Thyroid pelmophyllum, or Darmer, was found in our country relatively recently. The overseas plant immediately managed to appreciate landscape designers, since the thyroid Darmer is distinguished by unpretentiousness, it tolerates winter frosts well. In addition, peltifillum is not only flowering, but also an ornamental deciduous plant. What is the thyroid darmer (photos of leaves and flowers are presented below in the article)? How to grow this unusual plant on your site?
The peculiarity of peltifillum is that during the spring and summer its appearance changes noticeably. A flower appears first: the darmer of the thyroid blooms rather early, around the end of April or the beginning of May. On high peduncles reddish-brown shade lush spherical inflorescences, consisting of small pinkish flowers. Plants in this period reach a height of 50 cm to a meter. At the same time, the leaves are practically invisible - they grow after the thyroid darmer begins to bloom.
The leaves of the plant are rounded, with large finger-like veins, and under favorable conditions they grow in high, lush shrubs. At the same time, the diameter of each leaf can reach from 50 to 90 cm. The exception is the miniature variety Nanum, whose leaves do not grow more than 45 cm.
The color of the “summer” peltifillum is saturated green in shaded areas or pale green if the darmer grows under the open sun. In the fall, the leaves of the shrub change color, acquiring a red-crimson hue with splashes of yellow or orange. In this form, the thyroid decorates the garden until the first frost.
How to choose a suitable place in the garden?
Choose a site where the thyroid darmer will feel most comfortable, should be based on the natural habitat conditions of the shrub. This delicate flower hails from the west coast of the United States, namely from the mountains of California and Oregon. Most often peltifillum occurs on the banks of clean water bodies, rivers and lakes. For this reason, it is considered an ideal plant for decorating a pond in a garden plot.
If there is no open water source at the site, peltifillum will need regular abundant watering. It is also important that water does not stagnate, otherwise the root of the plant will quickly rot. Therefore, the place on which peltifillum will land should be well ventilated and ensure adequate flow of irrigation water.
In addition to a large amount of moisture, the successful growth of the bush depends on solar lighting. Darmer thyroid can grow in the shade and in direct sunlight, but in the latter case, strong lighting leads to the fact that the leaves and flowers grow smaller.
The peltifillum needs a lot of sunlight only in spring, when the inflorescences are formed, so a good neighborhood for darmer will be the proximity of broad-leaved shrubs or trees whose leaves will be covered from the sun only in summer. In addition to shrubs and trees, peltifillum feels good in tandem with shade-loving perennial plants such as the host, roger, anemone and others.
What other conditions should be created in order for a thyroid darmer to take root in the garden plot? Planting and caring for this plant begins with soil preparation and fertilization. Under natural conditions, the plant grows luxuriantly on slightly sour, loose soil. You can create a similar environment with the help of a substrate with a PH level from 5 to 7. The plant will also take root well in a mixture of garden soil and soil from the forest. Before planting plants in the soil are organic fertilizers.
Darmer can be propagated by two simple methods: separation of rhizomes or seeds. Before planting seed into the soil, it will be necessary to carry out a preliminary stratification, that is, to maintain in a humid environment at a sufficiently cool temperature of +4. +6 o C for three or four weeks.
Vegetative (root) reproduction is much easier. Peltifillum has a pivotal rhizome, which grows over several years and begins to produce additional viable roots. In order to reproduce the darmer shrub, the plant should be dug out, the rhizome should be divided and kept in a solution of the fungicide preparation for two hours. Next, the plant is planted in the prepared fertilized soil. The advantage of this method is that the plant planted in autumn will be fully blooming next spring.
Frequent and regular watering is an important condition for the normal growth of a moisture-loving Darmer. When watering, as already mentioned, it is important to prevent water from stagnating to avoid rot or mold.
Fertilizing organic fertilizer and mineral fertilizers is required to carry out regularly, from early spring to autumn. It is enough to water the plant with liquid mineral fertilizer at least once a month. Liquid organic matter, if necessary, can be made more often - once every two weeks. During active development and growth, from the day of germination to the beginning of flowering, darmer needs additional fertilizing with dry organic fertilizers. For these purposes, both commercial mixes and natural fertilizers are suitable: dry chicken manure, deciduous humus, dried manure.
Wintering plants, extra care
Darmer can well winter in the ground if it is protected from frost in a timely manner. To do this, cut the above-ground part, mulch the root part with a layer of compost and carefully cover the plant with dry sawdust, straw or a layer of fallen leaves. At low temperatures, it is recommended to additionally cover Darmer with a layer of snow.
In the spring, after removing the top layer, peltifillum should be watered with any fungicide preparation. Additionally, the treatment of dharmer from pests or diseases of the flora is not required.
Darmer's leaves are really very good: large, up to fifty centimeters in diameter, rounded, with a green veining and funnel-shaped tapering to the center - they sit in thick, durable greenish-brown petioles up to one hundred centimeters.
From the side, the leaves are similar to a wide glass, and this comparison is especially justified after rain, when water accumulates in the funnel. The British Darmer called an umbrella plant.
But the botanists who described peltifillum had completely different associations, because the name they gave him sounds like a shield sheet, because the word pelte is translated from the Greek as a shield, and phyllon means a sheet. Peltifillum thyroid is the only representative of its kind, which belongs to the stone-helm family.
Darmer's foliage is especially good in the autumn period, when its leaves change their green color to a bright range of warm tones that persists until frost.
Under the canopy of leaves and a small layer of soil near the peltifillum, there is a powerful, rather thick, four to six centimeters in diameter, a knotty rhizome with dark green buds that often reaches the surface of the soil.
In the spring, in April, even before the leaves blooming, or at their very appearance, a tall, up to seventy centimeters, covered with a white fuzzy spike, rapidly grows from the rhizome.
Numerous pink buds are replaced by small flowers of light pink color, gathered in a spectacular shield with a diameter of about twelve centimeters. It blooms darmer for twelve to eighteen days. After flowering, seeds are sometimes tied, which ripen in June.
In the culture there are also white-flowered and undersized forms of thyroid peltifillum, which is only forty centimeters high.
Darmer Thyroid Fit and Care
The thyroid Darmer is still infrequently found in the collections of flower growers, but in vain, because the plant does not have a particularly capricious character. Perhaps, the increased water-loving capacity of the plant, because it grows palifillum in its homeland, in the mountainous regions of western North America, along the banks of streams, hinders its spread in the gardens of florists.
Therefore, in the garden damer should be planted on the shore of a reservoir or on areas with loose, moist and fairly fertile soil, slightly acidic or neutral.
To illuminate peltifillum, as I noted, is undemanding. In the literature about him write more as a plant for shady places. In my area darmer grows in the light and feels wonderful. Even the recent cold winter period, she suffered without shelter, although it blossomed later - in early May.
Darmer plant propagation by vegetatively and seed
Darmer is propagated mainly by the vegetative method - segments of rhizomes in the spring, preferably before the leaves grow back, or in the autumn. Already in the second year, young plants become quite decorative.
It is quite possible reproduction of peltifillum and seeds that are sown under the winter period or stratified before sowing. Seedlings, however, grow slowly.
Darmer - very exotic, spectacular perennial plant. It looks great in a single planting and can create a spectacular dense cover of leaf masay on a large area.
In addition, peltifillum is beautifully combined with many other plants, such as Rogers, meadowsweet, host, Chistera, Siberian Iris, and false airoid, effectively looks with many shrubs, especially purple foliage.
Darmera (Darmera), or peltifillum thyroid (Peltiphyllum Peltatum), is an unpretentious, winter-hardy perennial belonging to the Kamenelomkovy family. In natural conditions, the plant lives on the banks of streams and streams of mountainous areas in the west of North America. The root system of the Darmer is pivotal, with age it develops a long, thick rhizome that can crawl along the soil surface.
Flowers appear in spring right from the bare ground. They are collected in corymbose inflorescence pale pink shade. Large leaves on strong long petioles are shown only after flowering. They are rounded, emerald in color, with relief veins, wavy edge of up to 1 m. Sturdy and thin petioles can reach a height of 1.5 m. Leaf plates form a funnel in the center, collecting water during rain and watering. In autumn, they are painted in bright reddish-crimson tones, transforming the surrounding landscape, which is literally transformed into a colorful and cheerful one from the sadly faded.
Growing darmer in the garden
How to plant a photo darmer
The gentle leaves of the Darmer do not tolerate the sun's rays very well - the most suitable place for it will be under the crown of a large tree, close to buildings and fences that partially cover it from the sun's rays, and it, in turn, serves as a screen for unsightly sites. Darmer can live in a sunny place, while losing a little its appeal.
When planting, take into account the size of the plant - due to the huge leaves of dharmer takes up a lot of space, leave it more space, about a meter or two in diameter. It is best to use it as a tapeworm.
Watering and soil
It is undemanding to the quality of the soil, but it grows and develops much faster on loose, fertile, moisture-containing soils. It feels good darmer on the coast of ponds and artificial ponds.
Water the flower regularly, richly moistening the ground. She likes the humid atmosphere around her - you can place the plant near a reservoir or a container with water for irrigation. If the ends of the leaf plates of the darmers dry up, which often occurs in an open, sunny place, irrigate the plant more often from a watering can or place a container of water near it.
Feed once a month with liquid complex fertilizer or infusion of mullein. Dry manure can be used as a fertilizer, mulching the soil around the flowers. If you plant a lot of organic matter made - you can not do top dressing. It will be sufficient in the spring to spray adult specimens with ammonia water to build up green mass. To do this, 2 tablespoons of ammonia stirred in 10 liters of water - this solution is poured directly from the watering can.
Preparing for the winter
The flower requires shelter for the winter. For this fit dry straw, sawdust, fallen leaves. If the snow cover is not high, you can additionally pour a snow drift on top.
Often, the peduncles are damaged by late return frosts, in order to prevent this from happening, it is worthwhile to arrange a light cover of nonwoven material.
Darmer is practically not subject to diseases and attacks of pests. Periodically use soap solution for prophylaxis.
Growing Darmer seed
Durmera seed Seed shoots
Seed method is the most time consuming and lengthy. Seeds before planting are stratified - kept in a wetted state for a month or two in the refrigerator or under the snow.
- Sowing is carried out in a container with a transparent lid, filled with a loose substrate.
- Until germination it is kept in a warm dark place.
- Shoots do not appear simultaneously after a week or two. When sprouts appear, the container is moved to a northern window sill with diffused light.
- Care is a regular abundant watering, as dahmer moisture-loving plant.
- At first, sprouts develop slowly, be patient.
- When the first true leaves appear, copy the plants into separate cups 10 cm in diameter.
- 10 days after transplanting, feed the plants with complex fertilizers for flowering plants to stimulate the development of the vegetative mass.
- In the fall, seedlings can be planted in a permanent place.
Seedlings darmers photo
2-3 years will require seedlings to achieve full decoration, but the efforts of the grower are worth it!
Breeding darmer by dividing the bush
The vegetative breeding method of darmer is the most common and does not require special knowledge. To propagate the darmer by dividing the bush (segments of rhizomes) in early spring, the root is neatly divided into parts, each of which must contain buds. The cut parts of the rhizome are dried for an hour and powdered with ashes. The soil is pre-filled with organic. With this reproduction, the darmer will bloom next year and will decorate your site to the fullest extent.
Darmer in landscape design With what to combine
Darmer's landscape design photo in the garden
Darmera feels great surrounded by ferns, host, Rodgers. Looks great in splendid isolation against a lawn or near a pond. This exotic, rare, decoratively stable perennial with beautiful leaves successfully grows, develops, pleases flower growers for many years.
Darmer and the hosts in the design of the garden photo
Having spent a minimum of effort in caring for this wonder, you will get a luxurious shrub that delivers a lot of positive emotions when contemplating it.
Darmera in garden design photo
They grow Darmer and as a container plant decorating gazebos, space under sheds, near houses, on terraces. High powerful leaves sometimes look more exotic than palm trees.
Thyroid dharmer or, as they also call this flower, thyroid peltifillum is becoming more and more popular with flower growers, thanks to its decorative leaves and spectacular high peduncles, as well as the ability to modify the color of the leaves in different periods of the year.
- Darmer - herbaceous perennial, belongs to the stone-hemlock family. The homeland of this plant is considered to be the forests of America, from where many popular flowers and shrubs originated, which later cultivated and took a firm place in our gardens and flower beds.
- This plant is used actively in landscape design. In a single copy, the flower looks just fabulous thanks to the huge leaves and delicate flowering.
- The sheet plates at Darmer are very large, can reach in diameter from 70 cm to one meter. They have a rounded funnel shape, the edges are serrated along the entire perimeter. From Greek, the name of the flower is translated as “leaf - shield”. And indeed, especially in autumn, huge sheets of warm colors look beautiful against the rest of the garden flowers.
- The root system in the form of a rod and nodular, in diameter from 4 cm to 6 cm. During active growth, it develops root shoots, with which you can propagate darmer. It has dark greenish buds. Sometimes a part of a knotted rhizomes emerges from the ground layer under the soil layer.
- Peduncles stretched high above the leaves (length reaches 70 cm) and have a bare stem of a dark brown shade, slightly pubescent with white fibers. The peculiarity is that the peduncle grows in early spring, in April, before the young leaves bloom.
- Цветки мелкие, на верхушке цветоносов собираются в метелки, напоминающие пушистые шары. Цветовая гамма меняется с ярко — розового до нежных розовато — белых тонов. Диаметр цветка около 12 см. Цветет растение недолго: 2 — 3 недели, а в июне иногда вызревают семена.
- In the flower beds and gardens you can also find a low-growing view of thyroid peltifillum, whose height is only about 40 cm. You can also find a bush with white flowering.
Given the changes in the color of the leaves, you should skillfully use this feature of the plant in landscape design. It also looks very impressive darmer against the background of blue water, if you put it near an artificial reservoir.
Site Selection and Landing
Darmer is an unpretentious plant, but so far it is not often seen in gardens and flower beds in our region. Maybe because she loves humid air, as well as fertile, loose soil. Under natural conditions, peltifillum often grows on the banks of streams and reservoirs.
- The plant should be planted in places where the humidity is slightly above normal. It is necessary that the area where it grows is well ventilated.
- Darmer does not like direct sunlight, so it is better to plant it in places shaded or partial shade. Under the scorching sun, gorgeous foliage completely loses its appearance, leaf plates grow dull and dry at the edges. Therefore, the best place for active growth and a normal healthy species - partial shade near the water.
- The composition of the soil darmer almost indifferent - can grow almost anywhere. But the most comfortable is still the slightly acidic or neutral soil, fertile and well loosened. The plant does not tolerate dryness of the soil.
- Before planting, it is advisable to prepare the following soil mixture: 2 parts of garden loamy earth, 1 part of river sand, 1 part of peat, 70 - 80 grams of universal fertilizer.
The ingredients must be well mixed, and the fertilizer added last, just before planting.
The plant will take root well and will please with lush foliage for a long time, if you use two main methods to multiply it:
Both are different from each other, but the result is excellent - in time the peltifillum will delight you with its extraordinary leaves and beautiful flowering. Consider in more detail.
The most difficult and is used mainly for breeding. But still, if you decide to try, the one hundred percent result is not guaranteed. In case of a successful planting, the flowering of the bush can be seen only after a few years, because seed reproduction is a long process.
- Seed material should be determined before planting for a month in a dark, cool place where the air temperature does not exceed +5 degrees. Humidity should be high.
- After the seeds undergo the process of stratification (cold hardening before planting), the seed material is planted in a previously prepared container. The soil is recommended light, loose, well-fertilized and hydrated.
- When the first shoots appear, and this does not happen so quickly, the young shoots are transplanted into the open ground, to a permanent place.
- Land before planting requires a little preparation: clean from weeds, well loosen and feed. Even in the most favorable conditions you can see a full-fledged flowering bush only in 3 - 4 years.
This method is complicated by the fact that throughout the process it is necessary to constantly maintain the desired humidity of both air and soil. Only under this condition, a positive result is guaranteed.
This method is much easier and more popular, so experienced growers are advised to use it. Here is a step by step instruction:
- In spring or autumn, the selected root of an adult plant (at least 4 - 5 years) is divided into several parts. On each must be dormant buds in an amount of 2 - 3 pieces.
- The separated parts of the root system need to be dipped for 2 hours in the solution with the fungicide before the planting. So you protect the plant from fungal infections.
- Some flower growers additionally dip the roots in the clay mash.
- A layer of manure should be placed in the prepared pit at the bottom, on which organic fertilizer in the form of foliage, straw or sawdust lies.
- Roots should be planted in the next layer, consisting of garden soil and humus. Lastly, water well.
It is better for young Darmer to be planted in the shade of adult spreading trees or bushes; in the first year of life, direct sunshine is of no use to it. So the plant adapts better and grows faster.
Once a successful landing has been accomplished, the next step is proper care. Only a few rules should be followed, and the plant will successfully grow in the place of your choice.
- It should be watered in moderation, as darmera likes moisture, but marshland with stagnant water can just do harm. To prevent this from happening, you can insure yourself by using a drainage layer. So moisture will be moderate, and the root will be well ventilated and receive the right amount of oxygen.
- It is recommended to distribute a layer of mulch or peat near the root on the surface of the soil, so the necessary moisture will not evaporate.
- After moistening the soil, it will not be superfluous to loosen it, which will provide the necessary ventilation.
- Peltifillum thyroid practically does not need fertilizers. You can feed only twice in the first year of life: in the process of planting we introduce organic fertilizers, in subsequent years we can limit ourselves to the introduction of only nitrogen-containing fertilizers in the spring. This will help the plant to grow better and grow actively.
- It will not be superfluous to water the spring darmer with a solution of a fungicide that will help fight pests and various diseases.
Diseases and pests
If preventive measures have not been taken, the plant may be attacked by pests or become ill. The main infections affecting Darmer are: heart-shaped or bacterial rot, Septoria, Fusarium. In this case, the plant is either completely destroyed or treated with chemicals.
Folk remedies can also be used: formalin and potassium permanganate solutions, as well as decoctions of tomato tops, garlic and ammonia, with a pungent smell. They are able to repel pests and insects.
Preparing for the winter
Darmer is not very resistant to cold weather plants, so even in late autumn you should prepare for the frosty winter. It is best to cover the plant for the winter with fallen leaves, sawdust or straw. If winter is snowy, then snow is poured from above.
Darmer's thyroid and its place in the garden
The plant is definitely exotic and unusual. It is able to decorate and diversify any area. Looks great in the shade of tall trees or bushes. As well as good neighbors can be called groundwort, anemone autumn and spring, rogers, host, mountain woman, swimsuit, anemone and other perennials.
The thyroid darmer belongs to the huge family of stone-hemmedae. This is not the only name for this beautiful plant.
John Tori gave the name - thyroid stone-cat, and naturalist A. Kellog peltifillum thyroid. Recently, many gardeners began to grow thyroid dormer in many regions of Russia.
In the wild, the plant is found in North America and the Caucasus. Mountain plains and rocky slopes are a natural habitat of culture. Plants are found at an altitude of 2 thousand meters.
Peltifillum thyroid prefer fertile soil rich in humus. Acidity of the soil for landing, should be slightly increased. In addition, the soil must be drained to avoid moisture stagnation, but at the same time well hydrated. There is one secret - to increase the soil moisture, you can plant plants near the reservoir.
An important feature of the plant is that it feels great not only in sunny areas, but also in partial shade. Therefore darmer can be planted in the shade of trees and buildings.
The rhizome of the plant is rod-shaped and as the shrub grows, the root system forms many lateral processes. The leaves are round, visually resembling a shield, which gave the name to the plant. Leaf sizes vary from 8 to 11 cm. Leaf stalks are long and thin, 1.5–2 cm long. The inflorescences of the thyroid Darmer have a delicate pink shade and are arranged in buds, shaped like an umbrella. Flowering culture occurs in the spring. The shoots on which the inflorescences are located can reach more than 2 m in length.
Rules of cultivation peltifillum thyroid
Due to the fact that the thyroid Darmer recently started growing and cultivating in Russia, not all gardeners and summer residents have fully mastered the skills of growing this plant. The basic rules for growing and caring for this beautiful plant include the following:
Darmer is quite unpretentious to light, so it grows well in sunny areas, in partial shade, as well as in the shade.
On this basis, decorative culture can be planted in areas hiding under the wide branches of large trees. Still, the best conditions for planting will be a plot with diffused light, for example, located next to coniferous trees or deciduous shrubs. Due to this, in early spring, namely during the period when the bush is in dire need of a large amount of sunlight, there will be no obstacles for the process. At the same time, in summer, when the leaves appear on the shoots, the plant will be protected from the destructive solar radiation.
The plant grows beautifully on moist soils, for which the beds in which the thyroid darmer are planted should be regularly moistened. But you should also avoid stagnant moisture near the rhizome, because the stagnation of moisture leads to the formation of rot around the root system of the plant. The soil where it is planned to plant an ornamental plant should be neutral or slightly acidic. If you want to increase the fertility of the soil, it should be supplemented with mineral or organic fertilizers and dressings.
Care of thyroid peltifillum
Care does not require much physical effort. There are a number of special rules, adhering to which a darmer will be a wonderful decoration of your summer cottage.
- Place of planting decorative culture requires timely watering.
- In no case do not allow the stagnation of moisture near the rhizome.
- The soil around the plants should be regularly loosened, especially after rain.
- Periodic fertilization of the soil with mineral or organic fertilizers (manure, humus, droppings, compost) is required.
Top dressing in liquid form is applied no more than once a month, while dry chemical mixtures are applied once at the end of March. The gardener should remember that the thyroid darmer plants are not winter-hardy, so the seedlings must be covered before the first frosts occur. Sawdust, straw or dry foliage are well suited as a natural shelter.
Pests and diseases
Like many other ornamental crops, the thyroid darmer is also susceptible to many diseases and the negative effects of pests. With proper care, the thyroid is almost not sick, but if some mistakes were made in preparing the soil or watering, then the disease can catch unnoticed and destroy not only individual plants, but also the whole flower garden. Further, the most common diseases are listed.
Fusarium - severe mycotic disease affecting plants of all ages. The activity of the fungus mainly falls on the period of flowering and budding. The fungus settles in the roots and begins to spread through the leaves and stems of the plant, causing wilting and further death of the plant. Most often the disease occurs in clay soils. The disease is almost not treated, so when the first symptoms appear, the diseased plant should be destroyed. For the prevention of disease should be treated planting material with 0.5% solution of potassium permanganate or 0.04% formalin solution.
Septoria also a viscose-type fungal disease. A sign and the main symptom of the disease is the presence of brown or yellow spots on the leaves of the plant during the budding and flowering period. Over time, the disease causes the leaves to dry out, and flowering is impossible due to the dystrophic disease of the bud. And also, as in the case of Fusarium, the plant is completely removed from the flower bed, and the planting site is treated with acidic copper.
Bacterial rot - manifested by weak flowering, drying of leaves and shoots, as well as wilting of the plant. The rhizome of an infected plant is affected by rotten patches with a very sharp and unpleasant odor. If you do not fight against pathogenic bacteria, they can remain in the ground for 5 years, so the fight against bacteria is important not only for current plants, but also for future plantings. To combat bacteria, the soil is treated with a solution of formalin and potassium permanganate.
When buying planting material should pay attention to the rhizome, because it is infected rhizomes during planting, are the main distributors of the disease in the flowerbed.
Spring may appear heart rot. In this disease, the symptoms are deformed shoots, as well as asymmetric leaves. In wet weather, the gardener may notice a gray, fluffy mold on the plant's tissues. The infection can be in the soil for more than 7 years and cause a lot of trouble for gardeners, not only when breeding dormiers, but also other flower crops. In this disease, infected soil is treated with insecticides - this is the only way to remove heart-shaped rot from the soil at the site.
Using darmer thyroid in landscape design
Most gardeners and gardeners use dormer for decorating suburban areas, flower beds and fazend. Now it is very popular and valued as a decorative and floral. A very common combination is the thyroid Darmer, along with coniferous plants (thuja, pine and spruce), for example, on the banks of artificial reservoirs and all the same alpine hills.
Due to its large size, dormer can occupy a large area in the summer cottage or flower bed. The particular beauty of the plant is the leaves, which in the middle of autumn reach the maximum size. The leaves have an interesting color, which is represented by shades of red, yellow, orange and crimson. The leaves are preserved until the first frost and thanks to this they maintain the pomp and beauty of the flower garden or flower bed, even when many plants have already bloomed and removed.
What is peltifillum
In the forests of America grows many species of plants, which are now cultivated, and are used to decorate gardens and parks, artificial ponds and garden plots. These plants include thyroid peltifillum.
Many designers engaged in the construction of landscapes, prefer to plant them along the banks of ponds and lakes, built artificially. This plant loves a humid climate, but does not tolerate stagnant moisture in the root system, since its roots quickly rot and the plant dies.
Brief description of Darmer
The structure of peltifillum is very original, it is very different from the usual garden herbaceous plants, you can see this by looking at the photo:
- peduncles - brownish, long and bare, with a slight hairy covering,
- flowers - small, collected at the end of peduncles in a spherical bushy whisk,
- leaves - round, jagged around the circumference, funnel-shaped and huge, can reach a diameter of 1 meter:
- root - has a core form, as it grows, acquires viable processes with which it multiplies.
In the spring, a moisture-loving plant primarily forms flower stalks and flowers, and upon completion of flowering, it begins to grow the grassy part, namely, unusually large leaves. Closer to autumn, the leaves change their color from rich green to orange, red or brown shades. Streaks on the leaves remain green, it creates a unique contrast, the plant goes into a new, modified phase, creates a different combination with the colors of the garden. Decorators should take into account such nuances and skillfully combine them when designing the site.
Choosing a place to land
Around the reservoirs dhomer feels great if, moreover, the area is well blown by the wind and sufficiently illuminated by the sun's rays. The soil should be well fertilized, loose, with air access to the root system. Young plants should be pritenyat if they are planted on the sunny side. Mature plants also tolerate shade barriers if plantings are under large trees, and in the mornings cover the dharmer from the scorching sun rays.
Peltifillium is a plant that requires a lot of moisture, if it is planted away from a water source, regular and abundant watering will become the main care. The main thing is to ensure a good outflow of excess water from the roots. In addition to watering, the plant requires:
- constant soil loosening
- pruning dry leaves and stalks:
- thinning bushes
- fertilizer and feeding.
Attention! In addition to fulfilling all the conditions listed above, it is necessary to take emergency measures to combat pests and diseases if the plant has been attacked.
How to water, fertilize and feed Darmer
- Полив необходимо проводить часто, особенно во время активного образования листьев, то есть, с момента прекращения цветения поливают его не реже 2-х раз в неделю. Вырастая, листья испаряют влагу еще быстрее. At this time, darmer need to be watered every other day and shade the plant.
- Fertilizer is applied in spring and autumn, during the growing season, fertilizing is done 2-3 times with organic matter and mineral fertilizers (humus, dry chicken or cow dung).
What are the methods of breeding peltifillum
Thyme darmer is propagated by seed and root division. During seed reproduction, it takes at least 3 years to get a quality seedling, seeds are first kept for about a month in a moist environment, then planted in separate containers with a wet substrate, it takes several weeks before the first sprout emerges from the seed. It is important to maintain a constant level of humidity in the pot and in the air. This method is very complicated.
Root division is the simplest and most popular breeding method for darmers:
- in spring or autumn, an adult plant (4-5 years old) is dug out, the roots are cleared of soil, washed and divided into several parts with 2-3 root processes,
- all parts are placed in a solution of a fungicide, kept for about an hour for prevention from diseases and pests,
- dip the roots in the clay mash for 3 minutes, dry in the air,
- plants are planted in prepared pits or trenches, they are added dropwise with earth, they are watered and mulched.
Attention! The plant of the first year of life necessarily pritenyuyut, or planted in the shade of large bushes and trees, followed by transplanting to a permanent place.
What diseases and harmful insects are dangerous for peltifillium
Fungal diseases: Fusarium, Septoria, bacterial or heart rot affect the plant, if preventive measures have not been observed, or it has not received proper care. The main measures in the fight against such diseases is the timely destruction of the diseased darmer or the treatment of the bushes with chemical preparations, a solution of potassium permanganate or formalin.
Scare away pests by using environmentally friendly substances. From folk remedies it can be decoctions and tinctures with a pungent smell (liquid ammonia, garlic, tomato tops).
The landscape of reservoirs: the combination of darmers with other herbs and flowers
At the beginning of the article we already mentioned that designers are happy to decorate these gardens and the shores of artificial reservoirs with a beautiful plant. It can be combined in the landscape with many plants, it adds a touch of exotic to our European backyard areas.
It is possible to land peltifillium with other shade-loving cultures:
- anemone of autumn and spring,
- host and meadowsweet,
- goryankami, bathing and bathing.
Experienced designers so skillfully combine these wonderful plants, which captures the spirit of the contemplation of beauty, elegance and originality of every corner of the garden.
How it looks and where it grows wild
Thyme darmer belongs to the herbaceous family Kamenelomkovye, is a wild-growing perennial with a strong and knotty root system. The leaves of the plant are rather large and basal, located on thick petioles, have a rounded, notched shape at the edges (about 50 cm in diameter), and the peduncle is not only slightly larger in size (60 cm long), but also grows relatively earlier than the leaves themselves.
Flowers in peltifillum are the very part that gives it its main attractiveness and decorativeness; they are gathered in corymbose 12 centimeters inflorescences and have a delicate pink tint. The birthplace of a wild flower is the mountainous regions of North America, where it is found along the banks of pure reservoirs.
Planting and breeding
The planting and reproduction of thyroid pelphillum occurs in two ways - seed and division of the rhizome, they are very different from each other by the level of complexity, but fortunately, in both cases, the expected seedlings eventually produce a good result, and beautiful plant ornaments appear in the garden.
Growing from seed
If you decide to grow a wild moisture-loving flower with its seeds, you will have a harder time, since the process itself lasts much longer than the vegetative method, does not always promise a one hundred percent result, and the desired first flowering during generative reproduction occurs only 2 years after planting.
Stages of seed germination:
- preliminary preparation of planting material (3-4 weeks before planting): put the seeds of the plant in a cool place with a temperature of + 5 ° C, high humidity, keep there for one month,
- after pre-stratification (point above), plant in a selected container with light and nutritious soil,
- the first shoots will delight you after a long time, but when this happens, the sprouts are transplanted into an open, pre-fed soil.
Watering and loosening
Moistening of the soil around the Darmer should be carried out in a moderate way, it is necessary to water the shrub regularly, but not over-wet it to avoid stagnation of water, which adversely affects its livelihoods. In order to completely avoid problems with excess fluid, the plant should be provided with excellent drainage and the soil around it should be mulched with peat. It does not hurt and regular loosening of the soil around the bush, you should do this immediately after watering.
The plant practically does not need top dressings, therefore the first time the soil is “fed” before planting (organic fertilizers), in the spring periods it is applied granulated mineral fertilizers with the addition of nitrogen.
Shelter for the winter
Unfortunately, the thyroid Darmer does not have a high level of winter hardiness, so you should start thinking about its shelter in the middle of autumn. It is better to protect a plant from frosts with a shelter of sawdust, straw or fallen leaves. If the air temperature is not greatly reduced, and the level of snow precipitation is not very high, then snow can also be used as a shelter.
Use in garden decorations, partners
Often, thyroid peltifillum is used by landscape designers as a decorative element to complement flower arrangements in home gardens.
In the pre-spring period of time, bulbous plants are planted around an unusual flower: Scylla, crocus, narcissus and tulip. Under tall trees and near large bushes (jasmine, weigela) darmer also looks harmonious, and its best partners in shady gardens are invariably: ferns, tiarellas, hosts, miners, kupeny, helon, podofily, groundwort and astilbe.
In addition, peltifillum is beautiful in its splendid isolation, if it is planted under beautiful branchy trees or around the banks of a reservoir.
Planting your site with any perennials is a proven and promising practice, as selected exotic and unusual plantings will always please the eye and warm the soul. Therefore, choosing an original Darmer thyroid plant for planting and care, you will forever gain a real flower muse for your garden.