Lemon grass, chellebrodnik, lemongrass, cymbopogon are the names of an amazing lemongrass plant cultivated in tropical and subtropical climates. It has more than 50 species and is found in Africa, Asia, America, China. The peculiarity of the plant is a pleasant lemon smell demanded by cooks and perfumers. Useful qualities of herbs were highly appreciated by doctors and cosmetologists.
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Lemongrass - powerful perennials, reaching up to 1.5 meters in height. Erect cylindrical tough shoots are covered alternately arranged leaves of light green color. Lemongrass grows very quickly. To ensure its needs for water and minerals, a fibrous, powerful root, like a pump, pumps nutrients out of the ground, depleting the soil in a short time. Grass from the family of cereals produces inflorescences in the form of spikelets.
The peculiarity of the plant is lemon scent, which is ribbed with ribbed leaves. Where grass grows, the lemon aura fills the air, frightening off harmful insects, including the dangerous tsetse fly. To exclude an encounter with an insecure insect, people plant lemongrass everywhere on the plantations.
Composition and nutritional value
Lemongrass has acquired special properties due to the unique composition of the green parts - the stem and leaves. The main part (up to 80%) falls on essential substances. Geraniol and central are sources of an unusually pleasant citrus smell with a pronounced healing effect.
In addition to essential oils, the plant contains vitamins of group B and ascorbic acid, microelements (iron, zinc, calcium, phosphorus, sodium and potassium salts, selenium), nicotinic and fatty acids, natural antioxidants and antiseptics.
Rich in vitamins, microelements and essential oils, lemongrass has unique beneficial qualities known in medicine and pharmacy in India, China, Asia, and Africa. Healing properties manifest themselves:
- deodorizing effects.
Useful components of the plant work as when taking medicinal teas inside, and when the local effects of essential oils on the affected skin and mucous membranes.
The general tonic effect on the body has lemon grass in tea. Drink in cold or hot form perfectly refreshes, nourishes the body with a complex of vitamins and trace elements, increases resistance to infectious diseases, removes toxins. Pleasant citrus aroma has a beneficial effect on the nervous system, eliminating the emotional overstrain.
The healing properties of lemongrass manifest themselves in stimulating blood circulation and lymph flow, increasing endurance during physical exertion, optimizing metabolic processes in the body, and increasing lactation. Pronounced beneficial effects: elimination of intestinal dysfunction, flatulence, inflammatory changes in the gastric mucosa and intestines.
Preparation of tea: a tablespoon is designed for a glass of boiled water. After 3 minutes of infusion, the healing drink is ready for use.
Medicinal properties of essential oil
Essential oil, the raw material for which is grass of lemongrass, is used externally to treat skin diseases. The pronounced healing, anti-inflammatory effect and the effect on a wide range of pathogens made it possible to widely use the beneficial qualities of the plant in dermatological practice.
Lemongrass is a natural source of essential substances known as an herb that can cure skin and nail diseases of a fungal and microbial nature. The antibacterial effect is manifested in the therapeutic effect on pustular skin lesions: boils, acne (acne), microbial eczema. Properties of a plant differ in the high healing qualities. The grass quickly restores the affected epithelium.
Lemongrass oil for inhalation and oral mucosa treatment relieves the symptoms of colds respiratory diseases (laryngitis, tonsillitis, bronchitis) and the manifestations of herpetic, fungal and microbial lesions of the oral cavity.
For inhalation, no more than 2 drops of essential oil are added to a glass of warm water. The duration of the treatment procedure: from 4 to 6 minutes.
Healing properties have aromatic baths, aromatization of air and therapeutic massage with lemongrass oil. These procedures help fight off pathogens, normalize metabolic processes and create a positive mood with an optimistic citrus scent.
Cosmetology and perfumery
Lemongrass has found application in cosmetology, as a means of effective care for problematic oily skin.
Useful quality exhibits shampoo with essential oil components. It eliminates dandruff, normalizes the function of the sebaceous glands, strengthens the hair follicles and restores the hair structure.
Essential oil is demanded in perfumery, giving perfume, eau de toilette and other means a refined smell.
Use in cooking
The national cuisine of Asia and the Caribbean has long used lemongrass with a rich citrus aroma and lemon-ginger flavor. Cooking traditional Thai soup Tom Yam is not without it. Bird, meat, vegetable and fish dishes acquire a special taste and useful characteristics when adding shoots and crushed dried leaves of lemon sorghum.
Fragrant lemon spice is present in a variety of sauces and marinades, desirable in the preparation of noodles.
Tea, hot or cold, has a beneficial effect on the body, tones up and quenches thirst well.
Classical spice “Lemongrass” is indispensable in the preparation of pastries, cakes, cakes and delicious desserts based on nuts, milk and coconut pulp.
Thanks to the lemongrass, the refined aroma and refreshing properties acquire cooling drinks and liqueurs.
The herb may be a local irritant effect on the skin and mucous membranes in individuals with individual intolerance to essential oils and other components that make up the plant.
For absolute contraindications to the use of lemongrass for medicinal purposes include:
- children up to 7 years
- pregnancy and breastfeeding,
- peptic ulcer on the background of increased acidity.
At reception of medicinal teas inside appoint two-week courses. After a break of 7 days, treatment is continued. Tea, which includes lemon grass, consumed in an amount of not more than 2 glasses in the morning.
The quality of the raw material used is the ground part of the plant - the leaves are dried and crushed. To obtain fragrant lemongrass oil, the method of steam distillation of lightly dried leaves is used.
The miraculous properties of lemon grass or lemongrass
The most common two main types of lemongrass: West Indian and East Indian sorghum, which got their names because of the area in which they grow.
Lemongrass looks like grasswhose height sometimes reaches up to two meters. Its stems are narrow, ribbed and multi-layered: on top are green and coarse, and inside are white. It blooms almost imperceptibly due to stormy green vegetation, therefore it is rarely used for decorative purposes.
The shoots of lemongrass contain essential oils, as well as vitamins B and C, a number of trace elements (selenium, zinc, iron, potassium, calcium, etc.), fatty amino acids, antiseptics.
Chelnoborodnik in medicine
Lemongrass has a number of healing properties:
- Antioxidant property
- It has a beneficial effect on the digestive tract organs,
- It has a detrimental effect on various types of fungal infections,
- It has a sedative effect,
- Used as a sedative
- Effective with infections of the genitourinary system,
- Relieves headache, and also alleviates the condition of migraine,
- It has a preventive effect in diabetes,
- It has immunomodulatory properties,
- Maintains normal blood cholesterol levels
- Reduces fatigue and increases efficiency
- It is used in the care of problem skin,
- Relieves cold symptoms
- Carminative action
- Helps to reduce pain
- Helps fight off sweating,
- It has antiseptic properties.
This list of useful properties is not exhaustive. The pharmacy can purchase the following forms of this useful plant: dried herb, essential oil, alcohol tincture.
On the rad with useful properties, Herb also has contraindications:
- individual intolerance, pregnancy and lactation, children up to 7 years. With extreme caution, it should be used at elevated pressure. It is strictly forbidden to use this plant for glaucoma, diseases of the nervous system.
The reasons for such contraindications lie in the fact that the substances that make up lemon grass have an effect on the circulatory system of the body and increase muscle tone, which, in turn, can increase blood pressure.
The use of lemon grass in cosmetology
For cosmetology purposes, cymbopogon has established itself on the positive side.After all, the essential oils that make up it provide durability of perfumes and, importantly, it solves skin problems: sorghum normalizes the sebaceous glands, thereby removing the oily shine and cleansing the pores, promotes rapid hair growth, has a healthy effect on dry and brittle hair, strengthens hair follicles, prevents hair loss.
Do not use cymbopogon with dry skin of the face and head - this can significantly worsen its condition.
For the preparation of miraculous cosmetics you need: mix a small amount of day or night cream with 3-5 drops of lemongrass oil, mix and apply as needed.
For cellulite, the following remedy is good: Mix 10 drops of lemongrass essential oil with sea salt and a few drops of coconut oil. After such a scrub, the skin will shine and will delight smooth and beautiful skin.
The use of lemongrass in cooking
Lemongrass is used as seasoning. when preparing various dishes (soups, fish, poultry, seafood, meat dishes, etc.). Also widely used in the preparation of this plant various marinades. Sorghum is used in baking, as well as in desserts, giving an unusual pleasant taste.
Making Lemongrass Tea
Lemongrass grass in tea has a beneficial effect on the body as a whole. Herbal decoction can be used both hot and cold. Tea perfectly boosts immunity, saturates with vitamins, removes toxins, and also relieves emotional stress.
Tea must be brewed from prepared dried herbs. In order that the prepared drink turned out not only tasty, but useful, it is necessary to take into account a number of nuances.
- Brew tea preferably in a ceramic pot,
- It is better to use the recommended dosage: for one tablespoon of sliced lemongrass take a glass of boiled water,
- To get a tasty drink, use a white stem, previously cleared of the outer leaves,
- It is better to insist no more than 5-10 minutes
- To taste you can add honey or sugar.
Lemongrass essential oil can be added to the most common tea, but not more than 1 drop per cup.
Other use of lemon grass
- - preparation of healthy oils for use in massage,
- - use in the preparation of aromatic baths,
- - aromatization of indoor air.
Lemongrass oil is used with the help of an aromatic lamp, which contributes to improving the mood.
The smell of lemongrass can not tolerate many species of insects (flies, mosquitoes). A greater effect when repelling insects will be, if you add to this oil others: lavender, mandarin, cloves, orange.
Add a few drops of essential oil to the shower gel, and a charge of cheerfulness and good mood is provided.
For disinfection of dishes or furniture or other objects, add 10 drops of oil to a glass of water and treat the surface.
How to find out about the authenticity (naturalness) of lemongrass oil?
It is necessary to drop a small amount of funds on a clean sheet of paper, after a few minutes the oil will evaporate. If there is a greasy mark, the product is fake. This essential oil should not leave anything, or leave a yellowish mark.
The origin and description of the plant
Lemongrass is classified as a cereal, a plant that has many names. In the common people it is more known as lemon grass, sorghum. In some countries, fragrant grass styled chelleborodnik. In China, cymbopogon is called Lemongrass, one of its varieties, characterized by persistent aroma.
The homeland of grass is a country with a tropical, humid and hot climate (India, China, some regions of America and Africa). The citronella lemon grass family numbers four dozen species. Some varieties perfectly take root at home.
In favorable conditions, lemon grass can grow to two meters. In cool regions, the height of the bush rarely exceeds one meter. The plant prefers sandstones, but also feels fine on the swampy plains.
The peculiarity of the plant is a powerful root system, which in a short time completely depletes the soil. Lemongrass leaves are long, light green in color, resemble a decorative bunch. Citrus aroma has foliage and short stem of the plant - they are used as spices after special processing. Lemongrass root is appreciated for its pleasant taste, which is used in cooking.
Chemical composition and beneficial properties
The value of lemongrass is in its beneficial properties, which did not go unnoticed in medicine. Regular use of herbal remedies has a beneficial effect on overall well-being and health. The composition of plant materials include elements necessary for the body:
- a nicotinic acid,
- trace elements (iron, selenium, sodium, potassium),
- vitamin groups (C, B),
- essential oils,
- antiseptics, antioxidants,
- fatty acid.
What is useful Lemongrass, well-known herbalists. They will tell with confidence that the grass has such properties:
- antioxidant disinfectants
- painkillers, tonic,
- bactericidal and fungicidal,
- regenerating and sedatives.
Due to its rich composition and versatile qualities, the benefits of lemongrass can be gained in medicine and cosmetology. Active ingredients will cope with diseases, skin defects, improve well-being. It is recommended to take medicinal formulations inside and treat ointments and lotions on the basis of lemon grass topically.
Indications and contraindications for use
For treatment, it is recommended to use leaves and stalks of lemongrass - from herbal raw materials prepare infusions, decoctions, ointment. To save all the useful qualities is simple - stock up on marinades, dry or freeze lemongrass.
It is better to study medicinal properties and possible harm in advance - this will allow to avoid mistakes and improve health.
Lemongrass is recommended to be used for such diseases or health problems:
- disruption of the digestive tract, failure in the process of metabolism, flatulence,
- catarrhal diseases accompanied by fever,
- nervous disorders, stress, sleep problems,
- respiratory diseases
- nausea with vomiting,
- general weakness
- violations in the blood flow through the vessels
- skin diseases (dermatitis, cellulite, rashes, irritations),
- skin fungus, nail plates,
- inflammation of the dermis,
- problems with the production of breast milk during lactation,
- varicose disease
- fatigue, lethargy, apathy,
- weakening of attention, mental abilities, memory impairment.
Of particular value is the presence of essential substances in the composition - funds based on them are used in cosmetology. Hair loss, unhealthy appearance, split ends, rashes on the face, an uneven shade - only part of the problems that drugs can handle.
Despite the positive properties of lemongrass, which are recommended to be directed against any problems of the body, lemon grass is not shown to everyone. There are few restrictions, but it is better to know them in advance.
Contraindications to the use of lemongrass:
- a negative reaction of the body to some of the components that make up lemongrass,
- propensity for allergies to external or internal irritants,
- baby period,
- age (it is forbidden in the treatment to use lemongrass to the elderly and children),
- dry skin, a tendency to flaking,
- professional activity in which the voice is involved (components of lemon grass can cause hoarseness, hoarseness, scratchy and even compression of the vocal cords).
Запрещено проводить лечение средствами на основе лемонграсса более двух недель. Несмотря на полезные свойства, растение способно вызвать аллергию или ряд отрицательных эффектов, среди которых часто встречаются раздражение на кожных покровах, проблемы с пищеварительным трактом, нарушения стула.
Side effects in the absence of prohibitions on the use of tools for the preparation of which is used Lemongrass, practically do not arise. Only incorrect use, overdose, and abuse of the beneficial properties of the herb can cause negative reactions.
The peculiarity of lemongrass is universality, because they use lemongrass not only in medicine, but also in cosmetology and cooking. It is recommended to stock up with valuable plant raw materials in the summer - it is at this time that maximum vitamins and minerals accumulate in the stems and leaves. If the plant is grown at home, you can chop the lemon grass and send it to the freezer. Further used for cooking, home remedies, cosmetics.
Dried product is famous for its special value - it is recommended to make harvesting from lemongrass if vegetable raw materials are purchased in a store. The raw materials after processing keep smells, lemon aroma. You shouldn’t chop the grass before drying - send the stems and leaves under direct sunlight and leave until moisture evaporates. Grind raw materials into powder or rub hands. Store in glass containers that are sealed.
The use of lemongrass regardless of cooking should be in accordance with the recipes of traditional medicine or cooking. There is no need to experiment - an excess of lemongrass in dishes causes bitterness and an unpleasant aroma. Means of alternative medicine from exceeding the recommended dosage will not become more effective, but, on the contrary, they can cause a number of negative reactions.
Lemon grass is famous for using alternative medicine in different formulations. On the basis of lemongrass prepare:
- lotions (recommended for diseases of the dermis),
- ointment (used for diseases of the joints, non-healing wounds, severe burns),
- cream (treat wounds, dermatitis, rashes, improve the condition of the dermis),
- infusions, decoctions (taken orally from diseases of the digestive tract, colds, respiratory diseases).
The easiest option to use lemon grass at home is to prepare an infusion recommended for the treatment of internal organs and prevention. Recipe:
- Chop into small gruel stems, leaves of lemongrass (25 g).
- Pour vegetable raw materials with boiling water (180-220 ml).
- Leave to brew for half an hour (for a rich aroma and taste, close the container tightly with a lid, wrap with a towel).
- Filter the liquid.
It is recommended to use for intake, but it is possible to carry out inhalations at catarrhal diseases or gargling at a sore throat. To improve the taste add honey. It is allowed to take no more than 450 ml of drink per day.
Using dry grass in cooking, you should prepare for a bouquet of taste and aroma, typical of Asian cuisine. It is recommended to add spice to soups and sauces, but a small amount of fragrant lemon grass can decorate marinades to fish, meat, making an excellent combination with spices. Freshly cut stalks are used to make pastries.
Features of the use of lemongrass in cooking:
- Regardless of whether the stems are fresh or dry, they need to be chopped beforehand - the raw materials are quite tough,
- a simple trick will help to improve the aroma of the plant - before adding raw petioles to the dishes, repel them with a knife
- if large parts of the stem are added to the soup or sauce, remove the ingredient before serving - it has already given the dish its flavor and taste.
Often, lemon grass is used to make drinks. Tea brewed from dry lemongrass has useful qualities and is recommended for improving immunity. To prepare a drink is simple - to rub dry stems and leaves and brew with boiling water. Proportions - 2 liters of water 60 g of lemongrass. Infuse for at least half an hour, then filter and add sweet ingredients (honey, sugar).
Lemongrass is often used for the manufacture of cosmetics - cream, masks, lotions, perfumes. Lemon grass has this effect:
- cleans and cares for normal and fat-prone skin,
- copes with excessive sweating, unpleasant smell,
- eliminates dermatitis, acne, redness, pigment spots,
- tightens pores
- normalizes the sebaceous glands (reduces their activity, removes the oily layer on the dermis).
It is not necessary to prepare special skin care products - it is enough to add the herb essential oil to any cream or tonic to increase its effectiveness.
Lemon grass is a plant with many advantages, but only the correct and moderate use of lemongrass will improve the taste of the dish or achieve positive results in the treatment of diseases. Before using cymbopogon, you need to study all the features, indications and prohibitions - this will avoid unpleasant consequences.
How does lemongrass look and grow?
Externally, cymbopogon is similar to tall grass, which can grow up to 2 meters. Its leaves are narrow and sprawling, the stem is mostly red. In nature, it is found exclusively in warm, humid areas - North Africa and Southern Europe, as well as India and Indonesia. It is grown in culture by whole plantations, but in nature, there are often lonely growing bushes.
Lemon grass has the greens of rich colors. At the same time, the grown leaves begin to sag under their own weight, with the result that the plant looks like a real bush.
Chemical composition and healing properties of cymbopogon
In addition to its nutritional value, lemon grass favorably affects the state of the body due to the fact that Its composition includes many useful substances:
- trace elements, including rare (iron, calcium, zinc, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, selenium),
- nicotinic acid (vitamin PP),
- vitamin C,
- B vitamins,
- essential oils.
Thanks to this composition Cymbopogon has a complex effect on the body:
- disinfectant (copes with many harmful bacteria, fungi and even insects):
- pain reliever
- sedative (sedative),
- anti-inflammatory and wound healing.
Cymbopogon also helps to restore tissue and normalizes metabolic processes, which contributes to a more complete course of the digestive processes in the body.
Features of collecting and storing lemongrass
Collect greens of lemon grass when it has already reached medium size (from one and a half meters). It is dried in open sunlight for several weeks, and then crushed into vegetable raw materials or into fine powder.
If the plant is grown at home, it can be frozen directly fresh. To do this, the leaves should be well washed under cold running water, and then put them in the freezer. In this form, they will not lose freshness in a few months.
About the benefits and rules of brewing lemon grass tea
Dried raw materials are purchased for brewing tea.. To make the drink truly tasty and healthy, you need to take into account several conditions.
- It is best to insist on tea only in ceramic utensils, which retains heat well.
- The amount of the mixture is taken to taste, but often it is recommended to take at least a tablespoon of herb into a glass of boiling water.
- Brew tea does not need too long - just hold for 5-10 minutes.
- After brewing the cake, you can immediately remove it, but it should not be thrown away - it will fit perfectly to make tea 2-3 more times.
Tea with lemon grass has a beneficial effect on the body:
- relieves heaviness in the stomach
- tones the muscles
- gives the effect of vitality,
- stimulates sexual function, has a positive effect on potency.
Plant use options
Lemongrass is used in various fields:
- drug in the fight against certain diseases,
- culinary seasoning
- flavoring agent
- Cosmetic tool.
Such a wide range of applications is explained by the valuable components of the plant, which can heal, produce a good aroma and create a piquant taste.
Lemongrass in medicine
The main valuable component of cymbopogon is the essential oil, which is used in the treatment of various skin lesions. It acts as a disinfectant and anti-inflammatory agent, effectively coping with the prevention of infections in the body.
This healing property of the herb is used in the treatment of:
- skin boils,
- microbial eczema (skin rash caused by bacteria),
- acne (acne),
- various respiratory viral infections (bronchitis, tonsillitis, rhinitis),
- drowsiness and exhaustion,
This list is far from complete - lemon grass has a beneficial effect on various organ systems, which explains its complex action.
Pharmaceutical forms of this tool are represented by the following drugs:
- Alcohol tincture (with its help they treat viral diseases, as well as take as a sedative).
- Essential oil used as a disinfectant, anti-inflammatory and flavoring agent.
- Also, lemon grass can be purchased at the pharmacy in the form of dried raw materials, from which to create different medicines according to recipes.
Lemongrass in cooking
The herb is widely used as a base for brewing tea, as well as a pleasant flavoring agent for some Asian and Caribbean dishes. Sorghum has a pleasant lemon flavortherefore, the tea from it resembles tea with lemon. This tea is very useful because it has a good effect on blood pressure and the general body tone, helps to quench thirst (especially in cold form), which is very important for hot tropical countries.
As a spice, cymbopogon is added to fish, poultry, and seafood dishes. This not only improves their taste, but also makes food more beneficial to the body.
Slimming and cosmetology
In cosmetology, cymbopogon has found applications due to its essential oils, which dissolve perfume perfumes well and ensure their durability. Also lemon grass is applied and how Good remedy for some cosmetic problems:
- Sorghum copes well with problematic skin, effectively removing excess fat from the sebaceous glands and thereby normalizing metabolic processes in the dermis of the skin.
- Provides intensive hair growth, and also allows you to strengthen brittle hair.
- Significantly strengthens hair follicles, which prevents abundant hair loss.
Composition and calorie content of lemongrass
Seasoning refers to low-calorie foods, and therefore, it can be safely used in the diet.
Calorie lemongrass - 99 kcal per 100 grams, of which:
- Protein - 1.82 g,
- Fat - 0.49 g,
- Carbohydrates - 25.31 g
- Water - 70,58 g,
- Ash - 1.8 g
Macro elements per 100 g:
- Potassium - 723 mg,
- Calcium - 65 mg,
- Magnesium - 60 mg,
- Sodium - 6 mg,
- Phosphorus - 101 mg.
Trace elements per 100 g:
- Iron - 8.17 mg,
- Manganese - 5,224 mg,
- Copper - 266 mcg,
- Selenium - 0.7 µg,
- Zinc - 2.23 mg.
Vitamins per 100 g:
- Beta carotene - 0.003 mg,
- Vitamin B1 - 0.065 mg,
- Vitamin B2 - 0.135 mg,
- Vitamin B5 - 0.05 mg,
- Vitamin B6 - 0.08 mg,
- Vitamin B9 - 75 micrograms,
- Vitamin C - 2.6 mg,
- Vitamin PP, NE - 1,101 mg.
Sterols (sterols) per 100 g:
- Phytosterols - 6 mg,
- Campesterol - 1 mg,
- Stigmasterol - 1 mg,
- Beta Sitosterol - 4 mg.
Fatty acids per 100 g:
- Omega-3 - 0.031 g,
- Omega-6 - 0.138 g,
- Saturated - 0.119 g,
- Monounsaturated - 0.054 g,
- Polyunsaturated - 0.17 g
Also in the grass contains the most valuable essential oils, one of them includes such rare components as geraniol and central - they are excellent natural antiseptics and antibiotics. In addition, they have a regenerating property.
Useful properties of lemongrass
As you can see, only the essential oil of the grass has a huge benefit. Add to this the fact that the plant contains an impressive vitamin-mineral complex and other biologically active substances necessary for the body, and you will understand why this seasoning is so useful. No wonder since ancient times the use of lemongrass goes beyond cooking. Culture is widely used for health and beauty purposes.
So let's look at the benefits of lemongrass in more detail:
- Prevention and treatment of colds. The plant has a beneficial effect on the immune system, strengthens the body's defenses. Thus, even in the cold season with regular use of lemon grass, you can be calm for your health. However, citrus seasoning is not only a prophylactic, but also a therapeutic one. It actively helps fight the virus and relieves symptoms.
Normalization of the gastrointestinal tract. Lemongrass regulates intestinal motility and speeds up the metabolism. Thus, the natural healthy process of digestion is established. The effect on metabolism will be especially appreciated by those who struggle with excess weight, and those who suffer from its various disorders - constipation, flatulence, colitis, etc., have a beneficial effect on the gastrointestinal tract.
Beneficial effect on the circulatory system. Lemongrass improves blood circulation and lymph flow, and also has a strengthening effect on the blood vessels. Due to these effects, the risk of developing various diseases, including varicose veins, thrombosis, etc., is reduced.
Strengthening the muscular system. Athletes will especially appreciate this beneficial effect; the plant not only makes the ligaments and muscles stronger, but also generally improves stamina. So tea with lemon grass before training or marathon is a great idea.
Activation of mental activity. A powerful tonic effect is another important useful property of lemongrass. Its constituent components stimulate brain activity, improve concentration, and combat mental fatigue. That is, drinks and meals with lemongrass is useful to drink not only before the upcoming exercise, but also mental - an exam, an important meeting. By the way, they separately note the ability of lemongrass to increase the driver's composure due to the tonic effect, and therefore, choosing flavors for cars, pay attention to those that have at least a hint of lemon grass smell.
Anti-aging effect. The plant contains antioxidant substances that actively combat excess levels of free radicals and prevent premature aging, as well as reduce the likelihood of developing cancer.
Prevention and treatment of various inflammations. The essential oil contained in the herb, containing geraniol and central, has a powerful bactericidal effect and works as an antiseptic, and therefore helps prevent the development of pathogenic processes or slow them down. The regenerating properties of these components allow you to recover faster after a disease.
Prevention of oral diseases. Antiseptic action in combination with another important effect of the plant, deodorizing, makes Lemongrass an excellent means to prevent diseases of the oral cavity - stomatitis, gingivitis, etc.
It is noteworthy that the beneficial properties of lemongrass are recognized not only by traditional medicine, but also official, many pharmacological preparations are made on the basis of lemongrass.
In folk medicine, the product is used mainly in three directions - the treatment of gastrointestinal diseases, colds and fungal diseases. The effectiveness of the herb in the latter case determines the already twice mentioned essential oil containing geraniol and the core, which also has a fungicidal action — that is, it actively kills fungi and mold.
Harm and contraindications to lemongrass
The list of useful properties of lemon grass is really impressive, but, unfortunately, not every person is given the opportunity to evaluate them fully. If a person is completely healthy and does not take any serious preparations, it is not forbidden to add seasoning to food or prepare various beverages based on it. The main requirement is compliance with the measure.
However, if you have certain diseases, it is best to consult with your doctor before adding the product to your diet.
Harm of lemongrass can bring in the first place to people suffering from hypertension and increased nervous irritability - in this case, the tonic effect can play a bad joke.
With caution, it should be introduced into the diet of allergy sufferers, pregnant women, nursing women and children, because for us it is still an exotic product, unusual for our climate, and therefore individual intolerance to plant components is a common practice.
Usually, people who are allergic to lemon grass even have an unpleasant feeling. Thus, if you felt uncomfortable - dizziness, nausea, etc. appeared. from one smell of the plant, you certainly should not eat it.
How to make lemongrass seasoning
Главная задача лимонной травы в кулинарии — играть роль приправы, которая сделает вкус блюда интереснее и богаче.
Но как же правильно использовать лемонграсс в качестве пряности? Конечно, лучше всего добавлять растение в блюда в свежем виде, так оно хранит больше витаминов и полезных свойств. But do not forget that the grass stalks are soft only inside, and therefore, before putting them, say, in the soup, you must cut them either thinly or coarsely, but put them in a dish in a bag made of natural fabric, and when ready to extract it. Also, the stems can not cut, just a little beat off with a rolling pin and, again, ready to remove from the dish.
With dried lemongrass worry about hardness is not necessary. To dry the grass, you need to rinse it, then wait until it dries, cut the stems into small "pieces" and place in an oven, heated to a temperature of 40-50 degrees. When ready seasoning can grind.
Well, now, let's go directly to the use of lemongrass. In fact, this spice is universal: soups, sauces, dishes of meat, fish, seafood, desserts - the range of use is limited only by your imagination. Just remember, if you want a little sourness and a pleasant citrus scent, Lemongrass grass is a great idea.
However, of course, there are corona dishes with this seasoning, typical for the kitchens of those countries in which it enjoys particular popularity.
Let's look at some of them:
- Citrus Chicken in Coconut Milk. Whole chicken (weighing about 1-1.5 kg), divide, rub with black pepper and salt. Wash the lemon thoroughly, cut it into slices and remove the bones (no need to peel the skin). Slice lemon grass stalks (7 pieces) thinly. Place a few lemon slices and a piece of lemon grass, as well as garlic (5 cloves) in the chicken carcass. Coconut milk (800 ml), lightly whisk, pour it into a pan with a thick bottom, add the remaining lemon and lemongrass, as well as garlic (4-5 cloves) and cilantro (1 bunch). Bring the sauce to a boil, place the chicken in the sauce and put the dish in the oven, heated to 200 degrees, for about an hour.
Mussels in wine sauce. In a skillet, heat the butter (50 grams), fry in it until soft, chopped onions (1 piece) and garlic (3 cloves). Add dry white wine (0.5 l), bay leaf (1 piece), lemongrass (1 stem). Simmer for 10 minutes on low heat. Pour the mussels in the shells (1 kg) and continue to stew the dish until they all open. Unopened mussels can be thrown away, or you can tinker with them and unlock the doors with a knife. Put them on a serving plate. Prepare the sauce: strain the broth, mix it with cream (100 ml), a pinch of saffron and Kaen pepper. Pour over mussels sauce.
Vegetarian thai soup. In the vegetable broth or water (800 ml), add a stalk of lemon grass (1 piece) broken off with a rolling pin, as well as star anise (2 asterisks), finely chopped ginger (root 10-15 cm) and garlic (3 cloves). Boil for half an hour, then remove the lemongrass and almonds, add chopped cabbage (200 grams). Boil for 5 minutes, remove the soup from the heat and, when it cools a little, add soy or fish sauce (1 tsp) and lime juice to taste, as well as spring onions (a couple of feathers) and finely chopped chili (1 piece).
Of course, all these recipes are quite exotic and some ingredients necessary for cooking are not sold in every Russian store. However, again, the use of lemongrass in recipes is a matter of your imagination, no one restricts you.
Lemongrass Drink Recipes
At the beginning of the article we talked about the fact that in Africa they love to make tea from lemon sorghum, and in the section on benefits they mentioned that it tones up perfectly, struggles with physical and mental fatigue. However, we still have not told how to brew the lemongrass correctly.
In fact, the recipe is very simple: pour a tablespoon of grass with a glass of boiling water and brew for 5-10 minutes. Strain and drink, adding honey to taste. But, of course, you can drink not only the “naked” lemongrass, but also combine it with various ingredients.
Let's look at a few recipes from lemon grass of different drinks:
- Ginger and Lemongrass Tea. Boil water (0.5 liters), put in her bags of green or black tea (2 pieces), ginger root (3-4 thin slices), honey (2 tablespoons). Insist drink 5-10 minutes. You can add some lemon juice to taste.
Indonesian bandrek. In boiling water (1 cup), place a pinch of ground ginger, cinnamon and lemongrass, a stick of cloves. Add honey to taste. When the drink has cooled slightly, you can drink it. This is a classic recipe of the Indonesian bandrek, but you can also add coriander, cardamom, black pepper, anise, chili and other spices to taste.
Drinks from lemongrass - it is not only tasty, but also very useful. However, please note that they should not be abused, you definitely do not need to drink more glass a day. In addition, if you drink a drink daily, every two weeks you need to take a short break.
Interesting facts about lemongrass
According to an old legend originally from Malaysia, lemon grass is a sacred plant. They used to believe that it was able to protect against wounds and death, and therefore the warriors took the stalks of lemongrass with them into battle or rubbed themselves with its oil, whispering special plots.
In Africa, they still believe in the magic of lemongrass, it is believed that if you seat him around the house, he will scare away snakes. By the way, on this continent the plant is called voodoo grass.
It is believed that the tonic effect of lemongrass extends to sexual desire, but there is no scientific explanation for this fact.
Lemongrass can be grown indoors.
Lemon grass is sold not only in supermarkets, but also in pharmacies, although in the latter it is present only in dried form.
Lemongrass stalks can be used as skewers for meat or fish.
The name of the plant is cymbopogon, the variety of which is lemongrass, consists of two Greek words - “kymbe” and “pogon”, which translates as “boat” and “beard”, respectively. This strange name is understandable, it is believed that the stem of the plant is like a fishing boat, and its lush flowers - like a thick beard.
In the Middle Ages, lemongrass was one of the favorite products of brewers and winemakers.
Watch a video about lemongrass:
In other areas
Lemongrass essential oil can be used as an insecticide in candles, lamps and sprays designed to repel insects. It is curious that such an application of this plant is reflected in the archives of the world, which contain the most ancient chronicles and manuscripts written on palm leaves. But that's not all! Oil not only scares off insects, but also does not allow palm leaves to collapse.
Lemongrass oil is widely used in aromatherapy, providing a psycho-emotional, therapeutic, magical effect. It is widely used in perfumery and cosmetology as a fragrance. Lemongrass oil is an excellent product for hair care, it helps to reduce the fat content and greasiness of the hair and scalp.
Lemongrass is often grown at home.as an ornamental plant - its seeds have a high germination rate.
A good loose soil and drainage are necessary for plant growth; a universal land for vegetable crops will be suitable. Sorghum must be watered frequently, preventing the soil from drying out. Repotting plants is best done once a year.
Another very popular use of lemongrass is use its pleasant smell for:
- air flavoring
- aromatic baths,
- manufacture of oils used in massage procedures.
Lemongrass is used in aromatic lamps that create not only a pleasant atmosphere and elevate mood, like any other citrus scent.
The use of lemongrass as a flavoring agent creates additional protection against blood-sucking insects - flies, mosquitoes. Lemongrass essential oil works particularly well in combination with other plant oils. (lavender, orange, rosemary and others). In the oil burner enough to add a few drops of the mixture to scare off insects for at least a few hours.
Lemon grass, or lemongrass, or cymbopogon (lat. Cymbopogon) is a genus of plants belonging to the family of cereals, or bluegrass (lat. Poaceae). In the world there are about 55 species of lemon grass. The most famous of them are the East Indian lemongrass (lat. Cymbopogone flexuosus), West Indian lemon grass (lat. Cymbopogon citratus), citronella (lat. Cymbopogon nardus) and palmorosis (lat. Cymbopogon martinii).
Lemongrass is a plant that can be found in the wild both in the tropical and subtropical zones of the world. Its height in the tropics can reach up to 1.9 m, but in regions with a cool climate, cymbopogon grows no higher than 1 m. All members of the genus like sunlight, but they also tolerate small shadows. However, all varieties of grass of this kind are afraid of cold weather, since they are very thermophilic.
Lemon grass has such a powerful, fibrous root system that the soil in which members of this genus grow is depleted very quickly. Shoots - cylindrical, segmented. The hard leaves of lemongrass have a long, elongated shape. They are ribbed, alternate, painted in a pale green color. From the leaves and stems comes a delicate citrus scent. Inflorescence paniculate, formed by spikelets. Grow all varieties of this kind of beams. Flowering lemon grass entirely depends on the place of its growth. For example, in Russia, flowering lemongrass does not happen. Cymbopogon flower formula - ↑ О2 + (2) Т3П1.
The genus Lemongrass, or lemon grass includes about 55 species. They all grow pretty quickly and have similar properties. For example, West Indian lemon grass is grown in Malaysia, and East Indian (or Kokhi) lemon grass is grown in Thailand and Sri Lanka. Both varieties of this herb are interchangeable, but the West Indian variety is more used in cooking, in perfumery. Another type of lemongrass is citronella (Latin Cymbopogon nardus and Cymbopogon winterianus). It is similar to the previous varieties, however, it reaches a height of 2 meters and has red petioles. All these types are widely used in a particular industrial area, in particular, in cooking and perfumery.
In perfumery, another type of cymbopogon is used - palmorosis (lat. Cymbopogon martinii). This variety of perennial grass grows in turfs, reaches a height of 1.5 m. It has thin leaves and petioles, which are smaller in comparison with the above-listed types of lemon grass. The leaves of the Lemongrass of the type Palmoraz and its tops contain the oil that is used in the production of geraniol, an alcoholic liquid with a rose smell.
As a kind of lemongrass, or lemon grass includes about 55 species. They are mainly found on the island of Sri Lanka and in India. Also plants of this kind can be found in America, China and Africa. Because of the strong love of moisture, lemongrass grows in swampy places. Lemon grass is a cultivated plant. It is grown in pots, in greenhouses, in the garden. In Russia, they do it mostly because of the decorativeness of cymbopogon.
Preparation of raw materials
For folk medical and ayurvedic purposes, the aerial part of lemon grass is used. It contains essential oil. This oil is obtained by the so-called steam distillation of dried leaves. The output is a yellow-red or red-brown liquid with a fresh, delicate citrus scent.
To keep the lemongrass fresh for several days, it should be thoroughly rinsed in cool water, then dried and placed in a container with a tight-fitting lid. Lemongrass stalks can be frozen, which will allow beneficial properties in its composition to last for 4 months. Dried and crushed stems and leaves of a plant can be stored for the same amount of time. But it would be better if they are poured into a glass jar and closed with an airtight lid. Capacity with raw materials should be kept in a dark, not stuffy place, protected from moisture and sunlight.
The healing properties of lemongrass are due to the presence of useful substances in its chemical composition. It is believed that the plant has analgesic, astringent, carminative, bactericidal, healing, insecticidal, sedative and anti-inflammatory effect, and as a food additive lemon grass allegedly speeds up the metabolism and activates the digestive processes. It is worth noting that no official studies confirming the use of this plant for the human body have been conducted. Therefore, all the benefits mentioned above are nothing more than an axiom.
Use in traditional medicine
Lemongrass, whose beneficial properties are not officially confirmed, is widely used in traditional medicine. For example, Asian traditional healers have long used Lemongrass grass as an aphrodisiac to make love potions that cause sexual attraction. Also, folk oriental medicine uses cymbopogon as a component for the treatment of skin areas affected by a fungus, for example, in dermatitis. Some healers use grass for cellulite, because it is believed that lemongrass stimulates blood circulation and lymph flow. Populists healers from the island of Sri Lanka use cymbopogon for muscle pain, weakness and dizziness, for head cold, sinus, etc.