Our pets, decorating the garden with their lush color from June to August and giving a unique delicate aroma, can bewitch anyone. Peonies are incredibly popular, they are grown with pleasure in almost every garden.
At the same beginning flower growers who want to join the ranks of lovers of this miracle, there may be various questions regarding the agricultural technology of peonies. In particular, many are very interested in the question - at what time and for how long do peonies bloom? We will try to maximize answer to it.
First, consider what species of this flower are most common in our latitudes and how they differ. First of all, peonies differ in the features of their flower heads. They can be very large - 14-26 cm in diameter. They can also vary in shape - from single row to densely terry. And also have one or many apical flowers.
We touched on the topic of varieties for the reason that the timing of flowering peonies largely depends not only on the weather conditions of the area and a particular year, but also on the plant belonging to a particular variety.
- non-terry - from 5 to 10 petals in one row, bloom 6-10 days,
- semi-double - light and moderately lush, stamens and staminodes alternate, forming a ring in the center, flowering lasts 12-14 days,
- terry - stamens and pistils have the appearance of petals, filling the middle of the bud, around which are wide petals, bloom profusely for 15-18 days,
- Japanese - stamens are modified in a ribbon or petal form, wrapped inside, due to which a pillow is formed, and the perianth has 5 or wider petals, blooms 10-12 days,
- anemone - a flower consists of five and wider petals, which are arranged in 2 rows, the center is filled with modified stamens, blooms 10-12 days.
When do peonies bloom in Russia?
First of all, in terms of flowering, peonies are of three types:
It depends on when the peonies are blooming. So, early ones usually begin to bloom from the beginning of June. Averages pick up the baton by June 15-20. And in late varieties, buds appear only by the end of June, so that their bloom can be delayed until the middle, or even the end of July.
Of course, the month when the peonies are blooming may shift slightly depending on the region of residence. In hotter flowering will begin in May and end, respectively, earlier. And vice versa - in the middle lane or in the northern regions, flowering can move back a couple of weeks.
When peonies bloom depending on the variety
All varieties of pions can be divided into specific groups depending on the duration of their flowering, a similar classification with examples is given below:
- Very early peonies begin to bloom at the end or mid-May, and this process continues until about June 7–9. Among the varieties can be distinguished: Offcinalis captivity alba, rosea or rubra, Karina, Flame, Maryin root and thin-leaved varieties.
- Immediately after they bloom early varieties, the period 10 - 15 June. These varieties include: Francois Ortega, the Maxim Festival, Edulis Superba, White Sail, Le Xin and Monsieur Jules Eli.
- Average varieties bloom from about June 16 to June 27, this variety includes mainly various interspecific hybrids, derived from the medicinal or lactic flowering peony variety. Among the varieties can be distinguished: Clemenceau, Varenka, Felix Suprim, Sir Thomas Lipton, Kansas, Mont Blanc, Cruiser Aurora, Princess Margaret and others.
- From June 25–28 to July 5–8, flowering begins in late and very late varieties., which include: Anshatress, Munglow, Edlund, Victory, Graciella, Philip Rivoire, Snow Globe and others.
Why do not peonies bloom
Sometimes gardeners face a very common problem when the peonies grown by them refuse to bloom, the main reasons for this are usually:
- The plant is too old, the period of his life already excludes the possibility of active flowering.
- Place for planting bush was chosen incorrectly, growing conditions are not suitable for flowering.
- Peony Cultivation Technology Disrupted, there is no proper care for the bush.
- The technology of landing a pion is violated, in most cases this is due to the wrong depth. In light soils, budding of the buds by 7 cm is allowed, but in heavy soil this figure should be no more than 3–4 cm, which will provide comprehensive protection both from freezing in winter and from drying out in summer.
- Too little green mass, because of what photosynthesis cannot be carried out.
- Lack of nutrients.
- Too much fertilizer or improper feeding. Usually, such an effect can be caused by a surplus of nitrogen, due to which pions start to fatten and produce a large amount of foliage, but they have no power left to set the buds and the subsequent flowering.
- Too abundant flowering, which occurred in the previous season, because this process leads to a general depletion of the bush. This is usually observed if the number of buds exceeds 20 pieces, in which case it is recommended to perform partial pruning, while their size does not exceed the pea. This will reduce the excessive load on the root system, so that the peony will retain nutrients and forces to bloom in subsequent seasons.
- Lack of sunny color, peonies actually never bloom with a long stay in the shade.
Causes of poor and poor flowering
Also common is the situation when peonies have a rather poor and poor flowering, the main reasons may be:
- Infection of plants with various diseases, primarily late blight or gray rot.
- Landing with high acidityas well as the minimum content of potassium in it.
- The lack of moisture, while this factor can affect the quality of flowering, even after a year. If during planting or at subsequent stages the soil was poorly moistened, the bush may not have time to accumulate the necessary amount of nutrients it needs for good flowering. In such cases, usually there is a sufficiently large number of buds, which are then not bloomed.
- The lack of proper care for the age bush, which already needs division. Without this, the root system of the bush begins to grow too much, rising above the soil surface, and the existing buds become small and weak.
- Failure to meet the landing dates, mainly for situationswhen peonies disembark too late.
- The high level of groundwater occurrence, which leads to excessive moistening of root processes and their possible rotting. This takes away from the peony too much power, the remainder of which is not enough for full flowering.
- Too small planting, which increases the risk of plants freezing in winter or they do not receive the necessary volumes of moisture in a warmer time, which leads to a weakening of the bush.
- Too many buds on a young bush, which has not yet had time to form a root system. This leads to the fact that the pion does not have enough strength to support all the processes at once.
- Excessive trimming of bushes, which is usually carried out to form lush and beautiful bouquets. Subsequent poor flowering is observed if the shoot has been cut more than a third, and too few leaves have been preserved on it. This leads to insufficient feeding, which affects the state of the peony next season.
Care for peonies for good flowering
To ensure long and good flowering bushes need proper care. First of all, you need to make sure that the place for their cultivation is chosen correctly, but if it does not meet the required conditions by any criteria, then a transplant is necessary.
During this process, compliance with the basic rules is also required, as it will also affect the flowering process in the next season:
- The optimal period for a transplant is autumn. To delay with this procedure is not worth it, you need to implement it immediately, as soon as the summer heat subsides, and you need to have time before the first frost, so that the plant has time to adapt to the new conditions.
- Before transplanting the bush should be cut off, shoots with a height not exceeding 10 cm are preserved.
- Root shoots are very long and can reach a meter, while they are very fragile, so the procedure should be carried out carefully. To do this, the bush is first dug in, then forks are inserted under it to a depth of at least 30 cm, after which it rises along with a clod of soil.
- Root shoots need to be rinsed to clean the soil, after which they are pruned, if rotten or affected areas are seen.
- Dug out bush for 5-6 hours settled in the shadeThis time is enough for him to dry. After that, he is ready for the procedure of division, if required.
- Landing in a new place is carried out in a prepared pit with a depth of at least 50 cmin which the substrate is poured, which is a mixture of ordinary garden soil, peat, humus and sand, which are mixed in equal quantities.
Standard care that bushes need for stable and full flowering is described in detail below:
- In dry weather should be abundant watering.for each delenki at least 15 buckets of pure water will be used.
- After precipitation when watering occurs naturally, deep soil loosening is necessarily carried out.
- All weeds should be removed in a timely manner. To facilitate this process, it is recommended to mulch the soil with sawdust and dry chips, this will also protect the soil from the risk of possible drying.
- Peonies that are already 2 to 3 years old should receive a mineral-type fertilizer complex. After flowering is completed, a dry top dressing with a high content of potassium and phosphorus must be applied to the soil, after which the earth is abundantly moistened.
- Foliar fertilizers intended for evening spraying can be used regardless of the age of the plant. During the period of growing foliage, they must contain urea, during flowering a set of essential minerals, and after its completion the mineral complex, but it is necessary to exclude the presence of nitrogen in the composition
- From organic fertilizer, particular preference is given to mulleinwhich is previously diluted with water, a ratio of 1 to 10.
- Often, in the place of growing peonies, the installation of a support is required, which will not allow the bushes to lean to the ground under the weight of emerging buds. It must be erected in the spring, when the very first shoots appear.
- All inflorescences that are already withering, should be timely cut off. At the same time, the stem and foliage remain intact, the preservation of the leaves must be given special attention.
- In November, virtually all the ground part of the bush is cut off., an exception is made only for tree varieties.
Preparing for the winter
The preparation of peonies for the approaching cold also plays an important role, since it is aimed at reducing the risk of frostbite in the bushes, which affects the flowering process. All preparatory activities are as follows:
- Pre-cut peonies covered with compostThe recommended layer thickness is 10 cm.
- Tree varieties are not pruned, so you need to pay special attention to their care. For them, it is necessary to build a special shelter consisting of spruce branches, which is securely connected to fix the form. From above, the covered bush is covered with sacking and covered with snow.
Below are considered the main mistakes made by florists and lead to the cessation of flowering of pions:
- Violation of technology cut. It should be made in such a place that at least 3-4 leaves are left on the stem, otherwise the plant will be deprived of a significant amount of strength.
- Removing fading flowers, but leaving loose petals on the ground surface. They should also be eliminated in a timely manner, as they can become the source of the spread of insect pests or infectious floral diseases.
- Preservation of a large number of lateral buds. Often it is worth thinking, not about the number of inflorescences, but about their size and quality. Therefore, most of the lateral processes are eliminated, while the central bud is left untouched, which allows it to get more nutrients and gain strength for full-bloom.
Flower growers tips
Summing up, we can bring the following tips that will allow flower growers to ensure good flowering of pions:
- It is recommended to cut flowers to form bouquets in the morningBecause it will not only positively affect their safety, but also allow the plant to better transfer this process.
- Patients and parasitic leaves are recommended not to be removed., and to subject to treatment, if there is such an opportunity, since the number of kidney renewal for the next year will depend on them.
- The time of flowering of pions depends on weather conditions, so there is nothing to worry about if the inflorescences did not appear in the specified period. This process can move in one direction or another every year, so you must wait several days before taking any measures.
The period of flowering peonies
The season of sales of peonies begins in May and lasts for the first months of the summer. The timing of flowering distinguish the following varieties of these plants:
- early - dissolve until June 5–10, in the southern regions - at the end or mid-May,
- medium - the flowering dates are shifted to June 15–20,
- late - Buds on such bushes appear from June 20–30.
In addition to the variety, the season of flowering and sales of peonies strongly depends on the climatic characteristics of the region. In the south, the buds of this plant bloom on average 10–14 days earlier than in the north or in the temperate climate zone. The weather also influences the time of the beginning of flowering: a long spring can move the dates by several days.
How many peonies bloom?
On average, the duration of flowering pions is 8-25 days. It depends mainly on the type of plant. The color of the buds varies from pale white and pinkish to dark maroon. The shape of flowers also varies:
- non-curved peonies have 5–10 petals arranged in 1–2 rows. In the middle are the stamens with large golden anthers. These varieties delight the eye with its flowering 6–9 days,
- semi-double Flowers are light and original. Their stamens are transformed into staminodes and framed by large petals. The duration of flowering is an average of 12-14 days,
- terry Peonies are impressive pomp, because their pistils and stamens transformed into petals, and fill the entire bud, framed by a ring of wide outer petals. In this fragrant mass hides normal pistils and stamens. The flowering period of terry varieties is 15-18 days,
- anemone. Flowers of such peonies consist of wide large petals (5 or more pieces) arranged in 2 rows. The center of the bud is filled with stamens transformed into staminodes, which coincide in tint with the petals or have a yellow-golden hue. Anemone-shaped varieties bloom 10–12 days,
- Japanese Peonies (alternatively called staminodes) are distinguished by modified stamens that have a petal-like or ribbon-like shape; they are red, pink, or yellow. The ring around the bud consists of wide petals (5 pieces and more). Often, the stamens differ in color from the petals, which gives the Japanese peonies a special originality. The flowering period is 10–12 days.
Peonies are also divided into grassy and shrubs. Currently, more than 500 varieties of this amazingly beautiful plant have been bred, so the gardeners need only pick the ones they like the most.
What you need to know about the bloom of peonies?
Do not expect abundant flowering immediately after planting. Experienced gardeners recommend cutting buds that appear during the first 2 years after planting. Early flowering weakens the plant, delaying the formation and normal development of the root system. It is possible to form an opinion about the color of flowers, their form, timing and abundance of flowering at 3-5 years after planting.
Upon completion of flowering buds are formed renewal, which will develop in the following seasons. For their normal growth such buds require nutrients that are produced by leaves located on flowering shoots. Thus, the number of healthy peony leaves during the flowering period determines the number of buds in the next 2–3 years.
In October, in the large buds begin to form the beginnings of flowers, in the smaller - new shoots. Some buds remain dormant, they will resume their development next year. На корневище пиона находится множество почек различного возраста. Пересадку этого растения рекомендуется выполнять именно в период формирования, т.е. осенью.
Немного о растении
Пион — многолетник, принадлежит к одноименному семейству. Этот цветок — гордость и национальный символ Китайской республики. The flower is not only amazingly beautiful, but also has a number of healing properties. It was because of the useful qualities in ancient times that peonies were bred, but gradually they began to grow them and simply “for beauty”.
Today, 45 species of pions are known: they grow in nature mostly in Eurasia and North America. Plants are known for their unpretentious nature, resistance, excellent adaptive qualities. Peonies can grow in one place for half a century: every year the bushes bloom.
Usually in ornamental horticulture use peonies of grassy type, tree-like, too, attention is not deprived. Note that if our gardeners love grassy varieties more, in China, where peonies are extremely popular, tree varieties are valued. Further, the classification is grassy peonies.
Such a peony has 5-10 petals, which are located in 1-2 rows. Stamens with pollen are large, golden, are also a kind of decorative decoration of the bud. Non-terry peony blossoms from 5 to 11 days.
Peonies of this species have unusual stamens: they have either the shape of a petal or a narrow ribbon. Sometimes the stamens bend in the inner side and form in the center of the flower a semblance of a small decorative pad.
The flower is equipped with five to six massive, large and usually bright petals: usually pink, yellow or red. Stamens usually contrast in color. Japanese peonies bloom for 12-14 days.
Such a peony has 5-7, and even more large beautiful petals arranged in two rows. There are a lot of stamens of the anemone peony: they literally fill all the space in the center of the cup. The flowering season lasts 10-12 days.
Peonies with lush, large buds, but quite light, air at the same time. Petals alternate with stamens, which in the center of the flower form a kind of ring. Blooms semi-double peony 14-15 days.
The most magnificent and large of all types of peonies. This plant has many petals, arranged in several rows. Terry peony blooms longer than others: for 15-19 days.
It is clear that the types of peonies are also divided into varieties. And all varieties also have their own characteristics of flowering. Next, consider the most popular varieties of peonies and find out when they bloom.
These peonies bloom in late May-early June. The varieties are as follows: Velma, Aritina Nozen, Atkinson, Pearl placer, America, Lastres, Glory, A la Maud, SnowMountine.
Peonies of this group begin to bloom on June 10-15: Miss America, Mirage, Bradl Schower, Duchess.
The decorative period of this group begins on June 15-25: In memory of Gagarin, Augustus Desert, In memory of Tsitsin, Sable, Bartsella, the Kuril Islands.
The late group peonies bloom from June 25-30: Anshantress, Gludis Taylor, Arkady Gaidar, George Peyton.
Peonies almost always have large flower cups: the average diameter is 14-26 cm. Petals can be either simple, semi-double, terry. The last two species are especially lush.
Varieties are divided into apical and solitary. In the first case, one large bud grows in a frame of smaller ones. In the second - only one bud grows on the shoot, but usually it is very large and spectacular.
In the first two years after planting active and abundant flowering is better not to wait. Moreover, in the first two seasons, it is recommended to tear off all buds beginning to appear. This measure will help to form a powerful root system of plants, and in subsequent years they will delight with particularly long and lush flowering.
In the first year after planting, the plant adapts to environmental conditions, adapts, begins to build up the root system: you know, flowering in this case will be an unnecessary burden on his “organism”. In the second year, branched, powerful roots continue to form, and the stems grow: not yet to flowering, either. In the third year, flowering begins, however, while not too abundant. The peonies are full of buds in a few years.
Understand what exactly your flowers shade, it will be possible only in the fourth or fifth year after planting.
How to cut
The first thing you need to know when cutting peonies into a bouquet is that the cut must be made not when the bud opens completely, but when it has just begun its disclosure. Terry varieties are taken to cut off after the ring petals unfold. The procedure is best done at dawn, the cut should be located above the third or fourth leaf of the shoot.
During the procedure, remove at the same time those buds that have already begun to fade. This measure will help bloom more fresh flowers. Don't leave loose petals under a bush: they need to be collected and removed from the site, it is better to burn them. Otherwise, the petals can be a source of infection.
If there is a desire to see especially large buds, it is recommended to cut the flowering side shoots in advance, leaving only the central one. Thus, all the strength and nutrition will go on the development of one main bud.
If the heads grow very large, it is recommended to build supports in the form of rings in the flower bed to support them.
It is quite important to choose a suitable site. If the lighting or other parameters are not optimal, the plant may bloom. It is especially important to plant the plants in the sun, since peonies almost never bloom in the shade. The penumbra is also suitable for them, but only light, sparse.
If this is the reason, then most often the wrong landing is associated with excessively deep penetration. The fact is that when planting it is important to take into account the composition of the soil: if the earth is loose, the depth should be 7 cm. But if the soil is heavy and clay, the peony should be buried no more than 3-4 cm.
Too abundant previous flowering
If the peony in the previous season has pleased with a long and very lush flowering, the bush can be exhausted. Thus, it will be restored only by the next season, and the current growing season will have to be missed.
To peonies, though not so lush, but bloomed annually, it is recommended that if there are too many flower buds, cut off the extra ones. Thus, an unreasonable load on the root system and the plant as a whole will decrease, and the pion will not need to rest next season.
Peonies are often affected by fungal pathologies, which also affects their flowering (among other things).
In an adult and strongly overgrown peony, there is often a problem with the exposure of the roots. It occurs because of the strong growth of the root system, irrigation, wind, and other factors. In this case, flowering is either scanty, or not at all. In order for flowers to appear, it is necessary to sprinkle bare roots with soil and henceforth prevent this from happening.
Lush flowering care
We learn what care measures will help peonies annually please us with abundant flowering.
If it turned out that the place was originally chosen incorrectly, do not hesitate with plant transplantation. Otherwise, the bush can bloom at all and can refuse. We recommend a transplant in the fall, but taking into account the fact that before the first freeze the peony should have time to take root in a new place.
When planting do not need much to bury the flower. Make sure that its upper kidney does not go too underground. Otherwise, flowering will be very late. Planting is recommended in the autumn: most gardeners tend to think that this time for rooting is optimal. Well, if planting is still needed in the spring, it is recommended to pre-grow seedlings at home.
The place should be protected from drafts and wind: these plants can not stand sudden changes in temperature. You should not choose lowland areas where groundwater and rainwater accumulate. In such an unfortunate place, peonies do not even grow normally, and there can be no question of flowering.
Do not be very happy if your peonies begin to bloom in the first year after planting or in the second. It is recommended that all buds appearing during this period be cut off mercilessly: the measure will help the plant to strengthen the root system and make it more powerful.
If it's hot outside, water the flowers more abundantly and more often than usual. At least 15 liters of water should be spent on each bush. It is also important to loosen the soil to ensure its permeability. Perform the procedure after watering and rain, but not immediately, but when the crust dries on top.
The bed must be weeded in a timely manner: weeds rob flowers of flowers and are “home” for pests. In order not to fight with weeds too often, we recommend to grind the soil with chips or sawdust. In addition to weeds, such a mulch will also save it from evaporation of moisture too quickly.
It is recommended to trim the buds in time. This measure will allow more new buds to blossom. And if you cut flowers in a bouquet, carry out the procedure in the morning. Thus, the peonies will better endure the stress associated with pruning and will not refuse to blossom further.
We have learned how and when peonies bloom. The decorative period does not last too long - a maximum of two or three weeks, however, if you plant varieties with different ripening terms, you can enjoy a picturesque garden for a month, or even two. Our tips will help you grow beautiful and large peonies, meet all the conditions necessary for the lush and abundant flowering of these plants.
Peony season in Russia: when and where to buy a bouquet
Lush terry buds can be seen in the gardens in different summer-spring months. Gardeners divide peonies into three large groups by flowering time.
- Early bloom in mid-May and bloom until the tenth of June.
- After mid june The season of medium peonies begins.
- Late appear at the beginning of July.
As can be seen, the season of peonies in Russia is small. Only for 1.5-2 months you can buy them on the street from grandmothers right from the garden.
In flower shops, the season frame for Russian peonies may vary slightly, but only slightly. Suppliers adhere to the time range: May - July.
Features of peonies grown in Russia
The main advantage of our colors - they are cheaper. Also, their buds are larger and more fluffy than their foreign counterparts. But due to the fluffiness look disheveled. When withering, the petals are showered, which is considered to be unaesthetic for many people, because pions have a lot of petals.
Season of peonies in the Netherlands: the nuances of imported varieties
The Netherlands has long been a leader in the flower market. Advanced technologies allow them to grow flowers in greenhouses almost year-round. Thanks to foreign supplies, peonies in St. Petersburg and Moscow can be bought from late March to early August.
Dutch flowers look more neat and tight, spherical buds have the correct form, petal to petal. They stand longer in a vase after cutting and do not crumble. Peonies from Holland do not wither, and dry up, keeping the volume of the bud. As a rule, the flowers have small inflorescences, and the cost considerably exceeds the Russian ones.
In the end, I would like to note that with proper care, our peonies stand in water for several weeks. Their “shaggy”, in our opinion, gives the composition a more lively and natural look.
Varieties and features of pions
Flowers have their own distinctive features:
- large size of flowers, their usual diameter on average from 14-26 centimeters,
- has a variety of forms (single row protozoa, densely terry and many others),
- apical and solitary (in the presence of flowers on the stem) or one large bud-leader in the frame of small attendants located on the sides (grow on one stalk, lateral flowering begins when the central leader flower finishes to bloom).
The timing of flowering of these flowers depends on the weather in a particular year, and may slightly shift in one direction or another. The average flowering duration is from seven to twenty-eight days (different varieties have their own dates).
The color of the heads of peonies - from white to bright maroon. Flower shapes define appearance classification:
- Non-curved. Color has from five to nine to ten petals, they are located on the stem in one or two rows. Stamens are filled with golden pollen, and its dust particles are rather large. Duration of flowering non-terry type of peonies - on average from five to ten to eleven days.
- Japanese. This type of peonies is characterized by modified tape and petal-shaped stamens. In floriculture, they are usually called staminodes. It happens, these stamens are wrapped inside and form a kind of pillow. In this case, the perianth may have five to six, as well as wider petals. There are Japanese pink, yellow or red peonies. Often the stamens are of a different color than the color of the flower itself. Literally all varieties give abundant bloom for twelve to fourteen days.
- Anemone like. Flowers of this species may have five to seven or larger, wide petals, which are arranged in two rows. The stamens, modified in staminodes, are located in the center of the bud and fill it completely. Possess their yellow tint or may coincide in color with the petals.
- Semi-double. This type of peonies has light, lush and large petals. which are converted to staminodes. They alternate with stamens, which are normally developed, and together with them form a ring in the center of the bud. The duration of flowering on average - fourteen to fifteen days.
- Terry. In this species and many of its varieties, stamens and pistils are transformed into petals over time. They accumulate in the center of the bud and hide the normal pistils and stamens. Wide outer petals are located around the center. Terry peonies show abundant bloom for fifteen or nineteen days.
When do peonies bloom in our country?
In one word or sentence, the question “when the pion blooms” cannot be answered. The fact is that in Russia, due to climatic features, several flowering periods:
- early (flowering occurs before the fifth, maximum of the tenth of June),
- medium (bloom occurs on the sixteenth - twentieth of June)
- later (the time of appearance of flowers comes from the twenty-first - thirtieth of June).
Immediately after the landing of peonies, you should not expect lush flowering. Moreover, it is not recommended to allow newly appeared buds to appear in the first 24 months of the plant's life.
Too early flowering contributes to a delay in the formation and development of the root system, weakens flowers. In this regard, the buds that appeared at this time is necessary delete. To make an unmistakable opinion about the color and the form of the newly acquired variety is possible only on the fourth or fifth year after the first planting.
After completion of the flowering season, pions begins bookmark and the formation of kidney renewal. Nutrients that are produced by the leaves of flowering shoots, ensure their growth. The number of healthy leaves on the plant during the flowering period depends on the size of the buds. And from this - the abundance of flowers at least in the next two years.
By the end of October, in some of the buds, the formation of the bud germ begins, in others, which are larger in size, the future buds.
Some of the kidneys remain in a dormant state and awaken already in the following seasons. Roots contain many buds of the same age.
Transplantation takes place at exactly the time when it begins. formation kidney renewal.
The landing process is very responsible occupationwhich is impractical to approach without special preliminary preparation.
It will be necessary to get acquainted with the theoretical part, so that the practice is quick and easy. Below are the recommendations of experienced flower growers that will help prevent common mistakes associated with planting and breeding this plant.
They will help to make all the necessary actions so that popular problems with the development of the pion do not arise.
Proper landing process is the key to further successful growth and flowering peoniesTherefore, it is precisely to her that it is necessary to pay a significant share of her attention.
Peony classification by flower structure
Terry, semi-double non-double. By the form of the stem of a tree, herbaceous. By the color of buds pink, white, red. By the time of flowering late and early. According to the method of use - universal, cutting, park.
Planting peonies in the fall gardeners unanimously express their opinion about the time of growing peonies. They recommend doing this in early fall. It is permissible in some cases to do this at the end of August days, but for the best end result, it is advisable to wait until the middle or at least the first days of October. The indicated period is interesting in that the kidneys of renewal are already fully formed by that moment.
In parallel with this, a part of the bush growing above the ground ends its growth. At the beginning of autumn days, the process of formation of small roots has not yet begun, and therefore plants can be sent by mail and not worried about the complete preservation of its integrity. There is no particular difference for the cultivation of various sorts of pions. Иначе говоря, процесс посадки для каждого из сорта и вида один и тот же.
Начало посадки, продолжение и завершение предполагает несколько этапов:
- Выбор места посадки. Пион наиболее комфортно ощущает себя и растет на участке с солнечной стороны, в месте, защищенном от сквозняков и ветра. Peony planting can be carried out near the bushes, fence trees, which could be at a sufficient distance to spread the roots of the peony.
- An additional advantage in this situation is that shrubs, trees and fences can provide flowers with the necessary barrier for them from various air movements. But the proximity to the houses can be quite inappropriate. The fact is that the walls, as is known, radiate heat, and regular overheating of the colors leads to their death. If for some reason there is no other option, then it is highly recommended to plant a pion at a distance of at least 1.5 - 2.5 m from the dwelling.
- Soil preparation. Top dressing, fertilizer and other types of nutrients into the soil is never superfluous and always improves the quality of any soil. The maximum development of a pion occurs, as a rule, on loams. Excessive heavy soil with an excess of clay will require from the gardener its additional fertilizer with peat, sand and humus.
- In the sandy soil it is necessary to add clay along with peat and humus. It is advisable to abandon the planting of peony plants on peatlands. However, peat can also play a good role, if you add to it sand, pre-mixed with wood ash and fertilizer with a large amount of organic matter.
- Fertilizers for peony. Having completed the solution of issues with the soil mixture, you can begin measures to ensure adequate nutrition of the flower. Before planting plants in the ground, it is recommended to bring in at least 200 grams of superphosphate and potassium sulfate directly in the well, which are pre-mixed with a liter of wood ash. After immersion in the soil of the plant, it is necessary to water each bush with a solution of potassium permanganate diluted to a deep pink saturated color.
- Attention to the question of the study of groundwater. Do not allow an excess of moisture, otherwise the roots will rot. It is also not recommended to plant peonies in wet and low together, otherwise you can not wait for the harvest, or even any vital manifestations from the side of the peony.
- Rules of landing pions. Planting holes need to be harvested in advance, so that the soil mixture does not settle at the bottom, you should make a small mound on which the setting will be made. Covers should be properly straightened, voids filled with earth.
The flower should be planted in such a way that a 36 cm gap remains at the top. If the buds are at a depth below 20 cm, even if you provide the best care, pure water and excellent fertilizers with your color, peonies in the coming years can nevertheless do not bloom. After planting, the pit is poured generously over and mulched. Suitable as the ground, covered with spruce branches, and compost.
Spring planting pions in the ground
Often seeds are sold in specialized stores year-round. So what if the flower was purchased in early spring or late winter? Do I have to wait several months before planting a plant on my plot? In this matter, especially novice gardeners, the following tips may be useful.
Permissible landing pions in March and early April. However, it is necessary to adequately assess the situation, and if there is still a layer of snow on the site, then it would be advisable to wait a little.
It is advisable to first plant the peonies in vessels. If it is still cold outside, it would be better to prepare the plant for field conditions first, dropping them first in a room with a temperature of about +2 degrees. Glazed balcony will be the best solution for this. When the temperature outside approaches comfort temperature, then it will be possible to transplant the peonies directly into the ground.
The appearance of the first shoots. When will begin to appear first green borethen it will be a signal that the peonies are developing successfully. Now they can be moved to a larger vessel and placed in a warmer room. When caring for plants during this period, it is necessary to especially monitor regular watering and a sufficient level of illumination.
Planting peonies in open ground. When the temperature indicator of air will be at a stable mark of + 5 degrees, the peony can be planted outside. Preparatory measures to improve the soil mixture, as well as the allocation of the location, are identical to the conditions that are observed during the pion planting season in the fall.
The roots of the plant are planted on a pre-selected and prepared place. Then we deepen the rhizome of each bush to a depth of not less than 5 cm. The hole for planting is prepared in about 10-14 days. The depth of the hole may be about half a meter, too deep you can not dig. Inside we add nutritional basis for plants consisting of:
- 100 g of superphosphate,
- 400 g of bone meal,
- 400 g wood ash.
All ingredients must be thoroughly mixed.
Well, finally the plant is accustomed, rooted, stuck, which means that the landing was crowned by success. At the same time, in order for the flower to remain healthy and flourish magnificently, it is necessary to provide him with the right care.
It should not be made too often. The volume of liquid poured should not exceed 3 buckets for each adult bush. It is important that the water reaches the depth where the roots of the plant are located. Of particular importance is watering season: in the springtime, peonies are laid in the formation of buds, and this is the future of lush flowering. Accordingly, systematic watering will be necessary in August, when flower buds will appear.
The soil that is ideally suited for pions, as already mentioned, is loam, however, the soil should be well digged. The soil should not be too wet or swampy. After each watering is necessary without fail loosen it.
This event is necessary to preserve moisture in the ground, to be improved. aerationthat is, an increase in the level of oxygen content. And also because of this, weed growth slows down. This will help to preserve the maximum amount of useful nutrients for the desired plants and protect the peonies from the development of various diseases.
Peony by its nature is little exposed to the negative effects of diseases and pests. In this regard, the cultivation of these flowers is quite simple, especially since the beauty of their future inflorescences more than compensates for all the labor and investment. And the divine fragrance will add pleasantness to this process.
How to cut the flowers of peonies
When cutting off peonies for sale or for yourself, follow these rules:
- for bouquets suitable buds at the opening stage. Terry flowers are cut only after the deployment of ring petals,
- Peonies are best cut in the early morning
- the cut is done over 3-4 leaf flowering shoots.
In order for peonies to delight you with lush flowering from season to season, remove the buds that began to crumble in time. It is not recommended to leave the petals under the bush, as they can become a source of infection. If you want to grow flowers of maximum size, remove the side buds. And to support large heavy heads, install ring-shaped supports around the pions.