Clematis President enjoys special interest and love among florist. And this is no accident. The popularity of this blooming creeper can be explained by a number of advantages: long and abundant flowering in the form of bright purple flowers, endurance, resistance to low temperatures, diseases, pests, and also unpretentious care.
But despite all the benefits, going to grow clematis, you should know and adhere to the basic rules of planting, reproduction and care.
Clematis President Plant Description
Clematis, motley, clematis - all these are the names of the same plant of the genus Clematis. The name Clematis means "branch" "grape escape" and it is not surprising, because the main feature of the plant is a lian like stem. The clematis variety “President” was bred in the nineteenth century and was named after the president of the royal gardening community in the UK.
It is worth noting that in Europe clematis appeared in the sixteenth century, but in Russia they began to grow in the early nineteenth century, and only in the twentieth century did they deserve recognition among gardeners because of their beauty and charm.
The main decoration of the plant is recognized as bright and beautiful buds that bloom profusely for quite a long time. Clematis Flowers President quite large in diameter, which resemble the shape of a star and have a rich purple color.
Flowers are formed not only on new shoots, but also on last year’s branches. That is why this type of clematis blooms twice: from late May to June, flowers appear on the stems of last year, and after flowering continues on young shoots from July until September.
In height, this flower grows to two - two and a half meters. The curly clematis President creeper grows fast enough: under suitable conditions, it can grow five or even ten centimeters overnight. In one summer season, one to five shoots are formed at the seedling, which allows the plant to braid the entire area in the form of beautiful and spectacular flower arrangements.
Young curly bright green shoots independently trudging along the arch. Therefore, planting clematis for decorative gardening, it is necessary to immediately provide him proper support. For the result to have an effect, you should direct the branches of the plant in the right direction and tie them up. It should be neat and delicate handle young sprigs, as their stems have not yet been properly strengthened and can be quite thin and brittle.
The leaves of the clematis are medium in size: they range in diameter from ten to fifteen centimeters, are oval in shape, and are colored in dark green.
Creeper roots can firmly take root in the ground, deepening and expanding to one meter. If the plant is provided with proper care and conditions comfortable for development, it can grow in one place up to thirty years.
The Clematis President variety belongs to the Patents group and to the second trimming group. This type of clematis belongs to the large-flowered varieties and is considered resistant to low temperatures and diseases. The shrub is unpretentious in care and can grow in different climatic zones.
Variety President is best suited for vertical gardening arches, trellises, arbors. It will also be an excellent decor for a balcony, loggia or terrace.
Choosing a landing site
Before planting clematis, you should choose the optimal place for it.
- Clematis varieties President prefers good lighting, so the best place to land will be sunny plot, which is protected from open winds and drafts.
- To protect the soil around the bush from overheating, it is necessary to plant annual plants near the base of the creeper, which will not allow direct sunlight to heat the soil near the clematis.
- The growth and development of the plant is negatively affected by the stagnation of moisture. To avoid this, landing should avoid places where water can accumulate and stagnate. Wetlands and saline areas are also not suitable for planting.
- Clematis planted against the walls of the house should be given special attention. You need to make sure that the water from the drains or the roof does not fall on the vine. And, since the ground is usually dry and dense at the walls, this can have an adverse effect on the growth and development of the shrub.
- Soil for clematis requires a neutral or slightly alkaline, fertile, loose, which absorbs moisture well. The best soil option is a loamy or sandy sandy mixture with a good drainage layer. It is categorically not suitable for clematis damp, heavy, acidic soil.
Preparing for landing
Subject to proper fit Clematis can grow long enough in one place.
- as the planting material, you can use the rooted cuttings, "delenki" (part of the plant, separated from the large bush) or cuttings,
- ready saplings in containers with fertilizer are perfectly adapted. The advantage is that when planting, their root system is practically not damaged,
- Before planting, the quality of the roots of the planting material and the presence of buds should be evaluated, since this affects the overall survival of the vine and its subsequent development. The roots of the plant must be free from damage and damage, well developed and reach a length of about thirty centimeters,
- The main condition for a successful and efficient landing is a properly prepared pit for planting; therefore, a hole should be dug in advance from sixty to one hundred centimeters, both in width and in depth. Pour a layer of drainage into the pit (broken brick, stones, slate are perfect for this), from above - a layer of humus and earth, then everything must be carefully sealed,
- As an additional fertilizer (depending on the type of soil), superphosphates, peat, chalk, wood ash or bone meal can be used. In this case, the landing pit should be prepared in advance (thirty days before planting) so that the soil finally settles down, as it should be compacted and ready for planting.
- To support the creeper and further her shoots, strong supports should be installed in the pit (up to two and a half meters).
- if there is groundwater under the ground, then as an option, an artificial earth mound can be sprinkled to prevent wetting and rotting of mature roots.
- If the soil is clayey and does not absorb water well, then it is necessary to ensure natural moisture removal. Therefore, it is necessary to dig a drainage ditch with a slope from the planting site and fill it with sand.
- Clematis planted in the fall, in spring and summer. But the first half of autumn is considered the most favorable time, since at this time high humidity and optimum temperature (it is not hot, but not cold).
- If you plant several vines next to it, then it is necessary to leave a distance of one and a half meters between the bushes in order to further ensure the proper distance for the normal growth and development of each seedling.
- The roots of planting material must first be dried, and before planting it is necessary to soak in water for two to three hours.
- A pit for planting up to half is covered with soil, making a mound and spreading creeper roots on it. The lower bud of the plant should be dug into the soil by eight to twelve centimeters. This will ensure the further development of the tillering center with the formation of new buds and shoots.
- After planting, the plant should be poured abundantly with water and mulched. With the development and growth of vines, it is necessary to fill the ground to avoid a large depression, without revealing the center of tillering.
- If planting occurs in the fall, the ground part of the seedling should be completely cut off and spud the soil. If you plant a plant in the spring - shoots fall asleep soil before the first internode.
- Clematis reproduces quite well with the help of layering. To do this, prepare a small groove next to the plant in the spring, put cuttings in it, sprinkle it with soil (it is impossible to cover the top of the shoot), ensure regular watering. In the fall or next spring, the rooted plant will be ready for transplanting.
- Another method is reproduction using green cuttings. In the spring, before the beginning of flowering of the plant, you should cut off the clematis shoot, cut it into several cuttings with leaves, which should be shortened. Above the leaf leave two centimeters of lash, below - four centimeters. For better rooting, a growth stimulator should be used, it can be replaced with a mixture of aloe juice and honey (the cuttings are kept in solution for a day), then the cuttings need to be planted in the soil with peat and sand and ensure constant watering. Two months later, the cuttings will root, but they can be planted in the ground only a year later.
Watering and loosening
- In order for clematis to become well rooted, especially at the initial stage after planting, the plant needs to be watered regularly and abundantly.
- On average, watering should be once every seven days, but with the onset of the hot and dry season, the frequency of watering should be increased. Liane should be watered at the root, not directing the stream in the center of the plant.
- In the first year of plant growth and development, about ten to twenty liters of water are spent on one irrigation. Then the water flow is doubled.
- After watering the soil should definitely loosen, removing weeds.
- In order to preserve a wet soil microclimate longer, it is necessary to make mulching of the trunk circle.
Clematis president during the growing season fertilized several times. The frequency of dressings depends on the composition of the soil and the climatic conditions of plant growth and development. As feed, you should use mullein, previously diluted in water in a concentration of one to ten, compost, manure, which managed to perepret. It is necessary to alternate mineral and organic fertilizers..
Trimming and tying curly vines
Pruning clematis varieties President is one of the important agronomic techniques. There are three groups of trimming plants, depending on the timing of flowering and the type of shrubs.
Clematis President belongs to the second group of pruning, which should be carried out in two steps. In the summer, at the end of the flowering plant, all last year's shoots are cut to the ground. And in the fall pruned shoots that have grown in the current year. This pruning should be given special attention, as it depends on the type of shrubs in the next year.
There is a classification of plants by trimming group:
- The first group includes unedged plants. Since the buds are formed only on last year's buds, the plant does not need pruning, because it will disturb the flowering process.
- The second group is slightly edged. Plants bloom twice a year. In the first year, the shoots are cut to a length of thirty centimeters, and shoots are shortened to plants older than two years to a meter - one and a half.
- The third group includes heavily edged. These are creepers that bloom late and only on young shoots. Such plants are almost completely cut off.
In the first year of clematis growth, it is necessary to remove all buds from it in order for the plant to rest and gain strength. To cut off the shoots of clematis President need in late autumn to the first bud above the ground. This will stimulate the development of new buds next year.
During the growing season should be carried out regular sanitary cutting: remove dry, broken and damaged branches of the plant.
In the spring, during active growth, it is necessary to tie up clematis. To do this, it is necessary at first to set the desired direction to the branches and tie up to the support, and in the future the vine will independently cling to the shoots.
In this way, Clematis President - beautiful, durable and unpretentious in the care of the plant. With a properly chosen place for planting and following the rules of caring for a liana, you can grow a spectacular ornamental plant of great beauty that will be a great decoration for arches, terraces and various arbors.
Planting in open field in the Urals
Caring for this type of flower does not require special skills. But despite this, there are differences in growing plants on different continents. As for the planting and maintenance of clematis in the Urals, it is slightly different from growing in warmer regions. This is primarily due to the harsh climate and rather difficult weather conditions.
In nature, there are about 230 species of this plant, but only some can be planted in this part of the planet.
Clematis that easily tolerate sudden changes in temperature:
- Jacmanne This is a vine, which has a rather large buds. Often in uncool, they are lilac hue. The shoots of this variety are capable of reaching 4 meters in length.
- Integrifolia. Shrub species, whose height reaches 2.5 meters. Dimeter flowers about 12 cm. They are very reminiscent of the bells. Buds appear only on young twigs.
- Winzella. The length of the shoots of this plant can reach 3.5 meters. The leaves are complex. Flowers are large. Often they have a pink, purple or red tone. With proper care, up to 100 buds can appear on one bush.
Clematis in the northwestern part require special planting and care. To prevent the plant from dying in winter, it should be planted in the first month of spring. Before frost the bushes will get stronger and take root well. Saplings that are purchased in stores should be placed only in open areas where there is good access to the sun.
Clematis in the Urals will develop well if they are planted in areas protected from the wind.
Planting seedlings need a depth of 20 centimeters. The recess for the flower must be prepared in advance. Its diameter should be about 0.7 centimeters. If the soil is poor, the dimple is better to make wider. This is necessary so that in the middle there is a place to put the fertilizer.
For areas that are close to groundwater, drainage should be used. These are plants that do not like too much moisture.
Clematis also react poorly to acid and clay soils. The best option for creepers is a nutrient, loose substrate.
Much depends on a properly prepared landing site. To the plant quickly settled down, at the bottom should lay a layer of sand or perlite, which will act as a baking powder. Wrap the seedling should be the soil connected to the humus.
In order to facilitate the care of the plant, young saplings should be immediately attached to the support on which they will follow.
Before you put the seedlings in the soil, you need to prune them. Shoots are removed so that there are two live buds. Sections should be sprinkled with charcoal. This will protect them from rotting. After planting the seedlings must be watered.
Clematis care in the Urals
In order for the flower to please a long, abundant flowering, one must not only know how to plant clematis, but also how to care for it. Plants that are near have a huge influence on its growth. Favorably affects the development of creepers wild grapes, campsis, actinidia.
Plant care rules:
- Top dressing. This is an important part of plant care. Fertilize the flower should be several times a year. In the spring, it is recommended to deposit nitrogen-based products. It is best to use liquid preparations that are diluted in water before use. Nitrogen will accelerate the growth of vines in early spring and give it a lush green. The second procedure is carried out before budding. To do this, use potash compounds. The best option is ash. Stop feeding should be at the first appearance of flowers. If you continue to make fertilizer, then clematis stops flowering, and all its forces will go to the development of greenery. The first flowering lasts for 14 days. After that, in a few days the second phase of flowering will begin, before which a small amount of potash fertilizer must be added again.
- Crop. In order for the plant to please the eye with abundant and long flowering, this procedure is simply necessary. If you remove adults and damaged shoots, the bush quickly renews its strength, and the branches accelerate in growth. In winter, all the twigs should be cut, leaving two, maximum three knots above the ground.
- Preparing for the winter. Since there is a strong cold in the Urals for a long period of time, the bushes should be covered. For this it is recommended to use paintings that can be purchased at a specialty store.
- Pests. This type of plant has good resistance to various diseases. But despite this, clematis still affects some diseases. One such wilt is Wilt. This is a disease from which, first of all, upper leafy plates are affected. If nothing is done, the bush may die.
The best way to get rid of diseases that affect clematis, is a solution of potassium permanganate.
If you comply with all the conditions for growing vines, then you can watch the exuberant flowering of this incredibly beautiful plant in a short time.
A quick way to reproduce clematis by seed
This is one of the main methods used by gardeners. Зная, как вырастить клематис из семян, можно быстро увеличить коллекцию этого удивительного цветочка. Зерна у лианы могут быть крупными и мелкими. От них зависит длительность прорастания семечек и период созревания коробочек.
От размера семян не зависит величина бутона и самого куста.
Чтобы вырастить клематис из семян в домашних условиях, надо сначала правильно собрать зерна. In plants with small seeds, fruit picking can begin one month after the end of flowering, and in large ones, after 4 months. Store them in a room with a minimum percentage of humidity and low temperature.
- Grain preparation. Barboarding is the most effective way. Thanks to him, the germination of seeds increases at times. To do this, pour soda solution into a liter jar (2 teaspoons per 200 ml of liquid). Put the grains in the mixture and connect the aquarium compressor to them. In this state, keep for 5 hours. It is recommended to do this procedure every day throughout the week. At the same time daily changing the water. Grains can also be placed in a growth stimulator for thirty minutes.
- Sowing. It is necessary to use only a wooden box, whose height is within 20 cm. It is necessary to sow the grain in the substrate consisting of peat, fez and garden soil (in equal proportions). Lay drainage at the bottom of the tank. To do this, you can use crushed brick or expanded clay. On the soil surface make small furrows with a depth of not more than 1 cm. Place the grains at a distance of 5 cm from each other. Top with soil and watered with a spray.
- Transfer. After two leaves appear on young plants, it is possible to transplant their plastic containers.
Pinch the top. Drop off to a permanent place followingt after the seedlings are well strengthened.
To seeds quickly germinated, it is recommended to make a mini-greenhouse with polyethylene.
If done correctly, the first flowering observed in the second or third year of their life.
Germination can be accelerated by manually removing the protective shell. But this should be done very carefully so as not to damage the core.
Planting, care and reproduction of clematis in the Urals is an opportunity to enjoy the unique flowering of the plant throughout the warm period of the year. If you comply with all the conditions, the vine will always have a beautiful look and beautify any part of the site.
Clematis belongs to the Buttercup family. In the natural environment grows about 300 species of this flower, which can be found anywhere except Antarctica.
Clematis are perennial herbaceous plants, which are divided into vines (climbing) and shrubs (non-climbing). Creepers can have a length of from two to ten meters, they have strong thin stems.
Clematis flower boasts foliage and flowers of various shapes and various shades. By the size of the flowers, plants of this species are subdivided into small-flowered, having a flower with a diameter of up to 7 cm, and large-flowered, with a diameter of flowers up to 20 cm.
In shrubby clematis, shoots that have completed their growing season die off, while in shrubs, the non-woody upper part dies off annually, while the lower part lasts for several years and endures wintering.
Clematis bloom is also heterogeneous. Early varieties bloom in spring, and later ones become covered with flowers at the end of summer. Therefore, there is a great opportunity to choose varieties so that flowering continues throughout the warm season of the year. Short-term frost plants are not terrible, the process of formation of flowers is terminated only with the onset of resistant frosts.
The plant has a pivotal, poorly transplant-borne root system. Clematis leaves are green and purple in color, a pair of complex or simple structure, sepals have 5-7 leaves, often a different color than the flower. This gives the plant a particularly attractive appearance.
Clematis without a transplant can grow up to twenty years, undemanding to the ground, resistant to climatic differences.
Use in landscape design
All varieties of clematis were widely used to decorate the landscape.
Liana species are used for landscaping terraces, fences, arbors, perfectly decorate the walls and hide the imperfections of the surface. Some gardeners prefer creepers to hover over tree trunks and hang from them, giving the garden a fabulous look.
Bush varieties up to a meter in height are usually planted in groups on lawns or flower beds, and this species looks great in a rocky garden or along garden paths.
Landing with a contrasting color of flowers, well matched to the color of the surface, looks especially impressive. Clematis white with multi-colored lianas looks great, which, intertwined, create a unique landscape.
Florists classify clematis as follows:
- Clematis Jakmana. This is a lush, large-flowered vine with a developed rhizome. The flowers of this species do not smell, have blue-violet or purple hues. The plant is characterized by abundant flowering of the current year shoots, which are cut for wintering.
- Clematis Vitichella. Three-meter long vines with flowers of pink shades. Abundant and long bloom on fresh shoots.
- Clematis lanuginoza. Creepers with three-meter shoots and large flowers of different color. Bloom profusely on last year's shoots.
- Clematis Patents. Three-meter long vines with double flowers, which cover last year's shoots.
- Clematis Florida. Lianovid clematis up to 2.5 m long. The flowers are mostly light colors, last year's shoots bloom.
- Clematis Integrifolia. Vigorous shrub to 1.5 m tall with a variety of bell-shaped flowers covering the shoots of the current year.
Small-flowered species of clematis bloom especially long and are distinguished by an enviable simplicity in care.
The most used varieties of clematis:
- Clematis borschavikolistny. A semi-shrub erect from Eastern China, upright, up to 1 m tall. It has tubular flowers with a pleasant smell up to 3 cm in diameter. It is used as a border decoration for stony hills.
- Vineyard Clematis. There was a view from the Caucasus, from the Crimea and Asia Minor. This is a six-meter shrub vine with open slightly aromatic flowers. It grows quite quickly and needs a strong pruning. Used for vertical design.
- Clematis mountain. Five-meter native of the Himalayas and Central China. Shrub with medium flower size and delicate aroma. The variety of early lush flowering is of interest for vertical gardening.
- Clematis burning. Homeland is the Mediterranean. This is a three-meter vine with dark green foliage and cord-like roots. It has cruciform fragrant flowers, richly blooming and fragrant.
- Clematis Tangut. Low shrub up to 30 cm with drooping bell flowers, sometimes blooms twice per season.
- Clematis is short-tailed. In a natural environment inhabits North China and the Far East. It is a seven-meter liana with racemes. It is clematis white with numerous flowers.
- Clematis Manchu. Far Eastern grass vine 1.5 m long with fragrant abundant flowering.
- Clematis whole-leaf. Erect herbaceous shrub up to half a meter tall with drooping bells. It is a good honey plant.
- Clematis straight. Occurred from the southern regions of Europe and the Caucasus. Erect low grassy shrub up to a meter tall, blooms profusely, the smell is unpleasant.
- Clematis paniculata. Homeland are Japan and Korea. This is a six-meter shrub vine with a very fragrant, abundant flowering in autumn.
The plant is light-loving. If it lacks light, clematis does not bloom. Therefore, it is best to plant it in open sunny places, allowed slightly shaded. But in the south, where soils tend to overheat, clematis is planted in shaded places. The enemy of a flower is the wind that breaks its branches and knocks down flowers; this also needs to be taken into account when choosing a landing site.
Clematis need four times a day fertilizing with mineral fertilizers, preferably after watering. The soil for flowers requires loamy fertile or sandy, humus-rich, loose.
To protect against overheating of the root system, clematis can be planted with annuals.
Before wintering, most varieties require shelter, in front of which bushes need pruning and cleaning of old foliage.
Watering plants like abundant, especially in dry hot weather, but without stagnant water in the ground. This is especially important in the first couple of years after disembarkation. After three years, clematis flower is watered twice a week with a volume of up to three liters of water under each shrub. To keep moisture better, soil can be mulched with peat, humus, sawdust.
Abundant blooming of clematis begins at the age of five or six, and until that time there are only a few flowers that need to be cut off. From three years old, the plant grows shoots.
Preparation of land for clematis begin in advance, as in one place the plant will be quite a long time.
The planting scheme involves digging holes of at least 60 x 60 cm in size. For backfilling, the excavated soil from each well is mixed with the following composition:
- sand - 1 bucket,
- peat - 1 bucket,
- humus or compost - 2 buckets,
- superphosphate - 100 g,
- mineral fertilizer - 150 g,
- lime - 150 g,
- ash - 100 g
The mixture is thoroughly mixed, poured into a hole and compacted. If the soil water in the area is located close to the ground, then a gravel drainage layer is laid in a 15-centimeter layer at the bottom of the pit before backfilling.
For planting in the fall, shoots with vegetative buds are selected, and for spring planting, an annual plant must have at least one shoot. It is also important to have three roots at least 10 cm long.
For the proper development of lianovid varieties, a support is prepared, which can serve not only artificial structures, but also such shrubs, such as Chubushnik, weigela, forsythia.
When planting, clematis seedling is buried 10 cm, the shoot is cut, leaving four buds below. Then shoots plentifully watered and hardened. Every few days the sprout is tied to a support.
Clematis shoots pruning
The fragrance and beauty of the shoots of this plant is largely dependent on proper and timely pruning.
In order to bloom clematis well, its maintenance provides for sanitary seasonal intermediate pruning in order to remove diseased, thin or dried branches. Also, pruning for the first time one- and two-year-old young plants are produced during planting. This is important for above-ground development, because of the few buds left during planting, shoots will develop, and in the summer they need to be pinched. The shoots are then pruned in the spring again to the vegetative buds, so that they give shoots.
In addition to seasonal processing, there is a mandatory pruning of adult plants (over two years old) before wintering. Without it, it will not develop well and bloom profusely. This process is divided into three groups:
- The first group includes those clematis, which bloom at the end of spring or the beginning of summer and takes place on last year's shoots. These include varieties of Alpine, krupnolepestnogo, Siberian, mountain clematis. These species do not need to cover and do not necessarily strongly trimmed for the winter. It will be enough to sanitary and easy pruning after flowering at high plant height.
- The second group of pruning combines the flowers of the varieties Patents, Florida, Lanuginoza, which cover the shoots of both seasons: the current and the previous. Such plants are cut twice: first, right after the end of the first flowering of last year's shoots, they are cut, this time is in May-June. A secondary pruning clematis performed after the first frost in the fall, before sheltering for the winter. Strong and strong shoots at the same time cut off by one third, and weak, dried or sick - completely. After this treatment, the shoots are rolled up, laid on the ground and covered.
- The third group is Clematis of the Vititsella, Zhakman and Intergrifolia grades. They throw flowers on fresh shoots grown in the current year from July to September. Before sheltering for the winter, they are severely cut off, leaving three nodes from the ground. This is done to ensure that in the future season has a magnificent bloom.
Grassy varieties of Manchurian, direct, Texan and semi-shrub whole-leaved, borschtvikolistnogo clematis cut off to remove dead processes in late autumn or spring.
Reproduction of Clematis by Seeds
Seeds, as a rule, reproduce small-flowered varieties of clematis. And they can rise at different times, depending on the variety. Some of them are able to germinate only in the second or third year after planting, some later.
Three weeks after seeding, the area should be poured with a weak solution of boric acid at the rate of two grams per bucket of water and potassium permanganate in a ratio of three grams to the same amount of liquid.
How to multiply clematis by cutting
For reproduction in this way, clematis cuttings containing one or two internodes are cut at the beginning of flowering. Cut them from the middle of the branches, leaving a couple of centimeters above the node and four below. After that, the cuttings are dipped for two days in a solution of heteroauxin, which is diluted in a proportion of 60 g per liter of water.
The cuttings of the plant are planted in the tank obliquely. The soil for planting should consist of washed sand and peat in equal shares. The container is covered with a film to maintain the optimum temperature, which is approximately 23 ° C, so the rooting of the cuttings will occur faster. During rooting they are supposed to be sprayed.
The duration of rooting depends on the variety of clematis, so the process takes from one to two months. As soon as it happens, the flowers are transplanted into vases with fertile soil. If the time of planting seedlings in the ground has already been missed, then during the winter the plants are kept in a room where the temperature should not rise above +5 ° C. Watering at this time is carried out rarely, but make sure that the ground does not dry out. The following year, clematis seedlings are sufficiently prepared for planting in their place in spring. Those plants that are rooted by cuttings in the summer bloom in the autumn of next year.
This method is used for breeding large-flowered clematis. Shrubs are allowed to divide in spring and autumn, before the onset of growth of buds, and the bushes are divided only in those clematis that have not reached the age of seven. Later this procedure will be impossible to carry out due to the powerful development of rhizomes.
To divide, the clematis bush is dug out, carefully released from the ground and carefully cut with a pruning shears or a sharp knife so that each separated fragment has buds on the root neck.
Reproduction using layering
Before propagating clematis with layering, it is useful to know that a shrub can reproduce itself beautifully, you only need a little help. To do this, the bush spuds with humus or peat, and a year later the roots grow on the lower shoots.
But you can propagate the plant and green young shoots, for which the shoot of 30 cm length is bent to the ground and pinned with a brace into the groove to a depth of about 10 cm in the places of internodes. During the growth of the shoot, new internodes are sprinkled again, and the tip with leaves remains at the top. It is important during this period to water clematis. By the cold, the shoot will take root and remain to hibernate. In the spring of the whip between the nodes you need to cut and plant a flower in a permanent place.
Plant Diseases and Pests
Most often, clematis diseases occur due to lesions:
- Gray rot. The disease develops due to wet, wet soil. The plant should be treated with antiseptic and correct the cause.
- Powdery mildew The young parts of the plants are covered with a white mealy bloom, clematis stops growing and blooming. To combat the disease, the affected parts are burned, and the flower is sprayed with 0.1% baseol or 0.4% soda.
- Rust. For this disease characteristic is the appearance in the spring on various parts of the plant brown spots with spores. The plant is deformed and dries. 2% Bordeaux liquid and chemical preparations help to cope with the disease.
Also, clematis diseases occur with pest damage. The most dangerous of them is the gallic nematode. It hits the root, and it is already impossible to help the flower, it must be destroyed. When planting or buying clematis root, you should carefully examine it for the presence of nodules - gall.
Pests in the form of aphids, spider mites, slugs and snails do not carry a noticeable danger to clematis, so the fight against them is sparing. This treatment and 2% garlic extract, and a decoction of onion peel. Also requires regular removal of weeds.
Since the clematis flower is a native of warm places, it needs shelter for the winter period after autumn pruning. This is done with the help of boards, boxes, sprinkling with soil, foliage, pine fir trees, peat or rotted manure with a layer of about 30 cm.
You can not cut off the shoots, and, turning them, lay on the ground, and also cover. In the spring, those parts that are dead are cut off, and the plant is tied up.
Modern frost-resistant varieties of clematis can withstand cold weather and do not need pruning and shelter.
Clematis occupy a worthy place among the many beautiful garden flowers. These plants are perennial, mostly climbing.
Их также называют лозинками или ломоносами.
Увидев клематис однажды, в него нельзя не влюбиться. Все дело в обильном цвете, красивых лепестках на фоне сочных зеленых листьев, разнообразии окрасов.
Оплетая различные опоры, побеги ломоноса способны достигнуть длины до 5 метров, образуя «водопады» из очаровательных цветков.
К тому же это растение довольно неприхотливое и выносливое, может существовать на одном месте до 30 лет. Однако, любит солнце и достаточный полив.
Clematis has more than 300 varieties. In such a variety, any gardener will find the one that suits him. And if we consider the most famous species today, we can classify them in different ways.
Based on the diameter of the inflorescence, there are clematis:
- small-flowered (up to 8 cm) - Duchess pear of Albania, Rubra, Pretty in Blue,
- mid-flowered (up to 12 cm) - Multy Blue, Summerdream, Hagley Hybrid,
- large-flowered (up to 20 cm) - Lady Betty Balfour, Julia, Andromeda.
On the photo Clematis Lady Betty Balfour
The many shades in which the petals of the plant are painted also make it possible to divide it into groups:
- whites - Shirayukihime, Henryi, Duchess Edinburgh,
- Blue - Blue Light, Blue River,
- lilac - Thyrislund, Beauty of Worcester,
- mauve - Wine, Luther Burbank,
- purple - Trekatrei, Hakuokan, President,
- pink - Barbara, Hagley Hybrid,
- red, crimson, purple - Romance, John Howells, Gipsey Queen,
- multicolored - Venosa Violacea, Capitaine Thuilleaux, Etoile de Malicorne.
In the photo Clematis Luther Burbank
The shape of flowers are the following types:
- semi-double - Mrs George Jackman, Kathleen Dunford,
- terry - Paola, Piilu, Denny’s Double, Red Star,
- bell-shaped - Integrifo, Integrifolia, Gazelle,
- star-shaped - Lady Betty Balfour, Mikelite, Multy Blue.
In addition, the moths are classified as undersized (up to 1.5 m) and with long shoots, upright, bush and curly, early – and late-flowering.
Plant in landscape design
Undoubtedly, these plants are unusually beautiful in appearance, but, moreover, they are able to bring considerable benefits than landscape designers successfully use.
Functions that perform these plants in the gardens:
- marking the boundaries of the territory (using special supports),
- shelter unsightly buildings, walls, fences,
- decoration of facades, gates, arbors, arches, porches and balconies,
- creating a background for other plants, fountains, sculptures,
- framing of rock gardens.
Clematis planting for decoration
How to plant clematis in open ground?
It is necessary to take care of a suitable support for the plant. It is important to know that many varieties do not braid it independently. In this case, a regular garter is required.
In places where it is hot summer, it is not recommended to use metal structures as a support frame.. Clematis will fade and wither.
It is necessary to have seedlings at a distance of at least 30 cm from the walls and pillars, as well as 100-150 cm from each other. During the rain, they should not drain water from drains and roofs.
Both the diameter and the depth of the landing pit should be 60 cm. It will have to be filled with humus, garden soil and sand mixed in equal proportions. It does not interfere with the addition of 150 g of superphosphate and a pair of handfuls of wood ash.
So, 15–20 cm of drainage from stones, fragments of bricks, rubble is installed on the bottom of the pit. A mound is formed from the prepared earthen mixture in the center, along which the roots are distributed.
It is necessary to fill them up so that the root neck is 10 centimeters deep. Then the seedling is watered. Its roots are shaded, or the soil is mulched with sawdust, pine needles, and bark. Shoots are tied up.
Further care of the plant consists in regular watering (2–3 buckets under the shrub at least 3 times a week), loosening the soil, and removing weeds.
A huge role for the proper development of the plant is pruned shoots. It should be carried out with a clean, sharp instrument (shears, garden shears) with no rust.
Sanitary pruning, which can be carried out at any time, includes the removal of dry, broken, burnt areas of the vines. But special attention from gardeners requires pruning the autumn period.
It depends on how clematis will look next year.
There is an international classification of a plant by pruning groups:
- (A) Not edged. Buds in these species of plants are formed only on shoots of past years. It follows that pruning such a vine does not need, as it will break flowering. In the fall, you can remove only weak shoots or carry out molding, shortening due to excessive growth.
- (B) Low-cut. Such vines bloom twice a year: first, on last year’s branches, then on the shoots of the current season. In the first year of planting at a permanent place, all shoots are shortened to a length of 30 cm. For two-year-old plants and older, shoots are cut to 1.5 m.
- (C) Cutter. These are clematis that bloom late only on fresh shoots. They are cut almost completely, leaving up to 3 pairs of buds from the ground (30–50 cm).
How to achieve a long and abundant flowering?
Especially lush and long-lasting colors can be achieved with the help of a special anti-aging pruning. Its secret is surprisingly simple - you need a full annual removal of those vines that are older than 3 years.
In addition, experienced gardeners apply the method of three-tiered clematis pruning, regardless of their affiliation to a particular group.
In each tier should be the same number of shoots (3-4), their length remains as follows:
- 1 tier - 100–150 cm,
- 2 tier - 70–100 cm,
- Tier 3 - 3 buds from the ground.
All other branches are removed completely.
They used to give color to longer shoots, then from the second tier, and, finally, those that were cut the hardest. Thus, flowering is extended for almost the whole summer.
In the phase of bud formation, clematis is responsive to fertilizer, although it does not tolerate a high concentration of mineral fertilizers. It is best to make special flower blends at the rate of 40 g / m².
How to plant and care for clematis are discussed in the video
Reproduction of small-flowered clematis without any problems is possible with seeds. But this method is not suitable for large-flowered hybrids, since their varietal properties are not preserved.
In such cases, are used:
- The easiest to use methodbush separationwhen, in an adult liana (5 years and older), a side of the root system together with the vines is separated from the side of the shovel and planted as an independent plant. These seedlings develop rapidly and begin to bloom early.
- It is easy to propagate the plants, making cuttings. In spring, the lateral processes are pressed to the ground and fixed with brackets. A good strong kidney is chosen and covered with a layer of earth on 10 cm. The following year, the rooted twig is cut off from the mother plant.
- Large-scale reproduction of clematis is possible only cuttings. Cuttings are cut from the middle part of healthy shoots, both lignified and green. The upper cut is done at a right angle, and the lower one at an angle of 45 °. Each cutting must have no more than 2 nodes. The cuttings root well in greenhouses, as not only the optimum air temperature is maintained there, but also humidity.
- Clematis is also subject to grafting, but usually only especially valuable and rare breeds are reproduced, which are difficult to separate and grafted.
Preparing for the winter
After the autumn pruning plants need to pile up to a height of 15 cm, adding to the soil wood ash, compost or humus. The root neck should be well covered, and the shoots removed from the support and neatly laid.
At the onset of a steady temperature below zero, the flowers cover.
In areas with severe winters, it is recommended to scatter peat, dry leaves, pine needles, sawdust over the shelter.
In the spring, when the threat of return frost is over, the shelter is removed. Later, the plant is released from the pile. But even if suddenly the clematis has become extinct, you should not immediately root it out. After some time, the root system can give young shoots.
Of course, the process of reproduction, growing and caring for clematis may at first glance seem laborious.
However, believe me, enjoying the view of its luxurious inflorescences is worth any effort! In addition, this vine is able to become a reliable friend, pleasing with its beauty for many years.
Description of Clematis President variety
The description of Clematis Zé President should start with a brief background. The plant is bred by breeding, and the name was given in honor of the President of the Royal Botanical Community in the UK. In general, the cultivation of flowering vines began in the 16th century, and in Russia they became closely acquainted with them only in the 19th century. A century later, they won universal love among gardeners, thanks to the varietal diversity.
Clematis President is a large-flowered variety. The inflorescences in the open state have a diameter of up to 18 cm. They are of stellate configuration, with eight sepals and a rather original color: a rich purple tone smoothly flows to the center in blue, and the clarified path extends in the middle. In the central part of the flower there is a thick purple tuft of stamens.
Stems at an early age greenish and fragile, with age, they stiffen and darken. According to the description and photo of the clematis variety President, it is clear that the culture is capable of intensively stretching and curling up to 3 m in height, with a vertical support. With good care, the increase in clematis per day is 10-12 cm. During the growing season, the seedling develops up to five young shoots, which allows the plant to quickly plant the area prepared for it.
The leaf component is abundant, but the leaves themselves are medium in size, about 15 cm. The plate is oval in shape, green in color. The rhizome of the hybrid President developed, lies almost at a meter depth and grows in breadth as well. At a permanent place, clematis usually grows up to 30 years, provided that it provides optimal conditions and proper care.
Clematis President Winter Hardiness
Hybrid Clematis Ze President is not distinguished by a particular capriciousness in terms of care and withstand all kinds of negative external factors. This also applies to low temperatures in winter. The President variety belongs to the 4th category of plants according to the degree of frost resistance, so it is suitable for cultivation in any climatic zones.
Planting and care for clematis President
By virtue of unpretentiousness in the care of the variety, the President is recommended to beginner gardeners. These clematis do not require special care, it is enough to adhere to basic agrotechnical measures for planting and subsequent care. Then nothing will impede the speedy and luxurious dissolution.
Clematis President Selection
The healthy development and abundant blooming of clematis depends largely on the correct choice of location. Clematis the president prefers an abundance of light, but does not tolerate wind blowing through. To create a barrier, it is recommended to plant annuals nearby, which additionally protects the soil from overheating.
It is better to choose the site for the hybrid President on a slight elevation, in order to exclude the contact of the roots with the nearby ground flows and the creation of bogs during snowmelt or frequent rains. Excessive damp causes rotting of the rhizomes and leads to the death of clematis.
Unacceptable close proximity to buildings, as water flowing from the roofs will accumulate on the foliage. In addition, the soil in such places is too dry, which is harmful for clematis. Preferred is loose, air- and water-permeable and fertile soil, with a neutral or slightly alkaline index. Ideal for clematis President - loams.
Preparation Clematis President and Soil
Clematis is planted in the President: cuttings, rooted seedlings or layering. The best survival rate is observed in the purchased planting material with a closed root system, germinated in fertilized soil. During transplantation, the roots do not suffer from them. When assessing the quality of clematis seedlings, attention is paid to the condition of the roots: the presence of several live buds is necessary, an acceptable length is 30 cm, without external damage and putrefactive lesions.
It is equally important to correctly prepare the landing holes. They are dug rather spacious - 50-90 cm (in depth and width), at a distance of one and a half meters. Drainage is falling asleep to the bottom: brick chips, crushed shards, rubble. Next comes humus or infused mullein and garden soil. Then the ground is carefully tamped. Depending on the quality of the soil make: peat, bone powder, superphosphate, chalk, gold flour. Such manipulations are done several weeks before the planned landing of clematis.
Clematis planting rules President
Planting of Clematis variety President Zee can be carried out from spring to autumn, but the beginning of autumn is considered the best period. At this time, the soil moisture increases, there is favorable cool weather.
- Dried seedlings are pre-soaked in water for at least an hour.
- A pit of earth is poured into the well prepared in advance in the middle on which the plant is placed. Carefully straighten the roots in free space. The root neck should go 10-12 cm deep.
- They fall asleep, moisten abundantly and cover the root zone with mulch (peat, straw, humus).
- When sapling subsides, pour in the missing soil so that the growing point at the base does not become bare.
- In autumn, the ground part of the clematis bush is cut off completely, then scooped around the substrate. When spring works sprinkle escape to the lower internode.
Watering and feeding
At first, clematis President, it is important to water systematically and abundantly so that rooting takes place faster. It is enough once a week, during drought - 2-3 times or as the upper ground layer dries out. Water directly under the root, so that the moisture does not fall on the foliage.
After wetting clematis, it is recommended to loosen and remove weeds. Additionally, they spread out the mulching composition, which contributes to the retention of moisture in the soil and slows down the growth of weeds in the future.
Top dressing is made several times during the warm season, this is influenced by the quality of the soil composition and the climate. Organic introduction has a positive effect on clematis: mullein (diluted 1:10 in water), leaf compost, settled manure. It is better to alternate them with mineral complex compositions (35-40 g per ten-liter bucket of water).
Trimming and tying
Pruning is an essential step in clematis president care. There are 3 groups of pruning, each of which is applicable to a particular type of plant. To the Clematis President apply the second, implying a two-step approach: after fading and in the fall, shortly before the onset of the first frost.
The President does not allow young shrubs of vines to bloom fully for the first time - the buds are broken in the initial stage of formation, so that the plant does not waste energy, but fully develop the root system. In the summer, they remove last year's and broken shoots. In autumn, branches are cut off almost to the base, leaving low hemp on the surface.
Tie a liana in early spring. The first time corrects growth, so that clematis grows in the right direction. Then the garter is not needed, it independently rises and branches, forming a rich green-flowering carpet.
Reproduction Clematis varieties President
Hybrid Clematis President successfully propagated by layering. It is rational to carry out a similar procedure in the spring so that the shoots can germinate before winter. To do this, choose on the mother bush strong branches, put them into a furrow dug nearby and covered with earth. In the fall or next year, the cuttings are cut from the source and transplanted to a permanent place in the garden.
Another breeding variant President President varieties - green cuttings. Before flowering, several well-developed shoots are picked from the middle of the bush and cut. From one do several delenok - with the presence on each living ovary and 1-2 leaves. Leaf plates are pre-cut to one third.
First, the workpiece is treated with any growth stimulant (Kornevin), by immersion for a day in the solution. They are added to the peat-sand mixture. Further care implies regular watering and spraying. After 1.5-2 months, they take root, but transplant them only after a year.
Diseases and pests of Clematis Zé President
Liana President, like most decorative perennials, are not protected from negative external factors that often cause various problems. They are most susceptible to pathologies: viral, fungal and bacterial origin.
The most dangerous for the President variety is the wilt - the sudden wilting of green mass. It can not be cured, so that the affected bushes are urgently dug up and disposed of outside the garden area. Soil after them is treated with iron or copper sulphate to maintain the remaining planting.
In steadily rainy weather, the flowers become sick with gray rot, which is characterized by brown spots on the leaf plates. The infected parts are cut off, and the bush is sprayed with fungicides.
Among the pests are especially dangerous for clematis President: small rodents, spider mites, snails, plant bugs, slugs.
Clematis President is an ideal plant for registration of a backyard territory, which is due to its characteristic feature to curl and create vertical continuous covers. They are convenient to decorate any growth structures in the garden: entrance groups, arches, arbors, walls of houses. A competent initial approach to planting and elementary care for clematis. The President allows to admire the colorful flower garlands every year.
Clematis planting in springtime
For clematis planting, the most favorable seasons are autumn and spring. Саженцы могут гораздо хуже проходить период приживания в первый год, если задержать высадку цветка.
Если высаживать в осенний период клематис, тогда можно быть уверенным, что он приживется вполне хорошо. Только следует знать, что к наступлению зимних холодов цветку нужно дать хорошенько укорениться. Таким образом, тема сроков становится опять актуальной.
As soon as the kidneys begin to swell or have not even gone into growth, approximately from April or the beginning of May we can safely carry out the landing of clematis.
For the correct planting of the plant, it is necessary to make wide and sufficiently deep pits for planting - 60 cm each.
It is recommended to make drainage from gravel or broken brick with a thickness of 10-15 centimeters, if there is ground water near.
After the fertile top layer and fertilizers such as: 2-3 handfuls of ash, 50g superphosphate, humus from 5 to 8 kg are added to the planting pit. Add 50g of hydrated lime to acidic soil.
On the soil, which is pre-spread in the form of a mound, clematis roots must be evenly spread.
As one of the options, the mound may be from sand, and at the end of planting the root collar is also filled with sand. Due to such manipulations the rotting of the plant will be prevented.
If the vine is old, the root neck is 10-12 cm deep, if young, then the root neck needs to be deepened by about 5-11 cm.
Thus, not only new shoots will be formed, but also in summer time will serve as protection from overheating, and in winter from freezing.
When planting clematis, it is necessary to adhere to the distance between seedlings of 1-1.5 m. Immediately after the process of transplanting, the plants should be watered abundantly with water, and then mulched.
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Clematis planting highlights
1. Portability of a transplant is excellent, which allows you to plant them on a simple bed to grow and become stronger, and after a year or two, plant them on permanent places.
2. Clematis sapling before planting is disinfected in a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
3. After landing, it is imperative to put support and bind clematis (you can temporarily).
The support should be no more than 2 cm in diameter. In general, in the process of growth, the vine will need two or even three times the garter of shoots that have grown.
This is necessary to ensure that the plant does not suffer from diseases and to reduce the risk of mechanical damage.
4. There is an active growth of only one stem in large-leaved species of clematis in the first year of planting. And in that year, when the plant is planted, the top should be pinched, so the side processes begin to grow. The procedure itself nip can be done again.
5. Clematis is very fond of light, but not overheating of the root system. That is why it is very good to plant such flowers as marigolds, peonies, phloxes and others near it.
6. Since the plant-liana is at risk of overheating and overdrying of the soil, in spring, after loosening and first watering, it is necessary to humus the soil in northern places, sawdust in southern areas or peat. And in order to close the shoots at the bottom and to avoid overheating, it will be enough to “knock out” the well.
7. If you plan to plant the plant against the wall, then the best side will be the south-west or south side of the building. The distance for good plant growth should be at least 50 cm from the wall. In no case, water from the roof should not fall on him.
How to care for clematis in springtime
If you grow clematis correctly, you need to remember about frequent and abundant watering for several years after planting.
After three years, it will be enough to water several times a week for 2-3 buckets of water under a bush.
Luxurious and beautiful flowering is the result of proper watering.
To keep the moisture in the right amount, it is necessary to mulch and loosen the ground near clematis. For the mulching procedure you can use rotten sawdust, peat or humus.
During the first year of growth, the plant-vines actively develop the roots and, only about 3 shoots are added.
Therefore, in order to develop many dozen shoots from clematis and obtain a lush shrub with more than one hundred charming flowers, you need to properly and carefully take care of the plant for about 5-6 years. For this flowers, which grow in a single quantity is better to break off.
Then the flowering will be completely different and more prolonged, unlike plants without nipping and pruning.
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Clematis is very sensitive to feeding. Therefore, they need fertilizer preferably once a week. For top dressing use full fertilizer from minerals - for 10 liters of water 30 gr fertilizer, with calculation on the volume of 2 sq.m. soil.
In addition to the mineral supplement, 1 cup of wood ash per one individual plant will be suitable. Mullein (manure) is considered another very good fertilizer.
This dressing is recommended to dilute one part of the fertilizer for ten parts of water.
When the cold comes it is necessary to cover the root system of the plant, but when spring comes, it is not worth hurrying with the opening of clematis.
This precaution is associated with the fact that the vine is afraid of still intermittent frosts and the sun, which shines brightly, which can lead to kidney damage.
As soon as the spring frosts leave, you can safely remove the shelter from the plant.
After feed should be done nitrogen fertilizer. One of the good options would be urea - 10 liters of water 40 grams. If the soil under clematis is acidic, then lime milk of milk in proportion to 1 square meter of soil - 10 liters of water 200 grams of hydrated lime will be the best way to irrigate.
The process of stripping the plants is best done in less sunny, better cloudy weather. It is recommended that even a little shadow be made, so that clematis is used to sunlight gradually.