All succulent cacti have common characteristics and appearance. Each variety has thickened stems or leaves, which serve as a mechanism for retaining moisture in the tissues necessary to survive the dry season. These tropical inhabitants in the wild are often enormous, and at home they can be quite miniature when breeding.
The names of all types of cacti will help you figure out which copy is worth buying for home breeding. In general, they are unpretentious, but some varieties require increased attention - high and humidity when kept in room conditions. According to the descriptions one can understand whether it is worth buying one or another kind of succulent.
The origin and botanical description of the plant
Cactus family (Cactaceae) - perennial flowering plants, which are divided into four subfamilies. They originate from North and South America, the West Indies. Many species are found in Madagascar, in Africa, Sri Lanka. Prickly pears and other species are common to humans on almost all continents.
Grown not only for decorative purposes. Since antiquity, some varieties have been used for cooking, in the manufacture of medicinal preparations, for ceremonies in temples, for the extraction of building materials and dyes, and for creating fences and hedges.
As decorative flowers, cacti have been used since the 16th century. This contributes to the unpretentiousness of the culture to dry air and watering, easy reproduction, as well as the possibility of cultivation in open ground.
- Have high environmental plasticity. The protective mechanisms in the form of thorns and thorns, the ability to accumulate moisture in the tissues of the leaves and shoots allows them to grow in various natural areas.
- They have different life forms - shrub, grass and tree with stems from 2-3 cm to 10-12 m.
- There are at least 3000 species.
- Stems have a different shape. Most often they have 2-4 ribs - curved straight or wavy, spiral-shaped. The skin is dense, hard, covered with a wax-like substance that prevents evaporation of moisture.
- There is often pubescence on the surface of the stem. The beams pull moisture out of the air and transport it to the inner cells.
- Cacti are not always spines. They serve to protect against birds and animals, and also absorb water from the air, which condenses when temperature fluctuates.
- Cactus differs from other succulents by the presence of halo - modified axillary buds. They are located on the ribs and stems, buds develop from them and further fruits, in some cases - small leaves.
- Cactus grows from the apical bud, which crowns the central stem. At the growth point, the cells divide, providing the plant with an increase in height and diameter. Most varieties grow all their lives, at least 50-60 years. But some of them have a limiting growth of the stem, when the division at the point of growth stops. At home, this allows you to limit the height by pinching the top. After this, many lateral shoots are formed.
- The shoots of the plant contain about 95% of water, which allows cacti to survive in the desert, on rocks and in places where there is no precipitation for a long time.
- Almost all species of cacti are adapted to harsh living conditions. This is facilitated not only by the spines and mechanisms of moisture accumulation, but also by an undeveloped invasive root system. Roots, located on the surface of the soil, also absorb precipitation. Epiphytic varieties of roots can braid neighboring shrubs, trees, hedges, walls and rocks.
- Blossom single flowers, which are often located at the top of the stem. Coloring can be any, except blue. At home, buds rarely appear, because most species need insect pollination. Fruits are small, similar to berries, up to 1 centimeter in diameter, more often edible. The largest fruits of prickly pears, in the place of growth are used in food by people.
Dried stalks of large cacti in the place of their natural growth are used as a building material and fuel, fresh shoots - as feed for livestock. In medicine, used varieties containing alkaloids.
Varieties of cacti, differing in appearance:
- Tree they have a characteristic appearance - one or several erect stems with lateral shoots resembling branches. This is the largest representatives of the family, the height of many specimens reaches 20-30 m in natural conditions of growth.
- Grassy grow on the plains in heavy soils. This group is characterized by less massive stems, usually thin, light or dark green with unexpressed spines or pubescence.
- Shrub - the most primitive forms of cacti growing in savannas. They have the usual leaves, abundant flowering, short length of the shoots. A cactus with leaves may resemble a small bush or an indoor flower.
- Liana (ampelous forms) have soft, flexible, long stems. In this group, the most common plants are epiphytes. They throw stalks on nearby plants, trees, bushes, walls, ledges of rocks, completely weaving them.
Tree and shrub species are practically not grown in indoor conditions, only when breeding as bonsai.
According to the place of growth
The family of cacti mainly grows in hot desert conditions, and also settles on the mountain slopes, plains. Depending on the climatic conditions, they take various forms - tree, grass, creepers or shrubs. But all species have a high degree of adaptability to the environment, which changes their shape and size.
Echinópsis exists in the wild in the form of balls or ovals with countless spines. Over time, the rounded shape becomes pillar-like or oval. The stem has from two to four ribs, smooth, green. The variety has a branched root powerful system, which is localized horizontally in the upper layers of the earth.
On the surface of the ribs in halos are hard spines, the length of which varies depending on the type. Flowers appear mainly in the middle part of the stem on the sides, reach 15 cm in diameter, the flower tube is lowered. Color varies from white to violet. From the resulting egg-shaped fruits appear smooth black seeds up to 2 mm in diameter.
Cacti of the genus Echinopsis are most common in southern Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Uruguay and in the foothills of the Andes.
Opuntia is distinguished by a variety of species, today there are not less than 190. This genus is the largest in the family of cacti, common in America, Mexico. Fruits and shoots are used in food, soap is made from the trunks and carmine dye is extracted. In some countries, prickly pear is used as animal feed. Some neophyte species are so aggressive that they behave like weeds.
Stems are usually oval, branching, grouped into a shrub up to 4 m in height. Have spines that fall off easily. The flowers are usually red or yellowish. Edible fruits, are eaten both by people and animals, birds.
Astrophytum is also called a cactus star. Looks like a cylinder or a low ball with edges. On the stems there are bright spots, in which are located the fluffs, which absorb moisture. These varieties bloom in buds of yellow, orange, red with a darker core. Slow growth, height on average 25 cm, in diameter - up to 15 cm. Ribs 8, on the surface of each there are characteristic scars from fallen spines. Stem dark green, sometimes covered with a waxy coating.
Varieties of home cacti
At home, you can grow many varieties of this family, but most of them are not suitable for indoor breeding due to their size. Prickly pears and astrophytums are favored, as they are ideal for breeding in pots or floor vases.
Choosing indoor cacti, pay attention to the spines, which in many varieties appear only in adult condition. They represent a danger to children and many pets.
In the phyto-decoration of the room today are used compositions from different varieties of cactus. Such florariums can be created from varieties that differ in shape and length, placing lower ones at the front edge, and high ones in the center of the composition.
To perfectly match them, you need to know varieties with names and basic characteristics.
Unpretentious home cactus small size, beautiful blooming. Comes from Mexico, Colombia, USA. Form - discoid, round, oblong, spherical. It has no ribs, it is covered with tubercles - they protect the trunk from rays and retain moisture. The roots are thick fleshy.
The lower part is covered with fairly stiff spines, on top of the pubescence and buds. These flowers are yellow, red or white shades that do not exceed 7 mm in diameter, form fruits with small black seeds.
Includes several varieties of mammillaria:
Almost all of them have a spherical shape and small buds. Some varieties of buds can be of different colors on the same plant.
Unusual cactus without thorns, isolated into an isolated genus in 1838 by Joseph Shadeveller. Nondescript oblate-shaped stems, which are more like sharp stones, are collected in a dense bundle. The particular flower of this variety is given by a bright flower. At the top of the cactus there are at least 6, they are bright red with a yellow core. Also, the buds can be white, yellow, light pink, peach.
It lives in America at an altitude of 2.5 km. The root in the form of a turnip (pear) is large, it can take up to 75% of the weight. It contains a lot of moisture, which helps the cactus survive the drought. The root is flat, flattened to the soil. Spines are rare, often on the surface of the stems are hard endings, hard, dull, up to 5 cm. The skin is smooth from light green to a gray shade.
The pulp of the stalk constantly produces thick mucus, which is used as a glue by the natives of America. It blooms from September to October, then oval or spherical fruits of red or white color up to 2.5 cm in diameter are formed.
It has several subspecies:
Some species, especially Ariocarpus flaky, without a flower are more like a stone or a snag.
Succulents, uniting up to 80 subspecies, most of which are grown in indoor conditions. In the natural environment are common in Argentina, Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay.
Looks like a spherical flattened stem up to 15 cm in diameter. Its color is gray-green, brownish. Selected varieties may have yellow and red stem color. Flowers are different in shape, may look like white buds or balls of crimson hue. The size of the stem can vary from 2 to 30 cm, the flowers are located on top, have an elongated tube. The first buds appear from the age of three in the spring.
There are varieties with spines, the bases of which are covered with down. Some species, especially flattened ones, have several spines located on the ribs, without a gun.
Placeless succulents from the cacti family. Stems columnar, erect or hanging, soft, dotted with needles, densely located throughout the area of shoots. They originate from Latin America, where they cover large tracts of land. Also grown as an ornamental plant. In this case, the height reaches 40 cm.
Stems almost perfect cylindrical shape, up to 10 cm in diameter. Ribs inexpressive, from 15 to 20 pieces on one stem. The bristles-prickles are scattered randomly; they are white, red, gray or yellow.
Blooms attractive buds of pink or reddish hue. Fruit berry large, round or oblong shape and bright shade. Covered with bristly glossy skin, inside - juicy flesh whitish hue, containing small black seeds.
There are several types:
Some varieties have creeping shoots up to 1 m in height and only 2.5 cm in diameter. Their color is light green, the spines are so thin that they look more like pubescence.
The second name of this succulent is peyote. Significantly different from other cacti. It combines up to 4 species, grows spherical, as if divided into equal parts. In nature, it grows in the United States and Mexico, hiding in the thickets of bushes and on low mountain slopes.
Contains alkaloids used as a tonic and medicinal product. In large quantities, cactus juice causes impaired consciousness and hallucinations, therefore cultivation is prohibited by law in many countries.
A stalk is a ball, flattened on both sides, up to 15 cm in diameter. The color is greenish-blue, the pulp is juicy, the surface is velvety to the touch. Visually, the ball consists of equal 5 or more segments (edges). Hillocks and bumpy ridges may form on the stems. In the center of each rib there is an areola, releasing a bunch of straw-colored hairs. The bud is formed at the top, painted in pale red, yellow, white and other shades. The fruit reaches 2 cm, has a red shade, inside black small seeds.
Repotal root, massive with a large number of shoots. The diameter of the root system is identical to the diameter of the stem. It accumulates a lot of moisture, allowing the cactus to survive during a drought.
Pillars succulents growing in Mexico. The maximum size reaches 15 m, up to 30 cm with indoor cultivation. Young plants have a special decoration. The lower zone has 3 ribs with small spines. White hairs make the top of the stem look like a head with gray hair. Therefore, the second name of the variety - "The head of an old man."
It has over 50 species, the most popular of which are:
The ribs on the lower part of the stem are well developed, in some varieties there are up to 30 of them. Halos are densely arranged on the surface, and long, whitish hairs and spines simultaneously grow from them. The skin on the stem is dense, gray-green, there is a wax coating. In some varieties, when reaching maturity, cephalium is formed. It develops buds of yellow or cream color up to 5 cm in diameter. They reveal only one day, exude an unpleasant odor that attracts bats that pollinate the plant.
Cephalotreus - long-livers among cacti. Their age can reach 200 years. Growth is very slow, in one year it does not grow more than 5 cm. At the same time, the first buds can appear only on trunks that have reached 6 m and more.
Grassy succulent that grows in the tropical zone of Brazil. Differs in thin long green shoots that hang in a cascade and form a rounded crown. It grows well in indoor conditions, has a rapid increase.
An epiphyte plant at the expense of a large number of flexible shoots braids nearby shrubs and trees. Shoots of several elongated lobes have a flattened, cylindrical or ribbed shape. Covered with a light green skin, in some varieties have a fuzzy whitish halo. The length of one branch can reach 1 m, the width of the stem - 0.5 cm. At a young age, the stems are erect, so the plant resembles a dense bush. With age, shoots become creeping, soft. Cactus forms aerial roots.
Flowers solitary, in the form of a bell, have a pink, yellow or whitish tint. The fruits ripen after pollination, resemble an oval berry in shape, its surface is covered with a sticky pile.
The homeland of this succulent is America and India. Prefers rocky terrain. It is mainly used for gardening rooms, shop windows, winter gardens, and is also grown indoors. Growth is fast, has high endurance to environmental changes.
The stem is long, cylindrical, in length can reach 20 m. It grows up to 300 years. There are low species living in the form of a creeping plant or shrub. In this genus at least 50 species are combined, the largest ones have a developed trunk, the crown is covered with leafless shoots. The stem has ribs, the root system is large, juicy. Peel on the stem greenish or bluish. Flowers, blooming at night, reach 25 cm in length, painted in pink, white or greenish tint. At the end of flowering, fruits of red or yellow color are formed, similar to berries, edible, up to 10 cm in length.
Evergreen epiphytic shrub growing in the forests of South America. Shoots consist of flat or ridged shoots consisting of 4 segments. Width of one shoot is up to 3 cm. Covered with pale green skin and dense wax coating. With constant exposure to the open sun, the skin becomes reddish. The spines are located on the ends of each shoot. Цветение обильное, бутоны расположены на концах сегментов, диаметр родного цвета до 4 см. Обычно в одно соцветие собрано не менее 3-х бутонов тёмно-красного или розового оттенка.
В диких условиях растёт чаще не на почве, а на деревьях. Они служат для кактуса опорой, за которую он цепляется тонкими воздушными корнями. Влага запасается в мясистые стебли, которые больше напоминают широкие плоские пластинки, а не обычные листья. Причём отдельные сегменты таких побегов как будто вложены друг в друга. Стебли прямостоячие только в молодом возрасте, со временем размягчаются, становятся ниспадающими, поэтому выращивать эту разновидность можно ампельным способом.
Spherical succulent, resembling a flattened ball, richly covered with orange, red, burgundy or white flowers. The ribs are arranged spirally on the stem, consist of tubercles, spines are stiff short, painted in a yellowish or silver shade.
Flowers grow on the sides, emerge from the lower halo at the base of the stem. The flower is a bell up to 2.5 cm in length. Flowering lasts no more than 2 days.
It belongs to the epiphytic plants, has more than 25 species. It grows in Central America. A distinctive feature is the presence of foliage. Epiphyllum blooms pink, white, red and yellow buds, elongated petals with a pointed tip. In some varieties, the foliage, which is actually a hard thin shoots with a wavy edge, is divided into segments.
Today, cacti in popularity are ahead of other indoor flowers. In addition, they are suitable for cultivation in public places or offices, because they are not so demanding to the presence of light, temperature, and tolerate a temporary lack of irrigation.
Care and transplantation of home cacti species
Home care cacti require not complicated, but the correct agrotechnology. Different types of cacti care may require both special and ordinary, which is used when growing other plants. The following describes the basic procedures of agricultural cacti: care and transplanting, watering and feeding.
Temperature: Moderate from spring to autumn. Keep in a cool place in winter - ideally 10 ° -13 ° C, but nothing terrible will happen at 4 ° C. Plants from the windowsill should be rearranged at night to the room if the weather is very cold and there is no artificial heating.
Shine: Choose the brightest place that is, especially in winter. In a greenhouse, some shading may be necessary during the hottest months.
Watering: Increase watering in spring, and from the end of spring to the end of summer, take care of it, just like an ordinary houseplant, watering carefully when the soil begins to dry. Use warm water. At the end of the summer, watering is reduced, and since mid-autumn the soil is kept almost dry - water should be enough just to prevent the plants from wrinkling.
Air humidity: Do not spray in the summer (exception: Cleistocactus). The main requirement is fresh air - open windows on hot summer days.
Transfer: Replace at a young age every year, subsequently transplant only if necessary. Replant in the spring in the pot, which is only slightly larger than the previous one.
Reproduction: Cuttings of most varieties easily root. Take stem cuttings or scions in spring or summer. It is very important that the cuttings dry out within a few days (large cuttings within 1-2 weeks) before planting them on a peat-based compost. Another breeding method is sowing seeds, the temperature for seed germination is 21-27 ° C.
How to make a cactus bloom - to cacti bloom
Although some cacti will bloom at a fairly young age, there are others, such as prickly pears and cereus, which are more difficult to bring to a state of flowering. To cacti bloom they need to create conditions close to the natural habitat. Next, the question of how to make a cactus flower at home using simple methods is discussed.
In many cases, cacti are capable of blooming indoors by the time they reach the age of three or four years. They will bloom every year, usually in spring. You can collect and a small collection of cacti, flowering at different times during the year.
The secret is that most cacti can only bloom on new growth. For growth to appear, cacti will need summer care and relative peace in winter, as described in the Secrets to Success section. You also need to remember that flowering stimulates cultivation in a little cramped pot.
Names of indoor cacti
The following are the types of indoor cacti with names and brief characteristics of crops and varieties.
Aporokaktus plyiform (Aporocactus flagelliformis) easy to grow. Its stems with a thickness of 1 cm grow a few centimeters per year, and in spring there are flowers with a diameter of 8 cm. Suitable for hanging baskets.
Capricorn Astrophytum (Astrophytum capricorne) first grows like a ribbed ball, but with age it becomes cylindrical. Yellow daisy flowers are formed in summer in adult specimens, which reach 15-30 cm, depending on the species. A. capricorne has curved spines, A. decorated (A. ornatum) has long straight spines.
Cereus Peruvian (Cereus peruvianus) - one of the most important for the interior design of cacti, suitable for growing as a separate plant. The stalk eventually reaches 0.6–1 m and blooms in summer with large flowers 15 cm long. The form C. of the Peruvian Monsterrosus - (C. peruvianus monstrosus) is a slowly growing “ugly” mutation that attracts attention.
Chametsereus Silvestri (Chamaecereus silvestrii) grows rapidly, red flowers appear on its 8 cm long stems at the beginning of summer.
Kleistokaktus Strauss (Cleistocactus straussii) - This is another cactus suitable for design. In adulthood, he reaches 1 m or more. White hairs and spines covering the surface give the plant a silvery appearance.
Echinocereus comb (Echinocereus pectinatus) grows into a column with a height of 25 cm, studded with spikes. E. Salm-Dick (E. salm-dyckianus) has fragrant bright flowers.
Mikhanovich Gymnocalycium, a kind of Friedrich (Gymnocalycium mihanovichii friedrichii) is also called Hibotan, or Little Red Riding Hood. Its color stem is grafted onto a green cactus stock. This is an attractive and original cactus.
Mummillaria Bokasskaya (Mammillaria bocasana) - This is a silvery plant, which in spring blooms with white flowers, arranged in a ring around the stem. M. Wilda (M. wildii) is similar to her, but has an oval rather than rounded shape.
Notocactus Otto (Notocactus ottonis) spherical, with hard spines. At the age of several years, 8 cm wide flowers appear in him. N. Leninghaus (N. leninghausii) is grown for its cylindrical stem, and not for the sake of flowers.
Prickly pear (Opuntia microdasys) grows a height of about 30 cm and carries small hooked spines. They can be red or white, depending on the species. Opuntia come in various shapes and sizes..
Have Rebution tiny (Rebutia miniscula) spherical stems 5 cm in diameter. It is capable of blooming with dense orange tubular flowers every summer. R. senile (R. senilis) is a ball with a diameter of 8-10cm.
Trichocereus whitening (Trichocereus candicans) when mature, it is a stately plant - a column with a height of 1 m, which expands freely as it grows older. T. Spach (T. spachianus), reaching a height of 1.5 m or more.
Mix colored cacti
If you do not know which cactus to choose, you can purchase a mix set. Increasingly today such flower shops are found in flower shops. They consist of several types of cacti, so before you buy, ask which ones, so it will be easier for you to find information about them. Mix sets of colored cacti will be a great start for beginners and may well complement an already existing collection. Most importantly, observe the conditions of detention for each type and then, during the flowering period, they will bestow you with a chic bouquet.
It is worth telling a little about other, not less interesting types:
- Estostao (Espostoa)- or as it is also called "fluffy cactus". Instead of the usual needles, soft and silky hairs grow from the plant, and some specimens are completely wrapped up like a cocoon. If you want something unusual, then perhaps this is the most interesting option.
Espoo “fluffy cactus”
Among the long cacti, there are also several species. The first is Carnegia gigantic. This cactus grows to 15 meters, but do not expect a quick result. Usually, to grow up to 2–3 meters, the plant needs more than 30 years! Another view is Cereus. These cacti can grow even more - up to 20 meters.
Homemade cacti blooming photo
Quite often, this cactus can be seen in flower shops. With proper care, it will delight you with small colorful flowers every year in the spring.
Another frequent guest, both on counters and in homes and apartments. Blossoms from March to April. The flowers themselves are large, sometimes larger than the size of the plant itself.
We wrote about this cactus above, so we only recall that it blooms in summer, and the flowers that appear around the cactus tops resemble a wreath. Read more about care and common types of Mammillaria.
Externally, this cactus is no different from others, but it is valued primarily for large yellow flowers, which, although not very much, but they are very beautiful.
One of the most common and popular flowering species. For beginners, usually a cactus throws out no more than 1 flower, while for experienced gardeners, this number may approach 10! Read more about popular home care products.
- Prickly pear
About Opuntia can be read above. One has only to remind that it blooms in spring, it can be planted in open ground, and during the flowering period, the cactus will delight you with red or yellow flowers. Read more about popular types and care.
Prickly pear bloom
Four subfamilies of the cacti family
Pereskiev - the appearance of plants belonging to this subfamily, which includes only one genus of shrubs, is very different from traditional cacti. Pereski or, as they are also called, "leaf cacti", have full-fledged green or purple leaves and non-succulent stems. In the axils of their leaves singly and tufts of spines are located. Under natural conditions, with the help of these thorns the cross over clings to the trunks of trees. Over time, the leaves of this variety of cacti lose their bright color, dry out and, subsequently, fall off.
Opuntia - subfamily which includes upright and creeping large and small shrubs, sometimes having a cushion shape. Juicy, fleshy in young shoots, the stems of these plants have an oval, spherical or discoid shape, and consist of separate segments. Also, there are cylindrical stems. Shaped in shape, dense leaves are small and fall quickly. During the flowering period, opuntium form large spike-shaped white, yellow or orange flowers. Opuncia seeds, unlike other cacti seeds, have a flat shape and a hard shell.
Mauh-en - a very unusual subfamily of cacti, whose homeland is Patagonia. Previously, they were usually attributed to Opuntia, but in the course of recent studies it was found that in the course of their development they were far removed from other cactaceae, that it would be more correct to isolate them into a separate subfamily containing only one genus, including, in turn, two species . Mauhenivye have medium-sized shoots of cylindrical shape with pointed at the end of the leaves. In the process of sprawl, they form large, dense groups.
Cactus - subfamily, which includes all the other diversity of genera and species. These plants are devoid of any kind of leaves. The only exception is rudimentary leaves at the base of the ovaries. Glochidia are completely absent. Early shoots usually spherical or cylindrical in shape sometimes have rudimentary, almost indistinguishable germinal leaves. This subfamily includes epiphytic cacti with stems in the form of flat leaves, as well as many types of xerophytes of various forms - spherical, columnar, integumentary.
Not all types of cacti, from a huge variety, represented on our planet, are suitable for cultivation at home.
One of the largest and most common genera of the cacti family, comprising 185 species. He is one of the three most numerous with prickly pears and echinopsis. The homeland of most of the Mammillaria is Mexico, although some species are found in the USA, as well as in the West Indies. Mummillaria outwardly seem fluffy thanks to the numerous thin white hairs framing spines. Representatives of this kind gained popularity for the following reasons:
- lack of care,
- a huge variety of stem forms,
- bright, original flowers,
- different types of needles.
The flowering of domestic species of these cacti occurs in the spring, and takes place over a long period of time. Mammillaria flowers will please the eye for two or three months. They are located a wreath on the top of the plant. Flowers appearing from buds have different, depending on the specific species, sizes and are painted in white, yellowish or red colors, of different shades. The most common are pinkish, however, there are also red with a purple hue. White flowers are quite rare. The spines of these cacti can be pink. Reproduction occurs, usually in a vegetative way.
Under natural conditions, they are found in the foothill areas of Bolivia, Peru and Argentina. This cactus genus, including 41 species, is different unpretentious content and ease of flowering. This makes rebutsii one of the most popular cacti for home maintenance. Plants are spherical in shape and grow in groups.
Such home cacti grow better and bloom more abundantly in bright places. It is preferable to have them at the windows facing the western or eastern side, they are not afraid of direct sunlight. But in hot weather, they should be aired to avoid sunburn. Flowers appear not at the top of the cactus, but at the base. The winter period is a resting time for rebution. Cactus will feel better in a cool place with good illumination. In the summer, sufficient watering is necessary to maintain the soil in a slightly moist state.
The name is found in Russian sources Dysocactus luminaire. This type of cacti has green stems with a diameter of one to one and a half centimeters, and the growth rate is several centimeters per year. In spring, rather large (7-9 cm) flowers of crimson-purple hues appear on the side of the shoots. Aporocactus, in room conditions, should be kept in well-lit places. They are well tolerate the temperature of a wide range from + 5 to +32 degrees. Watering is needed in the summer - twice a week, and in the winter - twice a month. These cacti are propagated mainly by cutting.
Extensive genus of cactiuniting more than fifty species of plants and many subspecies. In nature, there are giant Cereus up to twenty meters. Peruvian Cereus - the most common type of indoor cacti in this genus. At home, Peruvian Cereus grow to half a meter, sometimes higher. White flowers up to fifteen centimeters in size bloom at night. The life of this cactus can be up to three hundred years. The plant is undemanding to the conditions of detention, does not need special temperature or light conditions.
The only kind of chametserius genus. This epiphytic cactus is originally from Argentina. The cactus is short, the stems are cylindrical, thin, up to 10-15 centimeters high, covered with barely visible ribs. It grows bushes, strongly growing, forms a continuous carpet. The plant is green, thin spines of white color densely cover its surface. Flowering occurs in the period from May to June and lasts up to three days. Voronkovidnye scarlet flowers with a diameter of 3-5 centimeters located on the flower tubes on the side of the cactus.
In natural conditions, it grows in high-mountain forests in the south of the USA and in the north of Mexico.. Stems short, spherical or columnar, sometimes with lateral shoots up to half a meter high. The plant has a grayish-green color, the base may be yellow-brown. The cactus is covered with spiraling twisted ribs and evenly distributed bunches of hard white spines. Even young plants are blooming. Flowers with a diameter of 2 to 15 centimeters, depending on the size of the cactus, red yellow or purple hues are located on the flower tubes.
One of the 25 species of the few genus notakactus. His homeland - the foothills of Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina and Uruguay. The stem is spherical or spherical-cylindrical, saturated green with pronounced ribs. Spines are collected in bunches - long central needles are framed with short radial ones. Красные, жёлтые или оранжевые цветки на цветочных трубках распускаются в верхней части растения.
Представитель рода трихоцереусов. Это крупные разновидности кактусов, вырастающие в естественных условиях до 12 метров. Комнатные виды имеют высоту до метра с боковыми побегами от основания. Стебли белесо-зеленоватые, покрыты округлыми рёбрами и длинными жёсткими иглами. В домашних условиях зацветает крайне редко.Funnel flowers, white, arranged on flower tubes in the upper part of the plant and have a strong aroma.
Cacti, due to their unusual appearance for Europeans, attracted attention even during the beginning of the colonization of America and were brought to Europe as ornamental plants by the first expeditions in the sixteenth century. Over time the popularity of cacti has only grownthat was determined, among other things, by the biological characteristics of most of their species — unpretentiousness to the irrigation regime and air humidity (which is especially important when grown at home), simple vegetative reproduction.
Now unpretentious cacti have become one of the most common plants for growing at home. Cacti lovers are called "cacti operators."
Classification of cacti by group features
All representatives can be divided into three groups.:
These species differ in structure. So, Pereskievye possess round stems and flat leavesthat are covered with straight spines. often bloom single flowers. Differs in edible fruits.
Opuntia cacti are distinguished by small leaves covered with spines.. In addition to the spines, they also have glochidia. Glochidia - a modified plant leaves. Blooming large sizes. The colors are varied. The fruits are edible in most cases.
Cereus leaves and glochidia are absent. This is the largest family, which includes a variety of species. Some representatives have edible fruit. Basically Cereus cacti prefer dry areas.
All varieties bloom, but not every representative will appreciate his blooming at home. For the culture to blossom, you need to create the right conditions for it..
Flowering depends on the variety. There are representatives with small flowers (Mammillaria). And in other species - large sizes. For example, this concerns Echinopsis. The size of its flower can reach 15 cm.
Coloring of flowers is various: white, pink, red. For example, night flowers (that is, those that bloom at night) are pale in color — white, cream or light pink. Day - can have almost any color. The exceptions are blue and black.
Main varieties and their names
All cacti can be divided into groups:
Room cacti are called cactuses that adapt to home growing conditions.
To the room can be attributed:
- Notocactus otto,
- Prickly pear,
These species get along well in indoor conditions and bloom with proper care for them. Some may bloom in the first year of life.For example, some Mammillaria.
The most popular representatives of forest cultures include:
Decembrist and ripsadolipses are similar in appearance. However, the petals of ripsalidopsis grow straight, not bending back. Coloring is red.
Epiphyllum is not very neat form. The specific epiphyllum is notable for flowers of red shades. However, many varieties were bred with a variety of colors.
Decembrist different flowering in winter. This is a very common variety. It blooms with white, pink, purple and red flowers.
Also to the forest should be attributed:
- Discoocactus. It has a round stem shape, blooms with a single white flower,
- Prickly pear. It is remarkable not only orange flowers, but also edible fruits. Some of them have a pleasant taste and healthy properties.
The types of desert prickly include:
Most representatives bloom in beautiful indoor flowers. Some of them have the ability to bloom in the first year of life.
Cacti with leaves
In general, all representatives have leaves. However, they are represented by spines. If we talk about cacti, which really there are familiar to all the leaves, then you can call Pachypodium.
Prickly pears have leaves in the form of elongated lozenges, on which spines are located.
Poinsettia differs in large leaves of light green coloring with cloves at the edges.
Cereus are considered the highest. The height of some representatives reaches 20 meters. At home, of course, they do not reach such heights. But they could, if the ceilings of apartments did not interfere with them. Cereus is distinguished not only by its height, but also by its excellent blooming with large white and cream shades. In addition, they have an incredible aroma.
Up to 2 meters high Euphorbia can grow.
Most varieties have decorative qualities. Decorative as flowers, so the stems and leaves of this culture. Among the most frequently grown in the house stand out:
- Mammillaria (differ in beautiful flowering),
- Decembrist (it is allocated with magnificent blossoming during the winter period),
- Poinsettia (kind of milkweed, beautifully blooms with large flowers),
- Euphorbia (all types of milkweed differ not only in decorative properties, but also in healing ones),
- Pachypodium (very original representative with long leaves)
- Epiphyllum (decorated with long shoots and large flowers),
- Astrophytum (culture with an original spherical stem with one large white flower).
Esstoyu called fluffy cactus. This is a culture of Perun origin. Fluffy this species is called because of the hairs that play a protective function. The height of this culture in room conditions does not exceed 70 cm In natural conditions it can grow up to 5 meters.
Not prickly cactus
To cacti that do not have thorns, carry some species of Ariokarpusa. This is an original culture with an unusual stem and a large single flower. Can also be attributed Astrophytum Asterias. This species has a beautiful and very large single flower in the form of a chamomile, which is located on the crown of the stem.
Thus, in nature there is a huge variety of the most diverse cultures. All cacti differ in height, flowering, needles. Everyone can choose a plant to their liking. Cactus - the original culture with the most incredible flowering. What could be more interesting than a blooming cactus?
What are the types of cacti: names with descriptions and photos
Peyote (Peyote: Lophophora williamsii)
This kind of plant is considered hallucinogenic. It is called the mescaline peyote. In the picture, it is clear that it is very small in size. Most often it grows on the gravel roads. There are no needles and spines on it. It contains hallucinogenic alkaloids. It contains the most mescaline. The top has a round flattened shape, it is divided into 5−10 equal parts.
The plant is completely unpretentious, and grow it easily. The soil does not require special composition. Watering is extremely rare. Feels lonely both in a tropical climate and in others. Very often it is used in magical rituals and not only.
Aporocactus - forest cacti
Aporokaktus pleytepidny, cactus snake, cactus rat tail.
Cacti often succeed in crossing species that have completely different forms of growth. A good example of this is the beautiful hybrid aporocactus. Already in 1830, the English gardener Mullison crossed A. flagelliformis with a growing vertically heliocereus (Heliocereus). As a result, an intergeneric hybrid with bright red flowers with a diameter of 10–15 cm, known as Aporocactus mallisoni, was obtained. In the fifties, the German breeder from Nuremberg, Grezer, succeeded in obtaining an intergeneric hybrid between A. flagelliformis and Trichocereus candicans, which attracted everyone’s attention. Recently, work on the hybridization of aporocactus has been carried out primarily in the UK, where they are crossed with hybrid phyllocactus (Epiphyllum hybr.). As a result, both smaller and larger plants with wilted or curved shoots and very beautiful flowers of various varieties - so far there is not only a pure yellow color - are obtained. Look at these types of home cacti in the photo - the names and descriptions will help distinguish plant varieties:
Types of blooming cacti with names and photos
Astrophytum Capricorn (Astrophytum capricorne).
The species is characterized by matted, long, brown spines and large yellow flowers with a red throat. It tolerates lower winter temperatures than other astrophitums.
Astrophytum speckled, "bishop's miter" (Astrophytum myriostigma).
Bishop Miter is one of the few cacti completely devoid of thorns. There are forms with white felt flecks and without them, as well as with a different number of ribs, interesting looking square plants with four ribs. Relatively small plants are able to bloom.
Decorated Astrophytum (Astrophytum ornatum).
Compared with Astrophytum capricorne, this species has felt flecks most often in the form of stripes, and the spines are straight. In its homeland, Astrophytum ornatum reaches a height of 1 m. Plants bloom only in adulthood. Felted specks and yellow-brown spines add special decorativeness to this cactus.
Back in the 19th century, Abbot Begwain received the first astrophytum hybrid. Crossing different types of astrophytum allowed us to get a lot of more or less speckled and prickly plants with different degree of manifestation of the ribs.
Browningia (Browningia hertlingiana).
Due to the beautiful blue wax on the stems, young specimens of this large South American columnar cactus can be found in the collections of amateurs. Blue wax deposit is formed on the stems only at warm and light content and only in cacti not higher than 10-15 cm in height. It is necessary to water the plants moderately and spray them with water. Look at these types of home cactus in the photo, from which we look at the majestic and amazing succulents:
Cephalotsereus - types of fluffy cacti
Cephalocereus senile, "old man's head" (Cephalocereus senilis).
Due to its typical white hairy pubescence, young specimens of this large columnar cactus are often kept by amateurs in their collections. Cephalotsereus must be kept in a bright and warm place in a well-permeable substrate and must be watered very moderately.
Cereus Peruvian (Cereus peruvianus).
Sometimes in large greenhouses, and in the Mediterranean in the botanical gardens or gardens at hotels you can see tall, up to 4 m high columns of Cereus, which are abundantly blooming there with large, yellowish-white, undressed flowers. If we do not take into account the seedlings grown from seed mixtures, then we mostly cultivate the ugly form of the Peruvian cereus. At the beginning of the century, the Peruvian Cereus was present in almost every collection of cacti, but today this cactus is not commercially available, although it grows well when conditions are suitable for it. Care must be taken to prevent insect pests such as a mealybug in the folds and branches of the stem. Look at these types of cacti in the photo with the names of home grown specimens:
Kleistokaktus - rare species of large cacti
Kleistokaktus Ritter (Cleistocactus ritteri).
Due to its white prickles and yellow-green flowers between 40 cm tall and abundantly appearing in plants between long, white hairs, a rare species of cactus is of interest and is cultivated with pleasure by amateurs.
Kleistokaktus emerald (Cleistocactus smaragdiflorus).
This species has red flowers with a green border. The plant begins to bloom after reaching a height of about 25 cm. In winter, the cactus must be kept in not too cool and not too dry conditions.
Strauss cleistocactus (Cleistocactus strausii).
These cacti densely covered with white spines and hairs are well known to lovers.
Korifanta - types of small cacti and succulents with pictures
Cacti of the genus Echinocereus (Echinocereus) are especially popular among fans because of their often beautiful, decorative spines. In addition, large, spike-covered, with most often green stigma, flowers do not fade for many days. Cultivation conditions of Echinocereus vary in accordance with the area of their distribution in natural conditions. All Echinocereis love winter warm and sunny content. Some species grow very large, others grow well only in greenhouses. However, there are also species that can be successfully grown on sunny windows or in a greenhouse. Some species in the warm season are taken out on the street, placing in a sunny place. The substrate for Echinocereus should be predominantly mineral and contain a lot of weathered clay and coarse sand. In the spring of adult flowering plants should begin to water only after the flower buds become well visible, because otherwise they suspend their development. During the growing season at the beginning of summer, the cacti are watered abundantly, while the rest of the time is watered rather moderate. In winter, plants should be kept dry and, if possible, in a bright place. With absolutely dry content, some species, such as E. pectinatus, E. reichenbachii, E. triglochidiatus or E. viridiflorus, tolerate short-term light night frost.
Echinocereus Knippel (Echinocereus knippelianus).
This small Echinocereus, which has very flat ribs and often no thorns at all, has a thick, knoblike root and, when cultivated on its roots, requires special attention when watering. Plants are often sold grafted on other cacti, in which case they grow faster and bloom profusely in early spring with beautiful pink flowers. This practically spiny-free cactus must be very carefully taught in the spring to the sun, after which it also carries a sunny location.
Echinocereus comb (Echinocereus pectinatus).
This species - at the same time being a representative of a whole group of closely related cacti - is popular with amateurs due to its comb-arranged spines, the color of which can sometimes vary in growth areas, and most often with its carmine-red flowers with a light or white-green center. These plants have a rather delicate root system, prefer the mineral substrate and love a lot of sun. Grows well mainly in greenhouses or a suitable greenhouse, but you can try to grow plants grafted on low rootstocks also on a southern window-sill or in a closed flower window on the south side.
Echinofossuklokaktus curly (Echinofossulocactus crispatus).
In Echinofossulocacti, it is very difficult to establish the boundary between individual species. Currently, a number of beautiful forms combined under the name Echinofossulocactus crispatus. It is very interesting to observe how white flowers with a wide light or dark purple stripe in the center of the petals make their way at the top of the head through a maze of thick, long and sometimes widely flattened central spines.
Under this name today are combined a lot of slightly different forms. Plants come from mountainous areas and are very hardy, but in early spring they are quite susceptible to sunburn. The spines are stiff and bent towards the stem. Due to turnip roots, it is recommended to use not very flat pots and a well-permeable substrate. The flowers in the original species are white, but there are forms with flowers ranging from pink and soft purple to dark red. In comparison with the stem, the flowers are long and large and with their bent narrow outer petals look beautifully shaped.
This columnar cactus of impressive size in its homeland prefers even conditions and not very cool content in winter. It appears in full brilliance only when cultivated in a greenhouse. However, due to its beautiful white woolly pubescence, young Espano plants are grown by amateurs also on bright windows. Plants can not be sprayed with water, because otherwise the white hairs may appear ugly lime paint.
This columnar cactus is also more suitable for cultivation in greenhouses, but young Evlynnia plants with their decorative spines and sometimes white felt or shaggy hairs areola are also grown in small collections.
These cacti in their homeland often grow into huge balls. However, young plants attract lovers with their powerful, often beautifully colored, flattened or hooked central prickles, which in young plants seem particularly large. Recently, exhibition specimens with a diameter of 30 cm with well-developed thorns, especially those of the species Ferocactus latispinus and F. wislizenii, began to arrive in Germany grown in flower farms in Tenerife. which are great for keeping closed, south-facing) ’floral windows. Ferocactus like a lot of heat and sun. Как уже упоминалось выше при описании эхинокактуса Грузона (Echinocactus grusonii), температура зимой не должна опускаться ниже 12°С, кроме того, растения любят, чтобы у них были «теплые ноги».
Подавляющее большинство гимнокалициумов легко узнать по их бугорчатым ребрам, у которых между ареолами имеются горизонтальные складки. Очень типичны также и цветки, несущие снаружи крупные круглые и голые чешуйки. Соответственно протяженной области распространения в природных условиях, гимнокалициумы предъявляют различные требования в культуре. However, most of them need containing humus, but at the same time a well-permeable soil mixture, which should have a slightly acidic reaction, hymnocaliciums are sensitive to an alkaline substrate. Therefore, it is necessary to water these cacti with soft or slightly acidified water. Most often they have few spines and seemingly green hymnocalyciums prefer a bright but not sunny location. Of the many cultivated species, amateurs with limited abilities to host a collection of cacti prefer the remaining small hymnocalyciums. The following types are suitable for growing in a room on the window.
Mikhanovich Gymnocalycium is a kind of Friedrich (Gymnocalycium michanovichii var. friedrichii rubra).
When mass seeding G. michanovichii var. friedrichii in some seedlings a mutation happened. Chlorophyll was completely absent in their tissues, so that only a pure red color remained from the red-green color of the stem. The Japanese flower growers seized the opportunity presented to them and successfully planted these seedlings on the stock, since they would not be viable without their own chlorophyll. As a result of the subsequent selection work, forms with bright red, yellow and crimson color of the stem were obtained from them. All these forms do not have chlorophyll, so they can only be cultivated in a grafted state. Sometimes these plants even bloom. Since quite often there is a contradiction between the slow growth of G. michanovichii and the rapid growth of the rootstock, these plants are not very durable. It is recommended to keep the content with regular watering and bright, however, shade from direct sunlight.
This columnar cactus blooms, as a rule, only in greenhouses. However, thanks to their attractive, sometimes fiery red, yellow or dark brown spines, young plants are also popular in small collections with amateurs. Haageotsereusi prefer a well-permeable substrate and a warm sunny location. After a short summer dormancy, the plants resume growth in the fall, and therefore, unlike most other cacti, they need regular watering at this time. These cacti should winter at a temperature of 10-15 ° C.
Flowers Hildevintera with the inner circle of short light petals can hardly be confused with the flowers of other cacti. Kaktusovody foamed this species for its golden-yellow, densely covering spines of thorns and abundant flowering. Thanks to its drooping shoots, this cactus is suitable for growing as an ampelous plant.
Types of cacti amillaria (with photo)
Mummillaria Bokasskaya (Marnmillaria bocasana).
Thanks to its thick white tomentose pubescence, an interesting looking species, each areola has one distance, with a hook at the top, a central thorn. The long red fruits are more beautiful than the small nondescript cream flowers. The plant is quite sensitive to excess water, a well-permeable substrate and moderate watering is recommended.
The magnificence of this plant is due to not rather inconspicuous yellowish-white flowers, but colored in various tones from light to dark yellow, reddish or brown spines. Due to the abundant branching forms large decorative groups of elongated shoots as thick as a finger. Recommended sunny location, well-permeable substrate and moderate watering.
Mammillaria dlinnososochkovaya (Marnmillaria longimamma).
A distinctive feature of this species are unusually long nipples and bright yellow, relatively large flowers. Purely cut and sufficiently dried nipples can root and form thus new plants.
Currently, under this name a whole group of slightly different forms is combined, the most famous of which is still often called M. centricirrha. In any case, all forms contain milky juice. In this case, we are talking about the typical representatives of the so-called “green mammillaria, which with age form large and often very beautiful clumps with a striking contrast between the green stems, white felted hairs in the papilla sinuses and red flowers. Plants must be kept in a bright place, otherwise the thorns do not develop well.
This species also has hooked spines, however, unlike M. bocasana, the sinuses between the papillae are bare. Already young small plants bloom profusely purple-red, rarely white flowers. Blooming specimens in large quantities annually go on sale on the eve of Mother's Day. The plant gives offspring and over the years forms large clumps. It prefers flat wide pots and a well-permeable substrate containing a sufficient amount of sand. Look at the types of cacti of the amillaria in the photo and the above descriptions will acquire the characteristic visual outlines:
Thick, twisted spines vary in color from creamy white to dark brown. In carmine-red, inside the yellow flowers, even after full blooming, the inner petals remain folded together. Flowers appear in late autumn or early spring. A highly permeable, preferably mineral substrate and moderate watering is recommended.
This species is also distinguished by its variability. Plants with green-blue stems and black spines on their crown at the point of new growth are especially appreciated. Pale reddish-white flowers bloom completely.
Types of flat cactus prickly pears (with photos)
Prickly pear small hair (Opuntia microdasys).
This species is still quite common in the sale. Due to the very short, hairy spines, the segmented stems appear covered with small pads. There are forms with white, yellow, reddish and brown spines. Types of tephrocactus (Tephrocactus) subgenus originating from the high Andes of the Andes can be cultivated in greenhouses (group 4). Some frost resistant prickly pears in vineyards with good drainage can also be grown in rocky gardens in the open field. Look at the prickly pear cactus in the photo, which in combination with the descriptions will allow you to create a completely correct picture:
Oreocereus - types of cacti without thorns: names and photos
Oreocereus Troll (Oreocereus trollii).
This cactus is densely shrouded in white hairs. The central flowers making their way through the hairy cover vary from yellow to reddish.
Cactus species parody
The distinguishing features of these frequently sold plants are powerful yellow spikes with a hook at the end and yellow flowers.
Parody of Schwabs (Parodia schwebsiana).
This, like many parodies, takes the plant with a short-columnar shape with age and is distinguished by its white-topped tip, which is decorated with more and more new groups of red flowers for several weeks.
Pilosocereus (Pilosocereus palmeri).
This columnar-shaped cactus covered with a blue wax bloom at a height of about 50 cm in the areola has long decorative hairy bunches that form a kind of a hairy cap, pseudocephaly, at the top of the stem. Only under favorable conditions and when a plant reaches a certain age, red-brown flowers appear from this hairy cap. (When cultivated in greenhouses, the species blooms easily.) Look at these types of cacti without thorns - their photos and names will allow you to make the right choice of plants for your home:
Thanks to the beautiful prickles justifying the Latin name of the plant “sun-shaped”, and the elegant orange flowers, this species looks very attractive. In terms of culture, thanks to offspring at the base of the stem forms whole curtains. Sometimes in the middle of summer plants have a summer period of rest, during which they should be watered very moderately. Breeding from offspring ("babies") is easy, but in this case, the plants often do not have a turn shaped root. Graft plants often give the impression of being overfed.
Rebution dwarf (Rebutia pygmaea).
This species belongs to the group of rebuses having short-cylindrical stems and forming clumps due to the large number of offspring. The plant has a turnip root, therefore it is recommended to use a well-permeable substrate for cultivation.
Ripsalis - types of cacti with leaves
Schlumberger (Zygocactus) x Schlumbergera truncata "Christmas" cactus.
Like the “Easter” cactus, the stems of this plant consist of leaf-like flattened, short segments. Along with the natural, blooming red flowers form, there are currently magnificent varieties with flowers of various colors: from white and pink to yellow and red-violet. The flowers are pollinated by hummingbirds and, unlike the flowers of “Easter” cacti, have a zygomorphic structure. The flowering time falls on the Christmas holidays, because the tab flower buds occurs with a decrease in the length of daylight. Schlumbergers are grown in the same way as ripsalidopsis and ripsalis in a light, slightly acidic and well permeable substrate. Plants prefer a bright, but not sunny location. In the summer, these cacti are kept in their usual place in the room or taken out onto the street and placed in a light shade under a tree. In the latter case, you need to take care of protecting plants from snails. The light dormancy period from mid-September to mid-November with a decrease in watering along with a short daylight hours contributes to the formation of flower buds. After the appearance of buds, plants cannot be rearranged and rotated, they should be regularly moistened and kept in warm conditions, since otherwise dropping of buds is observed. Along with the plants growing on its roots, there are also graft forms implanted on the peireskia or selenitsereus (Selenicereus).
Selenicereus grandiflorus Selenicereus grandiflora, "The Queen of the Night."
These large cacti have thin, serpentine, creeping or climbing climbing shoots. They are especially popular cacti, although they are grown only by very few cacti-growers. However, the plant, which simultaneously blooms a lot of gorgeous flowers with a diameter of up to 25 cm, is an unforgettable sight. Flowers open with the onset of the evening and remain open for only a few hours. In the morning they fade. The plant is cultivated in a large pot or flower tub containing mostly humus, however, despite this, it is a well-permeable substrate. Regular fertilizer fertilization is a prerequisite for strong growth and abundant flowering. Shoots tied to a strong support. Plants prefer a warm and bright, but not very sunny location. In winter, they must be maintained at a temperature not lower than 15 ° C and keep the substrate slightly moist.
Setehinopsis (Setiechinopsis mirabilis)
Upon reaching a height of only 10 cm, the plant develops more and more new groups of its elegant white flowers that bloom at night. Many seeds are formed as a result of selfing.
Stetsonium Stetsonia coryne.
Seeds of this species growing in their homeland in the form of a tree-like cactus are often found in mixtures of cactus seeds. Young plants with a columnar bluish-green stem and long black spines look extremely attractive. V-shaped fruits are formed above the areolae. Stetsonias should be cultivated in warm conditions, even in winter the temperature should not fall below 15 ° C. Plants require moderate watering.
Compared to a similar Rebutia genus, sulcorebutinas have narrow linear areoles and comb-shaped hard spines. The flowers outside are quite large, wide scales. The genus was isolated only in 1951, and then only one species was known. Thanks to numerous scientific expeditions and travels to collect new species, so many attractive plants were found that it almost made sulkorebution one of the most popular cacti. True, due to the confusion with collection numbers, names and varieties, it is now very difficult to navigate among plants of this genus; however, apart from taxonomic problems, sulkorebution are the remaining spherical small cacti with beautiful spines and numerous attractive flowers of various bright colors.
Almost all species vary in relation to the color of the spines and flowers, and most form numerous offspring. Sulkorebutsii, as lobivii and rebution, should be maintained in sufficiently "Spartan" conditions. They require a bright, but not hot place.
Considerable difference in day and night, as well as summer and winter temperatures is desirable. Sulkorebutsii grow poorly in the constantly well-heated living rooms, but they are excellently developed in regularly ventilated greenhouses or on a weatherproof outside sill. Wintering should be cool and dry.
The genus includes spherical or slightly elongated cacti, both with ribbed and papillary stems. Typical of the genus is that the flowers appear at the end of a short groove at the very top of the stem. Many lovers especially appreciate the telokaktus for their powerful, sometimes variegated spines and large flowers. Telokaktus prefer predominantly mineral substrate and during the growing season should be kept in a sunny and warm place. In winter, they can be kept in cool and completely dry conditions. They are suitable cacti for cultivation on a closed sunny flower window.
This large columnar cactus has stamens located in the form of a stepped wreath, like representatives of the genera Echinopsis and Lobivia. Many trichocereuses bloom only in greenhouse conditions, however young specimens are happy to be kept by amateurs and in small collections thanks to their attractive spines. The remaining small species also bloom only under favorable cultivation conditions. Trichocereis need nutrient, well-permeable soil and regular abundant fertilizing with fertilizer. In the summer, the plants are kept in the sun and warm, in the winter - dry and cool.
This species is popular for its spectacular long spines. White flowers appear only on plants above one meter in height.
There are hybrids obtained by crossing such trichocereses such as T. thelegonus, T. candicans or T. grandiflorus with various echinopsis. These hybrids have large, bright and well-shaped flowers. Hybrid trichocereus require a warm, sunny content and good feeding.
These small spherical cacti with paper-like, hairy or feathery spines are becoming increasingly popular among fans. Even in a small room, you can collect the whole of their collection, usually very small plants still bloom profusely. In their homeland, turbinic arps have to exist in difficult conditions. Plants are characterized by slow growth and in culture should not cause their more rapid development. These cacti have turnip roots, therefore a well-permeable mineral substrate is recommended for their cultivation. Plants are planted in small, but high pots or planted in large quantities in a larger pot. Turbinicarpus are watered moderately even during the growing season, they can be drawn out if they are watered excessively. In the summer, the plants are kept in a warm and bright place, but not in the bright sun. The perfect wintering is dry and cool. In places of natural growth plants are often very rare and therefore protected by law. However, seed reproduction in culture is easy and does not pose any problems.
This species is very popular due to its white feathery spines and purple-red flowers blooming in early spring. Already in winter, buds in the form of small black dots are clearly visible on the top of the cactus.