Author: Listieva Lily September 19, 2014 Category: Houseplants
Euphorbia beautiful (lat. Euphorbia pulcherrima), or poinsettia (lat. Poinsettia) - A plant of the genus Euphorbia of the Euphorbia family, growing in nature in the tropics of Mexico and Central America. The poinsettia plant is an evergreen shrub that reaches four meters in habitat, while in poinsettia it is a shrub 30-50 cm tall. Its leaves are dark green, ellipsoid, petiolate, with jagged edges, 10-15 cm long. The flowers are yellowish, small, collected in rosette inflorescences, but bright red bracts form around them, which ignorant people consider flowers. Currently, breeders have developed poinsettia varieties with pink, white, yellow and even two-colored bracts. The poinsettia flower received its name in honor of the first American Minister of Mexico Joel Roberts Poinsett, who was fond of botany and was delighted with the beauty of the milkweed and beauty. Poinsettia blooms at Christmas, which is why it is sometimes called the “Star of Bethlehem” or “Christmas Star”.
Planting and care of poinsettia (in brief)
- Bloom: On the eve of Christmas and New Year.
- Lighting: bright diffused light (western or eastern windows).
- Temperature: in the period of growth and development - 18-25 ˚C, during flowering - 16-14 ˚C, in the period of rest - 14-12 C.
- Watering: in summer - regular and plentiful, in winter the ground should be barely wet.
- Air humidity: during flowering regular spraying with warm water is recommended.
- Top dressing: from spring to autumn every two weeks with complex mineral fertilizer. During the flowering period, emphasis is placed on the potassium component.
- Trimming: twice a year: in April to a height of 15 cm and after transplantation in order to form a bush.
- Rest period: six to seven weeks in march-april.
- Transfer: annually after a period of rest.
- Reproduction: cuttings.
- Pests: thrips, mealybugs, whiteflies, scutes, spider mites.
- Diseases: gray rot, mealy dew, fusarium.
Poinsettia flower - growing features
They buy blooming poinsettia in the store and give it to loved ones for Christmas. It usually dies after flowering, but if you make some effort, you can make a perennial of your one-time poinsettia that decorates your home every Christmas. Here are some tips to help make all your poinsettia features:
- - as soon as the leaves begin to fall, reduce poinsettia watering so that the soil is almost dry, and stop feeding, cut the poinsettia stalks at a height of 15 cm from the soil level, transfer to a dark cool place and let sleep until May,
- - In May, in order to stimulate the beginning of growth, put a flower in a well-lit place, start watering and feeding with mineral fertilizers. As soon as the plant begins to grow, transplant it into a new ground,
- - at the beginning of October, place the flower at night in a box that does not allow light in or in a closet where it will be at least 14 hours a day - this way you stimulate the budding of the plant,
- - As soon as the bracts begin to open, care for the plant, as usual.
A special feature of poinsettia is that the milky juice it secretes is poisonous. It is especially harmful to the eyes. In some cases, poinsettia juice provokes allergies. If swallowed, it can cause vomiting and intestinal upset. To avoid these troubles, wear gloves before pruning and poinsettia transplants. Toxicity is a feature that unites all euphorbia, although caring for euphorbia at home is quite different depending on the type of plant.
How to care for poinsettia.
Poinsettia likes to live on the western or eastern windows, but the direct rays of the sun harm it, like drafts. The most comfortable temperature for plant growth is 18-25 ºC, during flowering - 16-14 ºC, and during the rest period - 14-12 ºC. Watering in the summer should be abundant, in winter watering is reduced so that the soil is barely wet. When the Christmas poinsettia blooms, start spraying it with lukewarm, settled water.
Top dressing poinsettia.
Poinsettia should be fed from spring to autumn twice a month with complex mineral fertilizers. During the flowering period, you will need potash fertilizers, although many growers are superstitious in this matter and prefer not to fertilize the plant during the flowering period.
Poinsettia is transplanted in the spring, in April or May, after a period of rest, when young leaves appear in the awakened poinsettia. The soil should be slightly acidic, consisting of sheet, clay-sod, peat land and sand in a ratio of 2: 3: 1: 1. Do not forget about the drainage layer. The pot should not be much larger than the previous one. To minimize the stress of transplanting a plant, poinsettia transplantation is carried out in a transshipment manner.
There are no special subtleties in how to cut the poinsettia, does not exist. They prune it twice: in early April, when a dormant period is expected, to a height of 15 cm from the level of the soil in the pot, and after transplantation, when new shoots start to grow on the plant. This is done to form a beautiful bush and remove weak shoots, which are then used as cuttings for vegetative propagation.
How to multiply poinsettia? Under natural conditions, poinsettia propagates by seed, but at home, for growing poinsettia, the vegetative propagation method is used by cuttings that are cut in early summer. The length of the cutting should be 7-10 cm, so that it contains at least 3-6 good buds, the cut must pass directly under the knot. Cuttings are lowered in warm water for several minutes to remove the poisonous plant juice, then they are treated with root formers, planted in containers with a wet substrate consisting of sand, dry manure and humus, and kept at 24-28 ºC under a film in bright place, but without bright sunlight, occasionally airing and sprinkling. When the cuttings take root, and this happens in about a month, the temperature regime may become a little freer, but the temperature should not fall below 16 ºC. In the fall, young poinsettia plants are transplanted into pots with a diameter of 18–20 cm, but they can become beautiful flowering bushes only after a year.
Enemies: pests and diseases of poinsettia.
Sometimes poinsettia suffers from such insects as thrips, scutes, whiteflies, mealybug and spider mite. The mealybug forms a white waxy substance, and the aphid and whitefly leave sticky spots on the leaves. It is possible to fight with them both in the national ways, and system insecticides. Aphids and scutum are destroyed by wiping the poinsettia leaves with soapy water on both sides every week, followed by washing off the soap with a shower. They fight with worms by treating the leaves of the plant with mineral oil. But sometimes this struggle still ends with going to the store for a pest preparation.
Poinsettia is affected by gray mold, fusarium and powdery mildew. Gray decay occurs against the background of high humidity and looks like gray mold on the shoots, inflorescences and stems, brown spots are formed on the leaves. To combat gray rot use "Fundazol", "Skor" or "Celandine". Fusarium makes shoots brown, then almost black, they wither and die. Powdery dew covers the leaves and flowers of the plant with white bloom, under which the plant gradually acquires a brown color. These fungal diseases are destroyed by fungicides such as Fitosporin-M, Topaz, the same Skor and Chistotel.
Why poinsettia leaves turn yellow.
When the plant is kept in a cool room and at the same time regularly moisturize the soil, root rot occurs, which is accompanied by yellowing of the leaves. This is only one of the reasons for the phenomenon of yellow leaves. Another reason may be just low air humidity, as a result of which the plant infects a spider mite, and its vital activity leads to such a result as yellowing of poinsettia leaves.
Why poinsettia leaves fall.
Falling leaves may be due to the reasons mentioned in the previous paragraph: over-wetting the soil at low room temperature and too dry air in the room. That is, the leaves first turn yellow and then fall off. Yellow leaves fall off from insufficient watering of the plant. When the Christmas holidays are over, the poinsettia turns yellow and sheds leaves, preparing for a rest period. Sometimes the fall of the leaves comes from a sharp temperature drop or lack of lighting.
Why does not poinsettia bloom.
Most likely, because you have missed something from the agrotechnical recommendations of specialists. Read again carefully the section on poinsettia flowering, and you may find an error yourself. The main thing that a plant needs in order to bloom is the correct light and temperature conditions, under which the poinsettia will bloom.
Poinsettia after flowering
The rest period at a poinsettia comes in March-April, it lasts about six weeks. When the plant starts dropping leaves, cut its shoots at a height of 15 cm from the ground level, move the poinsettia to a dark cool room and let it rest, only occasionally and very moderately moistening the soil in the pot. In May, your beautiful woman will wake up and demand care and attention from you, for which she will thank you with the onset of winter with bright festive blooms.
Red Poinsettia flower - growing nuances
Vegetation of a plant consists of 3 phases: active growth, flowering and rest period.
- Vegetation starts in April. During spring and summer, the plant actively grows shoots and leaves.
- In September, poinsettia prepares for flowering, which begins at the end of December, January, and lasts about 2 months.
- After flowering, the plant rests, for 1.5-2 months, completely dropping the foliage.
In each of the phases the plant needs some care.
As members of the Euphorbia family, the Christmas Star poinsettia contains poisonous milky sap that can cause mucosal burns, poisoning and allergic reactions. For this reason, the work on the care of the flower is carried out in gloves, and the plant itself is placed in places inaccessible to children and pets.
How to care for poinsettia at home?
Poinsettia Red is quite demanding and needs a certain light and temperature conditions, sensitive to the composition of the air. Flower care will greatly simplify the creation of conditions conducive to its growth and development.
During the period of active vegetation, the flower needs bright, but diffused light, therefore it is placed in the most bright place of the room. In winter, during flowering, organize additional lighting.
In case of insufficient lighting, flowering may not occur or its quality will suffer.
At rest, the plant is moved to a dark place.
Poinsettia loves not only humid, but also fresh air, therefore:
- in the summer, the plant is carried out to the open air, placing it in a place protected from direct sunlight,
- in winter, the room is often ventilated, avoiding the formation of drafts.
During the growth of shoots and flowering the plant is watered often and abundantly, as the topsoil dries.
During the rest period, they are rarely moisturized, only when the earthen coma is completely dry, which occurs about once a month.
Christmas star does not tolerate a lack of moisture, and overflow.
Good development and regular flowering is impossible without fertilizer support of the plant. Top dressing start in September. 1 time in 2 weeks bring complex mineral fertilizers for houseplants. During flowering, preference is given to additives with a high content of phosphorus and potassium.
To give the plant a decorative bushy form, shoots are regularly pruned and pinch.
Pruning is carried out annually, after dropping the leaves. The bare shoots are shortened by 1/3, weakened and deformed are removed.
Young growing branches pinch over 5 - 6 leaf. This contributes to increased tillering.
For uniform crown formation, the pot with poinsettia is periodically turned around its axis.
Every spring, after the growth of new shoots, the Christmas star is transplanted, changing the pot and the ground.
Poinsettia does not need too spacious containers. When choosing a pot are guided by the size of the ground part of the flower. Capacity should be 2 - 2.5 times less.
The ratio of width and height, as well as the material from which the pot is made, does not matter.
Poinsettia grows well in light drained soils. A soil mixture made up of 3 parts of sod, 2 parts of leafy ground, connected to equal parts by volume of peat and sand, is suitable as a substrate for its cultivation.
After adapting to new conditions, which will be indicated by the appearance of young shoots and leaves, the flower is looked after as an adult plant. An exception is feeding: it is carried out after 1 - 1.5 months.
Procurement of cuttings
Cuttings harvested in spring or early summer. It is convenient to combine this process with regular pruning.
From the plant, young apical shoots are cut from 7 to 15 cm long so that each has at least 5 to 6 internodes. The cut is carried out under the knot.
To stop the discharge of juice, the cuttings are placed for 10–15 minutes in warm water, and then dried for 1–2 hours.
The sap that is released on the cut of the mother plant is soaked with hygroscopic material and powdered with crushed activated carbon.
Before rooting, the lower cut of the stem is treated with any available root stimulator.
Christmas Star Lighting
Flowering is an important period, poinsettia at this time requires an abundance of light. In winter, the light is not enough, the day is too short, you will need light. The south window is the best place for poinsettia. Do not be afraid that the sun will burn the Christmas star, in winter the rays are too weak for this. On the contrary, the plant sheds leaves with a lack of lighting. Shine a poinsettia with additional light sources, if you notice that it looks painful.
Temperature conditions in the care of poinsettia
Many are pleased with the long flowering of poinsettia. Christmas star blooms in December and gives bright colors until the end of March. It is worth remembering that the cold is detrimental to a flower, you need to protect it from drafts and low temperatures. When buying you need to take care of the safety of the plant: it is carefully packaged and transported in the car.
Provide the house with the usual room temperature - + 18-24 degrees. Poinsettia can withstand a temperature of 14 degrees above zero, but cannot live in it for a long time. In spring and summer, after flowering, poinsettia needs coolness: + 16- + 18 degrees. This will be a kind of rest period, thanks to which the flower will gain strength for the new flowering.
Watering and humidity
The Christmas star needs a lot of water, the lack of moisture is perceived very painfully. It is necessary to water the abundantly of paunsetia throughout the growing season. However, daily watering is not always required. It should be checked that the earth in the pot has not dried up. It is best to irrigate the separated water at room temperature.
It is important to create optimal conditions, the plant loves moisture, does not tolerate too dry air. Our apartments are heated in winter, so there may not be enough moisture. Poinsettia will be capricious - throw off the leaves, flowers. To avoid trouble, it is enough to buy an ordinary humidifier, which is useful by the way, not only for the Christmas star, but also for human health.
How to feed poinsettia
Get fertilizer for flowering and please beauty with additional nutrition. This will positively affect the condition of the flower, allow lush leaves and bracts to develop.
- Every two to three weeks during the period of active growth, in the fall, the plant is fed with solutions of complex mineral fertilizers.
- When the Christmas star forms the buds, potash phosphate fertilizers are used.
How to cut poinsettia after flowering at home will tell another video:
Pruning poinsettia is necessary for the correct formation of the bush, to avoid the formation of many stems that are very thin, to take power from the plant, which can lead not only to the absence of flowering, but even the death of the plant.
How to make poinsettia bloom Poinsettia care after flowering
Poinsettia let new shoots after pruning and soon bloom photo
To poinsettia pleased flowering many times, you just need to know the features of the life cycle of the plant in natural conditions. Imitating periods of rest and active growth, you can easily achieve beautiful flowering.
- Water with less water when the poinsettia fades. Dumping the leaves after flowering is normal, do not be afraid.
- When left alone bare branches, cut off all the tops. Most of the plant should be cut to a height of 10 centimeters,
- После обрезки осуществляют пересадку, не повреждая корни, вместе со старым комом земли.
- Летом наступает период покоя, пуансетия должна отдохнуть и набраться сил перед будущим цветением в декабре. It is placed in a dark cool place.
- At the end of the rest period for 2-3 months, we put the poinsettia in a bright place, we increase the irrigation.
- Feed the Christmas star at the beginning of active growth of leaves.
Fulfilling the conditions listed above, you get a blooming poinsettia for the New Year and Christmas holidays.
How to care for poinsettia at home Poinsettia transplant video blooming poinsettia
Christmas Star Varieties
Growing poinsettia at home begins with the choice of variety. The table lists the main breeding types of the Christmas star, each of which can live in your home.
Table - Poinsettia Varieties
A distinctive feature of the Christmas star is its flexibility in selective breeding. Presented in the table - only a small fraction of all cultivated poinsettia varieties that growers can enjoy today.
How to choose a "festive" plant: 3 tips
The most difficult in the home life of poinsettia is the adaptation period, when the flower is brought from the store to the apartment. Whether the plant adapts quickly to home conditions depends directly on how comfortable its transportation was before it went on sale. Your task is to choose the most healthy and viable plant from dozens of people looking at you from the window show of the southerners. A competent approach will help you to simplify the care of poinsettia after purchase. Consider when choosing three important points.
- Purchase only in the store. The proposal to purchase a Bethlehem star in the market should be confidently rejected. In winter there is a risk of freezing of the roots. Without knowing it, you can buy an unviable plant.
- The soil in the pot. The soil should be slightly moist. If it is too raw, there is a risk of rotting of the roots. Perhaps the plant is flooded.
- Unbroken buds. The life cycle of a Christmas star consists of three stages: flowering in the cold season, rest and a period of growth. If the buds on the selected plant have not yet had time to blossom, then the poinsettia at the beginning of its life cycle will have enough time to please with its beauty.
Lighting and location
In summer, the flower rejoices in long sunny days and prefers bright diffused lighting. A great place to dislocate the Christmas star in the summer period will be a balcony or location near the summer porch. If you keep the Mexican at home during this period, often ventilate the room, but do not allow drafts.
In winter, during the flowering period, the plant needs even more light. If you do not provide her with quality lighting, the capricious Southerner will instantly fall off the leaves. Cloudy weather outside the window is a signal to organize an artificial light source for the Christmas star.
The situation is somewhat simpler with temperature: at any time of the year, a regime in the range from 18 to 25 ° C will be comfortable for euphorbia. A temperature below 14 ° C is considered to be critically low during the period of growth and flowering.
Beginning gardeners are often concerned about how to care for a poinsettia (Christmas star) after flowering, and what temperature conditions it needs to provide. Reviews of experts suggest that the plant, which is in a period of rest, feels comfortable in the temperature range from 12 to 14 ° C.
In the hot season, watering should be frequent and quite abundant. Dry upper crust of soil - a hint that the plant needs moisture. In winter, watering should be minimized, wetting the ground in a pot no more than once every three to four weeks.
The Bethlehem star, like a person, feels most comfortable in a room where the humidity level fluctuates around 40-60%. Dry air is fraught with the appearance of pests. And excessive humidity - rotting of the root system.
Poinsettia fertilizer at any time of the year, except for spring, should be carried out twice a week. In the dormant period, after the flowering of the southern woman, feeding should be done no more than once a month. The table shows the types of fertilizers that a Christmas star needs, depending on the season.
Table - Seasonal Poinsettia Top dressing
Christmas star is growing rapidly, not only in breadth, but also upwards. In order for a miniature flower once to become a giant that does not fit on the windowsill, the poinsettia must be cut. Pruning is carried out after the indoor plant completes flowering - in March-April. The stems are cut off cardinally, leaving green rods no longer than 10 cm long in the pot. After pruning, the flower is left in a room with a comfortable temperature regime, watered and sprayed abundantly.
A few weeks later, new shoots will begin to appear on the trimmed plant. Your task is to leave five or six of the most viable and strong stems with leaves. The rest must be eliminated by re-pruning. Liquidated shoots can be rooted in the ground.
Graft and ground
Poinsettia should be transplanted to another pot every year. Do it by the method of transshipment. The most favorable period is late spring. Mexican beauty loves subacid soil. The approximate pH (pH) is six. Land for transplanting plants can be purchased at the store, and you can cook yourself using the following recipe (in a ratio of 3: 2: 2: 1):
- clay-sod soil
- sheet soil
- turf soil
Do not forget the drainage.
Seed poinsettia can not be propagated for two reasons. In domestic bondage the plant extremely rarely gives them. In addition, breeding varieties cannot be propagated by the seed method, because the seed does not retain the characteristics of the variety. This means that the desire to "clone" the southerner sooner or later will force you to take up the cuttings.
Reproduction poinsettia (Christmas star) cuttings carried out only in the warm season. Most of all for "cloning" is suitable from May to August. Having broken off the escape with the intention to use it as a planting material, do not forget to immediately put it in warm water. The stems of the Star of Bethlehem contain milk-like juice. It is important that it does not flow out of the stem completely. We act in four stages.
- Each cutting dunk in "Kornevin" (fertilizer-root-forcing).
- We plant two shoots in one pot to a depth of no more than 1 cm in order to eliminate the risk of rotting.
- We keep the planted cuttings in a room with a temperature of 24-29 ° C, often watering and daily spraying with warm water from a spray bottle.
- After 21 days seated cuttings in different pots.
Buying poinsettia, one should hope for the best, but prepare for the worst. The flower is very demanding. Therefore, flower growers often face simple and not very problems of growing it.
Any violation of the rules of care entails the "whims" of the Christmas star. The table presents the most common diseases with an indication of their causes. When identifying similar symptoms, your task is to provide the plant with a prompt treatment, acting on the contrary.
Table - What and why poinsettia is sick
Do not be afraid if the poinsettia (bright prisotsvetnye leaves) turned green. This is evidence that the flowering period is over. After greening the leaves will become pale, and then completely fall off. This is normal. If it is time for a plant to bloom, but it does not bloom, it means that in the recent past you could not properly arrange for it a rest period. Sometimes the lack of flowering indicates that the florist mixed up the feeding and gives the Mexican fertilizer to grow.
Violation of the rules of flower care can not only shake the health of the plant, but also cause more serious trouble - insect pests. The table lists the worst enemies of poinsettia and their symptoms.
Table - Christmas Star Pests
A small amount of insect pests can be removed by mechanical cleaning. Simply rinse the sponge in clean water and carefully wipe each sheet of poinsettia, freeing it from pesky little conquerors. For greater persuasiveness, wrap the pot in polyethylene and thoroughly rinse the plant under the shower, rinsing the foliage thoroughly, including from the back. If this does not help, use insecticides after receiving a preliminary consultation from a flower shop employee about the cultivation of the medicine.
Growing poinsettia at home is not an easy job. But the result is really worth it. For compliance with the rules of care and care, the Mexican beauty will repay you with a gold coin. She will flourish magnificently by the very eve of Christmas and will remain in her ardent dress until the Eighth of March. In the meantime, you can not only admire its flowering, but also actively use poinsettia as a living decor. Cache-pot with red stars, towering above the dense green foliage, will fit perfectly into the interior of the living room decorated for the New Year or find its rightful place at the head of the Christmas table.
Reviews: "The perfect gift for a friend under the Christmas tree"
I didn’t do anything of the kind, just watering and sprinkling! After flowering, the red leaves turned green and began to grow. At the beginning of December, small leaves began to turn red, buds and flowers appeared, in January she found a brush, put it on the street (−10 - −15), and after a week brought it back (apparently the frostbite froze: it sat as if it were alive). Sprayed chemicals. Flower "blooms and smells." No worries or problems. Buy and do not freeze! This year may be circumcised and I will give rest ... If I do not forget. )))
Poinsettia is a very beautiful flower. And if you believe the descriptions in various sources, it is not too complicated to care for, but unfortunately I personally did not manage to make friends with him. Poinsettia in stores begins to be sold, as a rule, in winter, before the New Year holidays. Personally, at this moment I simply can’t walk past these flowers, since they look amazingly beautiful and are quite inexpensive. One flower costs about 100-150 rubles, and the hands are trying to buy them. The leaves of blooming poinsettia are red, pink and yellow. We on sale, I met only the first two colors. And they both visited me. I took the pink poinsettia only once. I have been buying red for several years already. Red leaves against a dark green in poinsettia look, of course, brighter and more spectacular. After buying the flowers I transplant in ordinary plastic pots. Land take universal. Water as needed. Overflowing poinsettia does not like, so I try not to moisturize the ground too much. In a beautiful flowering state, a flower stands a couple of months, gradually losing the lower, and then the upper bright leaves. Further developments are possible options. In general, we have very dry air in our apartment in winter, and even the presence of a large aquarium (250 l) in a room with a flower, somehow does not greatly save the situation. And poinsettia, as it turned out, is very hard in dry air. The first flower I dried up three months after purchase. First, the leaves fell off, and then the newly emerged shoots. My second flower I bought was very protective. I tried to provide proper wetting of the leaves, made the recommended spring pruning, and he stood in my green form until autumn. But with the subsequent switching on of the heating, it was also dried up. Therefore, all the subsequent flowers I acquire with the thought that they will stand for a maximum of a couple of months, and I treat them only as a beautiful, but temporary, decorative bouquet.
Gathering to visit a friend on the eve of the New Year holiday, puzzled by a gift. Buy just a trinket with the symbol of the year? No, I do not want to - will roll. Candy, champagne - trite. A gift should not be very expensive, not binding, but at the same time pleasant look. Well, nothing comes to mind, I’m already starting to get nervous, and then I hear the traditional rubric about all useful and not-so-good plants on Ekho Moskvy. They tell about Poinsettia beautiful or, as it is also called, the Christmas star. Eureka! All ingenious is simple! If only this flower is in the nearest store! To my relief, he was there. As you know, Poinsettia can be of different types and colors, but traditionally I chose red, and I took another cream color as my girlfriend. In general, I gave and everyone was happy!))
In the store, the seller said that after flowering, poinsettia dies, and in the literature it is written that the flower can be preserved. I didn’t believe the seller either, after flowering I put the plant in partial shade, and transplanted it in the spring, and as soon as I saw that he was alive, he cut the sprouts and started to take care as usual. And my poinsettia blossomed the following year, although the flowering is not as lush as in the store, and the leaves are not very large, but this is my little victory ..
We buy it once a year - at Christmas. then we throw it away as the leaves quickly fall off - and it is scientifically proven that at home it is inexpressible for an inexperienced person to support him until next year. fertilizer price exceeds the cost. It costs from $ 5, orgomennye - up to 100 incomes - but these are rare instances. bulk goods from 5 to 7, we live in the United States - here it is like one-time toys. put in a room where you sleep - you can not. releases toxic substances. New Year's decorative.
How to care for indoor poinsettia flower
Photos of plants easily attracts attention. But not only the flower itself is unusual, but also its name. To explain it is quite simple, because the plant begins to bloom at Christmas, so he was given the name "Christmas Star". However, by the end of flowering, the plant loses not only the inflorescences, but also the leaves, at this stage of its development there is a risk of its complete destruction. However, the strength of each grower to preserve this beautiful plant, for which it is necessary only to remember some points concerning its cultivation:
- At the first signs of leaf fall, watering and fertilizing should be abandoned. It is imperative to cut the stems at a height of 15 cm from the ground. Then the plant is transferred to a dark place where it should be until the end of spring,
- at the end of spring, the poinsettia must be returned to a sunny place, where from now on they start to carry out abundant watering and fertilizing
- At the first signs of growth, the most beautiful euphorbia is transplanted into a new soil,
- an effective measure that stimulates the formation of buds is to place the plant in a dark place in October or instead cover it with a box. A similar operation with poinsettia should be carried out at least until 14 hours a day,
- noticing that the bracts have already formed, you can stop keeping the flower in a dark place. From this point you need to ensure its regular watering.
Much attention needs to be paid to beautiful poinsettia while giving them juice that is very poisonous. Any contact with it can be hazardous to health: if the juice gets on the skin, it can cause allergic reactions, when it interacts with the eyes, blindness can occur, and with the oral cavity - vomiting reflexes. To prevent such negative phenomena, it is recommended to take all measures for the care of poinsettia in rubber gloves.
Suitable temperature for growing poinsettia plants
This plant will be less sick and bloom longer if its grow in favorable temperature conditions. To do this, consider the following points:
- Poinsettia is most favorable for the flower temperature range of 18 to 25 degrees Celsius,
- at the beginning of the formation of flowers, it is recommended to reduce the temperature to 14-16 degrees,
- in the cold season, when the poinsettia is at rest, it is desirable to maintain the temperature in the room not higher than 14 degrees Celsius,
- It is recommended to grow poinsettia in a quiet place that should be protected from drafts.
Poinsettia feels most comfortable if its grow on the windowsill. There should be good lighting, but you should avoid direct sunlight. Failure to follow this recommendation can lead to negative changes: very soon the leaves will turn brown and fall off.
Watering Indoor Poinsettia Plant
In winter, the flower is watered as needed: you can determine the moment by how the soil begins to dry completely. It’s a completely different way to take care in the summer, when irrigation is carried out every day в небольших количествах.
На стадии цветения полезно поливы дополнять опрыскиванием, которые проводят с периодичностью раз в три-четыре дня. Для этой цели используют слегка теплую воду, которая должна настояться не менее 1 дня.
Если следовать этим простым правилам полива, то вам больше не придется наблюдать сбрасывание пуансеттией своих привлекательных листьев.
Удобрения в почву под пуансетию вносят два раза в месяц. The first feeding is carried out in the spring, and the last - in the autumn. Recommended for this purpose. apply mineral fertilizers. When spurge beautiful start to bloom, use fertilizers rich in potassium. But on this account there is an opinion that poinsettia can easily do without dressings. It is believed that the highest quality flowers are obtained only when at this stage of the life cycle in relation to plants do not hold any special events.
Poinsettia indoor flower transplant
When the Christmas star comes out of dormancy, which usually occurs in late April or early May, it can be transplanted. This can be determined by the beginning of the formation of green leaves on the stems. In preparation for planting a beautiful poinsettia, the bottom of the pot must be filled with a drainage layer. Attention must be paid to the soil, which must have a non-acidic reaction.
For the preparation of planting soil using leaf ground, peat, clay-sod, as well as sand. All of these components are taken in a ratio of 2: 1: 3: 1.
It is possible to increase the chances of poinsettia for survival in a new place and make it more resistant to diseases, if you show maximum accuracy when transferring to a new pot. It is very important to make sure that the maximum amount of old soil remains on the roots. The rest of the care is carried out in the usual way.
How to trim a poinsettia flower?
Home care provides pruningwhich is carried out at the moment of yellowing of the leaves, the stems are removed to a level of 15 cm from the level of the soil. It is necessary to carry out this procedure again at the end of transplantation, when new shoots begin to form. This operation provides the maximum attractiveness of the plant and the correct form. The positive effect of trimming the Christmas star is that the plant will bloom more than once in the future.
You can find useful application and weak, trimmed shoots, which can serve as planting material for reproduction.
This stage can be determined by the formation of poinsettia leaves. Most often this is observed in early April. In this case, the plant must be moved to a dark, cool place where it should be until the beginning of May.
Diseases and pests
Christmas star there are many pestsfrom which she can be seriously affected. In this list, you can include flaky insects, mealybugs, thrips, whitefly and spider mites. Often during an illness you can notice how the leaves are covered with a white mass, similar to wax. They may also have whitish, unpleasant spots.
For pest control, you can use it along with chemical compounds and folk remedies. From the latter, we can offer the following:
- good results in the fight against the shield and aphids shows a soap solution. To do this, they need to regularly handle infected leaves once a week. After each wipe, the plants must be rinsed with clean water.
- Mineral oil can be used to control the insects.
However, it is not always possible to cope with the problem with the help of folk remedies. In this case, it makes sense to consider the option of purchasing special protective equipment in order to timely start fighting the disease and avoid yellowing of poinsettia.
Enough The following are dangerous diseases for plants:
- Gray rot. Favorable conditions for its occurrence occur with abundant watering and high humidity. It can be determined by gray, fungal bloom on the stems and brown spots on the leaves. To combat it, you can use drugs "Skor", "Chistotel" and "Fundazol",
- Fusarium This disease is dangerous because it can provoke the complete death of shoots,
- Mealy rot. When you appear on the flowers, you can notice a characteristic white bloom. This disease usually leads to the death of the plant. You can cope with it with the help of Topaz and Fitosporin-M preparations.
- Often when grown in indoor conditions, poinsettia leaves begin to turn yellow. The most likely reasons for this are too much watering and cool growing conditions. These factors provoke root rot, to which the first leaves react, changing their color. However, this may be due to very poor watering. In this case, the beautiful spurge can attract mites, in the results of which the leaves begin to turn yellow.
Even with the fact that poinsettia is a tropical plant, and at home in our latitudes can successfully grow. This plant is very decorative, as demonstrated by its leaves and flowers. However, you can enjoy this beauty only if you follow the rules of caring for it.
Particular attention should be paid to the temperature regime, bearing in mind that its habitat is the tropics. Therefore, at each stage of plant development it is necessary to maintain a certain temperature. Equally important during the care of poinsettia and watering. And only it may not be enough. Therefore, in addition to it, it is recommended to carry out spraying, which will help to maintain an optimal level of air humidity.
Photos and description of poinsettia species and varieties
Other names for poinsettia are “Christmas Star” and “Bethlehem Star”, because its flowering time falls on the Christmas period. It is very popular in winter: bright red flowering looks unusual in the midst of cold weather and creates a holiday feeling. Breeders brought hybrids with different colors of stipules that have an original look.
In the amateur floriculture demand:
- Poinsettia is the most beautiful (“Christmas flower”) - the ancestor of all existing varieties used in indoor floriculture. It has red bracts and "corporate" look. Its homeland is hot Mexico.
- The Oak Leaf variety with carved holly leaves is another traditional symbol of Western Christmas. Rate similarities can be on the photo. This is the first cultivated species, also having scarlet bracts.
- The grade of Cortez Pink is distinguished by gentle-pink color. As you move away from the golden center, the shade becomes weaker.
- Premium Miro is a terry variety. Its voluminous, seemingly crumpled bracts are milky and pink.
- Variety Winter Rose White has white embossed bracts that can decorate the darkest winter day.
- Monet Twilight with red "drops" on a light background. It seems that someone sprinkled scarlet paint on the plant.
This is not the whole list of variety varieties. Among them are plants with bright yellow, apricot and blue bracts. You can get acquainted with them by photo.
How to care for elegant poinsettia after buying in the store
The flower does not tolerate drafts and low temperatures. Therefore, acquiring it in the winter, it is necessary to provide transportation in heat. Gentle plant should not be in contact with frosty air. If the pot must be carried along the street, then it must be protected with a plastic bag.
Bringing a copy to the house immediately, no need to rush to put it to other colors immediately after purchase. It can be infected with parasites and diseases (which is not uncommon in the seasonal sale), so a newcomer should be isolated for at least 7 days in order not to infect other inhabitants of the window sill. In order for the plant to last longer beautiful flowers and it did not die in the future, you need to immediately create the right conditions.
Optimum temperature and lighting
The air temperature in the room, providing comfortable conditions for growth, depends on the stage of development:
- During the dormant period (from the moment the leaves are dropped until April), the flower needs cool air: 12–15 ° C.
- A suitable value for the growing season is 18–25 ° C.
- During flowering, the air temperature should become colder - about 16 ° C. Unfortunately, this rule is not always possible to fulfill, because the elegant poinsettia is placed in a warm apartment in a prominent place. It will not cause death, but will reduce the duration of flowering.
It is important to protect the bush from drafts.
Poinsettia feels good on windows with good lighting. But, like most indoor flowers, can not tolerate direct sunlight. If they fall on the leaves, it will cause the appearance of brown spots and dying off.
Recommendations on how to care for poinsettia at home include the mandatory application of supplements. It is necessary that she received the substances and elements necessary for growth and flowering. Feeding time - from May to autumn. It is better to give preference to mineral complexes. During the flowering period, the use of fertilizers with a high content of potassium will benefit.
Flower Breeding Modes Christmas Star
The reproduction of poinsettia at home is carried out by cuttings. They are obtained during the spring pruning of the flower. The optimal length is 7–10 cm. In order for the plant to multiply successfully and grow faster, there must be several (4–6) living buds on the handle.
In the wild, poinsettia multiplies with the help of seeds, but it is irrational to use this method in indoor floriculture.
Then the blanks are soaked in water for half an hour to get poisonous juice out of them. The cut can be processed with a root growth stimulator. Then the cuttings are planted in containers filled with fertile soil or a mixture of sand, dried manure and humus.
The container is placed in a warm place with a temperature of 25–28 ° C, covered with a film and regularly moisten the soil by spraying it with a spray bottle every 3 days. Periodically improvised greenhouse needs to be aired. A month later, the container is moved to a cooler room and remove the film. After 3-4 months, the plants can be planted in individual pots.
Cutting makes it easy to get young copies. With proper care, they will bloom next year.
Pruning a flower at home
Pruning forms a volumetric bush of the correct form and produces cuttings for reproduction. It should be done 2 times a year: during the rest period (March – early April) and in the fall for forming. Shoots simply cut diagonally, leaving 15 cm above the ground. Being cut, poinsettia grows more actively.
See the video tutorial on how to shorten poinsettia shoots.
Preparing to bloom
Ways to make the Christmas Star bloom:
- After transplanting the pot is put on a bright place.
- When will begin to appear new leaves and shoots, it is important to feed the flower.
- Of the new shoots must be left 3-4 strongest.
- In September, flower buds are laid. The process lasts 2 months. During this period, daylight hours should not exceed 10 hours. You can rearrange the pot for the remaining 14 hours in a dark place or cover with a tight cap. At the same time reduce watering.
When the bracts begin to bloom, the usual care should be returned.
Features content after flowering
When flowering ends, the bush prepares for the resting phase. To help him, you need to reduce watering and stop fertilizing.
In March or early April, the plant begins to shed its leaves. It is recommended to rearrange the pot in a dark place with cool air and cut the shoots. The rest time will last one and a half months, after which the Christmas star will wake up after a rest and will go up.
5 interesting facts
- Poinsettia flower belongs to the Euphorbia family and has a poisonous juice that is very harmful to the organs of vision and causes upset digestive tract. Therefore, if there are children and pets in the house who will surely show interest in a bright plant, you need to take care of their safety: put the pot out of reach. When working with poinsettia, hands are protected with gloves.
- At home — in Mexico — there is a legend that she used to be a modest green plant, but blossomed at the cradle of Jesus.
- The ancient Aztecs called the flower "Cuetlaxochitl". They made him dyes, cosmetics and medicines.
- From the 17th century, the Catholic Church used it in the Christmas celebrations as a symbol of the Star of Bethlehem.
- In the wild, it is a shrub that grows up to 4 m in height.
Knowing how to provide poinsettia with suitable home care and how to prune it, you can get a beautiful plant. It will please the eye in the cold months and create a truly Christmas atmosphere.
The first thing you will encounter before buying is the choice of variety. Here are its main varieties when grown at home:
- Oak Leaf - the first artificially bred variety, the shape of the leaves resembles oak,
Cortez Burgundy - rich shade of purple leaves,
Cortez Red - its leaves are scarlet, there are dark green streaks,
Premium Red - classical poinsettia, the leaves are pointed, the middle of the flowers-flowers is yellow,
Premium Miro - white-pink flower heads, have some curvature and compactness,
Winter Rose White - delicate milky leaves, their compactness will resemble a beautiful winter rose,
White Star - another representative with white color at the top of the leaves, they are elongated, pointed and resemble a star,
In fact, there are many varieties of this beautiful indoor flower. From the most innocent white shades to rich crimson. Choosing exactly your grade, you can easily get lost in all this diversity.
For the purchase is to give preference to heated shops. Unfortunately In open markets there is a great chance to stumble upon a plant with frozen roots.
What to do after buying poinsettia
So, the purchase is made and you, satisfied, bring the poinsettia home. What to do next?
First, choose a well-lit window sill for it. Keep in mind she does not tolerate drafts! At that time, while the poinsettia will acclimatize, create for it a room temperature of 16-17 degrees.
The habituation process will last about three weeks. After that, transplant it into the ground, after making a good drainage, adding sand and vermiculite there.
This video shows how to care for a plant after purchase, how to prune it and how to make it bloom next year:
Pests and diseases of the succulent
This beauty of course can also hurt. Any non-compliance with the rules of caring for it can trigger the development of the disease. Poinsettia may begin to turn yellow or pale leaves, foliage may fall, the color may become less saturated.
All these "symptoms" indicate that you have overmoistened the soil, put the plant pot in a draft, or violated the rest period. All this can easily be avoided by eliminating the root cause.
Of the pests this beauty most often suffers from thrips attacks, spider mites and mealybugs. If you identify a problem in time, it will not be difficult to get rid of it. Wipe the plant with soapy water and rinse it under a warm shower (but do not over-moisten the soil).
As mentioned above, poinsettia loves lighted placescompletely hidden from the draft.
In the summer it is better to take it to the open air, from which it will only feel better.
If this is not possible, you can just often ventilate the room (without creating a draft, of course).
If a plant receives little light in winter, it will easily lose its foliage. Therefore, it is important to create additional light sources for it.
Poinsettia after flowering
After the flowering phase, poinsettia inevitably begins rest time.
March-April, the beauty does not bloom at all, green leaves appear all over the bracts. Even in such a period, it requires attention:
- Put her in a shady placewhere it will be cool (12-15 degrees)
- Spend pruning. Shoots 10 cm high will be enough
- Cut down watering to a minimum. You can even allow the ground to dry slightly from watering to watering.
In this state, the flower will stay for about one and a half or two months.
In fact, to care for capricious poinsettia is not so difficult. The main thing is to comply with favorable conditions for it.
Having done everything correctly, you will increase its decorative ability several times, and pots of dense green vegetation with bright colors will become the object of general attention and admiration.
That's about spraying poinsettia question controversial. This is a succulent, i.e. Initially, this plant grows in arid areas where there is little rain (in Mexico it is). So, food through the leaves does not play a special role. Moreover, there is a big minus: there are ugly white spots on the leaves from spraying, even if boiled water is used. And I do not really understand why shade in the spring and summer in a period of rest? During the rest period, on the contrary, it needs a long light day, and for flowering - a short one. Shade just to ensure that the upper leaves turn red, i.e. if you want a beautiful flower for Christmas, then you need to shade somewhere in September. By the way, this way you can make the leaves turn red under any date, my aunt for Easter does it.
Actually, I bought this flower a month ago. And I follow a lot of tips from different sites when looking through information. Я хочу дополнить вашу статью тем, что данное растение раньше многим людям помогал белый сок для избавления в лечении по лихорадке, по исчезновению бородавок и быстром вылечивании зубных болей возникающих в ротовой полости, а также насущих непредвиденных болей при самом ревматизме
А ещё из красных прицветников делали натуральные красители, которые в последующем служили окрашиванием для выбранных тканей.
Кстати данный вид появился лишь, потому, что Пойнсетт был ботаником и при этом еще и 1 послом американским в Мексике. If not his efforts in breeding varieties and reproduction now nobody would have such beauty at home.
Even in the shops where they drown, frozen flowers sell. They are also taken from Holland, sometimes they have time to freeze along the way ((With white bracts and pink flecked - the rarest colors, I can’t find anywhere for my collection. By the way, I don’t transplant every year, I look at the ground, but I cut it off When cutting or rooting shoots, it is advisable to sprinkle slices from which juice is extracted, with ashes or crushed activated charcoal - so as not to rot.
You write that Poinsettia belongs to succulents, which is very surprising. I rummaged in search of confirmation or denial. Nowhere else did I find such information. Wikipedia unequivocally assigns Christmas to milkweeds. Rod-euphorbia, family-euphorbia. By the way, a very poisonous flower. Put in a room where you sleep or in the nursery in any case impossible. And you need to make sure that you stay away from children and pets.
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