Trees

Spruce Canadian - Daisy White: Features of planting and care

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Spruce is represented by many varieties and varieties.

Canadian Spruce Daisy White It has a high winter hardiness, perfectly enduring the effects of low temperatures. For good development, it needs moist soil enriched with nutrients and mineral substances. This plant can be attributed to the photophilous, although it is tolerably well tolerated. Height of an adult plant reaches eighty centimeters. Crohn reaches a meter in diameter and at a young age is characterized by a rounded shape, which becomes pincushion in adult specimens. Shoots are colored dark yellow. The tree is covered with thin and short needles, painted in bluish-green shades. It is a dwarf form of spruce, characterized by slow growth. Spruce Daisy White - an excellent decoration of any site, regardless of their size.

Canadian Spruce Conica is good. She is now at the peak of popularity. The height may well reach three and a half meters. The diameter of the crown, as a rule, is not less than one and a half meters. The shape of the tree is regular, cone-shaped. It differs in very thin delicate needles, painted in a light green tint in young trees that acquire bluish tones after some time. For full growth, the plant needs a well-lit place of growth. It will look great in a small garden. And it looks very impressive both alone and in a group landing. Not bad for decoration of rock garden or heather garden, looks great in a container. This plant is a frequent guest of cemetery plantings. Often used as a Christmas tree.

It is impossible to ignore and spruce prickly Glauka. Refers to prickly firs. This is a very popular decorative form. It is precisely here that we commonly call the blue spruce. She often decorated ceremonies. Especially noteworthy is its needles with a bluish-green color, due to which the plant stands out so favorably against the background of other tree species. She looks great all year round. Differs in high resistance to a city gas contamination, and also excellent frost resistance. The length of the needles of this class can reach twenty-five centimeters. Decorated with cones, painted in light brown shades, a cylindrical shape. During the first years of life is characterized by slow growth. Prefers structural fertile soil.

One of the most popular garden forms of spruce at the current time is spruce spruce bonfire. For the first time went on sale in the 19th century. It is an evergreen tree species, equipped with a fairly dense crown in the shape of a cone. Young trees of this variety are often characterized by an asymmetrical form with many dense and rigid tiers of branches. The height of this plant can reach fifteen meters, although there are twenty-meter specimens, although they are quite rare. Special decoration is achieved due to the needle-shaped, slightly curved, crescent-shaped needles, differing in thickness and causticity. Coloring needles silver green. This variety is very light-loving, so you should not plant it in the shade - it will instantly affect the decorative color of the needles.

Another fairly bright representative of the Pine family - fir spiny montgomery. In nature, it grows in North America, where it successfully masters a rocky mountain surface. It can be called the brightest representative among all the firs. The height of adult trees can vary from fifteen to twenty-five meters. The crown is cone-shaped. It has a rather thick bark of a dark brown shade. Flowering falls on May-early June. The shape of mature cones is cylindrical, the color is light brown, the length is approximately ten centimeters. Cones have time to ripen until September in the year of appearance. Excellent frost resistance and endurance are inherent in this variety.

Landing features

For a good growth of culture requires a sunny plot or partial shade. Canadian spruce sensitive to heat and drought. Landing success depends largely on how adhere to several rules:

  1. It is necessary to monitor the integrity of the roots and the fungus formed on them, so necessary for the growth of the culture. Therefore, transplantation of plants is carried out only with a soil clod.
  2. Drainage is being made from rubble, crumbs of broken brick, and small gravel to prevent moisture stagnation in the landing pit.
  3. Spruce is placed so that the radical neck of the culture remains on the surface. Deepening does not make the bark of the plant remain intact, and the diet does not stop.

Daisy White spruce are suitable for planting humus loamy soil, which, moreover, must be well hydrated. The soil is chosen weak acidity, drained, nourishing. Land for planting away away from the occurrence of groundwater. When planting fir trees in groups, the distance between crops from 2 to 3 meters is made. Planting pits deepen by 50 - 70 cm.

The plot is chosen sunny, suitable and place, located in the penumbra. Drainage is poured at the bottom of the landing holes, filling 1/5 of the entire depth. Drop down the roots of Canadian spruce seedlings along with earthen clods. The pits are carefully filled with nutrient soil, vertically securing the tree. Gently tamp the soil every 20 cm, so as not to form voids, and ate in the future did not give a heel.

Immediately after planting it is necessary to water the plants abundantly. Canadian Daisy White spruce up to 40 liters of water. Intensive irrigation will be necessary only in the first post-planting year.

Care instructions

After the end of the process of planting, be sure to pay attention to the root system. Under conifers do not contribute urea, manure, humus, they strictly prohibited. In the first seven days, rooting stimulants are used. Canadian spruce needles are plentifully sprayed with Epin's solution at the beginning of the spring season, adding 1 ampoule per 5 liters of water, protecting young shoots in this way from aggressive sunlight.

Careful care is required during the period when the cold ends. The needles of a young Canadian spruce daisy white are prone to sunburn in early spring, so cultures are shaded by temporary shelters in the form of a grid. In the same period, the needles can dry out, as there is an intense evaporation of moisture. To avoid this, provide ate the following care:

  1. The snow cover is cleared in the near-ground circle so that the soil is warmed by warm air.
  2. To thaw the soil around the roots of the Canadian fir culture watered with warm water.
  3. Pristvolny soil layer gently loosen surface movements.

Such care is advisable to do to preserve the decorative properties from mid-March, provided that the spruce “daisy white” is planted in a sunny place.

Trees that are up to one meter in height require 10 liters of moisture every seven days in spring and in the autumn season, watering them every three or four days in summer. Conduct shallow loosening. But too much to get involved in irrigation is not worth it to avoid water stagnation.

The soil around the trunk is recommended to loosen superficially, keep slightly moist. For this, mulching with peat or mowed grass is used.

In winter, young trees in the bitter cold cover with spruce branches in two layers. You can sprinkle peat around the trunk, with a layer thickness of 6 cm.

From the end of May or at the very beginning of June, the Canadian spruce is pruned, if the plants are planted in groups and form a kind of hedge. Remove dry and diseased branches. The trees first grow very slowly, 10 years after planting, the height is most often 80 cm, then they grow and can reach two and three meters in height.

Breeding

The procedure begins in early June. Canadian fir is propagated by cutting. Pinch off from the main plant the lower well-ripened branches of 10 cm each, which must be necessarily with the so-called "heel". Only in this case, the plant is well rooted. From below harvested cuttings are processed by a growth stimulator. Planted crops, deepening 2 or 2.5 cm. Winter cuttings without treatment by rooting means will not take root. During the rooting of cuttings, it is necessary to ensure that the substrate does not dry out, but it is also not recommended to re-moisten the soil.

Decorative

Cone-shaped trees are very beautiful. The crowns effectively taper to the tops. Compact Canadian spruce grows rather slowly, so they are often used in group design park compositions. The needles are very soft, at first she has a yellow-white color, because of this, the name of the variety ate daisy white. In late May, the trees turn green, acquiring the highest degree of their decorativeness. The bright emerald shade of branches with white tips becomes a real decoration of parks, heather gardens in remote areas of the decorated territories, in the background of urban flower arrangements or large rock gardens.

Picea glauca "Conica"

Spruce Canadian "Konica" (Picea glauca Conica) is a dwarf tree with beautiful soft green needles living for half a millennium. This herringbone is widespread from permafrost to South America.
She has an interesting story. It is a tree - a natural anomaly it came out naturally through the natural mutation of the herringbone with the gray-gray (but the classic Canadian name stuck). The first instance was discovered in 1904 near one of the lakes of Canada from that time, and the cultivation of this tree began in the open spaces of landscape farms and plant nurseries.

The tree is very compact up to 2.5 m (in ideal conditions up to 4 m) in height and up to 2 m in width (35–40 years old plant in Moscow conditions is 1.7–2.0 m). It forms a smooth, graceful, dense cone, covered with soft, unspiny, short needles. It grows extremely slowly 2-5cm per year, gradually gaining density and openwork. Interestingly, this Christmas tree in good conditions can give up to 2 increments per season!

"Conica" feels good in conditions of central Russia.
Prefers places rich in sunshine, but not very open, fairly wet, but not swampy. One has only to take into account that this spruce tree does not tolerate burning sunshine, especially in the spring period.
It does not need to create special conditions, it easily adapts to any soil.
Take a little care of the conic spruce and she will thank you with a lush crown, delicate young bright green shoots, and thick soft crown.

Spruce Canadian "Konica" - a soft and fluffy cone, which landscape designers often adorn rocky compositions or banks of streamsas the herringbone loves moderately wet soil. It fits perfectly into a garden of any size, expanding as needed.

Picea glauca "Daisy's White"

Spruce Canadian "Daisy White" (Picea glauca Daisy White) is a very original variety of spruce with creamy yellow spring growth.

Daisy White spruce is a dwarf cone-shaped tree with a dense crown, with a height of up to 1.5 m and a width of up to 0.8 m. The growth is rather slow - by the age of 10, this tree grows only by 0.8-0.9 meters. It is a small tree, striking with an unusual golden coloring of young shoots, which stand out like bright lanterns against the background of old green needles. New growths in May-June are yellowish-white in color, later turning green.

"Daisy White" is sun-sweet, but grows better in partial shade. Motley coloring is acquired only in the sun. We recommend sheltering from sunburn for the early spring period.
Winter hardy up to -25 ° C.
The soil is preferably rich in humus, moist, fresh loam.
Sensitive to heat and drought, therefore, requires additional irrigation.

Due to its small growth and interesting decoration, the variety "Daisy White" can become a wonderful soliter in the heather garden, or to make a company to other dwarf coniferous trees in oriental gardens and grassy plants in rock gardens.

Picea glauca "Sanders Blue"

Spruce Canadian "Sanders Blue" (Picea glauca Sanders Blue) - blue-gray-gray (white) variety ate with soft needles and a thick crown.

A semi-dwarf tree reaches 30 years in height 2-3 meters, and 70-80 cm in width. The narrow pyramidal crown and the abundance of branches give the variety a very dense form during the whole period of its life. She lives about 50 years. It grows very slowly 3-7cm per year. Interestingly, the herringbone can give several increments per season! Young needles of this variety are always delicate silvery-blue shade up to 1 cm long, soft to the touch, quite sharp. By the end of the season, the needles acquire turquoise tones.

"Sanders Blue" is light-requiring, but in the middle lane we advise you to place it in partial shade, as it tends to "burn" in the abundant sun of recent years. Variety better than others withstand the spring sun.
Its frost resistance is at an excellent level up to - 40 ° С. To soil conditions unpretentiousUnless it does not tolerate flooding. The root system is superficial, so we recommend light loamy or sandy soils with annual application of a small amount of fertilizer.

Spruce Canadian "Sanders Blue" - a slender blue pyramid, dressed in a thick and soft blanket. She should take a place on the alpine hill, near large stones and use larch mulch. It fits well under the "wing" of large hardwoods with lace foliage together with hosts, lilies, primroses, daylilies and various ground cover plants. It looks very elegant as a supplement to the weeping green leaves.

How to care for the plant in the first and subsequent years

When planting is completed, it is necessary to help the tree, especially its root system. In the first week it is necessary to feed it with a root formation stimulant. Caring for it helps to strengthen the whole plant, because the root is the most vulnerable spot during the transplantation period. A rich spraying of needles is also useful, one of the advantages of which is the protection of shoots from too aggressive sunlight, especially in early spring.

Caring for coniferous trees, it is necessary to use top dressing only for this type of plants. The use of manure, urea and humus is strictly prohibited!

In the future, the care of the Canadian Daisy Spruce must be carried out taking into account the characteristics of this plant. Due to the fact that the young needles are prone to sunburn, it can be shaded, create temporary shelters, using, for example, a grid. Canadian spruce daisy white, like all coniferous plants, evaporates moisture from the surface of pine needles year-round. At the same time in early spring with the active sun makes it more intense. The root system is not able to compensate for this loss of moisture, because the soil at this time is not thawed. As a result, the needles are drained. To avoid this, it is necessary to provide the following plant care:

  • clear the snow around the trunk, open access to the soil to warm air,
  • water the spruce with warm water to thaw the soil around the root system,
  • surface movements to loosen the top layer of soil around the trunk.

These measures are relevant from mid-March, if the plant is in a sunny place. Such care will keep the needles healthy, which means that Canadian spruce will not lose its decorative qualities.

Canadian spruce “daisy white” grows rather slowly, reaching 80 centimeters in height only by the age of ten. The cone in the form of a cone is very dense, bright green, completely hides the trunk. Thanks to the young shoots, which at the end of spring - beginning of summer have a white or cream color with a yellow tint, such specimens are highly valued from a decorative point of view. This is the reason for the name of the species: “White”, which means white. Over time, the young needles acquire the same bright green color. Canadian spruce "Daisy White" grows well in a bright place or in partial shade, but too intense sun during the period of growth of the first young shoots harms them. In order for the white needles not to be burned in the sun, it must be protected, covered with a net, and shaded.

It is advisable to keep the soil around the trunk of the spruce loose and moist. To do this, apply a mulch of peat and mowed grass.

In winter, you can cover a young tree with spruce branches. This should be done when the air temperature reaches –15 degrees. It must be laid in 1-2 layers. When the hut made of spruce leaves is covered with a snow cap, the temperature below it will not fall below –5 degrees. Unfortunately, in such favorable conditions, mice feel well and are capable of damaging the bark of the tree. It is necessary to put poisoning agents for them under the spruce branches in advance.

The compact dimensions of this type of spruce, its external attractiveness make it possible to use “daisy white” as an element of landscape design. Dense branches, dense crown, characteristic of these plants, make it possible to create a hedge from them. The relatively uncomplicated care makes the spruce attractive for both home gardens and public areas. Subject to all the necessary rules, Canadian spruce will grow successfully and can reach two, and sometimes three meters in height.

Trees and shrubs - How to plant Canadian spruce "Daisy White" and properly care for her

Как посадить канадскую ель «дейзи вайт» и правильно ухаживать за ней - Деревья и кустарники

Грамотная посадка канадской ели «дейзи вайт», а также соблюдение всех требований по уходу за данным видом позволит растению достичь столетнего возраста. To achieve this result, you need to take into account the climatic conditions, where it is supposed to grow it, and strictly follow the basic requirements for care. This compact ornamental tree prefers a climate with temperature fluctuations from –30 to +30 degrees, moderate soil moisture and partial shade.

Successful planting of this tree is directly dependent on compliance with the following rules.

  1. It is required to monitor the preservation of the integrity of the root system and the fungus formed on it, which is necessary for the growth of spruce (repot only with a clod of earth).
  2. It is necessary to prevent stagnation of moisture in the pit, for this to do drainage using crushed stone, gravel, broken bricks, etc.
  3. Place the spruce tree so that the root neck is on the surface. Deepening is unacceptable, since this leads to the death of the bark on it and the cessation of the plant nutrition.

Planting is carried out by immersing the root system of a tree together with a clod of earth in a specially prepared pit. It should not be too deep, because the root system in coniferous plants is superficial. Making a hole deeper than 80–100 centimeters is simply pointless. Thus, drainage is placed at the bottom of the pit, filling it at about a fifth of the depth. Then the root system is lowered along with a clod of earth. If it was wrapped with sacking, it should not be removed, it will eventually decompose naturally.

For coniferous trees, planting is allowed in the winter season. However, early autumn is most preferable - the plant takes root better, tolerates winter well, and actively grows in spring.

Next, you must carefully fill the pit. Having fastened the tree vertically, fill the soil in small portions. Every 15–20 centimeters, tamping it down or watering it so that all the voids are filled and the plant subsequently does not give a lurch. Planting is completed by irrigation, since coniferous plants, including the Canadian spruce “Daisy White”, require at this moment large amounts of water (up to 40 liters). In the first year after transplantation, watering should be intensive. For trees up to 1 meter, 10 liters of water are needed once a week in spring and autumn, and in the summer - every three to four days.

Decorative qualities and features of growth

Canadian spruce “daisy white” grows rather slowly, reaching 80 centimeters in height only by the age of ten. The cone in the form of a cone is very dense, bright green, completely hides the trunk. Thanks to the young shoots, which at the end of spring - beginning of summer have a white or cream color with a yellow tint, such specimens are highly valued from a decorative point of view. This is the reason for the name of the species: “White”, which means white. Over time, the young needles acquire the same bright green color. Canadian spruce "Daisy White" grows well in a bright place or in partial shade, but too intense sun during the period of growth of the first young shoots harms them. In order for the white needles not to be burned in the sun, it must be protected, covered with a net, and shaded.

It is advisable to keep the soil around the trunk of the spruce loose and moist. To do this, apply a mulch of peat and mowed grass.

In winter, you can cover a young tree with spruce branches. This should be done when the air temperature reaches –15 degrees. It must be laid in 1-2 layers. When the hut made of spruce leaves is covered with a snow cap, the temperature below it will not fall below –5 degrees. Unfortunately, in such favorable conditions, mice feel well and are capable of damaging the bark of the tree. It is necessary to put poisoning agents for them under the lapnik tree in advance.

The compact dimensions of this type of spruce, its external attractiveness make it possible to use “daisy white” as an element of landscape design. Dense branches, dense crown, characteristic of these plants, make it possible to create a hedge from them. The relatively uncomplicated care makes the spruce attractive for both home gardens and public areas. Subject to all the necessary rules, Canadian spruce will grow successfully and can reach two, and sometimes three meters in height.

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