Norway spruce - Acrocon - Picea abies - Acrocona


This plant belongs to spruce, being their variety. Very interesting tree. A very mature plant can reach a maximum of two dozen meters. In its form, it is asymmetric. The maximum girth can reach four meters. This tree is hard to confuse with the rest of the firs. It has originality in the form of young red cones located at the end of the branches. They reach their maturity in the fall, acquiring a light brown color, begin to hang downwards. This fir is resistant to low temperatures. It is a good solution for landscape design. Can grow on any soil, does not tolerate low humidity, dry climate. This tree is evergreen. The beauty of her crown plays with different colors, changing according to the season.

Planting, caring for spruce

Landing begins with the correct choice of location. The soil should be loose, slightly dry. Make sure that there is no groundwater nearby. At the bottom of the pit, it is imperative to build a good drainage from stones or a layer of sand. If you have planted several distances, it is worth considering the distance between them, it is better to observe a minimum distance of three meters, for the maximum diameter of an adult plant. A hole is dug up to half a meter deep.

Root neck should be placed directly above the soil. For planting sold special mixes in which you can plant a plant. After planting, the spruce tree must be watered with a sufficient amount of water of at least thirty liters. It is necessary to make fertilizers prepared by hand from the compost or bought in advance in the store.

A small tree does not tolerate heat very well, so you need to water it every seven days, using twenty liters of water. Be sure to remove weeds around the tree, to loosen. For the winter, insulate the root system with peat or straw. Fertilizers are applied once every six months. This can be done in spring and late autumn.

It is necessary to monitor the status of branches. Sick or dry is worth trimming. This is done in summer, when the smallest movement of juice occurs.

But basically the care of this tree does not present any particular difficulties. All that is needed is just to help the plant grow strong. Only small trees can die at very low temperatures. An adult tree is able to endure temperatures below forty degrees.

General description of the variety

The tree is a species of spruce. This slow-growing species was first discovered in 1890 in Sweden, in a forest near the city of Uppsala. This spruce has the greatest popularity in Europe, thanks to which it is even called European spruce.

at a young age, the size of the tree will be quite small. A tree will not become huge even by the age of 30 - its growth will be only 3-5 meters, and its diameter will be 2-4 meters. Acrocone grows very slowly - for the year it adds only 8-10 centimeters and 8 centimeters in height.

The life span of this incredible conifer is 30-50 years. Acrocon cannot be attributed to either dwarf or tall spruce species. Its structure is asymmetric. It does not have a specific form. But this does not reduce the decorative qualities, but on the contrary - makes it original.

To confuse acrocon with other representatives of spruce trees is unlikely to succeed. Another original feature of the tree is unusual red bumps. It is noteworthy that they ripen even in young trees.

Conifers of different sexes differ in color. Male spring painted in reddish-yellow, and female - in bright purple, and by the autumn turn brown. If you believe reviews breeders, most often appear on the tree female cones. This circumstance is very appreciated by landscape designers.

Description of the needles and trunk

In spring, this variety was eaten with new shoots of bright green color and beautiful buds. The branches in summer lengthen, and the cones become brown in color and stretch out. The tree itself is painted in a gray-green shade.

Acrocons needles remain green throughout the year. Due to this circumstance, the plot of dacha, decorated with acrocone, will retain decorative properties at any time of the year. Thin needles of this spruce have a dark green color. An additional feature is the fact that the needles do not fall off until the age of 12 years old tree.

The straight trunk has a bark of brown color, which, as the tree grows, becomes reddish-brown and takes on a somewhat cracked appearance.

The decorative properties of the acrocon make it so popular. However, if the gardener wants his tree to have a noble and neat appearance, from time to time it will be necessary to carry out formative pruning, since the form of this tree itself is asymmetric and irregular.

The ideal time for formative trim is from late May to early June. Crop worth young shoots. If there are several tops on the tree, it is recommended to leave only one of them, while choosing the most attractive in appearance.

Planting and breeding

It is not recommended to reproduce this spruce tree yourself, if you do not have much experience in such works. It is better to entrust this process to experienced gardeners and buy a seedling already planted in a special nursery.

You can also buy a young tree and grow it yourself from an early age. Or purchase a more or less adult seedling of larger dimensions.

This tree produces phytoncides, which is typical of most coniferous trees. Phytoncides are substances floating in the air, capable of suppressing fungal and microbial organisms, so the tree is less susceptible to any disease.

If you want to plant this tree on your personal plot, you should choose a place that will be as far as possible from the groundwater. You also need to prepare a 20-30 centimeter drainage layer of brick debris or sand.

If you plan to grow a group of these trees, consider that in adult form the distance between them should be at least 2-3 meters. The depth of the landing pit should go to a depth of not less than 50-70 centimeters.

The ideal time to plant is early spring. That moment when all the snow had just melted. However, you can also land the acrocone in the fall, until you have hit hard frosts.

After landing

When the landing of the acrocone is completed, provide it with abundant watering and add fertilizing. Constantly keep the soil moist and loose. However, when working on loosening the soil, it is necessary to observe greater accuracy, without going more than 5-7 centimeters. The fact is that this spruce root system is close to the ground level.

This spruce is a rather unpretentious tree. It does not require special conditions for development and growth. But stagnant water in the ground or too dry air, it may die. In adulthood, caring for a plant is minimal, but in the first 1-2 years of the tree’s life it requires constant care.

The ideal soil for acrocons is loamy and sandy soil. Ideal place - semi-shaded or sunny. The plant has a very high resistance to frost, and is able to endure the winter with temperatures up to -40 degrees Celsius.

However, if we are talking about young seedlings - they need to be warmed with a spruce. In a particularly hot summer, water can be irrigated (only during the dark time of the day so that it does not get sunburn). It is also worth considering that Acrocon loves clean air and does not tolerate exhaust gases and other impurities, so it will grow poorly in the city.

What promises Acrocon (spruce)

This is a great plant for a small area. Despite the fact that Acrocron is a spruce, it does not quite correspond to the usual notions of a conifer tree. For a start, she has a little hanging branches, giving the impression of some kind of mess. Further, it grows extremely slowly and never reaches a gigantic size. But the main advantage that Acrocone (spruce) can boast of is its elegance at certain moments of life. In the spring, it is decorated with an abundance of cones that have a scarlet color. As it ripens, it somewhat dims, but remains attractively brown until it drops.

Elc Acrocon: landing and care

Unlike many conifers, this tree is quite demanding. Acrocon - spruce, in need of sufficient lighting, but at the same time in some shade. Without the sun, the tree will be pale and will slow down the already weak growth. In bright light will begin to "burn out" and suffer from burns of our luminary.

Picky Acrocone (spruce) and to the soil. Neutral and alkaline are not suitable for it, fertility should be above average, salinity is absolutely unacceptable. As well as swampiness: with excessive, and even more constant humidity, Acrocone (Spruce) dies within a month.

But the frost resistance of this tree at altitude. Even at -40, only seedlings that are not protected from the cold by the hosts perish.

Caring for the Christmas tree is quite primitive. In the summer heat, it should be watered, with signs of a spruce aphid being affected, immediately take action, before the harsh winter - impose a “newcomers” with a spice-green. The rest - just leave the tree alone. It is enough on your own to do you a minimum of hassle.

And from the branches you can get a tree

Buying a sapling is a risky thing. Who knows how honest the seller is. Therefore, it is better to do on their own. To do this, you need to look after a healthy copy of the spruce and cut off a branch close to the crown. Then remove the needles from the bottom, and put the tip in a very weak solution of potassium permanganate. After the process is placed in a mixture of sand and soil for coniferous plants, and wrapped in polyethylene on top or covered with a cut-off water bottle. In the spring, the tree can be planted, and after a couple of years Acrocone (fir) will delight you with its timid needles.

Plant appearance

This coniferous beauty grows in the area from the Urals to Western Europe. At the “young” age, this coniferous plant will be small in size and will not block the plot at all, and by a more mature age it can reach 3-5 m in length and 2-4 m in diameter. This wonderful conifer will delight the owners for about 30-50 years. Spruce is neither a dwarf nor tall. For the year the tree can grow no more than 10 cm in length and up to 8 cm in width.

Acrocona is asymmetric in its structure, but this does not spoil its appearance at all. And it is impossible to confuse needles with other representatives of spruce, because it has red cones at the ends of branches, which appear even in very young plants. Male cones are reddish-yellow in spring, and female cones are bright purple and become brown by autumn. Breeders claim that female bumps appear much more often than male ones. Fans of landscape design will appreciate this feature of spruce to its true worth.

In the spring, Acrocona is literally covered with cones and bright green young shoots. In the summer, the branches become longer, the buds become elongated and brown, the plant acquires a gray-green color.

Green needles remain on spruce all year round, so in winter the garden will look beautiful and lively. The needles of this species ate thin, dark green color, 1-2 cm long, do not fall to 12 years. The trunk was eaten straight, the bark was thin, first brown, and then reddish-brown, slightly cracked. In order for the tree to be pleased with its decorative properties, it is necessary at the end of May - beginning of June to produce the formation by trimming young shoots. With the formation of several tops, it is preferable to leave one - more beautiful.

Reproduction and planting

Propagation of Acrocona Spruce It is desirable to entrust experienced gardeners, therefore, in order to admire this beauty on your site, you must purchase an already grafted seedling in a specialized nursery. If desired, you can buy a small plant and grow it yourself "from infancy" or purchase a seedling more mature and larger.

Like the majority of coniferous plants, spruce of acrocone produces volatile substances - volatile substances with antimicrobial and antifungal properties. The plant is rarely found in urban parks, often in the backyards.

Acrocona planting begins with the right choice of place, which should be as far as possible from the groundwater. It is recommended to prepare drainage from sand or broken brick about 20-30 cm thick. If the idea of ​​landscaping involves planting plants in groups, it is necessary that the distance between plants in an already adult form is about 2-3 meters apart. The landing pit should be at least 50-70 cm deep. It is advisable to plant the acquired seedling in the spring season - as soon as all the snow melts. But you can plant a plant in the fall before the onset of severe frosts.

After landing The tree must be plentifully watered and fertilized, which can be purchased at any store specializing in products for gardening. The soil should be constantly loose and wet. Loosening the soil around the tree is done very carefully and no deeper than 5-7 cm. This is due to the fact that the root system of the spruce tree lies very close to the upper layer of the soil.

Acrocone can be called an almost unpretentious coniferous plant, it does not require certain conditions for growth, but it does not like dry air and perishes with the constant stagnation of water in the ground. It is important to know that the plant is unpretentious in the care in adulthood, and the young tree requires attention and care for at least the first 1-2 years of life. The plant feels good on sandy and loamy soils, in sunny or semi-dark places. Acrocone is a frost-resistant plant that tolerates temperatures in winter to -40 degrees Celsius, but young seedlings require warming with spruce branches.

In the hot season, but only after sunset (to avoid sunburn), spruce can be irrigated with water (to rain) on the crown. In urban conditions, Picea abies Acrocona will grow very badly, because she loves clean air without harmful exhausts and gases.

Use of spruce in landscape design

The common spruce Acrocona is a coniferous plant, which is actively used in landscaping and refining the backyard, it is appreciated, of course, for its somewhat exotic look.

A very harmonious and cozy plant looks on plots with the design of the following objects:

  • Oriental-style gardens,
  • stone gardens
  • rock gardens,
  • group landing
  • framing alley
  • hedge.

Appearance history, appearance description

It is known that the first tree of this variety caught the eye of specialists in the vicinity of the city of Uppsala, Sweden. Apparently, this happened in the last quarter of the 19th century, because in 1890 the first specimens of the unusual spruce were already on sale.

It often happens that the name of a variety or hybrid is associated with the appearance of the plant or with some bright feature of it. Our heroine confirms this common principle. The fact is that "acro" means in translation "at the end." The brightest feature of this variety is the presence of unusual, bright cones, which are formed at the ends of each of the twigs.

In general, the spruce has the form of a low, 3-4 meters, tree, with a razrohoy, wide-conical crown, whose branches show a tendency to lean toward the ground. Thus, the plant acquires a slightly "weeping" shape. Often it turns out that it is more correct to call this spruce tree a bush, and not a tree - the central escaping leader is so inconspicuous in it. The lower branches tend to lie on the ground, pulling on its surface.

The needles have a rich green color, young growths are much lighter. For the year Acrocon grows only 10-12 cm in height and 2-3 cm in width. In many ways, this slow growth explains the overall small size of the plant. The color of the bark of young shoots is brown, with time it acquires a reddish hue, becomes rough.

The decoration of this variety is its bumps. As already mentioned, they are always at the tips of the shoots. As soon as the bump is formed, the growth of the branch in the current season stops. Cones are highly decorative: large, cylindrical in shape, initially painted bright purple, with time it becomes light brown. When there are a lot of young cones on the tree, the spruce is not inferior to the flowering plants in their appearance. It is noteworthy that cones are formed early, already at the age of three trees.

Care instructions

Acrocon in its agricultural technology is close to ordinary spruces. Prefers soils moist, sandy-argillaceous, acidic, but can adapt to others, including alkaline ones. It does not tolerate only saline soils and water stagnation. He loves the sun, while developing well in partial shade. Frost resistance is high, without shelter capable of carrying up to -35 °. He does not like heat and drought, although it is resistant to their short-term effects. In case of a prolonged drought, abundant watering is required and (preferably) regular spraying of the crown.

Когда ель совсем молодая, она может страдать из-за весенних солнечных ожогов, поэтому в первые 2-3 года её стоит притенять от прямых лучей, особенно весной, когда идёт интенсивный рост побегов.

Обрезку переносит хорошо, при умелом уходе её крону можно формировать в разных формах. Обрезать побеги лучше в начале лета, по окончанию их активного роста.

Use in landscape design

Этот сорт сильно отличается от традиционных елей, поэтому подходит в первую очередь людям, предпочитающим экзотические, необычные растения. Acrocon is often used in landscape compositions in the Japanese style, to decorate the "garden of stones". From it turns out a great hedge, a real impassable wall.

Looks great as a solitary plant, provided that the garden area is small in size. Popular in the so-called heather gardens. Features of use largely depend on what shape you have given to the crown of this spruce: arches, wide cone, or “weeping” silhouette.

Spruce Acrocona (Acrocona)

Spruce Acrocona (Acrocona) - a species of spruce, 2-3 meters high. This variety of common spruce grows slowly, the annual growth in height is 10 cm, and its width is 8 cm. By the age of 30 it reaches a height of maximum 4 m. The crown diameter is 2-4 m, the crown is wide-conical, irregular in shape. Thick, sometimes slightly curved skeletal branches slightly hanging down. Spruce variety Acrocona bred to Finland in 1890.

At a young age, the bark is brownish, smooth, later becoming reddish-brown. The surface of the crust is scaly rough.

The spruce of Acrocon has dark green, needle-shaped, tetrahedral, pointed-pointed needles, 1-2 cm long, 0.1 cm thick. The needles are kept on the branches of 6 - 12 years.

Acrocona blooms in May. Female cones are bright purple, male spikelets are reddish-yellow. Cones are large, cylindrical. A characteristic feature of this variety is the unusual location of the cones at the ends of the shoots. Interestingly, cones appear even on young plants. These young low spruce, studded with bright cones, look especially extravagant.

Spruce Acrocon shade-tolerant, may suffer at a young age from spring sunburn.

Does not tolerate waterlogging. When summer drought prefers abundant watering.

Acrocona spruce is hardy, but at a young age can suffer from spring frosts.

Spruce Acrocone should be planted in a well-prepared fertile slightly acidic, sandy or loamy soil. A drainage layer of a mixture of rubble and sand not less than 10 cm thick should be laid in the landing pit before backfilling fertile land, because Acrocon's spruce absolutely does not tolerate the close standing of groundwater. It is recommended to keep the soil in optimum condition with mulching with peat, mowed grass, straw, in the hot season it is rarely desirable (1 time per week), but plenty of water.

Used in rockeries, rock gardens, gravel gardens, moss gardens, in Japanese and Chinese gardens. for single and group landings. Thanks to its fancy crown, picturesquely hanging down shoots and original cones, this decorative form may be appropriate in art nouveau gardens. The spruce of Acrocon is of interest to lovers of exotic plants.