Clarkia is an annual plant with a long flowering period, beloved by gardeners for beauty and elegance. Belonging to the family of Cyprus, a native of California, its name was in honor of the priest William Clark, who brought her to Europe in the 19th century. Under natural conditions, Clarkia is found in Chile and in the western part of North America and has more than three dozen species.
A small bush with miniature roses (purple, white, violet, pink) strung on a stalk - this is what an incredibly elegant Clarkia looks like. Plant height - from 30 to 90 cm, stems pubescent with fine villi, upright, branched, rarely tilt down. The leaves are oblong-oval, dark green, with characteristic red streaks. The flowers are small, located in the axils of the leaves single or collected in a raceme or spicate inflorescences. Rarely observed a single arrangement of flowers. The fruit is a multi-seedling of elongated shape.
Clarkia varieties graceful
In cultural floriculture, the Clarkia flower is attracted by the graceful, characterized by brush-gathered terry and simple flowers: purple, white, blue, pink, red. Located one in the leaf sinuses, in diameter they are about 4 cm. Flowering is characterized by abundance from June to September. The leaves are oval, unevenly serrated along the edges, gray-green with red veins. Stem less than a meter tall, thin, branched, lignified down. Seeds are small (in 1 gram there are about 3000 pieces), they germinate for about 4 years. Most popular varieties:
- Salmon perfection with double flowers up to 3.5 cm in diameter. The height of the bush is about 90 cm.
- Purple purphenig on the background of other varieties stands out with carmine flowers on a tall, up to 90 cm bush.
- Albatross is a bush with double white flowers reaching 75 cm in height.
Variety of Garden Clarke
Clarkia is also grown in cultural floriculture:
- Pubescent. Low-growing variety - up to 40 cm in height. Flowers as simple, and terry. Have a different color. The original form of the petals attracts attention: for a wide three-divisional division, the Americans call this type of clarke and “moose horns”. The leaves are green, long, narrowed to the petiole and pointed at the top.
- Breveri. It reaches a height of 25 to 65 cm. Favorably differs from other varieties of incredible beauty with terry flowers (about 3-6 cm in diameter), resembling butterfly wings and having a pleasant strong aroma. When looking at Clarky, it seems that the flowers, like beads, are strung on thin plant stems.
Clarkia looks graceful, the cultivation of seeds of which is not particularly difficult. The original composition is made up of flowers of different colors. Perfect for bouquets high varieties of clariki.
Clarkia graceful: growing from seed
Clarkia breeds in an exquisite seed manner. Half a month before the sowing works carried out in April - early May, the site needs to be dug up and put on every square meter of 1 kg of peat and a tablespoon of potassium sulfate with superphosphate.
Clarion seeds are sown in several pieces in one well, with an interval of 20-50 cm between the holes. Seed material does not need to be deeply dug into the soil, it is enough just to slightly press into the soil and sprinkle with a thin layer of earth. The emergence of seedlings tentatively occurs in two weeks. Thick plantings should be thinned out a little, but no frills, because in a dense bush, the blossoming Clarkia is much more beautiful. In the autumn planting, the seeds have time to germinate before the onset of frost and are well preserved under the snow cover.
Rassadny landing method
The most preferred planting method among gardeners is a seedling, which provides protection against temperature drops, frosts, and cold rain. Seeds for seedlings are sown in March in a specially prepared container, the soil is slightly sprinkled with water. After sowing the container is required to cover with glass, to determine in a bright place (without direct sunlight). With the emergence of seedlings, the glass can be removed, and with the first leaves you should pick a seedling of such a wonderful plant as Clarkia is elegant. Planting in open ground is made in May. From the planting capacity of the plant should be taken in small groups, with an earthy clod - also in groups and planted. This will increase the survival rate. It is recommended to stick a wand near each hole, a support for thin stems of the plant. After disembarking Clarky needs to pinch slightly - to activate tillering.
Clarkia graceful, a mixture of colors which is quite diverse, is also actively propagated by self-sowing. To collect seeds during flowering, you need to select a few flowers, which, when withering, to tie with gauze, in order to avoid seeds falling to the ground. About seed ripening can be judged by the brown color of the seed box. It needs to be cut off, pour out seeds on some kind of coating, dry and sow before winter or store until spring.
Care and dressing of clarke and graceful
Clarkia is an elegant - cold-resistant, light-loving plant. Therefore, it is better to grow in open space. The optimal soil is weakly acid, loose. In dry weather, it is desirable to water the plant, the rest of the time it will be enough rain moisture. In the process of budding and flowering, fertilizing is required - twice a month with complex mineral fertilizers. In parallel, you should get rid of wilted flowers and seed pods, so that the plant spends its strength on the formation of new buds, and the flowering period stretches for a longer period. After the plant has faded, it should be cut to the ground.
Clarkia is elegant, growing from seeds of which is available even to a beginner florist - a plant resistant to pests and diseases. However, sometimes it can be affected by a mealy worm, traces of whose presence look like a bloomlike patina on the ground part. In the fight against such a pest, the preparations Confidor, Fitoverm, Aktara are effective.
Clarkia is elegant, growing from seeds of which is considered to be an easy way of breeding a flower, can be affected by a fungal disease, which appears on the leaves with rusty spots with a specific brown border. To destroy the fungus, it is necessary to spray the plant with the fungicide “Oxyhohm” or Bordeaux mixture.
Clarkia flower - description
Annual herbaceous plant in height can reach from thirty to ninety centimeters. It is pubescent with small fibers, erect, branched stems, on which gray-gray or bright green elongated-oval leaves alternate. Above the stems are formed racemose or spiciform inflorescences, consisting of simple or double colored flowers with diameters of three and a half centimeters. The flowers have a tubular calyx and a three-bladed or one-piece corolla. Corolla blades to the base taper into the nail. After flowering on the bush, elongated fruits are formed - multi-seedlings.
Clarkia is pretty
Dwarf herbaceous plant up to forty centimeters in height consists of upright, branched stems. Its whole, long, narrow, green leaves to the petiole are narrowed, and pointed at the top. Flowers are formed in the axils of the leaves in several pieces or one by one. They can be simple or terry. Their petals are divided into three lobes, which are widely spaced. Because of this, the flowers look very original. The flowering of clariki pretty begins half a month earlier graceful.
The plant up to fifty centimeters tall is characterized by loose buds, which consist of butterfly-like flowers of light lilac color. Each flower in diameter reaches three centimeters. They have a very nice and strong aroma.. Clarky Breverie Pink Ribbons is most often grown in gardens. This is an elegant shrub up to thirty centimeters high. It has branched stems on which pink flowers are formed. Buds consist of petals that resemble a ribbon. Pink Ribbons blooms profusely and continuously.
Clarkia graceful - growing from seed
The plant can be grown seedling or seedlessly.
For the cultivation of clariki in an elegant, seedless way, seed sowing is done at winter or early May. The bed for sowing must be prepared in advance.. For this, the soil is dug up and mixed with fertilizers. One square meter is added:
- peat - 1 kilogram,
- superphosphate - 1 tablespoon,
- Potassium sulfate - 1 tablespoon.
Clarkia seeds are small, so they are placed on the surface of the soil and slightly pressed down. It is not necessary to cover them with sand or earth. Seeds should be placed at a distance of twenty - forty centimeters, planting them in several pieces in one place.
Plantings should be sprayed regularly to prevent the soil from drying out. In about two weeks, shoots will emerge, and the plants will need to be thinned if necessary. If the bushes do not grow too thick, then you can leave them all, because it looks very beautiful Clarky, blooming on a thick bush.
If the seeds were planted in the fall and did not have time to ascend, the seedlings will surely appear in the spring. But most often shoots appear, have time to grow, and are well preserved in the winter under the snow.
When to plant a plant for seedlings? To Clarky graceful bloomed in June, the seeds are sown in early March. Grown by seedling the flower will be protected from various climatic troubles, so it will grow and develop quickly. Growing clariki from seeds at home is as follows:
- Seed tanks are filled with a light, slightly acidic substrate.
- Seeds are sown in moist soil, slightly pressed down and sprayed with water from a spray bottle.
- The containers are covered with polyethylene or glass and placed in a warm, bright place where direct sunlight does not fall.
- Until the shoots appear, it is necessary to ventilate the soil every day and, if necessary, moisten with slightly warm water from a spray bottle.
- After the seedlings appear, polyethylene or glass should be removed and the soil should not dry out.
- When the bushes appear two or three true leaves, they dive. In one pot, you can plant several plants to get a lush bush.
In May, when a warm temperature is established, clarinka seedlings are planted in open ground.
Planting in open ground
Fine clarity needed for clarinet gracefultherefore the highly acidic soil is lime. If the soil needs to be acidified, then it can be shed with a solution of citric or oxalic acid (1.5 tablespoons per 10 liters of water). Also, the soil can be acidified with sulfur or peat. One square meter will need sixty grams of sulfur or half a pound of peat.
It is necessary to prepare the soil no later than two weeks before planting. It does not need to forget about fertilizers in the form of superphosphate and potassium sulfate, which are mixed with the soil when digging.
The holes for seedlings do at a distance of twenty to forty centimeters from each other. Plants are carefully taken from the pots along with a clod of earth and placed in a hole. Sharing bushes is not necessary. They should be planted in several pieces in one well.
Plant roots are sprinkled. soil mixture and watered. Immediately when planting near the bushes you need to stick a rail, wand or other support, to which adult bushes will be tied up. To stimulate growth after planting the plants pinch.
If several different varieties were grown from seeds, they are planted in different flowerbeds. Planted next to a variety of plants will be pereopylatsya among themselves.
Klakia graceful - features of care
Herb plant unpretentious and does not require special care. If it rains regularly in summer, the plants can not be watered. In dry and hot weather bushes watered twice a week or after drying of the topsoil. Watering should be done so that water is immediately absorbed into the soil.
To prolong flowering, wilted flowers must be promptly removed. Otherwise, all the forces of the plant will go to the formation of seed pods, and the buds will be small.
During budding and flowering, the plants are fed by Rainbow, Kemira or other mineral complex fertilizers. Organic fertilizers for clariki are not used. Feeding is carried out every two weeks.
Clarkia propagates by self-sowing, therefore not everything can be removed from withered flowers. Then, instead of them, seed pods are formed, from which the seeds will fall to the ground. Shoots will appear next year in spring, and they just need to thin.
You can collect seeds to plant clarika for another lot next year. To prevent the seeds from falling to the ground, a gauze bag is put on the withered buds. When the boll becomes brown, it is cut. Seeds must be dried before storage.. Until spring they should be kept in a paper or cloth bag.
Since the clariki in our gardens is grown as an annual, then after flowering and seed collection, the shrub should be cut and burned to destroy all the pests that have settled on it during the summer. Land after planting need to dig.
Clark disease and pests
When growing clarinka on loamy soil, the plant can be affected by fungi. The disease manifests itself first with yellow, and then with rusty spots with a brown border, which can be seen on the leaves. In the initial stage, the plant can be saved by spraying fungicidal preparations. Well helps Oxy and Bordeaux liquid.
Of the pests most often you can find a mealybird in clarika. It lives on stalks and leaves, eats their sap, as a result of which the ground parts of the plant turn yellow and dry. The mealybug looks like lumps of cotton wool. To destroy a pest, the bushes are sprayed with Fitoverma, Kondiforma or Aktar solutions.
In general, to diseases and pests flower claricka is stable, and most often during the vegetative season there are no problems.
If you follow all the rules for growing clariki from seeds, the plant will be abundant and long. With the help of clariki and other types of flower, you can decorate any part of the garden, make a Moorish lawn with it, decorate a terrace or loggia.
Clarkia graceful: description and types
The first Clarky came to Europe thanks to a cleric named Clark who brought this plant from America. In honor of him and was named a variety of annuals. Now a lot of clarke of different colors are spread: pink, white, lilac, orange, red. There are varieties in two shades or covered with strokes and dots.
Clarkia graceful white
The leaves on the stem are oval-shaped, rich emerald green with burgundy veins. The plant is able to reach 60 cm in height. Small flowers are combined on the top of the stem in inflorescence.
On suburban areas there are 3 types of clarkee:
- "Nail", or "elegant." A plant with abundant branches, reaching a height of 1 meter. Seeds of this variety are able to germinate 4 years after removal from the flower, flowers of regular shape up to 40 mm in diameter. Active bloom persists from July to early autumn. For the climate of the Russian regions, this plant variety is adapted.
- "Pubescent" or "pretty." It is a dwarf shrub with stems up to 40 cm, which is also covered with small flowers of symmetrical shape and different colors. The pretty clarinka is distinguished by the unusual structure of the petals: each is divided into 3 identical parts, which are widely spaced from the center. It blooms a little earlier than the previous variety.
- Clarkia Breveri. Most recently received distribution as a frost resistant variety. Flowers resemble butterfly wings, do not exceed 30 mm in diameter. Pleasant aroma during the flowering of clarke and Breveri spreads throughout the site. The plant is also dwarf, reaches a height of maximum 50 cm, and some varieties do not grow above 30 cm.
All of these varieties are mainly represented by pink and lilac flowers of various shades from subdued to saturated. All other subtypes are only varieties of these varieties or just similar flowers.
Important! Clarkia can grow not only for location in the garden. There are original undersized representatives who feel good at home. The most spectacular of them are considered the variety "Joy" and "Khavskoe sun", which have salmon and raspberry shades.
The nuances of growing Clarky
Gardener, who had the idea to plant this plant on his plot, needs to get acquainted with the recommendations for its cultivation. For example:
- the plant looks as impressive as possible if it is planted not in single nests, but as a composition,
- у кларкии может отрастать масса боковых веточек, что нужно учитывать во время распределения посадок на участке,
- varieties with a long stem may need a safety net in the form of a peg, which is installed immediately during sowing so that in the future a strong wind will not break the flower,
- between saplings or seeds during planting should remain a distance of no more than 20 cm, otherwise the plant will not be able to bloom liberally.
Approximately 2 weeks before the plant is transplanted into the ground or the seeds are sown, the area where the flowers will be located, it is necessary to dig up and remove old roots.
Young shoots have a gentle greenish color
Preparing for landing
Before placing a flower in an open garden area, complex preparation is required, which affects the ground where the plant will be grown, seeds, and a place to plant. The principles of preparation will be the same regardless of the landing method, and all of them are listed in the table.
Table 1. Preparations for landing a clarke
Varieties and types
Clarkia graceful or Marigold annual plant with branching shoots growing up to 1 m. The stems are thin, their roots grow old with aging. The foliage is round, oblong, cast gray, pierced with red veins. The flowers are simple and terry, depending on the variety, and the coloring also depends on it.
Among the varieties can be identified Albatross, Salmon Orange, Diamond, Ruby, Purpurkinge, Sun.
Clarkia pubescent or pretty undersized species that grows up to 40 cm. The foliage is long and narrow. The flowers have widely spread petals.
Popular variety Arianna.
Clarkia Breveri culture, reaching half a meter high. Small strongly smelling flowers form inflorescences.
Popular dwarf variety Pink Ribbonshaving strongly branching shoots and flowers of pink coloring.
The rest of the plants, called clarke, are a longevity, which, however, itself has turned into clarke by the efforts of scientists.
Among them, select Clarky Terrywhich was previously a hybrid species of heidetia, and its variety Sakura. This tall plant has a beautiful peach-colored shoots covered with flowers that will adorn any garden.
Clarkia graceful seed growing
Clarkia graceful breeds only in a generative way. If you do not want to mess around with the seedlings, the material is sown in the soil around the middle of spring closer to May or in autumn as winter approaches.
A month before planting, it is necessary to dig a plot with fertilizers in the form of a kilogram of peat per square meter, as well as a tablespoon of superphosphate and potassium sulfate.
Seeds are laid out on the soil in several pieces and slightly pressed them into it. The distance between crops about 30 cm. If the shoots are too thick, then they need to thin out, but do not overdo it, because lush bushes look more attractive.
Clarkia planting for seedlings
If you want to get seedlings, then the seeds need to be sown in light, sandy, slightly acidic soil, thus squeezing them a little or dragging them on thin layers of soil. Next, sow lightly moisturize and keep under the film in a warm, well-lit place, protected from direct sunlight.
With the advent of the first shoots, the film is removed, and the container is kept in a warm room with fresh air until the transplant to the flowerbed.
Do not tighten with a dive and swipe it with the appearance of a pair of leaves. Planting of young plants in the garden is carried out not earlier than May, in order to protect them from return frost.
Clarkia planting and care in the open field
Transplantation of seedlings in the ground is carried out together in an earthy clod, groups of seedlings. The distance between the groups is the same as when sowing - about 30 cm. We need to take care of the supports that they stick next to the planted bushes.
When the plants are accepted, they carry out a light pinching, thanks to which they will bush up more strongly.
Enotera perennial is also a representative of the family of Cyprus. Recommendations for planting and care, as well as the cultivation of enotery from seeds can be found here.
Watering this plant is needed only in the heat in the absence of rain, in other cases, rain is enough for her.
The amount of water for irrigation should be moderate so that it quickly enters the ground and does not stand on the surface.
To bloom was more beautiful, it is necessary to remove withering inflorescences, leaving the amount you need to collect the seeds.
This culture is well propagated by self-seeding. If you want to collect seeds, wrap a few flowers with gauze so that the seeds do not crumble to the ground. Seed maturity occurs approximately 30 days after flowering has ended.
With the arrival of autumn and cold snaps, the upper part of the plants is cut off, and the plot is dug up, getting rid of the roots.
Gardeners prefer only three types:
- Clarkia graceful (marigold).
- Clarkia is pleasant.
- Clarkia is pretty.
Admire these graceful plants can, looking at the photo.
For growing plants at home there are excellent stunted varieties. The most impressive look varieties Joy and Khavskoe sun. Their flowers are salmon pink and raspberry pink.
How to grow clarke from seed?
Growing a flower is simple, subject to the following rules:
- Seeds should be pre-soaked in a weak solution of potassium permanganate for several hours. It is possible to steam in the oven and the substrate in order to avoid seed infection.
- When sowing, it is required to press the seeds with a wooden stick, irrigate the soil with water from a spray bottle and cover with glass. The container should be in a bright place, but without exposure to sunlight.
- When leaflets appear, the seedlings dive and are kept in a ventilated greenhouse before planting. This option is used when growing plants from seeds with further planting on flowerbeds.
- If Clarkia bude grow directly in the garden, then it should be sown in mid-April - May. Seeds are completely fearless frosts. You can perform landing and the winter.
- Clarky should be planted in a sunny place and on loose, slightly acidified soil.
- Before planting plants in the ground in the ground it is necessary to make mineral fertilizers. One tablespoon of superphosphate and sulphate per square meter of earth.
- The distance between seedlings during planting should be about 15 cm. Experts do not advise to do more than 20 cm, because the plant will not flower enough luxuriantly and abundantly.
How to care for flowers?
Special care for plants grown from seeds is not required.
Care even for an inexperienced gardener:
- It is required to create seedlings additional lighting with the help of an ultraviolet lamp for the whole daylight hours.
- It is necessary to observe regular watering, but without excess moisture. It should be carried out when dry days are long or when the soil dries out.
- Feed only with mineral fertilizers 2 times during the month. Particularly needed fertilizer plant in dry weather. You can make in the soil ash for abundant flowering.
- Decorative bush should be maintained with regular care, remove faded buds and dying leaves.
Ripe fruit-boxes, containing seeds, must be brown in color.
By periodically pinching the tops of the plant, thicker bushes can be obtained. But the shoots should already reach 25 cm height.
Tall plants support the pegs, which drive in landing. Otherwise, shoots with a strong wind may break.
Before the onset of frosts, the stems are cut off flush with the ground.
Clarkia combination with other plants
Clarkia in combination with other garden plants can create an amazingly beautiful flower garden. They look great with phlox, lilies, white daisies and asters.
Clarkia looks great against the background of low red roses. It is an excellent cut plant, which can be in water for up to 15 days, slowly opening its buds.
Below are photos of clarinka graceful various decorative varieties:
Diseases and pests
On the leaves and flowers of the plant, you can sometimes notice gray spots with dark edging. This is the first sign of a fungal disease. The problem is eliminated by spraying the bushes with fungicides. Processing should be done twice a week. Usually, the fungus appears from excessive moistening of the root system.
The most dangerous pest is flea. She can destroy the plant even at the stage of germination. And even late processing of chemicals will lead to a complete loss of crops.
For the prevention of diseases, it is necessary to cover areas with crops with nonwoven material, geotextile. This will prevent the fleas attack on crops and ensure soil moisture.
If you follow the simple rules of planting and caring for clarke, the plant will bloom profusely and for a long time. Can serve as a spectacular design of the terrace and balcony.
Landing and care of clarke (briefly)
- Landing: Sowing seeds in the ground - in April or early May can be, but sow before winter, sowing seeds for seedlings - in March, transplanting seedlings into the ground - in the second or third decade of May.
- Lighting: bright sunlight.
- The soil: loose, light, dry, fertile subacid soils. Oily soil plant is not suitable.
- Watering: only in drought - twice a week.
- Top dressing: in the periods of budding and flowering once every two weeks with complex mineral fertilizer.
- Reproduction: seed.
- Pests: mealybugs, garden fleas.
- Diseases: rust.
Clarkia Flowers - Description
So, the plant of a clarkia is an annual herbaceous crop, reaching a height of 30 to 90 cm. The stalks of the clarke are branched, upright, usually pubescent with short hairs. Elongated-oval sessile leaves of bright green or bluish color are arranged alternately. Simple or double axillary flowers of the correct form with a diameter of up to 3.5 cm, painted in different colors, usually collected in the spike or racemose apical inflorescences, but occasionally there is a single arrangement of flowers. The calyx of the flower is tubular, the corolla consists of four whole or three-lobed flowers, which at the base taper into the nail. Clarky is a multi-seedling of elongated form.
Clarkia flowers are grown in the seed way - seedling or seedless. In a seedless way, clariki seeds are sown directly in the ground. This can be done in April or early May, as well as in late autumn, before winter. Before you sow clarke, place 1 kg per m² and potassium sulphate with superphosphate, a tablespoon each, in the same area to the site for digging peat. It is necessary to dig a plot with fertilizers at least two weeks before sowing. Small Clarkia seeds are sown in nests of 4-5 pieces at a distance of 20-40 cm, but they are not buried in the ground, but slightly pressed down onto it and sprinkled with the thinnest layer of soil. Shoots may appear within two weeks, and you will have to thin them out, but do not get carried away - the flowering Clarky in a thick bush looks more beautiful. When planting in autumn, seedlings have time to germinate before the onset of winter and are well preserved under the snow, but even if the crops do not germinate, there is nothing to worry about. In the spring, when Clarkia will come together, you only need to thin it out, like carrots.
Clarkia from seeds grown by seedlings at the very beginning of their life is reliably protected from temperature drops, frosts, cold spring rains and other seasonal and climatic troubles, which is why many flower lovers prefer to grow seedlings rather than sowing flowers immediately to the ground. Clarkia seeds are sown for seedlings in March, then it will bloom in early June. Sow the seeds in a slightly acidic soil, press them down with a plate, sprinkle them with water, cover with glass and place in a bright warm place where direct sunlight does not fall. As soon as shoots appear, the glass can be removed, but the container with the crops should remain in a dry, warm place with good ventilation until it is planted in open ground. Clarky should dive as early as possible - as soon as the seedlings have the first leaves.
When to plant clarke.
Clarkia flowers are planted in open ground in May. If the soil in your area is not suitable for clarification because of the pH value, there are several ways to acidify it: add it to the soil for digging one kilogram or one and a half peat or 60 g of sulfur per square meter or shed the soil with oxalic or citric acid solution 1.5 tablespoons per 10 liters of water. If the soil is too acidic, it is ground by limestone before planting, and if it is too fat, the area is dug up with sand. Well, do not forget to make fertilizer, which has already been said. Prepare a site for clariki need at least two weeks before landing.
How to plant clarke.
Clarkia planting is done in this way: seedlings are taken out of the container not one at a time, but in groups, together with an earthy clod, and also planted in holes located at a distance of 20 to 40 cm from each other. Next to each hole you need to stick a stick or rod, which will serve as a support for thin stalks of clarke when the bushes grow. Planted different varieties of plants at a distance from each other, because they can pereopylitsya between themselves. After planting, the plants are watered and lightly pinched to stimulate tillering.
How to grow clarke.
Growing clariki and caring for it will not require any special knowledge and effort from you. It is necessary to water the plant only during the dry period twice a week, and during the rest of the clarinka it will be enough rain. Water for irrigation needs so much that it is quickly absorbed, and did not stand in a puddle around the plant. Clarkia is fed during periods of budding and flowering with complex mineral fertilizers once every two weeks. Kemira or Rainbow is suitable for this purpose; they do not fertilize organic clarics. Remove faded flowers and seed boxes so that the plant spends its strength only on the formation of new buds. That's the whole care of clarke.
Pests and diseases of clarke.
Of insect pests, the clarky is affected by a mealybug, the traces of vital activity of which look like a cotton-like wax coating on the ground parts of plants. Mealybugs are sprinkled with aktar, konfidor or fitoverm.
If the soil on the site with clarke loamy, this may be the cause of the fungal disease, manifested rusty-yellow spots with brown border on the leaves. To destroy the fungus used spraying plants fungicides - Bordeaux liquid or oxychrom, for example. In general, Clarky is a plant that is very resistant to pests and diseases, and if you properly prepare the soil for it, neither she nor you will have problems with it.
How and when to collect clariki seeds.
Actually, Clarkia perfectly reproduces by self-sowing, you just need to be in the spring, when the stubble of Clarkia seedlings appears, carefully thin it out. But if you still decided to collect the seeds, then make it easier than ever: select several beautiful flowers during flowering and, when they start to wither, tie them with gauze so that the seeds do not ripen to the ground. Seeds ripen a month after the end of flowering, when the box becomes brown. Cut off the box with the seeds, pour them on the newspaper, dry and sow before winter or store in a paper bag until spring.
Clarkia is graceful, or marigold (Clarkia unguiculata = Clarkia elegans).
Clarky flower graceful in the wild grows in California. This is a branchy dense annual with a height of up to one meter. Its stems are strong, thin, woody at the bottom, oval leaves, gray-green with red veins, unevenly rarely toothed along the edges. The correct flowers with a diameter of up to 4 cm, simple or double, white, red, purple, pink or blue, are arranged one at a time in the axils of the leaves. Small seeds remain viable for up to 4 years. Blooms profusely from July to September. Growing clarinka graceful is very common in our climate. Popular varieties:
- – Albatross - Clarkia terry white, branchy bush about 75 cm,
- – Purpurkenig - terry variety of carmine color, flowers with a diameter of 3.5-4 cm, bush height 80-90 cm,
- – Salmon Perfection - double flowers, pink salmon up to 3.5 cm in diameter, loose bush up to 90 cm high
Clarkia belongs to the family of Cyprus, is a low bush with a height of 30 to 90 cm. The homeland of the plant is considered the western regions of North America, the territory of Chile. Clarkia is very close to the genus Godetus, most nerds unite these two genera.
The bush is very beautiful, because of the dense branching of the stems, it acquires a voluminous, lush look. Stems heavily branched, erect, thin, dense, strong, woody from the bottom, slightly pubescent.
The leaves are alternate, elongated-oblong, dark green, with veins and splashes of red, on the edge of the wrong rare-toothed.
Flowers of regular shape, 3-4 cm in diameter, small, double or simple, located in the leaf axils, have different shades of red, orange, pink, crimson, lilac, purple, are two-colored with different patches, strokes and dots. Collected either at the top of the shoots in the form of spike or racemose inflorescences, or one by one. The flower consists of a tubular calyx, three-lobed or four whole petals, which narrow at the base.
Boll is an elongated fruit with numerous brown seeds, seed germination lasts up to four years. После созревания семенная коробочка становится бурого цвета, плоды раскрываются, семена высыпаются на землю, тем самым происходит самосев.
In any garden, Clarky flowers will look great, filling the space with bright colors and aroma, attracting butterflies and bees.
Types and varieties of plants
In nature, there are more than 35 species of clariki, but for gardeners only three cultivated varieties are of interest, which served as the basis for the development of a large number of varietal forms.
In the period of lush flowering in the gardens and suburban areas, the Clarkia varieties are elegant, pretty and terry, covered with many flowers, similar to small roses. At the same time green mass favorably emphasizes all the splendor of colors. The flowering period is three months: from July to September.
The average height of an annual plant is 30-65 cm. A dense bush branch of a terry clarika and overgrown with dark green leaves. Terry flowers, about 5-6 cm in diameter, with various shades from snow-white to saturated carmine, frame the stems so that an image of a spike-like plant is created.
Annual ornamental lush flowering plant grows up to 75 cm tall. Pazushnye terry flowers differ in every possible color. Clarkia fantasy is used for cutting, arranging flower beds in single and group plantings.
Clarice Marigold Joy
Gustovetvistye erect stems grow to 40-60 cm. Flowering begins 2 months after sowing seeds. The bush is covered with flowers from the bottom up. The range of colors varies from deep pink to raspberry. Flowers varieties Clarkia "Joy" reach up to 3-4 cm in diameter, due to prolonged flowering are very popular among gardeners.
Care of a plant in an open ground
To preserve the decorative and elegant look, you should remove faded flowers and leaves, seed boxes. This is necessary to maintain the vitality of the plant in the process of formation of new flowers. Removal of dried flowers contributes to longer flowering. Loosening the soil and removing weeds contribute to fast, good growth.
Watering, dressing and tying
In hot weather, without precipitation, when the soil dries out, regular moderate watering twice a week is required. In this case, it is impossible to flood the plant, otherwise it is possible to provoke root rotting. In order to avoid the latter, the clarke is planted in well-drained soil.
Wet soil needs to be pierced, this will improve the flow of air to the roots. In cool rainy weather, watering is completely stopped. Watered strictly under the bush, avoiding water on the leaves and flowers, otherwise you can provoke sunburn, which spoil the decorative appearance of the plant.
Top dressing bring twice a month - during budding and flowering. Mineral fertilizers are used, organic clarification dressing is not used. Mainly feeding is necessary in rainy, dry weather. For a brighter and more abundant flowering ash is added to the ground.
To avoid damage to tall stems from a strong wind, as well as to avoid their bending, the bush is tied up with pegs, which are driven in during planting.
Choosing a place for landing
The plant is extremely light-loving, but it develops equally well in partial shade. It loves space, as it grows fast. It is necessary to choose a place for a flower, excluding strong winds, otherwise the plant may break. The plant quite calmly transfers drafts and short-term spring cooling.
Soil: composition and characteristics
The flower develops better on loose, fertile, medium and light density soil. In principle, an unpretentious plant is able to germinate and on dense clay soils, but will develop more slowly, to bloom very poorly. For future saplings, experienced gardeners prefer to prepare an earthen mixture: they take the usual ground for seedlings and add to it rotted humus, peat and river sand in equal proportions. To exclude contamination of the earth with various fungal diseases, it is calcined in an oven or steamed in a water bath.
Because of the unpretentious nature of the care of seedlings is reduced to maintaining the soil moisture, optimum temperature and periodic watering. The land of seedlings should not dry out and it should not be overwetted, it should be moderately wet.
Loosening is allowed only for grown seedlings, because young shoots can be damaged.
To avoid rotting of the roots due to stagnant water, care should be taken of the drainage system.
Comfortable temperature for a plant is within +20 C. To prevent burns, young plants should be protected from direct sunlight.
Plant care during and after flowering
In the process of plant growth, to give the bush a more voluminous and luxurious look, the tops of the shoots with a height of no more than 10-15 cm are periodically pinched.
In late autumn, when flowering ends, just before the frosts, the bush is cut flush with the ground, the soil is dug up, and old roots are removed. Due to the high likelihood of self seeding, the next spring will bring Clarkia back to its own place.
Diseases and pests: treatment
Clarkia is quite stable and immune to diseases and pests of the plant, however, due to maintenance and care errors, the plant can become ill or be attacked by pests.
Growing a bush on loamy soils can cause rust disease. This fungal disease manifests itself in the form of red-yellow spots with a clear dark border on the leaf plates. In most cases, the disease occurs due to waterlogging and stagnant water, as well as an excess of nitrogen-containing fertilizers. For the treatment of the bush using a spraying of fungicides (Bordeaux mixture, Topaz) 2 times a week.
With an excess of moisture can rot the roots of the plant, as a result of which the plant weakens, fades and dies. In the early stage of the disease, the bush can be saved. For this, pruned, weakened, affected parts of the plant are cut, treated with fungicides. Also, high soil moisture can cause powdery mildew: on the back of the affected leaf plate colorless or dark spots appear. The leaves are twisted, deformed. To combat use of biofungicide "Fitosporin-M" or "Olirna".
Of insect pests, the danger is the mealybug, a rare plant on the plant aphid. To get rid of the misfortune use insecticides, from aphids help spraying infusion of citrus fruits or garlic. You need to be extremely careful with the latter, as it can leave burns on the plant. If treatment and prevention have not saved the plant, then it is dug out with all its infected parts and destroyed by burning.
How to get rid of flower midge?
In most cases, an indicator of excessive waterlogging of the soil is the appearance of flower midge or sciaride. Most often, their appearance occurs in the winter.
The danger is not the midges themselves, but their larvae, which can damage the roots of the plant. When there are so many larvae that can be seen, the plants are transplanted to another place, treated from the flower midge.
To prevent flowerfly reproduction, it is necessary to periodically loosen the ground around the flower, before planting a drainage layer should be created, stagnation and strong overmoistening of the soil should be avoided. Damaged and diseased parts of the bush should be removed immediately.
They fight flower midge in various ways. The easiest, which is most suitable for potted flowers: around the flower is inserted 4-8 matches into the ground with sulfuric coating, as soon as sulfur dissolves, repeat the procedure 2-4 times.
It also helps to get rid of the midge watering with a weak (pale pink) solution of potassium permanganate or a weak soap solution.
Garlic infusion allows you to reduce and completely remove unwanted insects. It is prepared as follows: 3-4 crushed garlic cloves are added to 1 liter of boiling water, infused for at least 4 hours, filtered and sprayed on the plants. However, this solution can burn the leaves and flowers. For those who are afraid of harming the plant, you can use garlic in another way: the garlic cloves are cut and laid on the ground with a cut down around the stem of the plant.
Orange peel, stuck and laid out on the ground around the flower, can also protect clarke from midge.
Also use a chemical pencil from insects (for example “Masha”), it is ground and sprinkled on the ground.
Insecticides “Basudin”, “Thunder-2” and “Flyer” are able to quickly cope with the attack of insects on a flower.
Planting and breeding
Clarkia is not demanding for maintenance and care, planting and reproduction does not cause any particular difficulties.
Clarkia seedlings grown from seeds are adapted to cool temperatures, they are not afraid of drafts.
Clarkia flower will be bright, and flowering will be long if it is grown on loose fertile soils. In the case of planting in a sour soil, young plants develop poorly, in most cases die.
The plant is propagated by sowing seeds in open ground immediately to a permanent place, or to seedlings.
How to collect seeds?
During flowering should be noticed 3-4 healthy large flower. After pollination, withering and the beginning of the formation of the seed pod, the isolation procedure is carried out. For this, with a clean gauze tape, the fruit is tied tightly, but not tight, to the stalk. During this time, the seed box will ripen, and gauze will not allow the seeds to scatter, thereby eliminating the possibility of self-seeding.
Seeds ripen fully 30 days after the flower wilts. From the dark brown color of the fruit, it can be determined that the seeds are fully ripe. They are cut, take out the seeds, dried on a flat surface. Matchboxes or paper envelopes are good for storage.
Seed preparation for sowing
Before planting the clarke, the seeds are soaked for 2.5-3 hours in a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Seeds are wrapped in a napkin, gauze, bandage or in a cosmetic cotton pad, dipped in a solution. So they will not float and well soaked. After the soaking procedure, the seeds are laid out on a sheet of paper or on a clean dry napkin, dried at room temperature. Seeds are ready for sowing.
Sowing seeds in open ground
In the soil prepared with mineral fertilizers, shallow grooves are made 1.5-2 cm deep, at a distance of 4-5 cm from each other. With the help of paper or toothpicks, the seed is placed in the grooves, sprinkled with earth, moistened.
It is necessary to cover crops with a greenhouse, periodically ventilate and moisten the soil as it dries. After 10-14 days, the first shoots will appear. Young sprouts are not transplanted, but thinned, leaving a distance of 10-15 cm between saplings. You should not do more, otherwise it is difficult to get from the plants lush and bright flowering. Greenhouse cleaned in early May, when the probability of night frost is very low. In early spring, when sowing clarki in open ground, young seedlings are not watered, because the soil is sufficiently moistened with melt water.
In the prepared soil do shallow grooves at a distance of 1-2 cm from each other. Clarkia seeds are sown in grooves, lightly sprinkled with earth. After you need to moisten the soil. This should be done very carefully and carefully, in order to avoid the floating of seeds from under the ground. Use a spray or a teaspoon. The container with the soil covered with a transparent material (glass, polyethylene) and placed in a well-lit place.
A shelter should be removed daily for airing and preventing seed rotting. As soon as the first shoots appear, the transparent cover is removed.
What capacities are needed for sowing?
Shallow containers are selected, which, before loading the soil, for disinfection, are treated with boiling water, wiped with alcohol or hydrogen peroxide. For Clarkia seeds, it is preferable to choose medium or large breeding grounds. You can use individual cups, but it’s not as convenient to work with them as with wide containers. Seeded containers are left on well-lit places, excluding drafts.
Clarkia planting in open ground
12-14 days before planting a grassy plant in open ground, they dig up the soil, remove old roots, and make mineral fertilizers.
The stems of an adult plant branch strongly, so that the distance between the plants should be at least 15 cm. If the plants are close to each other, they need to be thinned out, this will keep the plant lush and trim. In the pits for planting plant clariki from pots by transshipment, that is, together with a clod of earth. Young bushes do not share, otherwise the roots will be damaged, the plant will die. A peg or other support is inserted into the soil near the bush. To stimulate lush growth and thick branching bushes pinch.
Clarkia in winter
The plant is quite frost-resistant, calmly tolerates the cold season, but for better preservation it is recommended to cover the flower after pruning with straw, fallen leaves, moss. This manipulation is necessary if the plant remains in its place. But when the place for planting a clarkey in the spring is determined a new one, then the old one is dug up in the autumn, removing all the roots and parts of the plant in order to prevent the development of fungal diseases.
Application in landscape design
Clarkia looks very impressive in group landings, paths, along fences and walls of buildings. Looks great in pots on balconies and terraces. Clarkia graceful and other varieties will perfectly fit and complement the various flower beds, will become a decoration of the garden.
Combination with other plants
Clarkia looks great next to other light-loving and decorative flowers. An excellent color ensemble is obtained in Clarkia with roses, peonies, daisies, oleanders, delphiniums, asters, phloxes. Clarkia is an excellent representative of the flora for cutting. In vases with water, clarinet bouquets can stand for 10-15 days, while continuing to dissolve the buds.