My lovely gypsophila, resembling white and pink clouds, suddenly descending to the ground, invariably raises the question of how to properly care for these delicate and delicate flowers.
At first glance, in these plants there is nothing special - just small flowers with white, pink, less often - red petals, with branched stems and elongated sparse leaves. However, when the well-groomed gypsophila grows, it is similar to lace laced with snowflakes.
This flower looks very elegant and gives the garden an extra charm. "Gypsophila" and translated - its name means "elegant."
Under natural conditions, gypsophila grows in Africa and Australia, and looks like a gentle carpet on green grass.
Gypsophila has many species and varieties, but the annual and perennial varieties are most common in our gardens. Caring for them is slightly different, although outwardly they are almost identical, except for height.
Care for annual gypsophilia
Gypsophila annual - unpretentious plant that loves bright areas with a light loose lime soil. It easily takes root with minimal care - infrequent watering and periodic dressing.
As fertilizer, manure for gypsophila is not suitable, but you can use humus. The main thing is not to plant flowers in acidic soil.
Gypsophila annual multiplies exclusively seeds, which are planted on a previously prepared area directly into the ground. It is best to pre-plant the seeds of a plant on a separate bed in late autumn and annoy in early spring, and when the small sprouts stretch and become stronger, transplant to a permanent place.
Seeds need to plant less often, otherwise they will be difficult to grow, and you - to thin them. They should be planted on a bed in rows, the distance between which should be about 15-20 cm.
It is not necessary to bury the seeds deeply deeply; it is enough to bury them into the ground by about 2–2.5 cm. They sprout after about two weeks, and after a month and a half they can be planted in a permanent place.
Plot for gypsophilous need to choose sunny and windless. This flower does not like even a light shade and blooms badly. The flowers look very nice near the stones, so this plant is often used in rock gardens.
After planting, you need to loosen the soil more often and remove weeds. Elegant gypsophilous need to be protected during growth. When watering water on the flowers from the top it is better not to pour, so as not to damage the delicate little flowers. Watering gypsophilus bushes is preferable to the side.
Until flowers have appeared on the plant, it should be watered abundantly. During flowering, watering can be reduced, and in the fall gradually stop completely.
Gypsophila does not belong to painful flowers, and rarely suffers from infections. If you do not allow a strong thickening of the bush, the disease is practically excluded.
Parasites do not like this plant either, and they appear very rarely; nevertheless, their appearance cannot be completely ruled out. For prophylaxis, you can periodically water gypsophila with hot water, approximately 55 - 60 degrees, this will help get rid of the larvae of pests.
Gardeners love perennial baby's breath because they do not require annual planting. There are many varieties of such plants, but the most famous of them is paniculate. This flower grows in almost every garden.
If this flower is properly fed, it reaches more than a meter in height, has double flowers of white or pinkish color, and beautifully decorates the plots. He looks great in the cut-off, panicled gypsophila often complement bouquets of large flowers to give them lightness and airiness.
Especially loved unpretentious panicled gypsophila "Flamingo" up to 120 cm high, with double pink flowers, which quickly turns into a tall fluffy ornamental shrub.
A no less famous flower is the creeping gypsophila, a dwarf plant, which is called a "mountain dweller". This variety is not high and grows well on stony, humus-poor soils. It blooms with small pink or white flowers and “spreads” among the stones, as a result, which is how it got its name.
Planting and caring for perennial gypsophilia in general boils down to:
- choosing the right place with suitable soil for the flower,
- preparing a place for seeds or seedlings,
- and feeding.
The site where you are going to plant a perennial gypsophilus must be sunny, this plant will not bloom in the shade. The soil should be loose and light, drainage is highly desirable - gypsophilia do not tolerate stagnant water, do not grow on clay soils and die if they are planted in the ground to which groundwater closely adjoins.
The soil can be stony, gypsophila grows well in such areas, the main thing is that the place for planting should be dry and sunny.
If you plant seeds, then before planting, which is carried out in April, as soon as the earth warms up a little, it is necessary to moisten the soil a little, slightly sprinkle the seeds with earth and pour it with warm water. Top plot can be covered with a film for better germination.
After a few days, the first shoots will appear, and in three weeks leaves will appear. After that, the long-term gypsophilus can be planted in a permanent place, the requirements for which are the same - it should be a well-drained, sunny and dry area.
If you are planting seedlings, then you should immediately put the plant in its permanent place, cleaned of weeds, and how to water.
Loosening and weeding
In the spring, weeds go together in growth, and it is not so easy to distinguish tender young shoots of gypsophila from them. Therefore, the land in which you plant flowers, be sure to thoroughly weed and burst, so a few days later you knew that flowers appeared on the garden, and not weed.
Small sprouts are easy to drown with powerful weeds, so weeding young plants should be given special attention. When the gypsophila begins to grow, weeds will be much less. But young plants need to weed carefully.
Gypsophila does not require too abundant watering, this flower tolerates drought perfectly, and excessive moisture will only damage it. As long as the plant does not bloom, it is enough to water it once or twice a week, rather abundantly, in the morning or in the evening, after the appearance of inflorescences, watering can be reduced.
In addition, the intensity of irrigation depends on the weather. If the summer is dry and there is very little rain, watering is required more often.
Perennial gypsophilia breeding
Perennial gypsophilus has a long root, and it does not reproduce by the usual division of a bush, like most plants. There are two ways of breeding gypsophila:
- it multiplies by seed
- gypsophila can be propagated by cuttings.
However, seeds reproduce only simple flowers that do not have double-headed inflorescences. Terry gypsophila breeding exclusively cuttings.
Around the middle of autumn on the withered stems of perennial baby's breath appear boxes with seeds that can be collected and dried. These seeds can be planted in the same way as the seeds of annual gypsophila - either in the winter or in early spring on the prepared beds.
Shoots will need to be thinned and some fertilizer must be added to improve growth. Gypsophila breeds and self-sowing - if you planted two or three cuttings. in a few years there will already be a lot of plants in this place.
Reproduction by cutting
In order to propagate the gypsophilus by cuttings, they should be taken from a young plant on which flowers have not yet appeared. Gypsophila usually blooms at the end of June, so it is best to graft it in May. You can do this after flowering, in August-September, choosing young stems.
It is possible to grow gypsophila from cuttings both in the room and in the greenhouse, in loose soil, at a temperature of 18 - 22 degrees and abundant moisture. In such conditions, gypsophila quickly takes root. Only it is necessary to remember that it needs a long light day, and if the sun does not have enough cuttings, the boxes with seedlings need to be additionally highlighted.
The permanently rooted cuttings should be planted during the warm season so that before the cold they can take root and gain strength for the care of the winter.
How long-term gypsophila winters
Another undoubted advantage of this plant is its resistance to cold. Even our harsh winters endure perennial gypsophila without any problems. However, it is still necessary to prepare the plant for winter.
When the gypsophila fades in, it happens at the end of summer or at the beginning of autumn, depending on the region, the shoots should be carefully cut a few centimeters from the ground. This should be done on a dry, windless day, and the plant should not be watered before. And the soil, and the flower itself during the cut must be dry. A few strong large shoots should be left.
If winters in your region are cold and snowless, or the snow falls late enough, it is still better for the gypsophila to be covered with something - dry foliage, sawdust, spruce branches or peat can act as a covering material.
It is necessary to open gypsophila in the spring as soon as the snow melts. It freezes this plant extremely rarely.
If you give your gypsophilus quite a bit of attention. open white and pink clouds will soon unrecognizable change your garden.
Gypsophila perennial: description of the plant
Gypsophila perennial – This is a semi-shrubby herb of the family of cloves, consisting of an abundance of white or pink-purple inflorescences. Shrubs look like a "flower cloud", giving the plant a light appearance. Perennial flowers can be simple or terry.
There are many types and varieties of this culture, the most common gypsophila paniculata and gypsophila creeping. Perennial blooms every summer (in the middle of the summer season). Then, after the break, repeated autumn flowering is possible. The height of this plant can vary from 15 to 120 cm.
How to choose the soil and place
An important step in the planting of gypsophila is the proper preparation of the soil. The plant prefers light soil and does not like clay. Lime soil or any other non-acid neutral soil will be optimal. The soil should be loose and well drained, as sandy as possible. The rocky surface will also be perfect.
The main recommendation regarding the cultivation of gypsophila, as well as the question of how to plant this plant correctly, is the right choice of location. The area where the gypsophila is planted should be sunny.
Description of the process of planting seeds with gypsophila
Gypsophila is grown from tiny seeds. In September, on the faded shoots of gypsophila seeds ripen, which are collected and dried. In spring, these seeds can be planted. Gypsophila do not like frost, so sowing work begins after the soil is fully heated in the spring. So, let's see how to grow a baby's breath from seed. Planting work is carried out in the following order:
- Before planting it is necessary to prepare the beds and moisten the ground well.
- Then the seeds are distributed over the beds and carefully covered with a thin layer of earth. The distance between the seeds should be no more than 10 cm.
- Next, the sowing site is covered with foil and left for a few days in a sunny place.
- In the fall, grown plants can be transplanted to any area you choose, keeping a distance of about 20 cm between plants, and between high varieties - about 50 cm.
The soil is enriched with additional nutrients, which helps the growth process.
Sprouted shoots thinned and left at a distance of 15 cm, so that in May, after the appearance of the leaves, transplanted to a permanent place.
Rules for watering the "flower cloud"
In hot weather, the gypsophilus must be watered abundantly and regularly. Do not allow drying, the plant does not like too dry conditions. Young bushes especially need timely watering. However, at the same time, it is necessary to eliminate the possible stagnation of water in the ground.
Water retention can cause horse rotting, the development of fungal diseases, which ultimately leads to the death of the plant. To help excess moisture freely leave the top layer of soil, care should be taken of a good soil dehydrator (trench, drainage, pipes).
Top dressing and care of the soil
Gypsophila fertilized only twice per season. However, if the bushes are provided with a sufficient amount of sunlight and heat, then the gypsophila is excellent without additional fertilizers. Excess feed for the plant is undesirable. It is customary to enrich the soil with complex mineral fertilizers and organic matter.
Young plants are recommended to cover spruce branches or dry leaves. By following these simple rules of care, you will receive abundant and long flowering gypsophila.
Do you need a transplant and pruning plants
Over time, the creeping shoots of the plants form dense bushes, so that your baby's breath will look unkempt. In addition, we must remember that this perennial culture is growing rapidly.
Perennial even able to destroy growing in the neighborhood of weak plants. That is why it is important to promptly limit the spread of gypsophila in the flower bed.
The pruning procedure is recommended when the plant stems look faded (after flowering). Shrubs gently pruned, leaving only 3-4 shoots at the base. Thus, after trimming the bushes will become much more magnificent.
In addition to pruning, it is desirable to transplant the plant 2 years after planting. Young bushes gypsophila rather easily tolerate the first transplant. However, in the future, such a procedure is not recommended. Over time, when the plant takes root, transplanting becomes more and more dangerous. However, gypsophila can easily grow up to 25 years without a transplant.
Plant reproduction: how to perennial perennial gypsophila
In addition to the seed method of growing, gypsophilia is also propagated by vegetation, that is, by grafting.
This method is especially effective if you are going to breed terry varieties of gypsophila.
So, how to plant a gypsophilus cuttings? Works should be carried out at the end of spring (at the end of April or at the beginning of May). It is necessary to have time to cut the cuttings from the young shoots of the plant before the inflorescences begin to form.
In the open field, cuttings should have time to take root before the onset of autumn. Therefore, for successful breeding gypsophila, you need to follow the following simple rules:
- the soil for planting should be loose, with a small amount of chalk added,
- planting depth - about 2 cm,
- air temperature - about 20 ° C,
- the cuttings need to provide a 12-hour daylight
- process plants with a solution containing heteroauxin (a root formation stimulator).
Gypsophila and landscape design: how to choose neighbors "for little flowers"
Gentle gypsophila is able to make a uniquely light and airy any composition at your cottage. Gypsophila paniculata is used to decorate curb stones and flower beds, mixborders and flower beds. A creeping gypsophila (miniature species) will look great on alpine hills, rocky slopes and rockeries.
Next to the stones, any variety of gypsophila will be very useful.
Tender perennial gypsophila looks great surrounded by the same bright perennial cultures. The combination of perennial with other plants will help not only beautifully decorate your garden, but also visually expand the garden plot, form a unique landscape.
Gypsophila produces a special effect in combination with plants with large flowers. The following garden plants will be suitable neighbors for our lush perennial: marigolds, yarrow, echinacea, stonecrop, phlox, eryngium, escholcium, godetia and liatris. In addition, the gypsophila looks spectacular next to the ornamental plant Elimus (or, as it is also called, grassland, hairs).
In addition, the gypsophilia can be dried by placing in the vase fresh opened "little flowers". Can be combined with other dried flowers-amulets. Openwork and thin twigs of this culture give weightlessness also to a fresh bouquet. Spectacular gypsophila is able to decorate and complement any bouquet.
Feature of the plant Gypsophilia
Gypsophila belongs to the group of ornamental plants. The flower grows in the form of a bush or grassy growth. The root system is well developed. Stems thin. They have many lateral processes, due to which the bush in a short time becomes spherical. Gypsophila flower grows up to 120 centimeters tall. There are ground cover forms of plants, the stems of which are located near the ground.
Побеги цветка имеют зеленый цвет. На веточках практически нет листиков. Основная часть лиственных пластин расположена в прикорневой части. Они имеют ланцетную форму с заостренным кончиком. Листья могут иметь как темно-зеленый, так и серый оттенок. Поверхность глянцевая, гладкая.
The first flowers can be observed at the end of June. Buds are collected in paniculate inflorescences, which are located at the ends of the shoots. The diameter of the flowers is from 4 mm to 7 mm. The most popular species of gypsophila are presented in the photo:
This is a one-year type of plant. Adult flower has a small height. With proper care, it can grow from 40 to 50 cm. It grows in the form of a bush. This species is highly branching. The leaves are very small, lanceolate.
Buds are small. In the unfolded form, they reach 1 centimeter in diameter. Flowers can be white or light pink. Buds are collected in wide, spreading panicles. Placed flowers on thin pedicels. Thanks to the small buds, the plant acquires an openwork look. Watch flowering Gypsophila graceful can be for a month and a half.
- Rose - buds of a pink shade,
- Elegance - delicate buds, white.
This species differs from others in its warmth and light-loving. Therefore, in order for the plant to develop well and bloom profusely, it is necessary to create optimal conditions for it. Gypsophila graceful is a good addition to such plants as godecii and escholtsii. Also Gypsophila looks great with marigolds and other bright flowers. Some florists use this type of plant to create bouquets.
All types of plants are distinguished by their flowering and bush form.
This species belongs to dwarf plants. This is an unpretentious flower that can grow in almost any locality. Because of this, it is often called a mountain plant. A feature of this type are the shoots that spread along the ground. Leaves lanceolate form, small.
Flowering occurs from June to July. This is a frost-resistant species that can grow in one place for up to four years.
The shrub is often used for decorating stony territories and borders.
- Gypsophila pink. This is a dwarf plant. The main difference is its rapid growth. In a short time, the flower can cover a fairly large area. Distinguished by this variety of red stems. The maximum height a plant can reach is 15 cm. The leafy plates are narrow-lanceolate, green in color. The buds in the open form have a pink tone. They grow up to 1 cm in diameter. During the year, gypsophila pink blooms twice, the first - from June to July, and the second - in the fall.
- Gypsophila is white. Stems creeping. With proper care, they are able to quickly form dense bushes. Twigs are bare. The leaves are narrow and very small. Plates of a dark green shade. Flowers are white with a pink tone.
Gypsophila paniculata (paniculate)
This type of plant grows to 120 cm. It is a perennial flower that has an attractive appearance. Differs knotted stems and strong branching of the bush, especially in the upper part. The leaf plate, as in other species, is very narrow and shallow. Flowers grow in diameter to 0.6 cm. Buds in loose form can be either white or pink. Flowering plant for 40-45 days. You can watch this miracle from July to August.
Depending on the type of flowers are terry and simple. All of them are collected in small inflorescences. At the end of flowering small fruits are formed in the form of boxes. In the middle of each is up to 1300 seeds. The grains are very small. Their germination persists for three years. The photo shows the gypsophila paniculata, the landing and care of which are not difficult.
- Gypsophila Snowflake. The bush is quite dense. Its height reaches 10 cm, and a diameter of 50 cm. This variety is distinguished by a large number of small, double flowers of white color.
- Gypsophila Rosie Weil. Low-growing variety. Its height ranges from 30 to 35 cm. The uniqueness of the plant lies in its flowers. Only the opened buds have a white tint, but over time they become light pink.
- Gypsophila Terry. Buds white, small.
- Gypsophila Pink Star. Flowers saturated pink, terry. In height the bush reaches 60 cm.
- Gypsophila Flamingo. Inflorescence pink shade, terry. One of the tall varieties. The size of a bush can reach 120 cm.
- Gypsophila Rosenslehleur. This plant spreads over the surface of the earth. Its maximum height can be 40 cm. Flowers are terry, small. The hue of the buds is pale pink. Duration of flowering from 70 to 90 days.
This is a creeping plant that grows up to 10 centimeters tall. Hardwood platinum has an ovoid shape. Flowers are small. Their size reaches two centimeters in diameter. Buds may have a white or purple shade with burgundy veins.
Proper care for baby's breath
The soil. Plant should be planted in well-lit areas. The soil for the flower should be sandy or loamy. It is important that the earth is well missed the air, water and had in its composition a small amount of lime. To maintain heavy bushes, it is recommended to make reliable supports at the beginning of summer.
It is forbidden to plant bushes in the ground with the flow of groundwater.
Top dressing. If the flower grows in a well-lit area, then fertilizer is not necessary. Otherwise, humus and minerals should be added to the soil. When choosing a top dressing, one should take into account that the composition of the preparations does not change the acidity of the soil. One of the most effective is tincture of mullein. It is not recommended to make fresh manure, as it can harm the bush. It is worth feeding in the spring and during flowering.
Irrigation. The plant tolerates drought well, so in the open field it is practically not necessary to be watered. The exception is the high temperature of the air for several weeks. In this case, it is recommended to pour 3 to 5 liters of clean water at the root.
Preparing for the winter. Despite the fact that most varieties are frost-resistant, additional insulation for the winter does not harm. In the middle of autumn, the stalks should be cut, leaving 10 centimeters above the ground. Then the soil will need to mulch peat. You also need to pour dry leaves on the bush, and put pine twigs on top. This is necessary in order to keep the snow away from the root system.
To stimulate the rapid growth of the bush is recommended to prune shoots immediately after flowering.
Reproduction. The method of growing this flower depends on the type of plant. Perennial species can be diluted with seeds. Grains should be sown before winter in open soil.
Perennial species better to breed with seedlings. Grains should be sown in spring in boxes. Seeds are recommended to be placed at a depth of 5 cm. In order for the kernels to sprout faster, cover the box with film or glass and place it in a well-lit place. Perennial Gypsophilia is planted in the open ground in the month of May. It is necessary to carry out the procedure only after a few leaves appear on the seedlings.
Collect the seeds should be at the end of flowering. The boxes should be cut a little greenish and finally dried at home in a well-ventilated area. It is recommended to store grains in paper bags.
Pests. Gypsophila often suffers from fungal diseases. They are able to cause wet rot, white mold. Insects and parasites also often flower. With improper care, leaves and stems may be covered with brown bloom. To get rid of these problems, you should use fungicides. They can be used for spraying the flower, and for watering.
In order for the plant for a long time to please their appearance and flowering, it is necessary to adhere to all the rules of care. Proper soil selection, watering and winterization will help protect the bushes from the death and rotting of the root system.
Growing perennial baby's breath - video
Gypsophila perennial: varieties and varieties
This plant attracts attention with its attractive appearance and originality, while caring for it is not difficult, as every novice gardener can be sure of.
Carpet created by hundreds and thousands of unusual texture with gypsophila flowers, has many advantages:
- forms beautiful thickets, becoming attractive for butterflies,
- is a great decoration for the backyard and flower garden,
- brings aesthetic pleasure thanks to its pomp and incredible lightness.
Therefore, not only gardeners are not indifferent to this plant, but also professional breeders and ordinary owners of country houses and cottages. Many gardeners confirm that they do not cause special difficulties gypsophila. Growing from seed is a difficult method, but even this task is beyond the power of a layman.
Gypsophila and its varieties
This flower is unpretentious and does not require special care. It looks very nice, although the flowers are quite simple and may seem homely. But there are a lot of them on the bush, and they form a lush white cover. Gardeners love gypsophila very much and choose it due to the following qualities:
- She creeps pleasantly on the ground, and on it you can see many different butterflies.
- It is a good decorative element of a flower bed or plot.
- Very lush and light flower and looks special.
There are many varieties of this plant in nature, but among those that are preferred for growing and breeding, the following can be distinguished:
- Gypsophila paniculata. The most famous variety. It has foliage of a gray-green shade and flowers of white or pinkish tones. The flowers are quite large, their size is almost a centimeter. Blooms throughout the summer season until September. The height of the bushes is different and can vary from thirty to one hundred twenty centimeters. The height of the bush depends on the care and the type of dressing used. When gypsophila paniculate planting and care are carried out properly, the bushes will be lush, and flowering abundant.
- Yaskolkova gypsophila. Perennial plant type. It’s a pleasure to grow it. It is very beautiful and applies to mountain views. It has a luxurious structure and is perfect for modeling the landscape. This variety is unpretentious and resistant to frost, easily tolerates arid climate. All this is perfectly combined with external beauty. In height, this variety reaches only 10−20 centimeters and has small white flowers. Perfect for creating landscape edging, decorating a rocky surface or refining a lawn.
- Gypsophila creeping - dwarf species growing in the highlands. This makes the flower the most unpretentious of all varieties. Breeders call it a plant of the mountains. The undersized flower is covered with flowers of white and pinkish shades that frame the leaves of rich green color.
- Gypsophila graceful. This variety belongs to annual species of plants. The bush itself has a spherical shape and thin branched stems. The foliage is of lanceolate type, and the flowers are openwork and can be pink, white or cream shades. In height such a bush can reach up to 50 centimeters.
Also distinguish such varieties as Pacific, Ural, andrespecific.
Planting a plant
Although a gypsophila is an unpretentious shrub, before planting you should take a responsible attitude to the planting site and the soil on it. The soil should be loose type, you must have drainage. It is better to choose sandy dry soil, where groundwater will be far away. Otherwise, the branches may die from these waters. The rocky type of surface is also well suited.
Acidity should be at a normal level, and the landing site itself should be well lit.
Moisten the ground before planting. Then they place the seeds in it and sprinkle them with a thin layer of earth on top of them. It is necessary to observe the distance between the seeds of about ten centimeters, no more. First, seedlings are sown in a box. It is necessary to cover it from above with a film and put it on a sunny place for several days. After three days, the first shoots can already be observed. And in a couple of weeks, the first leaflets will start to appear. In May, when the seedlings are strong enough, it can be transplanted into the open ground.
As already noted, gypsophila is very unpretentious. She needs only the right timely watering, weeding from time to time and periodic feeding. If the summer is dry and hot, then watering should be abundant. Water the flower at the root, it should be done in a timely manner. You should also ensure that there is no stagnation of water.
When flowers bloom, bushes should be carefully trimmed. At the same time, only 3-4 centimeters are left of the stem at the root. To protect against frost bush mulch with peat or foliage.
Feed the baby's breath infrequently. Usually this is done twice a season with the help of mineral fertilizers. When the plant has enough heat and sunlight, it can do without additional fertilizer. A mullein infusion is good for this purpose, but fresh manure can destroy a flower.
The reproduction of this plant is possible seed and vegetative way, but it is worth remembering that annual shrubs multiply only with the help of seeds. When growing annual bushes, planting seeds is carried out before winter.
Planting of perennial gypsophila should be carried out in a seedling manner. For this, the seeds of the plant are sown in early spring in boxes for seedlings to a depth of half a centimeter, after which the crops are covered with plastic film or glass and placed in a warm, bright place. The shoots will seem in two weeks, they must be thinned so that the distance between the seedlings was at least fifteen centimeters.
In order to keep the number of copies they may not be thinned out, but in this case it is necessary to plant them in separate peat pots. Further, the cultivation of seedlings continues until the middle of the scale. It is important to remember that after thinning or transplanting a plant needs an increased day light, which must be at least thirteen hours.
At the time of transfer of perennial seedlings to a permanent place of cultivation, the following recommendations should be considered when choosing a site:
- The soil for planting should contain some humus and lime. If the garden soil does not contain lime, then it is recommended to plant 30–50 grams of calcium carbonate for planting seedlings, for each square meter of land, this will ensure comfortable conditions for gypsophilia.
- The place should be well lit.
- You can not plant a plant in the place where there is groundwater. The roots of the plant can not withstand excessive amounts of moisture and die.
When a plant is planted, its root neck should be above the ground. If the bushes are planted in several rows, the plant between them must be at least 70 centimeters, and between rows - 130 centimeters. After the gypsophila has been planted they must be watered.
Flowering plants should begin then.when twelve pairs of leaves will be formed, but the flowers will reach their best shape two to three years after planting.
Gypsophila does not like excessive watering, so it is necessary to carry it out only in dry weather, but it is important to remember that water should be poured only under the root of the bush.
Like any other plant, gypsophila needs fertilizer. Two to three times a season, mineral and organic supplements should be applied in turns. It should be noted that the mullein infusion will be the best option for organic fertilizer for gypsophilia, but fertilizing with fresh manure should be avoided, as the plant does not tolerate it.
Perennial gypsophila needs pruning before winter. It is necessary to cut a bush in such a way that its root has four sturdiest stalks. Further, the remnants of the bush should be covered with spruce leaves or foliage.
Planting baby's breath
Despite its simplicity, special attention is paid to the soil and its content when choosing a place to plant. The ground should be loose and drained, as sandy as possible, sufficiently dry, since the plant can die from groundwater sources. The rocky surface will also be perfect. The earth should be of normal acidity, and the area - well lit by the sun.
Attention! The main recommendation to gardeners is that before planting it is better to loosen the soil, mix it with sand and small pebbles.
Before planting, the ground is moistened, then the seeds are put into it and carefully sprinkled with a thin layer of soil. The distance between the pronounced seeds is no more than 10 cm. Then the box with the ground in which the seeds were planted is covered with a film and left for a few days in a sunny place. Already after 3 days you can see the first shoots, and after 20 days - the culture will please the first leaves. Closer to May, the grown seedlings are planted in open ground.
Fertilizer and fertilizing baby's breath
If there is enough sunlight and heat, then the plant can do very well without additional feeding. Otherwise, the soil is enriched with humus, mineral fertilizers and organic matter, which does not change the acidity of the earth.
Attention! Очень эффективен настой коровяка, а вот свежий навоз может уничтожить растение и все ваши ожидания!
Diseases and pests
Полное отсутствие ухода может привести к появлению губительной ржавчины и серой гнили на культуре, нередко образуются и галловые нематоды. To get rid of them quickly and without damage to the plants, it is recommended to regularly spray the bushes with phosphamide. If this method turns out to be ineffective, then the bush is dug out and washed along with the root system under hot water. To get rid of rust culture is treated with special fungicides. This may be bluestone or Bordeaux mixture.
Gypsophila perennial: combination with other plants
Gentle gypsophila is a perennial, planting and caring for which does not take much time, looks great surrounded by bright perennial plants with large flowers. These can be monads, phloxes, liatris, roses. A classic combination with roses is considered: it is this composition that allows not only beautifully decorating the garden plot, but also visually expanding it, creating a magnificent mixborder in distant places.
Gypsophila perennial landscape design
A spectacular contrasting combination of colors, good resistance to the vagaries of weather and colorful flowering throughout the summer is undoubtedly a plus in choosing flowers to decorate any alpine slide and decorate the landscape. A gentle and pleasant flower haze perfectly decorates any garden plot, accentuates its boundaries and fills with extraordinary fragrance.
Currently breeders managed to withdraw a large number of varieties and varieties perennial baby's breath. In this list there are also special plants that seem to be the most convenient and preferable for growing:
- Paniculate gypsophila. The majority of experienced flower growers are familiar with this plant, because in our country it is grown in various different regions. Contributed to the wide distribution of gypsophila paniculata and the fact that in its wild form, this variety is represented in the territory from the Volga region to China. Many fans of gypsophila flowers swept like not so much for the gray-green leaves, as for the inflorescences with a delicate white and pinkish tint, which reach 0.8 cm in size. September There are many specimens that differ from each other in height, which can range from 30 cm to 120 cm. Much here depends on the care and type of fertilizer used.
- Creeping gypsophila. This variety of small stature is deservedly the most unpretentious. This confirms the fact that he feels good on rocky terrain and in the mountains. It is also logical that many well-known breeders subsequently called it “mountain plants”. The adornment of this variety is small white and pinkish flowers, which are complemented by emerald leaves.
- Yaskolkova gypsophila. Compared to other species, this variety stands out for its extraordinary beauty, with which it was endowed with luxurious texture, which provided widespread use in landscape design. This gypsophila not only does not create problems in the care, but also perfectly tolerates severe frosts and long periods of drought. During flowering miniature white flowers are formed, and adult specimens usually grow to 10-20 cm. This gypsophila is perfect for decorating the rocky surface, landscaping lawns and creating a landscape edging. Perennial gypsophila also includes a number of other species, among which it is worth mentioning the Pacific, Ural and Arecia.
Care for baby's breath
Photos of plants can cause the desire to grow it on your site. However, it should be noted that this will not be so easy. The gardener will be able to enjoy the long flowering of gypsophila only if it provides regular watering, loosening of the root zone and conduct dressings.
Often it becomes especially hot in summer, so on such days the plants need to be watered carefully and always at the root. Feed should be carried out twice per season, using complex mineral fertilizers. When the flowering period is over, pruning of the bushes is carried out, as a result there should be no more than three or four stalks at the root. To protect baby's breath from winter frosts, an effective measure is peat or leaf mulching.
Do not miss a great opportunity to get acquainted with such a pleasantly decorative plant, like a gypsophila. This perennial managed to be appreciated not only by experts, but also by many gardeners who like this plant to see how unusual it looks on the site. Inspired by such beauty, many people do not deny themselves the desire to grow a baby's breath in their own area. And many succeed, because due to its unpretentiousness, the plant survives on various soils. Although when growing this flower you need take into account a number of rulesotherwise the gardener will not receive the joy he anticipated, waiting for the beginning of flowering of gypsophila.