All lovers of spicy herbs, giving special taste to dishes and drinks, ever wondered how to plant mint. Its leaves are rich in essential oils, the combination of which creates the very special fresh invigorating scent. This plant is truly universal. Worldwide, it is actively used in cooking, medicine, perfumery, cosmetology, added to toothpastes and powders. Growing it in the country is not difficult, because the culture does not impose strict requirements on breeding conditions, and caring for plantings will not take long.
Select a site
Under the cultivation of mint is better to take a sunny place, where in the midday hours there is a shadow. Its bushes develop faster with a prolonged light day. Constantly being in a dense shadow near the walls of buildings or under spreading trees, they will not die and wither, but their growth will slow down.
The quality of the soil peppermint undemanding. Ideal for her soil that meets 5 conditions:
- porous, freely passing air to its roots and moisture,
- containing a lot of moisture, but not swampy,
- rich in humus,
- loamy or sandy.
If the soil on the site contains a lot of lime, it will not become an obstacle to growing mint, but its leaves will emit a weaker flavor. The culture is contraindicated in dense clayey soil in which water stagnates for a long time. Even competent care in such a land will not save the plants.
Before planting mint, prepare the site in a standard way: choose weeds, dig, fertilize. Both organic and mineral compounds are suitable for it. The height of the beds determines the type of soil. If it dries quickly, they are best made low. This will help to keep the mint necessary moisture in the ground longer. If the soil at the cottage is damp, it is worth pouring high ridges. They will protect the roots of the plant from rotting.
Neighbors and predecessors
Mint will be a good neighbor for almost all garden crops. It will attract pollinating insects to them, scare away many dangerous pests, and improve the taste of ripe vegetables. Experienced gardeners advised to plant it next to tomatoes, cabbage, beets. And if next to mint is common nettle, its leaves will smell even stronger, because the essential oil in them forms more.
An important point: if the plantings suffer from diseases or pests, no care will help save them. Treating mint bushes with fungicides will make them unsafe for human consumption or for medical purposes. For the prevention of infection, it is better to place them away from flower beds, beds with vegetable crops and herbs - at a distance of at least 60-80 cm.
In order for mint cultivation not to end in failure, air must circulate freely between plants and easily reach their roots. Important and good drainage. Plantings should be regularly inspected, paying special attention to the inner side of the leaves of mint, where insects like to hide. Finding pests, they are washed off with water from a hose.
Peppermint grows well after legumes, root crops, perennial herbs. Its root system is powerful, so it’s better to make separate beds for a plant, otherwise it will simply overwhelm the neighbors. Plot for mint often do not have to change. In one place its bushes can remain up to 10 years. But from time to time they will have to be updated.
Mint is suitable for rock garden. And if you plant it en masse, its bushes will quickly cover the soil with a decorative green carpet.
For the first time to grow mint on the site can be from seeds. For further reproduction, cuttings and rhizomes obtained from an adult bush are more often used. Time to care for them will take less, and they grow faster than seedlings. From the seeds of mint, seedlings are obtained, which are then placed in open ground. They are sown in the middle of spring. Since they are very small, during the procedure it is more convenient to use a stick with a pointed end, which is periodically dipped in water. You can take a special syringe for seed.
The seedling container should be wide and shallow. It is filled with a nutrient substrate. When sowing seeds, mint does not deepen them, but only slightly (maximum 5 mm) is pressed into the soil. Then on the landing tank tension food film. You need to place it in the sun, you can even put it on an unglazed balcony, if it's warm outside. For the germination of mint seeds it is necessary that the air is heated to 21-24 ° C.
When shoots hatch, care for them will include only regular watering. After they get stronger, they dive into separate pots and put in a cool place. In open ground, seedlings are planted closer to the end of May, when they produce 3-5 pairs of leaves. Mint cultivation is widely practiced at home. Planting seeds can be carried out directly on the beds, but it is not very convenient because of their small size.
Other breeding methods
Peppermint is propagated by cuttings or segments of rhizome. Both methods allow young bushes to retain all the properties of the parent plant. Mint cuttings can be cut when there are 5 leaves each and a renewal bud is formed. Their length should be 7 cm. Placing them in a prepared ridge, mint cuttings are sprinkled with soil and watered abundantly. Their rooting does not take much time.
Popular and another way. Chopped cuttings are placed in a container with water and kept in it until the roots appear. No care is required at this time. It will only be necessary to add water from time to time as it evaporates. Then the cuttings are planted in beds with an interval of 20-30 cm.
If you want to get pieces of rhizome of mint, it is removed from the ground and slightly dried. The division is carried out so that each part consists of 10-12 nodes. The resulting rhizomes are placed in shallow (8-10 cm) holes. Make them at a distance of 30-40 cm from each other. Sowing delenku, throw a handful of humus into the hole.
When growing mint in open ground, you must consider the characteristics of the culture. Its bushes quickly develop, giving a set of shoots and filling with a bed. To prevent the site from turning into continuous mint thickets over time, the place reserved for it must be limited by hammering slate or metal sheets into the soil. Iron hoops cut from old barrels will also help.
It is better to place mint of different varieties on the bed. Peppery, curly, fragrant, apple varieties of it are perfectly combined with each other and pleasantly diversify the menu.
Before planting, the soil is enriched with the following fertilizers:
- potassium chloride,
- ammonium nitrate,
- wood ash.
Having dug up the soil by 20 cm, they level its surface and make a bed with wide (40 cm) inter-row spans. Mint bushes are planted at intervals of 30-50 cm. The rhizome is buried in the soil to a depth of 5 cm. Plants will thrive if you pinch their tops. They do it when their height is 20-25 cm.
Spring (in April-May, depending on the region) and summer (in August) mint are practiced. In both cases, finish the procedure with abundant watering. If planting crops on the beds is carried out with seeds, the furrow prepared for them should be thoroughly moistened, and after sowing they are slightly sprinkled with dry soil. It will perform the function of mulch.
Care growing in the country mint is almost not required. Freshly planted bushes are often watered. It is better to do this in the evening hours. Adult plants moisturize less often. In rainy summer mint there is enough natural rainfall, in dry weather it is watered every 1.5-2 weeks. Landing need to regularly weed and loosen. Roots of mint are located almost at the surface of the soil, so the weeds greatly hinder them. It is more convenient to perform such care after watering or rain, while the ground has not dried out. It is easier to remove weeds from damp soil without damaging the mint roots.
The culture responds well to top dressing. It is better to take drugs with a high content of nitrogen and phosphorus for them, but you can get by with organic compounds - rotted manure or compost. Especially important for mint care in the form of dressings in the period of active growth of its bushes - in the spring. In the future, the beds from time to time mulch, adding to the compost wood ash. In the fall, professionals recommend deeply digging up the soil by adding half-dug manure to it (2 kg per 1 m²).
Plantations should be monitored, not allowing them to thicken. Because of it, powdery mildew can strike the mint.
If you want to get a bushy plants, they are periodically cut, shortening the tip. Then the mint stops reaching up and begins to actively form side shoots. As a result, fragrant leaves from it will be possible to collect more. If mint bushes are strongly drawn in height, it is worth paying more attention to watering. Usually the plant reacts to a lack of moisture.
Harvesting and preparing for winter
Most of the essential oils in the leaves of mint accumulate when the plants are in bloom. You can collect them in different ways: cut with scissors, cut off, pinch. After the removal of part of the shoots, the bush will begin to intensively form new ones. In order to stock up on useful mint for the winter, the branches cut off from it are tied up in bunches and hung in a dark place. Ideal for these purposes the attic.
You can do it another way: wash the leaves and shoots cut from the mint and spread them out on paper. When they dry, they are crushed or left whole. Then the mint is placed in a container, tightly closed with a lid and put in a cool and dark place. To keep the herbs fresh, it is stored in the refrigerator. Cutting off and washing the shoots of mint, they are put first on a moistened gauze or thin cloth, and then in a container. You can do without an additional layer in the form of a fabric, but then the storage temperature should be 0 ° C.
If the winter will be harsh, planting may die. By the onset of cold weather, mint is prepared, safely covering the beds with heat-saving materials:
Competent care includes periodic plant renewal. Every 3 years, new bushes are planted on the bed. This minimizes the loss that mint inflicts on weeds and prevents its degeneration. Strongly overgrown bushes are pruned, leaving 2-3 cm above the ground. They are abundantly watered and waiting for a new crop, which will appear very soon.
Growing herbs for many summer residents has become a tradition. And mint is in the list of their preferences one of the first places. It will fill the garden with an enchanting scent reminiscent of sunlit forest lawns and the coolness of the sea breeze. Tea made from mint perfectly quenches thirst and refreshes on the hottest day. It calms the nerves, helps with depression, brings pleasant dreams.
Mint leaves can be added to cocktails, kvass and fruit drinks, decorate desserts with them, prepare syrups, tinctures and marinades from them. Use them and in conservation. They take fragrant baths with mint, and herbal tea is highly appreciated by herbal tea. She will be a great helper in the fight for the health and beauty of the skin. Plant mint in the country, and experience all its useful properties!
This culture has many names. It is called peppermint, English, cold, pepper, and is simply called chill. Peppermint mint (the most common type), for example, was derived from water mint and spikelet mint.
This plant was valued in ancient Rome, rubbing it with palace furniture and sprinkling imperial rooms. The Egyptians put mint in the sarcophagus, believing that the leaves of the plant will help the dead get into a better world.
There is a legend that the forest nymph Menta, which the pagans worshiped in the distant past, turned into this fragrant culture with a cold aroma.
Mint is used in cooking to create sauces, salads, cold drinks and baking. It is also used in pharmacy with the release of various phytotherapeutic agents.
Mint can grow both in open ground and on the windowsill. Caring for it is quite simple, so even a novice gardener can get this useful plant by planting it in its garden area.
Mint species and varieties of photos with titles
Peppermint or Therapeutic - is the most popular variety of herbaceous perennial, reaching a height of 1 meter. The leaf plates are dark green with jagged edges. The inflorescences are small, purple, spike-like, located at the top of the peduncle. Flowering time begins in mid-summer and ends in September. Frost-resistant. The plant is used in pharmaceuticals, food industry and perfumery.
Mint Field - The plant grows in almost all points of the globe and has a height of up to 70 centimeters. The leaf plates are long, dark green. Inflorescences have a spike shape and a mauve shade. The culture has a pleasant cooling taste. Used for the preparation of various beverages and confectionery.
Pennyroyal or Fleabane - is a herbaceous perennial crop. It grows almost throughout Europe. It is used in perfumery, cooking and traditional medicine. In height, the shrub grows to 60 centimeters. Stems with light pubescence, branched. Leaf plates are small, wedge-elliptical. Inflorescences spherical mauve. Seeds are brown, egg-shaped. Culture blooms from June to September.
Chocolate Mint - the grade enjoys wide popularity thanks to the chocolate aroma. Mint has a green leafy plate with a slight crimson hue. The height of the culture reaches 25 centimeters. It has a creeping root system and grows quickly. Frost-resistant. It blooms from mid-summer to early autumn.
Mint Water - is a perennial herbaceous variety that grows up to 70 centimeters. The leaves of the plant are oval and red. Inflorescences are small, spicate, lilac shade with a pleasant aroma. Used culture in cooking for the preparation of sauces and drinks.
It is a perennial culture, reaching a height of 50 centimeters. Leafy plates of a light green shade sometimes with white specks and carved edges. Peppermint flowering time is from July to November. Frost-resistant.
Mint Thin - is a herbaceous plant, whose birthplace is Egypt. Straight stems are four-sided and lush foliage. The plant reaches a height of 30 centimeters and has small elongated ovoid leaves with a pointed end and a yellow-green shade. Inflorescences spiciform, pinkish or purple hue. Mint blooms from July to October. Fruits rarely.
Corsican mint - the most miniature groundcover variety, reaching a height of up to 10 centimeters, looks like a thyme. The leaf plates are small, green, rounded with a pleasant aroma. Inflorescences are pale pink. Flowering time falls in the summer. The homeland of culture is Corsica and Sardinia.
Mint Cervina - one of the most common varieties of mint. It is used in pharmaceuticals, cooking and herbal medicine. Plant honey plant cultivated in the open field. Perennial has hollow straight stems, reaching up to 1 meter in height. They can be both naked and pubescent. The leaf plates are oblong-ovoid dark green with a serrated edge. Inflorescences spiciform, purple. Plant blooms from June to September.
Long mint leaf - grows in Asia, Africa and Europe. Frost-resistant. The plant grows to 75 centimeters. It has erect, pubescent stems and pointed, velvet light gray lanceolate leaf plates with a pleasant aroma. Inflorescences are small, raceme-shaped lilac. Flowering time lasts from July to August, and the seeds ripen until mid-autumn.
In the wild, it grows in Asia, Europe and Egypt. Mint has straight stems and reaches a height of 50 centimeters. Leaf plates ovoid, medium, pubescent, compressed with teeth along the edges. Inflorescences spiciform, pinkish or white. Flowering plant in the second half of summer.
Mint Ordinary - is a herbaceous perennial, reaching a height of up to 50 centimeters with a pubescent or bare stem. It can grow as a shrub, and in the form of dwarf shrubs. The leaf plates are dark green, elliptical, medium sized. Inflorescences are umbrella, light pink shade. Culture blooms from July to September. The fruits of mint have the form of small nuts.
Curly Mint - in height the plant reaches up to 90 centimeters. Stems straight without pubescence. The leaves are medium, oblong, serrated, dark green with teeth on the edge. Inflorescences spiciform, mauve shade. Flowering time lasts from mid-summer to early autumn. Seed ripening occurs in October.
Apple mint - In the wild, mint grows in Asia and northern Africa. In Russia, it is grown as a garden crop. The plant reaches a height of 70 centimeters. It has medium ovoid leafy plates with dense pubescence, pleasant aroma and a dark green or variegated shade. Blooms culture from mid-summer to early autumn.
Mint planting and care in the open field
Мята является многолетним растением, для выращивания которого необходимо создать благоприятный для культуры микроклимат. Садоводы советуют высаживать мяту в землю, в которой до нее росли гречиха или дыни. Эти культуры обогащают грунт кальцием, требующимся мяте.
To choose a site for its landing it is necessary to be warm and sunny, but protected from direct rays falling on the leaves. Mint loves moisture, so you should ensure that the soil in the garden is always wet.
The soil should be chosen loose and fertile with pre-prepared drainage in the form of sand (for seeds) and small claydite (for young bushes). Mint can be planted both in spring and in autumn, however this factor depends on what will be planted - seeds or young plants.
Seeds are sown in a previously dug and fertilized bed in early spring. Young plants should be planted in fertile soil with a drainage layer of expanded clay in late summer - early autumn, so that they have time to settle down before winter. After planting, the bushes must be watered and mulched with peat or sawdust.
Melissa is also a member of the Lambs family. Grown when planting and care in the open field without much hassle, if you follow the rules of agricultural engineering. All the necessary recommendations can be found in this article.
Young, newly planted plants must be watered twice a week. Adult culture is watered once every two weeks during the dry summer, and not watered at all if the season is rainy.
The bed of mint should be regularly broken from weeds and loosened the soil so that the roots can breathe. To remove weeds and loosening is necessary immediately after watering.
The mint soil should be fertile and loose. Before planting seeds or delenki, the garden bed must be dug up and wood ash, humus, some sand, superphosphate, potassium chloride and ammonium nitrate should be added to the garden soil.
After this, the culture is planted, it is poured over and the bed is mulched with dry peat.
Transplanting plants should be carried out in the spring, when the threat of frost disappears. The procedure must be performed every four years for renewal. The bed for mint needs to be prepared in the fall, having dug it up and mixed garden soil with potash and phosphate fertilizers, as well as humus. In early spring, digging is done again, but not so deep and nitrogenous supplements are added to the soil.
Transplantation should be carried out until the leaves have blossomed at the plant. The pit should be 8 centimeters deep. Coarse sand or expanded clay should be placed at the bottom as a drainage. After planting, the ground is tamped, moistened and mulched with peat.
Fertilizer for mint
Mint tolerates top dressing. They can be both mineral and organic. Mineral compounds should contain nitrogen and phosphorus, and organic rotted manure or compost.
Mineral fertilizers need to be during the growing season, once a month, dissolving the right amount in the water for irrigation. Organic matter is used as mulch, mixing compost with wood ash and scattering under bushes.
Mint blooms for several months. This usually occurs from July to August. The inflorescences of the culture are spiciform, consisting of small flowers, white, pink-violet or violet shades.
When the plant blooms, seeds begin to form that ripen at the end of October and are used to propagate the crop.
Radical pruning of the plant is carried out in the spring so that it grows and kowsley better.
During the growing season, you can remove the tops, so that the mint does not stretch up and actively grow lateral branches. Also, pruning is done at harvest, which can be done several times per season.
Mint can be collected within three weeks after the first shoots appear. At this point, the plant grows to 30 centimeters, and if it is cut off, it begins to grow and branch more quickly.
If the mint is collected for the purpose of drying, it is necessary to wait until a large amount of essential oils accumulate in the plant. This time just coincides with the beginning of flowering.
To dry the plant, it is necessary to lay it out on a newspaper in a thin layer and leave it to dry completely. When the mint is dry, you need to separate the leaves from the stems and pack them in glass containers, removing them in a cool dark place so that it retains its pleasant illuminating scent until spring.
Preparing mint for winter
So that mint does not freeze out in winter, before the onset of cold weather, it is necessary to cover it well with a thick layer of sawdust, and lay needles or lapnik from above.
In the spring, after the end of strong frosts, the shelter is removed and pruned to stimulate the growth of new shoots.
Growing mint seed
Growing mint from seeds is very difficult. Seedlings sprout very badly, therefore it is recommended to sow several plots at once, since up to a dozen bushes can grow on one and nothing at all on the other.
Mint should be sown in spring, when the frost will be prepared in the soil prepared from autumn. The bed is divided into furrows with a depth of 0.5 cm and sowed seed there. By squeezing the seeds into the ground, the grooves are powdered, watered and covered with film material, creating greenhouse conditions for the plant.
The temperature in the greenhouse should not fall below +20. After three weeks, shoots will appear. During the growth of young stock, the soil should be kept moist, sprinkling and ventilating the plants from time to time.
When two leaves appear on the mint, it should be dived, leaving 15-20 centimeters between the bushes. After the plants take root, they must be mulched and tended as usual.
Peppermint reproduction in a vegetative way
Easier to propagate mint vegetatively. This can be done by bush division either by root or stem cuttings.
When breeding stem cuttings, it is necessary to use the stem of the plant. To do this, from an adult bush you need to cut a branch 10 centimeters long and put it in water. After that, it should be removed in a warm and lighted place so that it takes root.
When the root system appears, the appendix can be transplanted into the ground. Also the place of water can be used wet sand, in which rooting occurs as successfully as in water.
In order to propagate the plant with the help of root cuttings, it is necessary to separate them from the adult plant and transplant in a cool, sunny place, moderately watering and germinating. When the cuttings take root, buds and a few leaf plates will appear on them. This method allows you to save the parent grade.
Reproduction with the help of bush division involves the digging of an adult bush, cleaning it from the ground and dividing it into parts, each of which will be necessary for the gardener to be seated separately.
To take root, each of them must have several buds and shoots. For better rooting, transplanted plants are cut to hemp. Within a couple of weeks, they will take root and grow.
Diseases and pests
The main pests of mint are considered to be mint flea, slobbery pennitsa, mint leaf beetle, aphids and mites.
- Mint flea eats leaves the roots of the plant. So that it will not be in the next season, after the harvest has been harvested, the bed under the mint must be dug up and processed with the concentrated drug “Karbofos”.
- Leaf beetle settles in high humiditytherefore, it can only be eliminated by creating a microclimate in which he cannot live.
- Slobbering penny settles on the leaf plates and in the sinuses, causing deformation of the shoots. It can be removed by spraying the insecticide "Decis". From aphids and ticks will help processing "Aktellikom."
Of the diseases for the plant, the greatest danger lies with:
- Mealy dew - this disease manifests itself in the form of white bloom, which affects the leaf plates. It arises due to the thickening of the bed and irregular weeding. To eliminate the disease, it is necessary to treat the bed with a solution of colloidal sulfur,
- Rust - when rust appears on the leaf plates, sick plants will have to be eliminated, since the disease affects the plant starting from the root system.
So that diseases and pests do not affect this fragrant culture, prophylaxis should be carried out, since the treatment of the plant with any insecticide makes it completely unsuitable for harvesting raw materials and eating.
Peppermint medicinal properties and contraindications
Leaf plates, inflorescences and mint stems are rich in tannic and bioactive substances, fats, sugars, phytoncides, vitamins P and C, mineral salts, carotene, menthol and essential oils.
In medicine, mint is used in the treatment of diseases of the heart and blood vessels, neurological disorders, sleep disorders, migraines, neuralgia, toothache, inflammatory processes of the gastrointestinal tract, asthma, catarrhal ailments, bronchitis, ENT diseases, atherosclerotic changes and other things. Menthol is a natural antiseptic, antispasmodic and analgesic.
In order to relieve spasm of the coronary vascular compounds with angina, as well as with algii in the intestine and stomach, mints should be used. Compresses for external use are prescribed for neuralgia, toothache and bronchitis. In pharmacy, mint is used to make dental and heart drops, cold ointments and tinctures for mouth rinsing.
Mint tea is used in dietology for weight loss, as it effectively accelerates the metabolism and improves metabolic processes in the body. In addition, mint leaf tea improves digestion and eliminates vomiting and nausea.
In traditional medicine, preparations containing mint are prescribed as an anesthetic for hepatic and renal colic, as a choleretic agent, for splitting gallstones and stimulating the functioning of the heart while reducing heart rate.
In Germany, mint is included in herbal preparations, which are prescribed for flatulence and gastrointestinal diseases. In the same place, herbalists prescribe mint baths for patients with nervous disorders. Polish doctors treat crumpled joint disease, neuralgia, insomnia and ENT organs. It is included in the fees in order to improve their taste and smell.
Planting and care of mint (in brief)
- Landing: sowing mint in the ground - in April and early August. Sowing seeds for seedlings - in mid-April, planting seedlings in the ground - in the middle or end of May.
- Lighting: bright sunlight, bright diffused light, light partial shade.
- The soil: loose, moist, fertile, manured under the previous culture.
- Watering: evening, the first time - frequent, and when the seedlings are taken, watering becomes periodic and moderate.
- Top dressing: After planting seedlings or emergence, the area is mulched with peat or compost mixed with ash.
- Breeding: seed.
- Pests: aphids, mint flea beetles, weevils, meadow moths, mint mites, slobbering pennits, wireworms, bear cubs, caterpillars of the cabbage moth, round-winged moth, taperweed and meadow moth.
- Diseases: rust, powdery mildew, verticillary wilt, anthracnose, septoriosis (white spot), overgrowth.
Mint Plant - Description
The rhizome of peppermint horizontal, branched, with thin, fibrous roots, stem from 30 to 100 cm in height, erect, hollow, straight, tetrahedral, covered with short hairs. Peppermint leaves on short petioles, oblong, ovoid, opposite opposite, pointed to apex and cordate at the base, with pointed edge. The upper side of the leaf plate is dark green, the lower side is lighter. The length of the leaves is from 3 to 5 cm, width 1.5-2 cm. Small purple flowers form spikelike inflorescences. Mint blooms from late June to September. Peppermint fruit - consisting of four tsenobiya nuts, but mint fruits are formed very rarely. Peppermint is a valuable melliferous plant, honey from it turns out of amber color with a distinct mint flavor.
How to grow mint at home? How is growing mint from seeds and planting mint in open ground? What types and varieties of mint are suitable for growing on a windowsill? What is the use of mint? You will find answers to these and other questions in our article.
Sowing the seeds of mint.
To the questions how to grow mint on a window sill and how to grow mint from seeds, we answer: very simple. You can really place a tank with crops on the windowsill, or you can use a warmed loggia or veranda for mint cultivation.
Growing peppermint should start with the preparation of the substrate: mix equal parts of humus, peat, sand and garden soil and calcine this mixture in the oven. Mint seeds for sowing can be purchased at any garden store or procure yourself. Mint is sown in a wet substrate in the grooves 5 cm deep, after which the grooves are carefully closed, and the crops are covered with a film and placed in a warm, bright place.
Mint care at home.
How to grow mint at home? Planting mint and caring for it in the seedling period is no different from planting and caring for any other seedlings. As soon as shoots appear, and under normal conditions this will happen in two or three weeks, move the crops as close as possible to the light so that the seedlings do not stretch out. If the shoots will not be enough light, arrange artificial lighting. The optimum temperature for seedling development is 20-25 ºC, but if the mint on the windowsill grows in conditions of insufficient lighting, its temperature should be within 15-17 ºC. When the seedlings grow up, you can plant them in the garden, and you can continue growing at home.
Mint at home needs to be adjusted care activities at different stages of the vegetation period. For example, in summer, during the period of maximum activity of the plant, the drying of the soil is unacceptable, since it can lead to the death of mint. In addition, from a lack of moisture increases the risk of harmful insects. In winter, watering the plant requires caution, because at this time of the year, over-wetting is much more dangerous for mint than dry soil. It is much more important in the winter, when heaters that dry the air in the room are working at full capacity, and as often as possible spray mint with water at room temperature.
Protect the plant from drafts, protect from pests and monitor its health. As you can see, planting and caring for mint at home is simple and pleasant for many.
When plant mint.
In this section, we will answer readers' questions. “How to plant mint? How to plant mint in the country? How to grow mint?
Sow a mint in the spring, in April, and in the summer, in the beginning of August. If you decide to use the seedling method of seed reproduction or plant cuttings, then the mint is planted in the second half of May. For the cultivation of culture suitable well-lit or slightly shaded place. It is desirable that within a radius of 60-80 cm from the mint there are no flowers, berries and vegetables, otherwise you will not be able to grow a quality plant. Try to isolate the area for mint as far as possible from plants such as cucumbers, cabbage, or beets, since dark spots may appear on the mint leaves from such a neighborhood.
What is dangerous mint in the garden
Peppermint is an excellent honey plant and has phytoncidal properties, which makes its cultivation particularly attractive. However, if you decide to plant mint in the garden, you should be aware of the serious danger that an inexperienced novice can face.
If before planting mint, do not forget about it, such problems can be avoided. Some gardeners are advised when planting mint in open ground to pre-fence the selected site for it from all sides, digging deeper sheets of slate, metal or other improvised material that prevents the spread of the plant in width.
A more effective option is to use a special container for planting mint (a flower pot, a plastic bucket or a regular basin), which, together with the mint planted, digs into the ground so that its rim rises slightly above the ground, but the roots of the plant are reliably protected from being able to grow. .
Diseases of mint.
The most harmful mint disease is rust. This is a fungal disease, the development of which provokes low temperature at high humidity, excess nitrogen in the soil and non-compliance with crop rotation. Symptoms of the disease is the appearance of auburn pads on the underside of the leaves.
Harms the plant and powdery mildew, which can be recognized by the cobwebby whitish bloom on leaves and stems, which appears in the second half of summer. It is possible to protect the mint from powdery mildew by digging the area to a depth of 20 cm and treating the mint with a one percent solution of colloidal sulfur.
Verticillary wilting - Another fungal disease, from which several upper pairs of mint leaves turn black, which leads to the death of the plant. As agrotechnical measures to combat wilt, we can consider the observance of crop rotation, the destruction of plant residues after harvest, and the cultivation of disease-resistant mint varieties — for example, Prilukskaya 6.
Anthracnose disease can be identified by brown spots on the leaves of the plant. They destroy the fungus by treating the mint three to four times with one-percent Bordeaux mixture, and as a preventive measure, digging is carried out in the autumn.
Spotting, or septoria, appears on the leaves of the plant with black dots and angular brown spots up to 8 mm in size, bordered with a black rim. Способы борьбы с этим видом грибка те же, что и с антракнозом: неоднократная обработка мяты однопроцентной бордоской жидкостью.
Самым опасным заболеванием мяты по праву считается израстание, caused by mycoplasmas: the plant ceases to develop, its leaves become uncharacteristic for the type of color, the development of the root system is suspended. The problem is that there is no cure for this scourge, and the only thing you can do is to remove it from the garden bed as soon as possible and destroy the diseased specimens, and transplant healthy plants on an urgent basis to another area. As a preventive measure can be considered the fight against harmful insects, on whose fault the disease usually occurs.
Mint attracts a huge number of insects, mostly harmful. Among them mint flea - a small yellow bug, only 1.5 mm long, making round holes in the plant leaves. This pest is hardest hit by a dry, warm spring. Similarly, the green shield behaves, which not only gnaws through the holes in the leaves, but eats them around the edges. Makes holes in mint leaves and leaf beetles.
The most dangerous pest of all plants is considered aphid - the smallest insect that can cause serious harm. It settles in whole colonies on the underside of the leaves and sucks the juice from them, from which the plant slows down growth and development, ceases to form full-fledged leaves. Worst of all, aphid is a carrier of incurable viral diseases. Succumbing pests also include cicada, which usually affects young plants.
Weevils strike in two directions at once: the adult individuals gnaw mint leaves around the edges, and the larvae feed on the roots of the plant.
Mint pest like meadow moth, able to independently destroy the whole bush.
In the southern areas, the plant can be annoyed mint mite, which overwinters in the ground at a depth of about 10 cm, and from May to the end of summer it feeds on sap of tops of shoots.
Adults and larvae slobber deform mint sprouts, leaving frothy lumps in the leaf axils and on the stems.
If wheatgrass grows wildly on a plot with mint, or last year potatoes were grown at this place, you will have to fight with wireworms - the larvae of the beetle beetle gnawing up the mint roots.
In addition to the described pests, the moth, the caterpillars of the cabbage moth, the round-winged moth, the burdock and the meadow moth can damage the mint.
First of all, it is necessary to combat all these parasites with preventive measures: change the mint site once every two years, and dig the soil deep in the vacated place, harvest and burn plant residues after harvesting. If you find pests, try to cope with them by treating the mint with a concentrated decoction of celandine, for the preparation of which you need 200 g of dry leaves of the plant, pour a bucket of water, let it brew for 24 hours and add grated soap to the infusion. But if the folk remedy did not help, spend a few sessions of spraying the site with Decis, trying to complete the treatment cycle a month before harvesting.
- bush, reaching 80-90 cm in height. This plant differs from other types of frost resistance and curliness of leaves, which do not have a sharp menthol taste of peppermint. This species is more often used in cooking, and in traditional medicine, mint leaves, curly in boiled form, are used as a sedative, for therapeutic baths and to relieve pain in case of injuries.
Description: varieties and varieties of mint
Mint leaves contain essential oils, so an aromatic, refreshing plant is used in cooking, perfumery, medicine. Varieties of this culture - more than 2 dozen. In addition to the external difference, noticeable even just in the photo, they are different shades of flavor.
There are some varieties of mint:
The most powerful smell is peppermint. She also has several varieties:
- Charm and others
Attention! On dacha plots it is most often grown peppermint.
Planting in the ground
Mint loves loose, fertile land. On the lime soil it will be less fragrant, and on clay - poorly developed. For growing crops in the open field pick up a sunny plot. The combination of such conditions with the right care will give a good result.
Before planting (in the middle of spring or at the end of summer) clean the place from weeds. Add organic matter (for example, per 1 sq. M - 3 kg of compost) and mineral supplements (according to the instructions). In the damp area of the beds make higher, in dry - below. Mint is planted in grooves 5 cm deep. The distance between seedlings is 0.3-0.5 m.
Spicy Grass Care
- Watering. At first, after planting the plant in open ground, it should be frequent. Best of all - in the evening. Then you can do it less often. But remember that mint still loves moist soil.
- Loosening the soil, destruction of weeds. These procedures are conveniently carried out after watering.
- Mulching. On the eve of winter, cover the mint with dry earth or straw, needles.
Attention! If you do not keep the mint plantations under control, then over time they will grow to large plantations: the photos of such sites are impressive.
Plant reproduction: ways
A popular method of propagation of culture by rhizomes is popular among summer residents. In the spring or throughout the summer, lengths of about 15 cm in length are placed horizontally in moist soil. You can also use the cutting method. To do this, in the fall, the bushes are dug out and carried to a cold room, and from March they are placed in heat. Regrown to 6-9 cm branches cut into cuttings and planted in containers with the ground, without covering, or put in the water.
These 2 breeding methods are more popular than the seed method. It is used when other options are not possible. Seeds are sown in separate containers in greenhouses. Shoots will appear in less than a month. They dive, and then planted in open ground.
Attention! Like many hybrids, peppermint does not retain its varietal qualities when it is propagated by seeds.
Combination with other plants at the dacha
Peppermint gets on well in the open ground with almost all garden crops, improving their condition and taste of the fruit. Most of all, it is useful for tomatoes, beets and different varieties of cabbage. The mint repels the whitefly, cabbage meadow, ground flea beetles, cabbage scoops, cabbage caterpillars, ants. For the very same plants the most successful combination with nettles. It increases the amount of aromatic oil in mint.
This spicy culture helps with a variety of ailments: from toothache to bronchitis. However, a useful plant has contraindications. Therefore, before you brew tea or make a fragrant bath, make sure that you are not allergic to mint. Do not abuse the fragrant medicinal herb, and then it will give you not only pleasure, but also health.
In folk medicine, mint decoctions are used as a refreshing, diaphoretic and choleretic agent. Juice is prepared from wild mint used in kidney stones and as a diuretic by mixing it with a small amount of white wine.
Teas, decoctions for baths and phytotherapy fees are made from it. Apply mint in perfumery and cooking.
However, despite its extraordinary benefit, mint has a number of contraindications, which include idiosyncrasy, allergic reactions, pregnancy and lactation, children age.
Men should not drink mint tea too often, otherwise they will have a negative effect on potency. In case of overdose with mint-based drugs, tachycardia, bronchial spasm and insomnia may occur.
Mint Cooking Recipes
Mint is also used in cooking. It is used to prepare pastries, spirits, sweets, syrups and sauces for meat and salads.
The most popular recipes can be considered as mint jam, syrups and soft drinks based on it even produce homemade mint moonshine. How to make these favorite drinks and sweets, we will tell you below.
Unusual, cooling mint jam is prepared very quickly and it turns out quite tasty, despite its exoticism.
- Water - 0.5 liters,
- Stems and mint leaves - 300 grams,
- Citric acid - to taste,
- Sugar - 1 kilogram.
Take mint, wash and boil it with water and citric acid for 10 minutes. Then leave to insist on the day.
After a day, squeeze the mint mass, filter the infusion, add sugar and cook until ready. The finished jam is poured over the cans and rolled up with lids.
Mint syrup can be used to prepare drinks, baking and add to sweet sauces. Its preparation takes about an hour, and the finished product can be used immediately after cooling.
- Dry mint leaves - 50 grams,
- Water - 500 grams,
- Sugar - 650 grams.
We take dry mint leaves, pour boiling water over them and draw in an thermos bottle for an hour, then filter the infusion.
Sugar is dissolved in a warm mint infusion and boil it over low heat for 15 minutes constantly stirring. Ready syrup is cooled and used for its intended purpose.
Moonshine on mint
Fans of original homemade spirits will definitely enjoy mint-based moonshine. It turns out fragrant, useful and is an ideal aperitif before serving meat dishes.
- Bread moonshine - 12 liters,
- Mint - 20 grams,
- Cardamom and cinnamon - 10 grams,
- Wormwood and sage - 25 grams each,
- Cloves - 10 grams,
- Anise - 25 grams,
- Rosemary - 12 grams.
Preparation of mint moonshine:
We take spices, carefully grind, mix and fill with bread-brew.
Leave to infuse for 4 hours, then distill, pass through the filter and bottle. Alcoholic drink is ready.
Homemade lemonade with mint and lemon
Cool lemonade with refreshing mint and lemon juice is an excellent option for a summer picnic and thirst quenching on hot summer days.
- Mint leaves to taste
- Lemon juice - 100 grams,
- Lemon - 1 piece,
- Chipped ice - to taste,
- Lemon syrup - 30 grams,
- Mint syrup - 20 grams.
We take glasses with ice, add lemon juice to each juice, as well as mint and lemon syrups. After that, mix the ingredients with a spoon.
Glasses served to the table, pre-decorated with lemon slices, straw and mint leaves.
Mint has a horizontal branched rhizome, with thin, fibrous roots. The hollow straight erect tetrahedral stem has a height of 0.3 to 1 m, it is covered with short hairs. Crosswise, the opposite short-leaf leaf plates have an ovate oblong shape, heart-shaped at the base and pointed to the vershinka, with an acute serrated edge. The front surface of the leaves is dark green, and the purl has a paler color. The length of the plates is 30-50 mm, and their width is 15-20 mm. Spike inflorescences consist of small flowers of lilac color. Flowering lasts from the last days of June to September. The composition of the fruit includes 4 nuts tsenoby. But the formation of such fruits is extremely rare. This plant is the most valuable honey plant, and the resulting honey has an amber color and a pronounced smell of mint.
How to sow
Growing mint from seeds on your window sill is relatively easy. Capacity with seedlings can be placed on the windowsill, and it can also be placed on the veranda or insulated loggia. The first thing to do is to prepare the soil mixture. To do this, you need to connect peat, garden soil, humus or sand, taken in equal shares. Prepared substrate must be calcined in the oven. Seeds can be bought in a special store or collected personally. They are sown in a moistened soil mixture, while in it it is necessary to make grooves with a depth of about 50 mm. After the seeds are evenly distributed in them, the grooves must be carefully closed. The container is covered with a film on top, after which it is removed in a well-lit and warm place.
What time to plant
Seeding mint is produced in spring in April, and this procedure can also be carried out in the summer, or more precisely, in the first days of August. Planting seedlings grown from seeds, as well as cuttings, must be made from the middle to the end of May.
Land for planting mint need to choose sunny or located in partial shade. Experienced gardeners recommend that from a bush within a radius of 0.6–0.8 m there should be no different berry, flower and vegetable crops, otherwise you will grow a bush of low quality. This crop should be grown as far away as possible from cabbage, cucumbers, and beets, since due to this undesirable neighborhood, specks of dark color may form on its foliage.
This culture is recommended to be grown in the soil into which manure was previously applied for previous plants. The soil should be wet, loose and rich in nutrients, for example, black soil is ideal for this purpose. Bushes grown in calcareous soil have a faint odor. Sour and marshy ground is also not suitable for mint, because the bushes grow on it very weak.
After a suitable site for such a plant is found, it should be carefully prepared. To do this, remove all weed grass from the site, then it should be dug up to a depth of about 20 centimeters, adding 3 kilograms of humus to the soil, 2 large spoons of wood ash, and 15 grams of ammonium nitrate, superphosphate, and potassium chloride each 1 square meter. On a site with a high groundwater table, a higher bed should be made for this crop.
When growing mint, it should be taken into account that this plant is capable of capturing territories not intended for it, displacing other cultures. In this regard, when planting mint around the perimeter of the site, it is necessary to dig in the limiters, for this it is recommended to use plastic or pieces of slate.
Care of mint in open ground
Grow mint on your site is quite simple. It is very simple to care for this plant, for this it should be watered in a timely manner, fed, weeded, loosened the surface of the site, and also mint should be protected from diseases and harmful insects.
How to water
Watering is done in the evening, while as long as the planted plants do not take root, they should be watered often enough. The easiest way is to loosen the soil on the plot and perform weeding after the bushes are watered.
Top dressing of this plant is made only 1 time per season in spring time. For this, the plot should be filled with a layer of mulch (compost or peat, which is combined with wood ash).
Mint is collected during mass flowering. The fact is that in the bushes in this period contains the largest amount of essential oil. After the raw materials are collected, the bushes grow back, and the plant gives the crop again.
Powdery mildew can also harm such a plant. The affected specimen in the second half of the summer period is covered with a cobwebby patina of whitish color, which appears on the leaf plates and shoots. For the purpose of prophylaxis in the fall, the plot is dug up to a depth of 0.2 meters, and then the bush is sprayed with a solution of colloidal sulfur (1%).
Even mint sometimes affects verticillary wilting, which is also a fungal disease. In a diseased plant, several upper pairs of leaf plates are painted black. As the disease progresses, the plant dies. In order to prevent such a disease, experts advise to strictly adhere to the rules of crop rotation, clean the area from plant residues to be burned in the autumn, and experienced gardeners recommend growing mint varieties that are resistant to wilt, for example, Prilukskaya 6.
Anthracnose can also hit a given culture. A sick bush on the leaf plates form specks of brown color. In order to get rid of the disease, it is necessary to spray the bush 3 or 4 times with a solution of Bordeaux mixture (1%). In order to prevent the fall must necessarily dig the site.
If mint is sick with septoriosis (spotting), then black spots and angular brown spots of about 0.8 centimeters are formed on its leaf plates, which are framed by black rims. To get rid of this disease can be exactly the same as from anthracnose, namely, the plant should be sprayed several times with a solution of Bordeaux mixture (1%).
The greatest danger to such a culture is a disease called sprouting, which is caused by mycoplasmas. In the affected bush, there is a cessation of its development, the foliage is painted in an unusual color for mint, and the growth of the root system is also suspended. Today, this disease is considered incurable. As soon as a shrub affected by overgrowth is noticed on the site, it should be dug up and burned as soon as possible, while the remaining plants should be transplanted to another site. For the purposes of prophylaxis, it is necessary to try to prevent pests from settling on the mint, since they are the main carriers of this dangerous disease.
Так, на кустике может появиться мятная блошка, которая является небольшим жуком желтого окраса, в длину достигающим лишь 0,15 сантиметров, он прогрызает в листовых пластинах дырочки круглой формы. Наиболее часто данная блошка появляется на мяте в весеннее время, если стоит теплая и сухая погода.
Even on the bushes can live green shieldnose, it nibbles leaf plates at the edges, and also makes holes in them. And the holes in the foliage of such a plant may appear due to leaf beetles.
A very great danger, not only for mint, but for all plants is aphid. This very small insect is capable of causing tremendous harm to almost any culture. Such a pest on the bush settles in large colonies, and they prefer to be placed on the wrong surface of leaf plates. Aphids pierce the surface of the leaves and suck the juice out of them. Such bushes are observed to slow down development and growth, and also the formation of full-fledged leaf plates stops. It must also be remembered that such a pest is the most important carrier of dangerous viral diseases that cannot be cured.
Still sucking pests are also cicadas, as a rule, they settle on young bushes.
Meadow moth alone can destroy the entire plant entirely.
In the southern regions of the mint, a meadow mite often settles in the soil, wintering in the soil at a depth of about 10 centimeters. And from the beginning of May to the end of the summer period, the tick sucks the juice, settling on the tops of the stems.
Larvae and adults may also attack the shrub. On the bush where they settled, there is a deformation of the stems, with foamy lumps forming in the leaf sinuses and on the shoots.
If there is dense wheatgrass thickets near the mint, or it is grown on a plot where potatoes grew in that year, then it is likely that the wireworms, which are the larvae of the click beetle, will annoy the bushes. This pest gnaws the roots of the plant.
Even bear such a culture can Medvedka, caterpillars of the cabbage moth, round-winged moth, burdock and meadow moth.
Experienced gardeners prefer not to allow pests to settle on mint bushes, for this they resort to preventive measures. 1 time in a couple of years it is necessary to replace the area set aside for growing mint. And when the bushes are removed, the vacated area must be subjected to deep digging. When the harvest is gathered, it is imperative to gather and burn all plant residues. If on the bushes all the same harmful insects have settled, then they are recommended to be sprayed with a concentrated infusion of celandine. In order to prepare such an infusion, you will need to combine 200 grams of dried leaves of celandine with 10 liters of water, after a day, you should pour in a mixture of grated grated soap. However, if such an infusion turned out to be ineffective, then the bushes should be sprayed with Decis solution, while such treatment is carried out no later than 4 weeks before harvest.
The height of a powerful bush is about 0.9 m. This species does not have a strong cooling effect that peppermint has, since this plant has an essential oil, called carvone. This mint is added to soft drinks and tea, as well as used to flavor toothpaste.
Bush height about 0.6 m. Dark green velvety leaf plates have a rounded shape. The smell of this plant is not very strong compared to the smell of peppermint. This mint is used to add to meat dishes, a variety of drinks, soups and salads, as well as pastries and desserts.
The height of a powerful bush is about one and a half meters. His rhizome is creeping, and the shoots are tetrahedral and dissected. The color of the leaf plates is dark green, and their edge is serrate-toothed. Bushes have a delicate and pleasant smell, so this mint is used as an additive in vegetable broths, salads and soups, as well as to some meat dishes, for example: to roasted beef or kebabs. The leaves of this plant is added to the marinade when preserving eggplants, and also used as a spice when salting cabbage. This type is used in the perfume industry, in particular in the soap industry.
Field mint, either horse, or wild, or deaf
This species is widely distributed in nature and therefore is found everywhere. The height of the bushes is about 0.8 meters. The foliage does not have a strong aroma and cooling menthol taste that peppermint has. Dried or fresh leaves are used as an additive in various drinks, for example, in tea, put in pastries, fish dishes, salads, vegetable soups and cabbage, in the process of salting. The decoction of this plant is used to treat inflammation and headaches.
The height of the plant is about 100 centimeters. Branched upright shoots have a slight pubescence. Opposite leaf plates have a rounded ovoid shape and a serrated edge. The front surface of the leaves is dark green in color, and the purl has a paler shade. This species is distinguished by a mint-lemon pleasant smell, as well as medicinal properties. This type has a second name - lemon balm.
In this perennial plant, a steady upright stalk in height reaches 0.4–1 meters. Wrinkled sheet plates are painted green, along the edge of them is a strip of cream color. Such leaves have a pleasant smell. This mint is widely used in cooking, and has long been used in traditional medicine, as it has healing properties.
In addition to these types of gardeners cultivate mint home, Moroccan, Korean, orange (bergamot), dog, steppe, water, etc.
Peppermint is different from all other species, it is grown on an industrial scale. There is a very large number of hybrids and varieties of this species, which are very diverse. The most popular are the following varieties and hybrids:
- Prilukskaya 6. This variety is known for a very long time, the duration of its growing season is about 100 days. Its shoots are covered with a large number of leaves. Leaf plates contain about 50 percent menthol and about 3 percent essential oil.
- Drug 4. The height of a powerful bush is about 100 centimeters, and the length of the growing season is about 115 days. Leaf plates have anthocyanin color, they contain about 60 percent of menthol and about 4 percent of essential oil.
- Riddle. This variety was created by Ukrainian breeders. Green leaf plates do not have anthocyanin color. The duration of the growing season of this variety is about 110 days. Foliage contains up to 65 percent of menthol and 3.5 percent of essential oil.
- Charm. The variety is created by Belarusian breeders. The height of the bush is about 0.7 m, its lower part has a purple-red color. In this variety, seed formation is observed, so scientists doubt that it is related to the form of peppermint.
- Ukrainian pepper. The variety has a high yield and resistance to drought and disease. The foliage contains about 53 percent menthol and about 61 percent essential oil.
- Udaichanka. This high-yielding non-running variety is resistant to cold. Essential oil contains about 47–52 percent menthol.
The following varieties of peppermint are quite popular among gardeners: Simferopol 200, Zagrava, Zarya, Vysokomentolnaya, Silver, Amber, Medichka, Muscovite, Krasnodar 2, Kuban 6, etc.
Medicinal properties of mint
In the flowers, foliage and stems of mint are bitter, tannic and biologically active substances, fats, sugars, volatile production, vitamins C and P, mineral salts, carotene, essential oil, which includes menthol.
This plant is used in both official and alternative medicine for nervous disorders, headaches, toothache, asthma, diseases of the throat, cardiovascular diseases, insomnia, neuralgia, inflammations of the digestive system, colds, bronchitis, atherosclerosis and other diseases.
Menthol is different analgesic, antimicrobial and antispasmodic effect. Inside to take such a plant is recommended for expansion of the coronary vessels with angina, with painful sensations in the stomach or intestines. External use of mint is recommended for bronchitis, neuralgia or toothache. Menthol is found in ointments for rhinitis, mouthwash, Zelenin drops and valocordine.
From the foliage of such a plant, tinctures and infusions are prepared that can improve digestion, increase appetite and relieve vomiting and nausea. Means, which include mint, are used as an anesthetic for hepatic colic, as choleretic drugs for stones in the gallbladder or jaundice, and also as a means of stimulating the heart.
In Germany, the foliage of this plant is part of the healing teas used in flatulence and diseases of the digestive tract. Mint baths are also popular in this country. Peppermint in Australia is used to prepare tinctures and decoctions. The foliage of such a plant in Poland is used in the treatment of inflammation of the periosteum, middle ear, as well as with migraines, insomnia and neuralgia. Mint is included in fees designed to improve odor and taste. In Russia, alternative medicine uses mint leaves as a choleretic, diaphoretic and refreshing remedy.
In wild mint leaves used for the manufacture of juice used in the treatment of kidney stones. If this juice is mixed with white wine, then this mixture will be different diuretic effect. This plant is contained in the gastric fees, teas and fees for baths. It is also widely used in the perfume industry and cooking.
What conditions does mint need for successful growth?
Peppermint is a perennial, so the necessary conditions must be created for its cultivation. It is important to decide where to plant the mint on the site, which plants will feel comfortable nearby, what requirements the mint makes to the composition of the soil, lighting, watering.
It is best to plant mint in the area previously occupied by legumes and root crops. Plants such as, say, buckwheat or melon are also considered good precursors for peppermint, because they tend to saturate the land with calcium, which is necessary for normal growth of peppermint.
When choosing, next to what to plant mint, it should be borne in mind that any pesticides exclude the possibility of using this plant, therefore there should be no flowers, no vegetables, or other valuable crops in the immediate vicinity of the mint.
Features of the choice of lighting for mint
For mint you need to choose a warm sunny place, protected at the same time from the scorching midday rays. Peppermint is a moisture-loving plant, therefore drying takes it very badly. The sun should illuminate the mint at least four hours a day, while in the middle of the day it is better for the plant to be in partial shade. The south, south-west or east side is best suited for growing mint in room conditions.
Long daylight hours accelerates the development of mint, so if the plant is intended for implementation, the time of active lighting of the site can be artificially increased. If the sun in the area is not enough, it will not be a serious obstacle to the growth of mint, provided that the plant is not oversaturated with moisture.
What should be the soil for growing mint
Mint is necessary to provide a light, loose soil with a moist and deep fertile layer. The pH level should correspond to the range of 6.0-7.0. The plant is well suited for sandy soil and loam. Mint does not survive on swampy soils.
In order for the soil not to dry, it is recommended to use mulching.
The plant needs organic, nitrogen and phosphate fertilizers. Feed mint can be 1-2 times a month.
The ground on which the mint grows should be dug up well twice a year and weeds should be weeded constantly, as they can damage the plant's root system.
Planting mint in spring
Planting mint by sowing seeds in open ground should be made in early spring, because during the winter the seeds simply freeze out. On the other hand, if the seeds are planted in summer, the perennial shoots will not have time to take root and grow strong before the onset of the first cold weather.
The vegetative way of planting mint can also be carried out in the spring, but not early, and later, when the material for the growing season is fully ripe.
Planting mint in the fall
Planting mint stem and root cuttings carried out at any time of the year - in spring, summer or autumn, depending on the climate. In the northern regions, mint is recommended to end up planting in August, so that the plant has enough time for rooting. In addition, during late planting it is worthwhile to take care of the additional preparation of the young mint for winter, in order to avoid freezing of the bushes - mulch the bed with a thick (up to 20 cm) layer of peat or sawdust.
This procedure is especially relevant in areas where winters are frosty and not snowy enough.
The latest of all possible methods of reproduction is dividing a bush, it can be done in a matter of days before the first frost.
How to choose a quality planting material
Planting material for planting mint can be obtained in various ways - buy it in a store or nursery, order via the Internet, make it yourself (if you are already growing this plant) or ask a trusted friend. Each of these methods has its advantages and disadvantages; the final decision depends on many factors.
Selection of seeds for planting
Independent collection of seeds from the mother plant is a rather painstaking and complicated process. In addition, artificially created varieties of mint often produce seeds, from which it is not a mother plant that grows, but a completely different variety - from those used by breeders to breed a hybrid.
First of all, this danger belongs to peppermint, which, as is known, is the most popular among gardeners. Of the seeds of curly mint, about two-thirds do not inherit curliness and represent the usual wild variety. Therefore, it is recommended to buy seeds for planting mint in specialized stores (it is better, of course, that the manufacturer is reliable and tested), such seeds give stronger and more friendly shoots.
How to choose mint seedlings
Mint is not very well propagated by seeds, because it is better to provide this business experienced gardeners. It is much easier to purchase ready-made mint seedlings, especially since there are a lot of options for this.
Specialized store - a place where, as a rule, several varieties of seedlings are presented, from which you can choose a plant to your taste. The same applies to farmers' markets, but the purchase of seedlings from untested breeders is dangerous because plants can be infected with pests or diseases, which subsequently can not only destroy the seedlings, but also cause serious harm to other inhabitants of the garden plot.
As a material for future seedlings, you can use a normal process from an adult plant, which is available at your neighbor’s cottage or in a friend’s pot. To do this, cut a sprout with a sharp knife or scissors at a height of 1 cm from the junction with the stem of the parent plant. This sprout is placed in a glass of water, and when the white roots set by it are 5 cm long, the seedlings are ready!
The same procedure can be done using peppermint, which is sold in grocery stores or on the market. This method does not guarantee a good result, but, in the absence of other options, it can be used as an experiment.
Choosing mint seedlings, you should pay attention to its appearance. Plants should not be sluggish, dried up, the height of shoots should not exceed 6-8 cm, otherwise the plant will be difficult to settle down.
How difficult it is to grow mint from seeds, knows everyone who has ever tried to do it. With all the seeming simplicity of the sowing procedure, mint sprouts very poorly, on the basis of which it is recommended to acquire several bags of seeds at once, since only a dozen plants can grow from one.
The mint is sown in early spring into a prepared groove 0.5 cm deep. The seeds of the mint are very small, it is inconvenient to work with them. Slightly pressing the seeds into the ground, they are sprinkled with nutrient composition of the earth (with the addition of compost or humus) and covered with film or glass.
Mint seeds for germination requires a temperature of 20-25 ° C. In this mode, shoots appear in 2-3 weeks. It is important to keep the soil moist, for which it should be sprayed periodically, and also ventilated so that the seeds do not rot and rot.
When the shoots took shape on two true leaves, the plant can swoop down, planting mint in specially allocated for this pots or containers.
Mint grows quickly and actively during the vegetative reproduction method, which involves three possible options - root or stem cuttings, as well as the division of the bush.
If the stem is a plant stem, то от взрослой особи нужно отрезать отросток длиной 7-10 см и поставить в воду.
Отросток должен находиться в тепле и достаточно хорошо освещаться.
Через некоторое время на конце стебля появятся корни, после чего, как указывалось выше, его просто высаживают в открытый грунт.
Однако существует и другой способ. Черенок можно не ставить в воду, а сразу прикопать во влажный песок, подождать укоренения и аккуратно пересадить.
For breeding root cuttings they should be separated from the parent plant, prikopat in the prepared cool (+ 5-10 ° C) and a well-lit place, and, sparingly watered, germinate. Root cutting for successful rooting must have at least one bud and 3-4 small leaves.
For reproduction of mint by dividing the bush adult the plant is dug up, cleared of the earth, divided into several equal parts, each of which is planted separately. For success, it is necessary that each part has both buds and shoots with roots.
The above-ground part of the young bush for better rooting should be cut off, leaving only a few centimeters above the ground. Such a plant takes root for a short time - just a couple of weeks.
General rules for the care of mint in the garden
Mint is not a capricious plant, you just need to ensure that it does not dry out and does not overgrow with weeds. It is also important to loosen, spud and periodically feed the soil, especially in early spring.
Mint grows and bushes better if at the beginning of the season the plant is radically cut.
For protection from freezing, the bed with mint should be covered with spruce branches, manure, straw, dry leaves, or simply sprinkled with earth.
At one place, mint can grow up to ten years, but periodically, every 3-4 years, plants need to be completely renewed, otherwise its root system is destroyed by weeds, and mint becomes weak.
How to harvest mint
Mint harvest can begin to shoot after 2-3 weeks after the first shoots. The plant at this point reaches 20-30 cm, and an extra pruning only enhances its growth and contributes to branching.
If the purpose of collecting mint is drying, it is better to wait for the moment when the plant is gaining the maximum amount of essential oil. This period coincides with the formation of honey plants and the beginning of flowering.
You can collect mint in different ways: tear off the leaves or cut the stem completely.
For drying, the material is laid out on a flat surface in a single layer and left to dry completely. After that, you can separate the leaves from the stems and rub them, you can leave it whole.
Mint is stored in closed vessels in a dark, dry and cool place, which allows it to preserve the menthol flavor until the spring.
Personally grown mint is not only the best option for harvesting, but also an excellent occasion to spend a summer evening with a cup of spicy aromatic tea, for preparation of which it is enough to add some freshly picked leaves from a home garden bed to your usual drink.
Mint in a dream
Mint seen in a dream indicates recovery, vacation and visiting recreational activities. If you dream about the process of brewing and drinking tea, then this is for romantic dates and unexpected acquaintances.
If in a dream a person is chewing mint leaves, then it is time for him to think about rest, go away from the megalopolis and be alone with nature. The aroma and taste of mint, felt in a dream is a sign of peace and tranquility, which should occur in the life of the dreamer.
If a mint is dreamed of in the front garden, or a person plants it or collects it, this promises him relief from health problems and support from above. Mint beds, seen in a dream, foreshadow a quick family harmony, improvement of family relations and creative achievements.
Mint can be found in many garden plots. The plant not only improves the garden and performs its decorative functions, but also fills it with a fresh pleasant aroma. Mint can be treated, used to make teas, lemonade, syrup and delicious pastries.
Sprigs of mint can be added to the bath decoctions, which not only fill the air in the steam room with freshness, but also allow you to clear the body of toxins. Having planted mint in his garden, the gardener will be able to feel the whole range of its beneficial properties and to decorate the site with bright green, pleasant bushes.
How to prepare a bed
It is better to prepare the bed from the autumn: dig, put a humus at a digging rate at the rate of 1 bucket per square meter. In the spring, clods of earth are smashed with a rake;
Can be used for digging in the spring and mineral fertilizers. At 1 m² you will need: 3 kg of humus, 15 g of superphosphate, potassium chloride, saltpeter, 2 tbsp. l ash.
- Peppermint seeds are small, therefore sow shallowly: to a depth of 1-2 cm, not more.
- Leave more space between rows: 40-50 cm, over time the bushes will grow strongly and will interfere with each other.
- Sow less so that after it was less to break through.
- The seedlings are thinned several times, leaving a distance of 35-40 cm between the bushes. Excess plants can be carefully transplanted: mint tolerates the transplant well and is quickly taken under the condition of abundant watering.
Over the summer, mint from seeds will grow enough to prepare for winter and successfully overwinter. Additional shelter for the winter is not required.
Ancestors and growth restriction
Desirable predecessors are legumes, roots, perennials.
Peppermint is a creeping plant and is able to fill the entire plot like a weed. To prevent such a nuisance from happening, before planting, limiters should be dug into the soil: slate sheets, hoops from barrels, pieces of sheet metal. You can grow mint in large containers.
How to split a bush
- Mint bushes can be divided when they reach the age of 3 years.
- Dig a shrub, gently divide into pieces, or separate the lateral root shoots from the mother shrub.
- Each delenka should have a part of the root, several shoots and growth buds.
- Make holes about 10 cm deep, place a handful of humus, place delenki, fill up the soil, press the soil around the stem with your hands, pour it.
- Between individual plants keep a distance of 30-40 cm, between rows - 40-50 cm.
Mint propagation by cuttings
Mint cuttings rooted in water
Reproduction of mint is possible by top cuttings:
- Cut the cuttings about 7 cm long.
- You can root mint cuttings in water. When the length of the roots will be about 1 cm, replant the seedlings to a permanent place of growth.
- They practice rooting in wet sand: just stick a twig and keep the sand moist. Signal to transplant will be the emergence of new leaves.
- When transplanting, deepen the root collar into the soil by 5 cm, keep a distance of 20-30 cm between individual plants.
When to cut mint herb
Harvest during the flowering season - the concentration of essential oils is maximum, so the taste and aroma is the brightest. The method of collection does not matter: trimming, pinching, tearing off individual leaves. After this, the development of new shoots occurs quickly. Put the assembled parts on paper, dry in a shaded place with good ventilation. After drying, the twigs can be left whole or grind into powder. Place dried mint herb in an airtight container and store in a dark, cool place.
Fresh stalks and leaves can be stored for some time in the refrigerator.
Mint successfully winters under snow cover without shelter. If a severe, snowless winter is foreseen, grumble the area with a layer of peat or sawdust 15–20 cm thick.
Field mint (either wild, or horse, or deaf)
- a widespread species in nature, the bushes of which reach a height of 80 cm, and the leaves are devoid of the cooling menthol taste and the pungent smell of peppermint. Fresh or dried field mint leaves are added to tea and other beverages, put into baked goods, seasoned with salads, fish dishes, vegetable soups and cabbage when pickled. Decoctions of mint field treat headaches and inflammatory processes.
As for the type of peppermint grown on an industrial scale, the varieties of peppermint and peppermint hybrids amaze with their diversity. The most famous among them are:
- – Prilukskaya 6 - time-tested variety with a large number of leaves on the stems and a vegetative period of about 100 days. The menthol content in the leaves of this variety is about 50%, and the amount of essential oil reaches 3%,
- – Drug 4 - large plant up to 1 m high with a growing season of up to 115 days and with anthocyanin staining of leaves containing up to 4% essential oil and up to 60% menthol,
- – Riddle - variety of Ukrainian selection with green leaves without anthocyanin staining with a growing season of about 110 days. The essential oil in the leaves of this variety is up to 3.5%, and menthol is about 65%,
- – Charm - A variety of Belarusian breeding up to 70 cm high, having a reddish-purple color only in the lower part of the bush. An interesting variety is mainly the fact that it forms seeds, and casts doubt on its belonging to the species peppermint,
- – Ukrainian pepper - high-yielding and drought-resistant variety, rarely affected by diseases, containing up to 61% of essential oil and up to 53% of menthol,
- – Udaichanka - highly productive, winter-hardy non-skimming variety with menthol content in the essential oil of about 47-52%.
Popular varieties of peppermint such as Simferopol 200, Zagrava, Zarya, High-menth, Silver, Amber, Medichka, Muscovite, Krasnodar 2, Kuban 6 and others.
Mint - contraindications.
Harm of mint can manifest itself with individual intolerance to preparations from it. There have been cases of an allergic reaction to mint. Mint oil is contraindicated for pregnant and lactating children, as well as for children under 6 years old. Do not get involved in peppermint drugs for men, because it reduces sexual desire. An overdose of mint preparations can cause bronchospasm, heart pain and sleep disturbance.
We offer you the recipes of mint preparations, which certainly will not harm anyone:
- - a tablespoon of mint leaves pour two cups of boiling water, let it brew for 2 hours, strain and use for rinsing with bad breath,
- - a tablespoon of mint leaves pour a glass of boiling water, wrap, let it brew for 30-40 minutes, strain and take a tablespoon every three hours for nausea or abdominal pain. When vomiting, take half a cup,
- - one part of crushed leaves of mint during the week insist in 20 parts of seventy percent alcohol. Take 10-15 drops for nausea or headaches.