In nature there more than 300 types of clematiswhich differ in a form and coloring of a flower, and also are adapted for various climatic conditions. Their incredible beauty of vines, which will decorate any garden, unites them. Even the most fastidious hostess will find clematis to your liking. Today we will talk about how to grow at home an unusual Manchurian clematis.
Brief description of the plant
The birthplace of Manchu clematis is the Far East, namely, one of the historical regions of China, which gave its name to the flower. The word "clematis" in translation means "sprout of grapes" or "climbing plant". Manhurian creepers do not resemble grapes at all, but reach over one and a half meters in length, forming a huge beautiful bush, covered with small white flowers. The plant belongs to the herbaceous perennial, sometimes it is also referred to as one of the forms of direct clematis.
Clematis Manchu during flowering
This species has a pleasant, but very pungent odor, which is particularly pronounced in the sun, so allergy sufferers should be careful.
The stems of this variety are very branchy and wind up along any structures, be it a special arch or a wall. Liana has leaves of complex structure, which combine from 3 to 7 leaves. The flowers are small, white, consist of four oblong petals and fold into inflorescences. One liana can crown up to 500 flowers at the same time.
This species is unpretentious and grows well in our climate, it tolerates frost and temperature fluctuations, does not require special care. The most abundant bloom, usually in June and July.
Growing Manchurian clematis at home
This culture is planted in the ground in the fall or spring. There are several factors to consider.
The plant is unpretentious to weather conditions, but needs fertile soil nutrient. In order for a bush to grow large and healthy, it is necessary to plant it in the right soil. You can purchase a special substrate in the store or mix on your own the following ingredients:
Manchurian Clematis loves the sun very much, so you should not plant it in the shade. If you want the flower to twine around the wall of a building, you can choose any other than the north one Wherein the plant must be planted at some distance from the wall so that there is a place for development. Avoid places where water runs from the roof. If there are no buildings nearby, you need to take care of support for the vines. Sometimes the plant is left to creep along the ground to form a blooming white carpet. Also, this culture does not like wind and strong moisture. You can not plant the plant in places where groundwater comes too close to the surface of the earth.
The process of planting seedlings
- root neck it is covered with earth by about 15 centimeters,
- final stage - abundant watering.
The plant begins to grow profusely after three years, and the densest bloom is observed after 5-6 years.
Does not like excess moisture, but does not tolerate drought, therefore water the plant should be once a week, and during the drought - 2-3 times. You need to pour water around the bush and try not to fall on the leaves and flowers. Under one bush you need to pour out 3-5 liters of water, depending on the weather and the age of the plant.
Feed start from the second year according to the scheme:
- growing season - drugs with a high content of nitrogen,
- bud formation stage - fertilizers containing potassium,
- after flowering - make feeding with phosphorus,
- after trimming - mineral fertilizers.
Manchurian clematis blooms on the shoots of the current year, so cutting it is not difficult. After flowering, absolutely all shoots are cut off..
Manchurian clematis as well as many other species: Tangut, brown, burning, isabel, this and others, can be propagated in four ways:
They are sown in early March, and shoots should appear within six weeks. The seed is soaked for 5-7 days and then sown in a container.covered with foil to maintain optimum temperature. With the stabilization of air temperature, the seedlings are transplanted to the garden bed.
About a third of the vine is cut, on which the buds have already appeared, then it is divided into cuttings with two nodes on each. From above, the cut should be straight, about 3 cm from the knot, and from the bottom - an oblique cut with a distance from the knot of 7-10 cm . This operation is also done in the spring.
A groove is pierced near the bush, where an adult shoot is placed and sprinkled with earth, leaving only the top. A year later, the rooted escape is separated.t.
Manchurian Clematis in Landscape Design
This plant is used for vertical gardening. You can just plant clematis, making a beautiful arch support, plant other vines next to them with bright flowers or leave the plant without a support and create a white carpet on the site.
Often, Manchurian clematis is used to weave arbors. Thus, the owners get both a shadow and a bewitching view that all neighbors will envy.
With clematis, you can hide not the most presentable type of outbuildings. So they will play with new colors and turn into works of art.
Growing Manchurian clematis at home is not at all a troublesome task. The plant is unpretentious, but durable. With a minimum effort of snow-white blooms, clematis will delight the owners with snow-white blooms for a dozen years.
Manchurian clematis from seeds. Care
Adult specimens in their appearance resemble a colorful creeper consisting of multi-colored inflorescences. Gardeners appreciate and love them at the expense of excellent decoration, allowing beautifully equip landscape designs, flower beds, fences and gazebos. At home, perennials multiply from shoots, although the question: “How to grow clematis from seeds?” Remains very popular. True, the seed method is distinguished by its nuances and difficulties, since when breeding individual varieties need to be vaccinated. For this reason, newcomers rarely remove the plant with seeds and prefer to purchase young seedlings in specialized stores.
However, each home flower can give several dozen good seedlings. It is enough to prikopat shoots of the earth, and they quickly take root. The method of reproduction by layering will be successful, if it is carried out before the start of flowering. In this case, before the first frost, you can get good shrubs. As for seed reproduction, it is carried out in two ways:
- directly to open ground
- in special tanks,
To avoid all sorts of problems and unpleasant moments with growing plants in the home, it is better to prefer small-flowered varietieswhich differ in hardy character and unpretentiousness to the choice of conditions of detention. By their properties, they are as close to wild-growing as possible, therefore they are not afraid of climatic changes or harsh external conditions. Growing complex hybrid varieties is difficult, and some large-flowered varieties are not at all suitable for room planting from seeds.
If you intend to grow clematis at home, pay attention to the Manchu variety. The seeds of such a plant are distinguished by their excellent germination. and give a sufficiently developed adult bushes, which differ little from wild relatives. Variety tolerates negative temperatures and is able to transform any area.
Perennial looks very elegant, because his small white flowers look like a luxurious composition. In particular, they bloom profusely in June or July. In the process of further development, the flower grows a bush, and during the flowering period it produces a unique aroma, even if you are far away from it. Sort famous for its unpretentious conditions of detention and a large length of shoots, which often reaches 50 centimeters. Manchurian clematis is often used for planting low objects.
No less popular variety of clematis, which suitable for home growingis considered tangut. Flower growers love this variety at the expense of bright bells, which look very amazing and elegant. However, growing a seed as a seed is not easy, because the likelihood that a seed planted will produce its fruit is very low. In any case, if you follow the basic recommendations, the end result will be amazing. You will be able to enjoy its flowering and in the room environment after transplanting plants in pots or tubs.
As they grow older, Tangut clematis turns into a climbing vine. Given this feature, you should take care of a reliable support for its further development. The colorful blooming of yellow bells can please you at the end of May, and the flowering period will be intense until the autumn time.
Representatives of an interesting group of varieties named Helios characterized by excellent cold resistance. Many growers especially appreciate and respect this variety due to its amazing appearance, unpretentious nature and ability to endure the most extreme reductions in the temperature range. However, to grow such a plant in the open field or in a room, it is important to take into account a number of features. They consist of a reliable shelter from the wind and drafts in a cold season, proper irrigation, the use of mineral fertilizers, as well as seasonal pruning for formative or sanitary purposes.
Some connoisseurs of beautiful vegetation like to grow clematis with large terry-like inflorescences. Representatives of Helios are practically no competitors of their kind, because their terry flowers look simply amazing, and there are practically no particular difficulties in growing at home.
Clematis seed. When to collect
A good time to collect seeds is determined by the varietal differences of a particular bush. Such an event can be held in summer and autumn. If you intend to grow such an amazing creature on your lot by semen, prepare them as necessary. Seeds of different varieties may vary both external features and size. In this case, one shrub can produce large, and the other medium and small seeds.
Before planting ready planting material need to sort by size. Seeds of large and medium size are characterized by excellent germination. Smaller better immediately throw. To save yourself from such time-consuming work, you can purchase the finished product in a specialty store.
In this case, you save yourself from long and exhausting sorting. Sowing is best done in spring or autumn. The first option involves planting seeds in open ground, and the second - in the greenhouse. Before sowing need carefully stratify the seeds. Such an event will protect the seed from pests and increase the germination rate.
If you intend to plant in early spring, then for the successful implementation of such an action it is sufficient to provide a comfortable environment for storing seeds. To do this, they need to be kept indoors with a stable temperature of +5 degrees Celsius. If you are going to plant in the fall, give the seeds some time to lie in the fridge.
Such processing will create a comfortable environment for planting material.
Soil selection and irrigation features
If you intend to plant seedlings in early spring, spend sowing in special boxes. In spring, the box can be taken out onto the street, and before that it should be kept on the windowsill or loggia. Strong seedlings can normally take root if the boxes are filled with a nutrient substrate. You can prepare it from:
In most cases, the time from planting to germination takes from three weeks to three months. During this period, you need to take care of suitable care, keeping the soil composition in a wet state. Any stagnation of moisture can be disastrous.
If you’ve never planted clematis at home before give preference Manchu variety. The probability of germination of good seedlings will be maximum, even if you have no experience in this case. In addition, you can learn a number of important nuances and learn how to deal with more capricious plants.
When sowing seeds are placed at a depth of 2-3 times larger than its own. Pure river sand is poured over them and the soil is compacted. Sand will allow planting material to germinate much faster.
Transplant into the ground
Sowing seeds can be realized in the fall. In this case, the seeds will be able to root normally and will be strong enough for further planting in a permanent place in the spring. However, transplantation into open ground is carried out only under the condition that any frosts are not outlined. After all, the seed of clematis reacts very badly to any cooling and may die. Landing rules are as follows:
- When choosing the right place for planting, consider such a feature that many varieties prefer well-lit places. However, the radical part grows better in partial shade,
- When growing clematis do not forget that they are climbers, so they need reliable support,
- Experts recommend placing a flower on a site with good protection from the wind. Any drafts can cause him great harm.,
If you wish to collect seeds in the spring, and sowing in the fall, wait until the seeds grow to such a state that they can be transplanted to a permanent place. However, it is better not to risk and wait for the next spring, and before that move the planting material in special bushes.
Seeds planted in autumn give good flowering in spring, but need enhanced protection from freezing temperatures and cold weather. Shelter can be created with straw or sheeting. Specific material is selected depending on the climatic conditions of the area in which the bush grows.
Observing such features transplant clematis in the ground, you can successfully transplant it and protect it from any dangerous effects, including frostbite, various infectious diseases or attacks of harmful pests.
If you seriously intend to grow Manchu clematis from seeds at home, consider such a feature as the vaccination. Many gardeners think that beautiful flowering will appear immediately after planting from seeds. But not everyone is ready to take this step and prefer seedlings purchased in a specialized store. As for professionals with sufficient experience in the care and planting of a plant, they act in a different way and grow a plant from seeds, asserting that the success of the procedure can be maximized when conducting vaccinations with less capricious varieties. Features of vaccination measures are as follows:
- the procedure is carried out in pots, after which they are covered with glass jars. When the cuttings finally grow it can be removed,
- planting a grafted plant is carried out only next spring,
- vaccination can be done in any of the available ways. The main thing is that the operation was carried out as quickly as possible. Otherwise, the likelihood of drying place cut will be high.
The colorful exotic plant clematis is in great demand. Therefore, every gardener at least once dreamed of seeing such an attractive plant on his plot. However, many inexperienced beginners doubt that they will be able to realize clematis landing at home and provide him with proper care. In fact, growing this flower is much easier than it seems. It is enough to follow the basic recommendations of professionals and closely monitor the state of the plant at different stages of its life cycle..
There are many varieties that are characterized by unpretentiousness to the conditions of detention and enduring character. They are well tolerated by any disease and adverse weather conditions. Before sowing, it is important to consider such a feature as the expected time to obtain seedlings for transplanting into open ground to a permanent place. However, in any case it is much more efficient to plant them in early spring. This will positively affect the survival of plants, which will soon turn into full-fledged clematis.
Be diligent and follow all the rules of plant care. In fact, such an occupation does not require great difficulties, so even a novice grower can perform it. Proper treatment will allow you to enjoy a truly amazing, beautiful and fragrant flower for a long time.
Read more about the plant
Clematis is a member of the buttercup family. This perennial climbing plant is very picky, can withstand sudden changes in temperature, hardy enough to any climate. By types of clematis is divided into herbaceous, shrub and semi-shrub.
Clematis Manchu varieties are the kind of clematis that are ideal for our climate. This plant is quite cold-resistant, can grow well in the shade, but prefers sunny places.
Положительной чертой в уходе за клематисом является легкость в его обрезке. Unlike many other flowering vines, its pruning is carried out completely as soon as frosts occur. This is due to the fact that only the young shoots of the new year are blooming. This allows even people far from gardening to properly care for this plant.
In June and July of each year, small white flowers appear on the shoots of these vines, and the density of these flowers, which can reach 500 flowers on one shoot, is striking in its beauty. The flowers smell very nicely, and the strength of the fragrance can reach 10 m.
The stems of the plant cling to all nearby surfaces, including the walls of buildings, so it is often used for vertical gardening. In length, they can reach 1.5, rarely 3 m.
Very clematis can decorate the type of Manchu clematis fence, gazebos, terraces and even the walls of the house.
The beauty of the plant depends on how it is looked after. This also applies to Manchu clematis.
The main aspect of good development is watering. Clematis does not tolerate excess moisture, it is also bad for its deficiency. Therefore, in the usual time it is necessary to water it once a week, and in a dry time it is necessary to increase watering up to 3 times a week.
The volume of water should be large, from 20 to 40 liters per plant. You need to pour water around the shoot, try to keep the water from falling on the plant itself.
The roots of the plant do not tolerate overheating by sunlight, so the area around the trunk is covered with peat, humus, sawdust or tree bark. The planting of low-growing plants that will perform the function of protection can be an excellent option.
Also important is the feeding of clematis, which they begin to make in the second year of plant growth. Top-dressing is done up to 4 times per year during important growth stages: nitrogen-containing substances during the growing season, potassium-containing substances during the period of bud formation, phosphorus-containing substances during the post-flowering period, any mineral fertilizers after trimming.
Pruning Clematis Manchu does not deliver any work. Since the flowers are formed only on the shoots of the current year, the old shoots are cut to the first leaf, and you can also prune to the ground. In this case, the shoots will be smaller, but the flowers can grow to large sizes.
The easiest way to propagate clematis is the Manchu variety by dividing the bush, layering and pinned shoots. Reproduction by seeds is least used, since this method is very troublesome and time consuming.
For reproduction by division, a bush from 3 to 6 years old is suitable, while the root system has not grown much yet. Such a plant is dug up, shake off the roots and cut with a pruner. The number of divisions can be different, as long as the root neck has a kidney.
To use the method of reproduction by layering in the fall, before pruning, choose stronger vines, twist and stack into a moat filled with peat beforehand. Top insulate the soil with dry foliage, turf, moss. In spring, the place where the vine is buried is watered and flavored with fertilizers. It is in this place that new shoots begin to grow, which in the fall, when they get stronger and gain strength, are transplanted to a permanent place.
Growing clematis pinning spend spring. To do this, near the selected liana they drop a pot with an earthen mixture at the level below the ground, in it fix the node of the liana with the help of a stud. If necessary, with further growth, the soil fill up, forming a cone-shaped hill.
It is necessary to consider in more detail the process of how to grow clematis from seed. It is used extremely rarely, mainly for breeding purposes.
Seeds are small nuts, seeds with a fluffy process. Clematis seeds can be large, medium and small. Small ones are often thrown away, and medium and large ones are separated and planted separately. Grown from seed, clematis becomes more adapted to the climatic conditions of the region.
It is best to use fresh seeds, but with proper storage they can germinate in four years. Sowing can be done in the fall, but the percentage germination will be very small. Therefore, the seeds are stratified and sown in spring in open ground or pots.
When sown in the ground, the seeds are spread on moist loosened soil, and sprinkled with sand. The thickness of the sand layer should be about 1.5 cm. Seeding is protected from above with chips or chips. The term germination of seeds - 20-40 days, depending on the size.
To multiply clematis seeds, it is best to pre-grow seedlings. Large and medium-sized seeds need to be sown in the fall, as they need more time to germinate, and if small seeds are used, sowing can be done in February-March.
Before sowing, seeds are soaked for a week. Water should be changed several times a day. For greater effect, water can be enriched with oxygen using a compressor.
Any tank with a depth of 20 cm with drainage holes will be suitable for planting. The soil is prepared from equal parts of sand, earth and peat. The height of the soil should be about 10 cm. Small seeds are simply placed on the ground, slightly pressing. And medium and large ones should be covered with a layer of sand in 1 cm. Sowing should be moistened and covered with glass or film.
This is followed by a stratification process: in the first stage, the seed tank is kept at 16-20 ° C for two weeks. The second stage requires a content of about two months at 5 ° C.
For germination box put in a bright place, the temperature should be 22-25 ° C. Constantly need to monitor the soil moisture, regularly sowing.
After the first shoots, when the full 2 leaves appeared, they dive. And only after each young plant has gained strength, and the probability of cold weather has passed, clematis can be planted in open ground.
How to grow clematis from seed?
Planting and care, taking into account the key features of shrubs, allows us to achieve that they have time to form a well-developed root system in a few weeks and to please the owner in the first year with delicate flowers. However, novice gardeners do not favor the method of propagation of clematis from seeds, since they are not willing to spend a lot of time and effort on this procedure. Most often they grow clematis from young saplingspurchased in stores.
However, from virtually any clematis you can get a few dozen well-developed seedlings, for which it is enough to prikopat shoots of earth. Therefore, among knowledgeable gardeners, the most popular was the method of propagation by layering. It is recommended to carry out this procedure in early spring before flowering. Then you can get well-developed shrubs before the first frost. Those flower growers who decide to choose the seed multiplication method will have to make a decision: to plant the seeds directly into the ground or into special containers in which young sprouts will grow during the winter.
Reproduction of various varieties
In order to avoid problems with the cultivation of clematis, it is necessary to use small-flowered varieties, which in their properties as close as possible to the wild. It is not recommended to use complex hybrids for cultivation, since it markedly reduces the chances of getting strong and healthy plants from seeds. However, there are large-flowered clematis varietieswhich grow in indoor conditions is not possible. You can get them only by contacting nurseries, where they are offered to anyone in the form of seedlings or young shrubs.
Most often in conditions of temperate climates grow Clematis Manchurian. It is quite simple to get strong seedlings from the seeds of this variety, and subsequently well-developed adult bushes, since it practically does not differ in its properties from wild-growing relatives. This variety is very resistant to negative temperatures, and even having a small size and inconspicuous color of flowers, this plant can decorate any area.
How and when are the seeds harvested?
For different varieties of clematis, a favorable moment of gathering seeds occurs at different times of the year. This can be done both in summer and autumn. If you set out to grow clematis from seeds, the first thing you do will have to collect seeds and prepare them accordingly. Seeds of different varieties of clematis differ in both appearance and size. In this case, a single shrub can form both large and medium and small seeds.
Therefore, when you collect seeds from the selected clematis, the first step is to sort them by size. It is best to use large and medium seeds. In order not to risk and not waste time, it is recommended to immediately throw away small seeds. However, you can save yourself from the hard work if you buy planting material in the store.
Then you don’t have to waste time sorting. Planted sowing seeds of clematis can be in spring or autumn. In the first case, they are planted in open ground, and in the second - in the greenhouse. Before sowing, a number of measures are necessarily carried out in relation to seeds, one of which is stratification. She allows increase seed germination, giving seedlings increased resistance to diseases.
If you are going to sow seeds in early spring, then you will only need to create optimal storage conditions for the seeds. To do this, they need to be kept in a dark place where the temperature should be maintained within + 5 degrees. If you are going to sow the seeds in the fall, then it is recommended to let them lie in the refrigerator for about two or three weeks.
As a result of this treatment, you will create the most natural conditions for the seeds, because usually in summer or right at the beginning of autumn the seeds fall into the soil, where, under cover of leaves and snow, they hibernate.
Soil and watering
If you want to get clematis seedlings in early spring, it is recommended sowing seeds in special boxes. With the arrival of spring, they can be taken out onto the street, and until this point they are kept on a windowsill or loggia. You can get strong seedlings only if the boxes are filled with nutrient soil mixture. For its preparation it is necessary to take:
Usually after planting the seeds germinate over a period from 3 weeks to 3 monthswhat is determined by the variety used and the conditions that are maintained in the room. During this time, it is important to ensure proper maintenance: keep the soil moist, avoiding stagnant moisture.
If you have never engaged in sowing seeds of clematis, then it would be best if you choose Manchurian clematis. It is possible to obtain seedlings from it with a high degree of probability, even if you do not have experience in growing these plants. Subsequently, when you become familiar with the important nuances of cultivation, you can use seeds of more capricious varieties as planting material.
During sowing, it is recommended to place the seeds to a depth of 2-3 times the size of the seeds. Over them is recommended pour clean river sand and slightly consolidate the soil. Sand will help seeds germinate much faster.
Clematis (Manchurian clematis) is a wild plant of the buttercup family. In nature, it is found in Russia, China, and Japan. In Russia, clematis appeared at the end of the nineteenth century. They were used as greenhouse cultures. In the USSR, the cultivation of vines, another name of the Manchu clematis, began to be engaged in 1950. For the first time thanks to the breeder MA New varieties were obtained by carcass-free by hybridization. As a result of her work, more than 50 types of Clematis and Manchu hybrids have been developed.
Manchu Clematis Description
This culture has long branched stems, as it is a vine. It grows up to 3 meters, winds up, weaving all the relief surfaces in its path. Due to this, clematis is used for gardening private plots, parks, any vertical surfaces.
Clematis leaves are complex, consisting of 3–7 small sheets of dark green color. The inflorescences of the Manchurian flower appear only on the young shoots of the new year. To increase the number of buds, clematis is cut for the winter. Clematis flowers are white, small, densely growing. The inflorescence consists of 4 oblong petals. On one shoot grows from 150 to 500 buds. Warming up in the sun, they begin to exude a strong aroma. It can be heard, being even a few meters from the bush.
Frost resistance, drought resistance
Lomonos Manchu grows in well-lit, open, with abundant watering places. Winter frost tolerates well. If you prepare it and wrap it up for the winter, it will not perish at - 40 ° С.
Moisturizing clematis requires moderate. Do not plant shrubs near groundwater. But he suffers a drought badly. Clematis dies under the influence of strong winds and drafts. You should not plant a Manchurian clematis in the north side of the site. It grows better in the sun than in partial shade. Temperature fluctuations tolerate well. Growing Manchurian clematis will not cause much trouble to the owner.
Resistance to diseases and pests
Dangerous pests for Manchu clematis are slugs, snails and spider mites. They are fighting with it with the help of acaricides - chemical preparations for the destruction of agricultural pests. Slugs and snails are harvested by hand.
The main diseases that the Manchurian clematis is prone to
- fungal lesions,
- gray rot
- powdery mildew,
It is necessary to treat the bush with a solution of foundationol or Bordeaux mixture. A cleft nematode is a particularly dangerous pest for clematis. Worms affect the rhizome, and the plant dies. Dealing with them can only be uprooting and burning. When buying clematis, you must carefully inspect the roots.
Choosing the right place
Clematis Manchu grows well on the sunny side of the site. The shrub is planted a meter from the support. The root system needs a place to grow. Do not plant a flower under the drainage - clematis does not accept excessive moisture. It is also important to make sure that the groundwater is deep enough and the root does not rot.
A few months before planting, they prepare the soil: they dig it up, loosen it, add fertilizer. For a seedling, dig a hole with a depth and a width of 60 cm. Fill it with a third with a mixture of soil with sand, peat, humus, and wood ash in equal parts. If several clematis are planted, the distance between the holes shall be at least 1 m. The support shall be mounted before planting in order not to damage the roots.
Agrotechnika planting Clematis Manchu:
- The rhizome of a seedling is soaked for several hours in a solution of water and a growth stimulator.
- The pit is filled with rubble, expanded clay, small stones - this is drainage.
- This layer is filled with prepared fertile mixture so that up to 20 cm to the top is poured.
- In the hole have a seedling vertically, the roots straighten, fall asleep the remaining earth. It is necessary to ensure that the root neck at 15-20 cm was closed. Only in this way clematis develops a strong root system.
- After the soil is mulched, falling asleep with peat and sawdust. Clematis seedling attached to a support, plentifully watered.
The Manchurian clematis will begin to grow rapidly after 3 years. On the 5-6th year, you can see flowering.
Growing Manchurian Clematis from Seed
Clematis multiplies shoots and seeds. The latter method is quite time-consuming and lengthy. Manchurian clematis can be obtained from seeds at home 2 years after sowing.
From seed will develop strong shoots, which are planted in the spring in the open ground. All this time they are in wooden and plastic containers for seedlings. The optimal time for sowing is February-March. After 1.5 months, the first shoots will appear.
Tank and soil preparation
For planting fit wooden or plastic boxes for seedlings. They are filled with a mixture of garden soil with sand and peat in equal parts. Such soil promotes air circulation, moisture does not stagnate.
Manchurian Clematis Sowing
For planting take the seeds of the current year. They will give the greatest germination. Choose a dry seed without damage to the protective layer. The seed is not thickly laid out on the surface of the moistened soil, it is not recommended to deepen. Sprinkled with sand. A few hours before sowing, filled boxes are placed in the refrigerator. This will harden the seedlings.
Manmaturian Clematis, grown from seed - a heat-loving perennial, germinates at a temperature of +25 ° C. For warming the box covered with a film, make several holes. Inflow of air is important for proper growth of seedlings. So that the seeds are not washed out, pallets are used for watering.
Transplantation of flowers in the open ground
A year later, in spring, grown seedlings can be planted in open ground. They do this after the night frosts have stopped. The distance between the seedlings should be 20 cm. In the fall, as soon as the temperature drops to + 5 ° C, the shoots are covered with foil. After 2 or 3 flowering bush transferred to a permanent place.
Clematis Manchurian Care
In order for the plant not to die, to root well and to blossom, it is necessary to ensure that it is properly cared for. It is important to follow the rules of watering, to do the annual pruning, to insulate clematis in winter.
Lomonos Manchu does not tolerate excess moisture, but its lack leads to weak growth. В летний период осуществляют 2–3 полива в неделю, берут 20 л воды на один куст. Воду льют не под корень, а вокруг. Весной и осенью достаточно 1 полива в неделю и 5 л воды.
If a soil mixture of sand and humus was introduced into the well, the clematis was not fertilized for the first year. The following year, it is poured with a solution of mullein and mineral fertilizers 3 times per season. Fresh manure is not used for irrigation.
The fertilizer schedule is as follows:
- nitrogen fertilizers are applied during the growing season,
- potash - during the formation of buds,
- Phosphate fertilizers are used in the period of rest after flowering,
- mineral - after trimming the bush.
Along with chemical fertilizers, organic is used - manure and humus.
Mulching and soil loosening
Clematis is a perennial from northern latitudes, it does not tolerate direct sunlight. It is possible to protect the root system from overheating by mulching. Use dry bark of old trees, peat, sawdust. They cover the soil in the basal area.
Loosening is necessary for air access to the rhizome. Downed earth hinders his growth, clematis withers. To avoid this, loosen the soil after each watering.
Manchurian clematis buds appear only on the shoots of the new year. Therefore, in the fall cut off all shoots. If you want to get a lush green plant in the new season, pruning is carried out to the first leaf.
Shelter bush for the winter
They warm the Manchurian flower in late autumn, when the air temperature drops to - 5 ° С. The cut plant is covered with dry soil so that a mound with a diameter of 60 cm forms over it. Peat can be used for embankment. He will need about 4 buckets. If severe frosty winter is expected, you can cover the mound from above with boards or roofing felt. When snow falls, such a structure will reliably protect the plant before the first thaw.
Diseases and pests, methods of control and prevention
The developed root system of Manchu clematis provokes debate and the development of fungal diseases. Wilting occurs when rhizomes are affected by their spores. Prevention of fungal diseases - loosening and drying the soil. The affected bushes are dug up, the root is cleaned from mold and returned to the site. After watered with a 0.2% base solution.
The raids on the leaves of gray, white and red color can be gray rot, powdery mildew, rust. Affected leaves and shoots are pruned, and the shrub is treated several times with a 0.2% base solution. Can be sprayed with 2% Bordeaux mixture.
Nematodes of all kinds destroy the root system and the plant dies. His dig and burn. At this place for several years do not recommend landing.
And a little about the secrets.
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Clematis is also known under the name "clematis" or "snout" and is derived from lat. Clématis. This plant belongs to the family of Buttercups and is a perennial herbaceous or woody. A comfortable climate for living clematis will be subtropical and temperate. Plants have lianoobraznye stalks, quite rare straight lines. Clematis leaves are opposite; they can be pinnate, whole, trifoliate, twice trifoliate. Clematis bloom in spring in large single flowers.
Periands have 4 petaloid sepals, sometimes occur up to 8. The fruit of clematis has the appearance of a polygatta with pinnate hairs.
In Clematis Manchurian branched stems, which actively envelop protrusions and reliefs, so it is often used for decoration and gardening of vertical surfaces. The plant has a specific, sharp odor, which is well manifested when exposed to sunlight.
The leaves of this species consist of several, from 3 to 7, small leaves. He has small, collected in numerous inflorescences, white flowers with two pairs of oblong petals. During the flowering period, each shoot of a plant can have from 150 to 500 flowers. On average, clematis grows to a height of 1.5 m, but can be as large as twice as large.
Clematis Manchu unpretentious and well adapted to our conditions.
Manchurian clematis can be met most often in the northern hemisphere. It grows in forest areas, steppes and meadows, it can be found along the rivers and on their shores, on the slopes of hills, rocks and cliffs. Clematis loves moisture, light and warmth.
It can multiply in several ways:
- dividing the bush
Cultivate the plant began in the XVI century in Western Europe, although the Japanese began to do this even earlier. At the beginning of the 19th century, clematis became popular as a greenhouse plant.
Currently, there are a large variety of hybrid forms and types of clematis, some of them require special care.
Clematis is a Manchu cold-resistant, it normally survives the frosts of the middle lane, but likes to be in the sun.
Not all types of clematis are used exclusively for decorative purposes, some of them are also used in other areas, benefiting the person. So, for example, Manchurian clematis is effectively used in medicine.
For these purposes, mainly use the root system of the plant, but Eastern healers sometimes benefit from the grass. Clematis is a part of complex herbal therapy for both internal and external use.
The healing properties of Manchu clematis are widely used by Eastern medicine specialists.
The main valuable qualities of the plant:
- used as an anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial agent, removes toxins,
- contributes to the normalization of blood flow to blood vessels
- has anesthetic, anti-edema effect, is used in the treatment of the musculoskeletal system,
- due to the unique chemical composition can withstand some types of cancer. In complex therapy it is an additional remedy, increasing the effectiveness of chemotherapy,
- increases the secretion of bile, relaxes the muscles of the biliary tract, reduces inflammation and because of this it is used in the treatment of diseases of the liver, gall bladder, as well as acute hepatitis, fatty degeneration of the liver,
- used to treat psoriasis, chronic eczema, scabies,
- It has a positive effect on the work of the hormonal system of women,
- used in the treatment of diabetes, lowering blood glucose levels.
The following recipes can be used to prepare the Manchu Clematis tincture.
1 way: 20-30 g of dry grass pour 1 tbsp. boiling water, put the liquid in a thermos and let stand for half an hour. Drink 1/3 tbsp. three times a day.
2 way: 20-30 g of dry grass pour 60% alcohol and place in a dark place for 2 weeks. Periodically, the solution must be shaken, and at the end of the period, strain and take 20-30 drops three times a day half an hour before meals.
Place 1/3 of the shredded plant roots into a glass jar and pour 60% alcohol on the edges. Prepare the tincture for 2 weeks, periodically shaking and stirring the contents. Take 10-20 drops three times a day. Effectively as an aid in oncology.
When preparing seeds for planting, they can be soaked for several days in water, but not more than a week. For germination, you must create a suitable climate and temperature regime, which should not be below + 25-28 ° C.
After the appearance of the first leaves, the boxes with the sprouts should be moved to a well-lit place, but remember that the direct rays of the sun can damage the growth of clematis.
When transplanting seedlings into the open ground in spring, it is recommended to maintain a distance between seedlings of at least 20 cm. After 2-3 years after the first flowering, the plant can be planted in a permanent place.
When grafting, planting material must be harvested in the spring, when the buds begin to appear on clematis, this will help to take root in the plant. Procurement of cuttings should be made in accordance with certain standards, which will be the key to healthy growth of clematis. Each of them should have 1-2 knots and a straight cut 1.5-3 cm above the knot, and the lower slice is made at an angle with a distance of 5-10 cm to the knot.
The division of the bush is best done in the fall, and after the procedure, the newly formed plants are planted in the usual ground for them at the same place.
This plant loves sunshine or partial shade. When planting along the walls of the house, the following recommendations should be taken into account: do not do this on the north side and do not plant clematis too close to the house in order to allow the root system to develop normally.
The plant does not like drafts and windy suburban areas.
Clematis planting in the fall: video
Soil and fertilizer
When planting Clematis seeds Manchu should create or purchase a mixture of soil, which will include sand, peat, garden soil. All these elements must be present in equal proportions. After planting seeds, the surface of the soil is sprinkled with a thin layer of sand.
For the best rooting of the cuttings, the soil should contain many trace elements that will provide the necessary support to the plant.
Watering and moisture
The soil for Clematis Manchu must be constantly wet, for which should monitor its watering. When planting seeds, the best way to supply moisture will be the method of pallet irrigation, which will help prevent seed leaching. Watering should be moderate, there should not be excessive moisture in the soil. It is enough to water the plant several times a week, around it, avoiding getting into the center of the plant.
Pests and diseases
Clematis Manchu can suffer from pests and diseases that must be promptly removed for healthy growth and a beautiful appearance of the plant.
Diseases found in this plant species:
- gray rot - It manifests itself in the form of brown plaque on the leaves of the plant, which must be cut off. The same applies to shoots, if they are damaged by the disease. Then the whole plant must be treated with a base solution. As a preventive measure, watering with this substance can be done twice a year,
- powdery mildew - white spots on the leaves and shoots. To combat it, it is recommended to treat the plant with a solution of topaz or foundationol,
- rust - orange swelling on the clematis shoots. To remove it, apply the solution Bordeaux fluid.
The plant can also be threatened by such pests as:
- snails, slugs. They can be harvested by hand, and cabbage leaves laid out for clematis can be used as bait,
- spider mite Manifested in the form of crumbling buds and yellowed leaves. To remove the pest apply a solution of acaricides, which process the plant.
Dilution of Manchu clematis at home does not require much effort and financial investment. With proper care, this beautiful plant will delight you for years. Do not forget about the benefits of plants, whose medicinal properties can provide invaluable assistance in the treatment and prevention of many diseases.