Dutch Iris is very beautiful. However, it requires a lot of care, especially in spring, at the time of intense flowering. This type of bulbous irises is also called net. Planting iris reticulated bulbs requires certain skills. If you master the basic subtleties of caring for irises, which have grown as a result of planting from a bulb, in the spring the Dutch iris will surely thank you for the proper care with wonderful flowers.
Caring for Dutch irises and planting plants from bulbs are about the same as caring for other onion plants, such as tulips. However, there are some nuances. Grow from bulbs wonderful flower very interesting. The main thing is to buy high-quality bulbs and properly prepare them for planting. You can plant them together with other onion plants, but you can select a separate place for these beauties. It is very interesting to watch how a plant appears in a small bulb, which gradually blossoms in spring with wonderful flowers.
Dutch Iris and other bulbous irises: key benefits
If you plant correctly and choose high-quality bulbs for planting, from a small bulb, under favorable conditions, a wonderful flower will grow rather quickly. Bulbs for planting must be acquired in specialized stores or nurseries. Before planting the bulbs must be treated with a solution of antifungal fluid, to prevent rotting. Here, perhaps, and all the wisdom of landing.
They enjoy a great love of flower growers lovers, because they have the following advantages:
- The flowers are very beautiful, they have a bright and at the same time very delicate color,
- They look good in a flower bed, in the front garden, in the flower garden,
- Dutch iris can grow not only in the garden, but also at home, in a pot,
- Border of Dutch irises looks very impressive.
What to look for when growing flowers at home
Usually amateur flower growers plant a whole group of plants. The more flowers planted, the more beautiful this group looks in late spring - early summer, when they bloom together. Most Dutch flowers are two-colored: red-violet or yellow-violet, large are popular also light blue, its color reminiscent of the spring cloudless sky. Growing Dutch irises in the garden or in the room, you need to know that they are quite demanding for watering. If such flowers grow at home in pots, and an amateur florist often leaves the house, it makes sense to use an automatic irrigation system using a capillary mat.
However, during irrigation, it is necessary to observe the measure, since the increased soil moisture can provoke the development of a fungal infection. The fungus rapidly infects the bulbs, causing the plant to die quickly. Therefore, with watering you need to be very careful. For feeding It is best to use special mineral complexes designed for bulbous plants. In no case can not feed them with liquid undiluted manure or bird droppings, because this way you can “burn” the onion and destroy the delicate flower. The use of fresh manure also contributes to the development of rot and fungal infections.
Dutch Iris Bulb Planting and Care
Caring for the plant is necessary, given the main features of this bulbous plant. Once novice florist I planted an iris from an onion, and the first shoots appeared, you need to immediately develop a plan of basic care activities. Key care activities include:
- Soil loosening
- Weed control.
Useful advice on care
These flowers like heat and sunlight, do not like cold and damp. In cold climates with high air humidity plants bulbs rot. It is best to plant them on a hill or on a hill, just not in the shadow, and in the sun, so that the plant, in any case, did not experience a deficiency of sunlight. Flowers are afraid of the cold wind. If they are grown as a houseplant, there should be no drafts in the room where the plant pot is located. To protect the delicate plants from the wind, it is not recommended even to slam the door loudly and often open the window.
Immediately after planting, watering plants is not necessary. Before the emergence of the first shoots of the bulbs is enough moisture obtained from the soil. Additional watering will not benefit. On the contrary, it will increase the likelihood of mold and mildew. After the emergence of the first shoots gradually begin to water. Watering them often, but very moderately. The soil should not dry out. Moisture should be smooth only so that it is completely absorbed into the ground, but not more. When the buds begin to bloom, it is not worth watering them at all, because during this period they are especially susceptible to various fungal diseases.
Iris can be fed with special mineral complexes for bulbous plants, but, for faster and more intensive development of irises, they definitely need organic fertilizers. Flowers will be good grow next with a bunch of compost or right on the heap, because all the time they are drawn to the sun and love to grow on a dais. You can use ground egg shells and other food waste for additional mineral dressing.
Approximately in September, the iris bulbs are dug out and carried away for storage. Store the bulbs in a dark dry place. In no case, you can not store the bulbs where it is damp, because they can get a fungus. As planting material can only be used. large bulbs without superficial damage and signs of decay. Bulbs affected by fungus or decay are burned immediately after sorting in order to quickly stop the spread of infection. Fungal infection is easy to see visually: diseased bulbs are covered with black or dark gray patina.
Bulb irises in landscape design
Plants are often used in landscape design. So, they look good in the alpine slides. The higher plant irisesthe better they will grow, so the top of the alpine slide is one of the best options. Also for irises can be divided into a separate flower bed of any shape. From them very beautiful borders turn out.
The large space planted exclusively with flowers looks impressive. Dutch irises blend well with other varieties of these colors. However, it is best to grow the Dutch separately from any other plants, because they are quite demanding for the care and moisture of the soil.
If the flower is grown as a houseplant, flowering, in a beautifully decorated pot will serve as an original gift to relatives and friends. In the summer pots with iris can be taken to the country. If you put them in original pots, such pots will perfectly decorate the country landscape.
Some more interesting ideas
In order for flowers to delight the eye during the entire warm season, several varieties of these bulbous plants should be planted in the backyard area, starting with iris-primroses that bloom simultaneously with snowdrops, and ending with the traditional Dutch irises, blooming in June and July. Then the irises will bloom gradually, and the flowerbed will never look empty.
As soon as one variety fades, another blooms, and so it is repeated several times during the warm season. It is very convenient, the main thing is not to forget to water those plants that do not bloom yet, and stop in time watering flowering varieties. Irises of different varieties have approximately the same requirements for care, so it is quite simple to care for a flowerbed consisting of several varieties of irises.
Many flower growers prefer irises that have a two-tone color, although monochromatic flowers, especially pale blue, are also beautiful and interesting in their own way. With proper care flowers of dutch irises they are large, bright, with a subtle pleasant aroma. If the plant does not suit the temperature and humidity of the air, the flowers are small and quickly fade. The pronounced deformation of colors is a sign of a lack of useful substances or an unsuitable acidity of the soil.
In order to successfully grow a Dutch iris from a bulb, a novice gardener must choose a quality planting material and properly prepare it for planting in open ground. If know all the details of care for these one-year-old beauties, irises will delight the eye with their bright, variegated or pale blue coloring throughout the summer. Irises are pretty capricious flowers, but with the right approach, growing them will not take much time and effort. The main thing is not to “flood” these flowers with water and not to hide them from the sun.
What does an iris bulb look like?
This is a perennial herb with an elongated bulb instead of rhizome. By itself, the bulb - a modified and shortened underground shoot, resembling a kidney. With a vertical section from the top to the bottom in the middle part of the bulb you can find the germ of the floral arrow. Around it, like wrappers, are the rudiments of leaves. They have the function of accumulating nutrients.
Between the embryos of the leaves are axillary and central buds. The outer layer of the bulb - integumentary scales. The diameter of the bulbs is not very large - it ranges from 2 to 3.5 cm.
More common for our gardeners are rhizome species of irises. These are the flowers that in childhood we called cockerels and killers. However, bulbous irises are no longer exotic either. The most common of these is the Dutch iris. The scientific name of this flower is Xiphium. Despite the fact that Xypium belongs to the Iris family and belongs to the genus Iris, it is recognized as a separate member of the genus. Sometimes, by the way, this causes confusion in the special literature.
Iris Dutch bulbous, planting and care which are described in this article, gives flower stalks of different heights. Dwarf species can give a flower stalk height of 30 cm. Ordinary xythium reaches a height of 80 cm.
The plant has narrow-galling leaves, and the flower has a complex structure. In the bud 3 external and 3 internal shares of the perianth. Internal lobes are located vertically and have a narrow and broadly lanceolate form. Outer lobes have a rounded shape and are directed to the bottom.
Usually a yellow or orange spot is present in the center of the outer segments of the perianth. Dutch iris bud has several color options and leaf widths. Moreover, it can be monophonic or two-color.
Possible color petals:
- yellow of different intensity
- different shades of blue and blue,
- different shades of purple,
- combined options of all listed colors.
Where are used Dutch irises
Dutch Iris is often planted in home gardens and garden beds. Landscape designers are actively promoting the view, using it in mixborders and alpine slides. From the bright colors make up bouquets that are appropriate to give to men, especially with regard to bouquets of blue and purple gamma. Low-growing bulbous irises can be grown as houseplants.
It is worth noting that the cut flower of bulbous Dutch iris will stand in a bouquet much longer than root varieties. It is especially good to use rainwater for a vase, since it does not contain chlorine.
How to choose the soil for planting
When the Dutch iris is described, planting seems to be a difficult task for many. But it is not so. It is enough to have information about several nuances of this process.
One of them - the choice of soil for the plant. The main thing you need to know is that irises do not tolerate excess moisture. They quickly die from rotting bulbs and roots. Before planting it is important to take care of drainage. However, it is not necessary to locate it directly under the plants. Well-established shallow trench filled with gravel or broken brick, dug near the flower beds along its entire length.
For those who are first going to plant Dutch bulbous iris, planting and care begins with the choice of soil. The ideal soil for this plant is friable, with high air permeability, nutritious, neutral or slightly alkaline. In addition, it must be water permeable.
In the sandy and peaty mixed turf and leaf earth, if necessary, adjust the acidity. Do not use fresh manure and excessive doses of chemical fertilizers. The ideal option is well ripened compost or humus (a compost bucket for 1 m² of land). After making dressing thoroughly mixed with the soil. Subsequently, the irises are fed with wood ash.
How to plant bulbs
Do you want a Dutch bulbous iris to bloom under your window? Planting plants as follows:
- A round peg (diameter about 5 cm) pierce the soil 15 cm deep. Between the pits maintain a distance of about 10 cm.
- A handful of large river sand is poured into the hole, into which the onion is buried 1-2 cm.
- From above the onion is filled with the same sand.
After purchase, any bulbs should be treated with a solution of fungicide and slightly dried. Before planting, no later than 2 days, pour a flowerbed or a pot with a weak solution of potassium permanganate and potassium humate.
Slightly sprouted onions, with sprouts and roots, planted in a trench. Depth can be from 15 to 20 cm. It helps to carefully position the roots and not damage them. In this case, the sand is filled to about 2/3 of the trench height. On top of the Dutch irises (bulbous species), gently compressed with sand and covered with soil mixture. Then watering is performed. The soil can be mulched with sand, small pebbles, gravel.
Another convenient way to disembark
Dutch bulbous irises can be planted in a special basket. This is a plastic container with a large number of gaps and openings for access of air and outflow of water. It is inexpensive, it can be found in flower shops or ordered from the World Wide Web.
The basket should be put on the ground and cut around with a shovel, remove the sod along the contour and dig a hole about 15 cm deep, add necessary fertilizers to it, then put the basket on top and pour loose earth mixed with compost into it. Next in the basket is placed the required number of bulbs, which are covered with earth on top. At the end of flowering capacity is dug out, and all the bulbs are stored.
Flowering begins in late May. Depending on the variety, the difference in time of the appearance of peduncles with buds is 2-3 weeks. If it is wet and cool outside, then the flowers delight up to three or four weeks. In dry sunny weather, they bloom faster.
If you pick varieties of bulbous irises with different blooms, then a smart flowerbed will delight even longer. And after it remains juicy and beautiful foliage, which can also serve as decoration.
How to care for a blooming Dutch iris
During flowering the Dutch iris is not very whimsical. It should be watered only in a very dry summer. Typically, Xirium has enough natural moisture and morning dew. If neighboring plants require watering, the irises simply cover with a film, so that water does not fall into the hole. Regular dressing bulbous irises do not need. It is enough to feed the wood ash or mineral mixture a week before flowering. Time is determined by the beginning of the formation of buds, they look like seals between the leaves of the plant.
What to do next
So, the buds have faded, the xypium's foliage has completely dried. What to do next? Does the iris require Dutch care after flowering? After complete drying of the leaves of the plant, the bulb should be dug. What is nice, where the gardener planted one onion, they will be a small nest. Each onion for the next year can be planted separately, and you can leave them in the nest for 3-4 years. If the gardener has divided it, then next year only the largest bulbs will bloom, and the trifle will grow several seasons, preparing for flowering.
The bulbs are dried and stored in a dry place until the beginning of Indian summer. Then they can again be planted in beds, but if the climate in the region is cold, then the landing should be covered for the winter. Thus, you can sort out the colors, timing of flowering and the height of the peduncles, and the next year to create the perfect flower garden.
Diseases and pests
Dutch Iris damage sheet drillers. In this case, the damaged leaves are cut, and the plant is treated with insecticides. Be sure to dig up the ground in the fall and remove last year’s foliage and cut stems and branches of other plants.
Of the diseases, the most dangerous for irises are various forms of blotches.
Flower grower reviews
There are a lot of varieties of Dutch irises. According to flower growers, these plants have a very large flower. In reviews, most people praise the Dutch iris, as it is unpretentious in the care and has a rather beautiful appearance. Такое растение хорошо приживается в умеренной климатической зоне.
Все цветоводы единодушны в том, что ирисы голландские (посадка и уход были описаны в этой статье) станут украшением любого садового участка или клумбы.
Добавление статьи в новую подборку
The bulbous irises, which bloom on our plots along with other primroses, will help to diversify the spring flowerbed and add more bright colors to it.
Irises - a large group of perennials, among which there are a variety of species and varieties. They can be dwarf or giant, and also differ in the shape of flowers and their color. Most of the irises are root-bearing plants, but in nature there are also bulbous specimens, which have been divided into 3 separate genus: Iridodictium (Iridodictyum), Juno (Juno) and Xyhium (Xiphion).
This genus includes 11 species, growing mainly in the mountains of Central Asia and the Western Urals. Also, these plants can be found in the Caucasus and the Balkan Peninsula. That is why they take root well in the climate of the middle zone. Iridodictiums are considered the most viable of all bulbous irises.
The name "iridodictium" comes from the Greek words "iris" (rainbow) and "diction" (grid) - due to the bright color of flowers and the reticulated upper layer of the bulbs.
This genus includes small plants. Iridodictiums grow in height to an average of 15 cm. The leaves of flowers are narrow and hard, appear together with buds. On each plant, usually only one flower blooms, reaching a diameter of 5-7 cm. The flowers of the iridodictium are very exotic, always with an unusual color and strong aroma.
Plants bloom in late March - early April and delight in their bloom for 2 weeks. At one place, these irises can grow up to 5 years.
Iridodictium Katharine Hodgkin
The genus Juno is more numerous than the iridodictium. It includes up to 40 species of bulbous plants that can be found in nature in the Caucasus, in Asia Minor and Central Asia, in South Africa and in the Mediterranean.
These bulbous irises are named after the Roman goddess Juno, who is considered the patroness of women.
Different species of Juno may vary in height: these irises grow from 10 to 50 cm. The leaves of the plants are located on the trunk in several rows. Flowers appear from the axils of the leaves and at the top of the stem. Thus, on one copy there can be up to 10 buds.
Juno are most often white, yellow, purple and lilac. The flowers of many species have a rich aroma. Plants bloom in April-May for 2-3 weeks. As well as iridodictiums, they can grow in one place up to 5 years.
This group of bulbous irises is the smallest. It includes only 6 species growing in the north-west of the Mediterranean coast. The climate of the middle zone is not considered to be too favorable for them, therefore, when grown in open ground every year they need to be dug out.
Xypiums get their name from the Greek word "xiphium" (sword) because of the shape of their leaves.
The leaves of Xifium narrow and elongated. The flowers are fairly simple compared to other bulbous irises. But they are quite large - they can reach 10 cm in diameter. The height of the plants is different - 30-80 cm (depending on the type and variety).
The color of flowers is monophonic: often white, yellow, blue, blue, purple. But there are also two-colored copies.
Xythium Professor Blaauw
Xythium White Excelsior
Xifium Royal Yellow
How to plant bulbous irises?
Plant bulbous irises should be in a sunny and sheltered place. But the area with high groundwater is not very suitable for these plants. Irises grow poorly in wet places and often get sick.
In the open ground iris bulbs are planted in late September - early October. They prefer a light and nutritious soil with a neutral reaction. Typically, the depth of planting is equal to triple the height of the bulb. Therefore, depending on the size of the planting material, it will be different. The distance between the plants should be equal to 3-4 bulb diameters.
Onion irises are planted in the holes or grooves, having previously poured a small layer of sand to the bottom for drainage. For the winter, it is advisable to cover a flower bed with plants with peat, spruce branches or dry fallen leaves.
What is the correct care for bulbous irises?
- In the spring, taking shelter from bulbous irises can be quite early: after the snow melts, but before the ground is completely thawed.
- The first feeding should be carried out after removing the cover with a mixture of nitrogen, phosphorus and potash fertilizers in a ratio of 2: 1: 1.
- During budding, bulbous irises should always be fed with nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium in a ratio of 3: 1: 2.
- A month after flowering, only phosphorus and potassium, taken in equal shares, should be added under the irises.
- Watering plants should be in dry weather and during active growth and flowering. However, this should be done moderately so as not to flood the irises.
- After watering the soil is desirable to loosen to prevent the formation of soil crust.
- When bulbous irises ottsvetut, watering should stop. After the leaves of the plants turn yellow, the bulbs can be dug out and sent to storage.
- Before laying the winter storage of iris bulbs should be dried for 2-4 weeks. At this time, iridodictiums and junons must be maintained at a temperature of 23–25 ° C, and xyrium is 30–35 ° C. In this case, the humidity should be in the range of 60-80%. By the end of the drying period, the temperature must be reduced to 15-17 ° C and stored in such conditions until planting. Humidity should be high - about 80%.
Description and variations
We take the iris Hollandica as a basis.
To begin with, let's move away from the topic and mention that heat-loving irises have three main varieties:
- Juno's. Characterized by heat-loving plants. Basically, they are grown as annuals.
- Iridodictiums (they are also called netted, for example, goldland Ash Iris Jade). The most unpretentious and undemanding. They bloom immediately after the snow melts.
- Xyphyums. This species, in turn, has its own categories: Spanish, American and Dutch. This variety is the most common in our area, so the subject of discussion - they are. Lovers grow them as annual flowers or indoor. To determine the belonging to the species can be by the presence of thick scales on the bulbs, which, after flowering, should be dug, dried and sent to a cold place to hibernate.
Dutch Iris is xiphium, and belongs to the hybrid varieties of the Dutch category, derived in the same country. In flower shops, they are sold in the form of bulbs covered with multiple layers of scales. In adult form, the height of the plant is on average 0.6 m, but it all depends on the variety. For example, a Dutch Diamond Blue Diamond (blue diamond), Casablanca, Blue Magic (blue magic) and other heights varies in the range of 0.45-0.7 m.
If you land irises in places inaccessible to the wind, they will not need support.
In itself, the plant is winter-hardy. However, in severe frosts, they need something to cover up in order to prevent freezing. Irises are widely used. They not only decorate flowerbeds of gardens and flower gardens, but also grow them under the slice to create bouquets and flower arrangements.
The flowering of Dutch iris (photo below) comes in the last week of May and lasts until the beginning of June. As for the spectrum of hues of buds, they can be the most diverse, starting with white and blue and ending with orange and purple. After flowering, the plant begins to dry the foliage, and by the end of August it dries out completely.
Dutch bulbous toffee: landing
In principle, planting bulbous irises is identical to the root. But still there are a number of nuances that must be strictly followed:
- The growing season of bulbous irises is rather short. Flowering occurs late in the summer, and quickly stops. Therefore, it is important to choose the right material for planting. In this case, you should pay attention to the golden color of the bulbs, the absence of dark spots or soft zones. From the correct choice depends on the development of plants and condition.
- Before planting a flower bulb, it is imperative to dip it into a solution of the fungicide and keep it there for several hours. This procedure protects it from rotting in the ground. After the seasoned onion is thoroughly dried.
- Bulbous Dutch iris is planted in spring.
- Land in a flowerbed or in a place where irises will be planted should be plowed in advance, and then disinfected with potassium permanganate (just water it.). This will help get rid of germs, bacteria that can harm the bulb and destroy the plant.
- Planted bulbs when they begin to appear roots. At the same time they are planted at a depth of 10-15 cm, keeping a distance of 15 cm between the specimens. Such a distance will ensure good development and growth of the plant and will not allow one to shadow each other in a group with each other.
- Planted bulbs sprinkle with soil and water well.
Basic rules for the care of bulbous Dutch iris
In order for the plant to develop without complications and have long enjoyed blooming, you should follow a number of rules for the care of flowers.
Irises are light-loving plants, so for planting it is necessary to choose dry and well-lit places. But at the same time, they should be protected from direct sunlight. An ideal place for a bed of partial shade with sufficient light.
As for the substrate, nutrient and loose soil is important for irises. However, its pH must be alkaline or neutral. If the indicators are different or a clay substrate prevails at the site, then adding sand will help to correct the situation, preventing water stagnation, as well as adding hydrated lime to adjust the pH to the required values.
Irises prefer loose soil, so after planting should be regularly loosening. 1-2 times / week will be enough.
Since the irises are very sensitive to over-wetting of the soil (this leads to rotting of the roots and further death of the entire bulb), before planting, you need to take care of good drainage so that the water can “leave” and not accumulate at the landing site.
Russia has rainy seasons, so after flowering the bulbs are recommended to dig, dry and put in a dry place for storage.
Also, the plant does not tolerate the effects of any chemicals. Therefore, with dressings you need to be very careful. It is better to stop the choice on compost or humus, in the amount of 1 bucket / m 2. After planting the bulbs, the plants can be “fed” with wood ash.
Often in stores sell Dutch mix iris. Planting and care for such bulbs is identical. Only the color of the buds for you will be a "surprise".
Now you know how and when to plant Dutch irises. Compliance with all the rules will allow you to grow the amazing beauty of the plant and revive your site with bright colors.
Video about bulbous irises
The choice of plants for the flower bed has long ceased to be a problem - in stores, in nurseries and in the markets a huge amount of seeds, seedlings and bulbs are sold. The main thing is to decide on the composition of the flowerbed and select the necessary palette. Each grower - as an artist. Here only beauty is created not by broad strokes of oil paints, but by delicate flower buds.
A win-win for the decoration of large and small flower beds can be a Dutch iris. This bulbous plant with large beautiful flowers of unusual shape.
1 Description and variety
The Dutch Iris or Xiphium (Xiphium) belongs to the genus Iris. This bulbous flowering plant with different sizes of peduncles and stem height from 30 to 70 centimeters.
Most Dutch irises bloom in blue or purple. In the center are “standing” petals that grow vertically, and the rest hang from them in different directions. In the center of the bud usually forms a yellow or orange spot.
Xythium possesses high decorative qualities and preserves its presentation for a long time. In cutting the flowers can save buds up to 2 weeks. For the plant to stand longer in the vase, it is best to use soft, defended water.
The stalk of the iris is straight, resembling a thin tube, the leaves are green, narrow-gelatinous. As the stem grows, they dry out and die, and new ones appear in their place. Iris is grown from bulbs that have a bottle shape. Under conditions of proper forcing at home, you can get a bright iris blossom in January - February.
Especially impressive looks iris Dutch varieties Tiger Mix. It is grown as the dominant seasonal plant in flowerbeds or in curb single plantings near the house, gazebo, alpine slides. The variety has an average height of 45-60 cm - and the bud size is about 6-8 cm. The plant is soilless, blooms in May and pleases with lush purple-golden buds until the end of June.
Table of popular varieties of iris:
There are varieties of Dutch iris, the buds of which combine several colors at once. In order to make up the color of the future flowerbed, it is best to buy xyiuma bulbs in nurseries or specialty stores.
How to grow a flower iris on your own and care for it?
2 Planting in open ground
In order for the iris to enjoy abundant flowering, its bulbs must be properly and on time planted. The best time for this is the end of August or the beginning of September, when the night temperatures are still quite comfortable.
Irises do not tolerate a cold snap, so they are planted in the northern regions at the end of summer, and in the southern regions - in the autumn.
The flower is extremely demanding to the soil. Despite the fact that it can grow on loamy soils, it is necessary to ensure good moisture and air permeability of the soil. To do this, add lime and sand, and also organize drainage from fragments of brick, expanded clay or pebbles. If the soil is too wet and heavy, it is mixed with peat and sand, thereby making the soil lighter.
Dutch Iris does not tolerate top dressing with manure and chemical fertilizers. In order to make the soil more nutritious, it is recommended to use compost or humus. When digging a plot of 1 square. m of land contribute 1 bucket of compost.
Before planting, the iris bulbs should be prepared so that they can winter well, do not suffer from rot and other diseases. To do this, they are soaked in a weak pink solution of manganese or a fungicide for 5-6 hours, after which they are dried for a day, spreading it on a cloth or paper in a ventilated place. A plot of land where plants will bloom, also need to be disinfected with a solution of manganese or antifungal drug.
- If the plant is planted in a flower bed, make indentations in the form of pits, in the curb landing it is more convenient to plant the bulbs in trenches 15-20 cm deep.
- At the bottom of the pit or trench, sand is poured, which will serve as a “cushion” for absorbing and draining excess moisture, it should be 2/3 of the depth in height.
- The bulbs are buried in the sand at a distance of 10 cm from each other,
- The soil with planting plentifully watered.
- From above bulbs sprinkled with sand and mulch foliage, small pebbles, sod land.
Mulching is necessary so that the bulbs do not freeze, endure the winter without loss, and with the onset of spring produce strong sprouts.
Most gardeners plant irises in the spring, after hibernating planting material in an apartment or cellar. Before planting, irises should be carefully examined for damage, rot and disease. Small areas damaged during the winter can be cut with a sharp knife and sanitized by placing the bulb in a solution of manganese.
If planting material has small green shoots, it should not be too deep into the ground. The tip of the shoot must remain on the surface of the soil.
All other rules for planting iris bulbs are exactly the same as for autumn planting, except that no mulching is required. The bulbs are simply sprinkled with earth and watered with settled water.
Planting and caring for a dream-grass plant in the open field
The earliest bloom of iris comes at the beginning of May. From this point on, the plant will require some care and attention. Xypium has the highest requirements for soil moisture. The natural humidity in spring is quite high, so additional watering of irises is not necessary. Occasionally moisten the soil only in conditions of too dry summer.
Dutch Iris does not tolerate spraying from a spray bottle. Moisture leaves on his delicate petals red spots that spoil the decorative appearance of the plant.
Before the beginning of flowering, when an unopened bud is formed on the stem, the flower can be fed. Compost, rotted humus or ash, which is applied to the soil next to the plant, will be suitable as a fertilizer. Nitrogen fertilizers are not recommended for irises. Accumulating in the soil, they provoke the growth of green mass to the detriment of flowering.
The plant requires regular loosening of the soil. This procedure will ensure adequate breathability and oxygen delivery to the roots of the bulb. Weeds should also be harvested, which will take nutrients from the soil and prevent the iris from developing.
Brunner: types, varieties, planting and care in the open field
4 How to store bulbs in the winter?
Irises bloom in early summer, but you shouldn't rush to dig them out. Green sword-shaped leaves will be in harmony with other plants in the flowerbed, the period of flowering of which is just beginning. About a month after the buds have bloomed, the leaves will begin to dry out and gradually disappear completely. В это время и выкапывают луковицы для хранения.
Извлекать ирисы из почвы нужно аккуратно, чтобы не повредить их. Вероятно, что рядом со взрослыми луковицами окажутся «детки». Их отделяют от материнского растения и хранят до будущей весны. After digging, the entire planting material is placed in a ventilated place at a temperature not lower than +25 degrees for drying.
Dried onions are placed in one row in a cardboard box and cleaned in a dark room, the air temperature in which stably holds at + 15 + 20 degrees. So the irises will be able to spend the winter without problems, and in the spring they can be obtained and used for growing in a flower bed.
For the cottager there is nothing more pleasant than the opportunity to enjoy the beauty of the first spring flowers. After all, for many they are harbingers of heat, for which summer will surely come. This is one of the reasons why many gardeners grow irises on their land.
Already in early May in many cottages you can see blooming irises, iridescent with all the colors of the rainbow. And this is not surprising, given the diversity of species of these ornamental plants. Due to this, every gardener has a unique opportunity to choose flowers of any color for his bed, so that they harmoniously complement other plants, creating a beautiful composition. However, to achieve such a beautiful decorative effect, every gardener must know the characteristics of planting bulbous irises and caring for them.
Soil preparation: drainage and top dressing
Basically irises do not create any problems in growinghowever, they still have their own preferences, which should not be forgotten by the summer resident who decided to acquire these flowers on his plot. It will be difficult for you to grow irises under the following conditions:
- waterlogged soil
- mineral-poor soil
- constant shadow.
To prevent excessive waterlogging from causing you problems in the process of growing irises, it is recommended to place them on an artificially created slope. If in the selected area the groundwater is quite close to the surface and creates a danger to the roots, then a good solution would be to install a small elevation with a slope in a southerly direction and manufacture a drainage system. This can be done if you raise the flowerbed by 20 cm and create conditions for the natural withdrawal of rainwater.
Irises belong to the light-loving plantshowever, copious illumination throughout the day is contraindicated for them, therefore it is best if they remain in the shadow for some time. You can meet this condition if you choose a plot for the flower garden that will have partial shading. Before transplanting to a selected area of the plant, organic fertilizer must be applied to the soil, and then carefully dig up and loosen the ground. If you want to fertilize the land with manure, then it should be applied much earlier, about a year before planting.
Bulbs grow best on calcareous soil. It is possible to change its reaction to the required one if fertilizer such as lime, chalk or eggshell is introduced in time for digging. When preparing for planting irises of a sandy soil, it is recommended to add humus to it, which is also useful to add ash or 40 gr. superphosphate based on 1 square. m. On clay soils will not be superfluous sand of a large fraction, as well as a small amount of humus or compost.
Blue irises can grow in one place for no more than 10 years. For hybrid varieties, the maximum growing period is 5 years. Given that the irises tend to grow quite quickly, the actual problem is the lack of nutrients in the soil. That is why it is necessary from time to time to choose new places for growing these flowers.
Autumn - time planting bulbs
Agrotechnology planting may include certain features that may vary depending on the variety. In areas with a temperate climate, it is recommended to grow iridodictiums, Turkish and Caucasian, as well as their hybrids, which not only take root easily, but also perfectly withstand the winter cold. They should be planted on a dry, open place, where they begin to prepare pits up to 7 cm deep. After transferring the bulbs to the wells, you need to make sure that the soil does not fit tightly to them.
You can do even easier if you fill them with a mixture containing a small amount of sand. Fungal diseases can cause serious harm to irises. Therefore, after the purchase of the bulbs, it is necessary to treat them with insecticides: for example, “Fundazol” or “Benlat”. In the summer, when the stems and leaves dry up, it is necessary to separate the daughter bulbs to be used as planting material.
Unlike other species, the Juno variety has rather large onions with a fleshy structure that renew roots every year. Therefore, when working with them, you must be very careful. Important avoid injury to the rootsotherwise it will lead to the death of the plant. It is recommended to plan the transfer of blue onion irises to a permanent place in the last week of September or in the first decade of October. To do this, in the prepared pits it is necessary to transfer the bulbs as carefully as possible, taking care not to damage the roots, and then sprinkle them with a layer of soil up to 6 cm thick.
In the summer, in relation to the bulbs, the following operations are carried out: when plants show clear signs of wilting, the bulbs must be dug out and transferred to a room for drying, where it is necessary to maintain a temperature of 22-25 degrees Celsius. But you can do otherwise - for this, a film is laid on top of the flower bed so that it does not wet the rain, and is left in this state until the beginning of October. Subsequently, for breeding varieties "Juno" use daughter bulbs or seeds, which are sown in special boxes. Moreover, the planting material in both cases must be pre-dried. During the reproduction of "Juno" by seeds, the first shoots appear in the second year.
When placing future plants can choose different intervals: however, flowers should not be planted closer than the width of two bulbs. The maximum allowable distance between adjacent plants is 0.5 meters.
Using plastic baskets for growing
Many supermarkets today offer baskets that will be an excellent option for a container in which you can grow bulbous crops. The main plus is that they are simply removed from the ground, so together with the basket, you can quickly and effortlessly transfer planted bulbs to the room to dry.
How to care for irises?
Planting and care in the open field involves not only the right choice of time for planting and soil preparation. When plants take root, they should provide care during flowering. In early varieties, the first flowers are formed in May, and in late ones - in June. First of all, bulbous irises need feeding and protection from pests. Equally important for flowers and watering. Naturally, during the rainy season, irises are watered less frequently. More actively it is necessary to carry out irrigation in dry years, and water the plants in the evenings.
To conduct dressings you need to choose the right time. In the spring, they do it after the snow has melted and the topsoil is completely dry. For dressings you can use ready-made solutions and dry universal mixtures, for example, “Reasil” or “Good power”. To do this, you need to expand the amount of fertilizer recommended by the instruction on the top layer of soil, after which it must be plowed. However, care must be taken to ensure that the roots are not damaged during this operation.
As a possible course of feeding for hybrid irises not the first year of flowering, you can suggest the following schemeconsisting of three main stages:
- nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus (2: 3: 1) - in the spring on dry soil,
- similar composition, but here the ratio is observed (3: 3: 1) - at the time of bud formation,
- potassium, phosphorus (1: 1) - one month after the start of flowering.
If during the time of care, in a timely manner and in the right doses, to conduct top dressing, then in spring the Dutch irises will demonstrate their full attractiveness, rapid growth and long flowering. The gardener should pay special attention to the moment when flowers will form flower buds. If at this stage of the life of irises to conduct additional feeding, then next year the flowers will delight the gardener with lush, full-bloom flowering.
Especially careful to be using nitrogen. The excess of this element often becomes the cause of "fattening" - a process in which leaves grow vigorously, with the result that the plant has no strength left to bloom.
Preventive Pest Control
Regardless of the fact that the blue bulbous irises grow not as long as we would like, in this case it is still necessary to carry out special protective measures. To darken the joy of blooming irises will help various pests. Therefore, in order to avoid their occurrence, it is necessary to conduct planned processing of plants.
- for the first time, spraying is carried out at the moment when the leaves reach a length of 10 cm. Malation, as well as universal toxic chemicals, show good results in pest control. You can process flowers only at that moment, until the buds appeared,
- not every summer resident can understand in time that bearded irises are affected by the disease. This can be determined by the appearance of flowers: a healthy plant necessarily has a large bunch of 7-9 leaves. If the irises are sick, then they will have no more than 5 leaves,
- Also, not all plants can begin the process of forming flower buds in time. In this case, you will need to perform the following steps: first you need to dig a bush out of the ground, then it is cleaned of rot and insects, and finally it is treated with an antiseptic.
If the gardener wants to admire the first flowers in the first weeks of spring, then he should pay attention to such a plant as bulbous irises. Having planted them on the plot, the summer resident may be one of the first to find out that very soon the long-awaited warmth will come. However, he can enjoy the beauty of bulbous irises only if he takes care of these flowers throughout the season. And for this you have to solve a lot of questions.
In addition to choosing a suitable site for planting irises, you need apply fertilizer regularlybecause it depends on them how abundant and long flowering of these plants will be. An important event is protection against pests, because these delicate flowers can be easy prey for many pests, including thrips.
Dutch bulbous irises
The choice of plants for the flower bed has long ceased to be a problem - in stores, in nurseries and in the markets a huge amount of seeds, seedlings and bulbs are sold. The main thing is to decide on the composition of the flowerbed and select the necessary palette. Each grower - as an artist. Here only beauty is created not by broad strokes of oil paints, but by delicate flower buds.
A win-win for the decoration of large and small flower beds can be a Dutch iris. This bulbous plant with large beautiful flowers of unusual shape.
The plant got its national name due to its connection with the ecology: the favorite places for the growth of iris are the shores of various reservoirs, as well as the river passages. The length of the plant is at least 0.6 m, and some specimens can develop up to 2 m in height.
It is worth noting that the marsh toffee (photos of this handsome are presented) has the properties of hydrochlor. In simple terms, the seeds of iris spread through the water, since, once in the last, they do not sink for a long time due to the presence of air-filled cavities between the seed and the peel and the non-wettability of the latter. It is assumed that the distribution of plants involved and waterfowl.
It is noteworthy that the marsh toffee is represented by a single species and human activity does not prevent its distribution at all. On the contrary, it only contributes to the "seizure" of new lands.
Iris marsh: planting and care
The main advantage is trouble-free care, which attracts gardeners even more.
The plant prefers a bright light, and the direct rays of the sun are not at all terrible to him. However, it can grow in places with penumbra.
The marsh toffee is also not demanding to the soil, but the ideal is a heavy soil saturated with substances of organic origin and having acidity below “7”. At the same time, the plant will grow without problems in low-lying areas, where a large amount of water accumulates.
Based on the foregoing, it is clear that when the iris grows near water bodies, there is no need for watering. At the same time, if the planting was done in a normal substrate, you should regularly water the iris and prevent the earth coma from drying out. Particular attention should be paid to the young.
Reproduction is also not a problem. Among the existing methods of isolated seed and vegetative.
The first is the easiest. It is enough to collect the seeds and sow in the fall in the wet soil. Shoots will appear in the spring.
Along with ease there is also the main drawback of the method - the flowering of the plant will come no earlier than in 3-4 years.
For reproduction by the second method, it is enough to cut the "kids" from the rhizome. This can be done in the period from the onset of spring to autumn.
But it is best to perform in the spring, when the plant starts to grow.
In this case, you must follow two main rules:
- During the division of rhizomes iris should not bloom.
- On the rhizome should also be located buds or leaves. And the last before planting you need to cut, leaving only 20-30 cm from the entire length.
Decorative and design
Iris marsh - a dream for any gardener. In addition to ease of care, beauty, trouble-free reproduction, the flower finds a worthy place in flower arrangements. It is used in:
- The compositions involving shrubs and trees.
- Creating green fences.
- In flower beds in the vicinity of perennial flowers.
- Ecosystems manual "built."
- Also incomparable plant looks on the lawn apart from other flowers.
Marsh yellow iris is an ideal plant for arranging any water bodies. And given the versatility and vitality in conditions of aridity, excessive humidity, the lack of a good drainage system, it is also indispensable.
Meet the marsh toffee - video
Flowers irises are yellow, purple, snow-white and all the colors of the rainbow - frequent guests not only in the garden areas of amateur gardeners, but also in park beds or simple flower gardens near the porches of houses. They are loved for long flowering, unpretentious care and bright colors.
The name of the irises got a variety of colors of buds. The word "iris" in translation from Greek means "rainbow", and it justifies its name.
Among the 800 species that are represented on the planet by 80 thousand varieties, there are snow-white, yellow irises and even deep black, as well as the entire spectrum of the rainbow.
According to legend, the Greek goddess of the rainbow, Irida, was the mediator between the gods (heaven) and people (earth). Once upon a time, a rainbow crumbled into many fragments, turning into beautiful flowers that were named after her.
Since these flowers can interbreed independently among themselves, there is still no strict classification of their varieties. They are divided into "bearded" species, which also include aryls and arylbreds, and "non-bearded". “Bearded” are so named due to the fact that they have peculiar pubescent “beards” on the outer side of the perianth.
Bearded irises are divided into groups:
- tall, for example iris high yellow,
- medium-grown varieties are divided into small-colored and medium-grown,
- dwarf irises are divided into standard and miniature,
- Aryl and arylbreda are a separate group.
"Not bearded" irises make up classes of "Siberian", "Japanese", "California", "Louisiana" and other varieties.
Also irises are divided by planting material. Some are planted with seeds or rhizome, others are bulbous. The latter are more demanding for planting and care and less common.
Choosing a place for planting irises
Marsh irises well take root in those places where high humidity. If the area has flooded areas, then they are best suited for this type of flower. They calmly perceive both the shadow side and the solar side.
The main thing that should be done is to protect them from drafts and to water them regularly in a dry summer. If there is a reservoir on the plot, then yellow irises (varieties like “bearded” and swamp) are preferable to plant around it.
"Bearded" irises fade under the sunlight, and their flowering period is significantly reduced. The ideal place for them would be either partial shade or part of the day in the sun, and some in the shade. Permanent shadow is contraindicated because they will not give color, and only leaves will grow.
Selection of planting material
Another important point to get a beautiful “iris” flower garden is good planting material. Big, beautiful, but the old root should not be bought, as it will not give shoots. Such a flower bed will not "live" for a long time.
The best planting material is considered to be one-year old delenki with a rhizome up to 10 cm, with a bud and a “fan” of leaves. Such a seedling will give the first, albeit still weak color, next year. Настоящий период взросления наступает на третий год роста.
Если деленка этого года и без «пяточки», то она даст первый цвет только через лето. В дальнейшем, по мере роста ирисов, посадочный материал можно брать прямо со своей клумбы.
Отделение посадочного материала от материнского корня
The time and method of planting irises also depends on the type of flowers. For example, the iris is yellow. Planting and caring for bulbous species takes place on the same technology, and for those that reproduce by rhizomes, on a completely different one.
After the irises ottsvetut, they begin to mature bud, which next year will become a flower. The best time for the reproduction of this plant is the period when the bud is not set yet, and the new processes of the rhizome have grown.
A new one-year element with root buds is gently separated from the main root, not digging the plant itself, and transplanted to a new place. Intensive growth of new roots begins in a week, and by the time the flower bud reaches the stage of the ovary, the plant will already take root.
It is important to remember that the young delenka leaves before planting should be shortened by 1/3 of the length.
Such a transplant is made in the summer. If you carry out the same procedure in the fall, you should wait until the flower bud is formed up to 6 cm in length, and the roots grow enough.
Autumn transplant will give a new color for the next spring, provided that the time is right. In this case, the possibility of early frosts should be taken into account, so the moment of bud formation and the readiness of the plant for reproduction should coincide with still quite warm weather.
Planting yellow irises rhizome
Yellow irises require adherence to certain rules during planting:
- the distance between plants depends on their growth, if it reaches an adult iris up to 80 cm, then between seedlings should be 40 cm,
- for dwarf varieties that grow to a height of only 40 cm, the gap is 15-20 cm,
- the depth of the hole is determined by the type of plant - in the “bearded” varieties only the roots are buried in the soil, and the rhizome itself remains at the level of the soil,
- for “bezborodyh” varieties, a mound is made in the planting fossa, on which a rhizome is laid and covered with earth, the hole itself is only a few centimeters deep,
- the leaves of the yellow iris should "stand" vertically, and the ground around the delenka should be slightly tamped down,
- immediately after planting the plant is watered, and repeated watering is done in 5 days.
It is important to remember that if there are hot days, then the young shoots should be pritenized by pulling on pegs fabric or sticking branches around them.
Planting yellow bulbous irises
Yellow bulbous iris - quite unpretentious plant, it can often be found in the courtyards of high-rise buildings and in city parks. Its main requirement is the absence of low temperatures in winter.
Iris bulbs have a scaly structure. They quickly react to the manifestation of the first heat and together emerge from the ground as soon as the snow begins to melt. People call this species iris snowdrops.
Yellow bulbous iris (photo confirms it) usually grows up to 60 cm, likes moist soil and partial shade. In colder climates, it needs shelter for the winter, as the optimum temperature for the survival of bulbs is -6 degrees.
If the climate is mild enough, then the depth of the landing holes should be 10 cm, and in colder regions - 15 cm. In the event that the yellow irises are broad-leaved, then no more than 12-15 bulbs per 1 m2 are planted. For narrow-leaved varieties thick planting is permissible.
The best time for planting iris bulbs is the last decade of October. It is not recommended to plant earlier, as new shoots may appear immediately before the start of frost, which will destroy them.
If you failed to land the bulbs on time, it is better to put them in storage in the cellar or in the refrigerator. In spring, the stored planting material can be planted in pots, and at the end of October, it can be transplanted safely into open ground.
Bulb varieties of irises require periodic loosening of the land and timely watering. In no case can they be poured with water. This is fraught with plant rot.
Irises are fairly “docile” plants, but since they are perennial, some work on the flower bed should be done regularly:
- watering is carried out as needed, especially if the summer is dry,
- loosening the soil (very carefully) is carried out after each rain,
- weeding is carried out manually
- faded flowers should be cut to the ground,
- young rhizomes, as well as hybrid and bulbous varieties are recommended to “cover” for the winter with foliage or spruce branches,
- in 3-4 years irises need to be transplanted, otherwise their massive soil coverage depletes it, and gradually they degenerate.
When dealing with root yellow irises, it should be remembered that they grow on the surface of the ground, therefore the hoe should be loosened with the utmost care. The same applies to weeding, which is desirable to carry out manually.
After the thaw, the foliage or spruce branches are carefully removed, and the soil is loosened. The shelter of roots concerns only young saplings and bulbous grades.
Top dressing irises
The first fertilizer fertilizer is made immediately after the soil thaws and dries. Mineral fertilizers are applied simultaneously with loosening, trying to lay them to a depth of 4-5 cm in the soil. This should be done very carefully.
The second feeding is carried out during the formation of new shoots with the laying of flower buds. Fertilized at this time, new rhizomes will give abundant flowering next spring.
If the soil is slightly or medium loamy, then it is necessary to carry out a threefold "feeding" with nitrogen and phosphorus-potassium fertilizers at the rate of 10-12 g per 1 m2. For sandy soil, the dosage is increased to 16-18 g per 1 m2.
When using nitrogen, the main thing is not to overfeed, so it is better to give a little less than to overdo it. When there is a lot of nitrogen, yellow iris leaves grow, and there will be no flowers at all, or they will be small and frail.
If you cover the flowers for the winter with peat, then you can solve two issues at once - insulation and fertilization of the soil. In the spring you need to gently loosen the soil around the roots after it is completely dry.
Rare, that is, less common, varieties include "Siberian" and "Japanese." The Japanese variety of these flowers is also called sword-shaped, as they have broad, swords-like leaves. These plants are very fond of water, so the preferred place for planting is water. They also prefer well-lit places without direct sunlight.
Siberian irises are well planted in regions with a colder climate in well-fertilized land.
Whatever the variety, it should be remembered that the yellow iris is listed in the Red Book, so its cultivation contributes to the spread and survival of this species.
Marsh iris - the most common plant of the family of Corridants, which grows in all countries. It is noteworthy that this plant does not require special care. Marsh toffee grows very quickly, independently multiplies and has signs of a weed plant. It has high decorative qualities. The flower has an important task: it is a natural filter. It cleans the water with stagnant water from pollution of organic and inorganic origin.
Marsh plant has found wide application in medicine, food and cosmetic industries. The flower grows in both wetlands and shallow water, and in dry areas, but in this case it blooms very rarely.
Because of the resemblance, the flower is often confused with the airwood, so the plant has another name - the iris or false aureus. For the first time, the similarity of plants was noted in his writings by the researcher and scientist Karl Linney, who compiled a scientific description of the plant.
The people of this swamp flower is often called "yellow" or "yellow iris." Currently, many hybrid varieties are bred with flowers of white, blue and lilac color.
Marsh toffee is a perennial herb, partially submerged in water. The part of the stem, which is constantly in the water, eventually degenerated into the rhizome, in which the accumulation of nutrients occurs.
The rhizome has a growing point. But due to its horizontal position, the growth of the stem is sideways. Because of this arrangement, the plant occupies large areas. On the rhizome there is a formation of buds, from which flowers and leaves are formed.
The rhizome has a large number of additional roots.
The leaves have a xiphoid shape with parallel veins. The height of the leaves under favorable conditions can reach two meters.
The plant forms a long peduncle that looks like a stem.
The flower consists of six petals with a simple perianth. Petals are located on the outer and inner circle of three in each. After flowering, the fruit-box ripens, which opens, and the seeds are poured into the water. Seeds freely kept afloat due to the existing air cavities.
The special properties of the plant
Arabian Iris has many useful properties.
- It is composed of essential oil, which has the smell of violets. Iris oil contains more than 140 useful components: benzoic acid, esters, aldehydes, phenol, furfural, ketone.
- Rhizomes contain starch, fatty acids, oils, resins. The leaves are rich in ascorbic acid and amino acids.
- Rhizomes are used to treat diseases of the respiratory, digestive and urinary systems.
- Its flavonoids prevent the development of blood vessel diseases, normalization of blood pressure and heart function.
- The flower has antimicrobial, antispasmodic, tannic properties.
- In folk medicine, decoctions of rhizomes are used as an expectorant. They are treated with migraine, sore throat, bronchitis, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
Care and cultivation
Arabian iris is more commonly known as a wild-growing plant, therefore it does not require special care.
- Lighting. The flower needs diffused lighting. However, the iris feels bad in direct sunlight. The ideal place for planting is the penumbra.
- Watering. Yellow iris grows along water bodies and in wetlands, so it does not need watering. If the flower is grown in the garden, where the soil can dry out, additional watering is required. This is especially important for young plants.
- Planting and soil. Flowers are planted in well-moistened areas, along the banks of artificial ponds or in shallow water. When planting, the soil is not used, the rhizome is fixed at the bottom with pebbles or small stones. Creeping rhizome is horizontal. Small auxiliary roots form on it. Also on the rhizome buds are born, from which leaves and flower stalks grow. Planting is carried out in the spring before the beginning of the period of active growth and before flowering. In April-May, rhizome harvesting is carried out. Under favorable conditions, the newly planted plants begin to bloom in the year of planting, and by the next season they will take root and grow. Iris marsh requires a heavy acidic soil rich in organic matter. Flowers can be planted in areas where a large amount of groundwater or rainwater accumulates.
- Top dressing. Yellow iris does not need additional fertilizing with minerals. However, feeding is carried out once a season. The application of mineral fertilizers contributes to the lush and beautiful flowering of plants.
- Preparing for the winter. Marsh plant needs extra protection for the period of winter cold. Since the root system is horizontal, it can be completely exposed. To prevent the plant from freezing, it needs to provide additional shelter. To this end, a layer of peat and soil is applied to the rhizomes, which are carefully removed with the onset of spring. The soil is laid out around the stem.
The flower is propagated by dividing the rhizome and seeds.
When dividing the rhizome from the main plant, gently separate the piece and transplant it to a new place. In this way, the flower can be propagated throughout the growing season. It is advisable to carry out a transplant in the fall so that it has time to take root and in the spring began to grow actively.
During the division of the rhizome maternal plant should not bloom. On the rhizome should be buds or leaves.
Seed propagation is quite simple. Planting seeds is carried out in the fall in the ground. In the spring, the seeds give friendly shoots. The disadvantage of this method is that the flowering of iris occurs only after three years.
The use of marsh toffee in landscape design
Many landscape designers often use the yellow iris to decorate their gardens. Due to simplicity and ease of care, the iris can become part of almost any composition.
It is used for decoration of flowerbeds in conjunction with other perennials, in combination with trees and shrubs, curtains of iris, creating green fences, decorating the banks of artificial reservoirs and lakes.
The combination of different colors of flowers iris allows you to create unusual compositions along the banks of ponds and lakes.
Iris marsh grows well not only in marshy soil, but also in areas with a high level of groundwater or poor water flow.
Iris is a perennial plant, striking in its variety of species and shades. Iris is found in almost any garden, park and flowerbed, and all this thanks to its sophisticated appearance and lush bright colors. Well, what about the decoration of the reservoir? And here, too, is not without iris. Iris marsh - the "favorite" of landscape designers, which occupies an honorable place among the ornamental plants for the decoration of reservoirs. Today, you will learn about all the intricacies of growing a variety in the open field. The following is a description of the plant, features of planting, care, reviews, etc. (photo materials are attached).
Iris marsh: description, characteristics of plants
Marsh or as it is sometimes called, false-iris is known to many gardeners as a magnificent plant, most often used for decorating various water bodies, because of its love for moist soil and environment. But not everyone knows his amazing properties. So, the marsh toffee is able to qualitatively clean any reservoir from suspension of both organic and inorganic origin. The rhizomes of this plant are widely used in cooking, medicine and even perfumery.
This type of iris is considered to be perennial and can reach a height of 2 m. The marsh iris is sometimes confused with the airwood because of the leaves: they have the same, xiphoidal broad shape. The rhizome of the plant is creeping, has many small roots of a fibrous structure. There are several ornamental varieties of marsh toffee:
- Flore Pleno. The species has rather large double flowers.
Sort Flore Pleno
- Umkirch. The species is represented by a plant with flowers of pale pink color.
- Golden Queen. The species is represented by a plant with bright yellow flowers.
In natural conditions, the marsh toffee can be found mainly in river floodplains, on the banks of various water bodies, damp meadows, etc. The flowering of the plant usually begins in the middle of summer (late June - early July).
Attention! Despite the fact that the plant loves only wet soil, it can successfully grow and dry. However, its bloom in this case will be very unlikely.
Bog iris is widely used in landscape design as one of the main decorative elements for a reservoir, it is also used to create compositions of various types of flowers in wet, marshy areas. Marsh toffee looks great in tandem with shallow-growing plants (for example, with a host, fern, Siberian toffee, etc.).
Features of cultivation in the open ground
Planting iris is usually carried out at the beginning of the growing season, before the beginning of flowering (most often in early April). The plant is propagated by two methods: seeds and vegetatively (rhizome division).
The place for planting should be chosen carefully: the iris likes sunny areas that are well protected from the wind, but if there is not enough sunny place, partial shade will do.
Council When planting a plant, it is necessary to take into account one of its features: in the first year of life, the marsh iris may slightly shift to the side (a few centimeters), therefore the planting pattern should not be an ordinary one, but a fan.
Immediately before planting, it is necessary to add potassium-phosphorus mixture and compost to the soil (in no case use manure). Do not forget to treat the area with herbicides and fungicides as well (this will help disinfect the soil).
Before planting, the plant should be dipped in a container with prepared soil, and then buried in the ground at a site to a depth of about 30-40 cm. Then it is necessary to immediately water the area with water. The next watering should be done a few days after planting. In the future, you should not water the iris until the soil dries.
With regard to fertilizing, the plant does not really need nutrients, but at least once a year (in spring) to implement them, it is still necessary. Otherwise the iris will bloom not so magnificently and beautifully. The best way to feed the marsh toffee are suitable complex fertilizers with a sufficient content of phosphorus, potassium and nitrogen.
Из-за определенной специфики корневой системы ириса (горизонтальное расположение корневища) в холодный период года она может практически полностью оголиться, поэтому необходимо обеспечивать ей защиту в виде дополнительного торфяно-почвенного слоя. In the spring, this layer must be carefully removed and spread around the bush.
This concludes consideration of the characteristics of growing iris marsh. Successful cultivation!
Iris marsh: video