Conveniently, when you always have fresh herbs on hand - cooked dishes with it become fragrant and tastier, so prudent housewives can often find dill on the windowsill. At home, this unpretentious plant feels no worse than in the garden, and with good care gives a lot of lush greenery.
Choosing the right variety of dill is the first step to a good harvest.
It would seem that even inexperienced gardeners should not have any questions about how to grow dill at home: you just need to sow the seeds in the pot with the ground and do not forget to water the seedlings, removing the weeds. But in fact, instead of the expected thick undergrowth of fragrant dill, thin pale blades of grass, almost without aroma, rocked sadly in a pot. What is the secret? How to plant dill at home and get the greens is not worse than the one that is sold on the market all year round?
For the purpose of growing dill at home, gardeners most often choose the early-ripening variety Gribovsky
To grow dill at home, you will need:
- seeds of an unpretentious crop of dill,
- soil intended for indoor plants,
- fertile garden land,
- suitable containers (pots, containers),
- fluorescent lamps,
- complex mineral fertilizers.
In order to grow dill at home, gardeners most often choose the early-ripening variety Gribovsky. This variety of dill is not demanding to care, resistant to temperature changes, has a high yield and resistance to disease. Its green has a strong aroma. To Gribovsky dill at home gave a good harvest, it is enough to sow it in the fertile land and prevent the appearance of weeds.
The following varieties are also suitable for cultivation on the window sill: early ripe Grenadier, mid-season Richelieu with bluish-green fragrant leaves, late-ripe Cybray with beautiful wide leaves. Cultivate gardeners at home and southern varieties that have a spicier taste, but are more fastidious.
And late bush varieties do not have time to ripen in summer on the beds
Since there is no special variety of dill intended for cultivation on the windowsill, when choosing a seed, the focus should be on the ripening time. It is important not to make a mistake here: early varieties, though they give a green mass in a very short time, but quickly stretch into flower stalks and are less leafy than late-ripening varieties. And late bush varieties (Gourmet, Salute, Russian size) do not have time to ripen in the summer over the summer, but they are perfect for growing at home. Such a dill on the window forms dense, well-leafy bushes, from the sinuses of which all new shoots are formed.
Instructions on how to grow dill on the windowsill
In the garden dill is able to grow on almost any soil, but the successful cultivation of dill at home is possible only in a fertile soil mixture, which must be prepared in advance. To do this, in the fall, it is necessary to prepare friable garden soil and mix it before sowing with purchased neutral soil for indoor plants. Capacity for crops pick up enough size to dill was not crowded, and do not forget about the drainage layer at the bottom of the tank.
Since, due to the high oil content, dill seeds germinate for quite a long time, they should be soaked in warm water for 20 hours before sowing, through which oxygen continuously passes (for example, using a compressor from an aquarium). Another option is to simply put the seeds in warm water for two days and change it to fresh every six hours.
You can sow the seeds directly on the surface of the wetted soil, without grooves and holes, sprinkling peat mixed with humus on top. Sufficient seeding rate - 0.3 g per 1 square decimeter of soil. For best results, you can make grooves a centimeter deep in the ground, spill them with water and place prepared seeds on the bottom. From above, the fennel seeds are covered with dry earth from the edges of the grooves, so that a dense crust does not form on the soil surface, which prevents the emergence of seedlings. Cover crops with cellophane and store for a week in a dark place with a temperature of about +20 degrees.
Growing dill on the windowsill - the secrets of success
Growing dill at home, first of all you need to remember that this plant is very fond of light. Put the crops on the light window-sill, and in the wintertime, provide dill with additional illumination by installing fluorescent lamps at a height of 50 cm above the plants. On the windowsill it is enough to turn on the lamps in the morning for five hours, but if the boxes with dill are in the back of the room, the additional lighting should last at least fifteen hours.Video about growing dill on the windowsill
Rules for the care of dill at home:
- dill must be watered regularly, especially when it comes to watering during seed germination and when young seedlings appear,
- every two weeks it is recommended to feed the plantings with complex mineral fertilizer,
- it is best to grow dill at a temperature of +18 degrees, but on a glazed balcony, when the temperature drops to +8 degrees, the plants will feel quite comfortable,
- if the room temperature is above +20 degrees, you need to increase the illumination, otherwise the dill bushes will be elongated, sluggish and light,
- in the first week, as shoots seem, it is advisable to lower the temperature in the room at night, opening a window, or carry out crops on the glazed balcony so that the dill does not stretch out.
Depending on what time of year you plant dill, growing a house may require more or less hassle. It is easiest to grow dill on the window from March to August, since planting and without dosachivaniya form lush greenery, subject to fertile land and light sill. In the autumn-winter period, without additional illumination, the plants will stretch and fall, which means that you will have to pay more attention to them, and the costs of cultivation will increase due to the electricity consumed.
What you need to grow dill at home
Greens on the windowsill - a source of vitamins and fresh seasoning for different dishes, with its aroma reminiscent of summer. To grow a good, powerful, juicy dill, you have to try and stock up not only with patience, but also with the necessary props:
- fertile soil
- lighting lamps,
- complex feedings.
Varieties for growing green crops on the window can be early or mid-season:
They will give a quick harvest, however, will be deprived of lush foliage. Therefore, some gardeners prefer late-ripening, usually bushy varieties. They ripen longer, but also give a harvest for a longer time, and also delight the eye with abundant greenery and beautiful decorative views. Among the popular:
Approach responsibly and to the choice of soil for growing dill at home. The soil should be loose, fertile and non-acidic. It is important that it retains moisture well. Buy a ready substrate or cook it yourself. To do this, mix garden soil with peat, compost and humus, sand.
Council The container can serve as an old flower pot, up to 2 liters, or a small wide box with holes at the bottom. Sprouts in it should not be closely. If the seedlings will stand on the window, make sure the tank looks aesthetic.
Seed preparation and sowing
Due to the high content of essential oils, dill seeds germinate for a very long time, no matter where they are planted: in open ground or in a pot. Therefore, pre-soak them in warm water, potassium permanganate or growth stimulant solution. Place the seed in a small container with any of these fluids and cover with a piece of gauze on top. Soaking time in water - up to 20 hours, in manganese - 2-3 hours, in the stimulator - according to the instructions. During this period, you need to change the liquid 2-3 times.
Selecting suitable specimens, dry them well, and then proceed to sowing:
- At the bottom of the container lay a drainage layer of 1.5-2.5 cm. Use for this purpose expanded clay or broken brick.
- Fill the container with primer. Moisturize it.
- Sow the dill. To do this, you can make grooves or simply mix the seeds with the soil. The distance between the seeds is 2-3 cm. You do not need to dig them in; it is enough to sprinkle it on top of the ground (layer thickness is up to 1 cm).
- Cover the container with a film and place it in a warm place. The optimum temperature for seed germination is + 18 ... + 20C. Sprouts will begin to hatch at 7-10 days after sowing.
Care for dill on the windowsill
As long as the seeds do not grow, water the soil regularly and remove condensate. When they sprout en masse, free the container from the film and place it on the sunny window-sill, remembering that dill is a light-loving plant. In the first week after that, lower the night temperature by 1-2C to prevent the seedlings from pulling out. For example, open a window or take out a pot with shoots on a glassed-in balcony.
In the warm season, you can do without lights. When growing greens in the autumn-winter period without it - nowhere. Place the lamp at a distance of 0.5 m from the seedlings and turn on:
- at 5 o'clock in the morning, if the container is in a well-lit place,
- for 15 hours a day, if the containers are in the back of the room.
The main care for dill on the window is reduced to timely watering with settled water (as the soil dries up) and spraying, especially if the temperature in the room exceeds + 25C. Once a day, the pot of seedlings should be rotated by 180. This procedure will allow the seedlings to rise evenly, but not stretch out.
Feed dill every 2-3 weeks using complex mineral fertilizers. Thin out the seedlings as they grow. Watch the temperature in the room. If the room is cold, the roots of the plants may rot. In a room that is too hot, seedlings will wilt and require frequent watering, as well as more intense lighting.
Cultivation of dill on the window from March to September is considered less troublesome. It is also possible to get a harvest in winter, although this requires substantial efforts. Remember that cut stalks do not grow back. Dill dill regularly to indulge yourself and your loved ones for longer with delicious fresh herbs.
Growing dill in the apartment
I tried to grow dill on the windowsill in March-April. But this culture and in the spring months do not have enough light. Even on the south window, blades of grass, consisting of threadlike stems and leaflets, grew. Therefore, I concluded that without illumination, dill can only be grown on a balcony in the summer. Arranging the light for the beam of dill is somehow illogical. If we are to spend electricity, then on a whole home mini-garden where other greens will grow, and maybe some vegetables.
Without backlight you will have about the same results.
Dill is one of the most light-loving crops. To grow it in the apartment will require fitolampy or ordinary, daylight. If you have them, you can place pots with greenery not only on the windowsill, but also in the back of the room.
How to sow dill at home
To get started, get seeds. Some gardeners are advised to buy early varieties, drgie - middle-ripening, others - later. Choose whatever you like. The nuance is that early ripening throws out the flower arrow early, the bushes are small, and the later ones increase the vegetative mass for a long time, they have many leaves.
Together with the seeds and buy the soil. Suitable for indoor plants, seedlings, versatile for vegetables.
You can take the soil specifically for greenery, but the universal one will do.
If possible, stock up on your soil mixture. To do this, type and mix 1: 1 garden or turf soil and compost or humus.
You will also need drainage:
- expanded clay
- coarse sand,
- broken bricks
- river pebbles.
Of course, you need a pot or a box. Its depth should be about 20 cm. Fill the lower 3 cm with drainage, then fill the soil mixture with a layer of 15 cm. And there should be some watering overhead.
Soak the seeds for a few hours in warm water (+ 30 ... +40 ° C), then they will germinate faster. Dry seeds can sprout after 2 weeks and later.
Ways of sowing dill in room conditions:
- Make grooves at a distance of 2-3 cm with a depth of no more than 1 cm. Spill them with water. Spread the seeds can be thick. Cover the grooves with loose earth.
- Smooth and moisten the ground in a pot. Spread the seeds evenly over the surface. Sprinkle them with slightly loose earth.
That is, you can sow and surface, and a little deep. Do not water the seeds from above. They can leave with water to the depth of the pot and not germinate. Cover crops with film or glass and place in a warm place. Favorable temperature for dill: + 15 ... +18 ° C, but to accelerate germination, it can be increased to +25 ° C.
Details on how to grow dill at home on the windowsill in winter
Surprisingly, not everyone knows that garden greens are very sensitive to the environment and absorb from the soil and air all the available substances, including poisonous ones.
So dill grown in greenhouse conditions can accumulate not only toxic chemicals and pesticides, but also an excess of mineral fertilizers, without which it is impossible on an industrial scale to get a decent crop, and, accordingly, profit. In the leaves of dill, nitrates are always concentrated from nitrogen fertilizing with ammonium nitrate or urea, which are carried out to quickly increase the green mass of plants.
Acquisition of greenery on the market is also fraught with poisoning, because you don’t know where the beds are located, and suddenly near the highway, in an industrial or urban area or in an area with a high radiation background. Therefore, the easiest way to eat healthy sprigs of dill is safe - to cultivate the plant yourself.
Fresh green all year round - is it possible?
Even if you do not have your own vegetable garden, it’s not difficult to eat juicy spicy greens of dill every day. It is enough to get acquainted with the agricultural technology of this plant at home, make a minimum of effort, and the result will not take long.
Choosing a place in the apartment for dill
Planting containers with dill can be placed on the balcony, and in the winter time on the insulated loggia. Many experienced housewives grow greens on the kitchen windowsill, regularly using separate twigs to prepare and decorate their favorite dishes.
Window sills facing west, southwest, south, southeast and east are suitable for creating a mini-vegetable garden, because dill is a long day plant. Dill can also be grown on window-sill windows facing north, when organizing additional lighting. Illumination will also be required in the winter, when the daylight becomes short and cloudy weather prevails.
Landing capacity and soil
Dill grows well in clay pots, in ceramic vases, in plastic containers, and in wooden boxes. The main condition is the presence of drainage holes.
The choice is yours. In line with the interior of the room where your garden will be located, decide on the choice of planting capacity. For example, a wooden tub will perfectly fit into the interior of a kitchen made in country style, as well as a pot made of unbaked clay.
For dill fit any universal soil mixture, bought in a garden shop. Greens grow well in specialized soil for seedlings of vegetable crops, as well as in the ground intended for indoor plants. It is enough to pay attention when buying on the acidity of the soil - it should be in the range of 5.5 - 7.0 pH.
Possible option and self-preparation of soil for leafy greens. Many for this garden soil is calcined in an oven to destroy dangerous microorganisms, cooled and mixed with river sand, sawdust and peat (3: 1: 1: 1). Another version of the composition - calcined turf ground, compost, humus (1: 1: 1) with the addition of a tablespoon of vegetable ash per kilogram of the mixture. We try not to thermally process the earth, and to protect against pathogens we use onion peel - we place scales in sowing cups and / or brew.
Sowing dill on the windowsill
Seeds are desirable to acquire at specialized points or take from friends. To speed up the appearance of young shoots, planting material is soaked between layers of natural fabric for 48 hours, dried for 30 minutes, filled with hot (40-50 ° C) water and kept for a quarter of an hour, then immediately proceed to planting.
At the bottom of the landing tank, it is desirable to make a drainage layer that will prevent the stagnation of moisture. As a drainage fit broken shards of clay, small pebbles, brick chips, expanded clay, agroperlite, egg shells, large pieces of ash.
Предварительно почвенную смесь обильно увлажняют. Заделку семян осуществляют на глубину около 1,5-2 см, расстояние между растениями оставляют около 4-5 см. После посадочных работ емкость накрывают полиэтиленом и отправляют в теплое темное место до момента появление первых всходов, которые обычно проклевываются на 5-7 день. Next, the polyethylene is removed and put the pot in a permanent habitat.
You can plant dill and grow it in an apartment all year round. The intensity of care depends on when the seeds were sown. Dill, planted in autumn or winter, will require more time and effort than greens sown in the summer.
Photo of growing dill on the windowsill
On the sunny side, in good soil, dill, planted in spring and summer, does not feel the need for additional lighting and usually grows in dense, branched bushes. Good growth of dill sprouts provides a long daylight, so in winter or in cloudy weather an additional light source is required.
The right choice of planting material and preparation
Choosing the type of dill seeds requires the right approach to produce a rich harvest. Seeds are no different visually, they only differ in ripening time. Therefore, varieties are divided into early, middle and late.
For home cultivation, experienced gardeners choose an undemanding, persistent and productive variety Gribovsky, which gives fragrant greens. Seeds need only be planted in fertile soil and weed in time.
A good vegetable garden on the windowsill can be created with the seeds of the late-season variety Kibray, with the early Grenadier and the mid-season species called Richelieu. Southern varieties with a spicy taste and aroma also take root quite well on window sills, but are more finicky to the conditions. Late-ripening varieties are chosen for cultivation on the windowsill by experienced gardeners.
Inexperienced novice farmers have many questions about growing dill at home. Is it really impossible to simply insert seeds into the ground, water seedlings regularly and weed weed grass in a pot? True, instead of overgrowth of fragrant greenery, you can observe the harvest in the form of rare colorless and tasteless bylaws.
What rules should be followed when planting dill at home, so that the greens are not worse than on the market?
How to grow dill
Preparation of the necessary equipment
Planting begins with the mandatory preparation of seeds. They are soaked in warm water for at least five hours, then the water is drained and the seeds are poured with a medium solution of potassium permanganate for two to three hours. This must be done to disinfect the seed.
Planting dill includes proper seed preparation
Seed soaking in potassium permanganate
During soaking, containers are being harvested, in which simple pots for indoor flowers or specially made for the occasion made from wooden planks are suitable. The capacity of the container depends on the planned yield volumes, but if you are not aware of this indicator, try to start planting greens in a pot of one or two liters, in the bottom of which there are drainage holes to drain excess water. The container must be installed on pallets.
Plastic container for dill
Sometimes seeds for seedlings are planted first in small peat pots, and green plants are planted in constant containers. It is necessary to approach the choice of a constant container competently, so that the pots harmoniously fit into the decor of the living interior and do not spoil the room with their nondescript look.
A small layer of drainage is poured into prepared pots, which can be used with ordinary expanded clay, crushed stone or pebbles. The next small layer is not too fine sand. The top layer is a nutritious, fertile soil in the form of a ready-mixed soil intended for this particular culture, or a mixture of common sod, humus and peat.
Biohumus is an essential ingredient in the soil in which dill will grow.
Now you can start sowing and growing fresh herbs right in your own room.
Seeds that have sank to the bottom during soaking can be planted in the ground. Sunken seeds are sown after pre-drying on fabric or cotton wool.
There is no special rule for geometric sowing of dill; in a pot you can sow greens in rows, in bunches or in any other order. After sowing the seeds, an additional thin layer of soil is made up, no more than two centimeters. Then the surface of the soil is slightly moistened, and the pot is covered with polyethylene. The greenhouse effect can be obtained using food film, it is a very convenient way.
Pots or boxes with planted dill should be on the warmest and well-lit window sill for the average temperature to be plus eighteen degrees Celsius. Tanks are in the light and warm until the first sprouts of dill. If you correctly followed all the recommendations, the crops will be planted within a week, maximum - ten days after sowing.
Springs in dill in pots
As it turned out, the cultivation of the first green shoots is not at all a complicated process. Labor costs and time begin during the further cultivation of thick odorous dill.
Dill need to care
The film from the containers should be removed as soon as all the shoots have risen. Care during the warmer months is to create a good lighting, regular watering and spraying dill. You also need to remember to turn the pots with seedlings once a day so that the plants do not lean sideways, but stretch upwards.
Winter cultivation consists of the same actions as during the summer months, it is only necessary to provide dill with good lighting during a short daylight hours. With a lack of light, it is impossible to get fluffy bushes, because the shoots begin to stretch excessively upwards in search of the sun's rays. As an additional light, a regular lamp, installed at a half-meter height above the green pots, will be suitable. Morning fennel lights on the windowsill are up to six hours a day, and for sprouts in the depth of the room you need to turn on the lamp for at least fifteen hours.
Dill requires a lot of light
The optimal regime for green crops is a temperature of seventeen to nineteen degrees above zero, although dill will tolerate slight deviations to one side or the other without loss. Regular watering should be moderate, and twice a month it is recommended to feed the soil with mineral fertilizer.
Dill on the windowsill for 3 days
So, it is more difficult to grow dill at home in the autumn-winter period, when the plants lack sunlight. But at any time of the year you can get fresh greens, if you pay it to growing time and sufficient attention.
Tips experienced gardeners on successful cultivation
To quickly grow high-quality shaggy bunches of dill, you need to know some secrets of sprouting:
- do not forget about regular watering, especially during seed germination,
Watering is carried out as the soil dries out, in small portions.
So that as the shrubs grow, they do not experience a nutritional deficiency, dill on the windowsill feed the dill twice a month
All recommendations should not cause you to think that coping with the cultivation of dill at home is quite problematic, with no experience in this matter. But this is not at all the case, because dill can be easily diluted on the windowsill, because the plants have enough fertile soil and good lighting from the window.
14–20 days after the first sowing, the next batch of seeds is sown.
Do not forget to protect the box with dill from pets
The beneficial properties of dill and its spicy flavor make this green indispensable in the preparation of various dishes. In addition, calcium, phosphorus, vitamins and potassium salts in dill greens are necessary components of masks to improve the color and refresh the skin of the face.
Thus, to obtain vitamins all year round, you just need to properly organize the planting of not particularly demanding to the conditions of dill and other greens on your window sill. If you are a beginner gardener and have no experience in this interesting business, we recommend planting dill during the warm spring and summer months.
What is needed for the cultivation of dill
To breed a mini-vegetable garden on a windowsill or balcony you will need:
- choose a variety of spices, prepare seeds,
- prepare a flower pot (container) of the desired size, a depth of 15-20 cm and always with drainage holes from the bottom,
- collect garden soil and purchase land for indoor plants,
- when growing a house during the winter period, additionally use a backlight,
- application of complex mineral fertilizers.
As can be seen, the preparatory cultivation of dill at home will require minimal investment, effort and knowledge.
Seed material for the cultivation of fresh herbs from the seeds should be selected based on the timing of its ripening.
Varieties are divided into categories, each of which has its own characteristics.
- Early - you won't have to wait for the crop for a long time, usually the greens appear 3-4 weeks after planting, but the stalks and leaves will be few. After the first leaflets, dill of this species begins to bloom. These include the variety Gribovsky, Carousel, Early Miracle, Aurora and Grenadier.
- Mid-season - greens will appear at home 10 days later than the early ones, but there will be more bushes. This variety includes Ambrella, Richelieu, Odorous and Kibray.
- Late-ripening - the spice in the mini-garden will grow later, but the fragrant thick dill will be much larger. Such high-yielding varieties are considered to be Gigantic, Alligator, Buyan and Russian.
In order to always grow fresh spicy grass in a pot on the balcony, you can choose several varieties with different ripening periods. You can take an elongated container, divide it into three parts and plant both early, late and mid-ripening dill varieties.
To collect a quality and lush harvest at home, the seeds need to be quickly and well sprouted in the soil. They need to soak for 1-2 days in warm water, changing the liquid once every 12 hours. Those that remain to float on the surface are unsuitable for landing, so they should be collected and thrown out. The remaining seeds remaining at the bottom of the tank are suitable. With them you need to drain the water and dry well.
Some experienced growers who grow dill on the balcony, after removing bad seeds, are soaked for 3-5 hours in a weak, light pink, solution of potassium permanganate. So the seed is decontaminated.
Soil preparation and container selection
As for the open air, the spicy greens grow on any kind of soil, but at home it is better to plant it in fertile soil, just not sour. Perfectly suitable mixture of garden soil prepared for last year and soil for indoor plants. You can mix the substrate with humus, peat. The earth should be loose, breathable.
At the bottom of the container for the cultivation of dill on the balcony you need to put a two-centimeter drainage layer (broken brick, expanded clay). It will help to drain excess fluid when watering the plant and protect the pot greens from overflowing. On it the prepared soil keeps within.
When growing greens from seeds, any container will suit: a plastic container, a wooden box or a flower pot. The main thing is that the dishes should not be small, because dill has a tap root system.
Ideally for this purpose, suitable packaging for 1.5-2 liters volume. A prerequisite is the presence of small drainage holes at the bottom of the tank.
Soil when breeding fresh grass on the balcony must be irrigated with water from a spray bottle, shallow grooves should be made in the ground. The depth of the pits should be no more than 1-1.5 cm. Sow the seeds in the holes, not too tightly sprinkle them on top of the ground, moisten the contents of the pot with water from a spray bottle.
Next, cover the container with a plastic bag (plastic wrap) to achieve the effect of a mini-greenhouse, put germinate for 7 days in a dark place with air temperature not higher than 18-20 ° C. The film retains soil moisture.
When seedlings emerge from the seed (after about a week), you need to remove extra sprouts so that there is an interval of about 3 cm between them. Place the container on the window sill.
Dill - light-grass. Sufficient lighting for fragrant greens is more important than warm air. When breeding her home in the spring and summer months, the capacity for sowing should be put on the illuminated window sill.
During the warm period, the greens should be fed by sunlight at least 6 hours a day. In cloudy weather, dill is better dosachivat bulbs.
When growing a mini-garden on the balcony in the winter it must be additionally illuminated. For this purpose fluorescent lamps of a white range will approach. Artificial lighting in the cold months should work at least 12 hours at a height of 50 cm from crops.
Comfortable temperature and humidity
When planting greenery at home, it is important to maintain optimum air temperature and humidity. Dill is quite hardy to cold, but the best temperature for a good harvest is 17-20 ° C. Boxes and containers with greens can be stored on the balcony until the first autumn frosts.
Humidity should be kept within 40-50%. Otherwise, when the humidity is high, the leaves of dill can strike a fungal disease, and excessive dryness can simply destroy the plant.
Secrets of success
There are several tricks to make the crop of the house germinate fluffy and thick.
- Water the dill when the top layer of soil dries out, settled with water. The first time, until the seedlings are mature, it is better to irrigate them with a spray bottle.
- Plant nutrition should be carried out with nitrogen fertilizers 1-2 times per month.
- Every day, flip the sides of the container with different sides to the light. So when grown on the balcony dill will grow smoothly.
Growing fresh dill at home is a simple matter. Greens will give the room its flavor, saturate the body with vitamins all year round and decorate any hearty dishes.
The main thing when breeding greenery at home is to choose the right seeds, prepare a fertile soil, maintain a comfortable temperature, monitor the humidity of the air and the lighting.
How to choose a variety of dill?
At first glance, it is easy to grow dill at home: it is enough to sow the seeds in any container with the ground, water the seedlings as necessary and remove weeds. But in reality, in a pot, instead of a thicket of green fragrant dill, pale thin blades of grass are often lonely swaying with little or no aroma.
The secret to getting a good harvest is to choose the right variety of dill. Experienced gardeners at home most often opt for the early ripened variety Gribovsky.
They are attracted by lack of care, high yields, resistance to diseases and temperature fluctuations. Merry, strong-flavored greens of Gribovsky dill will flaunt on the window-sill within 1-1.5 months after planting in the ground. To get a good harvest of this variety at home is enough fertile land and weed control.
Other varieties are grown on the windowsill: Grenadier (early ripe), Richelieu (mid-season with fragrant bluish-green leaves), Kibray (late ripening with wide beautiful leaves). At home, gardeners cultivate and possess spicier southern varieties, which are more finicky.
Late-ripening varieties have their own advantages: they bush out more, they give more greens. They ripen longer, the greens grow over a longer time. Even more green when sown the seeds of bushy varieties. On the windowsill or balcony will look great its abundance. Growing dill on the windowsill has not only a utilitarian, but also a decorative function: it perfectly decorates the interior.
There is no special grade of dill intended for cultivation on the windowsill. Choosing a seed material, it is worth paying the main attention to ripening terms.
It is important here not to make a mistake: even though early varieties give green mass very quickly, but they are worse leafy and quickly stretch into peduncles than late ripening ones. Late varieties of bush type (Salute, Gourmet, Russian size) do not have time to mature in the beds over the summer, but they are perfect for growing houses.
At the window, such dill forms well-leafy dense bushes with all new shoots forming from the sinuses. For growing at home late varieties are ideal.
In the garden, dill grows on almost any soil. It can be successfully grown at home only in a fertile soil mixture, which must be prepared in advance.
To do this, in the autumn, harvest the loose garden soil and before sowing mix it with the purchased neutral soil intended for indoor plants. For sowing, it is recommended to select a container of sufficient size so that the dill is not constrained, and do not forget to make a drainage layer at the bottom of the container.
Dill seeds germinate for quite a long time due to the high oil content. Before sowing, they must be soaked for 20 hours in warm water, through which oxygen is passed through an aquarium compressor. A more affordable option is to put the seeds in warm water for two days and change it to fresh every 6 hours.
Selection of tanks
Для выращивания укропа можно использовать деревянные или пластмассовые ящички или обычные цветочные горшки объемом 1-2 литра. Для обеспечения стока лишней воды в них должны быть обязательно проделаны отверстия. На дно емкостей кладут дренажный слой из любых мелких камушков, битого кирпича, керамзита или гальки.
Присыпав его песком, сверху насыпают грунт. Он должен быть питательным с нейтральной реакцией. You can mix garden soil with peat and compost or buy ready-made special composition.
Dill planting technology
Dill seeds can be sown directly on wet soil without pitting or grooves. From above they are sprinkled with peat mixed with humus. On one square decimeter of soil enough to sow 0.3 grams of seeds.
In order to provide future plants with conditions for comfortable growth, it is recommended to keep a distance of several centimeters between seedlings. Grown up plants will not shade each other.
To get the best result, you can make grooves 1 centimeter deep in the ground, shed them with water and place prepared seeds on the bottom. Top of them sprinkled with dry earth from the edges of the grooves, so that a dense crust preventing the emergence of shoots does not form on the surface of the soil.
It is recommended to cover the sowing container with cellophane film and remove it for a week in a dark place with a temperature of about 20 ° C. The first shoots will begin to appear in a week. For 10-12 days all the saplings will come out of the ground.
Air temperature and humidity
It is best to grow dill at a temperature of + 18 ° C, but even when the temperature drops to + 8 ° C, for example, on a glazed balcony, the plants will feel quite comfortable. If the temperature in the room is above + 20 ° C, it is necessary to increase the illumination so that the fennel bushes do not turn out to be light, stretched and sluggish.
In order for the plants to gain strength and not to be pulled up, it is desirable to lower the temperature in the room in the first week after germination at night, opening the window. To dill not stretched, you can make crops on the glassed-in balcony. Excessive dryness or high humidity is detrimental to dill.
After cutting the leaves and stalks of dill do not grow back. To cut fresh greens continuously, it is recommended to sow the seeds every 3 weeks on the vacated area of their micro-city.
When growing dill at home, you should not forget that this plant is very light-loving. From March to August it is easiest to grow it on a window: on a bright window-sill in fertile land, plantings form lush greens and without additional lighting.
Plants grown in the autumn-winter period without additional illumination will stretch and fall. Due to the electricity consumed, the cost of growing will increase. During this period, landings will have to pay more attention.
Dill requires regular watering, which should be given special attention when seed germination and the emergence of young shoots. For irrigation use clean settled water.
Dill grows well in damp earth, but there should not be too much water: this will lead to mold on the soil. Greens in a dry room preferably spray more often. It is recommended to rotate the pots daily by 180 degrees so that the dill grows nicely and not too stretched.
Planting once in 2-3 weeks should be fed with complex mineral fertilizer. Some owners simply practice periodic bleeding of biohumus. If the dill has been sown in fertilized fertile land, fertilizing will be required not immediately, but after massive planting.
Growing dill on the windowsill in winter
Not every green can grow well indoors. Some plants prefer cold months and may even bloom at home. Dill loves cool weather, so growing it at home is relatively easy. On the windowsill, you can sow it from mid-autumn to early spring.
This process does not require special skills and effort. Dill gives shoots quickly, its leaves within 6-8 weeks are ready to be harvested. Do not just forget that in the winter greens should be regularly watered and further illuminate.
Excessive dryness or high air humidity affect dill is detrimental. At high humidity, the greenery affects powdery mildew. Normally, the humidity should be in the range of 40-50%. If the windows are cold to the touch, the foliage of the plants may freeze, the greens may die.
Excess fertilizer is more negative for dill than their lack. At the same time, it must be borne in mind that indoor greens grow slowly in the winter months. From mid-October to mid-March, it is not recommended to reduce the amount of fertilizer. As a top dressing, you can use any liquid fertilizer intended for indoor plants.
After the formation of flower buds feeding green cease. Plants can be cut at the base of the stem. After 6-8 weeks the harvest of fragrant greens is ready for harvest. Dill is usually used fresh, so it is collected periodically to be added to dishes.