There are about eight hundred species of ficus, which can take the form of a tree, shrub or creeper, can be evergreen or deciduous. At home, most often grown Ficus Benjamin, creeping ficus, rubber, lyre and other species.
Most of them are distinguished by unpretentiousness - these plants like well-lit places with diffused light, do not require frequent watering, tolerate low temperatures in winter and even grow better in coolness, and in the summer like heat. Ficuses are intolerant of two situations: when they change their location or when they are standing in a draft.
Ficus leaves live up to 2-3 years, then turn yellow and fall off, this is a natural process, new ones grow in place of fallen leaves, so a healthy plant always has a dense green crown.
If the ficus began to lose leaves faster and more abundantly, then you need to look for other reasons for such a reaction and eliminate them.
Causes of ficus leaf fall
One of the most common reasons why ficus leaves fall is a strong draft. These plants like calm air and respond to light breezes of the breeze by yellowing and falling leaves. Find a suitable place for ficus - with enough light and well protected from drafts. But remember that after rearrangement, the plant gets used to a new place for a long time and reacts to movement with the same dropping of leaves. Ficuses are very susceptible to stress, and moving them from place to place can also cause leaves to fall. Especially sharply they react if to put them in the darkened places.
A well-lit ficus quickly begins to be covered with new light green leaves.
Ficuses are unpretentious, when it comes to watering, they can withstand prolonged drying. But these plants treat waterlogging badly, if they are watered often and abundantly, leaves may also fall down. If the reason is this, then you need to take a break in watering for two weeks. If, as a result, the ficus continues to lose leaves, then this means that the roots had time to rot, the flower should be transplanted by removing the rotten roots.
Despite the fact that the ficuses do not tolerate too wet soil, they like humid air in the room - ideally about 75%. Dry air also leads to dropping the leaves, so it is desirable to spray the plant more often.
Sometimes the ficus sheds leaves because of a lack of nutrients, in this case, you need to feed it with minerals and organic fertilizers twice a month in spring and summer. Also, make sure that the plant does not start pests, such as red spider mite, which causes the appearance of small white spots on the leaves and their fall.
The Benjamin Ficus and the Rubber Ficus are two varieties of the same plant that are most commonly found in our homes and apartments. Not surprising, because the ficuses are beautiful and unpretentious. Their breeding delivers many pleasant moments to house plant lovers, but these magnificent crepes can get sick from time to time. Most often, the owners of the plant are concerned with the question: why do ficus fall leaves?
There are a lot of reasons why ficus turn yellow and fall off
Green cover ficus Benjamin may lose for various reasons:
- natural aging
- infection with pests and diseases,
- a sharp change in temperature in the room,
- too frequent or, conversely, rare watering,
- excessive use of fertilizers
- lack of lighting.
The flower also reacts negatively to transplanting to another soil by discarding a part of the leaf cover.
The problems of the rubber plant ficus are similar to those that are identified when growing Benjamin's ficus: irrigation errors, various diseases, frequent changes in the light and temperature conditions in the room can lead to falling leaves. But there are some peculiarities.
This type of ficus has smaller leaves and a different growth structure, therefore, the dying off of the old foliage is not so noticeable. Small leaves more quickly lose moisture in the dry air of a room with central heating.
In addition to falling leaves, both species of ficus can also wait for other troubles: spots appear on the surface of the leaves, their wilting is observed. It happens that the leaves, at a normal growth rate, shrink.
Irrigation errors may be the cause of yellowing of leaves on the ficus.
As you can see, the range of problems and their manifestations is very wide. Let's look at them in more detail, and help your pet recover.