Spiraea birchwood (Spiraea betulifolia) - it is an attractive decorative culture. The shrub will decorate absolutely any garden plot due to its foliage, which is decorative both in summer and in autumn, as well as inflorescences that bloom in early summer.
This species differs in that it blooms in the summer period. Some other species begin to bloom in May.
This culture received its name due to the external similarity of leaves with birch leaves. Culture distribution area:
- Eastern Siberia,
- Far East,
- Asian countries (Japan, Korea).
Shrub rarely grows above 1 meter. On average, the height of the shrub reaches 60 cm. The shape of the crown is spherical. Elliptical leaves are about 5 cm long. The leaves grow in April. In the fall, they acquire a rich yellow color. Fly around closer to mid-October.
Flowering begins in early June and lasts until July. The flowers have a white color with a slight pinkish tinge. Their diameter is about 9 mm. Flowers are collected in dense inflorescences in the form of scutes or panicles. Culture begins to bloom from the third or fourth year of life.
Unfortunately, this shrub cannot boast with a variety of varieties. However, some varieties still were bred and very successfully used in gardening and design. Below is a description of the varieties of Thor, Thor Goal and Island.
Tor (Tor)- this is a flowering culture. The height rarely exceeds 1.5 meters. The diameter of the spherical crown can reach 1.5 meters. The leaves of the shrub look like birch. In the summer they have a light green color, and with the arrival of autumn they acquire a bright yellow tint. The more sour the soil, the richer the color of the leaves, especially in the autumn. The flowers are white with a cream shade. They are collected in dense corymbose inflorescences. If the autumn is warm, then re-flowering is likely, but it is not very beautiful and abundant. The grade is light-requiring, frost-resistant and not exacting to the composition of the soil.
Tor Gold- one of the most popular grades of spirea birch. This shrub is compact and low in size. The height of the Top Gold does not exceed 70 cm. Crohn has a spherical shape. Casting, similar to birch, in the summer period have a green tint. In autumn, they turn orange, red and even purple. Therefore, the shrub is decorative not only during flowering, but also in autumn. The flowers are small in size and white in color. They are collected in inflorescences in the form of dense plates. Flowering begins in June and ends in the first half of August. The variety is light-requiring and frost-resistant. The design is often used to create hedges, for growing in rock gardens and rocky gardens.
Island- decorative variety. The height of the bush is not more than 80 cm. At the same time, the diameter of the spherical crown can reach 1 meter. In summer, the leaves have a light green color, and in autumn they turn red with a purple tinge. White flowers are collected in inflorescences, which have the form of dense scutes. Flowering lasts from June to mid-August. The grade is light-requiring and not exacting to soil. Often used in landscape design to create hedges, rockeries, rock gardens and mixborders. It is also a beautiful lawn decoration.
How and where to plant?
For landing it is recommended to choose a well-lit place. Also, the bush can be planted in the penumbra. If the spirea is planted in a dark place, then it will grow more slowly, flowering will not be as abundant, and the foliage color will not be as saturated as in the sun.
The distance between seedlings should be about 40 cm or more. You can grow as a single or in groups, including with other plants.
To soil culture is not demanding. However, in a fertile, moist soil, cultural development will be better. The more acidic the soil, the brighter the color of the leaves will be in the autumn.
The pit for planting should be about 30% larger than the size of the root system. The root system is planted to a depth of about 50 cm. Good drainage is mandatory for the days of the landing pit. You can use a brick crumb or sand.
Planting is best done in early autumn, the weather should be cloudy, you can also plant in the rain.
How to care?
For a culture to develop well, beautifully and intensively bloom, it is necessary to provide it with proper care. In general, spirea is an unpretentious plant. However, certain rules still need to be observed.
First of all, you can not forget about watering a bush. Spirea does not like drought. In the long absence of irrigation, especially in dry weather, the culture may die. However, watering should be moderate. During hot periods in summer, 15 liters of water per plant is sufficient. Watering is required at least once every two weeks.
If the soil has a high density, then it must be loosened and removed weeds.
If the soil is poor, then additional feeding is necessary. After pruning in the spring, fertilizer must be applied to the soil. And in the beginning the flowering is fed by the shrub itself. In order to prepare the fertilizer, you will need:
- 5 buckets of water
- Manure bucket
- 5 g of superphosphate per bucket of the resulting solution.
Since all varieties are frost-resistant, it is not necessary to shelter a bush for the winter.
Pruning is recommended in the early spring after the awakening of the culture from winter sleep. Cut the plant should be as follows:
- Shorten shoots to healthy buds,
- Shoots of small sizes need to be completely removed.
Pruning is an excellent stimulant for the formation of new developed shoots. The lack of pruning will lead to the gradual drying out of the tops of the branches. Due to the formation of root growth, the culture can live for many years. Every four years, it is recommended to cut the bush, leaving only about 30 cm from the ground surface.
If pruning does not lead to the formation of new shoots, and flowering is very poor, it is recommended to replace the old plant with a new one.
Application in landscape design
Landscape designers are very actively using birch spiraea to create a variety of compositions. Culture is used in pure and mixed compositions. Spiraeus is used to form hedges. It is grown for alpine slides, rockeries, stony gardens, mixborders in the vicinity of other cultures.
Such a wide use of spiraea and birch leaves is possible due to its spectacular decorative qualities in the summer due to abundant flowering, in the autumn due to colorful foliage, and also due to the compactness and density of the crown.
Photos of birch spirea in landscape design:
Spiraea is perfectly combined in compositions with such flower cultures:
And also in combination with:
Unfortunately, birch spiraea is a not so common variety. However, gardeners who grow this species, do not cease to praise the culture for abundant and prolonged flowering during the summer.
However, despite the simplicity, culture needs annual pruning, which is carried out in early spring. Otherwise, according to most gardeners, flowering will not be as abundant as it may be, and the bush will develop poorly, not giving new shoots.
It is better to grow a plant on enriched soils in lighted areas, because in the shade and on poor soil the shrub will not be so luxurious.
Numerous small flowers formed in paniculate, spikelike, corymbose or pyramidal inflorescences. Single flowers are not an exception. The decorative effect of this plant is explained by the following factors:
- location on the shoots of inflorescences,
- timing of flowering
- varied color (from snow white to crimson).
The classification defines two groups of spireas - spring and summer blooming. The name of these groups is due to the flowering time of the bushes. From the general characteristics it is necessary to note the preference of well-lit places, gas resistance, undemanding, frost resistance. Among the likely breeding options - seeds, shoots, cuttings, layering and dividing the bush.
Spring blooming varieties
The color of spring flowering bushes, as a rule, has a white color. Shrubs that bloom in spring should be pruned immediately after flowering, which will not be long but simultaneous.
The plant has a spreading crown and reaches a height of 2.5 m. The leaves are lanceolate, dark green, reach a length of 5 cm, pronouncedly jagged. White flowers with a size of 0.9 cm are found along the entire length of the shoot and are collected in multiple umbellate inflorescences.
This species is characterized by not very active growth, the annual increase is 25 cm. Among spring flowering varieties This spiraea is the most spectacular due to the thin branches, gracefully bending under the flowering abundant buds. In urban conditions demonstrates sustainability. Great for planting as a hedge, single plantings or creating compositions. Annual flowering will depend on the availability of light. This species safely carries a slightly dry ground. Due to hybridity, seed propagation is not available.
This species is a highly branched two-meter tall bushes, its shoots are felt and ribbed. The leaves are pointed at both ends, the top is darker than the bottom. Loose brushes of white flowers are densely arranged along the length of the branches. The top is characterized by sessile inflorescences, below they are on leafy elongated branches.
Fruiting - in Juneflowering time - May. Seed propagation is not available for this variety due to its hybridity. The decorativeness of the plant is explained by its compactness and the presence of drooping branches, white inflorescences are also present in large numbers. Landing can be a single instance or groups. Shoots are often used to create bouquet compositions. Type Grefsheim is the most interesting representative of this winter-hardy variety.
This variety of spirea is most common in the Caucasus, in the north of Central Asia, in the south-east of Russia and Western Europe, in the Altai, in the zone of meadow and bush steppes. Shrub reaches a height of about a meter, has oblong grayish-green leaves, which are collected in a loose crown.
The identification mark of the variety is three veins at the bottom of the leaf and a cut edge. Snow white has a yellow tint. Flowering lasts about 3 weeks, then in July a period of fruiting occurs. Among the advantages are drought and frost resistance, abundant root shoots, it is possible to grow in partial shade, but good lighting affects the development of the bush better.
Among all the varieties of this group, Wangutta is the largest. Height and diameter more than 2 meters. The shape of the crown - cascade, is formed by sprawling branches, bending down. Five-toothed gear leaves gray-blue below and green above. White flowers form in multiple hemispherical inflorescences that cover the entire length of the shoot. After a two-week flowering in the spring, it can be found again in August, but it is not so abundant. Foliage also has a decorative value. In October, fruiting occurs. After planting, flowering occurs after three years.
The considered variety is characterized by shade tolerance, unpretentiousness and active flowering. The terrain should be well lit, and the ground - drained. Frost resistance is highHowever, the ends of the branches during the winter may freeze, and in the spring they are cut. Vangutta is used for low hedges, the creation of large flower beds, single or group plantings. In the landscape, this variety is perfectly combined with pines, spruces, fir.
Homeland of this variety is Japan, Hondo Island. The direction of the branches is horizontal, the shape of the bush is spherical. The leaves remain green almost until the end of autumn. Purple budsformed in corymbose inflorescences, bloom in yellowish-green flowers. Blossoming is plentiful, and the crown structure is compact. Single plantations - the most successful for this species. Among the advantages are undemanding to the ground, a variety of breeding methods - sowing seeds, grafting, dividing the bush. The ornamental variety of this plant is round-leaved or narrow-leaved.
- Snowmound - a two-meter shrub with white flowers that open at the beginning of summer, with elongated leaves and curved branches,
- Halward's Silver is a meter-long shrub with bulging large snow-white inflorescences and dark green foliage.
The most common regions for growing spiraea oak-leaved - Eastern Europe and the Far East - this is rocky slopes and mountain forests. The beautiful rounded shape of the bush with a height of 2 meters has a thickened crown with branches, bending down to the ground under the weight of flowers. The length of the large-toothed, ovate leaf is about 6 cm. The color is gray below and green above. Inflorescences hemispherical, flowering duration - about a month. With the arrival of autumn leaves become monochromatic, yellow.
Reproduction of a bush by seeds, grafting or division is possible. The flowers are lush, and the foliage is elegant, this variety can be cut very well, this is important during the creation of hedges.
The homeland of this plant are China, Korea, Japan. The best places of growth are mountain slopes and valleys. Shrub barely reaches a height of 1.5 meters. The height is lower in the middle band, but the leaves are dense and the branching is thick. It has a high decorative effect, especially due to the orange color of the leaves in the fall. Flowering lasts about a month, begins in May and ends in June. A characteristic feature - the fruits ripen quickly. Fruiting and flowering begins at the age of three. Propagation is available by sowing seeds and grafting. This variety blooms one of the first.
The homeland of this middle variety is the south of Siberia, Central Asia, the Far East. It grows most successfully and looks great in the bushes on dry slopes. The bush has spreading branches and a rounded crown with bright green leaves. Flowering time - May, duration - 2 weeks. At the age of 3 years, the time of fruiting begins. Benefits include easy reproduction by root suckers, frost resistance, and good growth in shaded areas. This type of spirea is average - relevant for single and group plantings, tolerates transplant and haircut.
Spirea blooming in summer
Summer species are characterized by red, pink and crimson flowers. Pruning bushes need to produce in the spring. These varieties have extended flowering.
The homeland of this variety is Asian and European parts of Russia, as well as North America. The shoots of the bush are ribbed, pubescent, red-brown, have pointed, serrated leaves up to 3 cm wide and up to 8 cm long. The pubescent, pyramidal, paniculate, loose inflorescences are formed by snow-white flowers, the length of the inflorescence is up to 20 cm. The branches are formed on the shoots of the current year and deviate almost horizontally. There is an annual bloom from July to the end of summer. Fruiting time occurs in October. Reproduction by seeds and shanks is possible. Planting in groups, single bushes and in hedges is relevant. This variety is moisture-loving.
This variety is common in Japan and China. The shrub is very decorative due to the bare leaves and tomentose shoots. During blooming, the leaf has a red color, after which it becomes blue below and green above. Autumn color changes and becomes much more diverse. Flowers are pink-red, bloom lasts throughout the summer. The urgency of use is noted during the formation of flowering groups, hedges and borders. Pruning in the spring is considered mandatory, you need to leave 30 cm of shoots from ground level. Garden species are varied:
- Shirobana is a small shrub with a different color of flowers: from red to white.
- Little Princess is a small compact shrub with corymbose pink inflorescences.
- Candlelight is a dwarf shrub with creamy yellowish leaves. Flowers bloom in July, rich pink. Shoots are not formed, have green leaves.
- Goldflame - meter dense shrub with rich yellow leaves, gradually becoming greenish. Small pink-red flowers combine well with variegated foliage.
- Macrophylla - wrinkled leaves of this species are swollen and can reach 12x22 cm in size (young leaves are red, adults are green, and in autumn they gradually become yellow-green). During the blooming of buds you need to cut the bush to 8 cm from the ground level, and you can get young shoots that will be red all summer time.
- Gold Mound - dwarf species with small pink flowers and golden leaves.
- Golden Princess is a meter-long bush with yellow foliage and pink flowers.
Growth is most active in North America. Куст растет прямо, характеризуется красно-коричневыми, прямыми, опушенными побегами. Розовые цветки собраны в метельчатые, верхушечные, узкопирамидальные соцветия. Цветение продолжается в течение 50 дней. Листва кустарника серебристая, потому на этом фоне выделяются выгодно розовые цветы.
Этот вид является гибридом между белоцветковой и японской спиреей. The shrub is quite compact and reaches a height of 80 cm. The color varies from pale pink to dark pink. Flowering occurs almost all summer. Unlike the Japanese variety, this specimen is lower, has ribbed shoots. The most common varieties:
Korea, Japan, the Far East, and Siberia are considered to be the birthplace of the spirea birchwood. The best conditions for development are mixed and coniferous forests, rocky slopes. The name of this birchwood spirea is explained similarity of leaves with birch. Their base is wedge-shaped, elliptical. The bush is not more than 65 cm high, has zigzag-curved shoots and a spherical spherical crown. Young leaves are formed in April, and fall in October. In autumn, their color becomes bright yellow. Flowers may be pinkish or white. Planting is possible with other species during the creation of rockeries, as well as in tall trees and shrubs.
The above varieties are great for organizing color spots in park areas and gardens, as well as for planting exotic hedges. The most important condition is to choose the right type of spirea and successfully combine it with other plants, taking into account the type of garden plot.
Description of birch spirea
The height of the birch spirea is from 50 to 80 cm, the crown is usually of the same diameter. Spherical crown decorative throughout the warm season. The old branches are brown, young ribbed, with a reddish tinge, are zigzag bent, have an average growth rate. Spiraea birch, in Latin - Spiraea betulifolia, received a specific name, as its broadly ovate serrated leaves with a wedge-shaped base resemble birch. Their size is 2.5-4.5x1.5 cm. The leaves are bright green, lighter below, protruding veins are visible.
Light-loving field begins to bloom from 3-4 years of development. In the middle climatic zone, the buds bloom from the second decade of June, the flowers are kept until the beginning of July. The thyroid inflorescences with a diameter of 3-9 cm, dense, consist of 20-100 small 5-petal flowers 7-9 mm wide. Petals are white, creamy, slightly pinkish or deep pink, depending on the variety. Seeds ripen by early October. If the seeds are not needed, faded inflorescences are cut off for the beauty of the shrub.
In the autumn of spiraea, birchwood is also picturesque. The leaves become intense yellow or acquire a bright blush depending on the minerals in the soil. Meadowsweet maintains frosts down to - 29-34 ° С without shelter. The plant maintains decorativeness for 15–20 years, then the shrub is changed or rejuvenated, cutting at the level of the soil.
Planting and care for spiraea birchwood
Hardy decorative meadowsweet bushes are planted in spring and autumn. In the middle zone of the country it is better to plant a spirea from the beginning of September, in cloudy weather. Meadowsweed seedlings with an open root system are moved in September or April, when the buds have not yet blossomed. Shrubs from nurseries in containers take root at any time, but they need to provide shading during the heat and regular watering.
For planting colorful shrub meadowsweet suitable for any structure of neutral soil, with acidity to pH values of 5.6-7.8. It has been observed that springweed develops best on wet drained loams. Beautiful abundant blooms and bright shade of rose petals are observed on well-lit areas or in light penumbra, which falls on the bush, especially at lunchtime. The amount of sunlight also determines the shade of the leaves, which becomes more intense in bright light. Autumn coloring of foliage, saturated with dark reddish tones, is noted in those places where soils are more acidic.
If meadows of meadowsweet are placed as a hedge, the interval between them is 50 cm. In group plantings on ridges between holes, at least 70-80 cm recede.
Preparation of planting material
Buying a spirea bush, pay attention to the appearance of the seedling:
- open roots are fibrous, elastic, fresh to the touch,
- trunks smooth, straight, without damage,
- Autumn leaves are fresh, without signs of disease, with even color,
- spring buds swollen or slightly opened.
After delivering to the site, the open-root spirea seedling is soaked before planting in a liquid solution of clay or with an added growth stimulator, guided by the instruction attached to the preparation. Seedlings in containers are placed in a large bucket of water so that the roots can be easily removed along with the earthy clod.
It is advisable to dig a hole for a bush earlier and prepare a substrate so that it can settle down:
- The size of the hole for the shrub is determined by the volume of its roots and makes the hole 1.5-2 times larger.
- The depth of the hole is 40-50 cm.
- At the bottom arrange a drainage layer of 10-15 cm.
- Pour the substrate from the top layer of soil and put the seedling so that the root neck is flush with the ground.
- Fill the pit with soil and seal it.
- The diameter of 50-60 cm make a groove for watering the seedling.
Watering and feeding
Spirea loves to grow in the sun, but does not tolerate a long drought. For the bush organize systematic watering. It is enough to pour out 1.5-2 buckets of water depending on the size of the plant. Shelter watered infrequently - 2 times a month, if there is natural rainfall. Wet ground is mulched to maintain a loose structure. Or loosen after each watering.
Feed flowering bushes of meadowsweet 2 times per season:
- after spring pruning,
- before flowering.
In spring, the meadowsweet is fertilized with organic matter: humus or 1: 5 diluted mullein. To this infusion is dissolved in advance and add 5-10 g of superphosphate. Instead of organic fertilizers, chemical agents are also used, where the nitrogen component prevails. In late May or early June, they are fed with potassium-phosphate preparations, for example, potassium monophosphate. It is convenient to use balanced complex fertilizers for flowering shrubs. In the fall, the trunk circle also mulches with humus or peat, leaves, which partially transfer to fertilizer.
Pruning spiraea birch
Pruning is carried out, as for many plants, in early spring, before budding. Remove old shoots that are more than 6-7 years old, pruning them down below the ground. Young shoots are evenly cut, collecting several pieces in a bunch. So form the crown. The tops are cut to the outer buds, which is better developed. Small branches are removed completely. At 4-5 years, the stems are shortened to 30 cm above the soil. They usually form numerous new shoots that make the bush more lush.
The next pruning is the ordering of the spiraea birch bush after flowering. Remove the withered panicles so that the plant does not spend strength to form fruits. And at the same time, its appearance improves, when the autumn colors of leaves appear on the scene. Strong bushes after 10-12 years of growth are cut off completely for rejuvenation.
Preparing for the winter
When the foliage falls, they revise the branches, remove the damaged ones. The main type of spirea birch-leaved is winter-hardy, it does not require shelter. Varietal plants are also declared to be such that they inherit the properties of the parent specimen. Shrubs for the winter mulch with peat or humus, which is also a kind of top dressing. If there is a threat of damage by large rodents, put a special grid.
Diseases and pests
Spiraea birch leaves rarely amenable to fungal diseases. If there are signs of damage to the leaves or branches of gray mold or any spots, apply the fungicides Fitosporin-M, Fundazol, Ditan M-45 or others. For the prevention of spring bushes meadows with the rest of the trees sprayed Bordeaux mixture.
Pests attack the delicate leaves of the shrub and cause significant damage to the decorativeness of meadowsweet:
- Aphid colonies settle on the leaves and tops of young shoots, feeding on their juice,
- a sign of spider mites - blurry whitish spots on the leaves, which soon turn yellow and fall off,
- whitefly leaves, blue tavolgovy sawfly, rosaceous miner, rosette leafworm and other insects are damaged.
Acaricides are acquired against ticks. Detsis, Fitoverm, Aktellik, any insecticides are used against insects.
Meadow shrubs propagate:
Meadowsweet is easily propagated by layering, which are transplanted next spring. If a rooting stimulator is used, all spring and summer cuttings are rooted. They are placed in a sandy substrate in mini-greenhouses, provide moisture. Seeds are sown in spring, stratification is not carried out. It grows 65% of the seeds sown.
Spirey planting and care Types and varieties of spirea
The negative opinion of the spirea - a popular highly decorative shrub of the Rosaceae family - is extremely rare among experienced gardeners and landscape designers. Indeed, exceptional winter hardiness, drought, and gas resistance, combined with unpretentiousness and rapid reproduction, make it possible to grow spiraeus in almost any climate and on any soil. And the variety of forms, including flowering plants in spring and summer, unequal plants, “flaunting” with spectacular shades of foliage, makes it a multifunctional and plastic tool in gardening not only home gardens, but also city parks, squares and avenues. In decorative planning, it can be safely used to create hedges and compact mixborders, in the design of compact stony gardens, expressive soliterny compositions and as an “edge” plant in group plantings with other shrubs and trees. Against the background of these advantages, it may seem that Spirea has no disadvantages, however, novice gardeners who grow this plant for the first time still have to deal with a couple of “fly in the ointment”.
Firstly, in the literary sources, spiraea often appears under the name “tavolga”, which cannot be considered correct from a botanical and practical point of view. Spiraea (Spiraea) is a deciduous shrub with narrow lanceolate linear (or round) toothed leaves and a shallow, fibrous root system. Meadowsweet Filipendula is an exceptionally herbaceous plant with feathery (sometimes palmate) leaves and small tuberous thickenings on thin roots. Although both of these plants belong to the Rosaceae family, the similarity between them can be traced only in the appearance of inflorescences and flowers, no more. Most of the spirays are drought-resistant and light-requiring, they do not tolerate cultivation in overmoistened soil and shade, while all meadowsweeps are very moisture-loving and grow in nature in damp shady forests and in marshy meadows. Of course, planting the first plant on the shore of the reservoir, and the second in the center of a well-warmed lawn will inevitably lead to the inevitable death of both in the near future. In order not to plant on the site "cat in the bag", it is necessary when buying planting material to pay attention to its name and appearance. Usually, spiraea is not called tavolga and the name “groundflower” is often used in relation to it, but the Spiraea genus in some domestic sources (“USSR Flora”) appears as Tavolga, which can be misleading. Spirea seedlings, as a rule, go on sale with an open and closed root system, but regardless of this, they must have flexible shoots with live buds or lanceolate petioles, alternately arranged along the shoots, as well as whole and not over-dried roots. If the quality of the seedling causes you to doubt, even before planting, remove the damaged roots from it, immerse the root system in water for a day, and after restoring, adjust its volume additionally with the volume of the ground part (if necessary, shorten the stems a little).
Secondly, the advertised characteristics of spirea endurance are often perceived by gardeners as the ability to take root without any problems after planting. However, as practice shows, immaculate survival rate and further excellent development of this shrub manifests only if the landing is “accompanied” by overcast and rainy weather, and after that the plant will overwinter at least for the first two years at least under minimal shelter. Note: since there are spring - and summer-flowering species among the spiraeus, the first, respectively, are recommended to be planted in the fall, and the second - in the spring, and in the fall, but ideally it is advisable to adjust the landing dates anyway with climatic conditions. In order to provide these plants with the necessary moisture after planting, in the south it is better to give preference to autumn planting / transplanting (until the end of the leaf fall), and in the north - to spring (before the leaves begin to bloom).
Spiraea elongated, Spiraea dubrovnikolistnaya, Meadowsweet oak
Western and Eastern Siberia (lower reaches of the Yenisei), Eastern Kazakhstan, Central Europe
rocky slopes and mountain forests
a bit more height
beautiful, rounded, thick, with branches bent to the ground
from weak acid to weak alkaline
transplant is good
seed germination is good, about 90%
well propagated by cuttings (rooting rate of 100% when processed by rooting stimulants)
drought resistant, needs watering only strong drought
responds well to fertilizing with organic matter and potassium monophosphate, mulching of the root system with leaf compost, rotted sawdust
shoots are straight and curved, sharply pentabed, with gray-yellow or brownish longitudinally flaking bark
oblong-ovate, tapering to apex, flattened, with 2 long pointed ciliated scales on edge, 2-4 mm in length
alternate, wide-oblong-ovate, pointed, 1.5–6 (10) cm long and 1–4 cm wide, with a rounded or wedge-shaped base, on sterile shoots almost from the base or from the middle sharply, unequally or bi-toothed to notched-toothed, on flower shoots, often with poorly developed obtuse teeth, entire, with 3-4 pairs of lateral veins, dispersed-hairy in youth, later bare or bottom at base with barbs, on petioles 8-13 mm long
bright green, bottom with a light bluish bloom
in Moscow since the end of May for 20 days
white flowers, 1-1.5 cm in diameter, on bare stalks 1.3-2 cm long, with petals half as long as the stamens
inflorescences - corymbose, 6-20-flowered, on leafy sprigs 2-14 cm long, often with spaced lower peduncles
leaflets pointing up, bare or hairy, with columns extending from the inside
belongs to the group of spring-flowering spirees, the color on the shoots of the last year from the second year of life