The orchid Phalaenopsis is an epiphytic plant, therefore it requires a special irrigation regime. Epiphytes live on the bark of trees and absorb the necessary moisture from the air. The substrate for them must be breathable, and the frequency of watering is adjusted so that the water does not stagnate near the roots, otherwise the root system may rot. Let's talk about these details in more detail.
Water for irrigation
Orchid roots are very sensitive to water quality. They should not be watered with too cold or too hot water, as well as water with a high content of hardness. The deposition of salts is easy to see in the appearance of the pot with the plant. If on the edge of the container or pieces of bark white scurf appears, it means that the water used for irrigation is hard.
You can soften it in several ways:
- Boil water. In this case, soluble salts of calcium and magnesium become insoluble and precipitate out. You can use 2/3 of the upper layer of water.
- Cook melt water. To do this, fill a plastic bottle with tap water and allow it to partially freeze in the freezer. The main part of the salt goes into the water that did not have time to freeze. It is poured, and the ice remaining in the bottle is thawed and used for irrigation.
- Throw in the water at the tip of a teaspoon of citric or oxalic acid and leave to stand for about 2 days. The bottom layer of water is not used.
Important! Chemical water softeners and ion exchange filters are not used to soften the water used for irrigation, since calcium salts are replaced by sodium salts harmful to plants.
Water temperature for irrigation should be at or above room temperature. Water heated above 38 ° C will burn the sensitive roots, and too cold will cause them to become cold.
How often to water the orchid
On the frequency of watering affects a lot of factors. It is necessary to consider:
- the temperature in the apartment, the higher it is, the more often they water the plants,
- the volume of the pot and the material from which it is made, the presence or absence of a drainage hole,
- size of the root system - the more orchids have roots and the larger the plant itself, the more water it needs,
- current season: if there is not enough light in the apartment, watering is made more rare.
In autumn and winter, it will be enough to water the plant once a week or even in two. In the summer in the heat Phalaenopsis is watered more often. The frequency of watering can be increased to 2-3 times a week, if necessary. The signal for when to water the plants is the color of the roots of the orchid.
Note! In a dry substrate, the roots become silvery white. If they are green, watering the orchid is not necessary. The weight of the pot will also say a lot: when the substrate is completely dry, the pot with orchid becomes light.
For some orchids (Cumbria, Miltonia), it is recommended to add peat to the substrate. This increases the soil moisture capacity, therefore, plants are watered less frequently than those planted in the bark.
Methods of watering orchids at home
The method of watering orchids depends on what method it is grown. If Phalaenopsis is grown in a closed system without a drainage hole, pour enough water into the vase so that it covers the layer of expanded clay. In the future, the water will gradually evaporate, feeding the roots of orchids.
Specimens grown in the bark can be watered in three ways: by spilling, dipping and soaking.
- In order to irrigate the orchid by the method of spilling, it is carried into the bath and the pot is shed with about two liters of distilled, slightly warm water. This method allows you to thoroughly moisten the substrate and at the same time remove accumulated impurities and fertilizer residues from the pot. After the excess water is drained, the orchids are returned to the windowsill.
- Watering by immersion is carried out by placing a flowerpot in a basin filled with water for 1-2 minutes. This method is suitable during cool content, in this case, the bark does not have time to get too wet.
- For soaking the pot with an orchid is placed in a container with separated warm water for 15-20 minutes. During this time, the bark manages to absorb a sufficient amount of moisture. After that, excess water should be drained and put the flower in its place.
Wanda orchid is often contained without any soil in hanging baskets or high glass vases. They are watered with a short soaking and daily sprayed the roots of plants. Once every 2 weeks, the roots are bathed in warm water for half an hour, and then the orchid is returned to its place.
All types of orchids love a warm shower, which allows you to wash the dust off the leaves and saturate the plants with moisture. After the shower, be sure to drain the remaining water from the pot; it should not stand in the pan. To carry out such a procedure is possible only in the warm season.
On a note! After watering, be sure to remove the water from the sinuses of leaves and the middle of the outlet. The accumulation of moisture in these places can lead to rotting. It is especially dangerous if there is a decay of the middle of the leaf outlet, where the growth point is located. In this case, the orchid will not be able to continue its growth, but simply die.
In this case, the only chance for Phalaenopsis to extend its existence will be the emergence of a closet babe. But, agree that the baby - this is not an adult plant and will need to work hard to grow it. Water droplets are cleaned with a cotton pad or paper towel.
Usually, when watering orchids, they wait until the substrate in the pot dries out completely. With blooming orchids, it's a little different. Even if there is still condensation in the pot, you can already water the plant. Such orchids have much more moisture, so it is not recommended to allow the substrate to completely dry, otherwise the petals may become sluggish or the orchid will generally drop flowers.
When watering you need to be careful: make sure that the water does not fall on the flower stalks and the flowers themselves. When transporting phalaenopsis to the bathroom, care must be taken not to break the long peduncle with clusters of inflorescences. It is not without reason that flower stalks are attached to special supports, their weight together with flowers is quite noticeable.
Some experienced flower growers prefer to water the orchid from the watering can during this period, like ordinary flowers - in this case, the risk of accidentally damaging the flower is minimized. Just do not forget after 5-10 minutes to drain the excess water from the pan.
Watering in winter
Watering orchids in the winter must be consistent with the length of the day and the air temperature. The lower the temperature and less light, the less often the flower is watered. The fact is that phalaenopsis can fully absorb moisture only at values not lower than 18-20 ° C and a daylight of equal duration to 12 hours. Therefore, in the winter months, the need for water in orchids decreases.
Only under the influence of light in phalaenopsis, the stomata open on the underside of the leaves, which causes active gas exchange. In order for the plant to fully develop and grow in the winter, it needs to provide illumination, but in this case, be careful with watering. Since these are epiphytic plants, it is better to underfill the orchid than to pour.
In winter, orchids cannot be kept on a cold window-sill, otherwise the roots cool and cannot properly absorb water. If you water the plant regularly, and the lower leaves lose turgor - put a pot of orchids on a foam pad or a special insulating mat. You can help the plant recover by spraying the underside of the leaves in the morning.
When transplanting orchids are usually planted in a new substrate purchased or self-made. Such bark is usually well dried to avoid the appearance of fungus, so the pot with the plant will need to be soaked for half an hour in warm, soft water.
If the first watering is scarce, then the bark will not pick up moisture and the roots will remain dry. You can dissolve some fertilizer in the water for the first watering. The next watering should be done no earlier than 2 weeks, the moisture reserves after a long soaking is enough for this period.
After the purchase
Watering an orchid after purchase depends largely on the state of the plant. You can buy a flower in a highly dried form, or vice versa, overly moist, with rotten roots. It happens that the manufacturer puts a peat cup under the root neck so that the moisture is kept by the plant during transportation. If you leave everything as it is, then when watering water will be distributed unevenly.
The roots that are at the wall of the pot, will dry out faster, and the peat cup, saturated with moisture and located near the root collar, may contribute to its decay. Therefore, during transplantation, it is necessary to remove the peat cup, and at the same time all the rotted or dried roots.
Orchids, as a rule, sell blooming, so you should not arrange the plant to dry between waterings. Otherwise, Phalaenopsis will dry and cast flowers and buds. Put the plant pot in a bright warm place and water at the moment when the roots become light, but there will still be condensation on the walls of the pot.
Helpful advice! Water for watering orchids can also be acidified with high-moor peat. To do this, put it in a bag and dipped in water for several hours.
For the rest, watering the plants after purchase is no different from standard care at home. Consider the amount of light, the temperature of the content, the size of the plant and you will quickly be able to find the right algorithm for watering your orchid.
Many people believe that tropical flowers need a lot of moisture, because they grow in hot climates. This is only partly true. Being epiphytic plants, orchids do not directly touch water, they are surrounded by very humid air, from which they get everything they need.
If we recall the atmosphere of a tropical forest, we can note for themselves daily temperature drops, periods of drought, alternating with tropical downpours. Orchids love it when cycling is present in their care. It must be remembered that they need the simultaneous presence of a large amount of moisture, air and light.
Some still manage to make mistakes in irrigation. And they are as follows:
- Excessive watering. Wait until the substrate in the pot is completely dry. If in doubt, whether it is time to water the orchid - wait another day and only then water. The effects of overflow can be fatal. If the roots of overmoistening begin to rot, and you do not notice it in time, the plant will die or it will have to be reanimated.
- Watering in the dark. Any of the orchids is best watered in the morning. During the day, in the sun the plant will have time to dry well, thus avoiding mold and rotting of leaves or bulbs.
- Ignoring the needs of the plant. At different periods of its life, an orchid feels unequally. If it does not give new leaves, roots, flower stalks, does not grow bulbs, it means that the plant has come to a time of rest and abundant watering will not be good for it. If the orchid has bloomed or is actively increasing the green mass - the need for the intake of moisture increases.
How to water orchids: video
When buying a tropical beauty, study in advance all the information about the form you want to purchase. Each of them requires its own conditions of maintenance and watering. Learn that the microclimate can be different even within the same apartment. Choose eastern and western window-sills for orchids, provide them with regular watering with drying, do not forget to water flowering plants a little more abundantly. Then these flowers will bring you not problems, but joy and aesthetic pleasure from the contemplation of magnificent inflorescences.
How often do I need to water the orchid
This question does not have an unequivocal answer, since irrigation of this tropical plant is influenced by the air temperature in the room, and the humidity, and the season, depending on which flower requires more or less moisture, and the composition of the substrate, and even the size of the pot. One thing is certain: it is better to water the orchid rarely, but plentifully. The roots of the plant should not be in a wet environment all the time, from excessive watering, they will begin to rot and the plant will die.
Considering that in their natural environment, orchids exist comfortably and bloom, clinging to the roots of tree bark, and torrential rains alternating with hot, dry weather are ideal for them, you should try to bring their indoor living closer to their usual one. For example, a common mistake among orchid lovers is improper watering. Orchids can not be watered often. The substrate in the pot should be completely dry. If the substrate does not dry for several days, it should be replaced with a larger one so that the roots are better ventilated.
How to know that it's time to water the orchid
In order for a tropical plant to feel comfortable in a room environment, you need to learn how to correctly and timely recognize the condition of the soil. There are several signs for this:
- if the pot seems heavy for several days, then the substrate is damp and no watering is required,
- if you clean the contents of the pot with your finger, you can feel the moisture of the soil and determine the need for watering,
- a wooden toothpick stuck in the substrate, truly signals the need for watering - if the stick extracted from the ground is dry, then the orchid needs to be watered,
- that the plant needs watering is indicated by the color of the substrate and the roots of the orchid - the wet substrate is always darker than the dry one, and the dry roots of the orchid become not green, but light gray.
Perfect watering orchids
All orchids like watering by lowering the pot into a basin of water. Such “baths” moisturize the substrate well and evenly, give plenty of water to the roots. Pot with a plant to immerse in a bowl of water and leave for 15-20 minutes. In the cold season, this procedure should not exceed 10 minutes. At the end of the pot is removed from the water and left for another 20-30 minutes in limbo to allow to drain water.
At night, the orchids “sleep”, so it is better to water the plant in the morning, so that during the day its roots are saturated with moisture and the substrate dries out.
What water to water the orchid
His health depends on how much water the plant waters. Ideally, it is better to water the orchid with rainwater, but if it is not possible to collect moisture after the rain, the usual one from the aqueduct will do. Water for irrigation must necessarily settle for 3-4 days. When watering orchids should also be remembered that the plant does not like various impurities in the form of salts and lime, for watering orchids suitable only soft and clean water. The presence of a large amount of impurities can be judged by the accumulation of scale in the kettle: if it appears quickly and in large quantities, it means that the water is not suitable for watering orchids, and it must be defended and boiled. The most suitable option is to add distilled distilled water in proportions of 1: 1.
It is believed that a hot shower has a beneficial effect on the orchid and stimulates its flowering. Perhaps this is true, but you should not water the orchid with boiling water, the water should be no hotter than 38 degrees. In addition, in order not to injure the plant, the shower jet should be as small as possible. And yet, after this method of watering an orchid, it is necessary to dry all remote sinuses of the plant. This can be done with a paper towel or napkin.
Contrary to the opinion that the orchid is capricious and requires special care, an elegant plant can be grown by following simple rules for watering. And remember that it is better to forget to water the orchid than to “water” the flower once more.
Orchid is very different from other flowers, as it is an epiphyte. This means that in natural conditions the flower grows on the trunks of trees, and does not develop in the soil. The root system does not come into contact with the earth, but extracts nutrients from the surrounding space. In nature, rain is the only source of moisture for an orchid.
The roots are not for a long time in a humid environment. Based on this important feature, we can formulate the main principle of watering orchids in pots: you can not leave the plants for a long time in the water and pourtherefore, it is not necessary to plant orchids in ordinary land, they require a special substrate.
Basic rules for beginners
- A huge role is played by the frequency of watering. It is impossible to name specific periods of time that must be observed when watering, because it depends on the speed of drying of the substrate, which is influenced by many factors: ambient temperature, total humidity, amount of light.
Regular watering is done after the substrate is completely dry. The roots of a plant can also help determine the need for moistening: when they are saturated with moisture, they acquire a bright green tint. The silver root system signals that it has dried and can be watered. Watering liquid should be close in composition to rainwater, since it is sediments that provide the orchid with moisture in nature. Цветок увлажняют водой комнатной температуры, необходимо, чтобы она была мягкая.
За день до полива готовят раствор: на 2,5 литра воды добавляют половину чайной ложки средства. Непосредственно перед процессом полива воду фильтруют, чтобы осадок не попал в грунт к орхидеям. Cold hard water causes the root system to die quickly.
Below is a photo of watering flowers growing in pots:
In a conventional or transparent container
The optimal container for growing orchids is a transparent pot with drainage holes. A plant in such a pot can be watered in several ways.
- The most popular is the immersion method..
- Container with orchid gently and slowly immersed in a bowl with water, so that the roots are gradually soaked with moisture. Sharp immersion can cause a pot to pop out of the pot due to the resistance of dry roots.
In the water, the flower is held for thirty seconds, after which it is removed and left in the air for the same time so that the excess liquid is drained. You can resort to this method of irrigation only if there is no disease. The plant can be watered in the traditional way from above, using a watering can.
- With a weak pressure, the liquid is poured onto the surface of the substrate, trying not to touch the points of growth and the leaf hem.
- Watering the plants is stopped when water begins to emerge from the drainage holes.
- They wait a few minutes until all the excess moisture is poured into the pan, and then watering is repeated again.
The excess liquid which has appeared in the pallet eventually is drained. A warm shower is considered good for an orchid..
It simulates rain, saturating the flower with moisture in natural conditions. Irrigation with a warm shower helps the green mass of the plant to develop faster, to bloom to be of higher quality, protects against parasites and diseases. Watering is as follows:
- The pot is placed in the bathroom.
- Turn on the shower, adjust the pressure, making it weak.
- The cold and hot water in the mixer should be connected in such a way that the temperature will eventually reach from forty to fifty degrees.
- The pressure is directed to the plant, which is watered to the full impregnation of the soil.
- An orchid pot is left in the bathroom for twenty minutes in order to drain the excess liquid.
- At the final stage, young leaves and sprouts are wiped with dry matter.
If the orchid is contained in an opaque pot with drainage holes, irrigation methods do not differ from the above. A serious drawback of such a capacity is the inability to monitor the condition of the roots. From this situation, a way out was invented: a wooden stick was deepened into the ground and left for half an hour. If, as a result, the wand remains dry, then it is time for the next watering.
In pots without holes
If the orchid grows in pots with missing drainage holes to drain the liquid, it is watered from above using a watering can. The method of immersion is not suitable, since there are no holes that provide water penetration. You can arrange a warm shower plant, placing the pot in the bathroom and pouring the soil with a watering can shower.
After the procedure, get rid of excess fluid, carefully tilting the container with the plant. Watering orchids in a pot without drainage holes is much less frequent.because the ground in such a container dries out much slower.
What should be avoided?
- To avoid excessive waterlogging of the flower, you can build a drainage of foam or expanded clay layer of four centimeters.
- Spraying must be carried out with a distance of twenty centimeters so that the liquid evaporates faster from the surface.
- In Phalaenopsis and Wanda orchids, when watering, it is necessary to avoid contact with water on the core, which starts to rot from excessive moisture. This cannot be prevented during irrigation with a shower, so after the procedure the core is thoroughly wiped with a dry cloth.
- If the florist is watering the orchid by immersion, after each pot he has to pour in new water. This precaution is necessary in order to prevent the transmission of diseases from one plant to another.
What is dangerous damp?
Excessive moisture not only harms the root system of the flower, which begins to rot, but also affects the state of the substrate in which the flower grows. It begins to condense and is also subject to putrefactive processes. As a result of excessive watering, the plant begins to ache and eventually dies..
How to reanimate a flower with an excess of water?
- The plant is removed from the pot, shaking off the excess substrate from the roots.
- The root system is placed in water for fifteen minutes, and then all the damaged and rotten parts of the roots are removed with a sharp knife.
- This is followed by transplanting the plant into a new pot, which is pre-treated with a solution of soap. The horse system is gently straightened among the substrate that is buried inside.
After this procedure, the flower should begin to return to life.
Watering is an extremely important procedure for orchids.. Since it is strikingly different from the classical process of moistening ordinary indoor flowers, this issue should be studied thoroughly.
When and how often to water orchids
To begin to clarify. Among the orchids, there is also a pronounced leader - phalaenopsis. It is most often presented as a gift. More exotic miltonia, cambria, dendrobiums, cymbidia, pafiopedilums and others, significantly lose to phalaenopsis in “gain and darimosti”. Therefore, the rules for watering orchids will be considered precisely by his example.
First of all, it should be noted that the frequency of irrigation of orchids at home will depend on such factors as air temperature, humidity, substrate composition, pot volume, life cycle and season.
External primary signs of the need for watering orchids are:
- The roots of the plant acquired a pale green or white shade. In normal watering, they should be green.
- The walls of the pot are dry. If they have even the smallest droplets of moisture, water should not be.
- Orchid pot is very easy.
- You can gently put a dry stick in the pot and check the humidity in its depth.
- With prolonged desiccation, orchid leaves wither and turn yellow.
The most effective and common method. If possible, purchase a special orchid watering container that matches the size of your plant pot. In fact, this is the same pot, but without drainage holes. When using it, you will avoid the floating and tipping of the pot with the plant. In the absence of such a container, you can use any other container of a suitable size. A pot of orchids is lowered into it so that the water level is below the top edge of the pot by a centimeter. Usually, 10-15 minutes is enough for the substrate to be saturated with moisture. A sign of this is the appearance of moisture on its upper layer. After that, the pot should be removed from the water and allowed to drain all the moisture. During such irrigation, orchids can be fertilized by dissolving fertilizer in water.
Top watering (using watering can)
This method is also used. But when applying it should be careful. Do not allow water into the sinuses of the leaves. Its accumulation can cause decay of the orchid leaf. For watering is better to use a watering can with a long thin nose. Watering is done in several stages. Water flows until it begins to flow through the drainage holes. Then break a couple of minutes, and the procedure is repeated. And so 3-4 times. Water drained into the pan.
Watering with running water (warm shower)
This is the case when water is allowed to be watered from a tap. But only if this method is not permanent, but is used only occasionally. Otherwise, use a garden watering can. This method of watering orchids is as close to natural as it imitates rain. In addition to being moistened with the substrate and the roots of the plant, dust, possible pests and other filth are washed off the leaves. It also stimulates the growth of foliage. Watering is best done in the bath, but you can put a pot with a plant and in a bowl, if you pour watering. Water for irrigation should be warm, sometimes even hot 40-50 degrees is used. Watering orchids continues until the substrate is saturated with moisture. After that, the water from the pot is allowed to drain and the orchid is left in a shaded place for 30-40 minutes. Then be sure to wipe the leaves with a dry cloth, but the main thing is to remove all moisture from the leaf axils.
This method is hardly useful for beginner flower growers. It is used for orchids that are grown in an open way, without the use of a substrate. In this case, use a spray with a very fine spray of water. With his help, the roots of an orchid, fixed on a bearing surface, are abundantly irrigated.
Watering orchids after purchase
At this point should be highlighted. The fact is that in most cases phalaenopsis, which are sold in flower shops, have a specific soil composition. In addition to the obligatory bark and sphagnum moss, they can contain anything that contributes to giving and maintaining the presentation of the plant. We understand that the main thing for a merchant to sell, and what will happen next, is our headache. Most often in the composition of the substrate you can find such moisture accumulators, called among the gardeners "sponges", "scourge", "sponges", which they, in fact, are. These are pieces of synthetic material that absorbs a large amount of water and allows not to water the orchid for a long time, which is important during transportation and mass storage. There is nothing particularly terrible about it. The material is synthetic, therefore, does not give in to rotting and decomposition. But its danger lies in the fact that the schedule of irrigation in this case is changing dramatically. It is very difficult to determine the absence or presence of moisture in such a “battery”. Yes, and their very presence may be in doubt. Conscientious sellers must warn that there is a sponge in the substrate. Otherwise, it can be an unpleasant surprise. Experienced growers after buying any plants, and after two weeks of quarantine, transplant them into fresh soil. But not every lover can do it, and it is not desirable to do this during flowering. Therefore, when buying, be sure to ask the seller about the presence of such surprises. And if they are, then all watering before orchid transplantation should be carried out less than once a half - two. In any case - after the purchase, place the orchid separately from other plants (if any) and quarantine 7-10 days. Watering at this time is not necessary. Then you can start watering. The first watering, I advise you to hold boiled or distilled water. It is better to use the immersion method. And repeat it several times, replacing the water. This will wash out unwanted salts from the soil. Of course, fertilizers will go away, which manufacturers and sellers have fertilized with them. But you do not need them. Usually, these are very powerful stimulants that deplete the plant. It is better to buy high-quality fertilizer and use it.
That's all the basic rules for watering orchids. But, a considerable number of nuances will appear that will be inherent in your particular plant, and here everything will depend on you. Try different ways and decide which one is more suitable for you and your plant. Observe the plant and substrate. It will take not so much time, and you can accurately determine when and how to water your orchids.
When the roots decay
Orchid roots can rot, not only because of abundant watering, but also for other related factors. After reanimation, the plant does not require urgent watering. So only provoked a new process of rotting roots. After the rescue manipulations, sections are tightened and only after seven days do they water. If it is a hot season, then in 3-4 days.
When an orchid blooms, it acquires flowers of the most unimaginable color: from white to bright red, brown and even green. The flowers are tied into a panicle inflorescence. It requires special care and watering during flowering.
Watering is done with purified water, without salts and additional components. Temperature is acceptable slightly above room temperature. There are several ways to watering - the actual watering and "soldering".
Tip! If you do not see condensation on the pot, then the orchid is already in need of water.
We take the capacity of a larger pot (for convenience, you can take a plastic lid from the cake or a basin). We put it in the chosen vessel, fill it with water (it is desirable to boil it beforehand and cool it) the temperature should reach 30 degrees. You can once again pour around the roots. After watering, you need to wipe the bosoms of the leaves with a cotton swab or sponge so that no water drops there. This is very important for orchids!
During this period, it is recommended to water the flowers once every 1.5 weeks. Occasionally, you can wipe the leaves, removing dust with a damp cloth or cotton pads. In winter, the orchid is bothered by a minimum. Water during the cold period should be at room temperature. You can collect a bottle of water and let it be filtered in the same room where the flowers stand.
Important! In winter, the orchid is at rest, therefore, the less it will disturb, the better.
How to water the orchids, tips and tricks
There are several ways to water the orchids.
The first way is to dive or “swim”. Immerse the orchid in a bath with cool water, small pots can be put in the basin. After an hour, drain the water and wipe the leaves with a damp sponge or cotton pad. Then we take warm water and start watering the flowers from above. After that, you need to wipe the outlet with a dry cloth so that it absorbs excess moisture. We give water to drain for about 15 minutes and can be put on a permanent place.
The second method is “spraying”. This method is quite simple. It is necessary to pour warm water in a spray bottle, take each leaf and spray it. Fertilizer can be added to the water at your discretion. Then wipe the leaves again.
The third way is "Hot shower". If you make the right watering, you can achieve multiple flowering. In addition, this method prevents contamination and breeding unwanted insects in a flower pot.
It's very simple, take a bowl, or put orchids in the bath. We water only the leaves, and if we want to soak the root system, we use the “bathing” method.
We take the shower watering can, adjust it so that the water is warm. After you have set the optimum temperature, proceed to watering, directing the water jet to the leaves. We try to get the water not only on the outer part of the leaf, but also on the inner, after that we fill the pots to the neck, so that the leaves' sinuses are not covered by water. The main thing is if the plant at this time at the flowering stage, then it is impossible to get on the orchid flowers themselves. After that, we leave it to enjoy the steam and humidity in the room for 15-25 minutes.
Such a procedure has a beneficial effect on the life of orchids, namely:
- Activates growth.
- Leaves gain elasticity.
- The plant as much as possible is at rest.
- Flower buds appear faster.
- The plant for a long time looks healthy and well-groomed.
These are the advantages of this irrigation option. Never water your orchid too often. After all, with proper care, the soil is in a dry state. If it does not dry for a long time, replace it with a larger substrate. Then the roots will be sufficiently ventilated and will not have time to start the process of decay.
How to water the orchid?
Watering an orchid grown at home is necessary after the soil in the pot dries. The intensity of watering a flower depends on many factors: the temperature and humidity of the air in the room, the lighting, the size of the container in which the plant is planted, and many others.
In nature, the orchid feeds on rainwater, so for watering it is necessary to take the liquid as close to it as possible: warm and soft. To reduce the hardness of water by applying oxalic acid, which can be bought at a flower shop. Dilute the solution should be the day before watering - pour 2.5 teaspoon of acid into 2.5 liters of water. Before irrigation, gently drain the water (solution) so that the residue remains at the bottom, or filter.
Slightly acidify the water by using high peat: the bag with it should be dipped in water for several hours. The optimum water temperature for watering a flower should be 30-35 degrees.
A better one is watering, imitating rain, which saturates the plant growing in its natural environment with moisture. This method contributes to the rapid growth of green mass and high-quality flowering. In addition, rinsing the leaves with a regular shower clears them from pests and protects them from infection by diseases.
Such a shower is made as follows:
- You should put the containers with flowers in the bath and water using a shower nozzle under low pressure with soft water with a temperature of 40-50 degrees.
- Поливать требуется до полной пропитки субстрата, а по окончании ее оставить емкости в ванне минут на 20, чтобы стекла лишняя жидкость.
- Минут через 40 вытереть молодые ростки и листья растения сухой салфеткой. У орхидей Ванда и Фаленопсис следует протереть и сердцевину, чтобы она не начала гнить, иначе растение перестанет развиваться.
Water with a watering can and with a weak pressure pours on the surface of the flowerpot, without touching the leaf hem and growth points. Pouring is necessary until water flows from the holes in the bottom of the pot. Allow time to remove excess water and repeat the procedure after a couple of minutes. Excess water that flows into the pan should be poured from it.
Watering Orchids from Watering Can
This type of watering is used for orchids grown in blocks, that is, without the use of substrate. In this case, the roots dry faster than in pots of soil. It is recommended to water with a spray in the “fog” mode, directing it exactly to the roots, until their color changes (it turns green). The following procedure is carried out as the drying of the root system.
Having found out how to water the orchid in a pot, it remains to follow the suggested recommendations correctly and wait for the moment of flowering of these beautiful flowers.
Spraying orchid roots
Watering orchids during flowering
With the beginning of flowering it is necessary to change the order of watering in order to create natural conditions for the plant. During the flowering period, seeds are formed - they are very small and volatile in the orchid, so they can fly apart over a distance of several kilometers. In the rainy season in nature, the seeds can not fly over long distances, therefore, when growing a flower at home, it is necessary to water the plant further in the manner described.
Watering requires only the roots of the plant, trying to saturate them optimally with moisture, but not overflowing. If there is insufficient humidity in the room, then you can spray the leaves, while trying not to fall into the core of the flower. During the flowering period, it is necessary to water the plant as the substrate dries several times a week.
Spraying and watering orchids
How to water the orchid in winter
During the cold period, the orchid does not hibernate, so it is necessary to water it in winter, but much less frequently than during the flowering period. The optimal deadlines are: once every 10 days or 2 weeks. But it is not necessary to withstand strictly such intervals, the main thing is to monitor the drying out of the soil and prevent it from drying out strongly.
An important rule in this case is to allow excess fluid to drain out of the pot so that after placing it on the window sill, where other plants are usually found, because the roots are cooler in the house, the roots do not overcool and become infected with various diseases. If the flower is supposed to be a warm shower, then it should be done in the evening, and left in the bathroom for the night so that no rot at the growth point.
How to water orchids in winter
Watering orchids after purchase
After purchasing a flower, he needs to go through a small quarantine. It consists in keeping the plant separate from others, protecting it from direct sunlight and eliminating feedings. It is also required not to water the orchid for 5-7 days in order to identify the pests and timely destroy them. At the end of the quarantine, the flower should be gradually accustomed to the light, exposing it to the window sill and gradually watering it.
Watering orchids after transplanting
Orchid transplant done immediately after purchase, or in early spring, when the plant came out of hibernation. You should know that she does not like big pots, because the root system is developing poorly in them. After transplanting a plant in a new pot with a new soil, it is necessary to water it so that it absorbs moisture to the maximum. Then put the pot for 20 minutes in a container with warm water, then allow to drain excess liquid and place it in a shaded place. Watering an orchid after a transplant should not be for two weeks, because the plant has experienced stress and the presence of moisture for it is more pernicious than its absence.
After the orchid is adapted, it will require perfect care, fertilizing with fertilizer and watering with clean water so that the leaves and stems quickly restore the balance of nutrients. How many times a week you need to water the orchid after transplanting - this question is of concern to many beginning flower growers. But experienced experts recommend watering the orchid after transplanting at least 2 - 3 times a week, because the transplant time coincides with the summer period, and hence with the time of flowering.
Watering orchids during flowering
Features watering orchids at home
In the process of care, many growers face problems regarding the proper watering of an orchid in a pot. Not everyone knows how often this should be done and what water is best to use.
However, this event is very important, because it largely determines how beautiful the orchid will be. Do not know the rules of watering orchids in a pot and hold this event with violations, the plant can in a couple of months dry out and perish.
As beginning flower growers consider, the orchid is one of the most difficult plants to grow at home.
And, although for her it is necessary to provide a lot of favorable conditions for normal development, appropriate care gives confidence that the orchid can bloom abundantly even on the windowsill.
If a novice florist undertakes this, then, as a rule, he does not have the necessary knowledge and conducts frequent and abundant watering. But, do wrong, because excess water can lead to rotting of the roots.
Therefore, the harm from overwetting often turns out to be more destructive than the lack of moisture. Thus, it is important to know how often to water the orchid.
The first thing that every florist needs to understand is to determine the frequency of watering based on the speed at which moisture evaporates from the soil. Misconception is the opinion of those flower growers who believe that it is enough for an orchid to water once a week.
In each case, the moisture will evaporate from the soil in the pot at different speeds. To determine it is necessary consider many factors: illumination, pot size, humidity level, air temperature.
Therefore, it is impossible to give a universal recommendation regarding the optimal amount of orchid watering, because in each case it will be different.
What water to water the orchids
No indoor plant can live without water, so it largely determines how long it will blossom and bring aesthetic pleasure to its owners.
For plants, water is important because along with it they get nutrients, as well as the ability to maintain optimal root temperature. Under natural conditions, the supply of nutrients to the orchid provides rainwater.
However, it is not a secret to anyone that in the conditions of modern cities the fluid that comes in during precipitation is not as safe as the water that rains in tropical forests bring.
Experts recommend using for watering orchids in room conditions. soft water. In some cases, moderately hard water may be used.
Hardness of water
It is extremely difficult for an ordinary person to determine how hard water is. But there is a way that everyone can find out.
This can be determined by the amount of scale formed when boiling water in the kettle - the bigger it is, the harder the water is.
An effective hard water softener is oxalic acidwhich can be purchased at flower shops. In order for this tool to work, you need to adhere to the following scheme:
- in 5 liters of cold water it is necessary to dilute 1/8 tsp of oxalic acid,
- after that, the liquid must be allowed to stand for a day,
- further, water is filtered or drained, trying not to affect the sediment at the bottom of the tank.
An alternative to the above means is peat: for this purpose it is placed in a bag, which, in turn, is immersed in water and left in it for the night. This tool is beneficial to use also because increases the acidity of water.
To normalize the hardness of distilled water, it is recommended to add an equal amount of distilled water to it. The fact is that as a result of the distillation procedure, important mineral substances are removed from the water.
You can also restore the level of water hardness using water filter. Its regular use allows you to remove from it harmful bacteria, fungi and heavy metals.
The level of acidity of water and the optimum temperature
In order for the orchid to not give you big problems in the process of leaving and bloom profusely, it is very important to maintain the acidity of water at pH = 5
The easiest way to determine the acidity is to use litmus paper. Finding that the acidity level is too high, you can use lemon juice, a couple of drops of which is added to the water.
Orchid will grow well if it is watered water at room temperature. It is best absorbed if the water is heated to a temperature of 35-40 degrees.
How to water the orchid during flowering
Especially you need to be careful when watering plants entering the flowering phase, because there are some nuances.
- It is necessary to ensure that the orchid during the flowering period was provided with a sufficient amount of moisture.
- Usually watering is carried out at intervals of every three to four days.
- The best time to water a blooming orchid is early morning.
- Given that the orchid blooms long enough, often up to six months, in addition to moisture plants must be provided with fertilizers.
The orchid equally attracts the attention of not only experienced gardeners, but also beginners. Therefore, it is no coincidence that it is considered one of the most popular household plants.
However, to grow it under the power of each, because it is enough to get acquainted with the rules of planting and caring for the plant so that you can enjoy its flowering every year.
Among all the activities that provide proper care for the orchid, special attention should be paid to watering. There is many important nuancesconcerning the selection of suitable water, time and method of irrigation.
All these moments can greatly affect how well the orchid grows and blooms.