Ideal for the relief and conditions of the gardens just does not happen. Each site has its drawbacks - either elevation differences, or specific soil characteristics, or zones with too high groundwater levels. If in your garden there is such a problematic area in which the soil is marshy or too wet, do not rush to lay a powerful drainage and change the landscape with artificial methods.
You have a unique chance to build a truly unusual object - a wet flowerbed and a picturesque corner with moisture-loving plants. These are unique cultures with gorgeous leaves and unique blooms.
Flower garden in a wet area. © vcrown
Disadvantages of relief does not exist
Professional landscape designers do not accidentally claim that the concept of lack of relief or bad conditions does not exist in principle. Any feature of the site that is not suitable for standard landscaping is not a source of headaches, but unlimited possibilities. After all, we all first of all strive for uniqueness, bright individuality, and if there are problem areas on the site, nature itself provides a chance to create something unusual.
Humid areas are not a problem, but a chance
The most problematic are areas with high, constant humidity and dampness. Of course, for arranging a vegetable garden and orchard, such conditions need to be changed by the drainage system, but for decorative compositions it is not at all necessary to do this. Especially, if we are talking only about a small area or a corner of the garden.
Such wet gardens - a sample of landscape, natural beauty. Having correctly selected plants, you can even in such seemingly unfavorable conditions break up colorful flowering compositions.
Requirements for plants for wet areas
The main requirements for such plants - the love of a high level of moisture and nepazozn floods and stagnant moisture in the soil. They must be able to tolerate a low concentration of oxygen in the soil, to be able to withstand flooding and wetting. But equally important is sufficient endurance, resistance to frost. After all, a soil saturated with moisture creates specific and more severe conditions, freezing earlier than ordinary garden soil, and thawing much later.
Lizihiton in the design of the overwetted area. © Kathrin Mezger
Cultures that can settle on waterlogged, wetlands in the garden are very different. They are conventionally divided into:
- decorative leafy ones, which bloom is rather unattractive,
- flowering (but their foliage is also always quite attractive).
You can meet your moisture-loving stars among perennials, and even among perennials. But most of the crops are still classified either as a group of giants (trees and bushes from viburnum to hydrangea and maples), or as herbaceous perennials that will decorate such sites for decades.
Plants capable of growing in a wet area are suitable for decorating various water bodies and prefer to settle in shallow water or in swamp. But there are plants that are often used in decorative bogs or wet flower beds, and not in water bodies. Wet flower beds even if they are rare, but are becoming more common and help to solve problems without drastic measures and significant funds.
This symbol of Russia, which can be found at every turn. To get rid of drowning in the summer, it is enough to plant birch on the plot, which not only cope with this task, but also becomes an excellent decoration of the meadow.
It easily maintains not only strong winds, but also Russian frosts. Before planting a birch sapling in a flooded area, you need to dig a hole about 80 cm deep, then fall asleep 50 cm with large stones that will be a good support for the roots.
This very beautiful tree is planted not only to drain the flooded area, but also for beauty, thanks to its red or golden leaves. The trees themselves in height reach up to 10 meters, so they need to be planted in large suburban areas.
Before planting, it is necessary to half-fill the hole with sand, rubble and construction waste, which will help the maple roots to strengthen. Then, a seedling is carefully planted in the planting hole, filled with earth mixed with mineral fertilizer.
For the drainage of the suburban area is perfect shreds, which not only cope with the drainage of the soil, but also give delicious fruits. You can choose any variety, which only fits the climate of your area. You just need to remember that they put the dough no closer than three meters from each other.
Adhesives - a very unpretentious plant, practically does not get sick and does not suffer from pests, the fruit gives very tasty, large, which can not only be eaten raw, but also make compotes and jam from them. In extreme cases, the plough can be replaced by cherry plum, which also drains the plot quite well.
The willow is called weeping because of the particular shape of the crown, descending to the ground itself, giving the impression of sadness. This is the most moisture-loving tree that sprouts beautifully along the banks of rivers and lakes. In warm climatic areas, they can grow up to fifteen meters in height, and in cold, most often dwarf willows grow, creeping along the ground.
Willow is planted in any period from spring to autumn, the main thing is to catch before the first frost. To form the crown of willow, it is cut at the beginning of summer and only after flowering.
One of the undemanding shrubs that grows well in the shade and in a sunny place. It grows no higher than two meters in height and grows rapidly, so it must be regularly cut.
Every year in July-August this moisture-loving shrub adorns the summer cottage with its flowering. For the entire period of flowering, the inflorescences change their color from pink to orange. In the wild, it can be found on ravines, shores, marshes.
A shrub that will certainly adorn any body of water, it looks so impressive above the surface of the water with lowered branches decorated with purple flowers. It is effective not only in summer, but also in winter, when it looks like a fluffy snow-white hat.
This shrub does not require any care, even the formation of its crown can be forgotten for several years. The main thing is to plant in wet soil or near any water body. It does not tolerate severe frosts, so for the winter it is better to cover it with a covering material.
There are many varieties of elderberry that feel fine on wet soils. It is not only an ornamental shrub, but has healing properties. In ancient times, it was believed that elderberry protects the house from evil spirits.
In addition to medicinal purposes, it is used as a dye for hair and fabrics. On average, an elderberry is low, has a rounded crown of branched stems, on which fragrant white blossoms bloom each summer, in the autumn they are replaced by numerous black berries.
In early spring, it is desirable to cut the elderberry crown to stimulate the growth of new twigs.
It can grow on any soil, if it is planted next to groundwater, then after a while their level will drop significantly. Kalina can be planted in a sunny place, and in partial shade, where it will bloom the same.
Viburnum variety Compactum is ideal for a small area, as it grows very slowly and practically does not need to be looked after. It grows no higher than one and a half meters in height. It blooms in early summer, large white umbrella buds that spread a very delicate fragrance.
By autumn, berries appear on the branches that birds feed on throughout the winter. In the fall, viburnum is especially beautiful when its green leaves change their color to purple. The shrub can live up to 60 years.
Derain white admires with its appearance not only in summer but also in winter, thanks to the bright red color of its shoots. Its long and narrow leaves can be up to ten centimeters in length.
In summer, the leaves are two-colored: white with green, and in winter they change to a stunning red-violet, orange or yellow color, depending on the type of shrub.
It can bloom not only in early summer, but again in September. In the height of the shrub reaches three meters. There are species of this shrub on which edible fruits grow.
Even indoor plants are moisture-loving, which are not only not afraid to pour, but often desirable to spray. In the summer, some of them can decorate a small pond at their summer cottage.
In nature, it grows in subtropical swampy areas. In height reaches up to 30 centimeters. It has large dark green leaves and amazing white inflorescences on a long stem in the form of a tubular cob. This plant is very unpretentious, with proper and easy care Calla can regularly bloom.
A pot with this plant is best placed in a sunny place, but not in direct sunlight. In the shade, it almost stops growing.
Loves frequent spraying and regular watering. In order not to forget to water, a pot with a drainage hole at the bottom can be placed in a pan with water, then the plant itself will take as much water as it needs.
From the outside, this houseplant looks like grass because of its long and oblong leaves. It grows in China and Malaysia, where it is loved to decorate the landscape. It can grow up to one meter in height, but on average they grow no higher than 60 cm. He likes sunlight and humidity, but he can also grow in the conditions of lack of sunlight.
But during a drought, this plant dies. It is abundantly watered even in winter, while at the same time other plants reduce watering. In the summer it can be planted around an artificial reservoir for beauty, but for the winter it is better to dig it back into the pot.
Sweet grass cereal
This plant can grow even a very busy owner, the only thing you should not forget - about watering. Without water, the calamus simply dries, as it grows in nature in water. Therefore, if the plant is regularly forgotten to be watered, it is better to place the pot with it on a large pan with water.
Externally, the calamus looks like a thick grass with a height of no more than 15 centimeters. This plant is often decorated with small ponds.
If you rub the leaf of calamus with your fingers, the smell of mandarin will appear. The pot with airwood can be left on the balcony for the whole summer, as it is not afraid of cool air and drafts, it can easily withstand frosts down to -15 degrees. Equally grows in any light.
This heat-loving plant grows year-round, in the summer it can be planted around an artificial reservoir, but it is advisable for him to choose a place in partial shade, as he does not like direct sunlight. After transplanting the land around tsiperus, it is imperative to fill it with gravel so that the soil along with the plant is not washed into the water.
For wintering the plant should always be dug back into pots and cleaned into the room. Outwardly, this plant resembles a light green fountain and can grow twice in the summer. Be sure to additionally spray and check the soil, if it is dry.
Flower growers love begonia for virtually infinite flowering. Only in the winter for two to three months, it rests from flowering. If begonia shed leaves every winter, no need to be afraid, this is a feature of one of its species.
If you want to decorate the room or the dacha with large and bright colors, then in this case the tuberous begonia will do.
begonias (Begonia tuberhybrida) in garden [/ caption]
She does not like direct sunlight, so it is best to plant or put in a well-lit place where the sun's rays do not fall. She herself is better not to spray, but only the air around her.
Choosing moisture-loving plants and ennobling garden
For the formation of a garden on soil with high humidity, only moisture-loving plants are selected from a wide range. These are creeping grass, flowers, bushes, trees. It is necessary to correctly make a composition of plants in shape, size, color, for example, when forming a flower bed, focus on the yellow iris, variegated reeds, and place a room flower in the center of the flower bed.
Take into account the fact that decorative willow and white logs have bright multicolored shades of bark. For planting use variegated sedge, cotton grass, reeds, rush, calamus, and from cereals - manna. They are distinguished by different lengths of narrow leaves and various forms of inflorescence, which bloom in different months of the season.
European and forest purple beech surprise with decorative foliage that can not fall to snowfall, they are suitable for decoration of a hedge. Excess moisture is not terrible and ordinary hornbeam, it affects the silver-gray bark, bright green leaves, and in the fall - lemon and yellow, flowering indoor flowers in pots - bright and multi-colored.
How better to ennoble the swamp
If there is a marsh on the territory of the dacha, then an interesting piece or arrowhead will decorate it. They stand out umbellate inflorescences with white flowers with a pink tinge and interesting juicy foliage. In very damp areas of the garden, calla plants with large leaves, flowers, tall stems, orange swimsuits, yellow marigolds, and pink gartie are taking root. The correct choice of plants will make the marsh brightly blooming and colorful.
Can or not grow fruit trees
If a dacha owner dreams of planting fruit trees, then he needs to work hard so that the roots have normal conditions for development. In this case, you will have to drain, lift and pour the soil, which is prepared from equal parts of the soil and sand. Or take a different path - choose high places for planting and plant trees in filled beds, and make several drainage grooves for draining water. In order for the flowerbed not to crumble, the edges need to be fixed with a herbal mixture or arranged with the sides woven from a rod. It is possible for the flowerbeds to give the appearance of crates knocked out of planks and painted in multi-colored paints, to be located at a distance of just over 3 meters from each other.
What types of fruit trees are planted in the lowlands
In the country to collect apples, pears, plums, cherries, and the plot had a well-groomed appearance when it is formed, it is necessary to adhere to symmetry, take into account the properties of plants, size, shape, flowering time. Choose those varieties of trees and shrubs that are not afraid of excessive moisture, can grow on heavy grounds, withstand frost. Not afraid of excessive moisture quince, mountain ash, hawthorn. Apple trees, pears and cherries are grafted onto the mountain ash to ensure the presence of a decorative fruit tree in the country.
Moisture-loving trees will be able to decorate the dacha. These include Karelian, dangling, weeping, common, warty, white, woolly birch. And fluffy, black, dwarf, curve, Manchu, iron and birch Schmidt. Grow on wetlands and areas with elevated water levels willow, different varieties of maple, alder. Among conifers stands out juniper, fir, tui, spruce.
What shrubs will be a good choice when making a garden plot
Formed from moisture-loving shrubs, hedges look attractive, are beneficial, creating a natural atmosphere, giving coolness in hot weather. It is best to plant shrubs in the fall on the border in a lowland, near a reservoir, to divide the garden into zonal areas. For this fit deciduous or coniferous moisture-loving bushes.
How to choose the moisture-loving shrubs
To do this, you should choose the most suitable cottages according to the preferences of the owner, which will fit into the surrounding landscape. It is necessary to become familiar with the characteristics of each species, to know about the flowering time, height and size of the plant. Dimensions are important in order to plant shrubs at the correct distance.
Characteristics of some types of shrubs
Gardeners prefer berry yew. A well-drained, moisture-permeable soil is suitable for it, so it should not be planted in places of stagnant water. Such conditions are suitable for thuja western, the dense growth of which creates a dense hedge. Lover of moisture is considered Biryucha, boxwoodwhich are popular with landscape designers. Many other shrubs: fieldfare, sea buckthorn, elder viburnum, Hungarian lilac Feel great on moist soils.
What moisture-loving plants designers choose to plant in wet areas
Among the perennial moisture-loving flowering plants that love sunny places for garden decoration, you can choose:
- blood red geyher
- swamp gladiolus,
- periwinkle or others.
Plants can be ennobled by the banks of a pond, stream or artificial reservoir. The list of plants is extensive, it is:
- St. John's wort
- cane and many others (you can pick up plants that are acceptable for such zones).
Coastal plants will be able to endure different weather conditions. They conquer the pomp, brightness of leaves, flowers. При помощи вьющихся сортов удобно скрыть, сгладить крутые берега, а украсить вазонами с комнатными цветами.
Чем отличаются влаголюбивые растения
The special features of moisture-loving plants include natural beauty, weather resistance. They get along in a moist and nutritious soil. A group planting of flowering and decoratively deciduous varieties, adding potted flowers to them in pots creates beautiful compositions, and the rustling of reeds, cattails, grass grasses returns peace of mind, adjusts to a good mood.
What berries grow in moisture-resistant areas
If the right approach to the selection, planting, care for the berries, a good harvest is ensured even in moist soil. To do this, form the beds, pour in the soil and arrange a shaft up to 40 centimeters high. Planting is done in the fall, covered for the winter using humus and loose soil. On the marshland can be planted blueberries, blueberries and other heather crops. In this case, the ground will not be needed.
When you may need the help of a designer
The formation of the garden can do the designer. He will assess the conditions of the dacha's location, plan, select shrubs, trees, add pot plants to the pots, advise on caring for them. In this case, even the swamp will become decorative, and the artificial reservoir will become a natural stream. Having correctly picked up and arranging luxurious plants that are not afraid of wet places, even a problem area can be turned into a blooming, fragrant, fruit-bearing, berry place.
What is taken into account when choosing plants
The only thing that is taken into account when choosing plants is resistance to moisture, frost, low concentration of oxygen in the ground, ability to withstand flooding. As practice shows, a site that cannot be landscaped in a standard way has all the conditions for creating bright, unusual zones and places for recreation. The range of trees, shrubs, plants, extensive, you can put pot plants in pots. Therefore, areas with high humidity - this is a chance to create unique decorative compositions, and the application of some effort - good yields of berries and fruits.
Adding an article to a new collection
If your garden has a high level of groundwater, and during the spring flood and after heavy rains, the water in some places stagnates for a long time - plant the plants that are suitable for such conditions.
It often happens that during thawing of snow or after heavy precipitation groundwater on the site for a long time is kept at a high level. In such a situation, the roots of trees and bushes are in the water for a long time, they cannot breathe and die after a while.
Frequently, the opposite situation occurs when the soil at the site is damp and wet, and the plants nevertheless dry out and also die. This phenomenon is called physiological drought, which is caused by a lack of air entering the roots of plants. If the groundwater level is high (about 0.5 m), and the soil is dense and poorly absorbs water, due to which it is almost impossible to drain, the choice of plants should be taken with special care.
Unfortunately, it is impossible to change the hydrological features of the area, it is only possible to adapt to the existing conditions. Therefore, it is necessary to plant plants that can tolerate excessive soil moisture. In areas with wet land, trees and coniferous shrubs grow poorly. However, there are exceptions among them: these are not very popular, but noteworthy ornamental plants that will adorn your garden even though it is difficult to pass in spring because of water.
Swamp cypress, or taxiodium double row
Swamp cypress needles fall red in the fall and fall for the winter
This plant is little known, and is rarely found in our gardens so far. Young specimens of swamp cypress (Taxodium distichum) are sensitive to frost, and plants of 5-6 years of age acquire good frost resistance. The crown of the cypress has the shape of a regular cone; in the fall, light green soft needles are painted in a bronze-burgundy color and fall off, like in larch. The exotic appearance of the tree is associated with the gardens of the Mediterranean countries.
A characteristic unique feature of swamp cypress is pneumatic pneumatic or respiratory roots. They protrude vertically above the surface of the earth and resemble the fantastic periscopes from the Harry Potter films. The plant is intended for planting in the coastal zone of water bodies, streams, ponds.
Aerial roots, or pneumathores, are arranged and operate in such a way that the cypress can grow even in water.
An ideal for planting in wet places is also considered to be a relic (existed in ancient geological epochs) deciduous tree Metasequoia, the oldest. It is noteworthy that at first petrified imprints of needles were found and only then live trees were discovered and described, preserved in the mountains of China. In appearance, metasequoia resembles its American cousin, the cypress marsh. At home in China, it is called aquatic larch because it grows around rice paddies flooded with water.
Like a larch, for the winter, Metasequoia drops pine needles with small sprigs.
The shape of the crown in Metasequoia is correct, narrowly conical. Like the “fellow” kiparis, the needles of the plant are seasonal: the new one grows in the spring, and in the fall it is painted in a beautiful yellow-bronze shade. Metasequoia is distinguished by its rapid growth and frost resistance, which ideally tolerates pruning. It is intended for planting as a protective fence, as well as for framing water objects.
Thuja folded, or giant, popular western thuja (or vital tree) and Canadian hemlock (Tsuga canadensis). The latter deserves a more detailed description. This tree with evergreen needles is perfect for all kinds of fences. Hemlock will perfectly play the role of a wide hedge, since it lends itself to free formation and cutting.
Cutting thin and delicate branches of Canadian hemlock is optional - the plant looks good both in the form of a hedge and in a solitary planting
However, the hemlock can protect your site from prying eyes even without pruning, being in its "original" form. Also the tree will perfectly fill open spaces and will become a hedge from prying eyes. In the solitary planting, the hemlock attracts attention with its unusual appearance: thin hanging shoots, densely studded with small needles, give this coniferous plant a picturesque and charming.
Alder is gray
One of the most "patient" in this sense - gray alder (Alnus incana). Well tolerated wet (swampy, coastal) ground alder gray Pendula (Pendula) - the original tree, in height and width reaching 6 m. Its shoots falling to the water on the bank of the pond look very romantic. But still this tree is large, more miniature forms will be suitable for growing in front gardens. Shrub varieties of alder strike an unusual color, for example, alder Aurea with golden leaves. Unusually looks tree varieties Laciniate (Laciniata) with openwork crown and dissected atypical for culture cut leaves.
Alder gray Laciniata
Wet areas are a favorite habitat for various willow species. The most popular is white willow (Salix alba). Her garden form, known for parks and city squares, is Tristis (Tristis) - weeping willow with dangling shoots. Many unusual varieties have been bred - with silver leaves - Sericea (Sericea) and with bright red or orange ascending shoots - Chermezina (Chermesina).
White Willow Chermesina
It should, however, be remembered that, willow should be chosen so that the parameters of the adult tree correspond to the size of the garden. Classic willow Tristis Is a tree for large spaces, fast-growing and expansive. In small gardens it is more logical to plant a purple willow. Nana (Nana) or Pendula (Pendula).
Pterokaria (lapini ash-leaved)
Blooming pterokaria resembles a green waterfall
A less well-known tree is the ash-leaved, or pterocaria (Pterocarya fraxinifolia). It grows well in flooded lowlands, withstands prolonged stagnation of moisture, so it is recommended for planting along the banks of reservoirs, in damp places that are not suitable for other plants. Large feathery leaves and drooping inflorescences, earrings give the plant a special charm.
Ornamental shrubs for wet areas
The most popular types of "waterproof" shrubs include: white deren (Cornus alba), baby turf (Cornus stolonifera), spiraeus Douglas (Spiraea douglasii), and also viburnum ordinary, or red (Viburnum opulus).
In the garden, all these shrubs are beautiful plants of the so-called "second plan". They perform their "defensive" functions clearly, forming a hedge and being a natural barrier against the wind or prying eyes. Separately growing deren and viburnum are used for decorative purposes - they not only with dignity can withstand the rushing streams of water in spring, but also decorate the garden with their brightly colored shoots and clusters of berries in summer.
When smashing a garden on heavy wet soils, it should be remembered that with the growth and development of plants, the water balance of the area changes. The need for water and nutrients in adult trees and shrubs is constantly increasing, and hence the water consumption increases. Therefore, over time, the process of selecting plants for a wet area will become more flexible. And besides resistant and "waterproof", you can grow any other bushes and trees that you like.
Marsh or "pennsylvania" rose
Spreading shrub with erect stem up to 2 m in height. It grows pretty quickly and acquires young shoots. This rose is from North America, where it grows on the banks, marshes, ravines, feels great in partial shade and in the bright sunlight. Refers to highly ornamental cultures. A pennsylvania rose decorates the dacha. It looks particularly impressive as an accent against the background of non-flowering, that is, decorative leafy plantings.
The spikes have a reddish-purple color. The edges of the dark leaves are covered with teeth. Small flowers, forming inflorescences, flaunt on the "lace" crown. In the summer months, the color changes from pink to bright orange. The flowering period is in July-August. A moisture-loving culture requires care. Shrubs annually rid of old branches and young shoots.
It is found in the marshland, near rivers and lakes, but it is also grown in dacha plots. It grows in fertile, flooded, muddy terrain, but prefers open sunny spaces and looks great in a marshland. Decorative leafy plant has long leaves of bright green color with a kind of "frills" on the edges. To create a spectacular flower arrangement, air plant is planted next to the early-flowering neighbors, covering the curtains in early summer.
At the summer cottage is best to plant a garden variety called Variyegata. Its characteristic difference is cream and white stripes. The plant is required to weed regularly and divide the curtain with excessive growth. Due to the unusual appearance and color, a relatively small height, the calamus always looks neat and original, of course, if you properly care for the plant, it becomes a wonderful decoration of the garden.
Water snake or marigold
Beautiful flowering perennial, perfectly carrying wet and swampy soil. Dense round-shaped leaves cover the branched stems. They are quite large. The diameter of the plates reaches 12 cm. The plant is especially attractive during the flowering period. It falls on April-May. The color of flowers is golden, which is rather unusual. "Water Snake" looks most impressive as an accent. It decorates with itself “raw” flowerbeds and other plantations formed on the dacha plot.
There are different varieties of marigolds. In cultural cultivation, Fistula and Multilobed have the greatest value. Many gardeners prefer these varieties. No special care is required. The division is carried out at intervals of every three or four years, depending on the degree of growth. Culture loves sunshine. The penumbra is also suitable. If trees are planted on the plot, then it is better to plant a calamus under those that have a not too thick crown.
Meadowsweet or meadowsweet
In nature, it grows in a marshy forest and in a flood meadow. Similar conditions are necessary for the cultural growing of the meadowsweet. In June, begins to bloom white lush lace. The rest of the time, except for the flowering period, meadowsweet looks more modest. Thanks to good endurance and beautiful inflorescences, the moisture-loving plant is popular with gardeners.
Meadowsweet mainly has white inflorescences, but there are varieties with pink color. The plant has pinnate foliage, which makes it look beautifully majestic against the background of the scyphoid and paniculate inflorescences. The most popular among gardeners enjoys the meadow and Korean meadowsweet. Caring for a decorative-flowering water-loving plant is reduced to cutting off withered inflorescences, dividing and replanting bushes once every 5-6 years.
Best of all, the meadowsweet grows in areas located in flattering arrays, close to natural water bodies. Shrub belongs to the sun-loving crops, but perfectly adapts to the penumbra. Water the plant only when the soil dries out.
It differs from other members of the Euphorbia family with its love for high humidity and dampness, growing in flood meadows. Planted on the site, it is well tolerated by short flooding. This culture is an excellent background for ornamental flowering shrubs and plants, decorating ponds, decorating flowerbeds on wet soils.
The perennial plant has a large cylindrical rhizome and unpretentious. Bare gray shoots covered with bright and narrow foliage. Inflorescences do not differ decorative. When they fade away, pruning is done to thicken the curtains. Rejuvenation of marsh milk by removing the aerial parts is carried out every 3-4 years. For a culture to develop normally, it needs light and moist soil. If you grow high varieties, then install the support.
It is a perennial with straight shoots forming clumps, having a height of from 70 to 80 centimeters. Refers to light-loving, but shade-tolerant crops. If there is enough light, it quickly grows into a large curtain (shrub). The plant tolerates severe cold and does not require shelter.
It has a powerful shallow root system. So that it does not “capture” a large area, and the flower garden look beautiful and well maintained, excess parts are regularly removed. Creeping varieties require strict growth control, while erect varieties require inflorescence and hilling. When deciding to plant a rostrum bed, it should be borne in mind that it grows best at moderate humidity, but it also adapts to overmoistened soil.
Verbeinik blooms from May to August. On the bush, inflorescences of white, pink and pale yellow color are formed. To achieve repeated and more abundant flowering, flowering inflorescences must be pruned.
A perennial herbaceous moisture-loving plant with large leaves, like a capstress, tolerates winter well. It has a thick, powerful and knotty root with a diameter of 6 cm, which does not release underground shoots. Culture is perfect for planting in wetlands and the formation of "raw" flower beds.
Decorative leaves give shrubs with grooves and veins. Purple spots and stains appear on the plates. The inflorescences bloom in April-May, before the leaves appear. Pale pink flowers on unusual purple stalks look especially bright and beautiful.
The best soil for cultivating darmer is one where the level of bogging is variable. Culture is not light-loving. She likes penumbra. When the bush grows excessively, they divide. Peduncles should be trimmed, and feeding in the spring. The most decorative type is the wintry style, “Nanum”, growing to 50 cm.
Recommendations for growing moisture-loving shrubs and plants
Cultures that tolerate moisture and moisture well have their specific needs. They best develop and grow not on the poor, but on nutrient-rich soils. Therefore, growing such plants, first reduce the level of acidity, make a nutrient substrate. The soil should not be allowed to dry. This is especially true of the summer period, when there is almost no rain.
Most moisture-loving crops do not die during short-term droughts, but such a probability exists if watering is not provided in a timely manner. The best option is the planting of plants at a pond, for example, on the borders of the site from the side where the pond or lake is located, so that they fulfill the role of a hedge. Along with shrubs, it is recommended to plant alder trees and willow trees in summer cottages with a wet soil. They decorate the site all year round.
Humidity in the soil leads to the fact that the earth freezes early. Поэтому проводить высадку растений не рекомендуется поздней осенью. Влаголюбивые культуры на таких грунтах оптимально сажать весной и в первые недели лета, пока почва еще не прогрелась.
О тех, кто любит влажность
Что нельзя решить стандартно, можно попробовать творчески. Давайте считать проблему особенностью ландшафта и искать соответственное озеленение. When the moisture bothers only a small part of your possessions, it is still easier. Nowadays, natural design is becoming popular. Build a pond, plant willows, create a decorative composition of natural beauty. Another issue is dampness in the garden. Fruit trees do not particularly like such places. Few of them are able to grow and develop in such an environment, although there are some.
Such moisture-loving trees and shrubs for summer cottage are known:
- plum, quince, dwarf apple and black currant will suit first. These plants can be planted even with groundwater at a depth of 2-3 meters,
- pears and apple trees on a strong-growing stock are less tolerant of high humidity. But trying to grow has meaning. An important point when landing - bulk mounds. And it is even more efficient to put a piece of sheet metal in the pit. This will help the roots to grow in width and avoid water in the depths.
Cherries and cherries in such a garden will have to forget or find the driest area for them. Want to grow raspberries, hazel, currants? There is such a possibility. Dig ditches for drainage around the perimeter of the site. Spread high hills and safely plant berry bushes on them.
Not in the damp, but in the shade
Often there is another problem - the shadow areas. Rare garden crops will be able to live there. Especially, if it is a dense shadow from the north side of the building, and not from another tree. Greenery from trees and bushes will transform the dull appearance of such places. And if they are fruit-bearing, then, in addition to the variety of foliage, you will also receive a harvest. What will suit:
The best choice for the shadow will be currants. Unpretentious care, multiplies rapidly, winter-hardy, tasty and healthy. Diversify the appearance of the site also elder. It protects the garden from pests and has healing properties. Particularly please you viburnum. Carved leaves, beautiful flowers, bright and healthy berries. Dog rose comfortably in the shade. In the summer, it attracts bumblebees with its delicate flowers, and in the fall it will bear fruit. Drain these berries and enjoy fragrant tea in winter. Raspberries can bear fruit in a shaded, but not too damp place. Raspberries and apples take root badly, so place them in different parts of the garden.
Medicinal dogwood is underestimated by summer residents, although its appearance will decorate any part. And from the unique, sour fruit, you can cook vitamin jam. Hazelnuts love both children and adults. Its tall shrubs are excellent in the shade, and during flowering will improve the mood of each. Dwarf species have become very popular with the barberry. The decorative prickly bush diversifies a shady landscape. Blackberries and gooseberries without any problems will be accepted in semi-dark places.
If the cottage in the suburbs
A large number of reservoirs and streams on the territory of the Moscow region give fantasy to roam. There are many cultures for the decoration of such sites. Rhododendrons occupy the first place in the reclamation of the wet soil. Such shrubs come in a variety of sizes and shapes, incredibly beautiful and abundant bloom. It would seem an unpretentious plant, but heat-loving, so you need to know how to plant it properly. The choice of location is simple: no drafts and no direct sun. For Moscow region, the best choice would be cold-resistant rhododendron varieties. These include: Ledebour, Gummy, Canadian, Pink, Costerianum, Vasey and Alpine dwarf. They are moisture-loving, but spring stagnant water can harm them, so organize drainage of the site before planting. The root shrub is compact, which makes transplanting easy.
Now you know for sure that the high humidity of the plot is not a problem. The main thing - the correct selection of plants. And such lovers of moisture, as it turned out, there is enough. Go to the solution of the problem with fantasy and create your own unique landscape design!