Fuchsia as a home plant has been known for a long time, but the opportunity to invite it into our garden opens up a fuchsia in front of us from a completely new side. Garden, hybrid form of fuchsia (F. x hybrida) has absorbed the best qualities of many species.
Street fuchsia blooms all summer, and for the winter you can dig it up and leave it until spring in a cool, bright room.
There are many hybrid varieties that are fairly resistant to frost, but for the most part fuchsia is a heat-loving plant. In the garden, she is perfectly suited windless corners with sufficient lighting or slightly shaded. Soils prefer neutral, fertile.
Fuchsia is planted in the open ground at the end of May - June. When planting, make sure that the root neck is not more than 20 cm deep. After rooting, the plants intensively gain strength and begin to bloom (about 2.5 weeks). Before digging up for the winter, the plant should survive the first frosts, thus undergoing some hardening before winter dormancy.
Reproduction of fuchsia
1. Seeds - use if you want to experiment with selection. Plants grown from seeds may lose their parental varietal quality, and even more hassle. But if you decide to grow fuchsia from seeds, plant them in containers in March-April, lightly sprinkle them, and even better use peat tablets for planting, which you can then immediately transplant without touching the root system of the plant. After planting, keep the containers at a temperature of 16-18 ° C, seeds will germinate after about 3 weeks.
2. Vegetative - use, as a rule, grafting. To do this, choose a little stiff shoots rooted in water or liquid substrate, sand. Roots will appear within 1-2 weeks. Shrub and ampelous plants grafted once every three years, thus renewing the plant. Three-leaf fuchsia is also propagated by cuttings, due to which its abundant flowering is obtained.
Fuchsia storage in winter
Usually before the onset of these colds, plants are dug up, pre-cut to half. Put them, as a rule, in a container, close to each other. Providing rest is reduced to reducing watering up to 1 time per week and keeping plants at a temperature not exceeding 10 ° C, so that fuchsia does not start growing. After the leaves fall, fuchsia can be removed in a dark room with watering 1 time per month.
My fuchsia was wintering in an unheated bath in a container mixed with sand and earth in a tin bucket, covered with wadded old blankets. And survived the same winter! This speaks of good endurance, but still you should not take another risk, it is better to ensure constant temperature conditions.
Since March, we return fuchsia to life. To do this, we prune its shoots up to 15 cm and transplant it into a new nutrient soil mixture, increasing irrigation.
Wintering fuchsia in the open field
Fuchsia Magellan perfectly feels under snow covered with spruce branches, for other species and stable hybrids it is still worth holding a number of necessary measures.
Before the onset of cold weather, we cut off our beauty on the ground level, sprinkle with a layer of earth at least 20 cm, cover with lapnik and isolate from excess moisture, laying another film or roofing felt on top. In mid-May, begin to open the plant. From mid-June, a growth from the root collar will begin to appear, and only in August will the fuchsia begin to bloom.
Many gardeners come even easier, rooting new cuttings every year, leaving no plants in autumn. In this case, all summer cuttings will show the wonders of flowering.
Hybrid fuchsia (F. x hybrida) is divided into straight-growing bushes with a height of not more than 50 cm and pyramidal bushes (ampelous). Fuchsia flowers are bright, large, with upturned cups, which are different in color from the petals of the flower itself. This gives the flower a special zest. The cups can be red, white or pink. Petals of the same flower can be red, pink, purple, white.
Varieties of this hybrid are divided into groups:
Diamonds and Sapphires
In this group in colors are combined white and blue, and blue can be represented in purple hues, to bright blue. This contrast attracts the increasing attention of gardeners (varieties Dark Secret, Capri, Ultramarine).
All varieties of this group are very tall, with large, bright flowers. In the second year of development they reach the peak of their decoration. Popular varieties: Matilda, Walsing.
In the very name lies the characteristics of the flowers of this group. Plants are varied in color. Flowers terry, small or medium. Popular varieties: Sarah Jane, Florentina, etc.
Fuchsia Royal Mosaic
Fuchsia for containers is also worth mentioning. They go on landing in the summer and in open ground. Grades: Anita, Carolina.
Ampiel fuchsias are good on balconies and hanging baskets, unusual pots. The most famous varieties are Cascade and Alice Ashton, but the choice is not limited to them.
In order not to get lost in the variety of colors of fuchsias, the plants were classified according to the color of the flowers and leaves: one tone, speckled, striped, two-colored.
For example, a group of monochromatic dark colors Dark Secret:
1. Orange (Tangerine Torment)
2. White (Snow in Summer)
3. Tri-color (Silver Drimers)
Characterized by extraordinary multi-colored foliage. Special decorative effect is achieved by pinching buds (variety Tom West and many others).
Winter hardy fuchsias are ideal for the middle lane. They are not afraid of frost, they winter well under snow with shelter and without. The most common varieties: Bacon, Garden News, Constance.
Three Leaf Fuchsia
Three-leaved fuchsia (F. triphylla) - shrub up to 50 cm in height. The flowers are small, densely coral-colored, gathered in a small short brush. The leaves are greenish-red, rather large. Suitable for landing in the ground due to its endurance. But put it in the ground infrequently, usually used in the container version. Grades: Orient, Express.
Try fuchsia not only at home, but also as a beautiful ampelnaya and garden plant! Her thick, abundant bloom looks great in the garden. And if you already have experience of growing fuchsia in the open field, share with us :)
Features of this race
This plant may have the appearance of a shrub, tree, flower with direct-flow and wilting stems. Depending on this, the plant can be grown at home in a pot or in the garden. Fuchsia can be seen ampel form or in a pot.
When planting fuchsia should:
- carefully choose a place protected from sunlight,
- do not allow his hypothermia,
- monitor soil moisture.
The frequency of watering garden fuchsia completely depends on the humidity of the air and weather conditions. The plant must be watered at least once a week.
The best temperature for fuchsia is 20-24 degrees in summer. In winter, 5-10 degrees. Fuchsia does not tolerate cold in the winter period of time it needs to be transplanted from a flower bed to a pot and put into a room. If this is not done, the plant will not survive the wintering.
Another feature of the cultivation of this flower in the garden is a poor neighborhood with other plants. If you plant fuchsia closer than 40 centimeters from another plant, then most likely one of them will die. The only exception will be trees and bushes, next to them you can plant fuchsia.
The easiest way to grow is to plant a fuchsia in a pot or hanging basket, which will weigh on the veranda. This type of planting is not so problematic, because in case of frost, the flower can simply be brought into the house and once again not replanted. For experienced gardeners it is not difficult to plant a plant in a flower bed, but in this case you need to think carefully about the place to plant.
It doesn’t matter where the garden will have a flower in a basket or flowerbed, the composition of the soil and fertilizers is of great importance. Before planting, you must make a sufficient amount of humus and phosphate fertilizers.
For fuchsia, the type of fertilizer can be divided into growth phases:
- Young plants need complex fertilizer, which contains a large amount of nitrogen. This component of fertilizer helps to accelerate the growth of the plant and its landscaping.
- Fertilizer with a high content of potassium and phosphorus, which will help the plant to lay a large number of buds for flowering, is best suited for the grown flower.
A good option for fertilizer would be if you alternate between mineral and organic. It should be remembered that high-quality fertilizers increase the decorative properties of the plant.
Do not fertilize the plant for 2-3 weeks after transplantation.
This plant has several breeding methods, including:
- Seed propagation: In order to get seed fuchsia gardeners resort to artificial pollination. Gardeners like this kind of breeding, because by mixing several different varieties of plants you can get a completely new, not like the others. Collect the seeds to be in dry and warm weather, and after collecting the material must be dried.
- With the help of cuttings: reproduction in this way must be done in March. For this fit the cuttings with a length of 5 centimeters. Usually they are first put in water for rooting, after which, after three weeks, they are sown in a pot of fertilizer and sand.
- With the help of leaves: this method is one of the longest. For this species, choose stems with several leaves and gently tear them from the plant, then, without germinating the roots, place them in loose earth 1 centimeter deep and cover with a lid.
Each of the types of germination in its own interesting, but the most familiar is growing with cuttings. This method is most effective for use by experienced gardeners.
Material for germination seed method is obtained exclusively from mature flowers.
You can grow fuchsia in the garden, but for this you need to spend time and be prepared for the fact that the plant does not take root. The following rules should be remembered for the plant to stick to the flowerbed:
- For planting is used a plant that has, for some time growing in a pot. Do not use freshly germinated flowers, they can not settle down in the new soil.
- Place for planting should be chosen carefully, without direct sunlight and drafts.
- Near the selected place should not grow other flowers, then one of the plants may die.
- Planting fuchsia is necessary only in the pre-fertilized soil and remember to feed during the release of flowers.
Using such simple rules when planting a plant you can achieve a good result. Then the plant will grow and produce many new buds, while pleasing the gardener.
In addition to timely feeding plants should comply with the requirements of care:
- in especially dry time, you need to monitor the soil moisture and water the flower at least twice a week,
- monitor the condition of the plant so that it does not get sick,
- with the onset of cold weather you need to take care of transplanting plants in a pot.
If you follow the instructions for fertilizer and care for the flower, then he will definitely please his flowering in the near future. With good care, you can think about crossing species with seed breeding. Thus, it can turn out very beautiful flowerbed planted with fuchsia.
Garden fuchsia very often attracts pests, so you should be very careful about changes in foliage and shoots. The most frequent diseases in this plant are:
- The appearance of brown spots or rust indicates a disease of the flower. Seeing such leaves you need to remove them immediately so that the disease does not go on healthy leaves. After this, the flower can be processed using a Topaz-type preparation.
- Yellow leaves indicate Chlorosis. This is a disease that occurs as a result of a lack of magnesium and nitrogen. It can be cured with fertilizer and reduced watering.
- Leaf fallout can occur due to the whitefly, which feeds on the flower sap, after which the leaves turn yellow. It is possible to get rid of such pests by washing the plant with soap and using special preparations of the Aktara type.
- The spider mite pretends to be yellow-white bloom with dots on the back of the sheet. Treat plants for ticks by using "Fufanon."
This is impossible to predict, and it remains only to observe the state of the flower in order to prevent its death.
Fuchsia is a very beautiful flower that is suitable for a garden, both a novice and an experienced gardener. Growing it is quite simple relying on recommendations and instructions. Of course, flower in the pot requires less care and worries than the one that landed on a flower bed. But this should not become an obstacle for planting this plant, because of unusual beauty, flowering will decorate any garden.
Fuchsia belongs to perennials, its genus includes more than a hundred species. Previously, its popularity was not so high, but with the advent of hybrids, which have gained the ability to multiply with the help of seeds and bloom in the first year of cultivation, the situation has fundamentally changed. The plant has a long flowering period, which makes it possible to grow it as an letnik. Fuchsia in the garden continues to be perennial, despite the appearance of various modifications of the variety.
The plant has a fibrous root, green or reddish leaves. In form, they resemble an oval with pointed serrated edges. Fuchsia in the garden, the cultivation and care of which are described in this article, cannot fail to conquer with its flexible twigs, on which flowers are located on long pedicels.
The color range of colors is represented by pink and purple hues in various tones. Sometimes in one flower several tones can be combined at the same time - it depends on the variety. The fruits of this plant are edible berries.
Fuchsia in the garden, the cultivation and care of which are described in this article, can be represented by hybrid species. They are characterized by the formation of upright or ampelous bushes with large bright colors. Their distinctive feature is that the cups and flower petals have different colors. In this form, there are quite a lot of varietal groups.
Fuchsia, cultivation and care in the garden for which they have some features, can be represented by a rather rare species: three leaf. It is a shrub up to 50 cm in height, has a rhizome and differs in reddish-green foliage. Her inflorescences are short, formed from bright coral flowers. This variety is very hardy, therefore suitable for successful cultivation in open field.
The plant can be classified due to a variety of colors of flowers. Fuchsia in the garden, cultivation and care (photo - above) which is described in this article, is also represented by winter-hardy varieties. They can winter in open ground even without special shelter.
Features of growing and care
Fuchsia in the garden, cultivation and care, the reproduction of which is described in this article, is generally a thermophilic plant. An exception can be only separately bred hybrids exhibiting comparative cold resistance. Windless and well-lit corners of your garden can be an ideal way to grow it. Light shading may be beneficial.
Fuchsia in the garden may well grow in the open field. There it can be landed in early May. In this case, a very important point is that the root neck should not be deepened when the plant is planted. If rooting is successful, after a couple of weeks your pet can please you with its bloom.
Fuchsia in the garden, the cultivation and care of which are described in this article, can grow in a pot. For this option, it is better to take a plant a couple of years old and with a well-developed root system. In this case, the pot can be both buried and just put in the recess.
Fuchsia in the garden, cultivation and care in the winter for which have specific features, should not remain for a cold period in open ground. That is why it is impractical to completely transfer their root system to the soil. Approximately at the end of autumn the plant is sent to winter in the room.
Choosing a landing site
Fuchsia in the garden, the cultivation and care of which are described in this article, is a seasonal plant. Her flowering period is from early spring to autumn. In order to choose the right place for your pet, you should consider the main factors affecting its livelihoods: light, temperature and humidity. Lighting should be diffused. This plant responds very well to moderate temperatures and normal humidity.
Fuchsia, depending on the variety, may have certain cultivation features, but more often it prefers direct sunlight in the morning, but it is necessary to create artificial shading from lunch until evening, so that the plant does not burn.Only a few varieties love sunbathing and are able to tolerate them painlessly. Basically it is a plant with a bright color of flowers.
Fuchsia in the garden, the cultivation and care of which are described in this article, requires moderate summer temperatures, which average 16-22 degrees. If the temperature regime is lower, then the plant may have a period of rest, and the buds will not form. An increase in temperature may be the cause of flower buds and illness of your pet. If it is not possible to control the temperature, then the humidity level should be increased.
Fuchsia is a tropical plant, so it is very fond of various water treatments. Spraying is very beneficial for her, especially after a hot summer day.
Fuchsia to the soil is not demanding, however, preference is given to light and fertile soil with neutral acidity. To improve its structure, you can make a little high peat, sand and perlite. Adding clay is beneficial because it retains nutrients in the soil and prevents them from being washed out. Adult plants are shown soil with the addition of sod, compost, humus, soil with leaves, peat, etc.
The soil should keep constant humidity or strive for it. In order to comply with this condition, you do not need to wait until the top layer is completely dry; you should water the plant regularly. If watering is insufficient, then fuchsia can prematurely shed leaves and buds. However, overmoistening can lead to very negative consequences, so you should be as rational and careful as possible.
Forming and trimming
To form a fuchsia bush should begin with the cutting. This plant for molding is very plastic and responds favorably to it. The shape of the bush can be given any kind, everything depends only on your imagination. However, the important thing is that long pinching can significantly slow down flowering, so in this case it is important not to overdo it. The procedure can be continued after the first flowering of fuchsia.
As for pruning, it is best carried out at the end of the growing season. At this time, removed all the branches of flowering, located at a height of 2 cm from the sleeping buds. The final molding of the crown is carried out around January.
Fuchsia ampelnaya in the garden: the cultivation and care
Ampel varieties of fuchsias are most suitable for growing them in hanging baskets. However, this does not stop some gardeners before planting them on the beds. This is a very ambiguous decision, which some consider to be original, and others to be unacceptable.
Amplone fuchsia on the requirements for the choice of place of growth and care is very similar to ordinary fuchsias. However, she feels best in a wire basket filled with peat moss. When choosing the plant itself, it is better to give preference to those whose roots are good, but not too developed.
Wintering fuchsia directly in the garden
Contrary to popular belief, some varieties of fuchsia are capable of wintering in open ground. Such is the Magellanic fuchsia. She can be covered with spruce leaves, and she will perfectly feel under the snow. Other species require preparatory activities before heading for the winter.
Before the onset of stable cold weather, fuchsia should be cut off at ground level and sprinkled with a layer of earth at least 20 cm. After that, cover with spruce leaves and provide insulation from excess moisture. Open the plant should be around mid-May. After such wintering, fuchsia blooms around August.
Gardeners practice such a method as the annual rooting of new cuttings. The plant itself is not left in autumn.
The genus of the plant includes several dozen species and numerous wild species in natural conditions grow in mountain forests in partial shade. The decorative flower fuchsia garden has, as a rule, opposite foliage, but some species are characterized by whorled or alternate leaves. Foliage in shape is lanceolate, ovate, serrate, crenate or entire.
Flowers may have different colors and shapes. After flowering, juicy, berry-like fruits are formed. In appearance, the aerial part of the plant is bush or creeping. Fuchsia can be grown in an ampel, bush or standard form. Decorative flowering culture can be classified as unpretentious plants, so grow a fuchsia in the garden on a flower garden in the open field, maybe even a beginner florist.
Fuchsia Garden Varieties
Growing fuchsias in flower gardens on the street or in a pot and flowerpot implies the right choice of varietyas well as adherence to planting technology and competent care at all stages of growth and development of decorative culture. When choosing a variety, it is recommended to pay attention not only to the characteristics and duration of flowering, but also indicators of resistance to adverse external factors.
Rules of care in the open field
Caring for garden fuchsia is not too difficult., but it is recommended to pay attention to compliance with the regime of irrigation measures and fertilizing. Lush, long and abundant flowering will be promoted by frequent spraying and fairly abundant watering, timely high-quality dressing.
Proper irrigation activities are the most important part of growing fuchsia. The number and frequency of irrigation is directly dependent on a large number of factors, including varietal characteristics, stage of growth and development, location of ornamental culture, soil composition on the site and weather conditions. High temperature regimes cause intense evaporation, therefore Fuchsia foliage needs to be sprayed periodically.
However, excessive soil moistening in the flower bed is able to displace oxygen from the soil, and causes rotting of the root system, as well as the subsequent death of the ornamental culture. When drying the soil, the plant can lose all foliage. Drooping leaves serve as a signal for watering. However, there is absolutely no need to water the plant in late autumn or winter. After irrigation, the soil is shallowly loosening around the plant and weeds are removed.
When the fuchsia buds appear on the bushes and during flowering, decorative culture must be fed. To this end, it is recommended to water weekly with special liquid fertilizers intended for feeding of flowering plants.
Preparing for the winter
If the decorative culture is grown in flower pots or pots, which are only taken out in the summer to go outside to decorate the backyard territory, then The best option for overwintering the plant will be almost any bright enough and relatively warm room with a temperature regime of 5-15 ° C. Experienced flower growers bring fuchsia in pots before the onset of a significant cold snap on glazed balconies or heated loggias.
In early September, nitrogen-containing fertilizers are completely excluded from feeding. Instead of fertilizing, phosphorus-potassium fertilizers are given to each irrigation event a couple of times a week. Watering is also reduced. Even in the middle zone of our country, fuchsias are most often frozen out in the wintertherefore, it is recommended that in the autumn period, decorative garden plants be dug out of the ground and transplanted into flower pots. Garden fuchsia must have time to take root well before it is placed for wintering in the room.
It is important to remember that for “dark” wintering of fuchsia, it is required to cut off all non-matured and non-lignified shoots while preserving the main branches and compulsory removal of all remaining green mass. For a “bright” wintering, pruning should be done more gently, so green shoots can be left.
Tips and tricks
Florists with a long history of growing garden fuchsias are recommended to pay attention to the following features of cultivating a decorative flowering plant:
- different varieties of garden fuchsias need different intensity of illumination, so the flower garden should be located depending on the needs of the plant,
- even very light-loving varieties very often very difficult to tolerate direct sunlight and need shading,
- in flower beds located in very sunny areas, the need for irrigation measures is increased.
Ampelny and compact varieties are best grown in flower pots. Such varieties of garden fuchsias become woody with age, so when they are grown, it is necessary to constantly monitor the condition of the plant and replace the old shrubs with young plants grown by grafting. Balsaminae, ivy and begonia can become optimal neighbors for garden fuchsia grown outdoors in containers.
Fuchsia planting technology in the garden
Despite the fact that fuchsias are most often cultivated as a houseplant, this beautifully flowering flower may well be grown in open ground conditions. To get a rich flowering, you need to plant a fuchsia correctly:
- ornamental plant is thermophilic, but can rather easily tolerate slight temperature drops,
- moisture-loving culture very poorly tolerates excess water, so the soil on the site must be well drained,
- the plant prefers a place that is windless and well lit by the sun, represented by nourishing soil,
- planting time may vary depending on the soil and climatic conditions in the cultivation region.
How to care for fuchsia in the garden (video)
Seed propagation is used for breeding purposes., as when growing from seeds, the plant is able to lose its parental varietal characteristics. However, when seed reproduction is necessary, seed is sown in March or April using peat pellets for planting. This method allows for transplantation without injuring the root system of the culture.
Growing fuchsia in a flower garden on the street or in a pot and flowerpot implies a well-implemented selection of varieties, and, moreover, the implementation of the landing technology and competent care at absolutely all stages of growth and the formation of decorative culture. When selecting a variety, it is recommended to focus not only on the properties and duration of flowering, but also on the characteristics of resistance to negative external conditions.
Flower soil requirements
Undemanding soil makes it possible to plant plants in a light and at the same time fertile landpreferably with a neutral reaction. The structure improves the addition of peat, perlite, sand. Allowed to add clay that can save high-calorie components in the soil. For older plants are recommended formulations of turf land, peat, or leaf earth, peat, sand.
Soil moisture should be stable, it is necessary to water, without waiting for the upper stratum to dry, however, and not allowing the stagnation of moisture in the roots. Systematic and sufficient irrigation are essential in the period of increase, flowering. Deficit watering can cause leaf and bud to fall.wilting flowers. Waterlogging leads to negative consequences at any stage of the year. Watering is best in the morning or at the end of the day, at normal temperatures.
Fuchsia landing technology
Despite the fact that fuchsias are cultivated in the form of indoor plants more often, this beautiful flowering flower can be fully grown in open ground conditions. To extract abundant flowering, you need to plant fuchsia correctly:
- ornamental plant thermophilichowever, it can quite easily tolerate small temperature drops,
- moisture-loving culture very poorly withstands excess water, therefore, the land on the site must be drained,
- plant loves a windless and well lit spot with nutrient primer
- The planting period may vary due to soil and climatic circumstances in the cultivated area.
In the flower beds fuchsia must be planted in May or June. Approximately a couple of months after disembarkation, the ornamental culture is well established and, if properly cared for, goes well in growth.
Diseases and pests, methods of dealing with them
Fuchsia is not very exposed to diseases and love good care. High humidity in the garden carries the risk of powdery mildew. Foundation can help in the fight against it. Of the pests that are dangerous aphid, spider mite, whitefly. Aphids form tangible colonies on the outer parts. The leaves turn white, twist, the trunks are bent, and the buds remain undisclosed. To combat used rubbing with alcohol, with the support of cotton swabs and further processing with insecticide.
At low humidity, the opposite side of the leaves damaged by tick colonies in the form of specks, in the case of infection there is a discoloration of the leaves, they turn yellow, fall off. It is advisable to spray the leaves more often; treatment with insecticides can help. White fly causes small spots, yellowing and subsidence of leaves. The plant loses picturesque. In spoiled places settles soot mushroom. The basis of subsidence leaves, buds is:
- violation of the order of watering,
- insufficient lighting,
- sultry air
- abrupt change of position according to the directivity to the light.
The basis of the short period of flowering in summer in the garden, the winter maintenance of a plant in an excessively warm room and disturbed watering, lack of nutrition, light and moisture content during the period of growth can become The leaves, with brown spots and yellow on the edge, are a sign of over-wetting the soil.
Use in landscape design
Garden fuchsia remains a traditional potted plant, good for decorating flowerpots, hanging baskets and containers. The natural features of the plant inhibit its use in flowerbeds. The plant grows quickly and is more suitable for placement in garden compositions.
Flower growers with summer garden fuchsia experience advise concentrating on the following cultivation features of the ornamental plant: different types of garden fuchsias need different light intensities, therefore the flower garden must be placed depending on the plant's needs, even light-loving species often quite difficult to tolerate direct sunlight and have a need for shading, in beds that are in very sunny places, the need for irrigation measures is high I.
Ampelnye and compact types more correctly to grow in flower pots. These types of garden fuchsias will become woody over time, therefore, when they are grown, continuously monitor the state of the plant and implement the replacement of the former bushes with young saplings fed with grafting. Balsamines, ivy and begonias can become suitable neighboring plants for fuchsia grown outside.
How to grow: features of the procedure
The biological description of the plant is a compact small tree on which there are reddish flexible shoots, small lanceolate leaves, numerous inflorescences of different shapes and colors. For cultivation in the garden often take varieties with large and straight shoots.
Each type of fuchsia puts forward its own requirements for care and lighting, but a common feature is the fear of direct sunlight. Planted bushes need to darkened areas. The exception is the Aloha and Coral varieties, which retain the luxurious color even under the scorching sun, but require careful maintenance. Ampel bushes are preferable to grow in a potted garden or in a flowerpot.
Beautiful fuchsia neighbors in the garden - begonia, balsam or ivy.
When selecting a place for a plant, it is necessary to give preference to places that are well lit in the morning and evening, and are shaded during the day. Planting fuchsia in open ground should be no earlier than May. For the bush is characterized by rapid rooting and strengthening - the plant will bloom in 2-3 weeks after planting. The plant does not tolerate cold. For long-term cultivation of fuchsia is better to grow in pots, transferring to the street at a warm temperature.
The composition of the soil and fertilizer
Sow the seeds you need in a light and nutritious land. You can buy a ready-made soil mixture or make it yourself from turf land, peat and sand (3: 2: 1 ratio). It is advisable to disinfect the soil - hold it in the refrigerator or in the cold, pour boiling water over it. In such a soil mixture planted seeds for further transplanting seedlings to the garden plot.
To plant seedlings in the garden should be in a fertile land with a neutral reaction. Improve the quality of the soil on the site of the top layer of a mixture of peat, perlite and sand. It is also advisable to add clay - it will contribute to the retention of nutrients.
The preferred soil composition in the garden should include:
- turf mix or leaf ground,
- humus and compost,
Среди предпочтительных удобрений – биологические подкормки. Вносить разрешено после того, как растение прижилось и выпустило полноценную листву. For these purposes, they take liquid fertilizers based on humus, top dressing with nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, and zinc. Soil replenishment should be alternated with surface spraying of leaves against pests (with a weak solution of Previkur, potassium permanganate).
Preparation and germination
The main condition for high-quality germination is the purchase of fresh seeds of proven producers. To plant seeds in the soil should be in February-March, then the shoots can be planted in open ground in mid-May. Capacity for fuchsia should be spacious. Suitable packaging is a transparent container.
At the bottom of the tank should be made holes for drainage. Next, make a layer of expanded clay or pebbles - seedlings will not die from stagnant water. Then you need to pour the soil mixture, seal it, leave 2-3 cm to the edge of the tank. To prevent the formation of mold, the ground should be sprayed on top with potassium permanganate from a spray bottle.
To deepen a seed by a finger on 3-5 cm. To cover the container with cellophane or a cover, it is necessary to leave a place for air receipt. Put on a warm window sill. The optimum temperature is no higher than 22 degrees. After the appearance of the first shoots, 1 time in 2 days drip water on it, daily - spray air with water from a spray bottle.
How to care?
Among the basic rules - the correct watering of seedlings and adult plants. Fuchsia requires abundant, but moderate watering. It is preferable to carry out 1-2 times a week. Bring water in the morning time of the day. Between watering be sure to spray the leaves of the spray, as the plant loves moisture. If the bud wilted, it should be cut in a timely manner.
There are some features of care. In the garden, the “precious beauty” is assigned a place protected from the sun and drafts. If all the conditions are met, the plant will be transformed and delight with color: the color will become juicier, the lush green will grow, the bush will harden.
The optimum temperature when grown in the open air - 21-23 ° (figure should not be higher even in summer). If the mark of the thermometer grows to 26-28, fuchsia drops the leaves and begins to wither.
The basic rules of care - the choice of the right place, watering and humidity. If the florist makes mistakes, this is indicated by the following signs:
- The leaves fall, and the flowers wither - fuchsia does not receive enough moisture.
- The whole bush withers - there is an excess of moisture in the soil, the roots begin to rot.
- Brown spots appear on the foliage - regulation of the frequency of watering is required, as the soil becomes swamped.
Caring for a plant involves the mandatory application of organic fertilizers. - mullein or humus of weak concentration, ash. During the formation of buds and during the flowering period, the application of instant feedings is required.