Clematis Dr. Ruppel - one of the most favorite plants of gardeners. Due to its structure - clematis is equipped with special antennae - it is able to cling to any support: a tree, a fence or some kind of artificial fence.
Along it, it rises upwards, covering its lush greenery like a carpet, literally everything that it touches, and presents with delightful flowers.
Clematis - perennial plant of the buttercup family. Depending on the species, flowers of this liana can be both single and collected in inflorescences. The flowering time of clematis is almost 4 months, while the life of a single bud that has recently blossomed lasts three, maximum 4 weeks. The flowering period of clematis lasts almost four months, while the life time of a single blossoming bud is only three or four weeks.
Wherein the color scheme of our flower may depend on external data:
- soil composition
- climate, air temperature,
- illumination of the area and others.
At present, in a modern garden, in rare cases you may not meet such a beautiful liana. The gardener especially likes clematis for its beauty, unpretentiousness and ease of care. Even the most beginner gardener can successfully grow it. Clematis grows on any soil, endures dry days, heat and heat without visible difficulties, it endures cold with the same persistence. However, this does not mean that, by planting this plant, you can forget about it altogether. Some rules for caring for him exist and they must be fulfilled, and then you can count on the fact that soon your garden will be decorated with bright colors and a hedge for many years.
Original grade dr ruppel
Clematis variety dr ruppel (Dr. Ruppel) - represents perennial liana blooming twice a year. The first time it begins to bloom in spring, the second - in late August or early September. The variety is especially appreciated for the originality of its flowering, which lies in the fact that the color of flowers depends directly on the degree of illumination.
Color diversity may include the following colors:
In the color of the inflorescences can be interspersed with different stripes and specks. Color can change, gradually acquiring a pronounced lavender. The inflorescence is usually large, reaching in some cases about 20 cm. If the first bloom, the newly-minted flowers are often semi-double in shape.
To date, there is an impressive number of varieties and species of this plant, which are divided into three groups according to the pruning principle. Careful attention is paid to this sort of plant in the plant, as Dr. Rippel. It belongs to the 2nd trimming group. This is a weak group, which is characterized by unusual colors of buds. Clematis able to reach 3 m tall. The width of its weaving often reaches 1 meter.
Growing at home
Despite the noticeably unpretentiousness, he will still have to provide minimal care. If you have decided to decorate your garden or country house with beautiful flowering vines, you need to start with the search for seedlings. Choosing them correctly will require some skills or a preliminary study of this issue. It is advised to give their preferences to seedlings that were grown in individual vessels. Why is it so necessary?
- Flowers grown in individual pots, initially protected from damage to the root system.
- It will be easier to transplant plants into the ground. To do this, you just need to grab a piece of native land.
- This will ensure the prompt adaptation of clematis to a new place of residence.
Choosing a landing site
When the seedling is already selected, the next step will be to determine its further place of residence. The plant is quite resistant to cold and hot temperatures. But if you want to get bright large flowers, it should be planted in places where good illumination will be provided in the morning and evening. During the lunch period, the plant like penumbra, which protects it from direct sunlight and scorching rays. Clematis is contraindicated to plant in arid and hot climates. This applies to the southern regions of our country.
The fact is that plants with a sparing heat will grow weakly, and the inflorescences will not be abundant and colorful. For the clematis variety Dr. Rupert, it is advisable to choose a soil with a neutral pH and sufficient moisture. It is necessary to carry out mulching when caring for the plant. Thus, the moisture will be retained in the soil after planting and will moisten the roots until the next watering. For more comfort, growth and living plants use peat, sawdust, chopped straw.
Clematis should be planted in the ground, following the following technology. A square hole 50 to 70 cm is dug. If several bushes are planted, then it is necessary to maintain a distance of not less than 70 cm between the holes. The holes must be drained. Suitable large river sand mixed with expanded clay or small stones. After that it is necessary to prepare the ground. It is necessary that he be of the following composition:
All this must be placed in the pit. Then land there clematis so that the delicate buds touch the Earth. When landing will be finished, new settlers need to be poured abundantly and set support to them. Since clematis grows rather quickly and is of the lean type, it is necessary to take these features into account in advance and to prepare the structures for their further growth upwards.
All the measures taken above does not mean that now clematis must be forgotten. The soil in which the plants are placed should be fertilized systematically. We are rich in minerals at least once every 30 days.. It must be remembered that before you apply fertilizer, Lian needs to fly thoroughly first, and after that, feed. Clematis is recommended to be watered once every 7 days, but if the temperature is high enough, you can do it more often..
Watering clematis is best in the evening and at the same time with warm water.. As a rule, one adult plant consumes about 10 liters of water. On this all the tricks of care for clematis end. Now the main task is to preserve the young plant in the cold. To succeed, it is necessary from the fall, while the first frosts have not yet come, cut off all climbing shoots to the very root. You should not pity them. The fact is that in spring clematis dr. ruppel compensates for this with new young and abundant branches. After full pruning, cover with fallen leaves, straw or hay.
Finish the cover should be burlap. It should be noted that in the next year it is necessary to cut in a more gentle mode. Experienced gardeners, as a rule, only slightly shorten strong adult shoots and free them from supports, spreading around a bush on a bed of straw or hay. The same material on top and cover. Such an event allows the plant to safely survive the winter. It is important to consider that you should not allow too dense coverage. The plant must enter the air, otherwise wintering, when the vine is literally bricked up without air, may die due to plant rot. In this regard, the winter cover vines should be approached responsibly.
With the onset of spring, you should carefully examine the shoots and cut them only slightly. When the first bloom this year is completed, the branches of the word are cut to the first buds. Soon in their place will be formed new shoots and young buds. Then you can expect a lush and beautiful bloom in late August or early September. Cutting clematis, it is necessary to further feed. Because he will need nutrients.
Clematis can multiply in several ways:
- Side scions,
- Dividing the bush
In private gardening the most popular method is the propagation of the cuttings. Plants are prepared for it in spring, even before flowering begins. Before planting, the cuttings must first be kept in any growth stimulator.
Planted cuttings must be in open ground, but in the previously prepared and added substrate. For optimum rooting of the cuttings, you need to select places that are dark enough. There you need to make a moat about half a meter deep, a mixture of peat and sand is placed in it. The soil, where they will germinate cuttings, must be systematically moistened. The air should be warm, at least 18 degrees. To do this, it is necessary to build an improvised mini-greenhouse over the city by a moat.
Cuttings should be prepared in such a way that they are with one knot and no larger than 5 cm in size. They should be planted in a well-moistened substrate, deepening each cutting to the knot. Because for good and fast let the roots need good moisture. To do this, the cuttings must often be sprayed several times a day. After about 2 months, if all the rules of care are followed, roots will quickly form and the first leaflets will appear. Young seedlings are usually not transplanted, leaving him in the same place for the winter. When the cold comes, the cuttings should be covered as described above.
To protect clematis from diseases and pests, then as a preventive measure it is necessary with the arrival of springtime regularly process bushes with copper sulphate, diluted to 1%. The same procedure is repeated in the fall. The use of ash to protect bushes from diseases and pests also showed itself well. It must be placed under the lower parts of the bushes. If garden pests are detected, they must be sprayed with insecticides, guided by the drug description and instructions for use.
Original grade dr.ruppel
The variety Dr. Ruppel is a beautiful perennial liana that blooms twice a year, in spring and from late August to September. The originality of flowering lies in the fact that the color of the buds depends on the lighting. It can be a pink shade with a strip of fuchsia or lavender with a pink stripe. Gradually clematis acquires a rich lavender color. The size of the flower is quite large, sometimes it reaches twenty centimeters. In the first flowering, the flowers most often have a semi-double shape.
Clematis grows up to three meters in height, and the width of the weave vine can reach one meter.
Those who are not professional, but want to design their garden beautifully, experts recommend choosing proven and well-proven clematis for years. Making the choice of a plant, it is paramount to show an interest in the shoots on which the flowering takes place, since inattention to this moment can often cause unpleasant surprises. The fact is that the plant will bloom, but the buds can be dull and ordinary.
Care, in addition to systematic watering, provides pruning. In the first 12 months after planting it is necessary to carry out the formation of all clematis, even those that lay flowering on the shoots of last year. It is necessary to cut low, it will help the flower to become healthier, and next year there will be much more green shoots. In the following years, circumcision depends on the type and duration of flowering.
Species that give buds on annual shoots are cut almost at the root in autumn or left about 100 mm above the soil surface. In the event that clematis blooms on last year's biennial shoots, it is necessary to cut the powerful branches and shorten the plant slightly, then remove it from the structure, carefully twist it into a ring and place it on the coniferous branches or straw bedding, cover it (preferably coniferous branches), but not strong or diseased shoots must be cut completely.
There is no need to protect the plant with a film or other covering material, since there must be a circulation of air masses, the plant must not peat. Otherwise, if it does not die of cold, it may rot. In order for flowering to take place for quite a long time, in springtime it is necessary to cut off part of the shoots, and when the main budding takes place, all the stems should be cut to the first buds, and then fresh shoots with strong peduncles will reappear. We should not forget that after such manipulations clematis must be well fertilized.
Propagate the plant best cuttings. It is possible to carry out cultivation by side processes and dividing a large middle-aged shrub, but nevertheless a greater number of gardeners prefer cutting. Cutting seedlings is necessary before the plant begins to bloom, it is best to root them in the initial phase of the development of buds.
After cutting, the cuttings are soaked in a growth stimulator. When using the tool, you must follow the instructions. After that, on a plot in a shaded place, a small ditch approximately 50 cm deep should be dug, and the soil prepared in advance should be dug into it, which should consist of sand and peat in equal proportions. Top with 3 cm of wet sand on the substrate. Humidity of the soil should be moderate, and the temperature of the ambient air should be +18. + 26 ° C. To maintain the temperature, it is necessary to place the arcs, cover it with lutrasil.
The cuttings should be cut no longer than 50 mm, they should contain only 1 knot, and the existing sheet should be shortened by half. Next, the prepared seedlings are arranged in the ground to the kidney and shed abundantly. In the future, watering is carried out as needed, and to maintain the correct level of moisture spraying is performed 4 times a day with cool water. Approximately in 45-60 days the roots will appear, growing them to mature plants is better at the same place, naturally, taking care of overwintering.
Professional gardeners give a number of practical advice, they will help novice gardeners to breed spectacular clematis. The first thing to do is to buy healthy seedlings. It is best to pick up planting material, which has a hidden root system, that is, planted in a pot or growing in a special bag that can be transported. Following this advice, the florist will receive almost the fullest guarantee that clematis will feel good in a new place.
If the planting material is not large, this should not be a concern: it is easier to transport a medium-sized flower, it is easier to tolerate acclimatization, and it is always possible to grow it at home (on a loggia or simply on a window).
To pull with a transplant to a new place should not be, as the flowers expand very rapidly. Based on this, it is not necessary to worry if the weak fresh stems break during transportation. They will actively grow back, and they will still have to be cut off when landing on a new place, leaving only 2 caps.
Plant in the garden area to a bright, but slightly shady place. Clematis should not be placed on the south side of the plot, as it will be very hot there, and this can have a detrimental effect on development and flowering.
The bush is not particularly fastidious to the components of the soil, but this concerns species with small flowers, but varieties with large buds, like terry ones, do not tolerate hot earth and negatively relate to acidic soil. Since the root system needs moisture and coolness, while the flowers and foliage need sunlight, after planting the soil should be mulched with peat and sawdust.
The pit for planting a plant seedling should be quite large: on heavy ground - 70x70x70 cm, on light ground - 50x50x50 cm. The distance between the pits should be no more than 100 cm. Good drainage should be laid at the bottom of the hole, which can be used as a lightweight expanded clay, broken brick, pebble or gravel. They are filled with clean river sand.
Next, in the hole you need to put a good garden soil with the addition of the following components:
Then you need to carefully decompose the root system of clematis. It should be planted so that it is 10 cm deeper than when it is in the pot, and you can even deepen the kidneys from below. After it is necessary to moisten the soil well, add fertilizers, arrange support in the form of tails or another design. For the first time, you can install a simple peg, but since clematis grows quickly enough, you don’t have to pull a special ladder or lattice with the device, otherwise caring for the flower will be problematic.
When to fertilize?
Fertilize clematis at least 4 times per season after watering. Feed the full mineral composition with useful elements at the rate of 40 g per bucket of water or diluted mullein in proportions of 1 to 10.
Watering should be done systematically. If you choose the right place, it can be carried out 1 time in 7 days, introducing a bucket of cool water under each plant. After clematis takes root and grows, you need to start carrying out systematic feedings. Каждый день культуру надо удобрять жидкими составами, которые нужно готовить по инструкции.
Клематис в зимний период
Особенно сложной для молодого растения будет первая зима на новом месте, и, чтобы клематис не погиб, нужно в середине ноября (но до наступления ночных морозов) срезать наросшие побеги на уровне грунта и присыпать соломой, а сверху накрыть еловыми ветками.
Next year, in order to create a shade for the root system and a greater aesthetics of the garden plot, you can plant various beautiful ground cover crops around the plant.
You can use clematis for decorating the area. This is an ideal option for vertical gardening. The bush is elegantly suited for garden structures, for arbors and fences.
Origin and features
Hybrid variety known since 1975. Despite the wide distribution of the plant, data on its origin are ambiguous. According to M. A. Beskaravayna, it was obtained in England by breeder Jim Fisk. Other sources claim that this specialist only introduced a variety to the culture, created two years earlier in Argentina.
Clematis is a woody vine with stems from 2.5 to 3 (less often to 4) meters. Shot formation activity is average. Leaves are pinnate, complex. The flowers are star-shaped, with a diameter of 12-18 cm. Consist of 6-8 petals, overlapping each other. Petals oblong-oval, with wavy edges and sharp tips. The color is lilac-pink, with a bright wine-red or crimson stripe in the center. Anthers cream or light beige. White stamens.
According to the classification adopted in our country, the variety belongs to the Patents group. It blooms in the middle lane on the winters of last year's shoots in May – June and in the growth of the current year in August – September. The appearance of flowers depends on the time of their appearance on the bushes. The first copies of the season have a rather pale, uniform color, but are often semi-double. In flowers that bloom at the beginning of the second "wave", the color of the petals is characteristic of this variety - pale pink with a bright stripe in the center. By the end of the season, flowers of a darker shade appear, the edges of their petals practically do not differ in color from the crimson "middles". Most experts are of the opinion that such a variety of colors is a consequence of the manifestation of the "parent" properties of the plant, created by intraspecific hybridization. In addition, according to gardeners, the flowering features of this variety are often associated with growing conditions, the mineral composition of the soil, and even weather changes.
Specific landing and care
Like all large-flowered clematis, the variety is propagated mainly by layering or rooted cuttings.
Saplings recommend placing in light partial shade, next to specially built trellis, fences, gazebos and other garden facilities. Organic fertilizers (peat, humus or compost), as well as wood ash and mineral additives are applied to the planting pit under the roots, choosing them according to the soil characteristics. Further care is reduced to maintaining optimum soil moisture, weed control and protecting the plant from diseases and pests. In autumn, all the stems of a one-year-old bush are shortened to 20–30 cm from the soil and covered with a covering material. In the spring, shelter is removed, and new shoots are thinned, leaving the strongest.
It is officially considered that the Dr. Ruppel clematis group is the second. In the period of preparation for the winter in adult bushes, annual stems are shortened by a third of the length (or the part on which flowers were in this season) is removed, folded over and covered. Next spring, the buds of the first “wave” of flowering are formed on them.
The variety is usually positioned as enough frost resistant. However, many gardeners note that in the middle lane and more northern regions, clematis often does not withstand this wintering regime. Last year's shoots freeze slightly, which has a bad effect on the decorativeness of bushes in the next season: they not only bloom very weakly in spring, but also too slowly gain green mass, hardly forming the buds of the second “wave”. Therefore, it is believed that plants of this variety should be formed in accordance with the second group of pruning only when grown in warm places. In a more severe climate, it makes sense to radically shorten all the stems (as is done with the third group clematis), sacrificing spring flowering to preserve the health of the bushes, which in such cases begin to bud in the summer (in mid-July), and bloom extremely well to almost frost .
Plants are rather compact, it is convenient to cultivate them in container culture. The variety is great for vertical gardening, single planting, as well as growing next to other clematis. With proper approach to the organization of wintering, Clematis "Dr. Ruppel" according to gardeners can be used in landscape design, even in areas of "risky farming."
Elvira, 45, Kazan
One of the most beloved and beautiful varieties. Unfortunately, in our climate last year's whips can not always be saved. She covered both spunbond and spruce spruce branches — they still freeze slightly several times. Then they bloomed badly, the increase was weak. I got tired of it, and I moved to pruning in group 3. There is no early flowering now, but from the end of July until September the bush is simply covered with flowers. Apparently, trimming in group 2 in this case is acceptable only in the south. And so, the plant is wonderful. Very decorative, but not capricious, and not sick of anything.
Olga, 51, Moscow region
Excellent clematis. When blooms - rarely beautiful, and blooms for a long time. But there are difficulties with wintering. Cover last year's shoots need to be very careful, otherwise in our climate, freezing can not be avoided. I bend down, cover the box. Inside I fill in dry foliage, outside I wrap it up with spunbond and fill it with spruce branches. So the whips are kept well, but there is a lot of fuss with them. So you can’t call a trouble-free variety. Those who have no experience, it is better to start with clematis easier.
Anton, 49 years old, Vladimir
I have this variety for a long time. In terms of disease resistance and unpretentiousness, in my opinion, one of the most worthy. I do not even speak of decorativeness, it is above all praise. But the promised "semi-double" flowers have never seen. Neither on a purchased bush, nor on new ones, which I received with horizontal layouts. Perhaps it depends on the soil or on the climate. According to my observations, the variety loves penumbra more than the open sun. The color of the flowers is, indeed, unequal at different stages of flowering. The first - the largest, but rather pale, the central strip is almost imperceptible. In the middle of the season, a “classic” bicolor version is obtained. Closer to September, the petals are so bright that the edges cannot be distinguished from the middle centers, they are solid bright crimson, but the flowers themselves are smaller. Crop do in group 2. Scourge did not freeze out once, but I wrapped them very thoroughly. I put lapnik under the bent stems, cover it with layers of lutrasil and greenhouse film on top, fill in sawdust. In general, not without difficulties, but you can handle. I recommend to anyone who wants to decorate their cottage.
Rollers made by gardeners in the USA and Hungary testify to the popularity of the variety all over the world:
How to plant clematis on the balcony tells an experienced specialist from the Polish nursery in the following video:
She graduated from MGRI them. Ordzhonikidze. The main specialty is a mining engineer-geophysicist, which means a person with an analytical mindset and diverse interests. I have my own house in the village (respectively, the experience of gardening, horticulture, mushroom growing, as well as fussing with pets and poultry). Freelancer, in terms of their responsibilities perfectionist and "bore". Amateur hand made, the creator of exclusive jewelry made of stones and beads. A passionate admirer of the printed word and a reverent observer of everything that lives and breathes.
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Clematis Description Dr. Ruppel
Large-flowered, moderately growing liana rises to 2-2.5 m, rarely up to 3 m. The root clematis system of the hybrid Dr. Ruppel is well developed, goes to the sides and deeper to 1 m. Many vines are formed in the vine. During the summer, branches grow up to 2 m in height and extend to 90-110 cm in width. With clinging tendrils the liana is fixed on a support: wooden, metal lattices, walls, trunks of plants. The flowers of the variety Dr. Ruppel are created on the shoots of the previous year. The liana of this grade blossoms very effectively.
Huge bright flowers 15-20 cm in diameter. Gardeners indicate in their reviews that Clematis Dr. Ruppel gives flowers even up to 23 cm. Their coloring is changeable: depends on lighting and age. The petals, which are sepals, in the first days are very saturated, intense pink color with a brighter, almost crimson stripe in the middle.
Gradually, the tone is muffled, and by the end of flowering it becomes lavender, and the strip is fuchsia-colored. The variety Petals Dr. Ruppel is bordered with a light tone, the ribs are slightly wavy. A special charm to a flower with 6-8 sepals-petals give gentle light beige stamens, forming a lush, half-cut pompon.
Liana pleases bloom twice per season. In May and June, the flowers are semi-double, lush. In August, early September - simple.
Frost resistance, drought resistance
Clematis Dr. Rapper loves the sun, but the roots should be shaded. This is especially important in the south, where the temperature at noon reaches + 35 ° C. The unpretentious variety is quite drought-resistant, but watering is needed. To preserve moisture for a long time, experienced flower growers after watering the vines mulch the ground in the basal area with straw or dry hay. A good reception is the landing of ground covers with roots that are close to the surface and do not interfere with the vine.
The variety of hybrid large-flowered clematis Ruppel is grown in different countries, with a range of winter temperatures from - 7 ° C to - 29 ° C. In areas where there are severe frosts without snow, the roots cover after pre-winter preparation. With the advent of snow cover near the root zone form a snowdrift. In the spring, packed snow is broken, so that the trunk and roots do not support. The variety is planted in the south and in the middle climatic zone of Russia.
Resistance to diseases and pests
Clematis varieties Dr. Ruppel may suffer from wilt fungal disease - wilt. The disease affects the plant if the shrub is planted on heavy and acidic soil. Prevention is the annual spilling of clematis with a solution of lime or dolomite flour. In the spring, 150-200 g of any product is diluted in 10 liters of warm water and poured onto the plant. From the development of most spores and pests will help early-spring processing of clematis 1% copper sulfate. If signs of the disease were observed, it is sprayed in the fall, when the leaves fall.
Clematis Reproduction Methods
The most convenient way of reproduction of clematis. Dr. Rupert is the sliding of lateral vines. In April, near the bush dig a groove, where the escape is placed. The top remains above the ground. From the buds after 3-4 weeks sprouts appear. They are dug in spring or autumn.
Often clematis reproduce by dividing the bush and grafting:
- use a sharp spade to cut off a part of the root ball for transplanting,
- they cut off the sprout and divide it into parts in which there is 1 node each,
- growth stimulator is used according to the instructions, the leaves are cut in half and planted in wet sand piled over the nutrient substrate,
- rooting occurs after 3 weeks, transplantation is carried out next spring.
Choosing the right place
Clematis Dr. Ruppel, according to the description of the variety, loves a sunny place, protected from sudden gusts of wind, which is slightly shading at noon. The hole is dug, receding 40-50 cm from the building or fence. On the site should not accumulate water after rains or in the spring, after melting snow. Lime or dolomite flour is added to the acidic soil.
Selection and preparation of planting material
When purchasing clematis without a container, one must inspect the condition of its roots and shoots. The branches must be without damage, not lower than 40-50 cm, and the roots are fibrous, up to 25 cm in diameter. After delivering the plant to the landing site, the roots are disinfected in potassium permanganate for half an hour, then soaked in a clay mash. Clematis in a container is placed in a large container with water so that the substrate is moistened, and the root tips are not injured when removing the pot.
The pit is dug spacious, 60 x 60 x 60 cm in size. The drainage is laid on 10-15 cm. Prepare the substrate thoroughly. To the top layer of soil add:
- 10-12 kg of humus,
- 6 kg of sand and peat,
- half a jar of 0.5 liters of chalk and wood ash,
- 70 g of superphosphate or fertilizer for flowers.
First, a support is hammered near the center of the hole, then a clematis sapling is placed:
- the roots are spread on the mound of the substrate,
- cover the roots with soil and sprinkle the stem 6–9 cm higher than it grew before for the abundant formation of shoots,
- the earth is compacted and mulched.
Having planted a plant, mulch for wintering. If autumn is warm and without rain, water two times. In the spring, snow and old mulch are thrown back, and agrotechnical measures begin.
Clematis moisturize once a week, in the heat - more often. For irrigation use water heated in the sun. Watered in the evening at the root of 10 liters per bush. Under the young clematis nothing is planted yet, therefore they put a fresh layer of mulch each time.
Successful cultivation of clematis varieties Dr. Ruppel requires regular fertilizing, after 15 days:
- in May they dissolve 2-3 tablespoons of ammonium nitrate in a bucket of water and spend the entire volume as an adult shrub or half for a young one,
- in the phase of buds they are fertilized with complexes for flowers,
- after the first flowering - potash-phosphorus,
- In the fall, 0.5 liters of wood ash is poured under a bush.
After dressing the soil is watered abundantly.
Diseases and pests, methods of control and prevention
Профилактически клематис проливают весной известковым молоком и опрыскивают раствором 25 г карбамида на 10 л воды. Против мучнистой росы, ржавчины и гнили применяют фунгициды, против вилта – «Трихофлор». При заражении корней нематодой куст удаляют и сжигают. Нападение тли останавливают раствором мыла или соды. Против паутинного клеща используют акарициды.