Aubert Highlander is a perennial plant that is often grown at home or in a country plot. Some consider it a field grass. This is partly true, but the plant is widely used in landscape design. The main advantage of this flower is that it does not require special care and planting. Photo mountaineer Aubert demonstrates its simplicity and pleasant sophistication. It is not surprising that this plant has won the hearts of many gardeners.
The Far East, Siberia, China, and Japan are considered the birthplace of the highlander Aubert. It grows on stony slopes, on gravel and in mountainous areas. To date, there are about 300 species of this plant. Among them are annual and perennial flowers. In nature, you can see shrubs and vines. Highlander Aubert grows in almost all parts of the world. At the same time, he can feel great both in the meadow and on the bank of the river, in the forest or in the conditions of high mountains.
This plant is distinguished by upright or prostrate stems, which can curl a little. The leaves of the highlander Aubert are simple. If we talk about flowers, they are quite small, collected in few-flowered curls, although they often gather in racemes. The fruit is a small nut, which contains up to 100 seeds.
The height of the perennial plant of Aubert's mountaineer can reach 30-40 cm. Sometimes you can see long hairs on the grass stem, and sometimes it remains completely naked - it all depends on the type of subspecies. The length of the leaf plates of the flower is about 2.5 centimeters. In shape, they are quite sharp, wedge-shaped. Flowers are located on the tops of the stems or branches. At the same time, the inflorescences practically merge with the vegetative part of the stem. Perianth may be white or pink.
The disadvantages of the highlander
Gardeners very often blame the plant for the fact that it is characterized by too much aggressiveness, which is manifested in the fact that the mountaineer very much "wants to live", therefore, spreading over almost the entire suburban area. Sometimes it becomes impossible to control its growth: even if the landing of the Highlander Aubert is minimized, this does not change the situation.
Only in one season, this plant can throw new shoots a few meters beyond 1 bush. This brings a lot of inconvenience, as in this case, gardeners have to constantly splash out shoots that spread throughout the site. That is why the plant is not recommended to be planted in a small garden. The mountaineer loves large spaces so that he has to roam!
Aubert Highlander: photo, landing and care
As it was said at the very beginning of the article, the knotweed does not require special conditions for growing. Moreover, this feature applies to all types of plants. The same applies to other characteristics and properties of the flower.
If we talk about the winter hardiness of Aubert Highlander, then it is worth noting that it is perfectly capable of adapting to cold conditions, so it is ideal for growing in harsh climates. In addition, this plant grows well and develops in the penumbra, it is not adversely affected by high humidity.
However, like any other plants, it is best to plant it on more fertile and moist soils. The best is loamy soil. Just look at the photo of the mountaineer Aubert to see how well it can grow on such fertile soil.
If we talk about oxidation, it is better to choose a slightly acidic or neutral soil. Pests do not bother this plant, which looks very much like a huge weed. By the way, that is why it is very often called knotweed. This name "clung" to it due to its amazing ability to spread over large territories in the shortest time possible.
Aubert's mountaineer, landing and care of which are not especially difficult, is rather unpretentious. But the plant can be pampered. For this it is best to plant it on neutral soil. By the way, this unusual weed loves those parts of the garden in which there is a large presence of groundwater located as close as possible to the surface. The only exception is the Highlander. On the contrary, this subspecies prefer dry land with moderately wet soil.
Secrets of nursing Aubert
When planting, it should be borne in mind that during the summer it is necessary to ensure moderate watering. If the groundwater in the soil is too low, it is recommended to water the plant as often as possible. If necessary, the mountaineer can be fertilized, but even without it it will be great to bear fruit.
Highlander tolerates drought well, but excessive waterlogging makes him feel uncomfortable.
Remember that young plants do not tolerate frost fairly well, so they need to be covered for the winter period. If in the fall came a strong cold and the leaves of the mountaineer died, then its stems should be immediately cut off. Sometimes the foliage of the plant begins to turn yellow with the arrival of autumn, so on arrival at the country site in the spring it is worth removing all the brown and wilted leaves.
By and large, this plant does not need artificial reproduction, as it grows beautifully on its own. However, if such a need still appeared, you can use any of the four methods: use seeds, cuttings, division of rhizome or shrub.
Keep in mind that each subspecies has its own preferences. As a rule, seeds should be sown at the end of spring immediately after the frosts have receded. In this case, the seeds can either be immediately placed in the ground, or they can be first germinated in boxes.
If we talk about the Highlander Aubert, then this plant prefers grafting. Let us consider in more detail the features of this procedure.
Cutting can be performed both in spring and summer. Plants need to be planted at a distance of 20 to 60 cm from each other. It should be borne in mind that it is often not necessary to transplant new shoots. By the way, at one site they can live up to 10 years.
In order to perform the grafting process, it is necessary to prepare the source material. As shoots need to use branches with at least two nodes. Also, the cuttings must be processed "Korneovom."
After that, you need to prepare the bed that you want to warm. We must make sure that the temperature of the earth was slightly above the environment. In this case, the rooting of a new plant will occur much faster. In order to organize high-quality insulation, it is necessary to lay a little horse manure in the base of the ridge, waking it with fertile soil and sand mixed with peat in equal ratio from above.
Landing is pretty simple. The lower bundle of prepared cuttings should be buried 1-2 cm in the ground, then covered with polyethylene or other material in order to create the necessary microclimate around the plant. For the winter, the plants must always be dug out and stored at a temperature not exceeding + 2 ° C. After that, the ready processes can be planted safely in the spring.
On a note
As has already been said many times, this plant is quite actively spreading throughout the entire suburban area, however, there is a special trick by which you can avoid aggressive occupation of the fertile territory. To do this, you must create around the knotweed limiters up to 30 cm in depth.
Pay attention to the fact that in conditions of severe drought, or, conversely, high humidity, floral brushes can form on the stems of plants. In this case, the plant will look a little more modest and elegant.
If we talk about the root system of the mountaineer, it is characterized by increased creep, so the flower spreads not only above the ground, but also under it. That is why it is necessary to weed not only the upper parts of unwanted processes, but also thin out their rhizomes. However, this disadvantage can turn into an advantage if you need to quickly plant an unseemly garden plot.
This plant is very fond of landscape designers, because with it you can very quickly create decorative fences and other living fences.
Blanks and storage
As a rule, the mountaineer decided to collect from the second decade of June until the end of autumn. It is advisable to perform this procedure during a drought, at the moment when the plant begins to bloom. To do this, from the knotweed it is necessary to separate all excess parts and dry it in the open air. It is recommended to avoid direct sunlight.
The best way to dry the plant in the attic. In rooms of this type there is enough fresh air, and the sun does not overdry it. If necessary, you can use special drying equipment. In this case, the temperature regime should be set no higher than 45-50 ° C. Ready shoots are stored in woven bags or cardboard boxes. So the mountaineer retains all its properties for almost two years. After such a long storage time, the use of dried grass is not recommended.
Polygonum alpinum is a wild-growing species. Location: mountain meadows and steppes of the Northern hemisphere of temperate climate. It looks like a powerful spreading bush, which height is 1.5 meters. The numerous stems at the top are branched. Foliage oval. The roots are creeping, cord-like.
It blooms in July. Flowers of a white shade are numerous, collected in large panicles. It is frost-resistant, it does not need to be covered for the winter.
Polygonum polymorpha comes from East Asia. This plant is unusual. Perennial huge bush up to 2 m. In height. Its stems are straight, upwards strongly branched. The roots are very powerful, spread to a depth of 30 cm. The leaves are oblong oval.
Inflorescences are large panicles consisting of small white flowers that exude a pleasant scent. Highlander blooms in early summer and blooms until mid-August. Fluffy panicles have a decorative look.
The Highlander Changeable is unpretentious, does not need shelter in winter, he is satisfied with any kind of soil.
Polygonum affine. His homeland is Nepal, the Himalayas. This is a perennial, herbaceous evergreen plant, reaching 25 cm in height. Stems raised. The leaves are oval or oblong. It has dense inflorescences in the form of an ear up to 10 cm long.
The flowers are pale pink, small, as the pink-red shade approaches the end of the inflorescence. Related Highlander decorative even after flowering. This effect is achieved due to the fruits and leaves of a dark red color.
A relative highlander prefers to grow in the shade, although the sun is not a hindrance. Low soil requirements, but does not like sour. With good drainage, it develops well. Drought resistant, does not tolerate stagnation of groundwater.
Although the Highlander is frost-resistant, just in case, it is better to cover it from the autumn with coniferous spruce branches. Leaves in spring should be hidden from the sun.
Highlander looks good on ground cover groups, on large terraces of rocky gardens. It is often cut to make dry bouquets.
They can decorate the coastal zones of small ponds, planted in the vicinity of perennial onion. Highlander grows green carpet. Its inflorescences are combined with small hosts, astilbe, tradescantia. Do not forget that greatly expanding, Highlander suppresses less weak species.
Homeland Polygonum amplexicaule - Himalayan meadows. This shrub is a perennial plant with straight stems up to 1.2 m high, broad leaves turn yellow in autumn.
The decoration of the bush - bright inflorescences in the form of a spikelet appear in July and bloom throughout the summer. The roots are powerful, horizontal, slowly developing.
When seated Candle Highlander, rhizome buds should be dredged 8-10 cm into the ground to prevent them from freezing. In the autumn should insulate the bush: shower it with earth.
Planting and care of the plant Highlander
For its successful cultivation, you need lighting. Here are a few of the requirements for better growing:
- The land should be rich, subacid, wet and loose.
- Regular watering, feeding during flowering is important.
- To avoid abundant growth, requires cutting and removing unnecessary branches.
- It has a high immunity to various diseases, rarely affected by pests.
Highlander Serpentine or Cancer Cervical
The perennial, most of us familiar from childhood, is still loved and in demand at the cottages. Today he is on the lists of planned acquisitions from a considerable number of flower growers.
Highlander serpentine. Photos from google.ru
Highlander serpentine or cancerous necks (Persicaria bistorta, syn. Polygonum bistorta) - cushion evergreen perennial up to 75 cm high and up to 90 cm wide. It hails from Europe, Northern and Western Asia. Received its specific name due to the similarity of the twisted rhizome with reptiles. Pink spike-shaped inflorescences with a length of 5-7 cm bloom from the first days of June.
Highlander Serpentine subsp. carnea Photo from ru.pinterest.com
More attractive are its decorative form: subsp. carnea, syn. Polygonum carneum - 45-75 cm high, up to 45 cm wide, inflorescences are bright pink, and grade 'Superba' - up to 90 cm high, inflorescences are light pink.
Highlander serpentine Superba. Photos from ballyrobertgardens.com
In central Russia winters without shelter (withstands up to -40 ° C). It requires acidic, well-drained, moist soil: with a lack of moisture, it sheds leaves, but when it is restored, it is restored. Be sure to remove bloomed inflorescences.
It is luxurious at reservoirs, beautiful in the borders and mixborders of natural style. Well worth cutting.
Easily propagated by dividing the bush in spring or autumn.
A chic highlander chameleon from the Himalayas is magnificent! On it at the same time you can see the inflorescences of different colors, which darken when flowering.
Highlander related. Photos from davisla.wordpress.com
Highlander related (Persicaria affinis, syn. Polygonum affine) - Ground-cover perennial up to 25 cm high and up to 60 cm wide. White, pink, crimson inflorescences bloom throughout the summer.
- 'Darjeeling Red' - 15 cm high, 50 cm wide, inflorescences are dark pink,
- 'Dimity' - 10 cm high, 45 cm wide, dark green leaves turn brown in winter, the stems are wine-red, inflorescences first white, then pink-red, when flowering - rusty-brown,
Highlander related variety Darjeeling Red. Photo from penlanperennials.co.uk. Highlander related variety Dimity. Photo from greenfusestock.photoshelter.com
- 'Donald Lowndes' - up to 20 cm high, about 30 cm wide, inflorescences are pink-red,
- 'Superba' - inflorescences are first light pink, then turn red, leaves are brown in winter.
Highlander is a relative of Donald Lowndes. Photos from farmyardnurseries.co.uk. Highlander related cultivar Superba. Photos from google.ru
A typical view tolerates a short-term drop to -28.9 ° C. In central Russia, it is better to cover for the winter with humus and dry leaves. It is sufficiently drought-resistant, does not tolerate stagnant waterlogging. It grows on clay and loamy soils with any acidity.
Good in rockeries, mixborders and cut.
Luxurious large Himalayan.
Highland candlestick. Photos from google.ru
Highlander candle-shaped (Persicaria amplexicaulis, syn. Bistorta amplexicaulis, Polygonum amplexicaule) - steady creeping semi-eternal perennial with a height and width of 1,2 m. Silvery-green leaves up to 20 cm long oval, slightly shriveled, pointed. Spike-shaped inflorescences with a length of up to 10 cm from bright red and purple to white, bloom from mid-summer to autumn.
- 'Arun Gem' - 30 cm high, 90 cm wide, short, ears dark pink (hanging tips - bronze),
- 'Firetail' - 1.2 m high, bright red short dense inflorescences up to 10 cm long, dark green ovate leaves with distinct veins, blooms in summer and early autumn, creates thickets,
Highlander candle-shaped Arun Gem. Photos from chrisghyselen.be. Highlander candle-shaped variety Firetail. Photo from gardenia.net
- 'Inverleith' - height and width 45 cm, compact, short spikelets dark red.
Highlander candle-shaped variety Inverleith. Photos from ballyrobertgardens.com
The typical view endures -34.4 ° C, sun, partial shade, clay, loam. Needs free space, which provide for landing. Pruning after flowering. Usually not sick.
Propagated by seed (spring) and division (spring or autumn).
Abroad, it is called “Russian liana”, or “mile per minute”, or “silver lace liana”. He comes from Western China, Tibet, Tajikistan.
Baljuan highlanderauthor photo
Baljuan Highlander, or Baldjuan Fallopian (Fallopia baldschuanica, syn. Polygonum baldschuanicum, Bilderdykia baldschuanica)with fallopia being the priority "name". Oval leaves up to 8–9 cm long, first red, then bright green. Small creamy white fragrant flowers, gathered in thick, rich panicles, cover the liana from mid-summer to autumn, giving it an amazing resemblance to clematis Clematis paniculata. It grows quickly: during the season shoots are drawn out by 30-90 cm. Winter-hardy: withstands -34.4 ° С. For her perfect semi-shady place. It looks better, more luxurious on well-drained loams with constant humidity, less aggressive on poor soils, withstands drought, trampling. Support is required. Обрезают каждый год с конца зимы до начала весны, омолаживают в конце зимы, оставляя несколько сантиметров, потом длинные побеги укорачивают по мере необходимости.
The Baljuan highlander gives a dense, lively green covering for trellises, fences, walls; it can also be used as a ground cover plant, decorating not only the ground, but also old stumps, suitable for strengthening the soil on the slopes. When a mountaineer settles in a country house, you must remember that you will have to control its growth. It is impossible let him live trees.
He comes from Central and South China, Korea. In the Nikitsky Botanical Garden, it has long been growing near the ancient Stevenovsky conservatory. In China, old specimens “worth their weight in gold”: in the Celestial Empire, they believe that a 100-year-old photo (root) keeps the face young, a 200-year-old gives a slender figure, and a 300-year-old gives immortality.
Highlander mnogotvetkovy,author photo
Highlander multiflorous, or multiflorous reynuria, fallopian multicolor (Polygonum multiflorum var. Hypoleucum, syn. Reynotria multiflorum var. Hypoleucum, Fallopia multiflorum var. Hypoleucum) - grassy vine 2–4 m high. Beautiful dark green leaves 3–7 cm long, arrow-shaped, with a wavy edge. The flowers are small, greenish-white, collected in short dense panicles up to 10-20 cm long, bloom in summer and until mid-autumn. In Chinese traditional medicine, it is known as a tonic and anti-aging agent. Extract promotes hair growth. Toxic.
Another buckwheat vine, which is called a "winding lasso" because of its lush growth. He comes from China, Tibet.
Highlander Oberta, appearance. Photos from google.com. Flowers Photos from maltawildplants.com
Highlander Oberth, or Fallopia Oberth (Polygonum auberttii, syn. Fallopia aubertii, Bilderdykia aubertii) in the southern regions, it grows up to 12 m high. In central Russia (in the tub) it sprouts up to 5-7 m. Throughout the summer, its lively light green covering, decorated with creamy white fragrant panicles in length from 20 to 40, is beautiful see. In bloom, this mountaineer is a “bee field”, and small fruits in the form of nuts are a treat for birds.
- 'Lemon Lace' - rare, golden-yellow leaves on red shoots, not so aggressive.
Oberth Highlander Lemon Lace. Photos from diggingdog.com. She's in garden design. Photo from rotarygardens.blogspot.com
The Highlander Oberth is more thermophilic than the previous species, so it is removed from the pillars and covered like roses, tubs for the winter are placed in a non-freezing room. Critical winter minimum ranges from -15 ° C. In the open ground for him pick up a sunny or half-shaded place. While growing, watering is plentiful, responds well to top dressing (until August), in a tub - weekly. Requires support and trimming of long shoots, out of the desired contour.
Beautiful in decorating walls, goal posts, gates and gazebos. Highlander flowers are beautiful in a vase.
The use of knotweed in everyday life
According to the reviews, Aubert Highlander is successfully used as a useful feed for domestic cattle. This plant is characterized by a huge amount of nutrients, so it is used along with clover and alfalfa.
In ancient times, the ground parts and roots of plants were used to give the tissues a yellow tint. Today this unique plant is used in the process of making wine products or liqueurs. If you talk about cooking, the young knotweed is suitable for making salads or cooking vitamin soups. In some Central Asian countries, the mountaineer is used as a filling for pies, and some nations use this herb to clean dishes.
The plant is disliked for the uncontrollable spread of shoots. During the summer season, it can spread its sprouts several meters beyond the bush, which gives a lot of difficulties to the gardener in caring for him. Because of this, you need to remember that the plant needs a large area for growth. Consider the most popular species of highlander plant.
The mountaineer flower belongs to a herbaceous plant used for planting in open ground. Its homeland is East Asia. It grows a large shrub up to two meters high, used in gardening as a perennial.
The inflorescences are large, with numerous small flowers on panicles of white or pink color. The smell is bright, like the scent of honey. Flowering period: July-August.
Despite the significant amount of blooming clusters, they do not need to tie up. Large stems thicken to the base and begin to branch at the top, where the inflorescences are located. Inside the stems are empty with massive pulp. At the end of flowering, they become purple hue.
The roots are very powerful, go no more than half a meter deep. They can hold a large shrub and grow in the soil virtually under the entire surface of the flower, not just near the stem.
Foliage, in contrast to many other varieties of the plant, covers the stalk along the entire length. The leaves are oblong in shape, which gives volume to the bush. The large shrubs of a mountaineer changeable with a snow-white cloud stand out among other flower cultures on the site.
This is a miniature variety, the plant height does not exceed half a meter. Homeland is:
- North America.
Under natural conditions, the plant grows in wet meadows and in the forest.
Stems are straight, firm, knotty, on them are located leaves of a lanceolate form ten centimeters long. On numerous stalks at the ends are dense inflorescences in the form of a brush with a length of no more than fifteen centimeters. Inflorescences consist of the smallest flowers of raspberry-pink shade. The flowers are bright and eye catching.
The flowering period is quite long, from June to September, and the inflorescences do not lose their shape and beauty. It is rare to find such a long-flowering plant in the garden.
The flower loves the fertile landperfectly fertilized. Plant it better in the penumbra, where the inflorescences manifest themselves more clearly. You need to plant in the first row near the pond or alpine slide, the plant will look very nice and elegant.
Dilute shrubs can be dividing the rootsthat are well rooted cuttings, cut off from the lateral processes of the kidney, or a small onion that appears instead of flowers in the inflorescence. The plant is resistant to cold, but it can suffer in a snowless winter, therefore it is necessary to cover it for the winter period, protecting the root system in the first place.
The Highlander sister is a grassy perennial no more than twenty-five centimeters high, with evergreen long green leaves that form a dense carpet.
The inflorescences of this species are identical to the inflorescences of the highlander viviparous, also in the form of a spikelet with small pink flowers. Inflorescences strong, no longer than ten centimeters. The flowering period is long: from June to September.
The plant looks great after flowering, as the foliage and flowers become dark scarlet. Carpet from foliage and beautiful inflorescences are perfectly combined with astilbe, low hosts and bulbous flowers.
The view is not picky about the composition of the soil, but it needs a drained area. Resistant to drought and does not like stagnant moisture in the soil. The variety tolerates frost well, but with a snowless winter, shelter is required.
Planting and maintenance will not give the florist major problems. To grow a beautiful and healthy plant, pleasing the eye, You must follow some simple rules:
- For the initial landing should choose a sunny place. A little shaded space on the flowerbed is best suited for the development of the mountaineer changeable.
- Special soil for planting is not needed. The main thing is that the soil is fertile and wet with low acidity. To feed the land, it is allowed to use compost with the addition of ash to increase the alkaline soil environment.
- You can plant a plant in spring or summer. The easiest breeding option - the use of root processes.
- The shoot of the mountaineer changeable is a full-fledged plant with an independent root system. He quickly rooted.
- A new flower must be separated from the adult plant and immediately planted in the prepared soil. For the appendix to take root quickly, you need to shade it a little.
- Plant the plant shallowly, so that the roots do not start to rot and can receive oxygen. At this stage, you must constantly water the flower.
- To plant the plant cuttings, you must choose a young and strong processes. This should be done in the spring.
- For planting it is necessary to bend the stalk to the soil and spud it, then pour the earth. It is necessary to control so that the cutting does not hog, otherwise the roots will rot. As soon as sprouts appear, it is necessary to squeeze the stalk with an iron ring, this will reduce the nutrition from the adult bush.
- Thirty days before the planned transplant, it is required to completely separate the process from the adult plant, but not to dig it out. After the process gives the roots, it is planted in a permanent place.
The mountaineer is changeable, he gets accustomed to the new place, adapts in a very short time. Roots develop dynamically, as a result, after the growth of a shrub it is necessary to limit the subsequent reproduction, dig or replant processes.
Perennial is able to grow. If you do not remove the young processes from the root system, then it can get a shapeless appearance. In addition, the processes will take food from an adult plant, which will weaken it.
If after planting the flower dried up, do not need to dig it out. It is required to continue watering, and after a few days new sprouts will appear. Perennial can not replant within ten years.
In the care of the plant unpretentious. Any amateur gardener can handle it. The main thing is to follow the recommendations:
- Watering requires moderate climate change. On hot days, abundant watering is necessary, since the roots are located on top and cannot receive water from the ground. If you do not provide good watering, then the plant may be attacked by aphids. With regular watering, the mountaineer will change a little, as he will be able to withstand diseases himself.
- To simplify the care, you need to mulch the soil. Auxiliary crust of peat will help to preserve water and will not allow the shrub to get wet in the rainy season, protecting the roots.
- Pruning plants carried out in the spring before the onset of buds. If this is required, then also in the spring period, they dig up shoots to form the crown.
- The mountaineer endures the cold perfectly, so there is no need to cover it additionally. During the harsh winter, certain stems will freeze slightly, but the plant will quickly recover and start new shoots in the spring.
- In the autumn, all the stalks are cut. The height of a separate branch should not be less than thirty centimeters from the ground surface. However, in the first two years after planting, the young shoots must be closed for the winter, as weak stems will die.
- During the flowering period you need to fertilize the plant. For this perfect manure, which is made when watering. Feed the flower only once per season.
- During the flowering period, watering is reduced.
- Weeds do not grow near the flower, so we do not need to weed the plant.
In the highlander contains a huge amount of tannins, silicic and ascorbic acids, carotene. Due to this, the herb is considered healing. It is used in the treatment of inflammatory processes in the stomach, liver and kidneys.
Also in folk medicine is widely used tincture of the highlander. It is used to remove stones with urolithiasis. In addition, this plant is actively used in the form of decoctions, powder, tinctures, extracts, etc. Scientists have proven that this unpretentious plant has a mass of useful properties.
Use in traditional medicine
Aubert Highlander is widely used in traditional medicine. As a rule, it is used to improve digestion. In this case, the rhizomes of the plant are poured with alcohol in equal proportions and insist.
Highlander is widely used in diseases of the ears. In this case dry knotweed flowers are used. In addition, it is used for a number of many medical procedures, as it has a huge number of positive properties.
What types of mountaineer are often grown in suburban areas
In addition to the mountaineer Aubert, other varieties of grass are also grown in gardens. Very often in the suburban area you can see the mountaineer related. Externally, this plant is characterized by low growth, as a rule, it spreads a little on the ground. You can also meet the Highlander Twisted Twice, which is also called the Serpent Highlander. His homeland is considered to be Japan, China and the Himalayas. It is also suitable for growing in harsh climates.
All varieties of this plant are notable for their attractive appearance and unpretentiousness. They can be successfully used as components of a design composition or as separately planted plants. In addition, the highlander creepers of Aubert tolerate pruning very well, so you can give the plant any shape. All procedures for the decorative formation of grass carpet can be carried out at any time of the year. Highlander has a great vitality, because it does not have a negative impact of such procedures. However, do not forget to limit its growth in a timely manner. Otherwise, after a few years, this plant will flood the entire plot and force out other flowers, so take care of at least minimal care - the Highlander Aubert is very aggressive in growth.
Caring for the highlander
Highland shrubs do not require special care. The plant is not whimsical, grows on any soil, loves sunny places, but also in shaded areas, you can find Highlander bushes. It responds well to organic fertilizers. The mountaineer blooms from August to November, right up to the first frosts. The plant is very moisture-loving. Watering must be done every day. Recommend to plant bushes near the drain holes. There, the plant will pull out well and absorb moisture, cover the very pit, grow well and flourish. It is very easy to replant bushes to a new place. But it should be noted that during transplantation, small roots will nevertheless remain in the ground and can germinate again. It is possible to replant, having dug a bush together with the earth and having transferred it to a new place. Without replanting in one place, with proper care and control of the formation of the bush, the mountaineer can grow up to ten years. In the autumn, the aerial part is cut out, and in spring it appears again with young healthy shoots. Remarkably grows on the slopes of the mountains and the banks of reservoirs.
The plant is frost-resistant, tolerates well lowering the temperature to 30 degrees. If, nevertheless, the frosty air has damaged the stems of the plant, then flowering may be weak or not at all. In the case of the death of aboveground branches after frosts, they should be removed without digging up the root. After some time, the plant will give new shoots, and the bush, rejuvenated, will bloom again.
The plants of the mountaineer are amazing, different in the forms of the bush, in their size and color range of paniculate inflorescences.
- Seeds. After flowering and ripening of the fruit, the seed box is formed. The fruit of the mountaineer, resembling a nut, having reached its ripeness, opens, the seeds spill out, falling into the ground, germinate, forming a new bush.
- The division of the bush. If an adult bush needs to be divided, then the sharp blade of a shovel will cut the main bush in places where younger shoots have taken root. Dig them, along with the earth lump. So transfer the bush to a new place, pre-well watering the soil, planted, if necessary, fertilized with rotted manure.
- Falling branches. If in the process of growth, large and large branches have reached the ground, then germination of roots in places of contact with the ground is possible. Due to the high soil moisture, the plant, once on the surface of the earth, lets young roots through the leafy sinuses. After a while, a shrub forms, suitable for transplanting to a new place.
- Cuttings. In summer, when the plant develops, it is possible to cut off the apical stalk, up to half a meter long, stick it into the ground and water it well. After two weeks, young shoots may appear, the root mass will be already developed. In the autumn used for these purposes lumbering cuttings.
Features of growing a highlander
- The soil for the mountaineer. Shrubs grow in any soil, well-fertilized and loose.
- Watering. The plant is very moisture-loving and therefore, as much as possible, mulch the roots to preserve moisture. Watering produce frequent and abundant.
- Crop. Prune the plants several times. In the spring clean dried branches. In the period of development of deciduous mass, slightly shrub the shrub. In the process of growth they form the correct form, so as not to harm the nearby growing plants and the bushes look well-groomed, rather than wild-growing.
- Landing. When breeding a highlander shrub with seeds, they must first be prepared. In winter, the seeds are placed in a refrigerator for stratification. In early spring, they are sown in garden cups or boxes, to obtain seedlings. After the seed has risen, with thick sowing, they dive, plant in separate glasses one sprout. So they are kept for one month until the root system is well rooted and the shrub develops. At the onset of warm days, the plant is planted out of the boxes in a permanent place, before it is well-gnawing and fertilizing the soil. Abundantly watered and enjoyed a lush flowering in the first year after planting.
Types of Highlander
Рассмотрим несколько видов этого кустарника, распространённых в нашей стране, а так же северных районах России.
Огромный кустарник, изумительно красивое растение, вырастающее до трех, четырех метров в высоту. First of all, it is worth noting that this plant has a significant drawback, it is too aggressive. The shrub grows very strongly and, even with timely pruning and maximum formation of the bush, is not recommended for planting in small areas and gardens. After harvesting the roots with an undesirable planting, for three more years, it will be necessary to remove young shoots, which after a short period of time, will turn into a bush, of enormous size, covering any structure, near growing trees and hedges with a solid deciduous mass. If the territory for planting is quite extensive, then this plant can be planted, and it will delight with its pomp, beautiful lush and amicable flowering.
Kamchatka buckwheat, is a plant with heart-shaped leaves and white paniculate inflorescences. The whole bush is beautifully decorative. On the Kamchatka Buckwheat bushes there are not only white flowers, but also pink ones. All the flowers of this plant are different from other flowers of the garden, pleasant sweet aroma of buckwheat honey.
This type of shrub was brought from Naples, but it was perfectly developed and developed on the fertile lands of Ukraine. The plant is a creeping vine, covering type, reaching a length of 6 meters. The stem is thin, much smaller in thickness than that of the bushy mountaineers, the leaves of medium size, Norway-colored, green. In the process of growth, the plant of Highlander Relative forms a green rug decorated with white and crimson panicles. Flowers Highlander related from spring to late autumn. Wonderful covering plant, which is recommended for landscaping ponds, has a pleasant aroma, is a good honey plant. It is beautiful in that it braids the soil with thin vines and forms a rug of white-pink flowers that appear all season, until late autumn.
The first flowers on green bushes appear in late autumn, and the bush blooms before the onset of frost. With a sufficiently low temperature, the deciduous part of the bush freezes and dies, and with a slight cooling, the shrub continues to bloom. This mountaineer, with its bright and rich, long spike-shaped inflorescences, brings a touch of optimism and amazing beauty to the autumn garden. On the surface of a green, fairly large deciduous mass, pink and raspberry panicles appear. The bush is small in size, reaching a height of up to two meters, but large bushes are rare, usually these are plants of medium size. Water-loving shrubs, well planted them on the banks of ponds. Highlander Candle well with autumn asters. This plant has its own peculiarity of care. Its renewal buds are located close to the surface and sometimes, at very low air temperatures, freezing of the shrub is possible. Therefore, it is recommended to cover the bushes of the Candlestick Highlander with humus, compost, spruce leaves, rotted leaves after flowering and the onset of the first frost.
Highlander of Sakhalin
Very unpretentious plant. It reproduces superbly in a vegetative way, it grows very strongly and it is necessary to limit its growth in the garden. Huge bushes, reaching a height of up to three meters, covered with white, panicled flowers, spreading a wonderful aroma. The plant is an excellent honey plant. The leaves are large, green. Stem tree, with a diameter of up to three centimeters, hollow inside. The bush is well branched, side shoots are strong. The shrub, when not controlled planting, is able to absorb and cover with its crown all nearby buildings and trees.
Perennial, liana-like plant. A well-established shrub, with sufficient watering, can grow 10 meters over the season. Shrub requires control of growth and the formation of bushes, as it grows in different directions. It is necessary to form the crown of the bush. If, for example, you need to hide some kind of building, leaving its functionality, it can be a barn for storing garden tools, then if you don’t control the growth of the Baljuan highlander creeper, it will cover the entire barn for a couple of months, there will be no entry or exit from this room.
Highlander Baldzhuysky blooms very beautifully. The first, panicle-shaped flowers appear at the beginning of autumn, in September, and the plant blooms until frost. In the case of the freezing of the upper branches, they are removed, and in the spring in the same place new young shoots appear and the bush is reborn. Green large dense, deciduous mass grows very quickly, and, just necessary, timely pruning of climbing vines. White, panicle-like flowers cover a green mass of foliage, forming a huge white-green stream, falling from a support or structure.
Highlander or buckwheat, is not a capricious plant. Winter-hardy shrub, not giving root shoots, resistant to diseases and injuries of pests. With proper care, timely pruning and sufficient watering, will decorate your hedges and buildings from early spring to late autumn.
Highlander plant description
Let us begin the description of the mountaineer plant with the fact that it is a genus of herbaceous perennial and annual plants, numbering about 300 species, but there are no more than 20 species in their cultivated horticulture.
Annual branched plant with a small taproot and recumbent shoots. The leaves are broadly spatulate or broadly elliptic, less often almost linear, obtuse or acanate, grayish or gray-green. Flowers 1-5 in the axils of the leaves. Perianth with pale green lobes with narrow white or pink edges. Fruits are 3-sided, black, less often chestnut, 2-3 mm in length. All summer blooms and bears fruit
Look closely at the mountaineer in the photo and continue the description of this medicinal plant:
A very unpretentious plant, capable of withstanding small frosts, drought and some waterlogging of the soil, but in the lowlands, where the earth is damp, the plant lives reluctantly. It can be propagated vegetatively, and, first of all, cuttings, which in the first year it is best to warm for the winter.
Propagated by seeds that fall near the mother plant, and are spread by humans and animals, the maximum fertility of one plant is 5400 nuts. Plant of high anthropolerance, tolerates grazing and trampling. One of the most common plants of weedy places in the reserve. Often forms thick spots along roads, near dwellings, in courtyards and on streets, in downed areas. It tolerates trampling very well.
Under favorable conditions, it grows very rapidly, growing over the season by 5 or more meters in length. Without pruning reaches 12 m. Therefore, its growth is restrained. For this spring shoots shortened. The plant tolerates strong pruning.
Types of highlander plants (with photo)
Highlander plant species include several large groups. The lights have botanical differences and common characteristics. Consider the most popular species of mountaineer used to treat various diseases.
Highlander pepper, water pepper (Persicaria hydropiper (L.) Spach).
Terophyte, an annual herbaceous plant 10–70 cm tall, branching stem, leaves lanceolate, sharp, smooth, lower - with short petioles, upper - sessile. The flowers are greenish or pink, in rare interrupted spikelets, perianth 4–5-leafed, outside covered with a mass of pinholes, stamens 6–8, nuts, trihedral brown.
Highlander bird (knotweed, bird buckwheat, grass-ant) (Polygonum aviculare L. s. L.).
Terophyte, annual herbaceous plant, polymorphic species, stems erect, elevated or recumbent, branched, leaves oval, sometimes oblong or linear with petiole. Flowers 1-5 in the axils of the leaves, five-fold, pink or white. The fruit is a small triangular nutlet. It blooms all summer.
Highlander snake (Polygonum bistorta L.).
A perennial plant with a height of 30 cm to 1 m (sometimes up to 150 cm) with a unbranched stem and a snake-like, woody, thick, black, curved rhizome, with a brownish-pink color on the break. The leaves are oblong-lanceolate, naked and dark green above, gray-gray below, slightly pubescent. The flowers are small, collected in a spike inflorescence of pink or white. Fruit - dark brown, oval nut. The mountaineer blossoms almost all summer, fructifies in June-July.
Highlander pochechuyny (Polygonum persicarum L.).
Highlander pochuchyny (pochuchuynaya grass) - is a grassy annual plant with a taproot. Stalk straight, height from 20 to 50 cm, slightly branched, slightly elevated at the bottom. Leaves from 3 to 10 cm in length, lanceolate in shape, almost sessile, with brown spots on the upper side of the leaf. Stipules have grown together in a tube and form a bell, tightly pressed to the stem with long cilia along the upper edge. Kidney grass blooms from July to September. The flowers are pink, white or light green with five petals are collected in a dense brush at the ends of the shoots. The fruits are ovate, shiny, black nuts, almost triangular, enclosed in the remaining perianth.
There is another type of mountaineer that is used for medical purposes - it is a mountaineer. But it is used mainly in Chinese medicine, and in our country it is little known. In China, the mountaineer mnogotvetkovy is called "longevity grass", as it is able to rejuvenate the human body.
Look at all these species of highlander in the photo, where all botanical differences and similarities of appearance are clearly visible:
The use of the herb Highlander (with photo)
In folk medicine, the use of a highlander is recommended as an appetite-improving agent for the treatment of metabolic diseases, in the presence of stones in the liver and bladder, in inflammation of the lungs, bronchitis, pleurisy, contusions, and against worms. The knotweed in China is also included in the composition of complex fees imposed on impotence resulting from chronic alcoholism, prostatitis, and venereal diseases. In Korea, mountaineer herb preparations are used as a diuretic and anti-inflammatory agent for inflammation of the bladder and urinary tract.
The mountaineer has a tonic, astringent, antiviral, firming and anti-inflammatory properties, detoxifies the body, cleanses the liver and kidneys, improves blood composition, regulates blood pressure, cholesterol and blood sugar levels and does a lot of good things.
Young leaves and stems (before the formation of buds) knotweed eat. Of them prepare salads and soups. Dyeing for fabrics, stains in yellow. Good pasture grass, nutritional value in hay is close to legumes. Suitable for creating grass cover in stadiums, sports grounds, and also as a ground cover for fixing sands and erosion-hazardous lands. Seeds are food for food birds and songbirds.
See how the grass of the mountaineer looks in the photo, where the medicinal types of plants used in traditional medicine are illustrated:
Procurement of raw materials.
For therapeutic purposes, use the grass, which is harvested during flowering, almost throughout the summer. Dry the raw materials in the open air under sheds or in attics or with good ventilation, spreading them out in a thin layer and stirring occasionally. You can also dry in the dryer at a temperature of 50-60 ° C.
Application in garden design
Because of the large size of the shrub, it can be planted as a hedge, with which it is possible to cover unsightly places in the garden or to hide small buildings. Also, the mountaineer can be of different heights, which designers use to organize flower beds. Quite often, the mountaineer is planted to distinguish zones on the site. For example, they can be separated from the main lawn of a small pond or pool.
High stalks look great separately on the lawn or lawn, forming a shadow on them. Because of the strong smell of honey, a lot of flower growers plant a plant near arbors or under the windows of a cottage.
Apply the mountaineer and for decorating the back side of the flower garden. However, we must bear in mind that the flower belongs to the aggressive species, many call it a decorative weed. Development requires adjustment of young shoots, otherwise they will create obstacles for the growth of other plants.
To contain strong growth, it is advised to bury the restrictions around the bush at the required distance from it.
Partitions for protection should be buried in the ground to a depth of at least thirty centimeters or immediately plant the flower in a large container, which is previously buried in the ground. Otherwise, the mountaineer will be able to capture a space about two meters near him.
Defining the neighbors for the mountaineer, you need to consider the size of the shrub and an abundance of greenery on it. Neighboring plants must match its height and have bright colors. Delicate flowers will not be able to grow next to the mountaineer changeable. Young sprouts from an adult plant can take nutrients and water from other flowers. When growing a mountaineer, it is necessary to control the level of its cultivation and timely make adjustments to the shoots.