It is difficult to imagine the cottage or backyard plot without flowers. They are represented by numerous representatives of the flora. This is a bright, fragrant, different in shape and color of the plant. Among them, roses are distinguished by special refinement and magnificence. These chic garden plants are popular all over the world. At the same time the old popular varieties of this group are replenished with new modern elegant beauties.
A collection of beautiful, unrivaled flowers was created by David Austin. The classic forms of roses as a result of the fruitful work of the master turned into real masterpieces.
These plants are versatile and equally beautiful in group and single plantings. Perfectly combined with other plants. The best of this collection, among the flowers of red, is the rose of William Shakespeare.
In 1987, a new amazing variety appeared, which quickly won the sympathies of many flower growers. English park rose William Shakespeare - tall plant. Intensively developing branched shrub grows from one hundred to one hundred twenty centimeters. Stems are powerful, erect, densely covered with large dull leaves that have a dark green color. The advantage of this variety are its flowers, reaching in diameter from nine to twelve centimeters. William Shakespeare has a large luxurious gustomahrovy bud of a bright red color. A rose, the photo of which perfectly demonstrates its virtues, will be a decoration of any garden. In one bud there are up to sixty-five velvety red or purple petals. Initially, the flower is cupped. Further, it gradually opens up and becomes flatter and more flat. Rose William Shakespeare flower shape and amazing delicate aroma will remind of old varieties of roses. This plant has good resistance to precipitation. Weakly affected by disease. Abundant long flowering will delight the rose William Shakespeare. It will last from June to July. Re-bloom occurs in September. The plant is moderately resistant to winter low temperatures. This variety requires mandatory shelter until the first frost.
Variety of roses William Shakespeare - light-loving, thermophilic plant. Plots for this beauty should not be darkened, without drafts. She also demanding fertility of the soil, which should be loose with excellent aerobic qualities. Ideal moderately moist loamy soil. Dry and wetlands are completely unsuitable. Planting seedlings produced in April before the blooming of the kidneys, as well as in the autumn. The dimensions of the landing holes are:
• width - at least fifty centimeters,
• depth - not less than thirty centimeters.
They are located at a distance of seventy to one hundred centimeters from each other. With more compacted plantings will be difficult to care and increases the likelihood of plant diseases. Before placing the seedling in the prepared hole shorten the shoots to one third of the length. This operation is carried out with shears. At the bottom of the pit, intended for planting material, sprinkle a little earth mixture, which add well-rotten humus and peat. The root system is carefully inspected and straightened. After filling the planting pit with an earthen mixture, it is slightly compacted. Care should be taken to ensure that the vaccination site is five centimeters deep. Finish landing abundant moisture. After water is well absorbed, spend hilling. In the spring, after the planted rose William Shakespeare starts to grow, the ground around the seedling is loosened and watered. Autumn planting left over the spring.
Rose William Shakespeare will bloom beautifully and abundantly with meticulous care, which consists in regular loosening of the soil and watering, fertilization and forming pruning. In the autumn, you will need shelter for the winter.
Watering should be moderate. It is undesirable to overmoisten and dry ground. When establishing hot dry weather, the bushes are sprayed with water every three days. Watering is done in the morning and evening. After moistening, they loosen the soil and remove weeds. Spend a few dressings for the season. For this purpose, agonic and complex mineral fertilizers are used.
Important for the proper development of roses is the formation of a bush. The main pruning is done in March. During this period, carefully inspect the bushes. All dried, frozen shoots are removed completely. Then you can begin to form a bush.Strong powerful branches shorten one third of the entire length. This operation is performed by shears. Weak shoots cut by half. Such a formation will provide a full lush bloom all season. Wild shoots are removed completely.
The variety of roses William Shakespeare is resistant to major diseases. When pests are detected, they are sprayed with special preparations. This rose is a covering plant. It has an average winter hardiness. The use of covering material depends on the climatic zone in which William Shakespeare rose will be grown. In central Russia, it is possible to apply lapnik, polyethylene film or special covering material.
Rose William Shakespeare 2000
As a result of David Austin's hard work, many unique flower masterpieces have been received. He created new promising varieties, as well as improved existing ones. So in 2000, the William Shakespeare 2000 variety was introduced, which completely inherited all the advantages of its predecessor. They were supplemented with winter hardiness and good resistance to major diseases.
The presence of David Austin's pets in the garden - these incomparable plants - is easy to determine. The air is filled with a subtle, heady scent of abundant flowering bushes. No one will leave indifferent rose William Shakespeare. Reviews of the lucky owners of these plants confirm its amazing decorative qualities. Especially underlined prolonged re-flowering. It is not hindered by rainy weather, which does not spoil the terry velvety petals of bright purple buds. Magic aroma will remind of old varieties of roses. It is quite resistant and will fill all the space around the bush. Gardeners often use the variety William Shakespeare to create all kinds of joint compositions. It goes well with other ornamental plants. Young seedlings develop quite quickly. According to responses of summer residents and gardeners, already in the third year of life the plant will please with full-fledged abundant flowering. Especially spectacular is the alley, composed of different varieties of roses, which have flowers of different color. The success of this composition depends on the proper selection of plants. It will be a stunner that will perfectly fit into the overall plan of the entire site.
History of the variety
Most English roses are associated with the name of the famous and very talented breeder David Austin. Almost all of his designs have gained popularity, but William Shakespeare rose for many years leading positions in ratings around the world. Until now, in many respects, it is ahead of more modern counterparts.
Park rose William Shakespeare was first introduced to the general public in 1987 and instantly won the hearts of gardeners. In their opinion, a tall (up to 120 centimeters), upright powerful bush, densely covered with leaves painted in dark green color, can even adorn any garden, park, or public garden without flowers.
A little later (2000) a new, improved variety was bred - William Shakespeare 2000 rose. It differs from the first version in a large carmine-red flower with a lilac shade, a more branched shrub and high resistance to diseases and pests.
Rose William Shakespeare: photos and description
This luxurious plant blooms huge, up to fifteen centimeters in diameter, with flowers. They are painted in rich red with a pinkish tinge. One bud consists of one hundred and even more terry petals. For this reason, the yellow middle is not visible in the cup-shaped flower, even when it is fully revealed.
Rose William Shakespeare, whose photo often adorns the covers of floriculture publications, has a subtle, classic fragrance with barely traceable notes of violet. It blooms undulating throughout the summer. When the weather is warm, the plant takes a short break in bloom in August, and in September it again becomes covered with magnificent flowers.
Description of the rose William Shakespeare in different sources describes the plant as an average of frost resistance, so it needs careful shelter for the winter. This is especially important for the northern regions of our country.
Rose varieties William Shakespeare loves warmth and light. It should be planted in a brightly lit area, but at the same time it should be reliably protected from gusts of wind and drafts. The ideal place for landing will be a slight elevation. Thus, you can eliminate the waterlogging of the soil.
For planting, a pit is prepared with a dug up garden soil, which is filled with rotted manure (half a bucket), tree ash (1 cup) and a mixture of mineral fertilizers for roses or flowering plants (200 g). The diameter of the pit is about sixty centimeters, the depth is no more than half a meter.
If you plan to plant several bushes, the distance between them should be at least a meter.
This is a very important event, on which the further development of the plant largely depends. So, before planting should hold the following activities:
- For three hours, soak the roots in water, in which it is desirable to add a growth stimulator for roses.
- On a third prune shoots. The cut must be done at an angle of 45 degrees, in the direction of growth of the upper kidney.
When to land?
Usually William Shakespeare is planted in the spring from mid-April to late May. The seedling is placed in the center of the pit and gently covered with earth. The vaccination site should be buried five centimeters. Having planted a plant, the soil is lightly rammed, it is plentifully watered and must be mulched to keep the moisture longer.
Overmoistening of the soil is categorically contraindicated in the rose of this variety, as well as its excessive dryness. It is necessary in this matter to observe a balance for the normal development of the plant. Watering is carried out no more than twice a week, but you should focus on humidity and air temperature.
Rose William Shakespeare is very sensitive to the presence of nutrients in the soil, but at the same time dressing should not be abused.
In the first year, fertilizers are applied at the end of May, after the appearance of buds and flowering. Up to this point, the seedling is quite enough fertilizers, which were filled with planting. In the second year, the first feeding is carried out after the removal of the winter shelter, the second - in early May. For this solution is suitable chicken manure or mullein.
At the beginning of flowering rose mineral fertilizers are needed. Once every two or three weeks under the bushes make a universal mixture for flowering plants or special compositions for roses. In early August, you should stop feeding with complex fertilizers. At this time, sodium monophosphate is more suitable. It is made in mid-August and early September.
The first time William Shakespeare's rose is pruned in the spring, as soon as the shelter is removed. Frozen or dried shoots are cut off completely, and live ones are cut by a third. Too thin and weak branches can be cut in half. In the middle of summer, grassy shoots and withered flowers are removed from the bush. Before shelter for the winter, late-growing shoots are cut in late autumn, and the rest are shortened by 1/4.
This variety is resistant to most common diseases, but in adverse weather the plant needs preventive measures. In order to prevent the disease with powdery mildew, rust and black spot, from early spring every two weeks the plant should be treated with Bordeaux mixture, copper sulphate, “Fundazole”. Spraying is carried out in dry weather in the afternoon. Before rain or dew, the composition should remain on the leaves for at least six hours. After that, the plant is guaranteed to be protected from diseases for a fortnight.
If any insects appear on the bushes, flower growers recommend washing the plant with a hose, then sprinkle it with a solution of household soap and insecticide ("Alatar", "Aktara", "Iskra", "Komandor"). This method is able to cope with aphids, thrips, spider mites. If you notice leaves that are eaten or twisted into a straw on a rose, it means that the plant is attacked by a rosaceous moth or sawfly.
In this case, first of all it is necessary to remove the affected leaves and burn them, then spray the bush with insecticides. Removing the affected parts of the plant is the most effective way to fight the pennitsa and the sawfly downward. These pests are located on the shoots, destroying them from the inside. A simple insecticide spray in this case will not help. After the affected shoots are removed, treat the bush with Inta-vir, Fufanon, Aktara.
Shelter for the winter
Protect the plant from the cold must begin in advance, before the onset of frost. The root neck should be filled with dry soil mixed with humus to a height of about forty centimeters. Then a wire frame is erected above the bush, when frost comes it is covered with a covering material, which is fixed on the ground. The material, as a rule, is a solid plastic film, folded in two or three layers.
An additional "house" from the spruce branches will create an air cushion. During the onset of thaws, provide air to the plant by slightly opening the lower part of the film. Overheating a hive inside a shelter can cause it to heal and become infected with a formidable disease like bacterial cancer. With the onset of spring shelter must be removed in stages.
With the arrival of the first warm and sunny days, the rose is opened, the spruce branches and the mulch layer are removed. The frame remains in place, it is again covered with a film and removed only after the snow has completely melted. This method will protect the shoots of plants from burns bright spring sun.
An excellent option for shelter are caps made of foam, which were used not so long ago. This plant protection allows you to keep warm and protect the bush from moisture.
Rose William Shakespeare - a plant self-sufficient: it looks great in a single planting, and in combination with many plants. It looks especially impressive next to aconite, sage, delphinium, phlox. If you plant a bush in the central part of the flowerbed, then in the foreground will look great Veronica, bells, geranium.
This variety of roses grows quite quickly, so it is quite suitable for creating a hedge. Variety can be grown in containers and vases, subject to strong pruning.
Rose William Shakespeare: gardeners reviews
According to the majority of owners of garden or dacha plots, this variety is one of the most beautiful among purple roses. Impressive and aroma of this plant - light, sophisticated and at the same time resistant, with some unique notes. Plant care is pretty simple. Even a novice gardener can grow such a luxurious rose, provided that he observes the elementary rules of farming.
Description varieties of roses William Sheakespeare
Rose William Sheakespeare is sometimes mistakenly called a park. In fact, this is a classic English rose, bred by David Austin. The story of the variety is quite curious. The first saplings of William Sheakespeare appeared in 1987. However, the creator of the variety was not satisfied with the result: the rose was painful, suffered greatly from powdery mildew and rust.
This circumstance forced David Austin to continue work on the variety. As a result, in 2000 a new version was launched on the market - the William Sheakespeare 2000 variety. Therefore, now it is possible to meet seedlings of both old and new types, differing in some characteristics:
Thus, the old William Sheakespeare variety is a longer and winter-hardy
Rose William Sheakespeare 2000 has an old flower shape, but not bad resists rain damage, unlike many other "poinok".
bush, but more susceptible to fungal infections and carrying smaller flowers. The new William Sheakespeare 2000 loses the size of a bush to it and requires better protection from frost, but ideally withstands disease and has a large flower.
Tip # 1. When buying a saplingWilliamSheakespeare need to ask what kind of variety offers the seller - 1987 or 2000. It is also important to know that since 2016, David Austin’s nursery has stopped producing roses.WilliamSheakespeare 2000, and now the variety can only be found from third-party manufacturers.
author: Dr. D.G. Hessyon
William Sheakespeare Rose Rose Reviews
Судить о достоинствах и недостатках обоих вариантов розы William Sheakespeare можно на основании отзывов владельцев этих сортов:
«Посадила и долго считала, что у меня Шекспир-2000. Потом обратила внимание, что окраска цветка темнее и отливает синевой. Обратилась в питомник, где покупала саженец, и хозяйка объяснила, что это вариант сорта от 1987 года. Но в целом, я довольна розой. Достаточно неприхотливая, пока не болела. На дождь и жару не реагирует, обе волны цветения очень обильные. True, while not reach the declared height. The bush itself is strong, does not fall apart, upright " (Natalia, Tver).
“I have an old Shakespeare, and I understand well why the author made the second take. The black spot on this rose is terrible, besides it has re-affected all the neighbors. Now I decide where to transplant two bushes, because the flowers are, of course, beautiful, but the pain is catastrophic. ” (Olga, Vitebsk).
“Shakespeare 2000 is in my favorites. In the 4th zone he over-wintered under the hill, he left the winter without
The main advantage of the William Sheakespeare rose is the high decorativeness of the flower.
losses. Normally I had a transplant this spring, quickly built up a good bush - even though it was short, but lush. Showed a couple of dozen flowers. The smell is wonderful! It looks very nice in a flower bed - bright and expressive. It is a little minuses: the flower keeps only about 3 days and escapes easily break off. But I will definitely buy a second bush. ” (Maria, Udmurtia).
“I like Shakespeare 2000 very much! Especially the flavor! Only for some reason it is impossible to grow decent bushes. My already for 4-5 years, and they are not similar to the bushes. They give out two or three small shoots, and even those with a wind break out even with a garter. Hibernation does not matter, in the spring I cut off strongly. I don't know what's wrong. But the flowers are very beautiful! ” (Elena, Kostroma).
Monitoring reviews showed that both varieties have their drawbacks:
- William Sheakespeare has soreness, in some conditions there is insufficient growth energy.
- In the William Sheakespeare 2000 variety, fragility of shoots, unstable wintering.
However, the owners of both varieties of the variety indicate the absolute beauty of the flower of this rose.
Features growing roses William Sheakespeare
Based on the foregoing, two main problems can be identified that will have to be solved when growing roses by William Sheakespeare and William Sheakespeare 2000: protection from diseases and preparation for wintering. You can do this as follows:
- Protection against fungal infections.
In this issue, the main role is played by prevention. To minimize the risk of damages to roses by pathogenic fungi, it is necessary to process bushes twice a year with copper-containing solutions - Bordeaux mixture, HOM or Oxy preparations. The first treatment is done in the spring, after the cover is removed, the second - in the fall, shortly before its installation. During the summer, the bushes are sprayed with Fitolavin and Ampelomycin.
- Increasing winter hardiness.
Hurry with pruning roses William Sheakespeare is not necessary. It can be done immediately before placing the bushes under the shelter.
RosesWilliamSheakespeare must be sheltered for the winter. Since the size of the bushes in this class after pruning is small, it is easy to do this with the help of a low frame and geotextiles.
Tip # 2. Mulching is an important preventive measure to protect roses from fungal infections. In addition, it is necessary to strictly observe the irrigation regime, not allowing the overmoistening of the soil. Compliance with the planting scheme will help prevent the spread of infections in the area.
David Austin's recommendation for pruning English roses
Pruning roses is a very important procedure, the correct wintering and the further development of the plant depend on the correctness of the procedure. In 1996, David Austin published a book in which he talked about how to properly trim the roses bred in his nursery. According to the recommendations of the master, you need to focus on the shape of the bush:
- "Ostinki" wide-spreading form is cut in the fall to one-third the length of the shoots,
- middle-aged English roses with upright shoots are cut to one-third the length of the shoots,
- strong-growing “castles” with upright shoots are cut to half the length of the shoots,
- English roses with arcuate drooping shoots are cut to one fifth of the length of the shoots.
Since roses are varietiesWilliamSheakespeare andWilliamSheakespeare 2000 have upright shoots, their autumn pruning should be made to a third of the length.
Actual questions about the rose William Sheakespeare
Question number 1. How to use William Sheakespeare roses in landscape design?
These “fixtures” fit perfectly into any concept. They can be used to decorate flowerbeds in a group planting or create bright color spots on the lawns with their help. Also, this variety is well suited for container cultivation, so it is used for decorating patios, porches or porches.
Question number 2. What similar variety can you replace with a William Sheakespeare rose?
For the replacement of a well-suited rose French selection Cybelle. It is a sturdy modern peony flower with a purple flower similar to William Sheakespeare of purple color, very fragrant, stable. Recommended area USDA - V.
Description of the variety of roses William Shakespeare
Bright red large flowers resembling peonies scattered on a tall, dense, branchy shrub with large, matt, pure green foliage. The buds are cup-shaped, with a diameter of 15 cm, when they bloom, they become flat. The flower looks very lush and elegant due to the large number (up to 100 pieces) of terry petals in it. Flowers grow tassels. The middle of the flower is yellow, but because of the many petals, it is almost invisible.
The variety of roses William Shakespeare 2000 differs from Red roses in its color. Its flowers are carmine-red, with lilac color with age. Possess persistent, pleasant aroma of an old rose, with present notes of violet. The bush grows to 1.2 m in height.
English rose William Shakespeare blooms all summer. Flowering passes in waves. In August, it may stop blooming, but under warm weather conditions, in September, the buds are showered again with full-blown buds.
Rose David Austin has a fairly high resistance to disease. Its winter hardiness is of average level, therefore during the winter period the flower needs shelter.
How to plant a rose by William Shakespeare
The main condition for planting any plant is the right place. So where to plant a rose Sheakespeare? She prefers a warm and illuminated place. In order to avoid stagnation of water in the area designated for planting plants, it should be planted on high ground. It is necessary that the landing site is ventilated and protected from wind and drafts. The soil should be fertile, nutritious, slightly acidic, breathable and moisture-intensive. The best option for planting peony roses is loamy soil.
Planting roses William Shakespeare is best done from mid-April to early May. For landing you need:
- seedlings placed in water for 4-5 hours, adding a drug that stimulates the growth of the root system,
- cut off the damaged shoots and roots, too long to shorten,
- Dig a hole 50 cm deep, 40 cm in diameter,
- pour drainage to the bottom
- mix 1 part of peat, 2 parts of sand, 3 parts of mullein and 2 parts of fertile soil,
- put the resulting composition on the drainage,
- lower the seedling into the pit, straightening the roots, so that the root collar is 2-4 cm below the ground,
- slightly compacted, covered with soil,
- plenty of water and spud a young bush.
If the English rose is planted in the fall, spud the bush should be at 30 centimeters in height.
Features growing roses William Sheakspeare
Rose varieties William Shakespeare - unpretentious plant in the care. In order for the English beauty to please with its lush flowering, uniform growth and healthy appearance, she needs to provide maximum care, especially in the first year after planting. Care for undemanding rose includes watering, fertilizing and pruning.
Rose varieties William Sheakespeare prefers nutrient rich soil. Therefore, it is necessary to constantly feed it, the main thing is not to overdo it. Properly feed the plant as follows:
- The first feeding is done after the first buds have appeared on the bush, and the flowering process has begun. This usually falls on the end of May of the first year after planting. Prior to this, the plant feeds on fertilizers introduced during planting.
- The first feeding of the two-year bushes is carried out after the shelter is removed after the winter. The second is at the beginning of May. Fertilize rose solution of bird droppings or cow manure.
- When a rose begins to bloom, it needs minerals. Therefore, it should be fertilized with mineral preparations intended for flowering plants or special fertilizers for roses. Feed need 1 time in 17-21 days.
- In mid-August and early September, rose is watered with sodium monophosphate, which is replaced by complex fertilizers.
Methods of breeding varieties of roses William Shakespeare
The best option to get Austin rose planting material is to buy it at a specialty store or nursery, where the quality of the seedling and the preservation of the varietal characteristics of the plant are guaranteed.
If there is an English beauty in your garden, you can multiply it by cutting, which also preserves the characteristics of the variety. For growing cuttings need:
- cut the cuttings to 15 cm each. For cutting use healthy half-lignified shoots of the first flowering,
- there should be 3-4 buds on the seedling,
- the bottom is cut at an oblique angle below the kidney, the upper cut is straight, cut off over the kidney,
- remove foliage from the bottom, shorten the top two leaves by a third of their length,
- process the bottom of the stalk root former
- loosen the soil and put a seedling in it,
- cover with a transparent cap
- water without raising shelter.
With the onset of cold weather, the seedling should be tucked, covered with straw and spruce paws. Cover everything from above with a multi-layered fabric.
Rose Shakespeare is difficult to tolerate the process of transplantation, so you should plant a seedling immediately to a permanent place of plant growth.
Use in landscape design
English varieties William Shakespeare are especially appreciated by landscape designers. These beauties perfectly complement any floral arrangement. They will be an excellent decoration for any flower bed. Rose William Shakespeare 2000 looks gorgeous in a single landing, and in combination with other colors. If you plant it with aconite, sage, phlox and delphinium, the garden will play with overflows of red, blue, lilac, pale pink and white flowers. This combination will be an excellent decoration of lawns or garden paths.
If the English rose William Shakespeare grows in the center of the flowerbed, then gentle bells or geranium planted in the foreground will look great next to it.
William Sheakespeare variety is perfectly grown in a container, therefore it is used as a decorative ornament of arbors, verandahs, patio-courtyards, porches of houses. In addition, the rose of Austin is perfect for creating a hedge.
Austin Roses William Shakespeare:
Proper rose pruning
For the first time, a rose is pruned immediately after the cover has been removed. Frozen or dry shoots need to be removed completely, cut off the weak by half, and shorten all healthy ones by three.
In the summer, the bush is also pruned, while all grassy shoots and dry flowers must be removed. Autumn pruning is to remove undisturbed shoots and shortening all the rest by about a quarter.
Disease prevention and pest control
Rose William Shakespeare is quite resistant to the most common diseases, but under adverse climatic conditions, it requires some preventive measures. To avoid the appearance of powdery mildew, rust, and black spot on the rose, it is necessary to spray the bush every two weeks in early spring with a solution of copper sulphate or Fundazole, which is sold in any gardening shop.
It is very important to spray the plant after lunch and in dry weather. Rain or dew can wash off the solution, and it is very desirable that he spent at least six hours on the leaves. This procedure will protect the plant from illnesses for exactly two weeks. After, the procedure must be repeated.
When attacking any insects - pests on plants, experienced gardeners recommend washing the bush with water from a hose, and then treating it with a soap solution and spraying the insecticide. Perfectly fit:
This way you can beat aphids, spider mites and thrips.
If the gardener has noticed twisted leaves on a bush and, when they are completely eaten, this indicates the presence of a moth. In such a situation, it is necessary to remove all the affected foliage and burn it. After that, the plant must be treated with insecticide.
Mechanical removal of the affected parts is the only effective way to combat sawflies and pennitsa. These pests live in the shoots and eat them from the inside, so hit them with soapy water or poison just will not work. It is necessary to cut off the damaged shoots and then treat the plant with the following preparations:
Preparing for the winter
This variety is unable to painlessly winter without proper shelter.. That is why at the first frost you need to take care of how to protect the roses. The brown neck needs to be filled with dry soil with humus and a hill about forty centimeters high.
Above the plant you need to build a kind of wire frame and, at the first frost, cover material is thrown onto this frame, while it must be well fixed at the ground.
The material should be quite durable and the rose is covered in several layers. You can create an air cushion of spruce branches.
During the winter thaws, it is necessary to ensure the ventilation of the shelter, for this you can slightly raise the shelter. Overheating the plant can cause debate and even infection with bacterial cancer.
Winter shelter at the onset of spring is removed gradually. In the event of warm weather, you can first remove spruce branches and mulch. The frame is not removed and the covering material again leans on him. Remove shelter finally can only be when the snow melts completely. With this option, removing the winter shelter, the plant will not suffer from the active sun rays that can burn it.
By the way, foam is an excellent covering material. You can make peculiar caps from it, which will keep warm inside you and protect the rose from moisture.
Propagation of roses William Shakespeare
For those who want to have such a beautiful and unusual plant in their garden, it is best to purchase a seedling in a specialized store or nursery. An excellent option would be to buy online. The cost of one seedling varies from 500 to 3000 rubles.
If the gardener is already the happy owner of such a luxurious bush, then he can get new roses by cutting. With this method of reproduction, all the characteristics and characteristics of the variety are preserved.
You need to choose the shoots of the first flowering and cut it from the bush. Next, the escape should be divided into segments of about 15 centimeters in length, but at the same time 3-4 internodes should be preserved. The lower cut should be done under the kidney. Only two upper leaves are left on the shoot, and the rest need to be removed.
The lower part of the cutting must be treated with a special preparation - root forcing and put it in the previously loosened soil under the hood, that is, a kind of shelter. Watering the stalk is necessary without removing the shelter. Closer to the winter, the cutting stalk must be spudded and covered with straw or lapniki on top of it, and with multilayer cloth on top.
In conclusion, I would like to say that the English rose of the William shakespeare variety will be a real decoration of any garden flowerbed or garden plot. She is so beautiful that her bloom is just fascinating. Plant care is quite simple and does not require special knowledge and skills from the gardener. One has only to adhere to certain rules in planting and care, as well as recommendations given for this particular variety. Rose william shakespeare is a stunning flower that leaves no one indifferent.
This variety of roses was bred by the famous English breeder David Austin in 1987: the idea was to make a flower of the class of srubs, which would be characterized by increased resistance to various diseases and pests affecting this class of plants. Despite achieving some success in this field, the variety was still too susceptible to rust and powdery mildew.
In 2000, this variety was further improved., got even more resistance to diseases and corrected the flaw of the previous variety, concerning increased susceptibility to certain diseases. This flower also received increased frost resistance (capable of tolerating temperatures down to -26 ° C).
Description and characteristics
This variety is a stunning beauty. tall plant, the stems of which are crowned with velvet-red flowers, later turning into bright purple. Separate mentions are worthy of the size of the flowers - some of them reach a diameter of 10-12 cm. Initially, the cup-like shape of the flower at the time of its disclosure takes a flatter shape. Each flower contains up to 70 petals, which are arranged in the form of brushes. The duration of flowering of each flower is about two weeks.
Young shoots bloom in a fairly short time, and the flowers themselves are characterized by a unique, peculiar only for roses aroma with light violet notes. The flowering period - from early June to early September. The bush is characterized by rapid growth, erect, abundant branching and frosted clean green leaves of large size.
Несмотря на общую неприхотливость английских роз, всё же существует несколько правил, которые позволят вам существенно облегчить процесс посадки и ухода за ними. Создав для этих цветов правильные и комфортные условия для произрастания, вы сможете изрядно продлить им период цветения и ускорить темпы их роста.
Тепло и освещение
Сорт розы Вильям Шекспир относится к светолюбивым растениям. In this regard, it is recommended to disembark at well-lit places. Ideal if your flower will be in the sun throughout the daylight hours. But you need to remember that the flowers of this plant have a rather poor resistance to the wind, flying around with its strong, squally gusts. Therefore, at the same time, it is recommended to choose places for planting that would be protected from drafts.
For planting this flower in the best way loamy, moisture-absorbing, slightly acidic, humus-rich soils. This variety does not tolerate excess moisture, and therefore it is recommended to establish adequate drainage in the area planned for planting. Excessive accumulation of groundwater can lead to rotting of the roots of the plant, which ultimately can cause its death.
Preparation and planting seedlings
Before planting seedlings in open ground, they must be subjected to a small treatment - hold for 4-5 hours in water, and then remove from them all damaged roots and shoots. Landing is best done in April, when the soil becomes warm enough, or in the autumn, before the onset of frost.
An approximate algorithm for planting flowers is as follows:
- A drainage mixture consisting of 2 parts of sand, 1 part of peat, 3 parts of manure and 2 parts of fertile soil is placed in the harvested hole, not less than 40x50 cm in size.
- The roots of the seedling are straightened in such a way that they enter the well to its full length.
- A young bush is placed in the well, then it is covered with soil, slightly compacting it.
- Next is to make abundant watering the plant with water, and after absorbing the liquid - spud it.
In general, the care of this flower does not conceal any special tricks: everything is pretty standard, but there are several aspects on which it is worthwhile to focus attention.
It is necessary to irrigate this variety once a week, and on hot summer days - every three days. The rate of moisture under each bush - 10 liters. It is recommended to carry out the procedure early in the morning or in the evening, and after moisture is absorbed, it is necessary to loosen the soil around the plants and remove the weeds that grow around your bush.
Due to the fact that this variety of roses has a rather fast growth rate, they need additional frequent dressings. The first feeding is made in the spring, with the beginning of the formation of fresh shoots in the bushes. It can consist of organic substances, such as compost or, for example, manure, and of mineralized fertilizers. Feed must be made at intervals of two weeks until the end of July.
The first pruning time comes in early spring, when, after removing the winter shelter, all the frozen and dried shoots are pruned. Next, the bush should be shaped - half of the weak stems are cut off, and by one third those that look thicker. In the future, in order to extend the flowering time, in the course of the warm period it is necessary to prune the withered flowers.
English roses reproduce poorly with the help of seeds, since the offspring obtained in this way do not inherit all the positive properties of their parent. In this regard, for their reproduction using inoculation, dividing the bush, layering and grafting. The latter method is the most reliable, easiest to implement and most used by gardeners.
The best time for harvesting cuttings is autumn.before the first frosts. To determine that the stem is suitable for use as a cutting, you can try to break off a needle from it. If this happens easily, then the stem is suitable for this role. Each stalk should contain 2-3 buds, while the lower cut is made oblique - it should practically fit to the lower bud, and the upper one should be 1 cm from the top one.
Further, all cooked cuttings should be processed using fungicides and substances that stimulate rooting. The bottom leaves are completely removed, and those that are on top, cut off by 1/3. Following this, the cuttings are transplanted into the greenhouse, and they are buried by 2-3 cm. The substrate for the cuttings is purified river sand or perlite. Successful rooting occurs when the cuttings content in air temperature is 22-25 ° C and humidity is 80-90%. There will also be some shade and frequent, light irrigation. After the buds begin to develop, and the first leaves go, it is worth cutting down the spraying and starting to air the greenhouse so that the young bushes can get used to the open air. In winter, young bushes should be kept in wet sand at a temperature not exceeding 2-4 ° C.