Peonies - garden decoration that does not require special difficulties in the care. Compliance with the agrotechnical methods of growing garden peonies - planting and care, conditions for growth. Recommendations experienced gardeners on the proper care of peonies. How to divide and replant grassy peonies in open ground?
Peony is propagated by garden division starting at the age of 3-5 years. Shrubs should normally bloom and have at least seven stems, not growing a bunch, but separately from each other.
Choosing a place in the garden before planting
Pick up for the landing of peonies open sunny places and keep in mind that they will grow strongly. The minimum distance between adjacent bushes is 1-1.2 meters, to other tall plants - 3 meters. If you plan to plant peonies in the fall, prepare the soil for a month and a half before planting. Pits for spring planting are prepared in autumn. The diameter of the landing hole at least 60 cm.
Grassy peonies do not like dampness and surface groundwater. In such places will have to arrange a drainage of sand, crushed bricks, gravel. Improve poor soil before planting with compost or humus.
Planting Peony Grass in Spring
Pions are planted in the soil in early spring before the development of buds. When a spring or summer transplant is forced for some reason, the peony is dug out with a large lump of earth and moves entirely to a new place.
Peony is a very viable plant, not dying during a spring transplant or during the flowering period. Even left to hibernate on the surface of the bush, most likely, will be taken next year. But such an attitude to the plant will reduce its decorative effect and will require careful maintenance.
Spring event around peonies
The first peony shoots are shown following the melted snow. Carefully remove the shelter with your hands in April if you have mulch the planting in the fall. As soon as the sun dries the surface, loosen the ground a few centimeters around the peony and apply nitrogen-potassium fertilizer (20–30 g per bush).
Treat the sprouts and the soil with a solution of copper sulfate when the air warms to 5–10 ° C. Prevention helps to avoid fungal infections attacking grassy peonies in wet weather.
Prepare the props and install them early, so as not to break the fragile stems. Self-made support for grassy peonies is easy to build from wire, bending it around and placing it on the posts from the tubes.
Feed the peonies in the second half of May with any fertilizer for ornamental shrubs. Young plants to feed the foliar way. Dilute complex mineral fertilizer in water and add a little soap for better wetting, then pour leaves from a watering can.
Further care for peonies in summer
Care for grassy peonies in the summer is minimal - loosen the soil after rain and watering, at the same time getting rid of weeds. Water the bushes regularly (3 buckets per peony), especially at the budding stage.
In some varieties, one large ovary and many small ones form on one branch. Make pinching small buds - the remaining flower will be much larger. When the plant is heavily overloaded with buds, small ones are better to cut off completely. For the normal development of herbaceous peony enough to leave a little more than 20 of the largest ovaries.
Take on cutting no more than half of the flowers, trying to cut the branch is not at the root, and leaving a small stalk with a pair of leaves. Remove the stubby buds, leaving hemp inside the crown.
When laying the future flower buds in August put potash phosphate fertilizer. If August is dry, moisten the soil generously around pions.
How to care for peonies at the end of the season?
Loosen the earth and make the earthing up of the bush a small slide. Follow the location of the growth buds, the penetration of which into the soil of more than 5 cm leads to a reduction in the intensity of flowering, and less than 2 cm - to freeze.
When the first frosts come, cut the peon stems lower. Leave dry tops for winter shelter if there are no signs of disease. The leaves are stained with burned.
Adult grass peony bushes do not need protection from frost. Young planting cover cut branches and leaves.
Time of division and transplantation of pions
The optimal terms of autumn transplantation and division of herbaceous pions for middle latitudes fall on the last decade of August or the first half of September. Try to prepare in advance a planting hole with dimensions 60x60x60 cm. Fill it with about two-thirds with a mixture of garden soil, humus and sand, taken in equal parts. On such a hole of each component will take a little more buckets.
Fill the remaining space with garden soil. By the time of planting, the soil will be compacted and later the pit will not drain. When excavating and planting on the same day, pour the fertile mixture in layers, tamping and watering. Before digging, cut the pruning shears on the branch selected for dividing the pion at a height of 10 cm.
Dig a trench around the bush with a two-bayonet depth of shovel. Trim the roots on all sides and pull the peony out onto the surface by prying the plant deep and shaking the ground. Transfer the rhizome into the shade and rinse with water.
Separate the peony with your hands into several parts, and cut tightly twisted roots with a knife. Select planting units with 3–5 buds and 3–4 healthy roots about 10 cm long. Place the prepared delenki in a dark pink solution of potassium permanganate for half an hour.
Place a tubercle of nutrient mixture in the middle of the landing pit. Smooth the soil and place the roots so that after filling the ground, the upper buds are at a depth of 4–5 cm. Fill the pit with soil, knead it with water and water well.
Grind the surface with mowed grass or compost. Do not let the soil dry out - water the planted peony once a week, and in the heat more often. In a rainy autumn, moisture in the ground is enough - no need to water at all.
In the spring after warming up the soil sprouts will seem. Take care of a peony seedling, giving it maximum attention in the first growing season. A young grassy peony will develop the root system for two or three years, and it will begin to bloom later - this is a completely normal process.
Planting and care will provide peonies with long growth in one place and their annual abundant flowering.
Gardeners love peonies for being perennial plants that do not require special conditions. In order to enjoy its lush bushes for a long time, the flower must be watered abundantly (after all, the tuberous roots are at depth) and loosen the near-stem space.
In early spring, when the peonies only begin the growing season, plants are recommended to be fed with a nitrogen-containing complex. Secondary feeding will be appropriate during the formation of buds, only this time it will be necessary to choose phosphate fertilizer.
In order for the bushes to bloom longer, from the fading shoots need to get rid of with a knife.
The third time to fertilize peony bushes is necessary after flowering, when the plant will need potassium and phosphorus.
All types of grassy peonies can suffer from diseases, among which gray rot is often found. Moreover, the fungus affects any part of the plant:
In the event that this disease was found on the bush, it is necessary to remove all damaged areas with a sharp knife and disinfect the plant with a preparation containing copper.
It is recommended to use foundationol, XOM or Bordeaux mixture. And for preventive measures, spray three times a season.
In the autumn, the ground part of the pions is to be cut. Peonies do not need shelter for the winter, as they endure the cold. It is recommended that young plants be warmed with a covering material only during their first wintering season.
Reproduction of pions
Those who plan to multiply this flower with seeds that ripen in boxes at the place of the former bud, it is recommended to discard it. Peony varietal peculiarities are often not preserved, and it will take at least five years to wait for flowering.
The best way to breed pions is root division. It is better to do it in the fall or at the end of August.
The roots are dug up when the bushes are to be renewed. The need for this arises when in one place peonies grow for a very long time and flowering becomes scarce.
Shrubs gently removed from the soil, cleaned from the remnants of the soil. The roots are washed with water and divided into several parts. At each new rhizome should be buds and adventitious roots.
A suitable process is a stalk with five buds, 7-10 cm long, having three adventitious roots.
You can also get a full-fledged peony bush from a small stalk that has at least one developed bud with several sleeping. But such processes will develop longer.
Before planting, all delenki must be treated with a solution of potassium permanganate.
If they were purchased at the point of sale, then the time for planting such a plant should be selected at the end of September or at the beginning of October.
Planting pit for grassy peony to prepare in advance. In the soil at its bottom should be added rotted manure and superphosphate fertilizers. It is useful to mix in a bit of wood ash.
The depth of the peony planting should have a five-centimeter layer of soil over the upper bud, since with excessive deepening the plant will scarcely bloom, and if the buds are insufficiently covered, the roots can freeze in winter.
Since in the early years the grassy peony is actively increasing its root system, a full-fledged and lush bush will not grow soon. But the fact that in its first spring young shoots appear on the surface of the ground can be considered a successful beginning of the development of the peony. Also, young plants can not be fertilized in the first year of life. Abundant watering and regular soil loosening is all that the young grass pion needs.
Even if buds appear on young bushes, they should be destroyed. Do not weaken the plant flowering to the detriment of the normal development of the root system.
In the second year, grassy peonies can begin to fertilize, but the number of dressings should be small. On the bush this year, you can leave one or two buds, cutting off the rest. During this period of development, new buds form at the root system, from which new sprouts will grow next year.
Caring for young plants does not differ from adult supervision: they should also be watered throughout the season, weed grass should be destroyed and loosening should be done around the bush.
These viable, durable flowering bushes will always be in demand among gardeners.
In nature, you can count about 40 species of peonies and count the number of varieties. Everyone chooses for himself a new plant, starting from the color, aromas, sizes of inflorescences.
One of the extraordinary creations of nature is a tree peony. This plant is not for nothing that it is called the aristocrat of the garden house in the village.
Tree peony is both a shrub and a flower.
It is only necessary to plant this plant on a personal plot, and you can get an ornamental shrub that grows magnificently in inflorescences. In height, a tree peony can grow up to 2 meters.
It all depends on soil fertility, year of life and care.
These flowering plants are long-lived.
These shrubs can grow in one place for 90-150 years. The most ancient long-liver is a tree peony, which is 300 years old.
Peony grows slowly and as it grows every year gives 10-70 inflorescences, and sometimes hundreds. The flowers most often have the shape of a bowl or a bowl. They decorate the bush for about two weeks.
Among gardeners who care for tree peony, the most common hybrid varieties. They have long feathery leaves, and flowers reach 25 cm in diameter. Demand and dwarf tree peonies.
Tree peony requirements
For the normal maintenance of tree peonies, it is desirable to provide them with a place with a sufficient amount of light and protected from drafts. If the peony bush is located under the shade of a small tree, it gets scattered sunbathing and blooms longer. But under the open sky the bushes bloom more abundantly.
The soil under the peonies should be fertilized, drained and with an alkaline reaction.
If there is a need for transplanting a plant or planting a new one in your household plot, then the most favorable time for this is the period from late August to mid-September. Also, a tree peony can be planted in early spring, but it must be borne in mind that in this case it will be most vulnerable to frost.
A landing pit for a flower is prepared in advance. It is shaped like a cone. The base should have a size twice the diameter on the surface.
First, a thick drainage layer (broken brick, gravel and sand) should be poured at the bottom. Then all this should be filled with humus. At the end, place the root of the shrub in there and sprinkle it with the upper fertile soil layer.
If harsh winters are rampant in the region, flower growers recommend performing a protective dry shelter. Particularly in need of young plants or newly planted shrubs. As a covering material can be used:
After overwintering in April, the plant is inspected and all dry branches are removed.
In any garden there is a place for these beautiful plants. They look gorgeous against the lawn, even at the moment when the flowering will pass. Landscape designers note the demand for this shrub, go to meet their customers and use tree peony in both single and group plantings.
Why do not peonies bloom
During flowering the bush of peonies is a very lush green and lush, bright inflorescences with a heady aroma. But it also happens that some of the owners of the house in the village do not bloom peonies.
The first reason for the lack of flowering may be the wrong landing site. For peony does not fit too shady, with stagnation of moisture, a place. Also, this plant will not bloom magnificently near tall trees and shrubs.
Soil acidity should not be higher than 6.5.
Of great importance is the depth of planting a peony bush. If the plant is planted too small, its buds will not be protected by the soil and may suffer from frost in winter. And, on the contrary, too deep planting prevents flowering. The best option is to deepen the buds of peonies, which are located at the base of its stems to five cm in the ground.
Also, the reason for the lack of flowering pions can be errors in the feeding. If the soil is poor in trace elements, the bushes of this plant will bloom, but poorly and small inflorescences. And with an excess of fertilizers, they will get too lush green mass, but flowering may not occur at all.
Therefore, in order for the plant to please its owners with an abundance of flowers, it is necessary to fertilize with nitrogenous fertilizers during budding and foliage growth.
If the weather is too dry and the plant needs watering, and it is not possible to provide it in the required amount, the peonies will bloom very poorly. Especially in the moisture they need during the budding.
For one large bush requires liquid in the amount of three buckets.
Reasons for a few flowering
Gardeners make a mistake when they cut the leaves off the bushes too early. Many people are motivated by the fact that they make room for other flowering plants. But this can not be done, because of the lack of foliage bush will not receive adequate nutrition and the process of budding for the next year will be broken.
Too deep cut of flowers for bouquets can lead to similar results.
Untimely transplanting peony bush may be another reason for which there will be no flowering.
Peony bush should be replanted in August. If it was transplanted in early spring, then you need to take for granted that this year it will not bloom.
Another reason for the lack of flowering peonies - the aging of the bush. To remedy the situation by planting young shoots. After a three-year period, they will gain momentum and bloom.
It is recommended to plant the peony variety acquired in spring in a flower pot and dive into the ground at the planned location until August.
For those who adore blooming peonies, you can significantly increase the size of the inflorescences by watering the bushes twice with a solution of urea. The proportions 1/10 are the most optimal.
As soon as the plants have faded, they need to be supported by top dressing. This will help peony bushes to form the required number of replacement buds for the next flowering. As a fertilizer you can use:
- potassium sulfate
- organic fertilizers.
As soon as the snow melts, the soil in pions must be treated with a solution of potassium permanganate. It will significantly accelerate plant growth, the appearance of buds and disinfect the soil.
In late September, the foliage is cut from the flowers flush with the ground. If the region has a harsh climate, then the roots are warmed.
There is another way to propagate peonies. Это зеленое черенкование. Для этого выбирают растение в возрасте 5-7 лет. Осматривают и осторожно, но быстро срывают вызревшие побеги, обязательно с подземной частью.
У основания побега уже должны быть сформированные почки, размером от 0,2 до 0, 5 см. Если почек нет, побег не пригоден к размножению.
Перед тем, как посадить побеги в землю, стебель черенка укорачивают на 1/3 или ½ часть. Делайте так, чтобы оставалось 2-3 листа.
With the onset of autumn, the cuttings gain strength, take root, the buds increase markedly in size, reaching 1-2 cm.
Description of perennial onion peony plant
Peony bulbous plant (lat Paeónia) belongs to the Peony family. Generic scientific name given by the name of the ancient Greek deity, the evader of evil Pean, who was a doctor of the Olympic gods. With the help of a plant obtained from the mother of Apollo - Lethe, he healed Hades himself from the wounds inflicted on him by Heracles. Pean did so well with the duties of a doctor that he aroused the envy of his teacher, the god of healing Asclepius (Esculapius). The latter decided to poison Pean, but Hades, in gratitude for healing, turned him into a beautiful flower, resembling a huge rose.
It is found in the northern and northeastern regions of the European part of Russia, in the Urals, and in the south of Western Siberia. It grows in floodplain and sparse deciduous and mixed forests, along forest edges, in taiga meadows, in mountains.
This perennial and representative of the peony family was so long ago cultivated by a man that it is now difficult to meet him in the wild. However, Southeast Asia is considered the natural habitat of peony.
Herbaceous perennial peony plant up to 1–1.2 m high with a powerful shortened many-headed rhizome and long spindle-shaped roots. Numerous stems, usually with single flowers. Leaves are petiolate, dark green, with a double-ternate-separate plate, up to 30 cm long and of almost the same width. The shares are lanceolate, of unequal width in different populations.
As seen in the photo, the flowers of peonies are large (up to 10–12 cm in diameter), with numerous yellow stamens:
The fruits of the garden plant peony - leaflets, filled with large black shiny seeds. It blooms in May - June. Seeds ripen in July - early August.
Peony is one of the most popular garden plants, and one glance is enough to understand why. It is difficult to find brighter, more spectacular and lush flowers. In addition, peonies have a bright juicy greens and a strong rich aroma. It blooms from May to mid-June.
Bouquets of this plant have always been and will be popular. A special relationship to the peony in China, where this flower is very loved. Interest in peonies made Chinese breeders spend many years breeding unique varieties.
Below you can see the photos, see the names and descriptions of the types and varieties of peonies.
What are the plants peonies: photo, name and description of the types of flowers
Most of the currently known varieties are derived from the dairy, or Chinese peony, and other Chinese species.
White-flowered peony (Paeonia albiflora pall.), or lactic peony (P. lactiflora pall) - perennial herbaceous plant, blooming white flowers, fragrant like roses. Its flowers, as well as the flowers of the tree peony, were ornamented as decorative motifs for expensive fabrics, were considered symbols of love, dignity and honor. When describing a plant, a peony is definitely worth noting that the decoction of the rhizomes of this species is used in folk and oriental medicine as a medicine.
Known to many garden peony - a very beautiful large fragrant flower. Its color is from white, pink to dark crimson, there are yellow, cream, chestnut, opal peonies, which are similar in color to ivory and mother of pearl.
Some varieties not only look but smell like roses, others smell similar to violets, lilies of the valley and even balsamic poplar. Mostly peonies - dense flowers with petals of different shapes and sizes, located in different variations. This species of peony plant blooms for 10–15 days, but the bush remains decorative, as the plant has beautiful carved leaves. By the beauty of the shapes and colors of flowers, the fragrance and elegant greenery, peonies rightfully belong to one of the first places among the best garden perennials. These flowers can live without transplant for decades. There are cases of peonies staying in one place even for more than a hundred years.
Peony martin root (Paeonia anomala L.) - ornamental and medicinal plant. Perennial with a thick tuberous root, up to 60-100 cm tall, with almost three times pinnate leaves. Flowers in this species of peonies are single, large, purple-pink, up to 15 cm in diameter. Basically, it is a Siberian species, also calling in the north of the European part of Russia to the south-east of the Kola Peninsula. The area also includes areas of Mongolia and North China.
You can decorate a room with blooming peonies, but this can be done no earlier than April.
Before others bloom fine leaf peony (P.tenuifolia), a low, but quite charming plant with dark maroon flowers and dark green leaves, finely cut like fluffy dill twigs. This type of peony flowers is only 40 cm tall, but it has an exceptionally elegant look, very suitable for stony hills. An interesting thin-leaved peony, besides its appearance, is that it does not like good nutrition, does not require watering and does not even tolerate excessive moisture, but what he loves so much is the sun. There is a lack of this peony - early (in August) withering foliage, so it must be planted under cover of plants that retain their green for a long time (for example, meadow geraniums).
It is possible to “persuade” ponies to bloom earlier than it happens on the open ground by forcing. The following peonies are the most suitable for distillation: white-flowered, medicinal, fine-leaved. Planted in autumn with large pots, peonies are placed in a cool room (5–7 ° C, that is, best in the fridge) after frosting, usually at the end of December. Thin-leaved peony does not need a big pot. In February, peonies are brought to warm rooms. Faded plants are planted in the spring in the ground.
Not only does it have a luxurious flowering and a wonderful aroma during flowering, but the bush itself maintains decorativeness all summer, and therefore it adorns your garden all season. Therefore, peonies are often used in rabatka and mixborders, which are located along the tracks or along the walls of buildings.
If the peonies are arranged in pieces or in groups of two or three shrubs of different flowering periods, this is also very beautiful.
Many reject these luxurious plants because their branches are drooping low under the weight of flowers. But who bothers you put under them support? It's so easy!
Then you can see the names of the varieties of peonies and their hybrids.
Peony flowers: varieties and hybrids
Peonies are divided by timing of flowering. There are very early peonies, usually they are on a low stem and they have a terry very large spherical flower, but they are odorless. They are easily distinguished from others by the light green color of the stems (while in later varieties the stem has a red and even dark red color).
The most successful of them is the captivity group:
Alba captivity with white flowers,
Rose captivity with pink
and the most common of this group Grade Rubra captivity with dark red crimson flowers.
These are very reliable peonies, there are no problems with them, as they are well adapted to our northwestern climate.
The next group is early peonies. There is a very large selection of pink, and white, and lilac, and red. Among them, too, there are very resistant varieties.
Early varieties of peony flowers bloom a week later, very early. Later, a well-known early variety resistant to Fusarium and that is why pink is popular with gardeners Sarah Bernard variety.
Then the medium early bloom, and among them a wonderful white peony, also very famous, Festima Maximabut with a mediocre smell.
There are inhabitants of dry forests, fit:
Moldavian (other name - foreign), able to exist without watering.
The most drought-resistant - thin-leaved peony.
If you are lucky and you find pink Peony variety Youth, you will get great pleasure from its magnificent, huge, very dense flowers and gentle aroma.
If you are offered a lilac peony, then do not flatter yourself, there is no such color in peony flowers, but there are pink ones with a lilac shade.
There is a very beautiful mid-late peony with large bright crimson flowers. Arkady Gaidar.
Usually, in order to get larger flowers, it is recommended that two buds that grow from the sinuses of the side leaves near the main bud should be pulled out as early as possible. But Arkady Gaidar does not need to do this, since both lateral flowers are not inferior in size to the main one, and he is not just big, he is huge. When you cut such an inflorescence of three flowers, it turns out a large bouquet on one stem.
There is a group of very late, it is extremely rare and expensive peonies. Of this group, the most common white peony ann cussen (in some directories it is called Ann Cousins).
Of the latest pink
this Virginia lee,
and still have President Wilson.
And from black and red is interesting late grade Lucky Star,
which blooms at the end of July as well Ankle Tom.
Knowing what peonies are by species, you can plant a number of plants from different groups - this will help to have flowering crops from late May to late July.
Red flowers Non-twig, or simple form:
White color. Terry.
Simple form: Cynet.
Claire de Lune,
Pink Semi-double shape:
Red Spherical shape:
Pink Spherical shape:
In memory of Gagarin,
The shape of the peonies are spherical, hemispherical, terry, semi-double, non-double. So the choice is great.
Among the peonies, the most expensive and most interesting of them is the tree peony, which in the fall drops leaves, but the stem of it is woody, and does not disappear, like in grassy peonies. In winter there is a clumsy unsightly tree. Usually, these peonies do not have terry, but huge flowers, 15–20 cm in diameter. But, unfortunately, they can freeze in the North-West, and therefore, as a rule, require shelter for the winter. In addition, they are being stolen because they are very expensive.
The most reliable and picky are the species peonies, which grow in natural conditions and in their time served as the source material for creating cultivated varieties. They bloom, as a rule, before the cultural peonies, in the North-West in the middle of May. They, like all native children of nature, are extremely durable (for several decades in one place without a transplant).
The ability of peonies to be preserved in bouquets and vases is not constant - some are worth ten days, while others fall on the second day. Of course, you can use the advertised additives in the water. But if you strictly follow the rules, that is, cut the flowers early in the morning in dry weather with a stem not less than 30–35 cm, and placing the flowers in a vase and cutting them in water so that air does not get into the stems, then such a bouquet will stand for five or six days . Water needs to be changed daily, and in the heat - and twice a day, updating the stem section. A peony growing on clay soil or loam will stand in a vase for two or three days longer.
We must remember that pions do not like sour soil, which often causes reddening of the leaves and provokes the disease Fusarium.
Species peonies for growing and caring in the open field are the most unpretentious and resistant to Fusarium, which is a scourge for their cultural relatives, but they also do not like acidic soil, but prefer to grow on fertile land, in places illuminated by the eastern sun (except for fine-leaved) , love feeding ash. The optimum time for planting peonies is August (in the North-West).
Agrotechnical cultivation of grassy peonies: planting and caring for flowers in the open field
Care in growing peonies is not complicated, you only need good planting material and proper fit. Peonies are planted for 30 years, moreover, they do not like transplants, so before you buy them, you must first take care of a good place for plants.
Growing pions in open ground can not be done near the walls and near large trees. The distance from the wall or large trees should be at least two meters. The pit should be well prepared in advance. It should be 50 × 50 × 50 cm, at a minimum, and even better 80 × 80 × 80 cm. If you have close groundwater (50–60 cm), then a hole 80 centimeters deep will be difficult to dig, it will be filled with water. Then the peony roots will fall into the water and rot. In this case, you need to pour a flat hill about 40 cm high with a single landing or a ridge about 40 cm high for planting several pions in a row.
Shrubs can be planted at a distance of 80 centimeters from each other. It is very unprofitable to plant one peony, too much work for the sake of one plant, but nevertheless it looks great in single plantings in different parts of the garden.
Observing the correct cultivation of cultivation in the open field, the day before, before planting, it is necessary to water the soil in the planting pit or on the ridge again. In the center of the pit (or in the deepening of the ridge or hill) you make a small mound. On this mound, you lay out the delineation. It must be put obliquely, at a 45-degree angle with the growth bud up (it is at the very base of the future stem), the rest of the delenka down. Then you gradually begin to fill the rest of the pit with soil (or put a mound on top). Next, you dip the index finger into the ground near the top of the delenka, when the finger rests on it, then two phalanxes of the finger should be in the soil. That is, the kidney should be 4-5 cm deep in the ground. If you have a higher growth kidney, then it will freeze out, and if it turns out to be deeper, then it will definitely rot out.
Top dressing for peony care
After planting, caring for peonies in the open field is important correct feeding. After the end of frost, you can give a nitrogen supplement, which should always be given simultaneously with potash. In addition, we also need phosphorus, which promotes flowering of plants. Therefore, the most suitable spring fertilizer is azofoska (or any complex mineral fertilizer, for example, Kemira). It is necessary to stir 2-3 tablespoons of fertilizer in 10 liters of water and use two liters per plant. Do not pour the solution directly into the center of the tillering bush.
In addition, the feeding of pions in the care of plants is important at the time of opening of the buds. If the soil is scanty (and light foliage is an indicator of this), then it is necessary to water the pion with a solution of any organic fertilizer, in particular, infusion of weeds diluted with water 1: 5. It is absolutely impossible to feed with fresh manure or bird droppings (this can cause rhizome rot). The best thing ever this summer is to cover the soil under the peonies with freshly cut grass or weeded green weeds, stratifying this mulch with Radiance (to accelerate the overheating of the mulch). Or just pour the soil under the peonies (and generally under any plantings) with a solution of Fitosporin together with Gumi.
When caring for peonies during flowering, the plants should be supplemented with potassium and phosphorus (one tablespoon per 10 liters of water), because flowering greatly depletes the rhizome. Do not use potassium chloride - peonies do not like chlorine.
And it is better to use sulphate or potassium carbonate, or kalimagnezii and double granulated superphosphate.
Leaves are needed to restore the rhizome exhausted from flowering. Therefore, do not cut more than a third of flowers and buds, as this will cut many leaves.
It is recommended when planting peony, and then every three years later, around the perimeter of the crown of the bush into the groove 3–4 centimeters deep, to close a tablespoon of AVA granulated fertilizer and no more mineral fertilizers, which, of course, greatly simplifies the feeding of any plants. Peony is very responsive to making this fertilizer. The number of flowers increases dramatically, their color intensity and smell increase.
After planting, when caring for grassy peonies with the beginning of flowering, supports should be placed under them. Their heavy flowers, especially after rain, lean to the ground, and the bush loses its decorativeness. You can make the support yourself, but there are also special props for sale.
If you want to have very large flowers, then immediately remove the axillary buds. However, modern varieties on the side stepsons near the main flower give almost the same large flowers as on the top of the shoot. So, cutting one stalk, you immediately get a bouquet of flowers.
When the peony blooms for the first time, it is better to pull out the first bud as early as possible so as not to weaken the tuber you planted. During flowering, the tuber is very depleted and it is not known whether it will be able to recover before the end of summer after the first flowering.
Even a powerful shrub begins to wither, bloom badly because it does not recover tubers. If at the first flowering 2-3 buds appear, then you can leave one bud. In the future, you should normalize the number of colors depending on the condition of the bush.
How many buds can be allowed on one bush? Если куст молодой и сильный, то примерно 10–12 цветов. Если куст очень сильный, ему 6–8 лет, то можно допускать и 20 цветов, и 25, все зависит от того, как он у вас себя чувствует. Листва показывает состояние пиона сразу. If it has wonderful glossy, bright green leaves, then the bush is healthy, it begins to dim - this is the first sign that the peony is beginning to weaken. Then you need to sharply limit the number of flowers, leave 5-6 pieces, and the flowers will have to be cut with a very short stem so as not to touch the leaves.
Any plant spends all its strength on flowering and seed formation, so you should not allow seed pods to form, and as soon as the flower fades, loses its decorative effect, you should immediately break it.
After flowering, the plant should be watered from a watering can with preparations containing copper (or Fitosporin solution) directly on the foliage. Having prepared the solution, first try it on one stem to make sure that the solution of such a fortress does not cause a burn, and only then water the whole bush. When irrigating with Phytosporin, do not exceed 2-3 tablespoons of the solution per 10 liters of water, then the sample will not be required.
If annually in spring and autumn water peonies (as well as autumn asters, bearded irises, phloxes and roses) with herbal sporine, especially when paired with Gumi or HOM solution, then these plants will not hurt you.
Late autumn, when the foliage has already withered, rotted compost or manure should be applied along the perimeter of the crown of the plant, and even fresh, but only horse, can be used. This will be quite enough for a beautiful flowering next year.
In the fall, the foliage can not be cut if it is healthy. Frost will break the stems, they wilted and cover the rhizome for the winter. You just at the end of the fall pour a bucket of peat or soil on top of the center of the bush - that's all. But if there are problems with foliage, then it needs to be treated in the summer, and removed in the fall and at the same time it can be put into compost. After cutting such leaves, water the bush with copper-containing preparation and priokuchivaete peony for the winter.
Peony has a malicious pest - it is an ant. He likes to settle under peony tubers. Gnawing part of the tuber, make a nest in the hole. Formic acid is very harmful to peony, and it begins to die.
Please note that often in the spring on a peony the mass of ants that gnaw a drop-down bud is also very bad. Ants damage marginal petals, after opening such flowers have a gnawed appearance. Ants need to be destroyed, for example the Anteater. Dilute the ampoule in 10 liters of water and pour it under the peony. But it can be done differently. If you remove the soil layer of 2 cm under the peony, where ants are hustling, you will see egg-laying. Simply sprinkle ant eggs and clumps of ants with Fenaxin or Ant. In addition, in order to protect the peony buds from ant eating, you put one drop on each stem of the ants one drop on the stem of any anti-ants gel (for example, Absolute or Great Warrior).
And the peony suffers from a formidable disease called rhizome fusarium (decay), which is externally manifested in redness of the leaves, the appearance of brown spots on them. As soon as these signs appeared on at least one sheet, immediately pour the empty “right” “head” with a solution of copper preparation, pouring 1–2 watering can of solution onto each plant.
Peonies age to 20-25 years. Such an old bush is no longer so thick, the number of flowers begins to decrease. The bush needs to be rejuvenated, and this can be done only in August. You need to dig a peony on one side, lift it with a pitchfork and lay it on its side, chop off about half.
One part to use for breeding, separating the individual delenki. The rest of the bush must be dipped again in a hole and covered with fresh fertile soil. And it is possible with one strong blow of the ax to chop a nevykopanny bush in half. One part to dig, otsadit or divided into delenki, donate or sell. All sections of the remaining peony and delenok well sprinkled with ashes. Add fresh soil to the pit. And that's it! Such a rejuvenation gives a very good young growth, and the peony will still be 10–15 years old to live and blossom.
So, in early spring, when pink sprouts appear, water them with a solution of copper sulfate (or HOMOhm), sprinkle the soil around the peony with ashes. At the moment of budding, water the pion and soil with a solution of Fitosporin plus Gumi.
In the autumn, after cutting the above-ground part (or directly over it), before hilling, pour the pion with a solution of any preparation containing copper, pour ash around the bush (at least a glass). A healthy flowering bush is provided for you.
In addition to the main purpose of this delightful flower - decorating a garden plot, the peony is also suitable for other purposes, for example, medical.
Use for medicinal purposes: only evading peony possesses useful properties, which can be distinguished from the rest primarily by small non-double flowers. Its infusion has a sedative effect and is widely used in traditional medicine, especially with non-traditional treatments practiced in Tibet. They are treated for serious nervous diseases, such as epilepsy.
Some of the miraculous properties of peony have already been confirmed after serious scientific experiments conducted by representatives of official medicine.
It is proved that the composition of the juice of peony includes disinfectants, painkillers and sedatives. According to traditional medicine, the peony copes well with diseases of the liver and kidneys, and also serves as an excellent way to prevent cancer.
Site selection and land requirements
For the constant cultivation of grassy peonies (there are also tree varieties), well-lit areas with permeable, nutritious, sufficiently moist and loose soils are selected. Also, a place for permanent cultivation should be open so that there is a possibility of free air circulation, as this helps prevent the occurrence of many diseases. But at the same time the site should not be constantly blown by strong winds.
This plant can grow in almost any garden land, but its development will take place in different ways.
- On soils with a large amount of clay, peonies bloom very large flowers, but the general development of the bush is rather slow.
- And where there is a lot of sand in the composition, peonies give a lot of shoots and leaves, but the number of flowers decreases.
The acid reaction of the soil can vary from weakly acid to weakly alkaline (pH 5.8 to 7).
When choosing a place, it is worth remembering that all types of peonies can easily tolerate only a small openwork shadow, especially on a hot afternoon.
It is also undesirable to plant this crop near the walls of houses, because quite often the plants are subjected to overheating, and they lack moisture.
Peonies should not be placed next to tree crops, which will take most of the food and water.
Remember! This plant is very demanding on the amount of moisture in the ground. But it does not withstand the place with excessive moisture, as this causes the rapid rotting of the roots.
Preparing the soil for planting
The plot chosen for growing grassy peonies is sure to be dug up to a great depth (up to 70 cm). The width and depth of the pit for planting can vary from 50 to 70 cm.
Remember that with a shallow digging of the earth, the roots of the plant, reaching solid ground, begin to grow in the horizontal plane. And if at this level there is a lack of nutrients and moisture, then this causes a slowdown in the development of the bush and a deterioration in flowering.
Such deep tillage is especially required on heavy land, as it enriches the soil with oxygen and helps the water to go to the lower layers of the earth faster. Pits are prepared 2-4 weeks before planting.
Before planting, the bottom of the pit is necessarily loosened and two-thirds are covered with loose nutrient mixture, which consists of peat (two parts) and humus (two parts). Also there are added bone meal (about 500 grams) and superphosphate (about 250 grams).
When peonies are planted
The optimal landing time for the middle band and non-chernozem zone is the period from August 15 to September 15. During this period, the peonies are at rest, because the buds have completed their formation, the roots have ceased to grow, and the thin suction roots have not yet begun to grow.
When planting at a later time, the bushes do not have time to settle down before the onset of the first frost. In this case, rooting occurs in the spring, and flowering occurs only after a year. In the spring months, landing work is better not to.
Planting technology of grassy peonies
When planting grassy peonies, the distance between plants should be about one meter.
Plants are placed in a hole so that the buds are at a depth of about 5 cm. With deeper planting, the peonies stop flowering, although they grow and develop well. If plants are planted at a depth of less than 5 cm, then in early spring or in winter during thaws buds can be damaged by frost.
When planting, all the roots must be straightened and gently covered with earth so that no empty places remain.
Peony roots fall asleep good garden soil without any fertilizer, humus and manure.
After planting, the bushes must be watered and the ground settled down.
Grass peony care
In order for this spectacular culture to please every year with good flowering, careful care is needed, which takes into account its biological characteristics.
Care is to abundant watering, regular feeding and weeding.
Both adults and plants that have just been planted are watered infrequently, but with plenty of water. It is worth remembering that during watering the entire layer of the earth, where the roots are located, must have been completely moist.
At the same time, grassy peonies can withstand dry weather quite well, so if the bushes start to wilt ahead of time from a lack of moisture, you should not be upset. Next year they will bloom anyway.
Water is especially required by peonies in certain periods of time:
- In the spring, when shoots and leaves begin to grow intensively.
- In early summer, when flowering occurs.
- At the end of the summer (July - mid-August), when buds are renewed.
With all the abundance of watering be sure to ensure that around the bush water for a long time did not linger.
Weeding and loosening
Frequent weeding and loosening is of great importance in peony care, since such agrotechnical techniques help retain moisture in the ground, as well as remove its surplus from the surface, in weed control, and air penetration into the ground.
Loosening and removing weed plants is carried out as needed, but it is not allowed to overgrow the land around the plants. The territory near the bushes is loosened to a width of half a meter and to a depth of about 5 cm.
Remember! In spring and autumn, shoots, roots and eyes are very fragile, so the loosening should be done carefully and gently.
It is advisable to start feeding peonies in the first year of cultivation. For the whole season they spend from 2 to 3 dressings. To do this, use either mineral fertilizers with a full set of elements (nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium) or a solution of organic fertilizers (bird droppings, cow manure).
For fertilizer in a 20 cm from the center of the bush make a circular recess (depth of about 10 cm). Fertilizer is poured into it, then it is shed with water, and after it is absorbed, it is covered with earth to the top. In the same way, fertilizing with organic fertilizers is carried out.
Remember that various fertilizers are best applied after irrigation, and immediately after feeding you need to water the bushes again. A day later, be sure to loosen the soil.
Conducting dressings are usually confined to the so-called phenophases (periods of plant development). So at the very beginning of the growing season (when shoots start to grow) pions require a large amount nitrogentherefore, fertilizing is carried out with ammonium nitrate or organic.
During the appearance of buds and blooming flowers need nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus. For top dressing at this time choose full complex fertilizers, for example, “Kemira”.
Also, peonies need phosphorus and potassium during the formation of kidney renewal. Potassium sulfate and superphosphate are best suited for this.
Some fine points of growing grassy peonies
When cultivated, it often happens that a freshly planted shrub does not grow long. In this situation, it is worthwhile to designate the landing site with a special pointer, do not loosen the ground and wait 6-8 weeks. Then you need to carefully dig up a young plant and inspect the buds, roots and understand what happened to him.
In the first year of the growing season, the bushes most often do not give flowers, but if they do appear, they are likely to be different from this variety. Flowers appearing on young specimens must be removed in the bud phase. Full-fledged inflorescences in peonies begin to bloom only for 3-5 year of cultivation. Remember that with proper care, this culture grows well and develops to half a century.
Why do not peonies bloom
Quite often, growers complain about the lack of flowering in peonies. Let's get acquainted with the causes of this phenomenon and what to do in a given situation.
Peonies refuse to bloom if the place for permanent cultivation is in the shade, if there is not enough moisture in the soil or it is located next to shrubs or any buildings. In this case, the bushes need to be moved to a more suitable area.
Also, this culture does not give flowers if the bush has been dividing incorrectly, that is, there is a discrepancy between the size of the root system and the number of buds and shoots on large “delenki”. Plants in this case need to dig and divide into the usual size "delenki" with 3-5 buds.
A peony will not bloom if the shrub is planted too small or too deep, as well as if the plant itself is weakened or it has been planted for many years. Such bushes are transplanted so that the buds are at a depth of about 5 cm.
Another reason why this crop will not give flowers is dry weather, lack of water or food during the formation of buds last year. Also, these plants will not bloom if the kidneys are damaged by return frosts due to shallow planting.
The author of the material is Milan, hereditary agronomist-grower and landscape designer.