There is a flower in our flowerbeds and balconies, which amateur flower growers note for the colorful abundant flowering that begins in June and lasts until the autumn frosts with proper planting. It is unpretentious in cultivation and only one bush can replace a whole pot of flowers.
Marigold (Tagetes, Chernobrivtsy, velvet) is a genus of annual and perennial plants of the Astrovye or Compositae family. Presented by more than 50 species of annual and perennial herbaceous plants. Comes from South America, where it grows in large quantities in the wild. In Europe, he came in the middle of the 16th century on the ships of travelers.
Is it possible to repot during the flowering period?
Is it possible to transplant during the flowering period? Flowering plants can be transplanted during the period when the buds are gathered, the main thing is to follow simple rules: do not thicken the landing, there must be a distance between the plants for airing. Marigolds are herbaceous flowering plants, in form resemble small bushes with a strong and rather thick stem and equally strong branches. Seedlings should have a well-formed root system and 3-4 healthy green leaves.
Marigolds will grow well and delight you with colorful colors on the nutrient, loamy, neutral acid levels of the soil. If marigolds are grown on poor soils, then regular feeding is necessary, which should be carried out during the growing season - 2-3 times per summer (about how to feed marigolds for abundant flowering, read here).
For these colors, it is important that the ground was airy and loose, and also well water was flowing. They do not like dark and wet places. The soil for planting should be dug up and make mineral fertilizerIt will also not be superfluous if, in a well prepared for disembarkation, you will introduce claydite or other small stones to ensure good drainage.
Details about the features of marigold care and the rules for creating a beautiful flower bed can be found here.
All this is necessary in order for the earth ball to breathe. When planting, remember that the marigolds, or another name for them, Chernobrivtsy, are a bush, so planting many bushes in one pot does not make sense, do not let them thicken in plantings: the risk of hitting rot greatly increases.
On the peculiarities of the cultivation of marigolds in pots or boxes at home, read our article.
Planting seeds in open ground occurs in June, when the temperature of the topsoil (about 5 cm) will reach 15-20 ° C. Planting depth is from 1.5 cm to 3 cm. If the sowing is late and is made in moisture-saturated soil, then it should be increased to 7 cm.
If you are interested in more earlier flowering, then sowing seeds of marigolds on seedlings takes place in April, planting already grown plants for a permanent place is done in May (how to grow marigold seedlings and when and how they are sown, read here). If chances of frost exist, simply cover the newly planted seedlings with covering material. As practice shows, the plants after these greenhouses are stronger.
Some varieties of marigolds have earlier flowering dates.. For example, marigolds rejected, or “French” (T. patula), they gained their popularity for a compact look, which is suitable for decorating balconies and a shorter period before flowering, on average about 60 days from the time of sowing the seeds.
Look at the photos of how beautiful the marigolds planted on the flowerbed look.
Is it possible to sow in August?
Transplantation for decorative purposes is possible in pots or boxes, for open ground it is important to take into account the climatic features of the area (early soil frosts). It is not advisable to sow seeds in open ground in August.
Now let's talk about the sowing of marigolds in the winter. There are some subtleties. Cultivation in regions with a milder climate gives good results in germination. But since the flower is thermophilic and does not tolerate frost, and also does not like excessive moisture, the experiment on landing in winter at the conditions of northern latitudes may become rather unsuccessful. But our gardener is not looking for easy ways, we will try to formulate the basic rules for preparing marigold seeds for sowing before winter.
To begin with, we will clearly define for ourselves that Place for landing marigolds need to prepare in the fall, preferably in September, or in the case of a protracted fall in early October, cut the grooves-grooves on the bed. To make sure that it is not in the lowland, a place with a slight incline is perfect.
The soil should not be dense, if it takes place, then it is necessary to introduce peat, tree bark, humus or sand in equal proportions and good loosening (digging). Further, planting seeds should be carried out only in well-frozen soil. Because a sudden thaw, which will bring with it excess moisture into the soil, will destroy your seeds, they just simply will not rot.
It is good to prepare the soil for the upper backfill in advance and leave it in a warm room.. After planting the seeds and backfilling them with soil, it will be useful to cover them with a layer of leaves or fine wood chips of about 10 centimeters, and in order for the wind not to scatter them across the site, cover with any net for bushes.
For several weeks after planting, the marigolds need constant watering. But do not overdo it, because the plant is prone to a number of diseases caused by excessive waterlogging: gray rot, black leg and bacterial sores.
Next, flower care is a simple set of rules.:
- loosening (air access to the roots and elimination of weed pressure),
- watering (moderate, although marigold easily survives aridity, the plant may look wilted, but after watering the leaves gain strength)
- top dressing (mineral fertilizers).
Marigolds can and should even be cut, as this will allow to form a beautiful flowering shrub, for this it is only necessary to pinch a couple of lower branches. Once the marigolds have begun to bloom, do not leave the withered inflorescences, and break them off, this will contribute to a lush flowering and the formation of new inflorescences.
If you decide to collect marigold seeds, then leave a few dried plants, and after completely drying, collect the seeds from them. Marigolds are well preserved until spring.
Do not forget that all marigolds are hybrids, flowers from seeds will grow others, not like parent plants. Once you buy seeds, you can then not think about buying a new one (if you don’t want to try a new variety), germination is high in marigold, it will be enough for you to collect seeds from your own grown plants.
If there is a flower so widespread around the world, then it is a sunny marigold. Purchase seeds and, subject to simple planting rules, you will see this piece of sun in your garden.
How to plant marigold seeds
Despite the fact that the flowers are unpretentious, you should still know the answers to very important questions, firstly, how to plant properly. Secondly, novice gardeners must know when to plant for seedlings so that they get tired become stronger. And of course, when planting marigolds in open ground.
Growing marigolds from seeds occurs in two ways:
- Plant seeds in advance for marigold seedlings. Typically, this method is chosen to bloom flowers as early as possible, so sowing seeds on seedlings should be in early spring (from mid-March to April). Of course, it is best to pre-prepare the seeds for planting. And for this you need to expand the available seeds on a plate and cover with a wet cloth, so they will germinate in three days.
- Planting seeds immediately in open ground. Those gardeners who do not want to mess with seedlings can sow the seeds of marigolds directly into open ground. The only condition is that the soil should be well heated, and this will not happen until May.
Growing marigold seedlings from seed
In order to grow the seedlings of large marigolds of some kind beyond knowledge and skills will not be required. Even a novice grower can cope with planting seedlings from seeds without any problems. As they say, experts are the most important task to calculate the correct time for sowing seeds. For the fastest results, the seedlings are planted in seedlings in the second half of March. But some species of marigolds, for example, French, due to the fact that they grow quickly, it will be possible to plant even in the first half of April.
To grow seedlings you will need to find in advance a suitable box with holes at the bottom. In the prepared container, you must first lay out 3 centimeters of small stones. Then pour the substrate, which you can buy in a specialty store or cook yourself. Pre-germinated seeds are planted at a distance of three centimeters from each other.
In the box, seedlings will grow, and grow stronger until the weather sets and the soil warms up, then it can be planted in open ground, usually it happens in late May. If planting seedlings earlier, then seedlings may die due to night frost. No care of the seedlings is required, the main thing is to monitor the humidity of the soil and the room.
Planting seeds in open ground
In the second half of May, when there is no need to be afraid of night frosts, and the earth warms up well, you can begin to sow the seeds in open ground. The plot of land where the sowing will take place will need to be dug up. If the soil is not fertile, then it is worth adding a nutrient substrate to it. When the plot will be prepared, you need to make the beds or wells with a depth of no more than 5 centimeters. Rows or wells plentifully watered with water, then sown seeds. Since the seeds can germinate not all, it is better to sow more often, and then, when the seedlings sprout, they can be pulled back if necessary. Growing flowers planted with seeds right into the open ground is even easier than caring for seedlings.
Caring for marigolds
Growing plants includes standard care: timely watering, weeding, loosening and fertilizing. Careful attention should be paid to watering, as there are periods when the plant requires a lot of moisture, for example, before flowering. So, due to lack of moisture, flowering may suffer, which will not be so abundant. And during the flowering period, on the contrary, it is not worth watering often, so that waterlogging does not lead to fungal infections and the formation of rot.
Weeding and loosening the soil bushes are also needed to make them look healthy. And also among gardeners, trimming a bush is popular for giving it a certain form, for example, a square, a ball, etc.
Another flower care item is fertilizationWhich is not mandatory for the marigolds, as they are very well dispensed with. But if there is an opportunity and desire to feed the flowers, then the plants are only a plus. Experts advise whenever possible to carry out three top dressings. The first dressing is made when planted seedlings will be at least 12 centimeters high. The next two are carried out before flowering. Fertilizers for flowers, which can be found in any specialty store, are perfect for feeding marigolds.
When to plant marigolds on seedlings in 2018
When calculating the time it is necessary to remember that for each region the time of planting seeds is individual. Any florist can easily calculate them yourself.
Planting marigolds on seedlings directly depends on the age of the seedlings to be planted in the ground.
In open ground, seedlings can be planted at one and a half - two months of age.
Night frost at the same time must pass. Depending on the region, they stop in mid-May - early June. If you wish to plant the seedlings earlier, a non-woven cover is used.
Need to find the right grade. There are more than 50 varieties of marigolds.
They can be low, high, have large and small inflorescences, and also various shades: orange, yellow, white, red and green flowers. Each differs in growth time and the beginning of flowering and has its own characteristics in development.
In the seedlings, marigolds are planted on seedlings from mid-March to early May.
Tall varieties bloom later undersized, and they are sown two weeks earlier. In early spring, marigolds are planted on seedlings from mid-March to the first half of April.
To obtain flowering marigold in April - May, the seeds are planted in late January - February. In this case, additional lighting of seedlings is used.
When to sow marigolds on seedlings in the Moscow region, in the Urals, in Siberia
Sowing marigolds on seedlings in the suburbs, in the Urals and in Siberia is made with the expectation of spring frosts. Any, even short frosts are detrimental to seedlings. Planting young plants should be done from late May to early June.
With additional cover with film or spunbond, the dates can be shifted by 2 weeks and the landing should be done in the first days of May, the main thing is to ensure sufficient watering for the plants.
- Upright marigolds are sown first, in late March - early April.
- In two weeks you can sow undersized and small-leaved species. In this case, the first flowers will appear in June.
- When sown in May, flowering occurs in mid-summer.
- Marigolds are not cold-resistant plants and when planting seedlings, it should be taken into account that the soil should be heated to 15 degrees when planted.
Landing marigold on the lunar calendar in 2018
You can choose a day for sowing according to the lunar calendar.
The best days for sowing seeds are:
- January - 12-16, 22, 30
- In February - 19-20. With this crop, plants can be planted in greenhouses and under film in late March - early April.
- In March - 12-14, 22-24 numbers. In this case, seedlings in the ground can be transplanted in mid-April - early May.
- In April - 7-10, 19-22 numbers. When planting seeds in April, seedlings are transplanted in May - early June.
Planting these days allows for abundant flowering of marigolds at an earlier date than sowing seeds in open ground.
Unfavorable days for sowing are: February 11, 24, 26, March 1, 11, 28, April 1-3, 16, 24, 25. These days planting of marigolds on seedlings is not recommended.
The lunar calendar helps to navigate the timing and allows you to accurately grow good seedlings.
Care seedlings, photo of flowers
After germination of sprouts, the capacity with seedlings is transferred to a room with a temperature of 16-18 degrees. The film or glass is removed.
Watering is done as the land dries, waterlogging, as well as drying the soil is detrimental to young plants.
Two weeks after sowing, fertilizing is done with a solution of any mineral fertilizers.
The picking is done after the formation of 2 main leaves on the sprouts. The soil for transplanting should be the same as when sowing seeds.
For better growth, 1 tablespoon of mineral fertilizer and ash are mixed into the soil (100 grams per 5 liters of soil).
Plants are planted at a distance of 7 centimeters from each other (according to the scheme 7 to 7). When transplanting the central root of the seedling is pinch off in half. It strengthens the roots and the plant becomes stronger.
- The seedling is placed in the recess to the cotyledon leaves.
- The roots are straightened and covered with earth.
- Then the plants are watered with warm water. At the same time the soil over the roots should not be washed away.
- When the land subsides, a fertile mixture is poured. Saplings after diving quickly take root and go to growth.
Seedlings in peat tablets are planted in cups or peat pots. Seedlings growing in separate containers are not transplanted. A weaker sprout from the pot is removed.
If during planting fertilizers are not added to the soil, after 2 weeks complex mineral fertilizers are introduced into the ground (during irrigation).
When the plants completely entwine cups (pots) with their roots, you can plant in open ground. Seedlings in boxes or greenhouse planted with a small earthy clod on the roots.
How to grow marigolds?
How to plant marigolds on seedlings correctly photo
Marigolds are very picky in their care, it is not for nothing that the glory of some of the most unpretentious flowers, which are grown by artificial means, has strengthened behind them. They can grow on any land. But they like light places, it is undesirable to overmoisten the soil. Watering is not frequent, which can be combined with fertilizing with mineral fertilizers, spreading fertilizer in water.
Often gardeners practice planting marigolds between beds or near a greenhouse.
- Having a peculiar smell, this plant frightens off harmful insects. Marigolds can grow in beds, special containers, in flowerpots and even shallow pots decorating walls or loggias.
All varieties of flowers can be sown in open ground seeds. To do this, it is best to buy seeds in specialized outlets. При дальнейшем разведении будет достаточно тех семян, которые вызывают после созревания семян.But be sure to take into account: if you use the seeds of the same plants for several years, they may lose the properties of the original variety, and will not be similar to the variety that you purchased.
Sowing and cultivation can be done in two ways:
- pre-grown seedlings
- sowing seeds directly into the ground,
The choice of method of cultivation may depend on the factors of cultivation: at what time the flowers are needed, the duration of flowering, the required amount, weather conditions and growing conditions.
When to plant marigolds in open ground? Remember: night temperatures should not fall below 5 degrees. This is usually the end of April in regions with a mild climate. You can plant seedlings in open ground until the end of May-beginning of June.
How to plant marigold seeds in open ground
Planting marigolds Marigolds growing from seed when planted
When to plant marigolds in the ground with seeds? It all depends on the climate, the main thing is that at night there was no frost and the ground matured. Keep in mind that Chernobryvtsy seeds are not afraid of frost, and may even overwinter or endure sowing before winter. They just will not ascend before the earth warms up. Still often excites many, how many marigolds rise. If the weather is warm, you have to wait two to three weeks before the first shoots appear.
- The embedment depth is small, you can make grooves with hoe or small holes, up to 5 cm deep.
- Distance tend to do no closer than 10-15 cm between plants. But you can sow a continuous ribbon, and then transplant extra plants.
- We cover the seeds with earth using a rake.
- We water.
On this all wisdom is over. However, you can speed up a little bloom and improve the conditions of detention, more on that below.
When sowing marigold seeds in open ground, consider the conditions that are necessary for the growth of young plants. Namely: the site should be well lit, they certainly tolerate the shade, but still do not like it, reacting with a decrease in the abundance of flowering and pulling of bushes, which causes their decorative effect.
To get marigolds without seedlings ...
- In a garden bed, they often strive to prepare a fertile soil mixture that is well fertilized with mineral and organic fertilizers, but there is no urgent need for this: the flowers are so unpretentious that they can grow on the poorest soils, it is enough just to provide them with the necessary amount of moisture.
- They irrigate very well for watering, but drying up of the soil is fraught with troubles: the lower leaves dry up, and the bushes themselves stop growing, the flowering is scarce, homely.
- Flowers bloom only after one and a half to two months after sowing, this should be taken into account. Early sowing (mid-April) and germination of seeds before planting will help to slightly reduce the time before the buds start blooming and to increase the flowering time. This method is used by experienced flower growers.
To do this, simply place the seeds in a shallow plate, cover with wet gauze, folded in several layers, place in a plastic bag or wrap with a transparent film. After performing these procedures, put the plate in a warm, sunny place: one of the suitable places is the window sill.
After two or three days, the seeds can be sown, after examining them for germination, healthy seeds should be swollen and slightly cracked peel. You can dry the seeds slightly in the sun for two or three hours until flowability or not wait, but mix with dry sand and sow with it.
Before planting, it is necessary to moisten the soil, make holes or grooves 4–5 cm deep. It is best to sow the seeds in a square-nested way, that is, the distance between the seeds should be 15 -20 cm square. After the seeds have germinated, it is necessary to make a thinning, leaving the healthiest seedlings.
How to grow marigold seedlings from seeds at home
Planting marigolds on seedlings when planting marigolds
When to plant marigolds on seedlings? To get flowering plants in June, it is necessary to prepare seedlings in advance, which will be planted immediately after the end of the night frosts. Sowing dates begin from the end of February and shift until the end of March-mid-April.
You can cook a nutrient mix in the fall. Peat, turf ground, humus and sand are mixed. Sand can be used river, but before adding it to the soil mixture, it is desirable to calcine it in the oven or process it with potassium permanganate.
However, you can not bother yourself and just buy a ready-made floral substrate in which you can grow beautiful seedlings with strong trunks and spreading leaves.
How to grow seedlings of Chernobrivtsev on the windowsill:
How to plant marigold seeds on seedlings photo
- Needle seeds can be easily distributed evenly in the planting container, it is better to leave a distance of 3-4 cm so that the plants are powerful. Depth of seal 1 cm, you can two.
- You can immediately plant the seeds in separate cups, which further simplify the task of transplanting to a permanent place. Marigolds suffer longer when the roots are damaged than the same asters, so it’s better not to disturb them again. However, even wilted bushes are accepted with time and take root perfectly.
- For quick germination, you can cover the film or glass, creating a greenhouse effect. Marigolds rise for a long time, so you should be patient.
- When we see the first shoots, open the greenhouse.
- Watering is necessary regularly, but not zealous, so as not to develop rot and seedlings do not die. Enough simple moistened condition of the soil.
- Do not overheat the air in the room where the seedlings grow. The temperature should be less than 25 ° C.
- If you notice that the seedlings are stretched out and have a pale color, it means that there is not enough light. You need to choose the sunny side of the apartment or arrange additional lighting.
- If you really want to try, pour the seedlings 1-2 times with a solution of complex fertilizer for flowers, with an interval of 10 days.
- Before planting, in a couple of weeks, we begin to harden the seedlings, accustoming them to the sun, wind, and coolness. Take it to the balcony, loggia, the threshold of the house. Gradually we increase the time of our stay on the street, so that by the time of planting the plants are fully accustomed to the street.
With a height of 10-15 cm marigold seedlings are ready for transplanting into open ground.
Planting marigold seedlings in open ground
How to plant marigolds in open ground
It is very simple:
- We prepare shallow gut holes so that the clod of earth fits completely in them.
- You can pre-pour water and put on the bottom of a handful of humus.
- Carefully release the seedlings from the cups, set vertically, sprinkling with soil.
- Water it so that the ground subsides, but the water does not stagnate.
- You can immediately mulch the surface with what is at hand. This may be last year’s leaves, fresh grass, hay or needles from the forest.
- The distance between the holes depends on the selected grade. For low-growing varieties, 10-15 cm is enough, with medium to tall varieties, leave more space, about 30-40 cm.
Originally look chaotic landing, creating a simple naturalness. We all got used to the rows for a long time, they look boring and familiar. Create a composition, for example, by planting a petunia in the foreground, and in the background a black-raven.
Care when grown in open ground
Flowers marigolds planting and care in the open field photo
Plants are not demanding to care and does not require much effort and effort. However, perhaps, as with all cultivated plants, watering and weeding from weeds and tillage in the form of loosening is required.
How to water
Watering is necessary in moderation, but you can't do without it, otherwise your flowerbed will be covered with dried brooms, only the tops of which will keep a fresh look. Especially if there is a hot summer. Do not rely only on rain, water at least once every three days, not forgetting to loosen the ground after watering to save moisture. Simultaneously with irrigation, fertilizing can be carried out by diluting mineral and organic fertilizers in water.
In summer, when the weather is hot, to prevent the formation of a crust on the ground, watering is best done in the morning or in the evening after sunset. If watering is done during the day, it is imperative to loosen the top layer of the earth.
Foliar and root dressing
If the land is properly prepared before planting, the marigolds do not need additional feeding. If the plant can be seen that the development is rather weak, you can make the feeding with complex fertilizers on the leaves.
The use of fresh organic is not recommended. It is better to ferment the same grass or manure for a couple of weeks and dilute with water in a ratio of 1:10, watering a liter of solution under each bush.
It must be remembered that overdose of fertilizers has a detrimental effect on plant growth. Mineral fertilizers are applied for the first time during the period of intensive growth of plants, the second time when the first buds appear, the third time before flowering.
Very rarely anyone bother with this. However, if you have time, you can give a beautiful form to the marigolds. Cut some additional taps from the main stem. This procedure will significantly improve the nutrition of the remaining buds. The optimal time for pruning is summer, when you can already see how the buds bloom. Also buds are cut with signs of any disease, small or wilted. After the formation of the bush, the appearance of new additional branches of the stem is suspended.
For planting next year, it is enough to use seeds that can be collected from flowers grown on the site. To do this, it is enough to choose a bright and healthy shrub to give it full maturity, then cut the buds and dry them. After which the seeds are easily separated, they can be stored in a paper bag. When using this method, it is necessary to take into account that this will not affect the health of the plant itself, but you can get a different color of baskets, different from the mother.
Pests and control of them
Due to its natural properties, the plant not only protects itself from various infectious diseases, but also covers the nearby area with special essential oils (expressed by a specific smell), which has antiseptic properties. Using this property, gardeners and gardeners planted marigolds near vegetable beds and greenhouses, or in combination with other flowers.
This disease most often occurs in wet weather, when the morning fog comes and the earth does not have time to dry. When this disease is detected, the plants must be removed and burned. the place must be treated with potassium permanganate or boiling water, otherwise there will be a risk of infecting all plants and not only marigolds.
Marigold in landscape design photo
Marigold look very nice in compositions with ageratum
For registration of a personal plot or a bed these flowers can be used in the most various combinations.
Petunia and marigolds look beautiful
This is all the more pleasant, because: unpretentious care, a variety of bright colors, the difference in height, an abundance of color, and a long flowering period can be used almost unlimitedly.
Beautiful marigolds photo compositions
Marigolds are magnificent in single landings and combined, they are planted in parks, on the borders of footpaths, flowerpots for various recreation areas. They are decorated with balconies and loggias or even billboards, front walls of houses.
Tagetes in the garden photo flowerbed
Recommendations from experienced gardeners
Some growers recommend different terms for planting seeds for seedlings. In their opinion, tall varieties are suitable for the earliest planting time (approximately March); in April, it is necessary to sow seeds of stunted crops. Even as one option, noteworthy is the purchase of seedlings in specialized stores, which you can learn about in the Internet sources.
When purchasing seedlings in specialized stores or special nurseries, seedlings are sold already germinated in special peat cups. Before planting, it is necessary to look at each leaflet for damage or foreign brown stains. Be sure to ask the seller about the conditions of planting and growing these seedlings, as they may differ from those described above.
Marigold upright or African Tagetes erecta
Marigold upright or African Tagetes erecta photo
Representatives of this species are annual plants that reach a height of up to 120 cm, some species only grow up to 30 cm. This seemingly drawback is used by gardeners to create the illusion of an infinite field of flowers.
Flowers of different height in the compositions are good on flower beds, flower beds or specially created areas with a sufficient amount of land. Large baskets of flowers look good in bouquets. The stem on which the buds are held is hard and sturdy.
Cirrus leaves are arranged alternately, have a light green or green color. Flower buds in most terry, spherical shape, uniform shades from bright yellow to thick orange with dark edging. The look is not exacting to leaving, possesses good resistance to a low temperature and various diseases.
Varieties of upright marigolds:
Marigold upright variety Antigua photo
Antigua - baskets in diameter from 8 to 10 cm. Bright yellow or orange flowers. It belongs to undersized varieties: the average height of a flower is from 20 to 30 cm.
Marigold upright variety Kilimanjaro photo
Kilimanjaro - a distinctive feature of this species is the bright petals of flowers, white with cream shades are found. Grow up to 70 cm.
White marigold erect variety Eskimo photo
Eskimo - this type of “Tagetes” has buds of white colors. Differs from Kilimanjaro in short stature. It grows up to 30 cm.
Marigolds upright Aztec Lime Green photo
Aztec Lime Green - Marigolds with a touch of petal buds between white and brown. The variety is medium tall.
Marigold rejected terry Carmen landing and care photo
One of the distinguishing features of this species is the presence on the stem of numerous shoots with small spherical baskets. It is this structure of the stem that makes it sprawling.
The height of the bush of this variety reaches 20 or 40 cm, that is, it can be different in height and volume of flower baskets.
The color palette of the buds can be two-color, usually in the middle of the flower yellow to the edges, the color changes to yellow or red.
Varieties of rejected marigolds, popular in Russia:
Marigold Lemon Jam Photo
Lemon jam - low well branched bushes with bright yellow, lemon flowers.
Marigold rejected variety Carmen photo
Carmen, undersized variety up to 20 cm, bush well. Flower buds are small, up to three or four centimeters, the yellow core gradually turns into dark red along the extreme petals.
Marigold rejected variety Queen Sofia photo
Queen Sofia. A distinctive feature - it is dark - red petals, the edges shimmer in bronze color, in the form of an extract slightly terry, differ in red petals, which at the edges have a faint tint of bronze. The shape of one row of petals, inflorescence weakly double.
Barahatts thin-leaved Tagetes tenuifolia
Barahatse Tolkististnyy Tagetes tenuifolia photo of the name of varieties with descriptions
This is a less common variety of marigolds, but its difference from the others is so large that it seems that this flower is a completely different species. The difference is that the trunk is very branched, and the baskets can be of different colors. Leaves, which are carved, long, narrow leaves in the rosettes of which small multicolored flowers are beautifully attached, add an additional attractiveness. The height of the trunk reaches 30 - 40 cm. The flower itself is small and shaped like a daisy, there are a lot of them on a bushy trunk, which creates a uniquely beautiful bouquet. Petal colors can be from bright yellow to red or purple.
Varieties of fine-leaved marigolds:
Tagetes Red Devil photo
Red Devil - floriferous variety with large blood-red flowers and rich green leaves. Awesome contrast really fascinates both in single plantings and in combination with the colors of white, yellow, blue shades.
Marigolds red gem photo
Red gem - A medium-sized (up to 30 cm) plant with petals of a reddish shade framing a bright yellow middle. Bloom before autumn frosts. Bushes well, care is not demanding.
Marigolds variety Gnome photo
Dwarf. The name itself indicates a low growth of the plant (up to 20 cm), the main trunk has many branches, resulting in a highly branched shrub with numerous bright yellow flowers and a red core.
In order for marigolds to grow well, it is necessary to observe certain agricultural techniques when planting and caring for flowers.
Small Tagetes Tagetes patula ‘Bonanza Harmony’ photo
The name speaks for itself, it is low plants up to 30 cm tall with a scattering of small flowers, baskets on long peduncles. Pleased with beautiful flowers from July to the end of August.
Color description marigolds, their distinctive features
The plant belongs to the Asteraceae or Compositae family. Эти цветы преимущественно выращивают в садах, но благодаря потрясающей неприхотливости цветы стали также очень популярными при оформлении лоджий, выращивают их и на балконах.
Еще одно название цветка — Тагетес (Tagétes) — Это название относится к далеким легендарным временам. Когда — то в Древнем — Римской мифологии существовало много богов. Once, one of them, whose name was Jupiter, had a grandson, called him Tagetes.
All varieties of marigold photos and description
The grandson had a divine gift of foresight, a romantic character and was very beautiful. When it was time to show the world a beautiful plant reopened in South America, the Swedish scientist, the famous naturalist and physician Karl Linney, called him by this name a young god. And indeed, the flowers called Tagetes still continue to amaze people with their romantic, peculiar beauty.
The popular name for the marigolds is a plant that was obtained because of the inflorescences that bloom with bright buds, very tender to the touch, something like velvet cloth scraps. The birthplace of the flower is considered the central part and south of America, where the largest number of different species is common. In the middle of the 16th century, the Tagetes entered first into Europe and then into Russia. The scientific approach to the selection and cultivation of these flowers makes them popular throughout the world. Already, seemingly their own "Tagetes" can be found in all countries of the world.
Marigolds flower photo in flowerbed and garden
The marigold itself is a herbaceous plant with flowering buds, a little resembling small bushes with a large stem and branches extending from it. The height of the stem and the size of the bud are different depending on the variety. There are very small specimens, the opposite to them, there are varieties that grow more than a meter. This plant looks very good in individual plantings in flower beds and flower beds.
The breeder was also able to bring undersized varieties with small buds of flowers, such plants are best suited for the design of exterior walls, balconies and loggias in hanging vases.
Marigolds small-colored planting and care of photos of flowers on a flowerbed
The stem is erect or branched, which allows you to form a shrub of buds standing on one stem, the stems are tough and very strong. The leaves of the plant are pinnate or porous - divided. The color of the leaves depends on the composition of the soil and may be bright green or normal. The root system is widely branched, fibrous. Inflorescences consist of baskets of various colors and shades. The traditional color for marigolds is yellow and maroon-brown at the edges of the petals, with shades of orange, rarely white and red varieties.
Flowerbeds of petunias and marigolds photo
The basket of flowers consists of two parts: the middle ones are tubular, to the edge a flower is represented by a petal inflorescence. By the form of baskets can be simple and terry. On one stalk, several baskets of different size and color can simultaneously bloom. Duration of flowering, from early summer to autumn frosts. After the basket fades, they tied the fruit in the form of achene, resembling hedgehog needles. Seeds retain a high germination rate, so if they fall into the ground, they can germinate in any place where there is fertile land.
Marigolds have a peculiar smell that insects do not like, this property is used by gardeners, planting them along the edges of flowerbeds or other plantations. Some types of marigolds are used in traditional medicine.
3 Comments on "How to plant marigolds on seedlings and in open ground Sorta with descriptions and photos"
This year I tried for the first time to land and grow blackbreds on the windowsill. Unfortunately, nothing happened and they did not ascend. Most likely, the case in the seeds. I collected them last year and kept them in a dry place, but by the end of February they looked very pale and weak, they could have dried at room temperature ...
Very useful article, and a lot of necessary information for beginners like me.
Svetlana, unfortunately, it is: marigold seeds are easy to dry out and lose germination. Or perhaps they simply did not ripen if they were torn off early.
Thanks, now I will know, and next year I will use your advice.
Where did the brightly blossoming Tagetes come from?
Marigolds belong to the family of Asteraceae or Asteraceae and are perennial or annual plants. The Latin name sounds like Tagétes and was given by Carl Liney back in 1753. The name was given in honor of the Etruscan deity Tages. The natural initial growth was in Argentina, Arizona to New Mexico. From America, transported to Spain by conquistadors in the XVI century. From this country, the flower has spread throughout Asia Minor, Russia and Europe.
How beautiful plant marigolds on a flower bed can be seen in the photo below.
Marigolds are transplanted most often when the seedlings are ripe to the required size. To do this, you must first prepare in the soil, previously fertilized with humus and peat, and also dug up. Inorganic fertilizer, for example, superphosphate granules, is also allowed. Ammonium nitrate in water solution will be useful for flowers: in a bucket (10 l) of water 1 tbsp. l substances.
Can I repot during flowering?
When can a plant be transplanted in open ground and is it worth it during flowering? Marigolds are transplanted when the temperature of the environment is not lower than + 10 ° C. This will ensure stable growth and protect against possible damage and subsequent decay. Also, the development of flowers will not slow down or stop. Therefore, if the seedlings are already beginning to appear color, and the conditions on the street do not allow the transplant, you should still hold the plant before the onset of heat.
- Fill with substrate (loose and light) and prepare boxes.
- Make a groove in the soil mixture every 4 cm to 1 cm deep.
- To sprinkle the seeds planted with a mixture of sand and garden land. As a rule, sprouts will appear in a week.
- The first shoots should be in the temperature regime of + 22 ° С - + 25 ° С.
- The grown seedlings can develop at a temperature of + 18 ° C - + 20 ° C.
- The seedling spikes with the appearance of the first two leaves.
An already young, grown-up plant is transferred to the conditions of open growth depending on temperature (not below + 10 ° С), as well as weather. Drops this a favorable period for marigold transplantation from the second half of April to the first part of May.
The place of planting of the planted variety of flowers is determined in advance, since plants need space for growth.
- High varieties are placed in holes 40x40 cm.
- Medium-sized flowers are planted in 30x30 cm fossa.
- For undersized enough deepening 20x20 cm.
From the video you will learn how to sow marigolds on seedlings:
Important conditions for the growth of Chernobrivtsev
Requirements that allow you to get the best samples of the plant:
- The place should be well lit, partial shade or full shade will limit the pomp of the plants and the brightness of the petals.
- Neutral loam is the best soil for marigolds.
- Regular watering flowers needed in the first half of summer.
- Fertilizers are replenished approximately once a month for the whole summer.
How to move to the site?
- Adhere to the scheme for the height of varieties and observe the distance between instances.
- One plant occupies a single well.
- Immediately after planting, seedlings need abundant watering.
- Duration of watering - to strengthen the stem and engraft marigolds.
Sowing directly on the flowerbed
Reproduction of marigolds is produced by seeds, which are sown directly into the ground after the end of frost. After sprawl, bushes are thinned out or less often planted so that for each plant there is enough space for development.
The interval to the first sunrises from the moment the seed is introduced into the soil is 40-50 days. For specific varieties this time is different. Thus, April is the most preferred period for sowing.
Marigolds give strong stalks only in fertile and loose soil. To do this, plow and add to the ground such a composition:
- Humus or compost - 1 part.
- Peat - 2 parts.
- Washed sand from the river - 0.5 parts.
Can I plant them in August and how best to do it? Sowing a plant is made in any warm period and depends on the timing of the first shoots and flowering. Usually, most varieties give flowers after one and a half or two and a half months. Therefore, in mid-September, the first buds will bloom in a flower bed or in October. The first frost or temperature drop occurs already in this period. Therefore, marigolds should be planted at such a time in greenhouses or greenhouses.
Is it possible to sow these flowers before winter?
If this period is missed, plants are planted in a greenhouse in March. However, during late landing, flowering plants are expected no earlier than June.
Reproduction by seeds in an open ground
For planting Chernobrivtsy in open soil perform calculations in the following format:
- For the appearance of the first shoots will need from 1 week.
- Flowering will be 1.5-2.5 months later.
- A favorable period with the right temperature, usually starting in mid-April.
Therefore, it should be planted from mid-late April to May. This will allow by the summer to get flowering areas and developed plants.
What rules must be observed?
Sowing directly into open ground is better suited for southern areas, since there is less chance of falling in the springtime, the temperature regime at night is lower than up to + 7 ° C.
Seeds are planted with these features:
- the soil is well loosened and fertilized,
- just before sowing, seeds are germinated,
- grooves or pits for germinated seeds will be shallow, no more than 5 cm,
- observe the availability of free space between individual plants depending on the plant variety,
- compulsory watering after planting and powdering with garden soil is abundant,
- diseased or weak plants are removed as soon as they are noticed.
Seedlings are planted by other rules:
- For seedlings, it is important to observe the temperature regime in the first week or two after transplantation, therefore, it should not be allowed to work before the onset of stable warm weather.
- The depth of the hole for a seedling is 3-4 cm, if it goes deeper into it by 2-3 cm.
- The smallest distance between the bushes is 20 cm, 30 cm and 40 cm (determined by the selected variety and its subsequent branching).
- Laying the drainage layer to the bottom of the recess will help avoid stagnant water at the roots.
- After careful placement in the hole of the seedling need to sprinkle with soil.
- Provide optimal care for the plants.
Care for "Turkish Carnation"
Care of planted or transplanted marigolds should be carried out taking into account the following mandatory procedures:
- weeding and loosening,
- top dressing
- pest prevention and control.
The care is simple and does not require much effort. First of all, it is important to supply the plant with enough moisture and fertilizer. Watering should be constantly and in moderation and with the active development and growth of plants increase the portions and frequency of watering. Rare watering begin with the onset of flowering. On hot summer days, the evening is most favorable for watering.
During periods of active development of marigolds, weeding and loosening between bushes are done. When weeding, weeds and diseased or weak plants should be removed.
Any fertilizer other than manure will help develop a strong and lush inflorescence. The most favorable periods for feeding: during transplantation or growth, in the period of tying the buds and immediately before the appearance of color.
In summer, marigold bushes can be trimmed to make their appearance more well-groomed and elegant. So new buds can form faster, and blooms become more abundant.
Due to the specific aroma of marigold flowers, most pests prefer not to spoil the flower, but when violations of the rules of cultivation appears gray mold, spider mite, snails and slugs. In the first case, the burning of an infected plant will be effective, in the second - the use of specialized means, and in the third - the manual assembly of pests.
Marigold is a common and unpretentious plant in our country. It is necessary to make the correct planting of seeds, to grow strong seedlings or sprouts on open ground, to provide the necessary fertilizer and care, as well as to constantly maintain the beauty of the plantations.
These flowers grow in the shade, on poor ground without any care. However, then it is scanty flowers on thin and uneven stems, which are radically different from the picture on the packaging of even the most beautiful specimen.