Kale is a variety of cabbage, which is popular with domestic gardeners, which is distinguished by its simplicity of cultivation, has great taste and contains various useful microelements and vitamins. This undemanding vegetable can be easily grown in central Russia, allowing you to get a magnificent harvest from a small area of a bed.
Description of the vegetable and its varieties
One of the features of Kale is her unpretentiousness, as well as excellent frost resistance. You can plant this vegetable on the beds literally immediately after the snow melt, which allows you to get the earliest possible harvest. Currently, numerous varieties have been developed that differ in their appearance, ripening terms and taste characteristics of the grown crop.
Kale is distinguished by its characteristic curly leaves (which is why it is also called curly cabbage) and is vaguely reminiscent of watercress. This variety was bred by many years of breeding from wild species, and later various hybrids were obtained that not only allow you to grow a great crop, but also have excellent decorative effect.decorating with their views garden and garden landscape.
To date, several dozen varieties of kale, which belong to the leaf variety. The absence of such a head of cabbage in this vegetable is the main symptom by which gardeners determine various hybrids and types of cabbage.
Currently, the most common are the following varieties of kale:
- Black Tuscany
A characteristic feature of Red cabbage are delicate dark purple leaves with a pronounced crimson hue. This vegetable is high in antioxidants., anthocyanins and flavonoids. In its composition, cabbage leaves of this variety are not inferior even to grapes, which contain antioxidants and various vitamins.
A distinctive feature of the Green variety is the lace emerald leaves, which, even when matured, do not lose their bright color. Such kale is characterized by maximum keeping quality, so the harvest can be stored in a refrigerator in a plastic bag for several months.
We can recommend gardeners in the northern regions to pay attention to the varieties of Siberian cabbage Kale and PremyeR. These varieties are not afraid of coldresistant to pests and various diseases. They can be successfully cultivated in the Northern Urals and Siberia.
Variety Curly has excellent decorative properties, and it received its name from the characteristic type of leaves. Therefore, many gardeners, gardeners planted this vegetable just to decorate the backyard. At the same time, ripe juicy leaves have a mild sweetish taste, which allows you to make them original salads and various seaming. In variety Curly leaves, unlike other varieties, smooth, along the edges with a noticeable purple fringe.
The varieties Pintoretto and Black Tuscany have a characteristic grayish-green leaf color and a tuberous rosette shape. Tuscan variety is perfect for making various blanks for the winter, and after freezing the taste becomes fragrant, sweet and rich.
Kale Reed has an amazing taste that perfectly complements a variety of exotic dishes and salads. Such reed cabbage grows on strong petioles with long wavy leaves. In appearance, this variety resembles tea leaves or celery.
The original appearance has a variation of Grunkol, which resembles a small palm tree with burgundy and dark leaves. The height of adult plants can reach one and a half meters, and the plantings themselves will be resistant to frost, so the crop can be obtained up to the cold.
Planting kale cabbage can be done in two ways. You can sow seeds in the soil on the beds, you can pre-grow seedlings. Growing seedlings is not difficult, while there is the possibility of early harvest, and a gardener from a small bed can get a great harvest.
However, if you do not want to bother yourself with growing seedlings, then in March or April, you can plant seeds in the prepared land in the beds. It is only necessary to remember that with such a seed method of planting in the first year of cultivation, the harvest can be obtained exclusively from fast-growing varieties.
At home, the sowing of seed material is performed approximately six weeks before the date of transplanting young plants into open ground. Directly growing seedlings is not particularly difficult. You will need a purchase of floral soil or garden soil, which is mixed with a small amount of sand and humus. The only caveat in the cultivation of seedlings is to provide adequate soil moisture, so you should spray the planting every day, and once every three or four days should be watered.
As soon as three or four full leaves appear on the plants, and the seedling height reaches 10 centimeters, seedlings can be transplanted into the open ground. It is necessary to properly prepare the beds: the earth is carefully dug up, after which organic fertilizers are applied. Mineral fertilizer is not recommended. Cabbage Kale prefers neutral, slightly acidified loose nutritious soil. The best predecessors will be solanaceous, pumpkin and legumes, but after cruciferous planting this vegetable is not recommended.
Direct care of planting does not represent any particular difficulty. Kale is a two-year-old vegetable, but it is often cultivated as an annual plant. In the latter case, it is worthwhile to prefer the seedling method of cultivation, choosing for this the early fast-growing varieties.
Different varieties of this vegetable are not demanding to care, so it will only be necessary to carry out regular watering, slightly loosen the soil, remove weeds that appear at the same time, and perform a number of other simple agricultural procedures.
Every 5−7 weeks it is recommended to feed the plants, for which use rotten manure, bird droppings or a small amount of peat. Mineral fertilizers are not recommended, as they lead to a deterioration in the taste of the grown crop.
Watering is necessary depending on the weather and soil conditions. As soon as you notice that the top layer of the soil is dry, you should immediately carry out abundant watering. In central Russia in the summer it is usually required to do this once every two weeks.
Mulching of the soil, and for this work using peat, sawdust and humus, helps prevent discoloration and rotting of the leaves. You can mulch as soon as the plants reach a height of 15 centimeters.
To avoid wilting of seedlings, you should regularly remove fading and discolored leaves, which will also prevent the occurrence of problems with insect pests.
The first harvest of kale sauerkraut is usually harvested on the 55th day after transplantation of seedlings in open ground or on the 70th day after planting. Cut ripe leaves that are 10 to 15 centimeters in length. By this time, the parent plant should reach a height of 20 centimeters.
The first cut off the outer leaves, gradually moving to the internal outlet. Immediately, the whole plant should not be cut, since after the first harvest the cabbage will grow green mass after 2–3 weeks, after which it will be possible to cut the young tasty and juicy leaves again. Harvesting is done as it ripens, as the foliage becomes bitter and tough over time.
The benefits and harm of feces
The beneficial properties of kale cabbage are largely due to its mineral and vitamin composition. It contains a large number of various vitamins:
- vitamin A,
- vitamin C,
- vitamin k,
- B vitamins,
- vitamin p,
- vitamin E.
The mineral complex consists of manganese, selenium, sodium, zinc, phosphorus, potassium and calcium, magnesium, and iron. It is established that the leaves of feces contain more calcium than milk.
Recent studies have shown that the leaves of this vegetable contain sulforaphane, which is an excellent anti-cancer agent and provides natural prevention against the appearance of tumors. Also known antibacterial properties of this product, so nutritionists recommend eating cabbage to improve immunity.
The beneficial properties of this plant include the following:
- has antitumor properties
- improves skin clotting,
- reduces bad cholesterol,
- improves and restores eyesight
- normalizes the digestive tract,
- extremely useful in healthy and dietary nutrition,
- indispensable in a vegetarian and vegan diet.
Kale cabbage is an extremely tasty, healthy vegetable, the cultivation of which is not particularly difficult. Planting care consists only of regular watering, mulching of beds, application of fertilizers and removal of weeds. Thanks to the unpretentiousness of this vegetable, every gardener will be able to get an excellent harvest on the plot. You just need to pick a variety of cabbage, depending on its ripening and taste characteristics.
Learn cabbage Kale can be on characteristic purple or green fringed and curly leaves, which in the process of growth do not form a head.
In appearance, this vegetable resembles oversized lettuce. One of the features of this variety is its unpretentious care and the ability to survive even in extreme conditions.
Due to its decorative effect and its beneficial properties, Kale is grown by summer residents and gardeners just to decorate the backyard, while it bears excellent fruits, allowing you to get a good harvest.
Kale cabbage has a trunk that reaches a height of one and a half meters. On a trunk the numerous corrugated curly leaves which are cut up along the edges strongly keep. Such curly leaves can have a smooth or bubbly surface and are large in size. Depending on the specific variety of Calais, the leaves can be only on the crown itself or evenly distributed along the entire length of the stem.
Nowadays, various Kale species:
All these varieties are resistant to adverse growing conditions, it is a frost-resistant crop that bears fruit well even with the simplest care from the gardener, allowing you to get an excellent harvest.
This is a dietary product., which has a delicate delicate taste, contains easily digestible protein, as well as various trace elements and vitamins. The unique composition of this vegetable and its beneficial properties are preserved after processing, so Kale can be stewed, boiled, fried and subjected to heat treatment. This vegetable contains a large amount of calcium, potassium, magnesium, 18 amino acids that are extremely useful for our body.
The minimum caloric content of this vegetable allows you to include it in a variety of diets for weight loss.
Landing on the plot
Noticed that this culture does not tolerate transplanttherefore, it is recommended to grow it by planting seeds in open ground.
Kale - unpretentious and cold-resistant plantwhich can be successfully grown even by beginner gardeners. We offer you the simplest recommendations for growing leaf Calais.
The best precursors for this vegetable are tomatoes, cucumbers, potatoes, and legumes. The soil on the beds should be prepared in the autumn, digging it up and adding mineral fertilizer per 1 square meter of 100 grams of top dressing, as well as compost or other organic matter per 1 square of bed of 4 kilograms of fertilizers.
This vegetable crop prefers high pH soil. To increase this indicator is recommended to use acidic compost. If necessary, dolomite flour or lime is added to the ground.
Cabbage Kale cultivation of which is not difficult, will allow the grower to get an excellent harvest. It is only necessary to choose the right place for the location of the beds. You can have beds in partial shade or on the sunny side of the plot. But in darkening, Kale does not grow well, so it will be difficult to get a good harvest in low areas in the shade.
It is possible to plant seeds in open ground as early as April, when the soil warms to at least 5 degrees. Sit Kale Keila dotted in the hole with a distance between plants of at least 45 centimeters. Three to four seeds are sown to a depth of one and a half centimeters in each well, adding a small amount of humus to the soil. After planting, the ground is watered abundantly and covered with plastic wrap.
Approximately in a week the first shoots will appear, by this time it is possible to remove the covering material and carry out the thinning of the plantings, leaving the strongest ascended stem in the hole.
Growing vegetables in rassadny way
Experienced gardeners practice technology of cultivation of cabbage Kale seedling method, for what use large-sized flower pots. Seedlings are grown at home, using the soil abundantly fertilized with organic matter. To plant seeds for seedlings at home should be approximately five weeks before the last spring frosts.
Such cultivation of seedlings at home is not difficult. Several seeds are planted in each pot, after which, as the seedlings emerge, they are planted, leaving one of the strongest plants in the pot. Seedlings are fed regularly with a solution of mullein and watered every two to three days. As soon as four full leaves are formed on a young plant, and it reaches 10 centimeters in height, seedlings can be transplanted into open ground.
Seedlings should be carefully removed from the pots without damaging the root system. The pits in the soil are made in a depth of 20-30 centimeters, while it is necessary to deepen the seedlings so that the soil reaches the first leaf of the seedling. After planting, the young cabbage is watered abundantly, and if there is a danger of frost, it must be covered with plastic wrap.
Kale cabbage is a low-maintenance vegetable, so every gardener can handle it. Proper care of plantings implies the following:
- Regular fertilization.
- Frequent watering.
- Soil mulching and soil loosening.
- Removal of faded and discolored leaves.
Fertilizer is recommended every one and a half to two months. In this case, you can use rotted manure, a solution of mullein, or mineral fertilizers in light concentration.
Water planting should be once a week, taking into account the condition of the soil. Experienced gardeners recommend watering as soon as the topsoil is dry.
Mulching planting allows you to retain moisture in the soil, preventing discoloration and rotting of the leaves. It is recommended to carry out such mulching of plantings immediately after the emergence of shoots or planting on a bed of seedlings.
Harvesting cabbage Kale Keila usually start at 70-90 days after sowing the seeds, or at 55-60 days after planting. It is possible to collect ripe leaves as soon as the plants reach a height of 20 centimeters. The first should be to break the outer old leaves, only then go to the young inner leaves. Harvesting should be done as the cabbage ripens, as over time the leaves become bitter and tough.
Kale cabbage is an extremely tasty and healthy variety of this vegetable that is easy to maintain. Useful properties of this vegetable make it one of the main products in the diet. Every summer resident and gardener, even with the provision of minimum plantings, will be able to grow a magnificent harvest of this vegetable in the garden beds.
Adding an article to a new collection
Modern summer residents grow the most diverse cabbage, both edible and decorative. But curly kale cabbage, not only nutritious, but also seemingly pleasant, is still little known in our latitudes. But in growing it is quite simple.
Before you buy cabbage seeds, you need to figure out how it is useful, what happens and how to grow it properly.
How to grow cabbage kale
Cabbage kale, the use of which is not questioned, is grown almost the same way as its many "relatives".
This culture does not like transplantation, so it is advisable to sow it right on the ridge, so as not to injure the root system. Do it in late April - early May. Cabbage seeds, as well as its seedlings, are frost-resistant and can tolerate small negative temperatures without losses. In growth it is already at 5 ° C.
Если вы решили выращивать кале через рассаду, сейте семена в объемные горшочки, а после высаживайте ее в грунт вместе с комом земли
Перед посевом семена капусты кале нужно на четверть часа замочить в воде температурой 50°C, затем на 5 минут погрузить в холодную воду. После этого завернуть во влажную ткань и оставить в теплом месте на 3 дня, до проклевывания семян.
In each well you need to make 200 g of wood ash and 100 g of humus, put 2-3 seeds on top, sprinkle with soil and pour. Before the emergence of seedlings (for about a week), the bed should preferably be covered with foil or spunbond.
Kale cabbage grows best on illuminated areas with nutritious soil, in which humus was introduced in the fall (10 kg per 1 square meter), and just before planting, complex mineral fertilizers (30 g of amalgamate or ammofoski per 1 square meter).
Care for cabbage kale is also no different from care for any other cabbage, however, after the shoots have got stronger, you will need to remove weak ones from each pile, leaving only the largest and strongest sprout.
The main secret of strong cabbage kale - in frequent (sometimes daily) watering and regular (every 6 weeks) organic dressings. Remember that the soil under your cabbage should always be wet and very nutritious - in this case, it will please you with juicy and fast-growing leaves. The rest of the care of the cabbage is not the most difficult process. Timely remove weeds in the garden, once every 10 days loosen the planting, and when the leaves reach a height of 20 cm, pile the bushes and remove all weak, diseased or underdeveloped leaves.
Pests and diseases in cabbage cabbage are the same as in all representatives of the Cruciferous family. From many diseases, for example, from root rot, salvation will be mulching of cabbage ridges with humus or compost. As a preventive measure, dusting of the leaves with tobacco dust or wood ash will be suitable, repeated after each rain. There are other natural ways of dealing with cabbage pests.
Cabbage has kale and weighty advantage - if you remove it from the soil is not completely, and cut, leaving 5 cm of the trunk, then after a while the leaves on it will start to grow again. And some of the varieties and does start up in growth and after the winter, being two years old. However, so that in the winter they do not freeze out, it is necessary to mulch the bed with spruce leaves or plant residues, and to clean it in the spring.
Types and varieties of cabbage kale
On sale you can find dozens of varieties of kale cabbage, intended for different regions. If you live in the middle lane, you can afford to choose almost anyone, focusing only on the color of kale cabbage or price attractiveness of seeds. But in regions with a harsh climate will have to be limited to zoned varieties, for example, Siberian.
Leaves: purple, curly at the edges.
Maturation: 85 days from the moment of emergence of shoots.
Application: soups, salads, for decorative purposes - in flowerbeds.
Leaves: green, wrinkled, thin.
Maturation: 70 days from the moment of emergence of shoots.
Application: soups, salads.
Leaves: green, very curly, up to 80 cm tall.
Maturation: 75 days from the moment of emergence of shoots.
Application: soups, salads, for winter storage.
Leaves: red, purple, very curly, up to 80 cm tall.
Maturation: 75 days from the moment of emergence of shoots.
Application: soups, salads, for storage, growing in flowerbeds.
Leaves: maroon, curly, up to 1.5 m tall, shaped like a palm tree.
Maturation: biennial plant, 90 days from the moment of emergence of shoots.
Application: soups, salads, decoration of dishes, for drying, storage, decoration of flower beds.
Maturation: 75 days from the moment of emergence of shoots.
Application: soups, salads, diet.
Maturation: 45-60 days from the moment of emergence of shoots.
Application: soups, salads.
Maturation: 60 days from the moment of emergence of shoots.
Application: soups, salads, hot dishes, as the decoration of flower beds.
Maturation: 60-70 days from the moment of emergence of shoots.
Application: soups, salads, hot dishes, as the decoration of flower beds.
Maturation: 90 days from the moment of emergence of shoots.
Application: soups, salads, hot dishes, as the decoration of flower beds.
Maturation: 50-60 days from the moment of emergence of shoots.
Application: soups, salads, hot dishes, as the decoration of flower beds.
Storing cabbage cabbage
After ripening, the leaves should be cut and consumed within a week. This time they will be perfectly preserved in the refrigerator, but then they will begin to wither and lose their taste. If you want to save cabbage kale for the winter, then chop the greens and freeze it. From low temperatures, its taste will open up and become richer, so that you can enjoy your favorite salads all year round.
As you can see, kale cabbage is quite an interesting and very useful culture. So why not plant a few holes of a new vegetable in the coming season, at least for the sake of an experiment - what if you catch a fancy?
- Listen to the article (soon)
- 2. Description
- 3. Growing from seed
- 3.1. When to sow
- 3.2. Seedling care
- 3.3. Picks
- 4. Landing
- 4.1. When to plant
- 4.2. Priming
- 4.3. How to plant
- 5. How to grow
- 5.1. Care
- 5.2. Watering
- 5.3. Top dressing
- 5.4. Cultivation in the suburbs
- 6. Pests and diseases
- 6.1. Treatment
- 7. Collection and storage
- 8. Types and varieties
- 9. Properties: harm and benefit
- 9.1. Beneficial features
- 9.2. Contraindications
Planting and care for feces (in short)
- Landing: Sowing seeds in open ground - in late April or early May. Sowing seeds for seedlings - at the end of March or at the beginning of April, planting of seedlings into the ground - approximately in the middle of May or towards the end of the month
- Lighting: bright sunlight.
- The soil: fertile, permeable, with a pH of 5.5-6.8.
- Watering: it is plentiful, and during the period of drought it is also frequent: the soil in the area should always be slightly damp.
- Top dressing: Every 6-8 weeks, organic (grass infusion or compost infusion) or mineral fertilizers should be applied to the soil. The first feeding is carried out when the leaves begin to grow.
- Reproduction: seed.
- Pests: cabbage aphid, weevils, scoops, moths, moths, flies, cruciferous fleas, rapeseed sawflies and flowering beetles, bears, wireworms and slugs.
- Diseases: Kila, black leg, peronosporosis, Fusarium, ring spot, white and gray rot, slimy bacteriosis, rhizoctoniosis, and virus mosaic.
- Properties: The plant is a valuable dietary product.
Cabbage Kale - description
So Kale is a kale that does not make a head. Only large curly cabbage leaves of kale are bluish, red, green, and after cold and violet hues are eaten. The stem of the plant is too hard and not suitable for food. Before the Renaissance, cabbage kale was the most common cruciferous crop in Europe, but it was cultivated in the 4th century BC in ancient Greece, which is irrefutable evidence. Today in Holland a traditional steampot is prepared with cabbage kale, mixing it with mashed potatoes and serving it with sausages. In Japan, this variety is popular in the form of aodziru drink supplement, and in Turkey, from Kale-rich cabbage-rich cabbage, they cook soup.
When sow cabbage kale seedlings.
Kale cabbage does not tolerate transplantation, so it’s better to sow directly into open ground, but if you decide to use the seedling method, you need to sow seeds 5-6 weeks before planting seedlings into open ground - during the time period from late March to early April. Choose the most auspicious day of the lunar calendar for sowing cabbage and proceed.
Growing cabbage seedlings kale.
Sowing kale cabbage for seedlings is carried out in containers or boxes, although it is better to sow three seeds in separate cups — kale, like any other cabbage culture, does not like transplants. Before sowing, cabbage seeds for 20 minutes are soaked in water at a temperature of 45-50 ºC, after which they are immediately dipped into cold water for 5 minutes. Then the seeds are wrapped in a damp cloth for 2-3 days and put in a warm place, and as soon as they are folded, you can sow kale cabbage. The substrate for seedlings is made up of fertile soil and sand at a ratio of 1:10, it is fertilized with compost and disinfected by calcination in the oven or shed with a dark pink solution of potassium permanganate. Seeds are laid out in a well-moistened substrate at a distance of 5-8 cm from each other, buried to a depth of 1.5 cm, after which they gently press the soil and cover the sowing with a film or glass. Contain a container in a warm place, daily removing the film for 1-3 hours for ventilation, and when shoots appear, the box is moved as close as possible to the light.
Kale sprouts seedlings need the same care as any other cabbage sprouts - they need to be grown in slightly damp ground, not forgetting to air the room, while at the same time protecting seedlings from drafts.
A pick of cabbage kale.
Cabbage kale from seeds, like any other type of cabbage, does not tolerate a pick. It is planted in the open ground together with the earthy clod, trying not to damage the central root, but before planting the seedlings must undergo tempering procedures consisting in daily outdoor sessions, the duration of which should gradually increase until the seedlings become accustomed to the new habitat. When the seedlings turn 45 days, they will have 4 leaves each and they will reach a height of 8-10 cm, you can plant them on the bed.
Planting kale cabbage is carried out in deep holes located at a distance of 30-40 cm from each other with row spacing of 45-55 cm. To each well, throw 200 g of wood ash and 100 g of humus. Seedlings are immersed in the ground on the first couple of leaves, watered and covered with a hole of earth.
When to plant cabbage kale in the ground.
If you decide to sow kale cabbage right into open ground, then it should be done in the last decade of April or the first decade of May — the kale cabbage is cold resistant, and its seeds begin to germinate already at 4-5 ºC. Growing kale cabbage is best done on a sunny plot. Keep in mind that in one place the crop can grow for three years: if in the fall, cutting off cabbage, leave a couple of centimeters of stem above the surface, the next year you will get an early harvest of crispy cabbage. The best precursors for feces are solanaceous, legumes and pumpkin crops, and the worst are vegetable and cruciferous.
Soil for cabbage kale.
The soil for kale cabbage should be fertile - when grown in clay or sandy soil, you cannot achieve good yields, and the cabbage will have a mediocre taste. Very important for cabbage kale and an indicator such as the permeability of the soil, as the culture does not tolerate stagnant moisture in the roots. Hydrogen indicator of the soil should be in the range of 5.5-6.8 pH. If the indicator is below pH 5.5, add compost to the soil, and if it is above pH 6.8, dig up the area with granular sulfur. A bed for kale is cooked in the fall - cleared of weeds and dug up, and immediately before sowing seeds or planting seedlings, humus and complex mineral fertilizers are introduced into the soil.
How to plant cabbage kale.
Cabbage seeds are sown in wells located at a distance of 30-40 cm from each other with row spacing of 45-55 cm. When sowing, as when planting seedlings, 100 g of humus and 200 g of ash are thrown into each well, put three to five seeds , water them and cover them with soil. Then the bed is covered with plastic wrap, securing it along the edges so as not to blow the wind. The seedlings will begin to appear after 5-7 days, and the film can be removed, and upon inspection of the sprouts that have appeared, remove the weak ones so that they do not interfere with the development of stronger plants.
Care for kale cabbage.
How to grow cabbage kale? Care for cabbage kale in the open field is not much different from the care of any other variety of cabbage. Growing seedlings need watering, weeding, hilling, loosening the soil, fertilizing and protection from pests and diseases. When cabbage kale in the garden reaches a height of 20-25 cm, it is necessary to spud it, and if weak leaves start to appear on it, they should be removed immediately. To make it easier to care for cabbage, and so that it does not hit the root rot, grumble the area with compost or humus.
Watering cabbage kale.
In order for the water to not spread when watering, but to immediately get to the roots, make a circular furrow around each plant and pour water into it. In dry time, you will have to water the cabbage more often and more abundantly, and after each watering or rain you need to loosen the soil around the plants and between the rows. The soil in the garden all the time should be slightly wet, so be prepared for the fact that in hot summer you have to water the cabbage every day, but still allow the soil to dry between the waterings.
Top dressing cabbage kale.
Despite the pre-sowing application of fertilizer to the soil, cabbage kale in the open field needs organic supplements every 6-8 weeks. The first feeding will be needed when the leaves begin to actively grow. Herbal infusion is used to feed the plants, for which a quarter of the volume of the barrel is filled with water, then the barrel is filled with fresh greens - grass, including weeds - at the rate of 10 kg per 100 liters of water, after which 2-3 kg are added for every 100 liters of water dry chicken manure and cover the barrel with a net. When foam appears on the surface of the mass, the contents of the barrel begin to be stirred daily to stimulate fermentation. Depending on the weather and air temperature, grass fertilizer is infused from one to three weeks. As soon as the foam ceases to form, the infusion can be used for fertilizing, diluting it in half with water. Fertilization is carried out strictly under the root.
You can make fertilizer for kale cabbage from compost: 2 liter jars of sifted compost are poured with a bucket of water and insisted for 24 hours in the sun, after which the water is drained and used for root dressings.
Growing kale cabbage in the suburbs.
Readers ask us whether it is possible to grow cabbage kale in the midland. Why not? This variety of cabbage differs in cold resistance and resistance to rapid temperature changes, therefore, with the right selection of varieties, you can count on a decent crop in the Moscow region.
Pests and diseases of cabbage kale
As for diseases and pests, they are common to all cruciferous cultures. Among insects, cabbage aphids, weevils, moths, butterflies, moths, flies, cruciferous fleas, rape sawflies and tsnoyoed, as well as bears, wireworms and slugs, are dangerous to curly cabbage. And from diseases, one should beware of keels, black leg, peronosporosis, fusarium, ring spot, white and gray rot, mucous bacteriosis, rhizoctoniosis, and viral mosaic.
We have already described all these diseases and all these pests many times, so we will not repeat. We only recall that the cultivation of cabbage varieties and hybrids that are resistant to pests and diseases, the observance of agrotechnical culture, and conscientious care of plants reduces the risk of the destruction of cabbage by insects, fungi, bacteria and viruses to a minimum.
Processing kale cabbage.
Protect young plants from cruciferous flea and other pests by dusting their leaves and soil on a bed of wood ash, tobacco dust, or a mixture of these two powder preparations. However, the rain washes away the protective powder, and you have to carry out the procedure again.
After sunset, you can spray cabbage with seven-percent table vinegar diluted in a bucket of water, or a solution of 200 g of chicken manure in 10 liters of water, which must be drawn before drinking at least 24 hours.
An onion peel repels insects: a pound of husk is filled with 4 liters of hot water, infused for two days, filtered, a spoonful of tar shampoo is added to the liquid, and the cabbage is sprayed with this composition once every 3-4 days.
Of the chemical preparations used to protect against pest infestation, Bankol, Kemifos, Fury, Bitoxibacillin, Kinmiks, Shar Pei, Aliot and others are used, however, the use of chemical agents is recommended only when you have to save the crop and folk remedies no longer help.
As for the protection of cabbage from feces, in this issue, as well as in pest control, one should give preference to agrotechnical methods - observing crop rotation, growing disease-resistant crop varieties, seed dressing before sowing in a fungicide solution, timely removal of weeds from the plot sucking pests that are carriers of viral diseases, and the destruction of plant residues after harvest. These measures will protect cabbage kale from diseases more reliably than fungicides.
Collection and storage of kale cabbage
After sowing, kale cabbage in the ground ripens in 70-95 days, and the grown seedlings 55-75 days after planting on the bed. Cabbage leaves are cut off when the plant reaches a height of 20 cm. Do not over-ripen ripe leaves on the bush - they become bitter and tough. A strongly grown plant can be cut at a height of 5 cm from the ground, and then curly cabbage leaves will begin to form again on the remaining stem.
Cut leaves can be stored in the fridge for a week, but you can put them in the freezer and enjoy the taste of kale cabbage all winter - the taste of the leaves becomes brighter and sweeter from freezing.
Cabbage kale for the Moscow region.
Since almost all varieties of kale cabbage are cold resistant, it is not difficult to choose varieties for the middle band. It is possible to grow in the Moscow Region Red Calais, Green Calais, Curling Calais, Premier Calais, Little Mermaid, Dude, Mizun, Reed Cala or Dino Calais. If there are severe frosts in winter, just remember to cover the bed with a thick layer of mulch, and in the spring, when the snow melts, remove it.
Cabbage kale - contraindications.
Осторожность при употреблении капусты кале следует соблюдать тем, кто страдает заболеваниями желудка и кишечника – гастритом, язвенной болезнью, дисбактериозом и хронической диареей, поскольку кале может спровоцировать обострение патологий. Another contraindication is diseases of the organs of the endocrine system, therefore, people with such diseases must be consulted with a physician before being introduced to the diet of kale cabbage.
When purchasing Kale cabbage seeds from a store, you should carefully study the information on their packages. Particular attention is paid to the appearance and size of the bushes. Depending on the variety, the height of Kale cabbage varies from 50 cm to 1.5 m.
To understand how many seeds need to be purchased, it is sufficient to correlate the volume of future bushes of the selected variety with the size of the area allocated for cabbage planting.
The appearance of the cabbage is determined by the shape and color of its leaves. Red and lilac contain a large number of phytonutrients and are considered more beneficial than green foliage varieties. Green Kale is the most cold-resistant and its individual varieties can withstand a temporary cooling down to -15 ° С. The shape of the leaves plays a role only if it is grown for decorative purposes; the curvature of the foliage does not affect the taste and nutritional properties.
Terms of ripening depending on the variety can vary from 40 to 80 days or more.
Care for cabbage seedlings
The abundance of light - the main condition for the content of seedlings of any cabbage, otherwise it will greatly stretch and die. In the conditions of lack of natural lighting, seedlings are artificially illuminated with fluorescent lamps so that the daylight time is not less than 12-14 hours.
Watering cabbage seedlings Kale should be moderate, but regular. Poor watering will inevitably lead to drying out of the seedlings, and excessive - with a high degree of probability will be the cause of infection of the seedling with the “black leg”.
The temperature of the air in the room in which it is contained may also lead to the spreading of seedlings. Therefore, after the appearance of the first leaves, it is desirable to maintain a temperature range of 14–18 ° C during the day and 6–10 ° C at night.
10-14 days before planting in the ground cabbage seedlings begin to harden. To do this, it is carried out to the open air, at the beginning for 15-20 minutes, and then gradually increase its time on the street so that by the end of the second week the seedlings can safely stay in the fresh air the whole day.
Planting seedlings in open ground
In the open ground grown and strong seedlings planted in early May. A plot of land is chosen well lit, it is better that other species of cabbage, tomatoes, and radishes should not be grown on it before. Pumpkin and legumes are ideal precursors for Kale cabbage. Low acid soil is preferred.
They dig up the earth to the depth of the spade bayonet and loosen it well. The scheme of cabbage cabbage 30х50. The depth of the holes should be sufficient to bury the seedlings on the first leaves, approximately 30-40 cm. As a fertilizer, add 1 cup of ash and 100 g of humus to each well. Seedlings are planted by the method of transshipment in order not to damage the delicate root system of the cabbage, then plentifully sprinkled with warm water and only then the wells are sprinkled with earth. The soil around the plants slightly tamped.
Growth inhibition at the first time after transplanting is a normal reaction of the plant to stress.
Sowing in open ground
Kale cabbage is quite hardy. In order for the seeds of this culture to ascend, the air temperature is sufficient to settle at around 5 ° C, however, there must be plenty of light.
Before sowing the seeds, the earth is dug up and fertilized with ashes, humus and a universal mineral dressing, for example, nitrophoska. The beds do a little raised. The plan of sowing seeds is the same as when planting seedlings - 30x50. In each well to a depth of 1.5-2 cm spread from 3 to 5 pre-germinated seeds so that they do not come into contact with each other and covered with earth. Then the bed is watered and covered with foil. In order for the film not to be blown off by a strong wind, it must be well fixed at the edges with the help of fixing pins or any available material.
Approximately in a week shoots appear and the film is removed. It is important not to miss this moment, since young plants left under the film can burn in the bright spring sun. At the same time, the seedlings are thinned, leaving one of the strongest specimens in each well. If two strong plants come up in one hole, some of them will still have to be removed - they will not be able to fully develop together, and they are unlikely to survive a transplant to another place.
Kale requires abundant regular watering, especially on hot days. In order for the root system of plants to receive the maximum amount of moisture, small grooves are formed around the bushes, which will not allow the water to spread along the bed during each irrigation. To keep the soil constantly in a slightly damp state, the soil can be mulched using compost or humus. This procedure will also help get rid of the need for frequent weeding.
In between the rows and directly around the bushes, the ground is gently loosened, since the culture is very demanding on the air permeability of the soil.
For the first time, plants are spud when they reach a height of 20 cm. In the same period, all weak and thin leaves are removed so that they do not interfere with the formation of new healthy ones.
Fertilizers should be applied no earlier than one month after transplanting or planting seeds in open ground. The solution should be weakly concentrated.
If the soil on which the cabbage is grown is fertile, it is not recommended to feed the plants more often 1 time in 6 weeks. If less nutritious soil was used for planting, fertilizing is carried out 1 time per month.
It is best to alternate between mineral and organic fertilizers. As organic materials, liquid compost is often used, and choosing mineral supplements, they prefer those whose composition is dominated by nitrogen and potassium.
Fertilizers are applied only to well-moistened soil, otherwise the equine system of cabbage will get a chemical burn and there will be more harm than good from top dressing.
Possible diseases and pests
Compliance with all agrotechnical standards and crop rotation can not always guarantee the protection of plants from diseases and pests.
The most common pests for cabbage Kale, as for any other representative of this family, is cabbage aphid. As a result of its attack, the leaves wither and shrivel, and in their folds and on the stems one can find massive clusters of larvae of this pest.
No less often cabbage Kale strikes and cruciferous flea. It can be identified by small ulcers on the leaves and gnawing on the stems of the plant. Especially dangerous is the flea for young cabbage, immature seedlings destroy the parasite in a matter of days.
Less commonly, this culture suffers from pests such as:
Fusarium wilt is especially common among the diseases - the leaves become flabby, quickly discolor and shrink. The main cause of fusarium is considered to be dry and hot weather.
Kila and black leg strike this type of cabbage as often as any other. In the case of the keel act without deliberation. The infected plants are destroyed, and quarantine is kept at the place of its cultivation - for 3-4 years they refuse to plant any cruciferous plants in this area.
Considering that cabbage leaves are eaten during the whole growing season, the use of insecticides and fungicides is contraindicated for it. In case of problems, it is better to use folk remedies - wood ash, chicken manure or a solution of vinegar. By rain, such means of protection are not resistant, so the treatment often has to be repeated several times.
Harvesting and storage
Kale cabbage leaves can be eaten almost immediately after their formation. The optimal age for harvesting is 60 days for cabbage grown on the seedling method and 80 days for seed grown.
Perederzhivat on the garden plants are not worth it. Overgrowing cabbage leaves lose their tenderness and get a bitter taste. When the plant reaches the size characteristic of its variety, it is cut, leaving a stump in the ground 5-7 cm high. If the weather permits, this stump will soon again acquire young fresh leaves.
In the fridge Kale stores no more than 2 weeks, and the only way to keep it for a long time is freezing. To do this, remove the stems from the leaves of cabbage, then the leaves are thoroughly washed, dried, packed in containers for storage in small batches of 200-300 g and cleaned in the freezer. In the freezer Kale cabbage can be stored up to six months.
What kind of cabbage
Cabbage Kale is a leaf plant. Depending on the variety, it can reach a height of 0.4-1.5 m.
Leaves, corrugated or carved on the edge, resemble leafy lettuce or parsley curly. They can be green, red or red-violet.
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The plant is valued not only for the content of nutrients and vitamins, but also for its high decorative effect.
It is recommended by nutritionists as a product rich in vegetable protein, mineral salts, biologically active substances and vitamins.
Several varieties of Calais are successfully cultivated in the dacha and backyard plots; they are distinguished by their appearance, yield, and ripening periods.
The most popular are: Kale red, Redbor f1, Reflex f1, Scarlet, Dino, Curly, Siberian.
- Kale is red. A plant with lacy red leaves of a violet shade. It grows to a height of 0.5-0.8 m. It has a high content of calcium, magnesium. It is used for decoration of dishes, cooking snacks. It is grown in rassadny way. The variety requires fertile soil.
- Reflex f1. Hybrid mid-term ripening. Differs in high decorative effect and is used as decoration of personal plots. Green leaves without bitterness, contain fiber, potassium, calcium. Can be used as an addition to meat and fish dishes.
- Scarlet Vegetation period of 120 days. Cultivation by rassadny way is recommended. Sowing seeds should be done in January, and in April to plant seedlings in the ground. The plant height of 80-100 cm attracts elegant look. Corrugated blue-violet leaves are highly decorative. The variety contains protein, mineral salts, vitamins A, C. It is used in the preparation of salads, soups, cabbage rolls.
Cultivation through seedlings and seeds in open ground
Seedlings method is used to obtain early harvest. Plants can be planted with the beginning of work on the site. Good seedlings withstand frosts down to - 6˚С. The term of its preparation is 30-35 days.
Best cultivation carried out in peat pots or plastic cups. In this way, the root system is fully preserved.
A plant planted in the ground, continues to grow and develop without serious consequences.
Seeds before sowing need to be wrapped in a piece of cloth and placed in a pink solution of potassium permanganate for disinfection for 40-45 minutes. Then rinse with clean water and put in a warm place for germination.
As soon as they get through, they sow 3 pieces in each tank.
The land should be loose and fertile. Best of all, if its composition will be:
- humus - 1 part,
- peat - 2 parts,
- sand - 1/2 part,
- wood ash - 1/4 part.
At emergence of shoots, boxes with pots take out to the cool light place.
When a real leaf appears, in each tank one of the most developed plants is left, removing all weak ones.
A week later, you should begin to harden the seedlings, bringing to the open air. During the first days the plants are cooled for a short time, and then they are taken out for the whole day.
Thus, they get strong plants with a developed root system.
Seedlings need regular feeding. They should be done every 10-12 days. Suitable fertilizer "Agricola" or "seedling".
Kale cabbage can be grown by sowing seeds directly into the ground. This way of growing plants will be ready for cutting much later.
Planting in open ground
Seedlings are planted in a permanent place when the soil warms up to 5-6˚C. Light frosts in the range of 3-5 ° C, cabbage are not terrible.
Planting pits are prepared on the fertilized (5-7 kg / m 2 of humus, 40 g / m 2 nitroammofoski) and well-cut section. Depending on the variety, the distance between them makes 40-60 cm.
The pits are filled with water with the addition of 2-3 teaspoons of Fitosporin-M PS (paste) solution for the prevention of plant damage by diseases and pests.
When moisture is absorbed, put peat pots with seedlings and covered with earth. Plants in plastic cups should be watered the day before planting.
Planted need to carefully removing from the cup. To do this, holding the stalk, turn the cup upside down and gently shake. The cup is released, and the plant is placed in a hole and covered with earth a little higher than it was in the same place and shaded.
Seeds are sown in open ground when the soil temperature reaches 8-10 ° C in the upper layer.
The plot is prepared in the autumn. Bring 10-15 kg of manure per 1 m 2 and digging shovels on the bayonet.
In the spring, 40-50 g / m 2 of complex mineral fertilizer is added, dug up and carefully loosened.
Prepare landing holes with a distance of 40-60 cm in a row. The inter-row spacings are 60 cm. The pits are covered with the same ground as for the seedlings, they are watered and 3-4 seeds are sown.
Crops cover with a film and wait for shoots. Later, all the extra shoots are removed, leaving one more powerful.
Cabbage Kale, like other species, requires timely fertilizing, watering, soil maintenance in a loose and weed-free state.
After 8-10 days after transplanting the seedlings are first fed with organic and mineral fertilizers after watering. Fertilization should be carried out at a distance of 5-7 cm from plants.
Superphosphate and potassium salt contribute 15-20 g / m 2, and bird droppings, mullein are used as organic ones. They are diluted with water 8-10 times and make 1.5-2.0 liters per linear meter of the row. After that, loosening is carried out.
Further care for cabbage Kale includes another fertilizer after 6 weeks of complex mineral fertilizer, as well as watering, loosening, weeding, treatment against diseases and pests.
Watering should be done frequently and abundantly throughout the growing season. The lack of moisture adversely affects the development of plants and the formation of the crop.
Against diseases and pests need to apply Fitosporin - M PS (paste) and folk remedies.
At the initial stage, caring for soil includes loosening the soil, removing weeds and protective measures against the cruciferous flea. Further care is the same as for the seedling culture.
Ways to Grow Cabbage Cabbage
Options grow cabbage cabbage two - sowing seeds directly into the ground and through seedlings.
1. Growing kale cabbage in open field
The first method is used quite often, because kale cabbage tolerates transplantation very poorly, but this method is acceptable only in the southern regions. Seeds are sown usually at the beginning of May, plunging them into the soil by 1-2 centimeters.
2. Growing kale cabbage through seedlings
In cooler regions, cabbage kale is best grown through seedlings, and in order not to replant it and swoop down, it is advisable to sow the seeds immediately in peat cups. Given the rather slow development of cabbage cabbage at the initial stage, seeds in cups need to be sown about 45-50 days before planting in the ground, and taking into account the optimal time for planting on the beds - beginning-middle of May - seeds need to be sown on seedlings in late March and early April
If you are sure of the quality of kale seeds, you can sow them one by one in each cup, if you doubt their germination, it is better to sow two or even three seeds, and then remove weak seedlings or try to transplant them into other cups, if seedlings will develop the same.
To improve seed germination and germination amiability, before sowing into the ground they should be (about a quarter of an hour) placed in water heated to 40 degrees, then dipped in cold water for ten minutes. After that, the seeds of kale cabbage should be placed in a wet piece of gauze and left for a couple of days, keeping the fabric moist. During this period, the seeds can turn on and then they can be sown in the ground.
By the way, on the ground: optimal for planting seeds is a mixture of garden soil, river sand and humus. At the same time on one part of the humus and vegetable soil need five parts of river sand. If there are doubts about the safety of the soil, then the prepared and thoroughly mixed substrate can be treated with boiling water or calcined in an oven at a temperature of 70-80 degrees for half an hour.
Sowing cabbage seeds in soil is carried out in pre-made and moistened wells with a depth of about one and a half centimeters with a distance of 2-3 cm between them when sown in peat pots, and 4-5 cm - when sown in boxes. After placing the seeds in the wells, they should be sprinkled with fresh soil and slightly compacted. Далее необходимо укрыть ёмкости с семенами пищевой пленкой (если это стаканчики, то их можно составить в ящик с высокими бортами), и поддерживая влажность почвы на оптимальном уровне (не переувлажняя и не пересушивая её), следить за появлением всходов на поверхности почвы. Как только они появятся, пленку нужно снять.
Как только всходы капусты появятся, ящик или стаканчики нужно выставить на южный подоконник и поддерживать в помещении температуру на уровне 22-23 градусов тепла. Seedlings require an eight-hour light day, moderate soil moisture, fresh air (but without draft!) And periodic loosening of the soil surface to prevent the formation of a soil crust.
Seedlings cabbage kale. © Bethany
When to pick picking cabbage seedlings
The picking, as we indicated above, is better not to carry out, but to sow the seeds in peat cups or directly into the ground, but if sowing was carried out in boxes or other containers, then picking should be done when the seedlings form a couple of true leaves, and it must be done with lump of earth. Usually, a teaspoon is used for picking, the cabbage is picked up with a clod of earth, it is pre-moistened with soil, and it is transplanted into separate containers, prepared in advance for planting cavities in the ground.
When to transplant cabbage kale to a permanent place
Transplantation in the open ground or greenhouse should be carried out when the seedlings form two pairs of true leaves and stretch by 9-11 centimeters, usually this happens after 45-50 days, as we discussed above.
A permanent landing should be done in early-mid-May (depending on the weather) and placed in the holes sufficient to accommodate a clod of earth with roots or peat cup in the holes, with a distance between the plants of about 35 cm and between the rows - half a meter. When planting cabbage kale in the hole, it is desirable to add 50-100 g of wood ash and the same amount of humus, carefully mixing the soil and moisturizing it. In the soil, seedlings need to be buried to the first true leaves, after which the soil should be compacted, squeezed with fingers and water (0.3-0.5 l under the plant).
The optimal place for growing cabbage cabbage
The place must be well lit, devoid of shadow. At the same place, this cabbage can be grown for three seasons in a row, and if in the autumn, when you cut a stem, leave 2-3 cm of it in the soil growing in the soil, then next season, if the left part of the plant overwinters, It is possible to get an early harvest of this cabbage.
As for predecessors, all the solanaceous crops, pumpkin and, of course, legumes are the best, but cruciferous ones, naturally, are bad predecessors.
Kale cabbage requirements for soil
The plant is very demanding to the ground, it must necessarily have fertility, it should not be clay or sandy - on such soils even a normal harvest cannot be obtained. The soil should be air- and water-permeable, because kale cabbage does not tolerate stagnant water, especially in the area where the roots are located, when the roots can simply rot. The pH of the soil should be at around 6-7 units.
The soil for planting cabbage seedlings, as well as for sowing seeds, must be prepared in the autumn, for this it is necessary to dig it over with a full bayonet of shovels, trying to remove all weeds. In the springtime, as soon as the soil is ready to work with it, the soil must be enriched with humus and nitroammofoska. It needs about a kilogram per square meter of soil, and nitroammophoska needs a tablespoon on the same area (application for digging).
Seedlings of cabbage kale planted in the ground. © Erikar
How to water cabbage kale?
Kale cabbage does not tolerate the drying out of the soil, but it is also afraid of over-wetting the soil, so it is better to water it more often, but with a small amount of water, focusing on the weather and keeping the soil in a slightly damp state. Before irrigation, it is desirable to carry out weeding and loosening the soil, and after watering - to mulch the soil surface with humus.
How to feed cabbage kale?
Feeding can be done every 20-25 days. The first time cabbage kale can be fed in the period of active growth of leaves, during this period the best fertilizer is fermented weeds. To obtain high-quality and safe fertilizer, it is necessary to fill the barrel with a quarter of weeds and pour water over it. The optimal ratio of water and plant mass is 10 to 1, respectively. Well, if you have chicken manure, you can add it to the composition, on the basis of a kilogram of litter per 100 liters of solution. Fertilizer usually "prepares" from 10 to 20 days (if it is hot, then faster, if it's cold - slower). It is usually understood that fertilizer is ready for use by foam on the surface, more precisely, by its absence: as soon as a new foam stops forming, it is necessary to dilute the fertilizer twice with water and can be used by pouring kale on it strictly under the root of the plant. .
Cabbage kale in the open field. © Fred and Mary
Pests on kale cabbage and control measures
When complying with agrotechnics and crop rotation, kale cabbage rarely affects pests, however, in years when the weather favors active reproduction of pests and a lot of them, kale cabbage can affect cabbage aphids, various weevils and moths, cabbage bely and mole, cabbage fly, cruciferous flea, rapeseed flower eater, sawfly and slugs.
You can fight pests with folk remedies, they usually help well. So, for example, one can protect oneself from pests and diseases (mainly rot and other cabbage sores) by dusting plants with wood ash or tobacco dust, it is permissible to mix tobacco dust and wood ash together and dust the cabbage with this mixture. The advantages of this mixture are obvious - it is efficiency and safety, but there are also disadvantages - it is the instability of the mixture to moisture: after rain or watering with sprinkling, plants will have to be powdered again.
Slightly more effective is the treatment of cabbage plants with kale vinegar, it is usually used 7% vinegar, it must be mixed with water and added to the composition of 150 g of chicken manure per 10 liters of water, after which the composition must be infused a couple of days.
Helps to cope with diseases and pests of cabbage Kale onion peel, which has phytoncidal properties and enhances the immunity of plants. Usually, 500 g of onion peel needs three liters of boiling water, they pour the husk and allow it to brew for a couple of days, then filter, add “adhesive” in the form of a tablespoon of any shampoo or half a piece of soap and process the plants once a week until the signs of diseases disappear. or pests.
As for slugs, they can be fought by removing them manually in the dark or by folding cardboard, sheets of slate, plywood and the like on the soil surface. Under these "shelters" slugs accumulate and can be subsequently destroyed.
Of course, in addition to folk remedies, you can use insecticides (against pests) and fungicides (against fungal diseases) in strict accordance with the instructions on the packaging and only those that are allowed for use in the current season. It is appropriate to use them when the situation is serious and the plant faces complete destruction.
When to collect and store cabbage kale
Usually, the cabbage harvest begins three months after the emergence of seedlings when sowing seeds in the soil (on the bed) or two months after transplanting, when growing cabbage through the seedlings. Once the plant reaches a height of 18-22 cm, you can begin to cut the leaves. The leaves should be cut off gradually, as they grow, you should not wait for the growth of many leaves, they eventually become very hard and get a bitter taste. Cut cabbage leaves preferably at a height of five centimeters from the soil surface, this will allow the plant to form new leaves.
Harvested cabbage harvest in the form of leaves is better to use immediately, but you can keep it for 5-6 days in the freezer. Gourmets say that the leaves in the freezer that have lain during this period of time become even better to taste.
The benefits and harm of kale cabbage
Speaking of taste: Kale cabbage is not only tasty, but also healthy, it consists of mineral and protein substances, a large amount of vitamins, fiber, fatty acids and amino acids, including essential. At the same time, cabbage is a dietary one; one cannot gain weight while using it.
Kale cabbage needs to be consumed by people with calcium deficiency, during periods associated with high loads, with overweight and to strengthen the immune system.
It is not advisable to eat cabbage cabbage for people with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, dysbiosis and disorders of the endocrine system.
Cabbage kale. © Danita Delimont
The best varieties of kale cabbage
In conclusion, tell about some varieties of kale cabbage:
Cabbage kale "Blue Dwarf" - low plant, medium ripening, characterized by high yield and excellent taste.
Cabbage kale "Black Tuscany"» - has a greenish-matt color of leaves that are ready for harvest in June and grow to the first frost.
Cabbage kale "Scarlet"» - variety, characterized by an average maturity, winter hardiness, greenish-purple leaves and height, sometimes reaching a meter.
Cabbage kale Redbor» - The leaves of this variety grow back the next year, if part of the trunk is left to overwinter in the soil. The leaves have a burgundy shade. The plant itself is very high usually exceeds the meter height.
Cabbage kale "Reflex» - a variety with record yields and winter hardiness, which is characterized by an average ripening period, has a grayish-greenish color of leaves with an increased content of useful substances in them.