Often from gardeners with considerable experience, you can learn about the benefits of horse manure. But people who do not understand deeply in this topic will not be able to understand the advantages of fertilizer. However, there is no doubt that this fertilizer is excellent as a dressing for warm beds, and also has many advantages over other types of manure.
The benefits of horse manure in the fall
Speaking about its benefits in the autumn, it is worth noting that, compared with the cow, he:
- Contains a large amount of nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus
Due to the available properties, horse manure quickly gives off heat and warms up easily. It consists of a small amount of weeds, which is an obvious advantage over cows.
Organic fertilizer ranks first in terms of the degree of yield increase, bypassing cow, pork, goat, chicken, sheep and rabbit. When applied to heavy soils, it can loosen them, and when released into the lungs, will increase their water retention effect. In addition, when using it, the soil will not sour.
Horse manure is useful in any form except fresh
The composition of this vital product contains trace elements and substances necessary for plants:
Unlike other fertilizers, it has a more loose and porous structure, which makes it convenient to apply to the soil. Experts recommend using it in greenhouses and greenhouses.
This is due to the fact that the product of vital activity emits a large amount of heat and makes it possible to grow vegetables in a short time.
How to apply in practice
If you know how to fertilize horse manure, you can certainly be considered an expert in the field of agriculture. However, it is worth highlighting in more detail the types of this fertilizer and its scope:
- fresh. This type is not recommended to add to the soil. This can provoke the inhibition of plants and even the complete destruction of their roots. Fresh form contains a lot of unnecessary garden elements: eggs of worms, weed seeds and fungal spores. The most favorable time for application is autumn, after digging the garden. This is due to the fact that during the winter period it will have time to decompose by spring planting and will go to the planted plants for the benefit.
- half broken At this stage is used in two ways. First, during digging it is added to the ground, and secondly, it is mixed with and it turns out fertilizing for plants. Flowers and garden crops (cabbage, zucchini and cucumber) are usually fed with this type of manure.
- swelled. At this stage, the manure loses half its mass compared to the original weight. When added to the soil calculation is used: ten kilograms of manure per square meter of land.
- humus. This stage is final. At this stage it is the most valuable and can be used as a top dressing for absolutely all garden crops and flowers.
When can not be used for plants
Undoubtedly, horse manure has many advantages. However, it can not be thoughtlessly used, either in pure form or in granular form.
- It is extremely important to observe the frequency of addition to the soil. Too much can damage plants.
- Due to the fact that horse manure can remain in plants in the form of nitrates, harmful to the human body, it is not necessary to make it later than two weeks before you start harvesting.
- When applying horse manure for potatoes, you need to be especially careful: the fertilizer can be transferred from unchecked stables through fertilizer
- Directly under the root system itself fresh manure can not be made
Not recommended for use if:
- you see mold or fungal plaque, this fertilizer does not have the ability to warm up and is not suitable for use in greenhouses
- in the greenhouse is too dense soil. In this kind of soil, methane and hydrogen sulfide will be released, adversely affecting plants.
Rules for storing fresh manure in the garden
Do not forget that it is extremely important to store organic fertilizer. If it is improperly stored, the nitrogen will enter into a chemical reaction with oxygen, which is contained in the air, and evolve into ammonia, will evaporate. That is why horse manure must be stored in a place where there is minimal contact with air.
Another way is to store in compost heaps. Layers at the same time laid by weeds, fallen leaves, peat, as well as other vegetable organics. This method can be considered one of the best, since the released liquid is absorbed by organic layers and is saved.
The product of life, described earlier, has long been considered the best form of feeding, it is useful for all types of plants, especially in processed form and granules. Experienced people who have been growing vegetables for a long time believe that horse excrement is the best option when choosing fertilizer. In this case, the harvest will always be good, especially potatoes and tomatoes grow well. Previously, farmers were skeptical about the choice of this fertilizer, but having tried it once, they realized that the crop is much better, and the fruits themselves are much larger.
Varieties according to the degree of decomposition
Horse manure can be used on country sites:
- half broken,
- decomposed to the stage of humus.
Of course, horse humus is most useful for garden and horticultural crops. Such manure can be used for almost any plant. Half-aged fertilizer of this type may also be useful for some crops. For example, such manure is often fertilized:
In addition, this kind of horse manure is very often used for fertilizing flowers, including roses. If desired, semi-extinct fertilizer of this type can be applied for other crops. But in this case, manure is used mainly only as a water-diluted infusion, which must be prepared using a special technology.
Fresh horse manure: application
Unfortunately, it is impossible to feed garden crops with rotary fertilizer of this type. The introduction of such a mass in the beds can lead to plant disease and even to their death. The fact is that when horse manure is overheated, a very large amount of heat is released. Therefore, fresh fertilizer of this type can simply burn the roots of plants.
In addition, fresh horse manure contains a large number of weed seeds. Therefore, after using it, the beds begin to overgrow very much. Also in fresh manure may be harmful microorganisms and fungal spores that can cause diseases of garden and horticultural crops.
Thus, such a substance is not used as a fertilizer. But with the benefit of the site can be used and fresh horse manure. Summer residents use such a mass, for example, very often in greenhouses in spring. Heat when pereperaniya manure of this species is actually allocated a lot. Therefore, its use in greenhouses can reliably protect plants from the cold.
Species by type of litter
The characteristics of this fertilizer, among other things, largely depend on what litter was used when keeping horses in the stable. In this regard, horse manure is distinguished:
Feeding, this fertilizer contributes to accelerated decomposition, including litter. As a result, the mass is additionally saturated with various substances useful for plants.
The highest quality is manure with peat. Using this fertilizer, you can get the highest yields. Manure with straw is also considered a very good top dressing. This fertilizer contains a lot of nitrogen.
The composition of horse manure on sawdust includes the least nutrients. But even this fertilizer can significantly improve the characteristics of the soil in the beds and enjoys well-deserved popularity among summer residents.
Use in greenhouses
In the summer, fresh horse manure is very often used to increase the yield of cucumbers in greenhouses. For this, a barrel with infusion prepared from such a mass is simply placed in the middle of the greenhouse. Carbon dioxide released during the fermentation of manure has a very beneficial effect on the development of pumpkin. In the greenhouse, for best results, infused manure is recommended to be mixed daily.
It is allowed to add fresh horse mass directly to the beds only in autumn, after harvesting. During the winter, she will have time to perepret and saturate the soil with useful substances. In this case, the manure is scattered on the beds and immediately dig up the ground. This method of application does not evaporate nitrogen.
How does it affect garden crops
When using half-ripped horse manure and humus:
- significantly increases the yield of garden and garden crops,
- plants are less sick.
In addition, the use of such fertilizers improves the taste of fruits and vegetables grown in the garden, as well as their keeping quality. A very good solution could be, for example, feeding horse manure onions and radishes. When using such fertilizer from the bulbs and root crops bitterness disappears.
How to prepare the infusion
Various kinds of vegetables and root vegetables are usually fed not directly with horse manure, but with solutions containing it. Concentrated infusion of this fertilizer is prepared using approximately the following technology:
- The old drum or any other container is thoroughly washed and dried,
- they put dry manure into it,
- pour a lot of water at the rate of 5 liters per bucket,
- insist manure for 2 weeks, stirring occasionally.
To enhance the effect in the infusion at the stage of its preparation, you can add a little hay or leaves of trees.
How to use for tomatoes
Of course, many gardeners probably would like to learn how to use horse manure, for example, for tomatoes. Using this fertilizer, this crop is fed for the first time approximately 20 days after transplanting to open ground. At the same time 0.5 liters of concentrated infusion of manure is stirred in 10 liters of water. Tomatoes are watered with such liquid at the rate of about 0.5 liters per plant. Before fertilizing the tomatoes, the soil under them is abundantly moistened with water.
Water the plants with horse manure should be as carefully as possible. In carrying out this procedure, it is imperative to ensure that the liquid does not fall on the leaves or stems. Green tissues of tomatoes are quite delicate. And therefore the solution of fertilizer leaves and stems of tomatoes can simply burn. It is best of all to carry out top dressing of tomatoes in the morning or in the evening.
The second time horse manure tomatoes fertilized during the blooming of brushes. Then the tomatoes are fed during the ovary of the fruit. Both of these times use the same composition as in the spring. However, the flow rate of the infusion is reduced to 0.5 liters per 1 m 2.
Similarly, with the use of horse manure fertilize and pepper. This scheme is also used to increase the yield of eggplants. Potatoes with such manure are usually fertilized only once per season - during planting. In this case, top dressing is often simply thrown directly into the wells in a dry form.
How to use horse manure to fertilize cucumbers
Pumpkin crops for this type of feeding respond particularly well. Fertilizing cucumbers with such manure allows not only to increase the yield. When using a top-dressing of this species, the bitter greens never grow on the lashes of this crop.
The first time such a fertilizer is applied to the beds prepared for cucumbers, usually in the spring, for digging. The second time this culture is fed at the beginning of flowering culture. The third time cucumbers horse manure fertilized during the period of fruiting. After a couple of weeks, carry out the fourth (last) feeding.
Prepare fertilizer using horse manure for cucumbers according to the same recipe as for tomatoes. Under the same scheme, if desired, you can feed up during the season and squash, as well as pumpkins.
Rules for the use of dry manure
Most often, garden crops are fed, thus, with horse water, cultivated with horse water. But, of course, you can use this fertilizer and in dry form. The entire area of that part of the site that is used for growing garden crops most often falls asleep with the manure of this variety.
In this case, the rotted or fresh mass is simply spread on the surface of the soil as evenly as possible with a thickness of about 5 cm. Then the manure is buried in the ground with a fork or shovel. This method of feeding is usually used on already depleted land, long used for growing garden plants.
Horse manure as a fertilizer
Horse manure contains more nitrogen, phosphorus, calcium, and potassium when compared to cow manure. It warms up better, gives off heat sooner, but cools slowly, has a smaller number of weed seeds, and is hardly affected by harmful microflora. The peculiarity of such a fertilizer is that it is able to retain heat for more than one month. Plant nutrition horse manure as a powerful catalyst acts on the plant flora. It is actively used in agriculture.
What is useful horse manure as a fertilizer?
The benefits of horse manure for the garden:
- Increases the yield of garden and garden crops, their resistance to diseases and adverse natural factors. Soil fertility improves several years ahead. In terms of yield increase, it is in the first place before cow, pig and chicken waste.
- Horse manure well loosens the soil, saturates them with carbon dioxide, forms a normal water, heat and air balance, replenishes the supply of nutrients.
For what plants is horse manure useful?
Horse manure is very useful as a fertilizer, as it can be used both in the open area and in greenhouses, greenhouses as biofuel. Many fruit, vegetable, berry crops respond well to this feed. What plants love horse manure:
- Potatoes, pumpkin, cabbage. Bring on a site in the autumn or in the spring - 5 kg on 1 m 2.
- Cucumbers. Manure is applied in the autumn - 5-6 kg per 1 m 2 or liquid composition is 1:10.
- Tomatoes. Fertilizer bucket is stirred in 30 liters of water. The solution is drawn and used for irrigation after 3 days. It is possible to apply top dressing in 20-25 days after disembarkation, then - no more than 1 time in 14 days.
- Beet. Fertilizer is made - 1.5 cups of manure, 1 g of nitrophoska and 1 g of boric acid per 10 liters of water. For the first time, beets are fed at the stage of 3-4 carved leaves, the second - at the time of growth of root crops.
- Squashes. 1 liter of manure is diluted in 10 l of water. Before flowering, every bush is watered with 1 l of infusion.
- Roses. Shrubs fertilize the fall at the same time with hilling.
- Strawberries, strawberries and raspberries. Fertilizer produced with a solution of manure and water 1:10, infused day.
How to use horse manure to fertilize the garden?
The use of horse manure in the garden is made according to what kind of fertilizer is used. The product is of several types - fresh, half-ripe, strongly rotted, granulated. Its freshness is simply defined by its appearance: the younger the organics, the stronger the litter is visible in it. The older the product, the darker it becomes. The quality of manure depends on its components:
- The best option is biomass of horse feces, mixed with peat.
- The most optimal and affordable composition is with straw, it retains more moisture, contains a lot of nitrogen, and well podpushivaet soil.
- Manure, filled with sawdust, is in last place.
How to use fresh horse manure?
For fertilizer soil often use fresh horse manure. It gives off more nitrogen and heat. It is important to remember that fresh humus under crops must be used carefully - it can cause burns of the root system. Fresh horse manure as fertilizer - how to apply:
- Bring fresh manure in the fall in the process of digging plots. By the spring he will have time to decompose and release nutrients into the earth. The dose of fertilizer should not exceed 6 kg per 1 m 2, smelling the product immediately after dispersion.
- In the spring, you can use fresh manure as a biofuel in greenhouses and greenhouse, arranging warm mounds and beds for growing vegetables. It is laid in a layer of 30-40 cm, sprinkled with straw and a layer of land of 30-35 cm above.
- It is allowed to use fresh manure for early potatoes and crops that have a long growing season.
- Fresh manure is bred in such a way - it is diluted with water 1: 200, put in heat for fermentation for several days. After the swab is fermented, it is re-diluted with water 1:10 and is fed to the culture.
Horse Manure Extract - Application
Good horse manure and in the liquid version. Его можно использовать в качестве прикорневой подкормки, удобно хранить в канистрах и бочках, в таком удобрении нет семян сорняков как в сухом варианте. Экстракт конского навоза – приготовление и способ применения:
- В 10 л воды надо добавить 1 кг навоза, 1 кг опилок или соломы, для повышения питательности можно добавить полведра древесной золы. Смесь настаивают 2 недели, часто помешивая. Slurry is used for plants, diluted in advance with water and the volume increased by 5-7 times.
- Before applying the fertilizer, it is necessary to water the land abundantly. After that, you can pour the mixture under the root of the plant.
How to use granulated horse manure?
Fresh product - inaccessible to the ordinary summer resident. Such fertilizer can be produced only in the stables, it is difficult to get it, it is still necessary to deliver to the site. Modern technologies allow the production of granular manure - valuable fertilizer packed in compact bags and buckets. It smells less, it is easy to transport. Granulated horse manure - the right application:
- In early spring, the dry matter is mixed with the soil, digging it to a depth of 10 cm, the dosing of top dressing - 10-15 kg per 100 m 2 plot. After touching the dry product, the beds are generously filled with water.
- Fertilizer can be applied in the form of an aqueous solution - 4-6 liters per 10 m 2 of the site. Manure is filled with cold water according to the instructions, insist 14 days. Before applying the mass is mixed and fertilized plants.
Horse Manure Mulching
Horse manure is also used as a mulching composition, but only properly rotted, with a dark shade and a loose structure. Application features:
- For mulching of different cultures it is scattered on the ground with a layer of 3-5 cm.
- Well mulch horse ground beds with tomatoes or strawberries.
- If there is a lot of sawdust in manure, then it is appropriate for them to pour pristvolnye circles of fruit trees after watering. In this case, the moisture in the roots will remain much longer.
- Humus mixed with foliage and straw covers the aisles of raspberries, makes a layer of 10 cm.
- Horse manure as a mulch is not used for small crops - horses do not digest weeds and the grown weeds can drown out such plantings.
Horse manure - the benefits and harm
Such valuable fertilizer as horse manure has pros and cons of use. Its advantages:
- In comparison with the cow, it is lighter, friable, less wet and rapidly decomposes.
- Fertilizer retains moisture in the soil and helps acidify the cultivated land.
- Nazim well and for a long time heats the soil on the beds.
- It has an ideal composition for feeding plants, rich in potassium, nitrogen and organic matter.
The horse manure can not be harmed by plants when properly applied, but there are nuances when using it:
- Improper dosage of fresh or insufficiently rotted product can lead to burns of the plant roots.
- The use of a cheap product of low quality is the cause of its inefficiency. In pursuit of cheapness, you can buy a mixture, mostly consisting of sawdust with a small dose of horse humus. It is not worth waiting for such a large fertilizer.
Little by little about each
The most popular fertilizer. It is used in the feed of any soil, from early spring to late autumn. The rotted mullein contains a lot of nitrogen, it decomposes for a long time.
Use fertilizer, lain from six months to a year, polupereprevy. It has a black color and dense composition. It is recommended to use it in spring time.
The submerged product has a loose structure, easily falls apart and is suitable for fertilizing any soil at any time of the year.
It is not used as a fertilizer at all. The microelements in it, the plants do not use, do not assimilate. It decomposes for a long time, more than five years, only after this there is a slight saturation of the soil.
You have to be very careful with him. Spring overdose can burn the entire crop. It is necessary to study and follow the correct dosage of this fertilizer. In order to do no harm, it is recommended: remove a small layer of earth, 15–20 centimeters, cover the litter ball and return the ground to its place.
It is easier to use this fertilizer in the fall, clean the coop and fertilize the ground. During the winter, all the manure will rot, in the spring it will be dug up, the litter will be useful and safe.
Remarkable fertilizer, contain a lot of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, this is all necessary for our plants.. This litter can be infused in water and applied with watering, or laid out under growing plants, not worrying about them. With each rain, the fertilizer will be activated, decomposed and feed the earth.
Horse and sheep
This fertilizer is rapidly degradable and emit a large amount of heat. It is often used in greenhouses and for fertilizing heavy soil. Apply horse humus, both in dry form and as a liquid feed.
The range of application is very wide - from potatoes and strawberries to bushes and fruit trees.
This type of organic fertilizer is the most useful and effective. Quickly decomposes and emits heat, has no smell. In its composition:
Low moisture content allows this product to be loose, so it quickly decomposes and warms the soil. The low content of acids makes it non-aggressive, in relation to the soil and plants. It is used in horticulture and gardening.
- stimulates the livelihoods of microorganisms,
- improves soil composition
- fills the soil with carbon dioxide,
- optimizes the processes of providing water, air and heat in the ground,
- makes the earth more friable,
- resists soil acidification.
Horse Manure Types
There are four groups of fertilizer qualifications that differ in the degree of decomposition:
Fresh horse apples are used only for feeding flowers. Take 1 kg per 10 liters of water, insist day. For irrigation, dilute the prepared solution twice.
For other purposes, fresh manure is not used due to the high concentration of nitrogen and microorganisms. All this can harm the plants and the site itself.
Such humus is diluted to a semi-liquid solution and fed garden crops. This dressing has a good effect on the growth of zucchini, spinach and cabbage. Next year, this piece of land will be bearing fruit and tomatoes.
For rose bushes, you can create a mulch layer that will support flowers for several years.
It is great to use for fertilizing a plot of land for spring and autumn digging. Mixing the ground and humus 2/1, you can create a substrate for seedlings, a very nutrient medium. Get fast-growing and strong shoots.
The last stage of decomposition of horse manure makes it a very valuable fertilizer. Such raw materials, as fertilizer, are used for soil and trees. Bushes, plants, vegetables and fruits are fed to them.
Cultivated crops are pleased not only by their size, but by their taste.
It is recommended to use horse humus after a year of storage. To fertilize the soil, it should be distributed on the planned plot of land and dig or plow. This can be done in spring and autumn.
Humus, which is stored for more than five years, is used as a fertile land. Most of the nutrients, during this time, have evaporated.
The first, where the warming properties of the fertilizer have been applied, is a greenhouse and greenhouses.
Remove a small layer (20–30 cm) of fertile land, disinfect the open area with potassium permanganate. Put a layer of humus and fall asleep on top of the ground. Wood ash can be added to the ground. A plot of land is leveled, covered with plastic wrap and allowed to rest for two days. After that, you can plant seeds.
Fertilized soil, thanks to a long aftereffect, increases its fertility for several years.
After the sale of horse apples in bags weighing 30–40 kg, the demand for this type of fertilizer increased. There is no need to buy manure in large quantities.
Summer residents and amateur gardeners began to massively use this fertilizer on their plots.
Fresh manure that they fertilize
The main lover of fresh "horse apples" - melons. Pumpkin, zucchini, cucumber and squash will be excellent in the fertilized area, and celery will also like it. Plants grow with a good stem, a large number of foliage and strong fruits that tolerate the winter well.
Feed the plants with diluted liquid fertilizer. To prepare take: 1: 200 parts of manure and water, the mass is placed in a warm place for fermentation for several days. Fermented mixture, before use, it is necessary to dilute 1:10 and you can feed any vegetable crops.
You can scatter horse apples around the garden in the fall and dig. Simply and reliably enough, during the winter the fertilizer will completely pereperet and rot. The only negative - about half of the useful qualities are lost.
When rotting, the temperature rises to 33 ° C, this property is used to heat the beds. Due to this, watermelons are grown in Siberia, in closed beds.
Heated beds with cucumbers
For example, a simple way to grow cucumbers in a greenhouse.
In a greenhouse, dig a trench about 50 cm deep. Lay a ball of 20 cm of fresh horse manure and cover it with soil and make a bed.
The soil should be disinfected. To do this, make a light solution of potassium permanganate, add two tablespoons of nitrophoska and 1 cup of wood ash. This amount per square meter bed. Cucumbers will grow quickly and give a big harvest.
The main task during long-term storage is the preservation of nitrogen and other trace elements. To do this, use hay, straw or other cereals. They are able to accumulate, store and transfer chemical elements into the soil.
During storage, the main task is to limit the access of oxygen, it contributes to the rapid evaporation of nitrogen. Therefore, manure is stacked in a dense shoulder, 2 m wide and 1.5 m high, any length. Cover with straw or peat, it protects from weathering. Increased internal temperature and lack of oxygen will keep nutrients in the fertilizer.
Properly stored manure is absolutely safe and useful for garden crops.. The amount of nutrients contained in it exceeds the saturation of the fresh substrate.
In diluted form it is brought under fruit trees, five buckets under the trunk, berry bushes, three buckets. Such manure mulch strawberry beds and tomatoes.
Humus, straw and foliage are mixed, raspberries and strawberries between the rows are filled with such a mixture. It is necessary to make a layer of about ten centimeters.
Horse's stomach does not digest weed seeds, so it is undesirable to mulch the beds with small crops.
Appeared in the sale of liquid concentrated manure, was tested by summer residents and gardeners, and received high marks. Packing on five liters, allows to deliver fertilizer to sites.
We offer a recipe for self-cooking infusion, called "Horse Brazhka":
- Fresh nettles are poured with water and infused for three days.
- Add horse manure, the ratio of 1:10 infusion. Let it brew for two more days.
Stir well before use and in the evening. This infusion is watered under the root or treated outside.
If you have access to the stables, then you can get hold of slurry. This is a valuable high-speed fertilizer that must be diluted five to seven times before use.
Described top dressing fill nitrogen and potassium in the soil, which will inevitably affect the growing season of plants.
Granulated horse humus
Another new trade, horse manure in granules. Convenient packaging for transportation allowed this type of fertilizer to become very popular. It is used for all types of plants in the garden, in the garden or at home.
All nutrients and essential trace elements are stored in this fertilizer. Granular fertilizer does not violate the acidity of the soil and does not increase toxicity. And also there are no harmful substances for human health and the environment. The natural nature of the origin of this fertilizer makes it an ideal substitute for mineral fertilizer.
In granular fertilizer there are no weed seeds, they die during the production process..
Before use, you should read the instructions. Granules are poured with water and allowed to infuse for more than four hours. During this time, the nutrients in the granules will pass into a form that is easily digestible by plants.
It is necessary to thoroughly mix the entire composition to make the mass uniform and to avoid the formation of a precipitate.
It is worth noting and remember the situation when the use of horse hum is not recommended.
- Fungal plaque on the surface of the manure says that to use it as a biofuel, there is no point - lost the ability to heat.
- Cannot be used for heating cucumbers, manure, which is not sufficiently decomposed. Increased ammonia can poison and kill plants.
- Horse manure can be a carrier of scab, so it is undesirable for them to fertilize potatoes.
- Do not use horse manure in greenhouses with high soil density. The high density of the soil slows down the process of decomposition of manure, this provokes the accumulation of methane and hydrogen sulfide. The increased content of these gases can poison the roots of plants.
How to apply to trees and shrubs
Of course, horse manure can also be used as fertilizer for fertilizing apples, pears, plums, etc. In this case, this fertilizer is usually also used in dry form. Overfilled manure is simply scattered around the tree trunks, and then they dig up the soil.
At the same time, under adult fruit trees, usually 5 buckets of such fertilizer are brought in, and under young fruit - 3 buckets of each. Immediately after making manure, trees and shrubs are watered. Produce such an operation in most cases in the fall.
Reviews gardeners about fertilizer
At least once in their country plot horse dung was used, probably, by all summer residents. And, of course, this fertilizer received very good feedback from gardeners. The use of such manure, according to gardeners, makes work on the land much more rewarding. Yields when applying top dressing of this species increase significantly. Yes, and with plant diseases, gardeners using horse manure, have to fight less.
Sometimes there are negative reviews about horse manure on the Web. But they usually concern the purchased, not too high-quality humus. The use of such top dressing from unknown suppliers to anyone, in the opinion of summer residents, may even harm the plants - to slow down their development and stimulate the outbreak of any disease.
Acquire horse manure in bags, as gardeners believe, should only be in stores with a good reputation. Also, before buying an experienced gardeners advised to inspect the fertilizer. Good horse manure does not contain visible residues of straw or sawdust. Also, it does not produce an unpleasant smell. The color of well-rotted quality manure usually has a dark.
Reviews of horse manure as fertilizer from summer residents, thus, there are exceptionally good. Of course, most often such a mass is used precisely as a top dressing for garden and garden crops. But once our ancestors used the manure of this species for medical purposes. After all, this substance actually contains just a huge amount of various kinds of useful trace elements.
For the treatment of what was used horse manure in ancient times? In the old days, such a mass was used, for example, to relieve suffering in diseases of the joints. Of course, to this end, horse manure can be applied today. For this you need:
- put 2/3 of the manure bucket in the big basin,
- fill the mass with hot water,
- leave the solution to infuse for a couple of hours,
- lower the legs into the solution for a few minutes.
For the treatment of joints, this procedure should be repeated daily for 40 days.
What was used horse manure in ancient times yet? “Lumps” left by horses in the field were once also collected in order to use them as fuel for stoves. From horse manure, as well as from cow, they made "bricks" and put them into high pyramids for airing. In winter, they were laid in the furnace. Used horse manure instead of firewood in the old days, of course, mainly in the steppe areas, that is, where the wood was in short supply.
General rules for the use of horse manure
Fresh manure is intended for autumn fertilization for digging. In the spring you can use it to power planted crops with long growth and development. This may be potatoes, cabbage. One meter requires five kilograms of manure.
If you measure fresh horse apples with a ten-liter bucket, then the weight of the fertilizer in the bucket will be 7.5 kg. Peat bedding retains manure nutrients better, so if there is a choice, it is better to buy just such a substrate.
Mostly sell horse humus on a bed of sawdust, in bags. So much easier and easier to transport.
The complex organic fraction of manure slows down soil mineralization. This often makes it difficult to provide good nutrition for growing crops. Specialists recommend using mineral supplements with organic fertilizer.
In order to maximize the nutritional value of organic fertilizer, make manure compost heaps, creating humus composting. Затем готовое удобрение, перегной, распределяют по участку. Можно воспользоваться вторым способом: осенью распределить удобрение по участку и перекопать.
Использование органического удобрения, способствует повышению качества и количества продукта. Этот факт подтверждают частные и фермерские хозяйства.
Состав конского навоза
Конский навоз - It is a powerful catalyst that affects the plant flora. It includes such essential elements for plants as nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and calcium.
As a percentage, the content of nutrients in fresh horse droppings can be reflected as follows:
- water: up to 72%
- Organic matter: 25-26%
- nitrogen: 0.3-1%
- potassium - 0.2-0.8%
- Calcium - 0.2%
- phosphorus - 0,2-0,7%
Fresh fertilizer does not contain a lot of nitrogen. As a result of the decomposition of organic substances in its composition, it is released additionally. Therefore, the use of such dressings does not always manifest itself in the first year.
General rules of application
If you want to bring the maximum benefit to your landings, you should follow some rules on the use of horse manure.
Application rates are about the same for all crops and soils. On 1 square. A planting meter requires no more than 6 kg of fertilizer.
If feeding is done manually, and there is nowhere to weigh the raw materials, you can use the usual 10-liter bucket. It includes 7.5 kg of fresh horse manure, and if it is mixed with sawdust, then 5 kg.
The best time to fertilize the beds with horse dung is autumn. The best option is to use this organic fertilizer for complete digging of the vegetable garden after a full harvest. This will increase the efficiency of feeding due to the fact that the organic substances contained in it, will gradually decompose.
Fertilizer can be used both on a farm scale and on personal plots of a small area.
Classification by degree of decomposition
The use of horse manure is possible in different forms. Varieties of horse excrement can be classified according to their duration and degree of decomposition.
Fresh horse manure is added to the soil only in the autumn, under digging, so that he could perepret until spring. It is highly undesirable to add such fertilizer to the soil. It can affect them in a negative way. Fresh litter may contain helminth eggs, mushroom spores, plant seeds, which then germinate in the garden. And because of the active processes occurring in it, the roots of plants may even die.
Dung, half swelled, used when digging a vegetable garden or else diluted in water to obtain top dressing.
Horseback manure does not look like fresh. It loses half of its mass and dries. Per square meter of soil it is added in the amount of 8-10 kg.
Humus considered the most valuable and useful for the garden. To obtain it takes several years, but the result from the use of this fertilizer is excellent.
You can buy fresh litter, but then you should put it in storage for a certain period of time, so that its properties become the best for your plants.
Horse manure should be stored in such a way that it preserves the maximum amount of useful components.
The most valuable element in this organic fertilizer is nitrogen. It is contained in hay, straw, and grass that horses feed on, and in the process of digestion it goes into their excrement. Many plants are very fond of the earth, rich in nitrogen. However, when interacting with air, it evaporates in the form of ammonia. Thus, it is necessary to provide such storage of fertilizer, which would minimize the access of air to it.
The goal is achieved by creating a dense stack. It is necessary to choose a place on the site where the fertilizer will be stored, and place peat on it mixed with the soil. Layer should be 20-30 cm and be compacted. During storage, moisture will be released from horse droppings, it is this slurry that the peat layer will absorb.
Manure is put on this “pillow”, which also needs to be properly tamped. The next layer is similar to the first - it can be peat, soil or a mixture of them. From above you need to cover everything with dry straw, reeds or film.
The height of the stack is about one and a half meters. A layer of fertilizers, preserved in this way, is about a meter high.
If the fertilizer is much smaller, then the compost can be done differently. Peat and manure are laid in layers, alternating with each other. Moreover, the layer of manure is only 10 cm in height, and peat - four times more.
Even with such storage, phosphorus and nitrogen are released from the fertilizer and are lost over time. To minimize losses, up to 3% superphosphate can be added to the compost.
Which manure is better: horse, pig or cow?
Any manure, regardless of its origin, is useful for structuring the soil and supplying nutrients to plants. Litter during storage releases carbon dioxide, which is necessary for plant respiration and vital activity.
Horse manure is characterized by low acidity, so that it does not acidify the soil and does not harm the plants. When compared with cow and pig droppings, the horse is much less than weeds and putrefactive residues. In addition, it is enough to make it only once - it has a long-lasting effect, unlike other excrement.
Another distinctive feature that distinguishes horse manure from others is its ability to improve the condition of the soil, regardless of its type. If the soil is light, then the addition of horse manure allows you to retain moisture in it longer. If the ground is heavy and dense, manure loosens it.
Compared with other types of excrement, horse droppings have a low moisture content and a loose structure. It quickly decomposes and is able to warm the earth to very high temperatures.
Horse manure among all types of fertilizers is the most effective in raising the yield of land. It is in the first place, leaving behind chicken, pork, cow and other types of manure.
The uniqueness of this feeding is that it takes a long time to overwork and gives up its beneficial properties to the soil gradually. It can be applied in any form: fresh, rotted, or in the form of commercial fertilizers made from it. With its addition, compost, liquid dressings, granular fertilizers are produced.
Use as biofuel
Due to the fact that horse exerting feces warms the earth to 80 degrees, it can be used to build excellent “warm” beds.
It is usually used as a biofuel for greenhouses and greenhouses, where crops are grown during the cold season. This will require a layer of litter height of 30 centimeters.
Another option is the arrangement of high beds in the open field. It is suitable for vegetable crops that love heat. These are pumpkins, zucchini, cucumbers, tomatoes and others. Thanks to the heated bottom vegetables ripen faster and give a richer harvest. Reviews gardeners also say that the taste of vegetables is getting better.
Fresh equine excrement is suitable for feeding those crops that have an early ripening period. But to take care of such feeding is necessary from the autumn or even earlier. Fresh fertilizer should be applied immediately after harvesting. Before that, you need to carefully collect all plant residues, remove weeds and then begin fertilization.
For every square meter of land where landings will be made in the next years, you need to deposit a bucket of horse manure. Together with him you need to dig up the top layer of soil, so that the earth and manure are mixed together. For greater efficiency, you need to cover the prepared beds with a film until spring. This is done so that all nitrogen and other beneficial substances are not left out of the litter.
In spring, the soil will be fully prepared for planting. It remains to add only a few mineral fertilizers, for example, ash or commercial preparations. It is possible to plant any crops on such beds; by this time, manure will already decompose and not burn the roots of the plants.
Horse manure in liquid form is sold as diluted concentrate. The manufacturer pours the fertilizer into a convenient container - five-liter bottles, which are easy to transport and use in private homesteads.
The effect of liquid concentrate on plants is exactly the same as when using ordinary raw manure. But it acts softer due to the fact that it is diluted with water.
Liquid fertilizer can be made independently. There are two options for making it.
The first one is popularly known as the Horse Horse and includes nettle infusion. It is prepared like this: freshly cut nettle is poured with water and infused under the lid in a barrel or bucket for three days. After this period, one to ten horse litter should be added to the "mash". All components are mixed, again covered with a lid and remain in this form for another two days.
Before watering, the resulting infusion should be thoroughly mixed, nettles can be removed as useless. Feeding plants "beer" need to be in the evening. Moreover, the benefits are brought not only by the addition of fertilizer to the soil, but also by spraying the plants.
The second option for making liquid dressing from horse manure is the use of slurry. You can buy it at any stable. It is notable for the fact that it acts as fast as possible, giving the plants strength for growth and development.
Dung slurry is diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 6 and vegetables are poured over it. Especially good relates to such a feeding tomatoes at the beginning of the growing season. This fertilizer fills the earth with potassium and nitrogen.
Roses and other flowers
Roses are garden flowers that are very demanding on the quality of the soil, which can be raised by adding horse manure. Roses need a lot of nitrogen in the spring, which is why the garden is better for them to cook in the fall. If you use horse droppings, then by spring it will just perepreet and will give a sufficient amount of nitrogen for roses.
The same can be said about other garden flowers that respond positively to this organic fertilizer.
Horse manure is an excellent feeding for apple trees. It can be applied in liquid or conventional form.
Fresh horse manure is brought in the fall under the tree trunk, gently digging up the earth within a radius of 30-50 cm from the tree trunk. You can insist fresh droppings in water, make a groove 30 cm from the barrel and pour the resulting slush there. When moisture is absorbed, you need to fill the grooves with soil.
During the fruiting period, strawberries must be fed to the crop to be rich and berries to be sweet.
Horse manure for strawberries is used exclusively in liquid form. He needs to insist in the water: a half-bucket of fresh litter is required for 100 liters of water. When the infusion ferment, it must be thoroughly mixed and added to the water when watering strawberries. On a bucket of irrigation water is enough one liter of the resulting infusion.
Cucumbers - a culture that loves warmth. That is why with the help of horse litter for them you can organize a heated bed. If you use litter as a biofuel in the greenhouse, then you can grow cucumbers in the cold season.
Manure should be mixed with straw in equal shares and put on an open area for about a week. When a light smoke begins to curl over the dung heap, it means that the “process has begun” and you can use the fertilizer for its intended purpose.
On the site of a future garden or in a greenhouse, you need to dig trenches and put manure in it, stamp it and pour it with water. After the trench is covered with film, and after two days it is removed and powdered with trench trench.
Tomatoes do not like fresh horse droppings. Best of all, they grow in the place where it was introduced last year.
For example, you can make a bed of cucumbers using horse manure, and the next year to plant on this place tomatoes. In this case, the effect for this culture will be maximum. Fresh manure releases too much nitrogen, which in tomatoes leads to an increase in vegetative mass.
When you can not apply horse droppings
Despite all the beneficial properties of this organic fertilizer, in some cases you should refuse to use it:
- if there is a deposit on the surface of the manure, then it loses its ability to heat up during decomposition. This is the fungus that has this effect. Thus, the use of manure with a touch to create warm beds and biofuels in greenhouses will not work
- if the litter has not yet decayed, then it is impossible to make a bed for cucumbers from it. Instead of heating from below, cucumbers will get ammonia fumes, which have a detrimental effect on their development.
- Despite the fact that it is often recommended to be used for fertilizing potatoes, in some cases it can harm the crop. The fact is that horse droppings can be a carrier of scab, which is transmitted to potatoes. Sometimes it's better not to risk and fertilize potatoes in other ways.
- dense soil in the greenhouse - another "contraindication" for its use. In such a soil, the decomposition of litter occurs slowly, and indoors in a greenhouse, it is fraught with the accumulation of hydrogen sulfide, which in a high concentration can poison the roots of any plants.
Thus, it is necessary to use fertilizer carefully, following the rules for its use. In this case, the benefits of it will be the maximum.