Old Gold Juniper is a small compact bush from the family of conifers. Due to its decorative appearance and simplicity in cultivation, it is often used to create a designer landscape in gardens and parks. The plant itself is not very demanding to care. With it, it is possible to create complex and unique projects to decorate gardens, parks. The article contains all the information about Old Gold juniper: characteristics and description of the variety, how to plant and care for the plant.
The growth of an adult shrub is about 60 cm. Juniper can reach a size twice as wide as a height, and grows up to a meter in diameter. The plant grows quickly and develops, adding 6 cm each year in height. The width of the shrub also increases, up to 15 cm annually.
The characteristic difference of this type of shrub is golden color. The crown of the plant is quite dense and dense, so that the juniper is great for creating decorative “living” hedges. Juniper Old Gold is simple, unassuming in care. Even a novice designer or gardener can grow it.
The right choice of planting material
Choosing juniper seedlings for planting should take into account the state of the plant itself. It should be healthy: the absence of mold, fungus on the bark. It is necessary to pay special attention to the state of branches, needles. They should not fall off, be too dry. Shrub root system - no damage.
Juniper Chinese Old Gold
Council When purchasing material for planting, it is better to choose seedlings with an earthy ball. This will contribute to more rapid survival, rooting and growth of Old Gold's juniper in a new place.
Juniper Gold - light-loving plant. In this regard, when choosing a landing site, preference is given to areas with a large amount of sun. If you plant a shrub in the shade, it will thin out, lose its decorative properties. As for the soil, any type of sandwich or clayey will suit the Old Gold juniper. It should be borne in mind that the needles perfectly feels on the sandy bottom, with a neutral alkaline reaction.
Attention! It is possible to plant in the summer cottage as one plant, separately from the others, and several in a row, in groups. In this case, the distance between them should be at least half a meter.
It is necessary to properly prepare the pit. This will ensure a good survival rate. It should be prepared in advance, starting in the fall. Planting shrubs carried out in the spring. The size of the pit should be as follows: 60 cm deep, from 30 to 50 cm in width. The bottom is lined with a drainage 15 cm thick. The soil is covered with sod and peat humus.
When the planting of juniper seedlings into the ground occurs, you need to monitor the location of the root neck. She must stay on top of the earth. During the first weeks, check the soil regularly and, if necessary, moisten the soil. It is also recommended to do a little shading, removing it after a couple of weeks.
How to care for juniper
Observing all the conditions of cultivation and providing proper care, gardeners receive an excellent healthy plant that can decorate any room and territory. In order for the juniper bush of medium old gold to grow up healthy and beautiful, you need to follow the following recommendations:
- Moisturize the soil as needed.
- Plant nutrition.
- Pruning every year.
- Proper preparation for the winter.
Watering Juniper Old Gold is enough once every two weeks. Shrub loves moisture. One small plant requires at least 10 liters of water. The best time for watering: early morning, evening. Water should be at room temperature, separated.
Thanks to timely feeding, juniper accelerates its growth, acquiring elegant external data. Experienced growers are advised to fertilize the soil once a year, from April to May. There are ready-made complex mineral mixtures that can be purchased in specialized stores. Especially recommended nitroammofoska. Enough 30 g of fertilizer per 1 m² of land.
Important! You can not use organic fertilizer for juniper.
Pruning coniferous bushes is simple and does not cause much trouble. It is only necessary to clean broken, dry, unhealthy branches in a timely manner. A good time for a sanitary pruning procedure is spring or autumn. The beginning of summer is ideal for giving the crown a bush. All sticking, spoiling the appearance of the branches to be removed. Skeleton juniper branches need to be left. Otherwise, the shrub may simply die.
Important! juniper needles and branches can be dangerous to human health. This is due to the content of toxic substances in them.
It should be especially careful in the process of trimming the shrub, as well as during planting and care. In case of contact with plant juice on the mucous membrane, immediately rinse this place with a sufficient amount of water.
How to care for juniper
One of the advantages of the Old Gold juniper variety is its resistance to low temperatures, as well as sharp drops, that is, it has good winter hardiness. The shrub can safely transfer even the extreme winters of Siberia and the Urals. After the first years of planting, the plant still needs warming. This is done by covering the ground with peat, and the shoots with spruce twigs.
Diseases and pests
Juniper Old Gold does not have absolute immunity to disease. He is also subject to them, like the rest of the flora. Common problems include mold or mildew due to excessive soil moisture. When the first signs of overmoistening of the soil are detected (dark spots on the bark, needles), it is worth reducing the number of waterings and letting the soil dry. It is recommended to treat the shrub bordeaux mixture. This is the best inorganic tool in the fight against pests and diseases of any plants.
The appearance of rust is characteristic for Old Gold. Get rid of it is not easy. To prevent the possibility of its occurrence, it is worth planting fruit-bearing plants around juniper. An excellent option is black currant.
Among the insects that cause damage to the culture, it is worth noting the spider mite, the mole, the shield grating. To eliminate insect pests should be regularly treated planting special synthetic means. Experienced breeders recommend the following insecticides:
The above pesticides must be applied in strict accordance with the instructions. This will be an excellent prevention in the fight against plant diseases and pests.
Use of juniper in landscape design
The average juniper is a hybrid, which appeared as a result of the crossing of Chinese and Cossack junipers. It is worth noting that this is the most sought-after, unpretentious view, growing in the middle of Russia. Juniper is a durable plant that can grow for hundreds of years with proper care.
Juniper bushes are in demand in design. They are used to create compositions, to decorate lawns and properly designed alpine slides. Above it was said that shrubs look great as a “living” hedge. Observing the conditions of plant care can result in a beautiful landscape for many years.
Use of juniper in landscape design
Old Gold Juniper stands out among the other trees of its leaf mop of emerald color. It looks advantageous when planting "solo" and in combination with other plants and leafy shrubs. Due to its low height (60 cm), it is often used to create garden alpine slides, stones, and pond decoration.
Attention! All conifers used in the design of the landscape, unites such a feature as slow growth.
As a "neighbor" for a juniper fit thyme, bryozoans, kamnelomka. Especially good combinations of shrubs with other small coniferous plants. Win-win option - combining juniper with sprays of orange, yellow roses, flower bed looks spectacular and original.
Old Gold is great for decoration and decoration of balconies, terraces, loggias. It can be safely grown in a wooden tub or a large clay container that fits into the overall interior space.
Old Gold juniper is a decorative culture of the conifer family. The plant differs unpretentiousness in leaving. Proper care includes: pruning once or twice a year, timely watering, fertilizing with fertilizer. Perhaps these are the basic conditions for the care of juniper. Observing them, gardeners will get an excellent ornamental plant, able to grow indoors or outdoors, and enjoy for a long time.
This variety was brought out by the famous breeder from Holland - Grottendorst, crossing Chinese and Cossack varieties. This happened in the middle of the last century.
Juniper chinensis Old Gold grows slowly and compactly - even after 10 years its height does not exceed 60 cm. But in width it is spread over a meter. The annual growth is about 6 cm in height and at least 15 cm in diameter. The business card of this bush is its grace and undemanding care. And the look of this variety is extremely attractive. By the way, according to the botanical description of juniper chinenzis Old Gold, this plant can clear the air of pathogenic bacteria and even rid the garden plot of insects. Under favorable conditions and proper care, juniper can decorate the site for more than one hundred years!
Selection of seedlings
Buying a juniper seedling, pay attention to its condition. Sprigs and needles should not be over dried. In addition, in no case should a young plant be free of mold and mildew. Planting material must be sold along with the earthy clod in which it grew.
Please note: plants grown for sale in the garden, are transported and transplanted easier than their forest "brothers".
Choosing a place for planting juniper
Having decided to plant this ornamental plant on the plot, pay special attention to choosing a place for it. Old Gold loves well-lit areas. Planting it in places with shading is not worth it, otherwise the juniper may lose its bright golden hue and indescribable charm. Special requirements for this shrub and soil. He prefers a land with a neutral or weakly acid reaction.
In order for the plant to stick well, you need to plant it according to certain rules. The first step is to prepare the landing pit. Its depth should be about 60 cm. A drainage layer should be laid on the bottom of the pit, 15-20 cm thick. For this, broken brick, sifted sand will do. It is necessary to lay out the soil mixture on the drainage layer. To prepare it, you need to mix two parts of peat and one part of sod soil and sand.
Watch the juniper's root collar; it cannot be buried. During the week after planting in the ground the shrub must be abundantly watered. Light shading doesn’t hurt - until the plant is fully established. If a group plantation of junipers is planned, the distance between young plants should be kept about 0.5-1 meters.
Juniper Old Gold: description of care
Every gardener knows that a juniper of this variety needs watering during dry periods. This is best done in a way called “sprinkling”, so the plant will get enough moisture. But you need to be careful - an excess amount of water can lead to rotting of the roots of this representative of the cypress family. Young plants require shallow loosening.
Gardeners recommend that most of the fertilizers be applied to the soil once a year - in late April - early May. At the same time, it is important to remember that the juniper of Old Gold Gold is better not to feed than to overfeed. And not all fertilizers are suitable for this magnificent plant. You can use mineral complexes, such as "Nitroammophos". The concentration should be weak - 30 grams per 1 sq. M. root zone of the plant. Do not use manure or other organic nitrogen fertilizer for top dressing. Immediately after making nutrients, it is necessary to water the plant.
In order for the plant to adorn the garden all year round, it requires pruning. Remove need dry, diseased and broken branches. Be extremely careful - the plant will recover for a long time.
It is considered that it is necessary to form the crown of conifers in the summer. But in the case of the Old Gold juniper, it can worsen his condition. The fact is that the plant, trimmed in the second half of summer, simply does not have time to get stronger before the onset of cold weather. Any haircut is a serious stress for shrubs of this variety, and therefore, before picking up scissors, it is important to make sure that the plant is healthy and ready for the procedure.
If you decide to form a living juniper fence, remove all the sticking shoots. This should be done carefully, but very carefully. In order for the juniper to recover faster after pruning, it is necessary to treat it with preparations containing copper.
Preparing for the winter
Juniper middle Gold Gold has high rates of resistance to cold weather, tolerates even Siberian frosts. But in the first year after landing, he needs warming. Before the onset of cooling, the plant can be powdered with peat - enough 10-centimeter layer. Young shoots need to be covered with spruce leaves.
By the way, closer to winter, the needles of this representative of the cypress family can acquire a light bronze tint. Do not worry, this is one of the varietal signs. In spring, the juniper will again become golden.
Juniper Old Gold: a description of the use in landscape design
The spectacular needles of this amazing plant contrasts with the bright emerald foliage of all garden plants. Therefore, very often it is used in landscape decoration. By the way, they plant it not only in various compositions, the juniper looks excellent in a single planting. Detached shrubs decorate lawns. Old Gold looks amazing as a hedge.
The low growth of juniper Old Gold allows it to be used in the creation of alpine slides and rocky gardens. But it is not necessary to focus on this bush, it should simply give the composition a finished look.
As neighbors juniper fit thyme, saxifrage, mshanka. Looks good and the combination with other hvoynikami. A composition with yellow and orange spireas will turn the garden into a paradise! But the lush crops near juniper do not get along. It is also worth refusing to plant tender roses, clematis and peonies next to this shrub.
Another interesting way to use juniper - gardening terraces and roofs, balconies and loggias. To grow it in such cases is possible in a spacious container.
Both the needles and juniper branches are poisonous, so they can be a serious hazard to people's health. Be careful when trimming Old Gold juniper, planting or caring for it. And if the juniper juice got on the mucous membranes, it is necessary to wash them with plenty of water as soon as possible!
Brief Description of Culture
Juniper - unpretentious plant.
It is difficult to imagine a single characteristic of juniper. The plant differs in various ways depending on the subspecies:
- The height can range from 30-50 cm to 19 meters.
- A variety of forms are known - from groundcovers (creeping on the ground) to tall trees.
- Leaf color varies from dark green to light blue. In rare cases, there are representatives with a yellow color.
Five-year representatives of conifers begin to produce female and male shoots. Pollination usually begins in late May. After processing there will be cones with seeds.
Dwarf juniper can be used as a bonsai plant.
Varieties and types of juniper
There is a large variety of juniper species. All varieties of plants are divided into four groups:
- Juniper - grass cover. Plant height does not exceed 32 cm. They are well suited for land cover, border edging, rock garden, as well as for growing in containers on the balcony or veranda. Often used on hills and other problem areas with soil erosion.
- Dwarf juniper - grows up to 1 meter. These varieties are usually used as a small hedge around the perimeter of the garden, around the pond, and also as a bonsai plant.
- Low juniper. Reach 1.5 m in height. Varieties are usually involved in the creation of a live fence.
- Большие представители обычно вырастают до 7 метров, но некоторые сорта могут достигнуть порядка 19 метров. Как правило, крупные растения встречаются в дикой природе.
Можжевельник средний «Голд стар» отличается темной хвоей на основных побегах, светло-желтым отливом на окончаниях ответвлений. Высота растения составляет порядка 50 см. The width of the "Gold Star" juniper can grow to 1 m. Subspecies resistant to severe frosts. Preferably grown on a sunny location.
Juniper "Gold Star".
The soil is relatively dry with an alkaline or acidic reaction. The variety responds to harmful factors - the location on the roadway, chemical emissions from factories. Ideal complement rockery, rock garden and rocky slides.
Enjoys special popularity due to the beautifully formed silver-colored crown.
Juniper middle "Pfitzeriana compact".
Plant height is about 80 cm, width - not less than 2 meters. Differs in slow growth and shade tolerance. Needles - prickly and hard. Juniper "Pfitzeriana compact" is used in combination with various shrubs.
The plant is demanding of humidity, prefers lit area.
Juniper middle "Pfitzeriana aurea".
In the spring you need to create a shade to protect against harmful sunlight. The ideal soil for growing is clay. "Pfitzeriana aurea" juniper is ideal for single plantings and as a component of coniferous composition.
It is remembered with a heavy crown, golden shoots and stable color regardless of the season.
Juniper "Old Gold".
The male member of the genus is undemanding of moisture and stable lighting. In the winter does not need additional shelter. Avoid landing in open areas. Under the influence of strong winds, the plant can lose some needles and shoots. The golden color is best used in mixed interior decorations, as well as for ground cover design. Old Gold Juniper is suitable for growing in a container.
King of Spring
Dwarf representative juniper reaches no more than half a meter in height.
Juniper "King of Spring".
Spreading crown may be about 2 meters. Very picky about sunlight. In the shadow of “King of Spring” juniper will lose a bright shade of needles. It is recommended to land at reservoirs, on stony hills.
"Pfitzer Middle Chinese Netzi"
Bush "Hessy" has oblique trunks and boughs. Branches are very thin, light green in color. It is characterized by rapid growth and the absence of high requirements for natural conditions. To give the correct form of the plant can be tied up. Used for the purpose of refining the area and as a supplement to coniferous groups.
“Pfitzer Gold Coast”
Gold Coast is a very compact representative of culture. The crown of the plant is very thick with raised branches.
Juniper Pfitzer Gold Coast.
The height of the juniper is about 60 cm. The Gold Coast can reach a width of 1.2 meters. During the year, the color of the needles changes several times. Leaves acquire a different shade depending on the season - greenish, golden, pink and red. Needs regular pruning and removal of dead branches. May dry out on the marsh area. Used in combination with annual plants to create compositions.
No less popular are Pfitzer's Pfitzerin Glauk juniper and Mint Dzhulep juniper. Subspecies perfectly complement tall shrubs. Thanks to intensive growth, they are ideal for landscaping a plot with arid soil.
Juniper - planting material
Junipers are grown from seeds. Germination takes a lot of time. Therefore, most homeowners buy small shrubs and trees from a local garden nursery or center. You can buy hundreds of species of living trees, bushes and shrubs with an open or closed root system.
How to grow juniper
For cultivation of juniper will not need high operating costs. The process of growing a culture is quite quick and easy. The plant needs regular sunshine and well-drained soil. Drought-resistant plants do not like wet soil. They may die from over-irrigation. Juniper can grow in soils of different composition. Preference should be given to slightly acidic soil.
You can learn the features of cultivation from the video:
Planting a plant
As with any other shrub or tree, you must:
- Dig a hole about twice the size of the earthy coma with rhizome.
- Put garden compost or mowed grass at the bottom.
- Carefully remove the plant root system from the container.
- Set the plant in the hole.
- Carefully loosen the ground around the outer part of the roots.
- Then pour enough water. Regularly moisturize the seedling should be 2-3 times a week over the next two months.
- Around the plant to scatter the mulch to contain weeds and maintain a neat appearance.
Additional fertilizer is not necessary, except for the poorest soils. The plant tolerates drought well. Therefore, watering it after rooting is necessary only after a long absence of precipitation.
Replant juniper should be in the fall. If you perform the procedure in the spring - the rhizome is injured. Dry and damaged parts may not recover. It is especially dangerous to change the landing site to adult conifers.
Form and structure
The plant can be used to create bonsai. In this case, you will need special skills for a complete structural change of the tree trunk with wire, garden shears and tub capacity.
As a rule, the plant in the period of development independently acquires a beautiful form. Regularly cutting culture in the summer is necessary if it is used as a fence. In late April - early May, dry branches and damaged side shoots can be removed. Veres, which is used to produce dwarf miniatures, must be adjusted twice a year - in late spring and early autumn.
The plant rarely infects insects. Problems can arise from such pests:
- winged pine moth,
- gall midges,
You can get rid of insects with insecticides, or by growing special repellent plants for ants (for example, parsley). In addition, it is necessary to regularly engage in weeding and apply chemical means of prophylaxis.
The plant suffers from several types of diseases:
- Tracheomycous wilt or fusarium.
- Redness of the needles.
- Shyutte brown.
- Biaterellic cancer.
- Nectriosis of the cortex.
All these diseases cause a variety of fungi. To preserve the appearance of the culture, it is necessary to avoid overwetting the soil. Veres also grows poorly and is exposed to infection in a shaded area.
The plant has great pharmacological value. For therapeutic purposes, it is used as a tonic for general health promotion. You can also use the plant as an adjuvant as:
- antibiotic for the treatment of wounds and ulcers,
- tinctures to maintain the functions of the kidneys and liver,
- drug for gynecological appointments. Some experts advise taking drugs from the plant to facilitate the birth process,
- analgesic and antispasmodic.
Juniper has a high content of beneficial properties. However, essential oils and wood can cause allergic angioedema, rhinitis, and rashes.
Description of the plant, photos and benefits
“Old Gold” is a selection form of juniper middle bred in the nurseries of the Dutch town of Boskop in the middle of the last century. The peculiarity of this variety is dense crown of spectacular color. In the summer, it is yellowish-green with a golden hue; in winter, it acquires a yellow-brown color.
Note: junipers produce biologically active volatile substances - phytoncides, which stimulate the immune system of plants and humans, kill all pathogenic microbes within a radius of 3-5 m.
The main characteristics of the juniper varieties "Old Gold":
- Needles. In young bushes - sharply needle, in adults - scale-like.
- Krone - prostrate, without a haircut in shape similar to a star.
- Branches - grow in a horizontal orientation. Skeletal shoots - thick, young branches - long, flowing.
- The root system is weakly branched, the roots go deep into the ground.
- Flowering / fruiting - a rare phenomenon, the fruit - medium-sized dark blue cone-berry.
- Dimensions - 10 years after landing in the ground do not exceed 50-60 cm in height with a meter diameter of the crown. Adult juniper has dimensions of 1.0x2.5 m. The largest representatives of the “Old Gold” variety reach 1.5x3.0 m.
- The annual growth rate is average, the height is increased by 5-7 cm, diameter - by 15-18 cm per year.
- The life span is long. The bush "Old Gold" will delight you with its appearance in the next 70-100 years.
- Resistance to frost - high adult shrubs tolerate even the harsh Siberian winters.
Juniper middle and its varieties are hybrids, which combine the best characteristics of the Chinese and Cossack subspecies. From the first he got an unusual golden needles, from the second - unpretentiousness and vitality.
"Old Gold" is considered one of the most reliable and stable junipers cultivated in the middle zone.
What are the signs to choose planting material
When buying juniper seedlings, pay attention to all parts of the plant. Needles should not be overdried and fall off. Check the branches - they are flexible, not brittle in a healthy seedling. Inspect the entire bush on the subject of fungus and mold.
An important point. When buying, ask how the “Old Gold” seedling is grown - in the same container or it was placed there on the eve of the sale.
All types of junipers do not like transplantation, so the biggest chance to settle down in container saplings.
If the roots are undamaged, do not stick out, and the needles look fresh - you have a quality juniper sapling.
If the root system is open, broken roots are visually noticeable, then such a bush will be difficult to take root or even die.
03/01/2018 admin Comments No comments
Juniper Medium Old Gold - one of the best juniper varieties with golden foliage. Due to its bright color and dense flat crown, it remains highly decorative all year round. The annual growth is 5-7 cm in height and 15-20 cm in diameter. At 10 years of age, the plant reaches a height of 0.5 m and a width of 1 m. The variety was bred in Holland in the middle of the 20th century and since then it has been very popular among gardeners and landscape designers. Unpretentiousness and grace have become the hallmark “Old Gold”. It has the ability to clean the air from pathogenic bacteria, drive away some insects.
However, it should be remembered that the needles and other parts of juniper trees and shrubs are poisonous and dangerous to human health! Use caution when pruning junipers, and when contacting juniper juice on mucous membranes, rinse with large amounts of water.
Juniperus media Old Gold should be planted exclusively in well-lit areas. Otherwise, the foliage will lose its bright golden tint. By the way, when preparing for winter, the needles acquire a bronze tint - this is a varietal trait that should not be frightened. In the spring the foliage will turn yellow again. It tolerates Russian winters. It can grow on any soil, but it develops best on moderately fertile moist soils. Does not tolerate stagnant waterlogging. Does not need regular haircut. In the spring may require sanitary cutting of dried twigs.
Juniper Medium Old Goldvery effective in single landing on green lawn. It contrasts perfectly and combines with other conifers and deciduous shrubsso it looks great in mixborder or in landscape compositioncollected from plants with different architecture. Juniperus media Old Goldgives in well decorative molding. Can be used as container plant for gardening roofs, terraces, loggias and balconies with good insolation.
Juniper Medium Old Gold
One of the best varieties of junipers that have golden foliage. With the help of bright colors, as well as a flat and dense crown, Old Gold will remain highly decorative throughout the year. This exquisite juniper will look wonderful together with some other undersized coniferous shrubs, in stone compositions, as well as in mixed formations. However, it will also look good in a single landing.
The annual growth of Juniper Old Gold can be from 5 to 7 centimeters in height, and at the same time in diameter be from 15 to 20 centimeters. Ten years after planting, the plant will be 0.5 meters high, and its width will be about one meter. This variety was found in the Netherlands in the twentieth century, from that time to this day, this variety is very popular among many gardeners, as well as landscape designers. Grace with unpretentiousness became the “Old Gold” business card. In addition to these advantages, the shrub has a unique opportunity to clear the space around itself from disease-causing bacteria, as well as to repel many insects.
Despite this, it is worth remembering that juniper needles, as well as some other parts of the shrubs are dangerous to our health, because they are poisonous. Care must be taken when pruning junipers. If juniper juice gets into your eyes, wash them with the required amount of water.
Characteristic and description
The botanical description of the juniper medium "Old Gold" declares the high attractiveness of the plant and the promise of its use in landscape design. A compact slow-growing shrub, ten years after planting, does not exceed a height of 50-60 cm with a wide diameter, The correct form of the crown in the meter. The needles are very decorative, golden yellow in summer and brownish yellow in winter.
Due to its small size, the plant is ideal for growing as a container culture. The crown diameter of an adult juniper is 3 m with a height of 1.5 m. For shrubs characterized by horizontal location of the shoots. The annual growth rate of the plant does not exceed 5.5-7.5 cm. The scaly and needle greenish-yellow crown looks very impressive, and good frost resistance allows planting and growing juniper Old Gold in most regions of our country.
Juniper Old Gold: Characteristics of the variety (video)
Also read: Conifers in the landscape design of the suburban area: options and rules for composing compositions
For juniper, it is preferable to use areas represented by soils with a weakly acid or neutral reaction. A nutrient soil mixture prepared from two parts of peat, one part of sifted sand and one part of soddy soil should be poured onto the drainage layer. Good results are obtained by adding special complex fertilizers to the soil mixture. Immediately after planting, plenty of watering is required, and, if necessary, shading the planting until the culture is fully established.
Strict adherence to cultivation technology and proper care allow you to get a healthy, durable and beautiful plant. Plant care is not complicated and involves compliance with the following recommendations:
- it must be remembered that junipers absolutely do not tolerate excessive amounts of moisture, and excessively abundant and frequent irrigation can cause disease and rotting of the root system,
- watering should be carried out in the dry period, but not more than two or three times during the whole growing season,
- juniper bushes should be pruned very carefully due to the slow growth and long recovery of the plant,
- all dry branches, as well as branches that prevent the full growth of the bush, must be removed,
- when forming a hedge it is necessary to carefully but carefully remove all sticking shoots.
Despite the fact that this popular member of the Cypress family possesses rather high rates of frost resistance, saplings in the first year of planting should be sheltered for the winter period.
Application in landscape design
Juniper middle is a hybrid form, obtained by crossing the Cossack and Chinese juniper. This species is one of the undemanding and most reliable for cultivation in the soil and climatic conditions of the middle zone of our country. Junipers are durable and, under favorable conditions, can grow several hundred years.
Types and varieties of junipers (video)
All conifers used in modern landscape design are characterized by such an important feature as slow growth. Possessing a very showy golden needles, the Old Gold variety Juniperus chinensis contrasts impressively with the emerald green of many ornamental plants. These shrubs are very popular in decorating landscapes. Данная разновидность можжевельника применяется не только в композициях, но и в качестве солитеров, растения прекрасно смотрятся на фоне газонов или правильно оформленной альпийской горки. Можжевельник средний прекрасно подходит для создания живой изгороди. А правильный уход за растениями обеспечит долговечность живых декоративных композиций.
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What plants are suitable for decorating any garden, while not requiring complex care? Unpretentious junipers! With their help, you can even implement complex design ideas, because juniper is a combination of elegant forms, plasticity and bright color! One of the best varieties is Old Gold Juniper. His golden foliage and flat crown adorns the garden throughout the year! We offer to get acquainted with the peculiarities of growing this coniferous bush.
From the correct preparation of the seat depends on the rate of survival of the seedling. The best option is to prepare the pit in the fall, and plant the seedlings in the spring. During this time, the earth will drain, the bottom will be formed.
The diameter of the pit should be twice the size of the earthy coma, in depth - 60-80 cm. At the bottom of a layer of 15-20 cm pour drainage - sand with brick battle or rubble.
At the final stage, the soil is mulched around the trunk. To do this, suitable leaf humus, wet peat, pine bark, compost.
Mulch is poured in a layer of 10-12 cm - this is enough to protect the roots from overheating in the summer, freezing in frost, and the growth of weeds. When watering, the soil will not thicken and sag, which is important for young junipers.
Departure after landing
In the period when the Old Gold juniper sapling takes root in a new place, you need to create the most comfortable conditions for it:
- In the first 1-1.5 weeks after planting, the ground under a young plant should be regularly moistened.
- Do not water young junipers from a hose, as you will stretch the mulch and can damage the roots. The water must first settle and warm in the sun.
- To avoid burns and drying of the needles in the hot time of the day it is desirable to do shading.
- Spray during the dry season, but do it carefully so as not to smash the branches with the pressure. The best time for this is early morning and evening twilight.
- If the bush "Old Gold" is rooted, but grows too slowly, apply fertilizer: ready-made fertilizers for junipers, diluted according to the instructions.
Note: first-year bushes must always be warmed before wintering. For this purpose, both modern covering materials and spruce branches are suitable.
General rules of care
The juniper variety “Old Gold” belongs to unpretentious cultures, but you shouldn’t leave it aside either. Basically, care is reduced to three positions: water, feed, trim:
- Watering. This species does not tolerate an excess, or even worse, the stagnation of moisture in the soil. Excessive moisture can cause root rot. Adult specimens are watered only during drought, no more than 2-3 times during the growing season.
- Fertilizers. Junipers are among those crops that are better underfeeding than overfeeding. For this reason, mineral fertilizers are applied once a year in spring, as soon as the snow melts. For this purpose, I recommend using ready-made complex feeding, designed for junipers.
- A haircut. Sanitary pruning is carried out in the spring, while removing all the dried twigs. Due to the slow growth of juniper, the molding haircut is carried out very carefully. It is important to shear only protruding shoots, without touching the skeletal branches.
An important point: never fertilize juniper with manure - it can oversupply the soil, cause burn roots and, as a result, crown deformation. If it is imperative to increase soil fertility, use humus obtained from manure.
Juniper "Old Gold" does not like very dry air, so once a week it is useful to carry out sprinkling. To do this, use a special nozzle on the hose. It is necessary to spray bushes in the evening or in the early morning when there is no active sun.
Mature plants tolerate wintering in temperate and northern latitudes, and therefore do not need hiding. For even arousal in the spring, spend abundant watering with sprinkling of the crown.
What can threaten the juniper "Old Gold"
Representatives of the cypress family are sufficiently resistant to diseases and pests, since they produce phytoncides. However, they can not always resist the influence of external factors. The following phenomena are most dangerous for the Old Gold variety:
- Heavy snow + frost. At low temperatures, branches become brittle and can break under the weight of a snow cap. Therefore, in such weather it is advisable to shake off the snow.
- Spring burns. At the end of winter, the sun becomes noticeably more active, and the roots remain frozen and cannot feed the needles with water. As a result, it turns yellow and dries. There are two solutions to this problem: priten the shrub with a covering material and warm the ground by watering it abundantly with warm water.
- Rust. The disease causes the appearance of orange growths on young and skeletal branches.
- Shrinking branches. Manifested by yellowing, dropping of needles, drying of thin twigs.
The affected juniper branches are cut out and destroyed, the rest are treated with fungicides ("Early", "Ridomil", etc.). It is also important to disinfect the soil.
Where better to buy a sapling
In order not to have to treat the shrub immediately after purchase, do not purchase seedlings from questionable sellers. If you are looking for the “Old Gold” variety, in specialized garden centers you will be offered exactly this, and not a non-categorized juniper.
In addition, the plants there are grown and sold in containers with already applied fertilizers, which will be enough seedling for a whole year.