Goat willow, otherwise botanists call it Bredin (Selix carrea), and in common people simply Rakita, a plant belonging to the Willow family. Europe is considered the motherland, but it successfully grows in Western Asia, the Caucasus and Central Asia. The average life expectancy is 150 years. During this time, the height of the plant can reach 10 m and 0.75 m in diameter of the trunk.
Many gardeners wonder if a willow is a tree or shrub? Everyone calls it differently, but in the general classification it is a deciduous tree, sometimes a tree shrub. Based on the name, it can be concluded that sheep and goats love to feast on the plant.
The plant loves light, however, it has shade-tolerant qualities. Favorite places of growth: fertile, rich, sandy or gravelly soil. At the same time, they should not be very moist - this can destroy the tree. As a conclusion - watering should be moderate. There is a willow along roads, houses, on guns of the forest, cuttings. For planting use formed seedlings. If you need to propagate, then cuttings, seeds, or the method of grafting will do.
Characteristic features of the plant are:
- Branches. They are thick and sprawling. In juveniles, they have a slightly grayish color and slight hairiness. In specimens that have grown up and well developed, the color of the branches may be greenish-gray or yellow-brown. If the tree is old, then its branches become gray in color, and, moreover, become brittle.
- Bark. At first, it is green-gray and fairly smooth. As "growing up" the color changes to brown, and cracks form at the bottom of the trunk. As for wood, it is smooth, but reddens on contact with air.
- Foliage. It has an elliptical shape with a length / width of 11-18 / 5-8 cm, respectively. The outer side is painted in a dark green color, and the bottom - grayish. Distinctive feature - jagged uneven edge. The buds are hidden in the leaf axils. They are quite large (length-width 5/3 cm, respectively). Flower buds have a reddish color and an ovate, non-oblate shape measuring 15 / 3-6 mm in length / width.
- Flowers, in the form of earrings. Goat willow blooms in April, when the foliage does not grow, and lasts 10-13 days. There are female and male flowers. The first are wide, oblong-oval shaped up to 6 cm long. The second ones are dense, cylindrical, reach 10 cm in length, many-flowered.
- Fetus. As a result of pollination, in May a fruit is formed in the form of a box with a diameter of about 7-8 cm, located on a fluffy petiole. Each fruit contains about 18 seeds with fluffy outgrowths, due to which the seeds are transported to a distance. Unfortunately, the seeds lose their germination very quickly.
Beauty and form
Goat willow in landscape design (photos can be viewed below) is very common. And all thanks to its beauty and form. Moreover, the appearance of the plant is highly dependent on the soil in which it grows, and light.
Most often, the wilderness is planted in the improvement of private houses and estates. At first glance, the willow seems inconspicuous, but thanks to its weeping forms, grafted onto a bole, it becomes very attractive.
Looks great willow and rocky gardens, as well as on the edge of water. It is necessary to evaluate another advantage of the plant - the ability to fasten the roots of the roots, so it is not surprising that it is often planted on the slopes.
Willow goat pendula
It is a deciduous tree, reaching a height and a length of up to 2-3 m. As a rule, it lives no more than 30 years on soils of any humidity. A variety of shade-tolerant and light-requiring. For normal growth requires abundant watering. But in order to avoid overflow, a rather high drainage layer should be laid. The plant is frost-resistant, but it is recommended to cover the shtamb for the winter.
The dignity of the plant, we repeat, the tent-like weeping crown. Goat willow on a shtambe looks great. Of the many varieties of pendula can be identified by the dark green oblong-elliptical foliage up to 8-10 cm. In the autumn period, the color becomes yellow.
In April-May, flowering occurs (15 days long) with the release of flat golden-yellow earrings. In the future, the fruit is formed in the form of a box.
In landscape design, the pendula is planted as a single tree, and in decorative groups. Looks great in rock gardens and near water. It is perfectly combined with dwarf trees of coniferous varieties, youngsters, moisture-loving plants and ground covers. With regard to reproduction, then perform the procedure by grafting on shtamb.
The most difficult care is pruning willow goat variety Pendula. If during the first year the crown is not formed correctly, the branches will fall to the ground and the decorative value will be lost.
In young animals, pruning of all branches is carried out, leaving a length of only 15 cm. At the same time, the kidney should be looking to the side or upwards. But not inside the crown. This haircut to achieve the formation of a form similar to an open umbrella.
If the plant is an adult, pruning is carried out after flowering, shortening the branches by 2/3 of the entire length. This is achieved by dense branching of the crown.
Willow Goat Kilmarnock (Kilmarnock)
This species is distinguished by its miniature (maximum 1.5 m in height). Standard tree resembles an open umbrella with branches reaching the ground. Plant frost and wind-resistant, light-requiring. It has no requirements for the soil, it grows well on little-limestone, loamy soils. The only drawback is the sensitivity to moisture, so you need to be careful with watering.
You can identify the variety by foliage. It is green, oblong-elliptical in shape, slightly wrinkled, turning yellow in autumn.
In April, flowering begins with the release of numerous earrings with silver and fragrant flowers.
Goat willow: planting and care
Landing is carried out with the onset of spring. The cuttings are placed in water beforehand and they wait for the roots to appear. After they should be transplanted into the open ground, having previously dug a shallow hole. The extracted soil is mixed with compost, and after planting, the cutting is poured into a hole and crush the soil a little. After it is necessary to water the plant well. Subsequently, watering is performed 2-3 times / week. For adult specimens, regular watering is optional. If in summer there is arid and hot weather, seedlings should be watered more often.
As for feeding, in the spring and autumn period it is carried out twice by complex means. In the fall, give preference to potassium sulfur or superphosphate. In the presence of a large number of weeds around the tree, carry out mulching with sawdust, peat, expanded clay, paper, crushed pebbles.
In the case of rapid drying of the land near the willow goat, should be loosening, and if cracks have gone, then first water the land and then loosen.
Do not forget about the timely and regular trimming of trees.
Proper planting, control of watering, and pruning willow will help you to form a beautiful plant that will add elegance to the landscape design of your home.
08.08.2018 admin Comments No Comments
For a single landing, Most beautiful in spring, Most beautiful in summer,
A charming tree with a small weeping crown and shoots hanging down to the ground. Will serve as a real decoration of any garden!
Diameter of the crown of an adult plant (m): 1.5
Height of an adult plant (m): The height depends on the level of vaccination.
The willow tree Goat Kilmarnok (Pendula) with a small weeping crown and shoots dangling to the ground. Decorative thanks to the shape of the crown, as well as in the spring, during flowering, when the flowers emit a delicate scent.
Crohn umbrella, weeping, with drooping branches.
Needles / Foliage
The leaves are dark green, shiny above, covered with gray-white fibers from below.
Blossoms 7-13 days on last year's shoots before the leaves appear.
Flowers - fragrant yellow-gold earrings (male clone).
Blossoms 7-13 days (before the appearance of the leaves) yellow-gold fragrant earrings (male clone)
It prefers sunny places, but tolerates partial shading. The soil is not demanding, it grows on any soil. Does not tolerate flooding. Fully frost resistant.
It prefers sunny places, but tolerates partial shading. The soil is not demanding, it grows on any soil. Does not tolerate flooding.
Without a special pruning, especially in the early years, the plant will not be able to grow properly and will not show its decorative qualities: a weeping branch, if it is not formed correctly, simply “falls” on the ground in one season and it will be almost impossible to correct the situation. Pruning should be done after flowering in late spring - early summer. Candelabrum trimming method: for the correct formation of the crown, it is necessary in the first years to shortly (up to 15–20 cm) to trim all young shoots, but so that at the end of the shoot there is a kidney looking to the side and upwards, then the crown will look like an equilaterally developed umbrella . Another pruning method is to remove the apical buds of young shoots during the summer, i.e. pinch them as soon as they reach a size of 15–20 cm. This awakens the side shoots to grow and the crown is thick.
It is also necessary to remove the strapping or label from the site of vaccination from young plants. If the grafts were formed below the graft site, they must be ruthlessly removed.
Top dressing by complex fertilizers in the spring and in the fall.
It is interesting
Leaves, catkins, bark are used for medicinal purposes. Strong and flexible branches are used for weaving baskets, making fences, etc.
White Willow ‘Pendula’, photo, description, fit, care, in garden design
White Willow ‘Pendula’, photo, description, fit, care, in garden design
Willows are not so frequent guests in our gardens. Large, not very decorative, requiring large space trees have long given way to the list of popular garden forms and are more common in parks than in private possessions and only a few species of willow remain in demand today. But among the diverse and very similar representatives of this family, the weeping willow goat Pendula, which today is considered one of the most original weeping representatives of woody plants, stands out for its amazing decorativeness.
Goat willow itself is rather inconspicuous: growing in swamps, on the shores of natural ponds and streams, in the lowlands of rivers a rather pale and modest plant is so loved by goats that it received its eloquent name "goat willow." But the moisture-loving willow grafted onto a shtam is literally transforming: a massive canopy of hanging branches, which beautifully contrasts with lawns and water, looks very original and fascinating. This is one of the best small cultures for the decoration of alpine slides and ponds, which conquers with calm greenery, enchanting flowering, during which bare arched twigs are covered with elongated fluffy earrings of light golden tones, similar to fancy plump caterpillars and yellow autumn outfit. Let's get acquainted with the amazing weeping willow goat and the peculiarities of its growing closer.
Life form: Deciduous tree
Crown: Tent or weeping, medium.
Growth rate: Fast. The annual increase is 100 cm in height and 50 cm in width.
Height is 30 m. Diameter of krone is 20 m.
Durability: 100 years
Flowers: Flat irregular, yellow-green, 0.3 cm.
Leaves: Lanceolate, silver-white in spring, dark green in summer and autumn, from 5 to 15 cm.
Decorative: White willow ‘Pendula’ has beautiful foliage and crown shape.
Use: Alley, single landing, decorative groups.
to the soil: not demanding
to temperature: hardy
Homeland: Europe, Central Asia.
White Willow ‘Pendula’ ‘Tristis’kozya‘ Pendula ’fragile purple‘ Nana ’‘ Pendula ’
Most willows are light-requiring and grow better in open places, willow is goat shade-bearing and grows normally in partial shade.
Soil mixture: Soils can be different: sandy, marshy, not very fertile, gravelly.
Drainage is required on heavy clays, a layer of 20-30 cm of sand or rubble.
The optimum acidity of soil pH is from 5 to 7.5.
Top dressing: With a weak growth in the spring make nitroammofosku (60-80 g).
Watering: In hot weather, willows are recommended to be watered and sprayed if they do not grow near water bodies.
Young plants in the dry period require more frequent and abundant watering.
Loosening: Only young planting, in the spring, to the depth of a spade bayonet.
Mulching: It is desirable to mulch with a peat layer of 5-7 cm.
Pruning: Pruning dead branches, forming a crown and trunk, removing very long shoots on the lower part of the trunk, if it is not a weeping form.
It tolerates a haircut.
Goat willow: kilmarnok and pendula on shtambe
Old plants can be cut to stump.
Goat willow (Salix caprea) of the “Pendula” form (Pendula) is a compact representative of the willow family, which is easily distinguished from other plants by the weeping form of the crown grafted on the stem and the characteristic leaf color. This plant will not exceed one and a half meters in height, whereas the diameter of the crown is limited to 1 meter, which allows using this tree in gardening even the smallest gardens. Even relatively rapid growth — about 30 cm per year — does not affect the breadth of use of this willow species. Deciduous willow goat retains its beauty from early spring to autumn. Oblong, elliptical leaves in length reach about 10 cm, retain an even muted-green color from spring to autumn, when they change it to a rather bright and even yellow. From above, the leaves of goat willow are smooth and dark, while below they are velvety with silver color. Goat willow blossoms in May, when sparsely located large, thick, seemingly fluffy golden earrings appear on the branches. Both unusual earrings and fruit-boxes look charmingly.
The Pendula goat willow cannot be called a capricious plant. It grows well in any soil with sufficiently bright light. The only thing you need this weeping stambovoy beauty - regular and fairly abundant watering. In order to avoid the risk of root rotting, a thick layer of drainage should be laid in the soil. Weeping willow goat copes well even with the most severe frosts and needs shelter cover only during snowless winters with strong temperature drops.
The most difficult in the care of willow goat weeping form - pruning. Special procedures in the first years of cultivation are a pledge of decorative goat willow, which without proper preparation will never reach the pomp and necessary outlines. If you do not correctly form a young plant, its branches will literally “fit” on the ground in one season. In the early years, even small saplings do not regret and cut off all the shoots, leaving only about 15 cm with one bud at the end, looking not necessarily inside the crown, but up and to the side, forming a crown that looks like an even umbrella of short branches.
Mature trees are pruned exclusively after flowering, shortening shoots by at least two thirds of their length. Thanks to such a rather cardinal cut, the willow begins to branch densely, and the crown becomes inimitably thick. You should not worry about flowering next year: over the summer, new shoots, strong enough for a spectacular flowering, will have time to form completely. Old willows, goat or too thick and inaccurate in appearance, also need rejuvenating pruning. It is also carried out only after flowering, and not in spring or autumn, as usual. Without regular pruning, a weeping willow willow grafted onto a stem will never look attractive, it will become bare and lose the effect of a luxuriant canopy.
Goat willow is propagated solely by grafting on a stem. Getting the plants yourself is pretty hard, they often die, so if you want to plant a Pendul goat willow tree. better get adapted to your area sapling in the nursery.
In landscape design, a goat willow in a weeping form is used for both solo and solo parts, as well as for group compositions. It looks great near water, in all types of rock gardens. Goat willow goes well with all moisture-loving plants, traditional perennials for the decoration of coastlines, ground covers, supporting the shape of the crown with ornamental herbs. This willow looks good with dwarf coniferous and evergreen species, which emphasize the "fragility" of the crown in winter and spring.
Preparing for winter: Some species of willows suffer from late spring frosts, so they should be covered. Standard plants to protect against frostbite need to be covered in the first 2-3 years after planting, wrapping the trunk with a sacking cloth in 1-2 layers. With age, their hardiness increases.
In their garden
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Willow Goat Kilmarnok (Pendula)
From weeping willows on high stakes you can create garden arches. Or plant a tree with tapeworm. In this case, it is better to observe it at a distance of at least two heights of the plant, then the crown will be visible in its entirety.
Если вы укоренили плакучие ивы, имеет смысл с самого начала формировать их в форме штамба. После того как из черенка появилось несколько побегов, выбирают самый сильный и подвязывают его к опоре, остальные удаляют. As they grow, the main shoot is tied up higher and higher.
Video: Goat Willow "Pedula" - video review from Greensad
Lateral shoots are shortened by one-third every summer in order to cause nutrient outflow to the main trunk. In the fall, these shoots are cut out on the ring, leaving 0.5 cm of hemp.
When the stem reaches the desired height, it is no longer tied up, and a weeping crown is formed from the growing lateral shoots by pinching or trimming to the outer bud.
At my site for 3 years growing beautiful grafted goat willow (with branches growing down). Last summer, it began to dry out, and in the spring I cut out about 30 percent of dry branches. By the way, there were no earrings this spring. And in July, the yellowing and withering of young shoots began again. What would it mean? The place is wet, and the host, spirea, barberry and flowers grow beautifully nearby.
Many beautiful species of willows are propagated by grafting on cuttings of easily rooted and hardy, but less decorative types of willows. The most important conditions that had to be fulfilled when planting a grafted willow is to bury the graft in the ground and not to disturb the place where the graft grows with the rootstock, otherwise the stock will eventually force out the graft - it looks like it happens to your plant now, the absence of earrings in the spring confirms this. Hot weather accelerates this process. (A similar picture occurs with grafted roses, when the graft on a dogrose when planting a bush remains above the soil surface, and does not go deeper by 3 cm - and then inexperienced rose growers are surprised why the rose is “wild.” And the reason is a more tenacious dogrose “strangled” grafted rose.) The emerging growth of the stock should be immediately removed.
Now spud the trunk and grind the soil to create more favorable conditions for goat willow (if it still remains), and in the fall transplant the plant, deepening the vaccination site.
Thank you very much for the detailed answer, but as far as I saw while buying my willow, the site of inoculation of several falling branches of this tree was in the upper part of the bare trunk at a height of about 1 m 70 cm from the roots. The seller explained that the whole trunk is a wild stock. Or am I misunderstanding something? But how to stop the process of displacement of the scion stock in this case?
So, your tree was grafted not into the root neck, but into the stem. In this case, it was necessary in early spring (the next year after the purchase and planting of a tree) for the formation of a weeping form to cut off one-year dangling shoots with 3-4 eyes. In the second and third years in early spring, those annual shoots that evolved from the eyes left on the cut-off shoots, again cut to 5-6 eyes. In the fourth year, the resulting hanging branches of a magnificent weeping crown are cut off less - only to regulate their length at the same level. Only with such pruning a strong crown of the hip form is formed. The purpose of such pruning is twofold: first, pruning in the first years after planting reduces the load on the graft, which ensures its stability and gives time for its additional strengthening, secondly, it allows you to form a beautiful tree.
In your case, I can assume that the necessary pruning was not carried out - the weeping branches grew long, which increased the load on the graft, and the wind could cause the graft to be damaged.
Now you can paint the place of grafting with a special paint "Acri-15M" (it is a multi-purpose tree care), until the autumn you can repeat painting several times. In late autumn, cut out from the crown all the “wild” shoots, if any, and you can distinguish them; paint the cut points with the above-mentioned paint.
Willow goat Kilmarnok on shtamba
And the next year, start in early spring cut the plant by the method described.
1. Crop on 3-4 eyes means that there should be 3-4 eyes on the branch.
2. Spring pruning as a formative is carried out by itself in the spring, and the removal of the “wild” shoots to the ground is carried out on its own constantly, as soon as they appear (process the cutting sites) - otherwise they will force out the cultural part, and the weeping form will quickly turn into “wild” "willow tree. The advantage of grafting the cultural part into the root neck is that the whole tree becomes “cultural”, and “wild” shoots in this case can only appear from the ground and it is much easier to fight them (but this seedling has a different price), and a tree grafted into a shtamb requires constant care from the moment of planting to form the crown and preserve the cultural part. If during the first 3 years after planting it is done correctly and on time, the graft is getting stronger, the cultural part is well acclimatized and expands, and its replacement is “wild” "camp vitsya impossible
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There are many varieties of decorative willows.
Prices for tree pruning services
The company Alptehnologii offers a full range of services for the care of greenery: examination, treatment, decorative pruning, kronirovanie and others. We perform work with the help of climbing technology and special equipment.
To accurately determine the cost of the order and clarify the timing of its implementation at the facility free of charge leaves our employee.
You can order a specialist by phone. +7 (495) 940-76-95 or by sending a request to the email address [email protected]
Full price list for work performed by our company is presented in the section Cost of services.
Willow pruning rules
Most often, people are interested in how to properly trim a weeping willow, because this type of plant is widely popular. A young willow is pruned to form a central leading shoot.
Often in landscape design they use a willow curl, which pruning is quite simple - the tree itself tolerates it easily.
Regular pruning of willow plants will provide them with decorative appeal, will allow to form a lush canopy. Willow pruned, leaving shoots of 12-15 cm with one bud at the end. An important condition is that the kidney must “look” to the side or upwards, but not inside the crown.
Basic rules for pruning willow:
- subject to removal are damaged, dry, weak, as well as hanging branches on the surface of the earth,
- any growth growing adjacent to the main trunk is removed,
- pruning crown shoots begins when the tree reaches 80-90 cm in height,
- You need to work only with a sharp tool so that even, neat cuts remain.
If the question arose about when to cut a weeping willow, the answer is ambiguous: if we are talking about formative pruning, it is better in the spring, and in the case of fighting with wild shoots - constantly (otherwise they will force out the cultural part and the tree will turn into wild).
Willows, growing very actively, can be cut not only in spring, but also in summer. Thus, the crown will be compacted, acquiring an attractive appearance.
Care for willow trees should be entrusted to professionals - qualified arborists. The cost of pruning consists of several components and depends on the size of the tree, access conditions, scale of work and type of pruning.
Pruning willow on the site, carried out by qualified professional alpinists, will be a smart decision to take care of your garden. Arborists will help assess the condition of the trees, to carry out the necessary measures of rejuvenation and sanitization.
Our employees know exactly how to cut a weeping willow, so that it becomes a real decoration of the garden or suburban area.
Tips for planting and caring for goat willow
Another pruning method is to remove the apical buds of young shoots during the summer, i.e. pinch them as soon as they reach a size of 15–20 cm. This awakens the side shoots to grow and the crown is thick.
It is also necessary to remove the binding or label from the site of vaccination from young plants. If the grafts were formed below the graft site, they must be ruthlessly removed.
Watering regular and plentiful.
It is frost-resistant. She needs a shelter only during snowless winters with strong temperature drops.
Resistant to pests and diseases.
Willow goat-goat willow
Goat willow, other names of Bredin and Rakit (from the Latin. Salix caprea) - is a tree or shrub. The name of the plant was due to the love of goats and sheep to feast on the lush foliage of the tree. The natural range of goat willow is wide enough and stretches across the entire territory of the Eurasian continent, with the exception of the alpine belt and tundra. This plant has today become quite widespread in landscape design. Many landscape designers use it in the decoration of personal plots. The plant is unpretentious, can be planted in almost any climatic conditions and it will germinate to the desired size.
Willow Goat Kilmarnok Photo
Goat Willow Description
The unpretentious willow grows on edges in the wood and near reservoirs, on damp marshy soils. The type of tree depends on the light and soil fertility. Goat willow bark has a brown color with cracks. The leaves are different in size and color. The willow is especially beautiful in spring when it produces buds and young shoots.
On private plots, willows are successfully used in the design of landscape design. Although the tree is no different decorative, but the weeping branches on the trunk look restrained and refined. Rakita grows excellently near ponds and rocky surfaces. The traditional image of a weeping willow, the branches of which descend to the water, and in the garden, as if in a mirror, a tree is reflected - a touching rural pastoral. To emphasize the lonely standing goat willow is well surrounded by a green lawn with randomly scattered small spring on the carpet. The willow has a well-developed root system, which makes it possible to plant the plant on the slopes. Powerful roots of goat willow will strengthen the slopes and save from landslides and landslides.
Rakita is valued not only as an element of the design of personal plots, but also as a source of natural medicine. Due to the presence of tanning. alkaloid, flavoloid and phenologlycoside compounds, the bark of the tree is widely used in folk medicine. Do not lag behind the useful properties of the color and foliage of bale. Composed of vitamins, saponins, organic acids and lipids.
Willow goat and fruit in the photo - planting
Scientists in the course of the research revealed the presence of nitrogen-containing, proanthocyanidinic, catechinic substances and essential oils. Due to the unique compounds that are part of the bark, color and leaves of goat willow, in folk medicine, decoctions and tinctures from the plant are used as anti-inflammatory, antiseptic and hemostatic agents. Thanks to the wound healing and tonic characteristics, decoctions and tinctures of rakita are widely used in cosmetic procedures.
Use of raquita
Goat willow bark is used for decoction, which is used in the treatment of rheumatism, whooping cough and fever. In folk medicine, a decoction of the bark is also used in the treatment of migraine and neurological disorders, getting rid of gout, and stopping various bleeding. Including internal, for the treatment of the gastrointestinal tract, and even for the treatment of malaria.
The drug from the bark of bark is an excellent anthelmintic agent that can be used even for small children. For outdoor purposes, the decoction is used for gargling the sore throat, for sore throat, rota virus, laryngitis and pharyngitis, as well as for the prevention of seasonal colds. Tincture in the form of lotions is used to treat dermatitis, eczema, burns and various skin diseases and irritations.
The crushed dry bark of the tree is used as a powder for the treatment of skin ulcers, boils and severe burns. A decoction of goat willow helps to combat sweating. To normalize the work of the sweat and sebaceous glands, it is necessary to wipe off and take baths with willow decoction.
Willow goat in landscape design on the photo
Due to the sedative characteristics, the drugs from the bark of the bark helps to successfully cope with anxiety, normalizes sleep, has a beneficial effect on the cardiovascular system. For people suffering from swelling and hypertension, doctors recommend regularly taking a decoction of willow. Aspirin and quinine were synthesized from the willow bark, therefore, the use of bark successfully replaces the use of drugs.
To plant goat willow, choose a well-lit place with a wet post. Tree propagation occurs vegetatively or by seed. For the formation of a lush and beautiful willow crown, regular pruning is necessary, especially the young plant needs it. Pruning is carried out in early summer immediately after flowering. Spherical or umbrella form is formed as a result of correct pruning of young shoots.
Consider the main types of goat willow:
Consider what constitutes a pendula rakita. The decorative representative of goat willow is Pendula. This subspecies of willows is distinguished by beautiful weeping branches that form an extraordinary crown. Rakita Pendula has an incredibly colorful decorative bloom. Another additional phenomenon of the first foliage of willow is covered with long “earrings” of golden color. Pendula is characterized by frost resistance, therefore it is ideal for growing in harsh climatic conditions.
Willow shtambovaya care
The only condition is sufficient soil moisture. The great advantage of Pendoul's willow is that it is an excellent honey plant. Unusual decorative color has a high content of nectar. Therefore, Pendula can be an indispensable assistant in beekeeping.
Types of goat willow in landscape design in the photo - planting
The most common species that is found in the natural landscape near water. Obscure tree is very fond of goats and sheep. On private plots you can meet the standard form of a rakita, which reaches a height of 3 m. Weeping willow belongs to fast-growing trees, therefore it is ideal for gardening country houses and cottages. Rakita was called weeping for the falling branches, which form a magnificent crown, which kind of cries. Just like Pendula's rakita, weeping willow is frost-resistant. The tree blooms in early spring with pleasantly smelling yellow buds.
The decorative subspecies of the Kilmarnock willow is widely used in the design of landscape design of parks, gardens and various sites with ponds. A small tree with a lush crown, densely hanging branches and small “earrings” of a yellow shade can add charm and imagery to help create a distinctive atmosphere. Like all representatives of goat willow, Kilmanrnock prefers moist soil and good lighting. No worse than Pendula, Kilmanrnok is an excellent source of nectar for bees. Honey collected from this type of bale is characterized by a bitter taste, and due to its healing properties it is recommended to use it for respiratory diseases and people suffering from diabetes.
The spherical rakita is a decorative dwarf subspecies of goat willow, which is distinguished by graceful curves and a spherical crown with branches directed to the ground. Yellow flowers exuding a delicate aroma attract bees. Globular willow is a fast-growing, cold-resistant tree. Therefore, this little beauty is able to decorate any landscape design.
The harmful properties of goat willow are many and varied, although this does not affect its beneficial properties, which always prevail over the harmful ones. Like any medicinal plant, goat willow can be both beneficial and harmful. As Avicenna said - “In a drop there is a medicine, in a spoon it is poison,” therefore, goat willow drugs should be applied in doses and on the recommendation of the attending physician. With great caution, decoctions and tinctures should be used by people with high acidity, gastritis, and low blood clotting. It is contraindicated to apply to people prone to allergic reactions and individual intolerance.
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Goat willow (bredina, rakita) - Salix Caprea L. Family Willow - Salicaceae
A tree or shrub. The bark is young greenish-gray, later brown, fissured. Young shoots serous, with large buds. The leaves vary greatly in size and shape on the same plant: ovoid, rounded, elliptical, oblong-lanceolate, often wavy, notched, dense, wrinkled, naked above, dark green, gray-bottom from below.
Goat willow bark is abundant, and leaves - less tannins, alkaloids, flavonoids, phenol glucosides (salicin and its derivatives).
The leaves and inflorescences contain vitamins, organic acids, saponins, nitrogen-containing compounds, proanthocyanidins, essential oil, catechins, lipids (triacetylglycerides), in acid hydrate (lauric, myristic, pentadecanoic, margarine, arachidic, genoicosanic, and mariozoic acid).
Применение и лечебные свойства
Препараты ивы обладают кровоостанавливающим, вяжущим, противовоспалительным, антисептическим, ранозаживляющим, тонизирующим действием. Гликозид салицин под действием фермента салипазы расщепляется на глюкозу и спирт салигенин, который в организме окисляется в салициловую кислоту.
In folk medicine, a decoction of willow bark is used for rheumatism, whooping cough, headache, fever, various bleeding, gout, malaria, gastrointestinal diseases, neuralgia, as soothing, anthelmintic, externally - for rinsing, lotions, baths, powders with ulcers, rashes , boils, sweating.
In Azerbaijan, willow in the form of decoctions and infusions is used as an antipyretic, sedative, diuretic, astringent. Alcoholic extracts of inflorescences and the total preparation of willow polyphenolic compounds are recommended for functional disorders of the cardiovascular system: tachycardias, angiospastic pains.
The peoples of many countries, goat willow preparations are used as a substitute for quinine, aspirin, and this is not an accident: for the first time aspirin was obtained from willow.
Nanai young plants are used to treat diseases of a rheumatoid nature. Willow bark is part of the diaphoretic tea used in various diseases, mainly for colds. Fresh juice of bark and leaves - an effective remedy for the treatment of corns, a decoction of bark and leaves - for growth and strengthen hair.
What is a tree
Goat willow belongs to the decorative varieties. The tree reaches 10 meters in height. The bark of an adult plant has a reddish tint, so the tree is also called the red vine. Young trees have greenish bark. This plant has other names, its name is goat and willow, and nonsense, and rakita.
The krone is distinguished by a lush, elegant look. The leaves are rounded, pubescent from the wrong side. The tree blooms in April, large fluffy earringswhich have a yellowish silver color. Men's earrings are oval, and women's earrings are cylindrical. In addition, women's earrings are smaller than men's. The plant belongs to the early flowering trees.
Color Goat Willow
Used for landscaping, for medical purposes, also weave baskets and furniture from it. Very effectively overwhelmed as a hedge on the trunk. The tree grows quickly, after two or three years you can form a crown and use the plant to decorate the site. The most active growth occurs in the first years of life.
The variety is actively used in landscape design. The tree looks especially impressive during flowering. During this period, many large earrings appear on the plant. The leaves of the tree are wide and have an oval shape. This grade differs in high frost resistance.
The trees in this class are more like bushes, their height - 10 meters. A distinctive feature of this species - lush sprawling crown. Spring tree blooms profusely.
Differs in short stature. It barely reaches three meters. Long branches hang down to the ground. Weeping willow grows very quickly, blooms profusely in spring, her earrings have a very pleasant honey aroma.
Willow goat Pendula - deciduous tree. Crown form is weeping, tent-like, 2-3 m wide, 2-3 m high . Average life expectancy up to 30 years. The leaves are oblong-elliptical, dark green, 8-10 cm long. In autumn yellow. The flowers are golden yellow, flat earrings. It blooms from April to May. Flowering lasts up to 15 days. Fruits - boxes. The tree is light-requiring, shade-tolerant. It grows with any soil moisture.
Willow goat Kilmarnock form - miniature, standard stage up to 1.5 m high.ETVI long, deeply drooping, stretching to the ground. The shape of the crown is weeping, in the form of an umbrella. Blossoms in April. Flowers - silvery, numerous, yellow earrings with a pleasant aroma.
All varieties are used for decorative purposes. They decorate gardens, parks, summer cottages.
How to care
It is an unpretentious care plant and does not require much attention. When planting it is worth bearing in mind that this tree is moisture-loving and requires a special approach to watering. Young, only planted plants should always be watered and sprayed.. An adult plant can be watered much less often, but in any case it is necessary to irrigate it. Spraying is better to do in the early morning.
Still, silt or sandy soil is not suitable for it. The ground must be moist and airy. The earth around the tree must be periodically loosened.. Feels good in well-lit areas of the penumbra, but in a very dark place it will not grow.
In spring and autumn, the plant is fed complex fertilizers.. In the autumn, superphosphate and sulfuric potassium are used. Mulching with sawdust or peat will reduce the number of weeds near the tree.
As a rule, pruning Goat willow is carried out at a height of 30-60 cm
Subject to powdery mildew infection. If the tree is sick, it will manifest a white bloom, which appears on the leaves. Damaged leaves must be removed so that the infection does not spread throughout the foliage.. A flower fly may attack goat willow. To fight insects should be with the use of insecticides.
It is a medicinal plant. Its leaves, earrings and even bark are used for medicinal purposes. The leaves are a lot of nutrients, they contain:
- organic acids
- essential oil,
- nitrogen compounds
Inflorescences help to cope with various diseases. The therapeutic effect is directed to:
- elimination of inflammatory processes
- stop bleeding with injuries and wounds,
- wound healing
- helminth control,
- antiseptic effect.
Besides, drugs made from willow help eliminate sweat and urine. With the help of broth, you can heal various diseases and ailments. It helps in the treatment of whooping cough and typhoid, they are treated for tuberculosis, gout and rheumatism. Bark baths help to cope with fungal diseases. The bark is harvested in the spring before the flowering period. Broths of male type earrings facilitate the patient's condition with tachycardia and arrhythmias. Honey from willow is used to treat colds.
Goat willow bark is used to treat diseases of the gallbladder, rheumatism, and colds.
Medicinal decoctions are not shown to everyone. In the presence of gastritis medication from willow is not recommended.
Also care should be taken by persons with poor blood clotting. For external use no contraindications.
Goat willow is not only an ornamental plant, it is used to treat many ailments. To grow such a tree is very easy, this plant does not require much attention.. That is why, many gardeners choose this tree to decorate their site.
Description and decorative properties
The height of a plant growing as a tree or sometimes a shrub varies from 3 to 6 m. Since goat willow has an extensive rhizome, it develops excellently on stony ground. Growing at a fast pace. The main advantage of culture is Preservation of external attractiveness at any time of the year:
- with the arrival of spring, the shoots take cover with fluffy "cats",
- from summer to autumn, the crown cover is represented by dense foliage and pretty flowers,
- after the onset of winter shoots are distinguished by an unusual color, contrasting against the background of snow.
While the tree is young, its bark is colored greenish gray. As the culture grows, the color changes to red-olive or red-brown. The shape of the leaves can be lanceolate or ovoid, depending on the plant variety. Pulling the plate, painted in dark green color, reaches a length of 13 cm, width - 8 cm. The flexibility of the shoots allows them to descend to the ground. Planting a tree on a site with sufficient illumination makes it possible to form a magnificent crown, which is the most valuable, from a decorative point of view.
Fluffy "seals", covering shoots in springtime, are a rod around which a large number of flowers spirally. When the anthers mature, male flowers have a golden halo. During the flowering period, a pleasant aroma emanates from the willow, attracting a large number of insects. This property gives the willow value as a good honey plant. And also it has such important characteristics as frost resistance and unpretentiousness to the ground.
Landing can be carried out throughout the season.but the best time is early spring. For good rooting of the tree, it is necessary to pay attention to the quality of planting material at the acquisition stage. Rakita grown on a shtambe needs careful examination for damage to the bark and dead scales on it. Only after a detailed inspection, you can buy a seedling.
Goat willow has no special requirements for the soil, but loamy soils are considered preferable, which, due to their sufficient density, retain moisture. Landing should be carried out in a well-lit area, protected from drafts, in a prepared pit 40 cm deep and 50 cm in diameter.
There are a number of secrets, the implementation of which will allow to carry out a competent landing:
- A drainage in the form of a thick layer of broken brick is placed in the landing pit, which makes it possible to prevent the horse system from rotting.
- The third part of the pit is filled with soil mixture of humus, compost and peat, combined in equal proportions.
- In case of heavy soil, a fifth of the sand is added to the mixture.
- Then mineral fertilizers are applied in the form of 200 g of azofoska.
- After thorough mixing, the seedling is placed in the pit and covered with earth.
- The soil under the tree is rammed.
Upon completion of the procedure, the planted plant is watered abundantly - at least 15 liters of water. In the first year of goat willow, increased moisture is required - twice a week, 12 liters each. And in the summer season under dry conditions, the frequency of irrigation should be increased. In the future, irrigation is reduced to once a week.
- Watering. For newly planted goat willow watering is a key element of care. After a year, this kind of wetting is replaced by light irrigation.
- Top dressing. For the organization of fertilization tree will be very grateful. During the whole season, fertilizing with the use of complex mineral fertilizers is carried out twice. If the plant is fed in the fall, then it is necessary to exclude nitrogen-containing fertilizers.
- Mulching. When weeds are abundant near the tree, the ground should be mulched with peat, sawdust, paper, expanded clay, and pebbles.
- Loosening. With a strong drying of the soil in the stalk zone, it is necessary to loosen it. If the ground is cracked, then it needs first of all watering, after which loosening is carried out.
- Crop. In the first few years after planting, the tree needs pruning. Cut the shoots must be wisely: the correctness of the procedure affects the decorative willow. Even small seedlings are subject to pruning, taking into account the preservation of at least one active bud on the shoot. An adult copy is cropped after flowering is complete. The branch is shortened by two-thirds of the length, which stimulates active and dense crown growth.
- Preparing for the winter. This is a significant component of comprehensive care. To ensure good tolerance of the harsh winter conditions, the trunk is wrapped with covering material. For instances younger than three years, this procedure is required.
Possible problems in the cultivation of culture
According to experts, the culture is resistant to most diseases. However, their manifestations are periodically observed on willow. Unfortunately, not only diseases are a difficulty arising from the cultivation of willows. The most common problems are:
- Disease. The appearance on the foliage of white plaque signals the infection of a tree with powdery mildew, the causative agent of which is a fungus that infects the leaf plates below the crown. Over time, infected leaves turn yellow and fall off. The appearance of black spots. Also, foliage can be affected by another fungal disease known as black spot. As preventive measures, systematic weeding of the tree trunk circle should be carried out and controlled so that water does not fall on the foliage when watering. If the development of diseases has already begun, then it is necessary to carry out treatment with the help of chemical preparations of fungicidal action.
- Pests. Quite often, goat willow becomes the object of attacks from such pests as a flower fly or willow leaflet. To protect the tree from the flower fly, you can water the soil in the stalk zone with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. This procedure will destroy the fly larvae there. The most effective method is the use of insecticides.
Proper care and timely protection of the plant from diseases and pests will allow the gardener to enjoy its attractiveness for many years.
Use in landscape design
Due to the distinctive features of the tree, which consists in the rapid formation of a branched root and the development of the aerial parts, it can often be found in parks, squares, on the banks of water bodies, alpine hills. Rakita is used both in single plantings and in compositions with other plants. Often used to create a hedge. Goat willow in landscape design is harmoniously combined with evergreen tree species, dwarf conifers, ground-cover perennials.
The use of goat willow in folk medicine
Culture has found its use in various areas of life.: its branches are used for weaving baskets, and the crushed bark is used for tanning leather. However, in addition, a significant role is assigned to it in traditional medicine. For example, decoctions of goat willow leaves, which enclose medicinal properties, are excellent mouthwash for the treatment of diseases of the gums and stomatitis. Rakita is able to rid a person of corns and normalize the work of sweat glands. And also its use has a wound healing, choleretic, antipyretic, sedative effect.
If a person has manifestations of gallbladder disease, rheumatism, or just a cold cough, then it is safe to prepare a healing decoction of goat willow bark. To do this, pour 20 g of crushed bark with a glass of boiling water. Well stirred mixture boil for half an hour in a water bath. After removing 15 minutes from heat, allow to stand. After straining the broth is ready for use, two tablespoons three times a day.
So, goat willow is the first beautiful ornamental plantused in landscape design for the formation of fabulous garden compositions. Secondly, the culture has many healing properties. Having planted culture on the site, the person will be able to combine the mass of useful qualities in one tree.