This plant with a specific mint flavor from ancient times was grown by Tibetan monks and was revered for its exceptional properties.
Today, agastakhis is wrinkled, no longer exotic, inhabiting the gardens of European connoisseurs of healing herbs and admirers of traditional medicine. It does not require special conditions and is distinguished by unpretentiousness, so even an inexperienced gardener can grow such a culture.
Korean Mint Description
A lofant is a perennial plant, something between a grass and a bush. It grows up to 100 cm in length and up to 60 cm in width.
Agastakhis has tetrahedral stems, overgrown with petiole oval leaves, resembling nettle foliage. Their edges are jagged in places. The length of the sheet is 70-100 mm.
Tibetan lofant, the cultivation of which is possible in any garden and garden, blooms in July and completes flowering in late August. Flowers with long stomata gather in dense spikelets about 15–20 cm high; they are white or purple-purple. They emanate a characteristic aniseed aroma. Bisexual flowers are pollinated alone or with insects. They are adored by bees: if you plant a hectare of agastachism wrinkled, for a year you can collect 600-700 kg of honey.
The leafy roots of the plant easily survive frosty winters with temperatures as low as -30 ° C, the green part withstands frosts of 5-10 degrees below zero.
In the wild, lofanta grow on the Tibetan, Japanese and Himalayan mountains, they love the sunny valleys of the Korean, Siberian and Chinese lands.
An Asian lofant, or a mongrel one, wrinkled, similar to foliage on nettles, and flowering spikelets on mint, looks like this:
Agastakhis wrinkled (Tibetan lofant), growing and care How does agastahis photo Agastahis wrinkled
Before sowing Korean mint seeds for seedlings, we prepare for decontamination and activation:
- Fold the seeds in a napkin and wet it in a pink solution of potassium permanganate. After half an hour we dry them.
- We place the seeds for 24 hours in the fridge, to the very top, so that the seeds will slip faster.
Ready seeds are planted in boxes with a light substrate or peat tablets.
Wrinkled agastachis can be sown on seedlings in different ways:
Sowing in a crate of earth
In late March - early April, fill the container with light soil and do the following:
- If the soil is garden, we spill it with hot water - for disinfection.
- Make grooves about 5 mm deep.
- Pour seeds.
- Carefully water from lechki intended for watering indoor plants. Water will draw the seeds into the soil.
Lightly sprinkle crops with dry ground: a thick layer will prevent the quick sowing of tiny seeds, and cover with polyethylene.
Sowing in peat tablets
In the middle of March we sow the seeds into peat tablets - 4 pcs. Each. On one, we put them in a container and cover with polyethylene.
We place the box in a bright place, and when shoots appear, remove the plastic film.
Care lofan seedlings
If the seedlings germinate in peat tablets, after the growth of 2 leaves, we feed it with a weak solution of any complex fertilizer. There are few nutrients in peat, it only ensures the sterility of the growth environment.
As the soil dries up, we water the seedlings, pouring water into the aisle. Add in water a little bit of boric acid: it will protect weak plants from the black leg.
When the seedlings form 5 leaves, transplant it into cups with store or disinfected garden soil. If the seedlings were in tablets, do not forget to remove the shell from them.
Tibetan multicolon, although unpretentious, but still requires certain growing conditions. The site must be bright, well lit by the sun, then the plants reach 1-1.5 meters and bloom well.
It is not necessary to plant a plant on a site with sourish, marshy or sandy soil: lofants like sandy, neutral, or drained land in which moisture does not stagnate.
Every 6 years we transplant perennial to a new place, otherwise it crushes and will cease to please with lush flowering.
Planting and growing agastachis
Planting seedlings in the garden
In order to get the same lofant as in the photo, towards the end of May, when the weather becomes steadily warm, we start planting seedlings:
- Cut into the bed of the groove with a depth of not more than 8 cm, leaving a distance of 50 cm between the rows.
- We plant the plants every 50 cm: they should have enough space for normal growth and tillering.
- Abundantly water landing.
If the seedlings stretched out in the boxes, loosely tie them to the pegs.
Care for Korean Mint Seedlings
It is very easy to care for unpretentious lofanta. We water them as necessary, preventing the soil from drying out to get lush bushes, we weed in time and loosen, if necessary, we roll up. Twice in a season we feed seedlings with complex fertilizers.
For better tillering, we often cut flowers, and at the end of August - the first half of September, when flowering ends, we cut off the main part of the plant in order to get even more powerful flowering bushes next year.
Although lofantes are cold-resistant, just in case, we shelter them for the winter with straw or dry leaves.
Collection of raw materials
In the first year of life, we collect a lofant for medicinal purposes only once, leaving a bush 35 cm high. The first pruning occurs in July. In the second year, we cut twice - in the middle of summer and autumn, when the seeds ripen. In the autumn, we leave bushes no higher than 15 cm.
It is necessary to collect grass in hot, dry weather, when the most essential oils accumulate in it. Cut off the stems with a sharp knife, pluck flowers and foliage.
Cutting and storage of multi-tibetan
Drying and storage
We dry the collected greens and colors of agastakhis, as well as any medicinal raw materials, in a shaded room that is well ventilated.
Store dry grass in a glass container with screw caps to prevent volatilization of essential oils. It is stored for 2 years.
Wrinkled agastakhis is a real find not only for beekeepers seeking to get as much honey as possible. This is an excellent ornamental plant that can decorate any area, and excellent medicinal raw materials that help with various diseases. And from it you can make fragrant delicious tea, collecting leaves until the winter. The main thing is to grow healthy seedlings, and after landing in the ground lofant will quickly gain strength and turn into a lot of lush flowering shrubs!
Spice, medicine or herb?
Recently it has become popular today to plant not only beautiful and spicy, but also healing herbs. On the beds, more and more often, on the place of ordinary dill, parsley, cilantro and other necessary plants are beginning to occur:
- tarragon and other medicinal herbs.
Each has its own positive propertiesbesides, they are all famous for their amazing aroma, as well as healing properties. But today we will talk about the lofant.
Beautiful inflorescences in the form of ears and tall green shoots will decorate any personal plot. Spikes can be of different colors:
Shoots grow up to 20 cm long. During the onset of flowering the plant becomes bright and elegant due to the appearance of these beautiful flowers on it.
Lofant has a large amount of essential oils, namely, they give it a delicate and strong aroma. In this regard, it is often used in cooking. To ensure dishes of spicy taste apply the greens of this herb. It is also used in conservation. In this case, used flowers and seeds. Equally fragrant and spicy lofant in both fresh and dried form.
This plant is widely used in traditional medicine and in herbal medicine. From the surface parts of the plant make tinctures, water infusions and decoctions, which contain many chemical elements that can have a therapeutic effect. Also lofant popular in cosmetology. It is used to combat skin and hair diseases.
One of the most valuable properties of a lofant is that it produces beautiful, aromatic and healing honey and medical products.. Due to the fact that this plant is characterized by abundant and long flowering, the amount of pollen is not inferior in number to other trees, honey plants. Lavender honey has an amazing aroma and high therapeutic performance.
Lofant is grown as single shrubs, and beds and plantations. They are located near the apiaries. Since it blooms very abundantly, using it as a honey plant will be the most sensible solution.
Lofant has many varieties, due to this, this plant can be both perennial and annual. In addition, it is distinguished by its resistance to postponing the cold season. Often in the northern regions of our country, perennial and annual varieties of this honey plant are cultivated.
Planting, care and breeding
Gardeners especially love the lofant for his unpretentious maintenance and care. It can grow on any type of soil, except acidic and marshy, on which it can grow well, but not enough to bloom.
On fertile soils, some varieties are able to reach a height of about one and a half meters. It is useful to systematically trim the twigs of the stems. This will provoke the emergence of new branches, and this will enable the plant to bloom up to 4-5 months without a break.
Lofant with no apparent difficulties is able to endure the dry seasonhowever, if it is still watered and regularly fed, the result will not slow down, and the gardener will receive abundant flowering and excellent growth.
Lofant can be propagated in several ways. Mainly used bush dividing. However, it is more convenient to propagate with the help of seeds. They can be bought without any difficulties in specialized markets or manually collected after the ripening of the ears. The seeds are very small, similar in size to poppy seeds. The term preservation of germination is three years. Sow plants can be directly into the ground at the beginning of May. If nights remain still cold, then it is necessary to cover plants with film.
After sowing shoots can be expected in a week. Often gardeners practice a seedling method, however, according to practice, these are extra time and labor costs. In this method, the bushes are chopped off part of the root along with the kidneys from an adult plant, and then they are added dropwise. Such a procedure in the cultivation of lofant can be made both in spring and in autumn. The distance between the plants must be observed and left between them at least 25 cm. If they are planted with beds, the rows between rows must be 50-70 cm.
Lofant tolerates infrequent and not too angry frosts. However, in the middle lane for the winter beds should be covered with foliage or earth. One of its attractive properties is that it almost does not require care. While it is still not very high, it will still be necessary to remove weeds and harrow the soil. When the plant grows and becomes stronger, then these procedures can no longer be carried out. Other herbs under the lofant will stop growing on their own. After cutting the branches, it is useful to process the plant with a mullein. It is able to germinate in one place up to 6 years. After that it needs to be updated.
Tibetan lofant: cultivation
This plant has order 25 species. They include wild and domesticated representatives. Some of them are known for their lush and bright buds, while others, on the contrary, are faded and inconspicuous. But at the same time, each of the species has its own special, individual flavor. One of the common types is Tibetan.
Tibetan lofant (aka wrinkled) is a perennial plant with small ears of yellow tones. The height of one bush Tibetan lofanta can reach up to one meter.
The aroma is spicy, medium intensity. The leaves have a taste of licorice.
Greens are used in cooking, mainly in salads. This type is not decorative, and its main value lies in its medicinal, taste, melliferous and fragrant properties. It grows well even in shady areas, under the canopy of trees under sheds. Tibetan lofant completely unpretentious in the care and rarely causes any difficulties in growing.
Description and types
Anise lofant is a plant that recently appeared in the catalogs of garden stores. The thing is that the grass is not of natural origin, it was bred by breeders. The main advantages of a lofant include decorativeness, pleasant aroma, its medicinal and melliferous properties. The latter brings great popularity to the plant: honey, which is given by bees on the basis of a lofant, always has a rich taste and a soft smell.
The special flavor is given to the grass by the lofant essential oils contained inside. It is this property allowed to use it in cooking. The whole plant is used: the greens give an unusual taste, and the seeds, together with the inflorescences, are added to the products when they are preserved.
The most common types include:
There are also several varieties of the species presented. Some of them are able to bloom in the same year when they were planted. This is especially useful if you choose a female of the same age.
According to observations, it became clear that the cultivated varieties get along well in the cold season, unlike the original plant species. But the plant will not survive too severe frosts. Tibetan species, or as it is also called wrinkled, has inflorescences mainly yellow shades. Bushes, reaching a meter in length, exude a pleasant aroma. The leaves are used in cooking: they have a characteristic licorice taste.
The presented type is rarely used for decorative purposes, often as a food product. For example, the leaves are used in salads. The popularity of the Tibetan lofant was brought not only by these qualities, but also by its healing properties, as well as its unpretentiousness in caring for it.
This is an annual plant, therefore constant sowing is necessary. Sometimes it starts to run wild and grow too much. This process is easy to control in the initial stages of growth. One of the most common species is anise lofant. Most of all it is valued for its medicinal properties, which are widely used both in folk and in official medicine.
The plant is able to withstand various types of bacteria and fungi. In leaflets of anise type there are ascorbic, lemon, and also malic acids useful in home life. The bush reaches an average of 1.5 m. Flowers on a plant of the presented species usually acquire a blue or lilac shade.
Choosing a place for a lofant
Plant lofant love for simplicity, not only in the care, but also in planting. It is not difficult to choose a place for it: almost any type of soil is suitable for it. But the most well-chosen terrain contributes to rapid growth, while the height can reach 1.5 m.
Choose a place that is exposed to direct or diffused sunlight. Some varieties of lofanta prefer the shadow, but still get along well in the light.
Remember that this approach is necessary, because at the stage of formation of the buds of flowers, the plant should be exposed to daylight about 14 hours a day. Natural light can be replaced with special lamps in the room.
Wherever you plant a bush, it will grow successfully. However, if you want a lofant to be lush, then do not choose sandy, marshy or acidic soil. Most suitable neutral, drained or sandy sand. Keep in mind that the plant does not tolerate stagnant water.
If you get a long-term view, then in the future it will be necessary to transplant a lofant to a new place. This should be done after 6-7 years to update the soil with all the nutrients.
Useful Properties of Tibetan Lofant
Lofant Tibetan is one of the main medicinal plants in Chinese traditional medicine, has a mass of healing properties, and, importantly, can grow in our Ural gardens. The people lofant received the name "northern ginseng" and it fully corresponds to this. Used elevated part of adult plants. The green mass of Tibetan lofanta is rich in vitamins, essential oils, flavonoids, and has a very pleasant aroma.
Due to its unique composition, Tibetan Lofant with regular use normalizes metabolism, gently stimulates a person's own immune forces, calms the nervous system, restores sleep. Активно применяется для нормализации артериального давления, для лечения болезней пищеварительной системы, почек и органов дыхания. Наружное применение при заболеваниях кожи, волос дает прекрасные результаты.I note that Lofant is not addictive and does not have negative side effects. But I think you need to be careful of people suffering from pollinosis and other types of allergies.
How to grow Lofant Tibetan
Video from Alexey Sedykh about how he grows Tibetan lofant for bees:
Grow Lofant Tibetan in your summer cottage is very simple. To get started, get seeds. I must say that other species of Lofanta do not have healing properties, and may be of interest only as aromatic and ornamental plants.
Increases the yield of raw materials lofanta biohumus fertilizer
Sowing seeds Lofanta Tibetan I spend in mid-March in the peat tablet for 3-5 seeds in one pill. Containers with pills cover with a transparent film. In some days shoots appear. It is desirable to provide seedlings with good lighting and timely watering. After the appearance of the first pair of true leaves, it is advisable to feed the plant with a weak solution of complex fertilizers, such as Kemira or Fertik. This should be done to provide the seedlings with the necessary nutrition, because in the peat tablet it is not enough, but in it there is a sterile environment for seed germination.
Tibetan Lofant Seedlings
Seedlings Lofanta Tibetan at the age of 4 weeks
In mid-April, the seedlings of the pills I transplant in 200 gr. cups with soil, after removing the shell from the pill. In them, seedlings will be located before landing on a permanent place. This can be done in the second half of May, when stable warm weather is established. I plant a lofant on the ridges according to the 50 * 50 cm scheme, and water it abundantly. Sometimes at home, Lofant's seedlings are drawn out, but this is not scary. When planting in the garden next to the bush, it is enough to stick a small peg of 20-30 cm, and gently tie young Lofant stalks to it, ensuring sufficient freedom for the plant. Pretty soon, the young landing will give the first increase. The stems and leaves will become noticeably larger and will be very similar to nettles. After landing in the ground further care is regular loosening, watering, dressing. If necessary, grown bushes can be slightly spud.
In July, Lofant will begin to bloom, and this process will stretch to the end of August. It is at the end of August that the main part of Lofant can be cut, leaving small, immature plants on the bed. They can stay there until the snow. And you will have the opportunity to tear off fresh Lofant leaves for a cup of tea.
We collect and dry Lofant Tibetan
Cutting of the stems should be carried out at a height of 10-12 cm from the ground in dry, calm weather. Then I take several branches in a bundle and pair the bundles together in pairs. In the attic, we are strengthening the crossbar, throwing over which, we hang "parks". Bottom under bundles of lofanta hung upside down, you can spread a clean film, because ripened seeds will fall on it. They can be collected and used for planting next year.
Despite the fact that the Tibetan Lofant is a perennial plant, the practice of its cultivation has shown that the Ural frosts are destructive for the underground part of the plants. Only a few instances survive, and they recover for a rather long time in spring. While newly planted young bushes are already growing. As a result, every year I prepare Lofant seedlings, and I don’t hope for last year’s plants.
How to choose a place for landing?
If you are a happy owner of six acres, then there is not much to choose from, because there is often no free land. But select a small garden for 10-20 lofant bushes, I think you can. My friends, for example, lofted the arbor, and this provides them with a gentle and beneficial air while relaxing in the gazebo, pleasant evening tea drinking, and in a composition with more low-growing bright flowers, a very spectacular decorative view of the recreation area in the garden.
I tried to grow Lofant in different parts of my garden, on different soils and with varying degrees of shading. I can say that it will grow wherever you planted Lofant seedlings. Still, the most comfortable for Lofant turned out to be filled with light sandy soils in a sunny place of the site. When planting in the hole, I add a little compost, ash and a pinch of complex mineral fertilizer. I must say that in the shade Lofant grows significantly worse than in the sun or slightly shaded areas. In the shade, the Lofant will certainly grow too, but it will be low and may not even bloom. In ideal conditions, by the end of August, we have meter-wide spreading plants, abundantly covered with leaves and buds, which bumblebees and bees incredibly love. Lofant exceptional honey plant! Just a godsend for beekeepers. And also a godsend for those who care about their health with the help of what nature gives us, using plants grown in their garden. You can make excellent herbal and medicinal teas from garden plants in combination with Lofant Tibetan. Well, isn't it a miracle: to grow your own medicine yourself?
You just need to have the desire, patience and diligence, as well as learn how to properly make herbal preparations, taking into account exactly your needs.
The Tibetan lofant belongs to the family of Labiaceae and is a member of the multicolon family. Growing this herb is not very difficult. It is very winter-hardy and is now becoming popular in our gardens and in suburban areas. The decorativeness of the Tibetan lofant is given by its inflorescence in the form of a spike, most often white.
The reproduction of a Tibetan lofant is not difficult: you can propagate by seed, dividing the bush, rooting the cuttings of the stems. The simplest and most popular is the cultivation of a Tibetan lofant from seeds. Seeds have a fairly high germination rate and retain this function for three years. It is possible to sow seeds both in the spring in March and in the autumn before the first frosts. In order to avoid infection with the "black leg" fungal infection, you must soak the seeds in the solution of potassium permanganate before planting.
Planted better lofant in sunny areas of the garden, picky the soil. During the flowering period it needs water very much and may die in drought. If there is a need to grow a lofant as a perennial plant, in early September, the plant should be cut, leaving 10 centimeters. The Tibetan lofant tolerates wintering very well, even frost down to -30 degrees, but it needs to hibernate in dry conditions, the plant may die at high humidity.
Tibetan lofant is a very good honey plant. This honey is very useful and fragrant.
Useful medicinal properties of a Tibetan lofant
Funds based on leaves, flowers and stems of a Tibetan lofant gently affect the processes occurring in the body. They need to take a long time and patiently. But also the healing power of this plant for a long time after the end of the course of application.
Immunity, dorganism etox - using periodically drugs with a Tibetan loofet, you help the body to rid the body of toxins, heavy metal salts, clean the internal organs. Use funds with Tibetan lofant with reduced immunity and frequently occurring infectious and viral diseases.
Rehabilitation of the bodywho suffered severe shocks - Agastahis products help the body cope after strokes, heart attacks and other severe shocks. Use funds with Tibetan lofant for insomnia, neurosis, headaches and anxiety.
Normalization of blood pressure - thanks to the intake of Tibetan products with a lofant, cholesterol levels are reduced, sclerotic plaques dissolve and blood vessels are strengthened. Against this background, blood pressure is normalized. Therefore, these tools are recommended for vegetative dystonia, hypertension and other diseases of the cardiovascular system. Also, the plant is able to increase the level of hemoglobin in the blood.
Relieves inflammation for colds and other problems - The essential oils of the plant help to solve problems with the gastrointestinal tract, as well as indigestion, kidneys, and also treat respiratory diseases, acting as an expectorant.
Eliminates skin problems - Tibetan lofant can be used for cosmetic purposes, as the products with it as a part cleanse the skin, helping to combat various skin diseases, and also acts on the skin as a regenerator - accelerates the healing process of damaged skin. The extract from this medicinal plant is used as part of anti-aging serums, creams and emulsions, and is used in hair care preparations as a means of strengthening weak and damaged hair.
Tibetan herb lofant helps in the treatment of prostatitis and impotencecan completely cure these diseases in the initial stage.
Important! The Tibetan lofant is a mild but strong medicinal herb.
And like any medicine, the Tibetan lofant has contraindications. Apply during pregnancy and lactation is not recommended. However, if there is such a need and the attending physician approves, then pregnant women use products based on Tibest's lofant in the usual dosage, and nursing mothers - in a reduced grass concentration.
Tibetan Lofant Uses
For those who have a Tibetan lofant growing in a garden, in a country house or on a country plot, the simplest action is to eat a couple of leaves each morning and evening.
You can use the inside infusion to improve the tone of the whole body. To do this, take ground or dried fresh flowers and agastachis leaves for about 2 tablespoons and pour half a liter of boiling water, close and let it brew for three hours in a warm place.
Drink half a glass or a glass three times a day. Take no more than three glasses per day.
Infusion can be used to solve various skin problems as a means of external use. To do this, take 4 tablespoons of dry or fresh herbs lofanta, grind it, pour half a liter of boiling water and also insist for three hours in a warm place. With this infusion, you can rub or make lotions in places of skin lesions with fungus, eczema, as well as gargling in case of a beginning sore throat and painful sensations in the throat with a cold.
Another use of infusion is to rinse their hair after washing. You can also squeeze the juice from the plant and rub it into the scalp before washing the head. This procedure will help strengthen the hair.
On a note! You do not need to prepare an infusion for the future. Infusion is more effective when it is fresh.
For young skin and improve its condition, it is useful to take a bath with infusion of Tibetan lofantha. It is easy to prepare: pour two cups of boiling water 4-5 tablespoons of herbs (dry or fresh, let it brew for half an hour, strain and add to the bath.
Tibetan lofan spirit tincture
For nervousness and depression, you can use alcohol tincture from a Tibetan lofant. Also, this tincture will help to follow a diet. Will help to adapt to the new power system.
In order to prepare the tincture. You need to take 50 grams of dry leaves or flowers of this medicinal plant or 200 grams of fresh crushed flowers and leaves and pour half a liter of vodka. Close the container and insist for a month in a dark place, shaking occasionally. After a month, the solution must be filtered. Tincture is ready.
Take the following scheme during the month: 20-30 minutes before a meal in the mornings and evenings, dilute 10 drops with water, at lunchtime - 20 drops.
If the flowers and leaves pour boiling water and insist for 5 minutes, you can get fragrant tea, which is especially good with honey. Such tea, similar to infusion, helps with reduced immunity and problems with digestion.
Gel for the treatment of skin diseases with a Tibetan lofant content.
This gel will be very useful for eczema, dermatitis and fungus-affected skin. To prepare it, you need to take very finely chopped leaves of the plant and mix with 30 grams of ricinola (you need to buy the ointment at the pharmacy), add 2 tablespoons of olive oil and mix thoroughly.
The essential oil is obtained by distilling the fresh parts of the lofant. This is not enough to clear the skin rash, strengthen sleep in adults and children.
Important! It is contraindicated to use drugs with a lofant for Tibetan people with hypotension, thrombophlebitis and intolerance to this plant, after surgery, especially in the first few months, as well as with cancer and even if they are suspected.
Preparation of medical fees
Harvest the plant in the summer. To do this, cut off all the ground parts of the plant. After collecting the required amount, the plants need to be washed and decomposed or suspended in a dry and indoor environment. After drying, store the lofant in a glass jar or in a fabric bag for storage.
Important! The properties of the plant are stored in it only for a year. After - this grass is useless.
The plant propagates not only through the seeds, but also by dividing the bush, cuttings or layering. Each of the methods is suitable for growing at home. In the first few years of sowing, the seeds will ripen around the end of September. Although starting from the second or third year the process will take place by the beginning or by the middle of the same month.
Lofant plant in early spring, and the most reliable way of reproduction will be growing from seed at home. Before sowing, they need to soak well.
Lofant aniseed by growing from seed germinates in about 6 days. After about a month about 4 leaves will appear on the shoots. This will mean that it is necessary to make a picking again in the decontaminated land.
For transplanting, wait for stable, warm weather. Between the rows in the garden should be a distance of 60 cm. The plant will take root in the new soil for several days. During this time it is necessary to water periodically. This should be done with the addition of a drop of boric acid. This will help prevent the defeat of still very weak shoots. It is better to send a stream of water not to the landing site itself, but a little to the side.
How to care for culture
The plant needs drainage as well as prophylactic dry shelter. These measures must be taken in winter, otherwise the lofant may not survive the cold. In mid-September, and preferably a little earlier, it is necessary to trim the above-ground part. Leave about 10 cm off the ground. Thus, the root buds can endure the cold and wake up again in the spring.
During the flowering period, you need to constantly cut flowers. So you provoke the growth of new stems. This cycle can last 4 and a half months. You will also have lush bushes in the event that you water the plants abundantly and regularly.
Nevertheless, the lofant tolerates drought and heat. If you are at the stage of growing small shoots, then monitor the cleanliness of the site. Immediately remove excess grass and weeds that prevent lofant growth. Later this process will not have to be repeated. Feed the plant with fertilizer or mullein.
Little about the healing properties
About the healing power of the plant learned many centuries ago, thanks to the observations and experiments of monks.
The plant performs many functions, among which may be noted:
- Anti-inflammatory effect.
- Healing some wounds.
- Normalization of blood pressure.
- Slag removal.
- Strengthening the immune system.
To get rid of skin problems, chop fresh herbs (200 ml). Throw in boiling water of 2 liters. Next you need to strain the resulting drug, and pour into the bath. To make an oil extract, it is necessary to fill in chopped grass with sunflower oil. After a week, strain. Such extracts are widely used in cosmetology.
All aboveground parts of the plant are used in the recipes: leaves, stem and flowers. Lofant is great for stimulating the immune system, activating all the endocrine glands. In addition, it is actively used in cosmetology: for strengthening hair, smoothing wrinkles and healing the skin.
Lofant is a plant that deserves attention because of its beneficial properties in the field of gardening, cooking, medicine and cosmetologists. In order for it to bring a big harvest, it is necessary to adhere to proper planting, choose sunny places and water the plant abundantly.
Plant Description Tibetan Lofant
Agastache rugosa has many other names:
- Korean Mint (belongs to the same family of yasnotkovyh),
- purple giant hyssop
- blue licorice
- Indian Mint
- wrinkled giant hyssop,
- Chinese patchouli
- huo xiang
- Tibetan lofant
The latter is tracing from another Latin name - Lophantus tibeticus. This name is synonymous with Agastache rugosa.
The distribution area of this plant in the wild - the whole of East Asia:
Tibetan multicolon grows in Russia in Primorsky Krai.
Tibetan lofant is a perennial grass 0.4–1 m high with quadrangular stems. The leaves are large: 4.5-9 cm in length, 2-6 cm in width. Форма может быть ланцетовидной или яйцевидной. Основание листа сердцевидное. Черешок длиной от 1,5 до 3,5 см. Край листа зазубренный. Листовые пластинки тонкие. С верхней стороны листья темно-зеленые, с нижней – светлые. Листовые пластины опушены с обеих сторон.
Цветы собраны в колосовидные соцветия, длина которых до 10 см, а диаметр 2 см. On the peduncles below, too, there are leaves, in shape the same as the main ones. But the size of these leaves is smaller.
Flowers bisexual and capable of self-pollination. Present and pollination with insects. Calyx long (4-8 mm), painted in purple or lilac color. Two-lipped corolla has a length of 7-10 mm. Flowering lasts from June to September.
There are forms of a Tibetan lofant with white, purple and blue flowers. Whites have a sharper smell than color. In the photo all three varieties of Tibetan lofanta.
Differences lofanta anisovogo and Tibetan
Most of the multicarves are very similar. Tibetan multicolon is often confused with anise / fennel loaf. Even the color of the colors in some forms of lofanta similar. Aniseed lofant grows higher than Tibetan, but the range of growth of these herbs is the same and it is impossible to say with certainty which particular plant it is.
Anis lofanta height is 45-150 cm, Tibetan - 40-100 cm. Anisic purple or pink-blue flowers, Tibetan purple or blue flowers.
The difference between the two types of lofanta in the region of origin and the aroma of the plant. Homeland anisnogo - North America, Tibetan - Asia. The smell of fennel resembles the smell of anise, for which the grass got its name. Tibetan has its own smell.
In the United States, anise lofant is grown on an industrial scale to produce honey with a specific taste and smell. Plants are used to make spices.
Photo lofanta fennel. Without a magnifying glass and special knowledge of differences can not see.
For therapeutic purposes, both types are used only in traditional medicine. And information about them here have 3 versions:
- anisic - medicinal, Tibetan - spice,
- Tibetan - medicinal, anise - spice,
- Both types of lofanta have similar medicinal properties.
The third version looks the most plausible. The placebo effect sometimes works wonders.
Chemical composition of the plant
With the chemical composition of the plant is about the same situation as with its therapeutic value. That is, serious research in connection with the lack of value of these plants as medicinal was not performed. And when describing the chemical composition, types of lofants are often confused. According to English sources, the plant contains:
- estragol (60-88%), it is the main component of basil oil,
- hexadecanoic acid,
- linoleic acid.
Russian data is slightly different:
- hydroxycinnamic acids,
- tannins (6.5-8.5%).
Often, the composition of a Tibetan lofanth is written off from the more studied aniseed.
The content of chromium in the Tibetan lofan is not confirmed even by invented research for the sake of advertising. The high content of chromium, allegedly preventing aging, is attributed to anisate lofant (the origin of the species is North America). And even about the anise lofant, there is no other data than the “research” of a certain Dr. V. Evans from the USA. Studies allegedly were conducted in 1992 and caused a sensation. Mention of a doctor are found only in Russian-language advertising articles.
But a certain amount of chromium, of course, is available in both types of lofanta. But this amount does not depend on the type of plant, but on the presence of an element in the soil.
Planting and caring for a Tibetan lofant
In the Tibetan lofant, in the first year after sowing, the seed crop ripens in late September. In subsequent years, seeds must be harvested 2-3 weeks earlier. The Tibetan multicolar produces the maximum number of seeds in the 3-4th year of life.
The grass is unpretentious, and the cultivation of Tibetan lofant is not difficult. When “having a choice,” the lofant will prefer moisture-resistant fertile soil and good sunshine. In the shade, the scent of the plant weakens.
The Tibetan multicolon breeds in two ways:
The easiest and easiest way of reproduction is to grow a Tibetan lofant from seeds.
The fruit of the lofant is the size of a poppy seed, therefore it is impossible to bury them in the soil. Their germination aboveground. Sow the seeds in the spring in mid-May. Sprouts appear 2 weeks after sowing.
Seeds are poured on the prepared, very finely loosened soil and “nailed” them to the ground with the help of a spray bottle. During these two weeks, the ground is kept moist by spraying water rather than pouring out of a watering can.
You can grow lofant through seedlings. In this case, a quantity of seeds is placed in each container. Planting Tibetan lofanth seedlings can begin in late March or early April. The germination rules are the same as for any other seedlings.
After 7-12 days after germination, a blade of grass acquires a pair of opposite round leaves. A week later, the second pair appears. Roots develop in parallel. The Tibetan multicolon root system is powerful enough and already in its young state has 7-10 lateral roots.
At the end of May, the seedlings, together with the earthy clod, are transplanted to a permanent place. A distance of 25 cm is left between the plants. The width of the rows is 70 cm. Further care consists of timely watering and weeding.
Flowering begins in late July and lasts until September. Sometimes a lofant can bloom up to frost.
Useful properties of a Tibetan lofant
Tibetan Koreans use the high-ash dumpers as food seasoning in dishes. The Chinese have a different look at this grass. They believe that Korean mint can help with many types of diseases. It is used:
- as a sedative,
- to improve blood circulation,
- as bactericidal,
- to normalize blood pressure
- to increase male potency,
- as anti-inflammatory,
- to normalize the metabolism.
There is information that the decoction of the multicolar dissolves sulfur plugs in the ears. But ordinary water copes with this task as well.
Raw Material Procurement Rules
Traditional medicine uses the aerial part of the plant completely. Fresh grass works better, but in winter there is no place to take it. At the same time, it is in winter that a person needs preparations that support the immune system. Even if Tibetan multicolon is not really therapeutic, it will serve as a good addition to tea and aromatic seasoning to dishes.
When harvesting a Tibetan lofant you need to follow some rules:
- collect grass in the middle of summer,
- after cutting the necessary parts from the harvested raw materials remove all contamination,
- dry the grass in the shade of a draft
- deposited harvested lofant stored in a canvas or paper bag.
The shelf life of the workpiece is 1 year.
Indications for use
In folk medicine, Tibetan lofant is used almost as a panacea for all diseases at once. The scope of its use:
- recuperation in stressful situations, after hypertensive crisis and stroke,
- anti-inflammatory for the digestive tract,
- increase immunity
- treatment of respiratory tract from acute respiratory infections to pneumonia and asthma,
- with liver diseases,
- with problems with the genitourinary system.
It is also believed that sleeping on a mattress and pillow, stuffed with a Tibetan multicolon, permanently relieves insomnia, headache, meteorological dependence, and even fungi.
Alcoholic tincture of a lofant is used for CVD diseases, paresis, paralysis, and trembling of the extremities. Broth, gel and powder from the leaves lofanta advertise as a good remedy for skin fungi.
Tibetan Lofant Use Techniques
In the homeland of the Tibetan multicolon grass is popular as a food seasoning. In South Korea, it is added to stewed meat and fish. Sometimes used for Korean pancakes.
In folk medicine, the lofant is used in the form:
- Infusion for internal use: 1 tbsp. l a glass of boiling water. Wrap and insist 3 hours. Strain. Add honey Drink before meals for ½ cup 3 times a day.
- Infusion for external use: 4 tbsp. l for 2 cups boiling water for 2 hours. Apply the infusion for rubbing the skin and rinsing the hair.
- Tincture for internal use is made from fresh raw materials: 200 g of flowers and leaves for 0.5 liters of vodka. Insist the month in a dark place. Shake periodically. Consume 10 drops in 120 ml of water in the morning and evening, and 20 drops in lunch 30 minutes before meals.
Infusion for internal use is used in inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract, to improve the performance of the cardiovascular system, to calm the central nervous system
To soothe the inflamed skin on the face make a gel of fresh young leaves lofant. The raw materials are ground in a mortar into a uniform green mass and apricot or olive oil is added there. Per 100 g of fresh leaves take 2-3 tbsp. spoons of oil and add 1 ml of vinegar essence.
Store the gel in the refrigerator and apply as needed. If you add to it 50 g of fir oil and salt, then you get a good remedy for corns.
Contra indications for Tibetan lofant
Funds based on Tibetan multicolon do not have any special contraindications. Caution should be followed by people suffering from hypotension and thrombophlebitis. But to ask a question to the doctor does not hurt in any case.
It is necessary to start taking the medication from a Tibetan lofant carefully and from small doses, since no one can predict the individual reaction of the body. The dosage of the drug is gradually increased to the required.