Common privet is a deciduous shrub that can be up to five meters long. As a rule, her crown is wide and asymmetrical, growing very slowly. It is quite dense, with thick branches. Many gardeners think about how to decorate their land with such plants as privet common. Planting and caring for her are quite simple, so they do not require special skills.
Ligustrum vulgare - common privet
The flowering period begins in early summer and lasts until about the end of July. Fruits that are considered poisonous, ripen by September and can be stored on the branches until frost. The flowers have a rather pungent odor and form raceme-shaped inflorescences. Fruits are black with a glossy surface. Privet leaves are narrow and long; in autumn, they turn yellow-green.
In many design projects on the arrangement of the site, common privet is used. Planting, cultivation, care and pruning are essential components, although the plant can take root in almost any soil, except those that contain acidic peaty substrates. Privet well tolerates drought and does not need frequent watering. It is often used as a hedge, because it is easily cut.
This type of plant maintains temperature values within 30 degrees of frost, therefore it is used to create shapes of a ball, a pyramid, cylinders and other decorative elements in garden and park areas.
To always looked well-groomed privet, landing and care must be carried out according to the rules. The complex of measures is simple, but it should be carried out regularly.
How to care?
In order to have aeration, and the roots do not suffer from overheating, it is necessary to loosen the soil under the bush from early spring until the end of the season. Mulch better late spring. This time is the most suitable for this procedure: the soil will be sufficiently moist and heated.
The plant prefers sunny areas, but grows well in partial shade. Privet is unpretentious, but needs regular decorative haircut.
How to prune a plant?
The shrub responds well to pruning and gives a dense, branchy crown. Because of this, it is considered one of the best planting materials that are used to create curbs and hedges. Experts recommend carrying out the procedure in the evening, and then wrap the plant with a damp cloth. In the morning you can take it off. So the wounds will heal much faster.
Hedge taken to cut in May and August. It is necessary to thin out approximately 1/3. But in no case can not carry out the procedure during flowering.
If the winter is very harsh, then the tips of the shoots can freeze slightly. You should not be afraid of this, because during spring pruning all damaged branches are removed.
Do I need to feed?
Spring foliar dressing should be carried out before buds bloom, and average temperatures outside will be about five degrees Celsius. Spraying is carried out with a concentrated solution of urea. The procedure will help get rid of the overwhelming parasites. In ten liters of water to dilute 500 grams of fertilizer. This will help enrich the plant with nitrogen.
You can feed the privet and the root method, which must be done before bud break, but after the ground has thawed. In the same amount of water should be diluted slightly granular fertilizer. Urea solution is necessary to water the bushes. In the fall, it is enough to add potash fertilizers to make the plants easier to tolerate frosts.
What do the spots on the leaves show?
Sometimes greenish or grayish spots appear on the leaves of privet leaves. This may indicate that the soil has a high acidity. To solve the problem, you need to regularly liming. The procedure is carried out in the fall, sprinkling a thin layer of hydrated lime. This will help get rid of the specks on the leaves.
Dolomite flour will help to normalize the acidity of the soil. In addition, it will enrich the soil with trace elements that are necessary for the plant. The advantage of this method is that the fertilizer has an unlimited shelf life and low cost.
What you need to know when landing?
Beginner gardeners often wonder: “What is privet?” Description, planting and rules of care are quite simple. The place where the shrub will grow, you need to choose so that it was not too dark. If stationary buildings are located on the site, then it is necessary to retreat from them by about 100 cm. This will allow for a haircut with comfort.
In order to form decorative elements from a single plant, it is necessary to prepare the territory. The soil in the range of 20-30 cm must be dug and made a hole. Its depth should be somewhere 30 cm more than the root system. Pit should be filled with water and wait until it is absorbed. After that, you can fill the mixture of soil and compost in a 1: 1 ratio. When planting a plant, it is necessary to ensure that the roots are well stretched.
When planting privet successfully carried out, it is necessary to take care of care. Special attention should be paid to the initial pruning. It is very important for the correct formation of the crown. To create a single array, shorten the branches by 1/3.
For privet to get accustomed, you need to carefully monitor the condition of the soil for the first three weeks: it must be sufficiently moist. After watering can be carried out only in drought. Pristvolny circle bush mulch layer of several centimeters.
The privet shrub for hedgerow is used very often, as it is excellent for landscaping the site. Design projects can be done independently or entrust the work to professionals. This plant is widely used for landscaping and creating hedges. But still have to take care of planting material.
Before landing, you need to outline the line of the future series. For this, a rope is used. It is necessary to tighten along the dug trench in which the bushes will grow. They should be planted at a distance of about 40 cm from each other. Plants need to alternate, turning the lush side in different directions.
When planting will be over, you need to carefully water the soil at the root, so that it is thoroughly soaked.
Pests and diseases
Many gardeners are worried about being attacked by common pests. Planting and care, if carried out correctly, will protect the plant from such an affliction. The bush is adapted to various adverse conditions and is very hardy.
In the summer you need to remove the point of excessive plant growth. It is also necessary to cut those shoots that grow at right angles to the hedge. After the procedure, privet is fed and treated with a fungicide. This will help the shoots to grow evenly and protect against fungal diseases.
Types of privet
In ornamental gardening is used more than twenty species of this plant. All of them are deciduous shrubs or small trees with a dense crown. The flowers may have a different color: from white to yellowish. Berries are always poisonous.
Characteristics of various types of privet can be specified in a specialized outlet where the plant will be purchased. There you can also get information about decorative varieties of foreign selection.
They can be with variegated leaves, fruits of bright colors or with round dwarf crowns.
All gardeners point out how primitive privet is unpretentious. Planting and care depend on the soil on which it grows. If moisture stagnation occurs, the plant may lose its decorative effect. It is best if there are loose loam and a large number of leaf humus. With a strong compaction of the soil should be regularly dig it.
All types of privet are well tolerated by cold, if covered with dry leaves. Evergreen varieties can be grown in greenhouses. In the case of freezing, the plant is quickly restored if appropriate conditions are created for it.
Considering the topic “Privet: varieties, features of planting, care and reproduction of the shrub”, do not forget that all species of this plant are bred vegetatively. Privet, which is wild-growing, can multiply by sowing seeds.
Varieties and types
We grow mainly Privet ordinary, as it has the highest frost resistance among all species. This deciduous shrub grows above 3 m, has oval oblong leathery foliage, small white flowers smell good, are collected in inflorescences up to 5-7 cm in length.
It has various forms and varieties grown in culture:
Privet shining Oriental species forming a low tree or sprawling bush with evergreen foliage. Leaf length exceeds 10 cm, large inflorescences - up to 20 cm long. Does not withstand great frosts and dies at -15 ° C, so it can be grown only in warm areas and requires shelter.
Japanese privet resembles the previous form, but still has some differences, among which the main ones are slower growth and smaller flowers as compared to Brilliant. Also note that this view is better tolerates cold.
Privet oval leaf low-growing shrubs, which in our climate grows no more than a meter due to winter frosts. Flowering is not constant, the inflorescences do not smell good.
This type has a couple of forms that have a higher decorative effect:
- Variegated or white-eyed - a grade with a cream border on foliage,
- Golden - also has a border on the leaves, but yellow color.
Privet Kwihou The view comes from China. It grows up to 2 m., The foliage is small, hard, the inflorescences are large - about 20 cm. A fluff appears on the young twigs near the leaves. Has a variegated form with white spots on the foliage.
Chinese privet an evergreen shrub differs from other relatives by shorter foliage and a large number of flowers and berries, respectively.
Privet ordinary landing and care
Privet excellent choice shrub for the garden. In the wild, it grows in the undergrowth and develops well in the shade, it also tolerates intense heat and drought and is not demanding on the ground. The only exceptions are sour and sandy soils.
But in order to get the maximum of decoration, it is better to select a bright place, at least a meter away from buildings. The soil must have a drainage layer and have a neutral or weakly alkaline reaction.
A mixture of turf, humus and sand in a ratio of 3 to 2 and 1 is well suited, but for planting garden plants soil volumes should be impressive, so you can use any soil that meets the basic requirements mentioned above.
Landing and transplantation is carried out mainly in the spring, when the kidneys wake up.
For planting dig a hole 60 to 60 cm with a depth of 30 cm greater than the size of the rhizome. The pit is completely filled with water and wait until it is absorbed. A drainage layer is placed on the bottom, and then a part of the soil mixed with 120 grams of nitroammophos is placed, then the seedling is placed in a hole and, straightening the roots, fill it with soil.
For 3-4 weeks behind the bush it will be necessary to ensure that the soil under it does not dry out. A month after planting, it is advisable to mulch a 7 cm section of peat.
You can also plant seedlings in a trench of about 35 cm between specimens - this way over time you will receive a hedge.
Forsythia is also a representative of the Olive family; it is grown during planting and care in the open field, it is easily propagated and used in the design of landscape design and hedges. Recommendations for care you can find in this article.
Caring for privet is not a burdensome task. Watering is required only in hot weather without rain, in the presence of precipitation they are not needed.
If necessary, watering is carried out at the rate of 30-35 liters per bush.
Fertilizer for privet
Fertilizers are applied in spring. Well suited organics - compost or humus, a bucket for each plant.
A green hedge is fertilized by laying organic fertilizer next to it, and superphosphate - 10 g / m 2 on top of it, then all this dressing does not dig deep into the ground and is watered.
Turquoise is very easy to cut, and it is great for training in the formation of bushes, because it is quickly growing branches. The first pinching is done when the plant starts and grows.
Further, when the stems grow by 15 cm, they do pruning and so gradually, as the branches grow, they are cut a little, in order to improve the branching. After two years there will be many branches and it will be possible to give the crown any shape.
Also in the spring they carry out sanitary pruning, getting rid of sick, broken, frozen and dry branches.
Rest period privet
In temperate climates, mainly common privet is grown - this species is well tolerant of even great frosts up to -30 ° C, if the winter is snowy. But even if the branches are frozen, they will easily grow back in the spring.
The remaining species require securing the branches near the ground, mulching the site and shelter with spruce branches.
Privet growing from seed
This shrub can be propagated by generative (seed) and vegetative ways.
Seed propagation is a difficult process, and even more so for a beginner. This is due to the fact that germination of seed is rather low and it is used only for reproduction of pure species, since the varietal characteristics of seed propagation as a rule are not preserved.
Seeds are harvested from ripe berries, washed and sown in the middle of autumn in the soil. Thus, the material will undergo a natural stratification, and in the spring, perhaps, it will rise.
Privet reproduction by cuttings
Cutting is more reliable. The procedure is started with the end of flowering, cutting strong branches, so that the cutting is about 11 cm. The cuttings are stuck into the soddy soil, on top of which sand is scattered, at an angle of 45 degrees.
During rooting, the temperature should not be lower than 20 ° C, there should also be high humidity, so the cuttings are wrapped in plastic bags or plastic bottles are put on them with holes made. Rooting takes 15-20 days.
Further, the material is grown throughout the year, replanting, when needed, in large pots. When the cuttings grow to 50 cm in height, they are transplanted to the site.
Reproduction of privet by layering
Also, this culture can be easily propagated by layering. The procedure is carried out in the usual way: the branch is bent down to the ground and an incision is made on it. Place the cut stuck into the ground and secured the branch in this position.
In time, the cuttings will take root, it will have to be watered occasionally, and next year it will be possible to separate the new bush from the parent and transplant it.
Diseases and pests
Privet is almost never sick. She may have problems growing on acidic soils - in such conditions they make themselves felt spotting and powdery mildew.
Fight against these diseases should be fungicides, but if the acidity level of the soil does not change, no preparation will help for a long time. To shift the reaction to the alkaline side, lime or dolomite flour should be added to the soil.
But pests can attack this bush. Defeat from time to time tick, thrips, aphids, also sometimes found scythe.
Spider mite leaves between the leaves and branches thin cobwebs, it feeds on the sap of the plant and because of this leaves turn yellow, dry out and twisted. To combat the pest, the plant is washed with soapy water or sprayed with garlic infusion.
The same method is used against aphidswhich is placed in black dots on the foliage.
Shchitovka manifested in the form brown growths on leaves. To remove them is extremely problematic, and spraying drugs will not give a strong result. You will have to do everything manually, wetting the cloth with an insecticide and tearing off the shields.
Thrips very unpleasant pest that multiplies rapidly and can affect both the roots and often aboveground of the bush. Affected parts turn yellow, on them there are lines in places where worms climbed, and the roots become thinner. The fight against this insect is difficult and it is better to immediately resort to chemical preparations.
Actellic and Fitoverm can handle any of these pests. Most likely all insects will not die at one time and the spraying procedure will have to be carried out several times with an interval of 10 days.
Description of privet ordinary
Privet ordinary it is also known by such names as wild privet, common or European. In the wild, this species grows in Central and Southern Europe, North Africa and Asia Minor. It is a deciduous shrub, reaching a height of 5 m, which has hard, erect stems with a gray-brown spotted bark and small brown lentils. In youth, privet grows quickly, then the pace slows down a bit.
Листья растут парами, имеющими крестообразное расположение. Они обладают овальной, слегка заострённой формой с темно-зелёным окрасом сверху и более светлым снизу.
Цветы имеют форму метёлок, длина которых составляет 4–6 см. A separate cream-white flower has a tubular base and a four-pedal halo, the maximum diameter of which is 6 mm. The flowering shrub is noted in the middle of summer, when there is a rich and very specific aroma.
The fruits are glossy round black berries, the diameter of which varies from 6 to 8 mm. Berries are poisonous for humans, but an excellent food for thrushes who scatter their seeds.
There are plants that zoned out from warmer climate. They have the potential to remain evergreen. Sometimes they are considered as a separate species. In Britain, this is the only variety of common privet that is widely used in hedges and woodlands in southern England and in Wales, and is less popular in Scotland, northern England and northern Ireland.
First of all, it is necessary for the gardener to solve the question: where will the shrub be planted? Privet ordinary prefers well-lit areas, so it is better to choose just such a place. If the area for planting is located near commercial buildings, then you should keep a distance of 1 m. Indentation will avoid problems that arise during the trimming of the bush in its absence.
- The most suitable time for planting turquoise in open ground is the beginning of autumn. Planting this plant is allowed in the summer season.
- Before starting the preparation of the planting holes, it is necessary to dig in the soil in the selected area to a depth of 15 to 30 cm.
- The dimensions of the hole for a single plant should be much larger than its rhizome: the approximate depth is 40 cm and the width is 60 cm.
- If planting of privet for a hedge or curb is planned, then a trench of the same size should be prepared.
- Before planting, it is necessary to moisten all the wells well.
- After water is absorbed, it is necessary to place a drainage layer at the bottom of each planting recess in order to avoid rooting of the root system due to stagnant water in the future. Fine gravel or expanded clay can be used to create a drainage system.
- On top of the drainage layer should be placed a mixture of soil and humus with the addition of 120 grams of complex mineral fertilizers.
- Before planting, seedlings extracted from containers should be placed in a bowl of water, where they should be for a while.
- On the soil mixture in the wells it is necessary to carefully place the seedlings, straightening their roots.
- Then all the holes should be filled with soil, having tamped it with hands.
- After planting is completed, watering of all plants and mulching of the soil around them should be organized using dry peat or sawdust.
Secrets of agro-cultivation of primrose: features of care
Shrub care is not considered too time consuming.Therefore, this process can be done even by a novice gardener. Only a small amount of attention and care will be needed, and as a result the privet will delight the owner with beauty and pomp.
Privet needs rare watering, but plentiful. Over the entire growing season, it is enough to water the plant a maximum of six times. An adult privet bush requires approximately 50 liters of water at the rate of moistening the soil beneath it to a depth of 70 to 100 cm. But it should be noted that young plants should be watered more often: timely abundant moistening ensures their intensive growth.
Loosening and mulching
Further care of the shrub will facilitate systematic loosening and soil mulching in the stalk zone. For the first time, it is necessary to loosen the soil immediately after the snow melts and the ground thaws. Loosening should be done carefully so as not to harm the root system. Thanks to this procedure air access to a rhizome is improved.
After the procedure, the pristol area should be mulled, which will reduce the number of irrigations: the mulch retains moisture at the roots. According to experienced gardeners, dry peat, sawdust or tree bark can act as excellent mulch.
Active plant growth, including the formation of a dense crown, is provided by fertilizer. Preference should be given to organic and complex mineral fertilizers, as well as lime.
Instructions for the feeding:
- In early spring, when soil is first loosened, lime or dolomite flour is introduced into the near-ground zone, as the shrub has a negative attitude to acidic soil. And also it is necessary to make top dressing by mineral fertilizer.
- Throughout the summer season, bushes and hedges should be watered with the addition of organic and mineral fertilizers.
- Once every three years, it is necessary to feed the shrubs with potash fertilizers, which form winter hardiness, at the rate of 15 grams per square meter.
Privet has excellent tolerance to pruning and the ability to quickly grow into. There are several ways to trim a bush.which depend on its use:
- Shaped pruning - this type of haircut is carried out to give the bush a specific contour. It is allowed to carry out after the plant is rooted. At this time, only the upper part of the privet is trimmed so that it can intensively grow new shoots. This procedure is repeated for several years, which allows the bush to acquire a sufficient number of branches to conduct formative pruning. Today, the Japanese-style haircut of the bush is popular.
- Trimming a hedge - a privet in a hedge grows up to 5 m in height, which in temperate latitudes often leads to freezing of the tops. Therefore, for these latitudes, it is advised to grow a hedge not exceeding 2 m. It is necessary to start cutting a hedge in late spring or summer.
Privet privet, its varieties and varieties
The Maslin Family includes an extensive assortment of evergreens. The evergreen shrub of privet common (Ligustrum) also belongs to it.
In nature, culture grows in the southern regions of Russia and East Asia, on the Australian continent and in North Africa, as well as in Australia, Japan, and China.
The shrub has small, tough, leathery, glossy leaves. Ligustum blossoms with panicles of white small flowers that have a pleasant aroma. After flowering, blue-black fruits are tied, which can winter on the bushes.
In height, privet bushes reach 3 meters, the width of the bush can be more than 1 meter.
There are three varieties of privet ordinary:
- Deciduous - sheds leaves in a cold climate zone.
- Evergreen cultivars - overwinter with non-falling leaves.
- Mixed - leaves from the shrub fall partially.
The plant is widely used in landscape design to create hedges, differs relatively slow growth. During flowering and fruiting, privet bushes acquire additional decorative effect.
Landscape decorative forms (a ball, a cone) are easily formed from a ligustrum, but the plant does not develop quickly, creating an ideal compositional form takes considerable time. A photo of a ball-shaped bushes of privet attracts attention - the plant looks very decorative.
The following are popular varieties of privet ordinary:
- “Aureum” - reaches a height of up to 1.5 m, leafy plates of green color with golden edging. For the full manifestation of decorative coloring requires a sunny location, when growing this variety in the shade, the leaves will lose yellow edging. The variety is rather winter-hardy, requires shelter only in very severe winters.
- "Glaucum" - the variety does not grow above 1 m. The crown of the bush is spreading, the leaves already, than other varieties, have a bluish bloom and a white border.
- "Atrovirens" differs in significant size and dark color of leaves without spots and edging in other colors.
Caring for common privet
Turquoise need simple care:
- timely watering,
- weed removal
- shelter in cold winters,
- making the necessary fertilizers.
The soil under the shrub requires mulching (to protect from drying) and periodic loosening (to improve aeration). When mulching pristvolnogo circle not only moisture will remain in the soil, but also reduced weed germination. In addition, the mulch protects the roots of plants from overheating in particularly hot summer months.
In the winter cold, some varieties of plants can freeze, so you should take care about the shelter privet in advance. Sometimes it is enough to cover the bushes with snow, but in especially severe winters a spruce is laid over the snow.
Separately, it is worth touching the trimming of Ligustrum bushes during the formation of volumetric forms. Although the culture does not grow very quickly, periodic pruning helps to form a sprawling dense crown of the shrub. The first pruning of privet cardinal - the branches of the shrub are shortened almost to the ground. The following trimming maintains the shape of a bush, they spend up to 3-4 times per season.
Tip! It should be pruned bushes ligustrum during the growing season, before the onset of autumn.
To reduce the acidity of the soil under the bushes of privet it is useful to make chalk, lime, dolomite flour. Soil deoxidation is carried out with the onset of autumn, putting lime into the soil. At the same time, it is useful to make potash and phosphate fertilizers, as well as organic.
In the summer, complex fertilizers are applied 2 times per season: foliar dressing with mineral fertilizers is carried out on the leaves. Take a look at the photo - timely fertilized privet bushes look very decorative and give a good increase.
Ligustrum reproduction - methods and techniques
Ornamental shrubs can be propagated by all known methods:
- Seeds - this method is used infrequently due to the low germination of seeds. The yield of young seedlings from sown freshly harvested seeds of Ligustrum is about 60%. Prior to planting in the ground on a permanent place, seedlings of privet grow over 5 years.
Privet primrose: description
The external similarity of privet and lilac can not be overlooked. It is immediately understandable not only to the experienced gaze of the gardener, but also to an uninitiated person in the plant growing. These two shrubs have very similar leaves and bark, but privet blossoms are not as beautiful as lilacs. However, it is often used as a solo plant in landscape design. But here most often choose those types of privet that grow more than 2 meters high.
The leaves of the shrub are shiny, dark green on one side, and lighter, dull with the reverse. Fruits grow in the form of berries of dark blue color, often with a black shimmer or completely black. In the pulp of each berry - small seeds in an amount of from 1 to 4 pieces.
Privet is capable of creating very dense thickets
Privet blooms not very impressive, but for a long time: at least 3 months. The flowers are quite fragrant, but the aroma is less pronounced and attractive than that of lilac. The flowers are white, small in size, gathered in a panicle 6-18 cm long. Cut twigs with bunches of flowers can be put in a vase with water, and they will stand for at least a week without any signs of wilting.
Privet primrose: properties and characteristics
A live turquoise hedge will ennoble any plot: it will give it a well-groomed and presentable look. For plants that are part of this landscape composition, special requirements. First of all, these trees and shrubs should be hardy, not demanding to care, with a lush crown. All these conditions correspond to common primrose and its closest "relatives".
In nature, privet is most commonly found in the underbrush. This determined the properties of this plant. It is completely unpretentious, can grow on barren stony soils. The only thing that may not like this shrub - high acidity of the soil.
Privet blossoms resemble lilac, but less decorative
Privetur feels well under the hot rays of the sun and in the shade. Such qualities as drought resistance and the ability to cope with gas pollution were appreciated by landscapers. And this shrub began to be planted everywhere along the roads, forming from it spectacular live curbs.
Unpretentiousness in the care is expressed in the fact that this shrub does not require shelter for the winter. It perfectly tolerates frosts down to -30 ° C. And yet, despite the excellent endurance, the decorative properties of privet will be fully revealed only with the proper care of it.
- moderately moist soil
- soil fertility is average,
- periodic loosening of the soil in order to ensure access of oxygen to the roots of the plant.
Privet berries cannot be eaten.
For this privet will thank lush crown and excellent endurance.
Privet shop: views and their description with photos
There are more than 50 species of privet. Despite close family ties, among these plants there are both tall and undersized representatives. With a spherical and elongated crown, blooming and non-blooming, evergreen and deciduous.
Recently, there has been a noticeable tendency for flower growers to grow bonsai. And here the stunted types of unpretentious and compliant to the molding of privet are the best fit. In order to choose a plant for your garden or home, you need to familiarize yourself with the most attractive decorative views.
Privet Pride (Ligustrum lucidum)
Privet privet is a spectacular evergreen and long-lasting (up to 3 months) flowering plant. Like all her relatives, unpretentious and frost-resistant. But in the period of severe cold weather (from -15 ° C) partially drops the foliage. With the onset of heat quickly restores the splendor of its crown.
It blooms in late June - early July, depending on weather conditions and climatic features of the region. It can grow as a shrub or a rather large tree with a height of more than 3 meters.
The name "brilliant" received, thanks to the glossy rounded leaves. Their form is elongated, the median vein is light. The sides of the leaflets are raised to the center and form a shallow hollow. The structure of the leaves is dense, fleshy and elastic.
On a photo the privet is brilliant
This type of privet just as the rest, shade-tolerant, tolerates heat, drought-resistant. After rain or spraying, the leaves become brighter and shinier, due to which the plant stands out from the general ensemble of trees and shrubs.
Privet Aureo-variegatum, Aureum, Vicar
Among the species of privet there are semi-evergreens, attractive for their short stature and beautiful leaves. These are “Aureum”, “Vicar”, “Aureo-variegatum”.
Aureum is distinguished by its spectacular golden-green foliage. It is quite frost-resistant, but even in warm winters it partially sheds leaves. It is a low shrub, notable for a very slow growth rate. Crohn fluffy, easy to form. Aureum - non-flowering shrub. Its decorative appeal is in the leaves.
In the photo privet Aureum
Another non-flowering species of privet - Aureo variegatum. This is a short-growing plant with a rounded dense crown, the diameter of which can reach 120 cm. With a low growth of shrubs (up to 100 cm), this motley, white-green “cap” looks very beautiful.
Vicar - a low plant, characterized by a dense crown. The leaves of this shrub are golden, but with a pronounced prevalence of yellow. Their shape is round and slightly elongated. By the end of the warm season, the leaves grow to 6 cm in length.
By the middle of autumn they change their color to purple-bronze. At this time, the bush is especially beautiful and spectacular. Vicar's maximum height is 1 meter. This species of privet blooms in small white flowers starting in mid-July.
Japanese privet (Ligustrum japonicum)
The name of this plant indicates its habitat. It is predominantly Japan. Also found in Korea. A distinctive feature of this shrub is that it is very good as a bonsai.
In the photo privet Japanese
It is this type of privet give preference to the Japanese, engaging in their ancient art of growing dwarf plants. The choice of gardeners is not accidental: the crown of this shrub is incredibly thick and lush. This allows you to give it any shape.
Japanese privet is notable for its frost resistance, slow growth, small nondescript flowers with a very unpleasant aroma.
Privet Ovalnivolnaya (Ligustrum ovalifolium)
This type of privet belongs to semi-evergreen. A distinctive feature is a dense cone-shaped crown and a beautiful two-color leaf coloring: bright green with a yellow border around the edges. This shrub - real garden decoration. In the cold season, it partially drops the foliage, but the one that remains on the branches is enough to revive the dull winter landscape.
On a photo the privet ovalnistnaya
During the year it grows, on average, by 20 cm. The maximum height of an adult plant is 1 m. The fruits of this plant are represented by black berries, not every season. Crohn dense and dense, well tolerated pruning.
Privet Golden, Silver and Variegated
Все эти три вида бирючины похожи по всем своими характеристикам, и отличаются только цветом листьев. Эти кустарники высотой не более 70 см, наиболее эффектны в обрезке до 30 см. У золотистой бирючины листья зеленые с четко выраженной желтой каймой. Ширина листьев может быть разной. В регионах с южным климатом они более крупные, яркие и широкие.
Пестролистная бирючина является разновидностью Квихоу. Отличается меньшей устойчивостью к холодам, приятным ароматом в период цветения, густой кроной. Кустарник вырастает, в среднем, до 2-х метров. The leaves are oval, light green with white edging at the edges.
On the photo privet variegated
The leaves of silver privet have a wide border of silver color. Like all other variegated varieties, these kinds of privet fade while constantly in the shade. The leaves become less bright, the border between the middle and the border becomes mild. In such conditions, shrubs gradually lose their decorativeness.
Privet Priest (Ligustrum ibota)
Privet Ibot - light-loving and heat-loving plant, up to 2 meters high. Growing area - Japan, China, Korea. This ornamental shrub has a powerful wide crown, the density of which allows you to shape it in the form of a variety of geometric and intricate shapes.
On a photo privet Ibot
Attention! Bloom blossoms, like most members of the species, long, but inconspicuous.
White small flowers, collected in elongated panicles, have almost no smell. The leaves are oval, can grow up to 7 cm in length. Fruits in the form of berries, inside of which are a few seeds. Requires shelter in the cold season.
Privet Yosez (Ligustrum yezoense)
Sakhalin is considered the birthplace of this privet. WITHThe level climate of this island determined the characteristics of the plant: excellent frost resistance, shade tolerance, unpretentiousness. The leaves of the shrub are green, small, oval, elongated, dense, fairly rigid. The maximum height is 1.5 m. The beginning of the flowering period is the third decade of August.
Privet (Ligustrum acutissumum)
Homeland plants - South China. In nature, it grows mainly on the slopes of the mountains. This is a tall shrub whose maximum height can reach 3 meters. A distinctive feature of this type of privet is its thermophilicity, therefore it may die in severe cold. It blooms for a short time, on average, two weeks. The beginning of the flowering period - the end of June.
On a photo the privet is the sharpest
Privet (Ligustrum compactum)
Privet is a non-flowering semi-evergreen shrub. In nature, it can reach a height of up to 4 meters. Under artificial growing conditions it rarely reaches a height of 1.9 m. The growth rate is average. It features a wide lush crown. The leaves are elongated, pointed, bright green. Shrub poorly tolerated frost, needs shelter. In the cold season it sheds foliage, but large leaves remain on the branches until the next growing season.
Privet Kwihou (Ligustrum quihoui)
The southernmost provinces of China are considered to be the birthplace of Quihou. The crown is wide, dense, with small and dense leaves. Blossom begins with the age of 7. By this time it grows up to 2 meters high. The flowering period is short: no more than 12 days. Young shoots and leaves have a characteristic hairiness. At the leaves it is on the underside. Differs in low frost resistance.
In the photo privet Qihou
Privet: common landing rules
Privet - a plant is not demanding, but compliance with the rules of planting will provide a quick and good survival rate.
Gardeners with experience in growing this shrub recommend choosing a bright or semi-shady place for it. Protection from the north wind will be a big "plus". Root system of privet primitive and fibrous. For a good survival of the plant, it is necessary to dig up the soil with high quality, breaking all large lumps.
The depth of the landing pit should be such that the root ball can fit easily and there is still 15-20 cm of free space below.
A soil mix of the following ingredients is prepared for backfilling:
- 3 pieces of turf land,
- 2 pieces of humus,
- 1 part of sand.
If on the site where the primer is planted, land with high acidity, either 100 g of slaked lime or 300 g of wood ash are added to the soil mixture.
Privet does not like soils with high acidity
Next, proceed as follows:
- they pour water into the pit and wait for it to soak up,
- lay on the bottom up to 10 cm of rubble,
- sprinkle the soil mixture with a layer of 15-20 cm (130 g of NPK can be applied),
- dipped in a pit com
- fall asleep soil mixture, leaving the root neck slightly bare,
- plentifully watered with the addition of Kornevin.
Tip! The plant does not require frequent watering. It is needed only in the first weeks after landing.
In order for the plant to stick well, you need to know when to plant the primer. For this purpose, choose a warm, but not hot day. Season: spring, summer, autumn, i.e. throughout the growing season. But optimally - in the spring, after the swelling of the kidneys.
Prive: common breeding
Propagate common privet simple. You can choose any convenient way:
- Cuttings. The most troublesome method of reproduction, characterized by low productivity (slightly more than 60%).
- Seeds. The most popular way of breeding privet. The cuttings must have at least 2 buds.
- Layering. Effective method of breeding privet. The lower branches bend down to the ground and drop by drop. Then watered. The next season, the daughter plant is separated and transplanted to another location.
A privet hedge can look very impressive
How to plant cuttings of privet:
- in the fall, at the last pruning, they choose woody and strongest trees from cut branches,
- cut the branch so that there are 2-3 leaves on it,
- immerse the cutting in the ground in the chosen place,
- cover with a "cup" of a plastic bottle, or a glass jar,
- leave in this position until the next spring.
According to the experience of gardeners, more than 90% of autumn cuttings are rooted. If the climate in the region of residence is severe enough, you can use the method of breeding privet summer cuttings. In this case, they will have time to take root confidently before the onset of cold weather. The optimal length of the cuttings - 10-15 cm. Planted them to a depth of 5-7 cm. Watered.
Prive: common care
Due to its unpretentiousness, a privet does not require careful maintenance and close attention. Enough to fertilize it in spring with humus and make a little superphosphate. After that, the soil is slightly loosened and watered. These simple actions will be enough for the plant to actively develop throughout the growing season and increase the green mass.
Turquoise topiary looks very interesting
Care during the season includes weeding, loosening, infrequent watering during the drought period. If you grow a hedge, humus or compost spread along the line of plants, closer to their roots.
Preparing a bush for cold weather begins with the loss of snow. It is necessary to rake it to the roots of the plant. This is done several times until they are convinced that the shrub is reliably insulated.
Basic rules of care:
- rare but abundant watering
- fertilizing in spring with organic matter (1 bucket per bush),
- feeding in hedge in spring: 10 g of superphosphate per 1 m.
Privet - the best plant in order to learn pruning. She will withstand any experiments, but you need to take care of the shape of the shrub from the moment of its first shoot. As soon as they appear, they are sometimes shortened by several centimeters, thereby stimulating the growth of side branches.
As soon as new shoots grow by 10-15 cm, they are shortened again. They do this for the first two years, forming a magnificent bush crown. Next, give it the desired shape. Privet - a grateful plant. It always responds to care and pleases the gardener with its active growth and lush crown.
We suggest you to get acquainted with the intricacies of landing privet. Enjoy watching!
Planting and care of a turquoise (in brief)
- Landing: in the spring, before the start of sap flow, or in September-October.
- Bloom: in the first half of summer for 3-3.5 weeks, however, many species are grown as decorative and deciduous.
- Lighting: bright sunlight or partial shade.
- The soil: nutritious, moderately moist, well drained, with little lime, neutral or slightly alkaline. Not suitable for plant clay, dry and acidic soils.
- Watering: only in drought, but plentiful. During the season you will need 4-5 irrigations at a flow rate of 30-40 liters of water per plant.
- Top dressing: spring organic fertilizer.
- Trimming: in early spring - for sanitary purposes, in May and August - for the formation of the crown.
- Reproduction: seeds, layering, cuttings, root suckers and shoots.
- Pests: aphid, spider mites, scale insects, thrips, mealybugs.
- Diseases: when grown in acidic soil - powdery mildew and leaf spot.
Shrub Privet - Description
Privet - shrub about 2 m in height and up to 1 m wide or small trees with a spreading crown growing not higher than 6 m. Privet leaves, entire, oblong-ovate, leathery, dark green from the upper side and lighter from the bottom, are located on branches opposite. Small fragrant, white, almost sessile flowers, collected in loose apical paniculate inflorescences from 6 to 18 cm long, bloom for three months, starting in June or July. Privet fruit is a berry-like, small, rounded drupe of dark blue or black color with the number of seeds from one to four. Privet grows very quickly. The most winter-hardy type of plant is common privet - it is usually grown in the middle zone. It is the planting and care of common turquoise, as well as the propagation of common privet and are the subject of this article. In landscape design, for the most part, live hedge from privet, although it looks great in small groups, and as a solo plant. Recently, bonsai privet is gaining popularity.
When to plant the privet.
Privee is a dweller of the underbrush, therefore it is shade tolerant, and it is also gas and drought-resistant, and also unpretentious to the choice of soil. Privet grows poorly only on sour, dry sandy soils. However, the plant reaches its decorative peak in conditions favorable to it, therefore it is best to plant it in an open place, retreating from buildings at least 70-100 cm into moderately moist, nutritious, well-drained soil with a neutral, and even better, weakly alkaline reaction. The optimal composition of the soil - turf, humus and sand in the ratio of 3: 2: 1. It is possible to replant the privet at any time during the growing season, but it is better to do it in the spring, before buds wake up, although many people think that planting privet in September-October is safer.
How to plant a privet.
Before planting the privet dig up the area to the depth of the spade bayonet, dig a hole 65x65 in size and a depth that will be 30 cm more than the size of the privet root system, fill the pit with water and wait until it is absorbed. Put a layer of rubble 10-20 cm thick in the pit, then pour a mound of soil mixture, the composition of which was described in the previous section. already without fertilizer. During the month, make sure that the soil around the seedling does not dry out. Then grumble the area around the privet with a layer of peat 5-8 cm thick.
Planting privet for a hedge is carried out in a trench 50 cm wide and 60 cm deep, seedlings are placed in it at a distance of 30-40 cm from each other according to the same principle as in a single planting. After you fill the trench with earth and compact it, pour the seedlings under the root.
How to grow privet.
Caring for privet is a periodic watering of the plant, loosening the soil, weeding and pruning shrubs. The fate of the tree trunk circle will facilitate your fate, but this should be done not in early spring, but when the earth is already warm enough. Water privet bushes need only in drought, and in a mild summer they will be enough natural rainfall. The principle of moistening the privet is that watering should be rare but abundant, since the soil needs to be soaked to a depth of half a meter. On average, during the growing season you have to water the privet three or four times, and the amount of water that needs to be poured under each bush at a time is 30 to 40 liters.
It is best to feed the privet with organic matter before summer, adding a bucket of humus or compost under each bush. Plants from the hedge feed up organic matter scattered along them, spreading superphosphate granules on top of it at the rate of 10 g per meter, and then shallowly putting it all into the top layer of soil, followed by watering.
Privet in autumn.
In our climate, mostly common privet is grown - a frost-resistant species that can withstand cooling to -30 ºC, if they are short-lived, and in the presence of snow cover, it is not afraid of forty-degree frosts. Even if the ends of the shoots of common privet are affected in the winter cold, it is very easy to recover in the spring. Common privet for the winter is not covered. It is desirable to bend down other types of privet for the winter to the ground, having previously multed the tree trunk, fix them in this position and cover them with lapnik.
Growing privet from seeds.
The seed propagation process is laborious, especially since seed germination is not so high - only about 65%, especially since privet starts to bear fruit from the age of six. The method of seed breeding is used only for industrial breeding of privet, so there is no point in collecting seeds from your bushes until autumn, because there are much simpler and more reliable methods of reproduction - vegetative. However, we are ready to tell you how to properly grow the privet from seeds. From the mature fruits, select the largest seeds, lower them into a container with water and wait: after a while, some seeds will float, others will sink. Those that have surfaced are not suitable, and the sunken seeds of privet must be stratified — sub-winter sowing in open ground should be carried out in October. During the winter they will undergo a natural stratification, but the primordial shoots will appear only in a year. If you postpone sowing seeds until spring, put them in a box with sand and peat and keep them at a temperature close to 0 ºC.
Reproduction of privet cuttings.
For grafting choose summer cuttings rooting 90-100%. Cut them at the end of flowering, choosing only developed, mature shoots. The lengths of the cuttings are 10–12 cm. They are planted in a turf substrate, covered with large, washed sand from above, at an angle of 45 º to a depth of 5 cm. The optimum temperature for rooting is 20–25 ºC, and the air humidity should be constant. To do this, put a 1.5-liter plastic bottle with a cut off neck on each cutting, having made several small holes in its bottom. The first roots should appear within two weeks, and after three months a strong root system will develop in the cuttings. Rooted cuttings grow throughout the year, replanting as necessary in large containers. When cuttings reach a height of 50-60 cm, they can be planted in open ground.
Privet primrose (Ligustrum vulgare)
in natural conditions, it grows in the south and south-west of Ukraine, in the north of Moldova, in the Caucasus, in the north of Africa, in Asia Minor, and also in Southern and Central Europe, choosing to grow oak undergrowths. It is a shade-tolerant, deciduous, branchy shrub up to 5 m high with lanceolate or oblong ovate leathery leaves, dark green on the upper side, and lighter on the lower side. The flowers of plants of this species are fragrant, small, white, collected in standing panicles up to 6 cm long. They bloom in the first half of summer and bloom in three weeks. Black berries of privet ordinary persist on the bushes until January. This is the most frost-resistant plant, which is why it is most often grown in gardens and parks of the middle lane. In addition to the original species, about 10 decorative forms of common privet are grown in garden culture: pyramid, weeping, evergreen, gray-gray, gray-white-haired, golden, yellowish, golden-motley, silver-motley, barren and yellow-fruited. Most popular varieties:
- – Aureum - semi-evergreen privet height of not more than a meter with golden foliage. It grows very slowly. Does not bloom. In warm winters, some leaves do not fall off until spring,
- – Vicar - also semi-evergreen shrub up to 1 m in height with a dense crown and golden-yellow, wide-oval leaves up to 6 cm long, which by the winter become purple-bronze. It blooms in mid-summer with small fragrant white flowers. For the winter requires shelter
- – Privet Aureo variegatum - non-flowering shrub up to 100 cm in height with motley golden leaves forming a crown with a diameter of up to 120 cm.
Adding an article to a new collection
In any garden there is a place for a low hedge. Why not create it from privet ordinary?
When it comes to small hedges, everyone usually thinks of boxwood, although there are quite a few other plants suitable for creating green fences. One of them - privet. This shrub is great for shaping because it branches well and tolerates pruning easily. In addition, after cutting the plant for a long time keeps the shape given to it. At various times privet pleases a dense wall of bright green, small white flowers, and then dark glossy berries.
Features of privet ordinary
Privet - an ornamental plant with green foliage that falls with the onset of frost. The shade of the leaves can vary from yellow to dark green. There are also varieties with purple or blue shades of foliage. Цветет кустарник мелкими цветками, собранными в соцветия длиной до 18 см.
Для выращивания в средней полосе больше всего подходят 4 вида бирючины: обыкновенная, золотистая, плакучая и пирамидальная. Бирючина обыкновенная – самая популярная из всех благодаря своей неприхотливости.
In nature, shrubs can reach 3 m in height. Fruits on a privet hold for a very long time - until January. The plant tolerates frost well, as well as temporary drought. Since privet is most often found in places with chalky soil in its natural environment, it will also grow well on light ground in the garden. But loam and dense soil - not the best substrates for planting this culture.
Fight against diseases and pests
Privet is resistant to diseases and pests. But with a high acidity of the soil shrub may be affected by spotting and powdery mildew. Sometimes mites, thrips and aphids can be marked on it. With the manifestation of fungal diseases and similar pests should be treated tank mixtures.