In this article, we propose to talk about the plant initial letter medicinal. In folk medicine, this plant is often used, as it has a large number of useful properties. The range of application is very wide, you will learn about it by reading the article until the very end. The letter, the photo of which is provided in the following section, is used in the treatment:
- nervous exhaustion
- gastrointestinal tract diseases
- kidney inflammation
- bladder inflammation,
- asthma and so on.
How to use the plant, when and where to collect it and much more will be discussed in this article.
Initial letter medicinal
Let's start with the very description of the initial letter. This plant belongs to the family of Laminae (Spongula). It is considered the favorite of gardeners for the incredible beauty and a large set of useful properties that even the physicians of ancient Rome and Greece knew. In Russia, the letter received a large number of titles:
- field sage,
- gold ball,
- fume and so on.
You can see the initial letter photos in this section of the article. It is also very important that in medicine the medicinal initial letter did not find official recognition, therefore, it will not be possible to get it at the pharmacy. However, it can easily be grown on your own garden. Particular attention is paid flower growers large flowers, which can decorate any flower bed with its purple-pink bloom.
What does the letter look like? The plant that we are considering today is a perennial. Gardeners need to know that the roots of the plant have many appendages, this should be taken into account when transplanting or dividing adult flowers. Straight stem, reaching a height of a whole meter, has pubescence in the form of hard hairs.
It is necessary to know that the genus of letters is represented by fifteen species (you can meet them in a temperate climate). Here are some of them:
- medicinal (which will be discussed in the article),
- grandiflora initial letter,
- Alba variety,
- Superba grade and so on.
The plant is a letter of medicinal has a number of useful properties, so it is still used in Tibetan medicine. It can be found among forest grasses and meadow grasses.
What is the chemical composition of this plant? The stems, flowers and leaves contain:
- essential oils,
- vitamins of group K,
- vitamins of group C,
- calcium salts,
In addition to all of the above, it is worth noting that in the seeds of the plant you can find a large amount of fatty oil. It is important to note that the initial letter also contains tannins.
It is worth noting that this plant is very unpretentious. It can grow even a novice gardener. The plant letter is satisfied with the usual garden soil, and in order for the flowers to be tall and even, a sunny meadow is necessary. Vegetation occurs in May, and the plant blooms in early July. Compared with other perennial, the initial letter blooms long enough (about three weeks).
If you intend to use the plant for medical purposes, the collection must be made at the time of flowering. How to harvest? It is necessary to carefully cut the stems with basal leaves. Next, the resulting raw materials must be dried in the sun, the room should be well ventilated (it is better to do it on the street). When the grass dries, it gets unpleasant and bitter taste. It is possible to store the received raw materials about two years.
If you want the letter to bloom again next year, then you shouldn’t cut off the entire plant to the root for a stock. Leave about ten percent of all overgrown.
What parts of the plant are used for medicinal purposes:
In the preceding paragraph, it was mentioned how to collect the green part of the plant. It is worth noting that the roots are stored a little longer (three years). The only prerequisite is a dry and ventilated room.
All these parts are used for medical purposes. What are the properties of the plant:
Preparations on the basis of initial letters are able to provide the following actions:
- pain killer
- reducing pressure.
In addition, the plant has a beneficial effect on metabolic processes in the body and blood circulation, improves digestion. Folk remedies based on initial letters are used in the following cases:
- nervous irritability,
- general weakness of the body
- treatment of ulcers,
- wound care
Now let's talk a little about the application of the initial letter medicinal. As mentioned earlier, the medicine did not recognize this plant, it can not be bought ready-made at the pharmacy. But you can grow on the site and make your own stocks of such useful raw materials. The use of traditional medicine letters is very wide. It is used for cystitis, epilepsy, bronchitis, and so on. It is especially important to pay attention to the astringent and healing properties of the plant.
The roots of the plant are used for the manufacture of decoctions and infusions, which are used for the following purposes:
- colitis treatment,
- improved appetite
- help with liver and kidney diseases,
- diseases of the nervous system.
The ground part of the plant is used to prepare infusions for the treatment of:
- kidney diseases
Another feature of the letter is the ability to quickly stop bleeding. Tinctures are often used for pulmonary and uterine bleeding.
Forest herbs are often used in traditional medicine, so their effectiveness has been tested by several generations. Initial letter medicinal is not an exception. The stocks of this raw material never hurt, if necessary, you can take the right amount and use the "grandmother's advice" in the treatment of any disease. For therapeutic purposes, prepare:
One teaspoon of dry grass is poured with a glass of boiling water and infused for fifteen minutes. Strain the finished tea and use it as intended. A maximum of one day you can drink three glasses of tea.
For cooking you will need a tablespoon of raw materials and a glass of boiling water. It is necessary to insist two hours. After this infusion filter and take two tablespoons four times daily before meals.
It is necessary to weigh twenty grams of dry roots of the plant and pour a glass of water. After this, it is necessary to boil the broth for twenty minutes. It is necessary to accept the received means on the tablespoon three times a day as laxative.
Tincture flowers letters
Crush the raw materials, take a glass jar and fill it with flowers exactly one third. Further to the brim it is necessary to pour vodka. The resulting composition clean in a dark place for two weeks. Next, you need to filter tincture. It is taken twenty drops at high pressure, nervous breakdowns and fainting. If necessary, it can be diluted with a small amount of water.
Inflammation and pulmonary tuberculosis
Tinctures and decoctions of leaves used for the treatment of the lungs. Now we will talk about diseases such as inflammation and tuberculosis.
When inflammations need to prepare the tincture. Again, take the calculation of the daily dose. We will need:
- one tablespoon of dry letters,
- liter of boiling water.
Mix ingredients and insist for an hour. Broth must strain and drink for one day. How many tricks to do is a personal matter for everyone. It is important to note that it is better to take medicines on the basis of this plant shortly before a meal. The resulting decoction can be sweetened with honey. The course of treatment in this case lasts three weeks.
With tuberculosis, you can make a decoction:
- one tablespoon of crushed leaves of the initial letter,
- one glass of water
- two tablespoons of port wine.
Mix everything and boil for twenty-five minutes. Broth should be drained and taken daily cold at fifty grams.
Herb initial medicinal can even save you from the problem of excessive sweating of the feet. For this you need to take daily foot baths at bedtime on the basis of a decoction. To prepare you need to mix two hundred grams of raw materials with three liters of boiled water. Infuse the mixture for half an hour. Next, you need to strain and take a bath. Note that the approximate duration of the procedure is fifteen minutes.
Contraindications and side effects
Indications for use have been described in detail above, now focusing on the side effects and contraindications.
In no case can not apply funds on the basis of this plant for pregnant and lactating women. The rest can be used for medical purposes, only after consulting with your doctor. No side effects are noted, if you observe the correct dosage.
Initial letter medicinal is a time-tested tool, you should not be afraid to use healing herbs for the treatment of diseases. Even experienced doctors sometimes recommend resorting to popular recipes. However, in no case do not self-medicate.
Distinctive features of the plant
The plant has the ability to adapt to the most adverse environmental conditions. In many ways, this helps the peculiar structure of perennial grass: the stem of the plant is quite powerful, tetrahedral. Its height sometimes reaches more than a meter. Heart-shaped leaves grow mainly near the basal part, and there are few of them on the stem. During flowering, the letter is covered with purple-red inflorescences, collected in a large ear. The flowering period is quite long - from June until the beginning of autumn. Fruits appear in August. They look like nuts oblong shape. These nuts are collected in four pieces and are located on two cups formed by inflorescences.
It is easy to distinguish the initial letter from other plants from the same family by the specific bitter smell. In some Western European countries, the medicinal clearer is officially recognized as a medicinal raw material. In our country, this plant is very popular in traditional medicine, but also often it is prescribed by professionals as an aid in the treatment of various pathologies.
What properties does the medicinal
It is known that the ancient Roman physician Anthony Muse put the Emperor Augustus on his feet only thanks to the initial letter. In Russia, young girls with pale skin drank a decoction of the plant specifically to make a healthy glow on their cheeks. Weak babies were also bathed in the healing broth for health purposes.
In modern medicine, the herb with miraculous properties has also found wide application. Effective herbal preparations prepared from various parts of the initial letter have a number of properties:
- support and strengthen the immune forces
- normalize the body's metabolic functions,
- stabilize blood pressure levels
- improve blood circulation
- have a positive effect on blood clotting, which helps with massive bleeding,
- promote regeneration processes in wound healing
- localized foci of inflammation
- establish digestive processes
- promote sputum discharge and have a good choleretic effect,
- cleanse the body of toxins
- have a pronounced diuretic property
- even intense pains are quickly removed.
This is not a complete list of the qualities of a modest plant. The ability to have a calming effect is used in such a serious disease as epilepsy. Folk healers recommend treating compositions based on initial letters for women who have advanced urinogenital problems. Homeopaths include medicinal cleans in the composition of anti-asthma drugs.
In addition to medical purposes, the letter is used in the manufacture of leather, with its help get rid of rodents, and also added as an odorant in the manufacture of alcoholic beverages.
Since the flowering period of the letter is long, the plant is always a desirable object for bees and bumblebees. Therefore, it is among the best honey plants.
Under what diseases is the letter useful?
In principle, the properties are easy to understand with what diseases the plant can cope. We can name only some pathologies:
- constipation and diarrhea,
You can bring a number of diseases in which the medicinal clever will demonstrate its excellent capabilities.
Popular recipes with a letter of medicinal
Healing compositions are prepared from virtually all parts of the plant. Dosage forms, having in its composition medicinal Chista, taken inside and used for external processing. Here are just some effective techniques, and there are incredibly many of them, which can be useful for home treatment.
- Healing tea is easy to prepare, if you take a spoonful of tea herb letters and pour boiling water over bitter raw materials (1/4 l). After a fifteen minute infusion, the solution is filtered and ready for use. Drink you can drink instead of tea with intestinal disorders and a strong cough, and you can rinse them sore throat.
- Infusion of leaves is considered an excellent expectorant. He helps to normalize blood pressure and relieve nervous tension. The cooking process is also quite simple: dry crushed leaves (1 tbsp. L.), Showered with a glass of boiling water, then the dishes are covered tightly with a lid. Two hours later, the infusion is ready to eat, but before that it must be well filtered. A healthy drink can be drunk 2 spoons (tablespoons) before each meal.
- Laxative decoction is prepared from the roots. It is desirable to pre-grind the raw materials so that the solution is more saturated. Then 20 g of dry mass is poured with a full glass of boiling water, and the mixture reaches a state of readiness on the fire for about 20 minutes. Single dose - 1 tablespoon.
- Alcohol tincture on flowers helps to bring down high pressure. Shows the composition of fainting and nervous disorders. For the preparation of the infusion is better to use a glass container, you can take a liter jar. The container is filled to one third with dry raw materials, then the flower mass is filled with vodka. The liquid component must completely fill the void free space. After this procedure, the dishes are tightly closed with a lid and placed in a warm place protected from light. Exactly two weeks later, the infusion is recommended to filter and you can begin treatment. At one time you need to dilute 20-30 drops of infusion with a small amount of water.
- A decoction of the roots of the letter on the milk also helps to solve the problems of digestion, to relieve cough. To implement this recipe, you need to take ½ liter of milk, pour it into a container, add 15 g of chopped roots and boil on low heat for half an hour. After that, the mixture should be infused for a couple of hours and only then it can be drained and drunk. Milk broth is better to drink before eating about 50-60 ml.
- Universal infusion will help with the negative manifestations of a number of diseases: hepatitis, gout, liver problems and urinary tract. For the preparation of this composition will require dry leaves and roots. Raw materials should be taken in equal parts (for ½ tbsp. L.), Mix, pour boiling water (1 cup). After the solution is well settled, it must be drained. It is possible to accept means on 1 spoon (dining room) before each meal.
Important! In order to increase the effectiveness of self-increase the dosage of herbal preparations in any case it is impossible, because it is fraught with serious consequences.
Initial letter belongs to the family Gubotsvetnye - Labiatae. This perennial plant, reaching a height of 80 cm, covered with hard hairs, with a characteristic odor and bitter taste, has a perennial, fibrous rhizome. Stem erect, simple, sometimes slightly branched, tetrahedral, with a small number of leaves in the upper part. Basal leaves dlinnochereshkovye, collected in the outlet, stem - opposite, sessile. The shape of the leaves is oblong-ovate, the edge is round-toothed.
The flowers are bisexual, purple in color, located in the axils of the upper leaves by semi-mutations, at the stem end gathering into spicate inflorescences. Fruits consist of four elongated trihedral single-seeded nuts of brown color.
Initial letter blooms for a long time, from June to September, the fruits ripen from July to October.
The initial letter is distributed throughout the territory of the European part of Russia, throughout Ukraine, in the Caucasus. It grows in meadows, between thickets of shrubs, on the edges of mixed forests on slightly acidic soils.
Collecting and harvesting
С целью лекарственного применения собирают траву буквицы во время цветения. Стебли срезают, захватывая прикорневые листья. Сушат сырье естественным теплом при хорошей вентиляции. Сухое сырье имеет неприятный запах и горький вкус. Dried grass is stored for two years in dry ventilated areas.
Sometimes rhizomes of the letter are harvested. They are dug in the fall after ripening. Dried rhizomes are stored for three years.
To preserve the natural reserves of the plant leave intact about 10% of the undergrowth.
Harm and contraindications
The use of letters for pregnant women, children up to two years, patients with hypotension and hypoacid gastritis is not recommended. With caution take infusions and decoctions of the plant inside with thrombophlebitis, individual intolerance of the plant.
In case of overdose of drugs, there are weakness, low blood pressure, nausea and vomiting, dizziness, rapid heartbeat. If these symptoms appear, rinse the stomach and call a doctor.
Growing initial medicinal
Gardeners willingly grow the letter on the backyard due to its attractive appearance and healing properties. It is easy to propagate the plant with seeds that are sown in the fall or spring to a depth of 1.5 cm. It is important that the soil is always moist during seed germination. In the fall, grown plants are transplanted to a permanent place, making a distance of about 25 cm between them.
The letter is undemanding to the soil, it grows very long in one place, tolerates winter frosts well.
In Russia, the letter was loved and revered for its versatility and accessibility. With a letter you went to the bath to expel "stinkiness", the girls drank wine plants tincture to improve the complexion. From the roots, leaves, flowers prepared infusions, tinctures, decoctions, liqueurs, parts of the plant were ground in a fresh and dried form, they were made from poultices, lotions.
It is believed that the Roman Roman emperor Augustus was cured by the letter. His home healer Anthony Muse was generously rewarded for this healing, and a marble statue was erected in honor of the healer.
Grass letter is not included in the pharmacology of the Russian Federation and has no official status in medicine. Although in the past, the healing qualities of concrete were often used for medical purposes. It is unfairly forgotten by modern doctors and, unfortunately, they are not used in their practice. Most likely, this is due to poor awareness of the useful qualities of the letter.
In some countries of Europe, by contrast, the letter is recognized by medical science and is a legitimate curative drug. European doctors use the drug in the treatment of epilepsy, rheumatism, inflammation of the mucous membrane of the bronchi, gout.
Initial letter description
Initial letter - stiff-haired plant. Grass can grow to 80 or 100 centimeters. Straight stem covered with short hairs, does not branch. The leaves are located rosette and are at the base of the root system.
On the stalk itself, the leaves are rarely located, just above its middle, they have an oblong ovoid shape, located opposite each other, oppositely on the petioles. Like the stem, the leaves are covered with small hairs. The upper part of the stem is leafless. The flowers of the initial letter are round and down. Dense inflorescence has a cylindrical configuration formed by false whips. Cherry-colored flower cups are collected in such a way that they form an inflorescence in the form of an ear.
Grass blooms in early summer. In early autumn, at the bottom of the calyx ripen smooth nuts, painted in brown color. The plant has a peculiar, acrid, repulsive odor and has a bitter, salty flavor.
Curative grass, mainly propagated by means of seeds, occasionally by vegetative method.
Forty-Tooth Acquisition Technology
For medical purposes, the plant is best harvested summer in dry sunny weather during flowering. However, about 10% of flowering should be left for full maturity. It will be enough for the seeds to yield the next harvest. Grass letter mow and stack is not very tight in the bags, in order to avoid prelozhe.
To preserve the physiological properties of the treatment letter, it is subjected to natural drying, which is advisable to carry out after collection. But for a start, the grass is re-graded, removing yellow leaves and plants damaged by insects.
If after a certain drying time, the stem breaks easily, then the drying process was successful. As for the root, it is harvested at the very beginning of spring or in autumn. Dried leaves, flowers and stem of the letter can be stored for about two years, and dried rhizome - about three years.
The medicinal plant has a very complex composition, which includes:
- essential oils,
- nitrogen-containing organic compounds
- natural polymer,
- calcium salts,
- Vitamin C and K groups
- organic acids
The ground portion of the grass of the initial letter is saturated with trimethylglycine, which is endowed with a hemostatic property.
The healing properties of the initial letter
The grass and rhizome of the plant are suitable for the medical task. Drugs, produced from the letter, lower blood pressure due to its calming effect, are analgesic.
Grass letter has the following properties:
- enhancing urine excretion
- contributing to the secretion of bile,
- leading to reflex eruptions of the stomach,
- causing expectoration,
- wound healing
- stopping bleeding
The main property of the initial letter medicinal immunostimulation. A variety of viral diseases, inflammation of the mucous membrane of the bronchi, acute respiratory viral infections, pharyngitis, pleurisy are much faster if during the period of treatment to use the letter.
The healing properties of decoctions and tinctures made from herbs are aimed at stabilizing the pressure and normalizing the process of food digestion. The plant is simply priceless for whooping cough, pyelonephritis, inflammation of the bladder, urinary tract, digestive tract, liver, diseases of the cardiovascular system, fainting, gynecological diseases, diseases of the joints.
Recipes of traditional medicine
The tincture of the initial medicinal has a wound-healing effect in the treatment of abrasions, ulcers, wounds. Tincture can be washed nasal sinus with rhinitis and sinus of the chronic form.
To use the letter in the treatment of a disease, you must be familiar with recipes for cooking decoctions, teas, tinctures with respect for proportions.
So, in attacks of asthma or bronchial disease with the formation of a large amount of discharge, doctors recommend drinking tea from the letter, which is prepared quickly and without much difficulty.
It is necessary to cover with a glass of boiled water 2 grams of medicinal raw materials, then insist 25 minutes. After this, the tea is filtered and used for both rinsing and ingestion. The nature and complexity of the disease determine the amount of tea infusion taken from the letter, as a rule, from one to three cups per day. Tea is contraindicated in children up to two years.
To reduce pressure in the arteries use tincture of leaves. You need to take raw materials in the amount of one tablespoon and pour 250 ml of boiled water over it, leave for two hours and filter through gauze or a strainer. Prepared tincture should be taken before meals from 1 to 2 tablespoons four times a day. Tincture is good as a sedative and expectorant.
Saved from constipation decoction of rhizome. 20 grams of raw materials are poured 250 ml of boiling water and put on the fire for 20 minutes. Strained broth take 1 tablespoon three times a day.
Infusion of leaves and rhizomes of the initial letter is indispensable as a choleretic and diuretic drug. The leaves and roots are taken in the same ratio - ½ tablespoon, and poured boiled water in an amount of 200 ml. The prepared mixture is removed in a cold place, where it is left for two hours, then the composition is filtered. Take infusion of one tablespoon from three to four times a day.
An infusion of herb medicinal letters is capable of stop and bleeding in the lungs. For its preparation requires two tablespoons of raw materials and 250 ml of boiling water. Everything is mixed and put on a slow flame of a gas stove for 5 minutes, then infused for 20 minutes and filtered. In the infusion is recommended to add 40 grams of strong alcoholic drink, for example, port. The finished drug is taken before meals three times a day. Single reception - 70 milliliters.
Reduce high pressure and stabilize the nervous system tincture prepared from flowers of the letter will help. For its preparation, you need to take a glass jar and fill it with 1/3 crushed dried flowers for 1/3. Vessel to the limit pour vodka and place for 2 weeks in a dark, warm place. After a time, the contents are filtered and ready for use. Since the tincture is prepared on the basis of a strong alcoholic drink, it is recommended to dilute it with water before use. Most often, the dosage of tincture is from 25 to 30 drops. The drug is ideal for fainting.
Milk decoction rhizome letters relieves chest pain, from the general weakness of the body, taken during jaundice, kidney pain, gastritis, diseases of the bladder. To prepare a decoction based on milk, you must first chop the roots of the letter. Then take 15 grams of raw materials and mix it with half a liter of milk. Put the mixture on a slow fire and boil for half an hour. Remove from heat and insist for two hours, filter.
With the above-mentioned diseases, the ready decoction is taken in one quarter cup before meals from 3 to 4 times a day for 21 days. Before the second course you should take a break of seven days. Milk decoction will be suitable for hepatitis. In this case, the drug is taken depending on the severity of the disease from 14 to 21 days. Daily single reception makes one third of a glass three times a day.
A bath with decoction of concrete helps in case of the following pathologies:
For this procedure, it is necessary to prepare a decoction. You need to take half a kilogram of raw materials and fill it with 500 milliliters of boiling water. Boil the mixture for ten minutes. Ready broth is poured into the bath and mix well. The healing bath is arranged every other day for a duration of fifteen minutes. Total such procedures should be from eight to ten.
In addition, the letters of the letter are useful for heavy sweating feet. You need to take 25 grams of raw materials and fill it with 2.5 liters of boiling water. Insist half an hour. Then proceed to the procedure.
Areas of use
In addition to its healing properties, Fortytooth is famous wide application in everyday life and light industry.
The grass part of the letter is used in the process of treating the skin, to give the wool brown color. The leaves, flowers and stem are used as an aromatic component, which is added to some types of alcoholic beverages.
The racicidal properties of dried crushed initial letters of medicinal will help get rid of rodents.
Dried leaves of the letter used to replace tobacco and tea brew. In addition, the grass has the characteristics of a honey plant, which is in great demand among bees and bumblebees.
In addition to the medical properties of the letter, it is rated as a plant that is widely used in landscape design. It can be found in the design of the lawn area in the park area and personal plots.
The newly emerged initial letters are saturated with protein, which is an important component in the diet of farm animals of the Goat subfamily. Of course, sage must first be dried, then added to the food of small ruminants. In fresh form, the letter repels the animal with its unpleasant odor.
Ancestors believed that the initial letter protects a person from witchcraft and evil spirits, therefore in many rural settlements you can find whole bunches of this plant.
Initial letter medicinal is not included in the State Pharmacopoeia of the Russian Federation and is not used in official medicine. Meanwhile, the healing properties of the letter in the past were widely used in medicine, it was used as a laxative and emetic, as well as in diseases of the respiratory system, for healing wounds and cuts. Currently, the medicinal properties of the initial letters of the medicinal product are undeservedly forgotten by Russian medicine and the fact that they do not find any use may be due to poor knowledge of the plant.
However, in a number of countries (Germany, France, etc.) the initial letter medicinal is recognized by scientific medicine and is the official medicinal raw material. Preparations of the letter of medicinal medicine in these countries are recommended for the treatment of gout, epilepsy, as well as with radiculitis, rheumatism and bronchial diseases. Powder from dried grass of the letter as snuff is used for headache and runny nose.
G. Sobolevsky also confirms that the initial letter was used in official medicine in many foreign countries and there are experimental studies of scientific medicine that the plant can resist many serious infectious diseases, suppress rabies viruses, stimulate the immune system, and cleanse the body of harmful toxic substances (detoxification).
The main active ingredients of the initial letters of the medicinal (bitterness, tannins) have found some use in homeopathy as a firming agent for weakness and asthma.
Herb initial medicinal used in the drug - Bad NSP Eight (Eight NSP), recommended primarily to improve the condition of the nervous system (with depression, anxiety, insomnia). The drug also has antioxidant properties and normalizes the digestive tract.
Serious side effects in the application of the initial letter of the drug was not detected, in general, the treatment is usually well tolerated. But before using it, you should consult a doctor. Treatment with letter for pregnant women, lactating women and children, as well as elderly people, for poisoning and indigestion is not recommended. For contraindications of the use of the initial letter medicinal also include various kinds of allergic reactions, as it causes hypersensitivity. Since the plant has a strong sedative effect, it should not be used to treat people in a depressed state. It is undesirable to use preparations based on initial letter with severe hypotension, with caution should be used for gastritis with low acidity, varicose veins, thrombosis and thrombophlebitis, as well as for severe heart diseases.
Initial letter medicinal (lat. Betonica officinalis) is a species of the genus Chistets (lat. Stachys) of the family Gubotsvetnye, or Luminous (lat. Lamiaceae, or Labiatae). The genus includes over 200 species of herbaceous plants (in most cases) and half-shrubs, growing mainly in the temperate and subtropical zones of both hemispheres and in the mountains of the tropics.
Initial letter medicinal - perennial 30-100 cm tall. Stem tetrahedral. The leaves are opposite, whole, oblong-ovate with crenate, without stipules. The flowers are light-purple, oboepoly, zygomorphic, gathered in tirsoid inflorescences of double curls. Perianth 5-membered. Calyx snepholopolis, corolla 2-lip. 4 stamens, 2 of them are longer. The formula of the flower of the initial letter Medicinal - ↑ H (5) L (2,3) T4 P (2).
Ovary is upper. The fruit falls into 4 erema. It flowers in June - August, bears fruit in August - September.
It is distributed almost everywhere, especially in the European part of Russia and Western Siberia. It grows in glades, damp meadows, in deciduous and mixed forests, among thickets of shrubs (often on pastures, mountain meadows, in light forests). Prefers slightly acidic, sandy, clay soils, from lowlands to foothills.
Preparation of raw materials
The whole plant possesses the curative properties; therefore, the entire above-ground part is harvested during flowering, and the tops up to 30 cm long are cut with scissors. Roots usually harvested in the fall. Dry the raw materials in the shade, in well ventilated areas, in attics, under sheds, laying out in a thin layer, or in dryers at a temperature not higher than 40-50 ° C. The finished raw materials are stored in paper bags, preferably in dry rooms - 2 years.
The therapeutic effect of the herb medicinal herb has been studied rather poorly. Meanwhile, the plant has well-defined pharmacological properties (anti-inflammatory, wound healing, expectorant, hemostatic, choleretic, diuretic, laxative, sedative, sedative, etc.) and can be used to treat many diseases. For example, a pronounced fortifying property may well be used as an aid in the rehabilitation period after serious diseases. In addition, the letter has a beneficial effect on the metabolism and digestion. Also, a drop of blood lowers blood pressure, improves blood circulation.
In addition, the beneficial effect of the initial letter of medicinal with colds, bronchitis, pulmonary tuberculosis, cough, and sore throat has been noticed.
The medical use of the initial letter of medicinal has been known since ancient times. У римских врачей она имела первостепенное лекарственное значение, например Диоскорид и Гален считали буквицу могущественным лекарственным растением от многих болезней. А придворный врач Августа (Антоний Муза) вылечил императора с помощью буквицы лекарственной, за что получил большую награду и еще при жизни ему была воздвигнута мраморная статуя.
Ancient healers believed that the letter had the power of "divorcing, nipper, firming." Doctors of the past (Gil Dan, Kranz, and others) recommended the initial letter with “cold sickness,” in case of injuries to the lungs and kidneys. G. Sobolevsky also emphasizes that the letter was “in great honor and use” among the ancient Roman physicians.
One of the Italian doctors considered the drop cap a panacea for almost all ailments, he recommended it for uterine seizures and fainting, headache and gout, numbness of members and "black blockages", jaundice and sputum. Other doctors considered the letter a mysterious means. Broth in red wine was given with scurvy and other debilitating diarrhea.
Numerous handwritten medical books and herbalists of the XV-XVIII centuries described the initial letter as an excellent medicine. In these ancient medical books it was considered: “a letter can treat 33 illnesses”. Bashkir healer and writer Rim Akhmedov, in his book “In the Plants - Healing Power” about the medicinal initial letter, writes: “A truly versatile initial letter medicinal. Pharmacologists still underestimate this modest-looking plant, only some herbalists know the price. ”
Initial letter medicinal was a constant companion in military campaigns of the past centuries. Even Suvorov recommended his soldiers with a "strong stomach" to use infusions of herb initial letters, and decoction of its leaves as a laxative.
The modern scientific name of the initial letter Drug (Betonica officinalis) comes from "betonica", which was also called by the inhabitants of the Roman Empire.
There is the second name of the initial letter Drug - Chista.
Preparations of the initial drug: methods of use
Decoction Herb letters: 5.0–200.0 (5 grams of dry raw material per 200 ml of water), steam one teaspoon of herbs per cup of boiling water, take 1/3 cup 3 times a day.
Decoction of roots initial letters of medicinal: Pour 20 grams of dry roots of the initial letter with a glass of boiling water and boil on low heat for 20 minutes, strain, cool and take 1 tbsp. spoon 3 times a day as a laxative.
Powder: Dose - from 1.0 to 3.0 grams 3 times a day.
Herbal tea from the initial letter: 5.0-250.0 (5 grams of dry grass, a teaspoon, a quarter of a liter of boiling water) brew with boiling water and leave for a quarter of an hour, strain and use inside or for rinsing your mouth 2-3 times a day. Herbal tea from the letter helps with asthma and rich mucous sputum.
Infusion of leaves initial letters medicinal: Pour 1 tbsp. spoonful of dried leaves of the initial letter with a medicinal cup of boiling water and leave in a warm place for 2-3 hours, drain. Take the infusion 4 times daily before meals for 1-2 tbsp. spoons. The infusion of the letter grass lowers blood pressure, has a calming effect.
Infusion of roots and leaves initial letters: take ½ tbsp. spoons of dry grass and dried roots of the letter, mix and pour a glass of boiling water, infuse for at least two hours, strain and ingest 3-4 times a day and 1 tbsp. spoon of infusion as a diuretic and choleretic agent.
Infusion of herbs initial letters medicinal: pour a glass of boiling water 2 tbsp. spoons of grass, and boil on low heat for 5 minutes, leave for half an hour and strain, add 50 grams of port wine (strong wine). Use the infusion 3 times daily before meals for 70 grams with pulmonary hemorrhage.
Tincture of flowers initial letters of medicinal: in a half-liter jar sprinkle the crushed dry flowers of the initial letter medicinal to 1/3, and then pour vodka to the edges of the jar. Put the jar in a dark warm place for two weeks, then strain. Tincture of flowers helps with hypertension, fainting and diseases of the nervous system. Take 25-30 drops dissolved in a small amount of water.