Nature is rich in various useful medicinal plants that can independently develop and multiply in the numerous fields and forests of our country. One of these therapeutic representatives of the world of flora is mullein - a herbaceous plant of the family Norichnik.
What is this culture? What is its habitat? What properties does it have? And how is it used in medicine? Let's find out.
Despite the fact that the mullein (or the bear's ear, or the royal scepter) is a wild-growing grass, its appearance, especially during the flowering period, is very attractive.
The stem of the plant is a single, upright, densely covered with downy ash-like hairs. The tapered leaves of the mullein ordinary are fifteen to thirty centimeters long and five to ten centimeters wide. They grow along the entire stem, with a proud look rushing upwards.
Usually the royal scepter blooms in a dense, spike-shaped inflorescence in the shape of a cylindrical brush.
However, the description of the mullein ordinary would be superficial if we stopped only on the characteristics listed above. The most beautiful thing in this plant is its flowers, crowning the straight long stem, the height of which can vary from fifty centimeters to three meters.
The flower of mullein possesses a bright yellow color. He is very small and gentle in appearance. Here is its structure:
- bract (has a pointed form in the form of a lancet),
- pedicle (thick and short, attached to the solid axis of the inflorescence),
- calyx (has pointed lobes converging on base)
- corolla (with a diameter of fifteen to twenty millimeters, yellow)
- stamen (there are only five, the front two are slightly thicker and longer than the others),
- pistil (in the form of short thin threads).
Blossom royal scepter begins with the second year of life.
Where does a mullein grow? This plant can be found in almost all countries of the world, although Eurasia and archipelagoes in the Atlantic Ocean near Europe and Africa are considered to be its natural areas of distribution.
To the soil, mullein ordinary is unpretentious, it can freely develop and bloom at the sides of roads, on sandy and stony sites. Getting on the black soil or other types of fertile soil, the plant gets sick and dies.
As mentioned above, mullein is a plant often used for medical purposes. Therefore, its chemical composition is very rich in all sorts of useful trace elements.
These include: tannins, saponins, beta-carotene, sugars, ascorbic acid, essential oils, fatty oils, alkaloids, iridoids, glycosides, harpagid, arcubin, catalpol, coumarins, phenolcarboxylic acids.
The above elements have a positive effect on various organs and systems of the human body. They are easily extracted from the plant itself and can be used in the manufacture of pharmacological agents.
What helps a bear's ear? What are the effective means of using it?
The drug from many diseases
Extracts of mullein wort are used in diseases of the nerves, kidneys, gastrointestinal tract, they can cure hemorrhoids, rheumatism and even tuberculosis. The plant has a diuretic, expectorant, antifungal, sedative, analgesic, sugar-reducing, immunostimulating, anti-inflammatory and other effects.
Diseases and conditions
For example, the initial stage of urolithiasis is quite possible to cure with mullein enzymes. Such important plant elements as saponins have a diuretic effect on the body and remove small stones and sand, while essential oils and iridoids reduce inflammation and protect against infection of the mucous membrane.
Cystitis (like other inflammatory diseases of the bladder) can also be cured with drugs based on this plant. The curative properties of mullein are common in the action of such enzymes as essential oils, iridoids, acids, and potassium. They relieve inflammation and act as painkillers.
The bear's ear also easily copes with puffiness. Thanks to saponins and other constituents, the plant is able to remove all excess fluid from the human body.
Bronchitis, pneumonia, and even asthma are completely susceptible to adjustments to drugs based on the components of the royal scepter. First of all, it is mucus, saponins, essential oils, organic acids. They relieve inflammation of the respiratory organs, clean the lungs, dilute the sputum and contribute to its removal from the body.
Due to such elements as saponins and iridoids, mullein is able to prevent the reproduction of cancer cells and even eliminate them.
Diseases associated with the nervous system (stress, overexcitement, depression, insomnia, neurosis) are also amenable to treatment with this herbaceous culture. Saponins, flavonoids, ascorbic acid, alkaloids and magnesium, which are part of the plant, soothe and improve the work of the central nervous system. In complex therapy, they can even help in the fight against convulsive seizures and epilepsy.
Diseases of the joints, muscles and bone tissues are also effectively treated with components of the bear ear, such as flavonoids, calcium and magnesium, which strengthen the bones, improve joint mobility and elasticity of the connective tissues, restore the affected nerve fibers, etc.
Cardiovascular diseases are amenable to effective adjustment to preparations containing active ingredients of mullein ordinary. These are flavonoids, essential oils, coumarins, alkaloids, ash, potassium, calcium, magnesium, which strengthen the heart and blood vessels, clean the capillaries, lower the pressure, reduce blood clotting.
It helps the royal scepter and purulent wounds, ulcers, burns and other serious damage to the skin. Thanks to the action of coumarins, iridoids, organic acids, tannins and other elements, you can get rid of bacterial and viral infections, so that wounds can be cleaned and tightened.
Using a bear's ear, you can completely recover from such a serious disease as hemorrhoids. Plant extracts help to reduce the painful formation and reduce inflammatory processes.
As you can see, the range of application of mullein in medicine is very wide and specific. How can you cure certain diseases at home?
Here are the species recommended to use this plant:
- Decoction. One tablespoon of dried leaves of a bear's ear is poured with 250 milliliters of water and boiled for two minutes. Then give to brew for half an hour and filter. Taken inside of one tablespoon three times a day. It helps with such illnesses as cystitis, atherosclerosis, sore throat, stomatitis, neuralgia, hypertension, and is used externally to treat diseases of the skin.
- Infusion. Ten grams of dry mix pour a glass of boiling water and leave for fifteen minutes. Strain and take 150 milliliters three times a day after meals. Use as a remedy for such diseases as cold and respiratory diseases, asthma, tuberculosis, pneumonia, epilepsy, whooping cough, shortness of breath, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. When hemorrhoids are recommended to add to the water during the sedentary baths.
- Tincture. One tablespoon of dried flowers is filled with 150 grams of vodka, infused for three to five days and used as a rubbing for arthritis, radiculitis, neuralgia, rheumatism.
- Butter. Pour three tablespoons of mullein flowers with one hundred milliliters of olive oil (you can take refined sunflower oil), place in direct sunlight, and infuse for four weeks, shaking the container once every twenty-four hours. Then strain the product and refrigerate. Use as a lotion for eczema, boils, ear pain, wounds and injuries.
- Ointment. Grind the seeds of mullein, mix with butter (in a ratio of one to two) and use for festering wounds and ulcers.
So, we learned what diseases the royal scepter treats and how to apply it. Now let's get acquainted with the tips and recommendations on the collection and storage of plants.
This process can be carried out in the summer, in sunny weather, immediately after the dew has come off. If you want to collect flowers and leaves, then it is best to do in the period from June to August, but if it is the seeds - from September to October.
Since the flowering of mullein occurs daily, from one bush you can collect new flowers every morning. And so many months!
Drying the bear's ear is recommended only in the shade, avoiding direct sunlight, as they adversely affect the healing properties of the medicinal plant.
To save the collected material is necessary in a container of non-synthetic materials. For example, the stems and leaves can be stored in paper envelopes, and flowers - in carefully closed glass jars.
In terms of storage of mullein can be no more than two years.
When collecting plants, it is important to take into account the fact that during drying it is very losing weight and volume. Therefore, with eight kilograms of fresh raw materials, you will receive only one kilogram of dry.
Korovyak ordinary recommended for use by all, including young children. However, it should once again be safe, especially when taking medication inside.
Before using the plant, you should consult with your doctor, and also find out if there are any allergies to any active ingredients.
It is also important to ensure that the Royal Scepter seeds (they are highly toxic) and small villi (which can cause irritation of the esophagus) do not enter the body.
Another important contraindication of mullein is its component tannin, which contributes to the occurrence of malignant tumors. Therefore, cancer patients are strictly forbidden to use drugs with this component.
As you can see, use the ear of a bear should be very careful and cautious.
However, if you do not abuse this tool and adhere to the recommended dosage and instructions, you can quickly cure many diseases and significantly improve their health.
Collection and storage rules
Grass ear bear decided to harvest during flowering. All parts of the plant have healing properties and can be useful for the needs of traditional medicine. Harvested mullein in the morning exclusively in dry clear weather. We must wait for the plant to dry completely after nighttime dew. In rainy weather, damp shoots and leaves can not tear.
It should be remembered that the flowers bloom just one day. It is at this time they are cut off, without waiting for withering. However, a large number of buds on one stem allows you to collect for a long time.
Selected corollas, leaves, fruits and stems are dried under a canopy or in special dryers at a temperature of +50 C. You can not leave the plant under the direct rays of the sun. From their effects, mullein flowers burn out and lose their healing properties.
Harvested dry raw materials are stored no more than 2 years. To save flowers I use glass or tin containers with hermetic closures. Leaves and stems are packed in paper bags or wooden boxes.
When harvesting it must be remembered that the ratio of dry and fresh flowers is approximately 1: 8. That is, from 8 kg of fresh plant, 1 kg of dry collection is obtained.
In the people of mullein used as a diuretic. Rubbing fresh juice removed the warts on the skin. The powder of the roots has long been known for its anthelmintic properties. For the treatment of scrofula and rickets, patients are advised to take baths with the addition of infusion or plant extract. Washing with a decoction of the leaves reduces eye inflammation, and the application of compresses helps to get rid of depriving and hemorrhoids. Powder powder contributes to the rapid healing of wounds and cracks on the limbs and the body.
Freshly picked flower The mullein helps to avoid bruising. To do this, it is enough to attach it briefly to the injury site, the pain quickly subsides, and the bruise disappears in 2-3 hours. Infusion of flowers is effectively used to solve dermatological problems, with baldness and psoriasis.
Infusion helps to cope with diseases of the upper respiratory tract, tuberculosis, pneumonia, bronchial asthma, whooping cough, epilepsy, jaundice, convulsions, migraine. It is added to the water to receive therapeutic baths for hemorrhoids.
1 dessert spoon of dry collection
Dry raw materials are brewed with boiling water and infused for 10 minutes. The finished liquid is filtered. Dosage 150 ml after meals 3 times a day.
Tincture has a beneficial effect in diseases of the stomach and spleen, as well as pathologies of the upper respiratory tract. As an external remedy, it is used for rubbing with arthritis, neuralgia, radiculitis, rheumatism.
1 tbsp dried flowers
Mullein flowers poured with alcohol and infused for 3 days.
Dental, cardiovascular, gastric diseases helps to cure a decoction of ordinary mullein. They also make lotions for dermatological diseases.
1 tbsp dry leaves
The dry collection is filled with liquid and boiled for 2 minutes. Then it is settled for 30 minutes and carefully filtered. Daily drink 1 tbsp of broth 3 times.
Mullein oil has been given the name "Royal". It has excellent antiseptic and analgesic properties. Recommended for healing wounds and eczema, eliminating pain in the ears.
100 ml of olive oil
The flowers are laid out in a transparent dish and poured oil. The mixture is infused for 1 month in a warm, well-lit place. The vessel is shaken daily, so as not to accumulate sediment. The finished oil is filtered and stored in the refrigerator.
The ointment is applied to disinfect wounds and ulcers, prevent rot.
Grass seeds are ground into powder and then thoroughly mixed with butter in the proportion of 6:12.
There are no pronounced contraindications for the mullein. Pregnant and lactating women, small children should be abstained from using phytopreparations based on it. When taking medications it is necessary to take into account individual intolerance to the individual components in the chemical composition of the herb. The appearance of unpleasant sensations or allergic reactions may also serve as a basis for contraindication to the use of the plant.
However, care must be taken in using separate parts of the mullein. Liquid drugs must be filtered to prevent villi from entering the esophagus and stomach. Thin hard hair in contact with the mucous membrane will cause irritation.
Seeds of a bear's ear contain toxic substances and therefore are dangerous to use. Tannin, which is part of the herb, has a carcinogenic property. In this regard, there is a severe contraindication to the inclusion of herbal remedies on the basis of mullein in the treatment course of cancer patients.
Description of medicinal species and plant photos
Korovyak royal scepter - one of the most frequent in the application of species. The flowers are small, collected in large, up to 1 meter long inflorescence, completely covering the stem. It grows on sandy soils, it is found at the roadsides, in gardens, parks and in the forest.
Pharmacological action: analgesic for pain of various origins, anti-inflammatory. It is used in the treatment of cough, contusions, wounds, atherosclerosis, asthma, inflammatory processes of various etiologies, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, liver, and dental problems.
The skeleton cow, the second name - “densely flowered”. The flowers are large, five-petalled, bright yellow. Flower shape is irregular, up to 5 cm in diameter. Plant height is about 2 meters. Buds densely cover the stem. It grows on sandy soils, is found everywhere.
Pharmacological action: diuretic, expectorant, soothing, anti-inflammatory, diaphoretic. It is used in the treatment of inflammatory processes of the upper respiratory tract and lungs, inflammatory processes in the gastrointestinal tract, liver, spleen, with skin problems.
Mullead bear ear (pictured above). The second name is “ordinary.” Differs smaller corolla. Habitat - sandy slopes, open forest areas.
Pharmacological action: enveloping. emollient, expectorant, anti-inflammatory, diuretic, analgesic, wound healing. Preparations of the mullein, the bear's ear, are effective for whooping cough and the pathologies of the respiratory system, stop hemoptysis in tuberculosis, treat inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract, stop diarrhea. There is a positive experience in treating rheumatism and migraine.
Коровяк лекарственный отличается невысоким стеблем, до 1 метра, белесыми войлочными листьями, и собранные в колосовидные соцветия желтоватые цветы.
In folk medicine, medicines are used to produce nerve disorders, rickets, scrofula, liver pathologies, catarrh of the upper respiratory tract, edema, physical fatigue, problems of FA, diarrhea, rheumatism.
Purple mullein differs in unusual colors of a light-violet shade. there are leafy and leafless forms. Brush inflorescences sparse, simple.
Pharmacological action of the purple mullein: stimulation of the cardiovascular system, increased pressure in the vessels, stimulation of intestinal motility.
Paniculate mullein distinguish about other species jagged leaves. It grows everywhere in dry meadows, hillsides. Scope - inflammatory abnormalities of the female and male genitalia, respiratory diseases. neuralgic pains, rheumatism, inflammatory processes of internal organs.
Black mullein is distinguished by unusual bunched flowers with a sweetish scent. Spindle root, erect stem, leaves alternate. As a medicinal raw material, flowers are used exclusively, without green sepals. The raw material is used to treat inflammatory diseases of the upper respiratory tract.
Recipes for the treatment of various diseases
1. For bruises, bruises, attach fresh flowers to a sore spot on the skin. The pain quickly passes, and the bruise will not appear. And if they didn’t attach right away, then the bruise formed will quickly resolve.
Important! If you use dry flowers of mullein, remove sepals, stamens, all hairs. These parts can cause skin irritation or even allergies. Only after that soak up the raw material for compresses.
2. Infusion of mullein flowers for external use. 1 tablespoon dried flowers in a glass of boiling water. insist 30 minutes, strain. Use for compresses, lotions for hemorrhoids, gout, trigeminal inflammation, for arthritis, rheumatic cones, for nipple cracks in nursing mothers, for burns, felon, purulent boils on the skin.
3. Fresh grass mullein (juice) mixed with warm water, taken when coughing. On 1 tablespoon of juice 1 glass of water. Drink in small sips with spastic coughing. This enveloping, emollient is simultaneously anti-inflammatory, anti-edematous. Useful material in the article: "If the cough does not pass, folk remedies are always at hand."
4. Infusion of herbs. 1 tablespoon of fresh herbs or 1 dessert spoon dry poured a glass of boiling water. 10 minutes infused. Insist filter and drink 2 times a day for half a cup 30 minutes before meals.
Infusion is taken internally, applied externally with vitiligo, psoriasis. Inside with vascular diseases, the nervous system, atherosclerosis, hypertension, neuralgia of various etiologies. On the treatment of vitiligo folk remedies here.
5. Decoction of grass. It is used internally for stones in the kidneys and bladder, for inflammation of the urinary-genital system, and gastrointestinal diseases. Prepared as follows: 1 tablespoon of dry grass is poured with a glass of boiling water, stewed over low heat for 2 minutes. Infused under the lid for 30 minutes. Then it is necessary to strain the broth, squeeze the grass.
Take 1 tablespoon 3-4 times a day.
6. Powder of seeds. The dried seeds of the mullein are kept in a closed glass container before use, and they are ground into powder, covered with wounds. For the treatment of purulent wounds, powder is mixed with sea buckthorn oil to a state of ointment.
7. Broth for bathing. With scrofula, rickets is useful to bathe children in the bath with infusion of mullein. To do this, a decoction is prepared - 2 tablespoons of dry grass for 0.5 liters of boiling water, boil for 5 minutes, strain. Pour into the baby bath, top up with water to the desired volume. bathe the baby for 15 minutes at a temperature of 38 degrees.
8. Tincture. 1 tablespoon of flowers is filled with 10 tablespoons of 40% alcohol, infused for 3 days. It is used as a rubbing to relieve pain with radiculitis. arthritis, gout, rheumatism.
9. Royal oil. Relieves inflammation in the ear. For 30 days, a mixture of 3 tbsp insist on the sun in a glass container l dried flowers of mullein and 100 ml of olive oil.
Composition and therapeutic properties of mullein
A wide range of therapeutic effects of mullein is due to the rich composition:
- Slime - enveloping, softening, expectorant, anti-inflammatory.
- Glucose - a source of energy, normalizes metabolism.
- Saponins - fight cancer cells, dilute and remove thick mucus, have anti-sclerotic, sedative, healing, diuretic action.
- Flavonoids - strengthen blood vessels, neutralize free radicals.
- Essential oils - harmonize the work of the cardiovascular system, have a beneficial effect on the separation of mucus when coughing, improve intestinal motility and secretion of gastric juice, and calm the nervous system.
- When applied externally, they have a bactericidal, anti-inflammatory, healing effect, and stimulate cell regeneration.
- Gum - reduces blood lipids, normalizes the digestive tract, reduces appetite, removes toxins.
- Coumarins dilute blood. which is important for the tendency to thrombosis, prevent heart attack and stroke. Act as an antiseptic, astringent. diuretic.
- Carotene is an antioxidant that stimulates the immune system. It protects the body against the harmful effects of free radicals.
- Iridoids have an antioxidant, hypoglycemic, antimutagenic, analgesic, antitumor effect. Remove spasms, fight viruses.
- Organic acids. Their main action is antifungal, antiseptic, astringent, expectorant.
- Tannins relieve inflammation, act as a bactericidal and astringent.
- Vitamin C stimulates the endocrine system, activates the blood formation processes, restores the central nervous system, promotes the absorption of iron.
- Tannin - disinfects, knits, reduces inflammation, heals.
- Alkaloids relieve pain, reduce pressure, soothe, stop bleeding.
- Ash has an anti-inflammatory effect, slows blood clotting, dissolves blood clots in blood vessels. Well disinfects, heals wounds.
- In addition to the above important components, mullein contains potassium, calcium, magnesium, iron, and a complex of microelements.
Korovyak from hemorrhoids
Hemorrhoids require long persistent treatment. There is a successful experience of folk healers, recommending the use of mullein for this purpose. A plant with hemostatic, healing properties is suitable for this purpose, even if the disease is neglected. Improvements occur already at 5-7 days of treatment.
Cooking infusion. Take 1 tbsp. l dried flowers of mullein, pour 300 ml of boiling water in a thermos. Insist 1 hour. Strain through a strainer. Take 1/3 cup of infusion 3 times a day after meals.
- common flaxseed - 1 part,
- skeetton mullein - 1 part,
- Chamomile flowers - 1 part.
Take 3 tbsp. l collecting herbs, crushed to a minimum fraction. Pour into warmed butter (about 100 g). Soak in a water bath for 1 hour, stirring occasionally with a wooden spatula. Warm mass infused to cool. Then warmed up again, then filtered.
In the warm mass add 10 g of beeswax, again put in a water bath until the wax is completely dissolved.
The warm mass is poured onto a flat plate to cool. when it becomes thick enough, sculpt the hands with hands, put them in storage in the refrigerator.
Candles are used at night after bowel movements, hygienic washing of the anus until the painful symptoms are completely eliminated. Usually 5-10 procedures.
Terms of collection, preparation, storage of medicinal raw materials
Mullein flowers are harvested from June to August, late in the morning, after the dew dries. It is best to tear the petals without sepals. At the same time, harvested grass, stalks and leaves.
Dry the raw materials in the shade in a well-ventilated place. They keep flowers, seeds in glass, and leaves and stems in paper bags.
Shelf life with proper storage is about 2 years.
Description of the plant Mullein (Verbascum)
The plant verbascum (mullein) is highly valued in traditional medicine, used to treat colds, bronchitis, asthma, emphysema, skin and heart diseases. Also, this plant is widely used in the treatment of diseases of the stomach, kidneys, liver and spleen.
In medical practice, the following types of mullein are used:
1. The royal scepter.
3. Bear ear.
7. The black.
Korovyak royal scepter
This type of mullein (together with medical, ordinary and scepter mullein) is most often used in traditional medicine. It has small flowers (up to 15 mm in diameter), which completely cover the stem with their buds. Unlike the scepter's mullein, the royal scepter in length reaches one and a half meters. The length of its inflorescences can be one meter.
The growing area of the royal scepter is sandy soils, roadsides, forest areas, courtyards, parks and gardens.
- removal of pain syndrome of various origins,
- elimination of inflammatory processes
- treatment of bruises and difficult healing wounds.
With the use of this type of mullein, these diseases and symptoms are treated:
- bronchial asthma,
- inflammations of various etiologies,
- periodontal disease
- diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
Scepter (Multiflorous) Mullein
The scepter mullear is distinguished by large five-petal flowers of bright yellow color of irregular shape, the diameter of which reaches up to 50 mm. The length of the densely flowered mullein exceeds the mark of 2 meters. Flowers and buds, as in the royal scepter, are located on the stem very closely to each other, forming small gaps. The habitat is similar to the above species of mullein.
Properties of the skovipkin mullein:
This type of mullein is used in the treatment of:
- GI inflammation,
- diseases of the liver and spleen,
Mullear bear ear (ordinary)
This species of mullein differs from the others in its small corolla size and the presence of two lower stamens. The bear's ear grows on sandy slopes or in forest glades.
Properties of mullein ordinary:
- pain reliever
- wound healing
The administration of mullein mullets is indicated for the following pathologies:
- whooping cough,
- rhinitis, accompanied by tearing,
- chronic cystitis,
It is a biennial plant, the height of which does not exceed 1 m. It has white-white leaves and flowers of light yellow color, which are collected in brushes, resembling spikelets. It grows on uncultivated land, along slopes and on hills.
In folk medicine, mullein medicinal is taken in the following pathologies:
- nervous disorders
- diseases of the liver and spleen,
- catarrh of the upper respiratory tract,
- nervous fatigue,
- physical exhaustion,
This species of mullein has all the properties of the above listed species.
It is a perennial plant, distinguished by soft purple flowers and an erect stem, which can be both leafy and completely leafless. The flowers of this species of mullein form sparse simple brushes.
Purple Mullein Action:
1. Increased blood pressure.
2. Stimulation of cardiac activity, namely the increase in the amplitude of contractions of the heart and the enhancement of its bioelectric activity.
3. Stimulation of intestinal motor activity.
This species of mullein has an erect stem up to 130 cm in height. In addition, the mullein has a toothed leaf. It grows on hillsides or dry meadows.
The mullein paniculum is used for the following pathologies:
- gynecological diseases of inflammatory genesis,
- whooping cough,
- neuralgic pains
Collection and storage
The mullein blossoms from June to August, while the time of seed ripening is August - October. The collection of flowers of the plant is carried out only in dry and sunny weather, and in the late morning (it is important that the dews subside, since wet corollas darken during drying and lose their healing properties).
It should be noted that the collection of raw materials is carried out every day, as each plant blooms only one day. In this case, the collection of raw materials on each individual plant is possible for months.
Important! For the best quality of medicinal raw materials it is necessary to ensure that the cups of flowers do not fall into it.
Mullein dried in the shade (under a canopy) or dryers at a temperature of 50 degrees, spread out a thin layer. Do not rule out the possibility of drying the raw materials in the room, but on condition that the room is well ventilated. But in the sun to dry raw materials can not, because it loses its natural color, and, consequently, healing properties.
Immediately after drying, the flowers of the mullein are placed in a tightly closed glass container (hermetically closed tin containers can be used for storing raw materials), while the leaves and stalks of the plant can be saved in paper bags or boxes.
The shelf life of raw materials - no more than two years.
Important! Mullein flowers provide an extremely low yield of finished raw materials: so that to get 1 kg of dry medicinal product, you need to collect and dry 8 kg of fresh flowers.
Korovyak is a component of many antitussive and expectorant fees, shown in the treatment of colds, flu, bronchitis, whooping cough.
This plant, which has anti-inflammatory action, is widely used in the treatment of inflammatory diseases of the oral mucosa, throat, stomach and urinary tract.
Korovyak effectively fights with bruises: so, putting a fresh flower of the plant to the place of the injury, you can not only relieve the pain, but also prevent the occurrence of a bruise. If it was not possible to avoid the formation of a bruise, then under the action of the mullein it will resolve in two to three hours.
Important! When using dry flowers, plants that are soaked in a small amount of water for making a compress should be removed from the flower before the raw material is used, without exception, stamens, whose hairs can cause skin irritations.
As compresses, rubbing, ointments and powder, this plant is used in the treatment of such diseases:
- inflammation of the facial nerve
- fissures of the mammary glands in nursing mothers,
- purulent wounds,
Homeopaths use fresh grass mullein as an antitussive.
Also, herb (infusions, decoctions, tinctures) is used for:
- vitiligo (to eliminate depigmented spots),
- nervous disorders.
The mullein flowers are part of numerous chest teas, shown in the treatment of respiratory diseases, pneumonia and emphysema.
Mullein flowers are widely used in traditional medicine as an enveloping agent. In addition, they differ in anti-inflammatory, as well as softening properties, therefore, they are used in case of catarrh of the upper respiratory tract, accompanied by cough.
The effect of mullein drugs:
- mitigation of catarrhal phenomena on the mucous membranes of the oral cavity,
- removal of the inflammatory process,
- protection of the mucosa from irritants
- elimination of pain on the ground application
- reduction of painful reflexes, spasms and swelling of the tissue.
In folk medicine, decoctions of the leaves are taken as a diuretic and anti-inflammatory agent for:
2. Renal disease.
3. Inflammatory processes localized in the bladder.
Fresh leaves of the plant help to heal wounds, ulcers, boils.
Trays of mullein leaves are indicated for diseases such as rickets and scrofula.
Composition and properties of mullein
Liquefy sputum and remove mucus from the bronchopulmonary system. In addition, saponins prevent DNA synthesis directly in tumor cells, thereby preventing them from replicating.
Properties of saponins:
The beneficial properties of mullein
- pain killer
- wound healing.
Use of mullein
Due to the content of saponins and mucus, mullein preparations effectively relieve cough, firstly - with catarrh of the upper respiratory tract, and secondly - with laryngitis. In addition, this plant is used in the treatment of gastric and duodenal ulcers.
This plant is widely used in dermatology. So, the infusion of mullein flowers is used for baldness, skin diseases of allergic origin, vitiligo and psoriasis.
Also mullein drugs are used in such diseases and conditions as:
For all the above diseases, you can use this broth: 1 tbsp. dry leaves of mullein is poured with a glass of water, put on the fire and boiled for 2 minutes. After removing from heat, the broth is infused for another half hour, after which it is filtered through a triple layer of gauze and consumed three times a day, 1 tbsp.
Outwardly, this decoction is used in the treatment of skin diseases.
Mullein infusion is taken when:
- diseases of the upper respiratory tract,
- bronchial asthma,
- hoarseness and loss of voice
- whooping cough,
- diseases of the stomach and intestines of inflammatory genesis,
1 dessert spoon of dry raw material is poured with a glass of boiling water and infused for 10 minutes, and then filtered and taken 150 ml three times a day, after meals.
Korovyak has hemostatic properties, so it is used to treat hemorrhoids (the infusion is added to water when taking sedentary baths).
Tincture is used in diseases of the upper respiratory tract, diseases of the stomach and spleen.
Recipe tinctures following: 1 tbsp. dried flowers poured 10 tbsp. vodka and infused for three days. Used as a rubbing at:
This oil, which is popularly called royal, has the following effect:
- relieves middle ear inflammation (including chronic),
- eliminates earache,
- eliminates eczema localized in the external auditory canal,
- accelerates wound healing
- kills pathogenic microbes.
To prepare the oil in a transparent container, pour 3 tbsp. mullein flowers, pouring them 100 ml of olive oil (allowed to use purified vegetable oil). Next, the resulting mass is placed in the sun, where it is infused for 30 days, shaking once a day. Then the oil is filtered and placed in the refrigerator.
Oil is taken in the form of lotions with:
- bruises and inflammations of the mucous membrane,
- treatment of gums and ulcers in the mouth,
- ear pain,
- inflammation of the middle ear,
- furuncle in the ear.
The ointment is prepared from the powder, which is obtained by grinding the seeds of mullein. Used to treat putrefactive wounds and ulcers.
6 parts of groundwort seeds ground into powder should be mixed with 12 parts of butter.
Infusion from hemorrhoids
1 tbsp. flowers of mullein are poured into a thermos and 300 ml of boiling water are poured, leaving to infuse for one hour. Carefully filtered infusion is taken orally for a third of a glass three times a day (preferably after a meal). Bloody discharge from the back pass in 5 - 7 days. When treating a neglected form of the disease, it is recommended to extend this treatment to 14 days.
Important! Despite the fact that if the indicated dosage is observed, no side effects are observed, before using the infusion, it is necessary to consult a doctor, who, taking into account the individual characteristics of each patient, will correct the scheme, duration and dosage of infusion.
To make candles for hemorrhoids you will need the following ingredients:
- butter - 100 g,
- flax clover - 1 part,
- flowers of the woody mullein - 1 part,
- Chamomile - 1 part.
3 tbsp. collecting herbs are mixed with butter, which should be preheated to a liquid state by means of a water bath, and put again in a water bath for an hour (the resulting mass must be periodically stirred with a wooden spatula). The drug removed from the water bath is tightly closed, wrapped and left to stand until it cools naturally. Then the mass is heated again, filtered and squeezed, after which 10 g of beeswax is added to it. And again the drug is heated, stirring to dissolve the wax. The resulting mass is poured on a saucer. When the mass cools a little, candles are formed from it, which are placed in a cool place to harden. Such candles, which heal cracks and inflammation of the anus, are placed overnight.
And a few more tips to help cope with hemorrhoids:
- normalize the digestive tract, which will eliminate constipation,
- Do not push during stool,
- to balance food, eliminating spicy, alcoholic, black bread, fatty foods,
- eliminate sex life during periods of exacerbation of hemorrhoids,
- follow the rules of personal hygiene in the anus.
Recipe with mullein
Decoction of lung diseases
1 tbsp. carefully chopped and dried flowers of mullein is filled with 300 ml of boiling water, wrapped and infused for an hour, after which the broth is filtered and drunk on a tablespoon every 3 hours. This broth will help to cope with diseases of the bronchi, inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract and biliary tract.
Baths for hemorrhoids and skin diseases
1 kg of flowers of the plant is boiled in a bucket of water, then the broth is infused until it cools down to a temperature acceptable to the body, filtered through and poured into a bath. Therapeutic baths can be taken every other day for 20 minutes.
Baths are recommended to take with the following diseases:
- exudative diathesis,
Tincture of radiculitis, arthritis, rheumatism
1 tbsp. flowers of mullein filled with 100 ml of alcohol. The tincture is placed in a dark place for two weeks, after which it is filtered and taken for grinding the painful spots.
Infusion of baldness and seborrhea
1 tbsp. 500 ml of boiling water are poured over the herbs and infused in a thermos for two hours. Infusion is taken in 150 ml three times a day. This infusion can also wash your hair.
Decoction of insomnia
1 tbsp. 300 ml boiling water is poured over the flowers of the plant and boiled over low heat for another three minutes. Broth wrapped and left to insist 2 hours. The drug is taken with honey, 1 to 2 tbsp. for the night. This broth can rinse the mouth with a toothache.
Infusion of bronchitis
2 tsp. flowers of mullein should be poured 250 ml of boiling water and leave to infuse tightly wrapped for 1 hour. Accepted infusion of 1 tbsp. no more than four times a day (for children, a single dose is one teaspoon or dessert spoon, depending on age). Also this infusion is indicated for rinsing the mouth.
Broth for cold and cough
This broth is prepared in milk, 300 ml of which is added 2 tablespoons. dry mullein flowers. The mixture is brought to a boil and cooked for 5 minutes, after which the broth is wrapped and infused for another hour. Strained broth is drunk with honey or sugar, 250 ml per night.
Broth from urolithiasis and gallstone disease
1 tbsp. crushed raw material is poured 300 ml of water at room temperature, then the broth is brought to a boil and cooked over low heat for 10 minutes. Strained broth is drunk on a tablespoon three times a day, regardless of the use of food.
Broth from tracheitis
Leaves and flowers of mullein (3 tablespoons of each type of raw material) are poured with two cups of boiling water and boiled on low heat for 10 minutes, after which the broth is infused for another 20 minutes, cooled and filtered. Accepted means of 2 tbsp. four times a day.
Botanical description of mullein
Korovyak ordinary belongs to the family Nornichkovyh. He has other names: “royal scepter”, “divin grass”, “bear's ear”. This herb is a perennial, rarely biennial. In the mullein, there is a single stalk, whose height ranges from 1.5 to 3 m, due to which the ear of the bear is clearly visible among other grasses. The leaves have light white pubescence.
In the first year of life, the mullein forms a rosette of leaves at the root, and flowering begins only in the second year. Each flower consists of 5 yellow petals.forming a spike inflorescence, resembling the appearance of a bright candle. By autumn, fruits are formed - small boxes in which there are small seeds.
The Mullein has one very interesting difference from other plants: it prefers to grow on scanty soils. If the seeds fall into the fertile soil, the plant will practically not bloom and soon will die at all. Therefore, the bear's ear can be found on the sandy edges of forests and meadows, roadsides. Often the plant grows on stony soils with low nutrient content.
Divin grass can be found in Europe, as well as in North Africa and the Caucasus. The human mullein was introduced to North America, where it also caught on well. He feels great in temperate climates without making special demands on environmental conditions.
Places and features of collecting plant mullein
Mullein is easily seen in its natural habitat growing in bright yellow colors. Choosing plants for the preparation of medicinal raw materials, you need to pay attention to environmental safety: it is highly undesirable to collect grass growing along busy routes or chemical industries.
Harvesting mullein ordinary is usually carried out during its flowering: in July and August. All components of the above-ground part of the plant will be useful, but it is petals that have the greatest healing power. In the autumn, you can dig up and dry the roots.
Folk healers do not advise collecting faded or wet inflorescences. Cut off grass after harvesting should be thoroughly rinsed from dirt and dried in a dark, dry and well-ventilated room to prevent rotting. Korovyak should be periodically turned over so that it dries evenly.
A bear's ear will eventually become brittle, and its corollas will acquire a delicate golden color. Well-dried petals smell sweet aroma with light honey notes. When these signs appeared, the raw materials can be put away in paper or cloth bags and sent to storage in a dark closet or closet.
Therapeutic and beneficial properties of mullein
Due to this rich composition, which nature has endowed the mullein, the plant is used in folk medicine. It is useful because:
- Tannins promote healing of wounds, produce a calming and astringent effect. Therefore, the bear's ear is known primarily as an herb that helps people suffering from hemorrhoids.
- Content plays a big role iridoidsthat relieve inflammation, remove toxins from the body, reduce pain. These compounds also improve the functioning of the human immune system and, according to some data, have antitumor effects.
- Coumarin reduces blood density, which prevents the formation of blood clots in the vessels.
- Hesperedincontained in the mullein in large quantities, has a beneficial effect on the state of the human circulatory system, strengthening the walls of blood vessels and lowering their tone. This flavanoid stimulates oxygenation of the heart and reduces the degree of allergy.
In addition to the therapeutic properties of decoctions and infusions of mullein have a fortifying effect on humans. Vitamins and minerals saturate the body, which contributes to its proper operation.
In the people there are many species of mullein. Their similar chemical composition suggests a similar therapeutic effect, therefore the names of the species are mixed. An ordinary mullein or a bear's ear, a royal scepter, a scepter mulle are similar in appearance, and therefore can be harvested at the same time. Explicit morphological differences have only purple mullein. They are in the bright color of flowers and their rarer location on the peduncle. Most often, traditional medicine uses similar looks of mullein: ordinary, medicinal, royal scepter, which are discussed below.
The mullein plant belongs to the most common. The reason for this is the rapid adaptation of the plant to different climatic conditions, as well as an attractive appearance, which makes it possible to grow a mullein to decorate estates, flower beds, and parks. The Mullein is found:
- in Australia,
- in New Zealand,
- in North America,
- In South America,
- on the European continent.
As a medicinal plant material of mullein are its flowers. It is worth noting that each flower blooms on the inflorescence only once. By the evening, the halo fades, loses color and falls from the inflorescence. The procurement process consists of several stages.
- Collect flowers. It is started late in the morning, in good, sunny weather. The plant begins to bloom from June-month, because you can collect flowers on one individual all summer - until September. The flowers are removed from the inflorescence gently so as not to damage the petals. The quality of raw materials increases if it does not fall sepals.
- Training. It is better to transport the collected flowers in a wide container, without a cover. It is advisable not to crush the raw material, in order to avoid the loss of its useful properties. In preparation for drying, the flowers are sorted for wilted, tainted, changed color.
- Drying. For complete drying, the flowers are laid out in a thin layer on a wide pallet, lined with paper or cotton cloth. You can dry in the open air, slightly obscuring the place where there is a pallet. Indoors - ensuring good ventilation, in dryers - at a temperature not exceeding 50 ° C.
- Storage. Dried raw materials are fragile. When rubbed, it turns into powder without much effort. Hygroscopicity is characteristic of dried flowers, so they are stored in glass jars, hermetically sealed containers.
When excess moisture gets into flowers, they quickly dampen, are affected by mold and fungi, change color. Naturally, the medicinal properties of the mullein are immediately lost.
Biologically active composition
The main effect of mullein is based on the content of large concentrations of iridoids. They are represented by the following compounds:
- harpagid and its acetate,
These substances are active antioxidants that slow down the aging process of body cells. Due to its antimutagenic action, iridoids are able to preserve genetic material and the integrity of DNA chains. Anti-inflammatory effect, intertwined with immunostimulating, activates the body's defenses to eliminate inflammation, accompanied by swelling, hyperemia, pain. In addition, iridoids are given an antihypertensive effect, as well as the ability to stimulate the production of bile.
In addition to iridoids, mullein flowers contain other beneficial substances.
- Mucus. Mucopolysaccharide solutions provide an enveloping, softening, protective effect of mullein on mucous membranes. Under the action of mucus, the healing of the mucous membranes of the gastrointestinal tract, as well as the improvement of sputum discharge from the bronchi, is observed.
- Sahara. Splitting to glucose, they act as a source of energy for the body. In addition, vegetable sugars regulate metabolism, normalizing tissue trophism and providing cells with energy.
- Saponins. Highly active substances of chemical nature, providing purification of the lungs, the normalization of the production and discharge of urine. They also have an antisclerotic effect, as well as the ability to inhibit the development and growth of tumor structures.
- Flavonoids. Stabilize the nervous system, providing the ability to concentrate. They improve the elasticity of the vascular walls, which prevents their fragility. Prevent capillary sclerosis, improve peripheral blood flow. They have antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties.
- Essential oil. Stimulates peristalsis of the stomach and intestines, as well as the bile ducts. It has sedative properties. Improves discharge of mucus accumulated in the lungs. In addition, bactericidal action is characteristic of the essential oil of the mullein.
- Gum Getting into the lumen of the gastrointestinal tract, acts as an adsorbent - absorbs toxins of internal and external origin. Envelops the mucous. Regulates the appetite. Normalizes the ratio of beneficial and conditionally pathogenic bacteria in the intestine. It has anti-inflammatory properties.
- Coumarins. They have antiseptic and astringent properties, thereby stimulating wound healing. These compounds are characterized by moderate diuretic action, as well as the ability to prevent the formation of blood clots, to regulate the rheological properties of blood.
- Organic acids. They include phenol carbolic acid acids, as well as vegetable polyunsaturated acids - linoleic and linolenic acids. Acids have anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, antifungal and astringent properties.
- Tannin. Tanning agent that has astringent, anti-inflammatory, antiexudative, regenerating effects. In small concentrations, heals the gastrointestinal mucosa, strengthens the stool, and in large concentrations it has irritating properties, causing increased motility.
- Minerals The mullein flowers contain potassium, calcium, manganese, iron, lithium, strontium, magnesium, copper, molybdenum and other minerals that are actively involved in conversion chains of metabolism.
- Vitamins. Vitamin C in combination with vitamins A and E, stimulates tissue regeneration. These nutrients are also inherent antioxidant activity and the ability to maintain the health of the body at a high level.
Vegetable ash, found in mullein flowers, has anti-inflammatory properties, as well as the ability to thin the blood.
Mullein: medicinal properties
Even in antiquity, it was observed that by attaching a mullein flower to the injury site, it is possible to prevent the appearance of a bruise. If they are late with prophylaxis, the strapped flowers will accelerate the resorption of the hematoma up to three to four hours. Such observations became the reason for the use of mullein in dermatology:
- with burns
- festering wounds,
- allergic rashes,
The basis of the elimination of all these ailments lies in the improvement of peripheral blood flow and the normalization of the supply of skin damage with a sufficient amount of useful substances.
Indications for the use of herbs include any bronchopulmonary diseases, including obstructive types of bronchitis, laryngitis, whooping cough, and pneumonia. In addition to eliminating cough, mullein activates the body's defenses and contributes to its rapid recovery after colds. The plant is effective against shortness of breath caused by bronchial asthma. Korovyak eliminates dry barking cough, turning it into a wet, and also relieves inflammation in the oral cavity: stomatitis, sore throat, gingivitis, periodontal disease.
Due to the composition rich in vitamins, mullein is able to eliminate excess salt deposits, remove accumulated fluid from the body, and remove acute inflammation in the joints. Korovyak useful with:
A large amount of mucus and tannins allows the use of mullein from gastritis, colitis of different origin, with a lack of pancreatic enzymes or reduced production of bile. Also, the plant is actively used for the rapid treatment of hemorrhoids.
Preparation of drugs
In homeopathy, mullein is actively used fresh. In folk medicine it is common to prepare extracts from a plant - infusions, tinctures, decoctions.
Features It is used to treat and prevent hypertension, atherosclerosis, cystitis, and diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Prepared by this recipe means you can rinse the mouth with sore throat and stomatitis, wash wounds.
Preparation and use
- A tablespoon of dried and ground leaves of the mullein is poured with a glass of boiling water.
- Put the mixture on a slow fire, bring to a boil, boil for two minutes.
- After a half-hour infusion, the medium is filtered through gauze.
- Eat inside a tablespoon three times a day. Store the decoction in the refrigerator.
Features Used for the treatment of lung diseases, including asthma, pneumonia, obstruction of the lungs. Also means well helps with cystitis and colds.
Preparation and use
- To make a mullein at home, a dessert spoonful of dried flowers is poured with a glass of boiling water.
- Strain through gauze after 15 minutes of infusion.
- Use an infusion of ой cup three times a day before meals.
Features Relieves articular, muscular, gouty pains. Used externally for rubbing and compresses.
Preparation and use
- A tablespoon of dried mullein flowers is mixed with ten tablespoons of pure vodka.
- The mixture is insisted for three days in a dark place, regularly shaking it.
- After straining the tincture is ready for use.
Features People say that the oil of mullein with urinary incontinence is taken orally. In fact, the product prepared according to this recipe is used externally - with ear pain dripping into the ear, and with articular pain - rubbing is done. Also, oil is used to make compresses for dry skin and for dry eczema.
Preparation and use
- Three tablespoons of freshly picked mullein flowers are placed in a glass bowl.
- Flowers are poured over 100 grams of olive oil.
- Insist the mixture under the sun, daily shaking it.
- After a monthly infusion, the agent can be applied externally.
Features The ointment is prepared for the treatment of nonhealing, festering, weeping wounds, trophic ulcers.
Preparation and use
- Dried mullein seeds are crushed to a powder.
- Mix the powder with butter, keeping the proportion of 1: 2.
- Apply the product to the affected skin under the bandage, twice a day.
Despite the fact that the use of mullein in traditional medicine is very common, in some conditions it is contraindicated:
- during pregnancy
- during lactation
- with individual sensitivity to the plant.
Contraindications of the mullein include oncological diseases, since some biologically active substances of the plant can trigger the acceleration of tumor growth, the development of metastases.
The treatment of grass mullein does not imply complex manipulations with vegetable raw materials. Cooked extracts of leaves and flowers have useful properties that help well with many ailments. The use of remedies outwardly almost never causes allergies, but gives amazing results regarding the restoration of the skin.