Young geranium bushes look more attractive, bloom better and take up little space on the window. The old geranium reproduction rejuvenates, leaving several buds on the old stems. Young grafted shoots obtained in early spring, in the summer, will thank for abundant flowering in a group planting or in individual cups.
Ways to propagate geraniums at home
Geranium creates its cranes - flowers only on the top of the shoot. Grown stalk, naked, and there is an unsightly bare stalk, if it is not pruned annually. Cut off the shoots can be rooted and there is a great opportunity to update the bush, at the same time doing the reproduction of geranium cuttings at home.
- cuttings of the tops and stem middle parts of the plant,
- root division,
- seed breeding method.
The most commonly used method is grafting, when more than a dozen new plants can be obtained from a single adult plant. Germinate the cuttings in various ways. Geranium, when propagated by cuttings, quickly enters flowering, retains the properties of the mother plant.
Root division is carried out when a healthy shrub becomes cramped in a pot. When transplanted, it is cut so that the living ground kidneys remain on all delenok. Such reproduction weakened by hunger and disease bush will not survive.
Geranium seed from home bred, if there are no prepared cuttings or to obtain plants of a new variety. Getting seedlings from seeds is not difficult. But at the time of flowering young bushes come much later.
Pelargonium root propagation of sprouts
If pelargonium sprout from the root, new bushes can be obtained from them. For this, the bush is taken out of the ground, shaken off, and the root system is divided so that the young leaf buds have roots for feeding. It is important that the bores are small, otherwise the roots will intertwine and it will be impossible to separate them. The soil should be of the usual composition, the bowl is small, with a diameter of not more than 10 cm.
That's all the wisdom of reproducing pelargonium. In the course of work, each gardener develops his own methods, sometimes far from the recommended ones.
How to propagate geranium cuttings
Reproduction of geranium cuttings at home - the process is simple, but to implement it still requires compliance with some rules. The grafting process is quite simple. In order to reproduce and renew geraniums, the lateral processes are cut from the mother plant and subsequently rooted. As you can see, even a beginner is capable of coping with such simple manipulations. But, despite the obvious lack of complexity, it is necessary to observe some rules.
We take time for grafting
Manipulations associated with intervention in the biological structure of a flower should be carried out taking into account its annual cycle. Otherwise, the breeding carried out by cuttings of geranium may not bring the desired result: the flower may not settle down, lose its species characteristics, or become vulnerable to all sorts of parasites and diseases. To prevent this from happening, it is desirable to cut the geranium in the spring (March-April) or autumn (August-September) period.
Important! In an aging pelargonium, the ability to form new roots weakens or completely disappears. The reason for this situation is the slowing down of the metabolic process of the plant, as well as a decrease in water-holding capacity. To this did not happen, it is recommended to strictly observe the terms of the flower update.
In some cases, when rescuing a dying flower is required, emergency grafting is allowed, regardless of the season.
How to chop
14–20 days before cutting, it is necessary to stop watering the flower. To avoid dehydration and death of pelargonium, you can feed the plant with a solution of wood ash, which is prepared by mixing 1 liter of water with 20 grams of ash. For the period of preparation, the geraniums are moved to a shaded room. Thus, it is possible to stimulate the formation of new shoots and significantly speed up the process of formation of new root processes.
From the mother plant with the help of a sharp tool (knife, pruner) cut geranium cuttings. Place the cut sprinkled with crushed coal. In the selection process, it is necessary to choose processes that have a healthy appearance, as well as 3 well-developed internodes. After the cut, it is necessary to remove the lower leaves of the inflorescences and dry the shoots, leaving them in a dark room until a thin film forms at the cut point (usually it takes about 2–3 hours). But, removing the leaf plates, do not overdo it. After all, the leaves for the processes of pelargonium are the only source of nutrition, and it is on them that the intensity of growth of new root processes depends. Therefore, it is worth cutting only the lower plates.
Since pelargonium is a half succulent, which is characterized by rapid decay after the integrity of their shell is disrupted, drying is a mandatory measure.
Important! The process of cutting is carried out at an angle of 90 ° relative to the stem. It is also necessary to ensure that the cut point is located 0.5 cm below the node.
Rooting in water
Rooting of geranium cuttings in water is the simplest and most affordable method for reproducing pelargonium at home. To give the process new roots, it is placed in a small container filled with water at room temperature. To prevent new root processes from rotting, a little bit of coal crumb is added to the water, which will have a disinfecting effect.
Once on the tip of the cutting will be new roots, it is transplanted into the ground. Caring for such plants as well as for normal, adult Pelargonium. If you decide to propagate your geranium by cuttings in water, be sure to follow the temperature regime. In the room where there is a container with a young cutting, should be about +14 - +16 ° C. Otherwise, the stalk may not release the roots or rot.
Rooting in water is not suitable for universal and not suitable for all types of pelargonium. If you are breeding Royal Geraniums, this method will not work. In the water, the cuttings of this plant are so rapidly affected by putrefactive microorganisms that the process simply does not have time to start up the root generators. For such varieties of the flower, rooting in the soil is more suitable.
How to root geranium cuttings
This method of breeding is much more frequent than the previous one, especially among experienced flower growers. Specialists in advance seek to protect their pet from the effects of putrefactive bacteria and initially to ensure the process of root formation with proper conditions.
It is easy to plant geraniums at home using soil. Soil mixture should be loose and nutritious. To create a suitable consistency, a little sand can be added to the substrate. To root a geranium, you need a small plastic cup or a flower pot filled with the appropriate primer. If you use a plastic cup, be sure to cut the holes in the bottom so that moisture after watering does not accumulate in the soil, but go outside.
Also required is the presence of a drainage layer (small gravel or brick dust), on top of which the soil substrate is poured. In a plastic cup should be planted in one process. If you use a larger pot, it is allowed to plant several cuttings at the same time, placed along the edge of the tank.
The processes are buried in the ground so that the leaves do not touch the soil, and the substrate around the stem is tightly compressed to eliminate the accumulation of air bubbles around the cutting. To root the cuttings, they are watered regularly, ensuring that the substrate does not dry out. Tanks with transplanted cuttings must be placed in a bright place. Direct sunlight on the leaves of a young plant is unacceptable.
Important! To preserve moisture in the soil for 5 days, the appendix can be covered with a plastic bag, after which the oilcloth can be removed from the flower.
You can plant geranium not only in a pot or a plastic cup. To do this, also use a conventional plastic bag that will not pass moisture. Packet filled with loose, nutritious soil and moisten the substrate. After this, the soil is slightly moistened, the package is tied up with an elastic, and on the side parts of the resulting “ball” they cut holes in which the processes are planted.
Pelargonium breeding in the greenhouse
Flower growers who have some experience in the reproduction of pelargonium, often plant a flower at home in a mini-greenhouse. This rooting option is ideal for those varieties of pelargonium, which is contraindicated rooting in water (for example, the Royal Geranium). This is a special container filled with soil and covered with polyethylene. In the greenhouse, the processes take root much faster. In addition, several cuttings can be rooted simultaneously in this way. Capacity can be created from improvised (polyethylene and wide capacity) or you can purchase a special heated pallet.
The greenhouse tray is filled with loose, nutritious soil, moistened with it, and then cuttings are planted. Plantings cover with a lid or film for two weeks. At the same time it is necessary to ensure that the soil remains constantly wet. But it is impossible to allow overmoistening, because in such conditions geranium shoots can simply rot. The cover of the greenhouse is cleaned after 2 weeks.
Choosing the greenhouse breeding method, you should know in about the period of your pet root processes appear. For example, Ivy Geranium produces roots in 2 weeks, the Royal Pelargonium requires 4 weeks for the root formation process, and the Scented Geranium - as much as 6 weeks. A clear sign that rooting was successful, there will be new green, juicy leaves that appeared on the handle after it was transplanted into the greenhouse. After this, the processes can be transplanted into a permanent container. Transplantation is carried out by the method of transshipment, carefully moving the cutting along with the earthy clod to a permanent pot.
How to care for cuttings after transplanting to a permanent pot
After the transplantation of cuttings into a permanent pot, the young plant is tended in the same way as adults. Geranium requires regular watering, preventing the drying of the soil, loosening the soil in the pot and fertilizing. Pelargonium fertilizer should begin no earlier than 2−3 weeks after transplantation, when the plant moves away from stress and adapts to new conditions. Nitrogen supplements initially contribute to leaf growth. If the geranium blooms, it will need phosphorus-potash fertilizer.
A sign of proper maintenance and successful rooting is the flowering of the individual. Different varieties of geraniums will release buds at different times after a transplant. For example, the Zone geranium will please the owner with lush flowering just a couple of months after the transplantation, and Royal and Ivy-leaved - only next year.
With proper manipulation, geranium will take root quickly and in due time will give you a thick crown and intense flowering.
Pelargonium watering mode
Given that summer is the hottest time of the year, during this period it is necessary to ensure the plant abundant watering. However, they should be moderate to avoid flooding the plant. Otherwise, it will not tolerate a surplus of moisture and will die.
When growing geraniums in such conditions, its leaves become sluggish and rot. Subsequently, they can see gray mold, the stem begins to turn black. When these signs appear, it is necessary to reduce watering faster.
Otherwise, the root itself will start to rot soon enough, which is very likely if there is rot. Geranium is considered to be a drought-tolerant plant, but still it should not be deprived of the necessary amount of water, otherwise it will be difficult to wait for abundant flowering from it.
To determine the time when you need to carry out regular watering, you need to monitor the condition of the earthy coma. The beginning of its drying is a good tip for watering.
In the summer season, the drying up of the earth can occur at different intervals - sometimes every day, and sometimes every other day. In winter, the care of geraniums should be somewhat different: given the cooler conditions of geranium growth, watering should not be as frequent.
Geranium grows well if it is not lacking in coverage. Therefore recommended place it on the south side. However, comfortable growing conditions can be provided in partial shade.
It is not recommended that geranium is constantly under sunlight. Otherwise, it may cause burns on the leaves. To avoid such an unpleasant phenomenon is recommended at lunch. remove the flower from the window sill.
If you are going to transplant geraniums in the summer in the garden, then you should find a suitable place. It should be well illuminated by the sun and be protected from wind and drafts.
However, it is undesirable to grow geranium even in conditions of complete shading, since in this case you can be content with only small leaves. She can not please you and flowering, even if you provide her with appropriate care.
In order for geranium to grow well at home, it needs a temperature not lower than + 12 degrees Celsius. Under cooler temperature conditions, it may have problems: the leaves become wilted and the stems become bare.
If you do not change the temperature, then pelargonium will die. Pelargonium is also depressing and the air temperature is high. In such conditions, it becomes problematic flowering. Best of all this indoor flower feels at normal room temperature.
If you believe experienced growers, then geranium can grow well with any humidity. Therefore, regardless of what kind of air in the room, it does not affect the development of pelargonium.
During the care of pelargonium spraying undesirablebecause it adversely affects the condition of the flower. You can restrict yourself to regular soil moistening in the summer.
Fresh air is necessary for the normal development of the geranium, which makes it very hardy. Therefore, in the summer period it is recommended to keep it more fresh in the open air, or at least grow it on the balcony.
Top dressing room geraniums
To provide geranium nutrition is not allowed to use fresh organic fertilizer. The best to make the soil rich nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium equal amounts of fertilizer.
Feeding up the geranium in sufficient quantity of potassium, you are more likely to wait for its abundant flowering. But you need to ensure that these elements are present in the fertilizer in small quantities.
Proper care for pelargonium involves its provision of various trace elements:
To this end, you can use fertilizer for indoor plants, which can be found in a flower shop. Effective is the drug "Merry Flower Girl" for geraniums. In the absence of it can be replaced with fertilizerFor flowering plants».
Should refrain from dressing pelargonium, if the weather is hot. Otherwise, after this event, the plant will experience stress. If you have planned feeding, it is recommended to carry them out after you transfer the plant into the shade.
It is advisable to refrain from introducing liquid fertilizer into the dry soil. Need to first water the flower. Otherwise, you will harm the plant, because when applied to dry land all fertilizers burn roots.
It is recommended to carry out bait twice a month. Especially high is the need for nutrients in geraniums in spring and summer, so fertilizing should be done already in early May until the end of September.
Houseplant geranium can safely do without transplanting. But you still need to regularly monitor its condition: a transplant may be required at a time when there is no free space for the roots in a small pot.
Therefore, it is usually necessary to replant adult specimens. In addition, it is necessary to replant geranium in cases where it is too filled with water. In any case, it is recommended to select for transplantation. not very large capacity.
When choosing a pot, you need to take into account that the root system matches the volume of the pot. Before transplanting quality drainage is laid on the bottom. If you believe flower growers, then geranium can also grow well in ordinary country land.
Also for her you can cook and special soil mix, for which the following components are required:
- Leafy ground.
- Sod land.
- Humus earth.
Обязательно нужно выдержать пропорции — 1:1:1:½. Наиболее благоприятным периодом для пересадки герани является весна.
Как размножить герань в домашних условиях
Для получения новых кустов пеларгонии можно использовать два основных метода размножения. Способ размножения семенами не так часто используется цветоводами. It makes sense to resort to it in cases where it is planned to grow new varieties.
A serious problem for the method of reproduction through sowing seeds is that the seedlings grown from them usually have different decorative qualities from the selected variety. Therefore, often young geranium has a different shade of colors and leaves. It also differs in length, height and tillering.
In the absence of extensive experience in the cultivation of indoor plants, it is recommended to use cheap varieties of geranium flowers at first, since beginning flower growers often fail.
To grow geraniums by sowing seeds is necessary set the stage suitable composition: it should have a loose structure, so be sure to include in it humus and sand.
Usually seed sowing is carried out already early march. However, it is allowed to do this even earlier, but in this case, in order to eliminate the lack of illumination, it will be necessary to perform additional lighting with the help of artificial light lamps.
Before sowing the soil needs to be sanitized. To do this, it is watered with a weak solution of potassium permanganate, which minimizes the risk of developing black legs in plants. After sowing, seed powder with a layer of earth is not required.
However, they must be sufficiently buried in the soil. To accelerate the germination of seeds they need provide greenhouse effectFor this, the film is pulled over it, and the container itself is transferred to a warm place.
Reproduction by cuttings
Also for breeding geraniums at home, you can use cuttings that are harvested in the spring. To do this, prepared shoots need to be placed in a container with water.
Usually, the roots of the cuttings are formed quickly if a sufficiently high temperature is maintained in the room. After this stalk placed in a pot with soil. At the first sign of the beginning of growth you need to pinch off the top of it.
Before planting the cutting in the ground, he needs to give a little time to dry from the water. As a rule, when using the cutting method, shoots taken from the top of the plant are used. Moreover, they should have at least 3-4 leaves.
Geranium diseases and their treatment
Geranium is an unpretentious plant that it confirms highly resistant to diseases and pests. However, in some cases, it can still be hit by certain ailments:
- Gray rot. As a rule, the development of this disease affects the leaves of geranium. In this case, you need to remove all infected leaves and put the plant in a “dry mode” of care. To combat the disease, it is necessary to treat the plant with an antifungal drug.
- Root collar rot and root rot. When the geranium is excessively wet, the earth lump in the pot remains constantly wet, so in such conditions at a certain moment geranium affects this disease. To do something here is not possible, so the death of geranium is inevitable.
- Aphid. The favorite place of this insect is the lower surface of the leaves. This pest can have a different color - black, gray and green. An effective method of dealing with aphids is insecticide spraying for houseplants.
In order to avoid negative manifestations, the processing of pelargonium is recommended to be carried out in strict accordance with the instructions.
Geranium more than deserves to find a place in the florist's house. Standing out for its pomp and bushiness, it will look no worse than many modern ornamental plants.
However, it can only show its decorative properties. with proper caretherefore, it needs to provide not only watering, but also lighting. And in the summer it is very useful to take it to fresh air.
Cuttings recommended to cut from the top of the stems. Use only sharp objects for cutting: a knife, a blade or scissors. Before use, they must be processed. Alcohol-containing liquids can be used for disinfection. Calcination with a fire can also help. Each cutting must have at least 6 leaves about 7 cm long.
When to chop?
In order to plant a plant, it is important to know not only how to properly cut geraniums, but when it is better to do it. In theory, geranium cuttings can be harvested year-round.
But for successful rooting it is better to carry out the procedure in the period from the end of February to the end of March, when the plant begins to actively move plant juices. Flower geraniums from such cuttings will be at the end of summer. You can also multiply in late August or early September, this is the time when geranium has not yet reached a period of rest. This plant will bloom next year.
Dry the cuttings before planting in the open air. They are enough to put in a shaded place for a couple of hours. Damaged areas should dry out. As soon as the cuts are covered with a thin film, they must be treated with absorbent material, crushed coal or wood ash.
From the cuttings should be cut off all the buds and flower arrows. It is necessary to remove all leaves from cuttings, except for one top or side. If the sheet plate is rather large, it is recommended to cut it in half. Otherwise, the geranium cuttings may not have enough strength to form and nourish the root system.
Step by step instructions and photos of plants
Stalks prepared for planting. The next stage is the choice of rooting method. There are several ways to plant cuttings of geraniums.
Cellophane prevents the evaporation of moisture.
- To perform this method in the package it is necessary to pour the soil.
- Before planting it is necessary to moisten the soil mixture.
- After, tie the package with a rope.
- In its upper part it is necessary to make holes. Cuttings are planted through them.
- For growing geraniums from cuttings at home, you need to take small pots or any other containers. Their bottom should have drainage holes.
Do not completely fill pots with earth. After rooting cuttings soil can be added. No need to create greenhouse conditions, since there is a high probability that the sheets will rot when they are wet. In the greenhouse condensate is formed, which is collected on young plants. For the same reason, watering should be done very carefully so as not to wet the leaves.
Pots with cuttings must be placed in the lit place, they should not fall into direct sunlight. The temperature in the room should be in the range of 15 to 25 degrees. Rooting is slow. As soon as new leaves begin to form, this means that the plant is rooted.
Reproduction in water
Propagation by cuttings in water is the easiest way. Let's see what is the best way to root a geranium in water quickly and without loss.
- It is necessary to take a glass of dark glass.
- It is necessary to pour water into it.
- Add crushed coal to it. Thus, the plant will not be subject to various diseases.
After that, it remains only to wait for the appearance of the roots. As soon as they grow in length to two and a half centimeters, they should be carefully taken out of the water and planted in a permanent place in the ground.
How to plant?
Many gardeners recommend that before planting pots, they should be transferred to fresh air. This contributes to the growth of geraniums. Plant the plant better in the fall. Next, tell you how to transplant the cuttings.
- A place. It is better to choose a room without drafts.
- Watering. In the first week after rooting do not need to water. After that, watering is carried out only after the soil dries and at the edges of the pot.
- Air humidity. At low air humidity the plant can be sprayed from a spray bottle with filtered water at room temperature.
- Temperature. The favorable temperature for rooting and growth of cuttings is considered to be a temperature in the range from 18 to 24 degrees. At higher or lower thermometer survival rate of cuttings is reduced.
- Fertilizer. You can begin to feed the geranium immediately after rooting. Suitable mineral complex fertilizers for flower plants.
- Lighting. Geranium is pleased with the capriciousness of the lighting. It can even be placed in direct sunlight. Lack of sunlight can bring to shredding of leaves and flowers.
Geranium with proper care can bloom all summer. Therefore, it is necessary to ensure a rest of 1.5–2 months. During this period, the plant can not be watered and fed. If geranium is grown in the garden, then in the winter it is better to transplant it into the house.
Experienced gardeners recommend cutting the geranium every spring. It is necessary to do this so that every year it pleases with abundant flowering. It is advisable to pinch the tops of the shoots. They are ideal for further rooting and obtaining new plants.
Geranium refers to plants that do not tolerate transplantation. Therefore, it should be transplanted only in extreme cases.
- If the pot has become small and the roots closely in it. It is better to choose small pots, because abundant flowering can only be obtained in cramped containers.
- The plant began to wilt.
- Geranium does not bloom and develops poorly.
- The roots of the flower stick out and bare.
Do not replant if the plant blooms. Instead, you can sometimes update the top layer of soil.
If something went wrong
- In the first days after the beginning of rooting the leaves wither from cuttings - they need to be cut off.
- Cuttings rot at the ground level - it is recommended to root them again, simply cutting the stem to the healthy part, dry it and re-root it in the new soil.
- Leaves dry and turn yellow. The reason for this may be a lack of moisture. To remedy the situation, you just need to increase the volume of watering.
- Geranium does not bloom. This is a consequence of improper care, namely, failure to comply with the regime of the plant (winter rest is not provided). Another reason - picked up too big pot.
- The leaves become sluggish, rot appears on the stems - this is a sign of overflow. It is necessary to reduce watering. If this does not help, then the plant should be transplanted so that it does not die.
Over the years, geranium gradually exposes the lower part of the trunk. Fluffy dense bush with a huge number of flowering shoots suddenly turns into a regular stick with rarely flowering arrows. To avoid this, it is necessary to properly cutting, observing all the recommendations of experienced flower growers.
Reproduction by cutting
Thanks to grafting, from the old plant you can get up to ten new bushes. With this geranium, multiplied in this way, will enter the flowering phase faster and retain all the properties of the mother plant. The reproduction of geranium cuttings at home is a long process that requires accuracy and precision.
The division of the roots is necessary in the case when the bush becomes closely in the pot. When transplanting the plant needs to be cut so that on each new bush remained live buds. It is worth noting that a painful and weakened plant may not tolerate such a procedure.
Seed breeding geraniums suitable for such cases:
- when the cuttings are not harvested,
- there is a new sort of flower in the seeds, that is, there is simply nothing to cherenze.
Opinions of experts about the timing of cuttings vary. Some recommend to propagate the plant in the fall immediately after flowering, others suggest dividing the plant in February, after the geranium successfully overwinter. So, young plantwhich took root in March, in the summer will turn into an adult flowering plant, but if you tighten it with reproduction, then the plant will begin to flower only next year.
For breeding geraniums, cuttings are cut with a sharp knife just under the leaf, at least 2-3 leaves should remain on the top. The cut must be carried out exactly perpendicular to the stem. Stalk can be cut out bottom bare trunkif stem permits. Cut cuttings must be cleaned from flowers and buds, it can prevent further development of the root system.
If cut cuttings do not survive, then it is worth preparing a uterine plant by this method: two weeks before cutting through the buds, it is necessary to make circular incisions on the bare stem. Prepared in this way cuttings take root and take root much faster. By the way, cut cuttings before planting need to be dried and treated with activated carbon, so the root system will develop faster.
Particular attention should be paid to the germination of cuttings. Expanded clay and crushed foam are laid into the prepared container with a perforated bottom, then the soil mixed with vermiculite and sand is poured. A pot filled with special soil is watered with boiling water. to ensure sterility, it is necessary that the cuttings do not begin to rot. The prepared cuttings are planted to a depth of 2 cm and move the pots to a dark place for 3-4 days. Later you can put the pots on the cool windowsill.
By the way, for greater friability, coconut or sphagnum chips can be added to the ground. Pots and any containers, intended for landing young shoots must be disinfected with boiling water, alcohol, potassium permanganate solution or any fungicide.
Until the plant is rooted it is important not to overwet the soil, therefore it is necessary to water moderately and only through the pan. If the water in the pan for a long time does not disappear, then it must be drained. If a the cutting began to fade or the leaf on the handle has turned yellow, you can close the pot on top with a can to allow the plant to recover. With proper preparation of the material and proper care, take root around 80% of the cuttings.
Get the roots on the cuttings can be in an easier way. Dried cuttings are placed in a container with water, activated charcoal is added to the same - the roots will appear within two weeks after they grow well You can transplant the plant into the ground, however, it should be done very carefully so as not to damage the young roots. It is important that the water for this process is pre-settled for about three days.
Ornamental geranium species are propagated only by cuttings, as this allows preserving the hereditary beauty of the plant.
Since it is not always possible to propagate geranium cuttings at home, consider the seed method of reproduction.
Seed propagation method
Not so often used the method of propagation of geranium seeds. In order to get a seed from an adult plant will have to spend a lot of time. The seeds, which are sold in the store, are already processed and ready for planting, but the seeds collected at home, need to prepare in a special way - scarify. To do this, the seeds are lightly treated with fine grit sandpaper to remove the outer shell, after which they are soaked in a growth stimulator for 2–3 hours.
The soil for planting should be light, it is best to pre-sift it. The required substrate is prepared from two parts of the earth, one part of peat and one part of sand, after which they are disinfected, for example, manganese solution or boiling water. The prepared soil is placed in a container and slightly compacted, then the seeds are laid out and covered with sand by about 5 mm. Capacity with sown seeds covered with glass and moved to a warm and preferably dark place.
As soon as shoots appear, the pot with future geraniums is moved to a cool and bright place. Glass periodically needs to be removed to wipe off condensate and wind the soil. It is necessary constantly maintain temperature at 20–22 degrees Celsius, if the temperature is disturbed, the sprouts will quickly stretch and begin to fall under the pressure of their weight. Watering should be carried out in such a way that the water does not fall on the plants, and the water should not stagnate for a long time in the soil.
Two weeks after the emergence of seedlings, the plants can be swooped down, and after another six weeks, they can be transplanted to permanent places. To get a flowering plant in the summer, seed reproduction should start in December.
It is important not to miss the moment when you need to start a pick, as the roots of the plants can interlace and it will be problematic to separate them. Dive young geranium into a common container at a distance of about 15 cm between plants or in individual pots of at least 10 cm in diameter. When the sixth leaf appears on the plants, you can begin to form a bush by pinching. Seed breeding will last the longest in royal and fragrant geraniums.
Since geranium is propagated by the seed method for a long time, most often they still use the cutting method of reproduction.
If the root of an adult geranium sprouted, then you can get a new plant without much difficulty. How to plant geraniums in this way? The bush is taken out of the pot and cleaned of excess ground, and then divided into parts. Plant such shoots need in the usual ground for a geranium in a container with a diameter of about 10 cm. Planting the plant in this way is the easiest option, however, it is impossible to predict whether an adult plant will sprout on its roots or not.
Care for young seedlings
For successful development of the plant, it is necessary to observe the light mode - the place should be bright, but without direct sunlight, and drafts and watering by spraying are also prohibited. Через несколько недель, когда растение приживётся, можно начинать подкормки. В весенне-летний сезон герань подкармливают один раз в две недели, а в осенне-зимний период дозу подкормки уменьшают в два раза.
The main fertilizers for geranium are preparations based on nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, which are applied in equal doses, and before starting flowering, you can increase the amount of potassium and reduce the amount of nitrogen. To enhance flowering help fertilizers containing iodine. It is important to remember that the use of liquid fertilizers is possible only an hour after watering the plant, otherwise the root system will burn and the geranium will die.
The main problems of the plant
When a gray mold appears on the leaves, it is necessary to treat the plant with a fungicide, after removing the affected leaves and stems. Gray mold caused by fungal diseasewhich occurs when excessively high humidity. Another disease that is provoked by increased humidity is the black leg, while the stem of the plant darkens. Unfortunately, it is impossible to cope with this disease, such geranium is no longer subject to reproduction, or reanimation - the plant will have to say goodbye.
With a lack of moisture, the edges of the leaves will begin to turn yellow, and the red sheets indicate the overcooling of the pot - the plant needs to be moved to a warmer place. If the geranium is not enough light, the stems will begin to bare.
The reproduction of geranium not only allows get new plants, but also heals an adult geranium.
How and when to chop?
Houseplants usually propagate in the spring. However, pelargonium grows well in the open air, and even on the windowsill by the middle of summer and the beginning of autumn it grows a lush bush from which you can cut a lot of cuttings. Young geraniums from summer and autumn cuttings will bloom only next year. There are a lot of advantages in spring cutting: there are no flowers on the mother plant, all the juices go to the shoots, young pelargoniums will bloom in the year of planting. There is an experience of rooting in winter, but during this period the plant is weakened, the percentage of loss is high, that is, for the most part, the cuttings die not rooted.
Cutting geraniums on rooting
A quality stalk should have a minimum of 2-3 leaflets and the same number of internodes. Usually used apical cuttings. If there are buds, they are ruthlessly removed along with flower stalks. The roots always appear from the nodes, that is, the places where the leaf or twig is attached to the stem, there are also dormant buds. In geranium with a woody stalk, a stalk is taken with a piece of bark (heel). Leaf growing from the lower node, cut off or break off.
How to plant a stalk in the soil?
- For cutting take a small pot or cup. Pour drainage layer on the bottom.
- Buy a special soil for geraniums and pre-spill it with boiling water, cool it.
- If a stalk with roots is planted, then pour a small layer of soil over the drainage, immerse the first sheet in a cup and fill it with soil. The stalk without roots is immersed in a cup filled with soil, also on the first leaf. In the ground there should be a lower node with a kidney, above the ground there should also be at least one kidney, which will become a growth point.
- Do not close the banks and bags. The main task is not to pour the soil, to keep it loose so that the cutting does not rot.
- Wait for rooting of some varieties have 1-2 months, others go to growth literally immediately.
Growing pelargonium seed
If seeds are sown in spring, the geraniums will bloom the same summer.
It is better to learn how to grow seeds from seed on a geranium. This is a very unpretentious type of pelargonium, the germination of its seeds is often 100%, and the young flowers grow literally before our eyes.
Stages of growing from seed:
- Disinfect the soil for geraniums in any convenient way (shed with boiling water, a solution of potassium permanganate, phytosporine, heat in a microwave oven, oven).
- Spread the seeds on the surface. Often the seeds are sold processed, drazhirovannymi, so do not pre-soak.
- Cover with a layer of 3-4 mm.
- Water and cover (film, lid, etc.). Within a few days, shoots may appear.
- Remove the shelter, put small pelargoniums on the bright window sill, but not south.
- When the plants have 2-3 leaflets, pick it up in separate cups. You can immediately sow each seed in a separate cup.
Is it possible to propagate pelargonium leaf?
This method is still unknown to modern botanists. But some home gardeners are trying to grow pelargonium from the leaf. It is possible that the name of another flower, begonia, is confusingly consonant with pelargonium. Begonias - residents of subtropics, in conditions of high humidity, they can multiply not only the leaf, but also its fragment.
Pelargonium is a completely different plant, it does not multiply in dampness and does not even grow. Pelargonium leaf in itself will never give rise to roots, since there are no knots on it, from which roots form in water or in soil, and leaves and shoots above the ground. An experiment with a leaf can be successful if it is cut off or broken off with a small piece of stem, but this stem should have at least two nodes: one will grow roots, and the other will become a growth point for a future flower.
The geranium leaf gave roots, because it was taken from the stem with a “heel” (node), but there is no growth point, the geranium will not grow
How to plant a geranium?
Geraniums do not form root children, but the bushes sometimes grow strongly due to the branching of the main stems. This is a good reason to cut the cuttings. But in this case it is necessary to focus not on the quality of the cuttings, but on the condition of the bush, so that after pruning it becomes neater, better ventilated and evenly illuminated. To do this, remove all the shoots that do not like: curves sticking to the side, growing inside the bush, bare, etc. Then from these extra branches you can cut the cuttings with two buds on each, the presence of leaves is not necessary. As a result, we will rejuvenate pelargonium and get additional planting material that can be planted in separate pots.