The plant in wildlife has a huge number of pests that want to eat at the expense of green space. Growing flowers in pots is easier, as the prevention and care of crops are simplified. And yet they are exposed to the parasites. Soil mites can be considered as one of the most common. They harm the underground part of gladioli, tulips and lilies, damaging the bulb.
Essential part of the ecosystem
As such, they are in nature. Soil mites constantly live in the soil. They are in the garden and in the field, in the garden. In fact, it is scavengers that prevent soil rot. But where space is limited, and the reproduction of ticks is not controlled at all, they begin to feed on what they eat. Namely, begin to eat the living parts of the plant. Of those varieties that are grown in a pot, most are attacked bulbous.
Root tick is an amazing creature. He is in the soil constantly, but almost nobody notices him. But if you have a bulbous plant dying, then you should shake out the soil and carefully consider it. It is easy to recognize by appearance. This is a bright, translucent insect.
He is very hardy and does not die without food and moisture. Under adverse conditions, it only slows down the metabolic processes. But under suitable conditions, they come to life again and are taken to feed on roots and bulbs.
The soil mite has very strong jaws. Therefore, insects easily damage the tissue of the bulb. In the free space they lay eggs. Gloxinia, hyacinths and orchids are most susceptible.
Signs of defeat
Soil mites in room flowers start up not very often. In the garden, they can be found in beds of garlic or onions, they do not change their preferences in pots. Not only adult insects, but also their larvae harm plants. How can you tell if a green pet needs help?
The first thing start to change leaves. They warp, separate areas change color. Fresh soil that you have calcined or treated with potassium permanganate before planting cannot be infected with a mite. This is usually the problem of pots in which the ground has not changed for a long time. Therefore, do not forget about the rules of care.
If you have ever seen an onion, from which only one shell remains, then you will always remember how a soil mite acts. Damaged bulbs begin to mold and rot. The more time has passed since the bulb was chosen by insects, the greater the damage. Gradually, it loses its elasticity. In it you can see the moves and cavities. Gradually, only one shell remains of it. In it you can find larval skins and excrement. Usually you can see insects at various stages of development.
Where does the problem come from
An ideal condition for the emergence of a soil mite in indoor plants is a warm and overmoistened soil. Therefore, if you tend to fill pots, the risk of ticks increases several times. Pliers crawl quickly from one pot to another. Therefore, infected plants must be destroyed or isolated from healthy ones. A good way out of this situation will be immediate treatment, as well as parallel prevention among healthy plants. The easiest way to get a tick in your collection is to buy bulbs or a substrate in the store, which already has a parasite.
It is much more important to prevent the problem than to deal with it later. This also applies to soil mites. You can see the photo of this pest in our article. If you do not look for it specifically, it is easy to miss tiny insects in the ground. Usually they settle where bulbous plants have been planted. And if a new hyacinth suddenly fell ill, you should dig up the onion and carefully examine it.
But this is the question of the fight. and what to do to pests could not harm your green pets? Let's look at the basic rules.
- Refuse to buy if new plants are suspicious. When buying bulbs, spread the flakes slightly. Parasites can be easily seen, as well as to assess the extent of damage. If the seller does not allow inspecting the bulbs, it is better not to buy them.
- If you use your own plant material, it must be dried after assembly. Tulip bulbs, hyacinth and other popular plants need to be dried for 16 hours at a temperature of +40 degrees.
- Planted plants must be watered with a decoction of chamomile with a temperature of +35 degrees. It will be disastrous for parasites.
- Before placing the bulbs for storage, both the bulbs and the storage must be dried. The room must be pickled, and the bulbs treated with special substances from fungus and ticks.
- Temperature and humidity during storage should be reduced. The higher the rates, the better the conditions for the development of insects. Check the seeds regularly so that you can take immediate action when the slightest sign of a lesion appears. It is best to remove the onion and put separately. If you do not see ticks, then you can watch her condition. When it deteriorates, it is best to burn the onion.
How to get rid of pests
If the damage is minor, and you notice it on time, then no problems with treatment should arise, especially if you know how to get rid of the soil tick.
- The easiest way is a soap solution. They watered the ground and wipe the leaves.
- The second most popular, but not effective, is the infusion of garlic on water. Usually repeat the procedure until the complete disappearance of all symptoms of the disease.
- For indoor plants, you can use an ultraviolet lamp. It is enough to hold it on for two minutes a couple of times a week, and all the pests will completely disappear.
- Nettle also helps to fight pests. To do this, take 0.7 kg of nettle and pour 5 liters of boiling water. Place the vessel in a warm place. After five days, strain, dilute 1:10 and water under the root.
With a strong defeat
And how to deal with a soil mite, if the number of affected areas is already large? Folk remedies can no longer cope, it is necessary to apply more intensive measures of influence. Treatment with systemic insecticides will help destroy all parasites. Moreover, this tool acts for a long time, therefore it manages to destroy even the future generation. Best suited "Aktellk" or "Neoron." Do not forget that insects get used to the drugs used, and therefore they should be alternated. Typically, systemic insecticides can save the plant, even in the most neglected cases. And only if the bulb started to rot because of a large amount of damage, it becomes impossible to save it.
Grape mites and methods of dealing with them
The most common pests of grapes around the world are numerous types of ticks, which, feeding on the juices of the green parts of the plant, weaken the vineyard. With total pest damage, insects that cause the greatest damage to the buds and grape leaves are isolated.
If you do not stop the reproduction of insects in time and do not start using methods of dealing with grapes mites, their livelihoods adversely affect the maturation of shoots, the quality and quantity of berries, and colonies of bacteria and fungi, including causative agents of serious diseases such as mildew and mildew, can develop in the affected parts of the plant. dew.
Female mites hibernating on weeds or inside the kidneys in the spring, already at a temperature of about 7–8 ° C, begin to feed and lay eggs. As a result, the rudiments of inflorescences and shoots are damaged, the brushes formed turn out to be smaller than before tick infestation, and the growth is weaker. If the tick hits the buds, they turn red, become dense and peel off.
Harm from an insect, which gives a season from 6 to 11 generations, increases in the summer months when the grape pruritus feeds on the juices of the green part of the bush.
Traces of the presence of a pest look like deformation of the outer side of the leaf plate, the appearance of noticeable bumps on it, which correspond to small depressions covered with felt or spiderweb.
The stronger the damage to the leaf, the weaker the metabolic processes in its tissues. If you do not take urgent measures to combat grape pruritus, felt stains on the back of the leaves merge, the sheet plate is rolled up, almost falling out of the process of photosynthesis. Leaf weakens and dries. Sometimes maturing brushes are under the felt cover.
If at the beginning of the season the tick settles on the lower tier of the vine, then without proper control, it can settle on younger shoots. The spread of the tick is facilitated by arid hot weather, gusty wind, from diseased parts of the plant to healthy insects get during trimming, planting or inoculation. To minimize the risk of loss of yield from the grape mite, methods of dealing with this pest should include agrotechnical techniques and spraying with modern insecticides and acaricides.
Weakened or frozen in winter shoots must be removed. In autumn or early spring, when the buds of the grapes have not yet started growing, the vine and potential accumulations of grape pruritus are treated with a two-percent solution of DNOC. A 3% nitrafene solution will be effective against hibernating female ticks. Since insects are often hidden by forming a felt covering, special attention is paid to the back of the leaves when treating grapes from diseases and pests.
A long-tried measure of struggle with grape pruritus is considered to be a double treatment of planting with sulfur. It is important that the air temperature was above 20 ° C, and between the procedures it was 10–14 days.
When the plants were attacked by a tick, chemical treatment agents, including Fufanon, Neoron and Aktara, Aktellik or Tevit Jet, are chosen not only because of their efficacy, but also in their safety against bees and humans.
Grape Aphid or Phylloxera
Extremely dangerous for podvuynyh and European grape varieties, the pest is a grape aphid causing damage to plantings in all existing forms, be it larvae, nymphs, winged and soil insects.
Appearing in Europe in the middle of the XIX century, this pest caused crushing damage to the most famous vineyards, calling into question the cultivation of this crop in France.
During the season, aphids produce 7–8 generations; as a result, the phylloxera plants infected with the root form noticeably weaken, their root system is underdeveloped, and without treating the grapes from diseases and pests, the vine dies for several years. To cope with this form can only be completely removing the affected bushes. Leaf form, characterized by the appearance on the back of leaves of galls containing aphids, is usually detected in the second year.
Since this dangerous pest is quarantine, measures to combat it are to prevent the spread of aphids, as well as the use of phylloxero-resistant rootstocks. Actelic, Dilor, Konfidor Maxi and Etafos are used against leaf form. The first treatment is carried out when the buds are massively blooming, and the second at the stage when there are already 9–12 leaves on the shoots.
Leafs and other vermin-damaging pests of grapes
The caterpillars of the crescent, grape, and two-year-old leafworms feed on the buds, delicate flowers and buds of the grapes, as well as the ovary and already ripening berries. As a result, the affected parts of the vine rot or dry out and die. On grape bushes, the scoop and moth caterpillars feeding on buds and leaves also parasitize. Without proper attention, serious damage to the green parts of the plant can be caused by mole-miner, whose larvae that develop in leaf tissue feed on it and make tortuous paths.
To protect the crop from leafworms and a scoop, the grapes are treated for diseases and pests with insecticides during the period when the butterflies fly.
If eggs and caterpillars are found on the grapes, it is important to carefully remove the damaged parts of the plant, preventing the pests from spreading. It is possible to protect the crop by means of three successive treatments with Fozalon, Ambush, Sumicidin, or with biologics of modern series.
Tripsa: description of a pest of grapes, photos and methods of treatment
Parasitic on the green part of grape plants are small, reaching a length of 0.6–2 mm, insects pierce the leaves and shoots and suck the juices, leading to a delay in the development of the bush in spring.
On the leaves affected by thrips, first around the edges, and then over the entire plate, brownish areas appear, the surface is deformed and gradually twists.
Similar damage can be seen on young shoots, antennae, and later on berries. As in the case of the grape mite, methods of combating these insects are to use Phosphamide or BI-58, Carbamyl and Metomila.
Shchitovka and mealybugs
Grape shoots attract many pests. Small shchitovki and mealybugs, leading a sedentary life, settling on the vine, suck juices. This leads to a weakening of the affected parts of the plant, their drying and yield reduction. The presence of scutes gives out glossy spots of honeydew emitted by these insects. However, the damage to the plant from such pests is not limited to the weakening of shoots and foliage, fungi soon develop in the habitats of the insects and insects, and there are pockets of diseases dangerous to the grapes. Where do these grape pests represented in the photo live and how to treat the shrub affected by them?
In the fall, young shchitovki concentrate on the basis of annual shoots, attach and hibernate. In the spring, mature insects give birth to a new generation that emerges from under the scutes of dead females.
Mealybugs with whitish loose waxy mass as a coating can cause serious damage to the grapes. In winter, in the form of larvae under the bark of adult shoots and even on trellis supports, with the onset of heat, pests move to the green parts of the plant, to the shoots and leaves, where they become adults. Mealy worms and various types of scutes are fought by processing all above-ground parts of the bush, as well as trellis details. Spraying is carried out in early spring, before opening of the kidneys and, of course, under great pressure, so that the drug penetrates into the layers of the cortex.
Skosari or weevil beetles
Vineyards are damaged by several species of weevil beetles, which gnaw buds and leaflets of young foliage, and their larvae can seriously damage the root system.
Adult beetles and larvae of this pest overwinter in the soil at a depth of 15 to 30 cm. The activity of insects begins with the arrival of spring, when the air warms up above 10 ° C. The grapes are treated for diseases and pests, including weevils, by means of insecticides, from April to May, when the beetles are actively feeding, and also in June, when young individuals leave the ground. The vineyard is sprayed twice with an interval of 10 days, using chlorophos and fosalon, the soil in between rows is loosened to a depth of at least 15 cm.
Protecting grapes from wasps
If for most of the summer, the os colony is actively increasing its numbers and is looking for protein food for feeding offspring, then in August the insects begin to prepare for winter and their diet changes radically. From the wasps, now interested in exclusively sweet, suffers the harvest of many garden crops, including grapes. Moreover, due to the thin skin of grapes, these pests can seriously reduce yields and adversely affect the quality of brushes.
Therefore, the protection of the vineyard from wasps is a task of paramount importance to the gardener.
To cope with the wasps is not easy because with the ripening berries the use of insecticides becomes dangerous.
The best result can be achieved if you start the fight against the pest in advance and use all existing methods. The destruction of the wasp nests is best done in the evening, when insects gather for the night. If you are going to perform such a task, you must take all measures of personal safety. The site of pest concentration is treated with a fast-acting insecticide active against os.
The use of industrially made and improvised traps will not help to get rid of insects, but using a systematic approach will significantly reduce their numbers. In early summer, the trap is equipped with meat or fish bait, and in August and September the vessel is filled with syrup or other sweet product. As the device is filled, it is cleaned and hung out near the vineyard.
Когда кисти начинают созревать, для защиты винограда от ос, других насекомых и птиц их накрывают чехлами из сетки или нетканого материала. Такое укрытие должно быть достаточно свободным, чтобы не мешать наливу ягод и не допускать появления конденсата внутри и развития гнили.
Постельные паразиты и методы уничтожения
Pests that prefer comfortable living conditions (heat, lack of wind, normal humidity, proximity to a food source - warm-blooded creatures) are found exclusively in homes and apartments. Such insects are called differently: underwear, furniture, due to their lifestyle. So, bed bugs live near the person, and attack only at night, in bed. Accordingly, the nest equip next to the beds. They are characterized by an unremarkable appearance: round body, brown color, stripes on the back.
The main damage caused by bed bugs - itchy bites on the body, allergic reactions, which are manifested by redness and swelling of the place of contact with the parasite. This type of insect does not tolerate dangerous diseases, however, is their carrier. For this reason, bugs do not pose a danger to humans when they are bitten. This fact is surprising from the point of view of science, but still it is worth being wary, because pathogenic microbes leave the parasite's body through excreta. Accordingly, there is a risk of respiratory infection by inhaling the insect feces.
It is for these reasons that the first signs of the appearance of bed bugs should get rid of them as soon as possible. Additional inconveniences that arise in the event of an apartment being infected: an unpleasant odor, traces of habitat, and therefore husks and excrement on the floor, in the folds of clothes, linen, regular bites on the body. Strong chemicals are used as the most effective methods of control. Folk recipes can be used to scare away bedbugs. In a free access is presented a number of drugs that help get rid of bed insects on their own: powders, aerosols, solutions, suspensions, in the form of a pencil.
On plants often live bugs, which are characterized by a bright color, an unusual appearance. Some species are able to change colors, adapting to environmental conditions. This allows insects to go unnoticed in dangerous situations for their enemies. They inhabit garden and garden bugs on cultivated, cereal plants, trees and berry bushes. For humans, most of these pests are not dangerous.
Small colonies are not able to cause serious damage to the crop. However, given the high rate of reproduction, we should expect an increase in the number of colonies. This leads to the defeat of most of the crop. Depending on the type of insect, foliage, fruit, and bark can be damaged. The most common pests: cabbage, rapeseed, green bug, "soldier". The latter species is dangerous for plants only if the number of colonies increases. The bug bug is also harmful.
The main methods of struggle:
In the first case, the pests are collected manually, and each sheet is checked from both sides. Chemical exposure involves the use of organophosphate, pyrethroid compounds. Agrotechnical method includes a number of measures aimed at the destruction of bedbugs in a natural way.
Other members of different families
Representatives of this family live both on land and in water. However, most of the time they spend on the surface of the water surface, deftly moving due to the special structure of the body: legs of different lengths with moisture-resistant edge, low weight. The main representatives of different families: Smooth, Belostoma, Koriskida. Most water bugs are harmless to humans. However, almost all of them bite, causing inconvenience. These insects are ways to attack humans only if they sense danger.
There is no need to fight water bugs. They do not pose a danger to garden crops and warm-blooded creatures. In addition, the bugs of this group contribute to the natural purification of water bodies, as the source of their food is carrion (dead insects). If necessary, you can mechanically collect bugs and move out of the reservoir.
Choosing a bedbug destruction method
There are many ways to affect pests:
- Professional pest control. At the same time processing of all housing is performed, for which experts are invited. Work is done on the condition that tenants leave the premises for a while.
- Drugs that are freely available. These are aerosols, powders, solutions, concentrates, suspensions.
- Handy tools: kerosene, vinegar, ammonia, etc.
- Traditional recipes: various herbs, mixtures of active ingredients.
To find out which of the options is most suitable for specific conditions, you can use this resource.
Here is information about insects of different species. It is possible to learn about the eating habits of habitats, habitat conditions and the life cycle.
Thanks to the portal, you can locate pests at home or on the site, which will effectively get rid of them.
Mealy mite is considered one of the most harmful insects. It not only spoils the cereals, seeds, herbs, food, but also can cause the development of serious human diseases. In order to fight it, it is necessary to examine in detail the information about the pest.
This is one of the insects in which sexual dimorphism is observed (the difference in the appearance of the female and the male). A male individual has a body length of not more than 0.43 mm, so it is rather difficult to see it with the naked eye. The main distinguishing feature of males is the thickened front legs, which have a tapered tooth. Female powdery mite is about one and a half times larger than the male. The length of the practically colorless female body can reach 0.67 mm. The head of such an insect is pale brown, and the legs are yellowish.
The torso of both individuals of the grain mite has a slight rounding at the end. On it are 4 pairs of legs, having approximately the same length. On them are located microscopic suckers that help the insect stay on the plant.
Stages of development
The entire development cycle of pests can take about 2 weeks. During this time, the born insect turns into an adult, which is able to mate and lay eggs.
The life cycle of such a tick begins with mating. This whole process is quite long and takes several hours. During its holding, one can observe a “mating walk” in which a larger female leads a backing male. As fertilization occurs, individuals move away from each other.
The development cycle of the individual mealy tick:
- Egg. A few days after mating, the female begins to lay 3 or 4 eggs per day. In most cases, the place of laying is grass seeds and various grains. If there are no such nearby, then the female throws eggs for food. For the full season, the female is able to lay from 20 to 150 eggs. Such a large difference is due to the presence of different environmental conditions. As a rule, the incubation period lasts 3-4 days.
- Larva. She emerges from an egg very similar to her parents. The only difference from an adult individual is the presence of only three pairs of legs. Larvae very quickly increase in size, as they continuously eat available food. After about three days the developing insect becomes immobile. In this state, it is 1-2 days, and then reincarnation occurs. The protective layer of the skin on the back is broken and the insect proceeds to the next stage of development.
- Nymph. The duration of this stage is 7 days. At this time, the individual continues to actively feed, and then goes into a stationary state. The result of this process is the appearance of an adult individual.
Habitat and diet
Flour mite perfectly adapted to life in various conditions. It can easily tolerate excessively low or high temperatures. The same applies to laid eggs, which do not die at a temperature ranging from -5 to +60 degrees Celsius.
The grain mite can settle in the following places:
- warehouses where grain crops are stored
- clumps of straw
- livestock habitats
- bakeries and other places of flour storage,
- burrows of rodents and other small animals,
- plant remains (accumulation of fall foliage, waste from wheat and other crops),
- cereal and corn fields,
- grocery stores,
- kitchens in private or high-rise buildings.
The diet of mealy mites depends on the habitat. Larvae and adults can eat much more than their weight, therefore they cause serious harm to agriculture.
They feed on such products:
- wheat and corn flour,
- flax seeds,
- rice, wheat and other cereals,
- various fruits
- ground croup,
- homemade baking,
- smoked products
- dried fruits,
Danger to humans and animals
Mealy mite creates many difficulties for workers in the agricultural industry. He eats not only the grown grain, but also young shoots that could give a new crop. Affected seeds are difficult to distinguish from good, which leads to a significant reduction in yield.
Neighborhood with these pests carries great danger to domestic animals and humans. This is due to the fact that mite products contain many harmful microorganisms, including E. coli.
When an infected product enters the body, tick-borne anaphylaxis (a severe allergic reaction that can be fatal) begins to develop. It manifests itself in a few minutes after eating.
The main symptoms of the disease:
- severe shortness of breath
- wet cough
- anaphylactic shock,
- problems with the work of the digestive and urogenital system,
- allergic rash accompanied by severe itching.
If one or more of these symptoms suddenly appear, then you should seek medical help as quickly as possible. They will help determine the cause of the problem and find ways to get rid of it.
Pest control methods
Measures to combat and prevent flour mite include a whole range of measures aimed at eliminating pests or preventing their occurrence. According to the method of exposure to insects, all methods can be divided into 2 categories - physical and chemical.
Physical methods for the destruction of grain mites:
- Heat. A pest cannot live long at temperatures above 60 degrees Celsius. Because of this, the most effective way of getting rid of the parasite is to periodically warm the cereals.
- Cooling. In the cold season should be several times a day to air the room for storing grain. This will help reduce the temperature to -5, which is detrimental to most grain mites.
- Cleaning up At any time of year should regularly sort out the grain. All spoiled and unsuitable for further use of cereals must be removed from the total mass. This simple action will significantly reduce the likelihood of a pest.
There are several chemical ways to combat grain mites. They are based on spraying of cereals with special formulations or processing the room.
Chemical control methods:
- Means, which include phosphorous hydrogen (Katfos, Fumifast, Alfos and others). These chemical compounds make it possible to cover grain stocks with a thin film that will destroy all pests in 24 hours.
- Special insecticides from ticks (Fostoksin, Fostek). Means are diluted in water and used for spraying grain.
- Gas pest control. The room in which the grain is stored is treated with gas. It is important to observe the frequency of the procedure, so as not to harm the grain.
- Aerosol disinfection. Nowadays, it is quite simple to find the right pest remedy. Some of them are made in the form of a spray, which allows for regular spraying of chemicals in barns. Such a measure will not only eliminate all insects, but also prevent their reappearance.
- Combined. It provides for a combination of two or more methods of dealing with a granary tick.
For large enterprises
The most important task of large agricultural enterprises in the winter is to protect the grain stocks that will be used for sowing. If flour mites are started in them, then most of the cereals will lose the ability to grow. This will lead to poor yields and lack of payback.
Necessary measures aimed at combating barn pest:
- Thorough examination of barns and grain warehouses. Employees of an agricultural enterprise should regularly monitor the condition of cereals and carry out the necessary checks.
- Chemical spraying of containers used for the storage and transportation of grain. If you do not, then you can create favorable conditions for the development of insects.
- Preparation of premises for the storage of grain. Before folding the cereals, it is necessary to clean and disinsect. This will not only help get rid of existing pests, but also reduce the risk of their appearance.
- Manipulations with grain. Before you send it to storage, you need to dry it and remove all impurities.
- Treatment of cereals with chemicals. During storage, periodically spray the grain with insecticides to kill the insects that appear.
- Creation of unfavorable conditions for breeding flour mite. Regular airing, maintaining a certain temperature and humidity will not allow pests to multiply and destroy the crop.
- Conducting laboratory checks. For long-term storage, it is recommended to frequently check the grain in laboratories. This will help to identify not only the insects themselves, but also the deposited microscopic eggs.
In a house or apartment
Very often, a grain mite may appear in a city apartment or private house. In most cases, this is due to improper storage or use of food. In order to avoid pests, the following measures should be observed:
- It is not recommended to buy or bring low-quality flour to the apartment. Infected flour has a grayish tint and exudes an unpleasant odor, and is also collected in lumps that do not crumble when touched.
- Be very careful with flour and other items purchased at a very low price. In most cases, such products were improperly stored or expired.
- Mealy mites infest only in large clusters of cereals and flour. Because of this, it is recommended to buy a small amount of products and store them in a hermetically sealed container.
- Products intended for pets (dry food, food residues) must be kept away from humans.
- Food storage areas (storage rooms, kitchen cabinets) should be regularly cleaned and treated with insecticidal agents.
- Experts advise to regularly dry the products in which the mealy mite (flour, groats, dried fruits, medicinal herbs) most of all likes to be.
- Products intended for long-term storage should sometimes be taken out in the cold or refrigerated. A few dozen minutes will be enough to kill all the pests.
- The flour mite is afraid of the smell of bay leaf and garlic. In order to prevent the appearance of this insect, you can put 1 tooth or leaf into a container with food.
A flour mite is a harmful insect that is capable of destroying large stocks of grain and reducing yields. These pests settle not only in barns, but also in the homes of people, carrying the threat of infection with serious diseases. In order not to be afraid of the negative impact of this parasite, it is necessary to follow the recommendations of specialists and carry out preventive measures.
Description of spider mite
The family of spider mites has more than 1,200 species and is found everywhere except in the Antarctic. The size of an adult male is 0.3-0.45 mm, females - 0.4-0.8 mm. An ordinary spider mite turns out to be the most common pest of garden and agricultural plots. It feeds on sap of green plants, leaving behind itself dry skeletons woven over with cobwebs. Phytophage belongs to the arachnid class; it is not an insect, but an animal.
What does a spider mite look like? The shape of his body resembles an ellipse, it is covered with hairs, the back is convex. In larvae there are 6 legs, in adults - 8. On thin legs there are sharp claws with which they cling to the surface of plants. The color of the larvae from light green to brown, with age they darken. Breeding takes place by laying eggs. In the absence of fertilization, males emerge from them, and females emerge from the fertilized clutch.
One generation lives from 14 to 30 days, female individuals have time to lay 100-150 eggs for this period. From each after 3 days, a voracious larva appears. Under adverse conditions, the offspring does not appear 2 weeks. Eggs can lie alive up to 5 years. At each stage of their development from the larva to the adult, the arachnid specimens feed on cell sap. Weakened immunity culture can not cope with infectious diseases. Вслед за вредителем приходит серая гниль, сажистый грибок и другие болезни.
Высокая температура (от 27 0 ) и низкая влажность – оптимальные условия для активного размножения вредителей. При сокращении светового дня они погружаются в диапаузу, состояние зимней спячки. Спрятавшись в щелях построек, почве или остатках растений, фитофаги ожидают наступление тепла. This ability makes it difficult to fight them.
Pest on vegetables - how to fight?
Spider mite has preferences among vegetable crops, most often it chooses cucumbers, melons, eggplants, peppers. Especially good phytophages feel in the greenhouse. Here they are protected from the weather and temperature fluctuations. High reproduction rate in favorable conditions leads to the rapid infection of all vegetables.
The result of the life of the pest are:
- mechanical damage to the back of the leaves,
- slowing the development of the ovary
- when a spider mite appears on cucumbers, the upper tier of the plants turns out to be covered with cobwebs,
- there is a violation of the processes of photosynthesis,
- necrosis develops, the plant deforms and dries out,
- yields are dramatically reduced.
Attention. The natural enemy of spider mite Phytoseiulus persimilis is used in greenhouses to kill pests. The predator feeds exclusively on this species, it is absolutely not dangerous for plants and humans.
Prevention - a significant stage of pest control
The control of phytophagus includes mandatory preventive measures:
- After harvesting, it is necessary to remove all crop residues, to pluck and remove weeds. It is in them that the pests find shelter for the winter.
- Planting should be performed at intervals between rows.
- Re-cultivate the soil, remove the top layer of contaminated soil and replace it with a new one.
- To get rid of the spider mite that hibernates in the greenhouse, it is necessary to fumigate, and burn all the structures with a blowtorch.
- Inside the greenhouse it is recommended to establish a climatic regime that is uncomfortable for pests - humidity 80-90%, temperature up to 25 0.
- Regularly carry out the treatment of acaricidal drugs.
Chemical and biological preparations for processing plants
Methods of dealing with spider mites include the use of improvised means and specially developed drugs. The first option is environmentally safe, but with a strong infection is not effective. At the first signs of the appearance of a pest, it is recommended that all plants be treated with a soap solution (100 g of laundry soap per 10 liters of water). Used infusions of onion peel, garlic and tobacco.
The use of the predatory mite phytoseylus is among environmentally friendly and safe methods of phytophagus destruction. It is enough to place 60 individuals per m 2 plot to get rid of eggs, larvae and adult pests. Acarifag is active at temperatures from 20 0 in high humidity. After the removal of all enemies, the predator will die without food.
Chemicals are much more effective in the struggle to preserve the crop. Created many tools capable of destroying pests at various stages of development.
Treatment of cucumbers with acaricides
- Karbofos - organophosphate, insecticide and acaricide. Available in various forms and concentrations. The active ingredient malathion is effective against insects and arachnids. The duration of protection in open ground 10 days in the greenhouse - up to 7 days. Spraying is done in the evening in calm weather.
- Actellic is a spider mite remedy suitable for use on open and protected soil. The drug belongs to insectoacaricides, it does not affect the plant, it only poisons pests. The substance of enteric-contact action has fumigant properties, destroying phytophages on both sides of the leaves. Duration of exposure - 2-3 weeks.
- Apollo - the action of acaricide is directed to the eggs and larvae. This drug is one of the few that can cope with pests at an early stage of development. Active compound clofentezin sterilizes adults, preventing reproduction. Apollo belongs to acaricides of contact action, for poisoning of eggs it is necessary to moisten plants with a freshly prepared solution. Substance is slightly toxic, safe for humans and insects. Drug protection is valid up to 2 months.
Attention. When treating crops with a single chemical preparation, pests develop addiction. During the summer season it is necessary to change the means of destruction.
Types of ticks on indoor plants
Among plant diseases a spider mite occupies a special place. Phytophagous - persistent and difficult to remove pests, including several species:
- The common spider mite is a species common on soil and indoors. Colonies settle on the underside of leaves, hiding from the sun. Adults quickly crawl from an infected plant to neighboring flowers.
- Red mite - houseplants often suffer from attacks of a small pest that grows on lemon, orchids, roses, balsamine. Soft-bodied females with a size of 0.5 mm in purple, males of 0.3 mm are colored bright red.
- False spider mite - different in miniature size of 0.25 mm, the web does not spin. Infection becomes noticeable with a huge number of individuals.
- Atlantic tick - looks like a spider mite, which is noticeable in the photo. It propagates at any humidity, prefers palm trees and citrus trees.
- Cyclamen mite - affects the edges of the leaves, buds and stems. Not visible to the naked eye. Colonies settle on the upper side of the leaves and look like a layer of dust. Pests choose cyclamens, balsamines, chrysanthemums and other tuberous plants.
- The wide spider mite - phytophagus is very prolific; a new generation appears on the leaves every 5 days. After 2-3 weeks, the plant is entangled in cobwebs and clusters of mites, similar to reddish-brown dust. The pest attacks oleander, ficus, cactus, taghetis. Sulfur preparations are effective against it.
- Cactus flat mite - for the destruction of phytophages recommended the use of insecticides. Processing is carried out several times with an interval of 7 days.
Where does the spider mite on flowers come from?
Pests are unpretentious in choosing a habitat, they can be found on various indoor flowers:
The first signs of infection - yellow dots on the leaves, over time, merging into a large spot. Microscopic arthropods in small quantities do not entwine houseplants with cobwebs, therefore not immediately noticeable. Usually, the damage caused by them is blamed on the lack or excess of moisture. Search for pests should be on the back of the leaves. When there are several dozen individuals, they can be noticed.
Spider mite on ficus
Attention. If you suspect a spider mite appears on a ficus, it is worth conducting a simple study. Slide the sheet over the paper and then examine the surface with a magnifying glass. A few pests will surely fall from the plant and be noticed.
How are indoor plants infected?
The pest hits the plants in various ways:
- With an infected room flower. When buying a new plant, you need to carefully examine its leaves. Ticks will fail to notice, and the yellow dots on the leaves will make you think about the health of the plant.
Council It is recommended to place a new flower in quarantine for 2 weeks. If it turns out that he is a pest carrier, only he will have to be treated, and the rest of the plants will not suffer.
With a primer. Purchase or from the street soil can conceal the danger in the form of a female or spider mite larvae. Spider-like can sink into diapause, a state of slow metabolism, under adverse conditions. They come to life with a rise in temperature and a decrease in humidity. After the start of the heating season, the pest begins active livelihoods.
Council The soil taken on the street is recommended to be ignited in the oven.
Pest control methods
Many flower lovers have not previously encountered such a problem, so they do not know how to deal with spider mites on indoor plants. Methods for the destruction of the parasite depend on the degree of its spread. At the initial stage it is necessary to use a mechanical method - to pick off the yellowed leaves, where the main part of the pests accumulated, and to burn them. The plant itself is subjected to treatment with soapy water. It is prepared at the rate of 10-20 g of household or tar soap per 1 liter of water.
Treatment with soapy water
After removing the dry leaves, the rest are wiped with a cloth moistened in soapy water on both sides. This allows you to remove the adults and part of the larvae. To enhance the effect of the plant with moisture foam is placed 2 days in a plastic bag. After 48 hours, it is thoroughly rinsed with a warm shower. The procedure is not a one-time, a week later it is repeated.
Attention. Simultaneously with the color processing, it is necessary to wash the window sill (with soap or alcohol), the window frames, and wash the curtains.
A common method of getting rid of spider mites is alcohol treatment. It should be carried out carefully, first try on a single leaf so that there is no burn. Apply alcohol with a spray or cotton pad. The treatment is suitable for ficus, dieffenbachia and other plants with dense leaves. Such disinfection is effective for window frames. Exposure to ultraviolet lamps is recommended. It is only good for plants, and mites always avoid contact with UV light.
Without the use of chemicals to completely remove pests will not work. Modern acaricidal drugs are designed for use in closed premises. An effective method of dealing with spider mites is spraying with chemical compounds and their treatment of the earth in a pot. Among the recommended tools:
Plant-based bio-insecticide Fitoverm can be safely used at home. It is recommended for the prevention and destruction of pests on indoor plants. The impact of the product begins 6-7 hours after application. The period of protective action is 2-3 weeks. Ampoule of the drug (2 ml) must be wound up in 1 liter of water, the ready-made composition to intensively spray infected plants.
Modern acaricidal drug is used not only in the garden, but also for the destruction of pests on flowers - roses, violets, ficus and others. The tool is offered in the form of a concentrated emulsion and water-soluble granules. Small packaging in ampoules and sachets is convenient when processing household plants. Aktara from spider mite is a systemic drug. It penetrates the leaves and tissues of plants, sucking the juice from them, the pests receive a dose of poison.
One hour after the insecticide gets into their organism, the phytophages lose their ability to feed and die within a day. The action of the drug when applied to the soil protects indoor plants for 2 months. When spraying, use fresh solution. When working with a toxic substance, care should be taken - wear gloves, wash face and hands after work, change clothes.
Sticks with the active substance butoxycarboxim. A remedy for spider mites on indoor plants that does not require spraying. The number of sticks depends on the diameter of the pot - by 9 cm - 1, by 12 cm - 2, by 20 cm - 5-6. They are stuck into the ground at a distance of 2 cm from the plant. During watering, the active substance dissolves and enters the roots of the flower. The impact of the drug is noted in 3-7 days. It will protect against the pest for 8 weeks. A similar action has a tool Etysso.
It is better to prevent phytophagous infection than to fight them. The simple rules will help to keep indoor plants:
- The active development of spider mites on lemon, ficus and other indoor plants occurs in dry air conditions. It should be more often to air the room and splash the plants with water.
Spraying - pest prevention
- Cooked independently or bought groundwater is sterilized in the oven, the moss is treated with boiling water.
- When processing plants, it is necessary to wipe the windowsill where fallen pests may be located.
- You can not put bouquets of cut flowers next to potted plants.
- New plants should go through the quarantine period - stand apart from the other 2-3 weeks after purchase. Even if the purchase is made in a specialty store.
Council Place flower pots in wide trays of water, which will gradually evaporate, creating moisture that is uncomfortable for ticks.
Measures of prevention and control of spider mites are characterized by an integrated approach. They require consideration of the developmental features of the pest. If after the first treatment the complete destruction did not occur, then after 7-10 days it must be repeated. Ticks are resistant to external factors, but with proper perseverance and they can be defeated.
This type of tick feeds on currant buds. Its size is very small, it is impossible to detect if you do not look in a magnifying glass, females - up to 0.3 mm, males are even smaller. The presence of ticks will be recognized by the characteristic traces of their activity. These are carriers of viral diseases, for example, infect currants with leaf curl, which greatly weakens the bush. In addition, after the feast of the kidney tick, weak currants become susceptible to infection with goldfish, barbs and stem glaciers.
Insect breeds in the spring is very active. When the thermometer is installed at the level of not less than 10 degrees, the females lay up to 18,000 eggs. Break the affected kidney in half, you will see a solid mass of vitreous eggs. A week later, the larvae will begin to hatch.
Pouring boiling water over the bush
Many gardeners pour currant water over the currants. This leads to the death of the tick, the bush becomes stronger, it becomes immune to powdery mildew. This procedure is carried out according to the following rules:
- Boiling water is not used. She is brought to a boil, but while she is transported to the garden and poured into a watering can, she has time to cool down a bit. Thus it is possible to avoid damage to the kidneys, the pest does not withstand high temperatures and dies.
- Before the procedure, the branches of the bush are connected to each other.
- Open buds are no longer boiling water. When the term is missed, the procedure is transferred to autumn, the leaves will fly around and the affected buds will be visible.
Removal of the kidneys by mechanical means
This method requires a lot of patience and attention. Kidneys are selected in the winter or spring until the moment of their disclosure. This control measure is laborious and does not always work, because it is difficult to distinguish diseased kidneys from healthy ones, since all the kidneys swell before opening.
Plus, the gardener should carefully inspect the entire bush, because if there is at least one infected kidney, the spread of the kidney tick will continue. After collecting the pests, the kidneys are burned.
Young shrub bud ticks can damage by 30-40%. Therefore, in the spring, pruning is carried out right under the stump, and the branches are burned. Wounds are treated with Nitrafen. Cut branches on the ground can not be thrown, because it will infect other plants. In July, pruned shoots are pruned, leaving the strongest ones. Fruiting will begin in a year. If an adult bush is heavily infected, it must be uprooted and burned right there at this place. Since the age of six, radical control measures are not applied.
Kidney tick doesn't like sulfurtherefore, solutions act as a measure to combat it:
- colloidal sulfur (take 10 g per bucket of water),
- Karbofos (per 10 liters of water 75 g),
- lime sulfur brew.
Currant sprayed during flowering and after it. Re-treatment is carried out in half concentration. Some varieties of currants get burned, so they respond to spraying by dropping leaves.
The use of acaricides and folk remedies
Insecticides on arachnids, to which kidney mites are counted, do not work. Therefore, acaricides or insectoacaricides are used. These include drugs:
Currant mite is afraid of garlic. To combat it, the bushes during the period of budding and after the flowers fall off are treated with garlic solution. To prepare it, take 200 g of minced garlic and 10 liters of water, mix, filter and immediately spray.
Planting resistant varieties
There are varieties of currant, showing relative resistance to the kidney mite. These are the following cultures:
- Memory Gubenko,
- Early sweet
- Early Potapenko,
Planting material must be purchased from trusted vendors. If doubts about the "purity" of saplings or cuttings still remain, then they are disinfected in the prepared solution, for this take:
- Colloidal sulfur - 40 g
- Agrovertin - 10 g,
- Water - 10 liters.
If you want to save your favorite currant bush from a kidney tick, you need to cut cuttings from it before the snow melts, at this time the females do not lay eggs. The cuttings are treated with carbofos or agrovertine for 15 minutes.
This tick is widely distributed, it can be seen on almost all plants. It also refers to arachnids, it has 4 pairs of paws and an almost invisible size - up to 0.6 mm. Его личинки высасывают сок из молодых побегов и листьев. В результате клетки погибают, снижается фотосинтез, растение становится слабым и плохо сопротивляется инфекциям.
Паутинные клещи селятся колониями в несколько сотен особей на нижней стороне листьев. В зависимости от разных факторов они окрашены в красный, бурый, оранжевый или желтовато-зеленый цвет. Зимуют они под опавшими листьями или в верхнем слое почвы. In the spring, when buds begin to bloom, they climb onto plants. The first generation can feed on weeds, then they move to crops. Bushes affected by insects, harder waiting winter frosts and losing some of the yield.
The lifetime of the tick is approximately 12-23 days. It depends on habitat conditions. So, the most comfortable temperature is 27-30 degrees, while the humidity should not be more than 60%. Females lay hundreds of eggs for life, they mature in three days. Spider mites are carriers of various infections, including viruses and fungi.
Signs of a bush infection
A sign of the appearance of spider mites on currants is the appearance of bite spots, painted in yellow dots. Gradually the sheet becomes marble, after which it turns yellow. In the course of the life of the pest, sap flow in the leaves is disturbed, then they become dehydrated and dry out.
If you do not take measures to combat the parasite, the currant bush will eventually become covered with a thin web in which the mites make nests.
Treatment with acaricidal preparations
Currant bushes before bud break treated with solutions of acaricides. The following drugs will do:
They protect the plant from ticks for 20 days. Mite dies in a day. These preparations are not dangerous for fish, birds, insect predators, with the exception of bees. Therefore, they are used before flowering.
Fresh solution in dry and windless weather leaves well moistened on both sides. Treat several times, you must wait 4-5 days between procedures. It is worth considering that the mites quickly produce an antidote to the drug, so the chemicals need to alternate. For example, Sunmite has proven himself well, he acts on all stages of the development of the tick, but it is quickly addictive, therefore insensitive populations appear to the drug. It is used once a year.. Sterilizing effects have drugs Apollo, Nissoran, Fufanon.
Popular methods and preventive measures
The use of insect pest chemicals is not suitable for everyone. Many prefer to fight them with folk remedies:
- If the number is small, spraying the bushes spend garlic infusion. To prepare take 150 g of husk heads and dried leaves, pour ten liters of warm water. After a day, the resulting infusion need to process the plants. You can replace dry leaves with 200 g of garlic or onion turnips, the proportions of water are the same. Need to insist two hours.
- Mustard infusion gives good results. You need to take 200 g of dry matter in a bucket of water, insist 12 hours, strain and spray the bush.
- If there is a dandelion at the dacha, then it can be used to scare away a spider mite that does not tolerate it. Chop 200 g of roots and 50 g of leaves, cover with 10 liters of warm water and let stand for 3 hours, then strain. Spraying is carried out twice - in the period of leaf dissolution and after flowering.
- Early in the spring, pick up the leaves and roots of the black henbane and boil them to get a decoction: pour 2 kg of raw materials with water and boil for 3 hours. Then add water to get 10 liters. This plant is poisonous, so they work with it in gloves.
- The extract of horseradish is effective: 1 kg of leaves are scrolled in a meat grinder, for three hours a day in three liters of water. You can take the roots, they need half as much.
Spider mites do not tolerate high humidity. If you use this Achilles heel of the tick, you can reduce its population by half. Especially in hot weather, irrigation of currant bushes will benefit her, it is important to try that the drops fall on the lower side of the leaves.
In the autumn season, for prevention, it is necessary to collect fallen leaves and expose to fire, as ticks overwinter in it. During the entire growing season, weeds must be plucked at the site, keeping them clean, since they are inhabited by pests.
If you comply with preventive measures, the currant will be less likely to be exposed to diseases and attacks of pests.
Tick harmfulness level
Is this microscopic pest really so bad? A simple calculation shows that if only 50 larvae survived from each female in the offspring (and she is capable of giving 200 eggs), then for 15 generations a year the number of individuals would cover the globe with a layer of 2 meters. Therefore, even a small initial amount of mites in the garden can give a sudden epiphytotic outbreak of the pest and lead to the death of infected crops as soon as possible. Especially dangerous for plants are kidney mites. Their number in one kidney is from 100 and above individuals. Therefore, ticks are among the most dangerous pests of plants.
Description of garden ticks
Ticks belong to the group of very small arachnids. The length of the body varies in males from 0.03 mm to 1.0 cm, in females from 0.05 mm to 3.0 cm. The body is rounded, covered with bristles or sometimes microscopic warts, divided into 2 parts - cephalothorax and abdomen. On the head there are 2 pairs of simple eyes. Piercing-sucking mouth apparatus mites pierces the fabric and sucks the juice of plants. 6 pairs of appendages that serve as legs help the animal to move. Feet five-membered. Hence the name - arthropods. Body color is red, brown, gray-green, yellowish-green or green and depends on the color of the main host.
Cycle development and reproduction of ticks
Adult fertilized females and eggs hibernate under the bark, in its cracks, and also in fallen leaves. In the spring, females depart from hibernation when the air temperature is above + 12 ° C and transfer to the leaves and buds of the plants, where they feed and lay new eggs.
A new development cycle starts from autumn eggs, which can take from 6-7 to 20 days, from egg to imago, depending on the ambient temperature. For a year, ticks in enclosed spaces form up to 25 generations. On the garden plots during the warm season (especially in the southern regions) they form from 6 to 10 generations. The female lives up to a month and during this time is able to lay up to 200 eggs.
Signs of leaf damage with gall mites. © Beentree
One generation goes through the following time stages of development.:
- eggs retain their vitality up to 5 years,
- the larva hatch from the egg on the third day, its life expectancy is 1 day,
- nymphs develop 4 days and are reborn as adults, distinguished by sexual dimorphism.
That is, under optimal conditions in any region, one generation takes only 8-9 days. The females are larger than the male. Each stage of mite development is accompanied by molting. As can be seen, the fecundity of the tick is very high, and the small time cycle of development contributes to its rapid reproduction. Suspension of reproduction occurs only in cold winter weather and with the onset of spring it resumes and continues without interruption until the next freezing.
Tick distribution area
In Russia, the most common garden spider mite. The distribution area covers black and nonchernozem zones of the European part of Russia, the South Caucasus, and the southern regions. The brown fruit mite has advanced further to the northern regions, but in conditions of a limited warm period it only has 1-2 generations to form. As a species, in the south, brown garden ticks are most harmful and can form 4-5 full-fledged generations during the warm season. Gall mites are less common and most often breed on certain garden, forest and park cultures.
Tick control methods
Tick control methods include:
Preventive and preventive control measures
Preventive and preventive measures will help not only protect crops from the tick, but also other pests that hibernate in or under the trees.
Keeping the site clean. It is not necessary to constantly destroy the weeds and leave the soil without shadow protection under the sizzling hot rays of the summer sun. They can be cut to a high (up to 10 cm) stubble before seeding. Moisture will remain, weed roots will help keep the soil in a loosened state. And in the fall, when digging, they will replenish the soil with organic matter.
In the autumn, the soil under the canopy of trees should be cleaned from dry leaves and branches, pruned shoots and other debris.
When autumn and spring pruning, sanding shtambov and skeletal branches from the diseased, dying, exfoliating bark, it is necessary to destroy all waste.
It is imperative to make the stumps of trees with a freshly prepared solution of lime with the addition of copper sulfate and other ingredients.
Be sure to impose trap belts and replace them in the summer every month. It is necessary to impose trap belts during the harvesting period and replace them with new ones after the leaf fall. Old destroy.
comply with agrotechnical requirements for the care of the crop: watering, feeding, protective measures, etc.,
Planted only zoned varieties resistant to pests.
Cultures that have received the necessary organo-mineral nutrition in a timely manner increase resistance to pests.
Ticks do not tolerate wet mode. Therefore, in hot dry weather (dry period) it is necessary to sprinkle the garden plot and the surrounding area. Such a simple technique (especially in the spring with the development of the first generation) will relieve parasites, and the released plants will quickly recover.
Macro shot of spider mite. © luxurytrees
Chemical Tick Control Measures
If the garden and the surrounding area are flooded with pests, do not do without chemicals. But it must be remembered that they adversely affect the health of humans, animals and insects and take all measures to protect their health and the environment. Dilution of the drug, spraying of plants, the recommended time interval for the use of toxic substances must be strictly followed in accordance with the recommendations.
Ticks are not insects, they form a group of arthropods and insecticides are not suitable for fighting them. To combat ticks developed a group of chemicals acaricides and insectoacaricides. All of them belong to the class of dangerous to humans and animals. The effect on the pest is enteric-contact. The number of treatments of plants depends on the ambient temperature. The higher the temperature, the smaller the interval between treatments. With an average air temperature of +18 .. + 22 ° С, 3-4 treatments are performed every 1-2 weeks. If the temperature indices rise above +25 .. + 30 ° С, the interval of treatments is reduced to 3 - 4 days so that the hatching female does not have time to mature and lay new eggs.
Of the recommended drugs in the spring when mass exoduses from wintering sites, garden crops can be processed:
- 10% karbofosy (75 g / 10 l of water),
- 10% trichlormetaphos (50-100 g / 10 l of water).
Effective double spraying Decis-CE or mitakom-KE, respectively, for 10 liters of water use 2-5 and 20-30 ml of the drug.
Can be used for plant treatments keltan, telly, difokol according to the recommendations.
In the summer, tank mixes are effective. To insecticidal drugs against aphids, codling moth, other caterpillars can be added chloroethanol, isophene or colloidal sulfur, respectively 20, 60, 100 g per bucket of water. Pre-additives should be checked for compatibility.
Currently the most common drugs are actellic, neoron, abamectin, Agravertin Pay attention to the new class of drugs on the pest. Drugs oberon, invider, Judo. They act as inhibitors of lipid metabolism, to some extent they can replace systemic acaricides (they are not yet commercially effective).
Of the chemical preparations for the processing of berries can be recommended arbofos and colloidal sulfur. On strawberries, a solution of colloidal sulfur is effective against a strawberry mite.
Recent chemical treatments should not be carried out later than 35 days before harvest. Pay attention to the frequency of egg laying. The most frequent occurring in June, the smallest - in March and October. Accordingly, the frequency of protective actions should also change.
Biological measures against ticks
For private garden plots the most acceptable biological methods of protection. Biological products are developed on the basis of beneficial soil fungi, bacteria that do not harm humans, animals, fish and beneficial insects. Using biopreparations in 2-3 days you can use berries and fruits for food.
However, when using them, it is necessary to take into account that 1 - 2 sprays are not enough. Systematic treatment of plants for a long time (at least 5-6 treatments) is necessary. Drugs reduce their effectiveness at temperatures below + 18 ° C and in wet weather. The result of treatments is manifested at 2-4 days.
Biopreparations are effective against herbivorous ticks actophyte (acarin), bicol, bitoxibacillin, fitoderm, summer resident. Along the way, these biological products destroy up to 5-10 species of sucking and gnawing pests. By the way, these drugs can be used to protect indoor and greenhouse plants. The concentration of the working solutions for the treatment of plants and the frequency of spraying are indicated in the documentation accompanying the biological preparation. An independent increase in the concentration of solutions will not provide the expected efficiency, but will require additional financial costs.
Spiderweb on a tick-borne plant. © Michael Z.
Folk remedies against ticks
The use of folk remedies is the preparation of solutions, infusions from plants with the properties of acaricides and the treatment of plants by them. When preparing working solutions from such plants it is necessary to be careful and use personal safety measures. Acaricide / insecticide plants can be attributed to chemical preparations for the effects on human and animal health. Therefore, it is better to use non-poisonous plants (excluding from the list of hemlock, hogweed, aconite, ...). Spray them should be only in the evening when useful insects do not work in the gardens (bees, bumblebees, beneficial insects). Solutions from herbs and other green plants belong to the group of preventive control methods. With a large reproduction of the pest, it is necessary to switch to more effective drugs, better from the biological group.
From safe for humans can recommend spraying plants:
- Decoction onion peel.
- Infusion needles or garlic. Effectively use infusion garlic shooter.
- Two-hour infusion of 200-400 g dandelion leaves and roots 10 liters of heated water is effective against leaf mites and thrips.
- At 10 liters of boiling water add about 1 kg of dry above-ground mass yarrow, insist in a sealed container for 1.5-2.0 days and sprinkle the plants with a filtered solution. The solution also acts against aphids and thrips.
- Alder leaves used to protect the root system of seedlings from root mites. Per liter of boiling water using a glass of dry alder leaves. Day insist. Heat to +40 .. + - 50 ° С and lower the seedlings' roots into the solution for 5 minutes.
- In the spring bushes and small trees (seedlings) are treated with a preventive purpose solution laundry soap.
- Effective use ash infusion. A glass of ash poured into 5 liters of water. Insist 2-3 days. Filter, add 30-50 g of household or green soap. Spray the plants.
- The same effect has a solution of 2 - 3 ml kerosene in 10 liters of water with the addition of 30-40 g of soap.
- Gooseberries and currants can be protected from the invasion of ticks by placing cans of water and fresh branches between bushes elderberry black and red.
- Tick repellent plants include species feverfew (Dalmatian, Caucasian, Persian chamomile), marigold, calendula.