Picea abies Nidiformis is a very beautiful dwarf evergreen Christmas tree. The maximum height of the tree reaches one meter in height.
This Christmas tree is completely unpretentious in the care and looks great in any landscape composition or in the garden, especially next to low-growing plants.
We will talk about the peculiarities of care for this plant in the article.
Description of spruce
Nidiformis comes from Germany, the variety was bred relatively recently. Compared to other types of spruce, it has several distinctive features:
- Short stature The tree grows no more than one meter in height.
- Strong branching.
- Short needles. Needles up to one centimeter, thick.
- Spherical shape of a tree. An adult tree becomes perfectly round.
- Only in adult plants cones appear.
Norway spruce nidiformis grows slowly: in 3 years it can grow only a few centimeters. The color of the needles is dark green, the young shoots are light green. Spruce grows slowly and tolerates frosts, so the view is very popular among gardeners.
Like everyone else ate, she sunburnedtherefore, it is impossible to plant it in a sunny area, or it is necessary to shade a plant until it becomes stronger. Three years after planting, the Christmas tree will no longer be affected by the sun.
Choosing a landing site
Since this shrub grows rapidly in width, it requires a large amount of space. For one Christmas tree will need a plot of land three meters in diameter. The tree grows long enough, so in the first years, while there is an empty seat nearby, you can plant annual plants there.
Planting soil must be fertile and acidic.. Drainage and good regular watering are required. A perfect place for planting will be a partially shaded area. So that the soil around the tree is not compacted, it should be planted away from the tracks.
There is no need to trample the land around the fir trees: on the contrary, it is recommended to loosen Loosening should be done very carefully, since spruce root system is highand there is a risk to damage it.
It is better to choose a place away from the groundwater, as with the stagnation of moisture the tree may die. If there is no other place, then it is imperative to pour drainage from rubble or broken clay bricks to the bottom of the landing pit.
Planting this variety of spruce is completely different from the method of planting other varieties of trees. Very small trees are planted with a lump of earth in order not to damage the root system.
The landing pit must be at least fifty centimeters in diameter and up to a meter deep. If a drainage layer is required, it should be twenty centimeters. Since the root system of Nidiformis is on top, then there is no need to dig too deep a hole.
A layer of sand should be poured on top of the drainage layer in order to avoid the accumulation and retention of moisture in the soil. Earth, which will fall asleep plant, be sure to fertilize. For this you can use peat, sand, black soil and pine sawdust.
To get a beautiful tree of the correct form, it is bought in nurseries or verified sellers. It is better to buy a potted plant so that it can be transplanted with a clod of earth. Often, Christmas trees are already sold in fertile, fertilized soil. It is recommended to ask the seller about the composition of the soil in the pot. If fertilizers are not introduced into the ground, then a nitroammophoka can be poured into the planting pit before planting.
After the landing pit is prepared, you need:
- It is good to water the plant in a pot so that all the soil is wet and you can easily get a bush from the pot. If the plant was sold in sackcloth or mesh, then you need to plant it in a hole directly with a bag. A few years later, burlap will deal itself.
- It is necessary to level the plant and keep it so until planting ends.
- The plant is covered with prepared fertilized soil. The ground should be lightly tamped to avoid empty places. Each layer of twenty centimeters is watered with water, which will avoid voids under the clod.
- The root collar cannot be filled up, as the plant may die.
A small spruce Nidiformis needs about one bucket of water. As the tree grows up, the volume of water increases. In summer, watering should be regular and abundant, but be sure to ensure that moisture does not stagnate. A plant up to one meter requires one bucket of water; above one meter, two buckets.
In the first seven days after transplantation, the plant must be fed with a stimulant. In the first year, be sure to shade the plant from direct sunlight. In order for the plant to wake up faster from the winter frosts, it can be watered with warm water in March.
Spruce care Nidifomis
This is a very unpretentious plant that perfectly tolerates frosts and does not require special care. However, there are some features in the care of this fir:
- Due to the fact that this dwarf variety and crown is located close to the ground, it is prone to fungal diseases. To avoid this, you need to plant spruce in a sunny place so that the excess moisture dries out faster.
- Be sure to weed herringbone from the weeds. If its growth will be hampered by many weeds or other plants, it may die.
- As the bush grows, the lower branches can be cut to reduce the area of contact with the ground.
- This variety can infect a spider mite. To deal with it, you need to treat the plant with special compounds.
- Young bush must be wrapped for the winter, as the root system is not yet strong and can freeze.
- In order not to break the branches of the plant with a large amount of snow, the bush should be fixed.
- The soil next to the bush needs to be mulched.
- Cutting a spruce is optional, only if you need to give it a certain shape.
Use in landscape design
El Nidiformis is very popular with landscape designers due to its evergreen round crown. Often it is used in conjunction with low-growing plants in the creation of stone slides and looks great next to other conifers.
To grow such a beauty is very simple, the main thing is to choose the right sapling and properly care for it.
Funny Christmas Tree
First of all, the plant is interesting because it is a shrub, and not a tree, and has a strange, unusual shape: in young years, shoots bend upward, rounding outlines. For this spruce Nidiformis is often called the fir-tree nest.
Over the years, this trend is lost, and the shrub acquires a longline symmetry, while retaining the cushion shape.
The color of the needles is bright, bright green, it is curious that the needles are needle-like, but not prickly. The height is usually two times smaller than the diameter of the crown, the average height is about 70 cm, although individual specimens can reach up to a meter. Spruce Nidiformis grows slowly, but the average lifespan is about 250 years.
In the main characteristics - shade tolerance and frost resistance. However, the latter quality should not be abused: at long low temperatures the shrub is still frozen out, so it is recommended for areas where the temperature below -20 drops rarely in winter. And shade tolerance is a relative question: if there is little light, the fir-tree Nidiformis loses its bright color, gradually turning yellow and "blurring" in form.
We plant correctly
If you choose spruce Nidiformis, it is planted according to the general rules for all varieties of spruce. They are:
- The most successful landing time is the end of April. An alternative may be the end of August.
- The landing pit is digging in advance. Its upper diameter should be between 40 and 60 cm, the lower diameter should be between 30 and 40, the depth should be about half a meter.
- The bottom is lined with drainage (broken brick or rubble) to a height of 15-20 cm.
- The removed soil is mixed with peat, sand and humus, it is desirable to introduce a nitroammofosk.
- When planting, one should strive to preserve integrity. Condense the land around the seedlings need without undue zeal.
Planted spruce Nidiformis well spills: this will ensure uniform subsidence of the land in the tree trunks. When planting in the fall, watering stops until spring, and in April it becomes weekly.
El Nidiformis: care and attention
Like most conifers, the tree-nest is quite undemanding. It does not need a winter cover: even a serious snow blockage of a branch does not break, it tolerates frosts well. But from the spring burns the first two years will have to be protected, creating shading.
During dry periods, spruce Nidiformis needs to be watered, but reasonable: stagnant water will destroy the plant. The survival rate and growth greatly stimulates the mulching of the near-barrel space with mowed grass or bark. In addition to moisture retention without excessive moisture, mulch prevents compaction of the soil, which spruce perceives poorly.
Planting and care
Spruce loves loose soil and does not tolerate stagnant moisture. When it is planted, a drainage layer is required, for which sand or brick chips are suitable. The tree is useful self-prepared soil. For its manufacture, use two parts of leaf and sod land, one each - peat and sand.
Immediately before planting, apply root and special complex fertilizer for conifers to the soil. Shrubs should be planted at a distance of 2–3 m from each other into a hole 50 to 70 cm deep. After planting, pour each spruce tree with 40–50 l of water.
Loosen the basal space every 1-2 weeks, the depth of which should not exceed 5 cm. Water the tree in hot, dry weather once a week. Spruce requires fertilization twice a season.
Plant spruce in a well-lit area - the plant is light-requiring, its growth slows down in the shade.
In the fall, sprinkle the peat around the trunk, in the spring mix it with the ground. To protect against severe frosts, close the fir tree with spruce branches.
Shrub Fir Nidiformis - unpretentious plant that is suitable for decorating your own garden. It does not require frequent and careful care, and if necessary, its shoots are pruned to change the shape of the crown.
Growing conditions, care. Common spruce ‘Nidiformis’
Planting and care: Spruce
barbed ‘Glauka’ ‘Glauka Globoza’ ‘Kosterin’ ‘Silver’
Common ‘Nidiformis’ ‘Ekhiniformis’
Landing features: Norway spruce ‘Nidiformis’ Grows better in shaded areas. On fertile soil, spruce forms deeper roots.
When transplanting, avoid overdrying the roots. Afraid of trampling and compaction of the soil. Does not tolerate nearby groundwater. If the groundwater is close, drainage is necessary, consisting of crushed stone with a layer of 10-20 cm. Root neck at ground level.
Norway spruce prefers loamy and sandy soils.
Soil mixture: Turf ground, peat, sand - 2: 1: 1.
Optimum acidity - pH 4 - 5.5
Top dressing: When planting make nitroammofosku (100 g).
Watering:Demanding on soil moisture, does not tolerate drought.
It is obligatory to water young plants in a hot dry summer (once a week for 1-1.5 buckets per plant).
Spruce fir makes dry soil longer than common spruce.
Young plants in the dry period require more frequent and abundant watering.
Loosening: shallow, 5-7 cm. under young landings.
Mulching: Peat layer 5-6 cm. Subsequently, peat is not removed, but mixed with the ground.
Trimming: When using firs in a hedge a radical pruning is possible. Usually, only dry and diseased branches are removed.
Fir Spruce Beetle
Preparing for the winter:
Adult plants are completely winter-hardy. However, the needles of young saplings of some ornamental forms of spruce should be protected from early spring and late autumn frosts.
We recommend mulching for the winter with peat or sawdust in the first two years after planting, a layer of 6-8 cm.
Description and characteristics of the variety
Picea abies Nidiformis fir was bred in Germany about a hundred years ago. It grows very slowly, adding only a couple of centimeters per year. But the width increases faster - about five to six centimeters per year. Young trees have the shape of a nest, and when they grow, they become almost round.
If you look from above, it looks like tennis balls were scattered on the lawn.: The height of the spruce remains just over a meter with a circumference of 2-2.5 m of the crown. Nidiformis is distinguished by the density of branches with soft, short, about a centimeter, needles. Bright-green shoots, as if from a nest, come out of the dark needles and tend upwards. Cones appear only on adult trees.
Gardeners like the slow growth of conifers, and in particular its resistance to cold weather. Therefore, this breed can often be found in sections of the middle zone and in the northern regions of Russia. With the advent of spring, being in the bright sun, young spruce can get burned. Therefore, it is important to create a penumbra, until they grow up and mature. After four years from planting, spruce trees will no longer be so susceptible to active sunlight.
Basically planting spruce Nidiformis is the same as other representatives of coniferous crops. Young two-three-year-olds are planted with an earthy lump in which a microclimate has already formed. It consists of vital fungi for conifers. This method avoids damage to overgrown roots.
The landing pit in volume should be one and a half times larger than the earth com. Depth is done depending on the soil. Chernozem or clay soils deepen by one meter. Sandy or sandy soil - eighty centimeters. The bottom of the pit lay out a twenty-centimeter layer of drainage, which is covered with sand to prevent stagnation of moisture in the soil. Sand is needed only for black soil.
After completing all the preparatory work, you can start landing. Everything is simple and accessible even for an inexperienced gardener:
- Liberally saturated with moisture earthen room, so that the plant is easily taken from the container. If the spruce is in a grid or bag, then they are not removed: after a few years, the fiber itself will rot.
- The tree is placed in a hole and fixed in such a way that the location of the trunk is smooth, and the most fluffy and beautiful side of the coniferous bush comes forward.
- Then the remaining voids of the pit are filled with the prepared mixture of soil and fertilizers. At the same time every 20−30 centimeters watered and lightly tamped evenly from all sides. This is necessary to avoid the appearance of emptiness under a clod of earth or on the side.
- It is important to leave the root neck at ground level, in no case in the ground or above it. If you leave it in the ground, then the bark of the trunk begins to rot, nutrients will not flow and the tree will die.
- After planting, the tree is watered abundantly. It will take about fifty liters of water.
It is not necessary to trample down a place around ate much, but loosening, on the contrary, will be very useful. Only do this with caution so as not to damage the highly located roots of the plant.
Planting and caring for spruce nidiformis requires to take into account that, growing up, it greatly increases in width, it will take at least three meters of free space. So that the earth is not empty, while the tree grows, you can fill it with bright beautiful annual plants. If perennials are planted around spruce, they can take nutrients from the soil, create unwanted shade and prevent the tree from growing.
Fertile alkaline or acidic soil with good drainage is preferable, then the tree will take root soon and avoid diseases. The ground should be wet, but without stagnant water. If the groundwater is close, then the bottom of the landing pit is filled with a twenty-centimeter layer of drainage consisting of crushed brick and rubble.
How to care for the plant
Norway spruce Nidiformis will take root in almost any climate. A special feature is the low-lying crown of the dwarf tree, besides very thick. It practically lies on the ground, and under the cover of snow a tree can begin to sing. It also forms a favorable environment for the reproduction of spores and fungal infections. To avoid such problems, you should follow certain rules of care when planting:
- For spruce it is necessary to choose a sunny place.
- The tree should not be surrounded by weeds, regular weeding is necessary. As the bush grows, you can slightly cut off the lower branches, so that they do not spread along the ground, and slightly thin out the dense crown, ensuring the wind and the sun's permeability. At the same time remove all the broken twigs and old needles, which accumulates in the center of the crown.
- Dwarf spruce loves to infect a spider mite or other pests, for example, spruce-leafed hermes and bark beetle moths. Fungicides and insecticides are used to treat the shrub.
The most important thing is that planting and growing spruce "Nidiformis" is quite simple, and even a novice gardener can do it. Experts recommend planting dwarf spruce in spring or autumn, but it is allowed and winter planting.
Young plants (2-3 years) are best transplanted along with the earthy clod, in which a certain microclimate has already formed.
Planting spruce "Nidiformis":
- готовится посадочная яма, она должна быть в диаметре в 1,5-2 раза больше земляного кома, а ее глубина зависит от почвы, таким образом, на участках с черноземом и глинистых почвах она должна составлять 100 см, а при посадке на песчаном и супесчаном грунте — 80 см,
- на дно ямы обязательно нужно выложить дренаж, не менее 20 см,
- саженец следует обильно полить и достать из контейнера, а затем переместить в посадочную ямку,
- then it is necessary to fix the bush smoothly and beautifully, it should be done in such a way that the trunk is located exactly, and the most beautiful and fluffy side of the spruce was ahead,
- after that, the void between the borders of the landing pit and the earthy clod is uniformly filled with the substrate,
- you should pay attention to the fact that the root neck should be at the same level with the soil and in no case below or above it,
- After that, the transplanted plant is watered abundantly, for this you need to use 10-15 liters of water.
When planting spruce "Nidiformis" it is necessary to take into account that the shrub will grow in width and after 3-4 years its diameter will be about 3 m, therefore, there must be enough space in the area where it will grow.
Young plants do not tolerate open sunlight, burns on the needles can cause burns, so trees should be shaded. With age, this feature disappears, and the presence of a sufficient amount of light only enhances the decorativeness of the shrub. Protection from the wind plant is not required, so it can be planted in open areas.
In the matter of moisture, this plant is considered quite capricious, it does not tolerate both its excess and deficiency. Especially it is necessary to treat the watering of young “Nidiformis”, they are recommended to be watered once in 7 days. In very hot and dry weather, the procedure should be carried out 2 times a week. Adult plants in the sultry summer water every 10-14 days.
When planting, 100-150 g of nitroammofosca must be introduced into the ground. Then spruce is fed 1-2 times per season with special fertilizers for conifers. Under no circumstances can manure, urea, and humus be used; such top dressing can destroy Spruce Nidiformis.
Dwarf spruce needs regular sanitary pruning, that is, in late May - early June, when sap flow is not so active, it is necessary to remove dried and damaged branches.
It is not difficult to care for a dwarf spruce; in order to do this qualitatively, it is necessary to follow a few simple rules, namely:
- Regularly weed the ground around the bush from grass and weeds.
- Periodically loosen the soil near the plant.
- Cut or lift branches that are in contact with the ground.
- Remove damaged and dry twigs in a timely manner to ensure good air circulation.
- It is necessary to pinch the young shoots in the period of active growth in order to spruce look aesthetically pleasing.
- Youngsters for the winter should be covered with spruce leaves, and for plants older than 3 years frost is not terrible.
- In snowy winters, it is better to build a protective frame in order to avoid breaking ate under the pressure of snow.
- Dwarf spruce is fertilized 1-2 times a year exclusively with top dressing intended for coniferous plants.
Diseases and pests
Very often, the dwarf spruce "Nidiformis" affects the spider mite, the spruce bark beetle moth and the spruce and leafy hermes, and fungicides and insecticides are used to combat them. One of the common ailments of this plant is Schutte's disease. Fungal disease most often affects young spruce. Symptomatology is manifested by a change of color and loss of needles. Treat Christmas trees with products that contain sulfur or copper, for example, Bordeaux liquid.
This fungicide can also be used for prophylactic purposes, for this it is necessary to spray the needles in the spring and autumn with a weak solution of the drug. In order for the dwarf spruce tree not to hurt, it is very important to carry out sanitary pruning of the plant in a timely manner and to ensure that the soil does not accumulate excess moisture, which is detrimental to this shrub.
Norway spruce "Nidiformis" propagated by grafting. Carry out the procedure in late April - early May. Certainly on an overcast day, cuttings are separated from the shrub - healthy branches from the middle, 6-10 cm each.
This can be done with a sharp knife or pruner. It should be noted that spruce trees are suitable for dividing at the age of 5-10 years. Before planting, the cuttings must be cleaned with a knife, this should be done in such a way that the bark is not damaged, and the excess needles and irregularities need to be cut. After that, it is recommended to soak them for a day in the solution "Kornevina". Then, in the previously prepared wells 5–6 cm deep, cuttings should be placed at an angle of 30 degrees. After 1.5-4.5 months, they will appear roots.
The range of application of dwarf spruce "Nidiformis" is incredibly wide. She is beautiful in single and group landings. It is often used to create hedges. At the same time, it is possible to plant Christmas trees both in open ground and in containers, which is very convenient for small areas.
Dwarf spruce combines perfectly with other conifers. It can be used to create a variety of compositions, it is ideal for rock gardens and decorating rocky hills.