Blueberry - a resident of the taiga meadows and marshes. But modern agrotechnology allows many forest crops to grow successfully in home gardens. Blueberry Bleukrop is especially loved by gardeners. The description of the variety, which we present in as much detail as possible, will eliminate the slightest doubt that this wonderful berry must be purchased and planted in his garden. Why it is necessary to grow blueberries, and why precisely Bleukrop? First things first.
If you are going to start any plant on your site, it is important to find out where it came from. It helps to understand what particular care will require a new green pet. About the heroine of our article it would be more correct to say “American blueberry Bleukrop”.
The description of the variety necessarily notes that it was bred by American breeders, and it has been known in industrial use since 1952. In the US, Bleukrop is a benchmark, it is actively grown throughout North America. And in nature, blueberries can be found in all regions where it is not hot in summer and cold enough in winter.
In Russia, it is cultivated in all regions with a temperate climate, including the Moscow region, the Leningrad Region, the Far East, the Trans-Urals, and Western Siberia.
It should be noted that the variety Blyukrop is often called simply American blueberries or American blueberries, because the fruits of these two closely related berry crops are very similar. But there are significant differences in them, relating mainly to yield and taste. Therefore, when purchasing a sapling, make sure that it is the blueberry Bleukrop. Description of the variety, or rather its external characteristics, will help not to be mistaken with the choice.
What does the variety Blyukrop
All plants of the Blueberry species are members of the Heather family and are deciduous shrubs. In spring, oviform, pointed leaves of rich green tones appear on their branches. All summer, even without berries, the bushes are very aesthetic. But they become especially beautiful in the fall, when the green color of the foliage changes to red-raspberry-orange-purple. This is what Blueberry Blueberry looks like.
Description of the variety, the photo of which shows its attractiveness better than words, we decided to start with the crown, so that those who want to plant the plant in question on their land, make the best of its landscape highlights. Blueberry Bleukrop, like other representatives of the species, is long-lived and, with proper care, pleases with its beauty for up to 100 years. At the same time, the height of a lush but compact bush, having reached 1.7-2.1 meters due to it, no longer increases.
It is very important for proper care to know what features of the root system the blueberry Bleukrop has. The description of the variety will be incomplete if you do not indicate that the roots of this berry are small, fibrous, located at a depth of no more than 40 cm from the surface of the ground. There are no villi on them, so they are fed by hyphae of special mushrooms that entwine their surface and penetrate inside. The roots of blueberry begin to grow with the swelling of the kidneys, stop it from about May and resume it again during the ripening period of the berries. As soon as the air temperature stably drops to +5, the roots fall asleep until spring.
Blueberry flowers resemble barrels without a cap or bells, in which the petals are almost not bent. Their color can be white or pink, and the length reaches 1 cm. Blueberries bloom in May, pollinated by insects.
Description of berries
No matter how beautiful the bush is, it is for the sake of delicious, fragrant and very healthy berries that the blueberry Bleukrop is cultivated. A description of a variety whose photo of fruit is seduced from the pages of gardening journals is unthinkable without a story about what kind of harvest awaits all who properly care for their cattery. This variety belongs to the mid-season, so the berries ripen to the last days of July. Harvesting is delayed until the end of August, as the ripening is uneven. In general, for the season the bush gives 7-8, and sometimes more than a kilogram, and the berries are large (up to 2 cm in diameter and up to 20 grams in weight), taut, with strong skin, do not wrinkle, do not crush and do not crack, and on the twigs can stay until winter.
Round, slightly flattened berries of dark blue, almost black. Blue shade gives them a kind of plaque, which gave the name of the form. They are collected in relatively large clusters, thanks to which the blueberry Bleukrop looks so appetizing. Description of the variety always foreshadows that the taste of the berries will be sweet, with a peculiar sourness. However, some gardeners say that the berries they got only sour. This suggests that the harvest started too soon or the plants are grown without following the rules.
Choosing a place for landing
Some believe that the blueberry Bleukrop is not at all capricious. Description of the variety, the cultivation of which has important features, will help decide whether it is easy to grow on the site or not. The first thing that every gardener, who has gathered to start a blueberry, should begin with is to choose the right place. It must be a sunny, windy corner, because in the shade this plant bears much less fruit.
The second condition is soil moisture. Since the natural habitat of blueberries are wetlands, it can be understood that she loves moisture. Ideally, they have found a place where there is groundwater, and they lie at a depth of 45 to 60 cm. In this case, they will maintain the moisture content of the blueberry. If the groundwater is too close to the surface, they can create stagnant water, which is not good. First, the bush will start to hurt, and then it may completely die. If you have just such a site, you need to make high-quality drainage before planting blueberries. Slightly better when the groundwater lies deeper than necessary. In this case, the plant will not die, but it will be necessary to watch the whole summer so that the humidity for it is sufficient.
There is a third, perhaps the most important condition, without which the blueberry Bleukrop will not grow. The description of a variety, the cultivation of which consists in following the above rules, indicates that this plant needs only strongly acidic (pH not more than 4) and light soils. In heavy loams, blueberries are not likely to grow, on alkaline ones, and even on neutral soils, they begin to ache and eventually disappear. Even at pH 5-6, this plant does not have a beautiful appearance and bears fruits very badly. Therefore, if in the backyard of the soil have normal acidity, it must be artificially lowered, and only then blueberries should be planted.
Check the pH of the soil can be in the laboratory. An approximate picture can be obtained by plants such as mosses, sorrel, mint, buttercups, heather, which do not like acidity. But if the area is dominated by wheat grass, splash, spurge, the acidity for blueberries must be done by ourselves. How? Puffed-up sawdust and sour peat help to increase it. They need to be added to the landing hole and mixed with the ground. In this way, soil relief is sought. Some gardeners recommend reducing the pH with citric, malic or acetic acid, and lightening the soil by adding sand and peat to it in a 3: 1 ratio.
Propagation by cuttings and layering
Blueberry Bleukrop breeds mainly by vegetative methods. A description of a variety, the virtues of which are so numerous, certainly indicates that it is better and easier to propagate blueberries by layering. To do this, you need to tilt the twig to the ground (it is important that the substrate in this place consisted of peat and be sure to sand), press something and sprinkle the point of contact with the same substrate. Many gardeners additionally cover this design with a film. If you do this at the beginning of spring, the layering will take root by the fall, but you only need to separate it from the bush the next spring.
The second breeding method for blueberries is cutting. For this, in late autumn, shoots are cut, on which the bark has already become woody. They are wrapped and stored in a cool place until spring. Around the end of March, cuttings of 20–25 cm in length are cut out of them, placed in a box with a substrate of peat and of course sand, watered, and all the time they make sure that the soil is wet. The box is put in the greenhouse or just pull the film over it. The roots of the stalk should form by the end of the summer. Then they are transplanted for permanent residence.
Not everyone knows that blueberry Bleukrop breeds with seeds. Variety description (tall beauty will certainly appeal to many gardeners) sometimes offers this method, which, of course, is more laborious, but in the end it will be possible to get a lot of seedlings at once. How to grow blueberries from seed? It is better to sow them before winter, when it is already cold, but the frosts have not yet begun. If you move the process to the spring, the seeds will have to be stratified in the refrigerator all winter.
Before sowing, prepare the wells or grooves. Their bottom is tamped down, sour peat, sawdust, pine needles and sand, which should be 3 times more than the other components, fall asleep there. Place the seeds on top, cover them with the same substrate by about 1 cm, and water. In the spring they must germinate. Further care is weeding and loosening the soil around the seedlings, watering and fertilizing with nitrogen fertilizers. This is done to seedlings quickly began to increase their power. At the sowing site young blueberries grow 2 years. During this period, gardeners can reject the weakest and least promising plants. Those remaining in the third year are planted in the place chosen for them.
If everything is done correctly, blueberry Bleukrop will cause very little trouble. Description of the variety, the care for which requires some knowledge, pays special attention to how to grow it. As noted above, blueberries require acidic light soils and sufficient moisture. These are the most important components of success. If the garden area of the soil does not have a sufficient pH for blueberry, it is necessary to plant pits with a depth of about half a meter and a diameter of about one meter for planting, lay the walls with boards, film or sheets of tin, fill the resulting structures with acidic peat and sand. You can also use rotted sawdust, pine needles, even the land of coniferous forests, but be sure to check its pH. We remind you that the indicator should be within 3-4. The blueberry Bleukrop is placed in the pits prepared in this way (although the saplings bought in the nursery, although the cuttings or cuttings that have taken root, even the bushes that have grown from seeds).
Having planted the plant, the ground around it is mulched with sawdust or pine needles, spreading a layer of about 12 cm. This will help to achieve the desired moisture. With further watering, and especially when loosening the soil should not be forgotten that the root system of the shrub is located very close to the ground.
There is another way to create a soil for blueberry with the desired acidity. It consists of adding sulfur powder (250 grams per cubic meter) or mineral fertilizers such as urea, nitroammophos, ammonium nitrate to the ground for a year or two before planting the shrub. Important: blueberries cannot be fertilized with organic matter.
The sun is another condition that must be met in order for blueberry Bleukrop to give tasty fruits. Description of the Northern High Variety contains an indication that much less is tied up in the shade of the berries, they ripen later, and their taste is obtained with a rather tangible sourness.
Helps to increase the yield of blueberry Bleukrop and annual pruning. It should be held in late February - early March. Mainly pruning is done prophylactic (sick, damaged shoots are removed) and rejuvenating (old branches are removed at ground level). Also pruning is carried out, as in any fruit tree or bush, with the aim of thinning the crown.
Summarizing the above, it can be noted that the cultivation of blueberry Bleukrop - not such an easy thing, but tasty and healthy berries are worth it to try.
Blueberry Bleukrop. Description of the variety. Northern tall variety
Some authors distinguish this variety, although this is not entirely true, since the northern tall is a type of blueberry, the main feature of which is the height of the plant. Some of its representatives can stretch up to 4 meters, but on average grow to 2-2.2 meters. Canada and the northern states of America are home to the species. Here, every bush is capable of producing up to 10 kg of berries, but in Russia this indicator is much lower.
There are several dozens of varieties in this species. The main criterion for their selection is the timing of fruiting (early ripening blueberries, mid-season, late ripening) and the size of the berries. Among the first popular varieties are Patriot, Liberty, Aurora, Bluetta. They all ripen by the beginning of July. The mid-season varieties include Chandler (the largest berries), Bluecrop, Bluejay, Duke, Hardyblue, Reka (very fruitful variety) and many others. They start to pick berries from the middle of July. By late ripening, which yield in August, include varieties Jersey, Elizabeth, Bluegold.
Blueberry Bleukrop. Description of the variety. Undersized beauty
There is a swamp (or swampy) and undersized blueberries. Marsh and marsh can also be attributed to undersized species, since the height of their bushes does not exceed 0.8-1 meters. They are attractive because they are able to grow on swampy soils and in mountainous areas, as well as in partial shade, but their yield is low, only up to 2-4 kg of berries from a bush. The berries themselves are somewhat smaller than those of tall varieties, and there is more sourness in them. Russian breeders bred such varieties of marsh blueberry - Taiga beauty, Iksinskaya, Blue placer.
According to the rules of cultivation and care, undersized blueberries practically does not differ from tall, only grows up to half a meter, less often - up to 1-1.2 meters. Therefore, it yields several crops less, and its berries are smaller, but also very tasty and healthy. Another difference is the lower capriciousness of undersized blueberries. So, it is less demanding on the acidity of the soil and can grow well at pH 5-6, and if the soil is not light enough, this wonderful plant will also not pick and choose. From one bush, undersized blueberries for a season collect only up to 3 kg of berries, but since it can be planted more closely on the site, the average yield is the same as that of tall species. Popular varieties: Northblue, North Country, Northland.
Today, the seedlings and seeds market offers a wide variety of blueberry varieties, each of which has its own advantages and disadvantages. Among the variety, blueberry Bleukrop enjoys special demand. The description of the variety, the characteristics of all its indicators are detailed above. As you can see, this berry requires attention, but it is valuable due to the high yield, excellent quality of berries, beautiful decorative appearance. Another feature useful for gardeners is its immunity to fruit crop diseases and high frost resistance. Without shelter Blyukrop calmly withstands temperatures up to -34 degrees Celsius, if there is snow cover.
Many gardeners and owners of household plots like the blueberry Bleukrop. Description of the grade reviews of people fully confirm. In particular, it is noted that it is unusually fruitful, only a lot of berries are not obtained immediately, but only in the 4-5th year after planting. If you grow blueberries from seeds, the crop will have to wait even longer. Another important advantage of a variety is its frost resistance, but if there is no snow in severe winter, individual branches of the plant may suffer. As a lack of culture, some gardeners note its fastidiousness towards the soil and in general to the place on the plot.
Blueberry Bleukrop - variety description
Work on the cultivation of blueberries began at the dawn of the 20th century. The variety Blyukrop saw the light in 1941 and is still considered one of the best. He received wide popularity in 1952 due to high yields and the ability to easily endure the winter frosts. The only negative for industrial cultivation is the non-simultaneous ripening of berries (late July-early September), which makes harvesting difficult.
The blueberry blueberry description is as follows:
- Tall (up to 2 meters) cross-pollinated shrub with well-branched shoots. The diameter of the bush is comparable to its height.
- Young leaves have a soft green color, mature dark green. The shape of the leaves is elongated, length up to 8 cm, width up to 4 cm. The edges are smooth.
- Flowering begins in May, the flowers are white or pale pink, up to 1 cm in length, collected in racemes.
- Starts fruiting at 3-4 year after planting. The berries are small (up to 2 cm), dark blue with a whitish bloom.
Голубика Блюкроп – характеристика
Сорт среднего срока созревания, высокоурожайный (до 9 кг с куста). Корневая система мочковатая, хорошо разветвленная. Предпочитает легкие кислые почвы с хорошими дренажными характеристиками. Морозостойкость голубики Блюкроп высокая, позволяет переносить зимние морозы до -34°С и весенние заморозки. Без специальной обработки легко поражается некрозом (ствола и ветвей), мучнистой росой и рядом вредителей. Нуждается в регулярной обрезке. The berries are pleasant-tart, easily tolerate transportation.
Blueberry Bleukrop - cultivation
Those who want to plant a healthy berry should know for themselves that growing blueberries at home begins with the correct planting material. Seedlings are best purchased in specialized nurseries. Sapling age not less than 3 years, height 30-40 cm, well-formed root system. For maximum fruiting, the blueberry Blukrop needs good lighting, so the place to plant it should be chosen away from other bushes and trees. The gaps between neighboring blueberry bushes should be at least 2.5 meters.
Blueberry Bleukrop - landing and leaving
The most suitable time for landing work is spring, when the air temperature reaches +15. + 17 ° С. Allowed and autumn planting blueberries Blukrop, but no later than September, so that the shrub had time to take root to a severe cooling. To place the seedling, it is necessary to dig a hole 50x50 cm and place a thick layer of drainage (broken bricks, rubble) on the bottom. Fill the pit with an acidic substrate (a mixture of black soil, sour peat and sand) and set the seedling together with a clod of soil. Then sprinkle with a layer of substrate so that the neck is under a three-centimeter layer.
Blueberry Bleukrop - care
Like other representatives of the heather, blueberry Bleukrop distinguishes unpretentious nature. Caring for blueberries consists of the following operations:
- Regular watering. Water bushes require a lot, but it is important to prevent its stagnation. No less disastrous for him will be a long drought. Watering is done every 3 days twice a day: in the early morning and after sunset. In order not to blur the layer of mulch using a watering can with a sprinkler.
- Soil loosening. Weeds are not terrible for an adult plant, but young saplings can easily suffer from them. Therefore, weeding must be a part of the regular care for blueberry Bleucrop.
- Mulching. After weeding and weeding, the soil around the bush should be covered with a layer of mulch (sawdust, pine needles, moss or peat). It will not only retain moisture in the blueberry soil, but also maintain the correct level of acidity.
- Pruning. Runs in the fall. For three years after planting, only lower shoots are shortened, thereby stimulating the growth of shrubs. From the fourth year combine the forming and sanitary pruning to prevent the grinding of berries. At the same time, all lower branches are removed, leaving only erect shoots.
Blueberry Bleukrop - ripening time
The time to harvest the tart and very healthy berries begins in mid-July. The ripening terms of blueberries are stretched, depending on the growing conditions. Berries do not ripen amicably, the last of them reach ripeness by mid-September. This is somewhat difficult harvesting, making it a multi-step. Fruits can be used for fresh consumption, processing or freezing.
Blueberry varieties: types and general characteristics
Blueberry is the name of a berry and a plant that belongs to the Heather family. Homeland of this species is North America. It is in this country, in the border areas with the territory of Canada (Ontario, Nova Scotia) and a number of states (Alabama, Wisconsin, South Carolina) that this magnificent plant grows. These places are the natural habitat of this species. Blueberries in Europe can grow in the northern territories, because the soil suitable for them is dense forest thicket and marshlands.
Grow cultivar blueberries began only in 1909 in America. Then this type of berries spread everywhere, began to display new varieties of blueberries, more resistant to different soils and climate.
On the territory of our country, most people still consider blueberries as a forest berry, but lately this plant can be seen more and more often in gardens and at summer cottages. Due to the presence of a large number of hybrid varieties and species, this plant has become unpretentious, great for getting a good harvest, as well as for decorating a garden plot.
There are three main types of blueberry varieties..
- Tall blueberries. One of the most young species. It was removed for the first time in America. A characteristic feature of this species are very tall bushes, which is clear from the name. Quite often, some blueberries are confused with blueberries, because in translation from blueberry it means both blueberries and blueberries. This variety of berries is great for the territory of our country, and therefore is the most popular type. Varieties of tall blueberries: Patriot, Bleukrop, Nelson, Bluegold, Elizabeth, Chandler, etc.
- The common blueberry is another species with many names: marshy, undersized, and marsh. It forms dense thickets of medium size (50-110 cm) in dense thickets of forests and marshes.
- Narrow blueberries - this species is also gradually gaining popularity among gardeners. Canada is considered the birthplace of this type of blueberry. It is characterized by frost resistance and unpretentiousness.
It should be noted that on the territory of our country the tall blueberry species is the most cultivated, from which they have created a large number of varieties.
It is very important to pay enough attention to choosing the right place for landing.
Choose a well-lit area, but not in the sun. The plant needs a light shade, as blueberries come from the forest, where there is no scorching sun. The place must be protected from the cold strong winds.
Groundwater passage should not be very deep. Blueberry is a moisture-loving shrub, and its roots do not lie deep, so the best distance to groundwater is 70 cm.
Also, when choosing a place, it is necessary to take into account which plant was at this place before. If the last inhabitant of this place needed lime bait, then the blueberry will not grow here.
It is not necessary to plant tall blueberry Bleukrop at random, without first taking care of the composition of the soil. When growing garden blueberries, the composition and structure of the soil are important.. The natural habitat of this shrub is foresttherefore, the land during planting should be similar to the forest. The combination of sand and peat will make the land light and suitable for planting. Pay attention also to acidity. Shrub prefers to grow in soil with an acidity of 3.6-5.1. If you have loam or black earth, then you certainly need to carry out the procedure of oxidation of the earth. For what it is possible to shed the landing site with malic or acetic acid.
For greater similarity with natural conditions of habitat, it is possible to add fallen leaves, tree bark, sawdust to the soil.
Selection of seedlings
For planting, it is advisable to choose 2-3-year-old seedlings, where there is already a gain of up to 35-40 cm. If you do not have an adult plant, then contact a nursery or professional gardener. So you can be sure that you are buying exactly the bluetooth variety. It is quite risky to purchase from the hands of the bazaar, since you do not receive any guarantee as seedlings.
Before landing it is imperative All seedlings to check, get them out of the container and gently deploy the root system.
The landing procedure is not very complicated, as it may seem at first glance. If you have prepared yourself carefully, then the landing will take place quite smoothly, as a result of which you will be able to get a healthy bush. Most often, a properly planted blueberry crop yields already in the third year of life.
- For planting the best time is mid-spring or autumn. However, experts still advise planting to perform in the spring, in order for blueberries to prepare for winter.
- Before planting, remove the seedlings from the containers and carefully spread the roots.
- Then prepare a special soil - a composition of forest land, sand, peat. All this must be mixed to obtain a suitable soil for planting blueberries.
- Between the bushes of blueberry tall distance must be large - up to 2 meters. Also, do not regret the space between the rows, as in a few years the bushes will grow.
- Dig a planting hole, taking into account the size of the plant root system.
- At the bottom of the hole, place a drainage layer (20-25 cm), it may consist of rubble or broken small bricks.
- After poured the prepared soil. Sulfur can be added to improve the oxidation process. Adding pine needles to the ground is also welcome, this will contribute to maintaining the acidity of the soil.
- When planting a seedling, do not forget that it must be planted deeper than it was in the container.
- After planting, by all means, thoroughly water the bush and fill with mulch.
Growing blueberries Blueberry does not require much effort. However, to grow strong and a healthy shrub and soon get a good harvest, you need the plant to ensure proper care.
- After planting for the first time requires constant watering.
- Regular weeding to remove weeds.
- Loosening. Opens the air in the ground. This process must be carried out carefully so as not to damage the roots that are close to the surface.
- Mulching. Blueberry moisture-loving. In order to prevent significant evaporation of the liquid, regularly pour the mulch - a mixture of needles, bark and sawdust.
- Lure. Blueberries are not fertilized with organic dressing. For her, fertilizer is chosen carefully so as not to deoxidize the earth. Boron, phosphorus and nitrogen are standardized. Watch the bush to determine what kind of bait is needed: potassium - the tops of the shoots turn black, the tips of the leaves wither, the phosphorus leaves turn purple, the nitrogen leaves turn yellowish, and growth slows down. After planting, you need to add fertilizer complex, twice. After the bait is performed twice a year: in June and April. You can apply fertilizers that are suitable for all Vereskovs (for example, rhododendrons).
- An essential element of care is cutting the plant. It is produced, as a rule, in the fourth year of the life of the plant. This is necessary to increase the yield, because, if not cut, the berries shrink over time.
- The bush for the winter must be covered so that it does not die. You can not apply the film - blueberries may die. Before you cover, you need to bend down to the ground and fix them, and then cover them tightly with pine needles. The plant is sheltered in October and opens when snow melts.
Major pests and diseases
The peculiarity of cultivating the variety of blueberry Bleukrop is its resistance to diseases and pests. But bushes can still be subject to these troubles.. Consider the most frequent of them.
- Gray rot. As a rule, it affects ripe berries, on which a down - fungus is formed. The bushes are susceptible to this disease, which are overfed with nitrogen or have started weeding.
- Mummification of berries. This disease is caused by a fungus that can completely hit a bush, from berries to shoots. To treat blueberries can be with the help of fungicides.
- Aphid (black and red). It infects all parts of the bush, and laying a large number of eggs. During the appearance of aphids, shoots and leaves turn yellow and wither. To fight applied spraying spark, aktar.
- Kidney tick. This parasite is not visible to the naked eye. Mite sucks sap from plants and is also a carrier of disease. To combat them, vitriol and Nitrafen are used.
- Cancer stalk. This disease is considered one of the most dangerous. Initially, small specks form on the shoots, which eventually increase and merge into one, completely affecting the bush. The method of treatment is moderate fertilizing and watering, treatment with fungicides.
Blueberries are a rather capricious shrub requiring careful implementation of all agricultural practices. Despite this, most gardeners have already abandoned the standard berry crops, gradually developing small blueberry plantations on their plots, as this allows for a magnificent plant that produces a large crop of medicinal berries.
That Blyukrop - the description of the blue fields of the old resident
Become the benchmark of the blue-gray variety. Despite some shortcomings, the main variety of industrial plantations and gardeners favorite. Blueberry Bleukrop is ideal for the climate of the main part of Russia, Ukraine, Belarus. In Europe, 60%, in the Republic of Belarus 80% of industrial landings are set aside for him! What has earned the favor of farmers and gardeners, what is good and what are the disadvantages - description, characteristics, bases of cultivation and care.
Bred in the USA in 1941, in production since 1952, obtained by crossing GM-37 (Jersey x Pioneer) x CU (Stanley x June), J. Darrow, J. Klark, F. Coville, O. Freeman. Suitable for manual and mechanized collection. It is used both fresh, and for processing, a freezing.
- Pleases yield 4-9 kg from a bush, depending on its age.
- It ripens in early August - from the third decade of July until the end of August - early September: the fruiting period is extended. From the beginning of mass flowering to the first charges of 51-63 days.
- High force of growth, stems are upright tall plants sprawling, reach a height of 1.7-2 m.
- The leaves are dark green, medium size, pointed.
- The flowers are large, relatively cold-resistant - withstand return frost to - 7 C.
- Fruits are light blue, with a light blue patina, gathered in loose small brushes. Berries in medium weight are large - up to 22 mm in diameter, durable, with a small perianth. The taste is average, mediocre, in technical maturity can be sour. Dense, do not crack, suitable for long-term transportation and storage. Secondary berries are more durable, suitable for mechanized harvesting.
- High frost resistance -28 ... -34 C.
Advantages and disadvantages: reviews about Blyukrop
Often they say about the tendency to overload the bush with fruits and mention the characteristic reddish color of the fruits at an early stage of ripening. It really is. To avoid overloading, adult plants are scrupulously rationed; fruits are harvested at the time of technical maturity at the full staining stage.
Blueberry Bleukrop rides on photo
But more often, the blueberry Bleucrop negative reviews deserved a prolonged period of fruiting with relatively late ripening periods. The advantage for a gardener for an industrial plantation or small-scale production turns into a huge disadvantage: it is difficult to organize the necessary quantity for wholesale in one collection. In addition, when it comes to full fruiting, the prices for early blueberries begin to swoop down smoothly - again, the remark makes sense for large industrial farms oriented at least to the average wholesale. For a fresh market with small volumes, the disadvantage can be ignored - especially in regions with a warm mild climate.
The most time-consuming in the cultivation of culture was the retention of soil acidity. The blueberry variety Bleukrop perceives its changes least critically - it doesn’t react so much with chlorosis, wilt, decrease in productivity - the plants don’t wither with the slightest changes. , taste.
Otherwise, according to reviews of gardeners and farmers, unpretentious - acquaintance with the culture is offered from him, as from a run-in road, circled horse. It tolerates drought, but poorly perceive wet humid climate - susceptible to disease shoots. High frost resistance, resistance to freezing of the kidneys during return freezing is an undoubted advantage.
The basics of growing and subtlety
The planting time of the Blyukrop variety is the best in spring (before the start of sap flow). The best option for both the gardener and the farmer who does not have their own planting material is 2-year-old or 3-year-old seedlings with a closed root system. An increase of up to 30-35 cm should form on two-year-olds. Before planting, removing the sapling from the container, carefully and carefully spread the roots, if they are tangled.
The soil is sour and light. Do not sit at random - be sure to measure the acidity. Important: often the litmus and the instruments give different indicators - there are reasons to believe the latter. Ph regulate is the topic of a separate article. Briefly: since the fall, acidifying fertilizers are applied, they are adjusted with sulfur at the rate of 70-80 g per running meter for milling, coniferous sawdust (for cultivation) is embedded in the soil — there are many methods.
The simplest way is to lay drainage from crushed stone of fines at the bottom of a pit or trench, on top of it is a mixture of high-moor peat, sand, and coniferous chips (bark, sawdust). It is important to measure the pH and regulate the entire life of the plants. As the simplest variant of the substrate - 1/3 of the top peat, 1/3 of the land from coniferous forest (top layer), 1/3 of the sawdust, and tufts.
They are planted in well-lit areas, the average planting density in rows of 2.5x1.5 m. Landing for mechanized collection involves aisle up to 3.5 m and 0.6-0.8 m in a row. Do not skimp on the place between the rows - for 3-4 year crowns reach a diameter of one and a half meters and can close.
The landing pit 1 x 1 m and a depth of 0.4-0.7 m or a trench 5–7 m long lowers the prepared substrate - a mixture of high-moor peat and sand, filled with a nitrogen-mineral complex. When planting, seedlings are buried by 4-5 cm - it should grow deeper than it grew in a container. После посадки обязателен достаточный полив и мульчирование в радиусе полуметра прикорневой зоны сосновыми опилками, хвоей, корой – слой мульчи 7-10 см. Неплохо замульчировать сосновым опадом, стружкой и междурядья.
В дальнейшем уход за голубикой Блюкроп мало отличается от выращивания прочих сортов – разве что нуждается в интенсивной обрезке и нормировании побегов.
Что касается подкормок – стандартный для культуры подход: азот осенью не вносят. The main share falls on the NPK complex. In the spring, the simplest thing is to feed ammonium sulfate, which makes it possible to lower the pH, breaking up into 3 approaches - 1/2 in early spring, 1/4 - at the beginning of flowering, 1/4 at the ovary stage. Mature plants require large doses - for example, 5-6 year olds need up to 100 g, young ones up to 50 g. Urea is also used at pH less than 5, it is suitable, at other values more acidifying forms of nitrogen (ammonium sulfate). It is extremely important to irrigate sufficiently when fertilizers are applied - industrial planting provides drip irrigation, fertilizing is applied by fertigation.
Top dressings are carried out in several stages: the first time - at the beginning of the growing season, 2/3 of the annual dose of fertilizers is applied, the next time they are fertilized in June, during ripening.
Often use fertilizers intended for all heather, as well as rhododendrons, hydrangeas, all conifers. Organics in the form of fresh manure is not used. High peat, compost with suitable acidity, leaf rotted and coniferous litter are introduced - all this and nutrition for mycorrhiza; However, constant monitoring is necessary - it is necessary to acidify not only the rows and inter-rows.
It is important to regulate the salinity of the soil, irrigation water, changing the acidity to the desired value.
Pruning varieties Bleukrop spend on young and old plants, starting with 3 years. As an upright shrub, try to thin out in the central part. Be sure to remove small increment at the base of the bush - up to a height of 35-45 cm. 5-6 shoots are left in the bush. Bushy small increments, weak diseased branches cut.
When planting two-year-old saplings or even worse - one-year-old - in the first year for growing wood it is advisable to abandon the berries: the flowers at the end of flowering are cut off. It is often recommended in the first year or two not to load the plants - the stated maximum yield is 4-5 or 6 years.
You can get a harvest in the 3rd year after planting - no doubt. But what do we get? The forces allotted to the formation of wood are directed to fruiting. Thin branches will bend under the weight of the crop, their growth is slowed down - we will grow a short, sprawling bush with branches spread wide apart, bent all the way to the ground! It is difficult to cover for the winter, it is not compact, it is weak. In the garden, where he is the only one allowed. With commercial cultivation - no.
The rest of the growing scheme is simple: regular watering - if planting is not on drip irrigation, then 1-2 times in 7 days, loosening, feeding with nitrogen-mineral complex.
And in conclusion, those who decide to start their journey of exploring the culture are not easy, we can advise the blueberry variety Bleukrop as an easy and simple start: you won’t regret it. And for the start of the berry business of any scale - from 6 acres to plantations the size of a hectare - if the climate is suitable, the win-win option.
Description of plants
The history of this variety began in 1908, in America. Local breeders worked a lot with wild blueberries - trying to find samples from which it would be possible to bring a garden plant. One local farmer learned about this work and suggested that scientists work on her farm. Since 1911, work began on the cultivation of garden blueberries.
Very soon, breeders managed to get more than a dozen different varieties. All of them had different success and different characteristics, but one thing is certain: among them was the variety Blyukorp, which became the most famous and sought after.
Glory quickly spread and outside the United States - the berry appeared even in a closed Soviet Union. From there, it sold out on the already independent Ukraine and Belarus. Blukorp perfectly shows itself in different climatic zones, adapts well to different weather conditions and has a relatively high resistance to diseases.
The bushes of Blucorp are high in themselves, as the variety is considered to be tall. Its stems are erect, quite powerful. The same applies to the width - the bushes can grow strongly and this must be considered when choosing a site for planting.
Powerful branches are covered with very beautiful foliage - dark green, slightly pointed leaves look very beautiful.
Since the bush is very beautiful in appearance and looks amazing at any time of the year, it is often used not only as a source of berries, but also as a decoration of the garden.
The variety simply amazes with its productivity - from one bush Bilokorp collect from six to nine kilograms of berries. Given their size, these are just amazing results. The harvest ripens quite long - it starts somewhere from the end of July and lasts until the end of August. In this case, all the time the berries continue to sing.
Externally, the fruit is very attractive. Quite large berries (diameter often reaches even two centimeters) light blue, unique shade. On the bush, they are collected in small brushes free structure.
The undeniable dignity of Bluecorp, for which businessmen love it so much, is strength. The berries are very dense in texture, so they can be transported without problems and stored for a rather long time.
The main rule is to choose containers for the berries from natural materials and store them in a cool place.
The nuances of agricultural engineering
- Usually, blueberries are afraid to grow, because they are very sensitive to changes in soil acidity. Bluecorp is the only variety that does not respond very strongly to changes in this indicator.
- Regular watering is very important. The exact amount of water you will not tell anyone - it all depends on the soil. But you can easily navigate on the ground around the root - if it is wet, then everything is in order, and if it is dry and cracked - it is necessary to immediately pour blueberries.
- If there are too many berries on a bush, they may have a slightly more sour taste. You can adjust this moment by removing extra flowers. Also, acid in taste may increase due to too early harvest.
- Fertilizing Blyukorp needed, but they must be done wisely - you should not experiment, it is better to buy in the store a specialized mineral complex.
- It is better to mulch the soil around the bush with organic materials - sawdust, dry straw, needles will work well.
- The bush needs an unusual pruning - it is necessary to remove small branches that grow up to 30 centimeters from the base.
- The bushes are very cold-resistant - they withstand temperatures even up to -30 without additional protection.
I love blueberries - in recent years I bought it in a supermarket, but it is very expensive, so I just planted one bush in the yard.
It turned out that there is nothing difficult in caring for him, and every season I take about five kilograms of berries and the figure grows every year. The harvest is enough for me and my husband, as well as all our friends. I advise everyone, a great berry and good for the eyes.
Beautiful blueberries, proven time and experience. I'm growing too, it's already the third year. A little secret - be sure to wait until the berry ripens - otherwise the ones that you pick up will taste sour and this acid will not go away. In general, the bushes are easy to maintain and very much decorate the site, so I can only say good things.
Blueberry "Blyukrop" - a tall deciduous shrub that grows in the cold countries of the Northern Hemisphere. The plant scientists refer to the heather family. Blueberries have a fibrous root system, from which root hairs do not depart.
The roots begin active growth in spring and autumn, when the temperature of the soil ranges from 0 ° C to +5 ° C. The plant reaches 4 m in height, and it is four times more than the performance of an ordinary blueberry. The description of the blueberry variety “Blyukrop” is interesting and the fact about cross-pollination. This means that the flower can not set fruit when pollinated by its own pollen. Shrub is often used in landscape design. Blueberries are popular among culinary specialists - they add it to desserts and make jam.
The crown of the bush reaches two meters in diameter. The leaves are toothed, bright green, oblong. Their length is up to 8 cm, width 4–5 cm. The buds are formed from the tip of the branch to the stem. Blyukrop has strong branches.
Grows in height due to new shoots at the tips of the stems. When flowering produces white flowers with a green tint.
The fruits of American blueberry are dark blue and large. When ripe, change their color from purple to blue. Their weight is small, about 2 g, but in diameter reach 2 cm. Grow in clusters, all the berries are tightly pressed to each other. Berries ripen within three weeks.
Boarding Tips and Tips
Blueberries - unpretentious plant, because it is considered initially wild. But the complexity of growing in our area lies in the soil. Blueberries are suitable very acidic soil with a large amount of peat.
You can use loamy, well aerated soil. Mandatory and the presence of humus. Reproduction "blyukropa" can be produced as seeds and layering.
The best place
Land for planting should be in the sun, but the berry grows well in partial shade. The landing site should not be planted with other plants, especially bushes with a thick crown, so that there is sufficient air circulation. The average density of landing in a row of 2.5 to 1.5 m. The krone can grow up to two meters in diameter.
For planting this variety need acidic soil (the figure varies from 3.5 pH to 4 pH). The depth of the pit 60 cm, width 50 cm.
The soil is made of the following composition:
- 2 buckets of black soil,
- 20 kg of sour peat,
- 2 buckets of sawdust
- 2 sand
- crushed bark (half a bucket).
Terms and rules of landing
Planting American blueberries can be carried out in the fall, but only in September, so that the bush could take root before the first cold weather. Also plant "Blyukrop" can be in the spring. In this case, it is necessary to prepare the landing site at a temperature of +17 ° C in sunny weather. At the bottom of the prepared pit lay the bark of coniferous trees. Cover the substrate by half, compact it, then pour the rest. When the pit is full, make a well in the center and fill it with a small amount of peat.
Sapling, which was previously moistened, land in the recess, where peat was added. Ensure that the earth is 3 cm thick and covers the stem. At the end of 10 liters of water you need to add 100 g of vinegar and pour the solution into the pit. Experienced gardeners recommend immediately mulch sapling with sawdust of coniferous trees.
Care of high-yielding variety
Blueberry "Bluecrop" is growing rapidly, which is why caring for it is more difficult than planting. The main part of the work is regular pruning. The first three years will need to prune the lower shoots - so the growth will be more active.
Gardeners do this in the fall. Nevertheless, from the fourth year it is possible to carry out not only regulatory pruning, but also sanitary. During this process, branches that are located near the ground are removed. Leave only upright shoots.
Abundant watering is important for the berries, but it is worth being careful not to damage the mixed layer of soil. This will help watering cans. American blueberries are watered four times a week. It is advisable to water the first time in the early morning, and the second after sunset. But in July and August, when the temperature is too high, provide the plant with water more often. Thus, Blyukrop is watered twice a week, for example, on Monday and Thursday, and twice a day. In winter, the shrub maintains temperatures down to –30 ° C.
Diseases and pests "Blukropa"
- Stalk cancer - The greatest problem of this variety of blueberries. On the new shoots, near the leaves or on them, red-brown spots of convex shape can be found. Over time, they become more and more, and the disease spreads to the entire bush. The plant dies. But the treatment with fungicides will help in the form of preventive measures.
- Fomopsis. Drying of branches or leaves. Often recommend plant transplantation and fungicide treatment.
- Gray rot affects the plant from root to tip of the stalk. At first, the branches turn red, and then they become gray. Helps in the fight against this disease pruning of the affected parts of the bush and cauterization of trimmed branches.
- Necrotic spotting. If you notice any spots on the leaves that “corrode” them, then the plant should be removed (digged and burned), and other shrubs treated with fungicides.
The advantages and disadvantages of the variety
The bush is small in size, but at the same time it gives a wonderful harvest - up to 10 kg. Its frost resistance is amazing. But this does not mean that it does not need to be insulated for the winter.
Fruits are easy to transport. Due to their thick skin the possibility of damage is minimized. The disadvantage is that for wholesale sales the time of ripening of berries is too long.
The description of caring for the blueberry variety “Bleukrop”, although it includes some difficulties (for example, watering and prevention of diseases), nevertheless, you can find a lot of positive feedback from gardeners.
The origin of the variety Blyukrop
Since 1908, in the state of New Jersey, Frederick Vernon Coville explored wild blueberries for sampling. He was going to begin work on the selection of this plant. About his work learned Elizabeth White. In 1910 she supported the scientist and offered her farm to grow cranberries as a testing ground. Since 1911, Dr. Coville and Mrs. White have been actively working on the selection of blueberry varieties. Works were crowned with success - 15 varieties managed to be brought out and tested. In 1915–1916, among others, a tall variety of blueberry Bleukrop appeared.
Blyukrop hit the USSR in the middle of the twentieth century. Very popular in Russia, Ukraine and Belarus. It differs from other tall varieties by abundant fruits and large berries.
Berry successfully adapts in different climatic conditions, without losing its high resistance to diseases. The least sensitive to acidity of the soil and fertilizing variety Blyukrop became popular among amateur gardeners and in commercial farms.
The yield of blueberries depends entirely on the correctness of the chosen landing site.
For shrubs of this variety is important light. In the penumbra, the plant can also grow, but will not give a bountiful harvest. Around planted bushes need to remove high vegetation, shading them. The seedlings themselves as they grow can begin to shade each other. The recommended landing density is 2.5 m by 1.5 m.
The soil should be acidic (pH = 3.5–5.0). If the soil in the area is not acidic, choose a sunny area with close water bedding, treat it with malic acid or other oxidizing agent.
With the measurement of acidity will help the pH meter for the soil, which can be purchased at an affordable price.
Under natural conditions, blueberries grow in wetlands, so when planting should take into account the level of occurrence of groundwater. For the variety Blyukrop, close ground water level to the surface (about 60 cm) will be optimal. If this condition cannot be met, the shrub will need to be irrigated more, especially in the hot summer season. Stasis moisture berry can not tolerate.
Blueberries will grow very badly in place of plants that require lime supplementation. For example, strawberries, carrots, garlic and so on.