This ornamental plant has another name - Khatma. He is also meant to refer to a dog rose. Lavater is a representative of the malvaceae. In landscape design it was used in the Middle Ages, but in private gardening, it began to gain popularity relatively recently.
Lavater or Khatma
Growing a laureate from seed
Content step by step instructions:
At the moment, a large number of varieties of hatyma, among which there are both perennial and annual plants. By its form, it is a grass that can grow up to one and a half meters in height.
Large flowers of predominantly pink, yellow and white flowers can be collected in inflorescences or grow separately. Flowering, starting in June, will continue until October. Bees usually swarm around the flowers. This plant brings delicious honey and is considered medicinal.
Photo laver on flowerbed
Important! Dog rose does not need special care, is not afraid of dry summer and grows in almost any soil. Cut laureate flowers bouquet does not fade for more than a week. Khatma can both be a decoration of a flowerbed, and used for gardening balconies, loggias, and even be a room flower.
Most common varieties
- Variety laureate called "Mont Blanc", presented in two forms. One of them has silvery-pink flowers, and the other has silver-lilac.
- “Laureater Thuringian” grows up to 25 m. The adult shrub is covered with small dark pink or white flowers during flowering, becoming lighter as time passes.
- Bushes hatmy varieties "Pretty Woman" reach a little less than 2 m in height. Blossom large white, pink or red flowers.
- "Three-month laureate" pulled out more than 1 m in height. Gives large white or red flowers that look like bells. The leaves have an original shape.
- "Pink Beauty" is considered to be undersized variety of dog rose. Its bushes grow less than 40 cm. The flowers are both pink and purple.
Seeds of laureates "Goddess of the Sun"
With the help of seeds, they breed both annual and perennial Khatma. To plant seed need in the spring season after the frosts end. It is possible to accelerate the flowering of laureates. To do this, plant seeds at the end of winter. In this case, the seedling method of growing wild rose is used.
Lavateru best planted in the following terms.
- The end of winter or the beginning of spring. Sowing seeds for seedlings.
- During March or April. Suitable for the southern regions. Seeds are planted immediately on a flower bed.
- The end of spring. Seedlings are transported or planted in open soil.
Step-by-step instructions for planting in open ground
Lavatera is well accustomed and will give abundant flowering if it is planted on a plot with good access to the sun's rays. The soil is preferably not acidic and with good drainage. For plants of high varieties over time will need support. This should be taken care of in advance or put hatma near the fence.
Important! A perennial wild rose must be planted, observing an interval between rows equal to 30 cm, and between bushes - 25 cm. In this case, the plants will form a beautiful shape and they will not interfere with the neighboring bushes.
Lavatera tolerates poor soil on nutrients, however, it is desirable to prepare the soil when planting the plant. Seeds can be purchased at a specialty store or procure yourself.
Unusually shaped lavender seeds
Table. Planting wild rose seeds in open soil.
Step 1. Soil preparation
Step 2. Fertilizing
Step 3. Creating the grooves
Step 4. Watering the grooves
Step 5. Sowing Seeds
How to plant sprouts
At the end of winter it is necessary to sow the seeds of hatima for seedlings This requires the preparation of elongated containers. At the cottage you can plant seeds for seedlings in the greenhouse. Still need a transparent film to cover the container until germs. Containers are filled with soil containing humus. The seeds are immersed in this mixture, and the top is covered with a centimeter layer of peat. After watering with heated water, cover the container. After 1.5 weeks, the seeds will begin to germinate.
When transferred into the open ground between seedlings, it is necessary to maintain an interval of up to 20 cm. So the plants will not overshadow each other and will develop well. In warm climatic zones, the transfer of seedlings can be carried out in early May, when temperature drops will be excluded. In most parts of Russia, the most suitable time for planting seedlings is laureate in open ground - the very end of spring, provided that the seed sown in seedlings was carried out in the last days of March.
If a plant, which is undemanding to special care, is periodically fertilized, watered in time and provided with access to the sun's rays, then it will please its owners with lush bushes with lots of beautiful bright flowers. In general, breeding lavatery is not a difficult task. Even a beginner in gardening will quickly grow a beautiful bed of wild rose from seed or seedling.
Lavatera - growing from seed
Caring for the laureate
- Illumination. Hatima prefers well-lit places. It is advisable to plant it on a site where the sun's rays fall all day. Not long lavater can hold and with a slight shading. But more beautiful and long flowering will be only under the condition of maximum illumination.
Features care for lavateroy
Shelter options for the winter
BioVita fertilizer "Flower"
Lavateru is often planted along fences.
Diseases and pests laureates
Wild rose is a very unpretentious plant. It’s easy to plant, easy to care for. She is sick quite rarely. Pests are also not particularly annoying.
Important! However, when appearing in the garden and in the garden of aphids, it is recommended to protect the laureate by treating with special preparations, since this pest does not bypass this plant.
Aphids are considered one of the worst pests.
Another scourge of Khatma is rust (it is caused by a rust fungus). It is characterized by the appearance of red or brown specks on the lower plane of the sheet. As soon as such symptoms are detected, the affected foliage should be removed immediately and the bush should be treated with Kuproksat. If the infection of a bush has reached a critical mass, then it is uprooted and burned.
Some examples of plant rust
With little effort and sufficient attention, the laureate will invariably delight with its active development and bright lush color. Bright pink, white, lilac flowers, similar to large bells, bloom almost until the end of autumn, which makes this plant a wonderful way to decorate the landscape of the garden plot. Low grades will decorate flowerbeds, and the high ones will serve as a beautiful frame of fences.
Lavatera, also called the wild rose, belongs to the Malvaceae genus, which has only about 25 plant species that have settled on the Australian continent, in the countries of East Asia and the Mediterranean. The name of the laureate was given in honor of its discoverers - two brothers, Swiss doctors by the name of Lavater. The wild rose was discovered and described a long time ago - in the 16th century, but it gained particular popularity about 2 decades ago. And now it is difficult to find a garden in which these bright and tender flowers would not grow at the same time.
In height, the laureate bushes can grow from 50 to 150 cm. The plant has strong roots, strong branches and abundant green mass. Bladed, pubescent leaves grow in a regular manner. The flowers are large, up to 10 cm in diameter. In some species, they grow singly, while in others they form spike-shaped inflorescences or brushes. The color of the flowers can be pink, yellow, white, crimson, purple flowers.
Lavater three months
Annual plant that grows up to 1.2 m. It has two forms of leaves: at the bottom of the bush they are heart-shaped or rounded-toothed, the upper leaves with 3 or 5 lobes. Flowers bloom in July. They have a funnel shape and a diameter of about 10 cm. Buds are formed in the leaf axils. The color of the petals can be white, pink or red. Abundant flowering.
- The Ruby Queen is a powerful branchy shrub growing up to 1 meter in height, the flowers have a rich red color.
- The sun goddess is a large plant 110 cm high. The leaves have a rich dark green shade. Flowers in diameter - 6 cm, the most different colors.
- Silver Cap - variety grows up to 70 cm. Petals of flowers - pink with darker veins and silver shimmer.
- Mont Blanc - bush has a maximum height of 60 cm. Funnel-shaped buds have a delicate white color with dark veins.
- Pretty woman is a large plant with white, pink and carmine flowers.
- Novella is a compact variety suitable for growing in flowerpots. The maximum height in a pot is 20 cm. It grows larger in open ground.
- White Cherub - a low bush (just over 30 cm) with single white flowers of decent size. Ideal for growing in pots and pots.
Biennial plant with straight 2-meter stems and oval-shaped leaves, up to 20 cm in length. Its flowers resemble hibiscus flowers. In the color of the petals there are darker veins, the main background, most often - dark purple. Flowering lasts from the beginning of summer to mid-September. Displays variegated varieties. Gardens are most often cultivated:
- Candy Floss - a variety with buds of pale pink color.
- Rosea is a bright laureate of rich pink color.
Large branchy perennial plant up to 2 m. Leaves can be round or heart-shaped, on them there is an easy pubescence. The leaf plates are greenish-gray in color. In the lower layers of the bush have a blade shape. The flowers are single, the buds are painted in pink colors of various shades, the diameter of the inflorescences is up to 10 cm. The flowers are formed in the axils of the leaves, from where they grow on long pedicels. Common varieties:
- Bregon Springs is a tall, powerful bush up to 130 cm tall. Leaves - three-lobed, with a grayish tint. On the pink-purple flowers visible crimson streaks.
- Lilac Lady is a variety in which delicate lilac flowers bloom.
- Barnsley Baby - a plant with pink and white buds.
- Burgundy Vine - a variety with pink buds, which are distinguished by purple veins.
- Ai Catcher - the flowers of this laureate have a rich pink color.
In the southern regions of Russia you can find a plant called “Lavater Primorskaya” (it is also called “Lavater bicolor”). The bush of this variety grows up to 1.5 meters in height, the flowers combine two shades of lilac color.
Lavatera seaside (bicolor)
For growing in a warm climate is designed and laureate Moorish, growing up to 80 cm. It has pubescent stems and rounded leaves with a pointed tip. The flowers are small, dark red, about 3 cm in diameter.
Growing seedlings from seed
Lavateru is grown by the seedling method in order to get its flowering faster, because in the middle zone of steady warm weather you have to wait quite a long time. A wild rose is not afraid of heat and drought, but it can be sensitive to cold temperatures, as it grows in wild nature in a warm climate. In the open ground, seeds are recommended to be sown in the spring, after the end of frosts.
When to plant
Sowing seeds for seedlings at home is recommended in late February or early March. It is necessary to consider the timing of planting in open ground. If you sow in March, by mid-May you will have strong bushes that can be planted on a flower bed. In warm regions, it is possible to transplant a flower into a flower garden earlier. Therefore, harvesting seedlings is better to do in February, and in April to plant it in open ground.
The bottom of the rassadnogo box is covered with a layer of expanded clay, and the ground is filled up from above. The composition of the soil of the laureate is not demanding, so for growing seedlings you can buy universal soil in the store for gardeners. The earth is pre-moistened. Seeds do not require soaking, they are sown dry, plunging about 1 cm deep. Cover crops with glass or foil from above to create a greenhouse effect. Usually shoots appear 1-2 weeks after sowing.
Shelter should be removed daily briefly to land aired. Ensure that the soil is constantly moderately wet. It is best to water the crops from the dispenser with distilled water at room temperature. Condensate from the glass or film is removed so that it does not fall on the tender shoots, otherwise the seedlings may rot.
It is even better if you install additional lighting near the seedlings. Make sure that the lamp is located no closer than 30 cm from the seedlings. As soon as the seedlings are stronger, the top cover is removed. Dive plants after the emergence of two pairs of true leaves, while pinching the root by 1/3.
Lavatera in landscape design
Wild rose is good both in single and in group plantings. With it, you can form a bright spot on the grass lawn, or near tall shrubs and trees. Some use tall varieties of laurels for decorating the fence, outbuildings in the summer cottage.
High and low species of wild rose are also combined with each other. The advantages of plants include a long flowering period, the laureate can decorate the garden until the onset of frost. It looks great in bouquets. Lavateru can be planted in group compositions with dahlias, phloxes, asters, nasturtium. Her beauty is emphasized by irises, sage and lanster. Landings laureates can transform the most dull landscape.
Growing launchers: video
If you want to have a beautiful flowerbed on your plot, but you don’t have time to take care of the flowers at all, the laureate will help you out. Those who like variety, can plant annual varieties of wild roses, and grow something else next season. In the case when you want to plant beautiful flowers and forget about planting troubles for several years - you can safely plant perennials. In any case, the laureate is a plant that will not disappoint you.
This flower is a free-flowering plant belonging to the Malvine family, it can be annual and perennial. The birthplace of this flower is considered to be North Africa and Southern Europe, where in nature it occurs to the present. The family of these malvaceous flowers has a little more than two dozen species, but as a garden culture, the laureate has been known for a very long time, for several centuries now.
Thanks to the work of breeders, new varieties for growing laureates appeared. These perennial and annual plants attract attention with their bright and delicate flowers, and are popular, as many years ago. The flower of the laureate has a well-branched root system, which penetrates deep into the ground, providing the plant with the ability to withstand severe frosts and endure hot summer. This plant with a powerful crown and quite strong branches, can grow from a few dozen centimeters to a half meters in height.
On the stems are leaves covered with a hard fuzz in a regular manner, similar to the blade, in the transverse diameter can be up to several tens of centimeters. To the top of the plant leaves become smaller. The flower has a different color: yellow, pink, white and other equally bright colors. The inflorescence is large, several centimeters in diameter.
The people of the laureate flower has several names, it is a wild rose, hatima, blooms in the first summer month and blooms until the first snow appears. During flowering, a pleasant aroma emanates from the flowers, the plant is also considered to be an excellent honey plant. After flowering, fruits form in the form of boxes, in which seeds of dark color of oblong shape are collected.
Types and varieties
There are a little more than twenty types of these flowers, but flower growers use more varieties, among which only two types are more popular.
A three-month laureate is an annual plant with lush bushes that can grow more than a meter in height. The leaves, resembling blades, have a pale green color, arranged alternately on the entire surface of the stem. Funnel-shaped flowers are placed in one inflorescence, rather large, blooming for a long period. Annual varieties of laureates include the following varieties:
- The beauty is a high spreading bush, the color range of white, pink and carmine.
- White Cherub - a dwarf plant with white flowers.
- Tweens Hot Pink - a bush of no more than four dozen centimeters, with bright pink buds.
- Tanagra - a bush no more than half a meter, very lush with scarlet flowers.
To the perennial belongs to the Thuringian laureate. This plant is distinguished by its two-meter sprawling branches, rounded leaves, along with shoots covered with nap. Соцветия представляют собой кисти, произрастающие в пазухах листьев, небольшие по размерам, это растение обладают целебными свойствами. Лаватера многолетняя включает несколько сортов:
- Мистик Мэрлин – высокий куст, более полутора метров, на фото изображены цветоносы фиолетового или пурпурного цвета.
- Bregon Springs - the height of a strong shoot a little over a meter, a pink flower with crimson stripes located on them.
- Brunsley Baby, a small plant with white and pink buds.
There are other types of laurels, they are considered greenhouse, because in the open field they grow only in warm climates.
Land for planting laureates
Khatma prefers areas well-lit by the sun that are not located in the valley. The soil should be light and nutritious. Landing should be well protected from strong winds. The site intended for planting, well dug up, before this fertilizer is applied, which consist of rotted manure, nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. The prepared area is leveled and after that, you can sow the seeds.
Sowing in open ground
- On the prepared area of the soil, strips are cut at a distance of up to three tens of centimeters, since the adult shrub has a strong root system.
- For soil disinfection, the grooves made are spilled with boiling water. After the earth has taken a normal temperature, seeds are sown.
- The optimal distance between the seeds and the future shoots is allowed up to two tens of centimeters, but since the planting material is very small, it is difficult to make it, and it does not always work.
- After the seedlings are strong, they will need to thin out.
- After sowing, the seeds are slightly sprinkled with soil and watered with warm water. If the spring is cold, then crops can be covered with cellophane, and how seedlings will appear, remove.
The best time for sowing is considered the last month of spring.
Sowing on seedlings
- Sowing should begin in the first spring month. To do this, you need to prepare containers with the soil, you can take boxes, cups, and the best - garden tapes.
- If each plant is planted separately, then they will not have to dive into separate containers, and when transplanted to a flower bed, the plant will take less effort to recover.
- The seed is sealed to a depth of one centimeter, sprinkled with peat on top, sprayed well, and covered with a transparent film on top.
- After this, the containers are placed on the windowsill, where there is a lot of light and heat. After some time, about two weeks later, shoots appear, then the temporary greenhouse is opened and the shelter is removed. Now you will need to monitor the soil moisture.
- It is recommended to plant seedlings in open ground, when the weather is warm. In regions with warmer climates, they dive in April or early May, with a cooler one — planting of seedlings is carried out in late May.
Growing hatyma in the open ground with seeds or seedlings has long been practiced by many gardeners, as the plant is unpretentious during planting and further care.
Secrets of care
An adult bush launchers perennial reaches about one and a half meters. Therefore, in order to protect the trunk from damage during wind, it must be tied to a support. When landing in open ground, you need to choose a sunny place, but well protected from strong winds. The soil must be well fertilized and have a loose structure.. Flowerbed is recommended to prepare in advance. Planting young seedlings is carried out no closer than 15-20 centimeters from each other. After planting laurels in open ground, the soil must be well watered. Caring for her will not cause unnecessary trouble, but you must comply with certain conditions.
For older plants require minimal care, the seedlings also need more thorough care. Approximately in a week it is necessary to carry out the first feeding consisting of potash-phosphorus fertilizers. It is recommended to hold it a couple of times a month while the flower is gaining strength for further growth, and the main fertilizers during this period are nitrogen and potassium. But with the arrival of summer, their rate decreases, and phosphorus remains the main fertilizer. Requires regular removal of weeds, loosening the soil for better access of oxygen to the root system.
Watering plants should be regularly in the evening, if it is hot, then watering is carried out twice a week, at a comfortable temperature, just once. To avoid drying out of the soil, many gardeners mulch soil on flower beds. During the care of plants it is necessary to cut faded flower stalks. It will contribute the formation of new buds. Also, gardeners should be aware that after the rains, the flowers that have withered form mucus, and it can burn the leaves of the plant, so immediately after the cessation of precipitation, these peduncles should be removed.
After the end of the flowering period, seed boxes are formed on the plant. After they become brown, they can be collected. The seed itself in a mature state has a gray-brown color, the collected boxes are opened and the contents are poured onto drying paper. Store ready-made seeds can be in fabric bags and paper bags.
It is possible with many years of laureate do not collect seeds: it multiplies perfectly by self-sowing.
Planting and caring for the laureate (in short)
- Landing: sowing seeds into the ground - at the end of April or at the beginning of May: sowing seeds for seedlings - at the beginning of March, planting seedlings into the soil - from the middle to the end of May.
- Lighting: bright sunlight.
- The soil: loose, light, well drained, not too fertile.
- Watering: moderate, but drought - regular and abundant.
- Garter: tall varieties need to be tied up with supports that are installed during planting.
- Top dressing: only when grown in very scarce soils once every 4-8 weeks with complex mineral fertilizer.
- Reproduction: seed.
- Pests: aphid.
- Diseases: rust.
Laureate Flower - Description
Thanks to the ongoing work of breeders, today among the representatives of the Lavater genus there are many annual and perennial herbaceous plants, reaching a height of 50 to 150 cm, with a well-developed root system, a powerful crown and strong branches. The leaves of most species are lobed, covered with hairs and arranged in a sequential manner. The flowers are large - up to 10 cm in diameter, yellow, white, crimson, purple or pink, growing singly or in several pieces from the sinuses of the bracts and forming spiky or racemose end inflorescences, bloom in early summer and bloom until mid-autumn. It is said that the laureate flower is a plant for the lazy or for those who never have time, and to some extent this statement is true - the laureate is unpretentious in care, soil-tolerant, drought-resistant and not afraid of strong wind. Flowers laureates look fresh in the cut more than a week.
Planting flowers laureate in open ground in regions with warm climates is carried out in late April or early May. Before planting the laureate, in the ground for one-square-meter digging they bring in a bucket of compost or humus and 2 spoons of nitrophoska each. Then the ground is leveled, the grooves are made in it with a depth of 1 cm, they are shed with warm water and dry seeds are sown, and then they are sprinkled on top of them with a mixture of garden soil with humus in equal proportions, sealed and immediately covered with a transparent film. Latera from seed germinates, usually in a week, and when the seedlings reach 5 cm in height, the shelter is removed, the seedlings are thinned and the soil is loosened with a slight hilling. If you did not have the opportunity to fertilize the garden soil before sowing the seeds, the first dressing in the form of complex mineral fertilizer is applied after removing the covering material.
To achieve the earliest flowering, there is a seedling method of growing laurels. When to sow the laureate? If you plan to plant seedlings in open ground in May, planting of seedlings is carried out in early March. Before sowing the laureate, it is necessary to put drainage on the bottom of the seedling boxes, and on the top - the soil purchased for the seedlings acquired in the flower shop. Then the soil should be watered with warm water and, by plunging dry seeds into it, literally one centimeter, cover the crops with glass or plastic film and put in a bright place. Remove condensation from the glass and moisten the soil as needed. After two weeks, shoots will appear that may need additional illumination for successful growth - in case of insufficient lighting, the seedlings are too stretched and thinned. As soon as the seeds germinate, the glass can be removed. Care of the lavatera before transplanting it into the open ground will consist of periodically moistening the soil and turning the container with the seedlings around its axis to achieve a uniform development of seedlings.
How to grow a laureate.
Caring for lavateroy is to water the plant as needed. Lavatera plant is drought resistant, but still it is necessary to drink it - in dry time once a week at the rate of 2-3 buckets for one big bush, and if summer is not too hot, then it can be less often. Tie up large, spreading bushes to the supports so that they do not look sloppy. The soil near tall plants can be loosened only until the plants reach a meter height, because it is possible to damage the superficially located root system of plants. In time, remove wilted flowers that become limp after rain, turning into a slimy mass that leaves burns on the leaves. As for fertilizers for laureates, they feed her for the first time, as soon as she gets stronger after planting, with a solution of a tablespoon of nitrophoska and a tablespoon of urea in 10 liters of water, but this is only if you have not fertilized the soil before planting. If you dug up the soil with fertilizers, you can skip the first feeding. The second time you will need to fertilize at the very beginning of the formation of buds. Ingredients: one tablespoon of sodium sulfate and potassium sulfate per 10 liters of water - this is the norm for one large bush.
Here, perhaps, and all the trouble with laurel.
Pests and diseases laureates.
As you have already seen, landing and caring for lavatero can be done even by a beginner. Pest and disease control will not exhaust you either, since the laureate is affected by those and others extremely rarely. Sometimes there is an invasion of the garden plot of aphids, and then goes to the laureate. It is possible to get rid of this trouble by treating plants with systemic preparations of aktar, biotlin or preparations of the combined action of actellic or acarin.
Sometimes a laureate suffers from a rust infection, which manifests itself as brown, brown or yellow spots on the underside of the leaves. It is necessary to remove all affected parts, and treat the plants with Bordeaux liquid, cuproxate or topaz. It is better to remove the heavily affected specimens from the site and burn them.
How and when to collect laureate seeds.
After the laureate flowers wither and fall off, in their place are green seed boxes that need to be allowed to ripen. An indicator of the maturity of seeds is the dried box, which changes color from green to brown. Open one of them: if the seeds are gray-brown and easily spill out of the box, you can start collecting them. This usually occurs in early fall. The boxes are carefully cut, the seeds are poured out of them onto paper, which are dried in a dry, ventilated room on a newspaper, and then stored in a paper bag or a linen bag.
Lavatera Maritime (Lavatera maritime, or Lavatera bicolor).
In warm regions, another type of laureate is growing - the seaside laureate. The second name it received for the two-tone color of flowers - two shades of purple color. In height laureate seaside reaches one and a half meters.
Cretan Lavater (Lavatera cretica).
It is also possible to grow a Cretan laureate, a grassy plant up to 1.8 m high with erect, branchy felt-pubescent stems, the same shaggy, rounded five-blade or seven-blade leaves up to 20 cm in length, with a heart-shaped base and a dull apex and small teeth along the edge. It has flowers up to 3.5 cm in diameter, purple or lilac, collected 2-8 pieces in the leaf axils.
Lavatera Mauritanian (Lavatera mauritanica).
In the warmest regions of our country, one can grow a laurist Moorish, a small plant up to 80 cm tall. Stems her felt-pubescent, erect, branched, leaves rounded, lobed, with a pointed tip. Purple flowers with a diameter of 3 cm.
Lavater is interesting not only for its decorative qualities, but also for its healing properties: preparations with its content are used in the treatment of cough, cold, headaches, intestinal disorders, with aching joints and muscles, gastritis and gynecological diseases. Fresh leaves of Thuringian laureate are effective in the treatment of non-healing wounds, herpes, boils and other purulent formations.
As a result of many years of laborious work of breeders, a large number of herbaceous plants, which are annuals and perennials, were born. The height of their bushes can vary from 0.5 to 1.5 m. The plants have a developed system of roots, powerful branches and a spectacular crown. In most species, the alternate leaf plates are lobed, and there are hairs on their surface. The diameter of large flowers can reach 10 centimeters, their color is varied, for example: white, purple, yellow, crimson or pink. The flowers grow alone or in several pieces from the sinuses of the bracts, while they make up the final inflorescences of racemose or spike-shaped. Flowering begins in June and lasts until the second half of the autumn period. There is an opinion that the laureate is an excellent choice for those who never have enough time for anything or for the lazy, and there is some truth in this statement. This plant is undemanding in the care, unpretentious to the conditions of cultivation, resistant to drought and withstands strong gusts of wind. In cutting such flowers look fresh for at least 7 days.
What time to land
It is recommended to plant seedlings only after night frosts are left behind. If the winters are warm in the region, the landing can be done already in the last days of April. In regions with frosty winters, this procedure is best postponed until the last days of May. A suitable area for such colors should be well lit and have loose, light and well-drained soil. In the event that the plantation of a tall variety of Lavaters is planned, then it will be necessary to immediately place a support next to each bush.
Watering laureate bushes should be only when necessary. Although these flowers are considered drought tolerant, they still need water. In case of prolonged drought and heat, watering should be carried out 1 time in 7 days, while 20-30 liters of water should be taken for 1 large bush. If summer is not dry, then watering may be more rare. If the bushes are large and sprawling, then they should definitely be tied to the supports in order for them to look more compact. The soil near the bushes should stop loosening after the height of flowers will be about 100 centimeters, the fact is that during this procedure, you can severely injure the root system, which is located superficially. It is necessary to pick off flowers that began to fade in a timely manner, since after the last rain, they become very similar to mucus. And if this mucus gets on the leaf plates, then they will burn. The first feeding of plants should be done after they adapt after planting in open soil, for this purpose they use a solution consisting of 1 large spoonful of urea and the same amount of nitrophoska, which are dissolved in a bucket of water. In the event that you dig the necessary fertilizers into the ground during the digging, then such plants do not need the first dressing. The second feeding is done at the beginning of budding, with a large bucket of water taken from a large bucket of water, which dissolves one large spoonful of potassium sulfate and sodium sulfate.
Diseases and pests
Plant and grow a laureate can not only an experienced gardener, but also a novice in this matter. Also, the gardener will have very rarely deal with diseases or pests, because this plant is highly resistant to them. When the garden attacks aphid, it can also damage the launcher. To destroy these harmful insects, it is necessary to treat the bushes by means of a combined action (akarin or actellic) or a systemic preparation (biotlin, aktara).
If specks of yellow, brown or brown color appeared on the wrong surface of the leaves, this means that this specimen is infected with rust. Cut all the affected parts of the bush, and then spray it with cuproxate, Bordeaux liquid or topaz. If the bush is affected by such a disease very strongly, then it is recommended to dig and destroy it.
Laureate Flower - Flower Description
Flower growers with desire decorate their rural areas with a wild rose.
After all, it is very easy to care for her.
Do not do frequent watering, it is not afraid of frost, it grows well in the shade.
This plant culture reaches 1.20 m in height. And flowers in diameter can have a size of up to 100 mm.
The foliage of a wild rose is similar to the foliage of a Canadian maple. She's angular.
Volumetric foliage sets off the most delicate flowers.
Цветки растительной культуры бывают 2-х видов: крупные одиночные или метелки в виде кисти.
Красивые цветы лаватеры:
- сажают вокруг садовых деревьев,
- делают из них эксклюзивные композиции,
- применяют для клумбовой посадки.
Лавтерой делают декор лоджии. Так или иначе, эти цветки создают нежную палитру и изысканность.
Лаватера — самые популярные сорта
Наиболее востребованными также являются такие сорта:
- Thuringian Khatma. Perennial, with stem part, which grows up to 2 m up. Garden rose has large flowers, pinkish or purple in color, which form the ideal beauty of the inflorescence.
- Lavater three-month. To plant and care for this plant should be in a special way. Such a laureate is very popular. This is a sprawling annual with a small stem part. From its large bright white, soft-carmine or pinkish flowers it forms a bright carpet on flower beds. This variety is usually planted in late spring. Already by the middle of summer flowering begins. After all, hatma needs 90 days to develop. Bush in diameter of about 1 m. Therefore, to create a beautiful flower bed, you need only 5-6 bushes. The color lasts from mid-summer to late autumn, delighting with a wealth of shades.
- Pink beauty. Annual, with stem part up to 600 mm. The name of this species was due to the unique color of flowers - pale pink, with dark streaks.
- Novella. This species is ideal for breeding at home. The bush reaches upwards 200 mm. When planting in a flowerbed Novella can grow higher.
- White Cherub Another luxury variety for pot growth. This variety is usually grown on loggias. Height of a bush is up to 300 mm.
- Silver Cup. It reaches a height of 700 mm, has juicy pink flowers, with dark veins.
- Lavater's baby barnsley. Very sophisticated look. Truly forest diva. The plant is strongly branched and grows, has beautiful flowers, flamingo tones. They are up to 100 mm in size. All hatima is covered with luxurious flowers that will delight until late autumn.
Also popular is the Domodedovo laureate.
How to grow seedlings laver?
To get an earlier bloom, there is a seedling method of breeding a wild rose.
- When to sow lavender seeds on seedlings?
If you plan to plant on the site in May, sow on seedlings should be in the first decade of March.
Before sowing seeds, you need to fill up the drainage layer on the bottom of the containers, and on top - the soil purchased for the laureates bought in a specialized store.
- pour warm water on the ground
- having deepened the seeds into the soil by about 10 mm, cover the crops with a glass sheet or PE film,
- set the boxes on the light.
It is very important to remove condensate from the underlying material and moisten the ground as needed.
After 14 days, sprouts will sprout, which require artificial light for proper development - in case of poor lighting, the sprouts will stretch to be thin and weak.
As soon as the seeds are covered, the covering material must be removed.
Care of the wild rose before transplanting to the site consists of regular watering and rotation of the box with the sprouts around its axis so that growth will be uniform.
Growing plants seeds does not involve diving - strong seedlings immediately sent to a flower bed.
- When to plant sprouts in open ground?
Planting crops on the site is carried out at the end of May.
For laureates it is preferable to place in the sun with a ground that:
If you decide to plant a tall variety of plants, you will need to immediately put support for the stem part.
For planting flowers it is necessary to apply the scheme 20 to 25 - this interval between plants and rows is quite enough, so that the plant culture looks neat and grows well.
If you plant 5–6 seedlings in one hole with a distance of 15 cm against each other, that is, a group planting on the background of a lawn, you will get a big bush up to 100 cm high, covered with snow-white flowers, the other bush is covered with bright pink flowers, and the third Bush mixed, on it bloom and white, and pink flowers.
How to care for laureate correctly?
Wild rose is a plant resistant to drought, but still it is necessary to drink it as well - in a drought once in 7 days at the rate of 20-25 liters per one large bush, and if the summer period is not hot, then you can reduce watering.
Lavater is light-requiring, grows well in sunny places. It is undemanding to the soil, but prefers nutritious loose soil.
Be sure to tie up large, sprawling shrubs to the supports, so that they do not look untidy.
The land near tall bushes can be burst until the flowers reach a height of 1 m.
- clean the flowers that turn sour after a shower, forming mucus that leaves burns on the foliage,
- fertilize as soon as the rose gets stronger after planting, with a solution of 1 tbsp. l nitrofoski and 1 tbsp. l urea in a bucket of water, but this is only if fertilizing was not carried out before planting,
- inspect the bushes for diseases and pests.
If the land on the garden plot was dug over with top dressing, then the first feeding can be omitted.
If the plant needs to be fed, then dilute 1 tablespoon of urea and nitrophoska with 10 liters of water.
The second time it is necessary to fertilize at the very beginning of the budding process.
To do this, add 1 tbsp to a bucket of water. l sodium sulfate and 1 tbsp. l Potassium sulfate is the dose for one large shrub.
Flower growers reviews about the laureate
A few reviews from gardeners:
"The plant is easy to care for, and it adorns the garden superbly, planted it for the first time, I will plant it further." Valentin Nikolaevich, Moscow region.
“Perennial well tolerates winter, you can leave on the site. Grow easy, care is very simple, almost no ill. Maria, Perm.
Lavater's flower is interesting not only for its beauty and grace, but also for its healing qualities: medicines with its inclusion in the composition are used for all sorts of pathologies.
A little effort and desire and the garden will decorate the amazingly beautiful flower beds, by the way, the wild rose gets along freely with any annuals and perennials.
Lavateru belongs to the family Malvaceae, among gardeners, it is widely known as the "garden rose". At the moment there are about 25 species. For laureates characterized by a relatively large size of bushes with a lot of flowers in the form of bells. Flowering continues from the beginning of summer to mid-autumn.
In the wild, the laureate can be found in southern Europe and in the north of the African continent. Currently, the habitat has spread to regions with a temperate climate.
La Latera is not demanding to the soil, but the abundant and long flowering provides light soil with good drainage properties. Place for landing is better to choose sunny, without a penumbra.
High-growing varieties of garden roses need tying and additional support.
Breeders are happy to bring new types of laureates. But in the conditions of our climatic region, the following types are often used (below you will find a photo of flowers laureate).
How to plant a laureate seedlings
Seedlings can be grown in containers, greenhouses or in the ground under the film.
Date of planting seeds laver depends on the time of the planned transplantation of seedlings into open ground. In order to seedlings reached the desired size for planting on the beds in May, the seeds should be sown in March.
As containers for planting seeds laureates, you can use small plastic, wooden containers or individual small pots. In this case, it is desirable to plant different varieties in separate containers.
As the soil suitable purchase, which can be purchased at any flower shop, and put a layer of drainage on the bottom. After sowing seeds cover containers with transparent plastic lids, glass or film.
Before planting, the seeds of the laureate can be not soaked. Sow them to a depth of about 1 cm.
If you maintain the temperature in the room at 20-25 degrees, the sprouts will appear in 2 weeks, then the covering material will be removed. Watering should be moderate, but regular, and coverage at least 10-14 hours a day.
The landing on the clubs is made after the probability of the return of frosts leaves:
- in regions with a temperate climate, the laureate is planted in the last days of April - early May,
- In areas with cool climatic conditions, the landing is carried out from mid-May to early June.
Seedlings laureate planted in open ground at a distance of 20-25 cm from each other. This ensures their free growth and lush flowering.
Planting and maintenance in the open field
After selecting a site
As they sow, they make small grooves about 1 cm deep and place the seeds. Then fall asleep with a mixture of soil and humus in equal proportions. Water should be warm water and very carefully, so as not to erode the grooves.
Soil temperature from 15 degrees.
To ensure better germination, the beds with laureate are covered with a transparent dense film. It is possible to remove covering material when sprouts reach 5 cm.
An important stage in the cultivation of laureates from seeds is the regular loosening of the soil, and if necessary, well-grown plants can be minded and fed.
Watering is carried out only after the soil dries at a depth of 5 cm. Tall varieties are tied up to avoid breaking the stalks.
If the laver does not have enough moisture, it quickly fades away.
Flower growers are advised to water the flowerbed well with hatma. According to observations, flowers that were watered once in 7-10 days less than 3-4 weeks bloomed than those that were watered every 3-4 days.
There is no particular difficulty in growing laurels. She needs periodic watering and fertilization (mineral and organic).