The homeland of this shapeless escape (namely, the name of the plant is translated from Latin) is called Indochina by scientists. Lily Voodoo develops from a tuber the size of a large orange tucked under the ground. A part of amorphophallus has a period of rest. But among the varieties of this flower are those serpentine palms, which belong to the evergreen plants.
Common types of unusual flower
Despite the diversity of the flowery snake palm tree, in greenhouses, winter gardens and on window-sills most often there are only three species.
- Amorphophallus titanic (Amorphophallus titanum). The “growth” of this true giant can reach five meters. Of these, two meters is the height of the flower cob, which, as if in a blanket, is wrapped with one fleshy petal of deep burgundy color.
- Amorphophallus cognac (Amorphophallus konjac). To compact lily Voodoo with a peduncle whose height is barely more than half a meter. In eastern countries, the cultivation of amorphophallus in the home is not in the name of beauty, but for the production of sustenance. Tubers of this type of devilish language are boiled and eaten. In addition, the underground part of the plant can be dried, crushed and used as a seasoning for many national dishes.
- Amorphophallus bulbifer. From the middle of the three described species in size flower. It reaches a height of about one and a half meters. The “growth” of the cone-like peduncle is usually equal to one fifth of the height of the plant.
All varieties of snake palm love mild warmth and despise direct sunlight. For active growth and reproduction, this strange plant during the flowering period needs a temperature of 22 ° C and diffused lighting. If you are ready to play by the rules of amorphophallus, then you can easily grow any of the “domesticated” species of this flower, the botanical characteristics of which are described in the following table.
Table - The main characteristics of the popular types of amorphophallus
Care after purchase
After buying a flower can get used to the atmosphere at home for a long time. Transferring plants to a different climate is fraught with a stressful situation.
After purchasing the plant should be put in well-lit room without direct sunlight.
At home, karphophallus grows well in partial shade near the balcony or the windows. May tolerate the northern side.
Watering should be regular and plentiful. The plant does not tolerate excessive water flooding. For such flowers, a special drainage system is made from pebbles or composite. Permanent overflows lead to acidification of the earth and root decay. It is recommended planting a flower directly into the soil.
Smell Amorphophallus is very strong. Some people may have allergic reactions. Therefore, when flowering plant is not recommended to keep indoors.
The smell of a flower attracts various insects that fly to pollinate it. The aroma of amorphophallus is very sharp, unpleasant. In some species it may resemble the smell of rotten fish, meat or garbage.
Planting and transplanting
Capacities need to choose light and wide. Flower shops sell ready-made pots that you can buy or make yourself. Perfectly fit ice cream cups. Plastic bottles that can be cut without a neck can be used.
At the bottom cups need to do slots for drainage. At the bottom of the tank is placed drainage, a layer of 2 centimeters. Vermiculite, expanded clay or ceramic shards are suitable. Plant drainage smoothes over-watering the plant and prevents the roots from rotting.
Landing and transplanting always carry out in the spring time. Young plants are fashionable to replant up to 4 times a year. Adult specimens are transplanted as the tank is filled with the root system. You can not touch the plant for 3-5 years.
Propagated Amorphophallus division of tubers. The procedure can be carried out in spring or autumn. They are treated with fungicides. A few days before breeding, the tubers are dug up and cut the stalks.
This procedure will help the kidneys easier to identify. Tubers should be shortened to 15 centimeters. Miniature or coarse tubers are allowed not to divide.
Important, to keep the kidneys on two sides. Then the slices are cut and well dried. Delenki washed and inspected again. Tubers with brown spots should not be used. After that, they are treated with sulfur and fungicides.
The tips are dipped in the tool and hold for 15 minutes. Then the tubers are well dried. After that they are suitable for breeding.
In winter temperature should be stable without drops. Due to the unstable temperature of the flower may appear brown spots, the leaves will fall off. The optimum temperature is 12 ° C.
In the summer time, the flower tolerates a temperature of 15-25 ° C. It is recommended to carry it out on the balcony, in the greenhouse or garden.
With a long stay in uncomfortable conditions for the bush, the plant may die.
Fertilizing produce from the middle of spring to the end of summer. The procedure is carried out once every 3-4 days.
Purchased mineral fertilizers - micro, salt, nitrogen, phosphate, potash - are best suited.
The pet responds well with abundant flowering to nutrient fertilizers and fertilizing.
Can be used liquid fertilizersthat are diluted with water. Spray the flower from the sprayer with this mixture.
Plant prefers bright ambient light. Loves when light hits all sides of a flower. Does not tolerate direct sun exposure.
Prefers bright rooms without direct sunlight. With a lack of light, the growth of the plant slows down dramatically, the stems are strongly drawn out, the leaves lose their color and begin to crumble.
Video about amorphophallus care (indoor plant from the tropics).
Benefit and harm
Amorphophallus is a natural air purifier. It cleans the air of harmful toxins, destroys viruses, staphylococcus and harmful bacteria.
Flower can eliminate benzenes, phenols and formaldehyde. It will easily cope with exhaust gases. Leaves suck in carbon monoxide.
Plant possesses antibacterial properties. It has a wonderful effect on people who suffer from diseases of the heart, biliary tract, intestinal spasms.
Diseases and pests
Amorphophallus can get root and gray rot.
Root rot affects the roots of the plant. They become brown or burgundy. The disease can not be seen immediately. Therefore, it is permissible to blacken the stems and leaves. To save the plant from this disease can only remove the infected root system. To prevent such a disease, you should not flood the plant and use a good drainage system.
Gray rot manifested in the form of mold. The fungus easily subsides when the plant is turned in the other direction. When the disease starts, the leaves darken and crumble. The cause of this disease is too high humidity and poor ventilation of the room.
Pests can occur mealybug. It manifests itself in the form of rough convolutions in the leaf sinuses. Usually, the nest of such a pest is located at the bottom of the leaf plate. Because of its fluffy cobweb, mealybug is called shaggy aphids. Plant pest when large accumulated dust and dirt. Therefore, the leaves of the plant must be kept clean.
Amorphophallus poisonous or not?
The plant can still be found under the name "corpse flower." During flowering for 1-2 days the smell of decomposition of a mouse or rotten fish emanates from the plant. Thus, in a natural environment, the plant notifies pollinators of the onset of flowering. More exotic names are Voodoo lily, serpentine palm, devilish language.
But despite the ominous aura, the plant is completely harmless: its tubers are eaten and cooked exotic dishes.
How and how much does amorphofallus bloom
Amorphophallus flower at home flowering photo
In the soil a large tuber grows and develops, reaching a weight of 5 kg, and according to external data it is similar to a grapefruit. With the beginning of active growth, a stalk is shown from it - it is thick, green. At the apex, a tripartite doubly pinnately dissected leaf plate grows, its length is about half a meter, the petiole is hollow. “She will live” sheet for about 6 months: will appear at the end of March, and will turn yellow and fade by mid-October. The leaves are greenish-brown in color, whitish specks are present. Each subsequent leaf grows a little higher than the previous one and will be more dissected. It creates a semblance of a palm tree.
Peduncle appears after a dormant period even before the leaves grow. Flowering lasts about 15-20 days. After that, the plant will give new roots, the tuber itself will significantly decrease in size, since the phase of active growth and flowering takes a lot of energy. When the flowering is over, amorphophallus will fall asleep again for about a month. After this, a new leaf plate will grow. It happens that after flowering the plant is at rest for about a year (until next spring).
If pollination occurs, stems are formed - fleshy berries filled with seeds. After fruiting the plant dies. It is good that male flowers most often bloom later than female ones, self-pollination occurs extremely rarely. Pollination is possible if at least a couple of plants bloom at the same time. Here is a mysterious amorphofallus.
Illumination and temperature
For normal development of the plant is acceptable bright, but diffused lighting, do not allow direct sunlight. Suitable place - at windows of east or western orientation.
Favorable temperature conditions: during the active growth stage, the room temperature is comfortable; during the rest period, keep the air temperature within 10-15 ° C.
Watering and humidity
Watering and humidity levels also depend on the life phase of the plant. During the growing season, water it abundantly and keep the air humidity high. When watering, avoid getting water on the tubers.
Regular spraying from the pulvellizer will help to maintain the level of humidity. When the leaves dry, reduce watering to a minimum. For irrigation and spraying, take purified water (filtered or separated at least for a day), room temperature or a little warmer.
Top dressing against reduction of bulbs
Even a large tuber is quickly depleted, additional feeding is necessary. At the time of planting should be immediately added to the soil mixture of humus. The plant is in dire need of phosphorus, nitrogen and potassium. Use complex mineral fertilizers with the ratio of substances 4 * 1 * 1 or 3 * 1 * 2.
To tuber relatively quickly gained weight, as soon as the sprout seems, start feeding. Fertilize every 2 weeks. Pre-water the soil to protect the tuber from damage.
When and how to transplant
At the end of March we have a transfer:
- Capacity take a little larger than the previous one.
- Remove the tuber from the substrate and carefully inspect it.
- If rotted spots are found, they should be cut with a sharp, disinfected knife. Process the cut cut with powdered activated carbon or wood ash.
- Let the tuber dry out a little - after a couple of hours, plant it in the soil.
- You can use a universal substrate or soil mixture prepared from equal proportions of humus, sod, leaf soil, peat and sand.
How to store tubers without a substrate
Most florists during the rest period recommend storing tubers outside the substrate. Wait until the leaf plates are completely dry. Then dig up the tuber and carefully inspect. If there are any, separate the child tubers.
You should also remove the dead roots and cut rotted areas. For disinfection of the place of cuts, cracks and damage treated with a strong solution of manganese. Put the tuber in a wooden or cardboard box and store in a dark, dry and cool place. By the end of March we are landing in the substrate.
Amorphophallus cognac Amorphophallus konjac
Amorphophallus Cognac Amorphophallus konjac photo
It has a tuber in the form of an oblate ball, reaching a diameter of 20 cm. The hollow petiole is stretched 80 cm in length, it has a dark olive shade with a lot of lighter and darker spots. Circular-cut leaf plates are saturated green.
Amorphophallus Cognac Amorphophallus konjac Tubers Photo
The length of the peduncle varies between 50-70 cm. The half-meter cob is surrounded by a veil that reaches a length of 25-30 cm. The color of the flower is red-violet or burgundy. In the process of flowering cob can warm up to 40 ° C.
How to water
During the period of intensive growth, watering should be abundant. Do not allow the water during the irrigation process to be on the tuber. When the leaves die, watering should be reduced.
When fresh shoots begin to grow, it is necessary to conduct top-dressings 2 times a month, using mineral and organic fertilizers for this (alternately). You also need to remember that this plant just needs a large amount of phosphorus. In order for a tuber to gain mass in a relatively short time, systematic feedings will be required, and the fertilizer should consist of phosphorus, nitrogen and potassium, which must be taken in a ratio of 3: 1: 2 or even 4: 1: 1. If the tuber is rather large, then it is recommended to add humus (part 1) to the purchased soil for aroid plants. Before applying fertilizer to the soil, experts advise to water it well.
Such a plant simply needs a period of rest. In the process of preparing for the winter, all the leaves die off. For this period it is recommended to rearrange the pot with a flower in a dark and cool enough place. Requires systematic hydration. In the last days of March it is necessary to transplant tubers, using for this purpose new pots of a larger size than the previous ones. If rot appears on the tuber, it should be removed from the soil. Take a very sharp knife and carefully cut the affected part. Then you need to carry out the processing of cut chopped charcoal and leave the tuber for 1 day in the open air to dry. Then amorphophallus can be planted in a fresh mix. A large number of flower growers are advised not to leave the tubers in storage in the substrate. After the leaves completely die off, it is necessary to carefully remove the tubers from the tank, remove the substrate from them and carefully inspect. Then you need to separate the child nodules. If there are dead roots and rotted areas, they should be cut with a very sharp knife. Place the sections treated with a strong solution of manganese potassium. After that, the tubers should be put in storage in a dark, dry and warm place.
You can multiply the seeds, children, and divide the tuber.
Most often reproduced by children. The rest period begins after the foliage of the plant fades. It is at this time that the tubers must be pulled out of the tank, the entire substrate is removed from them, and the daughter nodules are separated. For storage they are placed in a rather dark, necessarily dry and warm (from 10 to 15 degrees) place (for the whole winter). The landing is made in March or April.
It is also quite possible to divide a tuber, but only one with sprouted buds is suitable for such a procedure. It should be remembered that at least 10 such buds should be present on each delenka. Cutting should be very careful, trying not to hurt the kidneys. Next you need to carry out the processing of slices, and for this is used crushed charcoal. Leave delenki outdoors to dry for 24 hours. After that, make a landing in the soil mixture. Watering the first time should be very careful.
Seed propagation is very rarely used. Such amorphophallus begins to bloom only a few years later.
Pests and diseases
As a rule, this plant is resistant to pests, but aphid or spider mite can live on a young leaf. If the water is very abundant, then rot can appear on the tubers.
If the leaf begins to dry out, it means that the plant either lacks light or is very poor in watering. If the leaf color becomes more contrast, then this indicates a lack of light.
Amorphophallus tubers are replanted in the spring every 1-2 years. The roots begin to appear in their upper part, so the landing is done deep enough. The pot should be at least twice as large as the tuber and be resistant. At the bottom of the tank it is necessary to make a hole and pour a thick layer of drainage material (clay, shards, pebbles).
Land for landing should have a neutral or weak alkaline reaction. The following components are used to compose the soil mix:
- leafy humus
- sod land
- leaf earth
It is useful to add some charcoal and pieces of pine bark to the ground. If babies are not separated before waking up, they will form a bright growth under the mother plant. It does not harm him, but you should take care of the free space in advance.
Род аморфофаллус включает в себя около 100 видов многолетних и однолетних клубневых трав. In nature, the most famous species is titanic (or gigantic) amorphophallus (A. titanum). The diameter of its tuber can be more than half a meter, and weight - up to 23 kg. Inflorescence is much higher than human growth.
Amorphophallus riviera also differs considerable size, but no longer inflorescences. The scape of it reaches a height of 1.5 meters, and the sheet in width grows one meter.
Amorphophallus Cognac (A. konjac) - one of the most common species in room culture. The head of the inflorescence goes far beyond the limits of its cover and reaches 50 cm. The name of the species is given by the name of the Japanese national dish from the plant tubers - cognac.
Amorphophallus onionaceous (A. bulbifer) - also often occurs at home. The ear does not go beyond the cover. The species is distinguished by the fact that at the base of the leaf, in its growth, a tuber is laid, which, when the leaf dies, can be used to produce a new plant.
Amorphophalus cognac (Amorphophallus konjac)
The shape of the tuber resembles an oblate ball, while its diameter is 20 centimeters. Leaf petiole in length reaches 80 centimeters, it is painted in dark olive color, and on its surface are light, as well as dark specks. Cirro-dissected leaves painted in a saturated green color. Peduncle length can vary from 50 to 70 centimeters. At the cob there is a blanket, which in length can reach from 25 to 30 centimeters. Cob length reaches half a meter, and in the process of flowering, it can heat up to 40 degrees. It has a reddish-purple or burgundy color. It has a very unpleasant pungent odor. This plant, when grown at home, as a rule, only blooms, and its fruits do not form.
Tuber has a hemispherical shape, and in diameter reaches from 7 to 8 centimeters. There is 1 petiolate leaf, which in length reaches 100 centimeters. He has a dark olive color, and on its surface are spots of a lighter shade. The leaf plate is segmented, tripartite, and there is an onion in its base. As a rule, the length of the peduncle does not exceed 30 centimeters. And the length of the spathe is 10–12 centimeters. Possesses a dirty green color, and on the surface are pinkish specks. The cover is somewhat longer than the cob. When grown in indoor conditions, as a rule, the plant does not bear fruit, but only blooms.
Amorphophallus rivera (Amorphophallus rivieri)
The diameter of the tuber can vary from 7 to 25 centimeters. The leaf leaf plate reaches from 40 to 80 centimeters in length. On its surface there is a pattern of spots of brown and white color. In diameter, such a triple dissected leaf can reach 100 centimeters. Segments that are divided into a sheet are pinnagular. The second order segments are elliptically oblong and tapering at the top. There are convex veins of green. The height of the peduncle can reach 100 centimeters. The length of the bedspread is 30 centimeters. The coverlet is brilliant ovoid on the edge, its front surface is painted in a light green color. Spathe 2 times shorter than the cob. As a rule, under indoor conditions, such a plant only blooms, and fruits are not formed.
Amorphophallus is a genus of very unusual plants of the Aroid or Aronik family. Most of them are endemic, that is, have a clear habitat.
Amorphophallus exactly among the ten most unusual plants in the world
In nature, the plant prefers flat terrain and a tropical or subtropical climate. It is found in West Africa, Asia, Australia, on the islands of the Pacific and Indian Oceans. Most species inhabit Indochina.
The name of the flower is a combination of two Greek words that describe the appearance of the inflorescence: amorphos (amorphous, shapeless) - due to the lack of clear contours in the cob, resembling a ghost candle, and phallos (phallus) - due to the inevitable associations with a certain part of the male body . Amazing appearance and peculiar smell provided a few unpleasant nicknames for amorphophallus. At home, it is called "devil's" or "corpse flower", "devil's language", "Voodoo lily", "snake palm".
Rod has more than 150 representatives. Sizes range from miniature to huge. Most of the amorphophallus aboveground part dies before the rest period, but there are also evergreen varieties.
The root system of the plant is a tuber. At the top there is a growth point, from which one leaf comes out (very rarely - 2-3) with a height of 1-3 m. At the end of the vegetative season, it dies off; at the end of the rest period, a new one appears, slightly higher than the previous one and cut deeper along the edges.
A single inflorescence appears earlier than the leaf. The flowering period is short - 10-15 days. Tuber during this time significantly reduced in size, as a giant flower requires adequate nutrition.
For pollination to occur, it is necessary to have at least two plants that bloom simultaneously (or with a difference of a maximum of 2–3 days). At home, getting seeds is almost impossible.
But some have successfully adapted to non-standard conditions for them:
- Amorphophallus bulbous or bulbiferous. The tuber is small (7–8 cm), similar to a ball cut in half. The length of a single leaf is about 1.5 m. At both ends of the stem, small tubers develop. The length of the coverlet is about 20 cm, the inflorescences are 30 cm. Outside, the petal is reddish at the base; from the bottom up, this shade gradually changes to a greenish-pink. The inner side is lime color. The ear is white-yellow, pointed up. Clearly visible border between male and female flowers.
- Amorphophallus cognac (konjac). The tuber is in the shape of an almost regular ball with a diameter of about 20 cm. The leaf length is up to 1 m. The height of the peduncle is 70–80 cm. The petioles are olive-colored with lighter and darker spots. The cover does not completely cover the cob, being about half as long (about 25 cm). The name of the plant is obliged to the national Japanese dish "koniak", which is prepared from its tubers. Most often used in oriental medicine.
- Amorphophallus bell-shaped (campanulatus). The leaves are rounded, cut into three lobes, about 25–30 cm in diameter. The ear is short, the cover is shorter than four times shorter. Petal shimmers shades of rich purple and inky purple.
- Amorphophallus River (rivieri). Very large (up to 30 cm in diameter and up to 5 kg in weight) tubers. The length of the wide sheet, similar to the fan - about 1 m. It is divided into three lobes, each segment, in turn, also pinnately dissected. The scape is covered with pale green or dark brown spots. The length of the inflorescence and the bedspread is about the same. Sticky droplets form on the cob. The shade of the petal changes from dark scarlet at the base to almost black with a purple tint.
- Amorphophallus titanic (titanum). Fully justifies the name. Tuber diameter - 45-50 cm, weight - up to 50 kg. The leaf is rounded, dissected into 3 parts, with a height and width of about 3 m. The length of the petiole, covered with transverse whitish strokes - up to 5 m, thickness - 10 cm. The cover (70–80 cm) is pale green outside, and chocolate with red-violet inside low tide. The length of the ear - more than 2 m, at the same time about 5,000 flowers bloom. Amorphophallus titanic has been the official symbol of the Indonesian Botanical Garden for more than 120 years. Currently, in nature almost never occurs. Each copy in greenhouses or botanical gardens has its own unique name and is subject to the closest observation by scientists.
- Pionolic amorphophallus (paeoniifolius). The popular name is “elephant yam”. Tuber weight - up to 15 kg, diameter - 30-40 cm. The cover is purple-green, the upper edge looks like a frill. The scape is very short, because of this, the inflorescence looks like a mushroom. Like the lower part of the petal, it is covered with spots. Leaf diameter - from 0.5 to 3 m.
- Dwarf or pygmy amorphous (pygmaeus). Very popular with gardeners because of the size. Height - no more than 0.5 m. Inflorescence snow-white, strongly elongated, the veil of the same color. The unpleasant smell lasts only the first night after the flower blooms. The leaves are very dark green, from afar they are easy to take for black.
How to create a plant the right microclimate
The climate in the homeland of amorphophallus is very different from the conditions of modern apartments. To make the plant feel good and bloom regularly, you should listen to its “wishes” and create an atmosphere, at least close to optimal. It is, after all, quite unpretentious - it tolerates temperature fluctuations, drafts, and undemanding lighting.
Some flower growers specially put a pot with amorphophallus in partial shade. A small lack of light deepens the shade of the leaves - it becomes very rich, dark green. A reddish border appears at the edges.
Where climate allows, amorphophallus is grown on the street, in large tubs or in open ground. The plant effectively complements the landscape design. In Russia, it can be taken out into the open air only in summer, providing protection from the bright sun, cold drafts and rain.
Amorphophallus is undemanding to light, sometimes it is specially put in light penumbra
Leaves and tubers
A spherical tuber, cylindrical, non-uniform, elongated, repiform or cone-shaped.
At the top of the root takes a single leaf (very rarely there are several), it can reach a width of several meters. The leaf grows only one vegetative period, in each subsequent year the leaf grows even higher and becomes even more dissected than in the previous vegetation period. The petioles produced are smooth, long, sometimes rough, rarely very thick, sometimes with noticeable specks and specks.
The plate is divided into three sheets. The first segments of the young plant are pinnose-dissected, dichotomously dissected, double-peristoserized, the second and third stages are subdivided into pinniped and pinto-dissected. And the final leaflets from oblong, oval to linear, which are pointed and descending. The lateral veins of the last, final leaves are pinnate, which merge into one common vein of the region. Veins located in a higher row create a peculiar mesh pattern.
Inflorescences and flowers
The amorphophallus inflorescence begins to develop after the end of the rest period, before a new leaf begins to appear and always a single inflorescence cannot be two or three. Flowering, which lasts about two weeks and stops before the beginning of the emergence of new roots. During flowering in the amount of tuber Amorphofallus is greatly reduced due to the fact that a lot of nutrients consumed are needed to create inflorescences. The pedicel may be very short or very long.
The inflorescence consists of an oval or slightly elongated bud and “bedspread”. The veil may have various forms: falling, barely folded, oval or differentiated into a tube or plate. Sometimes it happens with a tight string between them; the tube can be from a cylindrical shape to a columnar shape, inside it is longitudinally shirred or smooth. At the base it can be covered with irregularities that have a hair-like appearance or dense scale-like plates, they act as certain traps for different bugs, or it can be glossy, smooth, the plate is spread from prostrate to vertical, usually smooth, ribbed or variously wavy, different along the edge frills.
The cob may be slightly shorter or longer than the cover. These are monoecious plants. There are female and male zones. Female shorter than male. The male zone is ellipsoidal, cylindrical, oblique or conical, usually in contact with the female, sometimes divided by the so-called sterile zone, this zone can be completely smooth or consist of hemispherical, prismatic or very similar to hairs of sterile flowers.
At the end, the bud is most often a sterile process, it may be absent or small in size, resembling a stump, horizontal, sometimes vertical, infrequently hanging, very diverse in shape, usually more or less cylindrical or conical. Sometimes more or less spherical in some cases narrowed at the base at the base, more often smooth or made up of stamino-micro structures at the base, can be completely covered with staminodes, rarely wrinkled, sometimes pubescent can also be very oblate.
As soon as the ear is opened, it is necessary that pollination occurs on the same day. Most often, the inflorescence emits an unpleasant stench of flesh, which has begun to decompose, it is necessary to attract insects, although there are several types of amorphophallus, with quite pleasant smell. Insects that fall into ingenious traps are in the middle of the cob to save the pollen transferred to the female flowers by the bugs.
Female flowers are in the open state for only one day, although male flowers remain closed at this time. They begin to open only for tomorrow after when the feminine flowers become immune, tat occurs to avoid self-pollination. The masculine flowers spray pollen on insect hostages, after which the insects are released, and have the ability to pollinate other flowers. Amorphophalluses can use lepidopteran larvae (moths and butterflies) as food.
Flowers that are pollinated in them spherical berries are born. These berries are orange, red, rarely white, blue, multi-seeded and single-seeded. The compound is cylindrical.
The seeds are ellipsoidal, thin, the texture is smooth, has a large germ, with a slightly green appearance, there is no endosperm.
Use in practice
- Amorphophallus root crops are widely used in Japanese cuisine of them prepare soups and use as seasoning for stews. The tuber is ground into flour for Japanese noodles and made into a gelatinous substance; tofu is prepared from it.
- Used in medicine tubers amorphophallus as a raw material from which diabetic products are made.
Amorphophallus onioniferous Amorphophallus bulbifer
Amorphophallus bulbiferous Amorphophallus bulbifer photo
Tuber relatively small: up to 8 cm in diameter, hemispherical in shape. Petiole one meter long, dark olive shade with lighter spots. The leaf plate is divided into 3 segments, at its base is a small onion. Peduncle reaches a length of no more than 30 cm. The ear is 10-12 cm long, the coverlet is slightly longer. The color is dirty green, the surface of the cover is decorated with pinkish specks.
Amorphophallus Rivera Amorphophallus rivieri
The tuber in the diameter is 7-25 cm. The length of the petiole of the leaf plate is 40-80 cm, the surface is covered with white and brown spots. The leaf plate is dissected three times, the first-order segments are pinnately incised, and the second - are oval-shaped (ellipses with pointed tips). The surface of the sheet plates is covered with convex veins. Peduncle reaches meter length. The length of the cob is 60 cm, the length of the coverlet is half as long. The surface of the coverlet is glossy, the shade is light green.
Amorphophallus titanic or giant Amorphophallus titanum
Amorphophallus titanic or giant Amorphophallus titanum photo
The giant is not only among amorphophallus, but also the flora in principle. A tuber weighing about 23 kg, reaches a diameter of more than 50 cm. It was first found on Sumatra in a tropical rainforest by the botanist Odorado Becker, it happened a little more than a hundred years ago. The species is grown in greenhouses and botanical gardens in many countries around the world.
Amorphophallus titanic in the greenhouse photo
The inflorescence far exceeds the height of a man, which produced a stunning effect, people rushed to the crowd to look at the wonder. Journalists called it the largest flower in the world.
Amorphophallus giant in nature photo
The length of the inflorescence is more than 2 m, the powerful cone-shaped cob is pulled out to a length of 1.5 m. The coverlet has corrugated edges.
Features of care in the period of growth
In the spring with the beginning of the growth period, it is necessary for amorphophallus to create an atmosphere of bright diffused illumination, with a temperature of + 18 ° C to + 26 ° C.
In the summer months, he needs mandatory protection from the direct sun. Thus, it is best suited for him north-west or north-east windows.
If there is such an opportunity, in the summer you can plant amorphophallus in the garden.
Watering the plant during the growth period should be abundant. It is desirable that while this water does not fall on the tuber. Between irrigation should only slightly dry the surface of the substrate. Amorphophallus responds very well to spraying, although this is not a mandatory procedure.
Feed the plant to start no sooner than fully revealed sheet. Prior to this, the root system is not yet sufficiently developed to absorb nutrients. The composition of the fertilizer is important rather high phosphorus content. Желательно если на упаковке с удобрением будет указано следующее процентное содержание основных минеральных веществ: азот-фосфор-калий (1:4:1). Хорошо также чередовать минеральную подкормку с органической.
Не следует забывать про неприятный запах, который испускает растение во время цветения. При желании полюбоваться необычным соцветием, придётся как-то пережить этот неприятный момент. Но вполне возможно просто предотвратить цветение. When a sprout appears, you only need to unfold it a little to make sure that the inside is not a green leaf, but an ear. After that, it suffices to cut off the inflorescence and bring it out of the room. This will not affect the further development of the plant.
Care of the plant during the rest period
When the leaf begins to wither in the fall, it must be cut, and the tuber must be carefully dug, cleaned of the substrate and carefully examined. If necessary, remove all dead and decaying areas, sanitize sections with a solution of potassium permanganate and store the tubers in a dark, cool place at a temperature of + 10 ° C- + 15 ° C.
The rest period of amorphophallus lasts about 5-6 months. Of course, the option of storing tubers directly in a pot with a substrate is not excluded. Storage conditions are about the same, but there is a high probability of development of various root rot and fungal diseases.
In the spring, as soon as the growth point begins to increase, the tuber should be planted in a fresh substrate. Moreover, small tubers may not begin to grow without wet soil, so it is important to plant the plant in the ground before the beginning of April.
Substrate prepare nutritious and loose. You can take the humus, clay-sod, leaf, peat soil and sand in equal parts. It is better to choose a pot large, and in depth, and in width. Drainage should take up one quarter of the capacity for planting. If you immediately plant a tuber rather low, then this will allow you to simply fill up the ground in the process of growing a new tuber, without touching the plant itself.
Maintenance and care of indoor amorphophallus
It is very easy to contain amorphophallus room culture, as it turned out that it is absolutely not whimsical. It feels great at room temperature, it tolerates lowering and raising several degrees well. Amorphophallus grows well in a well-lit place, but protected from the hot, direct rays of the sun. In summer, the plant can be planted in the ground in a street flowerbed. In the autumn with the onset of a noticeable lowering of the temperature, the tuber is dug up and stored in dry sand or soil until spring.
With the onset of constant spring heat, a thick, spotted stalk, crowned with a large dissected leaf, which very much resembles an exotic palm tree, grows from the root (the color of the stalk is called “snake palm”). Throughout the summer, it is the leaf that makes the supply of food for the root, and by the autumn it fades, turns yellow and dies, disappears. It is possible because the tuber grows to be transplanted into a spacious, large capacity, and the flower will grow higher and more powerful each year, up to two meters. And the tuber itself mass to reach five kilograms of weight.
A plant that has reached the age of five able to bloom under suitable conditions. In early spring, a pedicle appears from the ground with an inflorescence, which is colored with a spotted pattern, exuding an unpleasant odor, which attracts pollinators to the flower in the wild.
A tuber during flowering will consume a lot of energy due to the high consumption of beneficial nutrients. Therefore, the plant needs a periodic, regular stage of rest for about four weeks in order to gather the spent forces for the development of the future leaflet. If they are not enough, the root crop after flowering will hibernate until the next spring.
It is necessary to water amorphophallus depending on what stage of development is plants. If only a cutting has emerged from the ground, they begin to water gradually with separated, warm water, over time increasing the amount of liquid corresponding to the growth of the leaf, as the growth of water increases as well. But plenty of water the plant is not necessary. Watering is necessary after the earth is completely dry after the last watering. Amorphophallus tolerates the drying of the soil normally, since it has a large supply of moisture in the tuber. After a rich watering, small drops of water are collected on the tips of the leaf.
In autumn, the leaves turn yellow and fall over time, after that the watering should be completely stopped and the container with the tuber should be placed in a cool dark place for the winter, while the temperature should be about 9-14 degrees. In the spring, watering is resumed when a cutting bore appears. Amorphophallus reacts positively to dressingIt’s necessary to give them two or three times a month in the warm summer season. But it is necessary to take into account that the total proportion of phosphorus should be four times the dose of potassium and nitrogen.
For the landing of amorphophallus need a tub heavy or heavy by weightso that a rather high leaf of a plant cannot throw it. At the bottom of the tank must be placed on a thin layer of drainage stones, half of the soil is poured onto the drainage and tuber is laid. The depth at which it is necessary to plant the tuber should be equal to the diameter of the tuber itself, but if it goes deeper it will not be worse. From above the second half of the soil is filled up. Soil mixture can be made independently of humus, leaf and sod land in equal proportions with a small addition of sand and peat.
Reproduction of the flower amorphophallus occurs nodulesthat grew from the main tuber. For reproduction in the fall with the onset of cooling, after the leaf dies or in early spring, before the cutting appears, a root crop must be removed from the soil and small nodules should be planted in other small pots.
Maybe it’s impossible to get the children out of a pot with a large tuber, then they are left in the pot, they will grow, but they will look like small “palmochki” under the main, large leaf, like a room tree. It can also be propagated by dividing the main tuber, cutting off one by one, two buds. Slices need to be treated with water with soaked coal. and dry for two - three days, after which you can land.
Amateur flower growers most often grow amorphofallus bulbiferous (Amorphophallus bulbifer) and Amorphophallus Cognac (Amorphophallus konjac).
- Amorphophallus onionaceous it has a leaf 1.2–1.7 meters high and about one meter in diameter. The shoot is completely naked, swamp-green in color with pale spots. The plate is tripartite, but differs in that it has small onions at the base of two separation segments. The flower is 30–35 centimeters high, the ear is small, it is shorter than the leaf, it is often 12 cm wide and 12–15 cm long. It blooms just one day.
- Amorphophallus Cognac at home, it produces one leaf up to 90–110 cm in height and a peduncle of the same size (about 80–90 centimeters) with a spatula typical for all aroid inflorescences with a spathe. It blooms just like onionaceous only one day. The leaf stalk is also bare, green-brown with pale white spots. The leaf is tripartite with a large number of small segments.