Asters are herbaceous rhizome plants. The leaves of this plant are simple, with serrated edges, oblong, powerful roots, inflorescences are baskets, in the middle of which the flowers are tubular, and on the edges - reed (see photo). The middle of the flower is usually yellow, and the circumference can be very diverse shades.
On this basis, the aster inflorescences are wholly tubular, half tubular — half lingular and wholly tongue-like. Asters are propagated by seeds. Bloom until late autumn.
Depending on the variety, the plants can vary in height from 25 to 160 cm. They are used for cutting into bouquets, planted to decorate gardens, balconies and create living borders. Bouquets of cut asters can stand for a very long time at home in vases with water.
Types and varieties
Aster plants are annual and perennial. One-year asters or callistefusas are exactly those “Chinese” garden asters that we used to see in bouquets in early September. About 40 different groups and 4000 varieties have already been bred. They are sometimes very similar to dahlias, chrysanthemums and peonies. Shades of aster flowers are diverse. Not yet bred varieties of green and orange.
Perennial asters are early flowering and autumn flowering.
Early flowering asters
- Alpine asters. Blossom in May, reach a height of 30 cm, looks like daisies. Their inflorescences are blue, blue, pink, with a yellow center.
- Asters Italian or chamomile. Blossom in June, height up to 70 cm. The colors of inflorescences are from light brown and pink to purple.
- Astra Bessarabian. Plant height reaches 75 cm. Flowers are purple with a brown center.
- Astra is shrub. Height reaches 60 cm. Very well developed leaves, which are used to decorate the garden. Flowers are white or blue.
- Astra is new Belgian. Reaches up to 140 cm in height. Flowers are blue, white, pink, burgundy, purple.
- Astra is New England or North American. Reaches a height of 160 cm. The flowers are purple, brown, yellow, red and pink.
Asters also differ in the structure of the inflorescences - terry, semi-double, curly, coronary, spherical, tiled, needle-shaped and hemispherical.
Cultivation and care of asters
Astra is a very unpretentious flower, even an inexperienced gardener will be able to grow it. This plant is not afraid of frost or drought. Planting asters is possible by sowing seeds into the ground - in a seedless way, and by growing seedlings and further transferring it into open ground - by seedlings. It must be borne in mind that plants grown in a seedless way will bloom later.
Seedless landing method
It is possible to sow seeds of early varieties of asters in open ground in early March.
- Previously in the soil make grooves with a depth of not more than 4 cm.
- Then sow the seeds and water well, sprinkled with soil.
- Further, or mulch, or cover with a covering material before germination.
- As soon as the seedlings appear 2-3 leaves, they are thinned, extra plants are deposited, leaving a distance of at least 10-15 cm between the shoots.
Early varieties begin to bloom 3 months after sowing. Sow aster and in late autumn, in frozen ground. This is even preferable, because in the future the plant will not be damaged by the disease Fusarium.
Important! Aster seeds are not stored for more than two years.
Growing asters by seedling
This is a more reliable way, but it requires a lot of time and labor. Seeds are sown on seedlings in early April or May, depending on the variety.
- Pre-weekly before sowing, aster seeds are wrapped in cloth and soaked in a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
- After 12 hours, squeeze the fabric, put it in a plastic bag and place it in a warm place for seed germination.
- Boxes and pots are suitable for growing seedlings. The soil should be light and fertile, pre-spilled with a solution of fungicide.
- As soon as the seeds begin to germinate, make shallow grooves in the soil, sow the seeds and close them with a layer of sand half a centimeter thick.
- Pour a weak solution of potassium permanganate through a sieve.
- Next, cover with foil or glass and put the containers with seedlings in a warm place at a temperature of 20-22 degrees.
- As soon as shoots appear, the capacity with seedlings should be moved to a cooler place with a temperature of 16 degrees.
- Pick up sprouts should be done with the appearance of 3-4 leaves.
- It is also necessary to pick the roots of the shoots.
- Fertilize the soil for transplanting with ashes and moderately water the seedlings.
When to plant asters
A week after the picking, it is necessary to fertilize the seedlings with a solution of complex fertilizers and continue fertilizing once a week once planted in open ground. In order for the seedlings to settle down better, it must be gradually accustomed to fresh air and the environment. To do this, from time to time the container with the seedlings must be carried out to the open space.
A seedling ready for planting should have a stem about 10 cm tall and 6-8 leaflets on it. The best time for landing is April-May, preferably in the evening.
How to plant asters
The place for planting asters should be sunny, with good drainage, preferably calendula and taghetses should be predecessors.
The soil should be neutral, light and fertile. Since autumn it is desirable to fertilize it with humus and compost, and in spring with superphosphate, potash salt and ammonium sulphate. But if the soil at the planting site is not depleted, then you can not do this.
Before planting, weed well, loosen and level, shed with water. Make shallow grooves at a distance of half a meter from each other and plant the seedlings at a distance of at least 20 cm between the plants. Sprinkle the seedlings with dry earth. To water only in 2-4 days, in a week to feed with nitrogenous fertilizers.
Care of asters
Since asters are unpretentious plants, the care of them is not difficult. It is enough to loosen the soil in time, especially after rain, weed weeds, spud plants. Watering should be moderate. If the summer is hot, it is better to water it more abundantly, but less often.
After watering, be sure to loosen the soil. And, of course, do not forget about fertilizer for better flowering. The first time - a week after planting in open ground to feed the plants with ammonium nitrate, superphosphate and potassium sulfate. The second feeding is done after the appearance of buds, and the third - at the beginning of flowering.
Important! It is necessary to remove dried flowers in time.
Possible difficulties in growing asters
Despite all the simplicity of this plant, gardeners, especially beginners, sometimes face various difficulties:
- Seeds do not germinate, seedlings dry. It is necessary to immediately make a new crop, pre-fertilized the soil.
- Asters are prone to fusarium. Therefore, it is impossible to plant them in the place where the plants of the family of the nightshade grew, as well as carnations, gladiolus, flowers, and tulips. Do not fertilize asters with fresh manure.
- Asters inflorescences grow incomplete. Perhaps the plant is affected by aphids or spider mites, or agrotechnical rules are not respected. It is also possible that the plant does not have enough nutrition.
Diseases of asters and methods for their treatment
- Fusarium This is a fungal disease that often affects asters if crop rotation is impaired. The plant weakens, turns brown and fades. Astra must be transplanted to another place every 5 years. Sick plants need to be urgently removed and burned.
- Blackleg. Blackening and decay of the plant at the base of the stem. It is also a fungal disease, occurs on acidic soil. The diseased plant must be removed and burned. Sprinkle the earth with sand and shed 1% solution of potassium permanganate.
- Rust. On the reverse side of the leaves, characteristic swellings are observed, which means the spores have penetrated the plant. Plant asters should be away from conifers, from which rust spores are easily transferred. As a preventive measure, plants should be periodically sprayed with a 1% solution of Bordeaux liquid.
- Jaundice. A viral disease that spreads aphids and cicadas. It is expressed in leaf chlorosis, inhibition of plant growth, the buds become greenish. Diseased plants are subject to destruction, and the rest must be sprayed with insecticides. Pyrimor, feverfew and actellic are suitable for this purpose.
- Mealy dew. With her excellent drug foundation.
Insects - pests of asters and methods of their destruction
For asters, insects such as the kidney aphid, earworm, meadow bug, plowed slug, spider mites, slobbering pennitsa, dustpan, are dangerous.
The following preventive measures will help prevent their occurrence:
- Thoroughly dig the ground in autumn in the garden.
- Remove and burn the annual dead plants in the autumn.
- Properly choose plants for planting in the garden.
- Fertilizing land with humus, compost and liming.
- Observe the recommended distances between plants.
- At occurrence of pests, it is necessary to apply chemicals - foundation, pyrethrum, karbofos, phosphamide, metaldehyde.
Asters are plants with simple leaves, their inflorescences are a basket, gathered in panicles or scutes. Edge flowers are reed of various shades. The central flowers are tubular, small, almost always yellow. In Europe, asters began to be cultivated in the 17th century, and breeders were able to grow such varieties of this flower, among which you can find specimens of unusual colors and shapes.
The flower propagates in the seminal way.
Very often, these flowers are used to design borders, in group plantings, to form rabatok, rockeries or used to decorate terraces and balconies.
Bouquets of these flowers are quite beautiful, which for a long time can be cut.
Main varieties and species
Speaking of asters, it should be noted that there is a genus that owns both annual and perennial species and varieties. But there are also so-called garden asters, which laymans often take for a one-year aster, which in fact is not.
Annual aster or callistephus is a Chinese monotypic genus of flowering plants belonging to the Aster family. Callistephus is an annual or biennial plant, often in floriculture called Chinese aster, or garden aster. The homeland of this plant is China.
The flower has green stems, sometimes varieties with dark red stems can be found. The plant is quite branchy or simple. The root system of garden asters is fibrous, well developed, long, powerful. The leaves are alternately petiolate.
Inflorescences form a basket. The seed serves as a fruit. Science knows about 40 groups, which include more than 4,000 plant varieties.
Early flowering perennial asters
This group is not particularly numerous and consists of the following types:
- Alpine. This species begins to bloom in May. Plant height is from 15 to 30 cm. Asters have single inflorescences, the diameter of which reaches 5 cm. Externally, the flowers very much resemble simple daisies. They are often used in the design of rockeries. The main varieties are as follows: Glory, Wargrave.
- Italian. This species is often called chamomile. This species blooms in June and July. The diameter of inflorescences reaches 5 cm. Baskets are presented in the form of corymbose inflorescences. The shrubs of the plant grow to a height of 70 cm. This species is ideal for decorating a rocky garden or rock arias. The main varieties are: Rosea, Rudilf Goeth.
- Bessarabian. The height of one bush reaches 75 cm. There are numerous flowers of lilac color with a brown middle.
Autumn flowering perennial asters
This group is more diverse. Consider the main types included in this group:
- Bush Aster. This species is the earliest of all autumn. Homeland plants is North America. In the height of the bushes reach from 20 to 60 cm. The stems are heavily wrapped with foliage. Thus, even outside the flowering period, they can decorate the garden as bushes of boxwood. The most famous varieties are the following: Alba Flor Plena, Bluebird.
- New Belgian Astra. This species is the most common in our gardens. Among these plants can be found as a dwarf varieties, whose height does not exceed 40 centimeters, and tall flowers, reaching a height of 140 cm pink and burgundy. The main varieties are the following: Snowsprite, Royal Velvet, Dast Rouse.
- New England aster. This species is also often called North American. It is also quite popular in our autumn gardens. Its main difference lies in the fact that the plant reaches a height of 160 cm. Otherwise, this aster is very similar to the new Belgian. The main varieties are the following: Browmann, Constance.
In the genus of annual garden asters, there are about 4000 varieties. Sometimes there are such varieties that do not look like aster. They are often confused with dahlias, peonies, chrysanthemums and other garden plants. And in order to better understand these varieties and species, scientists have created different classifications, but none of them is perfect. Let's get acquainted in more detail with some of these classifications.
By flowering period Asters are classified into the following types:
- The early blooms from July
- Averages that bloom from early August
- Later, which bloom in the middle or at the end of August.
The height of asters It is accepted to divide into five groups:
- Dwarf, whose height is 25 cm,
- Stunted, whose height reaches 35 cm
- Medium height 60 cm
- Tall, whose height reaches 80 cm
- Giant, whose height reaches above 80 cm.
Regarding the purpose and cultivation of asters divided into three groups:
- Cut with large flowers, with long peduncles and tall,
- Casing plants, which are suitable both for flower beds and as pot plants, are rather compact and low,
- Universal with long peduncles, with large inflorescences, compact medium size.
Growing asters from seeds
Growing plants from seeds can be done seedlessly or seedling. Early varieties of asters must be sown in March. Thus, in July you can admire the abundant flowering of asters. Later varieties are recommended to be sown at the end of April or at the beginning of May, when the air temperature will no longer fall below 10 degrees. In this case, it is worth paying attention to the fact that flowers grown from seeds in a seedless way will bloom much later than those grown in a greenhouse.
Sowing of seeds should be carried out in shallow wells, up to 4 cm deep. After sowing, the wells must be watered abundantly, covered with soil.
With the onset of dry weather, the soil must be mulched or cover the planting area with covering material until the first shoots appear. After this covering material can be used only in the case of frost.
During the development period, seedlings with three leaves must be thinned out in such a way that the distance between them is from 10 to 15 cm. Extra seedlings must be transplanted to another place.
When to sow?
Early flower varieties may bloom as early as 3 months after planting, while the medium early blooms 110 days after planting, in early August. As for late varieties, the first flowering will come 4 months after planting. Thus, before proceeding to the sowing of asters, it is necessary to make simple calculations. It should also be borne in mind that later varieties are able to bloom before the onset of the first frost.
Sowing can be carried out not only in spring, but also in late autumn, before winter, right in the wells on the frozen ground. But at the same time the flowers are practically not exposed to damage by Fusarium. After the first shoots appear, they must be thinned. It is worth remembering that the shelf life of seeds is short. After 2 years, the similarity decreases significantly.
Sowing on seedlings
Growing asters by seedling method is more reliable, but it requires a lot of time and labor. Sowing on seedlings should be made in early April or May. Sowing time will depend on the variety. A week before sowing, aster seeds must be wrapped in cloth and soaked in a weak manganese solution. After 12 hours, the fabric must be squeezed out of excess water, then placed in a plastic bag and placed in a warm place so that the seeds can germinate. For growing you can use boxes and pots.
The soil for growing should be light and fertile. Before planting it is imperative to pour a solution of fungicide. In the ground it is necessary to make the grooves, in which the seeds are already hatching are placed, sprinkled with a layer of sand on top. After sowing, the seeds must be shed through a fine sieve with a solution of potassium permanganate.
On top of the container is covered with glass or plastic wrap. Сеянцы ставятся в тёплое место с температурой воздуха от 20 до 22 градусов. Если вы для посева использовали семена, которые были собраны в прошлом году, то первые всходы появятся уже через пять дней. После этого емкости со всходами необходимо перенести в более прохладное место с температурой воздуха около 16 градусов.
A pick of sprouts should be done according to the 4 by 4 cm scheme, but only when they have 3 leaves each. During the picking it is necessary to shorten the roots of the seedlings.
It is necessary to add a little ash to the soil for transplanting, diving seedlings should be watered moderately.
When to plant?
A week after picking, the seedlings must be fed with a solution of complex fertilizers. In addition, the plants must be gradually accustomed to the natural environment. To do this, they need to make for some time in the open air, as hardened seedlings will be easier to take root. By the time of planting young plants should form a strong stalk, the height of which should reach 10 cm. On the stem should be located 6 large green leaves. Planted seedlings in open ground are recommended in April or May. Asters are cold-resistant plants and will not be afraid of a sharp decrease in temperature to 4 degrees at night. Planting flowers in open ground is recommended in the evening.
How to plant?
Landing asters must begin with the selection of the site. Place for planting should be sufficiently sunny, with a good layer of drainage. The most beneficial precursors for asters are Tagetes and Calendula. Asters care is best done on light and fertile soils with neutral acidity. Leaving also involves preparing a future place for the plant. In autumn, the site must be deeply dug, adding humus or compost. In the spring, the site is excavated, while adding superphosphate, potassium salt and ammonium sulphate to it. But if the soil in the selected area is not depleted, then you can not apply fertilizer.
Care also implies that the site before planting must be well weeded, plow and align. In addition, care implies the desired soil moisture before planting, especially if you purchased seedlings in a store. In the soil they make shallow grooves that are shed by water. In them seedlings are planted at a distance of about 20 cm from each other. But the distance will depend on the variety of asters. Between the furrows must be left about half a meter.
After that, the seedlings are covered with dry soil. After planting, seedlings do not need to be watered. The first watering after planting is carried out after 2 days. After a couple of weeks, it is recommended to feed the aster with nitrogen fertilizers.
If you continue to follow all the rules of care and cultivation, then the aster will delight you with its abundant and elegant flowering.
Giving of the origin of flowers
Some things are connected with many things that are on our planet. Flowers are a separate world, which has always been a subject of admiration for man. Their beauty evoked the brightest feelings that prompted people to make romantic stories. But who knows, maybe some of this is true. Asters are beautiful, and there are legends about them, we will tell the two most common.
The first legend says that once the Taoist monks decided to find a path that would lead them to the stars. They went on a thorny road that was full of ordeals. The monks were left without strength, their legs were bleeding from wounds. But suddenly they saw a clearing where there was a lake. The travelers decided to rest there and gain strength, but among all the vegetation they saw wonderful flowers - asters. Then the monks realized that there is no need to search for stars in heaven when they are here - in our world. They collected aster seeds as gifts and germinated.
For information! Translated from Latin aster - this is a star. Flowers on earth have been known for hundreds of years and have many varieties.
The second legend is more mythical, because it comes from ancient Greece. The daughter of the goddess Demeter gave in marriage to Aida, the ruler of the underground and gloomy world. The young girl was doomed to go underground and live there every autumn and winter. The goddess was unhappy, and once she saw a couple in love, which she could not achieve. She burst into tears and tears that fell to the ground, sprouted, and as you know - these were asters. Well, we turn to more pressing things and talk about how to grow these beautiful flowers.
Agrotechnology or how to plant asters - two ways
Cultivation of garden crops, flowers can occur in two ways - this is planting seeds first for seedlings, and after planting in the ground in a greenhouse or on the street. Or immediately by the off-site method in flower beds and beds. Only not all plants can be grown by two methods at once, because the climate in our country can not be called fertile, if only in the southern regions. But Astra is also beautiful because the off-seed method can be used not only in warm areas, but also in a moderate band. So let us tell about both methods, and you choose the best one for yourself.
For information! The seedling method involves sowing seeds to obtain seedlings at home or in greenhouse conditions. Bezrassadny is when crops are led directly to the soil and no more transplanting is required, maximum picking.
Seedling method of growing asters at home
Growing flowers and cultures is a very common option. It allows you to control the situation as much as possible and minimize all the risks - you can land the seedlings when all the frosts and showers have passed, following the weather forecast. It is safe and convenient, but it is clear that even more troublesome. If you have extra time, a place to grow, then you should definitely try, especially as a new experience is always useful. So, to start growing aster seedlings, you must first prepare all the necessary materials, so to speak.
Choosing a place
To grow garden crops and flowers at home, you need at least a window sill, on which you can freely put trays. It’s better to have this window on the south, southeast, or east side - there is more of the sun. But if your window sill is only server-side or western, this does not mean that you will not be able to grow aster seedlings. First, the sowing of seedlings is done late in the late decade in March and April, when it is often sunny in all regions. Secondly, you can always buy a lamp and put it on the seedlings.
Colors need light
For information! Seedlings without good lighting begins to be strongly stretched, it is frail, thinning at the root, breaks and dies. Either seedlings develop very long and do not give flowers.
Separately, you need to say about these same lamps. They are always useful to you if you plan to start growing seedlings. Yes, even for indoor flowers sometimes there is not enough light, because the climate is not happy now, and even a year a year is not necessary, as they say. The lamp will always help out.
Which one to choose? If you need high quality and long-lasting with maximum efficiency, then immediately buy phyto-lighting - you can buy in special stores or on the Internet, which is very convenient. The advantages of such light - the desired range, efficiency, quality, cons - the price is higher than that of simple lamps. You can not buy phyto-lighting, then simple fluorescent lamps in the form of long tubes will come to the rescue, and they are sold everywhere at a budget price.
If we talk about the place of cultivation, it is important that the room is warm - not less than 17-19 degrees, otherwise the seedlings will slow down in growth and development, and you will not have time to grow it by the summer season. Also in the room should be optimal humidity, there can be no drafts. And the last - a place where the seedlings stand, is not accessible to animals, but it is convenient for your care.
We choose soil and container
The second important point in answering the question of how to grow asters is, of course, good ground. This is a necessary condition for seedlings, but also quite doable. In our time, the soil that will be optimal in composition can be bought almost everywhere. This may be a universal soil mixture, for flowers or just for the Asters. Such soil can be poured completely into trays, but it is better to mix it 1/1 with garden soil. This gives the seedlings the opportunity to better adapt to the soil in the flower bed, and the purchased soil is also quite loose, which is not always good.
Containers can be from improvised means
Tip! As an option, you can use peat tablets, then you will not have to dive seedlings, but at the sowing stage, you need to place 1-2 seeds per tablet.
You can go the other way and make the soil completely by yourself. This is a good experience, and the options may be:
- turf ground, humus, sand - 1/1/0/5. And add a spoonful of wood ash,
- garden soil and superphosphate - about a spoon of fertilizer,
- turfy ground, sand and peat - 1/1/1.
But during the preparation of the soil it is necessary to take into account two more very important points - this is acidity and the presence of parasites. The first can negatively influence growth and development, the second can lead to diseases and the death of flowers. To test the soil for acidity, you can use the litmus paper or a special device that many experienced gardeners have in their arsenal. Neutral soil is that, the pH level of which is in the range from 6.5 to 7. If the figures are lower, then this is acidic earth, higher is alkaline. Asters like neutral ground and slightly alkaline, that is about 7-7.5. If the earth is acidic, then lime can be added to it.
The second important nuance is the parasites. Do not think that if you bought the soil in the store for the gardener, then it will protect your seedlings - not all manufacturers are bona fide. It is better to eliminate the risks and just shed a couple of days before planting the soil with boiling water with manganese crystals. After the earth dries out and can be sown.
With regards to the capacity for landing, it is best to take long trays in which there are holes for drainage, and they fit well on the window sills. There is another option - it is a tray of soft plastic, from which it is convenient to remove the seedlings after planting in a permanent place. You can first sow the seeds in a common container, and during the picking pick the best seedlings and plant them in separate plastic cups or peat pots. Plus, the latter is that they can be placed with the seedlings directly into the ground.
Choosing the right time for sowing
We have already mentioned a little earlier when sowing asters on seedlings - from March to April. But here it is still important to choose a specific day, the growth and development of flowers will depend on it. What are these days? Those recommended to us by the lunar sowing calendar gardener. We cannot give you a specific date, since every year it has its own and for each culture is different. The phases of our satellite affect plants to a great extent, and a full moon and a new moon are, in general, days when it is better not to do anything around the garden and the garden, much less to produce crops. You can find out the dates on the Internet or by buying yourself a lunar calendar for this year.
Lunar calendar - help gardener
You have already learned very important subtleties, the success of the landing, so to speak, is not far off. It is easy to carry out crops - you pour a layer of drainage into your elbows - a brick, expanded clay or crushed stone, you fall asleep with all the soil mixture. Astra sow to a depth of no more than a centimeter, lightly sprinkle on top of the soil. In order not to wash the crops, watering should be carried out from the spray.
To remember varieties, tick
And for better germination need a greenhouse effect. This is one of the main rules in the cultivation of asters from seeds, and vegetable crops and other flowers. The greenhouse effect provides a film or a simple package, but a transparent one that needs to be put on the trays. Shelter you take off when the seeds poklyututsya.
Important! When buying seeds, pay attention to the date. It is better to take material for sowing no older than a year, since the seeds of the second year of life do not germinate so harmoniously.
Care for seedlings at home
After the seeds have germinated, they need water to be watered with warm water and allowed to stand, and only as the soil dries out. When the seedlings gave 2-3 true leaves, they swoop in a convenient container. Soil take the same composition. The seedling transplant is not afraid, but it is easy to damage. Now you need a good light, watering, you can make once mineral dressing for flowers. Also, make sure that the seedlings do not bend, turn them to the light. If the air in the room is dry, then spray the seedlings daily.
Transfer to a permanent place
When to plant asters on seedlings, you already know, and when to transfer to the street? Best of all, when the last frost passed - approximately in the second and third decade of May. But again, watch the weather forecast and the dates of the lunar calendar. The place to choose light, not in the lowland, where water will accumulate during the rain. Asters do not like stagnant moisture and can start to hurt.
Street seedlings must be strong
If the bushes are tall, as will be written on a pack of seeds, then do not plant seedlings closely - no less than 30-40 cm. Low-growing asters are planted at a distance of 20 cm from each other. About care in more detail will be written below.
Tip! Tall flowers are great for cutting bouquets, but plant them so that they do not interfere with other plants. Low asters can decorate any flower bed, create an alley, a carpet, look great along long paths, like a living curb.
Seedless growing method
Here you have to do not so much action. About the place we have already said. Sow the seeds in rows, the soil must be prepared in advance. You can dig a bed, fill the entire length of the humus, shed an additional complex drug. After which the seeds are sown, powdered with a layer of soil. At the same time you can carry out landing both in the spring, and to the winter. In the latter case, asters bloom later for a couple of weeks, but the flowering itself will be longer.
Flowers can be sown immediately in the ground
On a note! Often people ask when asters are blooming. There is no definite answer, since everything depends on the variety that you have chosen. Some flowers please only by the end of summer, some can give buds in May. Usually dates are indicated on packages with seeds.
For a seedless growing method, the following rules are important:
- if you sow sunflower seeds in spring, the soil should already be moderately heated - the end of April - the beginning of May. In autumn, they sow approximately in October under a layer of mulch. It can be sawdust, compost. In spring, the beds only weed around, but do not touch the mulch until germination,
- in spring and autumn it is better to spill the soil with boiling water with potassium permanganate - and disinfection, and additional heat,
- do not make beds deeper than 2 cm,
- designate your landings so as not to trample them later or not dig up,
- Do not forget to water the area with asters with warm water, but this is done very rarely, if the soil is too dry and it is quite hot outside,
- when the seedlings are about 4-5 cm, then they need to be seated, it is better to do it in the evening hours and also strictly on the dates of the lunar calendar.
How to care for a flower bed with asters?
Well, here we come to an end. You already know all about the planting of asters, it remains to say a few words about taking care of them in the open field. We have already said about watering. Of course, for the beauty of the flower beds still need to remove weeds. They also provoke the development of pathogenic flora. After watering, loosen the soil, it will save from stagnation and will destroy the shelters of insects, if any.
Asters are very unpretentious
For the season, you can make 3-4 times liquid feed, for this use fertilizers for garden flowers. Fasco's products help the flowering well, and in order for seedlings to settle down better, they can be shed by Kornein. But make sure that there is not a lot of nitrogen in the dressings, otherwise you will get a lot of leaves, not flowers. You can also use superphosphate, ammonium nitrate, potassium sulfate. It is useful to mulch the soil with sawdust, now there are beautiful decorative spruce needles on sale.
To protect against diseases, conduct foliar spraying with a weak solution of manganese, but not in the heat. You can also sprinkle a bed of wood ash. For prevention, it is useful to shed asters by infusion on weeds and spices. This popular method helps to drive away the parasites and additionally fertilizes the flowerbed. You can make the infusion and onion peel. And for the fight, and for the prevention of diseases in asters, we recommend using the Bordeaux mixture, copper sulphate, lime.
If you want to plant your flower bed, the division of the bush - this is the easiest and most effective method. Just separate the part and land on the right place. In the autumn, collect the seeds to plant for next year. How to collect aster seeds? It's very simple - when the flowers completely dry out, will easily crumble, then they are collected. But not in the fog and rain.
It's simple, agree. These rules are simple, a bit of a hassle, and the flowerbed will delight you and your family.
Landing Asters rassadnym and seedless way
You can harvest aster seeds yourself by collecting them from dried inflorescences at the end of the summer, or you can buy seeds in the store for each season by experimenting with different varieties of asters. The main thing is that the seeds were of high quality, then the seedlings will rise by 100%.
Landing Asters rassadnym way
- in the last days of March, the fungicide-treated seeds are sown in boxes or in the greenhouse using previously prepared grooves,
- from above sprinkle with a thin layer of finely sifted humus,
- the earth is carefully watered with a weak solution of potassium permanganate,
- crops cover with paper or film,
- until the first shoots appear, the seedlings should be at a temperature of +18 degrees,
- спустя пять дней можно убирать пленку и выносить рассаду на свет,
- полив производят уже после появления зеленых росточков,
- пикировку следует осуществлять, когда сформируются первые настоящие листики,
- через семь дней после пикировки можно начинать еженедельные подкормки рассады астр комплексными минеральными удобрениями,
- на клумбу растения допускается высаживать уже в начале мая.
Основные правила ухода за астрами
Asters do not tolerate dampness and excessive waterlogging and are considered drought-resistant flowers, but in dry weather they must be watered abundantly. Especially pay attention to watering while tying the buds, otherwise you can not wait for lush flowering.
Planted on fertile soil asters with good watering and periodic dressing will be wonderful to bloom until the cold. For the first time, flowerbeds with asters are enriched with full mineral fertilizer two weeks after transplanting seedlings to flowerbeds, and during the period of bud formation and flowering, fertilizing is used without nitrogen fertilizers. Organic fertilizers are applied only on poor soils.Video about asters
As the main enemy of asters is diseases, especially fusarium, it is recommended to spray plants with a solution containing the following microelements for prevention: potassium permanganate, magnesium, zinc, cobalt, copper salts, ammonium molybdate and boric acid.
Also, make sure that when growing asters, they do not show signs of rust, late blight, sclerotinia, powdery mildew, rhizoctoniosis, jaundice, lesions of slugs, aphids, scoops, spider mites, nematodes.