The genus platicodone (shirokolokolchik) belongs to the family Kolokolchikovyh and includes only one species - platicodone grandiflora or grandiflora. This single member of the genus is a herbaceous perennial living in forests and on rocky slopes.
This plant has quite powerful roots, tall shoots, covered with a large number of leaves. Lower foliage collected in the outlet. All greens are gray. In inflorescences up to 5 wide flowers are formed, veins are well visible on petals.
The color of the flower depends on the variety and can be pink, whitebut the wild wide-bell has soft blue color with dark streaks.
From one species, several varieties have been created that are generally similar, but have differences in the color of the petals, their type (for example, terry petals), as well as the size of the bush, because there are dwarf platicodons.
The Astra varieties with the corresponding flower color are quite popular:
- Variety Platicodone Astra Blue,
If the flowers are double, then it is indicated in the title. Another type of aster is distinctive in that it is a low-growing plant, also this variety has a variety Double, the flowers of which have two rows of petals, and the veinlets on them, although clearly visible, are not as pronounced as those of the variety platicodoneflower florist (bloody veins protrude against the delicate scarlet background).
Varieties of type platicodone fuji higher, have only one row of petals, and their coloring is a bit more gentle.
Platicodone outdoor planting and care
To plant a plant in open soil is needed at the end of spring, when you will surely be sure that the temperature will not fall too low at night.
Land for planting should be well lit, but in general, kolokolkolchik can withstand growth in partial shade. The soil should be nutritious and loose, have drainage. The best substrate is loam with sand and neutral acidity.
This flower has vertically growing roots, so it is impossible for groundwater to be close to the site. Its rhizome is very gentle and does not tolerate transplants, therefore in one place the bushes grow over 10 years.
Before planting, the site should be dug up, parallel to introducing into the soil a half-glass of ashes of trees and a tablespoon of complex mineral top dressing per square meter.
Planting holes should be little more than pots of seedlings. The distance between the individuals is about 30 cm. Replanting the plant in open soil, water it abundantly beforehand to facilitate the process, and then move it to the pit by transshipment along with the soil and completely fill it.
You can also get acquainted with the method of growing the bell Carpathian at home in here.
The first 15 days after planting young plants need to be watered every day. Then they begin to reduce watering and, as a result, they do it as the soil dries. Adult bells can normally transfer heat and dryness.
Together with irrigation, you need to loosen the soil around the plants and get rid of weeds. We advise you to cover the landing site with mulch, then these procedures can be done less frequently.
Fertilizer for platycodone
If the site is timely covered with organic mulch (for example, compost or humus), then you do not need to add additional fertilizer.
If there is no such possibility, then in spring a complete mineral supplement for flowering crops is introduced.
The bell is growing up strongly. To avoid excessive stretching of the shoot, it is necessary to pinch it throughout the year or use inhibitors every year.
If you missed this moment and the stem reached up, then tie it up to preserve the beautiful look. Flaccid flowers should be cut, for longer flowering fresh.
As already mentioned, the root system of the wide glass is very fragile, so transplants are contraindicated to it. When flowering is over, seed boxes will appear, from which, after drying (this happens around the beginning of autumn), seeds can be collected.
In winter, the stem of the plant is cut off, and the site is covered with humus mulch or dry leaves. With the arrival of spring, the shelter needs to be removed so that the plants do not stand up and the infection does not happen.
Platicodone seed growing
The most reliable method of reproduction is seed. It is necessary to sow material in the beginning-middle of spring. To do this, take the soil for floral plants, which can be made from a mixture of humus, sand and peat land in the same proportions.
Planted plants need not deep - about 3-4 mm. Sowing is kept at room temperature from time to time by watering, when entrances appear - and this happens in 15-20 days - the temperature is reduced to 16 ° C.
Next, seedlings contain in this way before planting in an open substrate. You can also spend sowing in the winter, covering it with a layer of compost a couple of centimeters.
Reproduction of platycodone cuttings
The remaining breeding methods, such as cutting and dividing the bush, are unreliable, and if the cuttings can still be adopted, then the division of the bush almost never gives proper results.
To use propagation by cutting, you need to cut off the shoots from the shoot with a pair of internodes and a heel.
Further, the procedure is the same as with the cuttings of other plants - the germination of roots in water or sand and planting in a pot before the end of development.
Diseases and pests
Platicodone is very disease resistant. Mostly he suffers only from the rotthat appears due to waterlogging. If rotting is detected, reduce watering and loosen the soil for better drying.
But if this does not help or the rot has spread much, then it is better to remove the flowers, and disinfect the area with a fungicide. After a week, repeat disinfection.
The most dangerous pests are rodents - moles, mice.
Mice and moles are usually literally smoked, putting smoke in the hole, because it probably leads to the tunnel. You can also leave poisoned cereals at the site, which will help get rid of mice.
Against moles in the garden or in the garden poisons are not used. To scare them, they make rattles placed on the pegs, which will make noise when the wind blows.
It is also worth noting that the moles do not dig the ground where there are daffodils, onions, garlic, euphorbia, marigolds. And we note that if the land on the site is not too wet and is not replete with insects, then the moles on it will not appear much.
Planting platycodone in the ground
The bell planting begins at the end of May or at the beginning of June. Platicodone must be grown on a lighted plot of land. Before planting the ground must be loosened. The earth should be neutral and contain a small amount of sand.
The bell root system is located in a vertical form. Therefore, platicodone does not tolerate transplants. It should carefully select the area for the flower. The plant can live up to 10 years on a good site.
Before planting, it is desirable to fertilize the land. Landing is carried out as follows:
- It is necessary to dig a hole the size of a pot. Peat pot can be planted without removing the plant.
- Plants between the holes should be 25-30 centimeters.
- Seedlings are removed when it is in a regular pot. To do this, the plant is completely immersed in water. Then it goes to the ground and placed in the hole.
- The plant in the hole is covered with soil and compacted.
- After planting it is necessary to water the flower.
Need care for the successful cultivation of the flower. Saplings are watered daily after transplanting to the ground. Paliv is especially important in the first 2 weeks. When the plant grows watering decreases. After watering it is necessary to loosen the soil. Loosened soil absorbs moisture better. Mulching area will reduce the number of weeds. If mulching is impossible, weeds will have to be removed by yourself.
The bell must be fed. Fertilizers are applied to feed once a month. Under the influence of feeding the plant accelerates growth. Even without feeding, the bell loves to stretch in growth. To prevent this from happening, platicodone is pinned. Long stems must be tied up, and fading flowers must be removed.
Characteristics of platycodone and its varieties
The flower has the Latin name Platycodon grandiflorum and belongs to the Kolokolchikov family. In the wild, it can be found on forest glades and mountain slopes of Eastern Siberia, the Far East, Japan, Korea and China. At the end of the eighteenth century, platicodone was introduced to Europe and after several decades received universal recognition from many lovers of flora.
Appearance and features
Grandiflora is a herbaceous perennial. Depending on the type of plant, the height of its stem varies from 13 to 85 cm. On the stem are bright green leaves that have an elongated shape with jagged edges and a slight taper at the end.
The flowering of platycodone begins in early summer and continues until the end of August, after which oval fruits containing seeds are formed on it. The buds can have either a single or group arrangement and reach 8.5 cm in diameter. They are painted in white, pink, blue, red and purple. Petals of inflorescences of cold shades usually permeate the mesh of gentle veins. Under natural conditions, the color of platicodone is only blue.
Buds consist of five wide petals, which gradually taper to the edges. There are also terry inflorescences with additional petals around the corolla. Thanks to this design grandiflora bloom looks particularly beautiful. It should be borne in mind that the buds and stems of this plant contain white juice, which is considered poisonous.
Platicodone is a flower with many subspecies, which are divided into tall (Fiji) and dwarf (Astra). The following varieties of the perennial plant are considered the most famous and in demand:
- Album. It has a straight stem of green color, 65–75 cm long. On it are located rather large flowers-bells. Platicodone Album is very popular due to the unusual color of its buds - white with blue veins. It blooms throughout the summer and is widely used to create landscape compositions.
- Mariesii blue. It is a small shrub up to 37 cm in height with spectacular buds of bright blue hue. Owners of private houses prefer a plant of this variety for making flower arrangements.
- Shell Pink. The shoots usually reach a length of 75 cm. The inflorescences of this platicodon are pink and large, 7.5 cm in diameter. Such plantings are excellent for decorating the paths and look great in combination with colors of different shades.
- Fairy Snow. Differs large buds, the color of which may be white or lavender. The buds look very elegant because of the additional decoration - delicate dark blue branches on the petals. Bush subspecies refers to tall and can reach 85 cm in height.
- Snowflakes. The height of this planting is 50 cm. Its flowers are semi-double, white in color, which look beautiful against the background of green grass and in group plantings with representatives of another variety.
- Apoyama. Low-growing shrub with large leaves with a height of 20 cm. The buds have an interesting shape, like a star, and are painted in purple. Due to its compactness, such grandiflora can be planted in a pot and grown at home.
- White. A small flower, reaching a height of only 18 cm. Petals of terry inflorescences are white in color and look very elegant and elegant. This plant is characterized by late flowering - its buds usually bloom in late August or early October.
Flowering plantings of all varieties have visual appeal, so they are often found along the avenues of city parks, decorate the lawns of summer cottages and are used as indoor plants.
Planting a garden flower
Platicodone loves lighttherefore, it should be planted in places with good lighting or in slightly shaded areas. Since the root system of the plant has a fairly delicate structure, do not forget that frequent transplants can quickly destroy it. Therefore, you must immediately choose a permanent place where the flower will grow quietly for 8−12 years.
It is necessary to plant seedlings in open ground at the end of spring, when warm weather is established and the soil warms up sufficiently. The plant prefers loose and rich in vitamins soil. The flower does not tolerate overmoisteningtherefore, the land with the presence of groundwater does not suit him. Loamy soil, to which ash and complex fertilizers are added, will contribute to good growth and the rapid emergence of buds.
In order not to damage the roots, transplant seedlings should be very carefully. Before removing small plants from the pot, the ground in it must be watered, and then carefully pull out planting material. It is necessary to plant grandiflora to a new place with a soil clod around the roots, therefore it cannot be removed.
Planting a platicodone flower and caring for a young seedling should be done this way:
- The land on the site where the flowers will grow, it is necessary to dig and add to it 100 g of wood ash and 20 g of complex fertilizers (per 1 square meter).
- Then you need to dig small holes, given that the distance between them should be about 20 cm.
- After this, the seedlings should be placed in the wells, covered with soil and rammed a little.
- Now planted plants need to be watered well with water. The soil around the base of the stems is recommended to be mulched with a layer of peat or last year's foliage. Due to this, the soil will not dry out in hot weather and weeds will not appear around young flowers.
- In the first 14 days after planting, the platicodone must be watered every day and ensure that no liquid stagnates. Every 3-4 days the soil should be loosened for more free penetration of oxygen to the roots. Then you should gradually reduce the frequency of hydration and move on to care, corresponding to adult plants.
It should be borne in mind that if different varieties of grandiflora grow on the site, they can be pereopolyatsya. Therefore, in order to preserve the purity of the subspecies, it is recommended to grow in the garden only one variety of a flowering plant.
Platicodone is very cheerful, hardy and does not require much attention. An adult flower should be watered once every 3 days, and also periodically loosening and weeding the ground. In a particularly hot and dry summer, the soil can be moistened more often, preventing it from drying out.
If the plant is planted in high-quality and nutritious soil, then it should be fed only in the second year after planting. It is recommended to make mineral fertilizers every month during the whole summer period. Useful substances contained in the top dressing will stimulate the flowering of grandiflora. With the onset of spring or early autumn, the soil around the flowers must be mulched using organic mixtures.
Such plants are very quickly drawn out, so they can become too long and look inaccurate. So that this did not happen, they should be pinched or sprayed with compounds that slow the growth of the stems during the year. If the bushes are still quite high, it is recommended to tie them to a special support so that the flower garden looks more aesthetically pleasing.
With the onset of cold weather, platicodone should be prepared for the upcoming winter. To do this, the stems must be cut and the entire area covered with dry grass or humus. In early March, the land must be freed from the shelter, and with the onset of warm days, new shoots will appear on this site, which will quickly turn into beautiful bells.
There are several options for obtaining a new plant. The most effective of these is sowing seeds for seedlings, which are subsequently transplanted into open ground. Gardeners prefer to use this method, as it is the most simple, reliable and proven.
To get a great flower garden of bells of different colors, propagate the plant by the following methods:
- Seed. It uses seeds grandiflora, which are planted in the greenhouse for seedlings. The procedure should be carried out in early spring. Before sowing, the seeds are soaked for 2 days in water and after they swell, they are planted in boxes with prepared soil. Planting material should be placed at a shallow depth - about 5 mm or simply poured onto the soil surface. Then cover the container with a film, put in a warm place and regularly moisten the soil. Shoots usually appear after 2 weeks. When leaves are formed on them, sprouts should be transplanted into pots, and in June - on the street.
- Cuttings. In this case, a small process must be cut from the plant and placed for 24 hours in a solution that stimulates root growth. Then you should plant an escape in the moist soil of the greenhouse. After about 30 days, he will have a root system, after which it can be planted in open ground.
- The division of the bush. Этот метод подойдёт, если платикодон растёт в довольно рыхлой земле с большим содержанием песка. Нужно выкопать кустик и разделить его на 3 части острым ножом. Затем все срезы необходимо засыпать золой и посадить растения в подготовленные места на участке.This method is unreliable, since the fragile roots of a flower can suffer greatly during the procedure.
Platicodone and its botanical features
Uhthen the plant of the genus bell family. From Greek, the name of this flower is translated as “wide bowl”. And such a translation can be called successful, because the flowers have the appearance of wide and large bells.
The arrangement of flowers resembles a five-pointed star. Rhizome stem and fleshy. Shoots thin and upright. Stems are often covered with dark green foliage. The foliage itself may have a triangular or rhombic shape. The leaves have no petioles. The leaves are attached to the base of the shoots. Flowers can be different colors. For example, blue, lime, white, pink or lilac.
This large-flowered beauty is widely known and widespread in Japan, Siberia, China, Korea and the Far East. There are whole types this flower. For example, known as platicodon aster pink and aster blue, as well as a terry flower. Growing a large-flowered species has been performed for a relatively long time, namely since 1872. But he gained true popularity only in the last twentieth century.
How does the plant reproduce?
Now we will get acquainted with the main options or methods of reproduction of platicodone. To date, there are two methods of reproduction - cutting and sowing seeds.
Cuttings. Breeding the first way occurs at the end of the spring period of time. During this period, maturing stem cuttings. The cuttings are heel shaped. Consist of three internodes. For further rooting will require sand - peat soil. Within one month, platicodone should form a rhizome. This event marks the beginning of plant development. But the flowering of platicodone in this case should be expected only next year.
Platicodone grandiflora - growing from seeds. This type of reproduction (planting seed) is more adapted to modern conditions and more unpretentious. It is possible to propagate a plant with seeds practically at any time of the year. For florists - this is a real find.. Sowing of seeds is carried out, in turn, in two proven ways: on the ground and with the help of seedlings. Each method has its advantages.
Planting by seedlings occurs in late February or early March. Sowing will require small and shallow boxes with loose soil. The soil must be fertile. If you use this landing method, be aware that platicodons do not need to be stratified before sowing. In a box, the seeds will be distributed evenly over the entire surface of the soil. After sowing, the pot or box must be identified in a warm and bright place.
At the same time, the place should not be too bright, since the platicodons are hypersensitive to light. Sown seeds are not ignored. They require daily care during cultivation. So, the soil in the box must be regularly sprayed with a spray bottle. When to expect the first results? The first shoots, that is, the results of perfect sowing can be obtained after 14 days. Do not forget to water the soil. However, watering should be done if necessary. If you notice that the plant does not need water, watering is better to postpone. After moistening the soil, it is recommended to loosen it a little.
After the emergence of seedlings on seedlings should be formed real and small sheets. Their appearance will mark the next stage of planting the plant. Sheets need to dive into separate small containers often pots. In other words, seating is done. So, separately, the plant continues its maturation and growth. The development of platycodone occurs relatively quickly. When it grows before landing on the ground, this procedure is performed, namely, the landing of platycodone on the open ground. Flowering plants will not happen soon. The first bloom is observed only after two years..
Planting in open ground
Planting seedlings in open ground, as a rule, falls at the end of May or the beginning of June. It is during this period that an acceptable high air temperature is established. The gardener is advised to prepare a site for transplanting Platicodone does not tolerate reusable transplants.
The soil in which transplantation is planned must meet certain requirements. For example, be loose and fertile. The following components can be included in the soil composition for transplanting a plant:
Before planting platycodon it is necessary to prepare a place for cultivation. All work on the preparation for cultivation has some features and conditions:
- Pits for plants. It is advisable to make small holes.
- When planting between plants, leave a certain distance. That is, it is necessary to adhere to the distance (between the platicodons the distance should be at least 20 cm).
- When planting, the root collar should not be deeply buried in the ground.
- It is necessary to replant a plant with an integral earthen clod. This will protect the rhizome from damage.
- Transplanted plant is required to water well.
- Do not forget about the mulching of the surface of the earth. You can mulch with humus or compost. Timely mulching will protect the soil from weeds and destructive drying.
Features of Platicodone Care
Care of planted plants begins almost immediately, namely in the first week. This is especially true for plants that are planted as seedlings. The first and important stage proper care for platycodone - regular watering of young bushes. At first, water the bushes is recommended daily. In this case, such a schedule is appropriate if the yard is sunny, not rainy weather. Over time, the amount of watering can be reduced (as platicodone grows).
Following the watering it is necessary to pay attention to the general condition of the plant and its bushes. This plant needs special care during the flowering period.
In this important and not simple time, it is important to monitor the state of flower stalks. By itself, the flowering process occurs fairly quickly. It is important not to miss the moment. If you notice that some flower stalks have increased or will soon completely wither, remove them. Timely removal of faded peduncles is a guarantee of re-flowering of platicodone.
What kind of care do bushes need?? The main care is to control the height of the bushes. Bushes should not be pulled up, above the established rate. Excessive stretching spoils the appearance of the bushes. Such problems do not arise immediately, but only in the third year of growth and life of the plant. Yet it is important not to lose time. To prevent excessive stretching, it is recommended that the flowers be treated with an inhibitor. Processing is desirable to produce at the beginning of the spring.
In the autumn season it does not hurt to re-mulch the soil. For this, the use of humus or foliage is permissible. Mulching protects the root neck from possible freezing in winter. At the same time, platicodone does not need additional shelter at all.
In winter, caring for a plant is also not difficult. No shoots are required during this period.. All work on the removal of shoots and cleaning the crown is made exclusively in the spring. The first, young shoots on a plant are formed only in mid-April.
Platycodone top dressing
In most cases, platicodone does not need additional feeding. The need for this can arise only if the soil is not fertile enough. In such situations, plants should be fertilized. Gardeners use wood ash as a fertilizer. It is added to the soil during perekop. You should add no more than half a cup. Additionally, the soil is fed by the complex mineral fertilizer. Feed the soil in summer.
Platicodone is highly resistant. to various diseases. This is one of the main advantages of platicodone. The main enemies of the plant is considered underground inhabitants. Their invasion causes serious damage to the platicodone root system. Of external stimuli, the plant can attack gray rot. It appears due to excessive moisture. Therefore, experts recommend to monitor the condition of the earth and prevent its overwetting.
Platicodone gets along well with other plants. This plant grows slowly, so next to it you can safely plant other plants.
- 1. Listen to the article (soon)
- 2. Description
- 3. Growing from seed
- 3.1. Sowing
- 3.2. Seedling care
- 4. Landing
- 4.1. When to plant
- 4.2. How to plant
- 5. Care
- 5.1. How to grow
- 5.2. Breeding
- 5.3. Pests and diseases
- 6. Platicodone after flowering
- 6.1. How and when to collect seeds
- 6.2. Preparing for the winter
- 7. Grades
Planting and care for platycodone (in short)
- Landing: Sowing seeds in the ground - in the winter or in spring, sowing seeds for seedlings - in late February or early March, transplanting seedlings into the ground - in late May or early June.
- Lighting: bright sunlight or light partial shade.
- The soil: loose neutral loam with a small amount of sand.
- Watering: the first two weeks after planting - daily, then watered with a moderate amount of water once every three days.
- Pinching: regular. Slow growth can be spraying the plant in spring with inhibitors.
- Garter: if you have not taken action in time, and the plants are stretched out, organize support for them.
- Top dressing: once a month with complex mineral fertilizer.
- Reproduction: seeds, much less cuttings.
- Pests: mice and moles.
- Diseases: gray rot
Platicodone flower - description
In platycodone, the large-flowered, fleshy rhizome, thin, straight, densely leafy stems from 20 to 80 cm high, on which oppositely are ovate or elongated narrow leaves with finely toothed edges. The lower leaves form a rosette. And the stems and leaves have a bluish tint. The flowers of platicodon are single or collected in panicles of 3-5 pieces, large, wide-open, up to 8 cm in diameter, with a network of dark, thin veins on blue petals. There are forms with dark purple and white flowers. Platicodone's swollen buds resemble lanterns. Platicodone blooms for two months from mid-July. The fruit is an egg-shaped box with flat, shiny egg-shaped seeds. In flower beds, platicodone goes well with gypsophila, tall bells and low-growing phloxes.
Most often, platicodone is propagated by seeds, which can be sown directly in the ground in spring or in the winter, but it is better to grow platicodone seedlings. Sowing seeds of platicodone in seedlings carried out in late February or early March. Presowing treatment of seeds is performed in the following way: the seed placed in a gauze bag is dipped in a small container with water and the seeds are allowed to swell for two days. In containers for seedlings - boxes or large pots - place the soil for flowering plants, consisting of peat land, humus and sand in equal parts, carefully loosen it and lay the seeds on it. There are two opinions about whether it is necessary to embed the seeds of platicodone in the soil: some gardeners consider that they should not be planted, while others recommend seeds to be embedded, but not deep - only 3-5 mm, and they should be covered not with soil, but thin a layer of sand. After sowing, the soil with seeds is moistened from a sprayer with water at room temperature and, covered with a film, placed in heat - 20-22 ºC. Watering of crops is carried out only when the topsoil is drying. The first shoots appear in a week or two.
Care for seedlings of platicodone.
Growing and caring for platycodone at the stage of seedling development is not much different from similar activities with other cultures. After the emergence of seedlings, the film from crops is removed, and the temperature in the room is lowered to 18-20 ºC. Watering is carried out as needed, and after moistening the soil, carefully loosen the soil in the container. In the developmental stage of seedlings of 3-4 leaves, they dive into personalized pots with a diameter of about 10 cm, in which they grow until they reach the open ground.
When planting platicodone in the ground.
The planting of the platicodone flower in the open ground is carried out at the end of May or the beginning of June, when the threat of return frost is over. Find a place in the sunlit area for platycodone (although the plant tolerates penumbra as well) with loose, rich, well-drained and not very moist soil. The ideal soil for the plant is a neutral loam with a small amount of sand. The root system in an adult plant is vertical, so it is important that the groundwater in the area is deep and fragile, so it will not transfer transplants, especially since platicodone can grow in one place for more than 10 years. Planting of platycodone in the soil is preceded by digging the area with a simultaneous application of half a glass of wood ash and a tablespoon of complex mineral fertilizer to the soil for 1 m².
How to plant platicodone.
Dig around the site at a distance of 25-30 cm from each other, the hole size is slightly larger than the volume of pots of seedlings. Seedlings before planting need to be watered well, and some gardeners, in order to alleviate the transplant stress for the plant, are advised to generally lower the seedling into the water "head on", then remove the plant from the tank along with the earthy clod, load it into the hole, fill it up to the ground and lightly tamp it down After planting the site watered.
How to grow platicodone.
Growing platicodone immediately after planting requires daily watering of young plants for the first two weeks. Subsequently, the amount of water per watering is reduced, and the soil is moistened no more than once every three days. After watering at the site loosen the soil and remove weeds. In order to make it easier for you to care for the platicodone flower, mulch the area where it grows: you will have to loosen the soil and fight weeds much less often. Caring for platycodone also provides for its feeding with complex fertilizers for flowering plants once a month. Platicodons like to be drawn upwards, this is especially noticeable in the third year of growth, and in order to avoid this, they must be pinched or sprayed from time to time by special means — inhibitors (for example, the Athlete) that slow down the growth of plants. If, nevertheless, your platicodons began to grow, think about what they should be tied to so that the flowerbed does not lose its decorativeness. And, of course, in time to pick off faded flowers. This is how planting and caring for platycodone are generally done in the open field.
Reproduction of platicodone.
In addition to seed reproduction, which in the case of platycodone is more reliable than all other methods, the plant can be propagated by cuttings, but experts are skeptical about the attempts of lovers of cutting platicodone, and not without reason: bring the process to a successful result units. But, as they say, the road will be mastered by going, and in the end, what are your risks? For cuttings in spring, stem shoots with two internodes and a heel are cut. The rest of the cutting procedure is no different from the traditional one. Sometimes in the case when platikodon grows in sandy soil, you can try to multiply it by dividing the bush. The plant is very carefully dug, inspected and, if there are processes on it with buds, carefully they are separated with a sterile sharp instrument, after which they are sprinkled with ashes or sulfur and planted delenki in the ground. We only warn in advance: do not really count on success, then you will not have to be disappointed. In the end, you always have the opportunity to sow platicodone to seedlings with an almost one hundred percent guarantee of a successful outcome.
Pests and diseases of platicodone.
Perhaps the main advantage of platicodone can be considered its immunity to disease. Sometimes a plant can become sick with gray rot, usually appearing during a period of prolonged damp. In these rare cases, it is necessary to loosen the soil well on the plot, balance the watering so that the plants do not suffer from excessive moisture, and if this is not enough, remove the heavily affected plants from the site and treat the rest with a fungicide with a two percent solution of Fundazol, copper vitriol or a one percent solution of Topsin -M. It is possible that after ten days the treatment will have to be repeated.
Of the pests for platycodone, only rodents are dangerous - mice and moles, from which the root system of plants can suffer. There are many ways to get rid of them, but it’s hard to say which of them are effective. It is best to put smoke on the underground passages: a rubber hose is attached to the exhaust hole of the chainsaw, the other end of which is lowered into the hole. When the chainsaw starts working, the smoke will start flowing into the underground dwelling and smoke out its inhabitants from there. If this method is unacceptable for you, you will have to lay out the bait with poisoned croup, but note that you cannot get rid of moles in this way.
Platicodone: Varieties and Varieties
If you translate the name of this flower from the Greek, you get a "wide bowl." Compared with the usual bell, platicodone has larger flowers that open and resemble a five-pointed star. Most often it is found in lilac, blue and white flowers. Terry forms of this flower have also the inner circle of petals. Thus, the flower looks like two bells: one in the other.
To the most common varieties platicodone include:
- White "Album". One of the most common varieties. Стебли достигают 80 см. Крупные белые цветы 8 см в диаметре. Иногда на цветках можно увидеть синие прожилки.
Planting a plant
Most often, planting platykodona carry seeds. They can be planted both in open ground, and in a separate garden bed or pots for seedlings. When planted in open ground, platicodone will bloom only next year. The soil at the site should be fertile and well loosened. Seeds can be sown after the end of frost or at the end of autumn.
For seedlings sown in January. For starters, they are put in gauze for two days and dipped in water. This will increase germination. After the seeds are sown in a seedling container and sprinkled with a thin (up to 0.5 cm) ground layer, watered with warm water and covered with a film. After the first leaves, the film is better to remove. Seedlings are recommended to be kept at a temperature of from 20 ° C to 27 ° C.
Transplantation in open ground can be done in the middle of spring.
Tip To reduce the likelihood of stress in young flowers, you can immerse them in water at room temperature for several minutes before planting.
In the first week after transplantation (in the event that you planted a flower in a seedling way), young bushes need to be added every day, but only if there is no rain. Over time, the number of waterings must be reduced. An adult plant needs to be watered only in the case of a dry hot summer. If it seems to you that this is not enough, you can sprinkle the plant from a spray bottle. Platycodons bloom long and plentifully. At the end of flowering, remove faded flower stalks, and most likely the plants will please you with repeated flowering.
So that the bushes do not stretch upwards more than necessary, and do not lose their beautiful compact appearance, and this usually happens from the third year onwards, it is possible to process the flowers with an inhibitor. This is best done at the beginning of spring.
In winter, the plant is not pruned. But it is recommended to cover platicodone if winters are frosty and snowless. Both branches of coniferous trees, and leaves or peat will approach. The north of the region of residence, the thicker the layer of shelter should be. In the spring, the plant must be cleaned from old leaves.
Fertilizer and Platicodone Feeding
Platicodone usually does not require additional fertilization if planted in fertile soil. If the soil quality is in doubt, then fertilizer can be applied before planting. To do this, when digging, you need to add a half cup of wood ash and 1 tbsp. l complex mineral fertilizers per square meter of beds.
During the summer it will be enough to apply mineral fertilizers twice. And then only if your garden is not mulched organic matter, for example, peat or humus.
Platicodone: combination with other plants
In the beds, platicodone is friendly and non-aggressive. A distinctive feature of platycodone is that it grows rather slowly, which makes it an ideal neighbor for other perennials.
Platicodone in landscape design
In landscape design, there are many platicodone applications. Dwarf varieties will serve as a great decoration for any rockeries, as well as compositions with miniature varieties of coniferous and hardwood. In mixed flower beds, platicodone will ideally be combined with phloxes, peonies, daylilies and irises.
It will look good this perennial in solo beds, and framed in borders. Blue varieties worthily adorn alpine slides.
In landscape design, the main thing is not to be afraid to experiment, and the platicodone will help you expand your design skills.
Unpretentious perennial flower platicodone, although it has its own peculiarities in cultivation, will not take away from you neither time nor energy, both during planting and with further care. But the colorful bells, blooming in your garden all summer, will delight you with its beauty.