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How fast grow thuja

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The plant of thuja (from the Latin Thuja) is also called the life tree, which is usually attributed to the genus of coniferous gymnospermous plants, the family is Cypress, such as juniper, cypress, taxodium, sequoia and cypress. In European countries, thuja turned out to be because it was imported from America or East Asia.

The Latin name of this plant refers to the ancient Greek roots, meaning "incense", "sacrifice" - apparently, there is a connection between the name of Tui and the smell of some of its rocks, which are used for ritual burning as incense. The genus Tui includes only six species, some members of which can live to 150 years, although you can meet more mature trees. About 120 plant varieties are cultivated in the culture, which differ in the quality of the needles, the color and shape of the crown.

In landscape design, thuja is considered one of the main plants and is grown in a group or as a tapeworm, is actively used in the design of borders, alleys and the creation of hedges.

Plant description

Thuja is an evergreen tree or shrub that in nature can reach 70 meters in height and 6 meters in diameter. Thuja in culture rarely reaches a height of 11 meters. Young plants have a needle-like soft form, which is painted in a light green color; in the adult specimens, the leaves have darker shades of green, scaly, crosswise. Thuis are monoecious plants, their fruits can be in the form of oval or oblong cones with flat seeds, ripening in the first year. Thuja is not too capricious in care, resistant to cold and smoke, and western thujs even prefer a cold winter climate.

Varieties and types of Tui

Under natural conditions, there are 5 main types: western, eastern, folded, Korean, Japanese. The most popular of these species is western. The western thuja has the appearance of a pyramidal tree, which reaches 15–20 m in height and has a crown of 3-5 meters in diameter. Due to its frost resistance, it is perfect for growing in any region of our country. Several other varieties of this species, whose representatives have different shapes, height and color, are distinguished. The most famous are:

  • Barabant - fast-growing and frost-resistant variety. The diameter of the crown reaches one and a half meters. The color of the needles is green in summer and brown in winter.
  • Emerald - is a tree that is capable of reaching 4–4.5 meters in height. Crohn has a conical shape. It grows rather slowly, in winter the dark green needles almost do not fade. Perfectly tolerates any haircut.
  • Columna - a fast-growing variety of thuja, which has the appearance of a tree with a narrow dense crown. Boasts high winter hardiness, prefers areas that are in partial shade.
  • Wagneri - plant variety with bluish needles, which acquires a hue of copper in winter. Open areas with fertile soils - the most preferred place of cultivation. Has increased frost resistance.
  • Globoza - A variety that grows very slowly and has a spherical crown. During the growing season to 10 year of life reaches 1 m in height. Drought-resistant and winter-hardy variety.
  • Danica - low-growing shrub with a dense rounded crown, reaching 0.6 m in height. It grows for a long time (an increase of about 5 cm per year). The needles are light green in color. The variety has good frost resistance, drought resistance and shade tolerance. Propagated exclusively by cuttings. Ideal for landscaping areas with a small area.
  • Golden glob - A variety with golden-green needles, grows slowly, it is used mainly in single compositions, rock gardens, rockeries and low curbs.

Selection of planting material

To acquire thuyu should be given the following criteria:

  1. Appearance - the needles should be bright, lively and shiny, and sprigs resilient. If the needles are dull and crumble when touched, then the plant has died.
  2. Preserving earth coma - bare plant roots are not allowed.
  3. It is recommended to inspect entire root system. It is necessary that it is healthy and slightly moist: the ends of the roots are white or yellowish in color, elastic, and when squeezed the juice is secreted.
  4. Also need to consider The main indicators of the variety of plants: frost resistance, splendor of the crown, the color of the needles.

Planting thuja

Before planting a plant, you should select a suitable site for it. Thuja is a light-loving plant, but one should not allow to stay in the sun throughout the day, since it is quickly dehydrated, and this may lead to the fact that the thuja will not endure the winter. Therefore, you should choose a place for the thuja is light, but the midday time the sun should not fall on the plant. In addition, thuja badly transfers drafts.

The soil for the plant should be nutritious - peat with the addition of sod land and sand, although thuja is able to grow on poor soils - in swamps, sandy loams and clay. It is best to plant the plant in the fall or spring, but planting in the fall gives less certainty that the thuja will have time to adapt before winter in the open field. So how to plant thuyu and how much space is needed for this?

  1. We dig a hole with a diameter of 90–100 cm and a depth of 70–80 cm.
  2. We spread on the bottom of the drainage from expanded clay or crushed stone.
  3. Pour on drainage prepared soil, adding to it 2 glasses of ash and any complex fertilizers.
  4. We have in the pit sapling so that the neck of the roots is on the surface of the earth.
  5. Distance between several plants directly depends on the variety of thuja and the size of the shrub. When disembarking a thuy in groups, it is necessary to observe an interval of 1 to 5 meters between them, and if you decide to create a single-row fence, leave a distance of one meter.

Growing thuja from seeds

Growing tui from seeds is a very long process that takes about 3-5 years from sowing seeds to planting a ready seedling for permanent residence. In addition, the seed plant does not retain varietal characteristics. However, if you need to get at a minimum cost a lot of strong seedlings that will be well adapted to the climate of your region, then this method is best suited.

Tui, like most conifers, are distinguished by the unpredictability of their germination. They can lie more than half a year in the ground before the first seedlings emerge from the seeds.

Seed cones must be collected in the year of fruiting. In a warm room, they are laid out in a single layer, and after 2 weeks they open up and small reddish seeds are poured out of them. Suitable seeds for planting are large specimens that have undergone artificial or natural stratification, that is, exposure to cold.

In the first case, the seeds are sown in a special bowl with wet sand, then the whole thing is covered with film or sand and put for 2–3 months in a cool place or refrigerator with a temperature range of 5–6 ° C. Crops should be periodically ventilated to prevent condensation from accumulating under glass or film.

After passing the stratification in February, it is necessary to plant the seeds in boxes. The substrate is made of peat, sand and sod land in equal proportions. To disinfect the soil, you should shed it with a solution of potassium permanganate. After sowing, the substrate is moistened. Seeds germinate at + 20 ° C.

When the first shoots appear, the boxes with the seedlings must be moved to a cooler room with good lighting. It is recommended to feed the plants with complex mineral fertilizers twice a month. Saplings usually dive in the spring in the second year of life. In the summer, pots should be brought out into the penumbra. In winter, they are brought into the house or greenhouse. The grown thuya on the third spring should be transferred to larger containers. Once the plants reach a length of 50 cm (4–5 year of the growing season), it is time to transplant them to a permanent place.

In the second case, the seeds after the autumn harvest immediately sown in open ground. In spring, the first shoots appear that look like dill shoots. The branches of seedlings begin to grow only after 6 months. Shoots are recommended to be placed in the boxes dug into the ground so that they are not lost in the weeds. The plant usually dives in the third year, and young thujs are planted in a permanent place only by the fifth year of the growing season.

Further plant care is based on the same principles as caring for an adult thuja.

Growing Tui from cuttings

When growing plants in this way, it retains all varietal characteristics. Some of the varieties of Tui can be grown exclusively by cuttings (Danica).

Thuya cuttings should be carried out in April. When choosing planting material, it is necessary to look for strong and healthy branches from a young plant (approximately 2-3 years of age). If you do not have such material, you can use semi-woody branches from an adult thuja. Cuttings must be torn off with the heel, that is, pieces of bark.

The lower end of the cutting must be removed from the needles by 1/3, soaked in a root formation stimulator for one day and planted in a greenhouse, deepening it by about 2–3 cm. The substrate should be prepared from a mixture (in equal proportions) of peat, sand and sod land which must first be spilled by potassium permanganate. Saplings need to provide high humidity (70% or more) and diffused light. To do this, the cuttings planted in pots are covered with glass jars. After planting, the plant must be regularly ventilated and sprayed. With a lack of ventilation, the process of decay can easily begin.

The emergence of new shoots indicates that rooting was successful. In the autumn should plant young plants in a permanent place. In winter, they need protection from the cold, so special shelters are made for them. You can use fir branches, dry leaves and sawdust for this.

Caring for thuja

When growing a thuja with your own hands, care lies in feeding, watering, preparing for winter and cutting. Proper observance of all conditions of detention guarantees your plant a long life.

Irrigation mode of the plant depends directly on weather conditions. Thuja has a high sensitivity to the water content in the soil. With a lack of moisture, needles grow dull and turn yellow-brown. This can be especially pronounced after the summer haircut. 10 liters is the minimum volume required for watering a single plant. On hot days, thuyu should be watered every 2–3 days. This is best done in the evening or in the morning. Sprinkling well affects the appearance of the plant. Daily spraying well washes away dust from the needles, which gives off a phytoncid odor.

In the spring, it is necessary to apply compost or mineral fertilizers intended for coniferous plants. If planting was made dressing, then the plant should be fertilized next time in 2 years.

Pristvolnye circles of thuja should be mulched with a nutshell, crushed bark, compost and sawdust. Mulch perfectly retains moisture and protects the roots from freezing in winter and overheating in summer.

Pruning is usually started only in the third year of the life of the thuja. Since April, the main pruning is carried out. It is necessary to remove diseased and dry branches, as well as to form the desired shape of the crown. If you decide to cut a hedge, then the shoots must be cut no more than 1/3 of their total length.

Tyuyu need to be well prepared for the winter. In northern and central Russia, young plants (even frost-resistant varieties) desperately need shelter for about the first 3–4 years of vegetation. The pristvolnye circles should be filled with dry foliage, and the rest of the plant should be covered with a spunbond (you can also use a thick greenhouse film). Branches on adult plants should be pulled together with a string to a tree trunk in order to avoid breaking off when a large layer of snow accumulates on them.

Description, features of growth

The name of the plant from ancient Greek means "sacrifice" or "burning". The reason lies in the use of some rocks of Tui in the manufacture of incense for the ritual process. Another name for TUI is “life tree.” Homeland plants are East Asia, North America.

Thuja belongs to the genus of coniferous gymnosperms, the cypress family. The genus includes 6 species. The number of varieties of different colors, quality of needles and crown outlines reaches 120. Thuja is a monoecious plant. The main characteristics:

  1. The height of the wild tree is 70 m (6 m - diameter), the height of the garden tree is up to 20 m.
  2. Needles - dense, crosswise, scale-like. Color - dark green. Some breeds, as well as young plants, have soft, light needles. After 4-5 years, the needles fall off along with the branches.
  3. Male flowers are represented by yellow-brown spikelets. Female flowers are greenish-yellow bumps, becoming brown by autumn.
  4. Thuja fruits are oval imperceptible bumps with flat seeds. Maturation occurs in the first year.
  5. There is a characteristic resinous aroma.

The dusting (blooming) of the thuja begins in April-May and lasts about 6-12 days. The oval bump ripens for 160-180 days, after which the seed appears. The harvest becomes abundant every 2-3 years. Ripened cones reveal scales and produce flat, narrow-winged seeds. They remain viable for about 2 years. How old is thuya growing? Some breeds reach the age of 150 years and more.

Growing varieties of Tui

Interesting. In nature, there are 5 species of Tui: western, eastern, Japanese, Korean, folded. The most common species, the western one, is a pyramidal tree. Thuja reaches 15–20 m in height, the crown is 3-5 m in diameter. An indicator of the plant growth rate is how many centimeters the tree of thuja grows in a year.

Making high evergreen hedges requires accelerated plant growth. Fast growing thuja - varieties:

  1. Brabant It is a columnar plant growing to 20 m. The conical crown reaches a diameter of about 4 m at the bottom. The annual growth is 30-40 cm high and 10-15 cm wide. The needles are large, malachite hue. For good growth Brabant requires a sunny place, carries a slight shadow. Soil - hydrated fertile loam. High degree of frost resistance.
  2. Golden Brabant. This is a new species of Brabant with yellow-green needles.
  3. Columna. Thuja has a narrow columnar crown. The growth rate of the thuja is high - every year the plant adds 30-40 cm upwards and about 5 cm in width. The total height is up to 10 m, the crown volume is up to 1.5 m. The needles are scaly, the color does not change. The soil suits any, from sour to alkaline. Very winter hardy.
  4. Fastigiata. Tall and fast-growing variety of columnar thuja. Crohn has narrow cononic and columnar form. The annual growth rate is about 30 cm in height, 5 cm in width. Growth of an adult plant reaches 15 m, diameter of krone - 3 m. The needles of dark green color, differ in softness and resinous aroma. In appearance, the thuja resembles a cypress. The life span is about 200 years. Thuja Fasitiata has frost resistance.
  5. Thuja folded or giant. The plant reaches 15 m in height, 3-5 m in width. Height may increase to 30 cm per year. The needles are green, dark, shiny, there are white spots on the underside. It has a strong aroma. Winter-hardy variety of thuja, but does not tolerate high temperature.

Columna or Brabant

The fastest growing thujas are Brabant and Columna. It is they who most often land to create a high hedge. Gardeners are often confused over the question, Thuja Kolumna or Brabant - which is better?

How fast grow thuja Brabant? She is rightly considered the leader in terms of rapidity of growth among tui. Compared to Columna, the annual growth rate is about 35 cm in height and 15 cm in width. Whereas for Columna, these figures are only 20 cm and 5 cm, respectively. Variety Brabant is the fastest growing thuja. The height of Brabant (up to 20 m) also significantly exceeds the value of the COLUMNA (up to 10 m).

In appearance, these two varieties of Tui also differ from each other. Brabant is endowed with bright green or slightly lighter needles, on which you can observe golden tips. Its color does not change by winter, unlike other varieties. To get the effect of a lush and dense hedge, it is recommended to cut Brabant twice a year (March, August).

Columna has a dense crown with bright green, scaly needles. Its shade almost does not change throughout the year. Young thujas are prone to sunburn, especially in spring. Therefore, in the first two years they make winter shelter.

Important! Planting a thuja variety Brabant is the best solution for the formation of a green fence in the shortest possible time.

Thuja varieties for the Moscow region

Frost-resistant varieties that grow well in climatic conditions of the middle zone are suitable for the Moscow region.

Tui for the suburbs, which is better? In addition to the above described varieties Brabant, Golden Brabant, Kolumna, such arboris are also suitable for the middle band:

  1. Emerald. A tall tree (up to 5 m), resembling a cypress. The crown is in the shape of a pyramid, dense and narrow. The needles have an emerald-green shade that does not change with the change of the season. Thuja has a slow growth, about 10 cm in height, 5 cm in width. Один из лучших сортов для средней полосы, так как устойчив к смене климатических условий.
  2. Хозери. Кустарник в форме шара. Чешуйчатая хвоя в теплое время года имеет темно-зеленый оттенок, в холодное – бронзовый. The height and width of an adult plant of thuja are 60-80 cm. It grows equally well in the light and in the shade, without changing the color of the needles.
  3. Golden Globe. This dwarf thuja has a loose, spherical crown, the density of which is achieved with the help of regular haircuts. Plant growth is 1 m tall and 1.2 m wide. The annual growth is about 10 cm. The needles on the inner side of the crown are green, the tips of the shoots give a light green shade to the sun. In the shade, the shade turns green. In the cold season, the plant acquires copper tones.
  4. Danica. A small bush in the form of a ball. The krone is dense, with vertically arranged branches. The plant has a soft and thin scaly needles. Growth of thuya is slow (5 cm high and 4 cm wide for the year).
  5. Reinhold. The crown is spherical at first, but gradually turns into a cone-shaped. This variety grows slowly - up to 10 cm in height and 5 cm in width per year. Needle needles gradually covered with scales. With summer sunlight, the needles become golden, in winter - bronze. Do not place Rheingold in the shade, as deteriorating the color and density of the crown.
  6. Globoza. The shrubs are distinguished by the spherical shape of the crown, with a diameter and height of up to 2 m. In spring, the needles are light green in color, in summer - green, in winter - brownish. Growth is slow, only 5 cm in height and width per year. The variety is frost-resistant, but it is recommended to tie branches for the winter in order to avoid breaking them under the weight of snow.

Favorable growth conditions for tui

In central Russia, the growth of tui most often stops at around 4-6 m, whereas in warm climates there are tall trees up to 20 m. The plant can grow on almost any soil, is resistant to pests, and tolerates frost.

Note! Thuja is light-requiring, but makes a good shadow. Excessively thick shading leads to a decrease in crown density. As far as uniform illumination is received by a plant, the crown is formed correctly and symmetrically.

Saplings better to buy in specialized firms. The root system must be closed. The height of seedlings is from 30 cm to 5 m. It is best to plant thuja in spring (from the end of April to mid-May) so that the plant can grow and strengthen in winter.

The fastest growth of thuja can be observed on fertile, drained soils. If the soil is poor, the needles brighten and thins, abundant fruiting begins. Clay and wet soil needs to be drained. The bottom of the pit is covered with a layer (20-30 cm) of drainage from sand, rubble, expanded clay or broken brick.

Saplings better to buy in specialized firms

The pit is filled with fertile soil or a mixture of leafy earth (2 parts), peat (1 part), sand (1 part). You can add mineral fertilizers. For group planting, plants should be planted at a distance of at least 0.5 m from each other, some species - from 3 to 5 m.

Note! The plant has a high sensitivity to drought and high temperature, possible sunburn. But the overmoistening of the soil is unacceptable. Groundwater should not be closer than 1 meter to the ground.

You should not plant thuja in the neighborhood of large trees, as it will experience a nutritional deficit. To preserve moisture, you need to mulch pristvolny circle cut grass.

The plant can be grown with the help of seeds, twigs or cuttings. The first method of growing the most laborious, takes from 2 to 6 years. The cutting is chosen from the middle part of the plant. When tearing off or cutting off the shoot, a little bark (heel) should remain at its end. The stalk is placed in a pot with soil, deepening a couple of centimeters at an inclination of 60 degrees.

Spread sand around the ground around the thuja and press it lightly with your fingers. Above the pot should be covered with a film or a transparent jar, to provide good light and heat. It is recommended to spray instead of watering under the root to avoid over-wetting the soil.

Thuja has become one of the most popular and popular breeds in landscape design. Large plants are used as tapeworms, as well as in group plantings. Dense crown is used to create a living impenetrable hedge. From Tui create unique shapes. At the same time, it cleans the air, saturates and disinfects it with phytoncides, absorbs the noise of the street.

Hedgehog hedges - which varieties are better; use of Tui Brabant, Smaragd, how to plant, video

Evergreen thujas of different heights and shapes have long been actively used in landscape design. Thanks to the dense crown, the needles remaining throughout the year and the unpretentiousness enough, the thuja hedge is one of the most popular applications of the plant.

What grades of a thuja are better for a green hedge

Planting evergreen shrubs along the border of the site will protect the territory not only from access by outsiders and indiscreet looks, but also by gusts of wind, dust, polluted air from the road and even noise. At the very site of thuya will help to distinguish functional zones, low-growing varieties will be the basis for borders. A perennial plant is universal, the main thing is to choose the right varieties and organize planting.

Which Tui is Best for Hedge? The number of varieties of this evergreen plant today is in the tens. Climatic conditions in Russia are diverse. If in the southern regions gardeners can focus only on the decorative properties of thuja, then in the middle lane and to the north it is important to remember the frost resistance of the future hedge. Most often, for a live fence, the choice falls into two varieties: Brabant and Smaragd.

Hedge of Tui Brabant

One of the most winter-hardy species is the thuja western Brabant (T. occidentalis Brabant) with a crown in the shape of a wide column with a diameter of about one and a half and a height of up to 5 meters. Like all related plants, the beloved landscaper variety perfectly tolerates being under the sun and in a transparent shade. In addition, the shrub is undemanding to the composition of the soil, easily tolerates a haircut and can do almost without care for a long time.

Read also: Amazingly beautiful barberry shrub in your garden

For a hedge, thuja Brabant is an excellent choice. However, do not forget about the characteristic features of the plant. Thuja needles do not remain green all year round. In winter, it acquires a brownish-brown hue, but does not crumble, maintaining the opacity of the hedge. In the spring, an early awakening shrub can suffer from draining and sunburn.

In the spring, after the haircut, the crown is actively restored. Typically, coniferous crops used in landscape design do not provide a large annual increase. However, there are exceptions. The variety Brabant is a fast-growing thuja for a hedge, which increases in height to 35 and is 15 cm wide during the growing season.

If large shrubs lack nutrition or moisture, the thuja gradually loses its brightness. One of the signs of nutritional deficiency is the appearance of numerous light brown cones.

A hedgehog of thuja in this class is a solid wall, which excellently carries a haircut and maintains a given shape. When planting evergreen shrubs take into account future growth. Between saplings in a trench make an interval from 50 to 70 cm.

Maintenance pruning is carried out twice a year. In early spring, before the beginning of the awakening of growth points, the thuja is sheared for the first time, then the procedure is repeated in August. Usually, people of 3–4 years of age choose for planting. If you do not hesitate to trim and treat it carefully, you can grow a living 2-meter wall no thicker than half a meter.

Read the same: When should fertilize the lawn after winter?

Hedge of Tui Smaragd

Toui different varieties differ not only in appearance. The variety Smaragd (T. occidentalis Smaragd) is no less popular than Brabant. It is the same large, up to 4–5 meters high plant, but with a conical crown and needles, never losing a green shade.

A rare feature for thuja makes the variety in demand not only as a tool for hedge. Magnificent shrub rarely exposed to winter draining:

  • grows very slowly
  • does not require frequent haircuts,
  • looks great in the composition of a living wall, and solo.

The lower part of the hedge of Tui Smaragd has a high density, rich green color and with a minimum trimming keeps a flat surface. Due to the natural conical shape of the crown, the upper part of the fence retains its natural shape. This feature is very useful when it comes to fences at the border area. The jagged edge is harder to overcome and man and animals.

Before planting a thuja for a hedge, they dig a trench about 50–60 cm wide and deep. The density of the green fence depends on the interval between bushes. The average landing distance is half a meter.

It is good if thuja seedlings have a closed root system. In this case, they easily take root, and the fence from them can be planted not only in the spring.

For a hedgehog of thuja, sufficient food and regular watering are important. Drought makes the needles turn pale, the already slow growth stops, the young shoots dry out. Plants do not tolerate stagnant moisture and the proximity of groundwater. Therefore, in the risk zone in the landing trench it is useful to make a drainage layer about 20 cm thick.

Read the same: How to solve a problem when after a winter your favorite thuja turned yellow

Thuja varieties for hedge

The choice is not limited to the plants described above. No less impressive wall of greenery can be created by dropping along the border of the section of the Tui Kolumna. A perennial plant up to 7 meters high with a dense cylindrical crown up to 130 cm in diameter. Like Smaragd, the shrub does not change the color of the needles, but it has high growth rates and increases in size by 20 cm per year.

Tui Holmstrup up to three meters high has a unique crown, which from the side seems curly or crinkled. A dense column with a diameter of about one meter tolerates winter cold, unpretentious and does not change color throughout the year. To the beginner's question: “Which tui are better for a hedge?”, We can safely point to this variety. The plant with a small annual increment costs hairstyle 1 time per two years.

Canadian thuja varieties Sankist has a height of 3 to 5 meters. The crown in the form of a wide cone with a diameter of 1–2 meters is distinguished by the beautiful color of golden needles, which become brownish-bronze for the winter.

What grades of a thuja are better for a small height hedge? The choice of plants to create borders is quite large. Species with a naturally compact crown, more winter-hardy than tall plants, and not needing frequent time-consuming pruning are especially popular. An example would be a thuja Danik no more than 60 cm in height.

How fast grow thuja at home: description of the variety and types of trees, planting, care and reproduction

The plant of thuja (from the Latin Thuja) is also called the life tree, which is usually attributed to the genus of coniferous gymnospermous plants, the family is Cypress, such as juniper, cypress, taxodium, sequoia and cypress. In European countries, thuja turned out to be because it was imported from America or East Asia.

The Latin name of this plant refers to the ancient Greek roots, meaning "incense", "sacrifice" - apparently, there is a connection between the name of Tui and the smell of some of its rocks, which are used for ritual burning as incense. The genus Tui includes only six species, some members of which can live to 150 years, although you can meet more mature trees. About 120 plant varieties are cultivated in the culture, which differ in the quality of the needles, the color and shape of the crown.

In landscape design, thuja is considered one of the main plants and is grown in a group or as a tapeworm, is actively used in the design of borders, alleys and the creation of hedges.

Thuja western: winter-hardy varieties

Consider 14 winter-hardy western thuja varieties for central Russia. Thuja western (Thuja occidentalis) - an evergreen tree or shrub from the cypress family, has many decorative forms that are used both to create hedges, and for single and group plantings.

Thuja varieties often used to create hedges:

Thuja western Brabant (Thuja occidentalis Brabant)

Brabant is a tree with a height of 4-5 meters and a crown diameter of up to 1.5 meters. The crown is columnar. The needles are green, turning brown in the winter months. Fast-growing variety with an annual gain of 30-35 cm in height and 15 centimeters in width. Very cold.

Perfectly tolerates a haircut, undemanding to the conditions of growth.

Thuja Brabant can grow in full sun and slightly shaded. The tree feels better in places protected from the wind.

It blooms in spring, in April-May. After flowering, brown oval-shaped cones of small size (from 0.8 to 1.2 cm) are formed, which fully ripen by autumn.

Thuja Brabant does not tolerate long thaws with temperature differences very well, as this may cause early sap flow.

It grows particularly well on fertile moist soil. Cultivation on dry and poor soils will lead to the further appearance of rare branches with needles of faded color, abundant fruiting.

Planted in a mixture of turf / leaf land (2 parts), peat (1 part) and sand (1 part). When planting, you can add nitroammofoski 0.5 kg per adult plant. On very wet soils do drainage up to 20 cm.

Container plants before planting must be carefully shed with water. The root neck when landing must be at ground level.

Watering of plants is carried out after planting during the month weekly 10 liters per plant. After watering twice a week for 15-20 liters per plant.

Loosening is applied taking into account the superficial root system, loosening no deeper than 10 cm. Mulching with the addition of peat or wood chips is recommended. Layer up to 7 cm. Dry shoots are easily removed in the spring.

Newly planted plants in the first winter should be covered. This will help protect their vulnerable needles from winter and spring sunburn. Shelter is made using spruce branches or kraft paper.

The variety is widely used to create a hedge, creates the effect of a “solid green wall”, the frequency of planting should be 0.5-0.7 m in a row. For the formation of a dense green wall is recommended to cut twice per season (in March and August). If you systematically cut the shoots at the top and side shoots, you can achieve that the fence will be kept at a rate of 0.4 m wide, 2 m high.

Thuja western Smaragd (Thuja occidentalis Smaragd)

Smaragd - a tree up to 4-4.5 meters high, having a pronounced conical shape, of very dense structure. The needles are dark green, rich color, the winter does not change color.

The growth rate is low.

The variety prefers a highly fertile soil and regular watering.

In the "hedge" in the upper part does not close, therefore it is used for the conditional delimitation of the garden space. Good as a soliter in a single landing.

Thuja western Smaragd has obvious differences from its “brethren” - slow growth in height and breadth, due to which frequent haircuts are not required.

Prefers fertile moist soils, without stagnant water. Poor drought tolerance. In dry time watering is required. Light-requiring, but can grow in partial shade.

It tolerates a haircut. In winter, almost no fade.

Winter hardiness is high, but for planting it is better to choose areas protected from winds. Young plants should be protected from early spring sunburn, covering them with covering material or burlap.

Smaragd is suitable for creating a freely growing hedge in the style of the “southern landscape” (planting step 0.5-0.6 m).

It is used both for single, and for group landings.

Suitable for container cultivation and the creation of various forms by topiarnovogo haircut. New, aleynyh landings and as an accent in the wood-shrub compositions. This variety looks great in regular-style gardens.

Thuja western Columna (Thuja occidentalis Columna)

Columna is a tree with a narrow columnar crown up to 6-7 meters high and up to 1.3 meters in diameter. The crown structure is dense, compact, with short horizontally diverging dense shoots. Scaly needles. The color of the needles is dark green, almost not changing color in winter.

It grows quickly, up to 20 cm per year. To soils it is undemanding. Winter hardiness is high.

Suitable for creating hedges in the style of "Mediterranean", as well as a solo solo plant, reminiscent of the silhouette of the Crimean cypress trees.

It is undemanding to soil conditions, but on the moderately fertile soils it reaches its best development with medium moisture content. Drought tolerates poorly. For planting it is better to choose semi-shady areas.

Shears the haircut well, formative trimming is carried out as needed.

Young plants in the first two years after planting should preferably be covered with material for the winter to avoid early spring sunburn.

Coloniform variety of western Colum thuja is often used for high (up to 4 m tall) formed and free-growing hedges (planting step in the series 0.5-0.7 m).

It is also used for single, group and aleynyh landings, as an emphasis in tree-shrub compositions and for container cultivation. Suitable for gardens in the regular style.

Can be used for topiary haircuts.

Thuja western Kholmstrup (Thuja occidentalis Holmstrup)

Holmstrup is a tree up to 3-3.5 meters high with a crown diameter up to 1 meter, with a column-like crown. The structure of the needles is very dense "curly." Не меняет цвета зимой.

Родина туи — Дания, 1951 год.

Нетребовательна к почвам, морозостойка, хорошо переносит стрижку.

Сорт подходит «ленивым садоводам». Темпы роста очень низкие. Годовой прирост составляет 12 см в высоту и 4 см в ширину. До конечной высоты вырастает примерно за 20-40 лет. In a hedge it is possible to make cutting once in two years.

Prefers sunny places, can grow in partial shade. It grows better in moist soil, tolerates moisture stagnation, tolerates some dryness.

The soil is preferably loose and fertile.

2-3 years after planting the seedling in a permanent place shelter from early spring burns, near-stem circle in the autumn it is better to cover with spruce branches, which will scare away field mice.

Can be used for single landings and rokkariyev.

For hedges, the distance in the row between plants should be 0.7 m.

Thuja western Fastigiata (Thuja occidentalis Fastigiata)

Fastigiata - thuja with a columnar shape of the crown, with shoots tightly pressed to the trunk. Needles from light green to dark green. Reaches in height in the conditions of an average strip of Russia to 6 meters.

An annual gain to 30 cm. The needles are soft, dark green with a strong characteristic odor.

It tolerates a haircut. Almost does not change color in winter. Hardy

The form resembles a cypress. Cones imperceptible, brown.

Thuja western Fastigiata prefers a sunny location and fertile, moderately moist loamy soil.

When planting in a wetland, care should be taken to create a good drainage system.

Thuja seedlings need shading from late winter and early spring sunshine with burlap.

To create conditions for a better survival of plants, it is recommended to mulch the trunk circle with mowed grass, which will improve the soil structure. In late autumn, mulch should be replaced by a spruce branch so that field mice do not appear.

Thuja western Fastigata - well suited for creating high hedges that securely cover the area and at the same time does not take up much space.

Western thuja varieties for single and group plantings:

Thuja western Sunikist (Thuja occidentalis Sunkist)

Sankist - large, dense, shrub or small coniferous tree. The height is 3-5 m, the diameter of the crown is 1-2 m. The crown is conical with densely branched branches, slightly routed.

Originally from Canada.

The needles of young plants are bright golden-yellow, changing with age to lemon yellow with age, in winter - bronze.

It grows slowly, at the age of 10 years reaches 2 m in height.

It is undemanding to the soil conditions, light-requiring, tolerates a haircut. Hardy.

Recommended for colorful mixed compositions and single plantings.

Prefers moist fertile soil. Poorly endures drought, after a long dry period, in the absence of regular watering and under other adverse conditions, it may enter the phase of mass seeding, which leads to a loss of decorative effect.

Light-requiring It can grow in partial shade, but at the same time the color of the needles dims and may acquire a green tint. For planting it is advisable to select areas protected from the wind.

It tolerates a haircut, the crown shaping is carried out as needed.

To protect against early spring burns in the first year after planting the plants for the winter, it is desirable to close the covering material.

One of the most brightly-colored varieties of western arborvitae for planting as part of coloristic wood-shrub compositions for container growing and single planting.

It can be used to create a bright formed hedge (for single-row planting, the distance between plants is 0.5-0.6 m).

Suitable for creating various geometric shapes by topiary haircut.

Thuja western Wagneri (Thuja occidentalis Wagneri)

Tui Vagneri– tree up to 3.5 m high and up to 1.5 m wide. With a pronounced ovate dense crown and numerous thin, vertically located shoots, slightly hanging at the ends.

The needles are gray-green, in the winter gets a copper shade. The growth rate is average.

Demanding to soil conditions, prefers fertile, fairly moist soil. It grows better in open places. Light-requiring

The variety keeps the shape of the crown well, so formative pruning is carried out only when necessary.

To prevent damage to the crown under the weight of snow, it is advisable not to tie shoots together at the beginning of winter. Frost resistance is high.

Variety with the original form of the crown, the best application for which is soliternaya planting. It can also be used in single, group and aleyny plantings, in tree-shrub compositions and for container growing.

Thuja occidentalis Cloth of Gold (Thuja occidentalis Cloth of Gold)

Claude of Gold is a low shrub up to 2 meters high, up to 1.2 m wide. The crown is elongate-ovate or conical dense. The needles are tender, of two types - needle-like and scaly, from lemon yellow to yellow-orange, in winter it acquires a copper hue.

Demanding to soil conditions, prefers light, well-drained, moderately fertile soil with an alkaline reaction. Does not tolerate prolonged waterlogging.

Light-requiring It can grow in partial shade, but the color of the needles becomes less expressive.

To maintain the shape of the crown can be moderately cut, not more than 1/3 of the shoot.

It is frost-resistant, in the first year after planting the plants for the winter it is desirable to shelter from burns, in subsequent years it does not need shelter.

The variety with an interesting crown shape, color and structure of needles, is used as a tapeworm, in single and group plantings, as a color accent in tree-shrub compositions, suitable for stony and heather gardens.

Thuja western Globosa (Thuja occidentalis Globosa)

Thuja western Globoza - a spherical bush with a height and diameter up to 2 m.

The needles are scaly, light green in spring, green in summer and gray-green or brownish in winter. Shoots are straight and flat, raised up, densely arranged, overlapping, evenly expanding to the sides.

Green needles shiny, in winter gray-green or brownish.

Growth is slow, by ten years the diameter of the crown reaches 1 m, by twenty - 1.5 m.

The crown is dense. Every two years should be made rejuvenating pruning.

Hardy, shade-tolerant, drought-resistant. Needs fertile wet soils.

It does not tolerate dry air and needs more frequent watering than other types of thuja.

To save in winter from breaking up by snow cover, the crown is recommended to bind or make a frame, especially for young plants.

It is used to create low hedges, borders, single and group plantings. Effectively dominates the rock garden and rocky hills.

It is also used for landscaping roofs and balconies, for growing in containers.

Thuja western Woodwardy (Thuja occidentalis Woodwardii)

Woodwardy is a variety with a height of 1.5-2.0 m, width is up to 2 m. The crown is densely spherical in shape, wide-round towards old age. Shoots are straight, flat. The needles in the summer and in the winter dark green, do not change coloring.

At the age of 10, the spherical crown reaches 0.4 m in height and width

The place of origin of Woodwardy is unknown, the time of introduction to the culture before 1923.

Winter-hardy, but in the harsh winters freeze slightly the ends of annual shoots. Suitable for stony gardens and landings on the lawn.

The fruits are small brown.

Demanding on soil fertility and moisture. It responds well to spring dressings, the color of the needles improves. For planting should choose sunny areas or partial shade.

Pristvolny circle after landing on a permanent place should be mulched grass or peat.

Thuja Woodwardy, like other evergreens, in the first year or two after planting may suffer from late winter and early spring sunlight. Therefore, the seedling should be covered with burlap. Remove the burlap should be after the descent of snow cover, in the evening, preferably in cloudy weather.

Thuja Woodwardy is used to create landscape compositions of trees and shrubs with contrasting colors of foliage and various architecture.

Landing in mixborders, as well as a solo plant in open places, and on the sides of the track. Looks good when breaking a monotonous row of hedges.

Thuja western Stolvik (Thuja occidentalis Stolwijk)

Stolvik is a shrub up to 1.5 m high. The shape of the crown is hemispheric, the lower part is dense, the upper sparse with several trunks. The needles are green, young growths are yellow-white.

At 10 years of age, the height of the plant reaches 1 m.

The variety was obtained by breeding in a Dutch nursery in 1986.

Winter-hardy variety, well propagated by cuttings.

Needs fertile and moist soils. Variety prefers a sunny location, in the shade it becomes loose. Poorly tolerates dry air, so on hot days you should water the plant at the root, and in the evening apply sprinkling.

Seedlings of this variety are usually planted low, so they spend the winter under the snow and do not suffer from spring sunburn.

Amenable to formation. To give the crown greater density, you can apply spring shortening of shoots.

It is suitable for planting in mixborders and tree-shrub compositions, as the variety creates the effect of "pomp" composition. Recommended for rock gardens, Japanese gardens, compositions. Can act as a tapeworm in the open.

It should not be planted in a hedge because of the thinned top.

Thuja western Danica (Thuja occidentalis Danica)

Danica is a low shrub up to 60 cm high and up to 1 m in diameter. The crown is spherical. Shoots are short, tightly spaced. The needles are thick, soft, light green, shiny, slightly bronze in winter.

It grows slowly. Annual increase in height of no more than 5 cm. Maximum height and width reaches approximately 15 years of age.

From a young age it retains an almost perfect spherical shape. Propagated exclusively by cuttings.

Thuja western Danica from the cypress family, was bred in Denmark in 1948, from where it came to us.

Shade tolerant, hardy. It is used in compositions, rock gardens, to create borders, ideal for planting small areas.

The location that suits the plant most is the sun and partial shade. Winter hardiness for central Russia, almost never suffers from spring sunburn, because winters under the snow.

Drought-resistant, but prefers wet fertile loam. It needs good lighting, so it's best to plant it in the sun or in partial shade. In the shady areas, the thuka Danika loses its shape, becomes loose and “shaggy”. Thuja also does not like temperature fluctuations, which causes drying.

Fertile, moist, loamy soils are preferable to it. Land for planting thuja should be protected from the wind. In case of proximity of groundwater, drainage from rubble will be needed. The soil mixture should consist of sod or leaf soil, peat and sand in a ratio of 2: 1: 1. When planting, you must add mineral fertilizers.

Danica is used to create decorative groups and landscape compositions, in which it is most often a solo plant. Plants with a columnar crown and ovoid shape are planted in order to create a balanced triangle according to the “golden section” rules. Borders are also made of it and planted as a tapeworm.

Thuja western Golden Globe (Thuja occidentalis Golden Globe)

Thuja western Golden Glob - a bush of rounded shape up to 1 m high and up to 1 m in diameter. The color of the needles is golden yellow. The yellow tips of the shoots, which get a lot of sun, completely cover the plant, and the foliage inside the ball is bright green.

In the fall, the needles take on a copper hue; in the spring, it becomes golden again.

It grows slowly. It has a small increase of 8-10 cm per year, reaches a maximum diameter of 1-1.2 m in twenty years.

Does not need a haircut, but in the spring may require sanitary pruning.

Among gardeners, this variety is called "thuja yellow spherical" or "yellow ball."

It prefers light loamy soils; therefore, moderate doses of organic and mineral fertilizers should be introduced into the planting mixture, and after planting the tree must be mulched round with grass or peat.

In late autumn, the mulch should be replaced with spruce branches, so that no mice would nest in the hay, which can damage or even destroy the seedling.

Thuja Golden Globe does not tolerate dry air, so during the hot months of the year she needs regular watering and sprinkling.

If the plant from the age or long overcast weather becomes loose, you need to apply shortening of shoots. A small haircut stimulates the growth of new shoots and will make the crown thicker.

Acquires its golden color only in sunny areas or in partial shade. In the shade, the needles become light green, and the crown is loose and sparse. Resistant to smoke and gases.

Golden Globe is suitable for creating colorist landscape compositions using pebbles or wood chips. Due to its small stature, it looks great in rockeries, rock gardens and on retaining walls.

Thuja western Hosseri (Thuja occidentalis Hoseri)

Thuja western Khoseri is a low-growing variety with a spherical crown with a diameter of up to 0.6 m. The needles are scaly, dense, richly dark green, in winter gray-green with a bronze tint.

It grows very slowly 4-5 cm per year. In the adult state, the ball becomes flattened.

The variety is demanding of soil fertility and moisture, it is winter-hardy. Prefers moderately fertile and moist soils.

Drought-resistant, but the watering in the hot season responds to good growth and beautiful views.

It does not suffer from the spring sunlight, because winters under the snow. At first, after landing in open ground requires increased attention and good care. For a better survival rate, you can apply mulching of the trunk circle with mowed grass or peat. In the fall of the mulch must be replaced by a spruce branch. Spruce spines scare away field mice that can destroy a plant.

Shade-tolerant, but grows best in sunny or semi-shady areas. Good holds the shape of the crown, does not need a haircut.

Low spherical shrub for small gardens, trees and shrubs compositions, rock gardens and compositions mixed with perennials. Suitable for creating borders and container growing.

Materials taken from the site www.vparnike.ru

Thuja western Bradant - landing and care, unlike Tui Smaragd, use in landscape design, photo video

One of the five types of thuja is western, has many varieties, among which the thuja western Brabant is distinguished. Decorative frost-resistant, fast-growing tree with a compact columnar crown is commonly used in landscape gardening.

Main characteristics

In the wild nature, western thuja, which is not without reason called the "life tree", grows in the eastern regions of Canada and in the north of the USA. The evergreen introduced to Europe in the middle of the 16th century was used to decorate parks. In Russia, the thuja of this species has a wide area of ​​distribution. It is cultivated in many areas, including the Far East and Siberia.

Acquainted with the description of Tui Brabant, we see that this variety is winter-hardy, withstands temperatures down to 30-35 ° C. The plant is great for the harsh Russian climate. Brabant is one of the fastest growing varieties of western thuja, for a year it can grow by 30-35 cm.

In the Russian climate, the height of the thuja Brabant does not exceed 3.5-4 meters. The shape of the crown is columnar, compact. Branches can lean to the ground. The bark on the trunk is reddish-brown, sometimes it exfoliates. The green needles turn brown in the winter. In April-May, the thuja blooms; after flowering, small oblong brown cones form.

Thuja Brabant and Smaragd varieties are very often used to form hedges. Their characteristics are very similar. Among the differences Tui Brabant and Smaragd can be identified.

  • the needles turn brown in the winter,
  • crown columnar shape,
  • annual growth is 35-40 cm,
  • hedge quickly grows dense green wall.
Read the same: Spring pruning gooseberry

  • needles in the winter does not lose color,
  • pyramidal crown shape,
  • annual growth - 10-20 cm
  • It has less branching and does not require frequent haircuts.

Both varieties of Tui have varieties with golden needles - Golden Brabant and Golden Smaragd. For thuja Golden Brabant is characterized by a golden yellow color, which persists in winter.

Young trees have a dense cone-shaped crown; in older trees, it becomes more friable.

How to care for thuja Brabant

Although thuja western Brabant is unpretentious in care, it still has its own preferences for soil type, moisture, sunlight, temperature. If you ignore the basic rules for its cultivation, decorative functions may be lost. In particular, the main care is to periodically trim the shoots to form a beautiful crown shape.

When cutting a thuja, you can select the cuttings to use them for reproduction. Placed in a container with water, they will give the roots. Rooted seedlings can be planted in the ground.

Place and type of soil

Thuja belongs to the light-loving plants. It does not tolerate round-the-clock shadow, losing the brightness of the color of the needles. At the same time, constant heat is also harmful to her. The best option when choosing a place to land will be partial shade. In country areas it is advisable to plant trees on the west or east side of the buildings.

The most favorable soil for cultivating thuja in western Brabant is loam, although it can grow on any soil. On light soil, the plant develops better and looks more decorative. Высаживать тую предпочтительнее весной или осенью, но можно и летом.

Выкапывается посадочная яма глубиной 60-80 см, шириной под размеры корневой системы. Яму заливают водой и дают влаге впитаться. Если грунт тяжелый, требуется уложить не менее 15 см дренажного слоя. The root collar is placed at ground level and the seedling is filled up with a prepared soil mixture. It is desirable that its composition included peat, sand and leaf earth in the ratio of 1: 1: 2. To improve growth, a nitroammofosk is added to the mixture. After that, water the plant.

Read the same: Brugmansia: common methods of growing

After planting, regular watering is needed, about once a week. When landing in a hot time, the frequency of irrigation increases. The plant responds well to sprinkling. For this you can use a hose with a spray. In dry soil, thuja develops poorly, the needles turn yellow and fall off.

The soil should be loosened to a small depth, since the plant root system is superficial. To protect the roots from drying out and overheating, it is advisable to cover the soil with mulch - peat, compost, sawdust, bark.

Thuja does not suffer from winter frosts, but in the spring it can get sunburn. Especially it is necessary to protect young trees, sheltering them from the sun with material that allows sunlight to pass through well. In an evergreen, the process of photosynthesis occurs even in winter. In places where heavy snowfalls occur, the crowns of trees for the winter are tightly tightened with a rope.

In the first year, while the roots are not strong enough, feeding is carried out up to three times per season. One year after planting, every spring is made fertilizing with complex fertilizer. Pruning is best done 2-3 years after disembarkation. This procedure is preferable to do twice - in early summer and late August. Minor crown adjustments are made all season. As you can see, planting and caring for the thuja Brabant (photo) are not particularly difficult.

The use of Tui Brabant in garden design

The advantage of the variety is that it is very fast growing. This property of Tui Brabant in landscape design has been successfully used. Thuja is a universal element for creating a single ball, a neat cone, a pyramid. Non-standard single pieces of wood can be planted in any surface relief. But if beautiful geometry from Tui Brabant or Smaragd is planned, then the landing area should have a perfectly flat plane.

Thuja western Brabant is best used for haircut on cloudy days. This will prevent young shoots from burning in the sun, which before the haircut were hidden under long branches.

Planted in a row of Tui will replace the fence. If you cut a fence under a rectangular shape, it looks completely different. When planning to grow a hedge from thuja Brabant, seedlings should be driven in at a distance of about 1 m from each other, because at the base of the crown will be quite wide. Over time, the crowns of the trees will close, and such a fence will cover the site from prying eyes with a dense green curtain and serve as a wonderful decoration.

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To form a plant begin when it has reached the desired height. Pruning tui Brabant - the most time-consuming part in the care of the plant. The haircut is carried out with a sharp pruner, which will not be able to dent in the place of the cut. To prevent the tree from weakening, one-third of the shoot should be sheared off.

Thuja Brabant, like all conifers, will delight the whole year with lush greenery, purify the air, enriching it with oxygen. Another advantage - decorative. Combining with each other different types of thuja with other bushes and flowers, you can give the site a unique, unique shape.

Thuja - the tree of life

It is difficult to even imagine that this fluffy and already familiar tree in parks and plots does not occur in the wild nature of our lands. Thuja came to us from the southeastern part of Canada and the northern part of the United States several centuries ago. Under natural conditions, in their homeland, the thuja grows to 20 meters, in our own latitudes it is more usual to see it about 10 meters high.

Touie. © Karl Gercens

Thuja is a coniferous plant from the Cypress family, which can be a tree or shrub with flat shoots. There are five types of tui:

  • Thuja westernor life tree (Thuja occidentalis),
  • Tui Sichuan, or Tui Chinese (Thuja sutchuenensis),
  • Thuja korean (Thuja koraiensis),
  • Thuja japanese, or Tuya Standish (Thuja standishii),
  • Thuja folded, or Thuja giant (Thuja plicata).

All types of thuja are evergreen with a dense crown, and the needles tolerate cold and air pollution. Therefore, they are ideal for the improvement of cities in temperate latitudes. Thuja wood contains aromatic essential oils that give the plant a pleasant smell. In our cold latitudes, various varieties of western thuja grow well and endure winters.

Thuja western - evergreen conifer from the family of cypress (Cupressaceae), a genus of Tui, naturally occurring in eastern North America.

Due to the large number of highly decorative artificially developed forms, winter-hardiness, durability and resistance to urban conditions, the western thuja is very widespread in ornamental horticulture across continents in many climatic zones.

Thuja breeding

Tuyu can be propagated by seed and vegetatively. Seed propagation is acceptable only for species of thuja, but not for forms and varieties (decorative qualities will be lost). In addition, it is a laborious and lengthy process: it will take three to five years to grow a sapling. Seeds must be freshly harvested. They are subjected to natural stratification, leaving the fall under the snow. In the spring, they are sown on ridges, deepening by only 0.5 cm, slightly sprinkled with coniferous sawdust. Shoots of thuja cover from the sun with shields, the soil is kept loose and wet. Feed a weak slurry solution (1:20).

The most common western and its forms are propagated by lignified cuttings (using 2–3-year-old shoots 25–40 cm long) and semi-woody (growth of the current year 10–20 cm long, cut in June). Cuttings cut off so that on the basis of the escape remained a small piece of old wood - "heel". In this case, the cuttings root better. They are treated with a solution of heteroauxin and placed in a greenhouse. The soil is prepared from a mixture of river sand with peat and turf land (1: 1: 1 ratio), disinfected with potassium permanganate. Depth of planting cutting from 1.5 to 2.5 cm.

In a greenhouse it is very important to maintain high humidity without over-wetting the substrate, therefore spraying is more desirable than watering. Rooted cuttings air, harden. In November, they are warmed with leaves, sawdust or spruce branches; in case of frost (-5 ..- 7 ° С), they are additionally covered with foil.

Tui diseases and pests

Diseases are caused by dangerous pathogens: fungi of the genus Fusarium, cytospore, Thomas and others. They hit the crowns, shoots, needles. Shutte tui brown damages only the needles. To fight against fungus diseases, apply Bordeaux liquid or cartocid. Trees are treated, starting in spring, at intervals of two weeks, until they are fully recovered.

Of the pests, the most dangerous tuevoy aphid and tuevoy pseudo shield. Needles, damaged by aphids, turn yellow and fall off. To get rid of it, the plant is sprayed several times with karbofos, roger or decis. No less harm is caused by a thuja pudge shield found on needles and branches. Before blooming, plants are sprayed with Carbofos; in late June, they are treated twice with atellicus, rotor or chlorophos (at intervals of one and a half to two weeks).

Thuja perfectly decorate your garden! This beautiful conifer tree also has a very pleasant smell!

General information

Tuyu is also called the "tree of life", the green beauty belongs to the cypress family. It includes 6 species, but in room conditions it is possible to contain only two types:

  • East. Externally resembles a shrub. The needles are intensely green.
  • Western. A small tree in the shape of a cone. The needles are dark green, sometimes there is a yellow tint. Popular enough, but very long growing.

You will not find any needles on the tree, the branches are covered with scaly leaves that overlap each other. In the autumn, the thuja begins to bloom, after which small buds form.

Where to put thuja in the house, what temperature she needs

A pot with a plant can not be put in the sun, the rays can burn the needles. On the window sill of the sunny side, the thuja will also not be comfortable, the leaves will begin to turn yellow and crumble. The optimal place for a plant is partial shade, diffused daylight.

You can put a pot with a thuja in a stand for flowers and install it near the window. Another option for protection from direct sunlight is to wrap window glass. In this case, the thuja will grow beautiful and green.

During the warm period, you can put a thuja on a balcony or loggia. Also, the pot can be taken out in the garden, but set it in the shade.

The air temperature that suits the plant is 18-25 degrees. In winter, the pot is recommended to set aside from heating objects. Winter temperatures should not fall below 15 degrees Celsius. If the balcony is glazed, the thuja will be comfortable on it.

We pour the fume, what should be the humidity

Tuyu can be attributed to those plants that tolerate drought without problems. Therefore, it does not need frequent watering. On hot and dry days, the plant should be watered several times a week. Waterlogging benefits will not bring. But it is impossible to bring the earthy coma to complete drying.

For irrigation use warm water, pre-settled. It is prohibited to take from the crane.

During the growing season, and for a newly planted tree, watering varies somewhat. It is carried out regularly, avoiding drying out. So that there is no stagnation of water, during the transplant establish good drainage.

The optimum air humidity for Tui is 40-60%. If the room is too stuffy, or heating objects are working, the plant should be sprayed with warm water. Do it as needed.

Dressing and soil for thuja

The choice of soil for thuja depends on its age. For the young prepare a mixture, which includes:

  • Coniferous land - 2 parts.
  • Leafy ground - 4 parts.
  • Coarse sand - 1 part.

For an adult plant, such a mixture is acceptable:

  • Sodland - 2 parts.
  • Peat - 2 parts.
  • Sand - 1 part.

Top dressing is carried out regularly, all warm period. In the winter the plant is not necessary to fertilize. In summer, thuja requires potassium, and in spring - nitrogen. An adult tree can add a little phosphorus. Feeding should be carried out no more than 2 times in 30 days. You can use commercial fertilizer for plants with needles, but use half as much.

Replant

Thuyu need to plant in a deep pot, but not too wide. That's because the root system of the plant is long. It is mandatory to put drainage on the bottom of the hill. To do this, use a broken brick or tile.

They transplant the thuja gently, without disturbing the earthen room, overloading. A young plant should be replanted every year, an adult - once every few years.

We multiply

At home, thuyu propagated by:

Seeds for reproduction are not used as often. Unfortunately, there are no guarantees that the shoots will be successful. Propagating by seed is hard work and a long way to go.

Step-by-step seed propagation instruction:

  • In an adult and healthy plant, cones are carefully cut off.
  • Put them in a warm place (and cold).
  • After a while the cones will open, and the seeds can be removed.
  • The seeds are wrapped in a rag that is pre-moistened with water. They are in this state for 24 hours. Fabric should be moistened as it dries.
  • They take a small pot, fill it with soil and water it. Then put the seed.
  • Deepen the seeds do not need enough to sprinkle with earth and cover with wet sawdust.
  • The first shoots can be observed in 1-1.5 months.

Growing seeds can be lost signs of the variety (for example, the color of the needles).

Seeds that have ripened in the autumn can be germinated by spring. For this, stratification is carried out. That is, the seeds are mixed with moistened sand and for about 90 days they should be in a room with a low temperature (3-5 degrees). Alternatively, put a box of seeds in the fridge or put it on an unglazed balcony. After that, the seeds are sown in the soil, the temperature should be about 20-23 degrees. After 2 months sprouts seem.

When the seeds have germinated, it is necessary to create favorable conditions and proper care for growth:

  • Moderate soil moisture.
  • Scattered lighting.

Grown up seedlings can be transplanted into a pot in a permanent place, do it very carefully so as not to damage the delicate root system. Completely thuja will be formed in 3 years, or even years 5.

Tuyu easier to propagate by cuttings than seeds. Step by step reproduction instructions cuttings:

  • From the adult thuja gently separated stalk. Make it a sharp knife or pruner.
  • The optimal size of the cutting - 10-12 centimeters.
  • The resulting cutting 2-3 cm deepen into the soil.
  • A pot with cuttings must be kept in a warm house (apartment).
  • Frequent airing is required.
  • Escape does not need watering, it can be replaced by spraying.
  • When the roots, the plant can be taken out on the street, and proceed to transplanting.

To rooting happened faster, it is recommended to process cuts with a means to accelerate growth.

Interesting to know! Some growers recommend not to trim, namely tear off the cutting. Pieces of mature wood come off, which in the future contributes to rapid rooting.

Care in winter and summer

Take care of thuja need, regardless of the season. At the same time at different times and care different. During the warm period, the plant feels great on the balcony. During the growing season requires frequent watering. On hot days, you should spray thuja in the morning and evening. Water take warm.

Winter is the resting time of the plant; special care is not required. The temperature should fluctuate 6-12 degrees. If the balcony and the loggia are glazed, you can keep it there. At higher temperatures, the thuja will dry out and watering will not help it. It is necessary to water a green beauty rarely, and only with warm water.

In the spring the plant is transplanted. Planting at home should be carried out carefully. Any damage to the root system can lead to the death of the plant. It is impossible to dig in the root neck strongly - it will also destroy the thuja. After planting requires careful watering.

Pests and diseases

Diseases and pests of tui, grown at home can appear only as a result of improper care. One of the most common problems is the yellowness of the leaves, for several reasons:

  • Planting rules are violated, root collar is exposed, or too deep into the soil.
  • Direct sunlight is falling.

There are homemade thuja and fungal diseases:

When infected, the needles and shoots are damaged. For the treatment of tui used specialized drugs. Procedures begin to hold in the spring, and do not stop until then, until the tree does not recover.

With the onset of the rest period, thuja can change color - this is a natural process, and there is no need to look for diseases here.

Also known are pests that are dangerous for the thuja at home (in the apartment):

  • Bark beetle Holes appear in the bark of the tree.
  • Shchitovka. Harm bark and cones, damaging them.
  • Aphid. The first signs of defeat - the needles turn yellow.

You can fight pests with insecticides.

Important! The sooner you find a problem, the easier and faster to deal with it. Provide the plant with proper care, and the pest's diseases will not be intimidated.

What is the use

Thuja - not just a beautiful green plant, but also useful. It is recommended to grow it in the house, on the balcony, on the veranda to people who have problems with the airways. Thuja produces essential oils that are very beneficial. They contribute to:

  • Purification of air from dust.
  • Air purification from viruses.
  • Soothe the nervous system.

When there is a thuja in the house, depression, stress and insomnia are not terrible. The smell of pine needles soothes and pacifies. Nice to sit on the balcony after a hard day's work, and enjoy the magical aroma.

Thuja extract is used for the manufacture of cosmetics, medicines. Tuyu actively used in traditional medicine.

Thuja's healing qualities:

  • It has a tonic effect.
  • Used as an expectorant.
  • Included in the diuretic and anticancer drugs.
  • It has hemostatic and antimicrobial properties.

Thuya needles are collected for making tinctures and decoctions. They help fight:

  • With acne.
  • Papillomas and warts.
  • Pigmentation.
  • Colds.
  • Cystitis

Thuja is part of the medication for the treatment of cervical erosion.

You can talk about the benefits of Tui long. Therefore, planting it at home, you must understand that not just a plant grows more bitterly, but a kind of doctor.

Provide proper care for her, and she will thank you.

Experienced gardeners have long used for planting at their summer cottage not only beautiful, but also useful plants and shrubs. Thus, thuja, an evergreen perennial plant, evolving into the atmosphere phytoncides with antimicrobial properties has gained popularity.

Planting and care for thuja in the open field for experienced gardeners is not difficult. That is why the thuja can land in the home, where the features of care may differ slightly.

Types and species of Tui

There is a huge number of species and varieties of plants represented. Here are the main 5 types, which include:

Каждый из видов включает в себя до нескольких десятков сортов, но для выращивания на садовых участках подходят только самые неприхотливые представители.

Здесь выделяют следующие:

- due to the shape of the crown received its share of popularity in growing in suburban areas.

One of the most popular varieties with spherical crown is Danica.

. They prefer to plant it near the arbors or try to dilute the created wood composition. This variety reaches a height of

that makes it attractive in appearance and easy to clean.

Tuya Brabant

- a cone-shaped variety of a plant capable of growing 40 cm in height over the year and increasing in size to 15 cm in diameter. This variety, when grown in the suburban areas of Russia, can reach a height of all

. Therefore, it is used less frequently. Such bushes can be found on the garden plots of elite residences, where the thuja plays the role of a hedge.

Tuya Smaragd

- The same conical shape of the crown attracts most gardeners. Adult bush in diameter reaches

. The crown is quite dense, so it can also be used as a hedge. The presented variety pleases with its longevity - the shrub can grow up to 150 years.

Every species and variety of Tui Deserves attention. They need to be studied because of the need or desire to plant a particular variety in the garden plot. Such actions are necessary for normal and full growth of the plant.

Breeding methods and characteristics of cultivation

Shrubs are grown at home, and only then planted in open ground in the garden.

You can use a simple and easier way - to buy a ready seedling, which is subject to planting immediately after purchase. But self-cultivation is much more interesting.

So, you can grow thuja from seed or from selected cuttings. Detailed consideration awarded both ways.

Growing seedlings from seed

If you are new to gardening, then how to grow thuja from seeds, should be considered in more detail. Seeds of the presented plants can be purchased at a specialty store or obtained independently.

The thuja has lumps that are made of wood, of which seeds are harvested from September to December.

Cones are placed in a ventilated place under diffused light. After some time, they open up, and you can safely remove the seeds.

Further growing seedlings of thuja at home happens as follows:

1. The first method of planting seeds involves the use of a conventional flower pot and soil mixed with peat and humus.

Pre-seeds are aged for 24 hours in a damp rag. Planting seeds deeply should not be done; simply sprinkle them with earth or sawdust.

As required, the planted seeds are watered (with drying out of the soil) and kept under diffused light. It is necessary to plant sprouts with warming up of a soil on a garden site in the spring.

2. The second method of planting seeds germinates about 90%. Here, in September, remove the seeds from the cones and put them in a bag, which should be stored in a cool place until the snow falls.

As soon as the snow completely covers the earthen surface, the seeds are buried in drifts and kept there until spring. In the spring, it is already possible to plant saved seeds of thuja also shallowly in the ground of the garden plot at a distance of 10 cm. It is important to water the garden copiously.

Thus, sprouts are grown for 3 years, taking care of them properly - removing weeds and watering regularly as the soil dries. On the fourth spring, you can plant sprouts in a permanent place.

From the above it becomes clear that such cultivation takes time.

Therefore, gardeners have resorted to the second method of independent cultivation of seedlings using cuttings.

Growing a sapling from a sprig

How to grow a thuja from a sprig, if there is no plant in your garden plot?

In April, when buds ripen on the branches of the plants, visit the fruit nursery or go to visit the neighbors, whose garden is decorated with this unique and interesting shrub. Ask to cut a woody stalk about 40 cm in size.

Then you will need to perform the following actions:

  • Independently divide the cutting into 2-4 copies in such a way that each of them has a part of the maternal cortex.
  • The resulting branches must be treated with any solution that stimulates rooting, and leave them for 12 hours to process.
  • Prepare the soil on the garden plot - add a little peat and sand to the soil.
  • Plant the cuttings into the ground to a depth of no more than 3 cm.
  • The soil should be well moistened, but also do not forget about spraying - this is an important condition in the presented method of growing seedlings. When cuttings take root, watering significantly reduce.
  • For the winter, new mini-bushes are covered with polyethylene, if the landing took place in a region with a harsh climate. In other cases, it will be sufficient to cover with fallen leaves or spruce leaves.

Like reproduction of thuya cuttings can be carried out at home. Branches are planted in a container with the ground and covered with a greenhouse - this action will lead to faster growth.

Just do not forget about the appropriate daily ventilation, watering and spraying until rooting cuttings.

Proper landing and care for thuja in the open field

Planting of a thuja depends on the size of independently grown seedlings. If an acquired plant is planted, it is done according to the following principles:

  1. The place for further growth of thuja should have a favorable effect on the growth of the plant - it is a sunny place, protected from the winds. You should not choose a place on the site that is constantly exposed to direct sunlight - the plant will begin to languish. You also can not plant a shrub in the shade - it will begin to thin.
  2. The dimensions of the excavated pit for disembarkation depend only on the existing root system. The diameter of the pit for planting can reach a meter.
  3. At the bottom of the pit, a layer of stones is laid as a drainage - the represented plant does not tolerate stagnant water.
  4. A layer of soil is laid on top of the stones, where the turf soil, peat and sand are mixed in equal amounts.
  5. Now you should install the seedling so that the root neck is located at ground level.
  6. "Fix" seedling remaining soil or sod land.
  7. After planting, seedlings can be watered with a moderate amount of water.

When planting, observe the distance between the seedlings. Depending on the variety, it can reach from 2 to 5 m. Consider the possible diameter of the shrub variety used.

This is especially necessary if it is meant Tui hedge. In this case, the calculation of the distance goes without taking into account the free space between the future grown bushes.

As for the care of thuja in the open field, the difficulties are not expected. It is important to regularly water the shrub, which is done as the soil dries. Periodically, the soil can be spud, and you must constantly remove the weed.

Plant feeding is carried out in early spring, when snow covers the ground surface. Nitrogen fertilizers are used at this time.

Such procedures are carried out until mid-summer no more than 2 times per month. Next, you should resort to the use of potash fertilizers, feeding them extended until late autumn.

At 2-3 years of life, thuja shrubs may require pruning, the whole principle of which lies in giving an attractive and proper crown for this shrub.

As a rule, in the first years pruning is only preventive in nature. Full formation of the bush is already in adult specimens.

Thuja: home care

In the absence of your own garden plot, you can grow a small miniature tree at home. Thuja in a pot Today it does not seem strange, but quite an adequate solution for those florists who wish to have a coniferous plant in their home.

There are no additional aspects in the care. It is only important to carry out timely watering and provide the plant with fertile and nutritious soil.

For planting the plant at home, choose the eastern thuja and the variety Plankovetochnik. Planting plants for self-growing in a pot is carried out on the same principle as described above.

An exception is the absence of a transfer point to a permanent place - after planting a seed or cutting in a pot with soil, the plant remains in place until fully mature. A small volume of capacity will not allow the shrub to grow as high and wide as possible.

Principle, how to care for thuja at home, concluded in the following order:

  1. Planting plants in a pot requires good drainage at the bottom of the pot. You can use the usual pallet, which also helps to eliminate excess moisture.
  2. The soil can be enriched with useful trace elements by mixing four parts of sod land with two parts of coniferous. A portion of the sand is added to the mixture - the result is a suitable soil for planting seeds or cuttings.
  3. The pot should be placed on the north or west window - this will provide a diffused light suitable for normal growth.
  4. For optimal cultivation, an adult tree is provided with a temperature of 10-15 ° C. In the summer, it is necessary to take the plant pot to the balcony so that it receives its portion of air procedures.
  5. Watering is carried out as needed as soon as the soil dries. It is important to prevent excessive moisture or drying of the soil, all this will lead to the death of the plant.
  6. Thuja can calmly transfer any vagaries of air humidity in the room. However, excessive “air drying” should not be allowed. It is better to maintain a temperate climate relative to the humidity of the air in the room. In the summer in the heat of the plant should be sprayed.
  7. For normal bush formation, the plant is pruned.

When growing Tui, one should not forget about timely feeding with special universal fertilizers, which are carried out in the spring and during the summer for favorable and rapid growth.

From August to September, you can begin reproduction by cutting.

Self-forming bonsai

Surprisingly, some growers give the shape of a bonsai tree to a bushy thuja. Make it easy. It is not enough to simply pinch and trim the plant.

For the formation of bonsai it is necessary to give the shrub an appropriate shape, exposing its branches to a forced change in the direction of growth, slightly cracking them. A bent branch is fixed in a new direction and all branches are cut off.

After some time, the shrub will begin to form in the bonsai tree, where you should monitor the formation of the crown, constantly cutting.

Pay attention to this material - Barberry: planting and care, useful properties.

Conditions of detention

The plant tolerates dry air in the apartment and heat. It is also resistant to direct sunlight and shade. The temperature range for the thuja is very wide, because it can endure even a 30-degree frost. At the same time, the plant feels good in indoor conditions. The only thing that is not recommended is to drastically change the temperature regime. Thuya care completely eliminates draft and strong wind.

To thuja well developed at home, feed her from time to time with mineral and natural organic fertilizers. In the spring - nitrogen supplements, and in the summer in June - potash. If you suspect that thuja does not grow on too rich soil, add phosphate fertilizers to the care.

As for the crown of the plant, you can shape it to your liking: the thuja tolerates pruning without any problems. Be sure to remove dry branches.

How to grow thuja from seeds?

Seeds can be taken directly from the thuja, or rather from the knobs. Cut off the cones in an adult plant with the sprigs on which they grow. At home, put your chopsticks in a warm place. It is recommended that they are not too bright light. Over time, the bumps will dry out and unfold. Then you can get the seeds. Wrap the seeds in a damp cloth and hold them for a day, from time to time sprinkling water on the cloth.

Step-by-step process of planting seeds:

  1. Prepare the tub: pour the substrate into it, and drainage to the bottom.
  2. Water the earth.
  3. Plant one seed in one pot.
  4. Do not bury a seed, but lightly sprinkle it with wet sawdust.
  5. Moisten the soil.

Be patient, as the first shoots will seem in a month. And a full bush of thuja will grow only in 5 years. However, at home, not everyone needs a big bush.

Thuja grows well and develops on fertile soil. Therefore, if possible, add peat and humus to the substrate.

Interestingly, with this type of reproduction, young thuja may show completely different varietal characteristics compared to the parent plant. So, the needles may have a different color: blue or yellow.

Reproduction by cuttings

Growing thuja with seeds is quite difficult and tedious, and care is everyday. Reproduction by cuttings or division is much easier. The stalk should be separated from the parent plant, treated in a chemical solution and immersed in the ground by one and a half cm.

Well, if old wood remains at the base of the shoot. Initially, watering is not recommended: just spray the plant. As soon as the cuttings take root and spreads the root, it needs to be hardened. For this purpose, first start a longer airing the room, and then you can put the pot in a more ventilated room.

Plant care includes transplanting to a larger pot. For a young thuja, the following earthen mixture is suitable: four parts of leafy earth, two parts of coniferous earth, and one part of sand. If the plant is already old enough, it is necessary to use one part of peat, one part of sod land and 0.5 part of sand. However, you should cross the plant with an earthy ball.

The temperature during the transplant at home should be warm: + 20 + 23 degrees. Immediately after transshipment, do not leave the plant in direct sunlight. Regularly spray the crown of the spray gun, but do not get too carried away.

Tui diseases and pests

The pests most commonly affecting the thuya are:

Because of aphids, the plant can turn yellow very quickly. You can get rid of it with the help of decis. Simply spray them with a plant.

Shchitovka harms not only the needles, but also cones. Luboed has a devastating effect on wood, forming passages in the bark. Timber can be found through round holes in the bark of the plant. The walls of the holes are usually black. Insect control measures include insecticide spraying. It is advisable to do this at an early stage of a lesion.

At home, thuja can become infected with a fungus. This disease affects the crown of the plant. To combat the initial stage should use karbofos. Treat thuyu several times until she recovers.

Of course, in a street plant the susceptibility to diseases is much higher, but you should also keep an eye on the home thuy.

In general, home care for thuja at home is simple and elementary. Therefore, this plant is suitable for those who do not want to spend too much time on cultivation.

Tuya or Thuya (Thuja, Tree of Life, Northern Cypress) from the family of Cypress (Cupressaceae) includes 4 species of gymnosperm evergreen coniferous shrubs and short trees. We have widespread as a hedge along the fenced areas, and is also often used for the formation of landscape design, for the decoration of alpine slides and rockeries. But some fans of indoor plants grow thuja at home, care for which does not require special knowledge and skills. A photo of a room thuja in a pot and tips for home care for a conifer tree can be found later in this article.

With the help of regular formative pruning, you can change the appearance of the tree. In spite of the fact that thuja belongs to coniferous plants, the crown is formed not by needles on the branches, but crosswise opposite scaly leaves, consisting of flat scales lying on each other. The “flowering” (dusting) period usually begins in the autumn: a flower bud appears from the leaf axils on the tops of the lateral shoots, and then a “flower” blooms (a yellowish female spike appears in the upper part of the crown and a brownish male spike appears in the lower part) . Then, oval-shaped cones form among the scaly leaves, after ripening of which seeds appear with narrow wings under the scales.

If you saw a thuja in a pot on the floor or on the window sill of a dwelling, then, most likely, this is Thuja eastern (Thuja orientalis, Platicladus, Ploskovetochnik, Biota). It is an evergreen shrub with sprawling branches, flat scaly leaves of silver-motley color and oblong cones, bent downwards. The usual form of the thuja is eastern pyramidal, but with the help of trimming and pinching you can give the crown the desired look. Some craftsmen form a thuja in a pot tree in the form of a topiary or bonsai. To do this, the trunk and branches must be bent and fixed almost on the verge of breaking, so that in combination with the correct pruning and timely nipping of young shoots, a very beautiful bonsai will turn out. Formed ornamental tree of coniferous thuja will be interesting to look in an ensemble with such blooming bonsai trees as indoor azalea, fuchsia, hibiscus, Chinese rose.

— фото: бонсай из туиНадо сразу оговориться, что горшечной туи, как специально выведенной селекционерами комнатной разновидности, не существует. В домашних условиях лучше всего приживается восточная туя или Плосковеточник, о котором мы упомянули выше. Care for this unpretentious type of coniferous plants is very simple and grows an elegant dwarf tree at home to miniature size. Phytodesigners create interior decoration is very interesting composition of flowering potted plants on the background of evergreen arborvitae, choosing such decorative potted flowers like orchids phalaenopsis and dendrobium, begonia tuber, Cyclamen persicum, gerbera with bright flowers, daisies, miniature Hydrangea, Impatiens New Guinea, clerodendrum Thompson . And in gardening and for landscape design, such types of thuya as T. western, T. Korean, T. Japanese, T. folded are most suitable.

- Photo: Thuja Oriental in a pot. What is interesting, Buddhist philosophy refers to plants that contribute to longevity and the restoration of vital energy. And some designers use thuja in a pot for the symbolic organization of housing space according to feng shui, along with such indoor plants as homemade violets of Saintpaulia, outside the tree tulip Dollar tree, gloxinia with very bright flowers, and Crassula Money Tree. In addition, indoor thuja exudes a very delicate aroma, resembling the pleasant smell of fir resin, which will not leave anyone indifferent.

By the way, this coniferous plant has very effective healing properties. It is recommended to grow thuja at home for people suffering from various respiratory diseases. Along with such popular indoor plants as dieffenbachia and home chrysanthemums, grown in a thuja pot enriches the space of the room with useful essential oils and volatile secretions - phytoncides. These substances purify the air from pathogenic microbes, dust and calm the nervous system. The coniferous smell of thuja helps to restore emotional and physical fatigue after a hard working day, effectively relieves stress.

Thuja extract is widely used in perfumery to create useful cosmetics, as well as used in traditional and traditional medicine for the preparation of effective medicines. Funds that have in their composition an extract of thuja, have different healing properties (today there are tonic, antimicrobial, anticancer, expectorant, hemostatic, anti-inflammatory, diuretic drugs). From chopped needles, thuja make various decoctions and infusions. There are many popular recipes for the preparation of therapeutic antiseptics against pigment spots, warts, papillomas, blackheads on the skin. Medicines with Tui extract as part of the treatment of adenoids in children and acute respiratory viral infections, as well as cervical erosion, cystitis, trichomonas colpitis. Thuja can compete for the status of "the best home doctor" with such well-known indoor medicinal plants, such as aloe vera or Stoletnik, Kalanchoe curative, Benjamin's ficus, geranium pelargonium, jasmine-shaped gardenia, myrtle tree, roomworm, primrose Primrose.

► RECIPES: DOSES AND BREADS FROM THE NEEDLE TUI.

♦ WHAT IS IMPORTANT!Location and lighting.Direct sunlight can cause burns on the delicate scaly leaves of the thuja. At home, under the bright rays of the sun the leaves turn yellow and fall off. It is best to place a pot with a coniferous plant in partial shade, with indirect diffused lighting in the daytime. You can put the pot on the floor stand next to the window on the north side of the room. If pritenyat window glass on hot summer days, the thuja will feel comfortable on a dais near the western or eastern window.

Temperature mode.In spring and summer, you can take home thuja to a balcony, loggia or garden to a shaded place. The optimum temperature is 18-24 ° C. In winter, it is necessary to keep the pot with thuja away from heating devices, it is best to place the plant on the glazed loggia. It is desirable that in winter the temperature does not rise above 14-16 ° C.

Air humidity.Moderate or slightly elevated level of humidity (40-60%). If the air in the room is too dry (summer heat, the heating system is working), be sure to spray a coniferous plant from a spray bottle with warm soft water.


Watering.
Use for irrigation warm, separated water. It is recommended to observe a moderate irrigation regime (several times a week). Over-wetting the soil should not be, but drying out the soil is also detrimental to the thuja.

Mixing and feeding.For planting a young plant, you can make an earthy mixture of coniferous earth. leafy ground and coarse sand in a ratio of 2: 4: 1, and for an adult - turfy ground, peat and sand in a ratio of 2: 2: 1.

For fertilizing, you can use complex organic and mineral fertilizers for coniferous plants (in half dose). In summer, the thuja most of all needs potash fertilizers, and in the spring - in nitrogen fertilizers (for adult plants, you can add a little phosphate fertilizers). Feed should be no more than 2 times a month. In winter, fertilizer is not required.

Transfer.The roots of conifers are quite long. For planting Tui choose a high, but not very wide pot. At the bottom of the pot should be poured drainage layer of broken bricks or tiles. The young plant is transplanted annually, and the adult - once every two years. Landing is carried out by transshipment along with an earthy ball.

Reproduction.You can propagate thugs cuttings, layering and seeds. At home, the plant is usually propagated by cutting. Stalk length of 10-12 cm gently separated by shears or a sharp knife from an adult plant. Place the cut on the handle should be treated with a root stimulator. Then you need to deepen the stalk a few centimeters in the ground and put the container in a warm place and often ventilate the room. Instead of watering, spray the cutting with water from a spray bottle. When the cutting has taken root, it can be transplanted into a suitable pot.

♦ MINIATURE TUI TO DECORATE ROCARIA OR ALPINARIA. PHOTOS OF VARIETIES:

♦ VIDEO. HOW TO CARE FOR THUEY AT HOME:Helpful tips for room thuja care:

Growing western Dani Tui at home:

Dear friends ! Please share in the Comments your experience growing home tui. If you have any photos or video materials, we will be happy to post them on our website - email address: This e-mail address is protected from spam bots, you need to have Javascript enabled to view it.

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