Due to its beauty and unusual appearance, globular willow is very popular in parks and garden plots of our country. Even planting only this decorative look, you can create very original compositions and entire gardens. Such trees are amenable to topiary, they are traditionally used in single or group plantings and as hedges.
Spherical willow in landscape design
Some people for landscape design seek to acquire only exotic ornamental plants. And they completely forget about the most simple, unpretentious trees that are as beautiful as the southern brothers. These trees include willow brittle globose, which grows throughout Russia.
For registration of a plot, it is enough to find this tree in spring. Cut a couple of twigs from it and plant them in the ground. And next season you will have a spherical decorative masterpiece growing up. For better clarity, we attach a photo of a spherical willow in the landscape design of the garden plot.
Fragile willow grows to 15 - 20 m. Its branches with leaves are concentrated at the top of the crown and give the tree a very attractive look. It has large lanceolate leaves, with small notches along the edges, the upper side is green and the bottom is bluish. In autumn, the foliage becomes yellow-green. The flowering of spherical willow begins in May and coincides with the blooming of buds. Glossy shoots have an olive color, when planting root very well.
The tree is unpretentious, resistant to frost and tolerates pruning. This type of willow looks very picturesque in a single and group planting of 3 - 4 pcs. It also looks spectacular in combination with birch and spruce in large areas.
Fragile willow has a variety called Bulat's willow globose. The tree is of medium height, about 7 m, although sometimes it grows to 15 m. And the width of its crown can reach 8 m. The crown of the tree is very thick, beautiful, regular, spherical, sometimes dome-shaped. Elongated pointed dark green leaves are concentrated at the top of the crown. The shoots are olive green.
Bulat is unpretentious, resistant to winds. Does not freeze even in extreme cold, withstands up to -50 degrees.
The main advantage of this willow - it is ideal for forming. With the help of pruning you can make any shape or height of a plant. Most often used to create compositions with large, tall ornamental trees. One-two willows or several such trees look especially picturesque on the bank of a pond, they can also be used for a hedge.
As a result of the work of the Ural breeder Shaburov, another decorative frost-resistant variety was bred - dwarf spherical willow. This ball in diameter can reach up to 3 m, with frequent pruning it becomes denser. Annual shoots are reddish in color. The leaves are small 5 - 10 mm, with small notches on the edges and slight pubescence on both sides.
It is characterized by high winter hardiness, resistance to pests and infections, and tolerates pruning. Great for forming hedges and garden bonsai.
Features planting spherical willow
In planting and caring willow globular quite unpretentious. But be sure to consider general recommendations.
Landing area must be fully open. The tree can grow on almost all types of soil, except overdried sand. But the best for it is suitable clay fertile land, where a lot of moisture.
Planting is desirable to do in the spring, (April-May), when the soil is still damp. Moreover, this time coincides with pruning, so you can use cut branches for reproduction.
Globular willow is easily propagated by cutting. Let's see what should be done for this.
- In the spring, you need to choose annual shoots on the tree, which are easily recognized by the presence of buds.
- Shoots must be cut into cuttings of 20–30 cm, be sure to leave 5–7 buds above.
- Then select the thickest cuttings and plant in the ground at half the length.
- The soil should be wet and in close contact with the cuttings, so after planting they are carefully watered.
- Approximately in a couple of weeks the plant will put down strong roots. All this time it needs good watering.
Shoots should be cut in early spring, before the buds bud. Otherwise, rooting will be much worse or not happen at all. While the timely cut shoots root well, even without special stimulants.
Breeding varieties, such as Shaburova's spherical dwarf willow, are immersed in the ground along with the substrate. In this case, the seedlings must be carefully removed from the containers and landed in a trench at a distance of 50 cm between the bushes.
Rooting cuttings preferably not in the water, but immediately in the soil. Despite the fact that cuttings take root faster in a glass of water, problems may arise with them when they are planted in the ground. Often this simple procedure can lead to their death.
Care for spruce willow and pruning
For the trees to grow well, they need the right care, watering and watering.
This plant is very fond of moisture, so the first year after planting spherical willow requires abundant watering. And in the hot summer season, an adult tree requires additional irrigation of the crown.
Every year, in early spring, the soil around young plants should be loosened and complex fertilizers should be applied. In late summer, it is desirable to fertilize the soil with superphosphate and potassium sulfate.
The willow is spherical in the landscape design of the site necessarily requires shaping. The first year after planting a tree is better not to cut. And when they reach a height of 1 m, you need to start pruning.
What is this procedure? In early spring, young shoots should be cut to 15-20 cm, while be sure to leave the buds at the ends of the branches. It is necessary to cut the shoots at an angle so that no water stagnates on the cut surface. It can cause wood rot.
It is necessary to maintain the optimal distance between the cut and the nearest kidney. If you cut right next to the kidney, there is a risk that it dries or freezes. If the distance is too large, a stump is formed, where infection can penetrate.
Some novice gardeners fear pruning shoots, so as not to harm them. However, without trimming, the decorative look will not have a thick and beautiful crown.
It is considered a tree of average size. - it reaches 10-15 meters in height, and its crown diameter is 8-12 meters. The crown is spherical or umbrella-shaped, perfectly round and spreading. The branches of the tree in the fourth year become very fragile, because of what it got its name. In the first years of life, willow is more like a shrub, in an adult form it is a single or multi-stem plant.
A characteristic difference from other willow species is that its branches are directed strictly upwards. Small branches and foliage are concentrated in the outer spherical layer. Because of this, the crown from a distance looks like dark green velvet. From the bottom of the tree are visible only dark branches, resembling the spokes of an umbrella. In autumn, a leafless tree looks spectacular due to the high density of olive-colored shoots. In winter, the naked crown looks like a graceful forged ball.
The leaves are green, have elongated lanceolate form. They are not hairy and shiny, they are 10 cm long, 1.2 cm wide. In autumn, the leaves barely stain and fall either green or slightly yellowish. Windfall is peculiar to willow, which makes the crown empty inside - only skeletal branches remain. As well as thin twigs self-identify at the ends of the shoots, which is why the crown is self-formed.
Fragile willow bloom occurs in April-May and runs parallel to the blooming of the leaves. Flowers are large yellow-green earrings with pronounced stamens. This species of willow is an excellent honey plant. In the spring buds of dark, almost black color appear.. The tree grows from 50 to 80 years.
Planting and breeding
This species is propagated by branches - shoots broken off by the wind fall to the ground and germinate. Under natural conditions, in this way there are whole thickets. To grow a tree from a branch, it is simply stuck into a moist soil in the selected area. After 2 weeks the seedling will take root. Other breeding methods are not widely used, as they do not make much sense. The tree grows quickly: by the age of 3 it reaches 4 meters, and the crown expands by 2.5 meters. It is important to understand that the older the tree, the worse it tolerates the transplant. Three-year willows are better not to touch.
Like other willow species, this species is unpretentious. Still, if you want to achieve the maximum effect, plant a tree in the sunny area, although it tolerates penumbra. For this, both fertile and clayey soil is suitable. Wood prefers wetNormally drained heavy or light soils. Not afraid of short-term droughts and waterlogging, grows poorly on saline and highly compacted soils.
Although the tree is wind resistant, small branches can break off in large numbers. In this regard, seedlings should not be planted in heavily blown areas with large piles of snow. The species grows well in the conditions of the city. Fragile willow has excellent frost resistance - it does not freeze even in extreme cold.
- Garter - helps young trees carry strong winds.
- Mulching - allows longer retain moisture in the soil.
- Loosening the soil is relevant only for young willows. For this, the soil around the trunk is dug up in half-depth shovels.
- Watering - is abundant. In hot weather, willow is watered often and abundantly.
- Top dressing - is carried out no more than once per season. To do this, use organic fertilizer or nitroammofosku.
- Warming - in this procedure need young, immature trees. To this end, the lower part of the trunk is tied with rags and covered with straw.
- Pruning of the crown - is carried out in early spring to give the tree an attractive appearance. Trimming can also be carried out on a shtambe - in this case, young growth is regularly removed. After winter, broken and dried branches are removed. In the warm period, formative trimming can be carried out several times.
Diseases and pests
Pests of a tree there are up to two dozen. These are insects - willow volnyanka, poplar hawk moth, tree borers, all sorts of beetles and hymenoptera. They are fought with insecticides. Besides, the tree can become infected with fungi and diseases (rust, powdery mildew, spotting). For their prevention, the crown and trunk are sprayed with special chemicals.
- Willow fragile can decorate the landscape in early spring. The fact is that the bark turns green even before the leaves appear - from a distance it looks very beautiful.
- The tree tolerates corrective pruning. Due to this, the crown of willow can differ significantly from the wild.
- "Bulat" looks great in hedges and groups, planting along the tracks and near water bodies, in urban landscaping.
- The variety has proven itself in topiary art to create geometric shapes and shapes.
- Willow fragile gives a good shade, so it is used to create shady alleys and decorate street cafes. A dense crown easily protects the local area from unwanted views.
Willow fragile "Bulat" is a beautiful and unpretentious tree. It looks spectacular at any time and does not need special care. It is easy to propagate willow branches. If you like landscape design, it is better not to find a tree - its crown is easy to form, and even without leaves it looks very impressive.
Features landing and care
Before you buy a willow, you need to study its agricultural techniques. She prefers to grow in sunny areas, but she tolerates a small shade normally. It is better to plant it on moist humus soil, however, it is reconciled with a small drought. It grows equally well on light and heavy ground. From compaction and soil salinization suffers.
Feeds well on trimming and trimming. During the drought, it is necessary to water additionally.
The tree is used as a tapeworm on the plot, and also it is suitable for group compositions. In our nursery, willow is often taken for disembarkation on the banks of reservoirs, in a recreation area, in playgrounds.
Salix 'Scharovidnii Karlik'
Willow "Spherical dwarf" - slow-growing and small-growth tree with a curved trunk and c bark covered with deep cracks. The height of an adult plant can vary from 2.0 to 3.0 m. Very often, a tree branches out into several trunks. Annual shoots are short, straight, thin, reddish-brown. The leaves are small, lanceolate, 50-60 mm long. The crown is spherical and green.
It differs from parental species with greater winter hardiness (down to -34ºС). The tree is very light-loving. The degree of damage by pests and diseases is weak.
To form headquarters it is necessary in the first years to remove unnecessary shoots and tie the shtamb to the support. Also, pruning is needed in order to adjust the density of the spherical crown.
Because of its small size it is ideal for small gardens, it looks beautiful near water. Used as an accent plant or in a single planting. Due to its slow growth, it is ideal for the formation of garden bonsai grown in open field - nivaki. Can also be grown in containers.
Purple willow, yellow frost (Latin Salix purpurea) - elegant shrub up to 4 m tall, with a rounded, dense crown and very thin, flexible, graceful shoots with a purple tinge and bluish bloom. The leaves are very elegant, narrow-lanceolate, up to 15 cm long. It blooms in April before the leaves bloom or almost at the same time as them. The purple name has received its specific name for the bright coloration of men's earrings during flowering - the accrete stamens with anthers of purple color. Seeds scatter in May - June.
Light-requiring It grows fast, winter-hardy, avoids places with high groundwater levels. Better than others transfers pruning.
Easily propagated by cuttings and stakes, gives pneumosos. Perfectly replenished and seeds.
Outside Russia grows in Western Europe, North Africa, Mongolia and China. It grows in the flat territory of the European part of Russia, from the middle forest zone to the south, from the Baltic to the Urals, including the Crimea and the Caucasus, rising low in the mountains in Western Siberia and the northern part of Central Asia.
Due to its decorative effect it can be used in any types of plantings.
Description of Spherical Willow
Ball willow can look either like a big multi-trunked shrub up to 7 meters in height, with powerful skeletal branches forming a lush sprawling crown of three meters in diameter, or as a small compact stem tree that requires more careful care than a bush. In order to maintain the round shape of the crown of such a tree, it is necessary to regularly remove young shoots, shear the branches emerging from the round crown.
Willow is decorative at any time of the year, and this is what attracts gardeners-designers who use the plant to create unique landscape design.
Willow Ball - a great healer. In the old days, they knew that willow is excellent in treating fever, and they actively used various tinctures and decoctions from the bark and branches of the plant. Only a hundred years ago, aspirin was extracted from the willow bark - a drug without which it is impossible to imagine human life now. And recently, new therapeutic properties of the drug have been discovered as an excellent prophylactic against cancer.
Willow provides excellent raw materials for various household needs. They make kitchen utensils, dishes and make wicker furniture that is very fashionable nowadays. Soft and light wood is suitable for various handicrafts, used in construction, branches with greens go to feed animals.
Willow (or, as it is otherwise called willow) is the very first of all plants to wake up after a cold winter, therefore, willow twigs with the first delicate leaves are used in the Orthodox Easter holiday, Palm Sunday.
Willows are actively planted along the banks of rivers, canals, to fix the banks, cliffs, slopes, slopes, dams. Willow and its variety - Spherical willow - one of the oldest plants on earth. It appeared in the distant Cretaceous period, more than 170 different plant species have survived to this day. The main distribution area is the Northern Hemisphere. The willow is very cold-resistant and in the north it is found even beyond the Arctic Circle, and in the mountains it can grow near the ice edge itself. The willow looks like a tree or a small shrub, the polar willow is more like a grass plant just a few centimeters high.
Willow is an amazing plant, from time immemorial it had a special, respectful attitude. Many myths and legends composed of this unique plant among different nations. Slavs and American Indians considered willow to be a sacred tree, they went to pray to it, asked for help and protection. For many peoples willow is associated with the image of a sad, beautiful girl. В традиции восточных народов Китая и Японии ива – символ красоты и утончённости. Она ассоциировалась с образом богини материнства, поэтому олицетворяла любовь и доброту.
В мифологии ива имеет двойственное значение. В одном случае она выступает как символ жизни, солнца, а в другом – смерти, печали. According to legend, it is from the flexible branches of willow that you can make a flute, from the music of which the dead rise.
In summer and autumn, the tree is covered with graceful elongated leaves with a two-tone color. From above leaflets are glossy, dark green, and below are light, with a bluish tinge. In the spring, the tree is covered with delicate fluffy buds, which are affectionately called "cats". They are very decorative and give the plant an unusually picturesque view.
In winter, the plant is attractive because of its unique shape and the pleasant color of twigs, which have a reddish or olive green, and sometimes yellowish color. This creates the impression of a transparent, glowing crown from the inside.
Willow belongs to plants with high frost resistance, it does not freeze even in the most severe frosts, it is well acclimatized in various regions of Russia from the west to the Urals and the Far East.
Features of the cultivation of willow
To the conditions of growth of willow Globular very unpretentious. Under natural conditions, it grows in open, well-lit areas, but in landscape gardening it tolerates light shading, without losing its decorative effect.
The willow is undemanding to soil fertility; it develops well on swampy, sandy and clayey soils. The only prerequisite is good soil moisture., because in natural conditions Globular willow prefers to grow in the marshy lowlands. That is why the best place for landing of the Globular willow will be the shore of the reservoir, where the tree will receive a sufficient amount of moisture and show its best decorative qualities.
Planting and transplanting plants can take place throughout the growing season, but for better survival and adaptation, it is still best to do this in early spring or late autumn.
In the landing pit, you can add a little humus and mix it well with the ground. But putting humus right before planting is not recommended: you can burn the plant. For heavy clay soils for better survival of the plant should be made in the planting pit drainage bedding with a layer of sand or expanded clay up to 15 cm.
The willow is not afraid of the root collar penetration, therefore, when planting, you can place the plant at the soil level or even deepen it by 10-15 cm. In this case, additional lateral or adventitious roots are formed near the tree.
After completing the planting of the tree correctly, further care can be forgotten: the plant no longer requires any special care and attention. Green beauty will be great to grow and develop, delighting you with its extraordinary beauty.
The only clarification: if a willow is planted not on the shore of a reservoir, but in a regular park, garden or public garden, the plant should be provided with regular and abundant watering, since the willow loves water and rather moist soils, especially for plants that have recently been transplanted, with not yet formed deep root system.
Sprinkling is recommended on very hot, dry days. Young plantings in the spring are loosened, weeds are removed and mulched with a layer of peat, this provides moisture retention and weed protection.
Willow Globular perfectly tolerates haircut and trimming., but practically it does not need, unless you want to create any particular form of crown. The haircut is carried out in early spring, before bud break. Usually, damaged and dried branches are cut, and lower long shoots and sprigs out of shape are removed from standard trees. Sometimes in order to rejuvenate the bush, they do a radical pruning to the very root. Willow tolerates it completely painlessly and grows new healthy young shoots.
Willow perfectly tolerates urban conditions, is not afraid of gas pollution and smoke, it is often used for planting urban squares, parks, streets.
Willow Ball in landscape design
Ball Willow for use in landscape design - a unique plant with amazing decorative qualities.
Magnificent spherical crown allows gardeners-designers to create unique landscape landscapesusing only this kind of plants. Combining willow trees and shrubs of different heights and shapes, you can get amazing landscape compositions that will attract the eye, create a special mood. This technique is often used to create amazingly beautiful Japanese gardens and gardens for relaxation.
Willow is great for topiary haircuts.: it can be given any shape or appearance. It is suitable for growing in the style of bonsai, especially well suited for the special haircut Nivaki, often used in the creation of a Japanese garden.
Willow is equally good for both large park and garden complexes.where it can be used to create alleys or spectacular compositions, as well as for small homestead gardens. Willow Spherical shtambovoy form, thanks to its spectacular appearance, looks good in a single landing on a lawn or flower garden. It can play the role of an accent in a group composition, or become an excellent background for other ornamental plants.
But best of all the plant is suitable for landscaping the coastal zone of the reservoir. Willow Spherical amazingly good on the shore of a pond or stream. Planted with a string or curtain - a freely growing group of trees or shrubs - it will give the landscape extraordinary charm and elegance.
Willow is perfect for creating a hedge, and the shape and height for a hedge, you can choose any, because the plant is well tolerated shearing and trimming.
Willow looks good in landscape compositions in the "Russian" style. Planted willow is decorated with stones, the free space between the stones is framed with moss, planted with yellow marsh irises and creeping junipers. Such a composition will be good to fascinate the eyes and amaze neighbors and friends.
Globular willows are unique plants. Among them, depending on the variety, there are dwarfs and giants that grow up to 20 m in height. Based on the description, each plant has a spherical shape of a crown with thick leaves. From a distance it looks like a green cap. The lower part of the trunk while devoid of branches and leaves. Any variety of willow is a honey plant, therefore it is highly valued by beekeepers. The plant is planted even in the northern regions, since it can withstand t ° to -45 ° C.
In the gardens of the Russians grow the following varieties: Willow eared. This shrub with branches of dark brown color grows up to 3 m. Young stems are red-brown. Willow purple. This bush spherical willow about 2 m in height. Purple shoots are thin and flexible. After flowering, purple earrings appear on the plant. Willow whole-leaved Hakuro Nishiki. Can be grown as a tree or shrub. The plant has an unusual color of leaves of a pink-white shade. With proper pruning, a dense ball-shaped crown is formed. Willow Hybrid Spherical Dwarf. Height is up to 3 m. Leaves are up to 6 cm long, their width is 0,6 - 1 cm. Willow hybrid "beacon". The plant is short, with flexible branches, which are used for weaving. Grown as a shrub, a height of not more than 2.5 m.
Landing technology scheme
Planting a tree or a bush is simple, but there are some nuances that gardeners should know about. You can plant and transplant willow at any time, but not later than mid-autumn, so that the root system can be strengthened. Otherwise, the sapling will die in winter.
Planting step by step: For planting it is necessary to prepare landing pits: about 0.5 m in diameter and 30-40 cm in depth. If there is a lot of clay in the soil, a drainage pad is made of sand or rubble. At 1/3 the depth of the pit stack nutrient composition of a mixture of peat, sand and compost in equal shares. If the soil is depleted, then add 200 g azofoski under each seedling. The soil is stirred, poured a bucket of water. Soil tamped. Spread some earth on top so as not to burn the root system. Put a sapling and sprinkle with soil. Plants are gently shaken to the ground evenly distributed in the root system, and tamped. Around the bush draw pristvolny circle, which is poured into 2 buckets of water. High seedlings must be tied to a peg in order to fix the vertical growth and protect from gust.
Sapling grown in a peat pot, planted directly in the tank.
Watering and feeding
How fast willow grows is envied by many gardeners. The plant loves moisture, so it needs to be watered and sprayed often. Especially high demand for water in young plants up to 3 years. Immediately after planting, seedlings are watered daily. After rooting, it is charged with moisture 1 per week. 3-5 pills of water are poured under the adult plant.
Watered early in the morning or in the evening not only at the root, but also in parallel with the sprinkling of leaves.
If dwarf spherical willow is planted in places where groundwater comes close to the surface, then after rooting, watering can be excluded.
As for feeding, it is made only if the soil is depleted. During the summer, fertilize the land twice, in small quantities and at the root.
In the willow spherical bulat, like in other varieties of ornamental plants, in the first 2-3 years after planting, pruning is undesirable. You can trim the branches only in the framework of sanitary pruning. After the tree reaches 1 m in height, you can proceed to the formation of the crown. Young branches are shortened by no more than 20 cm, always leaving a kidney at the end. Trimming should be done at an angle so that the water falling on the cut, freely drained and not stagnant. Gardeners should know that pruning a spherical willow does not harm: the more the twigs are cut, the thicker the crown will be. On adult willows, shearing is done every year.
How to deal with pests and diseases
Rakita, like any garden plants, can get sick or suffer an invasion of pests. Therefore, the plants inspect the leaves and wood in order to timely come to the rescue willow. In the fall, plants are treated with special preparations for cytosporic and diplodin necrosis. Effectively spray the planting with 1% of copper sulphate or with Khom. If cracks appear on the rock, they should be cleaned and smeared with a solution of clay with a mullein or covered with oil paint. Willow is affected:
- powdery mildew,
- different types of spots,
No need to wait for recurrence of disease, prevention will preserve the health of the crown and wood. Treated plantings in spring and autumn. In the case of the appearance of diseases, extraordinary treatment is carried out.
Correct pruning allows you to avoid disease: hanging branches should not touch the ground. Be sure to clean and burn the fallen leaves, in which spores and mushrooms winter.
From the pests of spherical rakite, silkworm-wormtail caterpillars annoy. The larvae and eggs are harvested by hand while the willow is small. Later sprayed bushes or trees with pesticides. Due to the aphid invasion, the decorative nature of the willow also suffers. It is necessary to treat the stands with insecticides.
Beginner gardeners are interested in how to propagate a spherical willow - in fact in the wild nature a rakita breeds by seeds. Seeds ripen in earrings, fly away even with a slight breeze. It is not easy to collect them, so the cultivated plants are obtained by layering or cuttings.
All varietal qualities are preserved in rakit grown by the method of cutting.
White spherical willow, as well as other varieties, is propagated by cuttings.
Step-by-step instruction: In spring, until the leaves bloom, cuttings are cut from 1-2 summer shoots. If the crayfish is spherical tall, then the length of the cuttings is 30-40 cm. For dwarf cultures, 15-20 cm is enough. The lower part is cut obliquely and the crown straight. Before planting, cuttings of spherical willow are soaked for a day in the Kornevine. To root spherical willow, planting material is stuck into the soil, leaving no more than 3 buds above the surface. The handle can be placed directly or at an angle. Until the plant takes root, it needs to be watered every day. It is important to monitor that the topsoil is always wet. At first, the young crayfish is weak, so all the weeds are necessarily removed.
Reproduction of spherical willow is possible not only in the open field, but also on the windowsill. Cuttings are cut in early spring and rooted in pots. With the onset of heat, seedlings are transferred to a permanent place.
Rakita brittle spherical propagated by layering basal shoots. Early spring planting material is separated along with the roots. In order not to develop fungal diseases, the root system must be treated with fungicides and plant the seedling in a permanent place.
The combination of willow with other plants
Rakita can be planted next to:
It should only be taken into account when planting and caring for the spherical willow, that its crown grows in breadth. Some designers use willow to create Japanese gardens in the style of bonsai, growing miniature trees.
Since spherical willows grow quickly, in 2-3 years you can get a hedge. This is an excellent site protection, but the main thing is still an attractive appearance.
Grow spherical willow on the site easily. Plants can be planted anywhere in the garden, even in unsuitable for other cultivated plants.