, making it the first table variety of yellow color.
In our country, this hybrid was officially registered in 1980 and since then its popularity has only grown.
Potatoes Adretta - the best option for giving
The most important characteristic of any potato is ripening. According to this indicator, Adretta refers to mid-early varieties. It takes 75-80 days from planting to harvesting, which is the best option for central Russia. Justify it.
Early varieties, delighting us with potatoes in the middle of summer, have modest yields. Late-ripening hybrids, with a maturity of 100 days or more, do not always have time to go through the climatic conditions of the middle lane to go through the entire growing season.
In addition, in the fall in bad weather there is a high risk of falling under the phytophtora and then the entire crop will be lost.
Note! Adretta is the golden mean. With a yield of up to 450 kg / ha, this hybrid fits into the climatic vice of the middle zone.
Description of the Adretta variety
The hybrid has upright bushes up to 60 cm in height with leaves of light green color and white flowers. Tubers have an oval shape, their number on each plant is 10-15. They are close in size and have an average weight of 100-150 g. Marketability equals 85-90% of the total yield.
The shelf life is 95-98%. The peel is colored yellow, the core is light yellow. Starch content 13-18%. The special advantage of the variety is its taste. Tasters rate the taste of this potato at 4.5 points on a 5-point scale.
It must be remembered that potatoes planted in cold soil, it will be in a state of a kind of sleep. The term of planting potatoes in the middle lane is the first of May, when the earth warms up sufficiently. Preparation of planting material begins a month earlier with the selection of tubers.
They should be of medium size with no visible defects (mechanical damage, rot). If necessary, you can use large root vegetables, cutting them immediately before planting in half and along.
Pre-germination of tubers accelerates the harvest by about two weeks, and the vernalization strengthens their immunity.
Seed potatoes are placed in one layer indoors and kept in the light at a temperature of about +15 degrees during the day and no less than +8 degrees at night for a month, turning it regularly.
In order for the tubers to form more and the roots, in the last week they need to be sprayed with water and covered with plastic. If it is not possible to produce vernalization and germination, then the tubers before planting should be at least warmed up during the week.
Variety Adretta makes no special requirements to the soil. Not only desirable heavy clay soil with an excess of moisture. Light sandy or loamy substrates are preferred. The planting pattern is standard: the distance between the rows is 70, and between the bushes in a row is 30-40 cm. The depth of planting is from 8 to 12 cm, depending on the nature of the soil.
Any thickening of the landing can have negative consequences. First, there will be inconveniences with hilling, secondly, the lack of light for the bushes will lead to the fact that the tubers are small in size and, finally, poor ventilation between the rows and, as a result, dampness can provoke plant diseases.
Caring for potatoes includes dressing, hilling, weeding and watering. Top dressing is organic and mineral fertilizers. Organic tuki are primarily improving the structure of the soil, which is of paramount importance for root crops.
Organic matter only manure has a lot of nutrients and, above all, nitrogen. There are fewer elements that plants need in humus and compost, and they are not at all in peat. Organic components are introduced under the potatoes at the stage of digging the site or directly into the hole during planting. In the future, compost or peat can only be used as mulch.
The three main mineral fertilizers vital for plants are nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. In order not to engage in calculations and mixing procedure, it is convenient to immediately buy ready-made complexes containing nitrogen - N, phosphorus - P and potassium - K.
Packages indicate the percentage of these items. For example: NPK 10:20:10. The remaining 60% of the contents of the package is the accompanying ballast.
It is the specified complex fertilizer that must be used during the first and second feedings of potatoes, which are carried out:
- after the sprout,
- at the budding stage.
The third time feeding is carried out during flowering. In this case, the complex consists of phosphorus and potassium does not include nitrogen, which causes increased growth of green mass of the bush to the detriment of the growth of tubers.
Hilling is a characteristic feature of working with potatoes. He, like all Solanaceae, begin to germinate new roots from the stems, sprinkled with earth.
For the root, this is especially important, since the root shoots - stolons - and formed tubers. Hilling is best done twice a season.
Первое предварительное, когда высота кустов достигнет 10 см, и, окончательно, когда они подрастут до 20 см. Необходимо помнить, что окучивание — это еще и рыхление почвы (ее аэрация), а также борьба с сорняками. After planting, emerged shoots may suffer from return frosts.
In order to protect the sprouts in case of an unfavorable prognosis, they must simply be completely covered with earth. Sometimes this is also called hilling, although the purpose of this procedure is quite different. Weeding and watering the plantation is carried out as needed.
Nikolai Alexandrovich, Kostroma
We were given in spring 2 small tubers of a new variety for us - Adretta. They warned that the variety should be dug up immediately after flowering, otherwise it will rot. But somehow it turned out that we had a good harvest of early potatoes, so Adrettu began to dig in August.
From two bushes dug half a bucket of absolutely healthy tubers! Cooked on trial, really liked it - starchy, quickly falling apart. Left everything that has ripened this year, for the seeds of the next year.
Svetlana, a young mother, Nizhny Novgorod
I myself do not really like potatoes. I was looking for varieties that can be included for feeding my son. Mother-in-law advised Adrettu, said that the puree of it is awesome turns out. The son really liked it - very airy, yellowish.
We call him that - sunny. It turns out that many of us grow this variety, we ordered a bag from a farmer.
Valentina Ivanovna, Komsomolsk
The potato is good. Very tasty, gives a good harvest, even on poor soils. She is a problem — she is constantly sick of something. We do not want to spray chemicals - we eat ourselves and we still give children, we don’t want to be poisoned by chemistry. Experienced gardeners advised in the fall to plant the Sederites on the field, where in the spring we will plant potatoes.
This year they tried - everything is great! Tubers clean, without scab, strong bushes. So we will act now. And from this potato pancakes turn out - delicious!
- If for you the most important is the taste of potatoes, then the variety Adretta is optimal for planting on your summer cottage.
- In addition to very good taste qualities, the variety is distinguished by high yield (10-15 large tubers from a bush).
- Among the drawbacks include low resistance to late blight and the Colorado potato beetle. These problems are solved by the timely use of fungicides and insecticides, which gives a good result.
- In cooking, Adretta tubers are excellent for showing themselves in such dishes as mashed potatoes, croquettes, boiled potatoes and stewed potatoes.
Adretta potatoes - the standard of taste since 1975:
Hilling of potatoes is a mandatory procedure in growing technology. It is necessary to preserve moisture, the formation of new roots and tubers, saturation of the soil with oxygen. Spud plants twice per season. The first hillock is done when the seedlings appear above the soil at 8−10 cm, the second - when the plant height is 20 cm.
Spud potatoes in the morning or evening, as the midday sun has a destructive effect on plants.
In hot and dry climates, when there is no systematic watering, the plants do not spud. In friable dry land, tubers are sintered. In this case, loosen the soil between the rows, pull out the weeds and destroy the dry lumps for air exchange and plant growth.
Potato Adretta does not tolerate drought and stagnant water. Therefore, maintain soil moisture, and water the potatoes as needed. On one bush need 3-4 liters of fluid. Water the bushes by sprinkling or in specially shaped furrows.
It is recommended to carry out top dressing in the morning or evening, at the same time it is better to choose windless days with dry weather.
- If the processes grow weak and thin, and the leaves are outwardly painful, make the first part of the feeding. In 10 liters of water dilute 1 tbsp. l urea or ammonium nitrate. A solution of fresh mullein or bird droppings in the ratio of 0.5 liters per 10 liters of liquid is also useful. Under each plant make 500 ml of fertilizer.
- When forming the buds on the leaves, a second dressing is carried out to bring flowering closer. In 10 liters of liquid diluted 3 tbsp. l ash and 1 tbsp. l potassium sulfate. Under each bush pour in 500 ml of fertilizer.
- The third dressing is done at the time of flowering in order to enhance the growth of tubers. To make the desired mixture, dissolve 200 grams of fresh mullein or bird droppings in a bucket of water, and then add 2 tbsp to the resulting solution. l superphosphate. Fertilizer is poured in 500 ml under each plant.
On the skin of tubers dark, rough to the touch spots, later cracking, appear. Potatoes cease to grow, are deformed. Taste noticeably worsens.
The main way to prevent scab - alternation of agrarian species on the same land. Spores of the fungus remain in the soil for 5–7 years, 3–4 seasons live, therefore, if the crop has suffered, wait the period before re-planting potato tubers in the same garden bed. No need to move it with beets and carrots - these plants are subject to the same diseases.
And also correctly selected dressings (fertilizers with sulfur and nitrogen, acidifying the soil), you can free the bed from the pathogenic bacteria for a long time. Natural organic matter, on the contrary, should not be carried away. Fresh cow and horse manure encompass fungal spores. Apply only rotted manure.
Before planting potatoes, they are incubated for 1-2 hours in a 2% solution of an arbitrary fungicide (Bordeaux liquid, XOM, blue vitriol, Kuprozan, Fungazil, Maxim 025, Aqua Flo). If possible, once in 30 days, water the soil under potato bushes with 0.5–1% with a mixture of the same chemicals.
Symptoms of the disease are detected after 2 weeks after punching the first shoots. The leaves begin to turn yellow at the edges, coagulate, then dry and crumble, keeping only the veins. However, the stems turn black at the roots, they disappear. To separate the shoots required the slightest effort. Ripening of tubers in this case can not be expected. If the tubers have managed to start, the disease through the point of unification with the stem is transmitted to them. Such potatoes are no longer eaten. The flesh turns into an unpleasantly translucent translucent porridge with the smell of rot.
The causative agents of the disease overwinter in plant litter, therefore, in the autumn, after harvesting, they release the bed from the foliage. As well as the disease is carried by insects - aphids, Colorado potato beetle, wireworm. Struggling with them. The following preventive measures are taken against the black leg: they follow the rules of crop rotation, carefully select the potatoes before planting, plant only intact tubers, and dry the potatoes in the sun before going to sleep for preservation. By the way, the cellar is treated with a mixture of copper sulphate (0.5 kg per 10 liters of liquid) or hydrated lime (300 grams per 10 liters).
If the infection has affected only sprouting plantsdig up and exterminate the bushes completely. 10 parts of seeded ash and 1 part of copper sulfate are poured into the hole. The bushes, which have already bloomed, are poured over with a bright pink solution of manganese-sour potassium, sprinkled with ash, crushed with chalk. Before flowering, to prevent contamination, the crown is sprinkled with a mixture of copper sulfate (30 grams per bucket of liquid) with the addition of small chips of laundry soap.
Potatoes intended for planting are kept in chemicals prepared according to the guidelines:
Then, by all means, the tubers are dried.
Leaves, pedicels, buds and berries are studded with rapidly growing brown markings with a light green border. The bottom plate is dotted with a thin continuous layer of white-like web. Potatoes on top are covered with depressed gray-brown and brown markings of irregular shape. In the pulp there are traces of the same tone.
For prophylaxis sifted through preserving potatoes, disinfecting the cellar and storage boxes. Selected for planting potatoes put in a sunny place, leaving, protecting from direct sun at a temperature of 18−20 degrees for two weeks. Then reduce the temperature to 8−10 degrees and keep the tubers for about two weeks. 7 days before planting potatoes sprinkle weakly with colloidal sulfur.
Before flowering plants once in 1-2 weeks watered with chemicals:
After flowering, tuber digging twice, sprinkling the crown with HOM, Kuproksat, Ditamin, Azocene, Medex, Polycarbacin three times. The final processing is done no later than 21 days before digging out the tubers.
Traditional methods of dealing with the disease is the sprinkling of tops with a mixture of milk and iodine (3-5 drops per liter) and garlic arrows. Scroll 200 grams of raw materials through a meat grinder, pour a liter of water. After two days, filter and add 10 liters of liquid.
Do not ignore dressing. True mineral supplements will reduce disease infection by half. Carefully make nitrogen-containing drugs. Nitrogen is triggered by the formation of late blight.
Rhizoctoniosis affects plants at any stage of their development. The disease becomes noticeable when it manifests itself in the form of black spots or depressions on the tubers, due to necrosis of the eyes and processes. The fungus calmly overwinter in the soil in the form of mycelium and remains in the soil for up to four years.
The main distinguishing feature is black growths on the roots, resembling dried remains of soil. In this phase, the fungus does not harm the vegetable; damage to the rhizoctoniosis causes emerging shoots - the stems turn black, the plants dry out and die. During the flowering of the culture, scab appears as a net dying off of tuber tissues. This happens already in the dry heat, during the mass budding.
Prevent illness by the following actions:
- careful selection of healthy planting material
- treatment of seed tubers with fungicides,
- crop rotation on the site,
- planting potatoes in a fairly warm soil,
- timely harvesting tops after harvest.
As well as the fight against the problem lies in the careful selection of the landing site - the maximum distance of the potato beds from the places where the nightshade grows. In addition, planting material can be treated with a solution of Baktofit or Quadris. If, however, the affected plants are identified, spray them with Maxim's preparation at least once a week.
Potato harvesting is carried out from mid-July to early September. This is done in dry weather, as wet soil will adhere to the potatoes. After the first decade of September, cleaning is not recommended: the tubers in the ground begin to rot.
Adretta - potatoes that can be stored for a long time, without worrying about the fact that the tubers can deteriorate or rot. Like other varieties, Adretta should be kept indoors with good ventilation. Ideally, the cellar is suitable for these purposes, where the potatoes will be stored, should be well ventilated, dark and dry. The optimum temperature in the room is 2–4 ° C, at lower temperatures, the roots will freeze, and at higher temperatures, they will begin to germinate and become unsuitable for food.
If the goal is set - to get a rich harvest of tasty and burglar potatoes, then there is no better variety than Adretta. Of course, potatoes are subject to some diseases and pest attacks. But these misfortunes are well known and easy to fight. In gratitude, Adretta will delight you with a beautiful view in the field, and excellent taste on your table.
Description and distinctive features of the variety
Variety Adretta was bred by breeders from Germany and presented to the attention of a wide range of consumers about 20 years ago. Previously, varieties with a yellowish tinge of pulp were most often attributed to fodder. However, with the advent of Adretta, everything changed, the variety created a real sensation in the domestic market, and the yellow tubers are no longer considered feed.
Adretta is highly appreciated due to its excellent taste, as well as light crumbiness during cooking due to the high content of starch, which gives a special softness and tenderness to the finished dish.
The shrubs are erect, of medium height, with large and frequent leaves of a light green color. Abundant flowering. White inflorescences, sprawling.
Adretta potato bush is an upright plant with large leaves of light green color, prone to abundant flowering
Adretta tubers differ in large size. The mass of one potato is 140–150 g. The shape of the tubers is oval, the skin is dense and dry. The flesh is light yellow in color, which becomes even richer when cooked.
The skin of the tubers, as well as the flesh, of a pleasant light yellow color
The variety is famous for its unpretentiousness to the soil, like some of its other brethren. And when freezing the tubers do not worry about the change in taste and the appearance of the notorious sweetness.
Adretta potato variety contains a large amount of vitamin B6, which is involved in the production of glycogen for muscle work, as well as carbohydrates, which help to keep the body in good shape during exercise. Starch content in potato tubers is 16–17%, and protein content - 2.2%.
For planting Adretta take seed tubers that you need to germinate in advance. It is enough to scatter them in a dry room on the floor, and within a few weeks green sprouts will appear on them. After that, you should lightly sprinkle the potatoes with water and cover it with plastic wrap. This will ensure faster germination of the roots.
The process should begin in early April, since in May it is time to start planting tubers in the soil.
Light and well-drained loamy and sandy soils, which ensure the best flow of moisture and air to the roots and tubers of the plant, is ideal for planting Adretta potatoes. In addition, sandy soil contributes to the accumulation of a larger percentage of starch. Also note that potatoes prefer open, well-lit areas.
Preparing for landing
On peat soils, it is necessary to add 200–300 kg of sand per 1 weave, and heavy loam is facilitated by adding humus at the rate of 500 kg per 1 hundred. Before planting, the tubers are cut into pieces so that each has 1-2 eyelets. Such a division will provide a bountiful harvest.
After cutting, the cut should be well powdered with wood ash.
When planting potatoes, dig small holes 8–10 cm deep at a distance of 35–40 cm from each other and 50–60 cm between rows.
It is believed that a garlic clove will be an excellent repeller from a bear, which should be put in the hole along with the tuber.
To ensure simultaneous germination, the planting depth of the tubers must be the same.
Before you put the planting material in the hole, you should add 1 tablespoon of cow's humus and urea into it, and place the tuber with the seedling upwards.
After planting, the ground must be leveled with a rake to prevent premature evaporation of moisture.
Video: hilling potatoes
Like other varieties, potato Adretta does not tolerate drought and excessive stagnation of water. Soil moisture should be maintained and potatoes should be watered as needed. 3-4 liters of water are needed per bush. Watering can be done by sprinkling and in specially formed furrows.
Important! A day after watering the soil should be properly loosened with a manual hoe.
Loosening should be done very carefully, trying not to damage the sprouts and not pull the tubers to the surface.
Fertilizer is best in the morning or in the evening in a dry, quiet and windless weather.
- If the shoots grow weak and thin, and the leaves have an unhealthy appearance, you need to make the first portion of fertilizer. In 10 liters of water dilute 1 tablespoon of urea or ammonium nitrate. A solution of fresh mullein or bird droppings in the proportion of 0.5 liters per 10 liters of water is also suitable. Under each bush make 500 g of fertilizer.
- In the formation of buds on the leaves, it is advisable to conduct a second dressing to speed up flowering. In 10 l of water dissolve 3 tablespoons of ash and 1 tablespoon of potassium sulfate. Under each bush should make a half-liter of fertilizer.
- The third dressing is carried out during the flowering period in order to accelerate and increase the growth of tubers. To obtain the necessary mixture, dilute 1 cup of fresh mullein or bird droppings in a bucket of water and then add 2 tablespoons of superphosphate to the resulting solution. Fertilizer make 0.5 liters under each bush.