Phlox splayed (from the Latin. Phlox divaricata) is one of the most popular varieties of garden phlox. The plant grows in the wild mainly in the east of the United States and in Canada. As a rule, representatives grow in areas with highlands, in forests, on gentle slopes.
The plant belongs to the perennial, forming a small loose bushes 25-30 cm. Branching stems, slightly flat at the base.
The height of phlox flowers reaches 2 cm, compactly assembled in corymbose inflorescences. In total, the number of flox inflorescences corresponds to 10 pieces. At the same time flowering is abundant, bushes with a lot of flowers, lilac-bluish or lilac shade, and pale lavender flowers are also found. A number of garden varieties have an eye of purple color in the center. Flowering begins in May and results appear in 30 days. A cooler time of the year affects the increase in the duration of flowering.
Phlox splayed like phlox of the styloid forms adventitious roots in the nodes of the shoots in the case of, say, when the soil is wet. The reproduction of plants occurs without any difficulties, based on the division of the bush / rooting of the cutting. This phlox grows easily even in the hands of a novice gardener novice.
The type of splayed phlox has its advantages in view of its increased adaptability to the environment, which allows it to adapt to almost any external conditions. In its immediate habitat it can be found in the shade of forests, in herbs and bushes, on mountain stony slopes.
Phlox is a rather extensive variety of herbalist; therefore, it is capable of settling down on the poorest soils, including sandy, on thick forest litter.
The use of splayed phlox in gardening
Phlox blooming in spring used in landscape flower gardens, perfectly combined with tulips or more common daisies. True, a really interesting option is considered curtains or carpets among greenery. Spread phlox is also characterized by endurance to the shady area, therefore it feels free in penumbral compositions of the garden or near the reservoir. Therefore, you can always resort to ground cover plants.
Low phloxes are regular guests in rocky gardens and, in particular, on shady slopes, so the northern side of the Alps is ideal for spreading phlox.
Tips to Grow Spread Phlox
The basic parameter for the growth and development of the spread of phlox is lighting and planting. The plant itself grows excellently in the sun and in the shade; therefore, for it, the shaded midday spot in the garden with a few hours of sun in the morning or evening will be almost ideal.
The territorial changes of the shrub do not entail any consequences, but it is better to take care of planting the shrubs approximately 30 cm apart from each other. In the process of gradual growth, shrubs tend to merge into a solid carpet.
Regarding watering is to say the following. Phlox is not demanding irrigation, which is an undoubted advantage, since it is even silly to water in the shade in some way. In dry weather and in the sun, it is sometimes possible to pour green mass before flowering to grow.
Spreading phlox is not demanding on soils, although it is difficult not to mention its better growth on loose soils, as well as on soils that let water through freely. Phloxes of spring flowering do not give or almost do not give seeds, in connection with which their reproduction occurs vegetatively due to the division of old bushes. The ability of phlox stems to create roots in the nodes of the shoots (points of contact with the soil) makes the reproduction procedure as easy as possible.
The simplicity of the method of propagation by layering is obvious: in the first summer month, the stalks are scattered on the previously loosened soil. The soil is periodically moistened. Closer to spring, young bushes are preparing to transplant.
Getting the fastest possible results in the shortest possible time can be achieved due to the significant amount of planting material, and therefore the long stems are cut into 3-4 parts between the nodes. To do this, from the bottom 2 internodes leaves are removed with side branches. You can use the top of the stem, but the soil should be loose and light. Planting cuttings occurs in a greenhouse obliquely or on a special block darkened at a distance of 5-10cm from each other. You can cover planting film in order to preserve moisture in dry weather. A regular place for young plants is the garden next spring.
Reproduction by dividing the bush. At the beginning of spring, a place for a bush is determined and the seedlings are divided into parts with roots for subsequent seedlings. If some shoots fall off without roots - it does not matter, they can be planted in the ground in a shady place with moist soil and rooted cuttings. You can divide the plants after flowering.
It is worth noting the following quite interesting historical fact. The name phloxam is given more than half a century ago, to be exact in 1737. It has become a suitable option for introduction into the unified classification system of the plant world, recreated by C. Linnaeus. Such a bright origin formed the basis for the bright name of the plant, which even with its appearance seems to be blazing with petals of other species found in the tropics of North America. In this regard, thanks to linguists, "phlox" got its name from the Greek "flame".
In real nature, phlox are best grown in the eastern wet meadows of the North American continent. At the moment, the collection of phlox of sprawling has more than fifty varieties. Taking into account the temperate climatic latitudes, flower growers will prefer to grow the following of them:
- "Chattahoochee" - is a bush perennial up to 25 cm in height, raised with tassels of lavender flowers. It should be noted that the variety was highly appreciated by the “Royal Society of Gardeners” and awarded the award,
- "May Breeze" - belongs to tall phlox,
- "Dirigo Ice" - quick-growing curtains, flowers of cream-blue tones,
- "Variegata" - the specificity of the variety is in bright and in places with motley green-white foliage, as well as low stems,
- “Fuller’s White” - curtain development develops up to 25 cm in height and blooms with snow-white buds.
Diseases and pests
At first glance, Floxes can be called very delicate and refined plants, so attacks from pests (pennitsa, wireworms, slini) are really dangerous, as they lead to exhaustion and weakening of the specimens. Invalid agricultural technology only contributes to the aggravation of this process, affecting the pathogens of powdery mildew, septoria and fomoz. It is possible to protect and save curtains in the traditional way on the basis of insecticides or by resorting to fungicides. In addition, the best prevention is the timeliness and skill of care.
In the case of infectious foci, you should pay attention to Bordeaux liquid, "Skor", blue vitriol, "Fundazol", "Topaz".
For prophylactic purposes, experts advise not to wait for the appearance of damage to the curtain appearance, therefore, to treat pristvolnye holes with Bordeaux liquid for the winter. In the summer period, every 2 weeks, regularly repeat disinfection with Fundazol.
True, if your garden is watered, loosened and fed in time, then absolutely no pests will threaten it. In such an ideal atmosphere, almost an oasis, phloxes will be able to create a bright carpet of the most delicate petals. You do not want to take your eyes off him.
If that very moment has already come when phloxes have succumbed to infection, then it is best to remove the inflorescence with the root, followed by burning. Plants are affected by nematodes, thrips. After growing diseased plants in the same place, it is not recommended to produce new plantings for several years.
Decorative planting can be easily combined with any varieties and varieties of phlox with other cultures. Phlox are planted in a solid carpet or in separate groups. The resulting flower arrangements are recreated from varieties that are harmoniously combined in color and color. The whole color smoothly flows from light to deeper dark.
In the process of planting, some species differ in flowering time. Phytodesigners are quite successful, which is noticeable through the riot of their colors. For example, the compositions from spring aquilegia, autumn phlox and summer delphinium are magnificent. Low-growing varieties of phlox are placed on the front line of the lawn in front of lilies, asters, and peonies. High late varieties will look best next to flowering shrubs. Take the baton phlox flowering will be able in late summer.
At the moment, undeservedly forgotten phloxes, are experiencing a sort of renaissance, are recovering in popularity after a long-awaited hibernation. This process is seen through high interest from gardeners, as well as among experienced breeders. New hybrids are introduced, new varieties appear.
More details about this variety here:
Phlox splayed (Latin Phlox Divaricata) is a short growth plant with elongated 20-centimeter stems. The length of the leaves can reach 40 cm. The highlight of this variety is phlox in shoots that grow, spread along the ground and form turf. Inflorescences differ friability.
Plants of this species are presented in various shades. You can often find phlox splayed lavender-blue, blue or pink. Rarely found gentle purple, pink, bright purple, white flowers. Thanks to this color scheme, they can be easily distinguished from "relatives". In addition, they are distinguished by the shape of the petals: wide edges smoothly go to the core, tapering and forming a bundle or tube.
The diameter of a fully blooming flower is 5 cm. You can see the eye-catching beauty at the end of spring. Flowering continues until the middle of summer. Oblong-ovoid-shaped leaves slightly tilted downwards, reaching a length of 5 cm. The peculiarity of the splayed phlox lies in the arrangement of the flower halos.
Floral nectar forms at the base of the corollas. Only bees with a long proboscis, bloodworms, butterflies are able to get it. Those insects that have short proboscis consume pollen. Insects that feed on the nectar of a flower contribute to the cross-pollination of the plant, since it cannot produce it on its own.
Place to plant a flower
Place to plant a flower
Plants are good for their simplicity, ease of planting and care. But to transform your summer cottage, creating a beautiful flower garden, you need to provide the best conditions for phlox. First of all, it is necessary to correctly determine the landing site, paying particular attention to the quality of the soil and the illumination of the place. How to do this is detailed below.
To make phloxes happy with their cheerfulness and bright buds, it is necessary to find a place with a sufficient level of lighting. In the most extreme variant, penumbra is suitable. Planted in a shaded place is not recommended: the aesthetics of the flower will disappear. The less light the sun receives the plant, the more its flowers become paler, homely, and the inflorescences are loose.
Note! In the shadow arrangement, it is not worth waiting for the appearance of buds and, accordingly, flowering. In this case, you will have to be content with only elongated green stems.
Flower growers with experience note that the cultivation of phlox in lighted areas contributes to long-term flowering, increasing its interval by a decade.
Attention! Planning planting plants should be done as far as possible from the bushes and large trees. This is explained by the fact that the flower is not able to develop a strong root system in such a neighborhood in order to receive sufficient nutrition, light, water. As a result, he will not be able to develop normally and die.
All that is needed is to timely remove weeds from the flowerbed, loosen the soil, water when the soil is dry, sometimes fertilize, remove the tops. Despite the ease of care, it is necessary to properly cultivate the plant. How to do this is written below.
Taking into account the peculiarities of the homeland of phlox splayed (eastern United States, Canada), they regularly moisten the seat. The plant does not require a lot of water, as its root system is located close to the surface of the earth, but frequent watering is desirable.
It is important not to overdo it. In case of overmoistening the plant will rot. To avoid this, it is important to observe the measure, tracking the condition of the soil. If it is dry, then you can safely water it. Great attention should be paid to the flower in the dry season.
Influencing the volume and density of the inflorescences is easy. It is necessary to conduct regular fertilizing plants. This should be done during the growing season. Among the nutrients it is recommended to use both organic and inorganic fertilizers. Before the beginning of the summer period, the plant is watered with a solution of infused chicken manure - for 10 liters of water it takes 25 grams. The following fertilizer is applied to the soil in two weeks.
Then apply fertilizer for fertilizing: superphosphate, potassium salt. At the beginning and at the end of July, fertilizing is carried out with a clean solution. To do this, you need to make a mixture of fluorine and potassium salts. Nitrogen is not recommended, because it leads to the growth of greenery. For a good wintering plant does not need it.
People who have just begun to engage in floriculture, refer to pruning with prejudice, considering it superfluous. In fact, it is necessary. This is an important action that can prevent the formation of harmful microorganisms. Pruning brings flowers only benefits, contributing to the health of the plant and increase the amount of nutrients in the roots.
Experienced gardeners are advised to cut off parts of the plant near the ground - this contributes to the minimal probability of stalk damage. There are those who advise to leave 10-centimeter "columns" above the ground, which will ensure the retention of snow. Everyone can choose from these two ways any one you like. They both do not harm the plants. Only it is necessary to remove the cut stalks from the front garden and burn them, and cut the sections with a fungicide.
Attention! Pruning of phloxes is carried out immediately after they have faded or at the end of September. It is important to have time to carry out this procedure before the onset of cold days.
Popular varieties of phlox
Splayed phlox has a large number of different varieties. Gardeners are advised to use the most common ones:
- Dirigo ice. The variety has large flowers of a cream-blue hue, and in the center is a purple peephole. This plant tend to grow rapidly. The height of the bushes reaches 35 cm.
- Clouds of Perfume has a lavender scent. The plant starts flowering at the beginning of summer with beautiful lilac flowers. The height of phlox is 25 cm. This variety likes penumbra.
- Montrose Tricolor. The name of the plant was due to the tricolor leaves (white, pink and gently green). At the same time, the inflorescences have a pigeon hue. In height the plant reaches 30 cm.
- Fullers White has white flowers and has a compact form. Plant height is 25 cm.
- Sternensplitter has flowers of lilac color. Inside the flower are stars of a darker color. The height of phlox is 40 cm.
- Blue dreams. A plant with flowers of lilac-blue color, shaped like a star. In the middle of the flower is a dark eye. This plant variety is characterized by the fact that it grows strongly. Its height is 30 cm. It has a pleasant smell.
- Laphamia. This variety has dark-violet flowers of a long tubular form.
- May Breeze different white-lilac large flowers. In the center of each flower are visible pale lilac stars.
- Variegata. This variety is designed to decorate alpine slides and borders. Phlox has green and white variegated leaves. Flowering begins in early summer and continues - 1 month. The heat-loving variety “Variegata” loves light and dies if moisture stagnates in the soil. The height of phlox is 15-30 cm.
- Chattachi has dense foliage, compact, so it is often grown in pots. Grows well in rich soils. It decorates rocky gardens and creates rock gardens. The inflorescences are slightly raised, the height of the plant reaches 25 cm. Flowering begins in early spring, stops - with the onset of heat.
Despite the fact that the flowers are easy to plant, and easy to care for, they should grow in favorable conditions. Otherwise, the plant will start to grow improperly and its curtains will not be so fluffy and bright. In order for the flower to feel comfortable, the place selected for planting must have a special soil composition and appropriate lighting.
- Illumination. The plant should be planted in a well-lit place. Then their blossoms will be cheerful, lush and bright. But also the penumbra is suitable for them. Выбрав такое место для посадки, нужно знать, что соцветия станут рыхлыми и менее привлекательными при нехватке солнечных лучей. Если посадить флоксы в полной тени, то развитие бутонов не произойдет. В достаточно освещенном месте флоксы смогут цвести около 3 месяцев.
- Priming. Флоксы относятся к растениям, которые легко и быстро приспосабливаются к любым условиям.At the same time the soil does not need special treatment. But people involved in flowers recommend choosing enriched, loose and light soil for the plant. Thanks to this phlox will have a luxurious color. The place is chosen so that in the fall on the surface of the soil does not form an ice crust, and in the spring melted water does not accumulate in puddles.
It is desirable that nearby were voluminous shrubs and trees.
Watering and weeding plants
Any housewife will be able to grow these flowers, as they do not need much attention. The main thing is to weed, water, trim and feed the plant.
- Watering. Considering that the wetlands of North America are the birthplace of flowers, his landing site must be constantly moist. Having a superficial root system, the plant is watered often and in small portions. The excess water will flood the roots and they will start to rot. Therefore, the plant is watered when the top layer of soil becomes dry. In dry days phloxam pay special attention.
- Weeding. Weeds not only spoil the appearance of the flowerbeds, but also deplete the soil. In addition, in the thicket thickets insects infest, because of which the plant can get sick. In order for the plant to get enough nutrients and not to hurt, we definitely need to do weeding. If the soil is treated in time, getting rid of even the smallest weeds, then the root system of the plant will receive enough oxygen and nutrients.
Need to know! Pull large weeds should be carefully, without sudden movements. Otherwise, the phlox root processes on the surface can be damaged or completely pulled out.
During the entire growing season, phloxes need to be fed with useful fertilizer. From this, the inflorescences will become larger, thicker and acquire a more saturated color. As a fertilizer suitable mineral complexes and organic.
- The first feeding is done in late spring with chicken manure. 10 liters of water accounts for 25 grams of litter.
- After 2 weeks feed up again. Chicken manure tincture is diluted with potassium salt or superphosphate.
- The procedure is repeated at the end of June, using pure infusion of chicken manure.
- The last dressing is done in early August from a mixture of potash salt and fluorine.
You can not use substances with a nitrogen content, because because of them will begin to grow plenty of green leaves. With them, the plant will not be able to transfer wintering.
To protect the plant from various pests and prevent pathogens from developing, it should be trimmed in time. Pruning done twice: the first time - after flowering, the second - in late September, before the onset of cold weather. Clumps are cut, leaving 10 cm above ground level, or cut to the very root. To cut the columns are not lost, they are smeared with a fungicide. Cut stalks are harvested and burned.
Propagation of spread phlox
The easiest way to multiply phlox is by dividing the rhizomes. But they can also be propagated by the vegetative method and seeds.
Not every lover, it turns out, to grow phlox from seeds, as this is a long and difficult process. In addition, with this method of reproduction, plants lose their varietal quality. The only advantage is that sprouts grown from seeds adapt better.
- Seeds are harvested when the leaves on the plant begin to dry. At the same time the boll must be dark in color and rustle inside.
- Most of the seeds will rise and develop better if they create greenhouse conditions. For this purpose, tanks and a special soil mixture are used. Equal proportions of peat, river sand, humus and foliar base are added to the soil.
- Grains are planted in the tank to a depth of 1.5 to 2 cm.
- In mid-April, when the weather gets warmer, the seedlings are transplanted into the open ground.
Vegetative breeding method
The easiest way of reproduction is vegetative. It is of two types: the method of division and procurement of cuttings.
- Division. To do this, take the old five-year bush and divide its rhizomes into several parts. If planting is done in the spring, then the bush is divided into 15 delenok. For the autumn planting make 5 blanks.
- Cuttings The cuttings begin to harvest in May. Choose the strongest sprout and cut it obliquely with a sharp knife. This sprout is divided into parts. In each handle should be several internodes. The cuttings are planted in moist soil and covered with foil. They will take root in 30 days.
Splayed phlox in landscape design
Many owners of country houses in the design of the garden use spread phlox. The flower is planted in the shade of trees or shrubs, as well as near water. He loves the shadow. With it you can create:
- Stony gardens. With this design phlox should be located on the shady side.
- Decorative garden compositions (rockeries).
- Alpine hills. The plant is planted on the north side.
Phlox with small blue flowers planted in a solid grove will look great in your garden. The lack of a flower is that it completely loses its beauty when flowering ends.
The combination of splayed phlox with other plants
Phlox will look good among conifers and shrubs. Sometimes flowers are planted with ground cover and perennial plants. Against the background of multicolor euphorbia, primroses, gravel and badan, phlox will stand out with bright blue specks. It is important to know:
- It is better to plant the plant next to those flowers that bloom profusely throughout the season.
- Phlox peduncles are removed as soon as it fades.
Phloxes of small stature look good in flower beds. They are planted next to tulips and yellow daisies. Phlox will have a more expressive appearance against the background of greenery.
Phlox splayed, perennial low-growing shrub, reaching a height of not more than 30 cm. The stems of the plant literally crawling on the ground, forming a carpet.
The leaves are oblong, lanceolate, green, rather rigid, 4-5 cm long (see photo).
Fragrant star-shaped flowers are collected in racemes of about 10 pieces. Each flower is no larger than 3 cm in diameter. Coloring can be blue, lilac, purple, white, lavender or purple tones. In some varieties, the middle of the flower is darker.
Flowering begins in mid-May - early June and lasts more than 3 weeks. With proper care, many flowers are bloomed and a solid colored carpet is obtained.
Selection of landing site and conditions of detention
Phlox splayed - pretty unpretentious plant, it will suit and shaded and lighted places. Optimal will be such a location in the garden, where at noon the phlox will be in the shade, and in the morning and evening hours under the rays of the sun.
In any case, the plant should not remain around the clock in the shade, it will lead to poor flowering, and the stalks will stretch ugly upwards. In a more lighted area, the period of flowering is extended, and it becomes unusually lush.
Planting phlox should be planned away from the higher plants and with a strong root system. They will pull out all the moisture and nutrients, and the phlox will die.
Splayed phlox is unpretentious to the soil, but for obtaining abundant flowering flower growers are advised to select for it the soil loose, light and fertile. The place should not be flooded with water, should not be exposed to drafts.
Planting phlox splayed
The best time for planting phlox saplings splayed in central Russia from late April to mid-May or in autumn from late August to mid-September. For other regions, landing time begins after the end of spring frosts or before the onset of autumn.
For planting phlox, loamy soils with weak and neutral acidity are preferred.
When sowing, plant at a distance of at least 50 cm from each other, taking into account their rapid growth. Phlox is recommended to replant every 5-6 years. One bush can live 10 years.
The order of planting phlox seedlings:
- Prepare the wells for landing for the week. Dig a hole of sufficient width and depth to accommodate the seedling with a lump of earth.
- Add fertilizer to the bottom of the pit - compost and wood ash. Lime is usually added to soil with increased acidity.
- Put the seedling in the pit vertically, straighten the roots.
- Carefully fill the ground, while the radical neck should be 2-3 cm below ground level, slightly tamped.
- Abundantly water the planted plants.
- The soil around the seedling must be mulched with the addition of peat and humus.
Planted in the shade and on wet soils, the plant does not need watering, but if the phlox is planted in a well-lit area, then watering is necessary, especially in dry weather. Since the plant has surface roots, it should be watered often and gradually, avoiding stagnation of water, so as not to rot. It is better to water in the evening hours with warm, settled water.
One of the important measures in the care of the phlox spread wide is the timely removal of weeds, which not only create not an aesthetic appearance, but also pull nutrients out of the soil. Also insects can settle in the weeds - pests that also attract various plant diseases.
Weeds are best removed in the newly sprouted form, without waiting for them to grow large and take their roots deep. Pulling large weeds from the bed, you can pull out the phlox bushes with their shallow root system.
To increase the number of flowers and prolong the flowering of phloxes, you can use the correct feeding. It is good to alternate organic and mineral fertilizers. In late spring, phloxes are watered with a solution of chicken manure in the proportion of 25 grams. litter on 10 liters of water. After 2 weeks, add superphosphate or potassium salt to the same solution and water it.
In early July, the plants are also irrigated with a solution of fertilizers. At the end of the month, top dressing is made with a mixture of fluorine and potassium salt. Nitrogen will be redundant during this period. The plant after flowering before winter should rest and calmly winter.
This event is necessary for phlox, it protects the plant from pests and diseases, contributes to abundant and long flowering. Immediately after flowering, phloxes lose their decorative appearance and are best cut off before the onset of cold weather.
Some gardeners are advised to prune under the root for the best prevention of diseases and pests. Other gardeners believe that it is necessary to leave the twigs to a height of 10 cm, they are able to keep the snow in winter, which will protect the roots from freezing. Both methods are quite good, each gardener chooses the most acceptable for himself.
After pruning, the twigs must be collected and burned, and the bases of the plants sprayed with a fungicide.
Seeds are sown in open ground or in special containers with soil consisting of equal parts of sand, peat, hardwood and humus. Seeds fall asleep by 1.5-2 cm. Seedlings are moved to the open ground in mid-April after the end of the cold weather.
Reproduction by cuttings
Produce it in May, when the plant has more vitality. Choose a strong, good sprout and cut it obliquely with a sharp knife. Then divide it into parts so that there are 2 internodes in each segment. Cuttings are planted in a watered soil and covered with a film to create a greenhouse effect.
Reproduction by layering
Very often, the stalks creeping along the ground take root and take root themselves. If this does not happen, then the branches can be laid out on the soil that has been previously wetted and loosened, pressed in places by pebbles or clips to the ground in places, and periodically moistened. By spring, young plants are transplanted to a permanent place.
Preparing for the winter
Phloxes at a temperature of 10-15 degrees of frost may die if measures are not taken to insulate and cover them:
- In the autumn after the end of flowering, when the earth is already beginning to freeze, they produce the last additional dressing - 1 spoon of superphosphate and ash is poured under each bush.
- Sheath pristvolnye wells with dry peat, humus, sawdust, compost fallen leaves.
- Mulch 10 days after prophylactic treatment with fungicides.
- For wintering without shelter phloxam requires a half-meter layer of snow above them. At the same time, it is impossible to trample and compact the snow, an ice crust can destroy the plants.
The main varieties of phlox splayed
Currently, about 50 different varieties of phlox are spread. The most popular ones are:
- "Chattachi". It has bushes up to 25 cm tall, lavender flowers.
- "May Breeze." Tall bushes with large inflorescences of a gentle-lilac shade.
- "Digiro Ice". A fast-growing shrub with creamy blue flowers.
- Variyegata. The peculiarity of this variety is in motley white-green leaves and short stems.
- Fullers White. The peculiarity of this plant in white flowers.
Reviews of phlox rastopyrennom
Summarizing the reviews of flower growers and landscape designers, we can conclude that the phlox plant splayed has the following advantages:
- Can grow in the shade and in the sun.
- Unpretentiousness to the composition of the soil.
- It simply multiplies, takes root well and takes root.
- Does not require much effort to care.
- When flowering creates a solid carpet.
- It goes well with many colors.
- It is a honey plant, flowers have a wonderful aroma.
The disadvantages of splayed phlox include:
- High susceptibility to diseases and pests.
- Loss of ornamentation after flowering.
- Low frost resistance, the need for shelter for the winter.
Preparing phlox for winter
On dry autumn days, the bush and the ground around it are treated with fungicides. After 14 days, a tablespoon of superphosphate and a little bit of ash are added to each bush. Then mulch horse manure, peat or humus. On one bush enclose 3/4 buckets of peat or 1/2 bucket of manure. On top of the heaps put lapnik from spruce, tops from plants.
Spring tops or spruce branches are removed.
This is done so that insects that have survived the winter in the foliage do not penetrate to new shoots. Do not cover the bushes film or roofing material.
Phlox splayed - very popular among gardeners, as it looks like a blue carpet and blooms in spring, when there are few flowering plants.
Description and species of species
Spread phlox (phlox divaricata) are low plants, the stems of which stretch to a maximum of 40 cm, but more often their length is half as long. The peculiarity of the species lies in the creeping shoots, which, growing, form the turf, and in loose thyroid inflorescences.
In diameter, each open flower is no more than 5 cm. The plant blooms in May and pleases with lush, fragrant tassels until mid-summer.
The leaves of a decorative flower are slightly pubescent, ovate-lanceolate, of small size, reach 2.5 to 5 cm in length. The uniqueness of this phlox variety is also hidden in the peculiarities of the structure of flowering corolla.
It is at their base that nectar is produced, but only long-lingual bees, butterflies and moths can drink it. Insects whose proboscis do not reach the delicacy, feed on pollen.
In the wild, phloxes spread wide in the eastern wet meadows of the North American continent. More than half varieties of this species have been introduced into the crop. Under the conditions of temperate climatic latitudes, flower growers prefer to grow:
- Chattahoochee - is a bush perennial, up to 25 cm high with thick leaves, raised floral tassels of lavender color. The variety has been honored by the Royal Horticultural Society for services to the garden,
- "May Breeze" ("May Breeze") - belongs to tall phlox, possesses large tender lilac inflorescences,
- "Dirigo Ice" ("Digiro Ice") - clumps grow rapidly, the flowers are cream-blue tones,
- "Variegata" ("Variegata") - specificity of the variety in variegated green-white foliage and short stems,
- "Fuller’s White" (Fullers White) - clumps develop to a height of 25 centimeters and bloom with snow-white buds.
How to choose a place for a flower
Spread-eyed phlox are distinguished by their ease of planting and care. But, nevertheless, for the full development of lush and bright curtains you need to create favorable conditions.
First of all, it concerns a well-chosen place, because the plant will not be comfortable everywhere. In order to please the flower, you need to take into account the features of the soil and lighting. We will understand everything in order.
If you want to see cheerful, glowing bright colors of inflorescence on your flower bed, find a well-lit place for planting phloxes. In extreme cases, partial shade will do. But consider: the farther you move the flower away from the sunlight, the looser and more inconspicuous its inflorescences become. In full shade, you should not expect budding at all, since you will have to be content with only elongated green stems.
Experienced growers say that when the plant is cultivated in a well-lit area, the duration of its flowering is noted. On average, this period extends for another decade.
Botanists classify phloxes to plants, which easily adapt to new conditions and do not require special soil conditions. But flower growers, in order to please the culture and in return for a luxurious color, are advised to select loose, light and enriched substrates. When choosing an area for planting, it is necessary to avoid zones where cold air collects, in the spring puddles of melt water are formed, and in the fall - dense ice crust.
Weeding and soil care
Удаление сорных культур из цветника относится к обязательным процедурам не только из-за эстетического момента, а и в связи с истощением почвы ненужной растительностью. In places of violent weed germination, they like to lay eggs, harmful insects, which entail the pathogenic microflora.
No need to test the strength of flock curtains. You are interested in their beauty. Therefore, do not allow the appearance of even small weed sprouts, time the soil with a sapka.
With this care, the roots of the plant will receive plenty of oxygen and micronutrients. In case you had to leave for some time on vacation and no one took care of the flowerbed, pull out the overgrown weeds very carefully. With sudden movements, the superficial root processes can be damaged or the phlox will generally be outside.
It turns out that the gardener can influence the size and density of the inflorescences, the saturation of their color, and the density of the foliage with ordinary dressing. Enhance nutrition phloxam desirable throughout the growing season.
From fertilizers, choose both organic and mineral complexes. At the end of spring, pour perennials with a liquid solution of chicken manure infusion (25 g per 10 l of water). Subsequent feeding plan in 14 days.
This time, add superphosphate or potassium salt to a similar liquid. At the beginning of July, repeat the procedure with a clean solution, and at the end of the month, spend the last fertilizer of the season. It is made with a mixture of fluorine and potassium salt. Nitrogen-containing substances are extremely undesirable during this period, since their presence contributes to the buildup of green mass. In this form, the culture will not be able to safely winter.
Many novice growers consider phlox pruning overkill. But in fact, this is the most important nuance that warns the culture against the development of pathogens and pests. Cutting flowers does not harm at all, but rather contributes to their health and the accumulation of nutrients by the root system.
Experienced gardeners recommend cutting the clumps at the ground itself, explaining this by the minimal risk of infection of the stems. Others, on the contrary, say that it is necessary to leave 10-centimeter columns above the soil level. They contribute to the delay of the snow. Which way to choose, choose at your discretion. Both are reasonable and do not harm the culture. The main thing is not to leave cut stalks in the front garden. They are collected and burned, and the base of the curtain is sprinkled with any fungicide.
Phlox, in spite of its origin, can winter in our latitudes. But not all winter they are able to survive. In snowless conditions, already at 10–15 degrees of frost, growth buds will freeze out in 14 days, and in more frosty and stable weather the rhizome will die. Therefore, after autumn pruning, the flower should be covered, thus preparing it in the winter.
Experts advise the first thing, when the earth is slightly frozen, to conduct final dressing. To this end, under each bush make 1 tablespoon of superphosphate and ash. Alternatively, you can use the mineral complex fertilizer labeled "autumn".
Then it is imperative to cover the near-stem wells from the cold. This is done with the help of dry peat, humus, sawdust, compost or fallen leaves. To mulch a flower bed with phloxes preferably after a ten-day period after prophylactic treatment with fungicides.
Curtains of splayed phlox greatly expand, so often growers propagate the plant by dividing the rhizome. But there are also other methods. Consider them.
Far from everyone who loves botanical experiments can get phloxes from seeds, but it’s still real. The disadvantage of seed reproduction is the loss of varietal characteristics, a lengthy and painstaking process, and the advantage lies in the undeniable adaptation of sprouts.
First you need to get the seed material. It is often easier to buy than to grow. But if pollination succeeded, start collecting seeds in the period of withering foliage. A sure sign of their ripening is a brown boll and a rustle inside.
Sowing is carried out in open ground or in prepared containers. The latter option is more productive, because in terms of the greenhouse effect, germination increases and sprouts develop better.
For this you need containers and special soil mixture. It is harvested from equal parts of river sand, peat, hardwood soil and humus. It is desirable to deepen the grains by 1.5–2 cm. Seedlings are transplanted to a permanent place in mid-April, when stable, warm weather is established outside.
This technology is more acceptable to contemporaries, who always have a lot of trouble and little time. The easiest way to get a new seedling, dividing the rhizome into delenki. For this method you need an old bush, which is already more than 4–5 years old.
For spring planting, up to 15 parts can be obtained from such an instance, and only 5 for autumn ones. The fact is that at the beginning of the growing season the plant tolerates a change in growing conditions more easily and adapts more quickly.
The second method is to harvest cuttings. The procedure is best carried out in May, when the stems are full of energy. It is enough to cut one powerful sprout with a sharp knife and divide it into parts so that there are 2 internodes in each.
In the future, blanks are planted in a prepared and well-moistened soil. Top cover "bed" film to create greenhouse conditions. Within a month, the cuttings will form strong roots.
Description of varieties and varieties of phlox
The plant belongs to the family sinyukhovyh. The genus "phlox" includes 85 species, which, in turn, are divided into groups:
- Bush (low and high).
The color of the petals, the shape of the leaves and the inflorescences depend on the type and variety of the plant. We, most often, cultivate varieties from the transitional rykhlodrenovy group of phloxes. These plants creep and branch, and their flowering stems rise by 30–35 cm. The group includes the following types:
Phlox spread (spread apart) include 11 varieties and hybrids. Creeping stems on the ground easily take root, so the plant spreads over large areas. Petals are wide, tapering to the middle. Color mostly blue tones. Flowers with a diameter of 2–5 cm are collected in bulk inflorescences. This species can grow in slightly shaded areas on poor soils, is resistant to cold, winters well without shelter.
The most popular varieties of phlox splayed:
- Chattahuchi, Digiro Ice, Blue Moon, Clouds of Perfume, Landen Grove, Blue Dreamz (color of petals: lavender, blue),
- Fullers White, White Perfume, divaricata f. alba (snow – white petals),
- May Breeze, Home Furs, Eco Teskas Pearl (lilac and purple gamma color),
- Montrose Tricolor (considered one of the best varieties of the species, three-colored coloring at the leaves of the plant),
- Lapham (variety with purple petals).
Flowering starts at the end of May and lasts about three weeks. Tall varieties bloom later, closer to autumn. Varieties and hybrid forms of phlox, spread wide, have a bright nectar aroma.
How to propagate and plant phlox
Propagated phlox spread vegetatively. This is done by layering, basal and stem cuttings, a leaf with axillary buds or by separating adult bushes.
The best survival rate show June cuttings. For this, the stem is cut in such a way that 3-4 parts remain on each part. From the bottom, pinch off the leaves and place at a slight angle in a loose soil. The distance between the cuttings is 5 cm, no more than 10 cm between the rows. It can be planted under a film cover. The following year, the plants from the nursery are planted in open ground.
Phloxes are grown without changing places for about 10 years. Older plants rejuvenate by dividing the bush, getting a few new plants. Do it before flowering or after, in cool, cool weather. The bush is dug out entirely, divided into parts, leaving at least three stems.
Council If during reproduction by division, you still have stems without roots, plant them - the shoots will easily take root in moist soil.
An interesting feature of phlox, take root on the shoots located near the ground. It is used for breeding layering. Stems artificially bend and fix. Then, when the shoot is firmly established, the young plant is transferred to another place.
On a bed of phlox planted with a distance of at least 30 cm from each other. Lush flowering occurs only in well-lit areas with moderately moist nutrient soils. In full shading, the budding process may not occur.
Top dressing phlox fertilizers, seasonal care in the open field
Phloxes are very responsive and grateful plants for good care. In the spring, as soon as the snow melts, they begin to feed the planting two-year-olds and older bushes. On 1 square. m contribute:
- 30 g ammonium nitrate,
- 30 g of superphosphate,
- 45 g wood ash.
The soil is carefully loosened no deeper than 5 cm, closing up the fertilizer. The upper layer is mulched with swollen manure.
For the entire season, phlox bushes need four liquid dressings. For plants of the first year, their number is reduced to three times, and the irrigation rate is doubled.
- The first dressing is done with a liquid, diluted with mullein in a ratio of 1:15 or watered with ammonium nitrate (25 g per 10 l of water). Can be diluted and bird droppings in the ratio of 1:25. Event time - early spring.
- In mid-June, they produce watering with the same composition, adding potassium salt (10 g per 10 l) and ash (25–30 g per 10 l).
- In early July, superphosphate (10 g) is added to the organic solution.
- In late July, make a liquid solution of min. fertilizers:
- superphosphate 15 g,
- ammonium nitrate 10 g,
- 30 grams of ash (you can substitute 10 grams of potassium salt).
In the final stage of flowering, phosphorus and potassium are introduced (in order for the plants to accumulate enough substances for wintering).
Flowerbeds with phloxes are plentifully watered on hot days, weed and loosen, mulch. Well-groomed beds with mulch retain moisture longer, and such a landing will overwinter more easily. If the winter is not very snowy, then dry foliage and branches are spread over the area with phloxes. It is undesirable to trample or seal the snow, as the ice crust will destroy the plants.