Thanks to the beautiful and unusual plants you can create quite an interesting landscape design on the site in front of the house, in the park or the alley.
To do this, usually choose unpretentious varieties of flowers that are well tolerated by various natural conditions. These include a very beautiful flower called black cohosh.
Description and properties
Klopogon, or tsimitsifuga, is a perennial plant that belongs to the buttercup family. It has a rather large size, as well as a strong root. Therefore, such a flower does not like frequent transplants and can grow in one place up to 25 years. Its leaves are large and scattered, have a dark green color.
Forms of inflorescences in black cohosh are usually of two types: racemose and spicate. The flowers themselves are small, but they are all the same size. Due to this, it always looks spectacular and unusual.
This plant has other names:
- snake root,
- silver candles
- black cohosh
The peculiarity of this flower is that its leaves emit an odd smell, if rubbed in their hands. It is due to this property that cimicifuga received such an unusual name. Previously, this plant is not used for decorative purposes, but only as an insecticide. It was also believed that it drives off the bugs well.
After the plant blooms, it has seeds. They are small and have an oblong shape.
Klopogon has the following positive qualities:
- frost resistant
- easy to clean
- Good for landscape design.
When growing zimitsifuga should not forget that he poisonousThis especially applies to its root. Therefore, after working with him you need to wash your hands well, it is advisable to do it with soap.
The plant begins to bloom around mid-summer. But there are varieties that bloom only in the fall. In cool summer, a flower may not start its blooming at all. It usually lasts a month and a half. Dried inflorescences are best removed immediately, so that they do not spoil the appearance.
Due to its wide variety of species, cimicifuga has gained popularity with gardeners. In nature, there are about 15 species of this plant. But not all of them are widely used in landscape design, but only those varieties that have an interesting color of leaves, long flowering, and tall peduncle. These include the following varieties of this plant:
- Klopogon is simple. A feature of this plant is its bright foliage. But he has inflorescences drooping. It blooms in early August. If the summer is cool, then the flowers may not be formed at all. The stem itself is large and reaches a height of one meter. There are several varieties of this flower.
- Branched. To grow such a plant is best on the sunny side, as it blooms in September. If at this time there is cloudy weather, then the inflorescences may not appear. The plant has beautiful and interesting leaves that can be of different colors. Usually they are dark brown, purple or burgundy. The flower is quite tall and can grow up to two meters.
- American. This flower attracts attention for its large size, as it can grow up to 150 cm in height. It has a rather long flowering period, which lasts from the beginning of July to the end of August. The leaves are of a dark green flower, and the flowers themselves have a milky hue.
- Crista. This is a very elegant plant that pleases with its flowering from July to September. The flowers have a white or cream color. The very same it grows up to two meters in height.
- Daursky. The homeland of this plant is China and the Far East. It grows to a height of 100 cm, so for him immediately need to choose a large area. Its leaves are large and have a dark green color.
There are other types of this plant. For example, klopogon shopaholic, smelly, brunet, ramoza, but they are not used by gardeners so often because of their capriciousness to natural conditions.
Use in traditional medicine
Klopogon has found wide application in traditional medicine. It is especially popular in China. From it do broths, lotions and tinctures. This plant improves metabolism, normalizes blood sugar levels, and also reduces harmful cholesterol. Usually for medicinal purposes use the roots of this flower.
To prepare a decoction of zimitifugu, you should take 1.5 grams of dry roots and pour them with a glass of boiling water. This remedy must be infused in a dark place for two hours. After this, the broth must be filtered and take it in two tablespoons three times a day.
This tool can be taken for rheumatism, hypertension, menopause. But we should not forget about the contraindications. After all, the plant itself is poisonous and, if it is not properly dispensed, can be harmful. It should not take pregnant and lactating women, people who have intolerance to this product, and liver disease.
Planting and care
In the open field, cimicifuga feels great. Just before landing, you need to choose the right place. For example, this flower does not tolerate strong drafts. And even in hot weather, a strong wind can be disastrous for him.
For plants it is better to choose open areas with good lighting.. But in the penumbra, it feels good too. Planting black cohosh next to the trees is not worth it, as the trees will pick up some of the moisture from the soil that the flower will need and also shade it. During the flowering period, the soil must be further fertilized. In this case, the flowers themselves will be much larger, and the plant will feel better.
Best of all this flower feels in the treated and moist soil. And it looks good both in a separate planting, and in combination with other colors. But in this case it is best to plant it in the center, since the plant itself is rather large. The flower loves soil mulching. In this case, the moisture will last longer in the ground and it will not need to be further watered.
Strongly high inflorescences must be constantly tied up so that they look neat, and all dried panicles should be cut off periodically. On dry days, you can not only water the soil next to the plant, but also spray its leaves.
Late autumn zimitsifugu need to completely trim. In this form, it will be easier to move the winter. And before the first frost, it is advisable to cover the flower with dry leaves so that the root does not freeze and that it does not die.
Popular species and varieties with photos
Currently, there are 15 species of black cohosh, about 10 of the most popular species used in ornamental gardening:
Black cohosh ramified. Plant height 200 centimeters. The inflorescences are elongated, large in size. Cherry leaves, red chocolate, bronze. Bloom later. Popular varieties:
- Atropurpurea –Height to 2 meters, leaves at the beginning of red-brown, then turning green. White flowers,
- James compto - white flowers and purple leaves,
- Frau herms - height is about 40 centimeters, flowers are white.
Klopogon Daursky. Inhabits the light forests of the Far East and Transbaikalia. Height 100-120 centimeters, inflorescences are located on bare stems, topped with tassels of flowers.
Klopogon racemose. The birthplace of the species is North America. Plant with branched, upright stems 2 meters tall. The width of the bush is about 60 centimeters. Flowers are collected in racemes, white flowers with the aroma of honey.
Klopogon is simple. The height of the stems is 100 centimeters. Popular varieties:
- Armleuchter - a plant with strong branching of peduncles, white flowers,
- Braunland - green-brown leaves,
- Brunette - leaves are purple-brown, white flowers
- White pear - a popular variety with green leaves, scattered flower stalks and curved buds of white flowers.
Klopogon stinky. It differs from other species by an unpleasant smell. The species was named Adam's rib because of the characteristic shape of the lower leaves. Plant height up to 2 meters. Flowers are light green, clustered in racemes.
Klopogon American. The height of the bush from 90 to 150 centimeters. Green foliage. Gray-beige flowers.
Klopogon Japanese. Height from 1.5 to 2 meters. The leaves are dark green, beige flowers. It blooms from June to September.
Klopogon European. Height 2 meters. The leaves are oval with a pointed end, dentate.
Selection of black cohosh seedlings
Almost 50% ... 60% of the success of growing black cohosh depends on the choice of high-quality planting material and its proper preparation for planting. The guarantee of obtaining plants corresponding to a particular variety is the purchase of a seedling in a special nursery or a store with an impeccable reputation. Nursery workers are always ready to give advice on the cultivation of a variety.
The selected seedling should be healthy, strong, with live buds or already developing shoots.
Choosing a site for planting and soil preparation
The best places for planting black cohosh are partial shade. Absolutely open areas of the sun is not recommended to choose, as on them the black cohosh will suffer from a lack of moisture.
It is best to plant black cohosh in partial shade
In the absolute shadow of tall trees, the plant is also not recommended to plant. In this case, the black cohosh will have to "fight" with the roots of the trees for moisture and nutrients, and the high flower stalks may hide behind the foliage of the trees and lose their attractiveness.
Soils black cohosh prefer nutritious, enriched with humus, loose and as permeable as possible. It is necessary to dig up the soil as deeply and carefully as possible. When digging to the site make humus, peat, sand and mineral fertilizers.
Planting in open ground
There is no consensus on when to plant black cohosh in open ground. It can be planted in spring or autumn. However, most experienced flower growers advise planting a plant in the spring, so that the bush will settle down and be properly prepared for wintering. When autumn planting can not be delayed, otherwise the roots of black cohosh, not rooted in the soil, can freeze out even with small frosts.
Prepare for planting pits 40 centimeters in diameter and the same depth. The distance between the plants is at least 60-70 centimeters. At the bottom of the pit lay a layer of drainage (expanded clay, pebbles, small gravel). Drainage sprinkled with a small amount of soil and placed in a pit sapling.
It is best to plant black cohosh in spring
After falling asleep seedling soil tamped and watered. To preserve moisture, the surface must be mulched. Dry peat can serve as a mulch.
It is impossible to sprinkle the plant trunk with mulch, the layer must be at least 10 centimeters from the stem.
Rules for watering and feeding
Black cohosh has an increased need for moisture, so it is necessary to water it weekly and fairly plentifully. But it is impossible to pour the plant in such a way that there is water under it.
To preserve moisture in the soil, the surface must be mulched with dry peat or sawdust. In the intervals between irrigation, the surface must be loosened to ensure air access to the roots.
The soil at the base of black cohosh must be mulched after each watering.
Fertilizer is applied at spring loosening of the soil annually. Used complex mineral fertilizer, including nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium in equal quantities. If a mixture of peat and humus is used for mulching after watering, it will be sufficient for the klopogon during the whole vegetative period.
Tying to support and trimming inflorescences
In appearance, black cohosh is a powerful plant with thick stems. However, the height of peduncles makes them unstable under strong gusts of wind, so the plant needs a garter to the support. Immediately after flowering, the peduncles are cut off so that they do not spoil the appearance.
In summer, the plant also needs periodic sanitary pruning. Dried or damaged leaves immediately cut. It is also recommended to prune the shoots that violate the rounded shape of the bush.
The cultivation of black cohosh seeds practiced relatively infrequently
Growing black cohosh from seeds is not an easy task. Planting material is rapidly losing its germination, and by the time of spring sowing in the ground it can disappear completely. Autumn sowing is also not an option, since seeds need warmth for germination, and it also comes in late spring.
The only way to get black cohosh from seeds is sowing seedlings. It should be produced only with seeds collected in the fall of the current year. For germination they need almost 6 months, so they sow in early December, in a loose, nutrient substrate.
Covering the boxes with a film to create greenhouse conditions is not necessary. Increased moisture in the seeds of black cohosh is contraindicated, as they easily rot.
Germination is performed at different temperatures:
- + 20 ... + 22 degrees in the first 3 months,
- + 14 ... + 15 degrees in the next 3 months.
Flowering plants derived from seeds, begins only in the third or fourth year.
Reproduction by dividing the bush
One of the breeding methods for black cohosh is maternal bush division.
The division of the black cohosh bush is done every 5 years in early spring or early autumn. The procedure favorably affects the mother plant: it rejuvenates and begins to intensively launch new shoots.
For division, the shrub is removed from the soil and several sections with live buds are separated with a pruner. The mother bush is placed in its original place, sprinkled with a renewed nutrient substrate, and watered abundantly.
Separated parts of the rhizome immediately planted in open ground is not recommended. They are treated with a root formation stimulator — Kornevin, Heteroauxin — and planted in separate containers filled with a loose, nutrient substrate. You can plant delenki immediately in open ground, but then they will need maximum attention: regular moderate watering, mandatory shading.
Reproduction by cuttings
Plant cutting is carried out in spring. For the maternal bush, this method is more benign, since it is not necessary to dig it out from a permanent place of cultivation. For rooting, a leaf with a small “heel” is cut from the bush and placed in a growth stimulator for a day. Then the stalk is planted in a mixture of sand and peat and covered with a transparent cap to create greenhouse conditions.
After the appearance on the cuttings of new shoots, it can be planted in open ground. For him choose a place protected from the sun and drafts.
Fight against diseases and pests
Klopogon is resistant to diseases and is rarely affected by pests, but some problems may arise during its cultivation. The reasons for this are:
Black cohosh is almost never affected by pests and is very resistant to diseases.
- Improper watering and mulching. They can lead to decay of the roots. The reason for this may be overmoistening of the soil, as well as mulching close to the stalks of the plant.
- High humidity combined with low night temperatures. It can cause meteoric mildew damage. For prophylaxis, it is recommended to spray a bush with copper-containing preparations immediately after foliage blooming: Oxy, Topaz, Bordeaux mixture, Fundazol.
Preparing for the winter
Preparing for winter begins with the onset of cold weather. In late autumn, the entire above-ground part of black cohosh is cut almost flush with the soil. The culture is cold-resistant, but shelter for the winter plant is required. Rhizome cover with dry foliage or straw.
In regions with severe winters, for example,in the Urals or in Siberia, in addition it is necessary to cover the plant with spruce branches.
Black cohosh in combination with other plants and in landscape design
Black cohosh blends well with many ornamental plants.
Unpretentiousness and the ability to take root in any conditions make black cohosh a welcome guest in any garden plot. When choosing neighbors on the site, it is worth considering the similar growing conditions and harmonious combination. The recommended neighbors of black cohosh in a flowerbed are kupena, columbine, lily, host, bergenia and fern.
According to the similarity of growing conditions, anemone, sedge, astilbe, aconite, buzulnik are suitable for klopong. These plants have almost identical lighting requirements and soil moisture levels.
Klopogon looks spectacular in single landings and on multi-level flowerbeds. At the same time solo planting is recommended for tall grades. Mid-species of black cohosh are used in microborders.
Black cohosh is suitable for decorating walls and fences, as it feels great in shady places. An ideal place for planting a plant is a plot next to an artificial reservoir, since the moisture level in such conditions will allow it to express itself in all its glory.
Black cohosh varieties
Tsimitsifuga, or Klopogon, also called the ravens and black snake root. A distinctive feature of black cohosh are its long stalks.
They are pink, lilac or white. Because of them, the plant is still called silver candles. During flowering, the peduncle resembles candles in a candelabrum.
Tsimitsifuga belongs to the family of buttercups. Currently, more than 15 plant species are known.
Black snake root came to us from North America. The flower grows in China, Japan, and is found in Asia.
Beautiful large leaves and long stalks are beautiful and very attractive. Due to the simplicity and appearance of the flower is used in landscape design.
Since ancient times, people who lived on the territory of North America used various parts of the cimicifuga to combat ailments.
In China, for example, klopohon is used when a person has teeth, as well as in female diseases.
Depending on the variety, the black snake root is short, medium tall and tall.
Stalks of black cohosh with dark green leaves, slightly resembling parsley. Natural conditions in the places of plant growth are harsh, so black cohosh have a strong root system.
It is necessary for survival during the dry season and rainy seasons. The plant has high stalks. Flowering lasts from mid-summer and lasts until autumn.
For its appearance, cimicifuga has gained popularity among gardeners.
The perennial herbaceous plant Klopogon Kistevidny has upright stems, large leaves. Inflorescences grow up to 80 cm long. Flowers exude a pleasant honey aroma. Black cohosh
Black cohosh branching grows to 2 m. Flowering begins closer to autumn. The inflorescences have a branching white color, the leaves are dark green or reddish. Black cohosh Atropurpurea
Also tall looking. A distinctive feature of this species is that the leaves change color depending on the time of year. Black cohosh branchy Pink Spike
Pink Spike - a variety has recently been bred. Leaves and inflorescences in beet-colored plants. Klopogon Brunet
Klopogon Brunette is one of the most popular varieties among gardeners. The leaves of his brown-purple, inflorescences purple color. Klopogon Daursky
Klopogon Daursky mainly grows in the Far East and China. The species grows up to 1 m. Its root system is powerful, the stems are straight, large leaves and inflorescences of beige color. Flowering usually begins in July or later. Klopogon Simple
Klopogon Simple grows in Russia, Japan, Mongolia. Plant height - 1 m. The leaves of simple black cohosh pristvolnye, green. It blooms in late summer or early autumn. During flowering white inflorescences are formed.
Choosing a place to grow
When choosing a place on the site for this beautiful plant, you need to consider that it can grow in one place for up to 15 years. That is why it is recommended to pre-think the landscape of the site.
Another important point is that the black snake root does not like transplants, does not tolerate them, is ill.
In this regard, it is better to immediately choose a place for its constant growth.
Best of all, it will grow in shaded areas, since such conditions are close to its natural habitats.
But nevertheless, black cohosh can be landed on a sunny place, one can say that it normally transfers sunlight.
As for the soil, the snake root can grow on almost any land, as long as there is no stagnation of water in the area.
Growing from seed
People who have been growing flowers for a long time know how to grow black cohosh from seeds.
The fact is that difficulties may arise due to the fact that the planting material quickly loses germination.
Thus, gardeners prefer to purchase seeds in specialized stores.
There, planting material has already undergone the necessary processing and is completely ready for planting.
Many have tried winter sowing, but it did not give good results.
Spring planting also does not differ much success.
Thus, it is recommended to grow a flower only through seedlings. The grown seedlings after the onset of heat are planted in a permanent place in the open ground.
Attention! This flower is different in that when sowing seeds, containers do not need to be covered with foil. When creating a greenhouse effect, seed germination may deteriorate.
For breeding black cohosh in this way are suitable bushes that have reached the age of 5 years. The best time for the procedure is early spring or autumn.
In spring, the young plant will quickly take root, and the mother will survive the division easier.
When dividing the bush in the fall, you need to have time before the onset of frosts, as immature plants can die from the cold.
The ideal time for this is the end of August or the beginning of September.
The multiplication of cimicifuga by dividing a bush as compared to growing out of seeds is simpler and faster.
In addition, the mother bush can thus be stimulated, and it will begin to grow more actively.
To properly carry out the division of the adult shrub bush, you need to do the following:
- First, dig a bush.
- Take a pruner, cut sprouts from it. They must have a kidney.
- Carefully place the mother plant in its place.
- Separated shoots are dipped in a stimulator and planted in pots of soil.
- Place the plants in a shaded area. This measure is mandatory, as young seedlings begin to suffer from drying out of the soil that occurs in areas with a scorching sun.
Reproduction by cuttings
Another way to grow black cohope is to use cuttings. It is not necessary to dig up the mother bush when cutting.
It is enough to separate young shoots with a sharp knife. Their length should be about 8-10 cm.
You can still cut the leaf for these purposes. Next, the cuttings are planted in containers with ground for rooting.
To accelerate rooting, you can cover the container with a film.
You can plant cuttings immediately to a permanent place on the site. In this case, seedlings covered with a plastic bottle or glass jar.
However, remember that any temperature drops will adversely affect the rooting of the cuttings, in extreme cases they may even die.
Plants planted with cuttings will begin to bloom in the first year.
Watering and mulching the soil
Tsimitsifuga loves water. That is why you need to regularly water the plant. It is recommended to do this in such a way that the near-stem circle is always wet.
But do not overdo it, the water should not stagnate, an overabundance of water in the soil can adversely affect development.
Some plant diseases occur precisely because of excessive soil moisture.
Watering is necessary, focusing on the condition of the soil. It is recommended to pour a lot of water, while doing this infrequently. A powerful root system needs a lot of moisture.
Weed control is also an important point when growing black snake root.
This should be done as they appear, so that weeds do not take nutrients from the soil.
After each watering or rain you need to loosen the soil. The more often it is done, the better.
The soil becomes looser and softer, it better passes oxygen, necessary for the growth and development of plants.
To retain moisture in the ground, you can use mulch. To do this, suitable hay, straw, dry leaves.
Soil mulching can not only keep the soil moist, but will also prevent the emergence of new weeds.
Top dressing is best done with complex preparations.
If, when planting, all the necessary fertilizers were applied to the soil, then fertilizers should be applied after the third year of the plant's life.
After that, you can fertilize the black snake root annually.
With regular fertilization, Klopogon will bloom better, and the bushes will be more magnificent.
Pruning and support for cimicifuga
Klopogon grass requires garters in case there can be strong winds in the country.
It is also better to tie up young plants that have not yet become stronger with stems that have not yet become stronger.
Thus, it is possible to prevent the breaking of branches and stalks.
After the inflorescences wither, they are recommended to be removed.
So the plant will retain a more attractive look.
It is also possible to prevent seed dispersion by trimming off flowering peduncles.
Seeds rarely germinate, but still it is better to take preventive measures.
The plant black cohope is a frost-resistant species.
He is able to endure even harsh winters with long cold spells.
In order to protect the black serpentine root from frost, it is covered with spruce branches.
You can also use dry leaves, grass or peat for shelter.
Use of snake root in landscape design, combination with other plants
The flower is widely used in landscape design. He is quite unpretentious, can grow on different soils and quickly adapts to the new place.
Thanks to these qualities and excellent combination with other plants, black cohope is pleasant to many gardeners.
Tall species of snake root look good as a central plant or as a background for low-growing flowers.
Also, the plant can often be seen on flower beds and flower beds.
Low-growing varieties of black cohosh will be the perfect cover in the Alpine hills.
Tsimitsifuga - a beautiful hedge. It can be landed along the tracks, near the gazebo and other recreation areas.
Klopogon will also look advantageous near the reservoir.
The best neighbors of the black snake root will be those plants that prefer shade.
For example, a good neighborhood for a flower is sedge. Klopogon does not like dry land very much, therefore it is recommended to plant ground cover plants next to it.
It can be moss, bergenia or saberjack. Lilies, phloxes and anemone will also look spectacular next to this amazing plant.
Tsimitsifuga refers to fairly unpretentious perennials.
This flower will delight their owners for several years. At one place can grow up to 15 years.
Beautiful inflorescences of white, pink, purple color like many gardeners.
Choosing black cohosh for your plot, you will never regret it, as it looks great alone or in combination with other plants.
Description and biological features
The plant has many names - in addition to black cohosh or сimicifuga in Latin (both literally means “dispelling bugs”), it is also known as black cohosh, black cohosh and black snake root. The very beautiful name of this perennial is silver candles, it is much more suited to the quivering light purple, pink or white peduncles, proudly rising upwards like candles on an expensive candelabrum. The bush of black cohosh also looks very elegant and unusual, and its cultivation is not associated with special troubles. Tsimitsifuga is a member of the buttercup family and is represented by more than one and a half dozen different species with a huge habitat zone. North America is considered the birthplace of the plant, but it also grows over vast areas of predominantly the eastern part of the globe (the territory of China, Japan, eastern Asia and the Far Eastern forests).
Various species of black cohosh bloom from mid-July until autumn, this period in the life of the plant lasts a long time — sometimes up to one and a half months, which, of course, is an added bonus for summer residents. But the non-flowering cimicifuga looks quite attractive.
Planting and breeding black cohosh
Klopogon is a plant that implies both seed and vegetative propagation, however, in any case, the land should be prepared very carefully before planting, because, as already mentioned, the plant should not be moved from place to place. In addition to deep digging, it is recommended to immediately add a standard amount of organic matter (for example, humus or peat), some sand and mineral dressings.
Growing from seed
Experienced gardeners know how difficult it is to grow black cohosh from seeds. The problem is that the seeds of this plant lose their germination very quickly, so you need to use only fresh material, and, therefore, sowing in open ground next spring — an option is not the best.
Winter sowing also gives not very good results, because for optimum germination the seeds initially require intensive heat, and in our conditions in the open field it cannot be ensured.
For this method of vegetative propagation, an approximately five-year-old adult bush is ideally suited. The procedure is carried out in the offseason - best of all in early spring, so that the young plant has managed to gain a foothold, and the maternal - survive stress, however, autumn “execution” is allowed, but it should be done as early as possible, in late August-early September, so that winter frosts do not ruin all work.
Combination and use in landscape design
As mentioned above, black cohosh is widely used in landscape design, which is greatly facilitated by its unpretentiousness and ability to adapt to the most diverse external conditions.
The main variations in the use of plants in decorative compositions are as follows:
- high cimicifugu is good to use as a central plant in a composition with low-growing flowers,
- sredneroslye bushes perfectly fill the voids in the flower beds, and undersized are used in alpine hills,
- Black cohosh is also suitable for creating a hedge along the curb, garden path, around the gazebo or at home,
- very picturesque black snake root looks at the pond and another reservoir.
Excellent compositions can be made from black cohope in combination with phloxes, mucus, lily, anemone and many others.
If before planting the soil was properly fed, as indicated above, further fertilization can be done no more than once a year, starting in the third year after planting. Black cohosh is not very picky about top dressing, but it will bloom better in fertile soil.
The most popular is the classic seeding. This method is suitable if freshly harvested seeds are available. This is what guarantees the high germination of perennials.
Since the seeds are biting for quite a long time, around 6 months, it is necessary to start planting at the beginning of winter. The soil should be rich in organic and minerals. Capacity for seedlings can not cover the plant does not require high humidity. It is important that the optimum room temperature is observed, which should correspond to the mark of plus 20 degrees, after three months, the temperature should be gradually lowered.
In the spring, when there is no likelihood of night frosts, the plant can be transplanted into open ground. The cimicifuga grown by the seed method will begin to bloom not earlier than three years from the moment of planting. In the first years only new leaves will appear on the bushes.
This method of reproduction is good because you do not need to disturb the mother plant, it is enough with the help of a sheath to cut off a small process or a leaf with a part of the bark. For some time, the stalk is also placed in a stimulating composition, then kept in a greenhouse.
Many gardeners prefer to plant young Klopogon directly into the ground, covering it with a plastic bottle or glass jar. This helps to avoid subsequent transplantation of the plant. Since the night temperature drops, can destroy the shrub, it is recommended to harden.
If it is noticeable through the transparent container that the cimicifug is sufficiently strengthened, it is necessary to gradually raise the cover. At first, you can slip a thin branch so that the fresh air can barely flow in, after a few days the gap between the tank and the ground can do more. Within two or three weeks, the perennial fully open.
When choosing a site for planting, you should remember some points:
- The plant loves consistency. The landing site is selected for several years.
- In open areas, cimicifuga is not comfortable. The leaves begin to dry and turn yellow. Perennial bloom will be rare and meager. The ideal location is a shade or partial shade.
- Avoid drafts. The black cohosh plant can catch a cold. Yes, and thin stalks with flower stalks a strong wind will easily break.
- Tsimitsifuga prefers loose nutritious soil, without constant stagnant moisture.
Depending on the height of the peduncles, the color of the leaves and the duration of flowering, there are several types of plants that are especially popular among plant growers:
- black cohosh simple
- black cohosh,
- black cohosh branched
- black cohosh atropurpurea,
- black cohosh.
Klopogon simple grows up to 1 meter in height, has white flowers and a thick stalk. Blossoms from August to October. Very whimsical to weather conditions, if the air temperature is low in the fall, the cimicifuga may not have time to bloom.
Black cohosh got its name for the purple-brown color of the stem and leaves. The flowers are blindingly white. Which in combination gives an unusually beautiful result. Высота взрослого растения зачастую превышает отметку в 3 м. На садовых участках высаживают живые изгороди из этого сорта цимицифуги. Цвести начинает в конце лета.
Клопогон ветвистый one of the most beloved species in the garden plots, although this variety does not have a pronounced aroma, gardeners choose it for its gorgeous foliage and abundant white candles from flowers. The bush reaches 2 m in height. It blooms from September to October.
Branched black cohosh atropurpurea draws its unique feature to change the color of the leaves. At the beginning of flowering leaves and buds have a burgundy shade. Closer to the fall, the foliage begins to turn green, and the flowers become pinkish-white. The height of the bush varies from 1-1.5 m. Depending on the climate, blooms in late August or early September.
Black Klopogon reaches a height of 2 m. Its name was due to branching stems. The breadth can grow more than half a meter. Therefore, the distance between the bushes should be large, so that the root systems of neighboring flowers do not interfere with each other. Inflorescences cone-shaped in yellow-white shades. Abundant bloom lasts from mid-June to October. The buds bloom sequentially starting from the bottom row of peduncles of black cohosh.
Caring for black cohosh is pretty simple. In order to grow a healthy and strong plant, it is enough to adhere to several rules:
- Monitor soil moisture. Perennial does not like excess watering, so it is important to observe the drying of the earth. On hot summer days, a young shrub needs frequent watering every other day, and during the driest periods daily. Tsimitsifuga is a moisture-loving plant, spraying with a spray bottle, will give the bush a fresh look. Leaves will not dry out. Closer to autumn, the frequency of watering can be reduced.
- Use mulch to preserve moisture and protect against weeds.. These can be conifer needles or tree bark. Watch for the preservation of the natural moisture balance. The main thing is not to overdo it. The roots of the plant must breathe, so the base of the shrub must be left undisguised. A good result is the periodic loosening of the earth around the stem. Massive roots will have access to the air, and the mulch will mix with the ground, making it more fertile.
- Dried inflorescences must be removed.. First, it is possible to prevent the drying of the entire bush. Secondly, the plant will not give strength to the fading flower spike, but will continue its further development.
- Tall plants and fragile branches need timely tying. Some varieties of black cohosh reach 2 meters in height, so they should be strengthened. It happens that the bush grows heavily and the stems sink to the ground. In this case, they must be bundled and tied to a stable support.
- With the onset of cold weather, the bush of the cimicifuga is cut off to the base.. Despite the cold resistance, the plant is better to cover the fallen leaves.
Diseases of black cohosh
The great advantage of cimicifuga is the natural immunity to many diseases. But if the leaves began to turn yellow, and the flowering has become weak, you should pay attention to the care of perennial. Perhaps the plant lacks nutrients.
Insects are infrequent guests on black cohosh, but if pests have begun to infect a bush, then it is necessary to treat it with any insecticide.
The result of the decay of a plant can be an abundance of moisture. The solution is to reduce the frequency of watering. If black cohosh continues to deteriorate rapidly, then a bush should be carefully dug out and all rotten roots removed to prevent further spread of infection. After that add root system nutrient fertilizer and plant it back.
Use in landscape design
At first glance, an ordinary flower will become a picturesque element of any garden or alpine slide. It looks equally elegant in a single landing and on a multi-level flowerbed. High varieties of black cohosh are used as a backyard zoning. For registration of borders used stunted varieties with a height of not more than 40 cm.
Klopogon looks good near artificial ponds. In addition, in conditions of natural humidity perennial becomes stronger, leaves become saturated with shades. Abundant and long flowering will be an additional reward for the owner of the garden plot.
Excellent neighbors will be shade-loving perennials who prefer wet soil, such as a host or a fern. Properly chosen combination of plants will allow you to organize an amazing corner of nature on your site.
Black cohosh: varieties and varieties
This perennial plant owes its unattractive name to the fact that it was previously used as an insecticide. It was believed that the unpleasant smell, which is emitted when the leaves are rubbed, drives away the bugs.
The scientific name - tsimitsifuga - translated from Latin, also indicates this property. And only the poetic expression “silver candles”, popular with the Germans, reflects the beauty that black insect is endowed with. Planting and maintenance do not require special skills, so he deservedly won the love of gardeners.
Attention! Black cohosh is considered a poisonous plant. After contact with it, wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water.
In ornamental horticulture and landscape design use 10 of the 15 currently existing varieties of black cohosh:
These varieties have varieties. They differ in shades not only of flowers, but also of foliage, for example:
- Pink Spike - pinkish inflorescences and dark red leaves.
- James Compton is a combination of cherry leaves and white flowers.
- White Pearl Leaves - light green shade. Inflorescences of snow-white color.
Depending on the species, cimicifuga blooms in summer or autumn.
Black cohosh care
- The soil should be wet. More frequent watering is needed during dry periods, it is reduced in the fall.
- Zamulchirovat black cohosh leaves. So you not only retain moisture, but also protect the flowers from weeds.
- Inflorescences that fade should be pruned.
- It is better to tie up fragile black cohosh stalks. This is especially true in the care of tall varieties.
- In winter, the plant is covered with fir branches or foliage. Before this, its stems must be completely cut off.
Fertilizer and feeding of black cohosh
Tsimitsifuga loves fertile land. During planting, add compost (7 cm layer) and sand (3 cm layer) to the hole. In the future, to feed the black cohosh need for more lush flowering. It will be enough once a season.
Fertilization time - early spring. Need to start from the third year after landing. Choose complex mineral supplements. They must contain nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. For example, Kemira or Aelita Flower-1 fertilizers are suitable for nutrient irrigation.
Black cohosh reproduction
At cultivation of a flower for an open ground it is possible to use division of a bush, cuttings or reproduction by seeds.
- To divide take a bush that is at least 5-6 years old. An escape or bud is separated from it, and the mother plant is planted back. The scion is soaked in a stimulator, and then planted in a container and kept in a warm place. When he begins to grow up, he is rooted in a permanent place in the open field. Better to do it in the spring.
If you did not use the planting material immediately, then it is better to postpone the procedure for 6 months. During this time, provide seeds with special care that will facilitate growing. Klopogon before future sowing should be kept in such conditions:
- first 3 months - at a temperature of +20 ˚C,
- next 3 months - at a temperature of +4 ˚C.
The plant, which is grown from seeds, blooms in 3-4 years.
Diseases and pests
The undeniable advantage of Klopogon is its resistance to diseases and insects. Sick flower is visible immediately. It fades, the leaves turn yellow, become spotty, flowering is not so abundant. If you notice that this is the result of pests, treat cimicifugu with a normal insecticide. The method of application of all fertilizers and preparations is usually indicated in the instructions.
Black cohosh can also suffer from rotting. But this is only the result of improper care. Do not zealous with watering and do not mulch the ground at the base of the flower. Inspect your plants regularly to identify problems on time.
Black cohosh in landscape design
It is possible to plant a cimicifugu either alone or in a group, on a lawn or in a mixborder (mixed flower garden). With a single planting is better to choose tall varieties. For example, a Dahurian or European cimicifuga will suit, atropurpurea, etc. For a rock garden, take spicy klopogon, which rarely grows above 80 cm.
In landscape design, these plants are also used to design borders or flower beds. To this end, take low-growing varieties of black cohosh (for example, Frau Herms). Often "silver candles" planted in open ground near ponds, walls or fences. It should be borne in mind that they look especially attractive in the middle part of the flower garden. Florists are interested in the cultivation and breeding of black cohosh, for it looks great in autumn bouquets.
If you had time to appreciate the beauty of black cohosh in the photo, then you will like it even more on your own site. The effort expended in planting and caring for him will not be in vain. After all, tsimitsifuga is beautiful not only during the flowering period, but also after it. And with age, she, like a real woman, only becomes more attractive.
As the flowers of the inflorescence wither, it is better to prune, so the bush will maintain a neat appearance and seed dispersion will not occur (with regard to black cohosh, the last precaution is not very relevant, as the seeds of the plant germinate very poorly without additional care, but it is better to exercise caution).
Fight against diseases and insects
Black snake root reluctantly eats pests, the plant is also resistant to most diseases. Like all ornamental flowering plants, any problems and illnesses primarily affect the quality of flowers - they become few in number or do not appear at all. Traces of pest exposure can also be observed on the leaves - the fabric turns yellow or dries, stains. If this happens, it is enough to carry out sanitary treatment with an insecticide, the method of application and the dosage can be read in the instructions attached to the preparation.