Hold out without watering plants can be two weeks. To do this, they must be prepared as follows.
- Liberally pour.
- Choose a place where there is less lighting so that the moisture does not evaporate much.
- Cut off all the buds and flowers and thin the leaves.
- Put all the pots together in a large pan on a layer of expanded clay, filled with water from below.
- Cover it all with a wrap.
Simplest Autowatering Device
You can put water-filled bottles with a hole in the lid in flower pots. They are lowered down the hole, and the moisture is gradually absorbed into the ground. The simplest device for automatic watering of indoor plants of industrial production is a flask with water connected to a ceramic cone immersed in the ground. After the flask is free, it is removed from the pot and refilled.
The system of gravity automatic irrigation do it yourself
Auto-watering of houseplants can be done with an ordinary dropper. Needles and tips from it must be removed. You will also need: a hose from the car glass washer, a plastic bottle from under drinking water (5 liters) and the simplest ballpoint pen.
The section of the handle is cut and inserted with the threaded end into the hole made in the lower part of the bottle. From the inside, a cap with a sealing rubber washer and a pre-cut tip is screwed onto the improvised fitting so that water can flow out of it.
The sections of the infusion system hose of the dropper with water flow regulators located on them are cut off. Then the tube system is connected using plastic tees to water the plants in several pots. The main water supply line is collected from the washing hoses, and the outlets to each pot are made from thin hoses with flow regulators. The entire system is connected to a plastic tube made of a ballpoint pen and secured in the bottle. Where the hose is not put on the tube or tee, it is warmed up with a hairdryer, put on a wood expander.
Auto-watering of indoor plants is done with the installation of the container above the pots of flowers, so that the water flows under the influence of gravity. Rods of wood or plastic are stuck into the soil of the pots, and an irrigation system is attached to them. Each plant is supplied with its own hose with a regulator. For the movement of water from the bottle should be provided with a constant slope to create a regular pressure and uniform flow of fluid. The free end of the hose is closed with a stopper, after which the watering through the entire system is adjusted, depending on the needs of the plants. At the outlet of the bottle, it is advisable to make a general flow regulator so that water is supplied periodically.
One system of automatic watering of indoor plants can not cope with the work when there are many pots. It is possible to make several supplies (in the form of branching). Water supply is made to each group of pots separately.
Automatic watering system with periodic water supply
The device of automatic watering of houseplants is better for making with periodic water supply. For this you need a pump and a timer. Pumps are used submersible and external. For a small DC device, a voltage source of 12 V is needed. The power supply from the old computer will be sufficient. It will provide a current of 4-5 A. As a control device for switching on and off the pump, a daily timer is needed, the step of which does not exceed 1 min.
The system of automatic watering of indoor plants can work without a pump if you install an electromagnetic valve that will temporarily open the water supply and then close it again on command from the timer. In this case, the container with the liquid is set above the pot. Autowatering indoor plants (system) is as follows.
A timer is connected to the power supply unit of 12 V and is set to turn on, for example, for 2 minutes at a certain time of the day. Then a 12 V pump is connected to it with polarity. Polyethylene hoses must be securely fastened so that they will not be blown off by the pressure of the pump. Clamps should be worn everywhere in the joints.
Auto-watering of indoor plants with their own hands is done in such a way that a container with water is located below the flower pots, and the liquid does not flow out of the system by itself. So that the pressure in the system is uniform, water can be supplied to a collector of a larger diameter, and from it diluted in pots of flowers. To relieve excess pressure, one hose must be directed from the manifold back to the tank and a flow regulator installed on it.
Autowatering indoor plants. Reviews
Users note that the automatic watering system is not entirely reliable. There are observations that it is eventually clogged with calcium salts. Now there are many ways to deal with this, for example, washing in solutions that remove scale. Can be watered with rain or softened water.
As the level of liquid in the tank decreases, the flow rate also decreases. To do this, you can take a larger capacity tank. The use of a pump provides the desired pressure in the system.
Devices for regulating the flow of fluid in the dropper are not designed for long-term operation. The polyethylene hose loses its flexibility, and its performance deteriorates. You can replace the material or find another, for example, from rubber.
Many flower growers have problems regulating water consumption for small plants. Here only the timer with the periodic inclusion of watering will help. In addition, you can use ceramic nozzles on the hoses through which moisture passes slowly.
How to prepare vases for their long absence
- If the plant is unpretentious and "lives" in a large pot, you can just water it well. This may be enough for a week, or even two.
- Do not place pots on a lighted window sill or near a hot battery. So the moisture from the soil will evaporate more slowly.
- If there are many pots, put them all in one place. So the plants will create their own microclimate of high humidity, in which they will be as comfortable as possible.
- Cut off all the excess - wilted flowers (or fresh flowers as well as buds), old (lower) leaves. So the flower for life will need less fluid.
- Do not feed the flowers at least 2 weeks before your departure. The fact is that in order to assimilate the minerals contained in the feeding, plants need a lot of liquid. And there are no minerals - there is no water waste.
Also, some housewives (owners) wrap the top of the plant with a film or a package so that it loses less liquid.
True, this method is very controversial: for a flower it is sheer stress, moreover, the plant will not last long in such a close “greenhouse”. And if the leaves of the pet have a fluff, “under the hood”, they can begin to rot.
Finally, upon returning home, it is strictly forbidden to simply tear off the package from the flower: this, again, is stress. First, you need to make a small hole in it, then increase it ... In general, the plant must be taught to clean air slowly and "from afar", which is inconvenient.
This automatic watering of flowers is good if your pets grow in pots with holes at the bottom.
Prepare a large bowl in which to fit all the pots. Pour some claydite inside (building material that looks like large ceramic peas). Pour all the pots, place them in the basin (remove the pans from each pot). Dip the expanded clay on the sides, pour water.
Important: the roots should not touch the water, so the pots should not be buried in the expanded clay, and stand on top.
If it seems to you that there is not enough water, on top of this, overlay the pots with a layer of damp moss. And besides, the holes in the bottoms of the pots should not be too large, otherwise the pot will draw excess water and rotting may begin in the roots.
Cons of this method:
- if at least one flower has a fungal disease, such a “hostel” can result in a total infection,
- This method will allow the plants to receive moisture for a maximum of 20 days (and if they are very moisture-loving, then even less will last - 7 days).
Do not want to fool with claydite? Buy a capillary mat. It can just as well be soaked with water and put pots on it. Under the mat lay a layer of garden film.
Important: if the store offers you cheaper geotextiles, refuse - this is not an eco-friendly material that can harm your tender pets.
The cost of such mats - about 3 euros per meter (and the width may be different - from 100 to 200 cm).
Drop automatic watering for indoor plants
Such methods can be used either alone or with the help of them of the aforementioned general pallet system.
Important: with this irrigation water is supplied to the flowers very dosed. And since all our pets have different appetites, it is important to check and adjust your chosen method long before the release, at least for a week.
- Wick. This option requires a transplant flower. For each pet, prepare a long wick (cord, you can take a thick bandage rolled up with a straw). One end of it lay on the bottom of the pot, coiling rings. Plant the plant in the pot, and lower the hanging end of the wick in a container with water (it should be larger than the pot, if the container is small, just place it higher - say, on the bucket). Mostly this way love violets. By the way, in this photo you can see another version of wick irrigation using a bottle-pallet. Smart, isn't it?
- Upside down bottle. A way for large pots. Type in a bottle of water. Traditionally used plastic, but people with fantasy use even wine. Make a small hole in the lid (water will flow out from here), do the second one in the bottom (air will enter here). You can use a hot nail. Put the bottle into the ground with the cap down. Check whether the earth is saturated enough with moisture - maybe the holes will have to be made larger.
- Aqua globes. "Domestic" version of watering with a bottle. The capacity here is a purchased flask, which is stuck into the ground in a narrow part. Funny, but traditionally they look like a large enema. However, manufacturers can please buyers and more interesting form, creating a polivalku, say, in the form of a bird or a snail. And in fact, this is the same bottle, only for aesthetes (and at prices ranging from 3 to 5 dollars apiece).
- Watering with cones. Another purchased "bottle-wick" look. You buy ceramic cones, stick one into the pot one by one, and then use a thin tube to attach the cone to a container of water. This method even helps regulate the flow of water - the lower you put the pot from the tank, the more drops will flow into it. Price issue: from 1.5 to 15 euros per cone. The most popular (albeit expensive) producer of such products is Blumart.
- Hydrogel This tool can be used in different ways. Ideal: mix dry balls of hydrogel with the ground, plant the plant loosely in it, water well. The gel will absorb a lot of moisture, which will be a couple of weeks to give the flower. Another way: soak the gel, and when it swells, sprinkle them on top of a pot with a flower. And so that the liquid does not evaporate into the air, cover the balls with moss on top. And in some cases, flowerpots (mainly sprouts) and put at all in a container filled with colored balls. And beautiful, and practical!
- Dropper. Yes, the usual pharmacy, inexpensive - but with a built-in regulator that allows you to fine-tune the flow of water into the soil. The system can even be connected to a five-liter plastic bottle - the main thing is that it stands above the pots.
If you are very often at the departures (for example, you are constantly sent on business trips), or simply because of affairs you forget about flowers, buy ready-made smart auto-irrigation. We offer a video report about one of them. It is called "Smart drop" and coined for long-term use.
Here is what it looks like:
Is it necessary to automatically irrigate indoor flowers?
Very often, ornamental plants and even some edible plants are planted on a loggia or a warmed balcony, on a veranda or simply in a room. Dill, onion, or even a tomato may well grow near the flowers. However, with a large number of room plantings or frequent absences, it is not always possible to provide the plants with timely watering, then various automatic systems are very helpful. When you are at home, the device for automatic watering is convenient because, once filled with water, you can forget about the need to moisten the soil in pots and trays for a few days.
Device for automatic watering of home plants
For the most part, drip irrigation is organized for indoor crops, since it requires a small amount of water and constantly keeps the soil moist without pouring it. This option is especially useful when your whole family is going to rest and there will be no one to water the plants for several days. Before leaving, it is better to try the method under your control several times.
Ready-made automatic watering systems of flowers: pros and cons
To begin with, let's consider the simplest option: the purchase of a ready-made autowatering system. For the most part, automated systems are equipped with a low-powered pump with a filter, a bundle of long elastic tubes and droppers. Sometimes a power supply with a timer is turned on, which starts and shuts off the pump at a fixed time.
Ready system of autowatering
The main disadvantage is just an electrician. During the long absence of the owners, the electricity in the house can be turned off more than once, and if the refrigerator starts operating again after the power is supplied to the sockets, it is not a fact that the pump of the irrigation system follows its example. You can, of course, choose a kit without an electrical component, for example, actively advertised sets with ceramic porous droppers in the form of cones, where water flows by gravity. However, such devices have their own "minus" - they are very easily clogged and stop supplying water to the ground. The same can be said about ceramic cones with membranes at the base, working as moisture indicators.
Set of autowatering with porous ceramic droppers
We'll talk about the latter in more detail, since they are sold separately from the kits, which implies using them in home-made systems. So, in the wide part of the ceramic porous cone there is a plastic nozzle, inside which there is a flexible membrane. A thin hose is connected to it, which connects the device with closely fixed droppers. Moisture in the soil exerts pressure on the membrane through the pores, pressing the hose inlet. As soon as the soil dries, the pores are freed from water, the membrane opens the hole and irrigation begins through the droppers stuck near the plants. But the capillaries of the cone are easily clogged, and the indicator may one day just stop working.
The simplest device for the automatic watering room plants
There are relatively few autonomous devices for drip irrigation of domestic plants. We will name two options: glass spherical flasks with long narrow necks (aqua globes) and double flower pots. The first type, after filling with water, turns over and sticks with a dropper into the pot. While the soil is saturated with moisture, the vessel remains filled, but as soon as the earth dries up, the oxygen formed in it is immediately replaced by water from the flask. A variety of this device - soft plastic "syringe", working on the same principle.
Aqua globes for automatic irrigation
The second option consists of a conventional pot with drainage holes in the bottom, through which special microfiber wicks or other fibers that do not rot under the influence of moisture are passed. Also, the kit includes a slightly larger in volume, but of a similar shape, a water tank in which the pot is placed with the soil poured in it and the flowers planted. According to the filters, the moisture soaked in them rises into the ground, saturating it in close proximity to the roots. The outer tank has a transparent window in one of the walls that allows you to see the water level.
We make a system of automatic watering of indoor plants with their own hands
The simplest automatic home-made watering of household plants, available to everyone is an autonomous system of ordinary medical droppers. They need to buy one for each pot, and if the flowers grow in long trays, then one for a plant. Next, we take a large plastic container from under the water for 5 liters and make 2 holes in its neck, through which we pass durable twine for hanging on the wall. If possible, you can simply put the bottle on the dais. Next, we cut another hole in the upper part of the container and lower the tubes of several systems into it with a bundle, and place the opposite ends in the pots by removing needles. Теперь достаточно покрутить колесико, чтобы отрегулировать капельницы.
Автоматический самодельный полив домашних растений из капельниц
Другой способ не менее прост, но для него вам понадобится много лотков с высокими стенками. В каждый из них помещаем цветочный горшок с дренажными отверстиями в днище, и еще должно остаться место для пластиковой бутылки. Then we take 1.5-liter egg-caps and cut 2 holes in the bottom of each, one near the very bottom and the second one centimeter higher. We place the containers in trays and fill them with water, which immediately begins to pour until the level outside reaches the top hole. So the water will always fall into the drainage holes of the pot and moisten the soil until the bottle is empty.
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Any home-made system should be adjusted so that the water does not flood the plants, but only oozed slightly, and if the excess water is too thick, the roots of flowers can rot.
Self-made system of automatic watering of house plants
And finally, you can quickly make simple, but less productive automatic capillary watering of indoor plants: irrigation using an external wick. To keep the ground around the potted flowers all the time wet, you just need to put a plastic bottle with water next to each pot and dip a rolled gauze strip or microfiber cord into it. Other ends of such improvised wicks are laid on the soil near the stems of plants, you can even slightly push them into the ground, sticking a peg right over the bundle.
- 1. Micro droplet automatic irrigation devices
- 2. Ceramic cones
- 3. Balloon enemas
- 4. Self-irrigating pots
- 5. Do-it-yourself autowatering: three easy ways
- 5.1. 1st method
- 5.2. 2nd method
- 5.3. 3rd way
- 6. Some last tips
How to take care of soil moisture for indoor plants before weaning from the house for a long time? Useful automatic irrigation system.
Micro droplet automatic irrigation devices
For a collection of plants in the same room, on the balcony, loggia, patio or in the greenhouse fit garden microdrop automatic irrigation systems.These are the "younger brothers" of garden and garden systems, described in detail in the article "Which automatic irrigation systems are suitable for plants in the garden." Micro droplet devices are connected directly to the central water supply. Supply and shutdown of water occurs at a specified time thanks to the built-in timer. Leaving on vacation or business trip, you can not worry about the fate of "green tenants".
The best option for home or apartment with an average collection of up to 30 plants - microdrop irrigation systems with tank. From the tank goes a lot of tubes through which water flows to the droppers. The latter are plastic or with a ceramic tip, which is stuck directly into the ground.
ON THE PICTURE:Micro-drop irrigation system with a reservoir for the collection of up to three dozen plants.
A regular dropper is manually adjustable with a special wheel. Its scrolling regulates the intensity of irrigation, for example, up to 20 ml. (20 drops) per hour.
Ceramic tips of advanced models play the role of soil moisture sensors. Depending on the level of soil moisture, droppers supply water or stop watering.
Among flower growers are popular ceramic cones. These are peculiar "carrots" from which plastic tubules depart. "Carrot" stuck in the pot, and the end of the tube is lowered into the water tank. At the same time the process of water supply is not controlled manually. Moisture comes from a pressure vessel every time the earth dries.
Manufacturers of "carrots" in one voice talking about the high quality and reliability of the devices. However, the bad experience of some florists showed the opposite. Ceramic cones easily clog up, sometimes do not form the desired pressure. We have to look for the right place for a water tank in order to create this pressure. But even here a problem arises: if the reservoir is set too high, there is a risk to flood the plant, too low - water can stop flowing altogether.
ON THE PICTURE:Ceramic cones are not very reliable, because often clogged and do not always provide the necessary pressure.
In the absence of free space for the installation of a vessel with water near the plant use ceramic bottle cap.The advantage of this method is ease of use. Attach the nozzle to an ordinary plastic bottle in water, insert it into the pot and forget about watering. The device will automatically control the flow of water, and the plant will receive it as much as required. This is a great economical option: when using large two-liter bottles of watering can not remember a whole month.
ON THE PICTURE:Ceramic bottle nozzle is a simple and economical variant of automatic watering.
There are decorative variations of ceramic cones in the form of animals, birds, butterflies, and so on. They look very cute and able to revive the interior. But, unfortunately, for irrigation such "toys" are not very suitable: because of the small volume, you will often have to add water.
Externally, the enemas look like spherical flasks with watering pipettes, which are filled with water and inserted into the pot. When the soil begins to dry, oxygen enters the bulb and pushes out the amount of water the plant needs. In general, “enemas” is a good option for auto-irrigation, but they do not dispense water well and sometimes fill the plant.
ON THE PICTURE:Enema balloons provide watering of the plant and look original in the container.
Self-irrigating pot consists of two containers. In one of them a plant is planted, in the other water is poured. The plant gradually absorbs moisture through special wicks.
ON THE PICTURE:Smart containers handle the auto-irrigation function of plants. Photo by Tatura Florist.
Such capacity, as a rule, is supplied with the indicator of water. This allows you to accurately determine how much moisture is left in the pot and when to add it. The technology of self-tuning of a similar irrigation system is shown in the video: “LECHUZA auto-irrigation system”
Do-it-yourself autowatering: three easy ways
Auto-irrigation of the plant collection can be organized independently, and in a short time and without significant material costs.
You will need: several hospital droppers by the number of plants in need of watering, a plastic bottle of 5 liters., gum or wire for fastening the ends of the tubes.
How to do:
- Remove the tips with needles from the droppers.
- Check the droppers for integrity by blowing them. If the tubes are undamaged, they will be blown well on both sides.
- Tie together the ends of the tubes and tie them up with an elastic or wire. So they will quietly lie on the bottom of the bottle, and not float on the surface. Try harddo not pinch the tubules.
- Dip the connected ends of the dropper tubes into the water bottle and place the bottle as high as possible.
- Open the dropper regulator by running the water through the tubes, then immediately close it.
- Insert the loose ends of the tubes into the pots and use the wheel to adjust the amount of incoming water.
ON VIDEO:In addition to droppers, medical syringes are suitable for creating home-made irrigation devices. From such a syringe, a plastic bottle and a PVC tube, a drip irrigation device is obtained.
You will need: plastic water bottle. The size depends on the root coma of the plant. For the tub takes a few bottles of medium size for a compact pot — one small.
How to do:
- Make small holes in the cap of the bottle.
- Place the bottle upside down in a plant container.
ON THE PICTURE:Automatic watering from a bottle, plastic or glass, is good for room seedlings. Photo by Megan Andersen-Read.
You will need: capron harnesses or laces, wool threads, twisted bandages, or any materials from which wicks can be made, a basin filled with water or a bottle, a peg for fixing a wick.
How to do:
- Twist improvised wick from scrap materials.
- Dip one end of the wick into the water tank.
- Fix the other end in a plant container with a peg or other method.
This method of soil moistening is described in detail in the article about wick irrigation of indoor plants.
ON THE PICTURE:Wick automatic watering will keep Saintpaulias healthy and fresh. Photo u / skysong4.
Some last tips
- Micro droplet systems of automatic watering with connection to the central water supply are preferable for medium and large collections of plants.
- If the water supply system is blocked for the period of your absence, a micro-drop system with a tank is recommended.
- For watering individual plants, use bottles with ceramic nozzles - simple, cheap and effective. One container for 2 liters. enough for about a month of watering.
- If the system of automatic watering is not equipped with a soil moisture sensor, it is better to purchase it separately. The presence of such a sensor will save the plants from the destructive overwetting of the earth.
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