Rejuvenated, able to take root among the stones, content with water droplets and breeding in the most difficult conditions, is rightly recognized as the most undemanding plant. If you chose a young for decorating a rock garden, curbs or other parts of the garden, planting and caring in the open field for the plant will not require a lot of effort from the site owner.
The numerous species of the mollusk belonging to the Tolstiankov family are found not only in flower beds and alpine hills. These succulents are quite appropriate in the forest and forest-steppe zone of Europe and Asia. Herbaceous winter-hardy perennials are extremely undemanding to the conditions of growth, they multiply by seeds, but more often form a dense semblance of a carpet, occupying territory with the help of daughter plants.
In garden design, this culture feature, its simplicity, and the amazing decorativeness of the compact star-shaped rosettes of thickened leaves, due to which they were young, received one of their names “stone rose”, are actively used.
How and when to plant young in open ground? What you need to know about caring for a plant?
Features and breeding methods
Today it has become more and more popular. More than a dozen species of this plant are used as a green garden decoration, and the number of cultivated varieties has long exceeded several hundred. Gardening centers and nurseries for planting and caring for the young in the open field offer young rooted rosettes and seeds to summer residents.
It is much easier to use daughter plants. They easily take root in a new place and soon they themselves give a tiny offspring sitting on elongated mustache shoots.
The funny look of a large rosette strewn with children predetermined one more name young, under which the plant is known in the USA and Europe. This is a “chickens hen”.
Seeds to grow young is more difficult. But for those gardeners who want to replenish their collection at once with a multitude of unpretentious plants unlike each other, it is worth trying to master the cultivation of the young for open ground from seeds.
Growing young seed from open ground
To land in the ground in the middle of summer, sowing is carried out in February or in early March. Seedlings do not need a large layer of soil, so choose a wide, but not deep container with drainage holes.
For planting reed need a light, aerated substrate, eliminating the stagnation of moisture. Succulents do not need a lot of nutrients, so the ready-made composition for cacti or a mixture of equal parts of peat and sand with the addition of crushed charcoal is quite suitable for seedlings.
Seeds are spread over a wet surface and barely sprinkled with fresh soil. Germination proceeds under a film or glass. Until the shoots appear, the greenhouse is ventilated from time to time, preventing the formation of condensate. With the advent of sprouts, the container is transferred to the sun, moderately, but regularly watered.
To seedlings were strong, they need a lot of light. But direct sunlight, especially during the midday hours, can cause burns on young, loose leaf plates.
Approximately two months later, the seedlings dive, spreading 5–6 cm apart. Practically all of the youngsters intended for planting in the open ground are ready for disembarking for permanent residence by July.
Planting rejuvenated in open ground and care for seedlings
Before planting grown or collected from adult plants sockets, you need to select a suitable site. In the sun, the young form more dense decorative rosettes than in the shade. In addition, small plants are easily lost among the taller population of the flower bed. Therefore, for planting molodil and care for him in the open field are more suitable places on the curbs, the front alpine garden or flower beds. Culture perfectly settles in balcony boxes, flowerpots.
It was unpretentious, but it grows better in open sunny places with light soil. Her fertility plays a minor role.
Sockets grow well even on stony hills with a small alluvial layer of soil and almost not containing humus sand. Sand is added to dense clay soil or chernozem; crushed charcoal, fine expanded clay or pebbles will be a useful component of the substrate. They are also used for mulching the surface of the soil after planting.
Child rosettes on the young appear in June, then they quickly grow up and in a couple of weeks they are ready to be transferred to a new permanent place. In some areas of the Urals, in the north-west and in Siberia, planting has grown in open ground and the care of new plants in a flower bed may be delayed for 7–10 days, but this does not affect the survival of unpretentious ornamental culture.
Before planting young rosettes, it is very important to rid the soil of weeds, especially of perennial, rhizomes that reproduce by their roots. When the young begin to grow, the appearance of weeds will worsen the appearance of the flowerbed, but it will be very difficult to get rid of them without harming the cultivated species.
The distance between the individual sockets when planting depends on the varietal characteristics and the growth rate. The larger the adult specimens, the less often the planting of young seedlings is young. On average, the interval between the holes is 5–10 cm. But already next year, a luxurious carpet with a rich texture and palette will be in place of individual outlets.
Care for the young outdoors
The youngsters are planted in moist soil, then the area is carefully watered using a divider. In the future, most of the cultivated species do without additional care. Only in particularly hot months, the young ones become discolored and lose their tone, letting you know about the lack of moisture.
The plant is excellent for shallow sprinkling, which does not erode the soil and does not violate the integrity of the green cover.
Until the sockets grow, it is important to maintain the looseness and cleanliness of the soil. Top dressing for molodil are optional. If they are carried out, then only liquid means in the spring and during the active formation of children.
With minimal care after planting in the open ground, the young became completely rooted and grew by the fall. Therefore, these plants winter well. But they ate late with disembarking, not acclimatized sockets are affected by frosts and do not survive until winter.
You can save sockets planted in August and September by covering them with spruce branches or a covering material for the winter. In the spring, the snow melting field should be removed immediately, so that the plants do not rot.
Before wintering, adult plants are cleaned of wilted peduncles, dead leaves and other plant debris. Since the plants are retiring with green leaves, caring for the young in the open ground in winter involves maintaining a sufficient layer of snow over the flowerbed. More attention is not needed. As soon as the spring warmth comes, and the drifts melt, tight green rosettes will reappear in the light.
Description and variety
Rejuvenated - a perennial plant, belongs to the family of Crassulaceae and has a full set of qualities inherent in the popular indoor flower. Thick juicy stems, fleshy leaves, which accumulate moisture and form an outlet similar to a rose flower, give charm to hare cabbage. The flowers of the young people are often inconspicuous, painted in delicate white, pink or yellow tones. They are located on the peduncles, towering above the sheet rosette by 15-20 cm.
From more than 50 species and varieties of stone roses for growing in open ground gardeners choose the following.
- Rejuvenated roofing - a fairly large plant. The outlet diameter is up to 20 cm, the height of the bush is 8 cm, peduncles often exceed half a meter. The flowers are dark or light purple color disclosed in mid-July, the duration of flowering - 5-6 weeks. The leaves are green with a rich red, purple or golden brown border.
- A young Russian was interesting by large leaves, up to 35 cm long, with a small diameter of the socket - 7-10 cm - and flecked grooves with stems. Loose fluffy inflorescences on a 10-cm peduncle reveal yellow flowers from July to August, the flowering period is about 6 weeks.
- Squishy cobweb forms very small, up to 2 cm in diameter, leafy sockets of saturated green color with reddish transitions. Special charm to the plant give thin hairs, enveloping the leaves, like cobwebs. Flowers of purple-red color adorn the plant since July.
- A young marble attracts the attention of the spectacular color of the leaves - they are reddish with a green border. Young leaves slightly pubescent, which adds unusualness to the plant. Sockets up to 10 cm, peduncles up to 20 cm thickly covered with pink flowers with white edging of petals.
- The rejuvenated Wolfe is valued by summer residents for an unusual look: green shiny leaves with a beautiful red base are framed with cilia-bristles. Peduncles growing from small (4-5 cm) rosettes reach a length of 25 cm, flowers of lemon-yellow color with a purple base. Grows only on neutral or weakly alkaline soils.
- Young Caucasian - a group of plants that require a high content of calcium in the soil: in their natural environment, they grow on poor rocky soils. The diameter of the outlet - from 2.5 to 5 cm, depending on the specific type. The height of the peduncles, often leafy, up to 25 cm. The color of the flowers is yellow, lilac, purple.
- Reindeer Gamma is the only variety bred by breeders that tolerates slight waterlogging and shading. The leaves are dark brown, white flowers.
Stone flower looks outlandish, bizarre. It seems that planting such an unusual plant is a tricky business. This is not true. The implementation of only a few mandatory, but simple conditions guarantee the full development of the young on the site.
- Planting dates - from spring to autumn. The main thing is to have time to settle down young before the arrival of the final cold weather.
- Landing place - always sunny. Semi-prick plant grows dull, poorly developed, completely shaded quickly dies.
- The soil is infertile, with a high content of sand, not retaining moisture.
- The wells for planting make small - the root system of the hare cabbage develops poorly. The step between plants is from 5 cm for miniature varieties up to 15 and more for varieties with large rosettes. Balls seedlings are placed in the holes and slightly pressed into the ground. It is not necessary to pour the soil.
After planting the plants are watered moderately.
If the site is heavy soil or the land is too fertile for the young, it is planted on artificial elevations of gravel and a mixture of land and sand.
Open field maintenance
Care for young is minimal, but has some special features.
- Watered immediately after planting, then after 2-3 days is very poor. The leaves and stems of the plant are able to store moisture and spend it as needed. Plants have enough natural rainfall. Only with a prolonged drought (more than 7-10 days) they add a little water to it.
- The stone rose is very fond of soil loosening, but it should be done carefully so as not to damage the surface root system.
- Weed removal is a mandatory procedure. Unexpected guests not only adversely affect the decorativeness of planting, but also create a shadow, which is harmful for the young.
Faded flower stalks are removed without waiting for them to wilt. Otherwise, you can lose the plant itself: giving all the power to the formation of seeds, the socket dries.
- You can feed only plants older than three years, making once a season fertilizer for cacti or succulents in half the dose. But this is not necessary, because fertilizers give impetus to the active growth of leaves. This significantly reduces the decorativeness of the young: the color of plump leaves is aligned to a monochromatic green. In addition, fertilizing has a negative effect on the ability of the plant to survive the frosty winter.
- Wintering reed requires shelter construction. Although the plant is frost-resistant, it is covered for the winter with the sole purpose - to prevent moisture from entering the leafy sockets, this usually leads to decay. Use any materials at hand, especially transparent plastic packaging has proven itself. Plants that overwinter for the first time are covered with spruce leaves.
- Transplantation is carried out from spring to mid-autumn. The overgrown “plantations” are divided and transferred to another place with the help of an ordinary shovel: they simply pick up a layer of land with plants and move it.
Rejuvenated without problems, it grows in one place for four years, then it starts to degenerate - leaves become smaller, rot or illness of a leaf rosette is possible. To avoid this, the plant is dug up, the old outlet is thrown away, the rest are seated.
Propagated young in three ways: cuttings, children and seeds.
The cuttings of a stone flower are not the usual twigs with leaves, but parts of the mother plant that develop after rooting into an independent specimen, completely similar to the parent. As a rule, take leaves for reproduction. The preferred time of the year is spring, the period of active growth is young. It is desirable that the weather was dry and warm.
The slices on the cuttings are powdered with wood or activated carbon and dried for 10-15 days. The lower parts are wrapped in paper, holding future flowers in a darkened place.
Root in lightly moistened sand or other substrate, devoid of nutrients. To maintain the microclimate, the cuttings are covered with a transparent material. The tiny sheet rosette that appeared at the base of the cutting is a sign that the process has been successfully completed. Baby plants can be watered with warm water and planted in a permanent place.
Children, or daughter outlets, are young fully formed lateral shoots, in most cases already formed their full root system. They are separated and planted in a slightly moist substrate. For fidelity, they are sprayed with stimulants, but they have managed to cope with rooting even without additional procedures. In order for children to get accustomed well and quickly, they need sunshine and warmth - about 25 ° C.
Some types of hare cabbage throw arrows up to 30 cm in length, on which daughter rosettes are formed.
Just planted young plants need reliable wind protection: a strong gust of wind easily “rips out” shoots with weak roots.
The most difficult breeding option was young - sowing seeds. The difficulty is that the seeds quickly lose their germination. The process itself is simple and straightforward. The substrate is taken on the basis of sand - infertile. Seeds are laid out with an interval of 4 cm in the pits with a depth of no more than 1 cm, which make the usual pencil, gently press down with your finger. Then moderately watered through a small spray. Duration of seed germination depends on the variety, usually the process takes a half to two weeks. Seedlings need light (bright but diffused) and warm. By the landing at a permanent place, they will be ready in a month.
Pests and diseases
To the pests of the molodil first of all carry the birds visiting the site - raven, jays, jackdaws, thrushes. They just scatter the rosettes loosely held in the soil over the area, often damaging the juicy leaves. Another enemy of the stone rose is the grub beetle larvae, who love to feast on the base of the stem. After the raids of birds and the feast of larvae, the rosettes are collected, the damaged parts are removed and re-rooted.
The main disease was young - rot. The disease develops if there is a prolonged bad weather, or when overflow. Affected plants are removed.
Undemanding to growing conditions, young serves as a wonderful decoration of alpine hills, beautifully fringing flower beds and sun-drenched paths. At the minimum care - on the principle of "do not interfere" - the plant responds unusual beauty that attracts everyone's attention.
Description was young
The plant belongs to perennials. It is ranked as a common crass collar family. The appearance of the flower is quite unusual and very beautiful. Each petal is thickened, its leaves and inflorescence are filled inside with water. This plant probably will not be confused with any other. It is very often used by gardeners and landscape designers.
Buds are very similar to the inflorescences of roses. It is on the kind of terry roses that grow directly from the ground. Pay attention to the photo, here you can see how similar these two flower cultures are.
Young inflorescences practically grow on each other, forming dense carpets of flowers, and incredibly beautiful and colorful compositions. The leaves have a very elongated shape, with a sharp tip. There are varieties of this flower that have fluffy ciliated formations on the foliage.
All varieties and types of plants differ due to:
- Color range.
- Foliage form.
Young flowers may have color:
The height of each blooming flower can reach in size about 20-22 centimeters. Цветок держится в распущенном состоянии очень недолгий промежуток времени, поэтому чаще всего любоваться приходится разнообразием листьев, собранных в розетки.
Этот вид растения имеет плоскую листву. Соцветие не очень высокое, можно даже сказать о том, что оно низко стелющееся. Окружность всего бутона не превышает 8 сантиметров в диаметре. Молодило кровельное имеет:
- Насыщенный зелёный цвет.
- Реснитчатые образования на конце листьев.
- Продолговатой формы.
- С острым наконечником.
This variety has one remarkable feature, its leaves can change color from green to red when the color mode changes. The blooming buds are either dark in color or light purple. The opening of the bud occurs along the trajectory of the star.
This variety begins flowering in mid-summer and ends late in the fall. The total flowering period is 40–45 days. This variety began its distribution in Europe and Asia Minor. Based on this variety, a huge number of other varieties and subspecies are bred. This is a very popular variety for breeders, its scientific name is sempervivum tectorum.
This type of plant is distinguished by a clearly visible fuzz that forms on the leaves. This formation is very similar to the web, which is why the variety got its name. The plant most often grows on open spaces of the Caucasus. In diameter, the inflorescences of the roofing mololed are rather small, no more than 30 millimeters. The buds, letting go, show us an incredibly rich red shade of a flower. Grow best on stony surfaces, forming a chic carpet.
Spider web has:
- Lanceolate leaves.
- The tip of the leaves has a pointed red color.
- On the tip white hairs grow. It is thanks to them that the web is formed.
- Inflorescence complex composed of several buds. Their number can reach no more than 16 pieces.
This perennial succulent begins its bloom in July. There are many varieties of this variety that were bred by the breeders. In Russia, this plant began to gain popularity about 30 years ago. The first flowers were recorded in the botanical garden.. Here they came from the Baltic.
This plant variety grows in large areas of the Russian Federation, as well as Asia Minor. It is worth noting that most often this plant grows in the wild. This perennial plant can reach heights of up to 350 millimeters.
Young Russian has:
- Stalks with grooves.
- Leaves oblong shape. With pointed tips.
- At the edges of the foliage there are dense hairs.
- Buds can be up to 100 millimeters in diameter.
- The height of the bud reaches 10 centimeters.
Flowering this variety starts in the middle of the summer period, begins to bloom in July and ends in early September.
This variety of this flower culture stands out against the background of its other, not ordinary color, not flowers, but leaves. On the smallest emerging outlets of this variety can be discerned a small hairy edge. The color scheme of just such a young plant has a shade of dark red color. But the edges of the leaves in this case will be greenish, and the edge too.
This type of rearing reaches not very large size, its outlet diameter does not exceed, as a rule, 100 millimeters. But It is worth noting that the flowers themselves, during the flowering of the marble young, tend to stretch a long distance, about 200 millimeters. Starting its flowering, this plant will delight you with beautiful buds, which will have a red saturated color, you can even say half a brighter than the leaves. And this magnificence will stand out at the edges of the petals with a charming white stripe. This strip is another additional feature of this variety.
You can multiply a marble youth or plant it on your plot only if you purchase special seeds, or buying seedlings of this plant. This species does not occur anywhere in the wild, unfortunately. This variety has a large number of other species bred from it.
This variety of flower culture, such as young, you can meet in the wild nature of the Caucasus or in northern Turkey. The scientific name of the variety is Sempervivum globiferum. Wildlife can delight the beauty of this plant in areas very high and remote from us. The height of the terrain can reach about 3 thousand meters. This flower just hung with the stone slopes of the Caucasus. Therefore, before you start planting this plant in your summer cottage, consider whether you can provide him with comfortable conditions for development and growth. This variety is very demanding to care.
The sparking spawn does not take root on a very shady piece of land. It can also be ruined by excessive soil moisture. This plant starts its blooming, like many others in July, and ends closer to autumn. It is worth noting that the outlet of this plant is not very large, in diameter they reach no more than 30 millimeters. But the flower leg can stretch five times more than the base itself, that is, at 30 millimeters of the base diameter, the flower gives an arrow with a bud about 15 centimeters.
The flowers are very close together, each other has a spherical shape, and their color spectrum has a rich green tint. Sometimes the green mixed with shades of yellow. This gives the plant even greater expressiveness and beauty. Do not forget to say about the color of the sockets with leaves, they are green, but in this case, the color at the top of the pointed leaves changes to red tone.
Planting and plant care
In order to ensure the flower was young planting and proper care, which is required for this plant, you need to follow a few points:
- Choosing a place for planting plants.
- Preparation of soil for landing.
- Ensuring proper soil moisture.
- Shelter for the winter.
- Transplant plants.
These are the points that you need to properly observe in order for your plant to always delight you with its flowering and healthy appearance. Now let's take a closer look at each item.
Choosing a landing site
For proper growth and development of this plant, you must provide the habitat to which you are accustomed to in the wild. Of course, we will not be able to provide him with all the requirements, but at least we will try, a little closer to the wild nature. Since this is a stone flower, then, as you already understood, the most correct way is to plant it on a rocky hill or on a soil with a high content of rock, even if very small.
Do not forget that sunlight plays a very large role in the life and development of the plant, thanks to it all photosynthesis processes occur. In the case when the plant will not have enough light, you will immediately notice that it loses its saturated color, and the rosette with the leaves of the flower will crawl in different directions.
Preparation of open ground for planting
After you have decided on the place where you plant young, begins preparatory work with the soil. For this plant, as a rule, best suited to the soil where water does not linger. And this means that the soil should contain quite a lot of river sand and small stones. Through such a soil, unnecessary moisture will very well go away and there will be no rotting of the plant's root system. If you have ordinary soil, you can easily make it suitable for growing young:
- Dig a hole in it to make a drainage layer.
- Stir the soil, which was taken from the pit, with river sand.
- You can add a small amount of small stones.
That's all, the soil and the landing site is young.
Pay attention to the fact that we described at the beginning of our article that this plant belongs to the group of succulents. This means that the outlet with its leaves contains a huge amount of accumulated moisture to power the flower. Moisturize the soil will need only before you plant young in the open ground. After you have planted it, no additional watering or spraying of soil around it is required.
This flower will have enough moisturethat he will take in the event of natural precipitation. Of course, if you see that you have a complete drought in the area, you can shed some plants to maintain good development, especially during the flowering period, but this should be done only with an acute lack of moisture for the plant.
Shelter for the winter perennial
This sun-loving plant can not withstand the cold without adequate shelter for the winter. If winter has come swiftly, and you did not have time to cover your plants, use the fir branches, and cover the soil. In another case, when there is time to prepare, you can simply transplant flowers in pots, basins or wide flowerpots, and put the winter on the veranda.
This perennial is very good at transplanting. It can be transplanted at any time of the year, preferably only before the winter period to transplant the plant a little earlier, even after the buds wilt. This is required in order for the roots, which are damaged when digging out a flower, were able to recover before the plant hibernates for the winter period. And so, as a rule, this perennial problem doesn’t arise during the whole summer period during the transplant from place to place, it will take root everywhere if comfortable conditions are created for it.
Growing young at home
This perennial flower is so unique that it can grow well like on the slopes of stone mountains, on a garden plot or even at home on your windowsill. If you approach the cultivation of this plant from a decorative point of view, you can plant it in small containers and construct beautiful compositions at home. This flower will grow well and develop at home if you plant it in a soil mixture for succulents or cacti.
Pay attention to the fact that there are no natural precipitations at home, so it is imperative that we lay a drainage layer on the bottom of the tank when we plant, so that when we irrigate, which we will produce, excessive moisture goes down and does not stand in the root system. Important! Watering young at home should be no more than once every three weeks. This will be quite enough for him to develop well and grow at home.
Never spray the plant. Since there is no such outdoor sun at home, the water in between the leaves in the outlet can stagnate and harm the plant. It is best to water under the outlet of the flower, directly into the soil. And also worth noting, that if there is a possibility of placing the plants on the balcony, where the sun's rays will warm more young, it is better to put it there.
Pay attention to the fact that this plant blooms only once in its entire life. Therefore, waiting for the re-dialing bud is simply pointless, you need to plant new copies. But it is worth noting that even without buds and blossoming flowers, this perennial is still very extraordinarily beautiful with its unique rosette with leaves.
It is a slightly oblate ball, 8 cm high and 20 cm in diameter. Leaves are dense, fleshy, pointed tops are red. Flowering occurs from July to August with red or pink flowers. The British planted this variety on roofs as a living tile. Hence the name of the variety.
You can also read more about how to propagate the roofing and look after it in this article.
A small plant, reaches 5 cm in diameter. The leaves are pale green, thick. Well suited for diluting bright floral arrangements.
Small strong sockets with reddish bloom.
It has thin leaves, collected in eight centimeter rosettes. The leaves are light green, with a clear blue or gray tint. Pointed ends, brown or black color. It does not bloom profusely, pink flowers.
It has a motley color with red and green divorces. The diameter of the rosette is 12 cm. It blooms in red flowers with white trim.
Small, spherical sockets up to 5 cm in diameter. This species blooms with yellow and green flowers that are collected in inflorescences.
The leaves have an elongated, pointed shape, covered with short stems on the peduncles. The outlet diameter is 5-6 cm. Peduncles can reach 35 cm in height. It blooms yellow flowers.
How to plant a “stone rose” in the garden?
Even a beginner can cope with growing this succulent. Stone rose is resistant to drought, direct sunny color, able to survive the winter even in the harsh northern latitudes. Young plant better planted in June and July. Some summer residents plant sooner or later, the main thing is that the plant has time to take root by autumn.
For landing it is better to choose an open, sunny place. Nearby there should not be tall plants that will darken the young. The constant shadow is detrimental to the condition of the plant. Stone rose prefers stony areas, the soil should be rich in sand and clay.
Prepare a flower bed with a light sandy ground and drainage, for which you can use small crushed stone or pebbles.
If you decide to plant a young at home, but do not know how to do it correctly, you can familiarize yourself with this material.
Land preparation and process technology
Flowerbed should be with sandy soil and good drainage system, excess moisture harms the root system.
- Remove all weeds that can damage the fragile root system.
- Loosen the soil, sprinkle it with small pebbles, expanded clay or rubble.
- Remove the sprout from the pot with a clod of earth.
- Do not plant the plant too deeply, just press the plant a little into the hole and sprinkle it with earth. Depending on the selected variety, the size of the outlet for the young can be both 2 cm and 15. This should be taken into account when laying the distance between the seedlings.
- Water the plant after planting.
Succulent can be propagated for planting in open ground in two ways:
Growing seedlings using seeds is a fairly simple process, but because of its length, most gardeners prefer breeding by children. When breeding seeds, you need to be prepared for the fact that the grown plant does not acquire all the maternal qualities. Most often, this method is used for new varieties of stone roses.
It is necessary to plant seeds in the last days of February or the beginning of March. For this fit any pots and containers. Do not forget to make drainage holes. The soil for seedlings should consist of peat, lime and the addition of charcoal. Moisten the ground and scatter the seeds. For a uniform landing they can be mixed with a small amount of sand. Do not dig them in, this may interfere with shoots.
Keep the seedling containers in an open, sunny place, maintaining the ambient temperature in the range of 20-25 ° C. A week later, when the first shoots appeared, you can begin to produce moderate but regular watering. It is recommended to do this with a spray bottle in order not to damage the plants. After two months, grown plants can be planted in separate containers. Planting in open ground can be done in mid-July.
Theoretically, it is possible to plant the plants directly into the open ground with the help of seeds, but in practice this method requires constant and very careful treatment of the beds from weeds that can damage the developing root system. It is also inconvenient for bed design, as it is difficult to plant small seeds, for example along the border.
You can read more about growing young seed from here.
This method is the most convenient and cheap compared to the seeds. After flowering, an adult rejuvenates young, and in its place many children form. If you do not touch them, they themselves take root on the ground and make the composition thicker and more beautiful.
If you want to plant them in another place, then just prepare the soil, carefully moisten it and plant the young sockets. They tolerate transplant well, the main thing is that the root system has time to harden before the cold weather.
How to care for a plant?
- Watering was young. Unpretentious stone rose stores moisture in its leaves. It is necessary to moisturize the soil only in a very dry period not more than once every two weeks. If the summer was drought and you had to do watering, make sure that the moisture does not fall on the leaves.
- Top dressing. Under natural conditions, the stone rose grows on poor soils and feels great. If you want your young to bloom, then top dressing should be done when the plant reaches the age of three years. Specialized stores sell fertilizers for cacti, they are perfect for the mineral composition, but the dosage should be two times less than that indicated on the package.
- Weeding stone rose. For the health of the plant and the beauty of the compositions, it is necessary to weed the soil between the succulents constantly and very carefully.
- Wintering. Molodil well tolerated frosts. The main danger in the autumn-winter period is that moisture can get inside the outlet and begin the process of rotting. Just cover the plants with plastic wrap, carefully reinforce it and the plant calmly overwinter.
Some varieties, such as young cobwebs, are not frost-resistant and need to be transferred to a warm room for the winter.
More nuances about how to care for young, can be found here.
What to do if it does not survive?
If such an unpretentious plant does not take root in your plot, weeds that “choke” young are probably not well removed. Личинки майских жуков могут полностью съедать корни вашего растения. Необходимо проверять почву на отсутствие вредителей.
Если вы выберите солнечное место, подготовите правильный грунт, посадите здоровое растение и будете тщательно удалять сорняки, каменная роза на протяжении многих сезонов будет украшать ваш сад. Она олицетворяет холодную красоту, минимализм и стиль на вашем участке и заслуживает все большую популярность среди дачников.
Когда цветет молодило
Flowering occurs once in life: at the age of 2-3 years in the summer a peduncle appears, at the end of flowering the upper part of the plant dies completely. It should be carefully removed from the soil.
The erect peduncle is pubescent, ending with star-shaped small flowers of white, yellow, yellow-green, red, pink, purple shade.
Description: varieties and varieties of young
Anyone who has never seen a young woman, but has heard any of his names, will certainly want to look at this miracle of nature. If not live, then at least in the photo. The plant is surprisingly similar to a rose bud and at the same time to one of the varieties of ornamental cabbage. What else, besides the appearance is different young, - landing and caring for him are suitable even for the most lazy.
It blooms only once, in summer (most often - in the 3rd year of life), but as much as 2-2.5 months. The rest of the "stone rose" pleases the eye with beautiful leaves: oblong, rounded or long, sometimes pointed. Depending on the variety, they can be green, brown, red, pink and even silver. Some species change color by season. This color palette explains the popularity of using plants in landscape design.
Now we know about 50 species of young:
- Roofing. Its leaves are green with a red border. One of the most famous varieties.
- Spider Web. Differs tiny rosettes, their diameter is up to 3 cm. The name received because of the white hairs on the leaves. From a distance, it resembles a spider web.
- Marble. Its leaves are red-green with pink tips.
- Wulfena It is considered a simple variety with sockets up to 5 cm. Nevertheless, many gardeners love it for its delicate green color.
- "Gamma". Bred by breeders rejuvenated with dark brown leaves, etc.
Popular rumor ascribes the properties of an antidote to the “stone rose”. It is also believed that the young man removes lightning from the house. That is why its landing on roofs was extended (hence the name of one of the varieties). In folk medicine, this plant treats diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, heart, respiratory tract, etc.
Planting a plant
Many people think: if it looks so freakishly young, landing and caring for it just takes a lot of time. And they are mistaken. Those who managed to get acquainted with the plant, note its extraordinary unpretentiousness. To grow this perennial in the open field, create such a microclimate:
- the place is sunny
- the soil is better than infertile, sandy, well-flowing water.
Subject to these conditions after landing you can almost forget about leaving. In other circumstances, for breeding molodil on your plot will need to make a little more effort.
Attention! The molodil worse gets accustomed on the heavy, clay soils, does not like excessive moisture, excess fertilizer.
The plant has an underdeveloped root system, so when planting it is not necessary to make large indentations. The distance between large sockets make about 15 cm, between miniature - 5 cm. After that - watering. If you plant young not in open ground, but in the window, fill the bottom of the pot with drainage. Sand or sawdust can be added to the soil. The main condition that makes growing young successful, the former is a well-lit place.
Care for young
This decorative perennial is very unassuming in care. All he needs is freedom from weeds and outdated rosettes, as well as loose soil. It reared almost does not require watering. Like all succulents, it accumulates moisture in the leaves. Approximately every 3-5 years "stone rose" needs to be transplanted. This is necessary if you see that it is shallow.
Dampness is contraindicated in the plant - because of it the lower leaves rot. Make sure that the water in the open ground does not stagnate in the spring, when the snow melts, and in the fall, during heavy rains. For the winter you can not cover the young, it carries a good frost. But if you were engaged in perennial breeding in the fall, make a “blanket” of fir branches for young rosettes.
Fertilizer and feeding rejuvenated
Another fact in favor of the fact that the care of the "stone rose" is simple. Permanent fertilizer, especially organic, harms the plant. It loses its decorativeness, the leaves can change color. However, when growing young, fertilizing during the period of active growth is useful. For this purpose, you should use a complex fertilizer for cacti and other succulents.
In the spring, when planting begins, you can do fertilizing with nitrogen. For example, add ammonium nitrate to the soil (7-8 g per 1 square meter). It stimulates growth rejuvenated. After that, the plant goes without dressings.
Diseases and pests
Often when growing young gardeners face the problem of rot. This disease is characteristic of plants that are planted in a humid climate. It is easy to find it: just look at the lower leaves. If you do not know how to determine the onset of the disease, study the photo of the affected young.
Sometimes, individual sockets can suddenly become transparent, then brown. They need to dig. Although rot is not transferred to neighboring plants, it does not look aesthetically pleasing, especially when combined with healthy specimens.
Larvae of the May beetle and birds are more dangerous for the young: jackdaws, jays, magpies, ravens. The first spoil the roots of the plant, and the second eat the stems. To get rid of the larvae, you can transplant the "stone rose" to a new place, and choose pests from the ground. In the fight against birds, you should use special preparations or plant plants that repel birds.
Rejuvenated: combination with other plants
A variety of varieties of "stone rose" allows you to widely apply it in landscape design. It is well combined with other ground cover: stonecrop, stonefrag, etc. With their help, you can create a beautiful motley carpet. Effectively, the combination in one area and different types of young.
Beautiful compositions with bright colors (such as phlox). But one rule should be remembered. Rejuvenated badly gets on with magnificently blossoming plants. They create a shadow that is undesirable for the “stone rose”.
Rejuvenated in landscape design
Better use than the alpine slide, for the young, perhaps, not to find. Very often they are decorated with rockeries (hills of stones). Well plant this perennial along the garden paths. The design of roofs again became actual, for example, in gazebos.
Appropriate plant will be in flowerbeds and in flowerpots. The main thing that experts in landscape design recommend is to supplement the composition with stones. They will give wholeness, completeness to your idea.
The variety of species is young, simple care for it allows even inexperienced summer residents to easily experiment with the design of their site. And what could be nicer than creating beauty with your own hands!
How breeds young
It was the easiest to reproduce in the vegetative way.
The mother plant produces a large number of whiskers, at the ends of which leaf sockets are formed. Reproduction spend around the end of May.
If the place around the plant allows, you can loosen the soil, press the "baby", sprinkled the ground itself, pour. After a short period of time, they take root, forming a continuous coating. You can complement the composition with a pattern of stones - an interesting design of the suburban area.
Another option is to separate the process (socket with mustache) from the mother plant and plant it separately (place it in the hole, deepening the whisker into the soil).
In some varieties, the processes develop in the leaf axils. After a while they crumble - collect and plant on the flower bed for growing. Pre-soil the soil to a depth of about 5 cm, pour. It is better to plant thickly to grow quality specimens.
Suitable land for rearing
The main condition for successful growth is an open area with solar lighting - the bushes will be compact, they will keep variegated colors. Damp areas are contraindicated, falling leaves from bushes and trees can harm the plant.
The soil requires light, loose, with good drainage, the reaction is neutral or slightly alkaline. Normal garden soil is sufficient to dilute with sand. With excessive nutritional value of the soil, the leaf sockets are larger, but the coloring is less saturated.
Planting and grooming in the garden
Where to plant young in the garden
Planting in open ground can be carried out from spring to mid-September (so that the plants can get stronger by winter).
The distance between the bushes is determined depending on the size of the plant (small or "giants") and the preferred thickness of the coating. The optimal distance is 5-10 cm. It can be planted at a considerable distance from each other, then pour a thin layer of sand between the plants, spread the stones in a chaotic order.
In the care of the plant almost nothing has to be done.
For normal development of hare cabbage, natural precipitation is sufficient, water only during a long drought. Loosen the soil occasionally.
We will need weeding from weeds before the time of growth - in the future the plant will displace them.
It does not need frequent feedings, but if leaf sockets twist, it is necessary to introduce a complex mineral fertilizer in liquid form.
How winters young in the open ground
Mature plants winter well without shelter under the snow cover. Young plants, as well as, if a snowless winter is foreseen, should be covered with spruce leaves.
After 3-5 years of planting growth become too crowded, leaf rosettes shrink - should be seated. The procedure of the plant perfectly transfers, but it should be done until mid-September.
Beliefs and Legends
According to ancient European legends, the young were dedicated to Thor - the Scandinavian god of lightning and thunder. According to the order of King Charlemagne, compact sockets were planted on the roofs of houses to protect against lightning strikes.
Getting inside the leaves was young with wine served as an antidote. It was also believed that carrying a stone rose outlet protected a scorpion from bites. Tincture, prepared according to a special recipe, improved the person's vision and hearing. The plant was glorified by poets: in the work “On the properties of herbs”, the young one was given attention in 36 lines (6 lines more than for a rose).
In Russia, the beauties rubbed the leaves of the plant cheeks to make the blush brighter.
Sempervivum soboliferum rejuvenated photo
The diameter of the spherical rosette is about 5 cm. The leaf plates are light green in color with reddening tops. Flowers greenish or pale yellow hue.
Seduced calcareous Sempervivum Calcareum
Seduced calcareous Sempervivum Calcareum photo
The leaves are green and blue, the tips are decorated with purple spots, the diameter of the rosette is about 7.5 cm. The peduncle is up to 30 cm in height, and the flowers are pale pink.
Large-flowered Sempervivum grandiflorum
Large-flowered sempervivum grandiflorum photo
Rosettes loose, have a diameter of about 2.5 cm, leafy fleshy plates. On the tops of peduncles with a height of about 20 cm, yellow flowers bloom. Preferably grown on acidic soils.
Molodit Pitton Sempervivum Pittonii
Young Pitton Sempervivum Pittonii photo
Very small leaves form a rosette with a diameter of up to 5 cm. The leafy plates are pubescent, green in color, with burgundy tips. The height of the peduncle is 12 cm, the flowers are light yellow in color.
Sempervivum globiferum rejuvenated photo
The diameter of the dense leaf rosettes is 3-5 cm, the leaves are small, green. Peduncle drawn out to 15 cm, ends with an umbrella inflorescence, flowers of yellow-green shade.
Rejuvenated undersized or dwarf Sempervivum pumilum
Rejuvenated undersized or dwarf Sempervivum pumilum photo
Sockets are very tiny: up to 2.5 cm in diameter. The coloring is green, the tops of the leaves are pointed, as if covered with cilia. It blooms in late June. The petals of a lilac-purple hue are decorated with a darker stripe running along the center.
Sempervivum caucasicum rejuvenated
Sempervivum caucasicum young Caucasian photo
With a diameter of a leaf rosette about 4 cm, the height of a flowering stem reaches 20 cm. The colors of the corolla are purple-violet and purple. When planting, be sure to add calcium to the soil.
Rejuvenated Wulfen Sempervivum wulfenii
Rejuvenated Wulfen Sempervivum wulfenii photo
It is preferable to grow this species on alkaline soils. The sheet plates are glossy, green, the diameter of the outlet is about 5 cm. The peduncle rises to 15-25 cm. The flowers are lemon-colored, at the base is a purple spot.