This plant belongs to the umbrella type. In nature, it can reach a height of about 2 m. A perennial plant boasts a thick root. At the top of the hollow stem gradually forks. The appearance is pleasing: the feathery large leaves of green shade are decorated with small yellow flowers, which in appearance resemble closed umbrellas. Many people confuse it with celery. A distinctive feature of the plant is its spicy smell. We will talk about this below, but it should be noted that due to this property it is used in many national cuisines. The flowering time falls on the beginning of summer, full ripening of seeds - in August.
You can often meet him at the dacha plots, because people know about the medicinal properties of the plant. In all parts of it there is an essential oil, only its quantity differs. Most of all the oil in the seeds, the least - in fresh leaves. By sight, the essential oil of lovage is thick and dark brown. Completely soluble in alcohol.
The most widespread in the field of diet. Despite the fact that the roots of the plant have a bitter taste, it smells good. Many use ground ground lovage as a seasoning for various dishes (vegetable, meat, fish). It’s hard to believe, but candied fruits and jam are made from fresh roots. Indispensable plant will be for the marinade.
Useful properties are simply impressive. For therapeutic purposes, use different parts of the plant. It is rich not only in vitamins, but also in valuable trace elements and essential oils. It is known that herbal decoctions and juices contribute to the normalization of the organs of the gastrointestinal tract, as well as enhance metabolism. This provides the grass such popularity among those who want to lose weight. Moreover, it is known for its tonic, diuretic and antispasmodic effects. It is recommended to use for violations of the nervous system, aggression, strong excitability. Effectively helps with problems with blood circulation. In some cases, the plant is an excellent medicine for poisoning. However, in order not to harm yourself, you need to understand in detail the beneficial properties and contraindications.
Application was found in cosmetology. For female beauty and health, the plant is indispensable. Broths from it are used to treat the skin with wounds and small lesions. It is also useful for hair. After it they will become fluffy and fortified, but only with regular rinsing. It is known that if you hang a lovage at the entrance to a room, then flies and mosquitoes will not fly into it. Also, the aroma of the grass do not like cockroaches and bugs.
What else can be useful lovage? Many women are engaged in growing and caring at home, but why? The fact is that if you apply a few drops of essential oil to the female skin, then attention from the husband is guaranteed. Yes, the plant is a powerful natural aphrodisiac, returns male power.
In what cases lovage is prohibited?
Despite the fact that there are many useful properties, as well as methods of use, but there are certain contraindications. In no case can not use the roots shortly before flowering, because during this period they are poisonous. It is better to make blanks in the fall or spring. Tinctures and decoctions can not be boiled, because then all the valuable properties will be lost.
Doctors insist that you should not take broths for women who have monthly or uterine bleeding. Moreover, any workpiece from different parts of the plant is strictly prohibited during pregnancy, ulcers and hemorrhoids. This is due to the fact that the plant contributes to the flow of blood to the organs of the small pelvis. Drugs, which include lovage extract, reduce appetite. Do not touch the plant in summer in extreme heat, because you can instantly get burned.
In total there are 4 most popular varieties of farmed lovage. Many gardeners take care of such a plant. Among the varieties: Hercules, Don Juan, Semko Preobrazhensky and Leader. We consider the two varieties separately, because they are the most popular and deserve special attention.
Variety Hercules is characterized by a small height of the bush. If the average height can reach 2 m, then the bush of this variety will not grow by more than 0.5 m. It is chosen if the place of cultivation is characterized by low temperatures, because this variety tolerates cold.
Grass lovage, the photo of which we see the article, namely the variety Preobrazhensky Semko is one of the most frost-resistant plant species. The most widespread in the northern regions.
This variety is used if they want to achieve the maximum external effect or to obtain a large yield of green mass. In one season, the leaves can be cut up to 5 times, and about 6 kg of green mass is obtained from one bush. If it is the leaves of the plant that are necessary for medicinal purposes, then this particular variety should be grown.
A lovage care requires something special, and we will talk about it below, but it’s good that different varieties need similar care. The peculiarity of the variety under the proud name Leader is that the leaves can reach a height of 80 cm. This is the type of plant that can grow up to 2 m.
Thinking about growing and caring for lovings, you should understand that this is a perennial plant that blooms only in the second year. When planting should pay attention to the soil, because the grass is very demanding to it. Ideal to be moderately moist and loose kidney. However, in the territory where the lovage grows, there should not be stagnation of water, as from this the roots can quickly rot.
The grass will grow better not in the sun, but in the shade. Once again, back to the issue of soil. It can be peaty, sandy or clayey. The main condition for good development is nutrient soil. That is why before planting a plant, it is necessary to fertilize the soil. For this purpose, urea, compost, rotted manure, superphosphate or wood ash are suitable.
What else we have not said about lovage? We looked at growing and caring in the open field, but the question remains of how the grass reproduces. There are several ways that we will look at below.
Experienced gardeners and gardeners prefer the seed method of plant reproduction. This is done simply, and the results are good. Two days before the planned planting date, it is necessary to soak the seeds in warm water. On the day of planting, they must be thoroughly wiped out so that they are dry — then the lovage will do better. Cultivation and care in the open field is better to start in spring or autumn, but it is preferable to first plant the seeds in the pot so that they will sprout exactly. They should be laid in the ground no more than 1.5 cm. You should not wait for quick shoots, because the first signs of growth appear only after 25 days. After 70 days, seedlings are considered ready for normal landing in the ground. Planted in rows better to get a good aesthetic look. However, we must remember about the distance between seedlings, which must be at least 70 cm due to the violent growth of the sheets.
By dividing the bush you can multiply lovage. Cultivation and care at home will be more efficient if reproduction is carried out by the first method, but if you have your own dacha, you can try another way. Propagation by dividing the bush is best done in late spring. Ideal to use a mature 3 year old shrub. It must be dug up and divided into several equal parts with a shovel, each of which will have at least 3-4 buds. This method is worth trying at least due to the fact that in this case the plant grows quickly and develops well. In theory, it is believed that grass can grow in one place for up to 10 years, but in practice it has been verified that lovage must be replanted every 5-6 years.
Growing and caring for lovable will not require particularly complex manipulations. The main thing - to remember a few key points that have a great influence on how the grass grows. It is necessary to regularly loosen the soil, remove the weeds in time, so that they do not take away useful substances from the soil, water the plant abundantly during particularly dry periods, at times add fertilizer and cut the leaves in time. These are the main points in which the cultivation and care of lovage at home will turn into pleasure.
If it is necessary to get large roots at the exit, then it is worth using wood ash as a supplement. It is also necessary to cut flower stalks so that they do not waste extra energy. The main thing is to remember that the plant is frost-resistant, it grows well throughout the country without additional care.
At home, it is better to abandon organic fertilizers, since nitrogen accelerates growth, but reduces the quality of the green mass, as a result of which it becomes loose. Fertilizer is suitable if lovage is planted in a large area and poor soil.
Care and cultivation lovage in the garden or at home can be complicated if the plant gets sick. The greatest harm to the grass brings carrot fly, the larvae of which quickly destroy the roots. After a short time, the bush turns yellow and dries completely. Another problem is septoria. You can detect it by small yellow spots on the sheets. A black pea appears quickly in the middle of each yellow dot, and then the plant dries out slowly until it dies completely.
A very common problem - aphid, which settles on the testes. To combat this pest, it is worth using agrotechnical methods, since in this case they are most effective. We must remember that the use of chemicals will make the plant unsuitable for medicinal purposes.
Lovage (photo of the plant can be seen in the article) begins to bloom in early summer, and fully ripens by September. It is worth remembering that in the first year after planting only the leaves of the plant, which need to be collected several times, are suitable for use. The roots can be used only after the bush will be 3-4 years. Digging roots is best in spring or late autumn. They are cleaned from the ground, cut into equal parts and dried naturally. If necessary, this process can be accelerated with special dryers for products, but the temperature should not be above +35 degrees. Before flowering the roots of the bush should not be used, since it is believed that they may be poisonous. After the roots are completely dry, they must be ground and stored in a dark place, preferably in a glass container.
Leaves are best collected during flowering. They should be dried not in the open sun, but under a canopy, and preferably on paper. They are just dried, frayed and stored in a glass container.
Reviews about lovage say that the plant is really able to help in many cases. Women use this decoction from hair loss: 2 tsp. frayed roots pour 1 cup of boiling water and insist 5 hours. Then the broth is filtered, cooled and rubbed into the scalp. So it is necessary to pass 3 hours, after which wash your head with egg yolk or go black bread in hot water. For the first results to appear, 3-4 treatments per week should be performed.
From diseases of the larynx 1 tsp. roots pour 1 cup boiling water and heated in a water bath for about half an hour, not bringing to a boil. Then the decoction is infused hour. Need to take 2 tbsp. l 3 times a day before meals. It is useful to rinse your mouth with broth. For best results, it is recommended to use at least 2 glasses of tincture per day.
When edemae recommend brew 1 tbsp. l leaves 1,5 cups of boiling water. Broth insist 3 hours, then cooled and filtered. Need to take 1 tbsp. l 4 times a day before meals. Remember that this medicine will have some diuretic effect.
Beli are treated with tincture of 1 tbsp. l root poured a glass of boiling water. The decoction is infused for 60 minutes, after which it is drunk 3 times a day after meals. It is necessary to drink half a glass at one time. The effect will be much better if you use syringing infusion of roots. For this you need to brew 1 tbsp. l finely chopped roots of 1 liter of boiling water.
We considered all the main points regarding such a grass as lovage. Cultivation and care are not so difficult, and the results are worth the labor. This is really a very useful and unpretentious plant that will help solve many health problems and simply improve your well-being.
Lovage in cooking and medicine
The use of plants for food also has much in common. Use both leaves and roots, most often they are put in soups, salads, for flavoring main dishes and preservation. And, of course, as an effective drug. The composition of minerals and vitamins in the lovable allows you to use it to get rid of many diseases. In the old days they were treated:
- constipation and flatulence,
- diseases of the liver and digestive tract,
- inflammation and swelling,
- heart and nervous diseases.
In addition, in the old days they believed that lovage is capable of strengthening male power, and women can be bestowed with special attractiveness and beauty. Actually, thanks to this quality, the plant got its name - love-grass, it was believed that it has bewitching properties and can contribute in love affairs. Women who wanted to bewitch a man tried to treat him with a dish seasoned with this spice, and the brides sewed up a couple of leaves in a wedding dress so that family life would be successful.
Lovage is a real ascetic and is satisfied with the most minimal care. He willingly grows on soil of any composition. It may be clayey or sandy. Poor land for him will not be a problem, as well as fertile, well-seasoned with humus. To soil acidity, it is also undemanding. It is possible to plant a plant both in the sun and in the shade, but it is worth noting that in the shade the plant will stretch a little more and its leaves will become softer, and in a sunny place they will quickly block.
It is worth paying attention to the next moment. The lovage has a powerful spindle-shaped root capable of extracting water in the dry season from great depths. But if you plant a plant in a lowland, where water often stagnates, the root can rot, which causes the death of the plant. Do not often water the specimens that are planted in the shade - they are fully capable of providing themselves with moisture on their own. Watering is needed only in particularly dry periods.
Fertilizing a plant is not necessary; it will delight its owner year after year, without at all demanding any care in relation to himself. This spicy handsome man is practically not damaged by pests and diseases. It easily transfers frosts and winters in the open ground without any shelter. Spring return frosts also will not bring him the slightest inconvenience. A more unpretentious and useful plant is difficult to find, therefore, no doubt, it is worthwhile to settle it in your garden.
Care of young shoots
Some attention will be required by the plant in the year of planting.. Like any seedling, it may suffer from shading by competitors, nutrient deficiencies, if other, larger plants develop nearby. Therefore, it is necessary to provide the young lovage with free space and regular (not too abundant) watering. It is desirable to loosen the soil to provide better access to the roots of oxygen, or to mulch it. This will protect the top layer of the earth from weathering and drying.
The main task for the first time will be the removal of weeds. They are the main enemies of gentle shoots. When growing lovage in cold regions, you can think about sheltering him for the winter in the first year after planting. But in most cases, he is perfectly acclimatized and endures winter without shelter. Further care, as mentioned above, presents no difficulties.
To date, several varieties have been developed that are slightly different in appearance and size, so each gardener can choose the option that best suits the conditions of his land and the growing region.
Known varieties such as:
The last two are particularly tall, they can reach a height of 1.5-2 meters. You should know that in one place the plant can be grown over 10 years, so you should carefully go to the place of its planting. Over time, the bush grows and looks powerful and decorative. The plant can be propagated by dividing, for this, it is carefully dug, neatly divided into two parts with a shovel and planted in a new place, while receiving two independent lovage bushes.
Growing and caring for a plant is easy for even beginners. This is one of those spices that can literally "plant and forget"but at the same time it will regularly supply its owner with aromatic medicinal raw materials: foliage, seeds, roots. Medicinal decoctions can be made from each part of the plant, and after drying the leaves, it is easy to provide for the whole winter with a useful spice. Truly, this plant is worth it to get widespread in gardens and kitchen gardens.
Любисток: выращивание и лечебные свойства
Любисток лекарственный (дудочник, горный сельдерей, заря садовая) поселился в огородах и цветниках очень давно.
В естественной природе он произрастает в Иране и Афганистане, однако широко культивируется в качестве лекарственного и пряного растения во многих странах мира.
Относится он к семейству Зонтичные. It is a perennial herb with a massive root and erect, tubular, hollow inside the stem, which develops to a height of 1.5-2m. In the upper part it branches slightly.
It has beautiful large, feathery, incised, shiny green leaves with long petioles.
Blossoms in the beginning of summer with umbellate inflorescences located at the ends of the shoots, consisting of many small yellow flowers. After flowering, flattened oval-shaped seeds are formed, with which it multiplies by self-sowing.
All its aerial parts and roots have a strong specific smell and taste, vaguely resembling another spicy plant - celery.
Planting and care for lovage
It is unpretentious, resistant to cold and drought. Even with the withering or complete die-off of the stems and leaves from lack of moisture, the plant revives again after watering and builds up new shoots thanks to a powerful root system.
Any site is suitable for its landing, as it is not very fastidious about lighting. It grows both in the shade and in the sun. Most often it is planted in a slightly shaded place. Place it on the site, taking into account the height of future plants, so that they do not create shading to other planted crops.
The soil prefers a light, fertile, moderately moist. Does not tolerate excessive watering and stagnation of water, leading to decay of the roots. During the season it is regularly watered moderately.
Propagated by seed and division of the bushes.
Seeds are sown in open ground in early spring, or seedlings are grown from them. Seeds germinate at a temperature of 3 ° C, although for a rather long time, but at 18 ° C and higher shoots appear within one and a half weeks. They are developing rapidly. They are thinned, leaving 50-60 cm apart, with a row spacing of 70 cm.
Large bushes divide in the spring. Planted at this time the plants take root well. Place them through 70cm from each other.
Propagated lovage and cuttings, slicing them from strong shoots. Cuttings with a pair of leaves are rooted in wet sand. They quickly grow roots and they are planted in a permanent place.
Plant care is the same as for other perennial vegetable crops. They are watered, fed, loosened the soil and remove weeds.
At one place it grows 5-7 years.
Healing properties of Lovage
As a medicinal raw material, use the plant root, less often its grass and seeds. It contains many useful biologically active compounds.
Its expectorant, diuretic, tonic, sedative, choleretic, carminative, tonic, blood-purifying and antiseptic activity has been successfully used in traditional medicine.
Infusions and decoctions of the roots are used in the treatment of diseases of the respiratory system, heart, liver, stomach, intestines, kidneys and urinary tract. They help to fight bronchitis and asthma, cholecystitis, rheumatism, gout, cardiac dropsy, neurosis, headache, palpitations, various edemas, constipation, worms, asthenia, anemia, colic of different origin, renal failure, menstrual disorders.
Outwardly, a decoction of the roots or grass makes lotions and washed purulent wounds. Infusion or decoction is used to take baths, rinsing hair, with their loss.
Pounded leaves of lovage, attached to the head, soothe the headache. They are also used in the form of tea, decoction, infusion or powder.
In case of bronchitis, colitis, intestinal spasms, root infusion is used - 2-3 hours. raw materials in 250ml boiling water (daily dose). Also helps infusion of 4 g of seeds in 150 ml of boiling water, which is taken on 15 ml three times a day.
For diseases of the heart, 30-40 g of a root in a liter of water is boiled for 7 minutes. This rate is drunk during the day for 5 receptions.
Expectorant, diuretic, carminative agent is the powder of the root or seeds. It is taken three times a day, 0.4-0.8g.
When neuroses chew on an empty stomach dry root (3-6g).
As a diuretic and carminative use tincture of the root 50g in 500ml 40% alcohol. Use it before meals of 30-40ml.
When pinworms eat a mixture of 1-2 tablespoons on an empty stomach. root powder with 3st.l. honey
It is contraindicated in the use of its drugs for treatment, as well as seasoning for acute nephritis, for pregnant women, as it promotes blood flow to the pelvic organs and acts abortively! .
Lovage medicinal (Levisticum officinale).
Its fresh and dried leaves have a pleasant aroma. They are added as seasoning to various salads, flour and other culinary products, vegetable and meat dishes, soups, sauces, marinade, canned goods. Seasoned and chopped root, which gives the dishes a mushroom flavor and aroma, improves digestion and increases appetite. Sprinkle seeds with bread, add to the pickle when salting vegetables.
Much more often than for medicinal purposes, lovage (root, grass, leaves in the fresh and dried state) is used as a spice for flavoring liqueurs and bitter gastric vodkas. “It improves the stomach and drives out the winds,” wrote one cook in the time of Charlemagne, who constantly grew this plant in his garden.
Whoever has never used lovage as a seasoning, it is worth trying to do it. Fresh grass or only fresh leaves added to shredded vegetables or some other meal at lunch contribute to their better absorption and taste. Beware of overuse..
Lovage It should be cooked together with the main course. For example, when cooking broth, meat sauce or minced meat, put a little lovage root, and this seasoning will improve and enhance the taste of meat. And, what should be especially noted, the use of lovage as a seasoning is very healthy and is permitted even for diet cuisine.
- cooking root decoction: 1 teaspoon of the crushed roots is poured with a glass of hot water, boiled in a sealed container for 30 minutes and cooled for 10 minutes. Then the broth is filtered and adjusted to the initial volume with boiled water. Take 1-2 tbsp. l 3 times a day.
- cooking infusion of roots: 1 teaspoon of the crushed roots is poured with a glass of boiling water, slowly cooled and filtered. Take equal portions throughout the day in 5-6 receptions.
- cooking herb infusion: 2 teaspoons without chopped root, pour 1/4 l of cold water, heat to boiling and strain immediately.
- with headache - Pour boiling water over the leaves and breathe for 5 minutes over the broth, covered with a towel.
- kidney disease - 30 g of dry root pour 1 liter of boiling water. Insist 30 minutes and drink in the morning on an empty stomach for 1/2 tbsp.
- cure bronchitis help decoction -1 tsp. dry root pour 1 tbsp. water and boil 30 min. Take 1-2 tbsp. l 3 times a day before meals.
Preparation of raw materials
Lovage roots harvested in the fall with 2-3-year-old plants, after flowering and seed ripening. They are dug, washed well under running water, dried, cut in small thin pieces and dried in a dryer at a temperature not exceeding 60 ° C or under a canopy in a draft.
The grass is harvested during flowering (June - July), the seeds - with their full ripening.
Salad leaves are cut at any time. When growing it for the greens, most of the peduncles are removed. On plants intended for collecting seeds, the leaves are not cut.
Lubistok - description
The French call the lovage "fake celery", the British - "love parsley", this is due to the fact that the plants have a very similar appearance. Lovage bush grows to a height of 1.5-2 meters, has a tubular branching stem, a massive root system. It has large, shiny, fragrant leaves, resembling celery leaves. Blooms in late June - early July, its greenish-yellow small flowers form an umbrella inflorescence. Unpretentious, frost-resistant flower lovage - perennial, planting and caring for him does not present much difficulty.
Types of lovage
Types of lovage a bit, but they are all attractive and useful. Gardeners call the most popular of them the following varieties:
- Leader. The name corresponds to the qualitative characteristics of the plant, its leaves are juicy, the bushes grow rapidly, their yield is high (up to 2 kg per crop).
- Hercules This sort of lovage belongs to medium-sized, it is frost-resistant, with a pronounced aroma. Good yields are manifested in the second or third year.
- Amur. Shrubs grow low (up to 60 cm), the leaves are large, fragrant, low frost resistance, yields up to 2-2.5 kg per bush.
- Departure It has excellent spicy taste and medicinal properties. Cultivation of a lovite bastard is possible at home, the bush is compact, grows up to a height of one meter.
How to plant a lovage?
Deciding to plant lovage on your site, you will acquire a perennial plant, which for many years will delight with its spicy greenery from spring to late autumn. Planting lovage can be carried out as seeds, and separated rhizomes of adult plants (starting from 3 years of age). Pre-cultivation of seedlings from seeds should begin in early March, but you can sow the seeds directly in open ground. The distance between the bushes lovage leave at least 0.7 - 1 meter, plant along the fence, greenhouses.
How to plant a lovage seed?
The seeds of lovage before sowing should be prepared for their quickest germination. Due to the essential oils contained in the seeds, they remain dry for a long time, and the first shoots appear only after 3-3.5 weeks. To speed up the process of growing lovage from seeds, rinse them with warm water and soak for 1-2 days. Add 10 g of wood ash or a universal biopreparation to one liter of water. After the seeds swell, they can be sown; this should be done in November or early spring. Sowing of soaked seeds is carried out at a depth of 1-1.5 cm, shoots will appear in 1.5-2 weeks.
How to plant lovage root?
Good, powerful roots in lovage will be in case of timely removal of peduncles, until they bloom. To get planting material, dig up the root of the plant, divide it into parts, each of which should have 2-3 buds, sprinkle the incisions with ash. Digging and dividing the roots for further planting should be in early May. It is not difficult to plant a lovage and further care, “delenki” quickly take root, growing a bush in one place will be optimal for 6-8 years, then it is worth updating the lovage plantation.
Where to plant lovage?
Choosing a place where to plant lovage, you need to provide him with the conditions under which his roots do not rot due to excessive stagnation of moisture, and the aboveground parts do not dry out from its absence. Shaded areas with pre-fertilized soil, fertile soil, pre-fertilized before planting, are more suitable for growing this plant, because the plant is perennial, its cultivation and care technology does not involve transplants. Soil choose light and wet, without closely located groundwater. Well, if the plot before growing lovage was planted with cabbage or zucchini.
How to grow lovage?
Lovage can grow in open space, as the plant is frost-resistant, not afraid of drafts. Growing lovage in the country in the open field requires the fulfillment of certain conditions:
- mandatory soil loosening to stimulate root growth,
- sufficient watering is done twice a month, up to 12-15 liters of water under each bush,
- regular feeding in the spring and after the next cut of leaves, mineral mixtures and organic materials are used,
- trimming peduncles (in the case of growing on greens).
Lovage - care
It is also necessary to care for lovage, like most plants: make sure that the weed is not drowned, water it in time and feed it, using an infusion of different herbs with nettle, mullein, ash. To reduce the amount of this work, luch beds with a lamb. In the first year of cultivation, cut the leaves once, so that the greens are lush, use nitrogenous fertilizers. For large medicinal roots, feed the bushes with ash, excluding nitrogen, after 3-4 years they can be used.
How to grow lovage in the country - watering?
Excellent spicy and fragrant seasoning, a wonderful lovage doctor, has become the favorite of many gardeners and summer residents. Bushes lovage, planting and care for them in the open field, do not take a lot of time and effort. Winter-hardy culture is not capricious, it is not demanding on the soil, less than others needs sunlight and heat. Experienced gardeners recommend for fast growing lovage from seeds in the open field, to build for this mini-greenhouse.
Watering a plant grown in a shaded place, stands until it is small or in a dry season, an adult plant that has a strong root system, will obtain moisture for itself. After watering, be sure to loosen the soil, fluff the bush itself will create a shade around the roots. With a lack of moisture, the plant begins to shed its leaves, with its appearance it releases new shoots.
Lovistov flower - top dressing
Some gardeners advise feeding lovage exclusively organic fertilizers, excluding chemistry. Lovage flower, growing and caring for it requires the use, both during planting and subsequently - fertilizer for dressings. To stimulate strong and powerful roots, increase their growth, once every two weeks, use the following solution:
- 10 liters of water
- 20 g of superphosphate,
- 20 g saltpeter,
- 20 g of potassium chloride.
The cultivation of lovage is often carried out with a medical purpose, so it is better to use organic fertilizers that do not cause harm to human health. In the spring, in the second year of growing lovage, you can feed it with Spring fertilizer, which is a mineral complex, two weeks after that - use urea (20 g per square meter). In the middle of summer, you can add organics, and in the fall, put compost in the ground.
Lovage in the country - the disease
When growing lovage and caring for it, like most garden crops, there is a chance to encounter diseases of this plant. The most important enemies of this shrub are the “carrot fly”, its larvae infect the roots of the plant and the “white spot”, and the help that was not provided in time will lead to the death of the flower. Still it can be damaged by snails, which, having attacked, will be able to instantly destroy young shoots. On the testicles lovage often settles aphid.
Growing and caring for lovable in the open field requires the use of some effective agricultural practices in the fight against pests and diseases. Having sprinkled the soil near the bush with ashes, and sprinkling granules of phosphate fertilizer on top, you can protect it from the attack of snails and aphids. Treat the tops of the shoots with ashes and water, if the plant louse appeared on top, after 12 hours, rinse off the water with a hose. The use of chemicals is not recommended, they exclude the possibility of using plants for food.
Today, among gardeners, such a plant as lovage becomes popular, cultivating and caring for it in the garden plot will allow you to always have on hand a fresh, tender and fragrant seasoning for meat, fish dishes and salads and a medicine for many diseases. With success this plant is also used in cosmetology, especially the decoction of a lovish made from 1 tbsp. spoons of leaves and 250 ml of water, used to rinse the hair and nourish the roots, they become shiny, lush, silky and strong ..
The healing properties of lovage and contraindications
The lovage is rich in potassium salts, contains vitamin C up to 118 mg%, and is not inferior to carrots in carotene content (5.3 mg%). Especially it contains a lot of essential oils (0.5-2.7%), which give a specific taste and aroma. Therefore, lovage used in the preparation of green oil, as well as spicy mixture of herbs with parsley leaves, chives with a small amount of black pepper, thyme, rosemary. It has special value for dietary food along with dill and a basil.
Medicinal properties of lovage are widely used in traditional medicine. With the purpose of treatment used root, leaves, seeds. The root acts tonic on the gastrointestinal tract, improves appetite, reduces the phenomenon of flatulence, stimulates the separation of bile, urine, sputum, reduces nervous excitability.
Apply lovage with heart disease, bronchitis, as a diaphoretic, for rinsing the mouth. Children are given young leaves, stems or their decoction as an antihelminthic. A decoction of the roots helps to strengthen the hair with their premature loss. Fresh, slightly crumpled leaves of this plant relieve headaches of different origin, if they are applied to the forehead. A certain dose of lovage tincture can cause aversion to vodka.
But there are contraindications. First of all, children should be given decoctions of lovage with caution, only under urgent need under the supervision of a doctor. And pregnant women should stop using it at all during pregnancy. The fact that its use causes blood flow to the pelvic region and can cause uterine bleeding or lead to miscarriage. It is not necessary for the same reason to eat, drink decoctions of lovage for people suffering from hemorrhoids or pyelonephritis.
Another caveat. Не следует употреблять любисток в пищу во время цветения — считается, что он становится ядовитым.
Отзывы и комментарии: 2
Любисток – растение удивительное! Оно необычайно полезно, а по вкусу напоминает сельдерей. I taught the whole family to add its spicy greens to vegetable salads.
This perennial can reach a height of 2 meters if it is grown as an ornamental plant. Thanks to the lush openwork foliage lovage looks great in landscape compositions.
If, however, grow it for medicinal purposes, he does not have time to reach a huge height. His dig - because of the healing properties of the root.
In the care lovage unpretentious. Propagated by seed and by dividing the root. He loves the land rich in organic matter and minerals, so during the summer it is necessary to feed it at least once - pour infusion of bird droppings, diluted with water (1:12), add ash (0.5 l per 10 l of water) and superphosphate (according to instructions on the package).
Lovage - for happiness in love
If you like spicy greens, be sure to plant on the site lovage. It is often referred to as perennial or mountain celery, since the look and smell of the leaves is very similar. But if celery is a rather capricious plant and needs special care, the lovage grows in one place for years. The main thing is that the soil was fertile, as the lovage grows a large mass of green during the season. Its leaves on long petioles reach one meter in height, and peduncles can rise even higher. Stagnation of water is undesirable, otherwise the root will be soaked.
Lovage grows well in the application, but in the sun it grows earlier in the spring. In general, lovage is perhaps the earliest spring green, its leaves begin to grow even before the snow melts completely, before
perennial bows. Lovage green contains many vitamins and has a tonic effect. No wonder the people call it grass-love and attribute the ability to protect family happiness.
Lovage is usually propagated by seed. Pre-soaked in warm water for 2 days. You can sow both in spring and in winter. If you do not cut off the seed arrows and let the seeds ripen, then the plant reproduces beautifully by self-sowing. The grown seedlings are transplanted to a permanent place, well tucked the earth with rotted manure, humus, ash. If, apart from greenery, you want to harvest the roots, then the proportion of manure is reduced and several times in a season fed with potash and phosphate fertilizers.
For what it looks like lovage, the French call it fake celery. The leaves of the plants are really similar as twins: glossy, bright green leafy plates with jagged edges divided into several parts. Lovage bush grows rapidly, growing to a half meter. At a bush strong branched stalk. Roots with many processes are collected in a loose massive lobe. In adult plants, the roots are up to 40 cm long, the root rods are brown in color. Lovage inflorescences are collected in motley yellow umbrellas. The plant blooms in July. Lovage fruits, fruits - seeds.
Depending on why you grow it, lovage can be annual or multi-year. If you are harvesting for the roots, then next year you will have to plant again. In principle, the plant is perennial and reproduces perfectly by self-sowing.
What should be the conditions for growing lovage, the choice of site
Growing lovage in the open field - the process is, in general, not troublesome. The plant is resistant to cold and drought. If for some reason the plant has not been watered and there was no precipitation, even with the dried aerial part, the lovage will come to life, having received watering and further care. The plant has long and powerful roots, so it is tenacious.
The lovage grows quickly, so it is better to plant it along the fence or the edge of the plot, so that, while growing, it does not shade other cultures. The grass can grow in the sun, not afraid of partial shade. The best place for lovage will be the south side of the plot from the side of the house.
Before planting and growing lovage, make sure that in your chosen area the groundwater does not run close to the surface. The soil for lovage is well drained, moderately moist and nutritious.
Humidity and temperature required for lovage
Lovage prevents excessive moisture and acidity of the soil. Before planting, be sure to prepare the plot, feed and “deoxidize”, if necessary. During the growing season, lovage needs abundant watering - 15 liters of water, but once a week.
Cultivation of lovage from seeds successfully takes place at a temperature of +3 ° C. True, the germination time is stretched for three weeks. At a temperature of 18 ° C, this period is reduced to ten days.
Preparing the soil for planting
Lovage with proper planting and timely care will give a bountiful harvest. Before planting the plants need to prepare the soil. To do this, during the autumn digging, a bucket of peat and humus, 200 g of wood ash and 20 g of nitrophoska (per square meter) are introduced into the soil.
Immediately before planting, the soil is fertilized with superphosphate, potassium sulfate, urea and ash.
How to grow lovage by dividing the bush
Lovage is grown and the method of dividing the bush, care is the same as in seed cultivation. Bushes are dividing at the end of spring. To do this, dig a bush of three years of age. The bush is divided into several parts, each of which must have at least three strong root buds and shoots. Delenki planted in the prepared place, watered. The optimal term of life and good fruiting lovage - six years.
What you need to know about caring for lovable
Lovage - not a capricious plant: and growing, and care are not associated with any difficulties. The plant needs abundant watering in the absence of rain, weeding and loosening the soil, pruning leaves in the second year of life and feeding.
You can feed the plant with bird droppings, extract of mullein, mineral composition. Nitrogen is needed during the growth period, and phosphorus and potassium in the future. For the development of a strong root system in lovage remove flowers. Here, too, do not overdo it: a few flower stalks should be left.
When to harvest lovage
Lovage harvest harvested throughout the summer season. If you grow lovids for the sake of leaves, do not leave many flower stalks on the plant. Lovage leaves can be collected as needed for salads. From the bushes that are grown for the seeds, the leaves are not desirable to cut. The collection of plant roots is carried out in the fall, carefully digging and cleaning them from the ground. The roots of the plant are washed, dried, crushed and stored in a glass container.
For harvesting leaves and stems they are cut at the root. The crop can be dried or frozen for the winter. Dry blanks are stored in a dry glass jar in a dark place.
Lovage is a multifaceted plant: it is eaten as a spice, used in traditional medicine, in cosmetology. In the summer, lovage helps keep blood-sucking insects away from home: hang a few tufts of grass on the eaves and your sleep will not be disturbed by a nasty buzz over your ear.