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Hortensia paniculata grandiflora: planting and care

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The most beautiful hydrangea paniculata Grandiflora has long enjoyed the increased attention of flower growers and landscape designers. Due to its decorative and unpretentiousness to the place of planting, to the soil and care, it is often used for decorating personal gardens, as well as city parks and public gardens.

Grandiflora treelike - a charming densely flowering tree is able to decorate any garden. Consider the basic rules of care for this plant, as well as step by step instructions for planting.

Plant description

Hortensia paniculata Grandiflora is a perennial shrub plant, reaching 3 m in height and about 3 m in diameter, with a tightly rounded crown (see photo). With the help of special pruning can be formed from a tall bush tree. The life span of hydrangea is 40 years.

Flowering bush begins at 4-5 year after planting. The flowers are collected in large pyramidal inflorescences, 30 cm long. Flowering lasts from the beginning of July to the end of September. The color of the inflorescences changes 4 times during this period - at the beginning it is creamy, then snow-white, then pink and at the end - reddish with green. Sterile flowers and fruits do not give.

The leaves are large, about 12 cm in length, velvety to the touch, dark green, with notches on the edges. The branches are fast-growing, increase in growth to 20-25 cm per year.

Site selection and conditions of detention

Hydrangea is a rather light-loving plant, but it is not recommended to locate it under the direct rays of the sun. This will significantly worsen flowering and decorative. It is necessary to choose a site with diffused light. The plant does not make drafts and cold winds, so it is better to plant bushes along the walls of buildings or along fences, especially since the pollution of highways does not cause hydrangea harm.

Since hydrangea is distinguished by its superficially located root system, it is impractical to plant it next to fruit trees with strong roots. They will take away the life-giving moisture and nutrients from the hydrangea.

Despite the fact that the hydrangea paniculata Grandiflora is very moisture-loving, it can easily endure periods of drought, but it threatens with poor flowering. In wet climates during the rainy season, even watering is not required.

The soil for hydrangea should be fertile, loose and acidic with a pH of 4-6.5. Does not tolerate this plant additives lime, ash and chalk. The composition of the soil for the best flowering of hydrangea - 2 parts of turf and peat and 1 part of humus and sand. It is advisable to add pine needles to this mixture.

Planting hydrangea paniculata Grandiflora

In the spring, as soon as the snow melts in the garden, you can start planting hydrangeas. Sapling need to dig up shortly before planting with a clod of earth. Broken roots and branches remove secateurs.

  1. Dig a planting hole 40 * 40 * 50 cm in advance.
  2. Fill the pit with a mixture of fertile land and peat with mineral fertilizers so that a small mound is obtained.
  3. Set a seedling on a mound, gently spread the roots and cover it with the remaining soil.
  4. Radical neck should be slightly below ground level, about 3 cm.
  5. Lightly tamp the soil so that there are no air voids left in it.
  6. Liberally water the planted plant with two buckets of water.

Rules for the care and cultivation of hydrangea paniculata Grandiflora

This hydrangea cell is unpretentious in care, but the basic rules must be followed in order to get a healthy, luxuriantly flowering plant.

Hydrangea is a moisture-loving plant, but in moderation. Watering should intensify during drought and decrease during the rainy season. Especially increased watering is necessary during the flowering plants. Drought at this time can lead to poor budding. Water for irrigation needs soft, rain, settled. Hard water can destroy the plant.

The first dressing is done in early spring with a solution of fermented manure in the proportion of 1/3. At this point, you can not overdo it with fertilizers, too large inflorescences can break branches, and the bush will lose its decorative appearance.

With the appearance of the buds, a second feeding with potassium sulphate, superphosphate and urea is introduced. For every 10 liters you need to take 25-30 grams. mineral fertilizers. This will help to significantly increase the duration of flowering.

For the formation of a beautiful bush and for the abundant formation of inflorescences, hydrangea should be cut off 2 times a year - in early spring and late autumn. In addition, a small tree can be formed from a shrub using the correct pruning of the lower branches. This type of pruning produced in April. At the same time, pruning of the branches for 2-3 buds is carried out.

If the bush is old, then for its rejuvenation shoots can be cut to the root. In autumn it is necessary to remove the flowered inflorescences before shelter for the winter.

Loosening and mulching

It is desirable to loosen and mulch the soil around the bush with peat and sawdust after the first watering. Mulching should be done with a thick layer (10-15 cm) of sawdust, peat or bark in diameter equal to the diameter of the bush.

Mulching protects the land from drying out, helps to preserve the desired acidity of the soil, prevents the growth of weeds. Loosening should be done once a month, carefully so as not to damage the roots, located close to the soil surface. It is necessary to regularly inspect the ground around the bush and timely remove weeds.

Hydrangea is recommended to replant every 5 years. It can grow even 10 years in one place if the soil is fertile and the flowering is abundant. Sometimes transplantation is required urgent when conditions do not meet and the plant is sick. The transplant process itself is no different from the landing process.

Breeding

Hortensia Grandiflora paniculata propagates by grafting, dividing the bush and cuttings. Gardeners usually use cuttings as the most convenient and easy way. The cuttings remaining after pruning can be placed in pots of sand and peat and left in a closed room for root formation. Young seedlings can be planted in open ground in 4-5 years.

Another way - the division of the bush - it is advisable to use when transplanting plants in early spring. The bush is divided into several parts and planted each separately, as described earlier.

Reproduction by layering - the procedure is more troublesome and long. A long branch is bent to the ground, in the place of contact with the soil, the bark is cleaned. Next, fix the branch in this position with staples, regularly pour the bend and wait for rooting. Then cut off the rooted section of the branch and planted in the ground in the usual way.

Features of care in the winter

Hortensia Grandiflora paniculata frost-resistant enough plant, can withstand temperatures up to 30 degrees. In the southern regions of Russia, you can do without sheltering her for the winter. But in temperate latitudes during severe winters it is better to perform these simple actions:

  1. After flowering prune dried buds.
  2. Mulch the soil around the bush.
  3. Bend the branches to the ground.
  4. Cover them from above with a thick layer of fallen leaves.
  5. Cover the top with a wooden box or slate.
  6. If the bush is in the form of a tree, then it is necessary to wrap it with an old sacking cloth and tie it with wire.

Fight against diseases and pests

The most susceptible to this variety of hydrangea diseases such as powdery mildew and garden aphid. To combat them use well-proven drugs - Fundazol, Okihom and their various analogues. Spraying these fungicides should be done before flowering according to the attached instructions.

You can use and folk remedies - a solution of tincture of garlic and laundry soap in the proportion of 5/1. To combat aphids there are special preparations. Spraying for the purpose of prevention should be carried out once every two weeks.

Grandiflora variety description

Shrub hydrangea paniculata grandiflora can be grown as a small tree and shrub. Its height can reach 2, sometimes 3 m. The leaves on the grandiflora bush will occur somewhat later than in other types of hydrangea.

Its main feature is the height, as well as the shape of the inflorescences. The length of each inflorescence may be about 30 cm. Externally, the flowers resemble a small pyramid or cone. Hortensia grandiflora has quite long flowering period. It begins in July and lasts until the end of September.

The only feature that can sadden some gardener beginners is that flowers do not form fruit. The color of this plant is also different from others. She can change her shades. For example, the first emerging inflorescences will first be a soft cream color, then they will grow into a rich white, and at the end of summer they will turn into bright pink, surprisingly beautiful conical flowers.

So what's the charm of this flower and how did it win the hearts of gardeners? There are reasons for this:

  • Grandiflora hydrangea is resistant to all diseases and garden pests,
  • the life span of a hydrangea is about 40 years,
  • growth rate is quite high,
  • excellent frost resistance
  • external beauty of the bush, especially in the period of flowering with large buds.

Site selection

This type of hydrangea is considered a very light-loving shrub plant. Accordingly, it is easy to understand that for the optimal development of this plant it is necessary the presence of abundant natural light. This means that the plant should be planted on the sunny side of the plot, in extreme cases, in partial shade.

It is necessary to ensure that the branches of the trees, which are located close to each other on the plots, dissipate sunlight somewhat. In no case should not be planted hydrangea on the ground, open to the sun. This can cause deterioration of growth, changes in the size and quality of the inflorescences. It should also be planted hydrangea paniculata on the blown areas. This will necessarily have a negative impact on the overall condition of the shrub.

The best place for planting hydrangea will be land near a wall or fence. Only then it will be possible to get guaranteed shade for the plant and protection from drafts. It should be noted that Grandiflora hydrangea is a unique plant also due to the fact that it does not pollute the pollution of the environment. This means that it is quite possible to plant it in the city, next to the roads. Planting this plant is a simple matter. But still it should be approached responsibly.

At the same time, taking care of him will not be difficult, since everything will be elementary here. We will talk about this a little later.

So, we decided on the choice of place of residence for the hydrangea paniculata. Now you need to decide what kind of soil is needed for it.

Soil for hydrangea

A necessary condition for plant life is not only competent care, but also optimally selected soil. For planting and comfortable life of our bush soil of high acidity is required up to pH 6.5. Why so? The explanation is simple. If the soil is with neutral acidity, the plant will not be able to develop. If the alkali is exceeded, it will simply die. When planting, it must be remembered that this type of shrub will not survive if it contains lime, wood ash and chalk.

The optimal soil for hydrangea will be the content of the following elements: one by one sand, humus and peat, and two parts of sod land. You can additionally pour pine needles. The main thing is that the soil was fertile. In the active period of its flowering hydrangea will consume nutrients in very large quantities. Also in the care and planting should include another mandatory aspect: it is watering. Let's talk about this in more detail.

Watering in the life of hydrangeas

This shrub loves moisture. Therefore, care for the shrub involves it watering at least once a week and at least one and a half to two buckets of water for one bush. Of course, when planting, the ground must also be moistened. However, if for some reason it is not possible to carry out weekly watering, it is possible not to worry much about it. Hortensia grandflora tolerates drought quite firmly, there will be nothing terrible if you miss 1-2 watering.

However, if it turns out that the number of buds is not as abundant as we would like, then this will be the result of poor watering. Accordingly, during the rainy season, you can reduce the number of waterings. The plant will have enough natural moisture.

Do I need to fertilize the hydrangea

As mentioned above, this plant at the time of its active flowering will need a lot of nutrients. Therefore, yes, hydrangea should be fertilized. And the more minerals she gets, the more flowering she will answer. Unfortunately, there are very few mineral substances in the clean soil, therefore it is necessary to feed. So how to do it and with what?

The process of feeding can be divided into three stages:

  1. Spring stage. During this period, you can take organic fertilizer, in other words, compost. Leaves and rotted slurry will do. Here the main thing is not to overdo it. Under one bush it will be enough to put this fertilizer one liter. If you shift, you can achieve overgrowth of buds, and they will eventually break the bushes.
  2. The flowering period. When the first buds appear on hydrangeas, it is necessary to fertilize the plants with a mixture of urea, potassium sulfate and superphosphate. Urea will be enough for 25 g, and the other two for 35. This amount is calculated per square meter of soil.
  3. To extend the flowering period, apply special mineral dressing. It will be enough for 30 g of the mixture to 10 liters of liquid.

The process of planting hydrangea itself contains several points. The main ones, of which we have already indicated. Now you need to touch the stages of reproduction of this shrub.

Variants of breeding hydrangea care for this plant involves the timely transplant of new bushes from the main, cutting branches and much more. However, now let's talk about how to breed a large number of hydrangea bushes.

Dividing bush

Dividing bush spend in early spring, before the onset of kidney. It can be carried out in the fall, when the buds will bloom. It is necessary to completely dig up the bush, gently divide it into several parts, so that each has 3 buds. They will be needed for the further development of plants. After this, the newly appeared bushes should be seated separately in the fossa, previously fertilized with mineral supplements.

Description and features of the grandiflora variety


Hortensia paniculata grandiflora can be grown on a site like a bush or a small tree. Its height and crown diameter reach 2-3 meters. Leaves appear in spring much later than other hydrangeas. The main difference of this variety from other types of panicle hydrangea is the size of the inflorescences. They are large, pyramidal in shape, can reach lengths in 30 centimeters. The active flowering period is from July to September. The flowers themselves are sterile in the plant - the fruits cannot form from them. At the beginning of flowering, they have a soft cream color, which gradually becomes bright white, and at the end of the process turns into pink.

The main advantages of hydrangea paniculata grandiflora:

  • Lush flowering with large buds
  • Frost resistance
  • High growth rate
  • Plant longevity up to 40 years
  • Resistance to diseases and pests.

Planting and care of hydrangea grandiflora

- the choice of a place for landing

Hydrangea grandiflora is a light-loving plant - it needs the best growth constant stray light. You can also plant in the penumbra, but in no case be placed in open space without protection from direct rays - this sharply slows growth, and inflorescences shrink or flowering stops completely. She also does not like the wind.

Hydrangea does not react to the pollution of air, so it can be planted as a hedge in the city along the road.

- ground

The plant needs soil with high acidity to pH 6.5 - in neutral soil it does not grow properly, in alkaline may die. You can plant in a clay place, but the bush does not tolerate soil containing lime, wood ash, chalk. The optimal composition of the soil: 2 parts of sod land and peat, and 1 part of sand and humus. You can add pine needles. It is desirable that the soil was fertile - in the period of flowering of the hydrangea paniculata grandiflora actively consumes nutrients.

- watering

Hydrangea is moisture-loving, and for best growth and flowering, it is recommended to water it once a week for 1.5-2 buckets for each bush. But nothing terrible will happen if you don’t water or rarely do it - the plant will survive the drought, but it will reduce the quantity and quality of the inflorescences. When rains fall, the frequency of watering can be reduced.

- fertilizer / dressing

Hortensia paniculata grandiflora demanding soil nutrition. During flowering, it needs minerals, so it is recommended to additionally feed it.

Fertilizers are applied throughout the year. несколькими этапами:

  • Весной используются органические удобрения (перебродившая навозная жижа). However, it is important to make the optimal amount here, otherwise the large inflorescences will grow even more and will break the branches with their weight.
  • When the buds appear, a mixture of superphosphate and potassium sulfate (35 grams each) and urea (25 grams) per square meter is applied. soil.
  • To extend the flowering is used mineral fertilizer at the rate of 25-30 grams for every 10 liters of water.

Reproduction Methods for Grandiflora Paniculata Hydrangea

Propagation of hydrangea grandiflora can be done with cuttings, branches or division of the bush.

Cuttings obtained by trimming the top of the branches in early July - cut at another time rarely take root. Each should have 5-6 sheets. The two lower ones are cut, and after that, the cutting is put in at 2 knots in loose earth and covered with a can from above. Rooting should be done in the shade, in wet ground conditions.

Dividing bush produce in the spring, before flowering, or in the fall after its completion. The plant is dug out of the ground, and neatly divided into 2-3 parts. It is imperative that on each of them be 2-3 kidneys recovery. After that, each part is planted in its own hole, at the bottom of which organic and mineral fertilizers can be placed in advance.

Breeding by tap - the way is long. To do this, on one branch it is necessary to cut the leaves from the end, to clear a small part of the bark, and with this end to dig into the ground to a depth of 15 centimeters.

The branch is best to fix in this position with wire. Place dripping regularly watered to the formation of its own root system. After that, the branch is cut off from the main plant, and after a while the young bush is transplanted to a new place.

Hortensia tolerates pruning, in addition, the process stimulates the active formation of new branches and inflorescences. For accelerated growth, it is carried out sparing, for 2-3 buds. If you want to achieve lush flowering, then all old shoots are removed at the root.

Hortensia paniculata grandiflora is frost resistant plant, and therefore when grown in the middle and southern parts of Russia, shelter is not required. However, if the winters are cold and dry, then you can cover the soil around the bush to protect the roots from freezing with a layer of humus. Young plants are protected by wrapping them in several layers of burlap, or by creating "Coat" of dried leaves. With age, the hardiness of hydrangea grandiflora only increases.

Diseases and pests


The main problems faced by the owners of hydrangea grandiflora - the appearance of powdery mildew and the attack of garden aphids.

To combat powdery mildew, the bush must be sprayed with special preparations before flowering. Ohikom, Fundazol and similar, following the instructions for use.

Aphids can be driven by processing chemicals, or independently prepare a solution of infused garlic (250 g) with the addition of laundry soap (50 g).

Grandiflora is one of the types of paniculate hydrangeas. She inherited frost resistance, and has large inflorescences in the form of pyramids. The plant is unpretentious in care and can spend the winter on the street - it is recommended to shelter only young fragile plants.

Photo hydrangea grandiflora see below:


Useful information

You can get acquainted with other materials about hydrangea garden:

Accidentally on the market has acquired such an amazing plant. Planted at the gate, the plant does not need special care. So I had a huge bite. When I started to interfere, I cut it. And now when you enter the yard the smell is simply amazing. I have a simple white bush, be sure to get another couple of a different color.

Hortensia is one of the most beautiful plants in my area. Dropped her right under the windows of the house, where she is protected from excessive sunlight and wind. It grows very well, in a few years it has grown to a very impressive size. And now pleases the eye with abundant flowering.

Detailed description of the grandiflora variety

Hydrangea grandiflora, most often, can be grown as shrubs or a small tree. The height of this plant can reach two or even three meters. Green leaves on the bush appear much later than in other species. The main feature of paniculate hydrangea is the uniquely large size, as well as the shape of the inflorescences. The length of one of them can be as much as 30 cm. Outwardly, the inflorescence resembles a small pyramid or a cone.

The flowering period is quite long, from the beginning of July to the end of September. Unfortunately, there is one feature. Flowers can not form fruit.

The color of this plant is different from others, the possibility of changing shades. So, the first appeared inflorescences will be pale cream, after they become saturated white, and at the end of the summer period - bright pink.

What bribed the hydrangea grandiflora many gardeners. There are several reasons for this:

  • Plant resistance to various diseases and all sorts of pests,
  • The lifetime can be 40 years,
  • High growth rate
  • Good frost resistance
  • The beauty of the plant itself, its lush flowering with huge buds.

Select a site

Hydrangea panikulata is considered a very light-loving plant. From this it can be understood that the normal development of the bush requires the presence of natural light. Accordingly, you need to plant a plant on the sunny side of the site, in partial shade. That is, it is necessary that the branches of the trees slightly scattered the sun's rays. It is unacceptable to plant hydrangeas in an open area for the sun. This can affect growth degradation and changes in the size of the inflorescences. Also can not be planted in drafts. This may adversely affect the external state of the plant.

The best place to plant a hydrangea is the area near the wall or fence. In this case, you will receive not only a shade for the plant, but also a barrier from a strong wind.

It is worth noting that hydrangea panikulata is also unique due to the fact that it is not afraid of gas pollution of the air, and accordingly, it can be planted in a city where there are highways nearby.

Planting such a plant is not very difficult, but at the same time quite responsible. But care will not take you too much care, because in this matter everything is absolutely elementary. Although, about this a bit later.

So, planting hydrangeas. Choosing a place for further "residence" of your plant, you need to think, and in what soil should hydrangea panikulata grow? That is, it will be discussed further.

All about the ground

For normal plant development, a primer is needed, with an acid content of up to pH 6.5. Why? And everything is simple. After all, if the soil is neutral in acidity, then the hydrangea simply will not develop, and in the case when I exceed alkali, the plant simply will not survive. When planting occurs, it must be remembered that this species does not tolerate soil containing lime, wood ash, as well as chalk.

So what soil to plant? The best option is the following composition: 2 parts of sod land, peat and 1 part of humus, sand. Sometimes pine needles are additionally added. It doesn't hurt. The main aspect should be soil fertility. Indeed, in the active period of flowering this plant consumes a large amount of nutrients.

Planting and maintenance include another mandatory point - watering. That is what we will talk about next.

Water in the life of a hydrangea paniculata

This plant loves moisture. Therefore, it is advisable to water at least once a week for 1.5-2 buckets of water for one bush. Naturally, when planting the soil must also be well moistened.

But, in the case when there is no possibility to water weekly, do not worry. Hortensia withstands drought withstand, and nothing bad will happen to it, except that the number of buds on a bush can decrease.

Naturally, during the rainy season, you can reduce the amount of watering. The plant will lack natural moisture.

Should I fertilize the hydrangea paniculata?

As mentioned above, this plant consumes a large amount of nutrients during the period of active flowering. Accordingly, hydrangeas need a large amount of minerals, and in pure soil they are few. Therefore, you need to feed the plant. How to do it and how?

The feeding process is divided into three stages:

  1. Spring. At this time, take organic fertilizers, that is, compost (rotted leaves of trees with slurry). In this matter, the main thing - do not overdo it. It is enough to pour just one liter under the bush. In case of using a larger amount, an overgrowth of buds may occur. And they will break the branches of the plant.
  2. In the flowering period. When the first buds appear on a plant, it is necessary to fertilize it with a mixture of superphosphate, potassium sulfate and urea. The first two will need at 35 g, and the last - 25 g. This number is calculated per one square meter of soil.
  3. To extend the flowering period use special mineral dressing. To do this, take 30 g of the mixture to 10 liters of water.

Planting hydrangea paniculata includes several points. The main ones we have already discussed. We now turn to the breeding stage of this plant. How to carry out this procedure? The answer to this question is below.

Care of this plant implies timely transfer of new bushes from the main one, pruning and much more. But now we will discuss how to breed more hydrangeas.

Breeding options

There are three ways:

  • Separation by tap
  • Cuttings
  • The division of the bush.

So, more about each of them.

  • Breeding by tap takes more time than other methods. How to conduct this method? It is necessary from one branch to cut the leaves at the end. Slightly clean the bark, and this side prikopat in the ground, about 15 cm. It is desirable to secure the branch with a rope or wire. The prikopanny side needs to be watered constantly until roots of the new bush appear. Then the branch should be cut off from the old plant, and then transplanted separately.
  • To get the cuttings, it is necessary to prune the upper branches of the bush in the first half of July. This method is carried out only at this time, in another - the plant will not survive. On one handle you need to leave 5 leaves. The bottom two must be cut off. Next, you need to prikopat cuttings on two nodes, and cover the top with a can or cut plastic bottle. The process of releasing the roots should be carried out in the shade, in wet soil.
  • The division of the bush should be carried out either in early spring, even before the buds are released, or in the fall, when the buds ottsvetut. What to do? It is necessary to dig a bush completely, carefully divide it into several parts. We need to make such bushes so that 3 buds are left on each for further development. Next, the newly formed bushes are seated separately, pre-fertilized pits with mineral dressings.

As mentioned earlier, care involves many different moments. And one of them, no less important, is pruning a plant. See below for details on this issue.

Hydrangea panikulata grandiflora is very good at systematic pruning. Moreover, this process charitable influence on the development of the plant. The growth rate improves, a greater number of new buds and branches appear. For very lush flowering, you can remove most of the old cuttings. And the best option is considered to be pruning only 3 buds.

Be sure, when the flowering period, you need to cut off all the old buds. What for? It's simple, because they pull out a large amount of nutrient minerals, and the base of the bush gets a smaller part, from which the general condition of the plant, respectively, deteriorates.

How to care for hydrangea in the winter?

One of the most important positive features of the plant is frost resistance. That is, in the cold season, the hydrangea will not have to wrap up. This plant will tolerate even the most severe winter. And with the onset of spring will once again delight you with beautiful buds.

But, if you wrap, after all, a plant, then there will be no harm to it. This is especially true of young pagons.

How to make insulation? What is used for this?

The easiest way is to dry the leaves. You need a very thick layer of them to cover the plant.

You can still use the old burlap. She needs to wrap a bush, and secure with wire.

I would like to add that the hydrangea paniculata, with each winter receives "immunity" to frost. That is, it becomes stronger and tolerates them better.

Hydrangea care in the period of illness

What diseases can occur when growing this plant? And how to deal with them? This will be discussed further.

The most common diseases of hydrangea are powdery mildew and garden aphid.

In order to avoid the first pest, it is necessary to process the plant before the start of the flowering period. As a material for spraying use special preparations such as Fundazol, Okikh, as well as many others, similar in composition to the data.

To combat aphids, use a solution of garlic with soap. The first will need 250 g, and the second 50 g. You can also buy special means in the store for the prevention and control of smoldering.

To carry out such spraying, preferably every week.

So let's summarize. Hortensia paniculata grandiflora is a very beautiful plant. It stands out among other species, with many positive qualities. One of which is frost resistance. This moment needs to be considered, living in the conditions of severe winters of Russia. It is also worth mentioning once again that caring for this plant will not bring a lot of unnecessary worries. And all the time spent on this business will be generously rewarded by the wonderful large buds of the delightful hydrangea.

Choosing a landing site

A prerequisite for the normal development of grandiflora hydrangea paniculate is the presence of sufficient light, so it should be planted in places where it will be provided constant diffuse lighting.

In the absence of other suitable places to grow a flower can be in partial shade. However, when planting in open space, it is necessary to create an artificial shade, because when it hits direct sun rays, the hydrangea begins to grow slowly, to which its flowers react by decreasing size, and in some cases it is not possible to wait for flowering at all. Also the place chosen for hydrangea grandiflora should be protected from the wind.

The most suitable for growing panicle hydrangea grandiflora is a place next to a wall or fence, where in the heat it will be provided with shade, and on windy days - reliable draft protection.

Air quality does not in any way affect the development of hydrangea grandiflora, so it can be grown as a hedge by placing it in an urban area along a highway.

Grandiflora hydrangea feels best in areas with acidity not higher than ph 6.5. In the soil with a neutral reaction, it grows much worse, the least desirable to grow it in alkaline soil, where the risk of its death is high. In the absence of suitable places paniculate hydrangea can be planted in clay soil. It is not recommended to apply fertilizers such as lime, wood ash and chalk during fertilizing. To improve soil fertility, it is recommended use the following composition:

  • turf ground (2 parts),
  • peat (2 parts),
  • sand (1 part)
  • humus (1 part).

It is also useful to add pine needles to it. Maintaining fertility in the area where the grandiflora hydrangea is grown is a must-do, because in the flowering phase it needs a large amount of nutrients.

This plant responds positively to moisture, which to the greatest extent it demonstrates during the flowering period. At this stage of development it is necessary to irrigate at least once a week in the amount of 1,5-2 buckets for one plant. Grandiflora tree hydrangea can safely tolerate long breaks between watering. Due to drought resistance, it will withstand such extreme conditions, however, this will lead to a decrease in the number and quality of inflorescences. When determining the frequency of irrigation, it is necessary to focus on the current weather, because during the rainy season the number of irrigations can be reduced.

Best of all hydrangea treelike paniculata grandiflora grows on well-fertilized soils. During the flowering period it is necessary to provide minerals, so at this stage of development should be additional feeding.

The greatest effect is achieved if fertilizers are applied in stages:

  • for the first time fertilizing is carried out in the spring, using organic fertilizers, mainly fermented manure. But here it is important to correctly calculate its quantity, because otherwise the flowers will grow unusually large and break the stems because of their large weight,
  • during the formation of buds, the soil is fertilized with a mixture based on superphosphate and potassium sulfate (35 grams each) and urea (25 grams) for each square meter. soil m
  • An effective measure that increases the duration of flowering of hydrangeas is the application of mineral fertilizer to the soil in accordance with the scheme - 25-30 grams. for every 10 liters of water.

Conclusion

Hortensia paniculata grandiflora is one of the interesting varieties of its family. Она в полной мере переняла все основные признаки гортензии, поэтому отлично себя чувствует на различных типах грунтов и хорошо переносит весенние заморозки.Do not take the big trouble this plant and care. However, it is necessary follow certain rules.

Despite the fact that hydrangea paniculata grandiflora is a light-loving plant, it is recommended to grow it in partial shade, because with abundant illumination the flowers begin to shrink, because of which it loses its decorative properties. Watering is no less important for her: although the hydrangea can do without water for a long time, it is not recommended to allow such pauses, otherwise the flowers will lose their characteristic rich shade.

Hydrangea shrubs are often used for landscaping the backyard plot. A large number of varieties of ornamental plants - they are cultivated in gardens, residential environment and on balconies, while having its own characteristics. Spectacular hydrangea paniculata Grandiflora - is no exception.

Hortensia paniculata Grandiflora - description

The variety, the opening date of which is considered to be 1862, is represented by deciduous shrubs or a small tree with a maximum height of 3 m. The lowered shoots forming a rounded crown with a diameter of 2.5 m are covered with green elliptical leaf plates with pointed edges.

Hortensia Grandiflora is a tree, especially decorative during flowering periods, when the unfertilizing flowers are gathered, gathered in large pyramidal inflorescences in the form of broomstick. The color of flowers changes over time - from creamy white at the beginning of flowering to greenish-red at the end of the period.

Site preparation and soil

When choosing a place, it is necessary to take into account the negative attitude of the culture to direct sunlight, drafts and calcareous soils.

Therefore, the most suitable will be a shaded area, protected from the wind, with acidic or slightly acidic, fertile soil. In order to increase the fertile layer and improve the drainage qualities, the area where the hydrangea will grow is prepared in the autumn: when digging, peat, sand and humus are added.

Attention! Because of the low quality of air quality, hydrangea can safely land in urban areas where it is very polluted.

How and when to plant?

Planting two-three-year-old seedlings can be carried out both in spring and autumn.

  • On a previously prepared area a hole is dug with dimensions of 40x40x50 cm. The size may vary within 10 cm depending on the composition of the soil.
  • At the bottom of the landing pit is placed a drainage layer of 15 cm of gravel or broken brick.
  • A sapling with straightened roots is placed on top and covered with earth in such a way that the neck is flush with the earthen surface.
  • The soil in the wheel circle is compacted and moistened at the rate of 15-25 liters per specimen, depending on the soil composition.

Caring for Hydrangea Grandiflora

To maintain the decorativeness should be carried out simple, but systematic care, which includes a number of mandatory measures.

Despite the fact that this variety of hydrangea is considered to be drought-resistant, in order to obtain a large number of large inflorescences, the plant needs systematic moistening. Starting from the budding period, watering is done weekly at the rate of 20 liters per bush.

Attention! In rainy weather, the frequency of humidification is reduced to avoid over-wetting the soil and stagnant moisture, which can trigger the development of fungal diseases.

Hydrangea paniculata develops well on rich soils, a high level of fertility which help to ensure systematic feeding.

Soil enrichment with nutrients is carried out in several stages:

  1. With the arrival of spring heat, a dense crown is fed with rotten manure with a high nitrogen content in an accessible form.
  2. At the budding stage, the plant needs phosphorus and potassium, which can be obtained by hydrangea when soil is added with superphosphate and potassium sulphate with a norm of 35 g of each agrochemical.
  3. During the flowering period, in order to prolong it, the hydrangea is fed with nitroammophoska in the amount of 30 g per 10 l of water.

The spring pruning procedure is an obligatory measure stimulating the formation of new shoots and large inflorescences.

If the purpose of the haircut is to accelerate the formation of the crown, the shoots are shortened by no more than ⅓. When a gardener wants to get a wild bloom, the hydrangea removes all the old branches to the base.

Tip! To prolong flowering, you should cut off the flowering inflorescences, which consume nutrients, reducing the duration of the phase.

Since September, the bush begins to prepare for the onset of cold weather:

  • leaves are removed, except the top,
  • The bush is fed with phosphate-potash fertilizers.

After the first frost paniculata hydrangea is highly spud, which helps protect its shoots from freezing.

Protection against diseases and pests

Powdery mildew and aphid are sometimes noted among harmful organisms for which the variety has good immunity.

With manifestations of the disease, the shrub is treated with a fungicidal agent If the hydrangea has been attacked by aphids, then in addition to insecticides, it is possible at early stages to try to cope with folk methods - soapy water.

Hydrangea paniculata propagated by vegetative methods:

  • The division of the bush - the most common and very simple technique, held before the start of sap flow or after flowering. When it is separated part of the shoots with a shallow root system, which develops very quickly.
  • Cutting - the preparation of the top cuttings is carried out only in June-July, after which the planting material for rooting is buried in loose soil in the shady area and covered with a glass bell. As rooting proceeds, plantings are systematically ventilated and moistened. New specimens are transplanted to a permanent place only after final rooting.
  • Cuttings - with this method, the foliage and part of the bark are removed on the selected shoot, after which the cuttings with the damaged area are buried in a groove 15 cm deep. After forming a good root system, the cuttings are separated and planted out as a new plant.

Landscape designers often resort to using Grandiflora varieties in various forms for planting various objects:

  • grand staircases are decorated with standard forms,
  • small bushes look impressive near buildings with columns,
  • in the gardens, the natural bushiness of the hydrangea perfectly harmonizes with the rowan or chubushnik planted behind,
  • fences and ordinary supports perfectly decorated with the help of this plant.

So, hydrangea paniculata Grandiflora is a bright representative of its species, well adapted to growth in urban conditions, and rather undemanding. Compliance with simple agrotechnical regulations will allow the gardener to decorate the garden with beautiful, lush bushes with large inflorescences for many years.

Often in the suburban areas can be found chic shrubs with special cone-shaped inflorescences - this is a hydrangea paniculata grandiflora. Such a plant is considered the most popular among novice gardeners.

The plant does not just deserve such attention to itself. There are many reasons for this that should be considered more closely.

Characteristics and features

In most cases, hydrangea of ​​grandiflora can grow in the form of a shrub or in the form of a small tree. The height of the culture can reach up to two meters, and in some cases up to three. Green leaves on the shrubs occur later than other cultures. The main feature of hydrangea is considered a large size, as well as the unusual shape of the inflorescences themselves. The length of one inflorescence can reach up to 30 centimeters. The appearance of the inflorescence looks more like a small pyramid or a cone.

The flowering time of the culture is long - from the beginning of June to September. Unfortunately, there is one feature of the plant - flowers are not able to form fruits.

The color of this culture is significantly different from others in its ability to change shades. So, the first developed inflorescences will be pale pink, and then they will change color to a rich white, at the end of the summer season - bright pink. What is the hydrangea grandiflora paniculata so attractive flower growers? There are many reasons for this:

  1. Special resistance of the culture to various diseases and pests.
  2. The life span of a plant can reach up to 40 years.
  3. The rapid growth of the plant.
  4. High rate of frost culture.
  5. The unusual appearance of the plant, lush flowering, which forms a huge inflorescence.

Ground Requirements

For normal growth should pick up the soil, which will include a large indicator of acidity to 6.5 Ph. After all, if there is a neutral indicator of acidity inside the soil, then the hydrangea will simply cease to develop further, therefore if the alkali is in excess, then the plant simply will not be able to comfortably exist and will die soon. In the process of planting, you should always remember that this type of plant simply does not tolerate the soil in which there is lime, wood ash or chalk.

The best choice would be to use the following soil composition: 2 parts of sod land, peat, 1 part of sand and humus. In some cases, pine needles should be added. This will in no way harm the plant.

The main indicator in this case is the fertility of the soil. Indeed, during flowering, this plant absorbs a large amount of beneficial trace elements from the soil.

Planting and caring for hydrangea also includes high-quality watering.

Watering features

This culture can not live without enough moisture. It is for this reason that water the plant at least once a week 1.5–2 buckets of water per shrub. Of course, during the process of planting the soil should also be thoroughly moistened.

But then, when there is no opportunity to carry out watering every week, then you should not worry much. Hydrangea can cope with a short period of drought, while with it nothing terrible will happen, except that the number of buds on it may slightly decrease.

It should be remembered that during rains, watering the plant should be significantly reduced. The plant will be completely satisfied with the natural moisture.

Top dressing hydrangeas

As mentioned earlier, this plant in the process of active flowering needs more water and micronutrients. Therefore, hydrangea should regularly receive the right amount of minerals, which are too low in clean soil. That is why it is necessary to carry out plant nutrition. How is it worth doing and how?

The process of feeding plants can be divided into three stages:

  1. Spring. At this time, you should use organic fertilizers, that is, compost (slurry, leaves rotted and dried). In this case, the main thing is not to overdo it. If you use a large number of complementary foods, then the overgrowth of buds is possible. They will begin to break the branches of the plant.
  2. During flowering. At the moment when new buds form on the plant, it is imperative to fertilize the plant with a mixture of superphosphate, urea or sulphate. The first two funds will be enough in the amount of 35 grams, and the last - about 25 grams. This amount of fertilizer will be calculated per square meter.
  3. To the flowering period lasted as long as possible, you should use specialized fertilizers. To do this, take 30 grams of the mixture per 10 liters of pure water.

Planting a hydrangea paniculata will include several features at once. The main ones we have already indicated. How to carry out the reproduction of hydrangea paniculata?

Caring for this crop should include the timely transfer of new shrubs from the mother plant, pruning and much more.

Subtleties trimming

Grandiflora hortensia is good for regular pruning. More than that, This procedure has a positive effect on the process of growth and development of culture.. The growth rate improves, a large number of new inflorescences and branches appear. For the most lush flowering, you can eliminate the main old cuttings. The best option would be pruning all three buds.

In the necessary order when the flowering culture occurs, you need to remove all dried buds. For what? They take a large amount of minerals and trace elements, the main shrub receives a smaller part, the general condition of the culture is deteriorating.

Winter care

The most important positive feature of the culture is its high frost resistance. That is, in the cold season, hydrangea will not need to wrap. This plant will be able to tolerate well even the lowest temperatures outside. With the onset of spring, the plant will be able to please you again with its unusually beautiful buds.

But if you close the plant, then nothing bad will happen to it. This is especially true for very young plants.

How to carry out insulation

The easiest way to warm a culture is to use dry leaves. It should be a very thick layer to cover their culture. You can also use the old burlap. She should completely wrap the bush, and then secure with a rope.

It should be noted that the hydrangea paniculate with each arrival of winter receives a special immunity to frost and prolonged low temperatures. That is, it becomes much stronger, it tolerates them better.

Diseases and treatments

During the cultivation of hydrangea gardener may be faced with various diseases, in which case it is important to know and distinguish them. Powdery mildew and garden aphids are considered the most common diseases of hydrangea.

To avoid the spread of the first pest, you should treat the plant before the beginning of the process of flowering. Good material for spraying will serve as special tools such as Fundazol, Okihom, as well as other drugs that are similar in composition.

To combat aphids, you should use a solution of garlic and laundry soap. The first should be taken in 250 grams, and the second - only 50 grams. Also in the store you can buy a special tool for the prevention and elimination of aphids.

To conduct such spraying should be every week, at least once.

Hortensia panicle grandiflora is considered a beautiful and unusual flower. It effectively stands out among other plants a large number of positive qualities. One of these qualities is recognized as a special frost resistance of the plant. This should also be taken into account while living in the harsh climate of Russia. You should also remember that the care of this culture will not bring great difficulties and worries for the florist. All the time spent on caring for the plant will be rewarded with beautiful and large buds of unusual hydrangea.

Storage of dried flowers

The beauty of grandiflora can be saved for winter bouquets of dried buds. If you cut such inflorescences and hang each individually upside down, then their unusual appearance will serve as the main composition in the autumn interior. But it is worth remembering that such dried flowers should be protected from exposure to direct sunlight, otherwise, they will completely burn out and lose their saturated color.

Attention, only TODAY!

Hydrangea paniculata Grandiflora is a small shrub whose height can reach 1.5 m in height. The flower got its name due to its appearance - the inflorescences form a kind of “broomsticks” up to 25 cm long. It is important to know that the shrub contains toxic substances, and therefore you should be extremely careful when working with it.

Hydrangea paniculata Grandiflora is a small shrub whose height can reach 1.5 m in height. The flower got its name due to its appearance - the inflorescences form a kind of “broomsticks” up to 25 cm long. It is important to know that the shrub contains toxic substances, and therefore you should be extremely careful when working with it.

Landing guidelines

Panicle hydrangea comes from Japan and China. Allocate more than 25 species, among which the most popular hydrangea Grandiflora. Distinctive quality is the late flowering and coloring of flowers. As soon as the “whisk” dissolves, it becomes creamy, then white, turning into pink. Well, at the end of flowering buds are painted in a greenish-red hue. The shrub tolerates winter well, and its lifespan can reach 40 years.

The most important thing in growing a hydrangea is to plant it correctly. Experts recommend purchasing adult seedlings age 4-5 years. Usually transfer to the open ground is carried out in early spring. In this case, the first flowering can be expected already this year. If the climate allows, seedlings can be placed in the ground in the fall, before the first frost. However, the bushes will need to be insulated for the winter.

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When choosing a location should take into account features of hydrangea. The fact is that the plant has very branched roots, and therefore it is impossible to plant bulbous flowers nearby. Стоит понимать, что Grandiflora нуждается в просторе. Идеальным станет открытый для солнечных лучей участок, но в то же время защищенный от ветров и сквозняков. Кустарник можно высадить и в полутени, но в этом случае соцветия потеряют свои краски.

Гортензия предпочитает плодородные и кислые почвы. Земля не должна содержать мел, золу, известь. Before planting, you should prepare the holes, the size of which should be at least 50x50 cm, and the depth - 60 cm. The distance between the bushes should be 3 m. Then 3 buckets of water are poured into the pit for the night and in the morning they prepare the soil. Ground mixture may contain, in addition to fertile soil, peat, humus and sand in proportions of 2: 1: 1. Also make mineral fertilizers. Some gardeners recommend adding pine needles to this mixture - it will acidify the soil.

Before planting should be cut off the roots of hydrangea. The procedure must be carried out with extreme caution so as not to damage the root system. When placed in open ground, the roots should not be deeply deepened into the soil. A planted bush is dripped with earth and mulched with peat, pine needles and leaf humus. Until the flower takes root, it should be covered from direct sunlight.

Care and feeding

Perhaps the most important when caring for hydrangea is watering. The bush loves water very much, and therefore it is necessary to moisten it plentifully and often. It is impossible to allow the soil to dry out - the soil should always be moist. This is especially true of the summer period. To plant well bloomed, humidity should be maintained within a radius of 50 cm around the bush. In cold and rainy periods, watering can be reduced. Experienced gardeners recommend adding potassium permanganate to water for better growth of the shrub.

Do not forget about the regular loosening of the soil. During this process, sawdust can be added - they will retain moisture in the ground. Weeds should be removed regularly. To form a crown pruning will help. It is usually carried out at the end of March. The shoots are shortened to 3-4 buds. Old bushes should be completely renewed - cut the stems to a height of 7 cm. No need to worry: paniculate hydrangea grows very quickly. It should be noted that if Grandiflora is not pruned, it can stop blooming.

The plant is fed 4 times per season. Moreover, fertilizers should be organic and mineral, as well as special for hydrangeas. Top dressing rules:

  1. 1 Spring should be applied organic fertilizer. They will help to recover from the winter and are active in the growth of the bush.
  2. 2During the formation of buds, you must make a special composition. To do this, mix 25 g of urea, 35 g of superphosphate and 35 g of potassium sulphide.
  3. 3 In the middle of July, necessarily use mineral fertilizers, which prolong the flowering period. On 1 bucket of water is 35 g of trace elements. It should be noted that these buckets need no more than 3.
  4. 4The last dressing is carried out in early September. It is necessary to abandon nitrogen and make a special fertilizer for hydrangeas. After that, stop using top dressing until spring comes.

It is important to know that if you follow the rules of enrichment of the soil, you can expect a long and lush flowering. Experienced gardeners share the secret of changing the tone of the buds. Salt of iron should be added to water for irrigation, and peat and aluminum alum should be added to soil. These manipulations will help to get the blue color of the inflorescences.

And a little about the secrets ...

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