By right, the rose is called the queen of the garden. From May, all summer until late autumn, they fascinate with their beauty and diversity. But it should be fairly noted that this culture is rather difficult to grow in the garden and requires constant care and attention. The abundant summer bloom of roses depends largely on how well the spring care was organized, in particular, how the dressing of roses was carried out in the spring.
Fertilizer: necessary food for the plant
For good growth, maintain proper metabolism of flowering plants need a large amount of nutrients, respectively, which they take mainly from the soil. But, unfortunately, the reserves of nutrients in the soil are limited, annually growing plants, harvesting, removing unnecessary plants from flower beds, we completely remove the nutrients contained in the ground. Therefore, the reserves of soil nutrients should be systematically replenished by fertilizing with fertilizer.
Plants need three basic nutrients — nitrogen, potassium, and phosphorus. In small quantities, plants need magnesium, calcium, sulfur, iron, zinc and manganese.
- Potassium, indispensable for plant life, it constantly regulates the water balance in plant cells, strengthens the structural tissue of the plant and significantly increases frost resistance.
- Phosphorus stimulates flowering and is especially needed for energy metabolism.
- Nitrogen- This substance is necessary for fast and healthy growth, it is indispensable for the formation of leaf green (chrolophyll), which is in its own way for plants for photosynthesis. Obviously, with a sufficient amount of nitrogen, the plant develops well, grows quickly, the greens have a juicy color.
How to feed the roses after winter?
In the spring at the end of March or early April, when the frosty days are over, it’s time gradually open the bushes. If on them there were frame shelters with paper or a film, at first we spend airing. With the onset of the first warm days, we remove shelters with partial shading, otherwise burns of tender stems may occur, which are accustomed to a moist air environment. After a week, about a plant can be opened completely. If the bushes in the summer at the dacha were covered with spruce branches, it is advisable to lift it in the spring first, then remove partially leaving a couple of branches for shading, after a few days remove it completely.
Next stage peat off or the ground of which the roses were covered. This is necessary in order to speed up the thawing of the earth. If this is not done, the physiological drought will immediately begin, during this process, due to high temperatures, the living plant buds begin to grow, and the roots in the frozen ground do not fulfill their functions, do not supply water to the needy parts of the plant. The consequence of which will be the blackening and dying off of the green sprigs of the plant that came out after the winter.
If everything said above was done correctly, literally in a day or two the upper layer of the earth thawed out, we will conduct the first dressing. For this first feeding no need for expensive fertilizer for roses in spring, fertilizing is carried out with wood ash. The gardeners who have a bath have the advantage; during the winter period, collect the burnt ash in paper bags, in the spring it will be useful to you.
Feeding roses is simple:
- Rake off a layer of earth three to five centimeters deep, up to forty centimeters in diameter from the bush.
- Feed the roses, sprinkle ashes
- Ground the ground
That's all not difficult manipulations of dressing roses, but how grateful you will be for the plants that wake up after hibernation.
Next feed performed after spring pruning, two or three weeks after the first feeding, in May.
Pruning allows not only to keep our ornamental shrubs in the country in shape, very often it is also an important event that helps preserve the ability to bloom. Cultivated and wild roses, as well as dwarf roses, are pruned in mid or late April, when severe frosts have passed.
Different varieties and varieties of roses cropped differently. But for each plant it is obligatory to cut blackened, frozen, dried, weak and injured shoots to the first living successfully overwintering bud on the lower part of the shoot green.
After spring pruning to prevent various diseases of roses we carry out preventive sprayingwhich is strictly carried out before bud break. We process shrubs with two or three percent nitrafen solution at the rate of one liter per bucket, by spraying. This solution is enough to process twenty rose bushes.
Top dressing of roses during the summer period
For lush and prolonged flowering rose bushes need to be fed in the summer. Experienced rose growers fertilize bushes in the summer once a month. It is worth noting that from August onwards, roses are ceased to be fertilized with nitrogen fertilizers, these measures are necessary so that there is no incentive to grow them and stop the formation of frost-sensitive tender tissue.
What fertilizer is better?
In modern floriculture, complex or combined fertilizers are used primarily, which in a properly balanced form contain many of the nutrients that are very important for plants. Often it makes good sense to make and special fertilizers, the composition of which is designed and intended for specific species of plants, in this case, the nutritional mixture for roses.
In general, fertilizers are distinguished:
Organic fertilizerIn them, organic substances are bound directly into organic compounds and benefit the plant cells gradually. Synthesis depends on many factors, such as soil moisture and temperature, the activity of microorganisms in it. Organic fertilizers contain stronger nutrient concentrations compared to natural fertilizers, for example, conventional compost, it also belongs to the category of organic fertilizers.
Mineral fertilizers contain nutrients consisting of more easily soluble compounds, which give a significantly faster effect. It is worth noting that the danger of overdose in this case is significantly higher than that of organic fertilizers, the leaching of nutrient particles is also possible.
When and how to feed?
When fertilizing in the summer, follow the instructions on the manufacturer's packaging. In the absence of instructions or doubts when feeding, it is better to apply less fertilizer than to bring in excess with excess. For example, excess nitrogen negatively affects the tissue, it is weak and porous, it cannot protect the plant, its resistance decreases, and the living organism of the plant is exposed to various fungal diseases or pest attacks.
Solid mineral fertilizers evenly crumble under rose bushes and put them in the ground with a rake. Liquid fertilizers are applied during watering with a watering can.
Fertilizer is preferably in a moist soil and, if possible, feed in cloudy weather.
In conclusion, I would like to say that proper care for roses, namely, sufficient watering, proper fertilization, correct pruning and the formation of bushes, systematic removal of bloomed flowers, removal of wild shoots will bring lush flowering until frost. The variety and abundance of flowers will delight you and your family and surprise your guests with your fragrance.
Features of spring dressing of roses
After winter, it is important for this plant to get the right trace elements at the right time. Roses love an excess of organic and mineral substances in the soil. Otherwise, the flowering will not be abundant and lush, the leaves will be covered with small spots and begin to curl. If you notice these symptoms in time, you can try to correct the situation with additional feedings.
Tip Fertilizer should be applied every season in spring, summer and after flowering. In order not to get confused, it is best to make a clear timetable.
Technology first in the year feeding in the spring:
- For annual bushes, use diluted manure. Mix 1 part bird droppings or mullein with 3 parts water. The resulting mixture before watering diluted in water in a ratio of 1:10. To make organic dressing is possible only after the establishment of the final heat.
- Older roses are first fed ammonium nitrate. Calculation - 20-30 mg substances per 1 square. m. Fertilization is appropriate after the snow melt, but before cleaning the covering material.
Further, the feeding algorithm is the same regardless of the age of the flowers. In May, after the weather becomes warm and dry, fertilize the roses with nitrogen-containing preparations. Nitrogen will help:
- intensively grow foliage
- to form a thick and bright deciduous mass
- release young shoots
- longer bloom.
Also during this period, roses will need phosphorus. The element has a beneficial effect on the quality of photosynthesis, strengthens the plant, prolongs the flowering time. You can buy a ready-made complex or make fertilizer with your own hands.
Top dressing of roses in the summer
The plant is well included in the season, has grown strong and formed a lot of juicy foliage. In the summer, during the period of bookmarking and development of buds, flowers will need new forces. At this time and until the beginning of flowering they are fertilized with potassium-phosphate mixtures. The recommended ratio of phosphorus to potassium is 10: 3.
Top dressing should be done on a cloudy day or after sunset, but not late in the evening! Magnesium is also required for freshly made buds. He is responsible for the brightness and color saturation of the petals. Pay special attention to magnesium because the substance is quickly washed out of the ground.
Mineral complexes of factory production - the most affordable and simple solution for feeding your flower garden. They may be granular, pelletized, liquid or powdered. You can also use yeast or wood ash. Watering several times.
But in the summer feeding with nitrogen is not worth it. The element will continue to stimulate lush greens, while the bush needs to focus on beautiful and voluminous colors. Fertilize it after flowering should immediately, as soon as the first buds wither. After removing the dried flowers, the shortened shoots should recover. In the same period, new twigs will appear. Therefore, a complete set of useful substances with important micro and macro elements is vital for the rosebush.
What dressings are required after flowering
As soon as the first rose buds have faded, start preparing the bush for the next season. In this aspect, autumn dressing is an important component of future spring procedures. Nitrogen is definitely not needed. He awakens intense growth, and flowers need to save their strength for the winter and prepare for rest.
Florists recommend the following combinations:
- Dilute in 10 liters of water 1 tbsp. l concentrated drug Agricole Rosa with potassium phosphate fertilizer (2 tablespoons.). One plant requires 4-5 liters of liquid feeding.
- Dilute superphosphate and potassium sulfate in 10 l of water (1 tbsp). Under a single bush pour 3-4 liters.
Tip The optimal period of mineral fertilizing is from the second half of August, when the shoots are lignified.
In the fall, you can ease spring care for the flower garden. Make mulching. Take peat, rotted droppings, compost, dry leaves. After melting snow mulch will keep all the necessary elements in the soil for the awakening of roses. And in the winter it will help to survive the frosts of delicate roots. The rose is capricious though, but it can thank for dressing and care with pleasant fragrant flowering.
Adding an article to a new collection
In order for roses to please you not with rare single buds, but with abundant long flowering, they need proper care, including timely fertilization.
Rosaries never go out of style. Despite the capriciousness of roses and sharp thorns, which often hurt enthusiastic roses, many dream of planting a beautiful flowering shrub on their land. But in order for dreams to come true, roses must be fed.
Residents of the German city of Hildesheim believe that the oldest rose bush is growing from them. According to legend, he was planted in 815. Botanists, in turn, suggest that this bush is over 400 years old.
Phosphorus is of primary importance for the stimulation of abundant flowering. It affects the size of flowers and the number of buds, and also contributes to the formation of new roots. Fertilize plants with phosphorus can be the whole season. However, it would be a mistake to feed roses only with phosphate fertilizers. After all, potassium also affects the formation of buds. In addition, roses need nitrogen to form a healthy green mass. It is made in the spring, because autumn dressings with nitrogen-containing fertilizers reduce the winter resistance of plants. If you feed the rose with nitrogen, then flowering will come later, and the plant itself will become more vulnerable to diseases. Not excessive will be magnesium (which comes to the fore when tying buds and affects the brightness of petal color), iron (for the prevention of chlorosis), as well as boron and manganese.
How to apply fertilizer
There are various methods of fertilizer application. For example, you can retreat 15 cm from the stem and, trying not to damage the roots, make a shallow ring furrow. Fill it with fertilizer mixed with black soil, then sprinkle the furrow with earth. Experienced gardeners say that with this application, the fertilizer will partially dissolve during watering or rain, and the plant will receive all the necessary substances gradually.
It is important to remember that fertilizers should not be applied to non-humid soil, this can lead to burn of the roots.
Foliar dressing is a great option for roses, because The plant quickly receives the necessary substances, absorbing them through the leaves, while the composition of the soil does not change. Thus it is possible to make both mineral and organic fertilizers. Too late (at dusk) evening watering and spraying of the plants are not recommended, as moisture that did not have time to evaporate may cause fungus.
You can spray the plants in the morning or in the evening, as the preparations evaporate or lose their properties in the sun, and the plants can get burned
But remember, foliar top dressing cannot become a full-fledged alternative to root.
Top dressing of roses with organic fertilizers
Some novice rose growers prefer to use only complex preparations, completely forgetting about organic fertilizers. Meanwhile, the latter increase the fertility of the soil, reduce the amount of weeds, and also attract beneficial worms.
Worms loosen the soil and thus enrich it with oxygen
If mulching is done in the fall, spreading peat or compost around rose bushes, the root system will grow faster.
Feeding chicken droppings carried out in the spring during the development of plants, as well as during flowering. This organic fertilizer can easily burn the roots, so it is important not to exceed the dosage. After all, as popular wisdom says, "Better is less and better." Fresh litter is diluted with water 1:20, peremogs - 1:10. The solution is infused for five days, and then diluted with water in a 1: 3 ratio.
Cow manure is diluted with water 1:10, insist week, after which it is again diluted in the ratio 1: 2. The first feeding should be carried out with the onset of heat, because in cold weather, roses are poorly absorbed nutrients.
Springtime introduction of chicken manure and cow dung will be especially useful for young plants.
If you planted a rose bush right under the windows, you can use an infusion of weeds as an alternative less fragrant dressing. Capacity must be filled with chopped grass, tops or weeds 3/4, add 2 tablespoons. soda ash. Fill the remaining 2/3 of the container with water and wait for the composition to ferment. After straining, it is necessary to dilute the infusion with water in the proportion of 3:10 and to conduct foliar dressing. Just keep in mind: the infusion of weeds can not be cooked during their insemination.
For abundant flowering, it is important to combine mineral fertilizers with organic
Top dressing of roses with mineral fertilizers
If young plants in the spring prefer organic, then mature - ammonium nitrate. Fertilizing ammonium nitrate can begin immediately after the snow melts (20-30 g per 1 square meter).
To ensure the roses bloom profusely, May It is best to use potassium-phosphorus compounds (10 g each of superphosphate and potassium sulfate per 10 liters of water). Feeding is desirable to repeat in June. AT July 500 g of chicken manure and 10 g of nitrophoska are added to the solution. In the same period, it is possible to add wood ash, which normalizes the acidity of the soil. Roses are fed with ashes in the second year after transplantation. 100 g of ash is dissolved in 10 liters of water for root dressings, 200 g of ash per 10 liters of water for foliar dressings.
Пышное цветение, которое радует глаз и вызывает восхищение, может быть серьезным стрессом для розового куста, ведь растение расходует большое количество питательных веществ. Если вы хотите, чтобы в следующем году ваша розочка цвела так же обильно, важно подкормить ее осенью. Nitrogen fertilizers are not used during this period, as they provoke the growth of green mass, and the plant simply does not have time to prepare for winter. But potassium is necessary for green pets for a successful wintering, as well as phosphorus. Therefore, in the fall, you can use a mixture of 16 g of potassium monophosphate and 15 g of superphosphate dissolved in 10 liters of water.
You can also prepare a solution of 1 tbsp. superphosphate 1 tbsp. potassium sulfate per 10 liters of water. Under one bush can pour no more than 4 liters of solution.
An alternative may be a yeast dressing. 10 g dry yeast and 2 tbsp. sugar is diluted in 10 liters of warm water. After two hours, the infusion should be diluted with 50 liters of water and water the plants.
Since the yeast infusion actively removes potassium from the soil, immediately after this feeding, it is advisable to sprinkle the soil around the rose bushes with ashes.
Top dressing of roses ready complex fertilizers
The undoubted advantage of ready-made complex fertilizers is ease of use. It is usually enough to add a few caps of the composition to the water and water or spray the plants. Complex fertilizers can accelerate the setting of buds, increase their number and size of inflorescences, and also make the color of roses more vivid.
How to fertilize roses when planting
Many growers are convinced that when planting roses, fertilizers should be laid in a hole, but this can lead to a very aggressive environment in the roots of seedlings, which will be difficult for young plants to cope with. It is much better to pre-fertilize the soil throughout the site. Spread organic fertilizer evenly over the surface in the form of peat, compost or well-rotted manure. Spread coarse sand on the section with heavy soil, and clay on the sandy one. It would be nice to add a little wood ash to the soil of any composition, which has a rich set of useful elements and prevents the formation of rot in the roots. Now dig the soil to the depth of the spade bayonet, carefully mixing it with fertilizer. Finish site preparation 2-3 weeks before planting.
Top dressing roses during the season
At different periods of active growth, fertilizer for roses should contain various nutritional elements. For example, fertilizer for roses in the spring must necessarily contain a significant amount of nitrogen, accelerating the growth of shoots and leaves. During the flowering period, roses are very much needed potassium, and substances such as phosphorus, manganese, boron and iron are required for flowers throughout the season. It is good if there are all these elements in the soil in your plot, but this happens infrequently, so do not expect that, like in the movie “Cinderella”, the roses will grow themselves. Take responsibility for a healthy diet of your roses, and they will thank you with abundant, fragrant and long flowering.
Top dressing of roses in the spring
From the first days of spring, when the snow begins to melt and nature begins to revive around, the question arises as to how to feed the roses after wintering. Liquid nitrogen, ammonium nitrate, urea, or urea are used as essential nitrogen fertilizers at this time of year. In addition, sodium humate growth stimulant can be applied to the soil. From phosphate fertilizers, you can use superphosphate or Ammophos, but you need to remember that these complexes contain some amount of nitrogen, so urea or nitrate must be applied in smaller quantities.
Rake the soil from the bush by making a circular depression 10–15 cm in diameter — the root system of a rose usually extends over such a distance. Spread 10 g of each fertilizer into this well and seal the well with soil. Water the tree circle and grumble it. Since the spring dressing is the main one for the rose, you can put a little organic fertilizer on top of the mulch - compost or rotted manure. After watering or rain, fertilizers will gradually dissolve and nourish the root system of the rose with useful and nutrients.
If you doubt that your roses receive all the necessary micronutrients, you can purchase in the store integrated top dressing from the Kemira spring or Kristallin factory production. Of the universal fertilizers for spring dressing of roses, those that contain an equal percentage of the number of elements, or those in which phosphorus predominates, are suitable. Fertilizers with a predominance of potassium are not suitable for spring dressing of roses.
Summer dressing roses
During the summer, top dressing for roses is applied three times: during the period of bud formation (May-June), to feed the bushes tired of flowering (June-July) and to replenish the supply of trace elements in the soil (July-August). However, more accurate dates of fertilization depend on the variety and type of plants.
During the period of bud formation and preparation for flowering, the rose needs a lot of nutrients, but the nitrogen component of the complex should be excluded, otherwise the plant will continue to form young shoots that do not have time to mature by winter and will die from frost. In addition, an excess of nitrogen in the soil adversely affects the flowering of roses.
The first dressing of roses in the summer must necessarily contain potassium, for which one of the following fertilizers is applied to the soil: potassium nitrate, potassium sulfate, potassium salt or potassium chloride. If you do not fertilize the soil in the circle of roses with potassium, the plants can hurt. Liquid complex top dressing may consist, for example, of 100 g of superphosphate dissolved in 10 l of water and 30 g of potassium sulfate. The method of fertilizer application can be either root, that is, the solution is poured under the shrub on the pre-moistened soil, or foliar: the shrub is treated with a nutrient solution over the leaves.
During flowering, it is preferable to alternate root dressings with foliar and mineral solutions with organic ones. Of organic fertilizers during this period, apply a solution of bird droppings or wood ash, which is also used in the form of a solution or in a dry form sprinkled under the bushes. Roses respond well to processing on leaves with herbal infusions and on mulching the tree trunk with compost or peat. To organic fertilizer, laid around the bushes, not conspicuous, decorate them with crushed bark, which can be purchased at a flower shop. From mineral fertilizers it is possible to use potassium-phosphate complexes in liquid form for feeding roses during the flowering period.
After completion of flowering and pruning, the roses need regenerative nutrition, and the best fertilizer for them during this period will be a solution of a tablespoon of superphosphate and the same amount of potash fertilizer in 10 liters of water at the rate of 4 liters per plant. Many amateurs use a yeast solution that strengthens the root system for autumn dressing of roses. The ground part is treated with the composition, while the soil of the stem is sprinkled with chopped eggshell or ash.
Organic fertilizer for roses
For dressing roses, you can independently prepare such organic fertilizers:
- mullein infusion: 1 part of manure is poured with 10 parts of water, infused for a week, then diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 2 and poured over a bucket for each plant. When processing roses on leaves, fertilizer not only nourishes them with nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus, calcium, magnesium, copper and zinc, but also increases the resistance of plants to fungal diseases. An infusion of bird droppings is also prepared, only fresh litter is poured with water at a ratio of 1:20, and the old one, like cow dung, at a ratio of 1:10,
- infusion of herbs: collected in the garden and the garden weeds that have not yet entered the period of insemination, you need to chop, put in a container, fill with water and give the composition to ferment. Ten days later the infusion is filtered, diluted with water in a ratio of 1:10 and used for foliar treatments,
- banana solution: rich in phosphorus, potassium, nitrogen, magnesium and calcium, the peel of a banana is crushed with a mixer, mixed with water and used for root dressing,
- yeast solution: There are many recipes for making yeast fertilizer. For example, 100 g of raw yeast should be dissolved in 10 liters of warm water and allowed to stand for one day. Or 200 g of Baker's yeast to dissolve in 1 l of water, and before entering into the soil, pour 9 l of water to the solution and stir,
- coffee grounds: this fertilizer containing nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus and other mineral substances sprinkles the soil in the root area of the bushes,
- ash: This fertilizer contains phosphorus, potassium and calcium, therefore ash is very important for plants in the second half of summer. If you scatter half a cup under small bushes twice a month, and under large ashes a glass, your roses will have time to ripen all shoots before frost, and the plants will perfectly tolerate even a frosty winter.
Mineral fertilizer for roses
For normal growth, flowering and development of roses, the following elements are necessary:
- nitrate nitrogen: the main component of any fertilizer and stimulating the growth of green mass:
- phosphorus: the main component that accelerates the development of the plant and the transition to flowering,
- potassium: the main component, causing abundance of flowering and brightness of color,
- copper: trace element involved in the processes of respiration and photosynthesis, as well as in the synthesis of carbohydrates and proteins, and increasing the resistance of plants to fungal infections,
- boron: trace element involved in the synthesis of nucleic acids and the formation of the structure of cell walls,
- molybdenum: a substance involved in protein metabolism and activating enzymes,
- zinc: an indispensable element involved in the metabolism and energy in plants,
- manganese: a substance that enhances photosynthesis and is involved in the processes of respiration, as well as in carbohydrate and protein metabolism,
- iron: trace element involved in metabolism and respiration, as well as in the synthesis of chlorophyll,
- magnesium: a substance that is part of chlorophyll, carries out the movement of phosphorus and is involved in carbohydrate metabolism and redox processes.
The main components are usually applied to the soil, and the solutions of microelements are treated with roses on the leaves.
And a little about the secrets.
The story of one of our readers Irina Volodina:
My eyes were especially frustrating, surrounded by large wrinkles plus dark circles and swelling. How to remove wrinkles and bags under the eyes completely? How to cope with swelling and redness? But nothing is so old or young man as his eyes.
But how to rejuvenate them? Plastic surgery? I found out - no less than 5 thousand dollars. Hardware procedures - photorejuvenation, gas-liquid pilling, radio lifting, laser facelift? Slightly more accessible - the course costs 1.5-2 thousand dollars. And when to find all this time? Yes, and still expensive. Especially now. Therefore, for myself, I chose another way.
Feeding roses - why is it needed?
Growing roses is not an easy task, the flower is capricious, not everyone can cope. One of the main conditions of care is fertilizing, which should be given special attention, depending on the season and growth cycle to apply different types of fertilizers. Knowing the better to feed the roses in the summer or autumn-spring period, it is possible to prepare in advance several types of fertilizers (organic and mineralized complexes) that affect the growth and full development of the plant in different ways:
- nitrogen - accelerates the growth of leaves and shoots,
- phosphorus - promotes plentiful flowering and easy wintering,
- potassium, iron - will help to keep water, to resist diseases,
- trace elements - will strengthen the rose,
- organics - “feed” the bush with various useful elements.
How to feed roses?
Top dressing of roses, like all flowering plants, occurs during the year in several stages. After carrying out spring preventive pruning, nitrogen and organic fertilizers for roses should be introduced into the soil. Summer application of various fertilizer complexes is made three times:
- in June, during the budding period,
- in July, after flowering, to maintain "tired" plants,
- in August to replenish and balance the supply of trace elements.
In the fall in September, it is imperative to feed the roses with superphosphate, which can slowly decompose and be absorbed by the plant throughout the winter. It will help to strengthen the rose in front of the upcoming cold by quickly absorbed potassium. But the introduction of nitrogen in the fall is totally unacceptable, as it will lead to excessive growth, and will not allow the plant to find a state of rest in time.
Spring dressing roses
The abundantly flowering rose bush is the dream of every gardener, for this to happen the land must be fertile, with fertilizers added before the slump. In the spring when planting roses on the bottom of the prepared pits, pour out a 5 cm layer of humus. Dig up the saplings prepared two weeks before planting the mix from the ground, superphosphate, potassium salt and humus. Fertilizer for roses in the spring can be applied in April-May, use for this saltpeter, nitrogen, phosphorus, urea, organic matter. Around the hole draw a groove in which lay a rotted mullein, which is an excellent dressing for roses.
How to feed the roses for growth?
In order for the rose to keep up with its growth, it pleased with its long flowering it needs annual fertilizing. The absence of any elements can lead to poor development and loss of decorative appearance. Knowing how to feed the roses in the spring for growth, applying the necessary types of fertilizers, adhering to the principles of their correct application to the soil, you can get a spectacular, beautiful plant.
For the growth of roses, dense foliage and buds developed nitrogen is needed, it is made in the spring and early summer. In order for the rose bush to grow well, develop, strengthen the root system, phosphorus and potassium are needed. The main rule when applying these fertilizers is not to overdo it, an excess of these substances can lead to falling off of the leaves, stopping the development and growth of the plant.
How to feed a rose after planting?
Roses planted in spring, in fertile, well-prepared soil saturated with fertilizer, do not require summer and autumn fertilization. In the first year it is necessary to give them the opportunity to take root and grow. Only by noting that the plants are developing poorly, their young shoots are bent, the leaves turn yellow, you can support the roses with top dressing from slightly concentrated mineral, phosphorus-potassium fertilizers or organic matter.
Feeding roses after planting in the fall, preparing it for the winter cold, takes place with the help of fertilizer, which will help them: protect themselves from diseases, strengthen the wood of bushes, stimulate further growth. For these purposes, it is best to use
- potassium (sulphate or chloride), potassium magnesia,
- simple or double superphosphate,
- calcium (contained in wood ash, hydrated lime, dolomite flour, chalk).
Top dressing of roses during budding
For roses, timely top dressing consisting of correctly selected elements is very important. The list of how to feed the roses during and after budding includes effective means based on potassium:
- potassium salt
- potassium chloride,
- potassium sulfate.
During budding, the absence of potassium can cause various diseases or scarcity of flowering. During this period, do not use nitrogen supplements, they will only lead to the rapid growth of greenery and shoots, but not to an increase in the number of buds. The diluted infusion of chicken manure (0.7-1 liter of infusion per 9-10 liters of water) or sprinkled around the bush ash will serve as an effective fertilizing at this time.
How to feed blooming roses?
In order for roses to bloom abundantly, experienced flower growers advise to observe a balance between fertilizers (mineral and organic), not giving preference to one of these species, and also to use foliar types of dressings. Dressing roses during flowering is not always necessary, in this matter an important role is played by the plant variety and individual approach to it, there is room for experimentation.
The best dressing of roses during flowering, as at any other time, is manure. The development and flowering of roses are positively affected by herbal infusions with the addition of peat, good compost, they serve as an excellent food source for the flowering plant, enriching the soil with humus, improving its composition. Organic improves the absorption of minerals, so the best way out is their combination.
What to feed the roses for abundant flowering?
At different times of the year, garden plants require different nutritional elements, therefore, how and how to feed the roses in spring for lush flowering should be solved in accordance with the growth cycle. In the spring, the rose requires feeding for the active development of new shoots, strengthening the roots and, as a result, good flowering. Phosphorus is best suited for this purpose (it depends on how many flowers appear on a bush), its combination with potassium and nitrogen would be an ideal option.
Top dressing for garden roses - ways
The choice of fertilizers for garden roses is huge, there are two ways to use them: root dressing and foliar. To understand what kind of dressing love roses, apply both of these methods, and look at the result, it appears individually, depending on growing conditions and variety. Using root dressing, water the plant with a liquid solution immediately after rain or watering, if the soil is wet, so as not to burn the roots of roses. For foliar application, use herbal infusions, spraying produce in cloudy weather, so the composition will last longer on plants.
Top dressing of roses by yeast
To grow roses "like yeast", use yeast solution as a top-dressing and stimulant in April-May, and from the second half of June, after flowering begins.Before you feed the roses with yeast, make sure that the soil has warmed up, the fungus will not develop in cold soil. The yeast will have a beneficial effect on the following areas:
- stimulate active growth
- provide a strong, healthy root system
- will provide the fastest rooting at disembarkation,
- reduce the likelihood of disease.
Yeast top dressing is the first remedy as a fertilizer when planting rose cuttings in open ground. To awaken the cuttings, soak them in a yeast solution, and only then proceed to planting. Yeast has a great influence on the growing season of roses, but there is a danger of over-feeding of plants. To avoid over-saturation, use this supplement when transplanting, and a couple of times in the summer.
How to feed roses with mullein?
Korovyak - is a complete fertilizer, because it contains the whole complex of mineral substances necessary for growing roses:
The rotted mullein is excellent as a spring fertilizer for roses, it can be applied to the soil, preparing it for planting plants or directly into the wells (in diluted form). Bring a fresh mullein to the soil in autumn, when digging, so that it will blow up (rotten) before spring and not burn the roots of roses. The first dressing of roses with mullets can be done after spring trimming of the bushes, then before flowering, and another at the beginning of August. After such procedures, a crust appears on the ground, making it difficult for the roots to breathe, loosen it together with the ground.
How to feed roses with chicken droppings?
Asking whether it is possible to feed roses with chicken droppings, it is important to know that this fresh fertilizer is toxic and concentrated, it should be used very carefully. With proper use of harm to the plant will not, and the benefits are obvious. When using this dressing, the growth of bushes is significantly accelerated, the buds become larger, flowering is observed 2-3 times per season.
The best time to use chicken droppings in the form of humus, with straw or foliage added to it, is autumn. Use diluted chicken droppings during active flowering, but not more than three times per season. The results of using this fertilizer are noticeable after a few days, after its introduction into the soil, the plant begins intensive growth and development. The aqueous solution is made at the rate of 1:15 (more concentrated can burn the roots of roses), is introduced directly under the roots, in a richly moistened soil.
How to feed roses with ashes?
Ash is a “food additive” for roses, being multifunctional, it will help in the development and growth of plants and in the fight against pests. Particularly well alternate dressing diluted ash (1 cup per 10 liters of water) and organic matter (bird droppings, mullein), use the ashes in combination with compost or with a decoction of herbs. Giving advice on how to feed a rose in the garden, you can refer to the experience of our ancestors, they used manure, compost, wood and bone ash. Ash concentrates all the trace elements in itself, it is better to bring it in the spring when planting, in the autumn it is washed out.
Fertilizing the roses with ammonia
Ammonia is an effective fertilizing of roses, due to the high content of nitrogen in it, which is necessary for plants, as bread for people. Such top dressing is often one of the best, even surpasses organic matter. As a fertilizer, a solution is applied, which can be made by adding 25 ml of ammonia to root dressing or 1 tsp to 10 liters of water. 1 liter of water for foliar feeding, which is produced early in the morning, at sunset, in cloudy weather.
The best fertilizer for roses, trusted by experienced growers, is still manure or humus, complex and balanced purchased feed mixtures have proven themselves to be convenient and effective, they are effective and convenient. Ammonia is also recognized as a simple, affordable and effective fertilizer, contributing to the growth, protection and flowering of roses.